Appendix:List of Proto-Austroasiatic reconstructions

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The following Proto-Austroasiatic lexical proto-forms have been reconstructed by Sidwell & Rau (2015:340-363), and correspond to the 100-item Swadesh list.

List[edit]

Gloss Proto-Austroasiatic
all *klɔʔ
all *tum
ashes *bɔh, *buːh
bark *-pɔːk
belly *buŋ
middle *kluŋ
belly *wiəŋ
bird *ciːm, *ceːm
to bite *kap
to bite *kat
to bleed *saːm
to bleed *ɟhaːm, *(b/m)haːm
bone *cʔaːŋ
breast *toːh
to ignite *coːh
to ignite *tɔːt, *tuːt
to burn *guːc
fingernail *-rsiːm
cloud *rməl
cloud(y) *ʔuːt
cold *tkat
cold *ŋi(ə)t
to arrive *truh
to die *kceːt
dog *cɔːʔ
to drink *ʔuək
to suck, drink *hoːc
dry *raɲ
ear *-toːr
earth *tiʔ
to eat *caːʔ
egg *p(n)ləːŋ
egg *-tap
egg *ktam
eye *mat
fat, oil *pri(ə)ŋ
fat, oil *klaɲ
fire *ʔuːs, *ʔɔːs
fish *kaʔ
to fly *par
to fly *həːr
foot, leg *ɟəːŋ
full *biːŋ; *beːɲ
to give *ʔam
to give *ʔa(ː)n
to give *ʔVːj
good *ləʔ, *lʔɔʔ
young, green *kciʔ
green *-ŋaːr
hair *suk, *sɔːk
hand, arm *tiːʔ
to hear *ktəŋ
to hear *rməŋ
to hear *saŋ
heart *(p)nɔːs
horn *draŋ
horn *krəŋ
I *ʔaɲ
to die *krceːt
knee *-kuːl
to know *naŋ
leaf *slaʔ
liver *kləːm
liver *ris
high, long *ɟroŋ, *ɟrɔŋ
long *ɟləːŋ, *ɟliːŋ
louse *ciːʔ
much, many *gləŋ
flesh *sac
moon *khaj
hill, mountain *bruːʔ
hill *bnəm
hill *du(ə)l
mountain *-mɔl
mouth, opening *paːŋ
mouth *mɔːɲ
nose, beak *smuər
name *-məh
neck *kɔʔ
nape *-kɔːŋ
throat *-lɔːŋ
new *tmiːʔ
night *cəːm
night *-tam
nose *mɔːh, *muːh, *muːs
used up, lacking *ʔət
not *ʔam
one *diʔ
one *muəj, *moːj
person *ʔiːʔ
person *mraʔ
rain *gmaʔ
sky, rain *briːʔ
red *-saw
road, way *kraʔ
road, way *ɗeːŋ, *ɗiəŋ
road, way *truːŋ,*trɔːŋ
road, way *glɔːŋ
root *riəs
round *wi(ə)l
sand *ksa(ː)c
to see *jɔl
to sit down *ŋgu(ː)j
to sit, stay *-kuːʔ
skin *huːr
to lie down, sleep *tiək
to lie down, sleep *ɓic
small *dit, *kɗi(ə)t
smoke (n.) *ptoʔ
to speak *ŋaːj
to stand up *dək
to stand *ɟə(ː)ŋ, *ɟuːŋ
to stand *taːw
star *s(ʔ)maɲ
stone *tmɔʔ
sun, day *tŋiːʔ
to swim, wade *loːj
tail *sntaʔ
stalk, tail *-dɔːŋ
that (dist.) *tiːʔ
that (med.) *tɔʔ
3rd person *gi(ː)ʔ
this (prox.) *niʔ; *neʔ
this; here *nɔ(ː)ʔ
you (sing.) *miːʔ
tongue *lntaːk
tooth *lmVɲ
tooth *sraŋ
tooth *p(i)əŋ
tree, wood *ɟhuːʔ, *ɟhiːʔ
trunk, stem, tree *tnəːm
two *ɓaːr
hot *toʔ
hot *taɲ
warm *(s)ʔ(a/ə)m
water *ɗaːk
we (incl.) *ʔiːʔ
we (excl.) *ʔjeːʔ
what *məh
white *ɓɔːk
white *-lɔːk
who *mVh
woman, female *kan
wife *k(-)duər
yellow *-ŋaːr

References[edit]

  • Sidwell, Paul and Felix Rau (2015). "Austroasiatic Comparative-Historical Reconstruction: An Overview." In Jenny, Mathias and Paul Sidwell, eds (2015). The Handbook of Austroasiatic Languages. Leiden: Brill.
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