Wiktionary:Word of the day/Recycled pages/May

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1

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Word of the day for May 1
synaesthesia n
  1. (neurology, psychology) A neurological or psychological phenomenon whereby a particular sensory stimulus triggers a second kind of sensation.
  2. (by extension) The association of one sensory perception with, or description of it in terms of, a different perception that is not experienced at the same time.
  3. (arts, literature) A literary or artistic device whereby one kind of sensation is described in the terms of another.

PointingHand.svg Russian journalist and mnemonist Solomon Shereshevsky, who was said to experience a powerful form of synaesthesia in which stimulation of one of his senses produced a reaction in all the others, died on this day in 1958.

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2

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Word of the day for May 2
turn turtle v
  1. (intransitive) Especially of a boat or ship, or some other vehicle: to turn upside down.
  2. (intransitive, surfing) To roll upside down with one's surfboard (usually a longboard) to allow a wave, especially a wave that has already broken, to pass over.
  3. (intransitive, figuratively) To fail; to go belly up.

PointingHand.svg The Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles premiered as comic book characters this month 35 years ago in 1984.

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3

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Word of the day for May 3
Betteridge's law proper n
  1. (journalism) An adage stating that any headline ending in a question mark can be correctly answered by the word "no".

PointingHand.svg Today is World Press Freedom Day, which is recognized by the United Nations to raise awareness of the importance of freedom of the press and remind governments of their duty to respect and uphold the right to freedom of expression.

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4

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Word of the day for May 4
padawan n
  1. An apprentice or student Jedi.
  2. (by extension, humorous) Any apprentice or student.

PointingHand.svg May the Fourth – oops, the Force – be with you! Today is observed as Star Wars Day by fans of the franchise.

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5

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Word of the day for May 5
lustrum n
  1. (Ancient Rome, religion, historical) A ceremonial purification of all the people, performed every five years after the taking of the census; a lustration.
  2. (by extension, literary) A period of five years.
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6

7

8

9

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Word of the day for May 9
system n
  1. A collection of organized things; a whole composed of relationships among its members.
    1. (derogatory) Preceded by the word the: the mainstream culture, controlled by the elites or government of a state, or a combination of them, seen as oppressive to the individual.
    2. (computing) A set of hardware and software operating in a computer.
    3. (mathematics) A set of equations involving the same variables, which are to be solved simultaneously.
    4. (music) A set of staves linked by a brace that indicate instruments or sounds that are to be played simultaneously.
    5. (physiology) A set of body organs having a particular function.
  2. A method or way of organizing or planning.

PointingHand.svg Venezuelan orchestral conductor, educator, and politician José Antonio Abreu, who founded the non-profit classical music education programme called El Sistema, was born on this date 80 years ago in 1939.

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10

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Word of the day for May 10
comminution n
  1. (often mining, waste management) The breaking or grinding up of a material to form smaller particles.
  2. (traumatology) The fracture of a bone site in multiple pieces (technically, at least three); crumbling.
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11

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Word of the day for May 11
brubru n
  1. Also more fully as brubru shrike: a bird in the bushshrike family found in sub-Saharan Africa (Nilaus afer).

PointingHand.svg Today, the second Saturday of May in 2019, is the first of the two World Migratory Bird Days in the year. These days were established by the Secretariats of the Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds and the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals to highlight the importance of protecting migratory birds and their habitats.

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12

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Word of the day for May 12
runcible adj
  1. (humorous) A nonce word used for humorous effect, and perhaps originally to maintain the number of syllables in lines of poems.

PointingHand.svg English artist and poet Edward Lear, who coined the word in his nonsense poem The Owl and the Pussy-cat, was born in 1812 either on this date or on 13 May.

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13

14

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Word of the day for May 14
reseda n
  1. (botany) Any of various plants of the genus Reseda, having small, pale grayish green flowers such as dyer's rocket (Reseda luteola) and mignonette (Reseda odorata).
  2. (botany, horticulture, specifically) Mignonette (Reseda odorata).
  3. A pale greyish-green colour like the flowers of a reseda plant; mignonette.

reseda adj

  1. Having a pale greyish-green colour like the flowers of a reseda plant; mignonette.
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15

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Word of the day for May 15
familial adj
  1. Of or pertaining to a human family.
  2. Of or pertaining to any grouping of things referred to as a family.
  3. (pathology) Inherited.

PointingHand.svg Today is designated by the United Nations as the International Day of Families to promote awareness of issues relating to families and to increase knowledge of the social, economic and demographic processes affecting families.

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16

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Word of the day for May 16
vermiculation n
  1. (obsolete, rare) The process of being turned into a worm.
  2. The state of being infested or consumed by worms.
  3. A pattern of irregular wavy lines resembling worms or their casts or tracks, found on the plumage of birds, used to decorate artworks and buildings, etc.
  4. (medicine, dated) Peristalsis (wave-like contraction of the digestive tract, resembling the movement of a worm).
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17

18

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Word of the day for May 18
Bauhaus proper n
  1. (architecture, design, also attributively) A modernist style characterized by the absence of ornamentation and by harmony between the function of a building or an object and its design.

