User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-arb-g

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G20 {prop} (group of finance ministers and central bank governors from 20 economies) :: مجموعة العشرين {f} /majmūʿat al-ʿišrīn/, مجموعة ۲۰ /majmūʿat 20/
G8 {prop} (Group of 8) :: مجموعة الثماني /majmūʿat aṯ-ṯumāniyy/, مجموعة ٨ {f} /majmūʿat 8/
Gabon {prop} (Gabonese Republic) :: الغابون {m} /al-ḡabūn/
Gaborone {prop} (capital of Botswana) :: جابورون {m} /gaburun/, غابورون {m} /ḡaburun/
Gabriel {prop} (male given name) :: جبرائيل /jabrāʾīl/, جبريل /jibrīl/
Gabriel {prop} (archangel) :: جبرائيل /jabrāʾīl/, جبريل /jibrīl/
gadfly {n} (fly of the family Oestridae) SEE: botfly ::
gadget {n} (any device or machine) :: جهاز {m} /jihāz/
gadolinium {n} (chemical element) :: جدولينيوم {m} /gadulinyum/
Gaelic {n} (Scottish Gaelic) SEE: Scottish Gaelic ::
gaffer {n} (baby) SEE: baby ::
Gaia {prop} (the ecosystem of the Earth regarded as a self-regulating organism) :: غايا
gain {v} (acquire) :: كسب /kasaba/
gainword {n} (a word a language has borrowed from another language) SEE: loanword ::
galah {n} (fool) SEE: fool ::
galangal {n} (any of several plants of the ginger family) :: خولنجان {m} /ḵawlanjān/
galaxy {n} (collection of billions of stars, galactic dust, black holes, etc) :: مجرة {f} /majarra/
galaxy {n} (the Milky Way) SEE: Milky Way ::
Galicia {prop} (historical kingdom in Central Europe) :: غاليسيا {f} /ḡālīsyā/
Galilee {prop} (region of northern Israel) :: الجليل /al-jalīl/
gall {n} (bile) SEE: bile ::
gall {n} (gall bladder) SEE: gall bladder ::
gall bladder {n} (pear-shaped organ that stores bile) :: مرارة {f} /marāra/
gallery {n} (institution, building, or room for the exhibition and conservation of works of art) :: معرض {m} /muʿarraḍ/
gallery {n} :: فراغ للعرض / قاعة عرض
galliard {n} (9-point type) SEE: bourgeois ::
gallicize {v} (to make French as the culture, customs, pronunciation, or style) :: فرنس /farnasa/
galligaskins {n} (shalwar) SEE: shalwar ::
gallium {n} (chemical element) :: جاليوم {m} /galyum/
gallows {n} (wooden framework on which persons are put to death by hanging) :: مشنقة {f} /mišnaqa/
galpal {n} (close female friend) SEE: girlfriend ::
Galway {prop} (county in Ireland) :: مقاطعة غالواي {f} /muqāṭaʿa(t) ḡālwāy/
Galway {prop} (city in Ireland) :: غالواي {m} /ḡālwāy/
Gambia {prop} (The Republic of The Gambia) :: غامبيا {f} /ḡāmbiyā/
gamble {n} (a risk undertaken with a potential gain) :: قمار {m} /qimār/
gamble {v} (to take a risk, with the potential of a positive outcome) :: قامر /qāmara/
gamble {v} (to play risky games for monetary gain) :: قامر /qāmara/
gambler {n} (one who plays at a game of chance) :: مقامر /muqāmir/
gambling {n} (activity characterised by a balance between winning and losing that is governed by a mixture of skill and chance) :: قمار {m} /qimār/
game {n} (playful activity that may be unstructured, amusement, pastime) :: لعب {m} /laʿb/
game {n} (particular instance of playing a game; match) :: لعب {m} /laʿb/
game {v} (to gamble) SEE: gamble ::
gamelan {n} (genre of music) :: غاميلان {m} /ḡamilān/
gameness {n} (courage) SEE: courage ::
game over {phrase} (message) :: انتهت اللعبة {f} /intahat al-luʿba/
gamester {n} (gambler) SEE: gambler ::
gamma {n} (the name of the third letter of the Greek alphabet) :: غاما {f} /ḡāmā/
gamut {n} (complete range) :: الأمر برمته
gamut {n} (all the notes in the musical scale) :: السلم الموسيقي
gamut {n} (all the colours available to a device) :: السلسلة اللونية
gamut {n} :: سلم النغم, سلسلة كاملة {f}
Gan {prop} (one of Sinitic languages) :: كن {m} /kan/
Gandhi {prop} (surname Gandhi) :: غاندي /ḡāndī/
gang {n} (a company of persons) :: عصابة {f} /ʿiṣāba/
gang {n} (group of criminals who band together for mutual protection) :: عصابة {f} /ʿiṣāba/
gang bang {n} (gang rape) SEE: gang rape ::
Ganges {prop} (the sacred river) :: الغانج {m} /al-ḡānj/, الجنج {m} /al-gang/ [Egyptian spelling]
Gang of Four {prop} (leftist political faction) :: عصابة الأربعة {f} /sˤa:batu-lʔarbaʕatu/
gang rape {n} (rape by a number of people) :: اغتصاب جماعي {m} /iḡtiṣāb jamāʿiyy/
gangrene {n} (the necrosis or rotting of flesh) :: غنغرينة {f} /ḡanḡrīna/, غرغرينا {f} /ḡarḡrīnā/
gangue {n} (earthy waste substances occurring in metallic ore) :: غث {m} /ḡaṯṯ/, شوب {m} /šawb/, شوائب الركاز {m} /šawāʾibu r-rikāz/
gangway {n} (temporary bridge) :: جسر مؤقث
gannet {n} (glutton) SEE: glutton ::
Gansu {prop} (province of China) :: قانسو {m} /qansū/, غانسو {m} /ḡansū/
Ganymede {prop} (in Greek mythology) :: غانيمادس {m} /ḡanimādas/
Ganymede {prop} (satellite of Jupiter) :: جانيميد {f} /ganimīd/
gaol {v} (jail) SEE: jail ::
Gaoxiong {prop} (Kaohsiung) SEE: Kaohsiung ::
garage {n} (petrol filling station) SEE: gas station ::
garage {n} (building or section of building to store a car, tools etc.) :: كراج {m} /karāj/, قراج {m} /garāj/, جراج {m} /garāž/ [Egyptian spelling]
garbage {n} (waste material) :: زبالة {f} /zubāla/, نفاية {f} /nufāya/, قمامة {f} /qumāma/, مخلفات {p} /muḵallafāt/
garden {n} (piece of land outside with flowers and plants) :: حديقة {f} /ḥadīqa/, جنة {f} /janna/
gardener {n} (one who gardens) :: بستاني {m} /bustāniyy/
Garden of Eden {prop} (place where Adam and Eve first lived) :: عدن /ʿadn/, جنة عدن {f} /jannat ʿadn/, جنات عدن {f-p} /jannāt ʿadn/
garlic {n} (plant) :: ثوم {m} /ṯūm/, ثومة {f} /ṯūma/ [singulative]
garlic bread {n} (bread topped with garlic) :: خبز بالثوم {m} /ḵubz bi-ṯ-ṯūm/
garlic press {n} (ustensil) :: هراسة الثوم
garment {n} (single item of clothing) :: لباس {m} /libās/, ملابس {m-p} /malābis/, ثوب /ṯawb/
garnish {v} (fetter) SEE: fetter ::
gas {n} ((uncountable, chemistry) state of matter) :: غاز {m} /ḡāz/
gas chamber {n} (a sealed chamber in which people are executed with gas) :: غرفة الغاز {f} /ḡurfat al-ḡāz/
gash {n} (vulva) SEE: vulva ::
gasholder {n} :: حامل ألغاز {m} /ḥāmil ʾalḡāz/
gasket {n} (mechanical seal) :: حشية {f} /ḥašiyya/
gasoline {n} (motor fuel) :: بنزين {m} /banzīn/
gasometer {n} (gasholder) SEE: gasholder ::
gas station {n} (a establishment which sells gasoline to pump directly into a car) :: محطة بنزين {f} /maḥaṭṭat banzīn/, محطة وقود {f} /maḥaṭṭat waqūd/
gastric acid {n} (acidic secretion of the stomach) :: عصارة هضمية {f} /ʿuṣāra haḍmiya/
gastric juice {n} (secretion of the stomach) SEE: gastric acid ::
gastrinoma {n} (a tumour) :: ورم غاستريني {f} /waram ḡastrīniyy/
gastrodiplomacy {n} (type of cultural diplomacy where relations between representatives of different cultures are improved by the means of gastronomy and the promotion of national cuisines) :: دبلوماسية الطهى
gastronomy {n} (study of the relationship between food and culture) :: فن الأكل {m} /fann al-ʾakl/
gate {n} (door-like structure outside) :: بوابة {f} /bawwāba/
gateau {n} (rich, iced cake) :: كعكة {f} /kaʿka/
gather {v} (to bring together; to collect) :: جمع /jamaʿa/
