Appendix:Olympic sports

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Summer Olympics[edit]

The following is an appendix of sports competed in the Olympics since the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, in various languages. The words in bold are the names of the sport of discipline, with the non-bolded words the names of the competitor in the various sports. Softball and baseball were not included in the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, but remain in the appendix. 2 sports, golf and rugby sevens, will appear in the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro and hence appear in this appendix.

English - Olympian aquatics archery - archer athletics - athlete badminton baseball basketball boxing - boxer canoe/kayak
Czech vodní sporty lukostřelba atletika badminton baseball basketball box
Estonian veespordialad vibulaskmine - vibulaskja kergejõustik - kergejõustiklane/atleet sulgpall/bädminton pesapall korvpall poks - poksija kanuu/kajakk
French - olympien natation tir à l'arc - archer athlétisme - athlète badminton baseball basketball boxe Canoë-kayak
Hungarian - olimpikon vízi sportok íjászat - íjász atlétika - atléta tollaslabda baseball kosárlabda ökölvívás - ökölvívó kajak/kenu
Italian - olimpico sport acquatici tiro con l'arco atletica - atleta badminton baseball pallacanestro - cestista pugilato - pugile canoa/kayak - canoista
Portuguese desportos aquáticos tiro com arco atletismo badminton basebol basquetebol boxo canoagem
Spanish deportes acuáticos tiro con arco atletismo bádminton béisbol baloncesto boxeo piragüismo
English - Olympian cycling - cyclist equestrian fencing - fencer football - footballer golf - golfer gymnastics - gymnast handball judo modern pentathlon/pentathlon - pentathlete rowing - rower rugby sevens sailing - sailor
French - olympien cyclisme - cycliste equitation escrime - escrimeur m/escrimeuse f football - footballeur m/footballeuse f golf gymnastique - gymnaste handball judo pentathlon/pentathlon moderne aviron - rameur rugby à sept voile
Hungarian - olimpikon kerékpár - kerékpározó lovassport vívás - vívó labdarúgás - labdarúgó golf torna - tornász kézilabda cselgáncs öttusa - öttusázó evezés - evezős  ??? vitorlázás - vitorlázó
Italian - olimpico ciclismo - ciclista equitazione scherma - schermitore calcio - calciatore golf ginnastica - ginnasta pallamano judo pentathlon moderno/pentathlon - pentatleta canottaggio - canottiere rugby a sette vela
Portuguese ciclismo hipismo esgrima futebol golf ginástica handebol judô pentatlo/pentatlo moderno remo Rugbi de sete/râguebi de sete vela
Spanish ciclismo equitación esgrima fútbol golf gimnasia balonmano judo pentatlón/pentatlón moderno remo rugby a siete vela
English - Olympian shooting - shooter softball table tennis taekwondo tennis - tennis player triathlon - triathlete volleyball weightlifting - weightlifter wrestling - wrestler
French - olympien tir softball tennis de table taekwondo tennis - tennis player triathlon - triathlete volleyball haltérophilie lutte
Hungarian - olimpikon sportlövészet - sportlövész softball asztalitenisz taekwondo tenisz - teniszező triatlon - triatlonos röplabda súlyemelés - súlyemelő birkózás - birkózó
Italian - olimpico tiro - tiratore softball tennis tavolo taekwondo tennis - tennista triathlon - triatleta pallavolo - pallavolista sollevamento pesi - pesista lotta - lottatore
Portuguese tiro/tiro desportivo softbol tênis de mesa taekwondo tênis triatlo voleibol halterofilismo lutas
Spanish tiro/tiro olímpico sóftbol tenis de mesa taekwondo tenis triatlón voleibol halterofilia lucha

Disciplines[edit]

Aquatics[edit]

