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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  + 

Han character[edit]

(radical 69 +14, 18 strokes, cangjie input 女戈竹一中 (VIHML), four-corner 22721, composition)

  1. sever, cut off
  2. interrupt

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 480, character 35
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13611
  • Dae Jaweon: page 841, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2028, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+65B7

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (斷), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 都管切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tuɑnX/ /tuɑnX/ /tuɑnX/ /tʷɑnX/ /twanX/ /tuɑnX/ /tuɑnX/
Character (斷), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 徒管切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duɑnX/ /dʱuɑnX/ /duɑnX/ /dʷɑnX/ /dwanX/ /duɑnX/ /duɑnX/
Character (斷), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 桓
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 丁貫切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tuɑnH/ /tuɑnH/ /tuɑnH/ /tʷɑnH/ /twanH/ /tuɑnH/ /tuɑnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
duàn ‹ dwanX › /*N-tˤo[n]ʔ/ be cut in two
duàn ‹ twanX › /*tˤo[n]ʔ/ cut in two
duàn ‹ twanH › /*tˤo[n]ʔ-s/ cut off; decide

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2538 3 /*toːnʔ/
2539 3 /*toːns/
2540 3 /*doːnʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. to break; to snap
  2. to cut off; to interrupt
  3. to give up; to abstain from; to quit

Pronunciation[edit]


Definitions[edit]

  1. to judge; to decide; to determine
  2. (used in the negative) absolutely; definitely; decidedly

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(dan) (hangeul , revised dan, McCune-Reischauer tan, Yale tan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(đoạn, đoán)

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