User:Ivan Štambuk/MW/3500

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  1. देवयान (devayāna) (devayāna)
    mf(%{I})n.= %{-yA}VS.
    leading to the gods, serving them as a way (%{adhvan}, %{pathin} &c.) ib. Br. Up. MBh.
    n. way leading to the gods MBh. BhP.
    the vehicle of a god
    (%{I}) f. N. of a daughter of Us3anas or S3ukra7ca1rya (wife of Yaya1ti and mother of Yadu and Turvasu) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a wife of Skanda RTL. 214.
  2. देवर (devara) (devara)
    m.= %{devR} A1s3vGr2. Mn. MBh. &c.
    husband, lover BhP. iv, 26, 26.
  3. देवराज (devarāja) (devarāja)
    m. ddivine ruler TBr.
    king of the godsN. of Indra MBh. R. &c.
    N. of a king MBh.
    of a R2ishi Var.
    of a Buddha Buddh.
    the father of S3a1rn3gadhara, and sev. authors Cat.
    %{-prabandha} m. %{-mahiSI-stotra}, u. N. of wks.
    %{-yajvan} m. N. of a Sch. on Naighan2t2uka and also of his grandfather
    %{-sama-dyuti} mfn. equal in glory to the king of the gods MW.
  4. देवल (devala) (devala)
    1 m. an attendant upon an idol (who subsists on the offerings made to it
    oftener %{-laka} Mn. iii, 152
    180 MBh.)
    a virtuous or pious man Un2. i, 108 Sch.
    N. of a descendant of Kas3yapa and one of the authors of RV. ix
    of Asita or a son of AAsita MBh. Pur.
    of a man mentioned with AAsita, Prav.
    of an astronomer Var.
    of a legislator (also, %{-bhaTTa}) Madhus. Kull.
    of a son of Pratyu1sha MBh. Hariv.
    of an elder brother of Dhaumya MBh.
    of the husband of Eka-parn2a1 Hariv.
    of the father of Sam2nati (the wife of Brahma-datta) ib.
    of the grandfather of Pa1n2. Col.
    of a son of Vis3va1-mitra (pl. his descendants) Hariv.
    of a son of Kr2is3a1s3va by Dhishan2a1 BhP.2 = %{devara} (q.v.)
  5. देवव्रत (devavrata) (devavrata)
    n. any religious observation or vow S3Br. La1t2y. &c.
    the favourite food of the ggods Ta1n2d2yaBr. xviii, 2
    N. of sev. Sa1mans Sa1mavBr.
    mfn. devoted to the ggods, religious MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    m. N. of Bhi1shma MBh.
    of Skanda Mr2icch. iii, 14/15.
  6. देवस्थान (devasthāna) (devasthāna)
    m. N. of an ancient R2ishi MBh.
    n. of 2 Sa1mans (%{varuNasya} and %{bRhad-deva-}) A1rshBr.
  7. देवापि (devāpi) (devāpi)
    m. `" friend of the ggods "'N. of a R2ishi who was son of R2isht2i-shen2a RV. x (according to a later legend he is a son of king Pratipa, resigns his kingdom, retires to the woods and is supposed to be still alive MBh. Pur. &c.)
  8. देश (deśa) (deśa)
    m. (1. %{diz}) point, region, spot, place, part, portion VS. AitBr. S3r. & Gr2S. Mn. &c.
    province, country, kingdom R. Hit. Katha1s. Vet.
    institute, ordinance W. (%{dezam} %{A} %{vas}, or %{ni-viz}, to settle in a place Mn.
    %{-ze}, in the proper place [esp. with %{kAle}] MBh. Hit. Often ifc. [f. %{A} Ragh. vii, 47 R2it. i, 27] esp. after a word denoting a country or a part of the body e.g. %{kAmboja-}, %{magadha-}
    %{aMsa-}, %{kaNTha-}, %{skandha-}
    %{AtmIya-}, one's own country or home)
    (%{I}) f. see %{dezI}.
  9. देशज (deśaja) (deśaja)
    or mfn. `" country born "', native, born or produced in the right place, genuine (as horses, elephants &c.) MBh. Hariv. R.
  10. देशी (deśī) (deśī)
    .f. (sc. %{bhASA}) the vulgar dialect of a country (opp. to %{saMskRta}), provincialism
    %{-tva} n. Ka1vya7d.
    a vulgar mode of singing Cat.
    dance (opp. to %{mArga}, pantomime) Das3ar.
    (in music) N. of a Ra1gin2i.
  11. देशिक (deśika) (deśika)
    mfn. familiar with a place, a guide (lit. and fig.) MBh. i, 3599 (v.l. %{daiz-} cf. %{a-} [add.])
    m. a Guru or spiritual teacher MBh. AgP.
    a traveller L.
  12. देशिन् (deśin) (deśin)
    mfn. showing, instructing, guiding MBh. &c.
    of or belonging to a country
    (%{inI}) f. the index or forefinger Ya1jn5. i, 19 BhP.
  13. देशीय (deśīya) (deśīya)
    mfn. peculiar or belonging to or inhabiting a country, provincial, native (esp. ifc. e.g. %{mAgadha-} a native of Magadha, S3rS)
    bordering on, resembling, almost, nearly (ifc. and regarded asa suffix Pa1n2. 5-3, 67
    cf. %{paJca-varSaka-}., %{paTu-}, %{SaDvarSa}.).
  14. देश्य (deśya) (deśya)
    mfn. to be pointed or picked out, excellent in its kind, standard Pat.
    being on the spot or present, witness Mn. viii, 52 (? v.l. %{deza})
    = %{dezIya}, in all meanings MBh. Hariv. (%{-tva}, Des3i1n.) Pa1n2. 5-3, 67 (cf. %{tad-}, %{nAnA-}, %{paTu-}, %{vanAyu-}, %{vitasti-}, %{zizu-})
    born in the country, indigenous, a true native R. (cf. %{deza-ja})
    n. the proposition or statement (= %{pUrva-pakSa})
    the fact or charge to be proved or substantiated W.
  15. देष्टृ (deṣṭṛ) (deṣṭṛ)
    m. pointer, indicator (%{kupatha-} BhP. vi, 7, 14)
    (%{TrI4}) f. N. of a divine female
  16. देष्ट्र (deṣṭra) (deṣṭra)
    n. indication, direction RV.
  17. देष्ण (deṣṇa) (deṣṇa)
    n. giving, a gift RV. (cf. %{kumAra-}, %{cAru-}, %{tuvi-} &c.) RV.
  18. देह (deha) (deha)
    m. n. ( %{dih}, to plaster, mould, fashion) the body TA1r. Ka1tyS3r. Mn. &c.
    (in a triad with %{manas} and %{vAc}) Mn. i, 104 &c.
    (%{-haMdhAraya}, to support the body i.e. exist Nal.)
    form, shape, mass, bulk (as of a cloud
    ifc. f. %{A}) Var.
    per. son, individual Subh.
    appearance, manifestation ifc. having the appearance of (%{saMdeha-} Ba1lar. iii, 43/44)
    N. of a country
    (%{I4}) f. mound, bank, rampart, surrounding wall RV.
  19. देहिन् (dehin) (dehin)
    mfn. having a body, corporeal
    m. a living creature, man Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. the spirit, soul (enveloped in the bbody) Up. Bhag. Sus3r. BhP.
    (%{inI}) f. the earth
  20. दइत्य (daitya) (daitya)
    m. a son of Diti, a demon Mn. MBh. &c.
    mf(%{A})n. belonging to the Daityas MBh. R.
    (%{A}) f. N. of plants (= %{caNDau9hadhi} and %{murA})
    spirituous liquor L.
  21. दइन्य (dainya) (dainya)
    n. wretchedness, affliction, depression, miserable state MBh. Ka1v. Sus3r. &c.
    meanness, covetousness W.
  22. दइव (daiva) (daiva)
    1 or %{daiva4} mf(%{I4})n. (fr. %{deva4}) belonging to or coming from the gods, divine, celestial AV. Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
    sacred to the gods (%{tIrtha} n. the tips of the fingers Mn. ii, 59
    cf. s.v.
    %{-vIdik} f. the north
    cf. 2. %{diz})
    royal (%{vAc}) Ra1jat. v, 205
    depending on fate, fatal Ka1v.
    m. (with or without %{vivAha}) a form of marriage, the gift of a daughter at a sacrifice to the officiating priest Mn. iii, 21
    the knowledge of portents Sam2k.
    patr. of Atharvan S3Br.
    pl. the attendants of a deity Ta1n2d2Br. xvii, 1, 1
    (%{I}) f. a woman married according to the Daiva rite Vishn2. xxiv, 30
    a division of medicine, the medical use of charms, prayers &c. W.
    n. a deity (cf. %{kula-}) BhP. iii, 1, 35 &c.
    (scil. %{karman}, %{kArya} &c.) a religious offering or rite Ya1jn5. MBh.
    divine power or will, destiny, fate, chance (%{-vAt} ind, by chance, accidentally) AV. Mn. MBh. &c.
  23. दइवज्ञ (daivajña) (daivajña)
    mfn. knowing fate or men's destinies
    m.= %{-cintaka}N. of S3iva Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-tva} n. Var.
    (%{jJA}) f. female fortune-teller L.: %{-kalA-nidhi} and %{-cintA-maNi} m. %{-jAtaka} n. %{-dIpa-kalikA} and %{dIpikA} f. %{-bhUSaNa} n. %{-manohara}, m "', %{-mukha-maNDana} n. %{-vallabha} m. (or %{-bhA} f.), %{-vidhi-vilAsa} and %{-vilAsa} m. N. of wks.
  24. दइवत (daivata) (daivata)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{devatA}) relating to the gods or to a partic. deity, divine S3r. and Gr2S.
    m. N. of a prince VP.
    n. (m. g. %{ardharcA7di}) a god, a deity (often coll. `" the deities "', esp. as celebrated in one hymn cf. g. %{prajJA7di}) S3r. and Gr2S. Up. Mn. MBh. &c.
    image of a god, idol Kaus3. Mn. BhP.
    mf(%{A})n. ifc. having as one's deity, worshipping (cf. %{ab-} [add.], %{tad-}, %{bhartR-}).
  25. दइशिक (daiśika) (daiśika)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{deza}) relating to space (opp. to %{kAlika} Bha1sha1p.) or to any place or country
    local, provincial, national MBh. R.
    a native Ra1jat.
    knowing a place, a guide MBh.
    showing, directing, spiritual guide or teacher MBh. Hariv. (cf. %{dezika} and %{dezya})
    n. a kind of dance Mall. on Megh. 35.
  26. दोस् (dos) (dos)
    n. (m. only R. vi, 1, 3
    nom. acc. sg. %{do4s} S3Br.
    du. %{doSI} Kaus3.
    %{dorbhyAm} n. MBh. Ka1v.
    pl. %{-bhis} Ma1lav.
    %{dohSu} BhP.) the fore-arm, the arm &c. = %{doSan} (q.v.)
    the part of an are defining its sine Su1ryas.
    the side of a triangle or square W. (cf. %{bAhu} and %{bhuja}). [499,1]
  27. दोग्धृ (dogdhṛ) (dogdhṛ)
    m. a milker AV. MBh. &c. (cf. %{a-})
    a cowherd
    a calf.
    a poet who writes for reward
    (%{do4gdhrI}) f. giving milk (a cow, wetnurse &c.) VS. Sus3r. &c.
    mfn. yielding milk or profit of any kind MBh. Ka1v. [498,2]
  28. दोल (dola) (dola)
    m. ( %{dul}) swinging, oscillating MBh. i, 1214
    a festival (on the 14th of Phalgumma) when images of the boy Kr2ishn2a are swung W.
    a partic. position of the closed hand Cat.
    (%{A}), f "' see below.
  29. दोलित (dolita) (dolita)
    mfn. swung, shaken, tossed (%{-citta} S3atr.)
    ni. a buffalo Gal.
  30. दोष (doṣa) (doṣa)
    1 m. evening, darkness (only BhP., where personified as one of the, 8 Vasus and husband of Night, vi, 6, 11
    (%{A4}) f. see next. 2 m. rarely n. ( %{duS}) fault, vice, deficiency, want, inconvenience, disadvantage Up. Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c. [498,3]
    badness, wickedness, sinfulness Mn. R.
    offence, transgression, guilt, crime (acc. with %{R} or %{labh}, to incur guilt), SrS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    damage, harm, bad consequence, detrimental effect (%{nai9Sa@doSaH}, there is no harm
    %{ko'tra@d-}, what does it matter?) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    accusation, reproach (%{-SaMkR} or %{-SeNa-gam} with acc., to accuse) R.
    alteration, affection, morbid element, disease (esp. of the 3 humours of the body, viz. %{pitta}, %{vAyu}, and %{zleSman}, 1 [cf. %{tridoSa} and %{dhAtu}], applied also to the humours themselves) Sus3r.
    (also %{-Saka}) a calf L.
  31. दोषन् (doṣan) (doṣan)
    n. (occurring only in nom. du. %{dosha4Ni1} AV. AitBr.
    gen. sg. %{doSNa4s} S3Br.
    instr. %{doSNA} loc. %{doSNi} [or %{doSaNi-} see below] gen. du. %{doSNos} Ra1jat.
    acc "' pl. [m.!] %{doSNas} Pa1n2. 6-1, 63
    the other forms are supplied by %{dos} q.v.) the fore-arm, the lower part of the fore-foot of an animal
    the arm in general.
  32. दोह (doha) (doha)
    mfn. (2. %{duh}) milking i.e. yielding, granting (ifc.) BhP.
    m. milking or milkS3Br. &c.
    deriving advantage from (gen. or comp.), profit, gain, success, Das3 "' Pur.
    a milkpail MBh. BhP.
    %{manaso@d-}N. of a Sa1man
    (%{A}) f. N. of a Pra1kr2it metre Chandom.
  33. दउहित्र (dauhitra) (dauhitra)
    m. (fr. %{duhitR}) a daughter's son Mn. MBh. &c.
    N. of a prince VP. (v.l. %{-trya})
    (%{I}) f. a ddaughter's ddauhitra MBh. R.
    n. a rhinoceros
    ghee from a brownish cow L.
  34. द्युत् (dyut) (dyut)
    mfn. advancing against, (ifc.) ib. 1 cl. 1. A1. %{dyo4tate} AV. MBh. (also %{-ti}) &c. (pf. %{didyute}, p. %{-tAna4} RV. [cf. Pa1n2. 7-4, 67], %{didyo4ta} AV.
    %{-dyutur}. TS.
    aor. %{adyutat} and %{a4didyutat} Br.
    %{a4dyaut} RV. Br., %{adyotiSTa} Pa1n2. 1-3, 91
    iii, 1, 55, Ka1s3., p. P. %{dyutat} A1. %{-tAna4} or %{dyu4tAna} RV.
    fut. %{dyotiSyati} Br.
    ind. p. %{dyutitvA} or %{dyot-} Pa1n2. 1-2, 26 Ka1s3.
    %{-dyutya} AitBr.) to shine, be bright or brilliant: Caus. %{dyotayati} (%{-te}, Bhst2t2.) to make bright, illuminate, irradiate MBh. Ka1v.
    to cause to appear, make clear or manifest, express, mean Shad2vBr. La1t2y. Sam2k. Sa1h.: Desid. %{dedyutiSati} or %{didyot-} Pa1n2. 1-2, 26 Ka1s3.: Intens. %{da4vidyot}, 3. pl. %{-dyutati}Br.
    %{dedyutyate} Pa1n2. 7-4, 67 Ka1s3., to shine, glitter, be bright or brilliant 3 Caus. %{dyotayati}, to break, tear open AV. iv, 23, 5 (cf. %{abhivi-}, %{A-}).
  35. द्युति (dyuti) (dyuti)
    f. splendour (as a goddess Hariv. 14035), brightness, lustre, majesty, dignity. Mn. MBh. Var. Ka1v. &c.
    (dram.) a threatening attitude Das3ar. Sa1h.
    m. N. of a R2ishi under Manu Merusa1varn2a Hariv.
    of a son of Manu Ta1masa ib.
  36. द्युमत् (dyumat) (dyumat)
    mfn. bright, light, brilliant, splendid, excellent RV. VS. BhP.
    clear, loud, shrill
    brisk, energetic, strong ib.
    m. N. of a son of Vasisht2ha BhP.
    of Divo-da1sa (= Pratardana "') ib.
    of Manu Sva1rocisha ib.
    N. of a minister of Sa1lva ib.
    n. eye ib. iv, 25, 47 ind. clearly, brightly, loudly RV.
    %{-sena} m. N. of a prince of S3a1lva, father of Satyavat MBh. R.
    %{-dgArman} mfn. loud-singing SV.
  37. द्युम्न (dyumna) (dyumna)
    n. splendour, glory, majesty, power, strengthS3rS. MBh. i, 6406
    enthusiasm, inspiration RV. VS.
    wealth, possession (= %{dhana} Naigh.ii, 10) Das3.
    N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
    m. N. of the author of RV. v, 53, of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
    m.N. of the author of RV. v, 53
    of a son of Manu and Nad2vals BhP.
  38. द्यूत (dyūta) (dyūta)
    n. (m. only MBh. ii, 2119
    cf. Pa1n2. 2-4, 31) play, gaming, gambling (esp. with dice, but also with any inanimate object). AV. S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    (fig.) battle or fight, contest for (comp.) MBh. iii, 3037 &c.
    the prize or booty won in battle ib. vii, 3966
    ix, 760.
  39. द्योत (dyota) (dyota)
    1 m. light, brilliance (cf. %{kha-}, %{cintya-}, %{nakha-})
    sunshine, heat W.
    (%{A}) f. a squinting or a red-eyed or a red-haired woman Gr2S. Comm.,2 and see %{hrid-d-}.
  40. द्योतक (dyotaka) (dyotaka)
    mfn. shining, illuminating (cf. %{kha-})
    (ifc.) making clear, explaining Ra1jat. iii, 158 [500,2]
    expressing, meaning Sarvad.
    %{-tva} n. ib. mfn. irradiating, illuminating, illustrating Cat.
  41. द्रव (drava) (drava)
    mfn. (fr. 2. %{dru}) running (as a horse) RV. iv, 40, 2
    flowing, fluid, dropping, dripping, trickling or overflowing with (comp.) Ka1t2h. Mn. MBh. Ka1v.
    fused, liquefied, melted W.
    m. going, quick motion, flight Hariv.
    play, sport Ja1takam.
    distilling, trickling, fluidity Bha1sha1p.
    juice, essence, decoction
    stream or gush of (comp.) Ka1v.
    (dram.) the flying out against one's superior Das3ar. Sa1h.
    N. of one of the Vis3ve Deva1s, Hcat "'
  42. द्रु (dru) (dru)
    1 cl. 5. P. %{druNoti}, to hurt, injure Dha1tup. xxvii, 33 (pf. %{dudrAva} Bhat2t2.)
    to repent
    to go Vop. (cf. 1. %{drU}). 2 1. P. (Dha1tup.xxii, 47
    ep. also A1.) %{dra4vati}, %{-te} RV. &c. &c. (pf. %{dudrAva} Br.
    %{-drotha}, %{-druma} Pa1n2. 7-2, 13
    %{-druvur} MBh. R. &c.
    aor. %{adudruvat} Br.
    %{-drot} Subj. %{dudra4vat} RV.
    fut. %{droSyati} Br.
    inf. %{-drotum} S3atr.
    ind. p. %{druTvA4} and %{-drutya} Br.) to run, hasten, fleeS3Br. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to run up to (acc.), attack, assault MBh. R.
    to become fluid, dissolve, melt Pan5c. Vet. BhP.: Caus. %{drAva4yati} (ep. also %{-te}
    %{dravayate} see under %{drava4}) to cause to run, make flow RV. viii, 4, 11
    to make fluid, melt, vi, 4, 3
    to drive away, put to flight MBh. (Pass. %{drAvyate}, vii, 3515) R. MBh.: Desid "' %{dudrUSati} Gr.: Desid. of Caus "' %{dudrA7vayiSati} or %{dud-} Pa1n2. 7-4, 81: Intens. %{dodrUyate} or %{dodroti} Gr. (%{dodrAva} TS.). [Cf.2. %{drA} and %{dram}
    Zd. {dru}, {drvant}.] 3 mfn. running, going (cf. %{mita-}, %{raghu-}, %{zatA}.)
    f. going, motion
  43. द्रु (dru) (dru)
    1 cl. 5. P. %{druNoti}, to hurt, injure Dha1tup. xxvii, 33 (pf. %{dudrAva} Bhat2t2.)
    to repent
    to go Vop. (cf. 1. %{drU}). 2 1. P. (Dha1tup.xxii, 47
    ep. also A1.) %{dra4vati}, %{-te} RV. &c. &c. (pf. %{dudrAva} Br.
    %{-drotha}, %{-druma} Pa1n2. 7-2, 13
    %{-druvur} MBh. R. &c.
    aor. %{adudruvat} Br.
    %{-drot} Subj. %{dudra4vat} RV.
    fut. %{droSyati} Br.
    inf. %{-drotum} S3atr.
    ind. p. %{druTvA4} and %{-drutya} Br.) to run, hasten, fleeS3Br. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to run up to (acc.), attack, assault MBh. R.
    to become fluid, dissolve, melt Pan5c. Vet. BhP.: Caus. %{drAva4yati} (ep. also %{-te}
    %{dravayate} see under %{drava4}) to cause to run, make flow RV. viii, 4, 11
    to make fluid, melt, vi, 4, 3
    to drive away, put to flight MBh. (Pass. %{drAvyate}, vii, 3515) R. MBh.: Desid "' %{dudrUSati} Gr.: Desid. of Caus "' %{dudrA7vayiSati} or %{dud-} Pa1n2. 7-4, 81: Intens. %{dodrUyate} or %{dodroti} Gr. (%{dodrAva} TS.). [Cf.2. %{drA} and %{dram}
    Zd. {dru}, {drvant}.] 3 mfn. running, going (cf. %{mita-}, %{raghu-}, %{zatA}.)
    f. going, motion
  44. द्रविड (draviḍa) (draviḍa)
    m. N. of a people (regarded as degraded Kshatriyas and said to be "' descendants of Dravid2a, sons of Vr2ishabha-sva1min S3atr.) and of a district on the east coast of the Deccan Mn. Var. MBh. &c.
    collect. N. for 5 peoples, viz. the A1ndhras, Karn2a1t2akas, Gurjaras, Tailan3gas, and Maha1ra1sht2ras (cf. %{dAviDa} below)
    N. of a son of Krishn2a BhP.
    of an author Cat.
    pl. of a school of grammarians ib.
    (%{I}) f. (with %{strI}) a Dravidian female Cat.
    (in music) N. of a Ra1gin2i1.
  45. द्रविण (draviṇa) (draviṇa)
    n. movable property (as opp. to house and field), substance, goods ( BhP. v, 14, 12), wealth, moneyMn. MBh. &c.
    essence, substantiality, strength, powerS3Br. R. &c.
    N. of a Sa1man ArshBr.
    m. N. of a son of Vasu Dhara (or Dhava) MBh. Hariv. VP.
    of a son of Pr2ithu BhP.
    of a mountain ib.
    pl. the inhabitants of a Varsha in Kraun5ca-dvi1pa ib.
  46. द्रव्य (dravya) (dravya)
    n. a substance, thing, object Up. Mn. MBh. &c.
    the ingredients or materials of anything MBh. R.
    medicinal substance or drug Sus3r.
    (phil.) elementary substance (9 in the Nya1ya, viz "' %{pRthivI}, %{ap}, %{tejas}, %{vAyu}, %{AkAza@kAla}, %{diz}, %{Atman}, %{manas}
    6 with Jainas, viz. %{jIva}, %{dharma}, %{adharma}, %{pudgala}, %{kAla}, %{AkAza})
    (Gr.) single object or person, individual (cf. %{eka-})
    fit object or person (cf. %{A-}.)
    object of possession, wealth, goods, money Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    gold R. vii, 18, 34 Sch.
    bellmetal, brass
    spirituous liquour
    a stake, a wager W.2 mfn. (fr. 4. %{dru}) derived from or relating to a tree Pa1n2. 4-3, 161
    tree-like or corresponding to a tree S3a1n3khBr. x, 2
    n. lac, gum, resin
  47. द्रव्यत्व (dravyatva) (dravyatva)
    n. substantiality, substance Sarvad.
    %{jAti-mAnavicAra} m. N. of wk.
  48. द्राक्षा (drākṣā) (drākṣā)
    f. vine, grape Hariv.: Sus3r. Ka1v. &c.
    mfn. (%{as}, %{I}, %{am}) made of grapes Kull. xi, 95.
  49. द्राव (drāva) (drāva)
    m. (fr. 2. %{dru}) going quickly, speed, flight
    fusing, liquefaction
    heat L.
  50. द्रावण (drāvaṇa) (drāvaṇa)
    mfn. causing to run, putting to flight MBh. Hariv.
    n. the act of causing to run &c. Hariv.
    fusing, distilling
    softening, touching Anan3gar.
    the clearing-nut L.
  51. द्राविड (drāviḍa) (drāviḍa)
    mf(%{I})n. Dra1vidian, a Dra1vida MBh. Ra1jat. &c.
    m. pl. the DDra1vida people MBh. R. Pur.
    also collect. N. for the above 5 peoples, and of the 5 chief DDra1vida languages, Tamil, Telugu, Kanarese, Malaya1lam and Tulu
    m. sg. a patr. fr. Dravid2a S3atr.
    N. of a Sch. on the Amara-kos3a Col.
    a partic. number
    Curcunia Zedoaria or a kindred plant Bhpr.
    (%{I}) f. a Dravidian woman Vcar.
    small cardamoms Bhpr. see p. 501, col. 2.
  52. द्रुह् (druh) (druh)
    1 cl. 4. P. %{dru4hyati} (ep. and metr "' also A1. %{-te}) Br. MBh. R. &c. (pf. %{dudrbha} RV., %{-hitha} AV.
    aor. %{adruhat}, Gr "' Subj. 2 sg. %{druhas} MBh., 3 pl. %{druhan} [with %{mA}] RV.
    2 sg. adrukshas AitBr.
    fut. %{dhrokSyati} MaitrS., %{drohiSyati} Pa1n2. 7-2, 45
    %{drogdhA}, %{droDhA} or %{drohitA} Gr.
    inf. %{drogdhavai} Ka1t2h.
    ind. p. %{drugdhvA}, %{drochitvA}, %{druhitvA} Gr.
    %{-druhya} MaitrS.) to hurt, seek to harm, be hostile to (dat.
    rarely gen. [R. ii, 99, 23 Hit. ii, 121] loc. [BhP. iv, 2, 21] or acc "' [Mn. ii, 144])
    absol. to bear malice or hatred MBh. Hit.
    to be a foe or rival Ka1vya7d. ii, 61: Caus. %{drohayati}: Desid. %{dudrohiSati}, %{dudruh-} Gr.
    %{dudrukSat} Ka1t2h. (cf. %{abhi-} and %{dudhrukSu}). [Orig. %{dhrugh} [502,3]
    cf. Zd. {druj}
    Germ. {triogan}, {tru1gen}.]
  53. द्रुपद (drupada) (drupada)
    n. a wooden pillar, a post (to which captives are tied), any pillar or column RV. VS. AV.
    m. N. of a king of the Pan5ca1las (son of Pr2ishata and father of Dhr2ish2a-dyumna, of S3ikhan2d2ini1 or S3ikhan2d2ini1, and of Kr2ishn2a1, the wife of the Pa1n2d2u princes, hence called Draupadi1) MBh. Hariv. Pur. [502,2]
    (%{A}) f. (with or scil. %{sAvitrI@or@Rc}) N. of a sacred formula TBr. Vishn2.
    %{-putra} m. patr. of Dhr2isht2a-dyumna Bhag.
    %{-dA7tmajA} f. patr. of Kr2ishn2a1 or Draupadi (cf. above), who is sometimes identified with Uma1 SkandaP.
    %{-dA7ditya} m. a form of the Sun ib.
  54. द्रुम (druma) (druma)
    m. a tree MBh. Ka1v. &c. (sometimes also any plant
    according to some esp. a tree of Indra's paradise = %{pArijAta})
    N. of a prince of the Kim-purushas MBh. Hariv.
    of a son of Kr2ishn2a and Ruhmin2i Hariv.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river, VP "'
  55. द्रुह्यु (druhyu) (druhyu)
    m. pl. N. of a people RV.
    sg. N. of a son of Yaya1ti and brother of Yadu &c. MBh. (w.r. %{du4hyu}) Hariv. (v.l. %{druhya}) Pur.
  56. द्रोण (droṇa) (droṇa)
    n. (fr. 4. %{dru}) a wooden vessel, bucket, trough &c.
    a Soma vessel [cf. Zd. {draona}] RV. MBh. &c. (ifc. f. %{A} Hcat.)
    m. n. a measure of capacity (= 4 A1d2hakas= 16 Pushkalas = 128 Kun5cis = 1024 Musht2is, or = 200 Palas = 3/20 Kumbha, or = 1/16 Khari1= 4 Ad2hakas, or = 2 Ad2hakas= 1/2 S3u1rpa= 64 S3eras, or = 32 S3eras) Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    a measure for measuring fields (as much land as is sown with a DDro4n2a of corn) Col.
    n. an altar shaped like a trough S3ulbas. iii, 216
    m. a lake or large piece of water of 400 poles length
    a kind of cloud (from which the rain streams forth as from a bucket)(cf. %{-megha} and %{-vRSTi} below) [503,1]
    a raven or crow(cf. %{-kAka})
    a scorpion (cf. %{druNa})
    a kind of plant (prob. Leucas Linifolia)
    N. of one of the 8 Vasus (husband of Abhimati and father of Harsha, S3oka, Bhsya &c.) BhP.
    of a Bra1hman said to have been generated by Bharad-va1ja in a bucket (the military preceptor of both the Kuru and Pan2d2u princes
    afterwards king of a part of Pan5ca1la and general of the Kurus, the husband of Kr2ipi1 and father of As3vattha1man) MBh. Hariv. Pur. &c.
    of one of the 4 sons of Mandapa1la and Jarita1 (born as birds) MBh. i, 8345 "' &c. (as author of RV. x, 142, 3, 4, with the patr. Sa1rn3ga)
    of a Bra1hman Pan5c.
    of sev. other men VP.
    of sev. mountains ib.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of shrub
    N. of a daughter of S3in6ha-hanu Buddh.
    (%{I}) f. a wooden trough or tub MBh. Hariv. R. &c.
    any vessel or implement'made of wood "'
    a measure of capacity (= 2 Su1rpas = 128 S3eras)
    a valley, Malatim. ix, 0/1 Pur.
    a kind of creeper Bhpr.
    of coloquintida (= %{indra-ci4rbitI})
    of salt
    N. of a country, of a mountain and of a river L.
  57. द्रोह (droha) (droha)
    m. injury, mischief. harm, perfidy, treachery, wrong, offence Mn. MBh. R. &c. &c. see above.
  58. द्रउणि (drauṇi) (drauṇi)
    m. id. Pa1n2. 4-1, 103 MBh. Hariv. &c.
    N. of Vya1sa in a future Dva1para VP.
  59. द्रउपदी (draupadī) (draupadī)
    f. patr. of Kr2ishn2a1 (wife of the Pa1n2. du. princes) MBh. Hariv. &c. (identified with Uma1, Skandap.)
  60. द्वय (dvaya) (dvaya)
    $ n. (fr. and in comp = %{dvi}) twofold, double, of 2 kinds or sortsBr. MBh. &c. (%{-ye} m. pl. S3is. iii, 57)
    (%{I}) f. couple, pair Naish. Ra1jat.
    n. id "'
    two things, both (e. g. %{tejo-}, the 2 luminaries S3ak. iv, 2) Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (ifc. %{A} R. i, 29, 14)
    twofold nature, falsehood RV. i, 147, 4 &c.
    the masc. and fem. gender Gr.
