nj

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See also: Nj, NJ, nJ, .nj, and N.J.
nj U+01CC, nj
LATIN SMALL LETTER NJ
Nj
[U+01CB]
Latin Extended-B Ǎ
[U+01CD]

Translingual[edit]

Nj in upper- and lowercase

Letter[edit]

nj (mixed case Nj, upper case NJ)

  1. A digraph from the letters n and j.

See also[edit]


Egyptian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

n (to, for) +‎ -j (nisba ending)

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

n
y
  1. of, belonging to
  2. made of (a material or composition)
  3. of, possessing (a quality)
  4. introduces the agent of an infinitive when it is a personal pronoun
Usage notes[edit]

This genitival adjective can be used to express the indirect genitive. In this case, it indicates that the noun preceding it, with which it agrees in gender and number, is possessed by the noun which follows it.

In Late Egyptian the functional contrasts of characterization versus specification that distinguished the indirect and direct genitive disappeared, and outside a restricted set of particular words the indirect genitive with nj largely supplanted the direct genitive without it.

Inflection[edit]

In Late Egyptian nj is usually not inflected by gender and number but invariably appears as nj. Sometimes the writings of the former feminine and plural forms are used interchangeably with the masculine singular without distinction. The exception is in more formal texts, where the old distinctions and inflections are sometimes still used.

Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

n (to, for) +‎ -j (adverbializing suffix).

Adverb[edit]

n
y
  1. for it, to it, thereto, therefor
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Preposition[edit]

D35
  1. Variant form (before a noun) of n (to, for)

Etymology 4[edit]

Cognate to Proto-Semitic *lā (no, not).

Particle[edit]

D35

 proclitic

  1. (Old Egyptian) not; negates any sentence
  2. (Middle Egyptian) not; negates a nominal sentence, an adjectival sentence of possession, or the rheme of an emphatic clause (used with js; see Usage Notes below)
  3. (Middle Egyptian) not; negates most verbal predicates besides infinitival, imperative, and subjunctive forms; forms the negation of the perfect, perfect passive, terminative, perfective, imperfective, prospective, and prospective passive.
  4. no, not any; negates an individual noun
  5. not; negates other individual words
Usage notes[edit]
  • When used alone, nj negates the individual word or verbal predicate following it.
  • When negating (nonverbal) nominal sentences, adjectival sentences of possession (which start with the genitival adjective n(j)
    n
    ), and rhemes of emphatic clauses, this particle is typically followed by the first element of the negated clause and then the negative particle js. In Middle Egyptian it cannot negate adjectival sentences which do not indicate possession, nor adverbial sentences, which are instead negated by nn. It also cannot negate verbal sentences that are not emphatic, so the presence of a verb between nj and js always indicates an emphatic clause.
  • nj combines with a number of other words to form negative particles with more specialised meanings, for which see the next section.
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Fula[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

nj (lower case, upper case Nj)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (uppercase): Nj

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

nj (Cyrillic spelling њ)

  1. The 20th (digraph) letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), preceded by n and followed by o.

Pronoun[edit]

nj (Cyrillic spelling њ)

  1. him (clitic accusative singular of ȏn (he))
  2. it (clitic accusative singular of òno (it))

Declension[edit]