ci

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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Number[edit]

ci

  1. A Roman numeral representing one hundred and one (101).

See also[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quem. Compare Portuguese quem, Romanian cine, Spanish quien, Romansch che, Sardinian chíne.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ci

  1. who

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Italian or French tu, Russian ты (ty), etc., plus the i of personal pronouns.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ci (accusative cin, possessive cia)

  1. (archaic) thou
    • 1907, Henri Vallienne, Kastelo de Prelongo, ch. 6:
      Cia sintenado estos vere fiera, li moke murmuretis en ŝian orelon, kiam ci estos vekinta la tutan loĝantaron.
      Thine attitude shall be truly proud, he mockingly whispered into her ear, when thou shalt have awakened the whole population.

Usage notes[edit]

This word has never been in common usage; it is mainly used only for translation of archaic texts into Esperanto.


French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Contraction of ici or from Latin ecce hīc.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ci

Contracts ici or ceci

  1. here
  2. this
    cet homme-ci
    this man
    Ces choses-ci
    these things
    Je préfère ce gateau-ci à celui-là.
    I prefer this cake to that one.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]


Interlingua[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ci

  1. here (at this place)

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tʃi/
  • Homophone: C (name of letter)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ecce (look) + hic (here)

Pronoun[edit]

ci

  1. us.
  2. (reflexive) ourselves
  3. impersonal reflexive pronoun
    Ci vuole poco a farmi felice.
    It doesn't take much to make me happy.
  4. on it, about it, of it
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Latin ecce (look) + ibi (there)

Adverb[edit]

ci

  1. here, there
See also[edit]

Kanuri[edit]

Noun[edit]

ci

  1. mouth

Lojban[edit]

Lojban cardinal numbers
re ci vo
    Cardinal : ci
    Ordinal : cimai
    Adverbial : ciroi
    Distributive : cimei
    Quantified : cimoi
    Higher-Order Ordinal : cimo'o

Cmavo[edit]

ci (rafsi cib)

  1. three

Malay[edit]

ci

Etymology[edit]

From Sundanese ci.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ci

  1. river (large stream which drains a landmass)

Synonyms[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

ci

  1. Nonstandard spelling of .
  2. Nonstandard spelling of .
  3. Nonstandard spelling of .
  4. Nonstandard spelling of .

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Old French[edit]

Adverb[edit]

ci

  1. here (in this place)
    • circa 1250, Marie de France, Guigemar
      Va t'en de ci ! Lai me aveir pes.
      Go, leave this place! Let me have peace.

Descendants[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ci

  1. Alternative spelling of cía.

Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ci

  1. short dative singular of ty.
    Daję ci łzy, które spadły z moich oczu.
    I'm giving you the tears that fell from my eyes.

Related terms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ci

  1. personal masculine plural of ten
    ci mężczyźni
    these men

Sicilian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin hīc via Vulgar Latin *hīcce. Compare Italian ci.

Adverb[edit]

ci

  1. here, there

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ci

  1. dative form of iddu (he); to him
  2. dative form of idda (she); to her
  3. dative form of iddi (they); to them
Inflection[edit]
3rd person m f pl
nominative iddu idda iddi
prepositional iddu idda iddi
accusative lu la li
dative ci ci ci
reflexive si si si

Usage notes[edit]
  • Unlike in Italian, the Sicilian pronoun ci is not used for the first-person plural ('us'). The Sicilian equivalent is ni.

Tarantino[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

ci (relative)

  1. who

Venetian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin quis (compare Italian chi).

Pronoun[edit]

ci (interrogative)

  1. who?

Usage notes[edit]

  • Redoubled for reinforcement.
    Ci èlo ci?
    Who on earth is he?

Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French cel, from Latin ecce illum (< ille).

Determiner[edit]

ci

  1. this

Pronoun[edit]

ci

  1. this

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kū (pl. *kunes) (compare Old Irish , Cornish ky, Breton ki), from Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ci m (plural cŵn)

  1. dog

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
ci gi nghi chi

Derived terms[edit]


White Hmong[edit]

Verb[edit]

ci

  1. to cook, to roast, to toast
  2. to glow, to shine