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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
重-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 166 +2, 9 strokes, cangjie input 竹十田土 (HJWG), four-corner 20104, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1291, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1791, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3680, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+91CD

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
重-oracle.svg 重-bronze.svg 重-silk.svg 重-bigseal.svg 重-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *doŋ, *doŋʔ, *doŋs): semantic  ‎(man) + phonetic  ‎(OC *toːŋ, bag) – a man carrying a bag. Also ideogrammic compound (會意).

Pronunciation 1[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3
Initial () (11)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨoŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖioŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡioŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuawŋX/
Li
Rong
/ȡioŋX/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭwoŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯woŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjowngX ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-t<r>oŋʔ/
English heavy

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 17462
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doŋʔ/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. heavy
    Antonyms: (qīng)
  2. grave; serious; severe
  3. considerable (in amount)

Pronunciation 2[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 3/3
Initial () (11)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨoŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖioŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡioŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuawŋH/
Li
Rong
/ȡioŋH/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭwoŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯woŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhòng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhòng
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjowngH ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-t<r>oŋʔ-s/
English weight (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 17463
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doŋs/

Definitions[edit]

  1. weight
  2. weighty; important
  3. grave; serious
  4. prudent
  5. to respect; to attach importance to

Pronunciation 3[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (11)
Final () (7)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨoŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖioŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡioŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖuawŋ/
Li
Rong
/ȡioŋ/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭwoŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi̯woŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chóng
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjowng ›
Old
Chinese
/*[m]-troŋ/
English repeat; double

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 17457
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*doŋ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to repeat
  2. again
  3. Classifier for layers of an object.

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

pe → ɸe → he.

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji he)

  1. a division
  2. something that divides two objects
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

-pe → -ɸe → -we → -e. Cognate with ‎(he, division). The divergent phonological development is due to the non-null environment caused by being suffixed to the previous morpheme.

Suffix[edit]

‎(hiragana , romaji -e, historical hiragana )

  1. the number of overlaps; fold, layer
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana おも, romaji omo)

  1. main, principal, important

Alternative forms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Prefix[edit]

‎(hiragana じゅう, romaji jū-)

  1. heavy, weighty
  2. involving large-scale manufacture, heavy
  3. great in degree, heavy, serious, severe

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(jung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: chung, Yale: cwung)
  • Name (hangeul): 무거울 (Yale: mukewulcwung)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(trọng, chồng, chuộng, trộng, trụng, trùng, chõng, trửng)

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