C

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LetterC.svg
C U+0043, C
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C
B
[U+0042]
Basic Latin D
[U+0044]
U+216D.svg
U+216D, Ⅽ
ROMAN NUMERAL ONE HUNDRED

[U+216C]
Number Forms
[U+216E]
U+FF23, C
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C

[U+FF22]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF24]

Translingual

Etymology 1

Etruscan 𐌂 (C), the source for Latin C

From the Etruscan letter 𐌂 (c, ce), from the Ancient Greek letter Γ (G, gamma), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤂(g, giml), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓌙.

Letter

C (lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also

Etymology 2

A standardization of Ɔ and C because the latter happens to be an abbreviation of Latin centum (hundred), from abbreviation of ƆIC, an alternate form of >I<, from tally stick markings resembling Ж (a superimposed X and I), from the practice of designating each tenth X notch with an extra cut.

Alternative forms

Numeral

C (upper case Roman numeral, lower case c)

  1. Roman numeral hundred (100)
  2. the hundredth (100th)
Usage notes

With a bar over the numeral, i.e., as C, it represents one hundred thousand.

Derived terms
See also
  • Lesser roman numeral symbol: L (50)
  • Greater roman numeral symbol: D (500)
  • Roman numerals

Etymology 3

  • (element symbol, carbon): abbreviation
  • (metrology, coulomb): abbreviation
  • (computing, hexadecimal 12): From its position as the twelfth element of the series {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, A, B, C, D, E, F}

Symbol

C

  1. (chemistry) Carbon.
  2. (metrology) Symbol for coulomb, an SI unit of electric charge.
  3. (metrology) Symbol for degrees Celsius; also °C.
    • 2019 December 2, Fiona Harvey, “Climate crisis: what is COP and can it save the world?”, in The Guardian[1]:
      Current commitments made by national governments under the Paris agreement fall far short of what is required – taken together, they would still condemn the world to an estimated temperature rise of more than 3C by the end of the century.
  4. (computing, hexadecimal) The digit for 12.
    0x0000000C
  5. (genetics) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for any cytosine
  6. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for cysteine
  7. (mathematics) differentiable class
    C1 functions are differentiable once, and C2 functions are twice differentiable
  8. (mathematics) denotes the constant of integration
  9. (physics) capacitance
  10. (linguistics) A wildcard for a consonant
  11. (Voice Quality Symbols) creak (vocal fry)

Gallery

See also

Other representations of C:


English

Etymology 1

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /siː/
(file)

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c, plural Cs or C's)

  1. The third letter of the English alphabet, called cee and written in the Latin script.
See also

Number

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The ordinal number third, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called cee and written in the Latin script.

Symbol

C

  1. A standard size of dry cell battery between A and D.
  2. (entomology) 1-letter abbreviation for costa

Noun

C (plural Cs)

  1. (slang) $100; a c-note.
    • 1935, Henry Louis Mencken, George Jean Nathan, The American Mercury (volume 35, page 227)
      I keep on fairbanking the chump until he is between a poop and a sweat. The score is half a C and he's broke.
  2. (music) The first note in the C chromatic and major scales.
  3. An academic grade better than a D and worse than a B.
  4. (Unicode) Canonical Decomposition, followed by Canonical Composition
  5. (slang) Cocaine.
    • 1945, William Burroughs, letter, 24 Jul 1945:
      Where did you secure the C? My own supply is utterly depleted.
  6. Abbreviation of consonant.
  7. (Britain, politics, in election results) Conservative
Hyponyms
Related terms
Derived terms

Etymology 2

The programming language is so named because it followed on from an earlier language called B.