PointingHand.svg German architect Walter Gropius, who founded the Bauhaus art school in 1919, was born on this day 135 years ago in 1883.

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19

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Word of the day for May 19
nuptials n
  1. A wedding ceremony.

PointingHand.svg The wedding of Prince Henry of Wales of the British royal family, known familiarly as Prince Harry, and American actress Meghan Markle takes place today in 2018.

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20

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Word of the day for May 20
radiole n
  1. (zoology) The spine of a sea urchin. [from late 19th c.]
  2. (zoology) A heavily ciliated feather-like tentacle occuring in clusters on the crowns of certain tubeworms, especially those of the order Canalipalpata (the fan-head worms), used for feeding and respiration.

PointingHand.svg Today is European Maritime Day, which seeks to raise European citizens’ awareness of the seas and their importance.

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21

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Word of the day for May 21
fret v
  1. (transitive, obsolete or poetic) Especially when describing animals: to consume, devour, or eat.
  2. (transitive) To chafe or irritate; to worry.
  3. (transitive) To make rough, to agitate or disturb; to cause to ripple.
  4. (transitive) In the form fret out: to squander, to waste.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To gnaw; to consume, to eat away.
  6. (transitive, intransitive) To be chafed or irritated; to be angry or vexed; to utter peevish expressions through irritation or worry.
  7. (intransitive) To be worn away; to chafe; to fray.
  8. (intransitive) To be anxious, to worry.
  9. (intransitive) To be agitated; to rankle; to be in violent commotion.
  10. (intransitive, brewing, oenology) To have secondary fermentation (fermentation occurring after the conversion of sugar to alcohol in beers and wine) take place.
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22

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Word of the day for May 22
food web n
  1. (ecology) A diagram showing the organisms that eat other organisms in a particular ecosystem, predators being higher in the web than their prey.

PointingHand.svg Today is the International Day for Biological Diversity (also known as World Biodiversity Day), which is recognized by the United Nations for the promotion of biodiversity issues.

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23

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Word of the day for May 23
veisalgia n
  1. (medicine) The unpleasant after-effects of the consumption of alcohol; a hangover.

PointingHand.svg The Hangover Part III, the final instalment of the Hangover series of films, was released in the United States on this day five years ago in 2013.

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24

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Word of the day for May 24
dodman n
  1. (Britain, dialectal) A land-based snail.
  2. (Britain, dialectal) A snail's shell.
  3. (Britain, dialectal) Any shellfish which casts its shell, such as a lobster.
  4. (Britain, dialectal) A surveyor.

PointingHand.svg Today is marked by some people as National Escargot Day in the USA, to celebrate escargot or cooked land snails.

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25

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Word of the day for May 25
overthrow v
  1. (transitive) To bring about the downfall of (a government, etc.), especially by force.
  2. (transitive, now rare) To throw down to the ground, to overturn.
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26

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Word of the day for May 26
pike n
  1. (military, historical) A very long spear used two-handed by infantry soldiers for thrusting (not throwing), both for attacks on enemy foot soldiers and as a countermeasure against cavalry assaults.
  2. A sharp point, such as that of the weapon.
  3. A large haycock (conical stack of hay left in a field to dry before adding to a haystack).
  4. Any carnivorous freshwater fish of the genus Esox, especially the northern pike, Esox lucius.
  5. (diving, gymnastics) A position with the knees straight and a tight bend at the hips with the torso folded over the legs, usually part of a jack-knife.
  6. (fashion, dated) A pointy extrusion at the toe of a shoe.
  7. (chiefly Northern England) Especially in place names: a hill or mountain, particularly one with a sharp peak or summit. []
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27

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Word of the day for May 27
faxlore n
  1. A kind of folklore comprising humorous material and urban legends that are shared by fax machine.

PointingHand.svg On this day 175 years ago in 1843, Scottish inventor Alexander Bain received a British patent for his “electric printing telegraph”, a precursor of the fax machine.

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28

29

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Word of the day for May 29
wheelhorse n
  1. (US, dated) One of a team of horses which is nearest to the wheels of a carriage, as opposed to a leader or forward horse.
  2. (US, figuratively) A person who labors heavily for a particular cause, without being concerned about recognition.
  3. (obsolete or historical) A foot-propelled vehicle; a bicycle.
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30

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Word of the day for May 30
geofence n
  1. (computing) A virtual perimeter around a geographic area, typically enforced by monitoring the positions of trackable mobile devices inside or outside the area, and determining if they cross the "fence".
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31

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Word of the day for May 31
lysergic adj
  1. (not comparable, organic chemistry) Used in the designation of lysergic acid and lysergic acid diethylamide: produced by hydrolysis from ergot.
  2. (comparable) Psychedelic, trippy.

PointingHand.svg American psychologist and writer Timothy Leary, who advocated exploring the therapeutic potential of psychedelic drugs such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) under controlled conditions, died on this day in 1996.

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