gatherer {n} (person who gathers things) :: جان {m} /jānin/
Gaul {prop} (region) :: بلاد الغال {f-p} /blād al-ḡāl/
Gaul {n} (person) :: غالي {m} /ḡāliyy/
gauze {n} (thin fabric with open weave) :: شاش {m} /šāš/
gauze {n} (cotton fabric used as surgical dressing) :: شاش {m} /šāš/
gay {adj} (homosexual, see also: lesbian) :: مثلي {m} /miṯliyy/, مثلية {f} /miṯliyya/
gay {n} (homosexual person, especially male, see also: lesbian) :: مثلي {m} /miṯlī/
gay marriage {n} (marriage between two people of the same sex) :: زواج مثلي {m} /zawāj miṯliyy/
Gaza {prop} (city) :: غزة {f} /ḡazza/
Gaza {prop} (Gaza Strip) SEE: Gaza Strip ::
Gazan {n} :: غزي {m} /ḡazziyy/, غزوي {m} /ḡazzawiyy/
Gazan {adj} :: غزي /ḡazziyy/, غزوي /ḡazzawiyy/
Gaza Strip {prop} (Gaza Strip) :: قطاع غزة {m} /qiṭāʿ ḡazza/, غزة {f} /ḡazza/
gazelle {n} (antelope) :: غزال {m} /ḡazāl/
gazetteer {n} (geographic dictionary or encyclopedia) :: قاموس جغرافي {m} /qāmūs juḡrāfiyy/
G-d {prop} (deliberately incomplete spelling of God) :: الل /Alla/
Gdańsk {prop} (city of Poland) :: غدانسك {m} /ḡdānsk/
gecko {n} (lizard of the family Gekkonidae) :: وزغة {m} /wazaḡa/
gee {n} (name of the letter G, g) :: غي {m} /ḡī/, جي {m} /jī/, جي {m} /gī/
geek {n} (Australian: look) SEE: look ::
geek {n} (expert in a technical field, particularly to do with computers) :: غيك {m} /ḡīk/, مهوس {m} /muhawwas/
gee up {interj} (direction to a horse) SEE: giddyup ::
Ge'ez {prop} (Ethiopian language) :: جعزي {m} /jiʿiziyy/, جعزية {f} /jiʿiziyya/
geezer {n} (device for boiling water) SEE: geyser ::
Gehenna {prop} (hell, in Abrahamic religions) :: جهنم {m} /jahannam/
Gehinnom {prop} (Jewish realm of the afterlife) SEE: Gehenna ::
Geiger counter {n} (device) :: عداد غايغر {m} /ʿaddād ḡayḡar/, عداد جايجر {m} /ʿaddād gaygar/
geisha {n} (a Japanese entertainer) :: غيشا {f} /ḡayšā/
gel {n} (suspension of solid in liquid) :: هلام {m} /hulām/
gelatin {n} (protein derived through partial hydrolysis of the collagen) :: جيلاتين {m} /jīlātīn/, جيلاتين {m} /jilatīn/
gelato {n} (Italian-style ice cream) :: جيلاتي {m} /jīlātī/, جيلاتو {m} /jīlātū/
gelbstoff {n} (optically measurable component of dissolved organic matter in water) :: المواد العضوية الملونة الذائبة
geld {n} (money) SEE: money ::
geld {v} (castrate) SEE: castrate ::
geld {n} (ransom) SEE: ransom ::
geld {n} (tribute) SEE: tribute ::
gelding {n} (eunuch) SEE: eunuch ::
gem {n} (precious stone) :: جوهر {m} /jawhar/, جوهرة {f} /jawhara/ [singulative]
gemination {n} (phonetical phenomenon) :: تشديد {m} /tašdīd/
Gemini {prop} (constellation) :: برج الجوزاء {m} /burj al-jawzāʾ/, الجوزاء {m-p} /al-jawzāʾ/
Gemini {prop} (astrological sign) :: برج الجوزاء {m} /burj al-jawzāʾ/, الجوزاء {m-p} /al-jawzāʾ/
gemstone {n} (a gem) :: جوهر {m} /jawhar/, جوهرة {f} /jawhara/ [singulative]
gender {n} (grammar: voice (of verbs)) SEE: voice ::
gender {n} (grammar: division of nouns and pronouns) :: جنس {m} /jins/
gender {n} (division, class, kind) :: جنس {m} /jins/
gender {n} (biological sex) :: جنس {m} /jins/
gender identity {n} (person's sense of self as a member of a particular gender) :: هوية جندرية {f} /huwiyya jandariyya/
gene {n} (unit of heredity) :: جين {m} /jīn/
genealogist {n} (practitioner of genealogy) :: نساب {m} /nassāb/
general {adj} (involving every part or member, not specific or particular) :: عام /ʿāmm/
general {adj} (not limited in application; applicable to a whole class or category) :: عمومي /ʿumūmiyy/, عام /ʿāmm/
general {n} (military rank) :: جنرال /jinirāl/; لواء {m} /liwāʾ/
generally {adv} (popularly or widely) :: عموما /ʿumūman/
general population {n} (general public) SEE: general public ::
general public {n} (members of the public who have no special role) :: عامة الناس {p} /ʿāmmat an-nās/
generation {n} (period of around thirty years) :: جيل /jīl/
generation {n} (single step in the succession of natural descent) :: جيل /jīl/, نسل {m} /nasl/
generation {n} :: جيل {m} /jīl/
generic {adj} (very comprehensive) :: إجمالي /ʾijmāliyy/, جامع /jāmiʿ/, شامل /šāmil/, شمولي /šumūliyy/, عام /ʿāmm/, عمومي /ʿumūmiyy/, عميم /ʿamīm/, كلي /kulliyy/, محيط /muḥīṭ/, مطلق /muṭlaq/
generosity {n} (the trait of being willing to donate) :: كرم {m} /karam/
generous {adj} (willing to give and share unsparingly) :: كريم /karīm/
genesis {n} (the origin, start, or point at which something comes into being) :: تکوین {m} /takwīn/
Genesis {prop} (the book of the Bible) :: التكوين {m} /at-takwīn/, سفر التكوين {m} /sifr at-takwīn/
genet {n} (mammal of the genus Genetta) :: زريقاء {m} /zurayqāʾ/
Geneva {prop} (city) :: جنيف {m} /jinīf/
Geneva Convention {prop} (international treaty) :: اتفاقية جنيف {f} /ittifāqiyya jinēf/
Genghis Khan {prop} (Genghis Khan) :: جنكيز خان {m} /jinkīz ḵān/
genie {n} (an invisible Muslim spirit) :: جن {m} /jinn/, {p}: جني /jinniyy/
genie {n} (a fictional magical being) :: جن {m} /jinn/, {p}: جني /jinniyy/
genitalia {n} (genitals or sex organs) :: أعضاء تناسلية {f-p} /ʾaʿḍāʾ tanāsuliyya/
genitals {n} (genitalia) SEE: genitalia ::
genitive {adj} (of or pertaining to the case of possession) :: إضافي /ʾiḍāfiyy/, جري /jarriyy/
genitive {n} (inflection pattern) :: حالة المضاف إليه {f} /ḥalāt al-muḍāf ʾilayhi/, مجرور {m} /majrūr/
genitive case {n} (genitive) SEE: genitive ::
genius {n} (someone possessing extraordinary intelligence or skill) :: عبقري /ʿabqariyy/
genius {adj} (very clever) :: عبقري {m} /ʿabqiriyy/
genizah {n} (depository where sacred Hebrew books, etc., are kept before being buried in a cemetery) :: جنيزا
Genoa {prop} (Italian city) :: جنوى {f} /jinowā/
genocide {n} (systematic killing of substantial numbers of people) :: قتل العرقي {m} /qatl al-ʿirqiyy/
genome {n} (complete genetic information of an organism) :: مجين {m} /majīn/, جينوم {m} /jinūm/
genticide {n} (killing of a race or nation of people) SEE: genocide ::
gentle {adj} (polite and respectful rather than rude) :: مؤدب /muʾaddab/
gentleman {n} (man of breeding) :: جنتلمان {m} /jentilmān/, شهم {m} /šahm/, مؤدب {m} /muʾaddab/, مهذب {m} /muhaḏḏab/
gentleman {n} (polite term for a man) :: السيد {m} /as-sayyid/, سيد {m} /sayyid/, أفندي {m} /ʾafandī/, خواجا {m} /ḵawājā/
gentleman {n} (polite form of address to men) :: سادتي {m-p} /sādatī/
genus {n} (rank in a taxonomic classification between family and species) :: جنس {m} /jins/
geodesy {n} (scientific discipline) :: جيوديسيا {f} /jiyudīsyā/
geographer {n} (a specialist in geography) :: جغرافي {m} /juḡrāfiy/
geographic {adj} (pertaining to geography) :: جغرافي /juḡrāfiyy/
geographical {adj} (geographic) SEE: geographic ::
geography {n} (study of physical structure and inhabitants of the Earth) :: جغرافيا {f} /juḡrāfiyā/
geoid {n} (surface of constant gravitational potential at zero elevation) :: مجسم أرضي
geology {n} (the study of the earth) :: جيولوجيا {f} /jiyulūjiyā/, علم الأرض {m} /ʿilm al-ʾarḍ/, علم الإراضة {m} /ʿilm al-ʾirāḍa/
geometry {n} (branch of mathematics) :: هندسة {f} /handasa/, علم الهندسة {m} /ʿilm al-handasa/
