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See also:
U+571C, 圜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-571C

[U+571B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+571D]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 田田中女 (WWLV), four-corner 60732, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 221, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4851
  • Dae Jaweon: page 453, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 726, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+571C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
圜-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷraːn
*kʷraːn, *ɡʷraːns
*ɡʷraːn, *sɢʷan
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷeːns
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷen
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷraːns
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːns, *ɡʷeːnʔ
*sɢʷan, *sɢʷin
*qʰʷen
*qʰʷen
*qʰʷen, *qʰʷenʔ
*qʰʷen, *qʷen, *ɡʷeŋ
*qʰʷen
*kʷeːns
*kʷeːns
*qʷeːns
*ɡʷreːŋ, *ɡʷreːŋ
*ɡʷeŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷen): semantic  (circle) + phonetic  (OC *ɡʷeŋ).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuan/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨn/
Li
Rong
/ɣuan/
Wang
Li
/ɣwan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16236
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːn/

Definitions[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:
韓圜 (Written Standard Chinese?)
South Korean hwan (English)
  1. (literary) to revolve around
    From: Liezi, Explaining Conjunctions列子·卷第八·說符篇
    Yǒu xuánshuǐ sānshí rèn, yuánliú jiǔshí lǐ, yú biē fúnéng yóu. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
    From: Zizhi Tongjian, Han era, Chapter 36資治通鑑·卷四四·漢紀三十六
    Guàndài jìnshēn zhī rén yuán qiáomén ér guān tīngzhě, gài yìwàn jì. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  2. (numismatics) South Korean hwan (in circulation from February 15, 1953 to June 9, 1962)
Compounds[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (80)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwian/
Li
Rong
/ɣjuɛn/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷ<r>en/
English round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16252
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷen/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (yuán).
  2. (literary) heaven; celestial realm
    From: Verses of Chu, Heavenly Questions楚辭·卷第三·天問
    Yuán zé jiǔzhòng, shú yíng dù zhī? [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
    From: Rites of Zhou, Office of Spring on Religion, 《周禮·春官宗伯
    Dōngrì zhì, yú dì shàng zhī yuán qiū zòu zhī, ruò yuè liùbiàn, zé tiānshén jiē jiàng, kě dé ér lǐ yǐ. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  3. (archaic) prison
    From: Rites of Zhou, Office of Autumn on Justice, 《周禮·秋官司寇
    Fán hàirén zhě, zhì zhī yuántǔ ér shī zhí shì yān, yǐ míngxíng chǐ zhī. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
  4. (dated, Han dynasty) currency
    From: Book of Han, Volume 24 (Part 2), Treatise on Food and Money漢書·卷二十四下·食貨志下
    tàigōng wèi zhōu lì jiǔfǔ yuán fǎ: huángjīn fāngcùn, ér zhòng yījīn; qián yuán hán fāng, qīngzhòng yǐ zhū [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. round
  2. go around

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won, hwan) (hangeul , , revised won, hwan, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, hwan)

  1. circle, surround
  2. encircle
  3. (numismatics) South Korean hwan

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.