Appendix:English dialect-independent homophones

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Homophones are words that have the same sound but different meanings (and may or may not have different spellings). This list consists exclusively of homophones that have a different spelling.

This is a general list of sets of words which are homophonous in all or most dialects of English. It is difficult to prepare an accurate list as some traditional dialects, particularly in the British Isles, conserve or conserved until recently features that are long-lost elsewhere. It can be argued that two words are not fully homophonous in all dialects until the last speaker aware in perception of the original distinction dies, whether or not they continue to make the distinction in production throughout their life. For other sets of homophones see the List of dialect-dependent homophones.


Contents

1 General Homophone List
2 Notes on words
3 Notes on inclusion
4 See also
5 External links

General Homophone List[edit]

The following homophones are grouped by the lexical set of the vowel with primary stress and by rhyming sounds.

Section contents
FACE SQUARE FLEECE NEAR PRICE GOAT NORTH
FORCE CHOICE BATH TRAP MOUTH DRESS STRUT
NURSE KIT LOT START THOUGHT FOOT GOOSE

FACE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/eɪ/)
Lexical set: FACE
Note:
Not all of these are homophones in dialects which lack the long mid mergers or distinguish wait from weight.
Sound: (/eɪ/)
flay/fley (/'fleɪ/)
hay/hey (/'heɪ/)
jay/[J] (/'dʒeɪ/)
kay/[K] (/'keɪ/)
lay/lei (/'leɪ/)
nay/neigh/née (/'neɪ/)
pray/prey (/'preɪ/)
ray/[re] (/'reɪ/)
sleigh/slay (/'sleɪ/)
tray/trey (/'treɪ/)
way/weigh (/'weɪ/)
patience/patients (/'peɪ.ʃɛn(t)s, 'peɪ.ʃɛnts/)
toupee/to-pay (/tuː.'peɪ/)
Sound: (/eɪd/)
ade/aid/aide (/'eɪd/)
braid/brayed (/'breɪd/)
grade/(grayed/greyed) (/'greɪd/)
lade/laid (/'leɪd/)
maid/made (/'meɪd/)
raid/rayed (/'reɪd/)
spade/spayed (/'speɪd/)
trade/trayed (/treɪd/)
wade/weighed (/'weɪd/)
Sound: (/eɪk/)
brake/break (/'breɪk/)
stake/steak (/'steɪk/)
Sound: (/eɪl/)
ale/ail (/'eɪl/)
bale/bail (/'beɪl/)
gale/Gail/Gayle (/'geɪl/)
hale/hail (/'heɪl/)
male/mail (/'meɪl/)
pale/pail (/'peɪl/)
sale/sail (/'seɪl/)
tale/tail (/'teɪl/)
vale/vail/veil (/'veɪl/)
wale/wail/whale (/'weɪl/)
wails/Wales (/'weɪlz/)
Sound: (/eɪn/)
brain/brane (/'breɪn/)
fain/fane/feign (/'feɪn/)
lain/lane (/'leɪn/)
main/mane/mein/Maine (/'meɪn/)
pain/pane (/'peɪn/)
plain/plane (/'pleɪn/)
rain/reign/rein (/'reɪn/)
vain/vane/vein (/'veɪn/)
Sound: (/eɪnt/)
faint/feint (/'feɪnt/)
Sound: (/eɪs/)
bass/base (/'beɪs/)
place/plaice (/'pleɪs/)
Sound: (/eɪst/)
waste/waist (/'weɪst/)
Sound: (/eɪʃ/)
acclimation/acclamation (/æ.klə.'meɪ.ʃən/)
Sound: (/eɪt/)
bait/bate ('bAt) (/'beɪt/)
gait/gate ('gAt) (/'geɪt/)
great/grate (/'greɪt/)
plate/plait (/'pleɪt/)
strait/straight (/'streɪt/)
wait/weight (/'weɪt/)
Sound: (/eɪv/)
naval/navel (/'neɪ.vəl/)
wave/waive (/'weɪv/)
waver/waiver (/'weɪ.vər/)
Sound: (/eɪz/)
days/daze (/'deɪz/)
faze/phase (/'feɪz/)
frays/phrase (/'freɪz/)
gaze/gay's (/'geɪz/)
graze/(grays/greys) (/'greɪz/)
haze/(hay's/hays)/hayes/heighs/heys (/'heɪz/)
lais/lase/lays/laze/(leas/leys)/leis (/'leɪz/)
maize/maze/Mays/May's (/'meɪz/)
praise/prays/preys (/'preɪz/)
raise/raze/rays/Ray's (/'reɪz/)
sleighs/slays (/'sleɪz/)

