A

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
(Redirected from )
Jump to: navigation, search

Contents

Translingual[edit]

LetterA.svg
A U+0041, A
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A
@
[U+0040]
Basic Latin B
[U+0042]
U+FF21, A
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER A

[U+FF20]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF22]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Ancient Greek letter Α (A, alpha), derived from the Phoenician letter 𐤀 (ʼ, aleph).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /a/ (most languages)

Letter[edit]

A upper case (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.
See also[edit]

Symbol[edit]

A

  1. Marks the first item in a list
    A. Go to the store. B. Get some food. C. Return home. D. Eat.
  2. A hypothetical item or person designated the first when there are more than one.
    Person A had 5 apples, and person B...
  3. (computing) The hexadecimal digit for 10
    0x0000000A
    The value is hexadecimal A0, or decimal 160.
  4. A standard size of dry cell battery slightly larger than a AA battery.[1]
  5. A system of paper sizes with similar proportions, as A0, A1, A2, etc.[2]
See also[edit]
  • (previous) 9, (next) B

Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The abbreviation of a variety of terms.

Symbol[edit]

A

  1. (chemistry, obsolete) Symbol for the element Argon (Since 1956 has been changed to Ar).
  2. (geometry) area

Abbreviation[edit]

A

  1. (physics, International System of Units) ampere, a unit of electrical current.
  2. (genetics) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for adenine in genetic code.
  3. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for alanine in proteins.
  4. (vehicle-distinguishing signs) Austria

See also[edit]

Other representations of A:

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christine A. Lindberg (editor), The Oxford College Dictionary, 2nd edition (Spark Publishing, 2007 [2002], {ISBN 978-1-4114-0500-4), page 1
  2. ^ Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0198605751), page 1

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Runic letter ᚫ (a, “ansuz”), source for Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letters replaced by A

From Middle English and Old English upper case letter A and split of Middle English and Old English upper case letter Æ.

  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚪ (a, “āc”) Old English upper case letter A from 7th century replacement by Latin upper case letter A of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (a, āc), derived from Runic letter (a, Ansuz).
  • Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter ᚫ (æ, “æsc”) Old English upper case letter Æ from 7th century replacement by Latin upper case ligature Æ of the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc letter (æ, æsc), also derived from Runic letter (a, Ansuz).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a, plural As or A's)

  1. The first letter of the English alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.
    Apple starts with A.
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Number[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The ordinal number first, derived from this letter of the English alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.
    The item A is "foods", the item B is "drinks".

Etymology 2[edit]

  • (highest rank, grade, music): From the initial position of the letter A in the English alphabet.
  • (blood type): From A antigen
  • (vehicle-distinguishing signs): From Austria

Symbol[edit]

Broom icon.svg A user suggests that this entry be cleaned up.
Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

A

  1. The highest rank on any of various scales that assign letters.
    We assign each item inspected a rating from A through G, depending on various factors.
    1. Bond rating
  2. (education) The highest letter grade assigned (disregarding plusses and minuses).
    I was so happy to get an A on that test.
  3. (music) A tone three fifths above C in the cycle of fifths; the sixth tone of the C major scale; the first note of the minor scale of A minor; the reference tone that occurs at exactly 440 Hz; the printed or written note A; the scale with A as its keynote.[1][2]
    Orchestras traditionally tune to a concert A.
  4. (medicine) A blood type that has a specific antigen that aggravates the immune response in people with type B antigen in their blood. They may receive blood from type A or type O but cannot receive blood from AB or B.
    My blood type is A negative.
  5. (chemistry) Mass number.
  6. (logic) A universal affirmative suggestion.[1]
  7. acoustic source
  8. actual weight of an aircraft
  9. (historical) adulterer, adulteress
  10. Alaska Steamship Company
  11. Alcoa Steamship Company
  12. allele dominant
  13. alveolar gas
  14. American Stock Exchange
  15. ammunition examiner
  16. Anchor Line
  17. aspect ratio
  18. Assembly Bill
  19. Smallest of the brassiere cup sizes.
  20. Chemical activity.
  21. first van der Waals constant
  22. Fraunhofer line for oxygen
  23. (aviation) hail
  24. (in newspaper stock listings) includes extras
  25. linear acceleration
  26. mean sound absorption coefficient
  27. Shoe size narrower than B
  28. (baseball) Single A league, one of the lowest professional leagues.
  29. Total acidity.
Derived terms[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