George {prop} (male given name) :: جورج {m} /jorj/, جورج {m} /jūrj/, جرجس {m} /jorjus/, خضر {m} /ḵaḍar/, جورجيوس {m} /jorjiws/
Georgetown {prop} (capital of Guyana) :: جورجتاون {m} /jurjtawn/, جورج تاون {m} /jurj tawn/
Georgetown {prop} (district of Washington, DC) :: جورجتاون {m} /jurjtawn/, جورج تاون {m} /jurj tawn/
George VI {prop} (King of the United Kingdom from 1936 to 1952) :: جورج السادس /jūrj as-sādis/
Georgia {prop} (country) :: جورجيا {f} /jorjiyā/
Georgia {prop} (state of the USA) :: جورجيا {f} /jōrjiyā/
Georgian {n} (language of the country Georgia) :: جورجية {f} /jōrjiyya/
Georgian {n} (person from the country of Georgia) :: جورجي {m} /jōrjiyy/, جورجية {f} /jōrjiyya/
geospatial {adj} (geospatial) :: جيومكاني, جيومكانية {f}
ger {n} (yurt) SEE: yurt ::
germ {n} (pathogenic microorganism) :: جرثومة {f} /jurṯūma/
German {n} (native or inhabitant of Germany; person of German citizenship or nationality) :: ألماني {m} /ʾalmāniyy/, ألمانية {f} /ʾalmāniyya/
German {n} (the German language) :: ألمانية {f} /ʾalmāniyya/, ألماني {m} /ʾalmāniyy/
German {adj} (of or relating to the country of Germany) :: ألماني /ʾalmāniyy/
German {adj} (of or relating to the German language) :: ألماني /ʾalmāniyy/
Germanic {adj} (relating to the Germanic peoples) :: جرماني /jarmāniyy/
Germanic {adj} (relating to the language or group of languages known as Germanic) :: جرماني /jarmāniyy/
germanium {n} (chemical element) :: جرمانيوم {m} /jarmanyum/
Germanization {n} (Making more German) :: ألمنة {f} /ʾalmana/
Germanize {v} (make more German) :: ألمن /ʾalmana/
German Shepherd {n} (Medium sized breed of dog) :: كلب الراعي الألماني {m} /kalb ar-rāʿī l-ʾalmāniyy/
Germany {prop} (country in Central Europe) :: ألمانيا {f} /ʾalmānyā/
Germinal {prop} (the seventh month of the French Republican Calendar) :: جرمينال {m} /jirmīnāl/
gerund {n} (verb form functioning as a verbal noun) :: صيغة فعل {m} /ṣīḡat fiʿl/, مصدر {m} /maṣdar/
Gestapo {prop} (the secret police of Nazi Germany) :: جيستابو {m} /gistābū/
gesture {n} (motion of the limbs or body) :: لفتة، لمحة
gesundheit {interj} (said to someone who has just sneezed) SEE: bless you ::
get {v} (to obtain) :: استلم /istalama/
get {v} (to receive) :: استقبل /istaqbala/
get {v} (to become) :: أصبح /ʾaṣbaḥa/
get at {v} (To annoy, bother) SEE: annoy ::
get at {v} (To mean, signify.) SEE: mean ::
get away {v} (to avoid capture; to escape (from)) SEE: escape ::
get down {v} (bring down (transitive)) SEE: let down ::
get lost {interj} (Go away!) :: اغرب عن وجهي! /uḡrub ʿan wajhi!/, إبتعد عني! /ʾibtaʿid ʿanni!/ [to a male], أغربي عن وجهي /ʾuḡrubī ʿan wajhī/, إبتعدي عني /ʾibtaʿidī ʿannī/ [to a female]
get lost {v} (become lost) :: ضل الطريق /ḍalla ṭ-ṭarīq/
get married {v} (become married to someone) :: تزوج /tazawwaja/
get married {v} (become married to each other) :: تزوج /tazawwaja/
get off {v} ((transitive) To disembark from) :: نزل /nazala/
get off {v} ((intransitive) To disembark) :: نزل /nazala/
get on {v} (to board or mount) :: ركب /rakiba/
get out of here {interj} (command to leave) :: اغرب عن وجهي! /uḡrub ʿan wajhi!/, إبتعد عني! /ʾibtaʿid ʿanni!/
get outta here {interj} (get out of here) SEE: get out of here ::
get over {v} (recover) SEE: recover ::
get rid of {v} (remove) :: تخلص ... من /taḵallaṣa ... min/
get to know {v} (to become acquainted with someone) :: تعرف /taʿarrafa/
get up {v} (to rise from one's bed) :: قام /qāma/, نهض /nahaḍa/, افاق /afāqa/, تسلق /tasallaqa/, وقف /waqqafa/
get well soon {phrase} (expressing hope that someone recovers soon) :: سلامتك /salāmtak/ [to a man], سلامتك /salāmtik/ [to a woman]
geyser {n} (boiling spring) :: سخان {m} /saḵḵān/
Ghana {prop} (The Republic of Ghana) :: غانا {f} /ḡānā/
ghazal {n} (a poetic form) :: غزل {m} /ḡazal/
ghee {n} (South Asian style clarified butter) :: سمن {m} /samn/
Ghent {prop} (capital city of the province of East Flanders, Belgium) :: جينت {m} /gent/, جينت {m} /jint/
ghetto {n} (area of a city in which Jews were concentrated) :: غيتو {m} /ḡītū/, غيتو {m} /getū/
Ghibelline {n} (member of a medieval Italian faction that supported the German emperors) :: غيبلين {m}
ghost {n} (spirit appearing after death) :: شبح {m} /šabaḥ/, خيال {m} /ḵayāl/, زول {m} /zawl/, طيف {m} /ṭayf/, روح {m} {f} /rūḥ/, شبح {m} /šabḥ/
ghost {n} (soul) SEE: soul ::
ghost town {n} (town which has become deserted) :: مدينة أشباح {f} /madīna(t) ʾašbāḥ/, مدينة الأشباح {f} /madīna(t) al-ʾašbāḥ/
ghoul {n} (a spirit said to feed on corpses) :: غول {f} /ḡūl/
ghrelin {n} (peptide hormone that increases appetite) :: جريلين
ghusl {n} (full-body taken to restore the body to purity) :: غسل {m} /ḡusl/
gianduja {n} (Piedmontese chocolate preparation) :: جاندويا {f} /jāndūyā/
giant {n} (mythical human) :: عملاق {m} /ʿimlāq/
giant fennel {n} (Ferula communis) :: كلخ كبير /kalḵ kabīr/
giant roundworm {n} (Ascaris lumbricoides) :: إسكارس {f} /ʾiskāris/
giaour {n} (infidel) :: كافر {m} /kāfir/
gibberish {n} (unintelligible speech or writing) :: رطانة {f} /raṭāna/
gibberish {n} (needlessly obscure or overly technical language) :: ثرثرة {f} /ṯarṯara/, بربرة {f} /barbara/
gibbon {n} (small ape) :: غيبون {m} /ḡibūn/
gibbous moon {n} (lunar phase) :: أحدب {m} /'aḥdab/
Gibraltar {prop} (British overseas territory) :: جبل طارق {m} /jabal ṭāriq/
giddyup {interj} (used to make a horse go faster) :: ياللا
gift {n} (something given to another voluntarily, without charge) :: هدية {f} /hadiyya/
gift {n} (a talent or natural ability) :: قريحة {f} /qarīḥa/
Gifu {prop} (Gifu, Japan) :: غيفو {m} /ḡīfū/
gig {n} (performing engagement by a musical group) :: حفلة {f} /ḥafla/
gigabyte {n} (one billion bytes) :: غيغابايت {m} /ḡīḡabayt/
gigantic {adj} (very large) :: ضخم, هائل
gigolo {n} (male having sexual relationships for money) :: داعر {m} /dāʿir/, بغي {m} /baḡiyy/, عاهر {m} /ʿāhir/, زاني {m} /zāniyy/, فاحش {m} /fāḥiš/, عاهر {f} /ʿāhir/, فاحش {f} /fāḥiš/
gigolo {n} (hired escort or dancing partner) :: داعر {m} /dāʿir/, بغي {m} /baḡiyy/, عاهر {m} /ʿāhir/, زاني {m} /zāniyy/, فاحش {m} /fāḥiš/
Gihon {prop} (Biblical river) :: جيحون /jayḥūn/, جيحون /jīḥūn/
Gijón {prop} (city in Spain) :: خيخون {f} /ḵiḵuwan/
Gilgamesh {prop} (legendary king of Uruk) :: جلجامش {m} /gilgamiš/, جلجامش {m} /jiljamiš/
Gillard {prop} (surname) :: غيلارد {m} {f} /ḡilard/, جيلارد {m} {f} /gilard/
Gim {prop} (Korean surname) SEE: Kim ::
gimel {n} (Semitic letter) :: جيم /jīm/
gin {n} (alcoholic beverage) :: جين {m} /jīn/
ginger {n} (plant) :: زنجبيل {m} /zanjabīl/
ginger {n} (spice) :: زنجبيل {f} /zanjabīl/
ginger {n} (colour/color) :: بني مائل إلى الحمرة /banī mā'ilu ilā al-humrati/
ginger {n} (person with reddish-brown hair) :: بني مائل إلى الحمرة /banī mā'ilu ilā al-humrati/
gingerbread {n} (type of cake) :: كعكة زنجبيل {f} /kaʿka(t) zanjabīlin/
gingiva {n} (gum) SEE: gum ::
gingival {adj} (alveolar) SEE: alveolar ::
ginseng {n} (any of several plants, of the genus Panax) :: جينسنغ {m} /jinsinḡ/