SQUARE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɛər/)
Lexical set: SQUARE
aerial/areal/Ariel (/'ɛə.ri.ˌəl/)
heir/air/ere/err/ayre/are/Ayr/e'er/eyre (/'ɛər/)
heirs/airs/errs (/'ɛərz/)
bare/bear (/'bɛər/)
fair/fare (/'fɛər/)
flair/flare (/'flɛər/)
hair/hare (/'hɛər/)
pair/pear/pare (/'pɛər/)
stair/stare (/'stɛər/)
tear/tare (/'tɛər/)
there/their/they're (/'ðɛər/)
theirs/there's (/'ðɛərz/)
wear/ware/weir (/'wɛər/)
See also
Mary-merry-marry merger

FLEECE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/iː/)
Lexical set: FLEECE
Sound: (/iː/)
be/bee/[B] (/'biː/)
(dee/[D]) (/'diː/)
(ee/[E]) (/'iː/)
flee/flea (/'fliː/)
(gee/[G]) (/'dʒiː/)
cay/key/(quay/quai) (/'kiː/)
me/[mi] (/'miː/)
[si]/see/sea/cee[C] (/'siː/)
pea/pee/[P] (/'piː/)
tee/tea/[ti]/[T] (/'tiː/)
the/thee (/'ðiː/)
(vee/[V]) (/'viː/)
we/wee (/'wiː/)
Sound: (/iːtʃ/)
beach/beech (/'biːtʃ/)
breach/breech (/'briːtʃ/)
leach/leech (/'liːtʃ/)
Sound: (/iːd/)
accede/exceed (/ɪk.'siːd/)
cede/seed (/'siːd/)
heed/he'd (/'hiːd/)
meed/mead (/'miːd/)
knead/kneed/need (/'niːd/)
read/reed/rede (/'riːd/)
weed/we'd (/'wiːd/)
Sound: (/iːk/)
creak/creek (/'kriːk/)
leak/leek (/'liːk/)
peak/peek/pique (/'piːk/)
sheik/sheikh/chic (/'ʃiːk/)
weak/week (/'wiːk/)
wreak/reek (/'riːk/)
Sound: (/iːl/)
heal/heel/he'll (/'hiːl/)
peal/peel (/'piːl/)
real/reel (/'riːl/)
seal/seel/ceil (/'siːl/)
sealing/ceiling (/'siː.lɪŋ/)
steal/steel (/'stiːl/)
weal/we'll (/'wiːl, 'ʍiːl/)
wheal/wheel (/'wiːl, 'ʍiːl/)
weald/wield (/'wiːld, 'ʍiːld/)
Sound: (/iːm/)
cream/creme (/'kriːm/)
deem/deme (/'diːm/)
seam/seem (/'siːm/)
semen/seamen (/'siː.mɛn/)
teem/team(/'tiːm/)
Sound: (/iːn/)
dean/dene (/'diːn/)
jean/gene/Jean/Gene (/'dʒiːn/)
jeans/genes/Jean's/Gene's (/'dʒiːnz/)
lien/lean (/'liːn/)
mean/mien (/'miːn/)
scene/seen (/'siːn/)
Sound: (/iːp/)
cheap/cheep (/'tʃiːp/)
Sound: (/iːs/)
grease/Greece (/'griːs/)
piece/peace (/'piːs/)
Sound: (/iːt/)
beat/beet (/'biːt/)
discrete/discreet (/dɪs.'kriːt, dɪ.'skriːt/)
feat/feet (/'fiːt/)
meat/meet/mete (/'miːt/)
peat/Pete (/'piːt/)
sweet/suite (/'swiːt/)
Sound: (/iːz/)
bees/B's (/'biːz/)
ease/E's (/'iːz/)
frees/freeze/frieze (/'friːz/)
pleas/please (/'pliːz/)
sees/seas/seize/cees/ces/cs/psis/sis/szis/C's (/'siːz/)
teas/tees/tease/[T's] (/'tiːz/)
Sound: (/iːv/)
weave/we've (/'wiːv/)
eave/eve/Eve (/'iːv/)
eaves/eves/Eve's (/'iːvz/)