English diving (diver) swimming (swimmer) synchronized swimming (synchronized swimmer) water polo
French plongeon natation natation synchronisée water-polo
Hungarian műugrás (műugró) úszás (úszó) szinkronúszás (szinkronúszó) vízilabda
Italian tuffi (tuffatore) nuoto (nuotatore) nuoto sincronizzato pallanuoto (pallanuotista)
Portuguese saltos/saltos ornamentais (saltador/saltodor ornamental) natação (nadador) nado sincronizado polo aquático
Spanish saltos (saltador) natación (nadador) natación sincronizada (nadador de sincronizad) waterpolo
Diving[edit]
English platform springboard synchronized diving
French haut vol tremplin plongeon synchronisé
Hungarian toronyugrás (toronyugró) műugrás (műugró) szinkronugrás (szinkronugró)
Italian piattaforma trampolino tuffi sincronizzati
Portuguese plataforma trampolim saltos sincronizados
Spanish plataforma trampolín saltos sincronizados
Swimming[edit]
English backstroke breaststroke butterfly freestyle marathon medley relay
French dos brasse papillon nage libre marathon quatre nages individuel relai
German Rücken Brust Schmetterling, Delfin Freistil, Kraul Marathon Lagen Staffel
Hungarian hátúszás mellúszás pillangóúszás gyorsúszás maraton vegyesúszás váltóúszás
Italian dorso rana farfalla stile libero maratona misti staffetta
Portuguese costas peito borboleta livre maratona medley revezamento
Spanish espalda braza mariposa libre maratón cuatro estilos relevo

Athletics[edit]

Combined events[edit]
English decathlon (decathlete) heptathlon (heptathlete)
French décathlon heptathlon
Italian decathlon (decatleta) eptathlon (eptatleta)
Portuguese decatlo heptatlo
Spanish decatlón (decatleta) heptatlón (heptatleta)
Field events[edit]
English discus hammer high jump (high jumper) javelin long jump (long jumper) pole vault (pole vaulter) shot put (shot putter) triple jump (triple jumper)
French disque marteau saut en hauteur javelot saut en longueur saut à la perche (perchiste) poids triple saut
Italian disco martello salto in alto giavellotto salto in lungo salto con l'asta (astista) lancio del peso (pesista) salto triplo
Portuguese disco martelo salto em altura dardo salto em distância salto com vara peso salto triplo
Spanish disco martillo salto de altura jabalina salto de longitud salto con pértiga (garrochista) lanzamiento de peso salto triple /triple salto
Road events[edit]
English marathon race walk (10 km, 20 km, 50 km)
French marathon marche sur route (10 km, 20 km, 50 km)
Italian maratona (maratoneta) marcia (10 km, 20 km, 50 km) (marciatore)
Portuguese maratona marcha atlética (10 km, 20 km, 50 km)
Spanish maratón (maratonista) marcha atlética (10 km, 20 km, 50 km)
Track events[edit]
Sprints[edit]
English 100 metres 200 metres 400 metres
French 100 mètres 200 mètres 400 mètres
Italian 100 metri (centometrista) 200 metri 400 metri
Portuguese 100 metros 200 metros 400 metros
Spanish 100 metros 200 metros 400 metros
Middle-distance[edit]
English 800 metres 1500 metres
French 800 mètres 1500 mètres
Italian 800 metri 1500 metri
Portuguese 800 metros 1500 metros
Spanish 800 metros 1500 metros
Long-distance[edit]
English 5000 metres 10000 metres
French 5000 mètres 10000 mètres
Italian 5000 metri 10000 metri
Portuguese 5000 metros 10000 metros
Spanish 5000 metros 10000 metros
Others[edit]
English 100 metres hurdles 110 metres hurdles 400 metres hurdles 4 x 100 metres relay 4 x 400 metres relay steeplechase
French 100 mètres haies 110 mètres haies 400 mètres haies 4 x 100 mètres relai 4 x 400 mètres relai steeple
Italian 100 metri ostacoli 110 metri ostacoli 400 metri ostacoli staffetta 4 x 100 metri staffetta 4 x 400 metri 3000 siepi/siepi (siepista)
Spanish 100 metros com barreiras 110 metros com barreiras 400 metros com barreiras revezamento 4 x 100 metros revezamento 4 x 400 metros steeplechase/carrera con obstáculos
Spanish 100 metros vallos 110 metros vallos 400 metros vallos relevo 4 x 100 metros relevo 4 x 400 metros 3000 metros com obstáculos

Badminton[edit]