ginseng {n} (root of such a plant, or the extract) :: جينسنغ {m} /jinsinḡ/
gippo {n} (Egyptian) SEE: Egyptian ::
giraffe {n} (mammal) :: زرافة {f} /zarāfa/
girl {n} (young female person) :: بنت {f} /bint/, فتاة {f} /fatāh/
girlfriend {n} (a female partner in a romantic relationship) :: صديقة {f} /ṣadīqa/, صاحبة {f} /ṣāḥiba/
girlfriend {n} (a female friend) :: صديقة {f} /ṣadīqa/
Giro d'Italia {prop} (annual cycling race in Italy) :: طواف إيطاليا {m} /ṭawāf ʾīṭāliyā/
Girona {prop} (city) :: جيرونا /jironā/, خيرونا /ḵironā/
Giudecca {prop} (long island in the Venetian Lagoon) :: جوديكا {f} /judēkka/
give {v} (transfer the possession of something to someone else) :: أعطى /ʾaʿṭā/, وهب /wahaba/, منح /manaḥa/, ناول /nāwala/
give birth {v} (produce new life) :: ولد /walada/
give me {v} (expression of preference) :: أعطني /ʾaʿṭinī/
given {prep} (considering, taking into account) :: أخذا بعين الاعتبار /ʾaḵḏan biʿayn al-iʿtibār/, بالنظر إلى /bi-n-naẓar ʾilā/
given name {n} (name chosen for a child by its parents) :: اسم {m} /ism/
give or take {adv} (approximately) SEE: approximately ::
giver {n} (one who gives) :: معط {m} /muʿṭin/
give someone a break {v} (rest) SEE: rest ::
give up {v} (surrender) :: تنازل /tanāzala/, تخلى /taḵallā/, استسلم /istaslama/
give what for {v} (scold) SEE: scold ::
Giza {prop} (city in Egypt) :: الجيزة {f} /al-jīza/
gizzard {n} (portion of the esophagus with ingested grit) :: حوصلة {f} /ḥawṣala/ [the same word also for the craw or crop]
glacier {n} (a large body of ice which flows under its own mass, usually downhill) :: مثلجة {f} /maṯlaja/
glaciology {n} (study of ice and its effect on the landscape) :: علم الجليد
glad {adj} (pleased, happy, satisfied) :: فرح /fariḥ/
gladiator {n} (a professional boxer) SEE: boxer ::
gladness {n} (the state of being glad) :: فرح {m} /faraḥ/
Glagolitic {n} (the oldest known Slavonic alphabet) :: أبجدية غلاغوليتسية {f} /ʾabjadiyya ḡlāḡūlitsiyya/
Glagolitic alphabet {n} (writing system) SEE: Glagolitic ::
gland {n} (organ that synthesizes and secretes substance) :: غدة {f} /ḡudda/
glans {n} (conical vascularized body forming the extremity of the penis) SEE: glans penis ::
glans {n} (clitoral glans) SEE: clitoral glans ::
glans clitoridis {n} (clitoral glans) SEE: clitoral glans ::
glans penis {n} (conical vascularized body forming the extremity of the penis) :: حشفة القضيب {f} /ḥašafat al-qaḍīb/
Glasgow {prop} (the city Glasgow) :: غلاسكو {m} /ḡlāskū/
glasnost {n} (a policy of the Soviet Union) :: غلاسنوست {m} /ḡlasnust/, جلاسنوست {m} /glasnust/
glass {n} (hourglass) SEE: hourglass ::
glass {n} (substance) :: زجاج {m} /zujāj/
glass {n} (drinking vessel) :: كأس {m} /kaʾs/, كوب {m} /kūb/, قدح {m} /qadaḥ/
glass {n} (mirror) SEE: mirror ::
glass {n} (barometer) SEE: barometer ::
glasses {n} (plural of "glass") SEE: glass ::
glasses {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles ::
glee {n} (Joy; merriment; mirth; gayety; particularly, the mirth enjoyed at a feast) :: بهجة {f} /bahja/
glider {n} (aircraft) :: طائرة شراعية
Gliese 581 {prop} (star) :: غليزا 581 {f} /glīzā 581/
glisten {v} (to reflect light with a glittering luster) :: لمع /lamaʿa/
glitter {v} (to sparkle with light) :: لمع /lamaʿa/, برق /baraqa/
globalisation {n} (process of becoming a more interconnected world) :: عولمة {f} /ʿawlama/
global positioning system {n} (system determining precise location based on signals received from satellites) :: نظام التموضع العالمي {m} /niẓām at-tamawḍuʿ al-ʿālamiyy/, جي بي إس {m} /jī bī ʾes/
Global Positioning System {prop} (system which enables a mobile receiver to determine its precise location) :: نظام التموضع العالمي {m} /niẓām at-tamawḍuʿ al-ʿālamiyy/, جي بي إس {m} /jī bī ʾes/
global warming {n} (increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere to cause climate change) :: الاحترار العالمي {m} /al-iḥtirār al-ʿālamiyy/
globe {n} (model of Earth) :: الكرة الأرضية {f} /al-kura al-ʾarḍiyya/
globefish {n} (blowfish) SEE: blowfish ::
glory {n} (great beauty or splendour) :: مجد {m} /majd/
glossolalia {n} (speaking in tongues) :: لثلثة {f} /laṯlaṯa/
glossolalia {n} (xenoglossy) SEE: xenoglossy ::
glottal {adj} (articulated with the glottis) :: حنجري /ḥanjariyy/
glove {n} (item of clothing) :: قفاز {m} /quffāz/, كف {m} /kaff/
glover {n} (person who makes gloves) :: قفافيزي {m} /quffāfīzī/
glue {n} (sticky adhesive substance) :: غراء {m} /ḡirāʾ/, لزاق {m} /lizāq/
gluten {n} (cereal protein) :: غلوتين {m} /ḡlūtīn/
glutton {n} (wolverine) SEE: wolverine ::
glutton {n} (one who eats voraciously) :: أكال {m} /ʾakkāl/, شره {m} /šarah/, نهم {m} /nahim/
gluttonous {adj} (given to excessive eating; prone to overeating) :: نهم /nahim/, شره /šarih/
gluttonous {adj} (greedy) :: جشع /jašiʿ/
gluttony {n} (the vice of eating to excess) :: نهم {m} /naham/, شره {m} /šarah/, شراهة {f} /šarāha/
gnaw {v} (to bite something persistently) :: نخر /naḵara/
gnome {n} (legendary being) :: تمثال {m} /timṯāl/, قزم خرافي {m}, قول مأثور /qawlun maʾṯūr/, مثل سائر {m}, اتزان {m} /ittizān/, حصافة {f} /ḥaṣāfa/, حكمة {f} /ḥikma/, مثل {m} /maṯal/
gnomon {n} (object used to tell time by the shadow it casts when the sun shines on it) :: قياس {m} /qiyās/
gnostic {n} :: عارف
Gnosticism {n} (Gnosticism) :: غنوصية {f}
GNU Free Documentation License {prop} :: رخصة جنو للوثائق الحرة {f} /ruḵṣatu jnū lilwaṯāʾiqi l-ḥurra/
go {v} (die) SEE: die ::
go {v} (lead (tend or reach in a certain direction)) SEE: lead ::
go {v} (to move through space (especially from one place to another) ) :: ذهب /ḏahaba/, راح /rāḥa/
go {v} (to disappear ) :: اختفى /iḵtafā/
go {n} (board game) :: غو {m} /ḡū/
go {v} (leave) SEE: leave ::
go {v} (attack) SEE: attack ::
go {v} (attend) SEE: attend ::
go {v} (change) SEE: change ::
go {v} (walk) SEE: walk ::
go {v} (urinate, defecate) SEE: urinate ::
go {v} (of time: elapse, pass) SEE: elapse ::
Goa {prop} (state in western India) :: غوا {m} /ḡwā/
goad {n} (pointed stick used to prod animals) :: منخس /mankhas/
goal {n} (result one is attempting to achieve) :: هدف {m} /hadaf/, مقصد {m} /maqṣad/
goal {n} (in many sports, an area into which the players attempt to put an object) :: هدف {m} /hadaf/, مرمى {m} /marmā/
goalkeeper {n} (player that protects a goal) :: حارس مرمى {m} /ḥāris marmā/
goalscorer {n} (person who scores a goal) :: هداف /haddāf/
goaltender {n} (player that protects a goal) SEE: goalkeeper ::
go astray {v} (develop bad habits; behave improperly or illegally) :: ضل /ḍalla/
goat {n} (animal) :: ماعز {m} /māʿiz/, عنزة {f} /ʿanza/
goatee {n} (beard at the center of the chin) :: عثنون {m} /ʿuṯnūn/
go away {v} (to depart or leave a place) :: ابتعد /ibtaʿada/
Gobi {prop} (desert) :: جوبي {m} /gūbī/
goblet drum {n} (drum from the Middle-East and North Africa) :: دربوكة {m}
goblin {n} (hostile diminutive humanoid in fantasy literature) :: عفريت {m} /ʿifrīt/
go crazy {v} (go nuts) SEE: go nuts ::