NEAR[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɪər/)
Lexical set: NEAR
eerie/eery/Erie/aerie/aery/eyry/eyrie (/'ɪə.ri/)
dear/deer (/'dɪər/)
hear/here (/'hɪər/)
peer/pier (/'pɪər/)
sear/seer/sere (/'sɪər/)
shear/sheer (/'ʃɪər/)
tear/tier (/'tɪər/)
cereal/serial (/'sɪə.riˌəl/)
See also
Mirror-nearer merger

PRICE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/aɪ/)
Lexical set: PRICE
Sound: (/aɪ/)
buy/by/bye (/'baɪ/)
hi/high/hie (/'haɪ/)
die/dye (/'daɪ/)
ay/aye/eye/I (/'aɪ/)
lie/lye (/'laɪ/)
pie/[pi] (/'paɪ/)
rye/wry (/'raɪ/)
sigh/psi (/'saɪ/)
tie/Thai/tai/taille/tye/Tyigh (/'taɪ/)
wye/Y (/'waɪ/)
Sound: (/aɪd/)
eyed/I'd (/'aɪd/)
idyll/idle/idol (/'aɪ.dəl/)
pride/pried (/'praɪd/)
side/sighed (/'saɪd/)
tide/tied (/'taɪd/)
Sound: (/aɪl/)
isle/aisle/I'll (/'aɪl/)
viol/vial/vile (/'vaɪl/)
wild/wiled (/'waɪld/)
Sound: (/aɪm/)
rime/rhyme (/'raɪm/)
time/thyme (/'taɪm/)
Sound: (/aɪ(.)n/)
minor/miner (/'maɪ.nər//)
sign/sine (/'saɪn/)
find/fined (/'faɪnd/)
mind/mined (/'maɪnd/)
wind/wined/wynd (/'waɪnd/)
Sound: (/aɪər, aɪr/)
dire/dyer (/'daɪ(.)ər, daɪr/)
drier/dryer (/'draɪ.ər/)
flier/flyer (/'flaɪ.ər/)
hire/higher (/'haɪ(.)ər, haɪr/)
liar/lier/lyre (/'laɪ(.)ər, laɪr/)
sire/sigher (/'saɪ(.)ər, saɪr/)
tire/tier/tyre/Tyre (/'taɪ(.)ər, taɪr/)
Sound: (/aɪz/)
(prize/prise) (/'praɪz/)
ryes/rise (/'raɪz/)
sighs/size (/'saɪz/)
whys/why's/wise (/'waɪz/)
Sound: (/aɪt/)
bite/bight/byte (/'baɪt/)
knight/night (/'naɪt/)
might/mite (/'maɪt/)
rite/right/write/wright (/'raɪt/)
cite/sight/site (/'saɪt/)
recite/resight/resite (/ri.'saɪt/)
slight/sleight (/'slaɪt/)

