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See also: , [U+2013 EN DASH], - [U+002D HYPHEN-MINUS], [U+2212 MINUS SIGN], [U+2014 EM DASH], [U+30FC KATAKANA-HIRAGANA PROLONGED SOUND MARK], and [U+4E28 CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E28]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
一-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
一-oracle.svg 一-bronze.svg 一-bigseal.svg 一-seal.svg

A horizontal stroke, indicating the number one.

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +0, 1 stroke, cangjie input 一 (M), four-corner 10000)

  1. Kangxi radical №1
  2. Shuōwén Jiězì radical №1

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 75, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1
  • Dae Jaweon: page 129, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 1, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+4E00

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (banker's numerals) ,
  • (Min Nan) (chi̍t)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ʔit.

The Min Nan reading of chi̍t may be etymologically unrelated to the other readings, but is used for generally the same purposes.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (一), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 質
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 於悉切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiɪt̚/ /ʔi̯ĕt̚/ /ʔiĕt̚/ /ʔit̚/ /ʔit̚/ /ĭĕt̚/ /ʔjet̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔjit › /*ʔi[t]/ one

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14833 2 /*qliɡ/

Numeral[edit]

  1. one

Synonyms[edit]

  • one when spelling phone number, one on dice or dominoes

Usage notes[edit]

  • Normally pronounced with the second tone (yí) before a fourth-tone syllable, and with the fourth tone (yì) before a first-, second-, or third-tone syllable.
  • Often pronounced yāo () when giving a sequence of digits such as a telephone number.

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

  1. one
    /   ―  cháng duǎn  ―  one short and one long
  2. each
    蘋果 [MSC, trad.]
    苹果 [MSC, simp.]
    Gěi tā men rén yī zhǐ píngguǒ. [Pinyin]
    Give them an apple each.
  3. single, alone
    獨自 / 独自  ―  dúzìrén  ―  solitary
    /   ―  zhuān  ―  single-minded, loyal
  4. whole entire, all, throughout
    他們海灘下午 [MSC, trad.]
    他们海滩下午 [MSC, simp.]
    Tāmen zài hǎitān shàng wán le xiàwǔ. [Pinyin]
    They played the whole afternoon on the beach.
  5. same, identical
    大小  ―  dàxiǎo bù   ―  having different sizes
  6. (literary) another
    蟋蟀促織 [MSC, trad.]
    蟋蟀促织 [MSC, simp.]
    xīshuài, míng cùzhī [Pinyin]
    Crickets, also called cùzhī (lit. another name [being] cùzhī)

Adverb[edit]

  1. With the verb modified reduplicated, expressing the transience of the verb
    1. Indicating that the action has occurred only once
        ―  kàn kàn  ―  to have a look
    2. Indicating the intention to try
        ―  suàn suàn  ―  to try to calculate it
  2. once; as soon as; upon
    OP  ―  dào OP jiù kǎ  ―  it slows down once I get to the opening
    開口飛快跑開 [MSC, trad.]
    开口飞快跑开 [MSC, simp.]
    From: 伍佰, 火山
    kāikǒu, tā jiù fēikuài de pǎokāi le. [Pinyin]
    As soon as I opened my mouth, she ran away at the speed of light.
  3. (literary) for the first time, at the beginning
    見如故 / 见如故  ―  jiàn rúgù  ―  to hit it off
  4. (literary) surprisingly, unexpectedly
    至於此 / 至于此  ―  zhì yúcǐ  ―  How did things ever get so far?

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • “Jukuu”, Jukuu[1] (in Mandarin/English), retrieved 2014-03-21
  • (Min Nan) Ministry of Education, R.O.C. (2011), “Entry #2”, Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan (臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典)[2]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. one
  2. "one" radical (いち)

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (financial or formal)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sinitic , from Old Chinese *?yit.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. one, 1
  2. the beginning
  3. unity

Numeral[edit]

Japanese cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal :

‎(hiragana いち, romaji ichi)

  1. (cardinal) one, 1
Idioms[edit]
  • からやり直す
    いちからやりなおす
    ichi kara yarinaosu
    start over from scratch
  • からまで
    いちからじゅうまで
    ichi karamade
    (literally. from one to ten)
    all, without exception; from A to Z
  • 一か八か
    いちかばちか
    ichi ka bachi ka
    it's a gamble; sink or swim
  • 一もにも無く
    いちもにもなく
    ichi mo ni mo naku
    unhesitatingly

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese.

/hito2/: [pitə] > [ɸitə] > [ɸito] > [çito]

Pronunciation[edit]

Number[edit]

‎(hiragana ひと, romaji hito)

  1. (cardinal) one

Etymology 3[edit]

From 始め ‎(hajime, beginning, first), stem noun form of verb 始める ‎(hajimeru, to begin something). The use of the kanji for the reading hajime is an example of 熟字訓 ‎(jukujikun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

‎(hiragana はじめ, romaji Hajime)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(il)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: il, McCune-Reischauer: il, Yale: il)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: han, McCune-Reischauer: han, Yale: han)
  1. one

Numeral[edit]

‎(il) ‎(hangeul )

  1. (cardinal) one

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhất, nhắt, nhật, nhứt, chí, chiêu, chinh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]