A

  1. Ace
  2. Acre
  3. Adult; as used in film rating
  4. Ammeter
  5. (physics) angstrom
  6. Answer
  7. (sports) An assist
  8. (sexuality) An asexual
  9. (weaponry) atom; atomic
  10. (Britain, London) arsehole
Synonyms[edit]
  • (physics, angstrom): Å
Derived terms[edit]

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923: little · now · then · #79: A · should · can · made

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0198605751), page 1
  2. ^ Christine A. Lindberg (editor), The Oxford College Dictionary, 2nd edition (Spark Publishing, 2007 [2002], {ISBN 978-1-4114-0500-4), page 1

American Sign Language[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (with the thumb extended) OpenA

Etymology[edit]

French Sign Language letter a

From French Sign Language sign for the letter A.

Production[edit]

This one-handed ASL sign is produced as follows:

Letter[edit]

A (Stokoe A)

  1. The letter A

See also[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Albanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Aleut[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Aleut alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Azeri[edit]

Letter[edit]

A upper case (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Azeri alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Catalan alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Chechen[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a, Cyrillic А)

  1. The first letter of the Chechen alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Crimean Tatar[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Crimean Tatar alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Czech[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

  1. A (the 1st letter in the Czech alphabet)

See also[edit]


Danish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Danish alphabet, written in the Latin script.
See also[edit]


Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

A n ( singular definite A'et, plural indefinite A'er)

  1. The first letter of the Danish alphabet, written in the Latin script.
Inflection[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Dutch alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Elfdalian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Elfdalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Esperanto alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

See also[edit]


Ewe[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

See also[edit]


Faroese[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Faroese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Fijian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Fijian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Finnish alphabet, called aa and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

A

  1. approbatur

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the French alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Fula[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. A letter of the Fula alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]


Gagauz[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case A)

  1. The first letter of the Gagauz alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the German alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

A n (genitive A or As, plural A or As)

  1. A
    Von A bis Z.
    From A to Z.
    Wer A sagt, muss auch B sagen.
    One who says A shall also say B.

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • A in Duden online

German Sign Language[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Related to the French Sign Language sign for "A".

Production[edit]

This one-handed GSL sign is produced as follows:

  • Posture the dominant hand in the “A” shape.

Letter[edit]

A

  1. the letter A

Greenlandic[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

  1. The first letter of the Greenlandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]



Hausa[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Hausa alphabet, written in the Latin script. followed by B.

See also[edit]


Hawaiian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

  1. The first letter of the Hawaiian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Hungarian alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Icelandic[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Icelandic alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Ido[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Inari Sami[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Inari Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]



Interlingua[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case c)

  1. The first letter of the Interlingua alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Italian[edit]

Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme; name of letter) IPA(key): /a/
  • Homophones: a, ha

Letter[edit]

A m, f (invariable, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Italian alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Kabyle[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Kabyle alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]



Karelian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Karelian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Kashubian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Kikuyu[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Kikuyu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Kurdish[edit]

Letter[edit]

A a

  1. The 1st letter of the Kurdish alphabet as used in Turkey, followed by B.

See also[edit]


Latgalian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Latgalian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • a (in some abbreviations)

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. (sometimes with littera) The first letter of the Latin alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Abbreviation[edit]

A.

  1. (in dates) ante (“before”)
    A. D.ante diem
  2. (in dates) anno, annus (“year”)
    A. D.anno Domini
    A. U. C.anno urbis conditae
    A. P. R. C.anno post Romam conditam
  3. Aulus (a Roman given name)
    • Inscriptiones Orelli 1530: A. A.Auli duo
  4. aquae (“waters”)
    • Inscriptiones Orelli 1643 sequens; 2620; 3011: A.A.Aquae Aponi (“Abano Terme”)
  5. auro, argento, or aeri (the three directors of the mint)
    • Inscriptiones Orelli 569; 2242; 2379; 3134 alia: III. VIRI A. A. A. F. F.auro, argento, aeri flando, feriundo
  6. agris (“fields”)
    • A. D. A. agris dandis adsignandis
    • A. I. A. agris judicandis adsignandis
  7. (upon the voting tablets in judicial trials) absolvo (“I free”, “I acquit”)
  8. (in the Roman Comitia) antiquo — “I leave in its former state”, “I reject” [e.g. the point in question]
  9. amicō (“friend”)
    A. O.amico optimo — “best friend”
  10. a (“of, from”)
    A. P.a populo
  11. aediliciae
    A. P.aediliciae potestatis
  12. aerario
    A. P. R.aerario populi Romani
  13. (in Cicero's Tusculanae Disputationes, “Tusculan Disputations”) adulescens or auditor, one of the disputants, as opposed to M. for magister or Marcus

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Latvian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia lv

Etymology[edit]

Proposed in 1908 as part of the new Latvian spelling by the scientific commission headed by K. Mīlenbahs, which was accepted and began to be taught in schools in 1909. Prior to that, Latvian had been written in German Fraktur, and sporadically in Cyrillic.

