X

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
(Redirected from )
Jump to: navigation, search
LetterX.svg
X U+0058, X
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER X
W
[U+0057]
Basic Latin Y
[U+0059]
U+2169.svg
U+2169, Ⅹ
ROMAN NUMERAL TEN

[U+2168]
Number Forms
[U+216A]
U+FF38, X
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER X

[U+FF37]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF39]

Contents

Translingual[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also[edit]

Numeral[edit]

Roman numeral
X
Previous: IX
Next: XI

X

  1. Roman numeral ten (10)
  2. (ordinal, especially in the names of aristocracy) the tenth.
Alternative forms[edit]

Symbol[edit]

X

  1. A symbol of the IPA, representing a voiceless uvular fricative.
  2. (bowling) strike

Etymology 2[edit]

Possibly from skull and crossbones

Symbol[edit]

X

  1. A hazard indicator, sometimes incorporated into standard labelling and signage systems
Derived terms[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Other representations of X:


English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Numeral[edit]

X

  1. An unknown quantity or unknown value.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (upper case, lower case x, plural Xs or X's)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the English alphabet, called ex and written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

X

  1. Any mark that looks like that letter, such as such a mark made by a person who cannot read or write, in lieu of a signature.
  2. (lacrosse) The spot behind the goal.
Derived terms[edit]
  • (signature mark): xoxo
Translations[edit]

Adjective[edit]

X (not comparable)

  1. Intersex or non-binary (in passports and identification documents).

Etymology 3[edit]

Presumably by abbreviation of the pronunciation of ecstasy.

Noun[edit]

X (uncountable)

  1. (slang) Ecstasy, a particular street drug.
    • 2008, Stephen King, Graduation Weekend
      Tonight the kids will go out and party down in a more righteous mode. Alcohol and not a few tabs of X will be ingested. Club music will throb through big speakers.

Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Adjective[edit]

X (not comparable)

  1. (Britain film certificate, dated) Suitable only for those aged 16 or (later) 18 years and over.
  2. (movie rating) Obscene.
    • 1976, Movie Maker (volume 10, issues 1-6, page 364)
      If you go to an X movie you do so knowingly, as does everyone else in the audience. Or if the same thing comes up on TV you can switch over, or, if you wish, enjoy it in relative privacy.
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Etymology 5[edit]

From Christ by abbreviation, from Ancient Greek Χ (Kh, (letter chi)), from Χριστός (Khristós, Christ).

Proper noun[edit]

X

  1. (informal) Christ
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Sign reading “Pedestrian X” (Pedestrian Crossing)

From cross, due to the X symbol being a cross saltire.

Noun[edit]

X (plural Xes)

  1. (Canada, US) Cross, crossing.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

As defined in CIE 1931 color space.

Noun[edit]

X (uncountable)

  1. One of the tristimulus values which, with Y and Z, defines coordinates in a three-dimensional color space. Pronounced big X or cap X.
    • 2003, Charles A. Poynton, Digital Video and HDTV: Algorithms and Interfaces, ISBN 9781558607927, p. 217:
      X, Y and Z are pronounced big-X, big-Y, and big-Z, or cap-X, cap-Y, and cap-Z, to distinguish them from little x and little y, to be described in a moment.
Translations[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Afar[edit]

Letter[edit]

X

  1. The eighth letter in the Afar alphabet.

See Also[edit]


American Sign Language[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (transliteration needed) (Stokoe X)

  1. The letter X

Azeri[edit]

Letter[edit]

X upper case (lower case x)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (capital, lowercase x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: W
  • Next letter: Y

Esperanto[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

X

  1. (text messaging) Abbreviation of (or).

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Finnish alphabet, called äks or eks and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with ks.

See also[edit]


French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

X (invariable)

  1. X-rated

Noun[edit]

X m, f (plural X)

  1. X (letter of the Latin alphabet)
  2. X-frame stool
    • 1862, Victor Hugo, Les Misérables, I.3.i:
      La duchesse de Duras lisait à trois ou quatre amis, dans son boudoir meublé d’X en satin bleu ciel [...].
      The Duchess de Duras was reading to two or three friends, in a boudoir furnished with X-frame stools in sky-blue satin.