    (%{am}) ind. between S3is3. iii, 3. [Cf. Zd. {dvaya}
    Gk. $.]
  61. द्व (dva) (dva)
    original stem of %{dvi} q.v. (nom. acc. du. m. %{dva4}, or %{dvau4} fn. %{dve4}
    instr. dat. abl. %{dvA4bhyAm} gen. loc. %{dva4yos}) two RV. &c. &c.
    both (with %{api} Ragh. xii, 93)
    loc. %{dvayos} in two genders (masc. and fem.) or in two numbers (sing. and pl.) Gr.[Cf. %{dvA} and %{dvi}
    Zd. {dva}
    Gk. &155939[503,2] $, $ and $= $
    Lat. {duo18} and {bi} = %{dvi}
    Lith. {du}, {dvi}
    Slav. {du8va}
    Goth. {tvai}, {tva} &c.]
  62. द्वादशन् (dvādaśan) (dvādaśan)
    see below.
  63. द्वापर (dvāpara) (dvāpara)
    m. n. that die or side of a die which is marked with two spots VS. TS. Ka1t2h. MBh.
    the Die personified Nal. vi, 1
    `" the age with the number two "'N. of the 3rd of the 4 Yugas or ages of the world (comprising 2400 years
    the YYugas itself = 2000, and each twilight = 200 years
    it is also personified as a god) AitBr. Mn. MBh. &c. RTL. 111
    N. of a myth. being MBh. i, 2713
    doubt, uncertainty
    %{-cchandas} n. pl. a partic. class of metre Nida1nas.
    %{-stoma} m. pl. of Stomas ib.
  64. द्वार् (dvār) (dvār)
    (fr. %{dvR}?), gate, door, entrance or issue, fig. expedient, means, opportunity (instr. %{-rA} ifc. by means of, by)S3Br. Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c. [Cf. 1. %{dur}, 1. %{dura} and %{dvAra}
    Gk. $
    Lat. {fores}
    Slav. {dvi8ri8}
    Lit., {du4rys}
    &156223[504,2] Got, {daur}
    Old Sax. {dor} &c.]
  65. द्वारक (dvāraka) (dvāraka)
    n. door, gate MBh.
    ifc. occasioned or caused by S3am2k.
    (%{akA}) f. `" many-gated "'N. of the capital of Kr2ishn2a (on the western point of Gu1jara1t, supposed to have been submerged by the sea) MBh. Hariv. Pur. &c. (%{ikA} f. id.RTL. 55, 1
    400, 2).
  66. द्वारवत् (dvāravat) (dvāravat)
    mfn. `" many-gated "'
    (%{I}) f. N. of the capital of Kr2ishn2a MBh. Hariv.
    %{-tI-nirnlANa} and %{-tI-mAhAtmya} n. N. of wks.
  67. द्विगु (dvigu) (dvigu)
    m. (sc. %{samAsa}) N. of a Tatpurusha compound in which the Ist member is a numeral (being formed like %{dvi-gu}, `" worth 2 cows "') Pa1n2. 2-1, 52 &c.
  68. द्विज (dvija) (dvija)
    see %{dvija4}. mfn. twice-born
    m. a man of any one of the first 3 classes, any A1ryan, (esp.) a Bra1hman (re-born through investiture with the sacred thread cf. %{upa-nayana}) AV. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a bird or any oviparous animal (appearing first as an egg) Mn. MBh. &c.
    a tooth (as growing twice) Sus3r. Bhartr2. Var. (n. BhP. ii, 1, 31)
    coriander seed or Xantboxylum Alatum
    (%{A}) f. Piper Aurantiacum Bhpr.
    Clerodendrum Siphonantus
    %{pAlaGkI}(cf. %{-jA4} and %{-jati}).
  69. द्विजाति (dvijāti) (dvijāti)
    mfn. id.
    m. an A1ryan, esp. a Bra1hman Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    a bird or snake &c.(cf. %{-janman})
    %{-mukhya} m. `" first of the twice-born "', a Bra1hman Mn. iii, 286
    %{-sAt} ind. for or to Bra1hmans
    with - %{kR}, to make a present of (acc.) for BBra1hmans Ra1jat. v, 120.
  70. द्विष् (dviṣ) (dviṣ)
    1 in comp. for %{dvis} below.2 cl. 2. P. A1. %{dve4STi}, %{dviSTe} (ep. also %{dviSati}, %{-te}
    Subj. %{dve4Sat} AV.
    impf. %{advet}, 3. pl. %{adviSur- and @-San} Pa1n2. 3-4, 112
    pf. %{didveSa} S3Br.
    aor. %{dvikSat}, %{-Sata} (3. sg.) AV.
    fut. %{dvekSyati}, %{dveSA} Siddh. Pa1n2. 7-2, 10
    inf. %{dveSTum} MBh.
    %{dve4STos} S3Br.) to hate, show hatred against (acc.
    rarely dat. or gen.), be hostile or unfriendlyS3Br. Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    to be a rival or a match for Ka1vya7d. ii, 61: Pass. %{dviSyate}
    aor. %{adveSi} Gr.: Caus. %{dveSayati} Ka1v.: Desid "' %{didvikSati}, %{-te} Gr.
    Intens. %{dedviSyate}, %{dedveSTi} or %{dedviSIti} Gr. [Cf.Zd. {d2bish}
    Gk. $
    Germ. {Zwist}.] &156953[506,3]
  71. द्वित (dvita) (dvita)
    m. `" second "'N. of an A1ptya (s.v.
    cf. %{trita4}) RV. VS. S3Br.
    (according to some he is the author of RV. ix, 103
    to others, son of Atri and author of v, 18 Anukr.)
  72. द्वितय (dvitaya) (dvitaya)
    mfn. consisting of two, twofold, double BhP. Pa1n2. 5-2, 42
    pl. (%{e} or %{As}, i, 1, 33 Ka1s3.) two, both (each thought of as a plurality e.g. mountains and trees) Ragh.viii, 89
    n. a pair or couple Ya1jn5. Ka1v. Pur.
  73. द्वितीय (dvitīya) (dvitīya)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. %{dvi} Pa1n2. 5-2, 54
    decl "' i, 1, 36 Va1rtt. 3 Pat. cf. vii, 3, 115) second RV. &c. &c.
    (%{am}) ind. for the second time Kat2hUp. MBh. &c.
    m. companion, fellow (friend or foe) S3Br. MBh. &c.
    ifc. doubled or accompanied by, furnished with (cf. a-, %{chAyA-}, %{dhanur-} &c.)
    the 2nd in a family (i.e. a son
    cf. AitBr. vii, 29)
    the 2nd letter of a Varga i.e. the surd aspirate Pra1t. Pa1n2. &c.
    (%{A}) f. female companion or friend Ka1t2h. xcviii, 33
    wife (a second self)
    (sc. %{vibhakti}) the 2nd case, the accusative or its terminations Pa1n2. 2-1, 24 &c.
    (sc. %{tithi}) the 2nd day of a half-month Ra1tn. iv, 2/3
    (%{dvi4tIya}) mfn. (Pa1n2. 5-3, 49) forming the 2nd part or half of anything, with %{bhAga} m. half of (gen.) Mn. iv, 1 &c.
    n. the half (at the beginning or end of a comp.) Pa1n2. ib., ii, 2, 3 Ka1s3.
  74. द्विप (dvipa) (dvipa)
    m. elephant (lit. drinking twice, sc. with his trunk and with his mouth) Mn. MBh. R. &c. (ifc. f. %{A})
    N. of the number 8 Gan2it.
    Mesua Ferrea
    %{-dAna} n. the rut-fluid of an elephant Ragh.
    %{-pati} m. `" prince of elephants "', a large eelephants Ratn.
    %{-mada} m. = %{-dAna}
    %{--pA7ri} m. `" foe of elephants "', a. lion BhP.
    %{-pA7sya} m. having an eelephant's face "'N. of Gan2e7s3a
    %{--pe7ndra} m. = %{-pa-pati} Ragh.
    %{--pe7ndradAna} n. the rut-fluid of a large eelephants Var.
    %{-pe7zvara} m. = %{-pe4udra}, Malatim.
  75. द्विपद् (dvipad) (dvipad)
    (or %{dvi4-} Pa1n2. 6-2, 197) m. (%{pA4d} RV.) f. (%{pa4dI} ib., or %{pAd} g. %{kumbha-pady-Adi}) n. (%{pA4d} or %{pAd} RV.), two footed, bipedal, biped (m. man
    n. sg. men, mankind)Br. MBh. &c.
    consisting of Pa1das (m. a metre of that kind) RV. S3Br.
    (%{padI}) f. a kind of Pra1kr2it metre Col.
    a song composed in this mmetre Ka1d. (%{-dI-khaNDa} Ratn. i, 12/13
    taking 2 steps A1s3vGr2. i, 7, 19. [505,2]
  76. द्विषत् (dviṣat) (dviṣat)
    mfn. (p. Pres. of 1. %{dviS}) hating or detesting, hostile, unfriendly, foe, enemy (with acc. or gen. Pa1n2. 2-3, 69 Va1rtt. 5 Pat.) S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
  77. द्विष्ट (dviṣṭa) (dviṣṭa)
    1 mfn. hated, disliked, odious, hostile Ya1jn5. Mn. MBh. &c.2 n. (for %{dvy-aSTa}) copper
  78. द्वीप (dvīpa) (dvīpa)
    &c. see s.v. m. n. (fr. %{dvi} + %{ap} Pa1n2. 5-4, 74
    vi, 3, 97) an island, peninsula, sandbank RV. S3Br. MBh. &c.
    a division of the terrestrial world (either 7 [Jambu, Plaksha or Go-medaka, S3a1lmali1, Kus3a, Kraun5ca, S3a1ka and Pushkara MBh. vi, 604 &c. Hariv. Pur. &c.] or 4 [Bhadra7s3va, Ketu-mlla, Jambu-dvipa and Uttara1h2 Kuravah2 MBh. vi, 208 Hariv. Ka1v. &c. cf. Dharmas. cxx] or 13 [the latter four + 9, viz. Indra-dvipa, Kaseru1-mat, Ta1mra-varn2a, Gabhasti-mat, Na1ga-dvipa, Saumya, Ga1ndharva, Varun2a and Bha1rata, which are enumerated VP. ii, 3, 6
    7, as forming Bha1rata-varsha] or 18 [among which the Upa-dvipas are said to be included Naish. i, 5 Sch.]
    they are situated round the mountain Meru, and separated from each other by distinct concentric circumambient oceans
    %{ayaM@dvIpaH} = %{jambu-dv-} BhP. v, 16, 5 or = %{bhArata-dv-} VP. ii, 3, 7)
    m. place of refuge, shelter, protection or protector MBh. Ka1ran2d2.
    a tiger's skin
    cubebs(cf. %{-sambhava}).
  79. द्वीपिन् (dvīpin) (dvīpin)
    mfn. having islands or spots like islands
    (%{i4n}) m. tiger, ounce or panther, leopard AV. Hariv. MBh. &c.
    (%{nI}) f. the sea or a river Ba1lar. iii, 48
    a kind of plant
  80. द्वेष (dveṣa) (dveṣa)
    m. hatred, dislike, repugnance, enmity to (comp.) S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c. (%{-SaM-kR}, to show enmity against (dat.) Pan5c. iii, 160).
  81. द्वेषिन् (dveṣin) (dveṣin)
    mfn. hating, disliking, hostile, malignant against (gen. or comp.) MBh. Hariv. Sus3r. Ka1v. &c.
    m. foe, enemy, S3alrn3gp.
  82. द्वइत (dvaita) (dvaita)
    see %{dvaita4}.
  83. द्वइप (dvaipa) (dvaipa)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{dvIpa4}) being or living or happening on an island, an islander S3is3. Sch.
    g. %{kacchA7di}
    (fr. %{dvIpin}) belonging to a tiger or panther Sus3r.
    m. (with or scil. %{ratha}) a car covered with a tiger's skin Pa1n2. 4-2, 12
  84. द्वइपायन (dvaipāyana) (dvaipāyana)
    m. (Pa1n2. 4-1, 99) `" island-born "'N. of Vya1sa (author or compiler of the Vedas and Pura1n2as, the place of his nativity being a small island in the Ganges) MBh. Hariv. &c.
    mf(%{I})n. relating to Dvaipa1yana MBh.
  85. धकार (dhakāra) (dhakāra)
    m. the letter or sound %{dh}.
  86. धत्तूर (dhattūra) (dhattūra)
    m. the white thorn-apple, Datura Alba (used as a poison) Sus3r. (also %{-raka} m. %{-kA} f.) Bhpr. Ka1v.
    gold Ka1v.
    n. the fruit of Datura Alba Katha1s.
  87. धन (dhana) (dhana)
    n. the prize of a contest or the contest itself (lit. a running match, race, or the thing raced for
    %{hita4M} %{dhA7nam}, a proposed prize or contest
    %{dhanaM-ji}, to win the pprize or the fight) RV.
    booty, prey (%{dhanam-bhR} A1., to carry off the prize or booty)
    any valued object, (esp.) wealth, riches, (movable) property, money, treasure, gift RV. &c. &c.
    capital (opp. to %{vRddhi} interest) Ya1jn5. ii, 58
    = %{go-dhana} Hariv. 3886
    (arithm.) the affirmative quantity or plus (opp. to %{RNa}, %{kSaya}, %{vyaya}, %{hAni})
    N. of the 2nd mansion Var.
    m. N. of a merchant HParis3. Sin6ha7s.
  88. धनपति (dhanapati) (dhanapati)
    (%{dha4na-}) m. lord of wwealth (with or scil. %{dhanAnAm}) AV.
    a rich man Ka1v.
    a king Gal.
    N. of Kubera S3a1n3khGr2. MBh. Ka1v.
    N. of sev. authors Cat. (also %{-misra} and %{-sUri}).
  89. धनिक (dhanika) (dhanika)
    mfn. wealthy, opulent Pan5c. Dhu1rtas. (%{-tA} f. wealth, opulence Ka1v.)
    good, virtuous
    m. a rich man, owner, creditor Mn. Ya1jn5.
    a husband
    N. of Sch. on Das3ar.
    m. n. coriander
    (%{A}) f. a virtuous or excellent woman
    any young woman or wife
    Panicum Italicum
  90. धनिन् (dhanin) (dhanin)
    mfn. possessing wealth or treasures, wealthy, rich, well off RV. MBh. &c.
    m. a rich man, owner, creditor Mn. Ya1jn5.
    N. of Kubera
    of a messenger of the Kapas MBh.
  91. धनिष्ठ (dhaniṣṭha) (dhaniṣṭha)
    mfn. (superl. of 2. %{dhan}) very swift RV. x, 73, 1
    (fr. %{dhana}) very rich S3a1n3khS3r. viii, 20, 4
    (%{A}) f. sg. and pl. the more modern N. of the Nakshatra S3lavisht2ha1 or 24th lunar mansion S3a1n3khGr2. MBh. &c.
  92. धनुस् (dhanus) (dhanus)
    n. (m. g. %{ardharcA7di}
    cf. %{dhanu}) a bow RV. &c. &c.
    a measure of length = 4 Hastas or 1/2000 Gavyu1ti Mn. Ya1jn5. &c.
    (geom.) an a1rc or past of a circle
    (astron.) an are or quadrant for ascertaining the sun's altitude and zenith-distance
    a fiddlestick
    the sign of the zodiac Sagittarius Su1ryas. Var.
    Buchanania Latifolia
    N. of S3iva MBh. vii, 9536 (armed with a bow L., or = %{dhanuHsvarUpa} Ni1lak.)
    a desert, arid land (cf. %{-nur-a4ur}. ga).
  93. धनुष्मत् (dhanuṣmat) (dhanuṣmat)
    mfn. armed with a bbow, an archer MBh. R. &c.
    m. N. of a mountain to the north of Madhya-des3a Var.
    (%{I}) f. N. of the tutelary deity in the family of Vya1ghra-pa1d BrahmaP.
    %{-tA} f. archery Bhartr2. i, 13.
  94. धन्य (dhanya) (dhanya)
    mfn. bringing or bestowing wealth, opulent, rich (ifc. full of) RV. &c. &c.
    fortunate, happy, auspicious Mn. MBh. &c.
    good, virtuous(cf. %{dhanika})
    wholesome, healthy Car.
    m. infidel, atheist W.
    a spell for using or restraining magical weapons R.
    Vatica Robusta
    N. of a man Ra1jat. (cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 110 g. %{azvA7di})
    of the Vais3yas in Kraun5ca-dvi1pa VP.
    (%{A}) f. a nurse
    Emblic Myrobalan
    N. of Dhruva's wife VP.
    (also n.) coriander
    n. treasure, wealth L.
  95. धन्वन् (dhanvan) (dhanvan)
    n. a bow RV. &c. (esp. ifc.
    cf. %{asthi-}, %{ugra-}, %{kSipra-} &c., and Pa1n2. 5-4, 132 &c. Va1m. v, 2, 67)
    rain-bow Ma1nGr2. i, 4
    the sign of the zodiac Sagittarius Jyot.
    (also m.) dry soil, shore (%{samudasya}
    cf. %{dhanu})
    a desert, a waste RV. &c. &c.
    m. Alhagi Maurorum
    N. of a country. BhP. (Cf. %{dhanu}, %{-nus}.)
  96. धन्वन्तरि (dhanvantari) (dhanvantari)
    m. (for %{-vani-t-}), `" moving in a curve "'N. of a deity to whom oblations were offered in the north-east quarter Kaus3. 74 Mn. iii, 85 MBh. xiii, 4662 (where %{-tare} w.r. for %{-tareH})
    of the sun MBh. iii, 155
    the physician of the gods (produced at the churning of the ocean with a cup of Amr2ita in his hands, the supposed author of the A1yur-veda, who in a later existence is also called Divo-da1sa, king of Ka1s3i, and considered to be the founder of the Hindu1 school of medicine) MBh. Hariv. R. Sus3r.
    Pur Ra1jat. vii, 1392 (%{dhAnv-})
    N. of the author of a medical dictionary (perhaps the same mentioned among the 9 gems of the court of Vikrama7ditya) Cat.
  97. धन्विन् (dhanvin) (dhanvin)
    mfn. (Va1m. v, 2, 59) armed with 1, bow, a bbow-man MBh. &c. &c. (cf. %{iSu-}, %{driDha-}, %{bahu}.)
    cunning, shrewd
    m. the sign of the zodiac Sagittarius Var.
    N. of S3iva MBh.
    of Vishn2u
    of Arjuna
    Terminalia Arjuna
    Mimusops Elengi
    Alhagi Maurorum
    N. of a son of Manu Ta1masa Hariv.
    of a Sch. on Dra1hySr. (also %{-visvAmin})
    %{-vi-bhASya} n. the Comm. of Dhanvin.
  98. धर (dhara) (dhara)
    mf(%{A})n. ( %{dhR}) bearing, supporting (scil. the world, said of Kr2ishn2a and S3iva) MBh.
    ifc. holding, bearing, carrying, wearing, possessing, having, keeping (also in memory), sustaining, preserving, observing (cf. %{aMzu-}, %{akSa-}, %{kulaM-} &c.) MBh. R. &c.
    m. a mountain Kir. xv, 12 (cf. %{kSiti-}, %{bhU-} &c.)
    a flock of cotton
    a frivolous or dissolute man (= %{viTa})
    a sword Gal.
    N. of a Vasu MBh.
    of a follower of the Pa1n2d2avas ib. of the king of the tortoises
    of the father of Padma-prabha (6th Arhat of pres. Ava-sarpin2i1)
    (%{A}) f. `" bearer, supporter "', the earth Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the uterus or womb Bhpr.
    a vein or tubular vessel of the body
    a mass of gold or heap of valuables (representing the earth and given to Bra1hmans) W.
    one of the 8 forms of Sarasvati1 id.
    N. of one of the wives of Kas3yapa (mother of the land and water-birds, prob. = the Earth) Hariv. 232 (v.l. %{irA})
    n. poison(v.l. %{dara})
  99. धरण (dharaṇa) (dharaṇa)
    mf(%{I})n. bearing, supporting VS. TA1r.
    m. a dike or bank
    the world
    the sun
    the female breast
    N. of a king of the Na1gas S3atr.
    m. or n. a sort of weight variously reckoned as= 10 Palas, = 16 silver Ma1shakas, = 1 silver Pura1n2a, = 1/10 S3atama1na, = 19 Nishpa1va, = 2/5 Karsha, = 1/10 Pala, = 24Raktika1 Mn. Ya1jn5. Sus3r. Var. &c.
    n. the act of bearing, holding, &c. Ka1v.
    bringing, procuring (cf. %{kAma-})
    support, prop, stay (cf. %{pRtkivI-}, %{savana}.)
    a partic. high number Buddh. (cf. %{dhamana}, %{dhamara})
    (%{I}) f. see s.v.
  100. धर्म (dharma) (dharma)
    1 m. (rarely n. g. %{ardharcA7di}
    the older form of the RV. is %{dha4rman} q.v.) that which is established or firm, steadfast decree, statute, ordinance, law
    usage, practice, customary observance or prescribed conduct, duty
    right, justice (often as a synonym of punishment)
    virtue, morality, religion, religious merit, good works (%{dha4rmeNa} or %{-mAt} ind. according to right or rule, rightly, justly, according to the nature of anything
    cf. below
    %{mesthita} mfn. holding to the law, doing one's duty) AV. &c. &c.
    Law or Justice personified (as Indra S3Br. &c.
    as Yama MBh.
    as born from the right breast of Yama and father of S3ama, Ka1ma and Harsha ib.
    as Vishn2u Hariv.
    as Praja1-pati and son-in-law of Daksha Hariv. Mn. &c.
    as one of the attendants of the Sun
    as a Bull Mn. viii, 16
    as a Dove Katha1s. vii, 89, &c.)
    the law or doctrine of Buddhism (as distinguished from the %{saJgha} or monastic order MWB. 70)
    the ethical precepts of Buddhism (or the principal %{dharma} called %{sUsra}, as distinguished from the %{abhi-dharma} or, further dharma and from the %{vinaya} or `" discipline, these three constituting the canon of Southern BBuddhism MWB. 61)
    the law of Northern BBuddhism (in 9 canonical scriptures, viz. Prajn5a1-pa1ramita1, Gan2d2a-vyu1ha, Das3a-bhu1mi7s3vara, Samadhira1ja, Lan3ka7vata1ra, Saddharma-pun2d2arika, Tathagata-guhyaka, Lalita-vistara, Suvarn2a-prabha1sa,ib. 69)
    nature, character, peculiar condition or essential quality, property, mark, peculiarity (= %{sva-bhAva}
    cf. %{daza-dh--gata} S3Br. &c. &c.
    %{upamAno7pameyayor@dh-}, the tertium comparationis Pa1n2. 2-1, 55 Sch.)
    a partic. ceremony MBh. xiv, 2623
    the ninth mansion Var.
    an Upanishad
    associating with the virtuous
    religious abstraction, devotion
    = %{upamA}(cf. above)
    a bow Dharmas3.
    a Soma-drinker
    N. of the 15th Arhat of the present Ava-sarpin2i1
    of a son of Anu and father of Ghr2ita Hariv.
    of a sson of Ga1ndha1ra and ffather of Dhr2ita Pur.
    of a sson of Haihaya and ffather of Netra BhP.
    of a sson of Pr2ithu-s3ravas and of Us3anas ib.
    of a sson of Su-vrata VP. (cf. %{dharma-sUtra})
    of a sson of Di1rgha-tapas, Va1yup.
    of a king of Kas3mi1ra, Ra1j. iv, 678
    of another man ib. vii, 85
    of a lexicographer &c. (also %{-paNDita}, %{-bhaTTa} and %{-zAstrin}) Cat. [Cf. Lat. {firmus}, Lith. {derme4}.]3 in comp. for %{-man} q.v. 2.
  101. धर्मन् (dharman) (dharman)
    m. bearer, supporter, arranger RV.
    N. of a son of Br2ihad-ra1ja and father of Kr2itam2-jaya VP.
    (%{dhA7rman}) n. (older than %{dha4rma} q.v., in later language mostly ifc.
    cf. below) support, prop, hold RV. VS.
    established order of things, steadfast decree (of a god, esp. of Mitra-Varun2a), any arrangement or disposition
    will, pleasure
    law, rule, duty
    practice, custom, mode, manner (%{dha4rmaNA}, %{-mabhis}
    %{-maNas@pa4ri} in regular order, naturally
    %{svAya@dhar@maNe} at one's own pleasure
    %{dharmaNi} with the permission of, %{a4dhi@dh-} against the will of [gen.])VS.
    (esp. ifc.) nature, quality, characteristic mark or attribute S3Br. (cf. %{an-ucchitti-}) MBh. (cf. %{uJcha-} [add.], %{kSatra-}, %{phala-}, %{phena}.) Var. (cf. %{dasyu-} [add.]) Kap. (cf. %{cid-dh-} [add.]) Ka1v. (cf. %{vinAza-}.).
  102. धर्मज्ञ (dharmajña) (dharmajña)
    mfn. knowing the llaw or what is right Mn. Var. MBh. &c.
    %{-tama} mfn. superl. R. ii, 112, 31.
  103. धर्मराज (dharmarāja) (dharmarāja)
    m. `" id. "' a just or righteous king Hariv.
    any king or prince
    a Buddha
    N. of Yama MBh. Hariv. Dal. &c. (%{-tA} f. MBh.)
    of Yudhisht2hira MBh. Hariv. (%{-purogama} mfn. headed by YYudhisht2hira MW.)
    Law conceived as a king Ka1ran2d2.
    N. of sev. authors (also %{-dIkSita@[-tIya} n. his wk.], %{-putra}, %{-bhaTTa}, %{-jA7dhvari-vara} and %{-jA7dhvari4ndra} m.)
  104. धर्मिन् (dharmin) (dharmin)
    mfn. knowing or obeying the law, faithful to duty, virtuous, pious, just Gaut. MBh. R.
    endowed with any characteristic mark or peculiar property Hariv. Ka1vya7d. (cf. below) Sa1h.
    (ifc.) following the laws or duties of, having the rights or attributes or peculiarities of. having anything as a characteristic mark, subject to any state or condition Mn. MBh. Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    m. the bearer of any characteristic mark or attribute, object, thing Kap.
    N. of the 14th Vya1sa, Devi1bhP.
    of a king VP.
    (in2i1) f. a kind of perfume
    N. of a woman (cf. %{dhArmiNeya}).
  105. धर्मिष्ठ (dharmiṣṭha) (dharmiṣṭha)
    mfn. (superl.) very virtuous or righteous, completely lawful or legal Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  106. धर्म्य (dharmya) (dharmya)
    mfn. legal, legitimate
    usual, customary Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    just, virtuous, righteous Mr2icch. ix, 5
    endowed with qualities or properties, `" propertied "' Kat2hUp. ii, 13 (cf. %{tad-})
    suitable to (gen.) Pa1n2. 4-4, 47
    N. of a man(cf %{-dhArmyAyaNa})
    n. a customary donation, vi, 2, 65.
  107. धर्ष (dharṣa) (dharṣa)
    m. ( %{dhRS}) boldness, insolence, arrogance MBh. i, 7040 (cf. %{dur-})
    impatience W.
    paralysing, rendering weak or impotent ib.
    violation (of a woman) ib.
    injury, wrong, insult
    restraint ib.
    a eunuch ib. (cf. below).
  108. धर्षण (dharṣaṇa) (dharṣaṇa)
    mfn. offending, hurting, assaulting MW.
    n. and (%{A}) f. assault, outrage, offence, violation, seduction MBh. Hariv. Pan5c. &c.
    (%{I8}) f. a wanton or unchaste woman, a harlot Un2. ii, 105 Sch. L.
  109. धर्षित (dharṣita) (dharṣita)
    mfn. overpowered, violated, illtreated MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    n. contumely, insolence W.
    copulation ib.
    (%{A}) f. an unchaste woman
  110. धव (dhava) (dhava)
    1 m. Grislea Tomentosa or Anogeissus Latifolia AV. MBh. &c. Sus3r. Bhpr. 2 m. (accent. only Naigh.
    said by some to be fr. %{dhU}, but more probably a secondary formation fr. %{vi-dha4vA} q.v.) a man Naigh. ii, 3 Pan5c. ii, 109
    a husband BhP. i, 16, 20
    lord, possessor Hariv. 14952
    rogue, cheat
    N. of a Vasu (w.r. for %{dhara}?) VP.
  111. धवल (dhavala) (dhavala)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. 2. %{dhAv}? cf. Un2. i, 108 Sch.) white, dazzling whwhite Var. Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    handsome, beautiful
    m. white (the colour)
    a kind of dove Bhpr.
    an old or excellent bull Hcar.
    a kind of camphor
    Anogeissus Latifolia
    (in music) N. of a Ra1ga
    N. of a man Katha1s.
    of one of the elephants of the quarters R.
    of a dog
    (%{A} and %{I}) f. a white cow Ka1d.
    (%{I}) f. whwhite hair (as a kind of disease)
    N. of a river
    n. whwhite pepper
    a kind of metre (= %{-lA7Gka}) Col.
    N. of a town Katha1s.
  112. धवलता (dhavalatā) (dhavalatā)
    f. (Katha1s.),
  113. धातृ (dhātṛ) (dhātṛ)
    m. establisher, founder, creator, bearer, supporter (cf. %{vasu-}), orderer, arranger RV. &c. &c.
    N. of a divine being who personifies these functions (in Vedic times presiding over generation, matrimony, health, wealth, time and season, and associated or identified with Savitr2i, Praja1-pati, Tvasht2r2i, Br2ihaspati, Mitra, Aryaman, Vishn2u &c. RV. x AV. TS. S3Br. &c.
    later chiefly the creator and maintainer of the world = Brahma1 or Praja1-pati MBh. Ka1v. Pur.
    in ep. one of the 12 A1dityas and brother of Vi-dha1tr2i and Lakshmi1, son of Brahma1 MBh.
    or of Bhr2igu and Khya1ti Pur.
    Fate personified Ka1v.)
    one of the 49 winds VahniP.
    paramour, adulterer Dal.
    the 1-th or 44th year in the cycle of Jupiter Cat.
    N. of a R2ishi in the 4th Manv-antara Hariv. (C. %{dhAman})
    of an author Cat.
    (%{trI}) f. see %{dhAtrI}. [Cf. Zd. {da1tar}
    Gk. $: Slav. {de8teli}.] &159084[514,1] %{dhAtrI}, &c. see col. 1. [515,1]
  114. धातु (dhātu) (dhātu)
    1 m. layer, stratum Ka1tyS3r. Kaus3.
    constituent part, ingredient (esp. [ and in RV. only] ifc., where often= `" fold "' e.g. %{tri-dhA4tu}, threefold &c.
    cf. %{triviSTi-}, %{sapta-}, %{su-}) RV. TS. S3Br. &c.
    element, primitive matter (= %{mahA-bhUta} L.) MBh. Hariv. &c. (usually reckoned as 5, viz. %{kha} or %{AkAza}, %{anila}, %{tejas}, %{jala}, %{bhU}
    to which is added %{brahma} Ya1jn5. iii, 145
    or %{vijJAna} Buddh.)
    a constituent element or essential ingredient of the body (distinct from the 5 mentioned above and conceived either as 3 humours [called also %{doSa}] phlegm, wind and bile BhP. [cf. %{purISa}, %{mAMsa}, %{manas}, Cha1ndUp. vi, 5, 1]
    or as the 5 organs of sense, %{indriyANi} .[cf. s.v. and MBh. xii, 6842, where %{zrotra}, %{ghrANa}, %{Asya}, %{hRdaya} and %{koSTha} are mentioned as the 5 dhdha1tu of the human body born from the either] and the 5 properties of the elements perceived by them, %{gandha}, %{rasa}, %{rUpa}, %{sparza} and %{zabda}
    or the 7 fluids or secretions, chyle, blood, flesh, fat, bone, marrow, semen Sus3r. [L. %{rasA7di} or %{rasa-raktA7di}, of which sometimes 10 are given, the above 7 and hair, skin, sinews BhP.])
    primary element of the earth i.e. metal, mineral, are (esp. a mineral of a red colour) Mn. MBh. &c. element of words i.e. grammatical or verbal root or stem Nir. Pra1t. MBh. &c. (with the southern Buddhists %{dhAtu} means either the 6 elements [see above] Dharmas. xxv
    or the 18 elementary spheres [%{dhAtu-loka}] ib. lviii
    or the ashes of the body, relics[cf. %{-garbha}]).3 n. (with %{rauhiNa}) N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr.
