Appendix:English terms where 'ch' sounds as 'sh'
The ch digraph in English represents at least three phonemes, and a particularly less common phoneme for it is /ʃ/, as opposed to /tʃ/ or /k/, the latter mostly in words of Greek origin. Almost all terms in this list are loanwords from Modern French; some, like Chicago and Michigan, originated as French transliterations of words from other languages. Formerly, /tʃ/ was the usual pronunciation of for ch in French, but has been /ʃ/ for centuries. (Currently French uses the trigraph tch for /tʃ/.)
|accouchement||in childbed; parturition.||/a.kuʃ.ˈmɑœ̃/|
|babiche||Thongs of rawhide or sinew used as cord, lacing, or webbing, in the manufacture of snowshoes, etc.||/bəˈbiːʃ/, /bæˈbiːʃ/|
|brioche||A type of bun, of French origin.||/ˈbɹi.oʊʃ/|
|brochure||A booklet of printed informational matter.||/bɹoʊˈʃʊɚ/, /bɹoʊˈʃɝ/|
|cache||A concealed storage of objects that may be required.||/kæʃ/, /kæɪʃ/|
|cartouche||An ornamental figure, often on an oval shield.||/kɑɹˈtuʃ/, /kɑːˈtuːʃ/|
|chagrin||Distress of a mind; a type of leather; to vex or mortify.||/ʃəˈɡɹɪn/, /ˈʃæɡ.ɹɪn/|
|chaise||A particular horse-drawn carriage.||/ʃeɪz/|
|An alpine style of wooden building with a sloping roof and overhanging eaves.||/ʃæleɪ/|
|challis||A light, soft fabric having a printed design.||/ˈʃæ.li/|
|chamade||A signal sounded on a drum or trumpet inviting a parley.||/ʃəˈmɑːd/|
|chambray||A soft fabric woven with a white weft and colored warp.||/ˈʃæmbɹeɪ/|
|chamois||A short-horned goat antelope; a type of leather of this goat antelope.||/ˈʃæmwɑː/, /ˈʃæmi/|
|champagne||An alcoholic drink.||/ʃæmˈpeɪn/|
|chandelier||A branched lighting fixture.||/ʃændəˈlɪə(ɹ)/|
|chaparral||A region of shrubs.||/ˌʃæpəˈɹæl/, /ˌtʃæpəˈɹæl/ – A loanword from Spanish, where ⟨ch⟩ represents /tʃ/ as in English; the pronunciation with /ʃ/ is a hyperforeignism.|
|chaperone||Older person accompanying younger people to ensure their proper behaviors.||/ˈʃæ.pəˌɹoʊn/|
|charade||Something apparently real but based on pretence.||/ʃəˈɹɑːd/, /ʃəˈɹeɪd/, /ʃɚˈɹeɪd/|
|A green‐skinned grape variety used to make a white wine; a variety of wine made from this grape.||/ˌʃɑː(ɹ)dəˈneɪ/|
|chargé d'affaires||A diplomat, ranking below an ambassador, who heads a diplomatic mission.||/ʃɑrˈʒeɪ dəˈfɛɹ/|
|charlatan||A trickster; one who falsely uses a role.||/ˈʃɑɹlətən/|
|Feminine name; largest city in North Carolina.
|/ˈʃɑrlət/, /ˈʃɑːlət/, /ˈʃaːlət/, /ˈʃarlət/|
|chasseur||A fighter equipped for rapid movements; a servant or attendant.||/ʃaˈsəː/|
|A castle, fortress, manor house or large country house.||/ˈʃæːtɔ/, /ʃæːˈtɔ/, /ʃæːˈto/|
|chauffeur||Driver employed to pilot a private automobile of executive or luxurious class.||/ʃɒˈfɜː/, /ˈʃəʊfə/, /ʃoʊˈfɜ˞/, /ˈʃoʊfə˞/|
|chauvinism||Excessive patriotism; eagerness for national superiority.
Unwarranted bias, favouritism or devotion to something.
|/ˈʃəʊ.vɪ.nɪ.zəm/, /ˈʃəʊ.və.nɪ.zəm/, /ˈʃoʊ.vɪˌnɪzm̩/|
|chef||A chief cook; a chief.||/ʃɛf/|
|chemise||A type of undergarment; a particular dress.||/ʃæleɪ/|
|chenille||An extremely soft and bunchy fabric often used to make sweaters.||/ʃəˈniːl/|
|chevalier||A knight or cavalier.||/ˌʃɛvəˈlɪɹ/|
|cheviot||A coarse woolen fabric made from the wool of Cheviot sheep.||/ˈʃɛviət/, /ˈt͡ʃɛviət/|
|Chevrolet||an American automobile division of the American manufacturer General Motors (GM)||/ˌʃɛvɹəˈleɪ/|
|chevron||A V‐shaped pattern or marking.||/ˈʃɛvɹən/|
|chic||Stylish or elegant. Good form or style.||/ʃiːk/|
|Chicago||An American city in Illinois.||/ʃəˈkɔːɡoʊ/|
|chicane||A temporary barrier, or serpentine curve; chicanery.
