Appendix:Ilocano Swadesh list

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This is a Swadesh list of words in Ilocano, compared with that of English.

List[edit]

No. English Ilocano
1 I siak
2 you (singular) sika; dakayo (formal)
3 he isu(na)
4 we inclusive: datayo, sitayo; exclusive: dakami, sikami
5 you (plural) dakayo, sikayo
6 they isuda
7 this daytoy
8 that dayta (far from speaker but close to person spoken to); daydiay (far from both speaker and person spoken to)
9 here ditoy
10 there dita (far from speaker but close to person spoken to); idiay, sadiay (far from both speaker and person spoken to)
11 who sino, asino, siasino (interrogative)
12 what ania (interrogative)
13 where sadino (interrogative)
14 when kaano (interrogative)
15 how kas-ano (interrogative)
16 not saan, haan (variant)
17 all amin
18 many adu
19 some mano
20 few bassit, sumagmamano
21 other sabali
22 one maysa
23 two duwa
24 three tallo
25 four uppat
26 five lima
27 big dakkel
28 long atiddog
29 wide nalawa
30 thick napuskol
31 heavy nadagsen
32 small bassit
33 short ababa, pandek
34 narrow akikid
35 thin naingpis, nakuttong
36 woman babai
37 man (adult male) lalaki
38 man (human being) tao
39 child anak, ubbing(kid)
40 wife baket
41 husband lakay
42 mother ina, inang
43 father ama, tatang
44 animal hayop
45 fish lames
46 bird billit
47 dog aso
48 louse kuto
49 snake uleg
50 worm igges
51 tree kayo
52 forest bakir
53 stick sarukod, bislak
54 fruit bunga
55 seed bin-i
56 leaf bulong
57 root ramot
58 bark (of a tree) ukis ti kayo
59 flower sabong
60 grass ruot
61 rope rames
62 skin lalatan, kudil
63 meat lasag, karne
64 blood dara
65 bone tulang
66 fat (noun) taba, lukmeg
67 egg itlog
68 horn sara
69 tail ipus
70 feather dutdut, balahibo
71 hair buok
72 head ulo
73 ear lapayag
74 eye mata
75 nose agong
76 mouth ngiwat
77 tooth ngipen
78 tongue (organ) dila
79 fingernail kuko
80 foot saka
81 leg gurong
82 knee tumeng
83 hand ramay
84 wing payak
85 belly tiyan, buksit
86 guts bagis
87 neck tengnged
88 back bukot, likod
89 breast suso (suso is mammary gland), barukong
90 heart puso
91 liver dalem
92 to drink aginom, umminum
93 to eat mangan
94 to bite agkagát, kummagat
95 to suck agigop, sumusop
96 to spit tumupra, agtupra
97 to vomit sumarwa, agsarwa
98 to blow pumuyot, agpuyot
99 to breathe umangis, agangis
100 to laugh kumatawa, agkatawa
101 to see makita, kitaen
102 to hear agdengngeg, dumngeg (makinig, dinggin = to listen)
103 to know naammuan
104 to think agpanunot
105 to smell anguten
106 to fear buteng (noun), agbuteng (to be afraid)
107 to sleep maturog
108 to live agbiag
109 to die natay, pummanaw, natayen
110 to kill pummatay, patyen
111 to fight aglaban, agriri
112 to hunt agsilo
113 to hit tummama, natamaan
114 to cut putiden, iwaen
115 to split agpisi, pisiyen
116 to stab agbagsol, bagsulen
117 to scratch ahkudkid, kudkuden
118 to dig ahkali, kalyen
119 to swim aglangoy, lummangoy
120 to fly agtayab, tumayab
121 to walk magmagna, magna
122 to come ummay, ummayen
123 to lie (as in a bed) agidda, idda, umidda
124 to sit agtugaw (state)
125 to stand agtatder, timatder (state)
126 to turn (intransitive) agkillo (to turn own body)
127 to fall agtinnag, natinnag, tuminnag
128 to give ikkan, ited, agited
129 to hold agiggem, iggem
130 to squeeze pikkel, pespes
131 to rub agkuskos, kuskusen
132 to wash agbuggo, buggoen
133 to wipe agpunas, punasan
134 to pull agguyod, gumuyod, guyuden
135 to push agduron, dumuron
136 to throw agbagsay, bumagsay, bagsayen
137 to tie agitali, agigalot
138 to sew agdait, daiten
139 to count agbilang
140 to say agsao, mangisao, agibaga, mangibaga
141 to sing agtukar
142 to play agayayam, ayayamen
143 to float tumpaw
144 to flow agayus
145 to freeze agbalin yelo, sangabukel (to become solid), tumangken (to become hard)
146 to swell lumteg
147 sun aldaw
148 moon bulan
149 star bituen
150 water danom
151 rain tudo
152 river karayan
153 lake dan-aw
154 sea baybay
155 salt asin
156 stone bato
157 sand darat
158 dust tapok, rugit
159 earth daga
160 cloud ulep
161 fog angep
162 sky langit, tangatang
163 wind angin
164 snow niyebe
165 ice yelo
166 smoke asok
167 fire sardeng, apoy
168 ash dapo
169 to burn agpuor, puoran
170 road dalan, kalsada
171 mountain bantay
172 red pula, nalabbaga
173 green lunti(an), berde
174 yellow dilaw
175 white puraw
176 black ngisit
177 night gabi, rabii
178 day aldaw
179 year tawen
180 warm nabara (hot=napudot)
181 cold nalamiis, nalam-ek, nalammin
182 full napno, napnek
183 new baro
184 old daan, nataenganen (non-living things), baket/lakay (living things)
185 good naimbag, nasayaat
186 bad dakes
187 rotten nalungsot, nabang-les
188 dirty narugit
189 straight nalinteg
190 round nagtimbukel
191 sharp (as a knife) natadem
192 dull (as a knife) nangudel (=stubby), mapuról
193 smooth nalamuyot
194 wet nabasa
195 dry namaga
196 correct usto, panangatur, pananglinteg
197 near asideg
198 far adayo
199 right kanawan
200 left kanigid
201 at iti
202 in iti
203 with kadwa
204 and ken
205 if no, nu
206 because agsipud, gapu ta, ngem, ngamin
207 name Nagan