Appendix:South Levantine Arabic Swadesh list

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This is a Swadesh list of words in South Levantine Arabic, compared with that of English.

Presentation[edit]

The Swadesh word list, developed by the linguist w:Morris Swadesh, is used as a tool to study the evolution of languages. It contains a set of basic words which can be found in every language. Various versions have been created, in particular:

  • a complete 207 words version, in which some of the words are not found in every environment (it contains for instance snake and snow)
  • a reduced 100 words version.

This word list should not be considered as an elementary lexicon to communicate with speakers of a given language; for such a purpose, the numerous existing Wikivoyage lexicons are more useful. Its only objective is to give a rough idea of the language, by showing its lexical and, when possible, phonetics basis.

Note that the phonetic transcription corresponds to the urban speakers of Jerusalem and Galilee who keep ك as [k] and lighten ق to [ʔ]. In the villages, ق is pronounced [k] instead and ك is prounounced [tʃ]. The Beduin on their side pronounce ق as [g] and ك as [tʃ].

List[edit]

No. English Palestinian Arabic
فلسطيني, /fɑlɑs'tˤi:ni/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ:), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ, : with ː
IPA
pronunciation
1 I انا /'ʔana/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
2 you (singular) انت, انتي /'ʔente/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (m), /ʔenti/ (f)
3 he هو /'huwwe/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
4 we احنا /'ʔeħna/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
5 you (plural) انتو /'ʔentu/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
6 they همه /'humme/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
7 this هدا ,هاي, هدول /'ha:da/ invalid IPA characters (':), replace ' with ˈ, : with ː (m), /ha:j/ invalid IPA characters (:), replace : with ː (f) /ha'doːl/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (pl)
8 that هداك ,هديك, هدوﻻك /ha'da:k/ invalid IPA characters (':), replace ' with ˈ, : with ː (m), /ha'di:k/ invalid IPA characters (':), replace ' with ˈ, : with ː (f) /ha'dolaːk/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (pl)
9 here هون /ho:n/ invalid IPA characters (:), replace : with ː
10 there هناك /hu'naːk/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
11 who مين /miːn/
12 what ايش, شو /ʔeːʃ/, /ʃu/
13 where وين /weːn/
14 when ايمتى /'ʔeːmta/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
15 how كيف /ki:f/ invalid IPA characters (:), replace : with ː
16 not مش /meʃ/
17 all كل /koll/
18 many كتير /ktiːɾ/
19 some كم من /kam men/
20 few شوية /'ʃwajje/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
21 other تاني /'taːni/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
22 one واحد, واحدة /'waːħad/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (m), /'waħde/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (f)
23 two اتنين /tneːn/
24 three تلاتة /'tlaːte/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
25 four اربعة /'ʔɑɾbʕɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
26 five خمسة /'xamse/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
27 big كبير /kbiːɾ/
28 long طويل /tˤwiːl/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ
29 wide واسع /'waːseʕ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
30 thick خميل /xmiːl/
31 heavy تقيل /tʔiːl/
32 small صغير /zˤɣi:ɾ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ:), replace ˤ with ˁ, : with ː
33 short قصير /ʔa'sˤi:ɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ:), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ, : with ː
34 narrow ديّق /'dajjeʔ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
35 thin رفيع /ɾfi:ʕ/ invalid IPA characters (:), replace : with ː
36 woman مرة /'mɑɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
37 man (male) زلمة,رجال /'zalame/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ, /'ɾeʒ'ʒa:l/ invalid IPA characters (:), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ, : with ː
38 man (human) انسان /ʔensaːn/
39 child ولد, طفل /'walad/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ, /tˤəfl/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ
40 wife مرة /'mɑɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
41 husband جوز /ʒoːz/
42 mother ام /ʔemm/
43 father ابو /'ʔabu/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
44 animal حيوان /ħaj'waːn/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
45 fish سمكة /'samake/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
46 bird عصفور /ʕɑsˤ'fuːɾ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ'), replace ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ
47 dog كلب /kalb/
48 louse قملة /'ʔamle/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
49 snake حية /'ħajje/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
50 worm دودة /'duːde/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
51 tree شجرة /'ʃɑʒɑɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
52 forest غابة /'ɣaːbe/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
53 stick عصاي /ʕɑ'sˤɑːj/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
54 fruit فاكهة /'faːkha/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
55 seed بذرة /'bezɾe/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
56 leaf ورقة /'waɾaʔa/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
57 root شرش /ʃeɾʃ/
58 bark (of a tree) قشرة /'ʔeʃɾe/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
59 flower زهرة /'zahɾa/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
60 grass حشيش /ħa'ʃiːʃ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
61 rope حبل /'ħabel/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
62 skin جلد /ʒeld/
63 meat لحمة /'laħme/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
64 blood دم /damm/
65 bone عضمة /'ʕɑdˤme/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
66 fat (noun) شحم /'ʃaħəm/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
67 egg بيضة /beːdˤɑ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ
68 horn قرن /'ʔaɾen/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
69 tail دنب /'danab/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
70 feather ريشة /ɾiːʃe/
71 hair شعرة /'ʃaʕɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
72 head راس /ɾɑːs/
73 ear دان /daːn/
74 eye عين /ʕeːn/
75 nose منخار /mən'xɑːɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
76 mouth تم /tomm/
77 tooth سن /senn/
78 tongue لسان /lsaːn/
79 fingernail اضفر /'ʔodˤfɑɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
80 foot اجر /'ʔeʒer/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
81 leg ساق /saːʔ/
82 knee ركبة /'ɾokbe/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
83 hand ايد /ʔiːd/
84 wing جناح /ʒnaːħ/
85 belly بطن /'bɑtˤən/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
86 guts مصران /mosˤɾɑːn/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ
87 neck رقبة /'ɾɑʔɑbe/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
88 back ضهر /'dˤɑhəɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
89 breast صدر, بز /'sˁɑdəɾ/, /bezz/ invalid IPA characters ('//), replace ' with ˈ
90 heart قلب /ʔalb/
91 liver كبدة /'kebde/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
92 to drink شرب, بيشرب /'ʃeɾeb/, /'biʃɾɑb/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
93 to eat اكل, بياكل or بوكل /'ʔakal/, /'bjaːkol/ or /'boːkel/ invalid IPA characters ('//'//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
94 to bite عض, بيعض /ʕɑdˤdˤ/, /biʕudˤdˤ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤˤ//ˤˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ
95 to suck مص, بيمص /mɑsˤsˤ/, /bi'mosˤsˤ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤˤ//'ˤˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ
96 to spit بزق, بيبزق /'bazaʔ/, /'bjəbzoʔ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
97 to vomit نتق, بينتق, استفرغ, بيستفرغ /'nataʔ/, /'bjəntoʔ/; /'stafɾaɣ/, /'bi'stafɾeɣ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'/;/'//), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
98 to blow نفخ, بينفخ /'nafax/, /'bjənfox/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
99 to breathe تنفس, بيتنفس /'tnaffas/, /bit'naffas/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
100 to laugh ضحك, بيضحك /'dˤəħek/, /'bjədˤħɑk/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ//'ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
101 to see شاف, بيشوف /ʃaːf/, /biʃuːf/ invalid IPA characters (//)
102 to hear سمع, بيسمع /'semeʕ/, /'bismaʕ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
103 to know عرف, بيعرف /'ʕeɾef/, /'biʕɾɑf/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
104 to think افتكر, بيفتكر;فكّر, بيفكّر /'ftakaɾ/, /'biftkeɾ/;/'fakkaɾ/, /bi'fakkeɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'/;/'//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
105 to smell شم, بيشم /ʃamm/, /bi'ʃemm/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
106 to fear خاف, بيخاف /xaːf/, /bi'xaːf/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
107 to sleep نام, بينام /naːm/, /bi'naːm/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
108 to live عاش, بيعيش /ʕaːʃ/, /bi'ʕiːʃ / invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
109 to die مات, بيموت /maːt/, /bimuːt/ invalid IPA characters (//)
110 to kill قتل, بيقتل /ʔatal/, /'biʔtel/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
111 to fight اتخانق, بيتخانق;اتقاتل, بيتقاتل /txaːnaʔ/, /bitxaːnaʔ/ invalid IPA characters (//) ; /tqaːtal/, /bitqaːtal/ invalid IPA characters (//)
112 to hunt تصيّد, بيتصيّد /'tsˤɑjjɑd/, /bit'sˤɑjjɑd/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ//'ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
113 to hit ضرب, بيضرب /'dˤɑɾɑb/, /'bjədˤɾob/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ//'ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
114 to cut قطع, بيقطع /'ʔɑtˤɑʕ/, /'bjəʔtˤɑʕ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ//'ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
115 to split شق, بيشق /ʃaʔʔ/, /bi'ʃoʔʔ/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
116 to stab طعن, يطعن* /tˤɑʕɑn/, /jitˤʕɑn/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ//ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ*
117 to scratch حكّ, بيحكّ /ħakk/, /bi'ħokk/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
118 to dig حفر, بيحفر /'ħɑfɑɾ/, /'bjəħfuɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
119 to swim سبح, بيسبح /'sabaħ/, /'bisbaħ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
120 to fly طار, بيطير /tˤɑːɾ/, /bi'tˤiːɾ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ//'ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
121 to walk مشي, بيمشي /'meʃi/, /'bimʃi/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
122 to come إجا, بيجي /'ʔeʒa/, /'biːʒi/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
123 to lie (as in a bed) نام, بينام /naːm/, /bi'naːm/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
124 to sit قعد, بيقعد /ʔaʕad/, /'bjəʔʕud/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
125 to stand وقف, بيوقف /'weʔef/, /'bjuːʔaf/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
126 to turn (intransitive) لفّ, بيلفّ /laff/, /bi'leff/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
127 to fall وقع, بيوقع /'weʔeʕ/, /'bjuːʔaʕ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
128 to give أعطى, بيعطي /'ʕatˤa/, /'bjaʕtˁi/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ//'), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ
129 to hold مسك, بيمسك /'mesek/, /'bimsek/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
130 to squeeze عصر, يعصر* /ʕɑsˤɑɾ/, /jiʕsˤuɾ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ//ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ*
131 to rub فرك, بيفرك /'faɾak/, /'bjəfɾok/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
132 to wash غسل, بيغسل /'ɣasal/, /'biɣsel/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
133 to wipe مسح, بيمسح /'masaħ/, /'bimsaħ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
134 to pull سحب, بيسحب /'saħab/, /'bisħab/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