god {n} :: إله {m} /ʾilāh/
god {n} (idol) :: إله {m} /ʾilāh/, وثن {m} /waṯan/, جبت {m} /jibt/, بد {m} /bud/, صنم {m} /ṣanam/
god {n} (person in high position of authority) :: رب {m} /rab/
God {prop} :: الله {m} /allāh/, إله /ʾilāh/, الرب {m} /ar-rabb/
God {prop} (single male deity of duotheism) :: اله {m} /ilāh/
God bless you {interj} (said as a short prayer for the recipient) :: حياك الله /ḥayyāk allāh/, بارك الله فيك /bāraka llāh fīka/ [to a woman: ... fīki]
God bless you {interj} (said to somebody who has sneezed) :: صحة /ṣiḥḥa/ health, يرحمكم الله /yarḥamkum allāh/ (may) Allah have mercy on you, يرحمكم /yarḥamkum/ mercy on you
goddamn {interj} (an expression of anger, surprise, or frustration) :: اللعنة /al-laʿna/
goddamn {adj} (intensifier) :: ملعون {m} /malʿūn/
goddess {n} (female deity) :: إلاهة {f} /ʾilāha/, إلهة /ʾilāha/
goddess {n} (adored or idealized woman) :: معبودة {f} /maʿbūda/
God-fearing {adj} (following the precepts of a religious practice and respects and reveres god and his authority) :: ورع {m} /wariʿ/, تقي {m} /taqiyy/
God forbid {interj} (Don't let it be) :: لا سمح الله /lā samaḥa llāh/, لا قدر الله /lā qaddara llāh/
God-given {adj} (given or sent by God or appearing so) :: هبة إلهية {f} /hiba ʾilāhiyya/, توفيق إلهي {m} /tawfīq ʾilāhiyy/
God knows {phrase} (Only known to God; only known to the gods) :: الله أعلم /allāhu ʾaʿlam/
godless {adj} (not acknowledging any deity or god; without belief in any deity or god) :: ملحد {m} /mulḥid/, زنديق {m} /zindīq/
godlike {adj} (having characteristics of a god) :: متأله {m} /mutaʾalih/
godliness {n} (the condition and quality of being godly) :: ورع {m} /waraʿ/, تقوى {f} /taqwā/
godly {adj} (of or pertaining to a god) :: إلهي {m} /ʾilāhiyy/
godsend {n} (an unexpected good fortune) :: مصادفة سعيدة {f} /muṣādafa saʿīda/, منحة إلهية {f} /minḥa ʾilāhiyya/, ضربة حظ {f} /ḍarbat ḥaẓẓ/
God's house {n} (church) SEE: church ::
God's house {n} (place of worship) SEE: place of worship ::
Godspeed {interj} (wish that the outcome of someone's actions is positive for them) :: بالتوفيق /bi-t-tawfīq/, في معية الله /fī maʿiyya(t) allāh/
go Dutch {v} (split the cost) :: تقاسم التكلفة
God willing {interj} (God willing) :: إن شاء الله /ʾin šāʾ allāh/
God works in mysterious ways {proverb} (a situation may be beneficial later) :: الله يعمل بطرق غامصة /allāh yaʿmal biṭuruq ḡāmiṣa/
Godzilla {prop} (Japanese science-fiction monster) :: غودزيلا {m} /ḡūdzīlā/, غدزيلا {m} /ḡudzīlā/
goer {n} (foot) SEE: foot ::
Goethe {prop} (surname) :: غوته {m} {f} /ḡūtah/
Gogol {prop} (Gogol) :: غوغول /ḡūḡul/, جوجول /gūgul/
Golaghat {prop} (worldwide) :: جولاغات
gold {n} (element) :: ذهب {m} {f} /ḏahab/, إبريز {m} /ʾibrīz/
Gold Coast {prop} (in Australia) :: غولد كوست {m} /ḡuld kūst/
golden {adj} (made of, or relating to, gold) :: ذهبي /ḏahabiyy/
golden age {n} (time of progress and achievement) :: عصر ذهبي {m} /ʿaṣr ḏahabiyy/
goldenberry {n} (cape gooseberry) SEE: cape gooseberry ::
golden eagle {n} (large bird of prey) :: عقاب ذهبي {m} /ʿuqāb ḏahabiyy/
Golden Gate {prop} (Golden Gate Bridge) SEE: Golden Gate Bridge ::
Golden Gate Bridge {prop} (suspension bridge in California) :: جسر البوابة الذهبية {m} /al-jisr al-bawwāba l-ḏahabiyya/
Golden Horde {prop} (the Mongol invaders) :: القبيلة الذهبية {f} /al-qabīla aḏ-ḏahabiyya/
golden parachute {n} (agreement on benefits) :: مظلة هبوط ذهبية /miẓalla(t) hubūṭ ḏahabiyya/
golden ratio {n} (irrational number) :: الرقم الذهبي /ar-raqm aḏ-ḏahabiyy/
goldfish {n} (fish) :: سمكة زينة {f} /samaka(t) zīna/
goldsmith {n} (person who forges things out of gold) :: صائغ {m}
golf {n} (ball game) :: جولف {m} /golf/, جولف {m} /gulf/, غولف {m} /golf/, غولف {m} /gulf/, غولف {m} /ḡūlf/
Goliath {prop} (biblical giant) :: جالوت {m} /jālūt/ [Qur'ānic], جليات {m} /julyāt/ [Christian]
go mad {v} (to become insane) SEE: go nuts ::
Gomel {prop} (city) :: غوميل {m} /ḡūmīl/
Gomorrah {prop} (city in the Middle East) :: عمورة {f} /ʿamūra/
gondola {n} (narrow boat, especially in Venice) :: غندول {m}, جندول {m}
gong {n} (percussion instrument) :: جرس {m} /jaras/, ناقوس {m} /nāqūs/
gongfu {n} (kung fu) SEE: kung fu ::
gonorrhea {n} (STD) :: سيلان {m} /sayalān/
go nuts {v} (to become mad) :: أصبح مجنونا /ʾaṣbaḥa majnūnan/
good {adj} (acting in the interest of good; ethical good intentions) :: حسن /ḥasan/, جيد /jayyid/, طيب /ṭayyib/
good {adj} (useful for a particular purpose) :: حسن /ḥasan/, جيد /jayyid/
good {adj} :: جيد /jayyid/, طيب /ṭayyib/, حسن /ḥasan/
good {n} (the forces of good) :: خير {m} /ḵayr/, فائدة {f} /fāʾida/
good afternoon {phrase} (greeting said in the afternoon) :: مساء الخير /masāʾ al-ḵayr/, مساء النور /masāʾ an-nūr/ (the answer), السلام عليكم /as-salāmu ʿalaykum/, نهاركم سعيد /nahārukum saʿīd/
goodbye {interj} (farewell, see also: bye) :: مع السلامة /maʿa s-salāma/, إلى اللقاء /ʾilā l-liqāʾ/, وداع /wadāʿ/, وداعا /wadāʿan/, في أمان الله /fī ʾamāni llāh/ (a possible reply to مع السلامة), باي باي /bay bay/
goodbye, cruel world {phrase} (exclamation prior to suicide) :: وداعا العالم القاسي /wadāʿan al-ʿālim al-qāsī/
good day {phrase} (greeting between sunrise and sunset) :: نهارك سعيد /nahārak saʿīd/, مساء الخير /masāʾ al-ḵayr/; مساء النور /masāʾ an-nūr/ [response]
good-den {interj} (good evening) SEE: good evening ::
good evening {n} (greeting said in the evening) :: مساء الخير /masāʾ al-ḵayr/, مساء النور /masāʾ an-nūr/ [as a reply]
good fortune {n} (good luck) SEE: good luck ::
Good Friday {prop} (The Friday before Easter Sunday, the commemoration of the day on which Christ was crucified) :: الجمعة العظيمة {f} /al-jumʿa al-ʿaẓīma/; جمعة الآلام {f} /jumʿat al-ʾālām/,
good luck {interj} (wish of fortune or encouragement) :: بالتوفيق! /bi-t-tawfīq!/, حظا سعيدا! /ḥaẓẓan saʿīdan!/, حظ سعيد! /ḥaẓẓ saʿīd!/, بالنجاح /bi-n-najāḥ/
good morning {interj} (when seeing someone for the first time in the morning) :: صباح الخير /ṣabāḥ al-ḵayr/, صباح النور /ṣabāḥ an-nūr/ [in reply]
good night {phrase} (a farewell) :: تصبح على خير /tuṣbiḥ ʿalā ḵayr/, ليلة سعيدة /layla saʿīda/
good riddance {interj} (used to indicate that a departure or loss is welcome) :: رحيل غير مأسوف عليه {m} /raḥīl ḡayr maʾsūf ʿalayhi/, رحيل غير مأسوف عليها {f} /raḥīl ḡayr maʾsūf ʿalayhā/
goods {n} (that which is produced, traded, bought or sold) :: بضائع /baḍāʾiʿ/, سلع {m} /silaʿ/, بضاعة /biḍāʿa/, متاع {m} /matāʿ/
Goofy {prop} (Disney character) :: بندق {m} /Bunduq/
Google {prop} (Google (in other scripts, the trademark may also be written in Roman letters)) :: جوجل {m} /jūjl/, غوغل {m} /ḡūḡl/
goose {n} (a grazing waterfowl of the family Anatidae) :: إوزة {f} /ʾiwazza/, وزة {f} /wizza/, وزة {f} /wazza/
go out {v} (to leave, especially a building) :: خرج /ḵaraja/
go out {v} :: خرج /ḵaraja/
Gorbachev {prop} (Russian surname) :: غورباتشوف /ḡurbatšūf/, غورباتشوف /gorbatšof/
gore {n} (triangular patch of fabric) :: بنيقة {f} /banīqa/
Gorgan {prop} (the old city) :: جرجان /jurjān/
