User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-pl-v

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
vacation {n} (holiday, period of leisure time) :: wakacje {p}
vaccinate {v} (treat with a vaccine) :: szczepić
vaccination {n} (inoculation with a vaccine) :: szczepienie {n}
vaccine {n} (substance meant to stimulate production of antibodies) :: szczepionka {f}, wakcyna {f}
vacuüm {n} (vacuum) SEE: vacuum ::
vacuously {adv} (because of being a vacuous truth) :: w próżni
vacuum {n} (region of space that contains no matter) :: próżnia {f}
vacuum {v} (transitive: to clean with a vacuum cleaner) :: odkurzać
vacuum {v} (intransitive: to use a vacuum cleaner) :: odkurzać
vacuum {n} (vacuum cleaner) SEE: vacuum cleaner ::
vacuum cleaner {n} (machine for cleaning) :: odkurzacz {m}
vacuum flask {n} (a bottle, flask or similar vessel having a vacuum between its inner and outer silvered walls) SEE: thermos ::
vacuum tube {n} (electrical device) :: lampa próżniowa
vagabond {n} (a person on a trip of indeterminate destination and/or length of time) :: wagabunda {m}
vagina {n} (anatomical sense) :: pochwa {f}
vagina {n} (vulva) SEE: vulva ::
vaginal {adj} (of the vagina) :: pochwowy
vaginally {adv} (via the vagina) :: dopochwowo, dowcipnie [humorous, mildly vulgar]
vaginismus {n} (muscular contraction) :: pochwica {f}
vagrancy {n} (being a vagrant) :: włóczęgostwo {n}, żebractwo {n}
vague {adj} (not clearly expressed) :: niejasny {m}
vagus nerve {n} (cranial nerve) :: nerw błędny {m}
vain {adj} (overly proud of one's appearance) :: próżny
valence {n} (chemistry: combining capacity) :: wartościowość {f}
valence {n} (chemistry: number of binding sites of a molecule) :: wartościowość {f}
valence band {n} (range) :: pasmo walencyjne {n}
Valencia {prop} (capital of the Valencian Community) :: Walencja
valenki {n} (winter felt boots) :: walonki {p}
valentine {n} (An expression of affect, especially romantic) :: walentynka {f}
valentine {n} (A person to whom you give, or from whom you receive, a valentine, on February 14th) :: walentynka {f}
Valentine {n} (male given name) :: Walenty {m}
Valentine's Day {prop} (Saint Valentine's Day) :: walentynki {p}
Valentinus {prop} (gnostic theologian) :: Walentyn {m}
valerian {n} (Valeriana officinalis) :: kozłek {m}
Valhalla {prop} (in Norse mythology, the home of warriors slain gloriously in battle) :: Walhalla {f}
valiant {adj} (showing courage or determination) :: mężny
valid {adj} (acceptable, proper or correct) :: ważny
validate {v} (check the validity of) :: walidować, przeprowadzać walidację
validation {n} (the act of validating something) :: potwierdzenie {n}, uprawomocnienie {n}, uzasadnienie {n}, walidacja {f}
valine {n} (essential amino acid C5H11NO2) :: walina {f}
valkyrie {n} (any of the female attendants, or handmaidens of Odin) :: walkiria {f}
Valle d'Aosta {prop} (region of northwestern Italy) :: Dolina Aosty {f}
Valletta {prop} (capital of Malta) :: Valletta {f}
valley {n} (elongated depression between hills or mountains) :: dolina {f}
valor {n} (value, worth) SEE: value ::
valour {n} (value) SEE: value ::
valuable {adj} (having a great value) :: wartościowy, drogocenny
value {n} (quality (positive or negative) that renders something desirable or valuable) :: wartość {f}
value {n} (degree of importance given to something) :: wartość {f}, znaczenie {n}
value {n} (amount (of money, goods or services) that is considered to be a fair equivalent for something else) :: wartość {f}, cena {f}
value {n} (relative duration of a musical note) :: wartość {f}
value {n} (relative darkness or lightness of a color) :: odcień {m}
value {n} (numerical quantity measured or assigned or computed) :: wartość {f}
value {n} (ideal accepted by some individual or group) :: wartość {f}
value {v} (to estimate the value of) :: wycenić, wyceniać
value {v} (to fix or determine the value of) :: wycenić, wyceniać
value {v} (to regard highly) :: cenić
value {v} (to hold dear) :: cenić
value added tax {n} (tax levied on added value of an exchange) :: podatek od wartości dodanej {m}, podatek od towarów i usług {m}
valve {n} (device that controls flow of gas or fluid) :: zawór {m}
valve {n} (device in an internal combustion engine) :: zawór {m}
valve {n} (in anatomy) :: zastawka {f}
valve {n} (vacuum tube) SEE: vacuum tube ::
vamp {v} (to seduce or exploit someone) SEE: exploit ::
vamp {n} (seductive woman) :: wamp {m}
vampire {n} (mythological creature) :: wampir {m}, upiór {m}, wampirzyca {f}, wąpierz {m}
vampiress {n} (female vampire) :: wampirzyca {f}
van {n} (a (covered) vehicle used for carrying goods) :: wan {m-an}, van {m-an}, samochód dostawczy {m-in}, furgonetka {f}, dostawczak {m-an}
vanadinite {n} (mineral) :: wanadynit
vanadium {n} (chemical element) :: wanad {m}
Vancouver {prop} (city) :: Vancouver
Vandal {n} (member of an ancient east Germanic tribe) :: Wandal {m}
vandalise {v} (to needlessly destroy) :: wandalizować {impf}, zwandalizować {pf}
vandalism {n} (needless damage or destruction of property) :: wandalizm
vandalize {v} (vandalise) SEE: vandalise ::
