Appendix:Animals

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Taxonomy of the animal kingdom[edit]

Male and female animals, their young, homes, groups, sounds and related adjectives[edit]

Each row of the table below gives specific terms for the male, female, young, home, group, sound and related adjective for a type of animal, where special terms exist.

Male: Terms for the male of the animal. Where specific terms exist for the castrated and uncastrated male, these are given, followed by c and u respectively.

Female: Terms for the female of the animal.

Young: Terms for the young of the animal. Where specific terms exist for the male and female young, these are given, followed by m and f respectively.

Home: Terms for the home of the animal. Those made by the animal itself are followed by a and those made by humans to keep the animal are followed by h.

Group: Terms for a group of animals of this type. Italicised terms are invented collective nouns rarely found outside lists of such terms and are not used by zoologists.

Sound: Terms for the cry of the animal or sounds that the animal makes.

Adjective: Adjectives describing the animal of this type. These include both common English terms (such as wormy), and technical or Latinate terms (such as vermian). Many of the technical terms are collateral adjectives.

Related terms: Alternative names for the animal, including slang terms, terms for animals of various ages, animals who are parents and terms otherwise too specific to feature in other columns.

Terms used for animals in general[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms

male,
male + name of animal,
neuter c
female,
female + name of animal
baby,
baby + name of animal
burrow a,
den a,
hold a,
hole a,
lair a,
menagerie h,
terrarium h,
zoo or zoological gardens h
band (North American: applied to large mammals),
flock (applied to small farm animals and to birds),
herd (applied to large herbivorous mammals),
mob (Australian: applied to large mammals),
pack (applied to hunting animals),
school

name of animal + (-)like (eg cat-like)
hibernaculum,
litter

A[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
agouti






dasyproctid,
dasyproctine

alligator
bull
cow
hatchling


congregation
bellow,
hiss


amphibian






amphibian

ant


antling (rare)
ant farm h,
ant-hive a,
ants' nest a,
formicarium h,
formicary a,
nest a
colony

formicarian,
formicid
nurse,
queen
soldier
worker
ant-eater






myrmecophagous

antelope


kid

herd

antilopine
bok
ape



troop,
shrewdness

apish,
simian

ass jackass,
jack
jenny-ass,
jenny,
she-ass


herd,
pace
bray,
hee-haw
asinine donkey,
hinny,
mule

B[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
badger
boar
sow
cub,
kit,
kitten
hole a,
set or
sett a
cete

meline

bat



bat tube h


cheiropterous

bear
she-bear bear cub,
cub

sleuth,
sloth
growl
bearish,
ursine

beaver



beavery a/h,
lodge a




bee
drone
queen (fertile), worker (sterile)
fry,
schadon (obsolete)
apiary h,
beehive h,
bike/byke a,
hive h,
skep h
colony,
swarm (in flight)
buzz,
hum
apian
brood,
nurse,
worker
beetle


grub



coleopterous

bird cock,
cock-bird
hen,
hen-bird
chick,
hatchling,
squab
aviary h,
bird-cage h,
bird's nest a,
hive-nest a,
nest a,
nest-box h,
nesting-box h,
nesting-place a
bunch (of waterfowl),
cloud (in flight),
congregation,
flock,
plump,
pod (small flock),
string (flock flying in single file)
bird-song,
call,
cheep,
chirp,
chirrup,
peep,
pipe,
song,
trill,
tweet,
twitter,
warble
avian,
avine,
ornithic,
volucrine
birdie,
brood,
clutch,
fledgling,
hatch
bird of prey






raptorial
raptor
bittern




sedge,
siege
boom


boar
See pig below
buffalo




gang


beefalo,
bison,
cattalo or catalo
bug






hemipteral,
hemipteran,
hemipterous

bulldog


bull-pup





butterfly


caterpillar



lepidopterous,
papilionaceous
chrysalis

C[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
camel






cameline
cama
capuchin monkey






cebine

carnivore






carnivorous

carp






cyprine

cat tom,
tomcat,
gib c
queen (breeding) kitten,
kit,
kitty

clowder (obsolete),
kindle (of kittens; obsolete)
caterwaul,
meow,
mew,
miaow,
miaul,
purr,
waul
catty,
feline,
kittenish
(of a kitten)
moggy,
puss,
pussy,
pussy-cat
chaffinch





pink


chicken cock,
rooster,
capon c
hen chick
battery h,
chicken run h,
coop h,
hen-house h,
pen h,
run h
brood (of young),
clatch/cletch/clutch,
flock,
peep (obsolete)
cackle,
chuck,
cluck,
cock-a-doodle-doo,
crow,
pule
gallinaceous,
galline
clutch,
cockerel,
pullet
chough




