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See also:
U+571C, 圜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-571C

[U+571B]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+571D]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
圜-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷraːn
*kʷraːn, *ɡʷraːns
*ɡʷraːn, *sɢʷan
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷeːns
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷen
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷraːns
*ɡʷraːn
*ɡʷraːns, *ɡʷeːnʔ
*sɢʷan, *sɢʷin
*qʰʷen
*qʰʷen
*qʰʷen, *qʰʷenʔ
*qʰʷen, *qʷen, *ɡʷeŋ
*qʰʷen
*kʷeːns
*kʷeːns
*qʷeːns
*ɡʷreːŋ, *ɡʷreːŋ
*ɡʷeŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːn, *ɡʷen): semantic  (circle) + phonetic  (OC *ɡʷeŋ). (This etymology is incorrect, can we instead use the etymology found on the French version of this page?)

Han character[edit]

(radical 31 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 田田中女 (WWLV), four-corner 60732, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 221, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4851
  • Dae Jaweon: page 453, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 726, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+571C

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (33)
Final () (70)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠuan/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚan/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣuɐn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwaɨn/
Li
Rong
/ɣuan/
Wang
Li
/ɣwan/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɣwan/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
huán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16236
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷraːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to revolve around

Pronunciation 2[edit]


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (35)
Final () (80)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦˠiuᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦʷᵚiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦwian/
Li
Rong
/ɣjuɛn/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭwɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuán
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuán
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjwen ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷ<r>en/
English round

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16252
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡʷen/

Definitions[edit]

  1. Alternative form of (yuán).
  2. celestial body

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. round
  2. go around

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(won, hwan) (hangeul , , revised won, hwan, McCune-Reischauer wŏn, hwan)

  1. circle, surround
  2. encircle

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(viên)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.