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U+96DB, 雛
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96DB

[U+96DA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96DC]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 172 +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 心山人土 (PUOG), four-corner 20414, composition)

  1. chick, fledgling
  2. infant, toddler

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1368, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42121
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1874, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4105, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+96DB

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Small seal script
雛-oracle.svg 雛-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰroːʔ
*sʰroːʔ, *ʔsru, *sʰru
*sʰroːs, *ʔsrus
*ʔsru
*ʔsru
*ʔsruʔ, *sʰru, *ʔsro
*ʔsrus
*sʰru
*zrus, *ʔsro, *rnuːb
*sʰlo, *l'al
*sʰlo
*sʰro
*sʰro
*zro
*zro
*zro
*zroːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zro): phonetic  (OC *sʰro) + semantic  (bird).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐio/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐuə̆/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒio/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chú
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1609
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zro/

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(hina): Emperor and Empress hina dolls, in front of gold screens. The optional lampstands are also partially visible.
Kanji in this term
ひな
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひな, rōmaji hina)

  1. a type of small doll, typically standing upright in the Heian period, changing style to a seated posture in the Muromachi period
  2. short for 雛祭り (Hina matsuri)
  3. a chick, a young bird: see the reading hiyoko below

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana ひな, rōmaji hina)

  1. diminutive prefix, carrying favorable connotations such as a sense of cuteness
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひいな
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

/hihina//hiːna/

Possibly an alteration of reduplicated hinahina.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひいな, rōmaji hīna, historical hiragana ひひな)

  1. (archaic) doll
Usage notes[edit]

This reading with the long ī is archaic. In modern Japanese, the shorter reading hina is more common for this sense.

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

(hiyoko): A baby chicken (chick), Gallus gallus domesticus
Kanji in this term
ひよこ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Compound of ひよ (hiyo, onomatopoeia for the sound a chick makes) +‎ (ko, diminutive suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひよこ, rōmaji hiyoko)

  1. chick, young bird
  2. child; youngling, greenhorn
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term
ひよっこ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

/hijoko//hijokko/

Alteration of hiyoko above. The geminate kk sound emphasizes the diminutiveness.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひよっこ, rōmaji hiyokko)

  1. a chick, a young bird
  2. a child; a youngling, a greenhorn

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term
すう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Middle Chinese. Most reconstructions of the original Middle Chinese reading start with an affricate, so this Japanese reading may have come from a dialect; compare Hakka reading ts'u1.

Pronunciation[edit]

Affix[edit]

(hiragana すう, rōmaji )

  1. young, new, a greenhorn
Usage notes[edit]

Only used in compounds.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chu) (hangeul , revised chu, McCune-Reischauer ch'u, Yale chwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sồ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.