135 to push دفش, بيدفش; دفع,بيدفع /'dafaʃ/, /'bjədfoʃ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ or /'dafaʕ/, /'bidfaʕ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
136 to throw رمى, بيرمي /'ɾama/, /'biɾmi/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
137 to tie ربط, بيربط /ɾɑbɑtˤ/, /'bjəɾbutˤ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ//'ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
138 to sew خيّط, بيخيّط /xɑjjɑtˤ/, /bixɑjjetˤ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ//ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ
139 to count عدّ, يعدّب /ʕadd/, /bi'ʕedd/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
140 to say قال, بيقول /ʔaːl/, /bi'ʔuːl/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
141 to sing غنّى, بيغنّي /'ɣanna/, /bi'ɣanni/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
142 to play لعب, بيلعب /'leʕeb/, /'bilʕab/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
143 to float طاش, بيطيش (Jerusalem) orبيطوش (Galilea) /tˤaːʃ/, /bitˤiːʃ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ//ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ (Jerusalem), /bitˤuːʃ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ (Galilea)
144 to flow سال, بيسيل /saːl/, /bisiːl/ invalid IPA characters (//)
145 to freeze صقّع, بيصقّع /sˤɑʔʔɑʕ/, /bisˤɑʔʔeʕ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ//ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ, ˤ with ˁ
146 to swell ورم, بيورم /'weɾem/, /'bjuːɾam/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
147 sun شمس /ʃams/
148 moon قمر /'ʔɑmɑɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
149 star نجمة /'neʒme/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
150 water ميّة،ميّ /'mɑjj(e)/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
151 rain شتا /'ʃeta/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
152 river نهر /'nahəɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
153 lake بحيرة /bu'ħeːɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
154 sea بحر /'baħəɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
155 salt ملح /'meleħ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
156 stone حجر /'ħɑʒɑɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
157 sand رمل /'ɾaməl/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
158 dust غبرة /'ɣɑbɑɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
159 earth ارض; تراب /ʔɑɾədˤ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ (planet); /tɾɑːb/ (material)
160 cloud غيم /'ɣeːm/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
161 fog ضباب /dˤɑ'bɑːb/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ'), replace ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ
162 sky سما /sama/
163 wind هوا /hawa/
164 snow تلج /talʒ/
165 ice تلج /talʒ/
166 smoke دخان /dux'xaːn/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
167 fire نار /nɑːɾ/
168 ash رماد /ɾɑmɑːd/
169 to burn حرق, بيحرق /'ħaɾaʔ/, /'biħɾeʔ/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
170 road طريق /tˤɑ'ɾiːʔ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ'), replace ˤ with ˁ, ' with ˈ
171 mountain جبل /'ʒabal/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
172 red احمر (m.), حمرا (f.) /'ʔɑħmɑɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (m.), /'ħɑmɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (f.)
173 green اخضر (m.), خضرا (f.) /'ʔɑxdˤɑɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ (m.), /'xɑdˤɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ (f.)
174 yellow اصفر (m.), صفرا (f.) /'ʔɑsˤfɑɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ (m.), /'sˤɑfɾɑ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ (f.)
175 white ابيض (m.), بيضا (f.) /'ʔɑbjɑdˤ/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ (m.), /beːdˤɑ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ (f.)
176 black اسود(m.), سودا (f.) /'ʔaswad/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (m.), /'soːda/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (f.)
177 night ليلة /'leːle/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
178 day يوم, نهار /joːm/, /nɑ'hɑːɾ/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
179 year سنة /'sene/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
180 warm صخن /'sˤoxən/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
181 cold بارد /'baːɾed/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
182 full ملان, مليان /ma'laːn/, /mal'jaːn/ invalid IPA characters ('//'), replace ' with ˈ, ' with ˈ
183 new جديد /ʒdiːd/
184 old قديم /ʔa'diːm/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
185 good منيح, طيّب /mniːħ/, /'tˤɑjjib / invalid IPA characters (//'ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
186 bad عاطل /'ʕɑːtˤel/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
187 rotten خربان, مخمّج (fruit) /xar'bɑːn/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ, /m'xammeʒ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ (fruit)
188 dirty وسخ /'wəsex/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
189 straight دغري /'doɣri/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
190 round مدوّر /m'dawwɑɾ/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
191 sharp (as a knife) ماضي /'mɑːdˤi/ invalid IPA characters ('ˤ), replace ' with ˈ, ˤ with ˁ
192 dull (as a knife) بارد, تلم* /baːɾid/, /tilim/ invalid IPA characters (//)*
193 smooth ناعم, مالس /'naːʕem/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ, /'maːles/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
194 wet مبلول /mab'luːl/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
195 dry ناشف /'naːʃef/ invalid IPA characters ('), replace ' with ˈ
196 correct صح /sˤɑħħ/ invalid IPA characters (ˤ), replace ˤ with ˁ
197 near قريب /ʔariːb/
198 far بعيد /bʕiːd/
199 right يمين /jamiːn/
200 left شمال /ʃmaːl/
201 at عند /ʕend/
202 in في /fi-/
203 with مع, ب /maʕ, be-/
204 and و /wə-/, /w-/ invalid IPA characters (//)
205 if لو, اذا, ان /law/, /ʔeza/, /ʔen/ invalid IPA characters (////)
206 because عشان, لإنه /ʕaʃaːn/, /la'ʔenno/ invalid IPA characters (//'), replace ' with ˈ
207 name اسم /ʔesəm/