gorilla {n} (ape) :: غوريلا {f} /ḡūrīlā/
Gorizia {prop} (town & province) :: غوريتسيا
Gorno-Altaysk {prop} (town, centre of the Altai Republic, Russia) :: غورنو-ألتايسك {m} /gorno-ʾaltaysk/
Goryeo {prop} (a historical Korea) :: غوريو {f} /ḡuryū/, غوريو {f} /goryo/
gospel {n} (first section of New Testament) :: إنجيل {m} /ʾinjīl/
Gothenburg {prop} (city on the west coast of Sweden) :: غوتنبرغ {m} /ḡūtinburḡ/
Gothic {prop} (extinct Germanic language) :: قوطية {f} /qūṭiyya/
got it {v} (Do you understand?) :: فهمت /fahimta/ [to masc sg], فهمت /fahimti/ [to fem sg], فهمتما /fahimtumā/ [to com d], فهمتم /fahimtum/ [to masc pl], فهمتن /fahimtunna/ [to fem pl]
go to sleep {v} (fall asleep) SEE: fall asleep ::
go to work {v} (work) SEE: work ::
gouge {v} (to cheat or impose upon) SEE: cheat ::
gound {n} (mucus produced by the eyes during sleep) :: غمص /ḡamaṣ/ [semiliquid], رمص /ramaṣ/ [solid]
go up {v} (to move upwards) :: صعد /ṣaʿida/, imperfective: يصعد /yaṣʿadu/
gourd {n} (gourd fruit) :: قرع {m} /qarʿ/
gourd {n} (the dried and hardened shell of a gourd fruit) :: قرع {m} /qarʿ/
gourd {n} ((obsolete) any of the climbing or trailing plants from the family Cucurbitaceae) :: قرع {m} /qarʿ/
govern {v} (to exercise sovereign authority in) :: حكم /ḥakama/
government {n} (body with the power to make and/or enforce laws) :: حكومة {f} /ḥukūma/
governor {n} (leader of a region or state) :: محافظ {m} /muḥāfiẓ/, حاكم {m} /ḥākim/
governorate {n} (territory ruled by a governor) :: محافظة {f} /muḥāfaẓa/
governor general {n} (governor or viceroy possessing some military authority) :: حاكم عام {m} /ḥākim ʿāmm/
governor general {n} (representative of the monarch) :: حاكم عام {m} /ḥākim ʿāmm/
gown {n} (loose, flowing upper garment) :: رداء {m} /ridāʾ/
grab {v} (to make a sudden grasping or clutching motion (at something)) :: قبض /qabaḍa/
graceful {adj} (showing grace) :: رشيق /rašīq/, ظريف /ẓarīf/, لطيف /laṭīf/, صباح /ṣubāḥ/, وسيم /wasīm/
gracefully {adv} (in a graceful manner) :: برشاقة /birašāqa/, بلباقة /bilabāqa/
gracefulness {n} (the state of being graceful) :: حسن /ḥusn/
grade {n} (rating) :: درجة {f} /daraja/
grade {n} (performance expressed by a number, letter, or other symbol) :: درجة {f} /daraja/
grade {n} (level of pre-collegiate education) :: درجة {f} /daraja/
grade school {n} (elementary or primary school) SEE: primary school ::
gradual {adj} (proceeding by steps or small degrees) :: تدريجي /tadrījiyy/
gradually {adv} (in gradual manner) :: شيئا فشيئا /šayʾan fašayʾan/, خطوة فخطوة /ḵuṭwatan faḵuṭwatan/, تدريجيا /tadrījiyyan/
graduate {n} (from a university) :: خريج {m} /ḵirrīj/, خريجة {f} /ḵirrīja/
graduate {v} (to be recognized by a university as having completed the requirements of a degree) :: درج /darraja/, تخرج /taḵarraja/
graduation {n} (the action or process of graduating) :: تخرج {m} /taḵarruj/
grain {n} (harvested seeds of various grass-related food crops) :: حبة {f} /ḥaba/
grain {n} (the crops from which grain is harvested) :: حبوب {p} /ḥubūb/
gram {n} (unit of mass) :: جرام {m} /gram/, غرام {m} /ḡrām/, غرام {m} /gram/
gramarye {n} (mystical learning) SEE: magic ::
grammar {n} (rules for speaking and writing a language) :: قواعد {p} /qawāʿid/, نحو {m} /naḥw/
grammar {n} (study of internal structure and use of words) :: علم قواعد {m} /ʿilm qawāʿid/
grammar {n} (book describing grammar) :: قواعد {p} /qawāʿid/
grammar {n} (in computing: formal system specifying the syntax of a language) :: قواعد {p} /qawāʿid/
grammarian {n} (person who studies grammar) :: نحوي /naḥwiyy/
grammary {n} (grammar) SEE: grammar ::
grammatical case {n} (mode of inflection of a word) :: حالة {f} /ḥāla/
grammatical mood {n} (in grammar, type of the relationship) :: حالة {f} /ḥāla/
gram molecule {n} (mole) SEE: mole ::
gramophone {n} (record player) :: غرامافون {m} /ḡrāmāfūn/, فونوغراف {m} /fūnūḡrāf/
grampus {n} (killer whale) SEE: orca ::
Granada {prop} (city in Spain) :: غرناطة {f} /ḡarnāṭa/
grandchild {n} (child of someone’s child) :: حفيد {m} /ḥafīd/ [grandson], حفيدة {f} /ḥafīda/ [granddaughter]
granddaughter {n} (daughter of someone’s child) :: حفيدة {f} /ḥafīda/
grandfather {n} (grandfather (from either side)) :: جد /jadd/
grandfather clock {n} (pendulum clock) :: ساعة جد {f} /sāʿa(t) jadd/
grandma {n} (grandmother (informal)) :: جدة {f} /jidda/, تيتة {f}
grandmother {n} (mother of someone's parent) :: جدة {f} /jadda/
grandparent {n} (parent of one's parent) :: جد {m} /jadd/ [grandfather], جدة {f} /jadda/ [grandmother]
Grand Prix {n} (any of several international races, especially one of a series for Formula One racing cars) :: الجائزة الكبرى {f} /al-jāʾiza l-kubrā/, غران بري {m} /ḡrān brī/
grandson {n} (son of one's child) :: حفيد {m} /ḥafīd/
grand unification theory {n} (theory that unifies fundamental forces) :: نظرية الاتحاد الكوني العظيم {f} /naẓariyya l-ittiḥād al-kawniyy al-ʿaẓīm/
granite {n} (type of rock) :: صوان {m} /ṣawwān/
granola {n} (breakfast and snack food) :: جرانولا {f} /jirnula/
grape {n} (fruit) :: عنب {m} /ʿinab/
grapefruit {n} (fruit) :: ليمون هندي {m} /laymūn hindiyy/, جريب فروت {m} /greyb frūt/, كريفون {m} /krīfūn/, كريفون {m} /karīfūn/, سندي {m} /sindī/
grape juice {n} (grape juice) :: عصير عنب {m}
grapevine {n} (the plant on which grapes grow) :: جفنة {f} /jafna/
graph {n} (chart) SEE: chart ::
graphene {n} (large-scale, one-atom thick layer of graphite) :: قرافين
graphic {adj} (drawn, pictorial) :: غرافيك {m} /ḡrafik/
grasp {v} (to grasp) SEE: hold ::
grasp {n} (grip) :: قبضة {f} /qabḍa/
grass {n} (ground cover plant) :: حشيش {m} /ḥašīš/, عشب {m} /ʿušb/
grass {n} (lawn) :: حشيش {m} /ḥašīš/
grasshopper {n} (an insect of the order Orthoptera) :: جندب {m} /jundub/
grate {v} :: بشر (bašara)
grateful {adj} (showing gratitude) :: شاكر /šākir/
gratis {adv} (free, without charge) SEE: for free ::
gratis {adj} (free of charge) SEE: free of charge ::
gratitude {n} (state of being grateful) :: شكر {m} /šukr/
grave {n} (excavation for burial) :: قبر {m} /qabr/, ضريح {m} /ḍarīḥ/
grave {n} (grave accent) SEE: grave accent ::
grave accent {n} (grave accent) :: نبرة خفيضة {f} /nabra ḵafīḍa/
gravel {n} (small fragments of rock) :: حصى {m} /ḥaṣā/, حصباء {f} /ḥaṣbāʾ/
graven image {n} (a carved idol or representation of a god used as an object of worship) :: وثن {m} /waṯan/
graveyard {n} (tract of land in which the dead are buried) :: مقبرة {f} /maqbara/, مقبرة {f} /maqbura/, مدفن {m} /madfan/
gravitational wave {n} (fluctuation in spacetime that propagates as a wave at the speed of light) :: موجة ثقالية
gravity {n} (resultant force on Earth's surface) :: جاذبية {f} /jāḏibiyya/
gravy {n} (sauce) :: مرق {m} /maraq/, مرقة {f} /maraqa/, صلصة {f} /ṣalṣa/
gray {adj} (having a color somewhere between white and black, as the ash of an ember) :: رمادي /ramādiyy/, أشيب {m} /ʾašyab/ [of hair], أشهب {m} /ʾašhab/ [of horses]
gray tape {n} (duct tape) SEE: duct tape ::