GOAT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/əʊ/)
Lexical set: GOAT
Note:
Not all of these are homophones in dialects which lack the long mid mergers.
Sound: (/əʊ/)
oh/owe/eau/eaux/haut/o/O (/'əʊ/)
bow/beau (/'bəʊ/)
doe/dough/do (/'dəʊ/)
flow/floe (/'fləʊ/)
ho/hoe (/'həʊ/)
lo/low (/'ləʊ/)
know/no (/'nəʊ/)
roe/row/[rho] (/'rəʊ/)
sew/so/sow/sol (/'səʊ/)
slow/sloe (/'sləʊ/)
throw/throe (/'θrəʊ/)
toe/tow (/'təʊ/)
Sound: (/əʊtʃ/)
broach/brooch (/'brəʊtʃ/)
Sound: (/əʊd/)
bode/bowed (/'bəʊd/)
load/lode/lowed (/'ləʊd/)
mode/mowed (/'məʊd/)
ode/owed (/'əʊd/)
road/rode/rowed (/'rəʊd/)
toad/toed/towed (/'təʊd/)
Sound: (/əʊk/)
yolk/yoke (/'jəʊk/)
Sound: (/əʊl/)
boll/bole/bowl (/'bəʊl/)
cole/coal/kohl (/'kəʊl/)
hole/whole (/'həʊl/)
holy/holey/wholly (/'həʊ.li/)
pole/poll (/'pəʊl/)
role/roll (/'rəʊl/)
sol/sole/soul/Seoul (/'səʊl/)
tole/toll (/'təʊl/)
bold/bowled (/'bəʊld/)
hold/holed (/'həʊld/)
sold/souled/soled (/'səʊld/)
told/tolled (/'təʊld/)
Sound: (/əʊm/)
comb/combe (/'kəʊm/)
roam/Rome (/'rəʊm/)
Sound: (/əʊn/)
groan/grown (/'grəʊn/)
loan/lone (/'ləʊn/)
moan/mown (/'məʊn/)
shone/shown (/'ʃəʊn/)
sone/sewn/sown (/'səʊn/)
throne/thrown (/'θrəʊn/)
Sound: (/əʊt/)
mote/moat (/'məʊt/)
rote/wrote (/'rəʊt/)
Sound: (/əʊz/)
hose/hoes (/'həʊz/)
knows/nose/noes/nos (/'nəʊz/)
rows/rose/roes (/'rəʊz/)

NORTH[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɔːr/)
Lexical set: NORTH
Sound: (/ɔːrd/)
chord/cord (/'kɔːrd/)
ward/warred (/'wɔːrd/)
Sound: (/ɔːrn/)
warn/worn (/'wɔːrn/)
See also:
Non-rhotic homophones
Horse-hoarse merger

FORCE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɔər/)
Lexical set: FORCE
Sound: (/ɔər/)
boar/bore/Boer (/'bɔːr/)
fore/(four/[4])/for (/'fɔːr/)
oar/ore/o'er (/'ɔːr, 'ɔər/)
poor/pore/pour (/'pɔːr, 'pɔər/)
soar/sore (/'sɔːr, 'sɔər/)
your/you're/yore (/'jɔːr/)
Sound: (/ɔːrd, ɔərd/)
board/bored (/'bɔːrd, 'bɔərd/)
gourd/gored (/'gɔːrd, 'gɔərd/)
hoard/horde/whored (/'hɔːrd, 'hɔərd/)
Sound: (/ɔːrs, ɔərs/)
coarse/course (/'kɔːrs, 'kɔərs/)
hoarse/horse (/'hɔːrs, 'hɔərs/)
Sound: (/ɔːrz, ɔərz/)
soars/sores (/'sɔːrs, 'sɔərz/)
pores/pours (/'pɔːrz, 'pɔərz/)
See also:
Non-rhotic homophones
Horse-hoarse merger

CHOICE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɔɪ/)
Lexical set: CHOICE
roil/royal (/'rɔɪ.əl/)
boy/buoy (/'bɔɪ/)