Proper noun

C

  1. (programming) A particular high-level programming language from which many others are derived.
    • 1995, Gary Wolf, "The Curse of Xanadu", Wired Magazine
      The PDP-11, from the Digital Equipment Corporation, was a coveted machine. It was the original computer to run a new programming language called C, which was on its way to becoming the hackers' standard. Gregory, as it happened, didn't have any spare PDP-11s at his disposal. But the repairman took the opportunity to question some of Nelson's blithe predictions in Computer Lib, and Nelson, in response, unleashed his glib and bitter tirade against the conservative ignoramuses in the computer business.
  2. (Britain) Head of the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6).
  3. (stock ticker symbol) Symbol for the company Citigroup Inc on the NYSE
Hyponyms

(programming language): Objective-C

Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Etymology 3

Verb

C

  1. (Internet slang, text messaging) Abbreviation of see; also c.
    • 2008 January–February, Chris Rodell, “Small talk, big results”, in Men's Health, volume 23, number 1, ISSN 1054-4836, page 80:
      Sure, we may use cellphones and e-mail hundreds of times a week, but we say very little. [] Most of our talk, even in privileged IM circles, is no deeper than the words we exchange with the pizza guy. [] U C wt I mn?

References


Albanian

Pronunciation

IPA(key): /t͡s(ə)/

Letter

C (upper case C, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Albanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Azerbaijani

Letter

C upper case (lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Basque

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Basque alphabet, called ze and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also


Catalan

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Chinese

simp. and trad.
C

Pronunciation


Definitions

C

  1. (electronics) USB-C
    C  ―  sēikǒu  ―  USB-C port

Dutch

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /s/, /k/, /x/, /ks/, /ʃ/, ...
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /seː/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eː

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Dutch alphabet, called cee and written in the Latin script.

See also


Esperanto

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called co and written in the Latin script.

See also


Estonian

Estonian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia et

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Estonian alphabet, called tsee and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used only in foreign words.

See also


Finnish

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Finnish alphabet, called see and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  • Used only in loanwords. In more established loanwords replaced with k or s.

See also

Noun

C

  1. Abbreviation of cum laude approbatur.

German

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the German alphabet, called ce and written in the Latin script.

Hungarian

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The fourth letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

Declension

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative C C-k
accusative C-t C-ket
dative C-nek C-knek
instrumental C-vel C-kkel
causal-final C-ért C-kért
translative C-vé C-kké
terminative C-ig C-kig
essive-formal C-ként C-kként
essive-modal
inessive C-ben C-kben
superessive C-n C-ken
adessive C-nél C-knél
illative C-be C-kbe
sublative C-re C-kre
allative C-hez C-khez
elative C-ből C-kből
delative C-ről C-kről
ablative C-től C-ktől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
C-é C-ké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
C-éi C-kéi
Possessive forms of C
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. C-m C-im
2nd person sing. C-d C-id
3rd person sing. C-je C-i
1st person plural C-nk C-ink
2nd person plural C-tek C-itek
3rd person plural C-jük C-ik

Derived terms

See also


Ido

Pronunciation

Letter

C (lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Indonesian

Pronunciation

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /t͡ʃe/ (standard)
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /se/ (variant, Dutch-influenced)
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /tʃ/

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Indonesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Italian

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation

Letter

C f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Italian alphabet, called ci and written in the Latin script.

See also


Latin

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Latin alphabet, written in the Latin script.

References

  • C in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • C in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • C in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Latvian

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation

Letter

C

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The fourth letter of the Latvian alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also


Malay

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation

Letter

C

  1. The third letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Norwegian Bokmål

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
The letter C, c from the Norwegian alphabet, in two different fonts.

Alternative forms

Etymology 1

From Latin C, from Etruscan Etruscan 𐌂 (c), from Ancient Greek Γ (G, Gamma), from Phoenician 𐤂(g, gimel).

Pronunciation

Letter

C (lowercase c)

  1. The third letter of the Norwegian Bokmål alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also

Noun

C m (definite singular C-en, indefinite plural C-er, definite plural C-ene)

