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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
圜-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷen): semantic  ‎(circle) + phonetic  ‎(OC *ɡʷeŋ) (This etymology is incorrect, can we instead use the etymology found on the French version of this page?)

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 田田中女 (WWLV), four-corner 60732, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 221, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4851
  • Dae Jaweon: page 453, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 726, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+571C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (33) (35)
Final () (70) (80)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () II Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuan/ /ɦˠiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚan/ /ɦʷᵚiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐn/ /ɣiuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨn/ /ɦwian/
Li
Rong
/ɣuan/ /ɣjuɛn/
Wang
Li
/ɣwan/ /ɣĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwan/ /i̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huán yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷ<r>en/
English round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 16236 16252
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːn/ /*ɡʷen/

Verb[edit]

  1. to revolve around

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. Alternative spelling of
  2. celestial body

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won, hwan) (hangeul , , revised won, hwan, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, hwan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên)

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