  115. धातुमय (dhātumaya) (dhātumaya)
    mf(%{I})n. metallic Ka1v.
  116. धात्री (dhātrī) (dhātrī)
    f. `" female supporter "', a nurse MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    midwife Hit. iv, 61
    mother Ya1jn5. iii, 82
    the earth Var. MBh. Hariv. &c.
    Emblica Officinalis Var. Sus3r. (some derive it fr. %{dhe} cf. %{dhAyas} and Pa1n2. 3-2, 181). [514,2]
  117. धात्रेयिका (dhātreyikā) (dhātreyikā)
    f. foster-sister (a sort of confidante) MBh. Ba1lar.
    female slave Ni1lak.
  118. धान (dhāna) (dhāna)
    mfn. containing, holding (cf. %{uda-})
    n. receptacle, case, seat (cf. %{agni-}, %{kSura-}, %{rajju-} &c.
    %{-nam@akto4s} prob. = womb or bosom of the night RV. iii, 7, 6)
    (%{I}) f. = n. (cf. %{aGgAra-}, %{gopAla-}, %{rAja-} &c.)
    the site of a habitation
    N. of a river
    (%{A4}) f. see s.v.
  119. धाना (dhānā) (dhānā)
    f. corn, grain (originally the grains of seed from their being `" laid "' into and `" conceived "' by the earth cf. 1. %{dhA}, but usually = fried barley or rice or any grain fried and reduced to powder) RV. &c. &c.
    bud, shoot L.
  120. धान्य (dhānya) (dhānya)
    1 mfn. consisting or made of grain
    n. corn, grain ib. &c. &c. (according to Sus3r. only %{zAlayaH}, %{SaSTikAH} & %{vIhayaH}, the other grains being %{ku-dhAnya} q.v.)
    a measure = 4 sesamum seeds
    coriander (also %{A} f.)
    Cyperus Rotundus
    a kind of house Gal.
  121. धाम (dhāma) (dhāma)
    1 m. pl. N. of a class of superhuman beings MBh.
    ii. abode &c. = %{dhAman}2 in comp. for %{-man}, below.
  122. धार (dhāra) (dhāra)
    1 mf(%{I})n. ( %{dhR}) holding, supporting, containing (ifc.
    cf. %{karNa-}, %{chattra-}, %{tulA-} &c.)
    m. N. of Vishn2u
    debt2 m. or n. (1. %{dhAv}) stream, gush (cf. %{taila-} [add.] and %{toya-})
    mfn. coming down in a stream or as rain Sus3r. Bhpr.3 m. a sort of stone
    edge. boundary(cf. 2. %{dhArA})
    deep place, depth W. (to 1. %{dhAra}?).
  123. धारक (dhāraka) (dhāraka)
    1 mfn. = prec. (ifc.
    cf. %{kula-}, %{deha-}, %{nAma-} &c.)
    keeping in the memory (with gen.) Ka1ran2d2.
    m. a receptacle or vessel for anything Sus3r.
    a water-pot
    (%{ikA}) f. prop, pillar Hcat.
    a division of time (= 6 Kshan2as= 1/2 Muhurta)
    (%{dhA4rakA}) f. the vulva of a female VS. S3Br. 2 ifc. = prec. or next
    cf. %{tri-}.
  124. धारण (dhāraṇa) (dhāraṇa)
    mf(%{I})n. holding, bearing, keeping (in remembrance), retention, preserving, protecting, maintaining, possessing, having (ifc. or with gen.) TA1r. MBh. Sus3r.: BhP.
    assuming the shape of (gen.), resembling MBh.xiii, 739
    m. N. of S3iva MBh.
    of a son of Kas3yapa ib.
    of a prince of the Candravatsas ib.
    du. the two female breasts
    (%{dhA4raNa}) n. the act of holding, bearing &c. S3Br. Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    wearing (see %{liGga-})
    suffering, enduring R.
    keeping in remembrance, memory TA1r. Mn. MBh. Hariv.: immovable concentration of the mind upon (loc.) Veda7ntas.
    restraining (cf. %{zvAsa-})
    keeping back i.e. pronouncing imperfectly Pra1t.
    (%{A} and %{I}) f. see %{dhAraNA} and %{-NI}.
  125. धारणमातृका (dhāraṇamātṛkā) (dhāraṇamātṛkā)
    f. one of the 64 arts BhP. Sch.
  126. धारयत् (dhārayat) (dhārayat)
    mf(%{antI})n. holding, possessing, maintaining &c. (cf. below)
    acquainted with, versed in W.
  127. धारा (dhārā) (dhārā)
    1 f. stream or current of water
    (cf. %{tri-}, %{dvi-}, %{zata-}, %{sahasra-}), flood, gush, jet, drop (of any liquid), shower, rain (also fig. of arrows, flowers, &c.
    %{va4sor@dh-}, `" source of goodN. of a partic. libation to Agni AV. S3Br. MBh.
    of a sacred bathing-place MBh.
    of Agni's wife BhP.)
    a leak or hole in a pitcher &c.
    the pace of horse S3is3. v, 60 (5 enumerated, viz. %{dhorita}, %{valgita}, %{pluta}, %{ut-tejita}, %{ut-te7rita}, or %{A-skandita}, %{recita} for the two latter
    with %{paramA}, the quickest pace Katha1s. xxxi, 39)
    uniformity, sameness (as of flowing water?)
    custom, usage W.
    continuous line or series (cf. %{vana-})
    fig. line of a family
    N. of a sacred bathing-place (also with %{mAhezvarI} cf. above) MBh.
    of a town (the residence of Bhoja) Cat.2 f. (2. %{dhAv}) margin, sharp edge, rim, blade (esp. of a sword, knife, &c.
    fig. applied to the flame of fire) RV. S3Br. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the edge of a mountain
    the rim of a wheel Ragh. xiii, 15
    the fence or hedge of a garden
    the van of an army
    the tip of the ear
    highest point, summit (cf. %{-rA7dhirUDha}) glory, excellence
    turmeric L.
  128. धारा (dhārā) (dhārā)
    1 f. stream or current of water
    (cf. %{tri-}, %{dvi-}, %{zata-}, %{sahasra-}), flood, gush, jet, drop (of any liquid), shower, rain (also fig. of arrows, flowers, &c.
    %{va4sor@dh-}, `" source of goodN. of a partic. libation to Agni AV. S3Br. MBh.
    of a sacred bathing-place MBh.
    of Agni's wife BhP.)
    a leak or hole in a pitcher &c.
    the pace of horse S3is3. v, 60 (5 enumerated, viz. %{dhorita}, %{valgita}, %{pluta}, %{ut-tejita}, %{ut-te7rita}, or %{A-skandita}, %{recita} for the two latter
    with %{paramA}, the quickest pace Katha1s. xxxi, 39)
    uniformity, sameness (as of flowing water?)
    custom, usage W.
    continuous line or series (cf. %{vana-})
    fig. line of a family
    N. of a sacred bathing-place (also with %{mAhezvarI} cf. above) MBh.
    of a town (the residence of Bhoja) Cat.2 f. (2. %{dhAv}) margin, sharp edge, rim, blade (esp. of a sword, knife, &c.
    fig. applied to the flame of fire) RV. S3Br. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the edge of a mountain
    the rim of a wheel Ragh. xiii, 15
    the fence or hedge of a garden
    the van of an army
    the tip of the ear
    highest point, summit (cf. %{-rA7dhirUDha}) glory, excellence
    turmeric L.
  129. धारिन् (dhārin) (dhārin)
    1 mfn. bearing, wearing, holding, possessing, keeping in one's memory, maintaining, observing (with gen. or ifc.) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    = %{poSka} (?) Hariv. 11986 (Ni1lak.)
    m. Careya Arborea or Salvadora Persica
    (%{iNI}) f. the earth(cf. %{bhUta-})
    N. of a daughter of Sva-dha1 BhP. (cf. %{-raNI})
    N. of a deity Jain.
    of the wife of Agni-mitra Ma1lav.
    nf other women HParis3.
    pl. a collect. N. of the 74 wives of the gods VahniP.
  130. धार्मिक (dhārmika) (dhārmika)
    mf(%{I})n. righteous, virtuous, pious, just Up. Mn. MBh. &c.
    resting on right, conformable to justice (mind, words &c.) R.
    m. judge
    a bigot Ka1d.
    juggler Ratn.
    a Bodhi-sattva L.
  131. धाव (dhāva) (dhāva)
    mfn. washing, cleansing (ifc.
    cf. %{asi-}, %{caila-})
    m. see %{danta-}.
  132. धावन (dhāvana) (dhāvana)
    1 n. running Sus3r.
    galloping Sa1h.
    attack, assault Ra1jat. 2 mfn. see %{bila-}
    n. washing, cleansing, rubbing off or in Sus3r. MBh. R. (cf. %{manaHzilA-candana-dh-} and %{mIna-dh-toya})
    having a garment washed by a man that is not one's kin Buddh.
  133. धावन (dhāvana) (dhāvana)
    1 n. running Sus3r.
    galloping Sa1h.
    attack, assault Ra1jat. 2 mfn. see %{bila-}
    n. washing, cleansing, rubbing off or in Sus3r. MBh. R. (cf. %{manaHzilA-candana-dh-} and %{mIna-dh-toya})
    having a garment washed by a man that is not one's kin Buddh.
  134. धी (dhī) (dhī)
    1 cl. 3. A1. %{dIdhIte}, &c. RV. (cf. %{dIdhI}
    the forms %{dhImahi} and %{a4dhAyi} belong rather to 1. %{dhA}
    pf. %{dIdhaya}, %{-dhima}, %{-dhiyur} or %{-dhyur}, %{-dhire}Br.) to perceive, think, reflect
    wish, desire: Intens. %{dedhyat} TS. 3 cl.4. A1. %{dhIyate}, to contain, bold (Pass. of 1. %{dhA}?)
    to slight, disregard
    to propitiate (?) Dha1tup. xxvi, 37.
  135. धिष्ण्य (dhiṣṇya) (dhiṣṇya)
    mfn. mindful, attentive, benevolent, liberal (As3vins) RV. i, 3, 2
    89, 4 &c.
    devout, pious (voice, hymn), x, 114, 9
    m. (f. %{A} only RV. iv, 3, 6
    n. MBh. i, 7944) a sort of subordinate or side-altar (generally a heap of earth covered with sand on which the fire is placed, and of which 8 are enumerated, viz. besides the %{AgnIdhrIya} [in the A1gni1dhra] those in the Sadas [see s.v.] belonging to the %{hotR}, the %{maitrA-varuNa} or %{pra-zastR}, the %{brAhmaNAcchaMsin}, the %{potR}, %{neSTR} and %{acchA-vAka}
    and the %{mArjAlIya}) Br. S3rS. &c. (cf. %{klRpta-}) &c.
    N. of Us3anas i.e. the planet Venus(cf. %{dhiSaNa})
    (%{A}) f. a meteor Var. (n. only MBh. v, 7272)
    n. site, place, abode, region, house MBh. Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    the seat of a god i.e. a quarter of the sky VP.
    star, asterism (looking like the fire on the side altars) Var.
    the orb of an asterism (on which its light seems to centre) MBh. VP.
    power, strength
    mfn. placed upon a mound of earth serving as an altar AV. Br. &c.
    m. (with or scil. %{agni}) a fire so placed VS. TS.&c.
  136. धीत (dhīta) (dhīta)
    1 mfn. reflected on, thought about
    n. pl. thoughts, meditations RV. 2 ( %{dhe}), sucked, drunk AV. Br.
  137. धीति (dhīti) (dhīti)
    1 f. thought, idea, reflection, intention, devotion, prayer (pl. also personified
    cf. 2. %{dhI}) RV. TBr. &c.
    pl. wisdom, understanding (Naigh. ii, 5 and Sa1y. `" the fingers "') RV.
  138. धीमत् (dhīmat) (dhīmat)
    mfn. intelligent, wise, learned, sensible Mn. MBh. &c.
    m. N. of Br2ihaspati
    of a son of Vira1j VP.
    of a R2ishi in the 4th Manv-antara ib.
    of a son of Pu1ru1-ravas MBh.
    a Bodhi-sattva L.
  139. धीर (dhīra) (dhīra)
    1 mf(%{I4} or %{A})n. intelligent, wise, skilful, clever, familiar with, versed in (loc.) RV. &c. &c. (compar. %{dhI4ra-tara} AV. R.)
    m. N. of a Buddha
    of sev. men with the patr. S3ataparn2eya S3Br. -1.
  140. धीर (dhīra) (dhīra)
    1 mf(%{I4} or %{A})n. intelligent, wise, skilful, clever, familiar with, versed in (loc.) RV. &c. &c. (compar. %{dhI4ra-tara} AV. R.)
    m. N. of a Buddha
    of sev. men with the patr. S3ataparn2eya S3Br. -1.
  141. धीरत्व (dhīratva) (dhīratva)
    n. wisdom, discretion Ca1n2.
  142. धीवर (dhīvara) (dhīvara)
    m. a very clever man Subh.
    (also %{-raka}) a fisherman MBh. Ka1v. &c. (as a mixed caste Gaut. iv, 19)
    (%{I}) f. (cf. prec.) a fisherman's wife Katha1s.
    a sort of harpoon for catching fish Un2. Sch.
    a fishbasket ib.
    n. iron see above.
  143. धुत (dhuta) (dhuta)
    mfn. shaken, agitated
    shaken off, removed, abandoned MBh. R. &c.
  144. धुर (dhura) (dhura)
    m. yoke, pole, burden, peg of the axle (esp. ifc.) MBh. &c.
    mfn. having anything as chief (foremost) part or ingredient, distinguished by (ifc.) Ba1lar. i, 11
    (%{A}) f. burden, load Pan5c. Katha1s.
    pole, shaft Pan5c. i, 22/23.
  145. धुर् (dhur) (dhur)
    f. (m. only MBh. xiii, 2876
    nom. and stem before a cons. %{dhUr}
    fr. %{dhR}) a yoke (fig.) burden, load RV. (v, 43, 8 ?) &c. &c.
    pole or shaft of a carriage (esp. their forepart)
    a peg, pin (cf. %{akSa-})
    top, summit, front, place of honour (loc. at the head, in front, in presence of) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a finger
    N. of 6 partic. verses of the Bahish-pavama1na Shad2vBr. La1t2y.
    (%{-roH@zamye}, or %{sAmanI} du., and %{-rAm@sAma} n. N. of Sa1mans A1rshBr.)
    (only L.) reflection, recollection
    a spark of fire
    part, portion
    N. of the Ganges.
  146. धुर्य (dhurya) (dhurya)
    mfn. (w.r. %{dhUrya}) fit o be harnessed, able to draw or bear (Pa1n2. 4-4, 77)
    being at the head of, foremost, best AV. MBh. &c.
    eminently fit for or distinguished by (comp.) Ba1lar. iii, 2/3
    m. beast of burden, horse, bullock &c. Mn. MBh. &c.
    minister, charge d "' affaires W. (with %{mantrin} Katha1s. ix, 14)
    leader, chief (cf. %{kula-}) MBh. &c.
    a kind of medic. plant (= %{RSabha})
    n. forepart of a pole R.
    N. of all Stotras except the 3 Pavama1nas Ka1tyS3r. Sch.
  147. ध्वस् (dhvas) (dhvas)
    1 see %{dhvaMs}. 2 mfn. (nom. %{t} Pa1n2. 8-2, 72) causing to fall, throwing down (cf. %{parNa-}).
  148. धूत (dhūta) (dhūta)
    mfn. shaken, stirred, agitated RV. &c. &c. (said of the Soma= `" rinsed "' SV. %{dhauta})
    fanned, kindled R2itus.
    shaken off, removed, destroyed (see below)
    reproached ib.
    n. morality Buddh.
    (%{A}) f. a wife W.
  149. धूप (dhūpa) (dhūpa)
    m. ig. pl. (fr. %{dhU} as %{puSpa} fr. %{puS}, %{stUpa} fr. %{stu}) incense, perfume, aromatic vapour or smoke proceeding from gum or resin, the ggum and rresin themselves Ka1t2h. Gr2S. Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    one of the 16 acts of homage or offerings in the Panca7yatara ceremony RTL. 415.
  150. धूम (dhūma) (dhūma)
    m. (%{dhU} or 1. %{dhvan}) smoke, vapour, mist RV. &c. &c.
    smoke as a sternutatory (in 5 forms) Sus3r.: a place prepared for the building of a house Jyot.
    a kind of incense
    a saint W.
    N. of a man g. %{gargA7di}
    (%{A}) f. a kind of plant[Cf. Lat. {fumus}.]
  151. धूमवत् (dhūmavat) (dhūmavat)
    mfn. smoky, steaming Sus3r. Tarkas.
    containing the word %{dhUma} Ka1t2h.
    %{-tva} n. smokiness Bha1sha1p.
    %{-dgati} mfn. moving like smsmoke MBh.
  152. धूम्र (dhūmra) (dhūmra)
    mf(%{A})n. smoke-coloured, smoky, darkcoloured, grey, dark-red, purple VS. Br. &c. &c.
    dim, obscured (see below)
    m. a camel TS.
    a mixture of red and black, purple (the colour) W.
    incense (= %{turuSka})
    (in astrol.) the 28th Yoga
    N. of one of Skanda's attendants MBh.
    of a Da1nava Hariv.
    of S3iva MBh.
    of a monkey or bear R.
    of an author and other men Cat. (cf. %{dhUmrAyaNa} and %{dhaumr-})
    pl. of a family of R2ishis R.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of gourd (= %{zazANDulI})
    N. of the mother of the Vasu Dhara MBh.
    of Durga1 Devi1m.
    n. wickedness, sin W.
  153. धूर्जटि (dhūrjaṭi) (dhūrjaṭi)
    m. `" having matted locks like a burden "', N. of Rudra-S3iva MBh. Katha1s. Hit. &c. (%{-Tin} MBh. xiii, 7510)
    N. of a poet (also %{-rAja}) Cat.
  154. धूर्त (dhūrta) (dhūrta)
    mfn. ( %{dhUrv} or %{dhvR}) cunning, crafty, fraudulent, subtle, mischievous
    m. a rogue, cheat, deceiver, swindler, sharper, gambler Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (also ifc.
    cf. %{kaTha-} and Pa1n2. 2-1, 65)
    N. of Skanda AV. Paris3.
    the thorn-apple
    a partic. fragrant plant
    (%{A}) f. a sort of night-shade
    n. rust or iron-filings
    black salt L.
  155. धूलि (dhūli) (dhūli)
    f. (W. also m.
    %{dhU}?) dust (also the dusty soil), powder, pollen Var. Pan5c. Ka1v. Pur. &c. (also %{-lI}. f.& in comp. see below)
    a partic. number W.
  156. धूसर (dhūsara) (dhūsara)
    mf(%{A})n. ( %{dhvaMs}, or %{dhvas}
    cf. %{dhvasira}) dust-coloured, grey Ka1v. Ra1jat. &c. (%{-tva}, n. Dhu1rtas.)
    m. grey (the colour) W.
    an ass
    an oilman ib.
    a pigeon ib.
    a partic. plant Var. (sweet vetch Gal.)
    (%{A}) f. a kind of shrub
    (%{I}) f. N. of a Kim2-nari1.
  157. धृत् (dhṛt) (dhṛt)
    mfn. holding, bearing, supporting, wearing, having possessing, &c. (only ifc.)
  158. धृत (dhṛta) (dhṛta)
    mfn. held, borne, maintained, supported kept, possessed
    used, practised, observed RV. &c. &c.
    measured, weighed (with or scil. %{tulayA}) MBh.
    worn (as clothes, shoes, beard, &c.) Mn. MBh. Ka1v.
    kept back, detained (%{kare}, by the hand) Hit.
    drawn tight (reins) S3ak.
    turned towards or fixed upon, ready or prepared for, resolved on (loc. or dat.) MBh. R.
    continuing, existing, being ib.
    prolonged (in pronunciation) Pra1t. (%{am} ind. solemnly, slowly Pan5c. iii, 72/73)
    (with %{antare}) deposited as surety, pledged ib. iv, 31/32
    quoted, cited by (comp.)
    m. N. of a son of the 13th Manu Hariv. (v.l. %{bhRtha})
    of a descendant of Druhyu and son of Dharma Pur. (cf. %{dhArteya})
    n. a partic. manner of fighting Hariv.
  159. धृति (dhṛti) (dhṛti)
    f. holding, seizing, keeping, supporting (cf. %{carSaNI-}, %{vi-}), firmness, constancy, resolution, will, command RV. &c. &c. [519,3]
    satisfaction, content, joy MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{-tiM-kR}, to keep ground or stand still MBh. vii, 4540
    to find pleasure or satisfaction Ratn. iv, 4/5
    %{-tim-bandh}, to show firmness Amar. 67
    to fix the mind on Mn. v, 47)
    Resolution or Satisfaction personified as a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma (MBh. Hariv. Pur.) or as a S3akti (Hcat. &c.)
    N. of partic. evening oblations at the As3vamedha S3Br.
    any offering or sacrifice W.
    of sev. kinds of metre and of a class of metres consisting of 4 X 18 syllables Col.
    of the numeral 18 Var. Gan2it.
    of one of the astrol. Yogas.
    of a mythical garden Gol.
    of one of the 16 Kala1s of the moon Pur.
    of a goddess (daughter of a Kala1 of Prakr2iti and wife of Kapila) ib.
    of the wife of Rudra-Manu ib.
    of the 13th of the 16 Ma1tr2ika1s
    m. wish %{kSatrasya} = %{kSatra-dh-} La1t2y.
    N. of one of the Vis3ve Deva1s MBh.
    of a preceptor Cat.
    of the son of Vijaya and father of Dhr2ita-vrata Hariv. Pur.
    of a son of Vi1ta-havya and father of Bahula7s3va Pur.
    of a son of Babhru
    of a Varsha in Kus3a-dvi1pa VP.
  160. धृतिमत् (dhṛtimat) (dhṛtimat)
    mfn. steadfast, calm, resolute (%{-tA} f.) Mn. MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    satisfied, content MBh. Ragh.
    m. N. of a form of Agni MBh.
    of a son of Manu Raivata and Savarn2a Hariv.
    of one of the Saptarshis in the 13th Manv-antara ib.
    of a son of Ki1rti-mat (son of An3giras) VP.
    of a son of Yavi1nara Hariv.
    of a Bra1hman ib.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a river (v.l. %{-ta-m-}) VP.
    n. N. of a Varsha in Kus3a-dvi1pa MBh.
  161. धृष्ट (dhṛṣṭa) (dhṛṣṭa)
    mfn. bold, daring, confident, audacious, impudent(cf. %{a4-}, %{a4n-A-}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    secured, obtained W.
    profligate, abandoned ib. (ifc. it gives a bad sense to the first member of the comp. Pa1n2. 2-1, 53 Gan2ar. ii. 114)
    m. a faithless husband ib.
    a magic. formula spoken over weapons R.
    N. of a son of Manu Vaivasvata Hariv. (C. %{-SNu}) Pur. (cf. %{dhArSTa})
    of a son of Kunti Hariv.
    of a son of Bhajama1na ib. (C. %{-SNa})
    (%{A}) f. a disloyal or unchaste woman W.
    (%{am}) ind. boldly, courageously, fearlessly S3Br. La1t2y. R. [520,1]
  162. धृष्टद्युम्न (dhṛṣṭadyumna) (dhṛṣṭadyumna)
    m. N. of a son of Dru-pada (killed by As3vattha1man) MBh. Hariv. &c.
  163. धृष्टि (dhṛṣṭi) (dhṛṣṭi)
    mfn. bold VS. i, 17 (Mahi1dh.)
    f. boldness S3a1n3khS3r.
    m. a pair of tongs TA1r. Ka1tyS3r.
    N. of a son of Hiran2ya-kasipu BhP.
    of a minister of King Das3a-ratha R.
  164. धृष्य (dhṛṣya) (dhṛṣya)
    mfn. assailable, to be attacked MBh.
  165. धेनु (dhenu) (dhenu)
    mfn. milch, yielding or giving milk
    f. a milch cow or any cow RV. &c. &c. (ifc. of names of animals also denoting the female of any species of %{khaDga-}, %{go-}, %{vaDava-})
    any offering or present to Bra1hmans instead or in the shape of a cow (mostly ifc. [cf. %{ghRta-}, %{jala-}, %{tila-} &c.], where it also forms diminutives
    cf. %{asi-}, %{khaDga-})
    metaph. = the earth MBh. xiii, 3165
    pl. any beverage made of milk RV. iv, 22, 6 &c.
    n. N. of a Sa1man A1rshBr. (also %{marutAM@dh-} and %{dhenu-payasI} du.)
  166. धेनुक (dhenuka) (dhenuka)
    m. a kind of coitus(cf. %{dhain-})
    N. of an Asura slain by Kr2ishn2a or Bala-bhadra MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a son of Dur-dama VP.
    pl. N. of a people MBh.
    (%{dhe4nukA}) f. milch cow, cow
    any female animal (also a woman) AV. Br. S3r. and Gr2S. MBh. &c.
    = %{dRSTa-puSpA} Gal.
    = %{dhenu} ifc. to form dimin.
    a vein which when cut bleeds only at intervals Sus3r.
    coriander Bhpr. (v.l. %{dhenikA})
    N. of the wife of Ki1rti-mat (son of An3giras) VP.
    of a river ib.
    n. N. of a herd of milch cows
    N. of a place of pilgrimage MBh.
  167. धेय (dheya) (dheya)
    mfn. (1. %{dkA}) to be held or taken &c.
    to be created or what is created MBh. xii, 13108
    to be applied or pat in practice S3is3. v, 60
    n. giving, imparting (ifc. cf. %{nAma-}, %{bhAga-}, %{mitra-} &c. Pa1n2. 5-4, 36 Va1rtt. 2, 3).
  168. धइर्य (dhairya) (dhairya)
    1 n. (1. %{dhI4ra}) intelligence, forethought (opp. to %{mAlvya}) VS. Ka1t2h.
  169. धउत (dhauta) (dhauta)
    mfn. (2. %{dhAv}) washed, cleansed, purified Ta1n2d2Br. Sus3r. Ka1v. &c.
    washed off, removed, destroyed Ka1lid. S3is3. Bhat2t2. (cf. %{dhUta4}) [520,3]
    polished, bright, white, shining MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{I}) f. washing Sin6ha7s.
    n. id. Ca1n2.
    silver L.
  170. धउम्य (dhaumya) (dhaumya)
    m. (patr. fr. %{dhUma} g. %{gargA7di}) N. of an ancient R2ishi MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a son of Vya1ghra-pa1da MBh.
    of a younger brother of Devala and family priest of the Pa1n2d2avas ib.
    of a pupil of Va1lmi1ki R.
    of sev. authors Cat.
    %{-zikSA} and %{-smRti} f. N. of wks.
  171. ध्मात (dhmāta) (dhmāta)
    mfn. blown, blown up or into RV. &c. &c.
    inflamed, excited W.
    n. a partic. wrong pronunciation of vowels Pat.
  172. ध्मान (dhmāna) (dhmāna)
    n. blowing, puffing, swelling Sus3r.
  173. ध्यात (dhyāta) (dhyāta)
    mfn. thought of, meditated on Br. Up. MBh. &c.
  174. ध्यान (dhyāna) (dhyāna)
    n. meditation, thought, reflection, (esp.) profound and abstract religious meditation, (%{-nam@Apad}, %{A-sthA} or %{-naM-gam}, to indulge in rreligious mmeditation) ChUp. Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (with Buddhists divided into 4 stages MWB. 209 Dharmas. lxxii
    but also into 3 ib. cix)
    mental representation of the personal attributes of a deity W.
    insensibility, dulness Bhpr.
    (%{-na4}) m. N. of a partic. personification MaitrS.
    of the 11th day of the light half in Brahma's month Pur.
  175. ध्यानिन् (dhyānin) (dhyānin)
    mfn. contemplative, engaged in religious meditation MBh.
  176. ध्यायत् (dhyāyat) (dhyāyat)
    mf(%{antI})n. thinking, meditating, imagining Mn. MBh. R.
  177. ध्यायिन् (dhyāyin) (dhyāyin)
    mfn. absorbed in meditation, quite intent upon or engrossed in (comp.) Hcat.
  178. ध्येय (dhyeya) (dhyeya)
    mfn. to be meditated on, fit for meditation, to be pondered or imagined Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  179. ध्रुव (dhruva) (dhruva)
    mf(%{A4})n. (prob. fr. %{dhR}, but cf. %{dhru} and %{dhruv}) fixed, firm, immovable, unchangeable, constant, lasting, permanent, eternal RV. &c. &c. (e.g. the earth, a mountain, a pillar, a vow &c.
    with %{svA7Gga} n. an inseparable member of the body Pa1n2. 6-2, 177
    with %{dhenu} f. a cow which stands quiet when milked AV. xii, 1, 45
    with %{diz} f. the point of the heavens directly under the feet [reckoned among the quarters of the sky cf. 2. %{diz}] AV. Br. [521,3]
    with %{smRti} f. a strong or retentive memory ChUp. vii, 26, 2
    cf. also under %{karaNa} and %{nakSatra})
    staying with (loc.) RV. ix, 101, 12
    settled, certain, sure Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    ifc. = %{pApa}
    m. the polar star (personified as son of Utta1na-pa1da and grandson of Manu) Gr2S. MBh. &c.
    celestial pole Su1ryas.
    the unchangeable longitude of fixed stars, a constant arc ib.
    a knot VS. v, 21
    a post, stake
    the Indian fig-tree
    tip of the nose (?)
    a partic. water-bird ib.
    the remaining (i.e. preserved) Graha which having been drawn in the morning is not offered till evening S3Br. Vait.
    (in music) the introductory verse of a song (recurring as a kind of burthen) or a partic. time or measure (%{tAla-vizeSa})
    any epoch to which a computation of dates is referred W.
    N. of an astrol. Yoga
    of the syllable Om Ra1matUp.
    of Brahma1
    of Vishn2u MBh.
    of S3iva S3ivag.
    of a serpent supporting the earth Gr2S. TA1r.
    of a Vasu MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a son of Vasu-deva and Rohin2i1 BhP.
    of an A1n3girasa (supposed author of RV. x, 173) Anukr.
    of a son of Nahusha MBh.
    of a follower of the Pa1n2d2us ib.
    of a son of Ranti-na1ra (or Ranti-bha1ra) Pur.
    (%{A}) f. the largest of the 3 sacrificial ladles AV. xviii, 4, 5, 6 (with %{juhU} & %{upabhRt}) VS. S3Br. &c.
    (scil. %{vRtti}) a partic. mode of life Baudh.
    (scil. %{strI}) a virtuous woman
    Desmodium Gangeticum
    Sanseviera Zeylanica
    (in music) the introductory verse (cf. above)
    n. the fixed point (from which a departure takes place) Pa1n2. 1-4, 24
    the enduring sound (supposed to be heard after the Abhinidha1na) RPra1t.
    air, atmosphere
    a kind of house Gal.
    (%{am}) ind. firmly, constantly, certainly, surely Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{Aya}) ind. for ever Hariv. [Cf. Zd. {drva}.]
  180. ध्रुवदेवी (dhruvadevī) (dhruvadevī)
    f. N. of a princess L.