English doubles mixed doubles singles
Italian doppio doppio misto singolo
Portuguese duplas duplas mistas simples
Spanish dobles dobles mixto individual

Boxing[edit]

Weight (up to) Olympic name (English) Italian Spanish
91+ kg (200+ lb) super heavyweight pesi super massimi peso superpesado
91 kg (200 lb) heavyweight pesi massimi peso pesado
81 kg (178 lb) light heavyweight pesi medio-massimi peso supermediano/supermedio
75 kg (165 lb) middleweight pesi medi peso mediano/peso medio
69 kg (152 lb) welterweight pesi welter peso wélter
64 kg (141 lb) light welterweight pesi super leggeri peso wélter ligero
60 kg (132 lb) lightweight pesi leggeri peso ligero
57 kg (125 lb) featherweight pesi gallo peso pluma
54 kg (119 lb) bantamweight pesi piuma peso gallo
51 kg (112 lb) flyweight pesi mosca peso mosca
48 kg (106 lb) light flyweight pesi mosca leggeri peso minimosca

Canoe/Kayak[edit]

Flatwater classes[edit]
Translingual C-1 C-2 K-1 K-2 K-4
Slalom classes[edit]
Translingual C-1 C-2 K-1

Cycling[edit]

BMX[edit]
Mountain bike[edit]
English cross-country
French cross-country
Italian cross-country
Road[edit]
English road race time trial
French course sur route épreuve contre la montre
Italian corsa in linea cronometro
Portuguese corrida de estrada contra-relógio
Spanish carrera en ruta contrarreloj
Track[edit]
English individual pursuit keirin madison omnium sprint team pursuit
French poursuite individuelle keirin américaine omnium vitesse poursuite par équipes
Italian inseguimento individuale keirin madison omnium velocità inseguimento a squadre
Portuguese perseguição individual keirin madison omnium velocidade perseguição por equipes
Spanish persecución individual keirin madison omnium sprint persecución equipos

Equestrian[edit]

English dressage eventing jumping
French dressage concours complet saut d'obstacles
Hungarian díjlovaglás lovastusa díjugratás
Italian dressage concorso completo salto a ostacoli
Portuguese adestramento concurso completo/CCO saltos
Spanish doma concurso completo saltos

Fencing[edit]

English épée foil sabre
French épée fleuret sabre
German Degen m Florett n Säbel m
Hungarian párbajtőr tőr kard
Italian spada fioretto sciabola
Portuguese espada florete sable
Spanish espada florete sable

Gymnastics[edit]

English balance beam floor exercise horizontal bar parallel bars pommel horse rings rhythmic gymnastics trampoline uneven bars vault
French poutre exercices au sol barre fixe barres parallèles cheval d'arçons anneaux gymnastique rythmique trampoline barres asymétriques saut de cheval
German Schwebebalken Bodenturnen Reck Barren Pauschenpferd Ringe Rhythmische Sportgymnastik Trampolin Stufenbarren Sprung
Hungarian gerenda talaj korlát nyújtó lólengés gyűrű ritmikus gimnasztika trampolin felemás korlát ugrás
Italian trave/trave d'equilibrio/trave di equilibrio corpo libero sbarra parallele simmetriche cavallina anelli ginnastica ritmica trampolino/trampolino elastico parallele asimmetriche volteggio
Portuguese trave solo barra fixa barras paralelas cavalo com alças argolas ginástica rítmica trampolim barras assimétricas salto sobre a mesa
Spanish barra suelo barra fija paralelas caballo con arcos anillas gimnasia rítmica trampolín barras asimétricas salto de potro

Judo[edit]

See Appendix:Judo

Pentathlon/Modern pentathlon[edit]

Pentathlon is a five-event sport, which takes place in the following order

English 1) shooting 2) fencing 3) swimming 4) show jumping 5) 3000 metres
French 1) tir 2) escrime 3) natation 4) saut d'obstacles 5) 3000 mètres
Hungarian 1) lövészet 2) vívás 3) úszás 4) lovaglás 5) terepfutás
Italian 1) tiro a segno 2) scherma 3) nuoto 4) salto a ostacoli 5) 3000 metri
Portuguese 1) tiro 2) esgrima 3) natação 4) hipismo 5) 3000 metros
Spanish 1) tiro 2) esgrima 3) natación 4) salto ecuestre 5) 3000 metros

