Appendix:Planets

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This table concerns those nine* Solar System bodies that until recently had all been labelled as planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto.

An ever growing list of planets around other stars can be found in The Extra-Solar Planets Catalog or California & Carnegie Planet Search.

Other classes of objects not considered major planets are found in the Asteroid belt, Kuiper belt, and Oort cloud.

Names of planets of the Solar System in various languages[edit]

English Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune
Symbol , ,
Arabic عطارد الزهرة الأرض المريخ المشتري زحل أورانوس نبتون
Bulgarian Меркурий (Merkurij) Венера (Venera) Земя (Zemja) Марс (Mars) Юпитер (Jupiter) Сатурн (Saturn) Уран (Uran) Нептун (Neptun)
Burmese ဗုဒ္ဓဟူးဂြိုဟ် (buddha.hu:gruih) သောကြာဂြိုဟ် (sau:kragruih) ကမ္ဘာဂြိုဟ် (kambhagruih) အင်္ဂါဂြိုဟ် (anggagruih) ကြာသပတေးဂြိုဟ် (krasa.pa.te:gruih) စနေဂြိုဟ် (ca.negruih) ယူရေနတ်ဂြိုဟ် (yurenatgruih) နက်ပကျွန်းဂြိုဟ် (nakpa.kywan:gruih)
Catalan Mercuri Venus Terra Mart Júpiter Saturn Urà Neptú
Chinese (Traditional and Simplified) 水星 (Shuǐxīng) 金星 (Jīnxīng) 地球 (dìqiú) 火星 (Huǒxīng) 木星 (Mùxīng) 土星 (Tǔxīng) 天王星 (Tiānwángxīng) 海王星 (Hǎiwángxīng)
Czech Merkur Venuše Země Mars Jupiter Saturn Uran Neptun
Danish Merkur Venus Jorden Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptun
Dutch Mercurius Venus de Aarde Mars Jupiter Saturnus Uranus Neptunus
Esperanto Merkuro Venuso Tero Marso Jupitero Saturno Urano Neptuno
Estonian Merkuur Veenus Maa Marss Jupiter Saturn Uraan Neptuun
Finnish Merkurius Venus Maa Mars Jupiter Saturnus Uranus Neptunus
French Mercure Vénus Terre Mars Jupiter Saturne Uranus Neptune
Galician Mercurio Venus Terra Marte Xúpiter Saturno Urano Neptuno
German Merkur Venus Erde Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptun
Greek Ερμής (Ermís) Αφροδίτη (Afrodíti) Γη (Gi) Άρης (Áris) Δίας (Días) Κρόνος (Krónos) Ουρανός (Ouranós) Ποσειδώνας (Poseidónas)
Hindi बुध (budh) शुक्र (śukra) पृथ्वी (pŕthvī) मंगल (maṅgal) बृहस्पति (bŕhaspati) शनि (śani) अरुण (aruṇ) वरुण (varuṇ)
Icelandic Merkúríus, Merkúr Venus Jörð Mars Júpíter Satúrnus Úranus Neptúnus
Irish Mearcair Véineas Domhan Mars Iúpatar Satarn Úránas Neiptiún