German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the German alphabet.

Ido[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (name of letter) IPA(key): /iks/
  • (phonetic realization) IPA(key): [ks]

Letter[edit]

X m, f (invariable, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Latin alphabet, called ics in Italian.

Usage notes[edit]

  • The letter X is not considered part of the Italian alphabet. It is found mainly in loanwords, Latinisms, and Grecisms.

See also[edit]


Korean[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • × (rare)

Etymology[edit]

From Japanese × (batsu).

Symbol[edit]

X

  1. false.

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Latin Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia la

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ancient Greek Χ (Kh, chi), which represented /ks/ in the dialects of most of the Greek mainland and Euboea.

Pronunciation[edit]

The sound of X was like that of the Greek Ξ (X, xi), that is /ks/, although etymologically it represented not only cs (as in lūx, from luc-s, and dīxī, from dic-si), but also gs (as in lēx, from leg-s; rēxī, from reg-si); hs (as in trāxī, from trah-si; vexī, from veh-si); and chs (as in the word onyx, from onych-s, borrowed from the Greek). The hardening of a softer final (g, h, ch) before s into the с sound, which occurs in the last-mentioned cases, is found also in several roots ending in v and u: nix for niv-s, vīxī for viv-si, connixī for conniv-si, fluxī for fluv-si, from fluō (root fluv; cf. fluvius), struxī for stru-si. Less frequently x has arisen from the combinations ps and ts: proximus for prop-simus (from prope), nīxus for nit-sus (from nītor), the latter being used along with the collateral form nīsus, as also connīvī with connixī, and mistus (from misceō) with mixtus. An exchange of the sounds ss or s and x, took place in axis for assis and laxus for lassus. In the later language of the vulgar, the guttural sound in x disappeared, and s or ss was often written for it; as vis for vix, visit for vīxit, unsit for unxit, conflississet for conflixisset, in late inscriptions; hence regularly in Italian, and frequently in the other Romance tongues, the Latin x is represented by s or ss.

By a mere graphic variation, one of the constituent sounds of x is often expressed in inscriptions (but not the earliest) by an additional с or s; as SACXO or SAXSO for saxō; VCXOR or VXSOR for uxor; CONIVNCX or CONIVNXS for conjunx; even both sounds are sometimes thus expressed, VICXSIT for vīxit.

Letter[edit]

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Latin alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Numeral[edit]

X

  1. (cardinal) ten; decem.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • “X” in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short [1907], A New Latin Dictionary.

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [ɛk̚s]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [z]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [k̚s]

Letter[edit]

X

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

See also[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (lowercase x)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Romanian alphabet representing the double-consonant sounds /gz/ and /ks/. Preceded by V and followed by Z.

Saanich[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X

  1. The thirty-fifth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Somali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X upper case (lower case x)

  1. The fifth letter of the Somali alphabet, called xa and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  1. The fifth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by J and followed by KH.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The 25th letter of the Spanish alphabet.

Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔïʔk̟̚˧ˀ˦], [ʔïʔk̟̚˧ˀ˦ s̪i˨˩], [s̪əːɰ˨˩], [s̪əːɰ˨˩ ɲɛ˧ˀ˨ʔ]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɨ̞̠ʔt̚˦˥], [ʔɨ̞̠ʔt̚˦˥ s̪ɪj˧˧], [s̪əːɰ˧˧], [s̪əːɰ˧˧ ɲɛ˨ˀ˨ʔ]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɨ̞̠ʔt̚˦ˀ˥], [ʔɨ̞̠ʔt̚˦ˀ˥ s̪ɪj˨˩], [s̪əːɰ˨˩], [s̪əːɰ˨˩ ɲ̻ɛ˨ˀ˧ʔ]
  • Phonetic: ích, ích xì, xờ, xờ nhẹ

Letter[edit]

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called ích, ích xì, xờ, or xờ nhẹ and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

X (upper case, lower case x)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]