  1. the letter c, the third letter of the Norwegian alphabet
  2. indicates the third entry in a list, order or rank
    • 1857, Henrik Wergeland, Samlede Skrifter VIII, page 515:
      [jeg har] allerede sagt A. Traditionen vil nok lægge B. og C. til
      [I have] already said A. Tradition will probably add B. and C. to
    • 1939, Knut Hamsun, Artikler, page 100:
      historie er, hvad A mener til forskel fra B, og hvad C igen mener til forskel fra A og B
      history is what A means as a difference from B, and what C in turn means as a difference from A and B
    øl i klasse Cbeer with 2.75–3.75 volume percent alcohol
    førerkort klasse Cdriver's license for a truck
    førerkort klasse C1driver's license for a light truck
    hepatitt Chepatitis C
  3. (education) the third highest grade in a school or university using the A-F scale
    å få C til eksamen
    to get a C on your exam
  4. (music) C, c-note (the first note in the C chromatic and major scales; the lowest note of an instrument, written below the staff and the D note)
    • 1997, Tove Nilsen, G for Georg, page 42:
      så gal at man virkelig tror at svaler er g-nøkler og bass-nøkler og a’er og c’er som svever rundt hverandre og lager konsert i himmelen
      so crazy that you really think swallows are g-keys and bass-keys and a's and c's floating around each other and making a concert in the sky
    den høye Chigh C
    • 1939, Knut Hamsun, Artikler, page 100:
      [de] larmet ikke og gik ikke og tok det høie C
      [they] did not make noise and did not go and did the high C
    • 1999, Børre Qvamme, Opera, operette og ballett gjennom tidene, page 70:
      Duprez vakte sensasjon ved sine ut de poitrine, høy c tatt som brysttone
      Duprez aroused sensation by his out de poitrine, high c taken as chest tone
    • 2000, Pål Gerhard Olsen, Fredstid:
      han gjør stolen hennes tobent så hun når den høye c av forskrekkelse
      he makes her chair two-legged so she reaches the high c out of fright
  5. C (Roman numeral hundred; 100)
Usage notes
  • Only used in words of foreign origin, usually English. Even rare in loanwords, as this letter does not represent a sound of its own.
  • Still kept in many Christian names, therefore Caroline and Karoline are both acceptable spellings.

Etymology 2

Abbreviation of celsius, named after Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius (1701–1744).

Pronunciation

Symbol

C

  1. (metrology) symbol for degrees Celsius

Etymology 3

Abbreviation of coulomb, named after French physicist Charles-Augustin de Coulomb.

Pronunciation

Symbol

C

  1. (metrology) Symbol for coulomb, an SI unit of electric charge.

Etymology 4

Named C because it followed on from an earlier programming language called B.

Pronunciation

Symbol

C

  1. (programming) C (a particular high-level programming language from which many others are derived)

Etymology 5

Abbreviation of karbon, from French carbone (carbon), from Latin carbō, carbōnem (charcoal, coal), from Proto-Indo-European *kerh₃- (to burn).

Pronunciation

Symbol

C

  1. (chemistry) carbon (the chemical element (symbol C) with an atomic number of 6)
    • 1943, (Carl Fred. Holmboe, Michael Faraday, page 165–166:
      kullstoffet C (carbo) er tetravalent og danner metan CH4 med fire vannstoffatomer
      carbon C (carbo) is tetravalent and forms methane CH4 with four hydrogen atoms

References

Anagrams


Polish

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The fourth letter of the Polish alphabet, called ce and written in the Latin script.

See also


Portuguese

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Romani

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Romani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also

References

  • Yūsuke Sumi (2018), “C, c”, in ニューエクスプレス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, →ISBN, page 13

Romanian

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The fifth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called ce or and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

When followed by an i or e, this letter represents the phoneme /tʃ/, as in cel (/tʃel/) and citesc (/tʃiˈtesk/). When followed by hi or he (chi and che) and in all other cases, it represents /k/.

See also


Saanich

Pronunciation

Letter

C

  1. The fifth letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Skolt Sami

Pronunciation

Letter

C (lower case c)

  1. The fourth letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Slovene

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also


Somali

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʕ/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʕæɪ̯n/

Letter

C upper case (lower case c)

  1. The twelfth letter of the Somali alphabet, called cayn and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes

  1. The twelfth letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by DH and followed by G.

See also


Spanish

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Noun

C m

  1. (chess) Abbreviation of caballo.; K (knight)

Turkish

Pronunciation

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /d͡ʒ/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /d͡ʒeː/

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ce and written in the Latin script.

See also


Vietnamese

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The fifth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also


Welsh

Pronunciation

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Welsh alphabet, called ec and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by B and followed by Ch.

Mutation

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
Cymru Gymru Nghymru Chymru
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also

Further reading

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), chapter C, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Zulu

Letter

C (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The third letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also