vanguard {n} (leading units of an army) :: awangarda {f}
vanish {v} (become invisible or to move out of view unnoticed) :: znikać {impf}, zniknąć {pf}
vanishment {n} (disappearance) SEE: disappearance ::
vanity {n} (that which is vain) :: marność {f}
vanity {n} (excessive pride) :: próżność {f}
vanity {n} (emptiness) :: próżność {n}
vanity {n} (dressing table) SEE: dressing table ::
vantage {n} (advantage) :: przewaga {f}
vantage {n} (place or position affording a good view; a vantage point) :: punkt obserwacyjny {m}
vantage point {n} (place or position affording a good view) :: punkt obserwacyjny {m}
vantage point {n} (point of view) SEE: point of view ::
Vanuatu {prop} (Republic of Vanuatu) :: Vanuatu {n}
vapor {n} (the gaseous state of a substance that is normally a solid or liquid) :: para {f}
vapor {v} (intransitive: to become vapor) SEE: evaporate ::
vapor {v} (transitive: to turn into vapor) SEE: vaporize ::
vaporize {v} (turn into vapour) :: parować, wyparować
vapor pressure {n} (pressure that a vapor exerts) :: ciśnienie pary {n}
vapour {n} (vapor) SEE: vapor ::
vapour {n} (steam) SEE: steam ::
vardapet {n} (archimandrite in the Armenian Apostolic Church) :: wartabed
varenik {n} (varenyky) SEE: varenyky ::
vareniki {n} (varenyky) SEE: varenyky ::
varenyk {n} (varenyky) SEE: varenyky ::
varenyky {n} (a kind of dumplings) :: pierogi {m-p}, wareniki {m-p}
variable {adj} (able to vary) :: zmienny {m}
variable {adj} (likely to vary) :: zmienny {m}
variable {adj} (marked by diversity or difference) :: zmienny {m}
variable {adj} (mathematics: having no fixed quantitative value) :: zmienna {f}
variable {adj} (biology: tending to deviate from a normal or recognized type) :: zmienny {m}
variable {n} (something that is variable) :: zmienny {m}
variable {n} (mathematics: a quantity that may assume any one of a set of values) :: zmienna {f}
variable {n} (mathematics: a symbol representing a variable) :: zmienna {f}
variable {n} (computing: a named mutable piece of storage) :: zmienna {f}
variable antshrike {n} (Thamnophilus caerulescens) :: chronka zmienna
variance {n} (second central moment in probability (statistics)) :: wariancja {f}
variant {adj} (variable) SEE: variable ::
variant {adj} (showing deviation or disagreement) :: odbiegający
variant {n} (something slightly different) :: odmiana {f}, rodzaj {m}, wariant {m}
variant {n} (computing: variable that can hold several data types) :: wariant {m}
variation {n} (the act or state of varying) :: zmienność {f}
variation {n} (a musical technique based on an altered repetition of a theme) :: wariacja {f}
varicose vein {n} (abnormally swollen or dilated vein) :: żylak {m}
variegated {adj} (streaked or spotted with a variety of colours) :: srokaty, pstry
variegated horsetail {n} (plant) :: skrzyp pstry {m}
variety {n} (variation of something) :: rodzaj {m}, odmiana
variety {n} (rank in a taxonomic classification) :: odmiana {f}
variety is the spice of life {proverb} :: różnorodność jest przyprawą życia, różnorodność nadaje życiu smak
various {adj} (an eclectic range of) :: różny, rozmaity
varistor {n} (electronic component with variable resistance) :: warystor {m}
varmint {n} (pestering animal) :: robactwo {n}
Varna {prop} (city in Bulgaria) :: Warna {f}
varnish {n} (transparent paint) :: lakier {m}
varnish {v} (to apply varnish) :: lakierować
varnish {v} (to cover up with varnish) :: lakierować
varsity {n} (university) SEE: university ::
Varsovian {adj} (of, from or relating to Warsaw) :: warszawski {m}
Varsovian {n} (someone from Warsaw) :: warszawiak {m}, warszawianka {f}, warszawianin {m} [humorous]
vary {v} (to change something with time or a similar parameter) :: zmieniać, zmienić
vary {v} (not to remain constant) :: zmieniać się, zmienić się
vary {v} (to display difference) :: różnić się
vary {v} (to institute a change in) SEE: modify ::
vas deferens {n} (vas deferens) :: nasieniowód {m}
vase {n} (container used mainly for displaying flowers) :: wazon {m}
vaseline {n} (petroleum jelly) :: wazelina {f}
vassal {n} (grantee of a fief) :: wasal {m}
vast {adj} (very large or wide (literally or figuratively)) :: obszerny {m}, rozległy {m}
vat {n} (a large tub, such as is used for making wine or for tanning) :: kadź {f}, stągiew {f}
VAT {n} (value-added tax) :: VAT {m}, PTU {m}
Vatican {prop} (state) :: Watykan {m}
Vatican {adj} (Relating to the Vatican City state) :: watykański {m}
Vatican City {prop} (State of the Vatican City) :: Watykan {m}
Vaticanian {adj} (Vatican) SEE: Vatican ::
vatrushka {n} (a small, round cottage cheese-filled pastry) :: watruszka {f}
vaudeville {n} (a style of multi-act theatrical entertainment) :: wodewil {m}
vault {n} (arched masonry structure) :: sklepienie {n}
vault {n} (figuratively: anything resembling a vault) :: sklepienie {n}
vault {n} (secure area for valuables) :: skarbiec {m}
vault {n} :: piwnica {f}, skarbiec {m-in}
vault {v} (to jump) :: skoczyć
vault {n} (a jump) :: skok {m}, wolta {f}
vault {n} (crypt) SEE: crypt ::
vaulting {n} (gymnastics on horseback) :: woltyżerka {f}