BATH[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/æ, ɑː/)
Lexical set: BATH
cast/caste (/'kæst, kɑːst/)
See also
Trap-bath split

TRAP[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/æ/)
Lexical set: TRAP
Sound: (/æks/)
tacks/tax (/'æks/)
Sound: (/ætʃ/)
bach/batch (/'bætʃ/)
catch/ketch (/'kætʃ/)
Sound: (/æd/)
ad/add (/'æd/)
Sound: (/æ(.)k/)
rack/wrack (/'ræk/)
sac/sack (/'sæk/)
Sound: (/æl/)
palette/pallet (/'pæl.ɪt/)
Sound: (/æm/)
dam/damn (/'dæm/)
jam/jamb (/'dʒæm/)
lam/lamb (/'læm/)
Sound: (/æ(.)n/)
cannon/canon (/'kæ.nʌn/)
canvas/canvass (/'kæn.vəs/)
manner/manor (/'mæn.ər/)
band/banned (/'bænd/)
Sound: (/æ(.)p/)
capital/capitol (/'kæ.pɪ.təl, 'kæ.pɪ.dəl/)
rap/wrap (/'ræp/)
rapper/wrapper (/'ræp.ər/)
rapping/wrapping (/'ræp.iŋ/)
rapped/wrapped/rapt (/'ræpt/)
Sound: (/ær/)
barren/baron (/'bær.ən/)
carat/karat/caret/carrot (/'kær.ət/)
Sound: (/æʃ/)
cache/cash (/'kæʃ/)
Sound: (/æt/)
fat/phat (/'fæt/
mat/matte/matt/Matt (/'mæt/)
See also
Trap-bath split
Mary-merry-marry merger

MOUTH[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/aʊ/)
Lexical set: MOUTH
Sound: (/aʊ/)
bow/bough (/'baʊ/)
chow/ciao (/'tʃaʊ/)
plow/plough (/'plaʊ/)
sow/sough (/'saʊ/)
Sound: (/aʊd/)
aloud/allowed (/ə.'laʊd/)
Sound: (/aʊl/)
foul/fowl (/'faʊl/)
Sound: (/aʊn/)
council/counsel (/'kaʊn.səl/)
councillor/counselor (/'kaʊn.sə.lər/)
Sound: (/aʊ(ə)r/)
hour/our (/'aʊər, 'aʊr, 'ɑːr/)
flour/flower (/'flaʊər, 'flaʊ.ər/)

DRESS[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɛ/)
Lexical set: DRESS
Sound: (/ɛtʃ/)
retch/wretch (/'rɛtʃ/)
Sound: (/ɛd/)
bread/bred (/'brɛd/)
led/lead (/'lɛd/)
medal/meddle (/'mɛd.əl/)
pedal/peddle (/'pɛd.əl/)
red/read (/'rɛd/)
Sound: (/ɛk/)
reck/wreck (/'rɛk/)
Sound: (/ɛks/)
ex/X (/'ɛks/)
Sound: (/ɛl/)
ell/el/L (/'ɛl/)
cell/sell (/'sɛl/)
cellar/seller (/'sɛl.ər/)
Sound: (/ɛm/)
em/M (/'ɛm/)
Sound: (/ɛn/)
concent<archaic>/consent (/kən.'sɛnt/)
accept/except (/ɪk.'sɛpt/)
ascent/assent (/ə.'sɛnt/)
en/N (/'ɛn/)
cent/sent/scent (/'sɛnt/)
cents/scents/sense (/'sɛn(t)s/)
censer/censor/sensor (/'sɛn.sər/)
centaury/Centaurii (/'sɛn.tɑr.ˌi, 'sɛn.tɔr.ˌi/)
dense/dents (/'dɛn(t)s/)
descent/dissent (/dɪ.'sɛnt/)
presence/presents (/'prɛ.zɛn(t)s/)
residence/residents (/'rɛz.ɪ.ˌdɛn(t)s/)
Sound: (/ɛp/)
step/steppe (/'stɛp/)
Sound: (/ɛs/)
rest/wrest (/'rɛst/)
Sound: (/ɛ.ðər/)
weather/wether (/'wɛ.ðər/)
Sound: (/ɛt/)
metal/mettle (/'mɛt.əl, 'mɛd.əl/)
Sound: (/ɛr/)
berry/bury (/'bɛr.i/)
heroin/heroine (/'hɛr.əʊ.ɪn/)
Sound: (/ɛ(.)z/)
desert/dessert (/dɛ.'zɝt/)
See also
Mary-merry-marry merger

