Wiktionary:Word of the day/Recycled pages/May

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1

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Word of the day for May 1
ergonomics n
  1. The science of the design of equipment, especially so as to reduce operator fatigue, discomfort and injury.
  2. (economics, rare) Political economy.
PointingHand.svg Today is International Workers’ Day, marked in some countries as Labour Day.

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2

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Word of the day for May 2
punch above one's weight v
  1. (idiomatic) To achieve or perform at a higher level than would be expected based on one's preparation, attributes, rank, or past accomplishments.

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3

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Word of the day for May 3
en passant adv
  1. In passing, by the way, incidentally.
  2. (chess) Of a player's pawn when it has moved forward two squares on its first move in the game: captured "in passing" by the other player's pawn, as if the first player's pawn had only moved forward one square.
PointingHand.svg Georgian chess player Nona Gaprindashvili, who in 1978 became the first female Grandmaster, was born on this day in 1941.

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4

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Word of the day for May 4
lightsaber n
  1. (science fiction) A sword having a blade made of a powerful beam of light.
PointingHand.svg May the Fourth – oops, the Force – be with you! Today is observed as Star Wars Day by fans of the franchise.

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5

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Word of the day for May 5
galeanthropy n
  1. (rare) A mental condition of thinking that one has become a cat, which is usually manifested in the adoption of feline mannerisms and habits.

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6

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Word of the day for May 6
measly adj
  1. Particularly of pigs or pork: infected with larval tapeworms or trichinae (parasitic roundworms).
  2. Of a person: infected with measles.
  3. Small (especially contemptibly small) in amount; miserable, paltry, trifling.

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7

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Word of the day for May 7
epitrachelion n
  1. (Eastern Orthodoxy) The liturgical vestment worn by priests and bishops of the Eastern Orthodox Church as the symbol of their priesthood, corresponding to the Western stole.

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8

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Word of the day for May 8
macron n
  1. (orthography) A short, straight, horizontal diacritical mark (¯) placed over any of various letters. It usually is used to indicate that the pronunciation of a vowel is long; in Mandarin Pinyin (Chinese), it indicates the first tone, e.g., chūzūchē.

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9

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Word of the day for May 9
anuran n
  1. (batrachology) Any amphibian of the order Anura; a frog, a toad.
PointingHand.svg On this day in 1955, the TV show Sam and Friends, which introduced Kermit the Frog, was first broadcast.

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10

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Word of the day for May 10
Amitābha proper n
  1. (Buddhism) The name of a buddha; an artistic depiction of this buddha.
    1. In Pure Land Buddhism, a branch of Mahāyāna Buddhism, the name of the principal buddha regarded as of celestial origin.
    2. In Vajrayāna Buddhism, the name of the western buddha, one of the Five Dhyani Buddhas representing the five qualities of the Buddha.
  2. (Hinduism) A class of deities.
PointingHand.svg Today is Vesak or Vesākha, a Buddhist holiday that celebrates the birth, enlightenment, and death of Gautama Buddha.

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11

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Word of the day for May 11
hold the ring v
  1. (sports, theater, obsolete) To maintain order among spectators encircling participants in a prizefight or a performance and keep them from coming too near the participants; to keep the ring.
  2. To be a spectator at a fight; (figuratively) to watch other people argue.
  3. (Britain, idiomatic) To oversee a situation while attempting to remain uninvolved in it.
  4. (sports) Of a prizefighter: to hold one's own during a fight; to continue winning a series of fights.

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12

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Word of the day for May 12
bahuvrihi n
  1. (linguistics, also attributive) A type of nominal compound in which the first part modifies the second and neither part alone conveys the intended meaning.

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13

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Word of the day for May 13
prahok n
  1. A salted and fermented fish paste used in Cambodian cuisine.
PointingHand.svg Today is the start of the three-day national holiday in Cambodia that marks the birthday of King Norodom Sihamoni.

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14

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Word of the day for May 14
matriotism n
  1. School, hometown, or parish pride or loyalty, as opposed to nationalism or patriotism. [from 19th c.]
  2. Love or celebration of a woman's influence upon society; the female equivalent to male patriotism.
  3. Love of the motherland, as opposed to patriotism as love of the fatherland.
  4. Pacifist patriotism; love of society as opposed to love of the state.
  5. Devotion to Mother Earth, ecology, sustainability, peace, and the survival of the human species for as long as possible.
PointingHand.svg Today is celebrated as Mother’s Day in 2017 in many countries.

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15

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Word of the day for May 15
parentcraft n
  1. The skills and knowledge used by parents in raising children.
PointingHand.svg Today is designated by the United Nations as International Day of Families.

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16

17

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Word of the day for May 17
jotun n
  1. (Norse mythology) A member of a race of giants who usually stand in opposition to the Æsir and especially to Thor.
PointingHand.svg Today is Norwegian Constitution Day, which celebrates the signing of the Constitution of Norway in Eidsvoll on this day in 1814.