vaunt {v} (speak boastfully) SEE: boast ::
veal {n} (flesh of a calf) :: cielęcina {f}
veche {n} (a popular assembly in medieval Slavic countries) :: wiec {m}, wiece {n}
vector graphics {n} (geometrical primitives based upon mathematical equations to represent images) :: grafika wektorowa {f}
vector product {n} (vector with size given by the product of two vectors) :: iloczyn wektorowy {m}
vector space {n} (mathematics) :: przestrzeń wektorowa {f}, przestrzeń liniowa {f}
vegan {adj} (relating to vegans or veganism) :: wegański {m}
vegan {n} (supporter of veganism) :: weganin {m}, weganka {f}
veganism {n} (Eating neither meat nor other animal products) :: weganizm {m}
vegetable {n} (a plant raised for some edible part of it) :: warzywo {n}, jarzyna {f}
vegetable {adj} (of or relating to plants) :: roślinny
vegetable {adj} (of or relating to vegetables) :: jarzynowy, warzywny
vegetable garden {n} (vegetable garden) :: ogród {m}
vegetable soup {n} (soup made from mixed vegetables) :: zupa jarzynowa {f}
vegetarian {n} (person who does not eat any animal flesh) :: wegetarianin {m}, wegetarianka {f}, jarosz {m}
vegetarian {n} (plant-eating animal) :: roślinożerca
vegetarian {adj} (relating to the type of diet eaten by vegetarians) :: wegetariański {m}
vegetarian {adj} (of a product normally made with meat, having non-meat substitutes in place of meat) :: wegetariański
vegetarianism {n} (practice of following a vegetarian diet) :: wegetarianizm
vehicle {n} (conveyance) :: pojazd {m}, wóz {m}
vein {n} (blood vessel) :: żyła {f}
veisalgia {n} (unpleasant after-effects of the consumption of alcohol) SEE: hangover ::
Vela {prop} (constellation) :: Żagiel {m}
velar {adj} (articulated at the soft palate) :: welarny
Velcro {prop} (fastener) :: rzep
velocity {n} (vector quantity) :: prędkość {f}
velvet {n} (fabric) :: aksamit {m}
velvet scoter {n} (Melanitta fusca) :: uhla zwyczajna {m}
venal {adj} (corrupt, mercenary) :: prostytutka {m} {f}
vendace {n} (Coregonus albula) :: sielawa
vendetta {n} (bitter, destructive feud in which each injury is revenged) :: wendeta {f}, wróżda {f}, zemsta {f}
vending machine {n} (machine that dispenses merchandise) :: automat sprzedający {m}
Vendémiaire {prop} (the first month of the French Republican Calendar) :: vendémiaire {m}
venereal {adj} (sexually transmitted) :: weneryczne {f-p} {n} {n-p}
venereal disease {n} (contagious disease spread through sexual intercourse) :: choroba weneryczna {f}
venereal disease {n} (disease contracted through sexual contact) SEE: sexually transmitted disease ::
venereology {n} (branch of medicine) :: wenerologia {f}
Venetian {adj} (relating to Venice) :: wenecki
Venetian {n} (inhabitant of Venice) :: wenecjanin {m}, wenecjanka {f}
Venetian {prop} (Romance language spoken in Veneto) :: wenecki {m}
Venetian blind {n} (blind consisting of overlapping horizontal slats) :: żaluzja
Venezuela {prop} (country) :: Wenezuela {f}
Venezuelan {n} (person from Venezuela or of Venezuelan descent) :: Wenezuelczyk {m}, Wenezuelka {f}
Venezuelan {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Venezuela or the Venezuelan people) :: wenezuelski {m}
vengeance {n} (revenge taken for an insult, injury, or other wrong) :: zemsta {f}
vengeful {adj} (wanting vengeance) :: mściwy
Venice {prop} (city and province in Italy) :: Wenecja {f}
venison {n} (the meat of a deer) :: sarnina {f}
venom {n} (poison carried by animal) :: jad {m}
venomous {adj} (pertaining to or denoting an animal capable of producing a poisonous chemical) :: jadowity
venomous {adj} (pertaining to or containing venom) :: jadowity, trujący
venous {adj} (of or pertaining to veins) :: żylny {m}
ventilator {n} (device that circulates fresh air and expels stale or noxious air) :: wentylator {m}
ventilator {n} (respirator) SEE: respirator ::
ventricle {n} (one of two lower chambers of the heart) :: komora {f}
ventriloquism {n} (art of projecting one's voice so that it appears to come from another source) :: brzuchomóstwo {n}
ventriloquist {n} (a person who practices ventriloquism) :: brzuchomówca {m}, brzuchomówczyni {f}
Ventôse {prop} (the sixth month of the French Republican Calendar) :: ventôse {m}
Ventspils {prop} (city in Latvia) :: Windawa {f}
venturi {n} (throat of a carburetor) SEE: throat ::
Venus {prop} (planet) :: Wenus {f}
Venus {prop} (goddess) :: Wenus {f}
veranda {n} (roofed open gallery) :: weranda {f}
verb {n} ((grammar) a word that indicates an action, event, or a state) :: czasownik {m-in}
verbal {adj} (of, or relating to words) :: słowny, werbalny
verbal {adj} (concerned with the words) :: słowny, werbalny
verbal {adj} (derived from, or having the nature of a verb) :: odczasownikowy
verbal {adj} (used to form a verb) :: czasownikowy
verbal {adj} (spoken and not written; oral) :: ustny
verbalize {v} (to express) :: werbalizować
verbal noun {n} (grammar: noun that is morphologically related to a verb and has similar meaning) :: rzeczownik odczasownikowy {m}
verbatim {adv} (word for word) :: słowo w słowo, dosłownie
verbena {n} (a genus of herbaceous plants) :: werbena {f}