Italian Mercurio Venere Terra Marte Giove Saturno Urano Nettuno
Japanese  (すい) (せい) (Suisei)  (きん) (せい) (Kinsei)  () (きゅう) (Chikyū)  () (せい) (Kasei)  (もく) (せい) (Mokusei)  () (せい) (Dosei)  (てん) (のう) (せい) (Tennōsei)  (かい) (おう) (せい) (Kaiōsei)
Khmer ពុធ (pŭth) សុក្រ (sŏkr) ផែនដី (phêndei) អង្គារ (qângkéar) ព្រហស្បតិ៍ សៅរ៍ រាហុ៍ កេតុ (kétŏ)
Korean 수성 (suseong) 금성 (geumseong) 지구 (jigu) 화성 (hwaseong) 목성 (mokseong) 토성 (toseong) 천왕성 (cheonwangseong) 해왕성 (haewangseong)
Lower Sorbian Merkur Wenus Zemja Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptun
Luxembourgish Merkur Venus Äerd Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptun
Macedonian Меркур (Merkur) Венера (Venera) Земја (Zemja) Марс (Mars) Јупитер (Jupiter) Сатурн (Saturn) Уран (Uran) Нептун (Neptun)
Malay Utarid Zuhrah Bumi Marikh Musytari Zuhal Uranus Neptun
Mongolian Буд (Bud) Сугар (Sugar) Дэлхий (Delhij) Ангараг (Angarag) Бархасбадь (Barhasbadʹ) Санчир (Sančir) Тэнгэрийн ван (Tengerijn van) Далайн ван (Dalajn van)
Navajo Mókiwii Biinis nahasdzáán Máaz Jíbitoo Séetin Yoowéinis Néʼtoon
Polish Merkury Wenus Ziemia Mars Jowisz Saturn Uran Neptun
Portuguese Mercúrio Vénus; Vênus Terra Marte Júpiter Saturno Urano Neptuno; Netuno
Romanian Mercur Venus Terra, Pământ Marte Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptun
Russian Мерку́рий (Merkúrij) Вене́ра (Venéra) Земля́ (Zemljá) Марс (Mars) Юпи́тер (Jupíter) Сату́рн (Satúrn) Ура́н (Urán) Непту́н (Neptún)
Spanish Mercurio Venus Tierra Marte Júpiter Saturno Urano Neptuno
Swedish Merkurius Venus Jorden Mars Jupiter Saturnus Uranus Neptunus
Tatar Merkuri Venera Cir Mars Yupiter Saturn Uran Neptun
Thai ดาวพุธ (daao pút) ดาวศุกร์ (daao sùk) โลก (lôok) ดาวอังคาร (daao ang-kaan) ดาวพฤหัสบดี (daao prʉ́-hàt-sà-bɔɔ-dii) ดาวเสาร์ (daao sǎo) ดาวยูเรนัส (daao yuu-ree-nás) ดาวเนปจูน (daao nêep-juun)
Ukrainian Меркурій (Merkurij) Венера (Venera) Земля (Zemlja) Марс (Mars) Юпітер (Jupiter) Сатурн (Saturn) Уран (Uran) Нептун (Neptun)
Urdu عطارد زہرہ زمین مریخ مشتری زحل یورینس نیپچون
Vietnamese Sao Thủy, Thủy Tinh Sao Kim, Kim Tinh, Sao Hôm, Sao Mai Trái Đất, Quả Đất, Địa Cầu Sao Hỏa, Hỏa Tinh Sao Mộc, Một Tinh Sao Thổ, Thổ Tinh Sao Thiên Vương, Thiên Vương Tinh Sao Hải Vương, Hải Vương Tinh
Welsh Mercher Gwener Daear Mawrth Iau Sadwrn Wranws Neifion