grease {n} (animal fat) :: شحم {m} /šaḥm/
grease {n} (oily or fatty matter) :: شحم {m} /šaḥm/
grease payment {n} (bribe) :: بخشيش {m} /baḵšīš/
grease pit {n} (trench over which a vehicle can be driven) :: حفرة فحص {f}
great {adj} (important) SEE: important ::
great {adj} (very big, large scale) :: عظيم /ʿaẓīm/, كبير /kabīr/
great {adj} (very good) :: رائع /rāʾiʿ/, عظيم /ʿaẓīm/
Great Barrier Reef {prop} (Great Barrier Reef) :: الحاجز المرجاني العظيم {m} /al-ḥājiz al-murjāniyy al-ʿaẓīm/
Great Britain {prop} (island) :: بريطانيا العظمى {f} /biriṭāniyā l-ʿuẓmā/
greatcoat {n} (heavy overcoat) :: معطف سميك {m} /miʿṭaf samīk/
greater {adj} (greater) SEE: bigger ::
Greater Armenia {prop} (Greater Armenia) :: أرمينيا الكبرى
Greater London {prop} (administrative area) :: لندن الكبرى {f} /landan al-kubrā/
greater than {n} (the '>' character) :: أكبر من {m} /ʾakbar min/, كبرى من {f} /kubrā min/
Great Game {prop} (the strategic rivalry and conflict) :: اللعبة الكبرى
great-grandfather {n} (father of grandparent) :: الجد الأعلى {m} /al-jadd al-ʾaʿlā/
great haste makes great waste {proverb} (haste makes waste) SEE: haste makes waste ::
Great Lakes {prop} (a group of five lakes on the United States-Canada border) :: البحيرات العظمى {f-p} /al-buḥayrāt al-ʿuẓmā/
greatness {n} (The state, condition, or quality of being great; as, greatness of size, greatness of mind, power, etc) :: عظمة {f} /ʿaẓama/
Great Patriotic War {prop} (the war between the USSR and Nazi Germany between 1941 and 1945) :: الحرب الوطنية العظمى {f} /al-ḥarb al-waṭaniyya(t) al-ʿuẓmā/
great power {n} (powerful state) :: قوة عظمى {f} /quwwa ʿuẓmā/
Great Pyramid at Giza {prop} (Great Pyramid of Giza) SEE: Great Pyramid of Giza ::
Great Pyramid of Giza {prop} (the largest and most famous of the Egyptian pyramids) :: هرم أكبر {m} /haram ʾakbar/, هرم خوفو {m} /haram ḵūfū/
Great Satan {prop} (pejorative: United States of America) :: الشيطان الأكبر /aš-šayṭān al-ʾakbar/
Great Wall of China {prop} (Chinese fortification) :: سور الصين العظيم {m} /sūr aṣ-ṣīn al-ʿaẓīm/
Greece {prop} (Country in Southeastern Europe) :: اليونان {f} /al-yūnān/
greed {n} (selfish desire for more than is needed) :: جشع {m} /jašaʿ/, طمع {m} /ṭamaʿ/
greedy {adj} (having greed; consumed by selfish desires) :: طماع /ṭammāʿ/
Greek {n} (inhabitant, etc., of Greece) :: يونانية {f} /yūnāniyya/, يوناني {f} /yūnāniyy/
Greek {n} (language of the Greek people) :: يونانية {f} /yūnāniyya/
Greek fire {n} (flammable substance) :: نار الإغريق {m} /nār al-aʾgriq/
Greek Orthodox Church {prop} (Greek Orthodox Church) :: الكنيسة الأرثوذكسية اليونانية {f} /al-kanīsa l-ʾurṯūḏuksiyya l-yābāniyya/
green {adj} (having green as its colour) :: أخضر {m} /ʾaḵḍar/, خضراء {f} /ḵaḍrāʾ/, خضر {p} /ḵuḍr/
green {n} (colour) :: أخضر {m} /ʾaḵḍar/, خضراء {f} /ḵaḍrāʾ/, خضر {p} /ḵuḍr/
green bean {n} (immature pods of any kind of bean) :: فصولية {f} /faṣūliya/
green card {n} (US work permit) :: كارت أخضر {m} /kart ʾaḵḍar/
greenery {n} (marijuana) SEE: marijuana ::
greenhouse effect {n} (process by which a planet is warmed by its atmosphere) :: الاحتباس الحراري {m} /al-iḥtibās al-ḥarāriyy/
Greenland {prop} (a large self-governing island in North America) :: جرينلاند {f} /girinlanda/
green light {n} (green traffic light) :: ضوء أخضر {m} /ḍawʾ ʾaḵḍar/
green light {n} (permission) :: ضوء أخضر {m} /ḍawʾ ʾaḵḍar/
greenness {n} (state of being green (green in color)) :: خضرة {f} /ḵuḍra/
greensand {n} (greenish sandstone) :: رمل أخضر
green tea {n} (leaves) :: شاي أخضر {m} /šāy ʾaḵḍar/
green tea {n} (drink) :: شاي أخضر {m} /šāy ʾaḵḍar/
Greenwich {prop} (town) :: غرينيتش {m} /ḡrīnitš/
greet {v} (to address with salutations or expressions of kind wishes) :: حيى /ḥayyā/, استقبل /istaqbala/
greeting {n} (acknowledgement of a persons presence or arrival) :: تحية {f} /taḥiyya/
Gregorian calendar {prop} (calendar) :: as opposed to the Julian calendar: التقويم الغربي {m} /at-taqwīm al-ġarbī/; as opposed to the Islamic calendar: التقويم الميلادي {m} /at-taqwīm al-mīlādī/, combining both specifications: التقويم الميلادي الغربي {m} /at-taqwīm al-mīlādī al-ġarbī/
Gregory {prop} (male given name) :: غريغوري {m} /gregorī/, غريغوري {m} /ḡriḡurī/
Grenada {prop} (Caribbean country) :: غرينادا {f} /ḡrīnādā/
grenade {n} (pomegranate) SEE: pomegranate ::
grenade {n} (small explosive device) :: قنبلة {f} /qunbula/, قنبلة يدوية {f} /qunbula(t) yadawiyya/
grey {adj} (having a color somewhere between white and black, as the ash of an ember) :: رمادي /ramādiyy/, [of hair] أشيب {m} /ʾašyab/, أشهب {m} /ʾašhab/ [of horses]
grey crow {n} (hooded crow) SEE: hooded crow ::
grid {n} (rectangular array of squares or rectangles of equal size) :: شبكة {f} /šabaka/
grid {n} (electricity delivery system) :: شبكة كهرباء
grid {n} (in computing) :: شبكة حاسوبية /šabaka ḥāsūbiyya/
grid {n} (method of marking off maps) :: شبكة احداثيات
grief {n} (sadness) :: غم {m} /ḡamm/, حزن {m} /ḥuzn/, كآبة {f} /kaʾāba/, كدر /kadar/
griffin {n} (mythical beast having the body of a lion and the wings and head of an eagle) :: جريفين /grīfīn/
griffon {n} (legendary creature) SEE: griffin ::
grill {n} (barbecue) :: شواء {m} /šiwāʾ/
grill {v} (cook food) :: شوى /šawā/, يشوي {impf} /yašwī/
Grim Reaper {prop} (personification of Death) :: حفاف الأرواح {m} /ḥifāf al-ʾarwāḥ/
grind {v} (to make smaller by breaking with a device) :: طحن /ṭaḥana/
grip {v} (to grip) SEE: grasp ::
grip {n} (grip) SEE: grasp ::
gripe {n} (Gyps fulvus) SEE: griffin ::
grippe {n} (flu) SEE: flu ::
grizzly {n} (grizzly bear) SEE: grizzly bear ::
grizzly bear {n} (Ursus arctos horribilis) :: دب أشهب {m} /dubb ʾašhab/, دبة شهباء {f} /dubba(t) šahbāʾ/
grocer {n} (person selling foodstuffs and household items) :: بقال {m} /baqqāl/, بقالة {f} /baqqāla/
grocery {n} (shop or store that sells groceries) :: بقالة {f} /biqāla/, حانوت بقال {m} /ḥānūt baqqāl/
grocery store {n} (grocery) SEE: grocery ::
Grodno {prop} (city) :: غرودنو {m} /ḡrūdnū/
groin {n} (long narrow depression of the human body that separates the trunk from the legs) :: أربية {f} /ʾurbiyya/, مغبن {m} /maḡban/
groom {n} (bridegroom) SEE: bridegroom ::
gross {adj} (disgusting) :: مقرف {m} /muqarraf/
gross {adj} (coarse, rude, obscene) :: سيء /sayyiʾ/, جارح /jāriḥ/
gross {adj} (serious, flagrant, shameful) :: معيب
gross {adj} (whole amount, total) :: كلي /kulliyy/
gross national product {n} (economics) :: مقاييس الدخل والإنتاج القومي
grosz {n} (one hundredth of a Polish zloty) :: قرش {m} /qirš/
grotesque {adj} (distorted and unnatural in shape or size; abnormal and hideous) :: غريب /ḡarīb/
grotto {n} (small cave) :: غار {m} /ḡār/, مغارة {f} /maḡāra/
ground {n} (surface of the Earth) :: أرض {f} /ʾarḍ/
ground {n} (soil, earth) :: أرض {f} /ʾarḍ/
ground {n} (football field) :: ملعب كرة قدم
ground {n} :: أرض {f} /ʾarḍ/
ground-effect machine {n} (hovercraft) SEE: hovercraft ::
group {n} (number of things or persons being in some relation to each other) :: مجموعة {f} /majmūʿa/, جماعة {f} /jamāʿa/