verbiage {n} (overabundance of words) :: gadanina {f}
Vercingetorix {prop} (Gallic chieftain) :: Wercyngetoryks {m}
verdigris {n} (blue-green patina on copper and copper alloys) :: grynszpan {m}
verdigris {n} (copper acetate) :: grynszpan {m}
verdigris {n} (color) :: grynszpan {m}
verge {n} (phallus) SEE: phallus ::
verily {adv} (truly, doubtlessly) :: zaprawdę, zaiste, doprawdy
vermicular {adj} (Decorated with lines like worm tracks.) :: robaczkowaty, robakowaty
vermiculation {n} (peristalsis) SEE: peristalsis ::
vermilion {n} (pigment) :: cynober {m-in}
vermin {n} (Any one of various common types of small insects or animals which cause harm and annoyance) :: szkodnik {m}
vermouth {n} (wine infused with herbs) :: wermut {m}
vernacular {n} (national language) :: język wernakularny {m}, język rodzimy {m}, język narodowy {m}
vernacular {n} (everyday speech) :: język wernakularny {m}, język potoczny {m}
vernacular {n} (language unique to a particular group of people) :: dialekt {m}, narzecze {m}
vernacular {adj} (pertaining to everyday language) :: wernakularny, rodzimy
vernal {adj} (pertaining to spring) :: wiosenny
vernal equinox {n} (the point) :: równonoc wiosenna {f}
vernal equinox {n} (the moment) :: równonoc wiosenna {f}
vernally {adv} (in a vernal manner) :: wiosennie
Verona {prop} (city straddling the river Adige in Veneto, northern Italy) :: Werona {f}
Verona {prop} (province in the Veneto region of northern Italy) :: Werona {f}
Veronica {prop} (female given name) :: Weronika {f}
Versailles {prop} (suburb of Paris) :: Wersal {m}
versatile {adj} (capable of doing many things competently) :: uniwersalny, wszechstronny, wersatylny
versatile {adj} (having varied uses or many functions) :: uniwersalny, wielofunkcyjny
verse {n} (poetic form with regular meter and a fixed rhyme scheme) :: wiersz {m}
verse {n} (a small section of the Bible) :: werset {m}
version {n} (a specific form or variation of something) :: wersja {f}
version {n} (an account or description from a particular point of view) :: wersja {f}
version {n} (computing) :: wersja {f}
verst {n} (unit of length) :: wiorsta {f}
versus {prep} (in opposition to) :: kontra
versus {prep} (compared with) :: a
vert {adj} (of green colour) :: zielony
vertebra {n} (any of the small bones which make up the backbone) :: kręg {m-in}
vertebral column {n} (vertebral column) :: kręgosłup {m}
vertebrate {adj} (having a backbone) :: kręgowiec {m}
vertebrate {n} (an animal having a backbone) :: kręgowiec {m}
vertex {n} (highest point) :: wierzchołek {m}
vertex {n} (anatomy: highest surface on skull) :: ciemię {n}
vertex {n} (geometry: corner of a polygon or polyhedron) :: wierzchołek {m}
vertex {n} (element of a graph) :: wierzchołek {m}
vertical {adj} (being perpendicular to horizontal) :: pionowy, wertykalny
vertical angle {n} (opposite angles formed by intersecting lines) :: kąt wierzchołkowy {m}
vertical bar {n} (vertical bar) SEE: pipe ::
vertically {adv} (in a vertical direction or position) :: pionowo
vertigo {n} (sensation of whirling and loss of balance) :: zawroty głowy {m-p}
very {adj} (the same; identical) :: identyczny
very {adv} (to a high degree) :: bardzo, wielce
very {adv} (true, truly) :: naprawdę, prawdziwie
very high frequency {n} (frequency area from 30 MHz through 300 MHz) :: fale ultrakrótkie {f-p}, UKF {m} [radio], VHF {m} [TV], fale metrowe {f-p}
very much {adv} (indeed) SEE: indeed ::
very well {interj} (interjection) :: dobrze
vesicle {n} (cytology: membrane-bound compartment) :: pęcherzyk {m}
vessel {n} (craft) :: statek {m}
vessel {n} (container) :: naczynie {n}
vessel {n} (tube or canal that carries fluid in an animal or plant) :: naczynie {n}
vest {n} (garment worn over a shirt) :: kamizelka {f}, bezrękawnik {m}
vest {n} (garment worn under a shirt) :: podkoszulek {m}, podkoszulka {f}
vestibule {n} (a passage, hall or room) :: hol {m}, przedsionek {m}, sień {f}
vestibule {n} (body cavity) :: przedsionek {m}
vestment {n} (clothing) SEE: clothing ::
vestment {n} (robe worn by members of the clergy) :: ornat
Vesuvius {prop} (volcano in Italy) :: Wezuwiusz {m}
vet {n} (short form of veteran) :: weteran {m}
vet {n} (veterinarian) SEE: veterinarian ::
vetch {n} (any of several leguminous plants) :: wyka {f}
veteran {n} (old soldier) :: weteran {m}, kombatant {m}
veterinarian {n} (doctor who treats animals) :: weterynarz {m}, weterynarka {f}
veterinary {n} (veterinarian) SEE: veterinarian ::
veterinary medicine {n} (branch of medicine that deals with animals) :: medycyna weterynaryjna {f}, weterynaria {f}
veterinary science {n} (veterinary medicine) SEE: veterinary medicine ::
veterinary surgeon {n} (veterinarian) SEE: veterinarian ::
Vetka {prop} (a town in Belarus) :: Wietka {f}
veto {n} (political right) :: weto
veto {v} (to use a veto against) :: wetować {impf}, zawetować {pf}
vexillology {n} (study of flags) :: weksylologia {f}
vexillum {n} (sign of the cross) SEE: sign of the cross ::
VFD {n} (US: Volunteer Fire Department) :: OSP {f}
Váh {prop} (river in Slovakia) :: Wag {m}
viaduct {n} (bridge with several spans that carries road or rail traffic over a valley) :: wiadukt {m}