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18

19

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Word of the day for May 19
chimera n
  1. (Greek mythology) Alternative letter-case form of Chimera (a flame-spewing monster often represented as having two heads, one of a goat and the other of a lion; the body of a goat; and a serpent as a tail).
  2. (mythology) Any fantastic creature with parts from different animals.
  3. Anything composed of very disparate parts.
  4. A foolish, incongruous, or vain thought or product of the imagination.
  5. (architecture) A grotesque like a gargoyle, but without a spout for rainwater.
  6. (genetics) An organism with genetically distinct cells originating from two zygotes.
  7. Usually chimaera: a cartilaginous marine fish in the subclass Holocephali and especially the order Chimaeriformes, with a blunt snout, long tail, and a spine before the first dorsal fin.

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20

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Word of the day for May 20
creed n
  1. That which is believed; accepted doctrine, especially religious doctrine; a particular set of beliefs; any summary of principles or opinions professed or adhered to.
  2. (specifically, religion) A reading or statement of belief that summarizes the faith it represents; a confession of faith for public use, especially one which is brief and comprehensive.
  3. (rare) The fact of believing; belief, faith.
PointingHand.svg The First Council of Nicaea began on this day in 325 C.E. The Council prepared the earliest version of the Nicene Creed, which states the basic tenets of the Christian faith.

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21

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Word of the day for May 21
smudge attack n
  1. (computing) A method used to crack the password of a touchscreen device by analysing the oily smears left on the device's screen by the user's fingers.

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22

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Word of the day for May 22
food web n
  1. (ecology) A diagram showing the organisms that eat other organisms in a particular ecosystem, predators being higher in the web than their prey.
PointingHand.svg Today is the International Day for Biological Diversity (also known as World Biodiversity Day), which is recognized by the United Nations for the promotion of biodiversity issues.

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23

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Word of the day for May 23
defenestration n
  1. The act of throwing something or someone out of a window.
  2. (Britain) The high-profile removal of a person from an organization.
  3. (computing, neologism, humorous) The act of removing the Microsoft Windows operating system from a computer in order to install an alternative one.
PointingHand.svg The Second Defenestration of Prague took place on this day in 1618. Three Roman Catholic regents of Ferdinand II, the Holy Roman Emperor, were thrown out of a third-floor window by Protestant subjects who accused them of suppressing their rights. The regents survived the fall, but the incident precipitated the Thirty Years’ War.

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24

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Word of the day for May 24
dodman n
  1. (Britain, dialectal) A land-based snail.
  2. (Britain, dialectal) A snail's shell.
  3. (Britain, dialectal) Any shellfish which casts its shell, such as a lobster.
  4. (Britain, dialectal) A surveyor.
PointingHand.svg Today is marked by some people as National Escargot Day in the USA, to celebrate escargot or cooked land snails.

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25

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Word of the day for May 25
sand boil n
  1. (geology) An eruption of water through a bed of sand due, for instance, to seismic activity, or to differences in water pressure on two sides of a levee which causes water to penetrate beneath the levee.
  2. (pathology, rare) A boil which forms when sand particles enter and irritate the skin.

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26

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Word of the day for May 26
khachapuri n
  1. A cheese pastry from the country of Georgia in the Caucasus region of Eurasia.
PointingHand.svg Today is Independence Day, the national day of Georgia.

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27

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Word of the day for May 27
silly season n
  1. (idiomatic, journalism) A period, usually during the summertime, when news media tend to place increased emphasis on reporting light-hearted, offbeat, or bizarre stories.
  2. (idiomatic) A period of time, as during a holiday season or a political campaign, in which the behavior of an individual or group tends to become uncharacteristically frivolous, mirthful, or eccentric.
PointingHand.svg Today is the start of the Memorial Day weekend in the United States in 2017, which is traditionally regarded as the beginning of summer.

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28

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Word of the day for May 28
vardapet n
  1. (ecclesiastical) A highly educated archimandrite in the Armenian Apostolic Church tradition who holds a Doctorate in Theology.
PointingHand.svg Today is Republic Day in Armenia, which commemorates the establishment of the First Republic of Armenia.

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29

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Word of the day for May 29
duodenum n
  1. The first part of the small intestine, starting at the lower end of the stomach and extending to the jejunum.
PointingHand.svg Today is designated as World Digestive Health Day by the World Gastroenterology Organisation to commemorate its founding on this date in 1958.

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30

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Word of the day for May 30
nature-deficit disorder n
  1. (psychology) A disputed class of behavioural problems in modern children, ascribed to the fact that they spend little time outdoors.

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31

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Word of the day for May 31
wont n
  1. One's habitual way of doing things; custom, practice.

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