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===Pronunciation===
===Pronunciation===
* {{qualifier|standard}} {{IPA|de|/diːɐ̯/}}
* {{qualifier|standard}} {{IPA|de|/diːɐ̯/}}
:* {{audio|de|De-dir.ogg|audio}}
* {{audio|de|De-dir.ogg|audio}}
:* {{rhymes|de|iːɐ̯}}
* {{rhymes|de|iːɐ̯}}
* {{qualifier|colloquially in unstressed position}} {{IPA|de|/dɐ/|/də/}}
* {{qualifier|colloquially in unstressed position}} {{IPA|de|/dɐ/|/də/}}



Revision as of 19:39, 18 February 2021

See also: Dir, Dir., dir-, dír-, and dîr

English

Alternative forms

Noun

dir (plural dirs)

  1. Abbreviation of direction.
  2. (computing) Abbreviation of directory.
  3. Abbreviation of director.

Adjective

dir (not comparable)

  1. Abbreviation of direct.

Adverb

dir

  1. Abbreviation of directly.

Anagrams


Asturian

Etymology

From Latin īre, present active infinitive of ; the forms beginning with V from corresponding forms of vādō; the forms beginning with F from the corresponding forms of sum.

Verb

dir

  1. to go

Conjugation

From http://ast.oslin.org/index.php?action=lemma&lemma=17232.


Breton

Pronunciation

Noun

dir m

  1. steel

Catalan

Etymology

From Lua error in Module:etymology at line 184: Old Occitan (pro) is not set as an ancestor of Catalan (ca) in Module:languages/data2. The ancestor of Catalan is Old Catalan (roa-oca)., from Latin dīcere, present active infinitive of dīcō, from Proto-Italic *deikō, from Proto-Indo-European *déyḱti (to show, point out).

Pronunciation

Verb

dir (first-person singular present dic, past participle dit)

  1. (transitive, intransitive) to say, to pronounce
  2. (transitive) to say, to tell
    Va dir una mentida.
    She told a lie.
    El dèiem que cuinés el sopar.
    We told him to cook dinner.
  3. (transitive) to call, to refer to as
  4. (reflexive) to be named, to be called
    Com et dius?What's your name?

Conjugation

Alternative forms

Derived terms

Related terms

Further reading


German

Alternative forms

Etymology

From Middle High German dir, from Old High German dir, from Proto-Germanic *þiz.

Pronunciation

  • (standard) IPA(key): /diːɐ̯/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -iːɐ̯
  • (colloquially in unstressed position) IPA(key): /dɐ/, /də/

Pronoun

dir

  1. (personal) dative of du; you, to you.
  2. (reflexive) dative of du; yourself, to yourself.

Further reading

  • dir” in Duden online

Italian

Verb

dir

  1. Apocopic form of dire

Luxembourgish

Alternative forms

  • der (unstressed)

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

From Old High German dir.

Pronoun

dir

  1. second-person singular, dative: you; thee
    Ech hunn dir e Bréif geschéckt.
    I have sent you a letter.

Etymology 2

From Old High German ir. The d- is through unetymological segmentation of the ending -t of a preceding verb (*stitt ir*stiddirstitt dir). This development was assisted by a parallelism with the 1st person, in which the dative singular mir is also the nominative plural (this latter development occurred for a similar reason, but was earlier and is widespread throughout High German).

Pronoun

dir

  1. second-person plural, nominative: you; you all; ye
    Hutt dir gutt geschlof?
    Have you slept well?
Derived terms
  • Dir (singular and plural polite form)

Declension


Old Occitan

Alternative forms

Etymology

From a contraction of Latin dīcō, dīcere.

Verb

dir

  1. to say

Descendants

  • Catalan: dir
  • Occitan: dire, díder, díser

Pennsylvania German

Etymology

Compare German dir.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

dir

  1. to you

Declension



Romansch

Etymology 1

From Latin dūrus.

Adjective

dir m (feminine singular dira, masculine plural dirs, feminine plural diras)

  1. (Sursilvan, Sutsilvan, Rumantsch Grischun) hard
Alternative forms

Etymology 2

From a contraction of Latin dīcō, dīcere, from Proto-Indo-European *deyḱ- (to show, point out).

Verb

dir

  1. to say
Conjugation
Alternative forms
  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Puter, Vallader) dir
  • (Sutsilvan) gir
  • (Surmiran) deir

Etymology 3

Noun

dir m (plural dirs)

  1. (anatomy, Rumantsch Grischun, Sursilvan, Sutsilvan) liver
Alternative forms
Synonyms

Somali

Verb

dir

  1. send

Tolai

Pronoun

dir

  1. Third-person dual pronoun: they two, them two

Declension



Venetian

Etymology

From a contraction of Latin dīcere (compare Italian dire), present active infinitive of dīcō.

Verb

dir

  1. (transitive) to say, tell
  2. (transitive) to affirm

Conjugation

  • Venetian conjugation varies from one region to another. Hence, the following conjugation should be considered as typical, not as exhaustive.

Welsh

Noun

dir

  1. soft mutation of tir (land)

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tir dir nhir thir
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.