vial {n} (a phial) :: fiolka {f}
viaticum {n} (Eucharist) :: wiatyk {m}
vibraphone {n} (percussion instrument) :: wibrafon
vibrato {n} (Musical effect or technique) :: vibrato {m}
vibrator {n} (device that causes vibration) :: wibrator {m}
vibrator {n} (device used for massage or sexual stimulation) :: wibrator {m}
viburnum {n} (plants of the genus Viburnum) :: kalina {f}
vice {n} (bad habit) :: nałóg {m}, narów {m} [archaic, literary], wada {f}
vice {n} (screw apparatus) SEE: vise ::
vice-chancellor {n} (official) :: wicekanclerz {m}
vicenarian {n} (someone in his or her twenties) :: dwudziestolatek, dwudziestolatka
Vicenza {prop} (city or province in Veneto, Italy) :: Vicenza {f}
vice president {n} (deputy to a president) :: wiceprezydent {m}
viceroy {n} (governor of a country) :: wicekról {m}
viceroy {n} (butterfly) :: wicekról {m}
vice versa {adv} (the other way round) :: odwrotnie, na odwrót, vice versa
vicinal {adj} (of or pertaining to a neighborhood) :: sąsiedzki {m}
vicinity {n} (proximity, or the state of being near) :: pobliże {n}
vicinity {n} (neighbourhood, or the nearby region) :: sąsiedztwo {n}, okolica {f}
vicious {adj} (savage, aggressive) :: narowisty
vicious circle {n} (situation in which the solution to a problem creates another problem) :: błędne koło {n}
victim {n} (a living creature which is slain and offered as human or animal sacrifice) :: ofiara {f}
victim {n} (anyone who is harmed by another) :: ofiara {f}, poszkodowana {f}, poszkodowany {m}
victim {n} (an aggrieved or disadvantaged party in a crime) :: ofiara {f}, poszkodowana {f}, poszkodowany {m}
victim {n} (a person who suffers any other injury, loss, or damage as a result of a voluntary undertaking) :: poszkodowana {f}, poszkodowany {m}
victim {n} (an unfortunate person who suffers from a disaster or other adverse circumstance) :: ofiara {f}, poszkodowana {f}, poszkodowany {m}
victim {n} ((narratology) a character who is conquered or manipulated by a villain) :: ofiara {f}
victor {n} (winner in a fight or contest) :: zwycięzca {m}
Victor {prop} (male given name) :: Wiktor {m}
Victoria {prop} (female given name) :: Wiktoria
Victorian {adj} (relating to the reign of Queen Victoria) :: wiktoriański
Victorian {adj} (displaying the standards of the time of Queen Victoria) :: wiktoriański
Victorian {adj} (style of architecture) :: wiktoriański
victorious {adj} (being the winner) :: zwycięski
victory {n} (an instance of having won a competition or battle) :: zwycięstwo {n}
Victory Day {n} (a day to commemorate victories in important battles or wars in the countries' history) :: Dzień Zwycięstwa {m}
victual {n} (Food, provisions) :: prowiant {m}
video {n} (television show, movie) :: wideo {n}
video {n} (motion picture stored on VHS) :: wideo {n}
video camera {n} (device for recording video) :: kamera wideo {f}
video card {n} (display adapter) :: karta graficzna {f}
videocassette {n} (cassette containing recorded videotape) :: kaseta wideo {f}
videocassette recorder {n} (recording device) :: magnetowid {m}, wideomagnetofon {m}
video conference {n} (conference held by video link) :: wideokonferencja {f}
video game {n} (game controlled by a software) :: gra wideo {f}
video game console {n} (dedicated electronic device that is designed to play video games) :: konsola do gier {f}, konsola {f}, konsola gier wideo {f}
videotape {n} (tape used to record videos) :: taśma, kaseta wideo
videotape {v} (to make a recording on videotape) :: nagrywać na kasecie wideo
Vienna {prop} (capital of Austria) :: Wiedeń {m}
Viennese {n} (inhabitant) :: wiedeńczyk {m}
Viennese {adj} (connected with Vienna) :: wiedeński
Vientiane {prop} (capital of Laos) :: Wientian {m}
Vietnam {prop} (country in Southeast Asia) :: Wietnam {m-in}
Vietnamese {adj} (of or pertaining to Vietnam) :: wietnamski
Vietnamese {n} (Vietnamese person) :: Wietnamczyk {m}, Wietnamka {f}
Vietnamese {n} (language) :: wietnamski {m}, język wietnamski {m}
view {n} (something to look at) :: widok {m}
view {v} (to look at) :: widzieć
viewer {n} (someone who views a spectacle) :: widz {m}
viewfinder {n} (device on a camera) :: wizjer {m}, celownik {m} [camera]
viewpoint {n} (point of view) SEE: point of view ::
vigil {n} (keeping awake) :: czuwanie {n}
vigilance {n} (Alert watchfulness) :: czujność {f}
vigilance {n} (Close and continuous attention) :: czujność {f}
vigilant {adj} (watchful) :: czujny, baczny
vignette {n} (decorative design at the head of a chapter, of a manuscript or printed book) :: winieta {f}
vigorous {adj} (physically strong and active) :: energiczny {m}
Viking {n} (One of the Scandinavian seafaring warriors) :: wiking {m}
Vilamovian {prop} (Wymysorys) SEE: Wymysorys ::
vile {adj} (morally low) :: podły, niecny
vilify {v} (say defamatory things about; to speak ill of) :: oczerniać
vilify {v} (denounce, belittle through speech) :: potępiać
villa {n} (a house used as a retreat) :: willa {f}, dacza {f}
village {n} (a rural habitation of size between a hamlet and a town) :: wieś {f}, wioska {f}, siodło {n} [archaic], sioło {n}
