Appendix:Latin forms of English given names

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Latin was the main written language of Europe throughout the Middle Ages, despite the fact that most people used some other language in their daily life. Records surviving from this era remain of interest to many but some, such as church registers, remain untranslated, therefore a knowledge of the Latin form of common English names remains invaluable for genealogists.

Many Latin names appear almost identical to their English equivalent (often simply ending with -us/-um for masculine names, or -a/-am for feminine names) but others are quite different and not visibly correlated. Below is a list of Latin names that do and do not closely resemble their English equivalents.

List of Latin forms of names and their English equivalents[edit]

Names beginning with "I" or "J", followed by a vowel, may be spelled with either letter.

Some names have the same form in English/Latin.

Latin forms English equivalents and doublets
Abraham Abraham, Ibrahim, Abram
Adelmarus Elmer
Adrianus Adrian
Ædani Keegan
Ædanus, Aidanus Aidan
Ægidius Giles, Gilles
Ælisabetha Elizabeth, Isabel, Isabella, Isabelle
Æmilia Emily
Æmilius Emile, Emil
Æstas Summer, Sommer
Adam, Adamus Adam
Adela Adele
Alanus Alan
Albanus Alban
Albertus Albert
Albinus Albin
Alcuinus Alcuin
Alexandra Alexandra
Alexander Alexander
Alexius Alexis (male), Alex (male), Alexei
Alfredus, Alfridus Alfred, Avery
Alicia Alice
Aloysius Aloys
Alphonsus Alphonse, Alphonso
Aluinus, Alvinus Alvin, Elvin
Amabilia Mabel
Amadeus Amadeus
Amanda Amanda
Amata Amy, Aimee
Ambrosius Ambrose, Emrys
Americus Emery, Emeric, Henry, Harry
Amor (masculine), Amorina (feminine) Love
Anatolius Anatole
Andreas Andrew, André
Anna Ann, Anne, Hannah
Ansgarus Oscar
Anselmus Anselm
Antonius Anthony, Antoine, Antonio, Tony
Aprilis April
Archibaldus Archibald
Arduinus, Ardvinus Hardwin
Armandus Herman, Armand
Arnaldus, Arnoldus Arnold
Arnulfus Arnulf
Arthurus, Arturus, Artorius Arthur
Augustinus Augustine, Augustin, Austin
Báca Pearl
Baldovinus, Balduinus, Baldvinus Baldwin
Barbara Barbara, Barbie
Barnabas Barnaby
Bartholomæus Bartholomew, Bart
Basilius Basil
Beatrix Beatrice
Bella Belle, Bella
Bellus Beau
Benedictus Benedict, Bennet
Beniaminus Benjamin
Bernardus Bernard
Berylia Beryl
Bethania Bethany, Bethanie
Blanca Blanche, Bianca
Blasius Blase, Blaise
Bonifatius Boniface
Brendanus Brendan; sometimes used for Brandon though the name is actually unrelated and only sounds phonetically similar
Brianus Brian
Brigitta Bridget, Brigitte (French)
Brittania Brittany
Cæcilia Cecilia, Cicely, Sheila (Celtic)
Cæcilius Cecil
Cælestis Celeste
Cæsar Caesar, Cesar
Caietanus Cajetan, Gaetan
Candace Candace
Canutus Canute, Knud
Cara Sherry, Cheri
Caritas Charity
Carola Carol, Carole, Karla, Carla, Charlotte (French)
Carolina Carolina, Carolyn, Charlene
Carolus Charles, Carl, Karl
Casimirus Casimir
Castrum Chester
Catharina Catherine, Katherine, Katrina
Chloe Chloe
Christina Christine
Christianus Christian
Christophorus Christopher
Cinerella Cinderella
Clara Clare, Claire (French)
Claudia Claudette, Claudia
Claudius Claude
Clemens Clement
Clementina Clementine
Coemgenus Kevin
Colandus Colin
Colomanus Coleman
Comes Earl
Conradus Conrad, Kurt