  181. ध्वंस (dhvaṃsa) (dhvaṃsa)
    m. falling down, perishing, destruction, loss, ruin TBr. Var. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{I}) f. a mote in a sun-beam L.
  182. ध्वंसिन् (dhvaṃsin) (dhvaṃsin)
    mfn. perishing, disappearing Megh. 109
    destroying, removing Hariv. Var. &c.
    m. = %{dhvaMsI}
    a kind of Pi1lu-tree
  183. ध्वज (dhvaja) (dhvaja)
    m. (n. only Hariv. 9245 and g. %{ardharcA7di}
    fr. 2. %{dhvaj}) a banner, flag, standard (ifc. f. %{A}) RV. &c. &c.
    a flag-staff W.
    mark, emblem, ensign, characteristic, sign MBh. Hariv.
    attribute of a deity (cf. %{makara-}, %{vRSabha-} &c.)
    the sign of any trade (esp. of a distillery or tavern) and the business there carried on Mn. iv, 85
    a distiller or vendor of spirituous liquors
    (ifc.) the ornament of (e.g. %{kula-dhvaja})
    the organ of generation (of any animal, male or female) Sus3r.(cf. %{puM-}, %{strI-})
    a skull carried on a staff (as a penance for the murder of a Bra1hman W.
    as a mark of ascetics and Yogi1s MW.)
    N. of a tree (= %{-vRkSa}) Cat.
    a place prepared in a peculiar way for building(in pros.) an iambic
    (in Gr.) a partic. kind of Krama-pa1t2ha: (in astrol.) N. of a Yoga
    pride, arrogance, hypocrisy
    N. of a Gra1ma Pa1n2. 4-2, 109 Sch.
  184. ध्वजिन् (dhvajin) (dhvajin)
    mfn. having or bearing a banner MBh. R.
    (ifc.) having anything as a mark (esp. for a committed crime) MBh.
    m. a standard-bearer ib.
    any one having an emblem or sign, (esp.) a vendor of spirituous liquors Ya1jn5. i, 141
    (only L.) a chariot
    a mountain
    a snake
    a peacock
    a horse
    a Bra1hman
    (%{inI}) f. `" a bannered host "', an army MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  185. ध्वनि (dhvani) (dhvani)
    m. sound, echo, noise, voice, tone, tune, thunder AV. &c. &c.
    the sound of a drum W.
    empty sound without reality MW.
    a word
    allusion, hint, implied meaning, poetical style Sa1h.
    N. of wk.
    N. of one of the Vis3ve Deva1s VP.
    of a son of the Vasu A1pa ib.
  186. ध्वनित (dhvanita) (dhvanita)
    mfn. caused to sound S3atr.
    alluded to, implied W.
    n. sg. or pl. sound, thunder Ka1d.
  187. ध्वस्त (dhvasta) (dhvasta)
    mfn. fallen, destroyed, perished, lost Br. &c. &c.
    eclipsed, obscured Var.
    scattered or covered with (instr. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  188. नकार (nakāra) (nakāra)
    m. the sound or letter %{n} Gr.
    (in prosody) a tribrach
    %{-vipulA} f. a kind of metre.
  189. नकुल (nakula) (nakula)
    mfn. (in spite of Pa1n2. 6-3, 75 prob. not fr. %{na} + %{kula}) of a partic. colour (perhaps that of the ichneumon) TS. RPra1t.
    m. the Bengal mungoose or Viverra Ichneumon (enemy of mice and of serpents from whose venom it protects itself by a medic. plant
    cf. %{nAkulI}) AV. MBh. &c.
    a son
    a partic. musical instrument Lalit.
    N. of S3iva
    of a son of the As3vins and Ma1dri1 (twin-brother of Saha-deva and fourth of the Pa1n2d2u princes) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of a Vedic poet with the patr. Va1ma-deva (%{-vya}) or Vais3va1mitra (%{-lasya} %{vAmadevasya@pre7Gkha} m. N. of a Sa1man) A1rshBr. [524,1]
    of a physician (author of a wk. on horses) Cat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of S3iva's wife
    (%{I}) f. see below
    n. a myst. N. of the sound %{h} L.
  190. नक्त (nakta) (nakta)
    1 n. night(%{na4ktA} f. only in %{naktayA4} q.v., and as du. with %{uSA4sA}
    cf. %{-sa4-naktA} and %{nakto7SAsA})
    eating only at nnight (as a sort of penance) Ya1jn5. Hcat.
    (%{am}) ind. by night (often opp. to %{divA}) RV. &c. &c.
    m. N. of a son of Pr2ithu VP.
    of a son of Pr2ithu-shen2a and A1ku1ti BhP.
    (%{A}) f. (cf. above) Methonica Superba[Cf. %{nak} and %{nakti}
    Zd. {nakht-uru}, {nakht-ru}
    Gk. $
    Lat. {nox}
    Lith. {naktis}
    Slav. &162101[524,1] {nos8ti}
    Goth. {nahts}
    Angl. Sax. {neaht}, {niht}, Engl. {night}, Germ. {Nacht}.]
  191. नक्र (nakra) (nakra)
    m. (according to Pa1n2. 6-3, 75 fr. %{na} + %{kra}) crocodile, alligator Mn. MBh. &c. (ifc. f. %{A})
    the sign of the zodiac Scorpio Gol.
    (%{A}) f. a swarm of bees or wasps
    n. the nose (also %{A} f.)
    a partic. disease of the nose
    the upper timber of a door-frame(cf. %{nA4kra} and Pa1n2. 6-3, 75).
  192. नक्षत्र (nakṣatra) (nakṣatra)
    n. (m. only RV. vi, 67, 6
    prob. fr. %{nakS} cf. %{nakS@dyAm}, i, 33, 14 &c.) a star or any heavenly body
    also applied to the sun
    n. sg. sometimes collectively `" the stars "' e.g. vii. 86, 1 RV. &c. &c.
    an asterism or constellation through which the moon passes, a lunar mansion AV. &c. &c. (27, later 28, viz. S3ravisht2ha1 or Dhanisht2ha1, S3ata-bhishaj, Pu1rva-bha1drapa1da, Uttara-bhbha1drapa1da, Revati1, As3vini1, Bharan2i1, Kr2ittika1, Rohin2i1 or Bra1hmi1, Mr2iga-s3iras or A1graha1yan2i1, A1rdra1, Punarvasu1 or Ya1makau, Pushya or Sidhya, A1s3lesha1, Magha1, Pu1rva-phalguni1, Uttara-phphalguni1, Hasta, Citra1, Sva1ti1, Vis3a1kha1 or Ra1dha1, Anura1dha1, Jyesht2ha, Mu1la, Pu1rva7sha1d2ha1, Uttara7sha1d2ha1, Abhijit, S3ravan2a
    according to VarBr2S. Revati1, Uttara-phalguni1, Uttara-bha1drapa1da and Uttara7sha1d2ha are called %{dhruvANi}, fixed
    in the Vedas the Nakshatras are considered as abodes of the gods or of pious persons after death Sa1y. on RV. i, 50, 2
    later as wives of the moon and daughters of Daksha MBh. Hariv. &c.
    according to Jainas the sun, moon, Grahas, Nakshatras and Ta1ra1s form the Jyotishkas)
    a pearl L.
  193. नख (nakha) (nakha)
    m. n. (fr. %{nagh} [?] cf. %{naghamAra}
    prob. not fr. %{na} + %{kha} in spite of Pa1n2. 6-3, 75
    ifc. f. %{I}) a finger-nail, toe-nail, claw, talon, the spur of a cock RV. &c. &c. (%{-khAni-kR}, or %{klRp}, to cut the nails Kaus3. Mn.)
    = 20 Su1ryas.
    n. and (%{I}) f. Unguis Odoratus VarBr2S. Hcat.
    m. part, portion. [Cf. Gk. $, stem $
    Lat. &162290[524,3] {unguis}
    Lit. {na4gas}
    Slav. {nogu8ti8}
    Angl. Sax. {naegel}
    Eng. {nail}
    Germ. {Nagel}.]
  194. नखर (nakhara) (nakhara)
    mfn. shaped like a claw, curved, crooked S3Br. MBh.
    m. a curved knife MBh. Das3.
    m. f (%{A}) or n. nail, claw Var. Pan5c. &c. nail-scratch Cat.
    (%{I}) f. Unguis Odoratus L.
  195. नग (naga) (naga)
    m. see %{na4ga}. m. `" not moving "' (cf. %{a4-ga}), a mountain (ifc. f. %{A}
    cf. %{sa-naga}) AV.&c. &c.
    the number 7 (because of the 7 principal mountains
    cf. %{kula-giri}) Su1ryas.
    any tree or plant MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a serpent
    the sun L.
  196. नगर (nagara) (nagara)
    n. (m. only MBh. iii, 3014
    ifc. f. %{A} Hariv. 2951
    prob. not fr. %{naga} + %{ra}, but cf. g. %{azamA7di}
    the %{n} cannot be cerebralized g. %{kSubhnA7di}) a town, city, N. of sev. cities TA1r. Mn. MBh. &c.
    (%{I}) f. see below.
  197. नग्न (nagna) (nagna)
    see under %{naj} below.
  198. नचिकेतस् (naciketas) (naciketas)
    (%{na4-}) m. (4. %{cit}) N. of a man TBr. Kat2hUp.
  199. नचिर (nacira) (nacira)
    mfn. not long (in time) MBh.
    (%{am}) ind. not long, for a short time
    (%{ena}, %{At}, %{Aya}) ind. id., shortly, soon
    %{-kAlam} ind. = %{-ram} MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  200. नट (naṭa) (naṭa)
    m. (fr. prec.
    but cf. Un2. iv, 104) actor, dancer, mime MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of a partic. caste (sons of degraded Kshatriyas Mn. x, 22)
    Colosanthes Indics
    Jonesia Asoka
    a sort of reed (= %{kiSku-parvan})
    (in music) N. of a Ra1ga
    N. of a man who with his brother Bhat2a built a Viha1ra) Buddh.
    (%{A}) f. Caesalpina Banducella
    (%{I}) f. an actress (g. %{gaurA7di}) S3ak. Sa1h. &c.
    a dancer, Nauch girl, courtezan
    a partic. fragrant plant Bhpr.
    red arsenic
    (in music) N. of a Ra1gin2i1.
  201. नत (nata) (nata)
    mfn. bent, bowed, curved, inclined, inclining RV. &c. &c.
    bowing to, saluting (acc. or gen.) BhP. vi, 9, 40
    v, 18, 4
    depressed, sunk, flat
    deep, hanging down MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    ifc. bent down by or turned towards (cf. %{vAma-} add.)
    cerebralized (as the letter %{n} cf. %{nati}) RPra1t.
    m. n. Tabernaemontana Coronaria
    n. zenith-distance at meridian transit Su1ryas.
    hour-angle or distance in time from meridian ib.
    inclination ib.
  202. नति (nati) (nati)
    f. bending, bowing, stooping, modesty, humility Ka1v. S3atr. &c.
    inclination or parallax in latitude Su1ryas.
    curvature, crookedness W.
    the change of a dental letter to a cerebral Pra1t.
  203. नद (nada) (nada)
    m. a roarer, bellower, thunderer, crier, neigher &c. (as a cloud, horse, bull, met. a man, i, 179, 4) RV.
    N. of RV. viii, 58, 2 (beginning with %{nadam}) S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r.
    a river (if thought of as male ifc. ind. %{-nadam}
    cf. %{nadI}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    = %{naDa}, reed RV. i, 32, 8
    (%{I}) f. see %{nadI4}.
  204. नदी (nadī) (nadī)
    f. flowing water, a river (commonly personified as a female
    but see %{nada4} above) RV. &c. &c. (ifc. %{nadikA}
    cf. %{ku-nadikA} and %{giri-}
    ind. %{-nadi}
    cf. %{upa-nadi} [beside %{-nadam}, fr. %{nada4} Pa1n2. 5-4, 110])
    N. of 2 kinds of metre Col.
    of partic. fem. stems ending in %{I} or %{U} (as %{nadI} itself) Pa1n2. 1-4, 3, &c.
  205. नद्ध (naddha) (naddha)
    mfn. ( %{nah}) bound, tied, bound on or round, put on, fastened to (comp.) AV. &c. &c.
    joined, connected, covered, wound, inlaid, interwoven (with instr. or ifc.) MBh. Ka1v.
    obstructed or impeded (%{oSThAbhyAm}, by the lips, said of a faulty pronunciation) RPra1t.
    n. tie, band, fetter, knot, string, trace AV. &c.
  206. नना (nanā) (nanā)
    f. fam. expression for `" mother "' RV. ix, 112, 3 (cf. 2. %{tata4})
    = %{vAc} Naigh. i, 11.
  207. ननान्दृपति (nanāndṛpati) (nanāndṛpati)
    or m. the husband of a hhusband's sister L.
  208. नन्द (nanda) (nanda)
    m. joy, delight, happiness (also pl.) AV. VS. &c.
    (in mus.) a flute 7 inches long
    N. of one of Yudhi-sht2hira's 2 drums MBh.
    of one of Kubera's 9 gems
    a son (in %{gopa-} add.
    cf. %{nandana})
    N. of Vishnu MBh.
    of one of Skanda's attendants ib.
    of a Na1ga ib.
    (also %{-ka})
    of a Buddh. deity Lalit.
    of an attendant on Daksha BhP.
    of a son of Dhr2ita-ra1sht2ra (also %{-ka}) MBh.
    of a step-brother and disciple of Gautama Buddha MWB. 441
    of a son of Vasu-deva Pur.
    of the foster-father of Kr2ishn2a and ancestor of Durga1 MBh. Hariv. Pur. &c. (also %{-ka} L.)
    of a leader of the Sa1tvatas BhP.
    of a king of Pa1t2ali-putra and founder of a dynasty consisting of 9 successive princes HParis3. Pur. Katha1s. Pan5c. &c.
    of the number 9 (because of the 9 Nandas) Jyot.
    of sev. scholars and authors Cat.
    of a mountain BhP. (cf. %{-parvata} and %{nandi-giri})
    (%{A}) f. Delight, Felicity (personified as wife of Harsha
    cf. %{nandi}) MBh. i, 2597
    prosperity, happiness
    a small earthen water-jar (also %{-dikA})
    a husband's sister (cf. %{nanAndR})
    N. of the 3 auspicious Tithis (1st, 6th, and 11th day of the fortnight) VarBr2S. ic, 2 (also %{-dikA} L.)
    of the 7th day in Ma1rgas3i1rsha Hcat.
    (in music) of a Mu1rchana1
    of Gauri1 Hcat.
    of an Apsaras Hariv.
    of a daughter of Vibhi1shan2a
    of a girl connected with Sa1kya-muni Buddh.
    of the mother of 10th Arhat of present Ava-sarpin2i1
    of the wife of Gopa1la-varman Ra1jat.
    of a river flowing near Kubera's city Alaka1 MBh. BhP.
    (%{I}) f. Cedrela Toona Sus3r.
    a kind of song or musical instrument Ma1nGr2.
    N. of the 6th day in a month's light half ib.
    of Durga1 Devi1P.
    of Indra's city W.
    n. a kind of house Gal.
  209. नन्दक (nandaka) (nandaka)
    mfn. delighting in (comp.) MBh.
    rejoicing, gladdening, making happy (esp. a family)
    m. joy, delight
    a frog
    N. of Kr2ishn2a's sword MBh.
    (%{-kin} m. its possessor i.e. Kr2ishn2a ib.)
    of a bull Pan5c.
    of a village Ra1jat. (cf. also under %{nanda}, m.)
    (%{ikA}) f. N. of Ind-a's pleasure-ground(cf. ib. f. %{A}).
  210. नन्दन (nandana) (nandana)
    mf(%{A})n. (the initial %{n} is not changeable to %{N} g. %{kSubhnA7di}) rejoicing, gladdening (cf. %{-daka}) MBh. Var. Pan5c.
    m. a son Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (ifc. also %{-naka} MBh.)
    a frog (cf. %{-daka})
    a kind of poisonous plant, S3us3r. (also f. Sch.)
    a partic. form of temple Var.
    (in music) a kind of measure
    N. of Vishn2u or S3iva MBh.
    of an attendant of Skanda ib.
    of a Siddha BhP.
    of a Buddh. deity Lalit. (v.l. %{nanda})
    (with Jainas) of the 7th of the 9 white Balas
    of a mountain Pur.
    of sev. authors (also %{-bhaTTA7cArya} and %{-mizra}) Cat.
    of the 26th year in a Jupiter cycle of 60 years Var.
    (%{A}) f. daughter (cf. %{kula-})
    n. gladdening or gladness MBh. a divine garden, (esp.) Indra's paradise MBh. Ka1v. &c. [527,1]
    N. of a sword R. (cf. %{-daka})
    N. of a metre Col.
  211. नन्दि (nandi) (nandi)
    m. `" the happy one "'N. of Vishn2u MBh.
    of S3iva ib.
    of an attendant of S3iva TA1r. MBh. &c.
    of a Gandharva MBh.
    of a man Pravar.
    the speaker of a prologue W. (w.r. for %{nAndin})
    f. joy, happiness, welfare MBh. &c. (also m. n. L.)
    Joy personified as daughter of Heaven or as wife of Ka1ma and mother of Harsha Pur.
    n. = %{dyUta} and %{dyUtA7Gga}
    (with Jainas) a class of sacred writings (m. or f. ?) MWB. 533.
  212. नन्दिक (nandika) (nandika)
    mfn. Cedrela Toona
    N. of one of S3iva's attendants Cat. [527,2]
    of a pupil of Gautama Buddha (chief of the village Uru-vilva1) Lalit.
  213. नन्दिन् (nandin) (nandin)
    mfn. (initial %{n} cannot be cerebralized g. %{kSubhnA7di}) rejoicing, gladdening (ifc.) MBh. Ka1v.
    delighting in, liking ib.
    m. son (ifc.
    cf. %{bhA7skara-n-})
    the speaker of a prologue (cf. %{nAndin} L.)
    N. of sev. plants (the Indian fig-tree, Thespesia Opulneoides &c.)
    a partic. form of temple Var. (cf. %{-ndi-vardhana})
    N. of an attendant of S3iva MBh. Hariv. &c. (cf. %{nandi}, %{-ndI7za}, %{-ndikezvara})
    of S3iva's bull W.
    of sev. authors Cat.
  214. नपात् (napāt) (napāt)
    %{na4ptR} m. (the former stem only in the strong cases and earlier lang.
    the latter in Class., but acc. %{naptAram} appears in TS. and AitBr.) descendant, offspring, son (in this meaning esp. in RV., e.g. %{apAM@n-}, %{Urjo@n-}, %{divo@n-}, %{vimuco@n-} &c.)
    grandson (in later lang. restricted to this sense) RV. &c. &c.
    N. of one of the Vis3ve deva1s MBh. xiii, 4362
    path of the gods (?) Mahi1dh. on VS. xix, 56
    granddaughter (?) Un2. ii, 96 Sch.
    (%{tI4}) f.(ix, 1, 3 nom. %{-ti4s}) daughter, granddaughter (pl. often fig. `" the fingers, hands "' &c. )
    (%{trI}) f. granddaughter SVA1r.[Prob. neither = %{na} + %{pat} (Un2. ii, 96) nor %{na} + %{pAt} (Pa1n2. vi, 3, 75), and of very questionable connection with %{nabh}, or %{nah}
    cf. Zd. {napa1t}, {naptar}
    Gk. &163128[527,2] $
    Lat. {nepo1t-em}
    Angl. Sax. {nefa}
    H. Germ. {ne0vo}, {ne0ve}, {Neffe}.]
  215. नपुंस् (napuṃs) (napuṃs)
    (only %{-sA} BhP.) and not a man, a eunuch.
  216. नपुंसक (napuṃsaka) (napuṃsaka)
    (%{na4-}) mf(%{A})n. neither male nor female
    a hermaphrodite
    a eunuch
    a weakling, coward MaitrS. Br. Up. MBh. &c.
    neuter n. a word in the nneuter gender or the nneuter ggender itself S3Br. Pra1t. Pa1n2. &c.
    %{-pAda} m. N. of ch. of the Su-bodha1
    %{-liGga} mfn. of the neuter gender Cat.
    %{-liGga-saMgraha} m. N. of ch. of the Na1malin3ga7nus3a1sana.
  217. नभस् (nabhas) (nabhas)
    n. (cf. %{nabha}) mist, clouds, vapour (esp. of the Soma)S3Br.
    the sky or atmosphere (du. heaven and earth AV.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    ether (as an element) BhP.
    (m. L.) N. of a month in the rainy season (= %{zrAvaNa}, July-August) S3Br. Ragh. Sus3r.
    the sun Naigh. i, 4
    period of life, age
    m. clouds, rainy season
    the nose or smell (= %{ghrANa})
    a rope made of lotus fibres
    a spitting-pot
    N. of a prince (son of Nala and father of Pun2d2ari1ka) Ragh. VP. [Cf. Gk. $
    Lat. &163206[527,3] {ne8bula}
    Slav. {nebo}
    Germ. {ne0bul}, {ne0bel}, {Nebel}
    Angl. Sax. {nifol}, `" dark. "']
  218. नभस्य (nabhasya) (nabhasya)
    mfn. foggy, misty S3a1n3khS3r.
    m. N. of a month in the rainy season (= %{bhAdra}, August-September) VS. S3Br. Hariv. &c.
    of a son of Manu Sva1rocisha or of the 3rd Manu Hariv.
    of S3iva S3ivag.
  219. नमनीय (namanīya) (namanīya)
    mfn. to be bowed down to, venerable
    %{-pAda} BhP.
  220. नमस् (namas) (namas)
    n. bow, obeisance, reverential salutation, adoration (by gesture or word
    often with dat. e.g. %{rAmAya@namaH}, salutation or glory to Ra1ma, often ind. [g. %{svar-Adi}]
    %{namas-kR}, to utter a salutation, do homage
    ind. p. %{-mas-kR4tya} [AV. TS. &c.] or %{-mas-kRtvA} [MBh. BhP.]
    %{na4mas-kRta}, worshipped, adored) RV. &c. &c.
    food Naigh. ii, 7
    a thunderbolt, ii, 20
    gift, donation
    m. (?) an inarticulate cry L.
  221. नमस्कार (namaskāra) (namaskāra)
    m. the exclamation `" namas "', adoration, homage AV. Br.
    a sort of poison
    (%{I}) f. a kind of plant
    %{-ra-vat} mfn. containing the word `" namas-ka1ra "' AitBr.
    %{-ra-vidhi} and %{-ra-stava} m. N. of wks.
  222. नमुचि (namuci) (namuci)
    see %{namuca}, %{-ci}.
  223. नम्र (namra) (namra)
    mf(%{A})n. bowing, inclining
    bowed, bent, curved
    hanging down, sunk
    bowing to (comp.)
    submissive, reverential, humble RV. &c. &c.
    (%{A}) f. N. of 2 verses addressed to Agni S3rS.
  224. नय (naya) (naya)
    m. (1. %{nI})leading (of an army) R.
    conduct, behaviour, (esp.) prudent cconduct or bbehaviour, good management, polity, civil and military government MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    wisdom, prudence, reason (%{naya} ibc. or %{nayeSu}, in a prudent manner MBh.) R. BhP.
    plan, design MBh. Pan5c. Katha1s.
    leading thought, maxim, principle, system, method, doctrine R. Sa1h. Bha1sha1p. Sarvad.
    a kind of game and a sort of dice or men for playing it
    N. of a son of Dharma and Kriya1 Pur.
    of a son of 13th Manu Hariv.
    guide, conductor
    mfn. fit, right, proper L.
  225. नयत् (nayat) (nayat)
    mf(%{antI})n. leading, guiding &c. (see %{nI})
    informing, certifying, obtaining W.
  226. नयन (nayana) (nayana)
    m. N. of a man Ra1jat.
    (%{A} or %{I}) f. the pupil of the eye
    n. leading, directing, managing, conducting
    carrying, bringing Hariv. Ka1v. Pan5c. &c.
    (%{kAlasya}) fixing MBh. i, 2580 Ni1lak.
    drawing, moving (a man or piece in a game cf. %{naya} and %{naya-pIThI})
    (pl.) prudent, conduct, polity BhP. x, 50, 34
    `" the leading organ, the eye (ifc. f. %{A} or %{I}) MBh. Ka1v. Sus3r. &c.
  227. नर (nara) (nara)
    m. (cf. %{nR}) a man, a male, a person (pl. men, people) TS. &c. &c.
    husband Mn. ix, 76
    hero VarBr2S. iv, 31 Ba1lar. viii, 56
    a man or piece at chess or draughts &c.
    the pin or gnomon of a sun-dial Su1ryas. (cf. %{-yantra})
    person, personal termination Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 3-1, 85 (cf. %{puruSa})
    the primeval Man or eternal Spirit pervading the universe (always associated with Na1ra1yan2a, `" son of the prprimeval man "' [529,1]
    both are considered either as gods or sages and accordingly called %{devau}, %{RSI}, %{tApasau} &c.
    in ep. poetry they are the son, of Dharma by Mu1rti or A-hin6sa1 and emanations of Vishn2u, Arjuna being identified with Nara, and Kr2ishn2a with Na1ra1yan2a) Mn. (cf. %{-sUnu}) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    (pl.) a class of myth. beings allied to the Gandharvas and Kim2-naras MBh. . Pur.
    N. of a son of Manu Ta1masa BhP.
    of a sson of Vis3va1mitra Hariv.
    of a sson of Gaya and father of Vira1j VP.
    of a sson of Su-dhr2iti and ffather of Kevala Pur.
    of a sson of Bhavan-manyu (Manyu) and ffather of Sam2kr2iti ib.
    of Bha1radva1ja (author of RV. vi, 35 and 36) Anukr.
    of 2 kings of Kas3mi1ra Ra1jat.
    of one of the 10 horses of the Moon
    (%{I}) f. a woman (= %{nArI})
    n. a kind of fragrant grass.
  228. नरक (naraka) (naraka)
    %{nara4ka} TA1r.) m. or n. hell, place of torment Mn. MBh. &c.
    (distinguished from %{pAtAla} q.v.
    personified as a son of Anr2ita and Nirr2iti or Nirkr2iti Ma1rkP.
    there are many different hells, generally 21 Mn. iv, 88-90 Ya1jn5. Pur. &c.)
    m. N. of a demon (son of Vishn2u and Bhu1mi or the Earth, and therefore called Bhauma, haunting Pra1g-jyotisha and slain by Kr2ishn2a) MBh. Pur. Ra1jat. &c.
    of a son of Vipra-citti VP.
    = %{deva-rAtriprabheda} (?)
    m. or n. N. of a place of pilgrimage MBh. (v.l. %{anaraka})
    (%{ikA}) f. Pa1n2. 7-3, 44 Va1rtt. 4 Pat.
  229. नरपति (narapati) (narapati)
    m. `" mman-lord "', a king Var. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of one of the 4 myth. kings of Jambu-dvi1pa
    of an author Cat.
    %{-jaya-caryA} f. %{-ryA-sAra} m. N. of wks.
    %{-patha} m. = %{-nAtha-mArga} Megh.
    %{-vijaya} m. N. of wk.
  230. नरराज (nararāja) (nararāja)
    m. `" king of mman "', a king R.
    %{-jya} n. kingship, royalty Caurap.
  231. नरवाहन (naravāhana) (naravāhana)
    m. `" borne or drawn by men "'N. of Kubera MBh. &c.
    of a prince (successor of S3a1li-va1hana) Inscr.
    of a prince of the Da1rva7bhisa1ras Ra1jat.
    of a minister of king Kshema-gupta ib.
    %{-janana} n. N. of ch. of Katha1s.
    %{-datta} m. N. of a son of king Udayana Katha1s.
    %{-datta-carita-maya} mf(%{I})n. containing the adventures of prince Narava1hana-datta ib. [529,2]
    %{-dattIya} mfn. relating to him ib.
  232. नराशंस (narāśaṃsa) (narāśaṃsa)
    (%{-rA7z-}?) m. `" the desire or praise of men(?) "', a mystic. N. of Agni (esp. in the A1pri1 hymns, besides or instead of Tanu14-na4pa1t q.v.) RV. VS. TS. Br.
    (rarely) of Pu1shan e.g. RV. i, 164, 3
    x. 64, 3
    %{-paGkti} w.r. for %{nArA-zza4Msa-p-}. see under %{nara}.
  233. नर्त (narta) (narta)
    mfn. ( %{nRt}) dancing (cf. %{nitya-})
    m. dance g. %{chedA7di}.
  234. नर्तक (nartaka) (nartaka)
    mfn. causing to dance (fr. Caus.), Sa1h
    m. dancer, singer, actor (often with %{naTa}) MBh. Var. Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    a dancing-master (fr. Caus.) MBh.
    a bard, herald W.
    an elephant
    a peacock W.
    a kind of reed
    (%{I}) f. (cf. Pa1n2. 3-1, 145 Ka1s3.) a female dancer, actress, singing girl Ka1v. Pur. &c. (%{-tva} n. Vcar.)
    a female elephant
    a peahen W.
    a kind of perfume
    n. a partic. myth. weapon MBh. &c. see s.v.
  235. नर्तन (nartana) (nartana)
    m. (initial %{n} not changeable to %{N} g. %{kSubhnA7di}) dancer MBh. Hariv.
    n. dancing, acting (metric. also %{A}, f.
    cf. %{-nA-gRha}, below).
  236. नर्तित (nartita) (nartita)
    mfn. made to dance, dandled Ka1v.
    n. dance MBh.
    %{-bhrU-lata} mfn. a face the eye brows of which are dancing or moving to and fro Bhartr2. [530,1]
    %{-mayUra} mfn. possessing dancing peacocks ib.
  237. नर्मन् (narman) (narman)
    n. sport, play, amusement, pleasure, pastime, pleasantry, dallying, jest, joke, wit, humour, (%{-mANi-kR}, to joke
    %{-maNA} ind. in jest, for sport) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  238. नर्मद (narmada) (narmada)
    mfn. causing mirth or pleasure, delightful Naish.
    m. a jester, the companion of a person's sports or amusements
    N. of a man Cat.
    (%{A}) f. see %{narmadA}.
  239. नल (nala) (nala)
    m. (cf. %{naDa4}, %{naLa4}) a species of reed, Amphidonax Karka (8-12 feet high) Gobh. MBh. &c.
    a measure of length MBh. (v.l. %{tala})
    a partic. form of constellation in which all the planets or stars are grouped in double mansions Var.
    the 50th year of the cycle of Jupiter which lasts 60 years Cat.
    N. of a divine being mentioned with Yama Karmapr. (= %{pitR-deva}, or %{-daiva}
    a deified progenitor W.)
    of a Daitya BrahmaP.
    of a king of the Nishadhas (son of Vi1ra-sena and husband of Damayanti1) MBh. Pur.
    of a son of Nishadha and father of Nabha or Nabhas Hariv. Ragh. VP.
    of a descendant of the latter Nala (sson of Su-dhanvan and ffather of Uktha) Hariv. VP.
    of a son of Yadu Pur.
    of a monkey-chief (son of Tvasht2r2i or Vis3va-karman
    cf. %{-setu}) MBh. R.
    of a medic. author Cat.
    (%{I}) f. a kind of perfume or red arsenic(cf. %{naTI})
    n. the blossom of Nelumbium Speciosum(cf. %{nalina}, %{-nI})
    smell, odour(cf. %{nal}).
  240. नलकूबर (nalakūbara) (nalakūbara)
    m. N. of a son of Kubera MBh.
    %{-saMhitA} f. N. of wk.
  241. नलिन (nalina) (nalina)
    n. (fr. %{nala} because of its hollow stalk?) a lotus flower or water-lily, Nelumbium Speciosum (ifc. f. %{A}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the indigo plant
    water L.
