胡: difference between revisions

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====Readings====
 
====Readings====
{{ja-readings|goon=ぐ,ご|kanon=こ|toon=う|kun=えびす-,なん-}}
+
{{ja-readings|goon=ぐ,ご|kanon=こ|toon=う|kun=えびす-,なん-}}
   
 
====Compounds====
 
====Compounds====

Revision as of 19:46, 12 September 2017

U+80E1, 胡
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-80E1

[U+80E0]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+80E2]
See also: , , and

Translingual

Stroke order
0 strokes

Han character

(radical 130, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十口月 (JRB), four-corner 47620, composition)

References

  • KangXi: page 979, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29400
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1431, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2056, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+80E1

Chinese

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
胡-seal.svg 胡-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kaːls
*kaːls
*kɯ, *kas
*kaː, *kʰaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːs, *ɡaːʔ
*kaː
*kaː
*kaː, *kaːʔ, *kaːs
*kaː, *kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːʔ
*kaːs
*kaːs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kaːɡs
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaː
*kʰaːʔ, *kʰaːs
*qʰaː, *ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaː
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ
*ɡaːʔ, *ɡaːɡs
*ɡaːʔ
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *kas, *kʰa
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka
*ka, *ɡa
*kas
*kas
*kas
*ɡaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡaː): phonetic  (OC *kaːʔ) + semantic .

Etymology 1

simp. and trad.
EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation


Note:
  • hô͘ - literary;
  • ô͘ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (23)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦuo/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦuo/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣo/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦɔ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣo/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣu/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣuo/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hu ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ɡ]ˁa/
    English foreigners in the north

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 4255
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡaː/

    Definitions

    1. wattle; dewlap (fleshy lobe hanging from the head or neck of animals)
      1. wattle-like object, such as pendent parts on implements
    2. how; why; what
    3. (historical) barbarian; a generic term for any non-Han peoples who lived to the north and west of China's borders
      1. (historical) countries and peoples in the Western Regions, including Persia, Daqin, and in Pre-Tang texts, India
      2. (by extension) introduced from the northern or western non-Han peoples or from abroad; non-Chinese; foreign; imported
      3. (music) Short for 胡琴 (húqín, “huqin; general term for two-stringed bowed instruments with origins in the western non-Han peoples”).
    4. (historical) () State of Hu in the Spring and Autumn Period in modern-day Anhui, conquered by the State of Chu in 496 BCE
    5. black; dark-skinned
    6. far; great; senior
    7. outrageously; recklessly; wildly; foolishly
    8. A surname​.
      /   ―  Jǐntāo  ―  Hu Jintao

    Compounds

    Etymology 2

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“beard”).
    (This character, , is the simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 3

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“alley”).
    (This character, , is the simplified and variant traditional form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 4

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“garlic”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 5

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 6

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“butterfly”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Etymology 7

    For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“paste; to apply a mixture; etc.”).
    (This character, , is the second-round simplified form of .)
    Notes:

    Japanese

    Kanji

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings

    Compounds


    Korean

    Hanja

    (ho) (hangeul , revised ho, McCune–Reischauer ho, Yale ho)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese

    Han character

    (hồ, , ha)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.