group of death {n} (a group in a multi-stage tournament which is unusually competitive) :: مجموعة الموت /majmūʿa(t) al-mawt/
grove {n} (orchard) SEE: orchard ::
grow {v} ((intransitive) to become bigger) :: نمى /namā/
growth {n} (increase in size) :: تنمية {f} /tanmiya/, نمو /numū/
grow up {v} (to mature and become an adult) :: كبر /kabura/
Grozny {prop} (city in Russia) :: غروزني {m} /ḡrūznī/, جروزني {m} /grūznī/
grub {n} (immature insect) :: يرقة {f} /yaraqa/
grudge {n} (deep seated animosity) :: بغض /buḡḍ/, ضغينة /ḍaḡīna/
grumble {v} (to murmur or mutter with discontent) :: قمقم /qamqama/
G-spot {n} (sensitive, erogenous zone on the anterior wall of the vagina) :: بقعة جي /buqʿa(t) jī/
G-string {n} (a scanty piece of underwear or lingerie) :: جي سترينج, ثونغ /ṯūnḡ/
guacamole {n} (avocado-based greenish dip) :: غواكامولي /ḡuwwākāmūlī/
Guadalajara {prop} (city in Spain) :: وادي الحجارة {m} /wādī l-ḥijāra/, مدينة الفرج {f} /madīna(t) al-faraj/
Guadalajara {prop} (city in Jalisco, Mexico) :: غوادالاخارا {f} /ḡwādālāḵārā/
Guadalcanal {prop} (Pacific island) :: جوادالكانال {m} /guwadalkanāl/
Guadalquivir {prop} (river in southern Spain) :: الوادي الكبير {m} /al-wādī l-kabīr/, النهر الكبير {m} /an-nahr al-kabīr/
Guadeloupe {prop} (overseas department of France) :: جوادلوب {m} /gwadilub/
Guam {prop} (Territory of Guam) :: غوام {m} /ḡwām/
Guangdong {prop} (province of China) :: كونغدنغ {m} /kwanḡdunḡ/, غوانغدونغ {m} /ḡwanḡdunḡ/
Guangxi {prop} (province in China) :: قوانغشي {m} /qwanḡšī/, غوانغشي {m} /ḡwanḡšī/, جوانجشي {m} /gwangšī/
Guangzhou {prop} (Chinese city) :: قوانغتشو {m} /qwānḡtšū/, غوانغجو {m} /ḡwānḡjū/
guar {n} (annual legume) :: غار {m-p} /ḡār/
guarantee {n} (anything that assures a certain outcome) :: ضامن {m} /ḍāmin/
guarantor {n} (person or company that provides a guarantee) :: كافل /kāfil/
guard {n} (person who or thing that protects something) :: حارس {m} /ḥāris/
guard {v} (to protect from some offence) :: حرس /ḥarasa/
Guardian {prop} (newspaper) :: جارديان {f} /gardiyan/, جارديان {f} /jardiyan/
guardian angel {n} (spirit) :: ملاك حارس {m} /malāk ḥāris/
Guatemala {prop} (country in Central America) :: غواتيمالا {f} /ḡwātimālā/, جواتيمالا {f} /gwātimālā/
guava {n} (fruit) :: جوافة {f} /juwāfa/
Guelph {n} (member of a medieval Italian faction that supported the Pope) :: غولف {m}
guerrilla {n} (irregular soldier) :: فدائي {m} /fidāʾiyy/
guerrilla {n} (guerrilla war) :: مدغرة {f} /madḡara/
guess {v} (to reach an unqualified conclusion) :: خمن /ḵammana/
guest {v} (to receive or entertain hospitably as a guest) SEE: host ::
guest {n} (recipient of hospitality) :: ضيف {m} {f} /ḍayf/
guest worker {n} (guest worker) :: عامل ضيف {m} /ʿāmil ḍayf/, عامل أجنبي {m} /ʿāmil ʾajnabiyy/
guidance {n} (advice) :: هداية /hida:ja(tun)/
guide {n} (someone who guides) :: مرشد {m} /muršid/
guide {n} (document, book) :: دليل {m} /dalīl/
guide {v} (to serve as a guide person) :: دل /dalla/, [teach] هدى /hadā/, أرشد /ʾaršada/
guide book {n} (book that provides guidance) :: دليل {m} /dalīl/
Guilin {prop} (a city in the Guangxi province of China) :: غويلين {m} /ḡuylīn/, جويلين {m} /guylīn/
Guillain-Barré syndrome {n} (rapid-onset muscle weakness resulting from impaired peripheral nervous system function) :: متلازمة غيلان باريه {f} /mutlāzima(t) ḡīlān bārīh/
guillotine {n} (machine used for capital punishment) :: مقصلة {f}
guilt {n} (responsibility for wrongdoing) :: ذنب {m} /ḏanb/, خطء {m} /ḵiṭʾ/, إثم {m} /ʾiṯm/, جرم {m} /jurm/
guilty {adj} (responsible for a dishonest act) :: مذنب /muḏnib/, مذنبة {f} /muḏniba/
guinea {n} (coin worth 21 shillings) :: جنيه {m} /junayh/
Guinea {prop} (Republic of Guinea) :: غينيا {f} /ḡīnyā/
Guinea-Bissau {prop} (Republic of Guinea-Bissau) :: غينيا بيساو {f} /ḡiniyyā bisāw/
guinea pig {n} (rodent) :: خنزير غينيا {m} /ḵinzīr ḡiniyyā/
Guinevere {prop} (wife of King Arthur) :: غوينيفير {f}
guitar {n} (musical instrument) :: قيثارة {f} /qīṯāra/, جيتار {m} /gitār/
Guiyang {prop} (a prefecture-level city in southwestern China) :: جوي يانغ {m} /guy yānḡ/, غوييانغ {m} /guyyang/
Guizhou {prop} (province of China) :: قويتشو {m} /quytšū/, غويجو {m} /ḡuyjū/
Gujarat {prop} (state in India) :: غوجارات {m} /ḡujarāt/
Gujarati {n} (language) :: غوجاراتية {f} /ḡujarātiyya/
gulag {v} (Soviet labour camp) :: معسكر عمل {m} /muʿaskar ʿaml/, غولاغ {m} /ḡulāḡ/, جولاج {m} /gulāg/
gulch {n} (glutton) SEE: glutton ::
gulf {n} (geography) :: خليج {m} /ḵalīj/
Gulf of Aden {prop} (a gulf) :: خليج عدن /ḵalīj ʿadan/
Gulf of Finland {prop} (arm of the Baltic Sea) :: خليج فنلندا {m} /ḵalīj finlandā/
Gulf of Mexico {prop} (gulf between USA and Mexico) :: خليج المكسيك {m} /ḵalīj al-maksīk/
Gulf of Naples {prop} (Mediterranean gulf along the coast of Campania) :: خليج نابلي {m} /ḵalīj nābulī/, خليج نابولي {m} /ḵalīj nābūlī/
Gulf Stream {prop} (warm ocean current) :: تيار الخليج {m} /tayyār al-ḵalīj/
gull {n} (seabird) :: نورس {m} /nawras/
gum {n} (chewing gum) SEE: chewing gum ::
gum {n} (flesh around teeth) :: لثة {f} /liṯa/, لثة {f} /laṯa/
gum arabic {n} (substance from acacia trees) :: علكة عربية /ealikat earabia/
gummy bear {n} (candy) :: دب مطاطي {m} /dubb maṭṭāṭiyy/
gun {n} (a very portable, short weapon, for hand use) :: مسدس {m} /musaddas/, طبنجة {f} /ṭabanja/, مسدسة {f} /musaddasa/
gun {n} ((military) A cannon with relatively long barrel, operating with relatively low angle of fire, and having a high muzzle velocity) :: مدفع {m} /midfaʿ/
gun {n} :: بندقية /bunduqiyya/
gunboat {n} (small armed vessel) :: زورق مدفعية {f} /zawraq midfaʿiyya/
Gundeshapur {prop} (Sassanian city) :: جنديسابور /jundaysābūr/
Gunma {prop} (Gunma, Japan) :: غونما {f} /ḡūnmā/
gunpowder {n} (explosive mixture) :: بارود {m} /bārūd/
Guoyu {prop} (Mandarin) SEE: Mandarin ::
guru {n} (spiritual teacher) :: معلم روحي {m} /muʿallim rūḥiyy/, جورو /gūrū/, غورو {m} /ḡūrū/
gut {n} (intestine) SEE: intestine ::
gutter {v} (to cut or form into small longitudinal hollows) SEE: channel ::
guy {n} (male, man) :: رجل {m} /rajul/
Guyana {prop} (country) :: غويانا {f} /ḡwiyānā/, غويانا {f} /ḡuyānā/
guyline {n} (guy) SEE: guy ::
guzzle {v} (To drink (or sometimes eat) voraciously) :: أسرف في الشراب /ʾasrafa fī š-šarāb/
Gwangju {prop} (a city in South Korea) :: جوانجو {m} /gwanjū/
gym {n} (sporting facility specialized for lifting weights and exercise) :: صالة رياضية {f} /ṣāla riyāḍiyya/
gymnastics {n} (a sport) :: جمباز {m} /jumbāz/
gynandromorph {n} (a person having certain physical characteristics of both sexes) SEE: hermaphrodite ::
gypsy {n} (member of the Rom people) SEE: Rom ::
gypsy {n} (any itinerant person, or any person suspected of making a living from dishonest practices or theft) :: غجري {m} /ḡajariyy/, غجرية {f} /ḡajariyya/
Gypsy {n} (a member of the Romani people) SEE: Rom ::
gyrfalcon {n} (falcon) SEE: falcon ::
Gyumri {prop} (city in Armenia) :: غيومري {f} /ḡyūmrī/