  242. नव (nava) (nava)
    1 mf(%{A})n. (prob. fr. 1. %{nu4}) new, fresh, recent, young, modern (opp. to %{sana}, %{purANa}) RV. &c. &c. (often in comp. with a subst. e.g. %{navA7nna} cf. Pa1n2. 2-1, 49
    or with a pp. in the sense of `" newly, just, lately "' e.g. %{navo7dita}, below)
    m. a young monk, a novice Buddh.
    a crow
    a red-flowered Punar-nava1
    N. of a son of Us3i1nara and Nava1 Hariv.
    of a son of Viloman VP.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a woman (see above) Hariv.
    n. new grain, Kaus. [Cf. Zd. {nava}
    Gk. $ for $
    Lat. &164066[530,3] {novus}
    Lith. {nau4jas}
    Slav. {no8vu8}
    Goth. {niujis}
    Angl. S. {ni7we}
    HGerm. {niuwi}
    {niuwe}, {neu}
    Eng. {new}.]4 in %{tri-Nava} q.v. &c. in comp. = %{-van}. [531,2]
  243. नवति (navati) (navati)
    (L. also %{-tI}) f. 90 RV. &c. &c.
  244. नवन् (navan) (navan)
    pl. (nom. acc. %{ra4va}
    instr. %{nava4bhis} abl. dat. %{-bhyas} loc. %{-su}
    Class, also %{navabhi4s}, %{-bhya4s}, %{-su4}
    gen. %{navAnA4m} Pa1n2. 6-1, 177 &c.) nine RV. &c. &c. [Cf. Zd. {navan}
    Gk. $ for $ fr $ {fa} Lat., {no7vem}
    Goth. &164376[531,3] and Old HGerm. {niun}, OSax. and Angl. Sax. {nigun}, NHGerm. {neun}, Eng. {nine}.]
  245. नवम (navama) (navama)
    mfn. = %{navatama} RV. v, 57, 3 (Sa1y.)
  246. नवमल्लिका (navamallikā) (navamallikā)
    or f. Jasminum Sambac Ka1v.
  247. नवीन (navīna) (navīna)
    mf(%{A})n. new, fresh, young Ka1v.
  248. नवीय (navīya) (navīya)
    mfn. new, young RV. iii, 36, 3.
  249. नव्य (navya) (navya)
    1 mf(%{A})is. = %{-vIya} RV. &c. &c.
    (with %{strI}) f. a newly-married woman
    (%{A}) f. a redflowered Punar-nava1 L.2 mfn. to be praised, laudable RV. (%{nava4} AV. ii, 5, 2).
  250. नष्ट (naṣṭa) (naṣṭa)
    mfn. lost, disappeared, perished, destroyed, lost sight of invisible
    escaped (also %{-vat} mfn. MBh.), run away from (abl.), fled (impers. with instr. of subj. Ratn. ii. 3) RV. &c. &c.
    spoiled, damaged, corrupted, wasted, unsuccessful, fruitless, in vain Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    deprived of(instr.) R. i, 14, 18 (in comp. =, without "', `" -less "', `" un- "'
    see below)
    one who has lost a lawsuit Mr2icch. ix, 4.
  251. नष्टि (naṣṭi) (naṣṭi)
    f. loss, destruction, ruin BhP.
  252. नस (nasa) (nasa)
    (ifc.) the nose (cf. %{apI-n-}, %{urU-N-}, %{kumbhIn-} &c.)
    (%{A}) f. id.
  253. नस् (nas) (nas)
    1 encl. form for acc. gen. dat. pl. of the Ist pers. pron. (Pa1n2. 7-l, i, 21), us, of us, to us
    in Veda changeable into %{Nas} (4, 27
    28). [Cf. Zd. {na}, our
    Gk. $, $,
    Lat. {nos-ter}
    Old Lat. dat. &164531[532,2] {nis}.] 2 cl. 1. A1. (Dha1tup. xvi, 26) %{na4sate} (aor. Pot. %{nasImahi} RV. ii, 16, 8
    pf %{nese}
    fut. %{nasitA} Gr.) to approach, resort to, join, copulate (esp. as husband and wife) RV.
    to be crooked or fraudulent Dha1tup. [Cf. Gk.$ ({o}) $ {va-} ({o}), $
    &164538[532,2] Goth. {ga-nizan}, {nas-jan}
    Angl. S. {gene0san}
    HGerm. {gine0san}, {genesen}.]
  254. नहुष (nahuṣa) (nahuṣa)
    m.= %{na4hus} RV. i, 31, 11
    v, 12, 6
    (prob.) N. of a man, viii, 46, 27
    of a son of Manu and author of RV. ix, 101 Anukr.
    of an ancient king (son of A1yu or A1yus [cf. RV. i. 31, 11] and father of Yaya1ti
    he took possession of Indra's throne but was afterwards deposed and changed into a serpent Mn. vii, 41 MBh. R. &c. (cf. RTL. 240)
    according to R. i, 72, 30 and ii, 119, 30 he is a son of Ambarisha and father of Nabha1ga)
    of a serpent-demon MBh. Hariv.
    of a Marut Hariv.
    of Vishn2u-Kr2ishn2a MBh. [532,3]
  255. नाक (nāka) (nāka)
    m. ( %{nam}[?]
    according to Br. and Nir. fr. 2. %{na4} + 2 %{-a4ka}, `" where there is no pain "' [?]
    cf. Pa1n2. 6-3, 75 and below mfn. ) vault of heaven (with or scil. %{diva4s}), firmament, sky (generally conceived as threefold cf. %{tri-diva}, %{tri-nAka}, and AV. xix, 27, 4
    in VS. xvii, 67 there is a fivefold scale, viz. %{pRthivI}, %{antari-kSa}, %{div}, %{divo-nAka}, and %{svar-jyotis}) RV. &c. &c.
    the sun Naigh. i. 4
    N. of a Maudgalya S3Br. &c.
    of a myth. weapon of Arjuna MBh.
    of a dynasty VP.
    mfn. painless ChUp. ii, 10, 5.
  256. नाग (nāga) (nāga)
    m. (prob. neither fr. %{na-ga} nor fr. %{nagna}) a snake, (esp.) Coluber Naga S3Br. MBh. &c.
    (f. %{I4} Suparn2.) a Na1ga or serpent-demon (the race of Kadru or Su-rasa1 inhabiting the waters or the city Bhoga-vati1 under the earth
    they are supposed to have a human face with serpent-like lower extremities [see esp. Nag. v, 17 RTL. 233 &c.]
    their kings are S3esha, Va1suki, and Takshaka ib. 323
    7 or 8 of the Na1gas are particularly mentioned MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    with Buddhists they are also represented as ordinary men MWB. 220) [533,1]
    N. of the numbers 7 (Su1ryas.) or 8 (Hcat.)
    a cruel man
    one of the 5 airs of the human body (which is expelled by eructation) Veda7ntas.
    (sg. also collect.) an elephant (f. %{I} ifc. f. %{A}) Ka1v. BhP. etc.
    the best or most excellent of any kind (ifc.)(cf. %{RSabha}, %{vyAghra} &c.)
    N. of sev. plants (Mesua Roxburghii, Rottlera Tinctoria &c.)
    N. of a serpent-demon VP.
    of a Sa1dhya Hariv.
    of a teacher Buddh.
    of a dynasty of 9 or 10 princes VP.
    of sev. authors (also %{-zarman} and %{-bhaTTa}) Col.
    of sev. other men Ra1jat.
    of a mountain Pur.
    of a district
    = %{-danta} (below)
    (%{A} and %{I}) f. N. of sev. women Ra1jat.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a metre Col. (cf. above)
    n. (m. L.) tin, lead Bhpr.
    a kind of talc ib.
    a kind of coitus
    N. of the 3rd invariable Karan2a (see s.v.) Su1ryas. Var.
    of the effects of that period on anything happening during it W.
    of a district of Bha1rata-varsha Gol.
    mf(%{A}, or %{I})n. formed of snakes, relating to serpents or sserpents-demons, snaky, serpentine, serpent-like MBh. &c. (with %{Asana} n. a partic. attitude in sitting Cat.
    %{A} f. [scil. %{vIthI}] = %{nAga-v-}, below Var.)
    belonging to an elephant, elephantine (as urine) Sus3r.
  257. नागपञ्चमी (nāgapañcamī) (nāgapañcamī)
    f. a partic. festival sacred to the Na1gas (the 5th day in the light half of month S3ra1van2a or in the dark hhalf of mmonth A1shad2ha1)RTL. 323
    %{-vrata} n. %{-ta-kathA} f. N. of wks.
  258. नागर (nāgara) (nāgara)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{nagara}) townborn, ttown-bred, relating or belonging to a ttown or city, ttown-like, civic MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    spoken in a ttown (said of a partic. Apabhran2s3a dialect
    cf. %{upa-n-}) Sa1h.
    polite, civil, S3ak v, 1/2 (v.l. for %{-rika})
    clever, dexterous, cunning Dhu1rtan.
    bad, vile
    m. a citizen MBh. &c.
    (= %{paura}) a prince engaged in war under partic. circumstances (opp. to %{yAyin} &c. and also applied to planets opposed to each other) Var.
    a husband's brother
    a lecturer
    an orange(cf. %{nAga-raGga})
    toil, fatigue
    desire of final beatitude
    denial of knowledge
    (%{I}) f. Euphorbia Antiquorum
    %{=deva-nAgarI} Col. [534,1]
    a clever or intriguing woman W.
    n. dry ginger Sus3r.
    the root of Cyperus Pertenuis
    a partic. written character Hcat.
    a kind of coitus
    N. of sev. places L.
  259. नागरक (nāgaraka) (nāgaraka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. living in a town (opp. to %{AraNyaka})
    clever, cunning
    m. a citizen
    chief of a town, police-officer, Sak. (v.l. for %{-rika}) applied to planets opposed to each other Var. (cf. %{nAgara-nRpati} and %{-yAyi-graha})
    an artist W.
    a thief. W.
    (%{ikA}) f. N. of a female slave Ma1lav.
    n. dry ginger Sus3r.
    a kind of metre Col.
  260. नागसेन (nāgasena) (nāgasena)
    m. N. of a Buddh. Sthavira MWB. 141
    192, n. lx
    of a king of A1rya1-varta and contemporary of Samudra-gupta Inscr.
  261. नाचिकेत (nāciketa) (nāciketa)
    mf(%{I})n. relating to Naciketa or Na-ciketas Kat2hUp. TA1r.
    m. (with %{agni}) a partic. fire ib.
    (sc. %{agni}) any fire(w.r. %{nAcikstu}, or %{nAcchiketa})
    N. of an ancient sage (son of Udda1lski) MBh. (cf. %{tri-NAciketa}).
  262. नाट (nāṭa) (nāṭa)
    m. or n. ( %{naT}
    g. %{ardharcA7di}) dancing, acting, a dance
    m. (in music) N. of a Ra1ga
    of a serpent-demon Buddh. (cf. %{naTa})
    pl. of a people Ra1jat. (= %{karNATaka} L.)
    (%{I}) f. (scil. %{bhA7SA}) the language of the Na1t2as.
  263. नाटक (nāṭaka) (nāṭaka)
    mf(%{I})n. acting, dancing W.
    m. an actor, dancer, mime R.
    N. of a mountain, Ka1IP.
    (%{ikA}) f. a kind of Upa-ru1paka or drama of the second order Sa1h. &c.
    any show or representation Ba1lar. vii, 76
    (in music) N. of a Ra1gin2i1
    (%{akI}) f. the court of Indra
    n. any play or drama Hariv. Ka1v. &c. (personified as m. MBh. ii, 453)
    a kind of play, the first of the Ru1pakas or dramas of the first order Sa1h. &c.
  264. नाट्य (nāṭya) (nāṭya)
    n. dancing, mimic representation, dramatic art Ka1v. Pur. &c. (%{-Tyena} ind. with a gesture Ka1lid. &c.)
    the costume of an actor BhP. (cf. below).
  265. नाडी (nāḍī) (nāḍī)
    f. (fr. %{nADa} nom. %{-DI4s} RV. x, 135, 7) the tubular stalk of any plant or any tubular organ (as a vein or artery of the body)
    any pipe or tube RV. &c. &c.
    a flute RV. Ka1t2h.
    the box of a wheel TS. Ka1t2h.
    a fistulous sore Sus3r.
    the pulse W.
    any hole or crevice Katha1s.
    a sort of bent grass (= %{gaNDa-dUrvA})
    a strap of leather, thong
    a measure of time = 1/2 Muhu1rta Var.
    a juggling trick, deception L.
  266. नाथ (nātha) (nātha)
    n. refuge, help AV. TBr.
    m. a protector, patron, possessor, owner, lord (often ifc., esp. in names of gods and men e.g. %{goviGda-}, %{jagan-} &c.
    but also mf[%{A}]n. possessed of occupied by, furnished with cf. %{sa-})
    a husband (esp. in voc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a rope passed through the nose of a draft ox
    N. of sev. authors Cat.
  267. नाथवत् (nāthavat) (nāthavat)
    mfn. having a protector or master, dependant, subject R. (%{-tA} f. MBh.)
    (%{I}) f. having a husband MBh. R. Var. &c.
  268. नाद (nāda) (nāda)
    m. ( %{nad}) a loud sound, roaring, bellowing, crying RV. &c. &c.
    any sound or tone Pra1t. R. &c. (= %{zabda} L.)
    (in the Yoga) the nasal sound repressented by a semicircle and used as an abbreviation in mystical words BhP.
    a praiser (= %{stotR}) Naigh. iii, 16.
  269. नानान्द्र (nānāndra) (nānāndra)
    m. (fr. %{nanAndR}) a husband'ssister's son, g. %{bidA7di}.
  270. नानारूप (nānārūpa) (nānārūpa)
    n. pl. vvarious forms or shapes R.
    (%{nA4nA-}) mfn. multiform, manifold. AV. Br. Mn. &c. (%{-pa4-tA} f. S3Br.)
    %{-samutthAna} mfn. following vvarious occupations R.
  271. नान्दी (nāndī) (nāndī)
    f. ( %{nand}) joy, satisfaction, pleasure RV. MBh.
    eulogium or praise of a deity, (esp.) a kind of blessing pronounced as a prologue to a drama Mr2icch. Ka1lid. Sa1h. Prata1p. &c.
    (in music) a partic. measure
    = %{dvAdaza-tUrya-nirghoSa} L.
  272. नान्दीमुख (nāndīmukha) (nāndīmukha)
    mf(%{I})n. having a cheerful face Sin6ha7s.
    (%{-khI@rAtri} f. end of night, daybreak Lalit.)
    m. pl. (with or scil. %{pitaras}
    also %{-khaH@pitR-gaNah}) a class of deceased ancestors to whom a partic. S3ra1ddha, is offered (according to some the 3 ancestors preceding the great-grandfather) Gr2S. Ya1jn5. Pur. &c.
    = %{nANDI-paTa}[535,3]
    (%{I}) f. a female ancestor sharing in the NNa1ndi1 S3ra1ddha W.
    a kind of grain Sus3r.
    N. of a metre Col.
    n. (Hcat.) = %{-zrAddha} n. a S3ra1ddha offered to a class of deceased ancestors (cf. above) Cat.
    %{-dha-nirUpaNa} n. %{-dha-paddhati} f. %{-dha-prayoga} m. N. of wks.
  273. नाभि (nābhi) (nābhi)
    f. (prob. fr. 1. %{nabh}, `" to burst asunder or into a hole "'
    ifc. f. %{i} or %{I} Va1m. v, 49) the navel (also nnavel-string cf. %{-kRntana}), a navel-like cavity RV. &c. &c. (in later language also m. and %{-bhI} f.)
    the nave of a wheel ib. (also m. L., and %{-bhI} f.)
    centre, central point, ppoint of junction or of departure, home, origin, esp. common oorigin, affinity, relationship
    a near relation or friend ib. (m. L.)
    musk: (= %{mRra-n-})
    m. or f. musk-deer Megh. 53 (?) BhP.
    m. a chief (= central point) of (gen.) Ragh. xviii, 19 (cf. %{maNDala-nAbhi-tA})
    a sovereign or lord paramount (= %{mukhya-rAj})
    a Kshatriya
    N. of a grandson of Priya-vrata (son of Agnidhra and father of R2ishabha) Pur.
    of the father of R2ishabha (first Arhat of the present Avasarpin2i)[Cf. Angl. Sax. {nafu}, {nafela}
    Germ. {naba}, {Nabe}, {nabolo}, {Nabel}
    Eng. {nave}, {navel}.]
  274. नामन् (nāman) (nāman)
    n. (prob. neither fr. %{jJA} nor fr. %{mnA} [cf. Ur2t. iv, 150]
    ifc. f. either = m. or %{-mnI}) a characteristic mark or sign, form, nature, kind, manner RV. VS. AV.
    name, appellation RV. &c. &c.
    personal name (as opp. to %{gotre}, family nname
    cf. %{nama-gotra} above) Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 8-2, 23 (often ifc. = named, called e.g. %{viSNu-zarma-nAmA@paNDitah}, a sage named VVishn2u)
    merely the nname (as opp. to reality
    cf. %{nAma-dhAraka}, %{-mAtra}, %{-zeSa} &c.), a noun (as opp. to a verb) Nir. Pra1t.
    substance, essence (in the Mimin6sa1 phil. opp. to %{guNa}, accidental quality)
    a good or great name, renown, fame (only ifc.
    cf. %{zva-}, %{suma4ntu-})
    water Naigh. i, 11
    %{nA4mnA} ind. by name (also joined with 1. %{nAma})
    with %{kR} (Kav.) or %{vi-dhA} (Katha1s.) to call by a name
    %{nAma} (q.v.) with %{grabh} (%{grah}) to mention or address by nname RV. &c. &c.
    with %{bhR}, to bear or have a nname ib.
    with %{kR} (Br. Mn. &c.), %{dA} or %{dhA} (Gr2S), to give a nname call. [Cf. Zd. {na1man}
    Gk. $
    Lat. {no1men}
    Goth. {namo1}
    &165783[536,2] Germ. {namo} &c.
    Eng. name.]
  275. नामक (nāmaka) (nāmaka)
    1 mf(%{ikA})n. ifc. = %{nAman}, name Hariv. Ka1v. &c. (cf. %{aGghri}., %{kRta-} &c.)
  276. नामिक (nāmika) (nāmika)
    1 mfn. relating to a name or to a noun Pa1n2. 4-3, 72.
  277. नाय (nāya) (nāya)
    m. ( %{nI}) a leader, guide RV. vi, 24, 10
    46, 11 (pr. N. Sa1y.
    cf. %{azva-}, %{go-})
    guidance, direction
    policy, means, expedient Bhat2t2. Sch.
  278. नायक (nāyaka) (nāyaka)
    m. a guide, leader, chief, lord, principal MBh. Ka1v. &c. (with or scil. %{sainyasya}, a general, commander
    ifc. f. %{akA} cf. a. %{nAyaka})
    a husband BhP.
    (in dram.) the lover or hero
    the central gem of a necklace (implying also `" a general "' cf. %{nAyakAya} and %{mahA-nAyaka})
    a paradigm or example (in gram.)
    N. of Gautama Buddha Buddh.
    of a Bra1hman Ra1jat.
    of an author (also %{bhaTTa-n-}) Cat.
    m. or n. a kind of musk(cf. %{nAyikA-cUrNa})
    (%{ikA}) f. see %{nAyikA}
    %{-tva} n. leadership R.
  279. नार (nāra) (nāra)
    mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{nara}) relating to or proceeding from men, human, mortal Mn. Ka1v.
    spiritual (?) W.
    m. a man TA1r. (v.l.)
    (pl.) water (also sg. n. and %{A} f. L.) Mn. i, 10 (prob. invented to explain %{nArAyaNa})
    = %{nArAyaNa}
    a calf
    (%{I}) f. see %{nArI}
    n. a multitude of men
    dry ginger L.
  280. नारङ्ग (nāraṅga) (nāraṅga)
    m. the orange-tree (cf. %{nAga-raGga}) Sus3r. &c. (also %{i} f. S3irn3gP.)
    the juice of the pepper plant
    a libertine
    a living being
    a twin
    n. a carrot L.
  281. नारद (nārada) (nārada)
    or %{nArada4} m. N. of a Rishi (a Ka1n2va or Ka1s3yapa, author of RV. viii, 13
    ix, 104
    105 Anukr.
    as a Devarshi often associated with Parvata and supposed to be a messenger between gods and men MBh. Hariv. Ka1v. &c.
    among the 10 Praja1-patis as a son of Brahma1 Mn. i, 35
    in later mythology he is a friend of Kr2ishn2a and is regarded as inventor of the Vin2a1 or lute
    in ep. poetry he is called a Deva-gandharva or a Gandharva-ra1ja or simply Gandharva)
    of a son of Vis3va1-mitra MBh.
    of one of the 24 mythic. Buddhas MWB. 136
    of sev. men Lalit. HParis3.
    of sev. authors Cat. (cf. below)
    of a mountain BhP.
    (%{A}) f. the root of sugar-cane
    mf(%{I})n. relating to Na1rada, composed by him Cat.
  282. नाराच (nārāca) (nārāca)
    m. (fr. ?) an iron arrow, any aarrow MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. %{ardha-})
    water-elephant (= %{jale7bha})
    a bad or cloudy day (?)
    (%{I}) f. a goldsmith's scales
    n. a kind of metre Col. (cf. %{nar-})
    a partic. medicament Car.
  283. नारायण (nārāyaṇa) (nārāyaṇa)
    m. (patr. fr. %{na4ra} q.v.) the son of the original Man (with whom he is generally associated e.g. Mn. i, 10
    he is identified with Brahma1 ib. 11 with Vishn2u or Kr2ishn2a TA1r. MBh. &c.
    the Apsaras Urvas3i1 is said to have sprung from his thigh Hariv. 4601
    elsewhere he is regarded as a Kas3yapa or An3girasa, also as chief of the Sa1dhyas, and with Jainas as the 8th of the 9 black Va1sudevas)
    the Purusha-hymn (Ry. x, 90, said to have been composed by NNa1ra1yan2a4) S3Br. S3a1n3khS3r.
    (as synonym of Vishn2u) N. of the 2nd month (reckoning from Ma1rgas3i1rsha) Var.
    a mystical N. of the letter %{A} Up.
    N. of a son of Aja1-mila BhP.
    of a son of Bhu-mitra or Bhu1mi-mitra (a prince of the dynasty of the Kan2vlyanas) Pur.
    of a son of Nara-hari Kshiti7s3.
    of sev. men, authors and commentators (also with %{AcArya}. %{kavi}, %{gArgya}, %{cakra-cUDAmaNi}, %{daiva-vid}, %{dharmA7dhikArin}, %{paNDina}, %{paNDita}, %{dharmA7dkikAriG} %{paNDitA7cArya}, %{parivrAj}, %{bhaTTa} [cf. below, and %{bhaTTa-n-}], %{bhaTTA7cArya}, %{bhaTTA7raDa}, %{bhAratI}, %{bhiSaj}, %{muni}, %{yati}, %{yatI7vara}, %{rAya}, %{vandya}, %{vAdI7zvara}, %{vidyA-vinoda}, %{vaiSNava-muni}, %{zarman}, %{sarasvatI}, %{sarva-jJa}, %{sArvabhauma})
    mf(%{I})n. relating or belonging to Na1ra1yan2a or Kr2ishn2a MBh. &c. (m. pl. the warriors of KKr2ishn2a, iv, 147)
    n. (with %{kSetra}) N. of the ground on the banks of the Ganges for a distance of 4 cubits from he water
    (with %{cUrNa}) a partic. medicinal powder Bhpr.
    (with %{taila}) a medic. oil expressed from various plants ib. [537,1]
    (%{I}) f. see s.v.
  284. नारायणीय (nārāyaṇīya) (nārāyaṇīya)
    mfn. relating to Na1ra1yan2a (also %{-ka} AgP.), treating of him MBh.
    n. N. of sev. wks.
  285. नारिकेल (nārikela) (nārikela)
    m. id. MBh. &c. (L. also %{-li}, or %{-lI} f.)
  286. नाल (nāla) (nāla)
    mfn. (fr. %{nala} cf. %{nADa}) consisting or made of reeds BhP.
    m. (g. %{ardharcA7di}) f. (%{A}, or %{I} L.) and n. a hollow stalk, (esp.) of the lotus MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    any tube or tubular vessel or vein &c. of the body ib.
    m. or n. the navel-string Gobh. Sch.
    m. N. of a poet Cat.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river MBh. VP. (v.l. %{nIlA})
    (%{I}) f. an instrument for perforating an elephant's ear
    the stalk of a pot-herb
    a piece of metal on which the hours are struck = %{ghaTI} W.
    a lotus-flower, L: (cf. %{nAlIka})
    n. the urethra Sus3r.
    a handle (only mf[%{A}]n. ifc.) MBh. vii, 75
    a partic. ornament on a chariot R. vi, 75, 28
    yellow orpiment L.
  287. नालागिरि (nālāgiri) (nālāgiri)
    m. N. of an elephant connected with Gautama Buddha MWB. 406.
  288. नउ (nau) (nau)
    1 encl. acc. dat. gen. du. of 1st pers. pron. (cf. Pa1n2. 8-1, 20) RV. &c. &c. (VS. also %{Nau}
    cf. VPra1t. iii, 85).
  289. नाविक (nāvika) (nāvika)
    mf(%{I})n. belonging to a ship or boat W.
    m. a helmsman, pilot, sailor (ifc. f. %{A}) MBh. R. &c.
    n. N. of a Sa1man.
  290. नाश (nāśa) (nāśa)
    1 m. (1%{naz}) attainment (see %{dUN-}). 2 m. (2. %{naz}) the being lost, loss, disappearance, destruction, annihilation, ruin, death Br. Mn. MBh. &c. (ifc. destroying, annihilating cf. %{karma-nAzA}, %{graha-nAta}, %{duH-svapna.n-})
    flight, desertion W.
    (arithm.) elimination ib.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a river near Benares L.
  291. नाशन (nāśana) (nāśana)
    mf(%{I})n. destroying &c. = prec. (with gen. or ifc.) VS. MBh. &c.
    n. destruction, removal
    causing to be lost or perish, Apast. MBh. R. &c.
    forgetting (%{adhI7tasya}) Ya1jn5. iii, 228.
  292. नाशित (nāśita) (nāśita)
    mfn. destroyed, ruined, lost Ya1jn5.
    banished, expulsed, an outcast (see next).
  293. नाशिन् (nāśin) (nāśin)
    mfn. perishing, perishable Mn. Prab. (cf. %{a-n-})
    ifc. destroying, removing MBh. Hariv. &c.
  294. नासत्य (nāsatya) (nāsatya)
    see s.v.
  295. नासा (nāsā) (nāsā)
    f. the nose (either du. e.g. AV. v, 23, 3, or sg. Mn. MBh. &c.
    ifc. f. %{A} MBh. R. &c.)
    proboscis (cf. %{gaja-n-})
    = %{-dAru} (below)
    Gendarussa Vulgaris(cf. 3. %{nas} and %{nAsikA}).
  296. नासिक (nāsika) (nāsika)
    m. or n. N. of a place (cf. below and %{nAsikya})
    in some comp. = %{-sikA}.
  297. नासिका (nāsikā) (nāsikā)
    f. a nostril
    (older du.) the nose RV. &c, &c. (ifc. f. %{A} or %{I} Pa1n2. 4-1, 55)
    the proboscis of an elephant BhP.
    = %{nAsA-dAru}
    N. of As3vini1 (mother of the two As3vins) L.
  298. नास्तिक (nāstika) (nāstika)
    mf(%{I})n. atheistical, infidel
    m. an atheist or unbeliever (opp. to %{A7stika} q.v.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    %{-tA} f. (MW.), %{-tva} n. (W.) disbelief, atheism
    %{-kya} n. id. (with %{karmaNAm}, denying the consequence of works) Mn. iii, 65
    %{-mata} n. an atheistical opinion MW.
    %{-vRtti} mfn. leading the life of an atheist or receiving sustenance from an athatheist Vishn2. &c. see under 2. %{na4}.
  299. नाहुष (nāhuṣa) (nāhuṣa)
    1 mf(%{I})n. (fr. %{na4huSa}) neighbouring, kindred
    m. neighbour, kinsman RV.
  300. निकट (nikaṭa) (nikaṭa)
    mf(%{A})n., being at the side, near
    m. or n. nearness, proximity (%{-Tam} ind. near to, towards, with gen. or comp.
    %{-Te} id., near, at hand
    %{-TAt}, away from) R. Pan5c. Katha1s. &c.
  301. निकर (nikara) (nikara)
    m. ( %{kR}) a heap, pile, a flock or multitude, a bundle, mass, collection (mfn. ifc. f. %{A}) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (L.) pith, sap, essence
    suitable gift, a honorarium
    a treasure, the best of anything, a treasure belonging to Kubera, 1.
  302. निकष (nikaṣa) (nikaṣa)
    m. rubbing in, smearing, Malav ii, f.
    a roller or harrow A1past.
    the touchstone MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of wk.
    (%{A}) f. N. of the mother of Ra1van2a, (R.) or of all the Ra1kshasas (%{-Satmaja} m. a Rakshas L.)
    n the streak of gold or test made on the tnuchstone MBh. xii, 747 (Ni1lak.)
    %{-Sag-Avan} (Hit.), %{-Sa-pASANa} (ib.), %{-SA7zman} (BhP.), %{-SA7pala} (Hariy.) m. the touchstone.
  303. निकषण (nikaṣaṇa) (nikaṣaṇa)
    n. rubbing off A1pS3r. Sch.
    m. or n. the touchstone BhP.
  304. निकुम्भ (nikumbha) (nikumbha)
    m. Croton Polyandrum (also %{I} f. L.)
    N. of a Da1nava (son of Prahlada and brother of Kumbha, father of Sunda and UPasunda) MBh.
    of a Ra1kshasa R.
    of a son of Kumbha-karn2a
    of an attendant of either Siva (Hariv.) or Skanda (MBh.)
    of one of the Vis3ve Deva1s Hariv. (%{viskumbhu} C.)
    of a hero on the side of the Kurus MBh.
    of a king of A-yodhya1 (son of Hary-as3va and father of Sam2hata7s3va or Varhan2a7s3va) Hariv. Pur.
    %{-bhA7khya-bIja} n. Croton Jamalgota L.
  305. निकृत्त (nikṛtta) (nikṛtta)
    mfn. cut off, cut up MBh. R.
    %{-mUla} mfn. cut up by the roots Sus3r.
  306. निकेत (niketa) (niketa)
    m. rarely n. (4. %{cit}) a mark, sign MBh. iii, 12541 (%{tapA7tyaya-n-}, `" mark of departure of heat "', said of a cloud)
    a house, habitation MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    seat of one of the constituent elements of the body Car.
    a bee-hive (j) MBh. xi, 140
    a stage in the religious life of a Bra1hman, iii, 13411
    state of being DivyA7v.
  307. निक्त (nikta) (nikta)
    see under %{nij} below.
  308. निश् (niś) (niś)
    1 for %{nis} (q.v.) before %{c}, %{ch}. for %{nis}, in comp. see p. 542, col. 3. 2 cl. 1. P. %{nezati}, to meditate upon, be absorbed in meditation Dha1tup. xvii, 73. 3 f. (occurring only in some weak cases as %{nizi}, %{-zas}, %{-zau}, %{-zos} [and %{niDbhyas} Pa1n2. 6-1, 63], for or with %{nizA}, and prob. connected with %{nak}, %{nakta}
    cf. also %{dyu-}, %{mahA-}) night Mn. MBh. Var. S3ak. &c.
    %{nizi@nizi}, every night Mn. iv, 129.
  309. निक्षेप (nikṣepa) (nikṣepa)
    m. putting down HYog. (esp. of the feet Ka1lid.)
    throwing or casting on (loc. or comp.) Megh. Sa1h.
    a deposit, pledge, trust, anything pawned Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    abandoning, throwing or sending away W.
    wiping, drying ib.
    %{-cintAmaNi}, %{-dIpa} m. %{-rakSA} f. N. of wks.