Constans Constant
Constantia Constance
Constantinus Constantine
Corvus (masculine), Corvina (feminine) Raven
Crispinus Crispin
Cunegundis, Cunegunda Cunegunda
Cyrillus Cyril
Damianus Damian, Damien, Damon
Daniel Daniel, Dan
Daniela Daniela, Danielle, Daniella
Dantes, Durans Dante
David David, Dave
Debora, Apicula Deborah, Debora, Debby
Demetrius Demetrius
Dilanus Dylan
Dionysia Denise
Dionysius Dennis, Dion
Diurnata Journey
Dolores Dolores
Domina Donna
Dominicus Dominic, Dominick
Donaldus, Donivaldus, Dubnovaldus Donald
Dorothea Dorothy
Draco Drake
Dux Duke
Edmundus Edmund, Edmond
Eduardus, Edvardus Edward, Edouard (French)
Eleonora Eleanor, Elinor
Elias Elijah, Elliot
Elisabeth Elizabeth, Elisabeth, Isabel, Isabella,Isabelle
Eloisa Heloise
Erica Heather
Ericus Eric
Ernestus Ernest
Eugenius Eugene, Owen, Ewan
Eustachus Eustace
Eva Eve
Everardus Everett
Fabianus Fabian
Faustinus Faustin
Felicia Felicia
Felicitas Felicity
Felix Felix
Ferdinandus Ferdinand
Fides Faith
Flavina Blondie
Florentia Florence
Florianus Florian
Francisca Frances, Fran, Françoise (French)
Franciscus Francis, Frank, François (French), Franz (German)
Fridericus Frederick, Fred
Galeata Kennedy
Galfridus, Gaufridus, Godefridus, Godfredus, Godfridus, Goffridus Geoffrey, Jeffrey, Gottfried
Gabriel Gabriel, Gabe
Gasparus Jasper, Casper
Gavinus Gavin, Gawain
Gaudentia Joy, Joyce, Gaudence
Genovefa, Genoveva Genevieve
Georgia Georgia
Georgius George
Geraldus Gerald
Gerardus Gerard
Germanus Germain
Gertrudis Gertrude
Gervasius Jarvis, Gervase
Gilbertus Wilbert, Wilbur, Gilbert
Gloria Gloria, Glory, Glorie
Gothina Jocelyn, Joselin
Gratia Grace
Gratianus Gratian
Gregorius Gregory
Gulielmus, Guglielmus, Willelmus, Wilelmus, Uiliemus, Vilelmus William, Guillaume (French), Wilhelm (German)
Gustavus Gustave, Gustav
Hacuinus Hacon, Hagan
Hadrianus Adrian
Harmonia Harmony
Haraldus, Haroldus Harold
Harrius Harry
Hector Hector
Hedvigus, Heduigus Hedwig
Helena Helen, Eileen
Henricus Henry, Harry
Henrica Henrietta, Harriet
Herbertus, Heribertus Herbert
Hermanus Herman
Hieronymus Jerome
Hilaria Hilary, Hillary
Hilarius Hilary, Hillary
Homerus Homer
Honoria Honor
Horatius Horace, Horatio
Houardus, Hovardus Howard
Hubertus Hubert
Hugo Hugh
Humbertus Humbert
Hyacintha Hyacinth, Jacinth
Iasmina, Jasmina, Gelsomina Jasmine
Iason Jason
Ignatius Ignatius, Ignace, Inigo (Spanish)
Ioel Joel
Iolantha Yolanda
Iosephina Josephine
Iosephus Joseph
Irvinus Irwin, Irvin, Irvine
Isaacus Isaac
Isai Jesse
Isidorus Isidore
Iustitia Justice
Jacoba Jacqueline, Jackie
Jacobi Jackson, Jameson
Jacobus Jacob, James, Jack, Jacques (French)
Jacomus James
Jeremias Jeremy
Jesaias Isaiah
Johanna, Joanna Joan, Jane, Janet (English), Jeanne (French), Jean (Scots), Siobhan, Sinead (Irish)
Johannes, Joannes John, Jack (English), Jean (French), Johann, Hans (German), Ivan (Russian), Sean (Irish), Ian (Welsh)
Johannis Johnson
Jonas Jonah
Jordanus Jordan
Josue, Josua Joshua
Julia Gillian, Jill, Julianna, Julie
Julius Jules, Julian
Justina Justine
Justinus Justin
Ladislaus Vladislav
Landus Lance, Lancelot
Laura Laura, Lauren, Lauretta, Lorraine
Laurentius Laurence, Lawrence
Lazarus Lazarus, Eleazar, Lazare (French)
Leo Leon, Leo
Leona Leona
Leonardus Leonard
Leopoldus Leopold
Lilia Lily
Linda, Lenta Linda
Livius Livy, Liv