Names of objects sometimes considered planets of the Solar System in various languages[edit]

English Pluto[1][2] Phobos; Deimos[3] Moon[4] Sun[4] Eris[1][5][6] Chiron[5][7] Ceres[1][8] Pallas[8] Juno[8] Vesta[8]
Symbol , Pluto's astrological symbol.svg Phobos symbol proposal.png, Deimos symbol proposal.png , Eris-symbol-Poland.svg , Five fingered hand of Eris symbol.svg , Eye of Providence.svg , Eris symbol 2.svg , 3 Juno symbol alternate.svg , 4 Vesta (2).svg, Simbolo di Vesta.svg
Bulgarian Плутон (Pluton) Фобос (Fobos); Деймос (Dejmos) Луна (Luna) Слънце (Slǎnce) Ерида (Erida) Хирон (Hiron) Церера (Cerera) Палада (Palada) Джуно (Džuno) Веста (Vesta)
Catalan Plutó Fobos; Deimos Lluna Sol Eris Quiró Ceres Pal·les Juno Vesta
Chinese (Traditional and Simplified) 冥王星 (Míngwángxīng) 火衛一火卫一 (Huǒwèiyī); 火衛二火卫二 (Huǒwèi'èr) 月球 (yuèqiú) 太陽太阳 (tàiyáng) 鬩神星阋神星 凱龍凯龙 穀神星谷神星 (Gǔshénxīng) 智神星 婚神星 灶神星
Czech Pluto Měsíc Slunce
Danish Pluto Månen Solen
Dutch Pluto
Esperanto Plutono Fobo; Dejmo Luno Suno Eriso Kirono Cereso Palaso Junono Vesto
Estonian Pluuto
Finnish Pluto Phobos; Deimos Kuu Aurinko Eris Chiron Ceres Pallas Juno Vesta
French Pluton Phobos; Deimos Lune Soleil Éris Chiron Cérès Pallas Junon Vesta
Galician Plutón Fobos; Deimos Lúa Sol Eris Chiron Ceres Pallas Juno Vesta
German Pluto Phobos; Deimos Mond Sonne Eris Chiron Ceres Pallas Juno Vesta
Hindi प्लूटो (plūṭo) फोबोस (phobos); डेमोस (ḍemos) चांद (cānd), चन्द्रमा (candramā) सूर्य (sūrya), सूरज (sūraj) ऍरिस (ĕris)
Icelandic Plútó
Italian Plutone Fobos; Deimos Luna Sole Eris Chirone Cerere Pallade Giunone Vesta
Japanese  (めい) (おう) (せい) (Meiōsei) フォボス (Fobosu); デイモス (Deimosu)  (つき) (Tsuki)  (たい) (よう) (Taiyō) エリス (Erisu) キロン (Kiron) ケレス (Keresu) パラス (Parasu) ジュノー (Junō) ベスタ (Besuta)
Khmer ភ្លុយតុង (phlŭytŏng) ផូប៊ូស (phobus); ឌីម៉ូស​ (dimos) ព្រះចន្ទ (preăhchântô) អាទិត្យ (qatĭty) អៀរីស (qiĕris) សឺរេស (sœrés) ជនណូ (chônôno) រិសថា (rĭstha)
Korean 명왕성 (myeong-wangseong) 포보스 (poboseu); 데이모스 (deimoseu) (dal) 태양 (taeyang) 에리스 (eriseu) 키론 (kiron) 세레스 (sereseu) 팔라스 (pallaseu) 유노 (yuno) 베스타 (beseuta)
Luxembourgish Pluto Phobos; Deimos Äerdmound Sonn Eris Chiron Ceres Pallas Juno Vesta
Macedonian Плутон (Pluton)
Malay Pluto Bulan Matahari Juno
Mongolian Дэлхийн ван (Delhijn van) Сар (Sar) Нар (Nar)
Navajo Tłóotoo ooljééʼ jóhonaaʼéí Ééwis Séwes
Polish Pluton Księżyc
Portuguese Plutão Fobos; Deimos Lua Sol Éris Quíron Ceres Palas Juno Vesta
Romanian Pluto
Russian Плуто́н (Plutón) Фо́бос (Fóbos); Де́ймос (Déjmos) Луна́ (Luná) Со́лнце (Sólnce) Эри́да (Erída) Хиро́н (Xirón) Цере́ра (Ceréra) Палла́да (Palláda) Юно́на (Junóna) Ве́ста (Vésta)
Spanish Plutón Fobos; Deimos Luna Sol Eris Chiron Ceres Palas/Pallas Juno Vesta
Swedish Pluto
Tatar Pluto
Thai ดาวพลูโต (daao pluu-dtoo) โฟบอส (foo-bɔ̀ɔs);
ดีมอส (dii-mɔ̂ɔs)
ดวงจันทร์ (duuang-jan) ดวงอาทิตย์ (duuang-aa-tít) อีริส (ii-rís) ไครอน (kai-rɔɔn) ซีรีส (sii-rîis) พัลลัส (pal-lás) จูโน (juu-noo) เวสตา (wêes-dtaa)
Ukrainian Плутон (Pluton) Місяць (Misjacʹ) Сонце (Sonce)
Urdu پلوٹو چاند سورج
Vietnamese Sao Diêm Vương, Diêm Vương Tinh Mặt Trăng Mặt Trời Eris Chiron Ceres Pallas Juno Vesta
Welsh Plwto

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 This is officially classed as a dwarf planet.
  2. ^ Soon after its discovery in 1930, Pluto was classified a planet by the International Astronomical Union. However, based on additional discoveries since that time, some astronomers suggested Pluto that should be classified as a Kuiper belt object. In 2006, Pluto was reclassified as a dwarf planet.
  3. ^ In the 19th century, it was revealed that there were two moons that orbited Mars. There were reports of observations of this planet, and the moons were named "Phobos" and "Deimos".
  4. 4.0 4.1 Many cultures and civilizations grouped the Sun and the Moon together with Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn, as a class of celestial objects, commonly called "planets" in English.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Eris and Chiron are considered planets by some astrologers.
  6. ^ Soon after its discovery, Eris was hailed as the 10th planet of the Solar System by many groups, including the media and popular press, as Eris was considered to be larger and heavier than Pluto. However, recent data has shown that Pluto is larger.
  7. ^ Chiron, a minor planet between Saturn and Uranus, must be distinguished from Charon, which is a moon of Pluto.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, many asteroids were considered planets. Among these, principally this applied to Pallas, Juno and Vesta, along with the now dwarf planet status Ceres.

External links[edit]