    %{-lipi} f. a partic. mode of writing Lalit.
  310. निखर्व (nikharva) (nikharva)
    mfn. dwarfish, a dwarf
    n. a billion MBh. R.
  311. निखिल (nikhila) (nikhila)
    mf(%{A})n. complete, all, whole, entire Up. Mn. MBh. &c. [545,3]
    (%{ena}) ind. completely, totally MBh. R. &c. (cf. %{a-kh-}).
  312. निगम (nigama) (nigama)
    m. insertion (esp. of the name of a deity into a liturgical formula) S3rS.
    the place or passage (esp. of the Vedas) where a word occurs or the actual word quoted from such a passage Nir.
    the root (as the source from which a word comes
    hence ifc. `" derived from "') ib.
    the Veda or the Vedic text Hariv. Pa1n2. Pur. &c.
    any work auxiliary to and explanatory of the Vedas Mn. iv, 19 (Kull.)
    a sacred precept, the words of a god or holy man MBh. Pur. &c.
    doctrine, instruction in, art of (comp.) Ba1lar.
    certainty, assurance
    trade, traffic W.
    a town, city, market-place A1past. Car. Lalit.
    a road
    a caravan or company of merchants (ifc. f. %{A}) R. Das3.
    = %{pariziSTa} Cat.
    n. a partic. number Buddh.
    %{-kalpa-druma} m. %{-kalpa-latA} f. %{-kalpa-sAra} m. N. of wks.
    %{-jJa} mfn. familiar with the holy texts Var.
    %{-tattvasAra} m. %{-pariziSTa} n. %{-latA} f. %{-sAra} m. N. of wks.
    %{-sthAna} n. place of insertion (cf. above) S3rS.
    %{-mA7khya-koza} and %{-mA7ntA7rtha-ratnA7kara} m.
  313. निगमन (nigamana) (nigamana)
    n. insertion, quotation of words (from the Veda) and the word quoted Nir.
    the summing up of an argument or conclusion in a syllogism, deduction Tarkas.
    going in or into W.
  314. निगूढ (nigūḍha) (nigūḍha)
    mfn. concealed, hidden, secret, obscure (lit. and fig.) RV. (%{ni4-gULha}) &c. &c.
    (%{am}) ind. privately, secretly Katha1s.
    %{-kArya} mfn. secret in operation MW.
    %{-cArin} mfn. walking concealed or in disguise Mn. ix, 260
    %{-tara} mfn. well cconcealed or hidden Pan5c.
    %{-nizcaya} mfn. whose design is cconcealed MBh.
    %{-roman} mfn. having cconcealed hair Sus3r.
    %{-DhA7rtha} mfn. having a hidden or mysterious sense, abstruse, occult
    %{-DhA7rtha-dI}, %{pikA} and %{-DhA7rtha-maJjUSikA} f. N. of wks.
  315. निग्रह (nigraha) (nigraha)
    m. keeping down or back, restraining, binding, coercion, suppression, subjugation Mn. MBh. &c.
    defeat, overthrow, destruction Ka1v.
    seizing, catching, arresting, holding fast MBh. R. &c.
    suppression of an illness i.e. healing, cure Sus3r.
    confinement, imprisonment, any punishment or chastisement Mn. MBh. R. Pan5c. &c. (%{vadhanigt-}, pain of death Katha1s.)
    reprimand, blame
    aversion, ill-will, dislike, disgust
    anything for catching hold of. a handle (ifc. f. %{A}) Sus3r.
    a place or occasion for being caught hold of, (esp. in Nya1ya phil.) an occasion for refutation, a weak point in an argument or fault in a syllogism (cf. %{-sthAna}) [546,2]
    a boundary, limit
    N. of S3iva and Vishn2uKr2ishn2a MBh.
    %{-sAdhana} and %{-stotra} n. N. of wks.
    %{-sthAna} n. (in phil.) the position of being unfit to carry on an argument from impossibility of agreeing about first principles
    %{-sthAna-sUtra-TIkA} f. %{-hA7STaka} n. N. of wks.
  316. निघण्ट (nighaṇṭa) (nighaṇṭa)
    m. ( %{ghaNT}, to speak?
    cf. %{ghaNTA}, a bell) a collection of words, vocabulary Cat.
    N. of a Da1nava Katha1s.
  317. निघ्न (nighna) (nighna)
    mf(%{A})n. ( %{han}) dependent, subservient, docile, obedient
    (ifc.) dependent on, ruled by, devoted to, full of. Ka1v. &c. (%{-tA} f. Katha1s.)
    (after a numeral) multiplied with Su1ryas.
    m. N. of a son of An.aran2ya and father of Anamitra Hariv.
    of a son of An-amitra ib.
  318. निज (nija) (nija)
    mf(%{A})n. ( %{jan}) innate, native, of one's own party or country (with %{ripu} m. an enemy in one's own country Hit.
    m. pl. one's own people Ra1jat.)
    constant, continual AV. Br. Mn. MBh. &c. (in later Sanskr2it used as a reflex. possess. pron. = %{sva}, my own, his own, our own &c.)
  319. नितम्ब (nitamba) (nitamba)
    m. the buttocks or hinder parts (esp. of a woman
    mostly du.
    ifc. f. %{A}
    %{-tA} f.)
    (fig.) the ridge or side or swell of a mountain, the sloping bank or shore of a river MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    the shoulder[547,2]
    the sounding-board of the Vi1n2a1 Ka1v.
    a partic. position of the hands in dancing Cat.
    (%{A}) f. a form of Durga1 Cat.
    %{-prabhava} mfn. (river) coming from the slope of a mountain BhP.
  320. नित्य (nitya) (nitya)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. %{ni}
    cf. %{ni-ja}) innate, native MBh. iii, 13941
    one's own (opp. to %{araNa}) RV.
    continual, perpetual, eternal RV. &c. &c.
    ifc. constantly dwelling or engaged in, intent upon, devoted or used to (cf. %{tapo-n-}, %{dharma-n-}, %{dhyAna-n-}, %{zastra-n-}) Mn. MBh. &c.
    ordinary, usual, invariable, fixed, necessary, obligatory (opp. to %{kAmya}, %{naimittika} &c.) Br. S3rS. Mn. &c. (with %{samAsa} m. a compound the meaning of which is not expressed by its members when not compounded Pa1n2. 2-1, 3 Sch.
    with %{svarita} m. = %{jAtya}, the independent Svarita TPra1t. ii, 8)
    m. the sea, ocean
    (%{A}) f. a plough-share Gal.
    N. of Durga1 BrahmaP.
    of a S3akti Tantras.
    of the goddess Manasa1
    n. constant and indispensable rite or act W.
    (%{am}) ind. always, constantly, regularly, by all means RV. &c. &c. (%{na@nityam}, never
    %{nityam@an-AdAta}, never a receiver Mn. vi, 8).
  321. नित्यत्व (nityatva) (nityatva)
    n. id. Ka1tyS3r. Bhag. Sus3r. &c.
  322. निदर्शन (nidarśana) (nidarśana)
    mf(%{I})n. pointing to, showing, indicating, announcing, proclaiming, teaching Hariv. BhP.
    suiting, pleasing (%{sarva-loka-nid-}
    v.l. %{-ka-nidarzin} and %{-vidarzin}) R. ii, 108, 18
    (%{A}) f. a partic. form of a simile or comparison (e.g. Ragh. i, 2) Kpr. Sa1h. &c.
    n. seeing, view, appearance, sight, vision (cf. %{svapna-nid-}) MBh. Sus3r. &c.
    pointing to, showing, indicating Mn. MBh.
    proof, evidence Pan5c.
    instance, example, illustration S3rS. Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{-tva} n. Naish.
    %{-nA7rtham} ind. for instance MBh.)
    refutation of a stated argument Sa1h.
    N. of the third member of a complete syllogism (= %{udAharaNa}) MW.
    a prognostic, sign, mark, omen MBh. Hariv. Sus3r. (ifc. f. %{A}, showing, betraying R.)
    a scheme, system Sus3r.
    injunction, precept, ordinance, authority, text W.
  323. निदान (nidāna) (nidāna)
    mfn. reproached, ridiculed ib.
  324. निदेश (nideśa) (nideśa)
    m. order, command, direction (%{-zaM-kR}, or %{pAlaya} or %{upa-pAlaya} or %{-ze-vRt} or %{sthA}, to execute orders, be obedient) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    talk, conversation
    vicinity, neighbourhood (%{e} ind. near, close by Kull. on Mn. ii, 197
    others `" in a lower place "')
    = %{bhAjana}
    %{kArin}, %{-kRt}, %{-bhAj}, %{-vartin} mfn. executing the orders of, obedient to (gen. or comp.) MBh. &c. see %{ni-diz} above.
  325. निद्रा (nidrā) (nidrā)
    1. (or %{drai}) P. A1. %{-drAyati}, %{-te} (%{-drAti} Sa1ntis3.
    pf. %{-dadrau} Naish.), to fall asleep, sleep, slumber S3Br. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  326. निधन (nidhana) (nidhana)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see col. 3) having no property, poor L.
  327. निधि (nidhi) (nidhi)
    iu. setting down or serving up (food, &c.) RV. i. 183, 4 &c.
    the bottom of the Ukha1 S3Br.
    a place for deposits or storing up, a receptacle (esp. %{apAM@nidhi}, %{r-} of waters, the ocean, sea, also N. of a Sa1man
    %{kalAnAM@n-}, the full moon) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a store, hoard, treasure RV. &c. &c. (in later language esp. the divine treasures belonging to Kubera, nine of which are enumerated, viz. Padma, Maha1padma, S3an3kha, Makara, Kacchapa, Mukunda, Nanda, Ni1la and Kharva, they are also personified as attendants either of Kubera or of Lakshmi1
    cf. %{nidhi-datta} and %{-pAlita} below)
    the sea
    (with %{daiva}) the science of chronology ChUp. vii, 1, 2 (Sam2k.)
    N. of a partic. medic. plant (= %{jIvikA})
    a kind of perfume (= %{nalikA})
    %{-guhyakA7dhipa} m. `" lord of the treasures and Guhyakas "', Kubera Kir. v, 20
    %{-gopa4} m. guardian of ttreasure S3Br.
    %{-datta} m. N. of a merchant Katha1s.
    %{-dIpikA} f. N. of wk.
    %{-nAtha} m. `" lord of ttreasure "'N. of Kubera
    of an author Cat.
    %{-pa} m. = %{-gopa} Mn. MBh.
    any guardian or protector (as %{yajJasya}, %{vedasya}) A1s3vGr2. i, 22, 21
    %{-pati} (%{-dhi4-}) m. lord of ttreasure AV. VS.
    N. of Kubera Hariv.
    of a rich merchant Vet.
    %{-pati-datta} m. N. of a merchant Das3.
    %{-pA4} (AV. TBr.), %{-pAla} (MBh.) m. guardian of treasure
    %{-pAlita} m. N. of a merchant Das3.
    %{-prabhu} m. lord of treasuresN. of Kubera MW.
    %{-bhRt} m. bearer of ttreasure id. Dharmas3arm.
    %{-ma4t} mfn. containing ttreasure or forming a store, abundant RV.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. consisting of ttreasure Hcar.
    %{-rAma} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-vAda} m. the art of finding ttreasure Ka1d.
    %{-vAsa} m. `" place of ttreasure "'N. of a town
    %{-dhI7za} (%{-tva} n. R.), %{-dhI7zvara} (Dharmas3arm.) m. `" lord of ttreasure "'N. of Kubera
    %{-dhy-arthin} mfn. seeking ttreasure MW. see under %{ni-dhA}.
  328. निधान (nidhāna) (nidhāna)
    n. putting or laying down, depositing, keeping, preserving Ka1tyS3r. MBh. &c.
    laying aside (cf. %{daNDa-n-})
    placing (the sacrificial fire) Ka1tyS3r.
    place for depositing anything, receptacle (rarely m.
    ifc. f. %{I}
    cf. %{garbha-n-}) RV. &c. &c.
    a place of cessation or rest W.
    anything laid up, a store, hoard, treasure (esp. the ttreasure or Kubera) Mn. Mr2icch. Ragh. &c. (%{-tA} f. Ja1takam.)
    (%{I}) f. N. of a formula TBr. A1pS3r.
    mfn. containing anything (gen.) in itself TA1r.
    %{-kumbha} m. a pot or jar containing a treasure Sa1h.
    %{-nI-kR}, to pile up Hcar.
    %{-ne7za} m. `" lord of treasure "', a Yaksha S3atr.
  329. निन्दा (nindā) (nindā)
    f. blame, censure, reproach, reviling, defamation, controversy, injury, outrage. AV. Mn. MBh. &c.
    (with Buddh.) one of the eight worldly conditions Dharmas. lxi
    %{-stuti} f. ironical praise, irony
    %{-do7pamA} f. a comparison which involves reproof Ka1vya7d. ii, 30.
  330. निन्दित (nindita) (nindita)
    mfn. blamed, censured, abused, defamed, low, despicable, prohibited, forbidden RV. Br. &c.
  331. निपात (nipāta) (nipāta)
    m. falling down, descending, alighting (lit. and fig.), falling from (abl.) into or upon (comp.), rushing upon, attacking (comp.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    decay, destruction, ruin, death ib.
    (from the Caus.) casting, hurling, discharging Kum. iii, 15
    accidental occurrence or mention Nir. A1s3vS3r.
    (in gram.) irregular form, irregularity, exception (cf. %{para-}, %{pUrva-})
    a particle (all adverbs including conjunctions and interjections) Nir. Pra1t. Pa1n2. 1-4, 56
    %{-tva} n. the state of being a particle MW.
    %{-pratIkAra} m. the repelling of assaults ib.
    %{-tA7vyayo7pasarga} m. pl. N. of wk. see under %{ni-pat}.
  332. निपातन (nipātana) (nipātana)
    mfn. (fr. Caus.) throwing down, killing, destroying, knocking out (an eye) MBh. [549,3]
    n. causing to descend or fall, throwing down, letting drop or sink Mn. Ya1jn5. R. (cf. %{daNDa-n-})
    putting on, applying (as a knife), touching with (comp.) Sus3r.
    overthrowing, destroying, killing Mn. MBh.
    (in gram.) accidental mention or use of a word, putting down as an irregularity
    an irregular form or exception Pra1t. Pa1n2. Sch. Vop.
    = %{ni-patana}, falling down (of a fire-brand) Ya1jn5. i, 145
    alighting (said of a bird) Pan5c. ii. 57.
  333. निपुण (nipuṇa) (nipuṇa)
    mf(%{A})n. (said to be from a %{puN}), clever, adroit, skilful, sharp, acute Mn. MBh. Sus3r. Ka1v. &c.
    skilled in, conversant with, capable of (mostly comp. [cf. Pa1n2. 2-1, 31 and g. %{zauNDA7di}]
    but also infin. [Ka1v.] loc. [Var.] gen. [Vop. v, 29] or instr. [Pa1n2. 2-1, 31])
    kind or friendly towards (loc. or %{prati} Pa1n2. 2-3, 43)
    delicate, tender Ja1takam.
    perfect, complete, absolute (as purity, devotion &c.) Mn. BhP.
    (%{am}) ind. in a clever or delicate manner MBh. Ka1v.
    completely, perfectly, absolutely, exactly, precisely R. (also %{nipuNa} ibc. Pa1n2. 6-2, 24, and %{-Nena} MBh. BhP.)
  334. निबन्ध (nibandha) (nibandha)
    m. binding on, tying, fastening R.
    chain, fetter, bondage MBh. BhP.
    attachment to, intentness on
    basis, root, origin MBh. ii. 2532
    a grant of property, an assignment of cattle or money Ya1jn5. i. 317
    fixed property ib. ii. 121
    restraint, obstruction
    constipation or suppression of urine Sus3r. (v.l. for %{vi-b-})
    any literary composition or work Cat.
    N. of a partic. wk. ib.
    Azadirachta Indica
    n. song, singing
    %{-candro7daya} and %{-tattvadIpa} m. N. of wks.
    %{-dAna} n. grant of property, assignment or gift of a corrody MW.
    %{-nava-nIta} m. or n. N. of wk. [550,2]
    %{-rAja} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-vivRti-yojanA} f. %{-ziromaNy-ukta-nirNaya} m. pl., %{-saMgraha} m. %{-sarvasva} n. %{-sAra} m. N. of wks.
  335. निबन्धन (nibandhana) (nibandhana)
    mf(%{I})n. binding, fastening, fettering MBh. BhP.
    m. N. of a son of Arun2a BhP. (v.l. %{tri-b-})
    (%{I}) f. band, bond, fetter MBh. Sus3r.
    n. tying, fastening, binding together, ligation Mn. Sus3r.
    holding fast, restraining MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    constructing, building (as a bridge) MBh.
    band, fetter (lit. and fig.), support, stay ib. Ka1v. Katha1s. BhP.
    cause, origin, basis, foundation Mn. MBh. &c. (often ifc. = supported by, fastened to, based or dependent on, connected with, relating to)
    seat, receptacle (cf. %{iSu-n-})
    the peg of a lute
    a grant, an assignment or royal gift S3is3. ii, 112
    composition, arrangement Kum.
    a literary composition or treatise S3is3. ii, 112
    (in gram.) syntax
    a commentary
    %{-grantha} m. N. of a class of wks.
  336. निभृत (nibhṛta) (nibhṛta)
    mfn. ( %{bhR}) borne or placed down, hidden, secret MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    nearly set (as the moon) Ragh.
    firm, immovable Hariv. Ka1v. Pur.
    shut, closed (as a door)
    fixed, settled, decided RV.
    fixed or intent upon (comp.) Ka1d.
    filled with, full of (instr. or comp.) BhP.
    attached, faithful MBh. Ma1rkP.
    still, silent Kum.
    quiet, humble, modest, mild, gentle MBh. R. &c.
    free from passions, undisturbed (= %{zAnta}) Hcar.
    lonely, solitary Gi1t.
    (%{A}) f. a kind of riddle Ka1vya7d.
    (%{am}) ind. secretly, privately, silently, quietly Mn. Ka1v.
    Pan5c. &c.
    n. humility, modesty MBh. v, 1493 (Ni1lak. `" secrecy, silence "').
  337. निमग्न (nimagna) (nimagna)
    mfn. sunk, fallen into (water &c.)
    submerged, plunged, or immersed in, penetrated or fixed into (loc. or comp.) Br. Up. MBh. &c.
    gone down, set (as the sun) Ragh. Gi1t.
    (with %{para-lokAya}) entered into the other world MBh.
    sunk in, depressed, not prominent, deep Sus3r. (cf. below)
    overwhelmed, covered MW.
    %{-nAbhi}, or %{-madhyA} f. (a woman) having a depressed navel or a slender waist Vikr.
  338. निमन्त्रण (nimantraṇa) (nimantraṇa)
    n. invitation, calling, a summons Ya1jn5. MBh. R.
  339. निमय (nimaya) (nimaya)
    see under %{ni-me}. m. barter, change, exchange MBh. 2. [551,3]
  340. निमि (nimi) (nimi)
    1 m. N. of sev. kings of Videha Mn. MBh. &c.
    of a son of Datta7treya MBh.
    of a son of Ikshva1ku Pur. (having lost his body through the curse of Vasisht2ha he occupied the eyes of all living beings, hence the opening and shutting of men's eyelids
    cf. %{ni-miSa} and see VP. iv, 5)
    of 21st Jaina Arhat of present Ava-sarpin2i1 (identified with the former Nimi)
    of a son of Bhajama1na VP.
    of a son of Dan2d2a-pa1n2i BhP.
    of a Da1nava Hariv. (v.l. %{Dimbha})
    the closing or winking of the eyes, twinkling BhP. ix, 24, 64.
  341. निमित (nimita) (nimita)
    mfn. measured (cf. %{cakSur-n-}, %{dur-n-})
    caused BhP. (v.l. %{nir-m-}). mfn. fixed, raised, erectedTBr.
  342. निमित (nimita) (nimita)
    mfn. measured (cf. %{cakSur-n-}, %{dur-n-})
    caused BhP. (v.l. %{nir-m-}). mfn. fixed, raised, erectedTBr.
  343. निमित्त (nimitta) (nimitta)
    n. (possibly connected with %{ni-mA} above) a butt, mark, target MBh.
    sign, omen Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c. (cf. %{dur-n-})
    cause, motive, ground, reason Up. Kap. Var. Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c. (in all oblique cases = because of, on account of cf. Pa1n2. 2-3, 23 Pat.
    mfn. ifc. caused or occasioned by
    %{-ttaMyA}, to be the cause of anything Ka1d.)
    (in phil.) instrumental or efficient cause (opp. to %{upA7dAna}, the operative or material cause) Veda7ntas. Bha1sha1p.
    = %{Agantu}
    %{parvan} L.
  344. निमित्तसप्तमी (nimittasaptamī) (nimittasaptamī)
    f. a seventh case (locative) indicating the cause or motive Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 1-1, 57.
  345. निमिष (nimiṣa) (nimiṣa)
    m. twinkling, shutting the eye (also considered as a measure of time, a moment MBh. R.
    as a disease Sus3r.)
    N. of a son of Garud2a MBh.
    of Vishn2u
    %{-kSetra} n. N. of a district Cat.
    %{-SA7ntara} n. the interval of a moment
    (%{eNa}), in a mmoment MBh. Ka1v.
  346. निमेष (nimeṣa) (nimeṣa)
    m. shutting the eye, twinkling, winking TS. Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c. (also as a measure of time i.e. a moment
    %{-SAd@iva}, in a mmoment MBh. R. &c.
    %{-SaM@nimeSam}, every mmoment S3Br.
    as a disease Sus3r.)
    N. of a Yaksha MBh.
    %{-kRt} f. `" twinkler "', lightning
    %{-ta4s} ind. with regard to the shutting of the eyes VS.
    %{-dyut}, or %{-ruc} m. a fire-fly
    %{-mAtra} n. merely an instant
    (%{eNa}) ind. in barely a moment MBh.
    %{-SA7ntara} n. = %{nimiS-} (cf. under %{cArin})
    %{-SA7rdhAt} ind. in half a twinkling of the eyes, in less than an instant Ragh.
  347. निम्न (nimna) (nimna)
    n. (fr. %{ni}, or %{nam} ?) depth, low ground, cavity, depression RV. &c. &c. (%{ai4s} ind. downwards, x, 78, 5
    148, 5)
    mf(%{A})n. deep (lit. and fig.), low, depressed, sunk Var. Ka1v. &c.
    (ifc.) inclined towards
    m. N. of a prince BhP.
  348. निम्ब (nimba) (nimba)
    m. the Nimb or Neemb tree, Azadirachta Indica (its fruit is bitter and its leaves are chewed at funeral ceremonies) Gobh. Var. Sus3r. Ka1v. (also %{-ka}).
  349. नियत (niyata) (niyata)
    %{-ti}, &c. see under %{ni-yam}. (%{ni4-}) mfn. held back or in, fastened, tied to (loc.) RV.
    put together (hands) R.
    restrained, checked, curbed, suppressed, restricted, controlled Mn. MBh. &c.
    limited in number Ratna7v. iii, 3
    connected with, dependent on (loc.) Mn. iv, 256
    contained or joined in (loc.) R. iii, 70, 5
    disciplined, self-governed, abstemious, temperate
    constant, steady, quite concentrated upon or devoted to (loc.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    fixed, established, settled, sure, regular, invariable, positive, definite Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    customary, usual (cf. %{a-n-} MBh. iii, 15416)
    (in gram.) pronounced with the Anuda1tta RPra1t.
    m. N. of the Sam2dhi of %{As} before sonants ib.
    (%{am}) ind. always, constantly, decidedly, inevitably, surely
    n. pl. (in Sa1m2khya) the organs of sense
    %{-kAla} mfn. limited in time, temporary Ka1s3. on Pa1n2. 1-4, 44
    %{-bhojana} mfn. abstemious in food, temperate R.
    %{-mAnasa} mfn. of subdued mind or spirit W.
    %{-maithuna} mfn. abstaining from cohabitation R.
    %{-vAc} mfn. limited as to the use of words Nir. i, 15
    %{-vibhaktika} mfn. limited as to case, standing always in the same case Pa1n2. 1-2, 44 Sch.
    %{-viSayavartin} mfn. steadily abiding in one's own sphere MW.
    %{-vrata} mfn. constant in the observance of vows, regular in observances, pious, religious MBh.
    %{-yatA7Jjali} mfn. putting the joined hands to the forehead R.
    %{-yatA7tman} mfn. self-controlled, selfrestrained Mn. R.
    %{-yatA7nupUrvya} mfn. limited as to the order of words Nir. i, 15
    %{-yatA7pti} f. (in dram.) sure expectation of attaining an object by overcoming a partic. obstacle Sa1h.
    %{-yatA7zin} mfn. = %{-ta-bhojana} Ya1jn5.
    %{-yatA7hAra} mfn. id. Mn. (%{zva-mAMsa-n-}, eating only dog's flesh R.)
    %{-yate7ndriya} mfn. having the passions subdued or restrained Mn. MBh. &c.
  350. नियति (niyati) (niyati)
    f. the fixed order of things, necessity, destiny, fate S3a1n3khBr. S3vetUp. MBh. &c. (sometimes personified as a goddess, Niyati and A1yati being regarded as daughters of Meru and wives of Dha1tr2i and Vidha1tr2i BhP. VP.)
    restraint, restriction
    religious duty or obligation
    self-command, self-restraint
    (%{I}) f. N. of Durga1 Devi1P.
  351. नियन्तृ (niyantṛ) (niyantṛ)
    m. who or what holds in or restrains or governs or tames, &c. MBh. R. &c. (%{-tva} n. Veda7ntas.)
    m. a restrainer, governor, tamer (esp. of horses), charioteer MBh. Ragh.
  352. नी () (nī)
    1 for %{nis} (q.v.) before r.2 (for 1. see p. 543, col. 3) cl. 1. P. A1. (Dha1tup. xxii. 5) %{nayati} %{-te} (pf. P. %{ninAya}, 2. sg. %{ninetha} RV., 1. pl. %{nInima} TS.
    Subj. %{ninItha4s} Pot. %{ninIyAt} RV.
    Impv. %{ninetu} MaitrS.
    A1. %{ninye} Br. &c.
    %{-nayAm@Asa} MBh.
    %{-nayAM@cakre} R.
    aor. P. 3. du. %{anItAm} Subj. %{ne4Si}, %{nethA4} RV.
    %{anaiSIt} Subj. %{neSati}, %{-Sat}, 3. pl.A1. %{aneSata} ib.
    %{anayIt} AV.
    fut. %{neSyati} AV.
    %{-te} Br.
    %{nayiSyati}, %{-te} MBh. R.
    %{ni4tA}, %{nayitA} ib.
    ind. p. %{nItvA} Br.&c.
    %{nayitvA} MBh.
    %{nI4ya} AV. &c.
    inf. %{neSa4Ni} RV.
    %{ne4tavai}, %{-tos} and %{nayitum} Br.
    %{ne4tum} ib. &c. &c.), to lead, guide, conduct, direct, govern (also with %{agram} and gen.
    cf. %{agra-NI}) RV. &c. &c.
    to lead &c. towards or to (acc. with or without %{prati} dat., loc. or %{artham} ifc.) ib.
    to lead or keep away, exclude from (abl.) AitBr.
    (A1.) to carry off for one's self(as a victor, owner &c.) AV. TA1r. MBh.
    (A1., rarely P.) to lead home i.e. marry MBh. R.
    to bring into any state or condition (with acc. e.g. with %{vazam}, to bring into subjection, subdue [A1. RV. x, 84, 3 AV. v, 19, 5
    P. Ragh. viii, 19]
    with %{zUdra-tAm}, to reduce to a S3u1dra Mn. iii, 15
    with %{sAkSyam} [A1.], to admit as a witness, viii, 197
    with %{vyAghra-tAm}, to change into a tiger Hit.
    with %{vikrayam}, to sell Ya1jn5.
    with %{paritoSam}, to satisfy Pan5c.
    with %{duHkham}, to pain Amar.
    rarely, with loc. e.g. %{duhitR-tve}, to make a person one's daughter R. i, 44, 38
    or with an adv. in %{-sAt} e.g. %{bhasmasAt} to reduce to ashes Pan5c. i, 198/199)
    to draw (a line &c.) S3a1n3khS3r. Su1ryas.
    to pass or spend (time) Ya1jn5. Ka1v. &c.
    (with %{daNDam}) to bear the rod i.e. inflict punishment Mn. Ya1jn5. (with %{vyavahAram}) to conduct a process Ya1jn5.
    (with %{kriyAm}) to conduct a ceremony, preside over a religious act MBh.
    to trace, track, find out, ascertain, settle, decide(with %{anyathA}, `" wrongly "') Mn. Ya1jn5. MBh. &c.
    (A1.) to be foremost or chief Pa1n2. 1-3, 36: Caus. %{nAyayati}, %{-te}, to cause to lead &c.
    to cause to be led by (instr.) Mn. v, 104 (cf. Pa1n2. 1-4, 52 Va1rtt. 5 Pat.): Desid. %{ni4nISati}, %{te} (AV. xix, 50, 5, w. r. %{nineSati}), to wish to lead or bring or carry to or into (acc. or dat.) AV. Up. MBh. &c.
    to wish to carry away R.
    to wish to spend or pass (time) Naish.
    to wish to exclude from (abl.) AitBr.
    to wish to find out or ascertain, investigate MBh.: Intens. %{nenIya4te} to lead as a captive, have in one's power, rule, govern TS. VS. MBh. 3 mfn. leading, guiding, a leader or guide (mostly ifc., cf. Pa1n2. 3-2, 61 and %{agra-NI}, %{agreNI}
    but also alone cf. vi, 4, 77
    82 &c.) 4 P. %{ny-eti} (3. pl. %{ni-yanti}
    p. %{-yat}
    impf. %{ny-Ayan} ind. p. %{nI7tya}), to go into (cf. %{nyAya}), enter, come or fall into, incur (acc.)TS. S3Br.
    to under go the nature of i.e. to be changed into (%{-bhAvam}) RPra1t. 2.5 in comp.= 1. %{ni} (p. 538, col. 3).
  353. नियम (niyama) (niyama)
    m. restraining, checking, holding back, preventing, controlling Mn. MBh. &c.
    keeping down, lowering (as the voice) RPra1t.
    limitation, restriction (%{ena} ind. with restrictions i.e. under certain conditions Car.)
    reduction or restriction to (with loc. or %{prati}), determination, definition Gr2S3rS. Pra1t. MBh. Ra1jat.
    any fixed rule or law, necessity, obligation (%{ena} and %{At} ind. as a rule, necessarily, invariably, surely) Var. R. Sus3r. &c.
    agreement, contract, promise, vow R. Katha1s.
    any act of voluntary penance or meritorious piety (esp. a lesser vow or minor observance dependent on external conditions and not so obligatory as %{yama} q.v.) TA1r. Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a partic. process applied to minerals (esp. to quicksilver w.r. %{-yAma}) Cat.
    (in rhet.) a common-place, any conventional expression or usual comparison
    (in Mi1m. phil.) a rule or precept (laying down or specifying something otherwise optional)
    restraint of the mind (the 2nd of the 8 steps of meditation in Yoga)
    performing five positive duties MWB. 239
    N. of Vishn2u MBh.
    Necessity or Law personified as a son of Dharma and Dhr2iti Pur.
    %{-dharma} m. a law prescribing restraints Mn. ii, 3
    %{-niSThA} f. rigid observance of prescribed rites MW.
    %{-pattra} n. a written agreement or stipulation ib. [552,2]
    %{-para} mfn. observing fixed rules
    relating to or corroborative of a rule W.
    %{-pAla} m. `" observer of vows "'N. of a sage (from whom the Nepalese derive the N. Nepa1l)
    %{-bhaGga} m. breach of a stipulation or contract MW.
    %{-laGghana} n. trangression of a fixed rule or obligation, Ka1p.