clattering (obsolete)



civet






viverrine

cockroach







roach
cod






gadoid,
gadine

coot




covert (obsolete)



cow
See ox below
crab
cock
hen
crablet





crane




sedge,
siege
clang


crane-fly






tipulid

cricket





chirp,
churr
crickety

crocodile






crocodilian

crow



murder caw
corvine
crustacean


nauplius (larva)



crustacean

D[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
deer
buck,
stag
doe,
hind
fawn,
calf

herd,
rangale (obsolete)
bell,
troat
cervine,
rucervine (swamp deer)
hart,
knobber,
royal,
spade,

spayard,
spayart,
spay,
spitter

dinosaur






dinosaurian

dog dog bitch pup,
puppy,
whelp
den a,
kennel h,
doghouse h
pack bark,
bay,
bow-wow,
growl,
howl,
snarl,
whimper,
whine,
woof,
yap,
yelp,
yip,
yowl
canine,
doggish
bow-wow,
brach,
cur,
doggie or doggy,
hound,
mutt,
pooch,
team,
wolfdog
dolphin



dolphinarium h
pod,
school

cetacean
wolphin
dove


dove-bird (obsolete),
doveling
columbarium,
dovecot or

dovecote h,
dovehouse h

dole (obsolete, fanciful),
flight
coo
columbine,
dovish (mainly in

political sense)


duck
drake
duck
duckling

badling (obsolete),
plump,
raft (on water),
sord (of mallards; obsolete),
team (flying in a line)
quack
anatine

E[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
eagle

eagle hen
eaglet
eyrie or

eyry or
aerie or
aery a


squawk
aquiline

earthworm

(see also worm below)

n/a: earthworms are
hermaphrodite
n/a: earthworms are
hermaphrodite




lumbricine

echidna


puggle





eel


leptocephalus (larva),
elver




eelfare
elephant bull cow calf
herd trumpet
elephantine
elk




gang

alcine

F[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
falcon





falconine

ferret buck,
hob,
hob-ferret
gill,
jill
kit
business,
fesnyng



finch




charm,
chirm (obsolete)



fish


fry,
hatchling,
spawn
aquarium h,
fish-pond h,
fish tank h,
vivarium h,
vivary h
brood (of young - obsolete),
school,
shoal

fishy,
piscine
milter
flea






pulicine

fly


maggot

swarm

dipteran,
dipterous,
muscid

flycatcher






muscicapine

flying fox






pteropine

fowl (domestic) cock hen chick coop h,
cote h,
fowl-run h,
pen h,
run h
flock
gallinaceous,
galline

fox dog,
dog-fox
vixen,
fox bitch
cub,
fox cub,
kit
burrow a,
earth a,
fox burrow a,
fox-earth a,
hole a,

kennel a,
lair a

skulk
bark,
yap,
yelp
foxy,
vulpine

frog


froglet,
frogling,
polliwog (dialect term for tadpole),
tadpole (larva)
froggery a,
ranarium h
froggery, army
croak
froggy,
ranarian (nonce word),
ranid
frog spawn

G[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
gadfly






tabanid

game







brace
gerbil
buck
doe
pup
gerbilarium h




gerfalcon
tercel jerkin







giraffe
bull
cow




giraffine
camelopard
gnat





trumpet


goat billy-goat,
buck,
buck-goat,
he-goat
nanny-goat,
nanny,
she-goat
goatling,
kid,
kidling

trip (dialect or obsolete)
bleat
caprine,
goatish,
goaty,
hircine
geep
goose gander goose gosling
flock,
gaggle (on water),
skein (in flight)
cackle,
clang,
hiss,
honk
anserine,
goosy

gorilla




band

silverback
grasshopper





pitter
acridian

greyhound







sapling
grouse




covey , pack

tetraonid,
tetraonine

guinea-fowl
guinea-cock
guinea-hen






gull






laridine

H[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
hare
buck,
jack hare
doe
leveret
form
huske (obsolete),
down (obsolete),
trip (dialect or obsolete)

leporine

hawk
tercel,
tiercel,
tercelet,
tiercelet


hawkery h (nonce word),
mew h
cast,
kettle

falconine
eyas,
sore
hedgehog


hedgehoglet,
hoglet, kitten

drift

erinaceous

herbivore






herbivorous

heron



heronry h
siege



herring





clupean (nonce word)