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Letter[edit]

A

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Latvian alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Lithuanian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The second letter of the Lithuanian alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Livonian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Livonian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]



Lojban[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

See also[edit]


Lower Sorbian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Lower Sorbian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]



Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German ouga, from Proto-Germanic *augô, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ- (eye; to see). The phonetic development in Luxembourgish is regular: Old High German -ou- becomes -ā-; intervocalic -g- is lost; word-final short vowels are apocopated.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

A n (plural Aen)

  1. eye
    Ech hunn eppes am A.
    I have something in my eye.

Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [e]
  • (Phoneme) IPA(key): [ä]
  • (Phoneme, Open ultima) IPA(key): [ə], [ɐ]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Maltese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Manx[edit]

Letter[edit]

A a

  1. The 1st letter of the Manx alphabet,followed by B.

See also[edit]


Maori[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Maori alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Mapudungun[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Mapudungun alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

There are multiple alphabets for writing Mapudungun. The letters that are not in brackets are from the unified alphabet, while the ones in brackets are from the four other alphabets.

Navajo[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Navajo alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Northern Sami[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Northern Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb

Letter[edit]

A (uppercase, lowercase a)

  1. The first letter of the Norwegian Bokmål alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

A m (definite singular A-en, indefinite plural A-er, definite plural A-ene)

  1. letter A

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (uppercase, lowercase a)

  1. The first letter of the Norwegian Nynorsk alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

A m (definite singular A-en, indefinite plural A-ar, definite plural A-ane)

  1. letter A

Occitan[edit]

Letter[edit]

A a

  1. A letter used in writing Occitan.

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The second letter of the Polish alphabet, preceding Ą.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • A in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Noun[edit]

A m (plural As)

  1. Alternative form of á

Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Romanian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Saanich[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

  1. The first letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Samogitian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Samogitian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old English .

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

A (first person singular, emphatic I)

  1. I

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The 1st letter of the Scottish Gaelic alphabet.

See also[edit]



Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (Cyrillic spelling А)

  1. The 1st letter of the Serbo-Croatian Latin alphabet (gajica), followed by b.
See also[edit]

Skolt Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Skolt Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Slovak[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Slovak alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • A in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Slovene[edit]

Slovene Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sl

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Slovene alphabet, written in the Latin script.

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Somali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /æ/, /ɑ/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʔæ/

Letter[edit]

A upper case (lower case a)

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Somali alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes[edit]

  1. The twenty-third letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by Y and followed by E.

See also[edit]


Southern Sami[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Southern Sami alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Spanish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Abbreviation of alfil.

Noun[edit]

A m

  1. (chess) bishop
    • 1997, Anatoly Karpov, EL AJEDREZ. Aprender y progresar, page 24:
      19. Ac4xd5, Ab7xd5
    • 1998, Benito López Esnaola, Ajedrez a la ciega, page 87:
      Tae1, Ae6;
    • 2006, Antonio Lopez Manzano, Joan Segura Vila, “Los Errores en la Apertura. Las celadas.”, in Iniciación al ajedrez, volume 59, page 79:
      Veamos un ejemplo: 1. e4, e5; 2. Cf3, Cc6; 3. Ac4, Cd4?

Squamish[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

  1. The letter of the Squamish alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (name a, uppercase form A)

  1. The first letter of the Swedish alphabet.
See also[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Tagalog alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Tatar[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. the 1st letter of Jaꞑalif

See also[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Turkish alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Turkmen[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case a)

See also[edit]


Upper Sorbian[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (lower case, upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Upper Sorbian alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Uzbek[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case A)

  1. The first letter of the Uzbek alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called a and written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]

Interjection[edit]

A!

  1. hah!

Welsh[edit]

Letter[edit]

A

  1. The 1st letter of the alphabet, followed by B

See also[edit]


Zazaki[edit]

Letter[edit]

A a

  1. A letter used in writing Zazaki.

See also[edit]


Zulu[edit]

Letter[edit]

A (upper case, lower case a)

  1. The first letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also[edit]