STRUT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ʌ/)
Lexical set: STRUT
Sound: (/ʌm/)
come/cum (/'kʌm/)
plum/plumb (/'plʌm/)
rum/rhumb (/'rʌm/)
some/sum (/'sʌm/)
dum/dumb /dʌm/
Sound: (/ʌn/)
done/dun (/'dʌn/)
ton/tonne/tun (/'tʌn/)
son/sun (/'sʌn/)
won/one/1 (/'wʌn/)
Sound: (/ʌŋ/)
rung/wrung (/'rʌŋ/)
Sound: (/ʌr/)
currant/current (/'kʌr.ənt/)
Sound: (/ʌ(.)s/)
mustard/mustered (/'mʌs.tər/d/)
muscle/mussel (/'mʌs.əl/)
Sound: (/ʌt/)
but/butt (/'bʌt/)

NURSE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɜːr/)
Lexical set: NURSE
Note:
Not all of these are homophones in dialects which lack the fern-fir-fur merger.
berth/birth (/'bɜːrθ/)
colonel/kernel (/'kɜːr.nəl/)
earn/urn (/'ɜːrn/)
fir/fur (/'fɜːr/)
per/purr (/'pɜːr/)
bird/burred (/'bɜːrd/)
heard/herd (/'hɜːrd/)
whirled/whorled/world (/'ʍɜːrld/)
serf/surf (/'sɜːrf/)
hurts/hertz (/'hɜːrts/)

KIT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɪ/)
Lexical set: KIT
Sound: (/ɪb/)
nibble/nybble (/'nɪb.əl/)
Sound: (/ɪg/)
rigor/rigger (/'rɪg.ər/
Sound: (/ɪl/)
chilly/(chili/chilli)/Chile (/'tʃɪl.i, 'tʃi.(ˌ)leɪ/)
build/billed (/'bɪld/)
gorilla/guerilla/guerrilla (/gə'rɪl.ə/)
Sound: (/ɪm/)
cymbal/symbol (/'sɪm.bəl/)
him/hymn (/'hɪm/)
immanent/imminent (/'ɪm.ə.nənt, 'ɪm.ɪ.nənt/)
limb/limn (/'lɪm/)
Sound: (/ɪn/)
in/inn (/'ɪn/)
principle/principal (/'prɪn(t).sɪ.pl̩, 'prɪn(t).sɪ.pəl/)
mince/mints (/'mɪn(t)s, 'mɪnts/)
prince/prints (/'prɪn(t)s, 'prɪnts/)
Sound: (/ɪŋ/)
links/lynx (/'lɪŋks, 'lɪŋ(k)s/)
ring/wring (/'rɪŋ/)
sink/(sync/synch) (/'sɪŋk/)
ringer/wringer (/'rɪŋ.ər/)
Sound: (/ɪs/)
scissel/scissile/Sicel/sisal/sisel/sissle/syssal (/'sɪs.əl/)
Sound: (/ɪt/)
its/it's (/'ɪts/)

LOT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɒ/)
Lexical set: LOT
Sound: (/ɒ/)
profit/prophet (/'prɒf.ət/)
Sound: (/ɒk/)
bloc/block (/blɒk/)
doc/dock (/dɒk/)
(loch/lough)/lock (/lɒx, lɒk/)
nock/knock (/nɒk/)
roc/rock (/rɒk/)
Sound: (/ɒn/)
don/Don (/dɒn/)
Sound: (/ɒt/)
knot/not (/nɒt/)
See also
Cot caught and father-bother mergers