Lotharingia, Lothringia Lorraine
Lútherius Luther
Lucas, Lucius Luke
Lucia Lucy, Lucille (French)
Ludovica Louisa, Louise (French)
Ludovicus Lewis, Louis, Clovis, Ludwig (German)
Macio Mason
Magdalena Magdalen, Madeleine (French)
Malachias Malachi
Marcellus Marcel
Marcus Mark, Marc
Mardocheus Mordecai
Margaríta Margaret
Maria Mary, Marie (French)
Marianna Marian, Marianne
Martinus Martin
Mathilda Matilda, Maude
Mathildae Madison
Matthæus Matthew, Mathieu (French)
Mauritius Maurice, Morris
Maximus Maxime, Max
Maximilianus Maximilian, Max
Melvinus Melvin
Michæas Micah
Michæl, Michælis, Michahel Michael, Mike, Michel, Mitchell
Michæla Michaela, Michelle
Milcolumbus Malcolm
Miles Miles, Milo
Mildritha Mildred
Misericordia, Merces Mercy, Mercedes
Montacutus Montague, Monty
Moses, Moyses Moses
Napoleo Napoleon
Natalia Natalie
Natalis Noel
Nicola Nicole
Nicolaus Nicholas, Nick, Niko, Nicolas (Spanish)
Nigellus Nigel
Norbertus Norbert
Normannus Norman
Olaus Olaf
Oliverius Oliver
Onuphrius Humphrey
Otho Otto
Palmarius Palmer
Pancratius Pancras
Papaver, Papaverina Poppy
Paschalis Pascal
Patricius Patrick (English), Patrice (French), Padraig (Gaelic)
Paula Paula, Paulette
Paulus Paul
Persius Percy
Petrus Peter, Piers, Pierre (French)
Philippus Philip, Phillip
Pompeius Pompey, Pompeo (Italian), Pompée (French)
Primarosa Primrose
Principia Kennedy
Prudentia Prudence
Quintinus Quentin
Quintus Quincy, Quincey
Radius Kiran
Raimundus Raymond
Raphæl Raphael
Regina Regina
Remigius Remi, Remy
Renata Renee, Renée
Renatus Rene
Rex Roy, Leroy
Ricardus Richard
Robertinus (masculine), Robertina (feminine) Robin
Robertus Robert
Rochus Rocky
Rodericus Roderick, Rory, Rodrigo (Spanish)
Rogerius Roger, Rodger
Rolandus Roland, Orlando
Romæus Romeo
Romanus Roman
Ronaldus Ronald
Rosa Rose
Rosamaria Rosemary, Rosamarie
Rossalinda, Rossalenta, Rosalina Rosalind, Rosalina, Rosaline
Rubina Ruby
Rudolphus Rudolph, Ralph
Rufus, Russus Russ, Russell, Rowan
Rupertus Rupert
Salomo Solomon
Sara Sarah
Sartor (masculine), Sartrix (feminine) Taylor
Saulus Saul
Scotus Scott
Sebastianus Sebastian
Sergius Serge, Sergio
Serrator Sawyer
Servatius Servatius
Shervinus, Sheruinus Sherwin
Sidonius Sidney
Sigismundus Sigmund, Sigismund
Simona Simone
Simonis Simon
Smaragda Esmeralda
Stella Estelle
Spes Hope
Stanislaus Stanley, Stanislav
Stephania Stephanie
Stephanus Stephen, Steven, Steve, Etienne (French)
Stuartus, Steuardus Stewart, Stuart
Suenius Swain, Sven (Scandinavian)
Susanna Susan, Suzanne (French)
Sybilla Sybil
Sylvester Sylvester, Silvester
Tancredus Tancred
Terentius Terence
Thaddeaus Thaddeus
Theobaldus Theobald
Theodoricus Derek, Dietrich (German)
Theodorus Theodore, Tudor
Theresia Theresa, Teresa, Therese (French)
Thomas Thomas, Tom
Timotheus Timothy
Tobias Tobias, Toby, Tobiah
Torrens Trent
Tullius Tully
Tristanus Tristan
Ualterius, Gualterius, Valterius Walter
Uardus, Vardus Ward
Uarinus, Varinus Warren
Uarnerus, Varnerus Warner
Ulricus Ulric, Ulrich
Valentinus Valentine
Valeria Valerie
Vallicus Wallace, Wallis
Vergilius Vergil
Veritas Verity, Truth
Verno Vernon
Victor Victor
Victoria Victory, Victoria
Vincentius, Vincens Vincent
Viola Violet
Virgilius Virgil
Vitus Guy, Vito
Viviana Viviana, Vivian, Vivienne (French)
Vivianus Vivian
Xavierius Xavier
Zacharias Zachary