hippopotamus




bloat


hippopotamian,
hippopotamic,
hippopotamine
hippo
hornet



bike/byke a,
nest a




horse entire u,
stallion u,
gelding c
mare colt m,
foal,
hogget,
filly f
haras h,
mews h,
stable h,
stall h,
stud h
rag (of colts; obsolete),
stable (from one stable),
string (for breeding in captivity),
stud (for breeding in captivity)
neigh,
whinny,
nicker
equine,
horsy
dam,
gee-gee,
hinny,
mule,
sire,
zebrule
house fly


larva,
maggot

swarm

muscid

human being
man
woman
child,
boy m,
girl f



hominid,
human

hyena






hyenesque,
hyenic,
hyenine,
hyenish

hyrax






hyracine

I[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
iguana






ignuanian,
iguanid

insect


grub,
larva,
nymph,
pupa
insectarium h,
insectary h
brood (of young),
cloud (in flight),
swarm

insectan
bug,
chrysalis,
creepy-crawly,
imago,
pseudimago,
pupa,
subimago

J[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
jackdaw







daw
jay





chatter
garruline

K[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
kangaroo
boomer,
buck,
jack
doe,
flyer,
jill
joey

court,
mob (Australian),
troop

macropine
roo
kite





pule
milvine

koala







Australian bear,
koala bear,
native bear

L[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
lapwing




desert



lark




bevy, exaltation



leech






hirudinal (obsolete)

lemming






microtine

lemur






lemurian

leopard

leopardess


leap or lepe (both obsolete)



limpet






patelline

lion

lioness
cub,
lion cub,
lionet

pride
growl,
roar
leonine,
lionish

liger,
tigon
lizard






lacertian,
lacertine,
saurian

llama







cama
lobster
cock
hen




homarine
lobsterish
locust






acridian,
locustal,
locustian,
locustical

louse


nit



pedicular,
pediculine

M[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
mackerel






scombroid

magpie





chatter
garruline
mag, pie
mammal






mammalian

marsupial






marsupial

marten






musteline

mink


kit





mite






acarian,
acarid,
acaridan,
acarine

moa






dinornithine

mole




labour (obsolete)

moley,
talpine

mollusc






molluscan,
molluscous

mongoose


cub, kit

band, pack



monitor






varanian,
varanid
monitor lizard
mosquito


wriggler (larva)


trumpet


moth


caterpillar



lepidopterous

moth (clothes moth)






tineid

mouse


mouse-hole a,
mousery a,
nest a

peep,
squeak
mousy,
murine

mule







hinny,
zebrule
mullet






mugiloid

muskrat


kit





mussel






mytiloid

N[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
nightingale




watch



O[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
octopus






octopean,
octopian,
octopic,
octopine

orca






grampus,
killer whale
oryx






orygine

osprey






pandionine
fish eagle,
fish hawk
ostrich






struthioid,
struthionine,
struthious

otter
dog
bitch (rare)
cub
couch a,
holt a,
lodge a


lutrine
owl


owlet
owlery
parliament
hoot,
screech,
tu-whit tu-whoo
owlish,
owly,
strigine

ox bull u,
steer c,
ox c,
bullock c
cow calf,
stirk,
bull-calf m,
cow-calf f,
heifer f
barn (US) h,
boose h,
byre h,
corral h,
cowhouse h,
cowshed h,
cow-stable h,
cow-stall h,
crib h,
cub h,
hemel/hemmel h,
kraal h,
pen h,
stall h
bunch (US),
herd,
drove,
mob (Australian)
bellow (bull),
low,
moo,
roar (bull)
bovine,
taurine m
beefalo,
cattabu,
cattalo or catalo,
cattle,
dam,
dzo or zo,
freemartin,
steerling,
team
oyster


brood,
oysterling,
spat
hive h


ostraceous,
ostracean,
ostreaceous,
oysterous,
oystery

P[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
pachyderm






pachydermatous

palm-cat






paradoxurine

panther

pantheress




pantherine

parrot





squawk
parroty,
psittacine

partridge




covey

perdicine

peafowl
peacock
peahen


muster

pavonine

penguin



rookery a, penguinery a/h




perch






percine

percher






passerine

phalanger






phalangistine

pheasant



eye (obsolete) a,
nide a,
nye (dialect) a,
pheasantry h


phasianine
brace
pig boar u,
hog c
sow hogget,
piglet,
pigling,
shoat
cote h,
pen h,
pig-cote h,
pigpen h,
pigsty h,
sty h
herd,
pig-herd,
sounder
grunt,
squeal
aprine (of wild boar; obsolete),
piggy,
porcine,
suidian,
suilline,
suine (nonce word)
farrow,
piggy,
porker,
swine
pigeon


piper,
squab
pigeon-cote,
pigeon-house,
pigeon-loft,
loft
kit
coo


plover




congregation (obsolete)