villager {n} (person who lives in, or comes from, a village) :: wieśniak {m}
villain {n} (scoundrel) :: łotr {m}, łajdak {m}, złoczyńca {m}
villain {n} (bad person in a stage or screen play) :: czarny charakter {m}
Vilnian {adj} (from Vilnius) :: wileński
Vilnius {prop} (capital of Lithuania) :: Wilno {n}
Vincent {prop} (male given name) :: Wincenty
vindictive {adj} (having a tendency to seek revenge) :: mściwy, złośliwy {m}
vine {n} (climbing plant that produces grapes) :: winorośl {f}
vine {n} (any similar climbing or trailing plant) :: pnącze {n}
vinegar {n} (condiment) :: ocet
Vinnitsa {prop} (Vinnytsia) SEE: Vinnytsia ::
Vinnytsia {prop} (city) :: Winnica {f}
vintage {n} (yield of grapes during one season) :: zbiór {m}
vintage {n} (wine identified by year and vineyard) :: rocznik {m}
vintage {n} (harvesting of a grape and initial pressing for winemaking) :: winobranie {n}
vintage {adj} (having an enduring appeal; classic) :: klasyczny
vintage {adj} (of a car, built between 1919 and 1930) :: zabytkowy
vintage {adj} (of a watch, produced between the years 1870 and 1980) :: zabytkowy
vintage {v} (to harvest grapes) :: zbierać
vintage {v} (to make wine from grapes) :: tłoczyć
viola {n} (music: stringed instrument of the violin family) :: altówka {f}
viola {n} (botany: any of several flowering plants) :: fiołek {m}
violate {v} (to break or fail to act by rules) :: naruszać {impf}, pogwałcać {impf}
violation {n} (act or instance of violating) :: naruszenie {n}, pogwałcenie {n}
violence {n} (extreme force) :: gwałtowność {f}
violence {n} (action intended to cause destruction, pain or suffering) :: przemoc {f}
violence {n} (injustice, wrong) :: gwałt
violent {adj} (involving extreme force or motion) :: gwałtowny {m}
violent {adj} (involving physical conflict) :: brutalny {m}
violent {adj} (likely to use physical force) :: agresywny {m}
violent {adj} (intensely vivid) :: jaskrawy {m}
violet {n} (colour) :: fiolet {m-in}
violet {n} (plant) :: fiołek {m-in}
violet {adj} (having a bluish-purple color) :: fioletowy
Violet {prop} (female given name) :: Wioletta {f}, Wioleta {f}
violet carpenter bee {n} (Xylocopa violacea) :: zadrzechnia fioletowa {f}
violin {n} (string instrument) :: skrzypce {p}
violinist {n} (person who plays violin) :: skrzypek {m}, skrzypaczka {f}
violist {n} (person who plays the viola) :: altowiolista {m}, altowiolistka {f}
violoncello {n} (cello) SEE: cello ::
VIP {n} (abbreviation: very important person) :: VIP {m}
viper {n} (a poisonous snake in the family Viperidae) :: żmija {f}
viper {n} (adder) SEE: adder ::
viral {adj} (relating to a virus in biological sense) :: wirusowy
viral {adj} (caused by a virus) :: wirusowy
Virgil {prop} (Roman writer) :: Wergiliusz {m}
virgin {n} (person who has never had sexual intercourse) :: prawiczek {m} [of a man], dziewica {f} [of a woman]
virgin {adj} (of a person, in a state of virginity) :: dziewiczy {m}, dziewicza {f}
virgin {adj} (of an object, untouched) :: dziewiczy {m}
Virgin {prop} (Mary, the mother of Jesus) :: Panna {f}
Virgin {prop} (constellation or star sign) :: Panna {f}
virginal membrane {n} (hymen) SEE: hymen ::
virgin forest {n} (forest free from disturbance) :: las dziewiczy {m}
Virginia {prop} (state) :: Wirginia {f}
virginity {n} (state or characteristic of being a virgin) :: panieństwo {n}, dziewictwo {n}
Virgin Mary {prop} (mother of Christ) :: Najświętsza Maryja Panna {f}, Madonna {f}, Dziewica Maryja {f}, Maryja Panna {f}, Bogurodzica {f}, Bogarodzica {f}
Virgo {prop} (constellation) :: Panna {f}
Virgo {prop} (astrological sign) :: Panna
virial theorem {n} (theorem) :: twierdzenie o wiriale
virile {adj} (being manly) :: męski {m}
virile {adj} (pertaining to the grammatical gender) :: męskoosobowy {m}
virility {n} (the state of being virile) :: męskość {f}
virology {n} (branch of microbiology that deals with the study of viruses and viral disease) :: wirusologia
virtual {adj} (in effect; not fact) :: wirtualny, dosłowny, rzeczywisty
virtual {adj} (simulated in a computer) :: wirtualny
virtually {adv} (almost) :: praktycznie
virtual machine {n} :: komputer wirtualny {m}, maszyna wirtualna {f}
virtual particle {n} (virtual particle) :: cząstka wirtualna {f}
virtue {n} (excellence in morals) :: cnota {f}
virus {n} (infectious organism) :: wirus {m}
virus {n} (computer virus) :: wirus komputerowy {m}
visa {n} (permit) :: wiza {f}
viscera {n} (internal organs of the body) :: trzewia
viscount {n} (a member of the peerage above a baron but below a count or earl) :: wicehrabia {m}
viscous {adj} (having a thick, sticky consistency) :: lepki, kleisty
vise {n} (two-jawed instrument for holding work) :: imadło {n}
Visean {prop} (A subdivision of the Carboniferous period) :: wizen
Visegrád {prop} (town in Hungary) :: Wyszehrad, Wyszegrad
Vishnu {prop} (the god) :: Wisznu
visibility {n} (degree to which things may be seen) :: widoczność {f}
visible {adj} (able to be seen) :: widoczny
Visigothic {adj} (of or pertaining to the Visigoths) :: wizygocki
vision {n} (sense or ability of sight) :: widzenie {n}, wzrok {m}