References[edit]

  • Dictionnaire de l'Arabe Parlé Palestinien, by Yohanan Elihai (Hebraic University, Jerusalem), Klincksieck ed., Paris, 1973., ISBN 2-252-02511-5.

See also[edit]

Swadesh lists
Individual languages

Afrikaans – Albanian – Antillean Creole – Arabic (standard) (p), Egyptian Arabic (p), Palestinian Arabic (p), Tunisian Arabic (t) Cypriot Maronite Arabic – Armenian (t,p) – Aromanian – Bangala – Bashkir – Basque – Belarusian – Breton – Bulgarian (t) – Burmese (t,p) – Catalan – Chechen – Chinese: Cantonese, Gan (p), Mandarin (t,p), Min Nan (Amoy) (p), Min Dong (p), Sichuanese;(t,p) – , Old Chinese (p) – Czech – Danish – Dutch (p) – Egyptian (Middle)  – Esperanto (p) – Estonian – Finnish – Fiji Hindi – Fijian – French (p) – French (old) – Frisian (West) – Friulian – Georgian (t,p) – German (p) – Greek (modern) (p), Greek (ancient) – Guaraní – Haida – Haitian Creole – Hausa – Hawaiian – Hindi (t) – Hittite – Hmong (White) (p) – Hungarian – Icelandic – Ido (p) – Indonesian – Interlingue – Irish (p) – Istro-Romanian – Italian (p) – Japanese (t) – Kashubian – Khmer (p) – Korean (t) – Kurdish – Latin – Latvian – Lingala – Lingua Franca Nova – Lithuanian – Lojban – Luwian – Macedonian (t) – Malagasy – Malay – Maltese – Megleno-Romanian – Mongolian (t) – Mycenaean Greek (t) – Old Portuguese (p) – Ossetian (p) – Polish (p) – Portuguese (p) – Proto-Balto-Slavic – Proto-Indo-European – Proto-Indo-Iranian – Proto-Slavic – Punjabi (t) – Purepecha – Quechua – Romani – Romanian – Russian (p) – Sanskrit (t) – Scottish Gaelic – Serbo-Croatian – Sinhalese – Slovenian – Spanish (p) – Sranan – Sundanese – Swahili – Swedish – Tagalog – Tajik (t) – Tahitian – Thai (t) – Tocharian B – Tok Pisin – Turkish – Ukrainian – Vietnamese – Walloon – Zulu

Language families and family branches

Afro-Asiatic – Algonquian – Altaic – Araucanian – Austro-Asiatic – Australian – Austronesian – Baltic – Baltic-Finnic – Bantu – Celtic – Dené–Yeniseian – Dravidian – Formosan – Frisian – Germanic – Hmong-Mien – Hokan – Iberian – Indo-Aryan – Indo-Iranian – Italian – Mayan – Muskogean – Niger–Congo – Oto-Manguean – Paleosiberian – Penutian – Romance – Sino-Tibetan – Slavic – Siouan – Tai–Kadai – Tibeto-Burman – Tupi–Guarani – Turkic – Uralic – Uto-Aztecan

The list may also include: (t) the transcription in Latin characters; (p) the phonetic transcription