To use tricks or subterfuge; to deceive.
|chicanery||Deception by use of trickeries, quibbling, or subterfuges.||/ʃɪˈkeɪ.nɹ.i/, /ʃɪˈkeɪ.nə.ɹi/|
|chiffon||A sheer silk or rayon fabric.||/ʃɪˈfɑn/, /ˈʃɪfɑn/|
|chivalry||An ethic code of virtues; courteous behaviour.||/ˈʃɪvəlri/|
|chute||A framework, trough, or tube, upon or through which objects are made to slide downwards.||/ʃuːt/|
|Something that is overused or used outside its original context, so that its original impact and meaning are lost.||/ˈkliːʃeɪ/, /kliːˈʃeɪ/|
|crèche||A representation of the Nativity scene.||/kɹɛʃ/|
|crème fraîche||A slightly soured thick cream.||/ˌkɹɛm ˈfɹɛʃ/|
|crochet||Needlework made by looping thread with a hooked needle.||/kɹoʊˈʃeɪ/|
|douche (also douchebag)||A directed jet or current of water or vapor.||/duːʃ/|
|fiche and microfiche||A sheet of microfilm holding several hundred reduced images of document pages||/fiːʃ/|
|flèche||Any of the twenty-four points on a backgammon board.||/flɛʃ/, /fleɪʃ/|
|galoche||A trickster; one who falsely uses a rôle.||/ɡəˈlɒʃ/|
|gauche||An overshoe worn in wetness; a gaiter or legging.||/ɡəʊʃ/|
|gouache||A thick, opaque watercolour paint.||/ɡwɑʃ/|
|guilloche||A fine engraving pattern of spirals, intertwining bands, etc.||/ɡɪˈlɒʃ/|
|louche||Of questionable taste or morality.||/luːʃ/|
|machete||A kind of tool that functions as a sword.||/məˈʃɛ.ti/|
|machine (also machinery, machinist)||An electric or mechanic device that assists with or performs tasks.||/məˈʃiːn/|
|machinery||Those devices collectively constituting a production apparatus; collectively the functioning parts of that device.||/mə.ˈʃi.nə.ɹi/|
|marchioness||Wife of a marquess.||/ˈmɑɹʃənɨs/, /mɑɹʃəˈnɛs/|
|Michelin||a French tyre manufacturer based in Clermont-Ferrand in the Auvergne région of France||/ˈmɪʃəlɪn/|
|Michigan||A state in the United States of America.||/ˈmɪʃɪɡən/|
|A layer of hairs located shortly above the upper lip.||/ˈmʌstæʃ/, /ˈmʊstɑːʃ/|
|niche (some speakers)||A cavity, hollow, or recess.
A function within an ecological system to which an organism is especially suited.
Any position of opportunity for which one is well‐suited.
|/niːʃ/, /niʃ/, /nɪʃ/|
|nonchalance||Indifference, carelessness or coolness.||/ˈnɒnʃələns/, /ˌnɑːnʃəˈlɑːns/|
|nonchalant||Casually calm and relaxed; indifferent or unconcerned.||/ˌnɑn.ʃəˈlɑnt/|
|nouveau riche||New money.||/ˌnuː.vəʊ ˈɹiːʃ/|
|parachute||A device which can emit a cloth for wind resistance.||/ˈpærəʃuːt/|
|parfleche||A form of stiff leather made from rawhide.||/pɑɹˈflɛʃ/|
|pastiche||A work of art that imitates the work of a previous artist.||/pæsˈtiːʃ/|
|quiche||A pie made primarily of eggs and cream in a pastry crust.||/kiːʃ/|
|ricochet||A method of firing a projectile so that it skips along a surface.||/ˈɹɪkəʃeɪ/|
|ruche||A strip of fabric used for trimming.||/ˈɹuːʃ/|
|seiche||A short‐period standing wave oscillation of the water level in a lake, characteristic of its geometry.||/seɪʃ/|
|stanchion||A vertical pole, post, or support; a framework of such posts.
To erect or equip with these structures; confine with these structures.
|troche||A lozenge or cough drop.||/tɹoʊʃ/|
|trebuchet||A medieval siege engine consisting of a large pivoting arm heavily weighted on one end. Considered to be the technological successor to the catapult.
A torture device for dunking suspected witches by means of a chair attached to the end of a long pole.
|/ˈtɹɛbəʃɛt/, /ˈtɹɛb.jə.ʃeɪ/, /ˈtɹɛb.ju.ʃeɪ/, /ˈtɹɛb.juˌʃɛt/, /ˈtɹɛb.jəˌʃeɪ/|