Rowing[edit]

English coxless with coxswain sculls
French sans barreur avec barreur de couple
Portuguese sem com duplo
Spanish sin timonel con timonel scull

Sailing[edit]

English 470 49er dinghy finn keelboat Laser Laser Radial RS:X (windsurfer) star tornado Yngling

Shooting[edit]

English air pistol air rifle double trap pistol rapid fire pistol rifle (prone/3 positions) skeet trap
French pistolet à l'air rifle à l'air double trap pistolet pistolet feu rapide rifle (couché/3 positions) skeet fosse olympique
Portuguese pistola de ar carabina de ar fossa olímpica dublê pistola tiro rápido carabina (posición deitado/3 posições) skeet fossa
Spanish pistola de aire rifle de aire doble foso pistola pistola rápida de fuego rifle (posición tendida/3 posiciones) skeet foso

Tennis[edit]

English doubles singles
French double simple
Italian doppio singolare
Portuguese duplas simples
Spanish doubles individual

Triathlon[edit]

The Olympic triathlon consists of 3 legs in the following order

English 1) 1.5 kilometre swim 2) 40 kilometre bike 3) 10 kilometre run
French 1) 1.5 kilomètres natation 2) 40 kilomètres vélo 3) 10 kilomètres pied
Italian 1) 1,5 chilometri nuoto 2) 40 chilometri bicicletta 3) 10 chilometri corsa
Portuguese 1) 1,5 kilometros natação 2) 40 kilometros ciclismo 3) 10 kilometros corrida
Spanish 1) 1,5 kilometros natación 2) 40 kilometros ciclismo 3) 10 kilometros corrida

Volleyball[edit]

English beach volleyball Indoor volleyball
French volleyball de plage volleyball en salle
Italian beach volley pallavolo al coperto
Portuguese voleibol de praia voleibol
Spanish vóley playa voleibol

Wrestling[edit]

English freestyle Greco-Roman
French libre gréco-romaine
Italian libera greco-romana
Portuguese livre greco-romana
Spanish libre grecorromana

Winter Olympics[edit]

The following is an appendix of sports competed in the 2006, 2010 and 2014 Games.

English - Winter Olympian biathlon - biathlete bobsleigh curling - curler ice hockey luge skating - skater skiing - skier
French biathlon bobsleigh curling hockey sur glace luge patinage ski - skieur
Spanish biatlón bobsleigh curling hockey sobre hielo luge patinage esquí - esquiador

Bobsleigh[edit]

English skeleton
Spanish skeleton

Skating[edit]

English figure skating ice dancing short track speed skating speed skating
Spanish patinaje artístico danza sobre hielo patinaje de velocidad sobre pista corta patinaje de velocidad

Skiing[edit]

English alpine skiing cross-country skiing freestyle half-pipe Nordic combined ski jumping slopestyle snowboard
Spanish esquí alpino esquí de fondo esquí acrobático medio-tubo combinada nórdica saltos en esquí slopestyle snowboard

Alpine skiing[edit]

English alpine combined downhill skiing giant slalom slalom super-G
Spanish combinada descenso eslalon Gigante eslalom Súper G

Cross-country skiing[edit]

English pursuit mass start relay

Freestlye[edit]

English aerials moguls

Nordic combined[edit]

Nordic combined is a combination of the following

English ski jumping cross-country skiing

Ski jumping[edit]

English K90 K120

Snowboard[edit]

English giant parallel slalom half-pipe snowboard cross

Summer Paralympics[edit]

The following sports were competed in the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing. An athlete competing in the Paralympics is known as a Paralympian

English archery athletics boccia cycling equestrian football goalball judo powerlifting rowing sailing shooting swimming table tennis volleyball wheelchair basketball wheelchair fencing wheelchair rugby wheelchair tennis

Winter Paralympics[edit]

The following sports were competed in the 2014 Winter Paralympics in Sochi.

English alpine skiing biathlon cross-country skiing sledge hockey wheelchair curling