polecat


kit




fitchet or fitchew,
foumart
porcupine






hystricine

porpoise




school

cetacean

Portuguese man-of-war






physalian

primate






primatal

python






pythonine

Q[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
quail




bevy



R[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
rabbit
buck
doe
kitten
burrow a,
cony-garth a,
hutch h,
rabbit-hole a,
rabbitry h,
rabbit-warren a,
warren a


leporine,
rabbitish,
rabbity
bunny,
bunny rabbit,
coney or cony
rail






ralline

rat


kitten, puppy
nest a,
rat-cage h,
rat-hole a,
rattery h


rattish,
ratty

rattlesnake





crotaline rattler (US)
raven


ravenry a/h
unkindness
croak
corvine
reindeer
see deer above
see deer above
see deer above
see deer above
see deer above
see deer above
rangiferine
see deer above
reptile



reptilarium h,
reptiliary h,
reptillery h


reptilian

rhinoceros




crash

rhinocerotic

robin
cock,
cock-robin
hen





redbreast
rodent



nest a


rodential,
rodentian,
glirine

roe deer
roebuck
roe-doe
see deer above
see deer above
bevy
see deer above
see deer above
roe
rook


squab

clamour



ruff
ree,
reeve






S[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
saki






pithecian

salmon
cock
hen
samlet



salmonoid
brandling,
grilse,
parr,
peal,
samlet,
skegger,
smolt
scorpion






scorpionid

seal
bull
cow
calf,
puppy
rookery a,
seal rookery a
pod

phocine

sea-urchin






echinal

sheep buck u (US),
ram u,
tup u,
wether c
ewe lamb cot or cote h,
fold h,
pen h,
sheepfold h,
sheepcote h,
sheep-pen h
drove,
flock,
herd,
trip (dialect or obsolete)
baa,
bleat
ovine,
sheepy
cade,
chilver,
gilter,
thrinter
shrew






soricine

skink






scincoid

slug






limaceous,
limacine,
limacoid

snail



snailery h


limaceous,
snaily

snake



ophidarium h,
ophidiarium h,
serpentarium h,

snake-house h,
snakery h

brood (of young) hiss
anguine,
ophidian,
serpentine
serpent
snipe




wisp



songbird





song
oniscine,
oscine

sparrow cock,
cock-sparrow
hen

colony



sparrowhawk musket (obsolete)






spider



cobweb a,
spider's web a,
web a


arachnidan, araneidan
spiderling
squirrel


kitten
dray or drey a


sciurine,
squirrelly
skug
starling




chattering, murmuration

sturnine

stork




mustering



swallow




flight

hirundine

swan
cob
pen
cygnet
swannery h
bank,
bevy,
game,
herd,
lamentation

cycnean,
cygnean,
swanny

T[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
tapeworm






taenioid

tarsier






tarsioid

teal




spring (archaic)



termite



termitarium a,
termitary a


termitic,
termitine

thrush


thrushling



turdine

tick






see mite
tiger

tigress
cub,
tiger cub


growl
tigerish,
tigerly,
tigery,
tigrine

liger,
tigon
tit






parine
titmouse
toad






toady

torpedo






torpedinoid

tortoise






chelonian,
testudinal,
testudinate,
testudinian

turkey
tom,
turkey-cock
turkey-hen
turkey-chick,
chick


gobble


turtle


turtlet



chelonian

U, V[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
viper






viperine,
viperish
adder
vole






microtine

vulture






vulturine

W[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
wasp
bike/byke a,
nest a

vespine,
waspish

whale
bull
cow
calf
whalery h
mob (Shetland dialect),
pod,
school

cetacean,
whalish

wolf dog
bitch,
she-wolf
cub,
wolf cub,
wolfling

pack,
wolf pack
bark,
bay,
howl
lupine,
wolfish,
wolfy
wolfdog
wombat

cub



marsupial

woodcock




fall (obsolete)



woodlouse






oniscoid

woodpecker






picine

worm



wormery h, worm farm h


vermian,
wormy

vermiform

X, Y, Z[edit]

Animal Male Female Young Home Group Sound Adjective Related terms
yak







dzo or zo
zebra

mare




zebrine
zebrinny,
zebroid,
zebrule,
zeedonk,
zeehorse,
zetland,
zonkey,
zony,
zorse
zho
zobo
zhomo






Terms to be checked[edit]

The terms below have not yet been verified. They will be researched at some point and added to the table if they are confirmed to be correct.

Not found in the Oxford English Dictionary (second edition, 1989) nor in onelook as of November 2006:

  • mongoose: herpestine
  • skunk: mephitine

See also[edit]