Appendix:Ilocano Swadesh list

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This is a Swadesh list of words in Ilocano, compared with that of English.

List[edit]

No. English Ilocano
1 I siak
2 you (singular) sika; dakayo (formal)
3 he isu(na)
4 we inclusive: datayo, sitayo; exclusive: dakami, sikami
5 you (plural) dakayo, sikayo
6 they isuda
7 this daytoy
8 that dayta (far from speaker but close to person spoken to); daydiay (far from both speaker and person spoken to)
9 here ditoy
10 there dita (far from speaker but close to person spoken to); idiay, sadiay (far from both speaker and person spoken to)
11 who sino, asino, siasino (interrogative)
12 what ania (interrogative)
13 where sadino (interrogative)
14 when kaano (interrogative)
15 how kas-ano (interrogative)
16 not saan, haan (variant)
17 all amin
18 many adu
19 some mano
20 few bassit, sumagmamano
21 other sabali
22 one maysa
23 two duwa
24 three tallo
25 four uppat
26 five lima
27 big dakkel
28 long atiddog
29 wide nalawa
30 thick napuskol
31 heavy nadagsen
32 small bassit
33 short ababa, pandek
34 narrow akikid
35 thin naingpis, nakuttong
36 woman babai
37 man (adult male) lalaki
38 man (human being) tao
39 child anak, ubbing(kid)
40 wife baket
41 husband lakay
42 mother ina, inang
43 father ama, tatang
44 animal hayop
45 fish lames
46 bird billit
47 dog aso
48 louse kuto
49 snake uleg
50 worm igges
51 tree kayo
52 forest bakir
53 stick sarukod, bislak
54 fruit prutas
55 seed bin-i
56 leaf bulong
57 root ramot
58 bark (of a tree) ukis ti kayo
59 flower sabong
60 grass ruot
61 rope rames
62 skin lalatan, kudil
63 meat lasag, karne
64 blood dara
65 bone tulang
66 fat (noun) taba
67 egg itlog
68 horn sara
69 tail buntot
70 feather dutdut, balahibo
71 hair buok
72 head ulo
73 ear lapayag
74 eye mata
75 nose agong
76 mouth ngiwat
77 tooth ngipen
78 tongue (organ) dila
79 fingernail kuko
80 foot saka
81 leg gurong
82 knee tumeng
83 hand ramay
84 wing payak
85 belly tiyan
86 guts bagis, bituka (intestines), laman-loob (innards)
87 neck leeg
88 back likod, likuran
89 breast suso, dibdíb (suso is mammary gland)
90 heart puso
91 liver atay, igado
92 to drink uminom, inumin
93 to eat kumain, kainin, lumamon, lamunin
94 to bite kumagát, kagatin
95 to suck sumipsip, sipsipin
96 to spit dumura
97 to vomit sumuka
98 to blow umihip, gulpi
99 to breathe huminga
100 to laugh tumawa
101 to see makita
102 to hear márinig, (makinig, dinggin = to listen)
103 to know umalam, alamin, malaman
104 to think mag-isip, isipin
105 to smell amuyin
106 to fear takot (noun), matakot (to be afraid)
107 to sleep maturog
108 to live mabuhay
109 to die mamatay, pumanaw, mapaslang
110 to kill pumatay, patayin, pumaslang
111 to fight lumaban
112 to hunt mangaso
113 to hit tamaan, tumbukin
114 to cut putulin, hiwain (to slice)
115 to split magbiyak, biyakin
116 to stab manaksak, saksakin
117 to scratch kamutin
118 to dig maghukay, hukayin
119 to swim lumangoy, languyin
120 to fly lumipad, liparin
121 to walk maglakad, lumakad
122 to come dumating, datingan/datnan
123 to lie (as in a bed) humiga
124 to sit umupo (state)
125 to stand tumayo (state)
126 to turn (intransitive) lumiko, bumilíng (to turn own body)
127 to fall bumagsak
128 to give magbigay, ibigay
129 to hold humawak, hawakan, tanganan, tangnán
130 to squeeze pisilin, pigas
131 to rub magkuskos, kuskusin
132 to wash aghugas, hugasan
133 to wipe agpunas, punasan
134 to pull bumatak, batakin, humila, hilahin
135 to push magtulak, itulak
136 to throw maghagis, ihagis
137 to tie magtali, itali
138 to sew tahiin
139 to count bumilang
140 to say sabihin
141 to sing umawit, awitin
142 to play maglaro, laruin
143 to float lumutang
144 to flow umagos, iagos
145 to freeze maging yelo, mabuô (to become solid), manigas (to become hard)
146 to swell mamaga
147 sun araw
148 moon buwan
149 star bituin
150 water tubig
151 rain ulan
152 river ilog
153 lake lawa
154 sea dagat
155 salt asin
156 stone bato
157 sand buhangin
158 dust alikabok
159 earth lupa
160 cloud ulap
161 fog ulap na hamog
162 sky langit, kalangitan
163 wind hangin
164 snow niyebe
165 ice yelo
166 smoke aso, usok
167 fire apoy
168 ash abo
169 to burn magsunog, masunog, sunugin
170 road daan, kalsada, lansangan
171 mountain bundok
172 red pula
173 green lunti(an), berde
174 yellow dilaw
175 white puti
176 black itim
177 night gabi
178 day araw
179 year taon
180 warm mainit (=hot), maligamgám (lukewarm)
181 cold malamig, magináw (cold, e.g., weather)
182 full puno
183 new bago
184 old luma (non-living things), matanda (living things)
185 good mabuti
186 bad masama, maldito/a
187 rotten bulok, panis
188 dirty marumi
189 straight tuwid
190 round bilog
191 sharp (as a knife) matalim
192 dull (as a knife) pudpod (=stubby), mapuról
193 smooth makinis
194 wet basa
195 dry namaga
196 correct tama, tumpak
197 near malapit
198 far malayo
199 right kanan
200 left kaliwa
201 at sa
202 in sa
203 with kasama
204 and at
205 if kung
206 because dahil, sapagkat, kasi
207 name (pa)ngalan