    %{-vat} mfn. practising religious observances MBh.
    (%{I}) f. a woman in her monthly courses Sus3r.
    %{-sthiti} f. state of selfrestraint, ascetism
    %{-hetu} m. a regulating cause Sarvad.
    %{-yamA7nanda} m. another N. of Nimba7rka Cat.
    %{-yamo7pamA} f. a simile which expressly states that something can be compared only with something else Ka1v. ii, 19.
  354. नियुक्त (niyukta) (niyukta)
    mfn. bound on, bound, chained, fettered AitBr.
    tied or fastened or attached or directed to, put or placed or fixed on (loc.) MBh. R. &c.
    appointed, directed, ordered, commissioned, charged, intrusted (loc.
    %{artham} ifc.
    inf. or comp.) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    used or employed for (loc.) Mn. v, 16
    prescribed, fixed, settled
    (%{am}) ind. by all means, necessarily Pa1n2. 4-4, 66
    m. a functionary, official Hit.
  355. नियोग (niyoga) (niyoga)
    m. tying or fastening to (cf. %{-pAza} below)
    employment, use, application La1t2y. Mr2icch.
    injunction, order, command (%{At}, or %{ena} ind. by order of, ifc.), commission, charge, appointed task or duty, business (esp. the appointing a brother or any near kinsman to raise up issue to a deceased husband by marrying his widow) Mn. (esp. ix, 59 &c.) MBh. Ka1v. Sus3r. &c.
    necessity (%{ena} ind. necessarily, certainly, surely Ragh.), obligation, fate, destiny Ka1v.
    %{-karaNa} n. making a command, commanding Pa1n2. 3-3, 161 Sch.
    %{-kRt} m. executing another's command Ya1jn5. Sch.
    %{-tas} ind. according to order or command MW.
    %{-pAza} m. the trace on a carriage (lit. string for tying [sc. the horses to it]) Hariv.
    %{-prayojana} n. the object of any appointment, authorized act or duty W.
    %{-vidhi} m. the form of appointing to any act or duty ib.
    %{-saMsthita} mfn. being in an office or commission Pan5c.
    %{-stha} mfn. being under another's command, obedient to (gen.) R.
    %{yogA7rtha} m. the object of an authorized act or appointment Mn. ix, 61
  356. निरक्षर (nirakṣara) (nirakṣara)
    mfn. not knowing the letters HParis3.
  357. निरत (nirata) (nirata)
    %{-ti} see %{ni-ram}. [553,1] mfn. pleased, satisfied, delighting in, attached or devoted to, quite intent upon, deeply engaged in or occupied with (loc. instr. or comp.) Mn. Var. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  358. निरन्तर (nirantara) (nirantara)
    mf(%{A})n. having no interval (in space or time), close, compact, dense, uninterrupted, perpetual, constant (%{-tA} f.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    faithful true Pan5c.
    abounding in, full of (comp.) R. Sa1h.
    not other or different, identical MBh. R. &c.
    not hidden from view W.
    (%{am}) ind. closely, tightly, firmly, R2it. Sus3r.
    constantly, continually MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    immediately, at once Ka1m. Vet.
    %{-grihavAsin} mfn. living in the next house Kull.
    %{-payodharA} f. having closely contiguous breasts (clouds) Mr2icch.v, 15 %{-vizeSa} mfn. (pl.) being without difference in regard to (loc.), being treated alike MBh.
    %{-zarIra} mfn. one whose body is densely transfixed with (arrows) R.
    %{-rA7bhyAsa} m. constant repetition or study, diligent exercise or practice Prab.
    %{-rA7tkaNThA} f. continual longing for Ratn.
    %{-ro7dbhinna} mfn. densely sprouted ib.
  359. निरभिलाष (nirabhilāṣa) (nirabhilāṣa)
    mfn. not desirous of. indifferent to (comp.) S3ak.
  360. निरयन (nirayana) (nirayana)
    n. ( %{i}) egression RV.
  361. निरर्थ (nirartha) (nirartha)
    mf(%{A})n. void of wealth, poor Mr2icch.
    useless, vain (%{-kalaha}, a useless quarrel MBh.)
    meaningless (%{-tA} Ma1rkP.)
    (a consonant) having no following vowel VPra1t. Sch.
    m. (%{-tha4}) loss, detriment TA1r.
    pl. nonsense R.
  362. निरर्थक (nirarthaka) (nirarthaka)
    mf(%{ikA})n. useless, vain, unsuccessful MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{am} ind. R. Bhartr2.
    %{-tva} n. Mr2icch.)
    unmeaning, nonsensical MBh.
    (said of a consonant) = %{-artha} VPra1t. Sch.
    n. (in phil.) a nonsensical objection
    (in rhet.) an expletive.
  363. निरस्त (nirasta) (nirasta)
    (R. also %{-asita}) mfn. cast out or off, expelled, banished, rejected, removed, refuted, destroyed S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
    shot off (as an arrow)
    spit out, vomited
    pronounced hurriedly or dropped in pronouncing (%{a-n-} ChUp. ii, 22, 3) [553,2]
    n. dropping or leaving out (considered a fault in pronunciation) Pat.
    %{-bheda} mfn. having all difference removed, identical MW.
    %{-rAga} mfn. one who has abandoned worldly desires or has devoted himself to religious penance ib.
    %{-saMkhya} mfn. innumerable (lit. refusing calculation) Dhanam2j.
    %{-sukho7daya} mf(%{A})n. hopelessly unfortunate (lit. whose fortune has given up rising) Amar.
  364. निरालम्बन (nirālambana) (nirālambana)
    mfn. supportless or self-supported, not resting on another, free MBh. R.
  365. निरालोक (nirāloka) (nirāloka)
    mfn. not looking about R.
    deprived of light, dark or blind MBh. Ma1lati1m. Ka1m.
    ifc. looking at, investigating, scrutinizing (cf. %{Atma-n-}) MBh.
  366. निराश (nirāśa) (nirāśa)
    mf(%{A})n. without any hope or wish or desire, indifferent Kap. Ka1v. Ra1jat. &c. (%{AzAm@nir-AzAM} %{kR}, to make hope hopeless i.e. giving up all hope MBh. xii, 6647
    cf. 6520)
    despairing or despondent of (with loc. dat. acc. and %{prati} abl., or comp.) MBh. R. &c.
    (%{A}) f. hopelessness, despair Subh. Hcar.
    %{-ka} mfn. despairing of (abl.) MBh. viii, 3761
    %{-kara} mfn. taking away all hope, making impossible (in comp.), Git xii, 20
    %{-guTikA} w.r. for %{-sa-g-} (see under 2. %{nir-Asa}, p. 553)
    %{-tA}, f. (Bha1m.), %{-tva} n. (Pan5c. B.) hopelessness, despair
    %{-zA7sanna} mfn. nearly driven to despair Hcar.
    %{-zin} mfn. hopeless, despairing MBh. (%{-zi-tva} n. hopelessness Ka1m.
    v.l. for %{-za-tva} Pan5c.)
    %{-zI-bhAva}, m.despair
    %{--zI-bhUta} mfn. become hopeless, despairing MW.
  367. निरीक्षा (nirīkṣā) (nirīkṣā)
    f. looking at, regarding
    (%{ayA}) ind. with regard to (comp.) R.
    hope, expectation W.
  368. निरीश्वर (nirīśvara) (nirīśvara)
    mfn. godless, atheistic
    %{-vAda} m. athatheistic doctrine MW.
    %{-vAdin} mfn. holding athatheistic ddoctrine ib.
    %{-sAMkhya-zAstra} n. the Sa1m2khya doctrine in a restricted sense (excluding the Yoga-Sa1m2khya) Sarvad.
  369. निरुक्त (nirukta) (nirukta)
    mfn. ( %{vac}) uttered, pronounced, expressed, explained, defined Br. Up. MBh. &c.
    declared for (nom.) MBh.
    explicitly mentioned or enjoined A1s3vGr2.
    containing the name of a god (as a verse) S3a1n3khBr.
    distinct, loud (opp. to %{upA7Mzu}) S3Br.
    interpreted i.e. become manifest, fulfilled, accomplished (as a word) MBh. ix, 1316
    n. explanation or etymological interpretation of a word ChUp. viii, 3, 3 MBh. i, 266 &c.
    N. of sev. wks., esp. of a Comm. on the Nighan2t2us by Ya1ska.
  370. निरुद्ध (niruddha) (niruddha)
    mfn. held back, withheld, held fast, stopped, shut, closed, confined, restrained, checked, kept off, removed, suppressed RV. (%{ni4-ruddha}, i, 32, 11
    %{ni-ruddha4}, x, 28, 10) &c. &c.
    rejected (= %{apa-ruddha}) Ta1n2d2Br. Ka1t2h.
    covered, veiled MBh. Hariv. &c.
    filled with, full of (instr. or comp.) R. Katha1s. BhP.
    m. N. of a prince (v.l. %{a-nir-} q.v.)
    %{-kaNTha} mfn. having the breath obstructed, suffocated MW.
    %{-guda} m. contraction or obstruction of the rectum Sus3r.
    %{-prakaza} m. stricture of the urethra ib.
    %{-vat} mfn. having (= he has) invested or besieged Ra1jat. BhP.
    %{-zama-vRtti} mfn. `" whose state of repose is interrupted "', wearied, tired W.
  371. निरूपक (nirūpaka) (nirūpaka)
    mfn. observing, observer S3am2k.
    = next mfn. TPra1t. Sch.
  372. निरूपित (nirūpita) (nirūpita)
    mfn. seen, observed, considered, weighed, discovered, ascertained, determined, defined Ka1v. Pur. &c.
    appointed, elected, chosen BhP. Pan5c.
    pointed against, shot off BhP.
    n. the state of having been discussed or ascertained Hcat.
  373. निरृत (nirṛta) (nirṛta)
    (%{ni4r-}) mfn. dissolved, decayed, debilitated RV. i, 119, 7
    m. N. of Rudra Va1yuP.
  374. निरृति (nirṛti) (nirṛti)
    (%{ni4r-}) f. dissolution, destruction, calamity, evil, adversity RV. &c. &c. (personified as the goddess of death and corruption and often associated with Mr2ityu, A-ra1ti &c.VS.
    variously regarded as the wife of A-dharma, mother of Bhaya, Maha1-bhaya and Mr2ityu [MBh.] or as a daughter of A-dharma and Hin6sa1 and mother of Naraka and Bhaya [Ma1rkP.]
    binds mortals with her cords AV. Br. &c.
    is regent of the south [AV.] and of the asterism Mu1la [Var.])
    the bottom or lower depths of the earth (as the seat of putrefaction) AV. VS. S3Br.
    m. death or the genius of death BhP.
    N. of a Rudra MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    of one of the 8 Vasus Hariv. (v.l. %{ni-kRti})
    %{-gRhIta} (%{ni4r-R-}) mfn. seized by Nir-r2iti S3Br.
    %{-pAza4} m. the fetters of NNir-r2iti TS.
  375. निरोध (nirodha) (nirodha)
    m. confinement, locking up, imprisonment (%{-tas} Mn. viii, 375)
    investment, siege Cat.
    enclosing, covering up Var. Ka1v. &c.
    restraint, check, control, suppression, destruction Mn. MBh. &c.
    (in dram.) disappointment, frustration of hope Das3ar.
    (with Buddh.) suppression or annihilation of pain (one of the 4 principles) Lalit. MWB. 43, 56, 137 &c.
    a partic. process to which minerals (esp. quicksilver) are subjected Cat.
    hurting, injuring (= %{ni-graha})
    aversion, disfavour, dislike W.
    N. of a man Lalit.
    %{-jJAna} n. (with Buddh.) one of the 10 kinds of knowledge Dharmas. 93
    %{-lakSaNa} (%{Na-vivaraNa}), %{-varNana} n. %{-vivRti} f. N. of wks.
  376. निरोधक (nirodhaka) (nirodhaka)
    mfn. obstructing, confining, hindering (ifc.) MBh. &c.
  377. निरोधन (nirodhana) (nirodhana)
    mfn. id. Sus3r.
    n. confining, imprisonment Mn. viii, 310
    keeping back, restraining, subduing, suppressing MBh. &c.
    denying, refusing AV.
    (in dram.) = %{-rodha} Das3ar.
  378. निर्गम (nirgama) (nirgama)
    m. going forth, setting out, departure Var. R. &c.
    escaping from (abl.) Veda7ntas.
    disappearing, vanishing, cessation, end MBh. Ka1v. Sus3r. &c.
    exit, issue, outlet R. Pan5c.
    a door
    export-place (of goods) Mn. viii, 401 (opp. %{A-gama}).
  379. निर्गमन (nirgamana) (nirgamana)
    n. going out, coming forth from (comp.) MBh. Var.
    issue, outlet, a door
  380. निर्गुण (nirguṇa) (nirguṇa)
    mf(%{A})n. having no cord or string, Kiv.
    having no good qualities or virtues, bad, worthless, vicious MBh. R. &c.
    devoid of all qualities or properties Up. MBh. &c.
    having no epithet, KatyS3r. Sch.
    (said of the Supreme Being) W.
    %{-ka} mfn. having no qualities Ra1matUp.
    %{-tattva} n. N. of wk.
    %{-tA} f. %{-tva} n. absence of qualities or properties
    want of good qqualities, wickedness, viciousness MBh. Ka1v. Pur.
    %{-NA7masa} mfn. of bad or vicious mind Ka1v.
    %{-NA7tmaka} mfn. having no qqualities MBh. &c. see p. 541, col. 1.
  381. निर्घृण (nirghṛṇa) (nirghṛṇa)
    mf(%{A})n. unmerciful, cruel MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    shameless, immodest W.
    (%{am}) ind. cruelly MBh.
    (%{A}) f. (in %{sa-nir-ghRNa}), %{-tA} f. (Bhartr2.), %{-tva} n. (MarkP.) pitilessness, cruelty. -1.
  382. निर्जन (nirjana) (nirjana)
    mf(%{A})n. unpeopled, lonely, desolate MBh. R.
    m. or n. solitude, desert R. Ra1jat.
    %{-tA} f. (Ra1jat.), %{-tva} n. (Sah.) depopulation, voidness
    %{-vana} n. a lonely or unfrequented forest MW.
  383. निर्जय (nirjaya) (nirjaya)
    m. conquest, complete victory, subduing, mastering MBh. Ka1v. Sus3r. &c.
  384. निर्जर (nirjara) (nirjara)
    mfn. (in some cases %{-ras} Pa1n2. 7-2, 101) not becoming old, young, fresh BhP.
    imperishable, immortal W.
    m. a god Rsjat.
    (%{A}) f. Cocculus Cordifolius or Anethum Graveolens
    n. ambrosia or nectar
    %{-paNya-yoSit} f. immortal courtezan "', an Apsaras Vcar.
    %{-sarSapa} m. a species of mustard(for 1. see p. 541) mfn. completely wearing down or destroying Col.
    m. (with Jainas) the gradual destruction of all actions (also %{A}, f. and %{-raNa} n.) HYog. Sarvad. [555,1]
    %{-prakaraNA7di}N. of wk.
  385. निर्जल (nirjala) (nirjala)
    mf(%{A})n. waterless, dry (m. or n. a dry country, desert, waste MBh. R.)
    not mixed with water (as buttermilk)
    %{-la-toyadA7bha} mfn. of the colour of a waterless cloud i.e. white, fair MW.
    %{-lanminAya} Nom. A1. %{-yate}, to be like a fish without water, Bhsm.
    %{-lA7kAdazI} f. the 11th day in the light half of the month Jyaisht2ha (on which even the drinking of water is forbidden) Col.
  386. निर्णीत (nirṇīta) (nirṇīta)
    mfn. traced out, ascertained, settled, decided MBh. &c.
  387. निर्दय (nirdaya) (nirdaya)
    mf(%{A})n. pitiless, unkind, cruel, hard, violent, excessive MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    unpitied by any Mn. ix, 239
    (%{am}) ind. unmercifully, passionately, violently, greatly Ka1v. (%{-ya-taram} Bhartr2. i, 64)
    %{-tva} n. unmercifulness, cruelty, Ksv.
    %{-ya-danta-daMza} m. unmerciful or passionate biting (with the teeth) Gi1t.
    %{-ya-rati-zramA7tasa} mf(%{A})n. tired by ppassionate amorous sports Ragh. xix, 32
    %{-yA7sleSa} m. a ppassionate embrace Megh. 105. -1.
  388. निर्दिष्ट (nirdiṣṭa) (nirdiṣṭa)
    mfn. pointed out, shown, indicated, declared, announced, foretold, enjoined TS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    ordered, meant or determined for, appointed to (dat.) Var.
    learned, wise (= %{paNDita}) Gal.
  389. निर्देव (nirdeva) (nirdeva)
    (%{nir-}) mfn. abandoned by the gods TS.
    without gods or idols Subh.
  390. निर्देश (nirdeśa) (nirdeśa)
    m. pointing out, indicating, directing, order, command, instruction (often ifc.) Mn. Ka1v. Pur.
    description, specification, special mention, details or particulars Gr2S3rS. R. Sus3r. &c.
    vicinity, proximity
    certainty, ascertainment W.
    a partic. number Buddh.
    %{-kArin} mfn. executing orders, obedient BhP.
    %{-pAlana} n. obeying a command R.
  391. निर्देश्य (nirdeśya) (nirdeśya)
    (Mn. MBh. &c.) mfn. to be pointed out or determined or described or proclaimed or foretold.
  392. निर्धर्म (nirdharma) (nirdharma)
    mfn. unrighteous, lawless, impious, Kathss.
    `" unproper. tied "' Kap. (%{-tva} n.)
    m. unrighteousness, in %{-ma-mUrkhatA} f. unrunrighteousness and foolishness Katha1s.
    %{-mA7rtha} mfn. unjust and useless MBh.
  393. निर्बन्ध (nirbandha) (nirbandha)
    m. objection Gaut.
    insisting upon (loc. or comp.), pertinacity, obstinacy, perseverance MBh. Ka1v. &c. (ibc., %{-dhAt}, %{-dhena}, %{-dhatas} ind. perseveringly, with or by perseverance
    %{-dhaM-kR}, to urge [gen.] Katha1s. i, 25
    to show obstinacy against [instr.] MBh. xiii, 5034)
    the attributing anything to, accusing of (comp.) Mn. xi, 56
    %{-para} mf(%{A})n. intent upon, desirous of (comp.) Kum. v, 66
    %{-pRSTa} mfn. urgently asked, importuned Ragh. xiv, 32.
  394. निर्बीज (nirbīja) (nirbīja)
    mfn. seedless, impotent (%{-tva} n. Tattvas.)
    (%{A}) f. a sort of grape without seeds or stones L.
  395. निर्भर (nirbhara) (nirbhara)
    mf(%{A})n. without weight or measure "', excessive, vehement, violent
    deep, sound (as sleep), ardent (as an embrace) Ka1v. &c.
    full of, abounding in Katha1s. Pur. &c. (also %{-rita} with instr. Cat.)
    (%{am}) ind. excessively, violently, very much, deeply. soundly. Katha1s. Hit.
    %{-ra-nidrA} f. sound sleep Hit.
    %{-raparirambha} m. a passionate embrace Gi1t.
    %{-rapraNayitA} f. deep affection Amar.
    %{-ra-rahaH-krIDa} f. excessive amorous sport Bhartr2.
    %{-ra-sambhoga} m. excessive enjoyment Ra1jat. =
  396. निर्भर्त्सन (nirbhartsana) (nirbhartsana)
    n. threatening, reproach, blame MBh. Ra1jat. (also %{A} f.)
    red paint, lac
    %{-daNDa-mohita} mfn. bewildered by the threat of punishment MBh.
  397. निर्मल (nirmala) (nirmala)
    mf(%{A})n. spotless, unsullied, clean, pure, shining, resplendent, bright Up. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    sinless, virtuous Mn. viii, 318
    m. N. of Skanda AV. Paris3.
    pl. N. of a sect W.
    n. talc
    = %{nir-mAlya} n.
    %{-la-gada} mfn. having a bright mace MBh.
    %{-la-tA}, f. (Hariv.), %{-la-tva} n. (Bhag. Var.) stainlessness, cleanness, purity
    %{-la-tIrtha} n. N. of a Ti1rtha W.
    %{-la-prakAza} m. N. of wk.
    %{-la-bhaTT} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-lA7Jjana} n. N. of ch. of the Prakaran2a-pan5cika1
    %{-lA7tma-vat} mfn. having a pure mind Hcat.
    %{-lI-karaNa} n. cleansing, purification Pat.
    %{-lI-kRta} mfn. freed from impurity, cleansed, cleared, Va1s
    %{-lo7pala} m. crystal L.
  398. निर्माण (nirmāṇa) (nirmāṇa)
    n. measuring, measure, reach, extent (often, mfn. ifc.) Hariv. R.
    forming, making, creating, creation, building, composition, work (ifc. `" made of "' Sus3r.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (with Buddh.) transformation
    pith, the best of anything (= %{sAra})
    = %{asamaJjasa}
    %{-kAya} m. the body of transformations Buddh. MWB. 247
    %{-kAraka} m. creator Vishn2.
    %{-rata} m. pl. `" finding pleasure in creating "'N. of a class of gods MBh.
    %{-rati-deva} m. pl. `" id. "' or `" enjoying pleasures provided by themselves "', a class of beings inhabiting the fifth heaven VP. Lalit. MWB. 208.
  399. निर्माल्य (nirmālya) (nirmālya)
    mfn. cast out or left from a garland, useless, unfit Gr2ihya1s. Vajracch. (%{-tA} f.)
    worn the day before Das3.
    = %{nir-mala}
    (%{A}) f. Trigonella Cornicui1ata
    n. the remains of an offering to a deity, flowers left at a sacrificial ceremony MBh.
    the remains i.e. a feeble reflex of (gen.), Balar. i, 40
    stainlessness, purity W.
    %{-dAman} n. a garland made of flowers left at a sacrifice R2itus. iv, 15.
  400. निर्मित (nirmita) (nirmita)
    (%{ni4r-}) mfn. constructed, built, fashioned, formed, created, made by (instr. or comp.) out of (abl. instr. or comp.) S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
    (law) fixed, settled Mn. ix, 46
    (ceremony) performed, celebrated R. (B) i, 14, 42
    (sacrificial animal) put apart, separated, isolated (= %{nir-UDha}) A1s3vS3r.
    m. pl. (with Buddhists) a class of deities Lalit. see 1. %{nir-mA}.
  401. निर्मुक्त (nirmukta) (nirmukta)
    mfn. loosed, separated, sundered, liberated or saved or escaped or free from, deprived of (instr. abl. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    given up, lost, disappeared, vanished (esp. ibc.
    cf. below)
    flung, hurled MBh. BhP.
    (a serpent) that has lately cast its skin MBh.
    free from every attachment (= %{niH-saGga})
    deprived of all, possessing nothing (= %{niS-parigraha}) ib.
    %{-kalmaSa} mfn. freed from sin MBh.
    %{-deha} mfn. one who is freed from his body (or bodily desires) ib.
    %{-saGga} mfn. one who has given up all (worldly) attachments BhP.
  402. निर्मुक्ति (nirmukti) (nirmukti)
    (%{ni4r-}) f. liberation, deliverance from (abl. or comp.), Av. Katha1s. or %{dAna} Sch. on BhP. x, 17, 18.
  403. निर्मोक्ष (nirmokṣa) (nirmokṣa)
    m. liberation, deliverance from (gen. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. [556,3]
  404. निर्मोचन (nirmocana) (nirmocana)
    n. deliverance MBh.
  405. निर्लज्ज (nirlajja) (nirlajja)
    mf(%{A})n. shameless, impudent (%{-tA} f.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  406. निर्वचन (nirvacana) (nirvacana)
    mfn. not speaking, silent S3ukas.
    unobjectionable, blameless MBh. (%{am}) ind. silently Kum. vii, 19. n. speaking out, pronouncing S3a1n3khS3r.
    a saying or proverb MBh.
    interpretation, explanation, etymology MBh.
  407. निर्वचन (nirvacana) (nirvacana)
    mfn. not speaking, silent S3ukas.
    unobjectionable, blameless MBh. (%{am}) ind. silently Kum. vii, 19. n. speaking out, pronouncing S3a1n3khS3r.
    a saying or proverb MBh.
    interpretation, explanation, etymology MBh.
  408. निर्वचनीय (nirvacanīya) (nirvacanīya)
    m. = next (cf. %{a-nirv-}). 2.
  409. निर्वर्तिन् (nirvartin) (nirvartin)
    mfn. accomplishing (ifc.) S3ak. v, 20/21 (v.l. %{niv-}).
  410. निर्वाच्य (nirvācya) (nirvācya)
    mfn. unobjectionable, blameless
    improper to be said W. (for 1. see p. 542, col. 1) mfn. to be explained, RPra1t Mallin.
  411. निर्वाच्य (nirvācya) (nirvācya)
    mfn. unobjectionable, blameless
    improper to be said W. (for 1. see p. 542, col. 1) mfn. to be explained, RPra1t Mallin.
  412. निर्वाण (nirvāṇa) (nirvāṇa)
    mfn. blown or put out, extinguished (as a lamp or fire), set (as the sun), calmed, quieted, tamed (cf. %{a-nirv-}), dead, deceased (lit. having the fire of life extinguished), lost, disappeared MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    immersed, plunged
    %{-bhUyiSTha} mfn. nearly extinguished), or vanished Kum. ii, 53
    n. blowing out, extinction, cessation, setting, vanishing, disappearance (%{-NaM-kR}, to make away with anything i.e. not to keep one's promise)
    extinction of the flame of life, dissolution, death or final emancipation from matter and re-union with the Supreme Spirit MBh. &c. &c.
    (with Buddhists and Jainas) absolute extinction or annihilation (= %{zUnya} L.) of individual existence or of all desires and passions MWB. 137139 &c.
    perfect calm or repose or happiness, highest bliss or beatitude MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    N. of an Upanishad
    instructing in sciences
    bathing of an elephant
    the post to which an elephant is tied Gal.
    offering oblations (for 1. %{nir-vApaNa} ?)
    %{-kara} m. `" causing extinction of all sense of individuality "', a partic. Sama1dhi Ka1ran2d2.
    %{-kANDa} m. or n. N. of wk.
    %{-tantra} see %{bRhan-nirvANat-} and %{mahA-n-}
    %{-da} mfn. bestowing final beatitude MBh.
    %{-dazaka} n. N. of wk.
    %{-dIkSita} m. N. of a grammarian Cat.
    %{-dhAtu} m. the region of Nirva1n2a Vajracch. Ka1ran2d2.
    %{-purANa} n. offering oblations to the dead Ra1jat.
    %{-prakaraNa} n. N. of wk.
    %{-priyA} f. N. of a Gandharvi1 Ka1ran2d2.
    %{-maNDapa} m. N. of a temple, Skandap.
    %{-mantra} n. N. of a mystical formula Cat.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. full of bliss VP.
    %{-mastaka} m. liberation, deliverance W.
    %{-yoga-paTala-stotra} and %{-yogo7ttara} n. N. of wks.
    %{-ruci} m. pl. `" delighting in final beatitude "'N. of a class of deities under the 11th Manu BhP. (cf. %{nirmANa-rati})
    %{-lakSaNa} mfn. having complete bliss as its characteristic mark MW.
    %{-SaTka} n. N. of a Stotra
    %{-saMcodana} m. a partic. Sama1dhi, Ka1ran2d.
    %{-sUtra} n. N. of partic. Buddh. Su1tras
    %{-No7paniSad} f. N. of an Upanishad.
  413. निर्विकल्प (nirvikalpa) (nirvikalpa)
    mfn. (or %{-pana} L.) not admitting an alternative, free from change or differences, Tejob. Up. Veda7ntas.
    admitting no doubt, not wavering Bhartr2. (%{am}) ind. without hesitation or reflection Pan5c.
    %{-vAda} and %{-vicAra} m. N. of wks.
  414. निर्विकल्पक (nirvikalpaka) (nirvikalpaka)
    mfn. = %{-vikalpa} BhP. Bha1sha1p. Veda7ntas.
    n. knowledg not depending upon or derived from the senses W.
  415. निर्विघ्न (nirvighna) (nirvighna)
    mf(%{A})n. uninterrupted, unhindered Hariv. Ka1v.
    (%{am} and %{ena}) ind. unobstructedly, freely Ra1jat. Sa1h.
  416. निर्विचार (nirvicāra) (nirvicāra)
    mf(%{A})n. not needing any consideration Yogas.
    not reflecting or considering Ra1jat.
    (%{am}) ind. without reflection, inconsiderately R.
  417. निर्विण्ण (nirviṇṇa) (nirviṇṇa)
    mfn. (wrongly %{-vinna}
    cf. Pa1n2. 8-4, 29 Va1rtt. 1 Pat.) despondent, depressed, sorrowful, afraid, loathing, disgusted with (abl. instr. gen. loc. or comp.) MBh. Katha1s.
    pur. &c.
    abused, degraded, humble W.
    known, certain ib.
    %{-cetas} mfn. depressed in mind, meek, resigned Bhag.
  418. निर्वितर्क (nirvitarka) (nirvitarka)
    mfn. unreflecting, inconsiderate Yogas.
  419. निर्विशेष (nirviśeṣa) (nirviśeṣa)
    mf(%{A})n. showing or making no difference, undiscriminating, without distinction MBh. R. &c.
    not different from, same, like (comp.) Ka1lid.
    (with %{vizeSa} m. not the least difference Bhartr2. iii, 54)
    unqualified, absolute Sarvad.
    (%{am} and %{eNa}) ind. equally, alike, the same as (comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    n. absence of difference, indiscriminateness, likeness MBh. vi, 5519
    %{-SaNa} mfn. having no attributes BhP.
    %{-Sa-tA} f. (Bha1m.), %{-Sa-tva} n. (MBh.) = %{-Sa} n.
    %{-Sa-vat} mfn. not different, indiscriminate, xii, 7516
    %{-SA7kRti} mfn. whose forms are precisely alike MW.
  420. निर्वीर्य (nirvīrya) (nirvīrya)
    (%{ni4r}.) mfn. powerless, unmanly, impotent
    m. a weakling TBr. S3Br. MBh. &c.
    %{-tA} f. unmanliess, powerlessness, impotence, exhaustion A1past. BhP.
  421. निर्वृत (nirvṛta) (nirvṛta)
    mfn. satisfied, happy, tranquil, at ease, at rest Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    extinguished, terminated, ceased, Ven2. vi, 1 Ma1rkP.
    emancipated W.
    n. a house W.
  422. निर्वृति (nirvṛti) (nirvṛti)
    f. complete satisfaction or happiness, bliss, pleasure, delight MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    emancipation, final beatitude (= %{nir-vANa}) Bha1m. (cf. MWB. 137)
    attainment of rest Sus3r.
    extinction (of a lamp) Ka1d.
    destruction, death
    w.r. for 1. %{nir-vRtti} Hit. iv, 6/7
    m. N. of a man Hariv.
    of a son of Vr2ishn2i Pur.
    %{-cakSus} m. N. of a R2ishi Ma1rkP.
    %{-mat} mfn. quite satisfied, happy Ma1lati1m.
    %{-zatru} w.r. for %{ni-vRtta-z-} Hariv.
    %{-sthAna} n. place of eternal bliss S3ak. vii, 11/12 (w.r. %{nir-vRtti}).
  423. निर्वृत्त (nirvṛtta) (nirvṛtta)
    mfn. sprung forth, originated, developed, grown out (fruit), accomplished, finished, done, ready Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-cUDaka} mfn. one on whom tonsure has been performed Mn. v, 67
    %{-mAtra} mfn. just finished (day) R.
    %{-zatru} w.r. for %{nivRtta-z-}. 2.
  424. निर्वृत्ति (nirvṛtti) (nirvṛtti)
    mfn. having no occupation, destitute W. f. originating, development, growth, completion, termination Mn. MBh. &c. (often w.r. for %{nivRtti}, or %{nirvRti}).
