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U+8D81, 趁
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D81

[U+8D80]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D82]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 156 +5, 12 strokes, cangjie input 土人人竹竹 (GOOHH), four-corner 48802, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1216, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 37083
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1685, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3482, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+8D81

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alt. forms
Min “to earn”

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*rɯːls
*nlanʔ, *l̥ʰɯns, *l'ɯn
*ʔl'anʔ, *kljɯnʔ
*nlɯːnʔ, *l'ɯːnʔ
*l'ɯːnʔ
*hlɯːnʔ
*rɯn, *kljɯnʔ
*ʔl'ɯn
*l'ɯns, *kljɯnʔ
*kljɯn, *kljɯnʔ
*kljɯnʔ
*kljɯnʔ
*kljɯnʔ, *klɯnʔ
*kljɯnʔ, *kljɯns
*kljɯnʔ
*l̥ʰɯːd
*r̥ʰɯːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *nlanʔ, *l̥ʰɯns, *l'ɯn): semantic  (to run) + phonetic .

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • thàn - vernacular;
  • thìn - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Initial () (11) (12) (10)
    Final () (44) (79) (44)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III Chongniu III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɖˠiɪn/ /ɳˠiᴇnX/ /ʈʰˠiɪnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɖᵚin/ /ɳᵚiɛnX/ /ʈʰᵚinH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȡien/ /niænX/ /ȶʰienH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɖjin/ /ɳianX/ /ʈʰjinH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȡjĕn/ /njɛnX/ /ȶʰjĕnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȡǐĕn/ /nĭɛnX/ /ȶʰǐĕnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȡʱi̯ĕn/ /ni̯ɛnX/ /ȶʰi̯ĕnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chén niǎn chèn
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    No. 17084 17092 17093
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nlanʔ/ /*l̥ʰɯns/ /*l'ɯn/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (literary or Min) to chase; to pursue
    2. (literary or Min) to follow; to accompany
    3. to take advantage of (time, opportunity, etc); to avail oneself of
    4. (Min) to earn (money)
    5. (Mandarin, colloquial) to have a lot of
      /   ―  chènqián  ―  wealthy
    6. used to indicate a present situation: while circumstances are optimal
      熱打鐵 / 热打铁  ―  chèn rè dǎ tiě  ―  to strike while the iron is hot
    7. (Min Dong) from; since

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (jin, jeon) (hangeul , , revised jin, jeon, McCune-Reischauer chin, chŏn, Yale cin, cen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (sấn, sớn, thấn, sán, sắn, xớn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.