START[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɑːr/)
Lexical set: START
are/ar[R] (/ɑːr/)
(sergeant/serjeant)/Sargent (/'sɑːr.dʒənt/)
bard/barred (/'bɑːrd/)
bazaar/bizarre (/bə'zɑːr/)
(marshal/marshall)/martial (/'mɑːr.ʃəl/)
arc/ark (/'ɑːrk/)
hart/heart (/'hɑːrt/)
See also:
Non-rhotic homophones

THOUGHT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɔː/)
Lexical set: THOUGHT
Sound: (/ɔːl/)
all/awl (/ɔːl/)
altar/alter (/ɔːl.tər/
ball/bawl (/bɔːl/)
call/caul (/kɔːl/)
hall/haul (/hɔːl/)
mall/maul (/mɔːl/)
bald/balled/bawled (/bɔːld/)
pall/Paul (/pɔːl/)
Sound: (/ɔːn/)
fawn/faun (/fɔːn/)
dawn/Dawn (/dɔːn/)
Sound: (/ɑː(r), ɒ(r), ɔː(r)/)
aureole/oriole (/'ɔːr.i.ˌəʊl, 'əʊr.i.ˌəʊl, -i.əl/)
story/storey (/'stɔːr.i, 'stəʊr.i/)
Sound: (/ɔːt/)
aught/ought (/ɑːt, ɔːt/)
naught/nought (/nɔːt/)
taught/taut (/tɔːt/)
Sound: (/ɑː(r)z, ɒ(r)z, ɔː(r)z/)
paws/pause (/pɔːz/)
claws/clause (/klɔːz/)
See also
Cot caught and father-bother mergers
Non-rhotic homophones

FOOT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ʊ/)
Lexical set: FOOT
Sound: (/ʊd/)
wood/would (/'wʊd/)

GOOSE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/uː/)
Lexical set: GOOSE
Sound: (/uː/)
blew/blue/bleu (/'bluː/)
cue/queue/[Q] (/'kjuː/)
cues/queues/[Q's] (/'kjuːz/)
dew/due (/'djuː/)
flew/flue (/'fluː/)
loo/Lou (/'luː/)
knew/new (/'njuː/)
gnu/[nu] (/'nuː/)
shoo/shoe/choux (/'ʃuː/)
slue/slew (/sluː/)
sue/Sioux (/suː/)
to/too/(two/[2]) (/'tuː/)
who/whoo (/'huː/)
pupil/pupal (/'pjuː.pəl/)
yew/you/ewe/U (/'juː/)
Sound: (/uːd/)
crude/crewed (/kruːd/)
mood/mooed (/'muːd/)
rude/rued (/'ruːd/)
Sound: (/uːl/)
dual/duel (/'djuː.əl/}})
yule/you'll (/'juːl/)
Sound: (/uːm/)
toom/tomb (/'tuːm/)
Sound: (/uːp/)
troop/troupe (/'truːp/)
Sound: (/uːz/)
bruise/brews (/'bruːz/)
cruise/crews/cruse (/'kruːz/)
ruse/rues (/'ruːz/)
whose/who's (/'huːz/)
use/yews/ewes/U's (/'juːz/)


See also
Yod-dropping and coalescence

Notes on words[edit]

  • Phonemic transcriptions are in IPA symbols.
  • Different spellings of identical words are grouped with parentheses.
  • Symbols, numbers/letters are in brackets.
  • There is some ambiguity over homophones since there are different pronunciations of words.

Notes on inclusion[edit]

  • Contracted words are included.
  • A few double-words are included. (A word can sound like two words in sequence)
  • Plural nouns, and tensed verbs are included.
  • Some well known proper names (first or last) are included, although this allows endless additions.

See also[edit]

Wikipedia

External links[edit]