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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
圜-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(circle) + phonetic  (This etymology is incorrect, can we instead use the etymology found on the French version of this page?)

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 田田中女 (WWLV), four-corner 60732, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 221, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4851
  • Dae Jaweon: page 453, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 726, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+571C

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (圜), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 戸關切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣuan/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuan/ /ɦʷɯan/ /ɦwaɨn/ /ɣwan/ /ɣuɐn/
Character (圜), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 云 (35)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 王權切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦiuᴇn/ /i̯wɛn/ /ɣiuɛn/ /ɦʷiɛn/ /ɦwian/ /ɣĭwɛn/ /ɣjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
yuán ‹ hjwen › /*ɢʷ<r>en/ round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16236 1 /*ɡʷraːn/
16252 2 /*ɡʷen/

Verb[edit]

  1. to revolve around

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. Alternative spelling of
  2. celestial body

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(won, hwan) (hangeul , , revised won, hwan, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, hwan)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.