Appendix:Cypriot Arabic Swadesh list

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This is a Swadesh list of words in Cypriot Arabic, compared with that of English.

Introduction[edit]

This is a Swadesh list of 207 words in English and Cypriot Maronite Arabic. The Swadesh word list, developed by the linguist Morris Swadesh, is used as a tool to study the evolution of languages. It contains a set of basic words which can be found in every language. Various versions have been created, in particular:

  • a complete 207 words version, in which some of the words are not found in every environment (it contains for instance snake and snow)
  • a reduced 100 words version.

This word list should not be considered as an elementary lexicon to communicate with speakers of a given language; for such a purpose, the numerous existing Wikivoyage lexicons are more useful. Its only objective is to give a rough idea of the language, by showing its lexical and, when possible, phonetics basis.

List[edit]

No. English Cypriot Maronite Arabic
sanna, arápika
1 I ana
2 you (singular) int (m)
inti (f)
3 he uo
4 we naxni
5 you (plural) intu
6 they innen
7 this aða (m)
aði (f)
alli (pl)
8 that áðak (m)
áðik (f)
állik (pl)
9 here awna
10 there awnke
11 who men
12 what ayš
13 where ayn
14 when miten
15 how kif
áššikl
16 not la-
má-
máy
17 all kull
18 many xtir
19 some xaytċ
20 few fitte
šfé
21 other axar
22 one vexen
23 two θnayn or xnayn
24 three tlaxe
25 four árpǎʿa
26 five xampse
27 big xpir
28 long tvil
29 wide fsiʿi
30 thick ʿapi
31 heavy θkil
32 small zěʿír
33 short xmin
34 narrow
35 thin mǎʿaer
θkik
36 woman mara
nesfán (pl)
37 man (adult male) intsán
ržel (pl)
38 man (human being) intsán
39 child vilt
40 wife mprat-
41 husband žawz
intsán
42 mother umm
43 father yapát-
44 animal xeván
45 fish
46 bird
47 dog kilp
48 louse kample
49 snake ʿafa
50 worm tut (silkworm)
51 tree ðentra (Greek)
52 forest
53 stick ʿassa
54 fruit fekkye (dried fruit)
55 seed pizr
56 leaf varka
57 root
58 bark (of a tree)
59 flower varte
60 grass šxex
61 rope xapl
62 skin
63 meat laxm
64 blood timm
65 bone
66 fat (noun) toxn
67 egg peð
68 horn
69 tail tumpie
70 feather
71 hair šaxve (head)
šaʿar (pubic)
72 head moxx
73 ear iðn
74 eye ʿayn
75 nose maxúr
76 mouth xank
77 tooth sinn
78 tongue (organ) san
79 fingernail ðufr
80 foot ižr
81 leg ižr
82 knee
83 hand it
84 wing
85 belly patn
86 guts psarín
87 neck raxpe
88 back ðaxr
89 breast suðr
pizz
90 heart kalp
91 liver kaspe
92 to drink širep yišrap
93 to eat kel yakol
94 to bite ʿaðð iʿóðð
95 to suck mass imúss
ðirʿe yíðraʿa
96 to spit pizek yipzok
97 to vomit ražžʿe iražžʿe
staffʿe yistaffʿe
98 to blow nafax yiffox
99 to breathe
100 to laugh taxak yitxak
101 to see kišʿe yákšaʿa
102 to hear simʿe yísmaʿa
103 to know ʿiref yáʿăref
104 to think ftaen-
paen-
105 to smell šamm išúmm
106 to fear fizʿe yipzaʿa
107 to sleep nam inám
108 to live ʿaš iʿiš
109 to die mat imút
110 to kill maet imaet
111 to fight starrʿe yistarrʿe
ðarep iðarep
112 to hunt
113 to hit takk itokk
114 to cut katʿa yáxtaʿa
115 to split šakk išokk
116 to stab
117 to scratch xakk ixokk
118 to dig xiver yaxvor
119 to swim tăʿassel yitʿassel
120 to fly
121 to walk miši yimpši
122 to come ža iží
123 to lie (as in a bed)
124 to sit kaʿa yakʿo
125 to stand ekef ikáf
126 to turn (intransitive) tar itúr
127 to fall vakʿa yukáʿa
128 to give ta yati
129 to hold
130 to squeeze palas yiplos
ʿiser yáʿăsor
131 to rub xaff ixoff,
maʿak yimʿak
132 to wash ʿassel iʿassel
133 to wipe massex imassex
134 to pull žarr ižórr
135 to push tafaš yitfoš
136 to throw rma yirmi
137 to tie rapat yirpot
138 to sew šall išúll
139 to count ʿadd iʿodd
140 to say kal ikúl
141 to sing ʿanna iʿanni
142 to play leʿep yilʿap
143 to float
144 to flow
145 to freeze
146 to swell virem yivram
147 sun šimps
148 moon kamar
149 star nažme
150 water moe
151 rain šite
152 river paθpun
153 lake ʿayn-purke
154 sea paxr
155 salt milx
156 stone xažra
157 sand
158 dust trap
159 earth art
160 cloud ʿayára
161 fog
162 sky sama
163 wind xava
164 snow
165 ice
166 smoke tixxán
167 fire okít
168 ash rmat
169 to burn xarak yaxrak
170 road tarp, trik
171 mountain žipel
172 red axmar
173 green xoðer
174 yellow asfar
175 white apkyað
176 black isfet
177 night layl
178 day yawm
179 year sine
180 warm xarr
181 cold peret
182 full mplan
183 new žtit
184 old ʿatik
185 good kaes, taep
186 bad vešex
187 rotten ʿefen
188 dirty măʿaθθi
189 straight iša (Greek)
190 round
191 sharp (as a knife)
192 dull (as a knife)
193 smooth
194 wet maplúl
195 dry yepes
196 correct
197 near žump
198 far pĕʿit
199 right
200 left
201 at ʿint
202 in fi
203 with maʿ-
204 and u
205 if an, kan
206 because ta
207 name ism

Bibliography[edit]

  • Alexander Borg. A Comparative Glossary of Cypriot Maronite Arabic (Arabic-English). Brill 2004

See also[edit]