This genitival adjective can be used to express the indirect genitive. In this case, it indicates that the noun preceding it, with which it agrees in gender and number, is possessed by the noun which follows it.
1 Archaic in Middle Egyptian when modifying a noun. 2 From Middle Egyptian, this feminine singular form was generally used for the plural.
In Late Egyptian, the masculine singular form was used with all nouns.
When used alone, nj negates the individual word following it.
When negating (nonverbal) nominal sentences and adjectival sentences of possession (which start with the genitival adjective n(j)
), this particle is typically followed by the first element of the negated sentence and then the negative particle js. In Middle Egyptian it cannot negate adjectival sentences which do not indicate possession, nor adverbial sentences, which are instead negated by nn.
nj combines with a number of other words to form negative particles with more specialised meanings, for which see the next section.