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U+68E3, 棣
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-68E3

[U+68E2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+68E4]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 75, +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 木中水 (DLE), four-corner 45932, composition)

Further reading[edit]

  • KangXi: page 533, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14957
  • Dae Jaweon: page 921, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1240, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+68E3

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'ɯːds): semantic  (wood; tree) + phonetic  (OC *lɯds)

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (7)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/deiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/deiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛjH/
Li
Rong
/deiH/
Wang
Li
/dieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N].rˁəp-s/
English dang-dejH cherry tree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7958
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (botany) Kerria japonica
  2. cherry tree
  3. younger brother
    alt. forms: ()
  4. A surname​.

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to attain; to reach

Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 3[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. Only used in 棣棣 (dàidài).

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. (botany) Kerria japonica

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC deiH). Recorded as Middle Korean 톄〯 (Yale: thyey) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 산앵두나무 (sanaengdunamu che))

  1. Hanja form? of (Vaccinium koreanum).
  2. (literary) Hanja form? of (to attain; to reach).
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(eumhun 익숙할 (iksukhal tae))

  1. (literary) Hanja form? of (courteous appearance).
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

: Hán Việt readings: đệ ((đại)(kế)(thiết))[1], lệ[1]

  1. Hán tự form of đệ (brother; sibling).
  2. Hán tự form of lệ (Kerria japonica).

References[edit]