  425. निर्वेद (nirveda) (nirveda)
    mfn. not having the Vedas, infidel, unscriptural W.1. and 2 see p. 542, col. 2, and %{nir-vid}.
  426. निर्ह्राद (nirhrāda) (nirhrāda)
    m. sound, noise, humming, murmuring, roaring &c. (ifc. f. %{A}) MBh. Ka1v. Pur.
  427. निलय (nilaya) (nilaya)
    &c. see %{ni-lI}. m. rest, resting-place (cf. %{a-nil-})
    hiding- or dwelling-place, den, lair, nest
    house, residence, abode (often ifc. [f. %{A}] = living in, inhabiting, inhabited by) MBh. Var. Ka1v. &c.
    %{-sundara} m. N. of a man Cat. 2.
  428. निवसित (nivasita) (nivasita)
    mfn. clothed in (instr.) R. mfn. dwelled, lived (n. impers.) L.
  429. निवसित (nivasita) (nivasita)
    mfn. clothed in (instr.) R. mfn. dwelled, lived (n. impers.) L.
  430. निवात (nivāta) (nivāta)
    1 mf(%{A})n. (2. %{vA}) sheltered from the wind, calm MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    n. a place sheltered from the wwind, absence of wwind, calm, stillness S3Br. S3rGr2S. MBh. &c. (often ifc. after the word expressing the sheltering object Pa1n2. 6-2, 8). 2 mfn. ( %{van}
    cf. 3. %{a4vAta}) unhurt, uninjured, safe, secure (n. security) VS. AV. S3Br. &c.
    dense, compact
    m. asylum, refuge
    an impenetrable coat of mail ib.
    %{-kavaca} m. one whose armour is impimpenetrableN. of the grandson of Hiran2ya-kas3ipu
    pl. of a class of Da1navas or Daityas MBh. R. Pur.
  431. निवाप (nivāpa) (nivāpa)
    m. seed (pl. grains of corn) or a sown field MBh.
    an oblation or offering (esp. to deceased relatives or at the S3ra1ddha) ib. Ka1v. &c.
    throwing down, killing, slaughter Gal.
    %{-datti} f. sacrificial gift Ragh.
    %{-mAlya} n. funeral wreath (%{-lya-tA} f.) ib.
    %{-pA7Jjali} m. two handfuls of water as a libation to deceased ancestors ib. Mudr.
    (%{-li-dAna} n. Ra1jat.)
    %{-pA7nna} n. sacrificial food MBh.
    %{-po7daka} n. a libation of water offered to deceased progenitors Mr2icch. x, 17 (read %{-ka-bhojana}). &c. see %{ni-vap}.
  432. निवार (nivāra) (nivāra)
    &c. see %{ni-vR}. m. keeping off, hindering, impediment (cf. %{dur-niv-})
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river MBh. VP. (v.l. %{nIv-}).
  433. निवास (nivāsa) (nivāsa)
    m. clothing, dress (ifc. = prec.) Hariv. m. living, dwelling, residing, passing the night
    dwelling-place, abode, house, habitation, night-quarters MBh. R. &c.
    %{-bhavana} n. sleeping-room Katha1s.
    %{-bhUmi} f. place of residence S3a1rn3gP.
    %{-bhUya} n. habitation or inhabiting W.
    %{-racanA} f. an edifice Mr2icch. iii, 23
    %{-rAjan} m. the king of the country in which one dwells Ya1jn5. iii, 25
    %{-vRkSa} m. `" dwelling tree "', a tree on which a bird has its nest Vikr. v, 4/5.
  434. निवास (nivāsa) (nivāsa)
    m. clothing, dress (ifc. = prec.) Hariv. m. living, dwelling, residing, passing the night
    dwelling-place, abode, house, habitation, night-quarters MBh. R. &c.
    %{-bhavana} n. sleeping-room Katha1s.
    %{-bhUmi} f. place of residence S3a1rn3gP.
    %{-bhUya} n. habitation or inhabiting W.
    %{-racanA} f. an edifice Mr2icch. iii, 23
    %{-rAjan} m. the king of the country in which one dwells Ya1jn5. iii, 25
    %{-vRkSa} m. `" dwelling tree "', a tree on which a bird has its nest Vikr. v, 4/5.
  435. निवासिन् (nivāsin) (nivāsin)
    mfn. dressed in, wearing (ifc.) MBh. Ka1v. mfn. dwelling or living or being or sticking in (comp.)
    m. an inhabitant Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  436. निवाह (nivāha) (nivāha)
    m. leading down (opp. %{abhy-ava-roha}) S3Br.
  437. निवीत (nivīta) (nivīta)
    %{-tin} see %{ni-vye}. mfn. hung or adorned with (instr.) ib.
    having the Bra1hmanical thread round the neck Shad2vBr. La1t2y.
    n. wearing the BrBra1hmanical ththread like a necklace round the neck
    the ththread so worn TS. Ka1tyS3r.
    mf(%{A}, or %{I} ?) n. a veil, mantle, wrapper (cf. %{ni-vRta}).
  438. निवृत्त (nivṛtta) (nivṛtta)
    mfn. (often w.r. for %{nir-vRtta}, %{vi-vRtta}, %{ni-vRta}) turned back, returned to (acc.) MBh.
    rebounded from (abl.) R.
    retreated, fled (in battle) MBh.
    set (as the sun) R.
    averted from, indifferent to, having renounced or given up (abl. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    abstracted from this world, quiet BhP. Hcat.
    rid or deprived of (abl.) MBh. R.
    passed away, gone, ceased, disappeared, vanished ib.
    (with %{karman} n. an action) causing a cessation (of mundane existence) Mn. xii, 88 (opp. to %{pravRtta})
    ceased to be valid or binding (as a rule) Pat. Ka1s3.
    omitted, left out (cf. comp. below)
    finished, completed W.
    desisting from or repenting of any improper conduct ib.
    n. return (see %{durniv-})
    %{-kAraNa} mfn. without further cause or motive
    m. a virtuous man, one uninfluenced by worldly desires W. [560,2]
    %{-kRSi-gorakSa} mfn. ceasing from agriculture and the tending of cattle MBh.
    %{-dakSiNA4} f. a gift renounced or despised by another S3Br.
    %{-deva-kArya} mfn. ceasing from sacrificial rites MW.
    %{-mAMsa} mfn. one who abstains from eating meat Uttarar.
    %{-yajJa-svA7dhyAya} mfn. ceasing from sacrifices and the repetition of prayers MBh.
    %{-yauvana} mfn. whose youth has returned, restored to yyouth Ragh.
    %{-rAga} mfn. of subdued appetites or passions W.
    %{-laulya} mfn. whose desire is averted from, not desirous of (comp.) Ragh.
    %{-vRtti} mfn. ceasing from any practice or occupation W.
    %{-zatru} m. `" having one's foes kept off "'N. of a king Hariv.
    %{-saMtApa} mfn. one whose heat or pain has ceased Sus3r.
    %{-hRdaya} mfn. with relenting heart MBh.
    one whose heart is averted from or indifferent to (%{prati}) Ma1lav. ii, 14
    %{-ttA7tman} m. `" one whose spirit is abstracted "', a sage W.
    N. of Vishn2u ib.
    %{-tte7ndriya} mfn. one whose senses or desires are averted from (comp.) Ragh.
  439. निवृत्ति (nivṛtti) (nivṛtti)
    f. (often w.r. for %{nir-v-}) returning, return, MlBh. Ragh.
    ceasing, cessation, disappearance S3rS. Up. MBh. &c.
    leaving off, abstaining or desisting from (abl.) Mn. MBh. Bhartr2. &c.
    escaping from (abl.) Pan5c. ii, 87 (w.r. %{-ttaH})
    ceasing from worldly acts, inactivity, rest, repose (opp. to %{pra-vRtti}) Bhag. Prab.
    (in dram.) citation of an example Sa1h.
    suspension, ceasing to be valid (as of a rule) Pa1n2. Sch.
    destruction, perdition Ra1matUp.
    denial, refusal W.
    abolition, prevention ib.
  440. निवेद्य (nivedya) (nivedya)
    mfn. to be communicated or related or presented or delivered MBh. Ra1jat. Hcat.
    n. an offering of food for an idol (for %{naivedya}) Ra1jat.
  441. निवेश (niveśa) (niveśa)
    m. (the initial %{n} not subject to cerebralisation g. %{kSubhnA7di}) entering, settling in a place, encamping, halting MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    a dwelling-place, habitation of any kind (as a house, camp, palace &c.) RV. ix, 69, 7 MBh. Ka1v. &c. (%{-zam-kR}, to take up one's residence, settle, encamp)
    founding a household, matrimony A1past. Gaut. MBh.
    founding a town R.
    (with %{sthAne}) putting in order, arrangement Vcar.
    pressing against Ma1lati1m. vii, 1/2
    impression, mark (of fingers) S3ak. (Pi.) vi, 14
    depositing, delivering
    military array
    ornament, decoration
    %{-deza} m. a dwelling-place
    %{-vat} mfn. lying in or on, resting on (ifc.) Kum.
  442. निवेशन (niveśana) (niveśana)
    mf(%{I})n. entering (ifc.) Hariv.
    (fr. Caus.) bringing to rest, providing with a resting-place RV. TS. AV.
    m. N. of a Vr2ishn2i Hariv.
    n. (ifc. f. %{A}) entering, entrance into (comp.) RV. Kaus3.
    going or bringing to rest ib. MBh. Hariv. (%{-naM-kR}, to settle, encamp
    [%{sainya-}] encampment of an army)
    putting down (the feet) S3atr.
    introducing, employing Sa1h.
    fixing, impressing Sarvad.
    cultivating, populating (of a land, a desert &c.) R. Ka1m.
    founding a household, marrying, marriage BhP.
    hiding or dwelling-place of any kind, nest, lair, camp, house, home RV. &c. &c.
    town R.
  443. निवेशित (niveśita) (niveśita)
    mfn. made to enter, placed in or upon, turned to, fixed or intent upon, engaged in &c. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
  444. निशा (niśā) (niśā)
    f. night Gr2S3rS. Mn. MBh. &c.
    a vision, dream MBh.
    turmeric, Curcuma (of 2 species, prob. CCurcuma Zedoaria and C Longa) Sus3r.
    = %{-bala} Jyot.
  445. निशान (niśāna) (niśāna)
    n. sharpening, whetting, Dha1t. Vop.
    observing, perceiving Sus3r.(w.r. %{nizANa})
    %{-paTTa} m. a whet-stone Dharmas3.
  446. निशित (niśita) (niśita)
    (%{ni4-}) mfn. sharpened, sharp (lit. and fig.) Kat2hUp. MBh. &c.
    stimulated, excited, eager for (loc.)
    prepared, presented RV.
    n. iron, steel
    %{-nipAta} mfn. sharp-falling (arrow) S3ak.
    %{-tA7Gkuza} m. or n. a sharp or pointed hook Bhartr2.
  447. निशुम्भ (niśumbha) (niśumbha)
    m. killing, slaughter Ma1lati1m.
    N. of a Da1nava (brother of S3umbha) Hariv. Pur. (also %{-ka} R.)
    %{-mathanI} and %{-mardinI} f. `" destroyer of Ni-s3umbha "'N. of Durga1 L.
  448. निश्चय (niścaya) (niścaya)
    &c. see %{niz-ci}. m. inquiry, ascertainment, fixed opinion, conviction, certainty, positiveness (%{iti@nizcayaH}, `" this is a fixed opinion "'
    %{-yaM-jJA}, `" to ascertain the certainty about anything "'
    %{-yena}, or %{-yAt} ind certainly) Mn. MBh. R. &c.
    resolution, resolve fixed intention, design, purpose, aim (%{-yaM-kR}, to resolve upon, determine to [dat. loc. or inf]) MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (in rhet.) N. of a partic. figure Sa1h.
    %{-kRt} mfn. giving a certain meaning Sarasv.
    %{-datta} m. N. of a merchant Katha1s.
    %{-rUpa} mfn. `" having the form of certainty "', being certain MW.
  449. निश्चल (niścala) (niścala)
    mf(%{A})n. motionless, immovable, fixed, steady, invariable, unchangeable MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    (%{A}) f. the earth
    Desmodiuni Gangeticum
    %{-la-kara} and, %{-la-dAsa-svAmin} m. N. of authors
    %{-lA7Gga} m. `" firm-limbed, firm, Ardea Nivea
    a rock, mountain L.
  450. निश्चित (niścita) (niścita)
    mfn. one who has come to a conclusion or formed a certain opinion, determined to, resolute upon (dat. loc., %{artham} ifc. or comp.) MBh. Ka1v. Sus3r. &c.
    ascertained, determined, settled, decided Up. MBh. (superl. %{-tama}) R. &c.
    (%{am}) ind. decidedly, positively Ka1v. Katha1s. Pan5c.
    n. certainty, decision, resolution, design R.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river MBh. VP.
    %{-tA7rtha} mfn. one who has formed a certain opinion about (loc.), judging rightly (compar. %{-tara}) R. (B.)
  451. निश्छिद्र (niśchidra) (niśchidra)
    mfn. having no rents or holes, without weak points or defects, unhurt, uninterrupted Var. Ka1v. Pur.
  452. निषण्ण (niṣaṇṇa) (niṣaṇṇa)
    mfn. sitting. seated, sitting or lying or resting or leaning upon (loc. or comp.) S3Br. Hariv. R. &c.
    performed by sitting (as a Sattra) TS.
    sat upon (as a seat) R.
    sunk down, afflicted, distressed MW.
  453. निषध (niṣadha) (niṣadha)
    m. N. of a mountain or chain of mountains (described as lying immediately south of Ila7vr2ita and north of the Hima7laya) MBh. Pur.
    m. (pl.) N. of a people and their country governed by Nala ib.
    the sovereign of the Nishadhas (N. of a son of Janam-ejaya
    of Kus3a the father of Nala
    of a grandson of Kus3a &c.) ib.
    a partic. position of the closed hand Cat.
    a bull
    (in music) a partic. note (cf. %{ni-SAda})
    (%{A}) f. N. of Nala's capital
    of a river VP.
    mfn. hard W.
  454. निषाद (niṣāda) (niṣāda)
    m. N. of a wild non-A1ryan tribe in India (described as hunters, fishermen, robbers &c.) VS. Br. MBh. &c.
    = %{bhilla}, `" the Bheels "' Katha1s. Mahi1dh.
    a man of any degraded tribe, an out-caste (esp. the son of a Bra1hman by a S3u1dra woman) Mn. x, 8
    the progenitor of the NNi-shad (said to have sprung from the thigh of Vena) MBh. Hariv.
    (in music) N. of the first (more properly the last or 7th) note of the gamut MBh. xiv, 1419
    N. of a Kalpa Va1yuP.
    (%{I}) f. N. of a female of the NNi-shad tribe (%{-tva} n.) MBh. Katha1s.
    %{-karSu} (or %{U} ?)N. of a region Pa1n2. 4-2, 119 Sch.
    %{-grAma} m. a village of the NNi-shad La1t2y. Ka1tyS3r.
    %{-tva} n. state or condition of a NNi-shad R.
    %{-rASTra} n. the country of the NNi-shad (to the south-east of Madhya-des3a) Var.
    %{-vat} m. = %{niSAda} (in music) MBh. xii, 6859
    %{-saGgha} m. multitude or tribe of the NNi-shad Var.
    %{-sthapati} m. chief of the NNi-shad
    %{-strI} f. a NNi-shad woman Mn. x, 39.
  455. निषिद्ध (niṣiddha) (niṣiddha)
    mfn. warded off, kept back, restrained, checked, prevented from, forbidden to (inf.) S3Br. Mn. MBh. &c.
    %{-vat} mfn. having warded off Katha1s.
  456. निषूद (niṣūda) (niṣūda)
    m. killing, slaughter Gal.
  457. निषूदक (niṣūdaka) (niṣūdaka)
    m. (ifc.) killer, slayer, destroyer Ya1jn5. MBh.
  458. निषेध (niṣedha) (niṣedha)
    m. warding or keeping off, hindering, prevention, prohibition Ya1jn5. Var. Sus3r.
    contradiction, negation, denial S3ak. vii, 20/21 (v.l. for %{vi-vAda}) Va1m. v, 1, 8
    discontinuance, exception W.
    (with %{aGgirasAm} &c.) N. of Sa1mans A1rshBr.
    %{-vAda} m. N. of wk.
  459. निषेधन (niṣedhana) (niṣedhana)
    n. the act of warding off or defending, prevention Sus3r.
  460. निषेध्य (niṣedhya) (niṣedhya)
    mfn. to be kept back or prohibited or hindered Ya1jn5.
  461. निष्कम्प (niṣkampa) (niṣkampa)
    mfn. not shaking or tremulous, motionless, immovable Ka1v. Katha1s.
    %{-tA} f. Ragh.
  462. निष्कर्मन् (niṣkarman) (niṣkarman)
    mfn. inactive Kull.
    exempt from or neglecting religious or worldly acts W.
  463. निष्काम (niṣkāma) (niṣkāma)
    (%{ni4S-}) mfn. desireless, disinterested, unselfish S3Br. Mn. &c.
    %{-cArin} mfn. acting without interest or selfishness Ma1rkP.
  464. निष्ट्य (niṣṭya) (niṣṭya)
    mfn. (fr. %{nis+tya}
    cf. Pa1n2. 4-2, 104
    viii, 3, 101) external, foreign, strangeVS. S3Br.
    m. a Can2d2a1la or Mleccha
    (%{A}) f. N. of a lunar mansion (= %{svAti}) TBr. A1pGr2.
  465. निष्ठ (niṣṭha) (niṣṭha)
    mfn. (in some senses = or w.r. for %{niH} + %{stha}) being in or on, situated on, grounded or resting on, depending on, relating or referring to (usually ifc.) Mn. MBh. &c.
    intent on, devoted to ib. (cf. %{dharma-}, %{satya-})
    conducive to, effecting (dat.) Ba1lar. v, 51
    %{-loka} m. pl. dependent people i.e. servants Ra1jat. vii, 114. 1.
  466. निष्ठीवन (niṣṭhīvana) (niṣṭhīvana)
    n. spitting, saliva MBh. Sus3r.
    %{-zarAva} m. spitting-box, spittoon Bhartr2.
  467. निष्णात (niṣṇāta) (niṣṇāta)
    mfn. deeply versed in, skilful, clever, learned (with loc. or ifc.) MBh. Ka1v. Pur.
    agreed upon Ya1jn5. Ma1lati1m.
    %{-tva} n. skill in, familiarity with (%{prati}) Kull. x, 85.
  468. निष्प्रपञ्च (niṣprapañca) (niṣprapañca)
    mfn. subject to no expansion or manifoldness BhP.
    pure, honest
    %{-sad-Atman} mfn. being of real essence without expansion (%{-tma-tva} n.) S3am2k.
    %{-cA7tman} m. N. of S3iva S3ivag.
  469. निष्फल (niṣphala) (niṣphala)
    mf(%{A})n. bearing no fruit, fruitless, barren, resultless, successless, useless, vain Mn. MBh. Var. Ka1v. &c.
    seedless, impotent W.
    (%{A}) f. a woman past childbearing or menstruation (also %{I}, v.l. %{niS-kalA})
    a species of Momordica
    %{-tva} n. unfruitfulness, uselessness Mr2icch. iv, 9
    %{-laya} Nom. P. %{-yati}, to render fruitless Kull.
    %{-lI} %{kR}, to make fruitless, neglect Mr2icch.
    v.l. for %{niS-kulI-} %{kR} VarBr2S. Iv, 29.
  470. निहत (nihata) (nihata)
    (%{ni4-}) mfn. hurled, thrown RV.
    hit, touched (lit. and fig.) MBh. Ka1v.
    struck down, smitten, slain, killed, destroyed, lost, gone ib. &c.
    having the unaccented tone or Anuda1tta (%{-tva} n.) TPra1t.
    %{-bhUyiSTha} mfn. having the greater number killed R.
    %{-sena} mfn. having (their) armies smitten or destroyed MW.
    %{-tA7rtha} mfn. (word) whose meaning is out of use or obsolete (%{-tA} f. %{-tva} n.) Sa1h.
    %{-tA7STra} mfn. having the camels killed, whose camels have been slain MW.
  471. निहाका (nihākā) (nihākā)
    f. `" coming down "', a storm, whirlwind RV.
    an iguana, the Gangetic alligator(according to, Un2 iii, 42 fr. next).
  472. निहित (nihita) (nihita)
    see s.v. p. 564.
  473. नीच (nīca) (nīca)
    mf(%{A})n. (%{ni} +2. %{aJc}) low, not high, short, dwarfish Mn. MBh. &c.
    deep, depressed (navel) Pan5c.
    short (hair, nails) Sus3r.
    deep, lowered (voice) Pra1t.
    low, vile, inferior (socially or morally), base, mean (as a man or action or thought) Var. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. a kind of perfume (= %{coraka})
    n. (in astrol.) the lowest point of a planet (= $), the 7th house from the culminating point Var. (cf. 2. %{ny-aJc}).
  474. नीड (nīḍa) (nīḍa)
    (%{nILa4}) m. n. (%{ni} + %{sad}) any place for settling down, resting-place, abode, (esp.) a bird's nest RV. &c. &c.
    the interior or seat of a carriage S3Br. MBh. &c.
    place, spot (= %{sthAna})[Cf. Lat. {ni1dus}
    Germ. {Nest}
    Eng. {nest}.]
  475. नीत (nīta) (nīta)
    1 mfn. (for 2. see 4. %{nI7}) led, guided, brought &c. RV. &c. &c.
    gained, obtained W.
    well-behaved, correct, modest ib.
    n. wealth, corn, grain
    = %{nava-nIta} A1pS3r.
  476. नीति (nīti) (nīti)
    f. leading or bringing, guidance, management
    conduct, (esp.) right or wise or moral cconduct or behaviour, prudence, policy (also personified), political wisdom or science, moral philosophy or precept (also pl.) Mn. MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    relation to, dependence on (%{itare7tarayoH}) MBh.
    presenting, offering(?) Pa1n2. 5-3, 77
    acquirement, acquisition W.
  477. नीतिज्ञ (nītijña) (nītijña)
    mfn. = %{-kuzala}
    m. a statesman, politician Mn. Var. Ra1jat.
  478. नीर (nīra) (nīra)
    n. ( %{nI}?) water MBh. Ka1v. &c. (cf. Naigh. i, 12)
    juice, liquorL. %{gRha}(= or w.r. for %{nIDa}, %{nILa}?)
    N. of a teacher Cat. [Cf. Zd. {nira}.]
  479. नीरस (nīrasa) (nīrasa)
    mf(%{A})n. without juice, sapless, dried up, withered (%{-tva} n.) Hariv. Ka1v. &c.
    flavourless, tasteless Bhartr2. iii, 16
    insipid, without charm, dull (%{-tA} f.) Ka1v. Pan5c. Sa1h. &c.
    m. the pomegranate W.
  480. नीराग (nīrāga) (nīrāga)
    mfn. colourless Katha1s.
    free from passion Bhartr2.
  481. नीराजन (nīrājana) (nīrājana)
    n. lustration of arms (a ceremony performed by kings in the month A1s3vina or in Ka1rttika before taking the field) Var. Hariv. Ka1v. &c.
    waving lights before an idol as an act of adoration W.
    %{-giri} m. N. of an author Cat.
    %{-dvAdazI-vrata} n. N. of a partic. observance Cat.
    %{padyA7li-lakSaNa-vibhakti} f. %{-prakAza} m. N. of wks.
    %{-vidhi} m. the Nira1jana ceremony Ragh.
    N. of 43rd ch. of VarBr2S.
    %{-stotra} n. N. of a Stotra.
  482. नीरुज् (nīruj) (nīruj)
    mfn. free from sickness, well, in health Hit. Sus3r.
  483. नील (nīla) (nīla)
    mf(%{A} or %{I}
    cf. Pa1n2. 4-1, 42 Va1rtt. Va1m. v, 2, 48)n. of a dark colour, (esp.) ddark-blue or ddark-green or black RV. &c. &c.
    dyed with indigo Pa1n2. 4-2, 2 Va1rtt. 2 Pat.
    m. the sapphire(with %{maNi} R. iii, 58, 26)
    the Indian fig-tree (= %{vaTa})
    = %{nIla-vRkSa}
    a species of bird the blue or hill Maina
    an ox or bull of a dark colour
    one of the 9 Nidhis or divine treasures of Kubera
    N. of a man g. %{tikA7di}
    of the prince of Ma1hishmati1 MBh.
    of a son of Yadu Hariv.
    of a son of Aja-mi1d2ha BhP.
    of a son of Bhuvana-ra1ja Ra1jat.
    of an historian of Kas3mi1ra ib.
    of sev. authors (also %{-bhaTTa}) Cat.
    N. of Man5jus3ri1
    of a Na1ga MBh. Ra1jat.
    of one of the monkey-chiefs attending on Ra1ma (said to be a son of Agni) MBh. R. &c.
    the mountain Ni1la or the blue mmountain (immediately north of Ila7vr2ita or the central division
    cf. %{nIlA7dri}) MBh. Hariv. Pur.
    (%{A}) f. the indigo plant (Indigofera Tinctoria)(cf. %{nIlI})
    a species of Boerhavia with blue blossoms
    black cumin
    a species of blue fly
    (du.) the two arteries in front of the neck
    a black and blue mark on the skin
    N. of a goddess W.
    (in music) of a Ra1gin2i (personified as wife of Malla1ra)
    of a river MBh. (v.l. %{nAlA})
    (%{I}) f. the indigo plant or dye Mn. Var. Sus3r. &c. Blyxa Octandra.
    a species of blue fly
    a kind of disease
    N. of the wife of Aja-mi1d2ha MBh. Hariv. (v.l. %{nalinI} and %{nIlinI})
    n. dark (the colour), darkness TS. KaushUp.
    any dark substance S3Br. ChUp.
    = %{tAlI-pattra} and %{tAlI7za}
    indigo Ya1jn5. iii. 38
    black salt
    blue vitriol
    a partic. position in dancing
    a kind of metre Col.
  484. नीलकण्ठ (nīlakaṇṭha) (nīlakaṇṭha)
    mfn. blue-necked MBh.
    m. a peacock MBh. Ka1v. Sus3r. a species of gallinule or water-hen (= %{dAtyUha})
    a wagtail[566,2]
    a sparrow
    the blue-necked jay
    Ardea Sibirica
    a species of plant (= %{pIta-sAra})
    N. of S3iva (as having a black throat from swallowing the poison produced at the churning of the ocean) R. Hit. &c.
    N. of the celebrated Sch. on MBh. and of other authors (also %{-dIkSita}, %{-nAga-nAtha}, %{-bhaTTa}, %{-bhAratI}, %{-mizra}, %{-zarman}, %{-zAstrin}, %{-zivA7cArya}, %{-sUnu}, %{-sUri}, %{-ThA7cArya}) Cat.
    (%{I}) f. a peahen R. v, 11, 23
    N. of sev. Comms. composed by a Ni1la-kan2t2ha Cat.
    n. a radish
    N. of a Ti1rtha Cat.
    %{-koza} m. %{-campU} (or %{-vijaya-campU}) f. %{-jAtaka} n. %{-tantra} n. %{-dIkSitIya} n. %{-prakAza} m. %{-prakAzikA} f. %{-bhASya} n. %{-mAlA} f. %{-stava} m. %{-stotra} n. %{-sthAna-mAhAtmya} n. N. of wks.
    %{-ThA7kSa} n. the berry or seed of Elaeocarpus Ganitrus
    %{-ThIya} n. %{-Tho7dAharaNa} n. N. of wks.
  485. नीवार (nīvāra) (nīvāra)
    m. (ifc. f. %{A}) wild rice (sg. the plant
    pl. the grains) VS. S3Br. MBh. &c.
    (%{A}) f. N. of a river MBh. VP. (v.l. %{ni-v-}).
  486. नीहार (nīhāra) (nīhāra)
    m. (once n.) mist, fog, hoar-frost, heavy dew RV. &c. &c. (cf. %{ni-hAra} under %{ni-hR})
    evacuation (cf. %{nir-h-})
    %{-kara} m. `" dew-maker or `" cold-rayed "', the moon Das3.
    %{-cakSus} mfn. one whose eyes are veiled by mist BhP.
    %{-maya} mf(%{I})n. consisting of mmist Ka1d.
    %{-rAya} Nom. A1. %{-yate}, to become or make mmist Pa1n2. 3-1, 17 Va1rtt. 2 Pat. %{-rI-kR}, to convert into mmist Mcar.
  487. नुति (nuti) (nuti)
    f. praise, laudation
    worship, reverence Bhartr2. Ba1lar. Naish.
  488. नुत्त (nutta) (nutta)
    mfn. pushed or driven away AV.
    despatched, sent, ordered W.
    m. N. of a plant ib.
  489. नुन्न (nunna) (nunna)
    mfn. = %{nutta} MBh. R.
  490. नूतन (nūtana) (nūtana)
    mf(%{A})n. (fr. 1. %{nu4}, or %{nU4}), belonging to `" now "' or the present day, new, novel, recent, modern, young, fresh (opp. to %{pUrva}, %{purANa} &c.) RV. &c. &c.
    (with %{vayas} n. youth, juvenility Hcar.)
    new i.e. curious, strange Ba1lar. vii, 69 Hit. ii, 168/169.
  491. नूपुर (nūpura) (nūpura)
    m. n. (ifc. f. %{A}) an ornament for the toes or ankles or feet, an anklet MBh. Ka1v. &c.
    m. N. of a descendant of Ikshva1ku L.
  492. नृतु (nṛtu) (nṛtu)
    mfn. dancing, gesticulating, lively, active (said of Indra, the As3vins, and the Maruts) RV.
    (%{U4}) m. (nom. %{U4s}) a dancer, an actor RV. &c. &c.
    a worm
    the earth
    mfn. long
  493. नृत्त (nṛtta) (nṛtta)
    n. dancing, acting, gesticulation AV. S3Br. &c. &c.
  494. नृत्य (nṛtya) (nṛtya)
    n. dancing, acting, gesticulation, pantomime MBh. Var. Ka1v. &c.
  495. नृत्यशास्त्र (nṛtyaśāstra) (nṛtyaśāstra)
    n. the science or art of ddancing Hcat.
  496. नृप (nṛpa) (nṛpa)
    see p. 568. col. 2.
  497. नृपति (nṛpati) (nṛpati)
    m. `" lord of men "', king, prince, sovereign RV. (where also with %{nRNAm}) &c. &c.
    N. of Kubera
    %{-kanyakA} f. a princess Katha1s.
    %{-dvAra} n. `" king's door "', the entrance of a palace VarYogay.
    %{-nIti-garbhita-vRtta} n. N. of a modern wk.
    %{-patha} m. `" king's road "', chief street Das3.
  498. नृशंस (nṛśaṃsa) (nṛśaṃsa)
    (%{nR4-}) m. N. of a god RV. ix, 81, 5 (cf. %{narA-s-} under %{nara})
    mf(%{A})n. injuring men, mischievous, noxious, cruel, base RV. &c. &c.
    %{-kArin} or %{-kRt} mfn. acting cruelly, mischievous MBh.
    %{-tA} f. mischievousness, baseness Katha1s. Ra1jat.
    %{-vat} mfn. malicious, vile MBh.
    %{-varNa} or %{-vAdin} mfn. using low speech ib.
    %{-vRtta} mfn. practising mischief. W.
    %{-sita} n. = %{-satA} BhP.
    %{-sya} mf(%{A})n. malicious, mischievous, vile MBh.
    n. = %{-sita} ib.
  499. नेजक (nejaka) (nejaka)
    m. ( %{nij}) a washerman Mn. Ya1jn5.
  500. नेजमेष (nejameṣa) (nejameṣa)
    m. N. of a demon inimical to children Gr2S. (cf. %{naigameSa}).