vision {n} (religious or mystical experience) :: wizja {f}
vision {n} (footage) SEE: footage ::
visit {v} (to go and meet (someone)) :: odwiedzać {impf}, odwiedzić {pf}
visit {n} (single act of visiting) :: wizyta {f}, odwiedziny {f-p}
visit {v} (to avenge) SEE: avenge ::
visitation {n} (act of visiting) :: wizytacja {f}
visitation {n} (punishment or blessing ordained by God) :: nawiedzenie {n}
visiting card {n} (business card) SEE: business card ::
visitors' book {n} (a facility for visitors' comments) SEE: guest book ::
visor {n} (mask) SEE: mask ::
vista {n} (distant view or prospect) :: widok {m}
Vistula {prop} (Polish river) :: Wisła {f}
visual {adj} (related to or affecting the vision) :: wizualny
visual diary {n} (sketchbook) SEE: sketchbook ::
visualise {v} (form a mental picture) :: wizualizować {impf}
visualise {v} (make visible) :: uwidocznić {pf}
vis-à-vis {n} (counterpart) SEE: counterpart ::
vis-à-vis {prep} (opposite) :: naprzeciw, naprzeciwko
vital {adj} (containing life) SEE: living ::
vitalism {n} (doctrine that life involves a "vital force") :: witalizm {m}
vitamer {n} (combination of substances that function as a vitamin) :: prowitamina {f}
vitamin {n} (organic compound essential to human health) :: witamina {f}
Vitebsk {prop} (city) :: Witebsk {m}, Wiciebsk {m}
vitreous humor {n} (vitreous humour) SEE: vitreous humour ::
vitreous humour {n} (clear gel) :: ciało szkliste {n}
vitrify {v} (to be made into glass) :: zeszklić
vitrine {n} (glass-paneled cabinet or case) :: witryna {f}
vitriolic {adj} (bitterly scathing) SEE: caustic ::
Vitsebsk {prop} (Vitebsk) SEE: Vitebsk ::
vituperative {adj} (marked by harsh spoken or written abuse; abusive, often with ranting or railing) :: potępiający {m}
viva {interj} (long live ... !) SEE: long live ::
vivianite {n} (mineral) :: wiwianit
viviparous blenny {n} (fish in the family Zoarcidae) :: węgorzyca {f}
viviparous eelpout {n} (viviparous blenny) SEE: viviparous blenny ::
vixen {n} (attractive woman) SEE: fox ::
vixen {n} (female fox) :: lisica {f}
vixen {n} (temperamental woman) :: kurwa {f}, suka {f}, jędza {f}
Vixen {prop} (reindeer of Santa Claus) :: Złośnik {m}
vizier {n} (high-ranking official) :: wezyr {m}
Vladikavkaz {prop} (city) :: Władykaukaz {m}
Vladimir {prop} (male given name) :: Włodzimierz {m}, Władimir {m} [of Russians]
Vladimir {prop} (Russian city) :: Włodzimierz {m}
Vladivostok {prop} (seaport in Russia) :: Władywostok {m}
vlei {n} (marsh) SEE: marsh ::
vlei {n} (wetland) SEE: wetland ::
Vltava {prop} (a major river in the Czech Republic) :: Wełtawa {f}
Vänern {prop} (Swedish lake) :: Wener
vocabulary {n} (list of words) :: słownictwo {n}
vocabulary {n} (set of words a person knows) :: słownictwo {n}, leksyka {f}
vocal {adj} (of or pertaining to the voice or speech) :: głosowy, wokalny
vocal {adj} (phonetics) :: samogłoska {f}
vocal cord {n} (folds of mucous membrane) :: struna głosowa {f}, więzadło głosowe {n}
vocalist {n} (singer) :: wokalista {m}, wokalistka {f}
vocation {n} (occupation for which a person is suited) :: powołanie {n}, posłannictwo {n}
vocational school {n} (school) :: szkoła zawodowa {f}, zawodówka {f}
vocative {adj} (grammar: used in address) :: wołacz {m}
vocative {n} (grammatical case) SEE: vocative case ::
vocative case {n} (case of address) :: wołacz {m}
vociferation {n} (act of exclaiming; violent outcry) :: krzyk {m}
vodka {n} (clear distilled alcoholic liquor) :: wódka {f}
vodyanoi {n} (vodyanoy) SEE: vodyanoy ::
vodyanoy {n} (type of water sprite) :: wodnik {m}
voetsek {interj} (get lost) SEE: get lost ::
voetsek {interj} (go away) SEE: go away ::
voice {n} (sound uttered by the mouth) :: głos {m}
voice {n} (tone or sound emitted by anything) :: odgłos {m}
voice {n} (the faculty or power of utterance) :: głos {m}
voice {n} (language; words; speech; expression; signification of feeling or opinion) :: głos {m}
voice {n} (opinion or choice expressed; judgment; a vote) :: głos {m}
voice {n} (grammar: particular mode of inflecting or conjugating verbs) :: strona {f}
voice actor {n} (an actor who provides voices for animations, dubbed films) :: aktor głosowy {m}
voice box {n} (larynx) SEE: larynx ::
voiced {adj} (sounded with vibration of the vocal cords) :: dźwięczny {m}
voiceless {adj} (lacking a voice, without vocal sound) :: niemy, bezgłośny
voiceless {adj} ((phonetics, of a consonant) spoken without vibration of the vocal cords) :: bezdźwięczny {m}
voice-over {n} (production technique) :: szeptanka {f} [colloquial], tłumaczenie lektorskie {n}
voice-over {n} (voice-overed release) :: wersja lektorska {f}, wydanie lektorskie {n}, tłumaczenie lektorskie {n}, lektor {m} [colloquial]
void {adj} (having lost all legal validity) :: nieważny {m}
void {n} (An empty space; a vacuum) :: pustka {f}, próżnia {f}
voivode {n} (a local ruler or official in various parts of central and eastern Europe) :: wojewoda {m}
voivode {n} (an administrative chief in modern Poland) :: wojewoda {m}
voivodeship {n} (the jurisdiction of a voivode) :: województwo {n}
Vojvodina {prop} (autonomous province of Serbia) :: Wojwodina {f}
vol. {n} (abbreviation of (the equivalent of) volume) :: t. {m}
Volans {prop} (small circumpolar constellation of the southern sky) :: Ryba Latająca {f}
Volapük {prop} (language) :: volapük {m-in}, wolapik {m-in}
volatile {adj} (evaporating or vaporizing readily under normal conditions) :: lotny
volatile {adj} ((of a price etc) variable or erratic) :: niestabilny, zmienny
volatile {adj} (temporary or ephemeral) :: ulotny {m}, nieuchwytny {m}
volatile {adj} ((of a situation) potentially violent) :: napięty
volatile {adj} ((computing, of memory) whose content is lost when the computer is powered down) :: ulotny
volcanism {n} (natural phenomena associated with volcanoes) :: wulkanizm {m}
volcano {n} (mountain containing a magma chamber) :: wulkan {m}
volcanology {n} (study of volcanoes) :: wulkanologia {f}
vole {n} (small rodents of the subfamily Arvicolinae) :: nornica {f}, nornik {m}, polnik {m}
Volga {prop} (longest river in Europe, flowing to the Caspian Sea) :: Wołga {f}
Volgograd {prop} (Volgograd) :: Wołgograd
Volhynia {prop} (region) :: Wołyń
volley {n} (flight of a ball before it bounces) :: wolej {m}, volley {m}
volley {n} (shot in which the ball is played before it hits the ground) :: wolej {m}, volley {m}
volleyball {n} (game) :: siatkówka {f}
volleyballer {n} (volleyball player) :: siatkarz {m}, siatkarka {f}
Vologda {prop} (city in Russia) :: Wołogda {f}
volt {n} (unit of measure) :: wolt {m}
voltage {n} (difference in electrostatic potential) :: napięcie {n}, woltaż {m}
voltmeter {n} (instrument for measuring electric potential) :: woltomierz {m}
volume {n} (unit of three dimensional measure that consists of a length, a width and a height) :: objętość {f}
volume {n} (strength of sound) :: głośność {f}
volume {n} (issues of a periodical over a period of one year) :: rocznik {m}
volume {n} (single book of a publication issued in multi-book format, such as an encyclopedia) :: tom {m}
voluntarily {adv} (in a voluntary manner) :: dobrowolnie
voluntary {adj} (done, given, or acting of one's own free will) :: dobrowolny {m}
volunteer {n} (one who voluntarily offers himself/herself for service) :: wolontariusz {m}, ochotnik {m} [dated]
Volyn {prop} (oblast) :: Wołyń {m}, obwód wołyński {m}
vomit {v} (to regurgitate the contents of a stomach) :: wymiotować, rzygać {impf}
vomit {n} (regurgitated former contents of a stomach) :: wymiociny {p}
voracious {adj} (devouring great quantities of food) :: żarłoczny, zachłanny
voracious {adj} (having a great appetite for anything) :: zachłanny
vorarephilia {n} (sexual fetish) :: worarefilia {f}
Vormsi {prop} (fourth largest island in Estonia) :: Vormsi
Voronezh {prop} (city in Russia) :: Woroneż, Woroneż {m}
vorpal {adj} (RPG, of a blade: likely to decapitate) :: migbłystalny
vortex {n} (whirlpool) :: wir {m}
vortex {n} (anything involving violent or chaotic activity around some centre) :: wir {m}
vortex {n} (anything which draws surrounding things) :: wir {m}
vortical {adj} (pertaining to a vortex) :: wirowy {m}
Vosges {prop} (mountain range in France) :: Wogezy {p}
vote {n} (formalised choice) :: głos {m}
vote {n} (instance of voting) :: głosowanie {n}
vote {v} (assert a formalised choice) :: głosować {impf}
voter {n} (one who votes) :: wyborca {m}
vote with one's feet {v} (to express one's preferences through one's actions) :: głosować nogami
votive {adj} (dedicated or given in fulfillment of a vow or pledge) :: wotywny
vouch {v} (to take responsibility for; to express confidence in; to witness; to obtest) :: ręczyć, odpowiadać
vouchsafe {v} (Condescendingly grant a right) :: zaszczycić
vow {n} (A solemn promise to perform some act, or behave in a specified manner) :: ślub {m}, przysięga {f}
vowel {n} (sound) :: samogłoska {f}
vowel {n} (letter) :: samogłoska {f}
vowel harmony {n} (phonological process) :: harmonia samogłosek {f}
voyage {n} (long journey; especially by ship) :: rejs {m}
voyager {n} (traveller) SEE: traveller ::
voyeur {n} (a person who derives sexual pleasure from secretly observing other people) :: podglądacz {m}
voyeurism {n} (derivation of sexual satisfaction by watching people secretly) :: wojeryzm {m}, oglądactwo {n}
vulcanization {n} (process by which rubber is hardened using heat and sulphur) :: wulkanizacja {f}
vulcanology {n} (study of volcanoes) SEE: volcanology ::
vulgar {adj} (obscene) :: obsceniczny {m}
Vulgar Era {prop} (Common Era) SEE: Common Era ::
vulgar fraction {n} (fraction with two integers) SEE: common fraction ::
vulgarian {n} (vulgar individual) :: parweniusz
vulgarism {n} (word or term that is considered offensive or vulgar) :: wulgaryzm {m}
Vulgar Latin {prop} (the Latin language as spoken by people) :: łacina ludowa {f}
Vulgate {prop} (Latin Bible translation) :: Wulgata {f}
vulnerability {n} (security vulnerability) SEE: hole ::
Vulpecula {prop} (autumn constellation) :: Lisek {m}
vulture {v} (bird) :: sęp {m}
vulva {n} (collectively the external female sexual organs) :: srom {m}
vulvodynia {n} :: wulwodynia
vyshyvanka {n} (traditional Ukrainian clothing) :: wyszywanka {f}