User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-pl-i

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I {pron} (personal pronoun) :: ja
Iași {prop} (city in Romania) :: Jassy {p}
I am {interj} (I'm) SEE: I'm ::
I am a doctor {phrase} (I am a doctor (a physician)) :: jestem lekarzem [male], jestem lekarką [female]
iamb {n} (a metrical foot) :: jamb {m}
iambic pentameter {n} (a poetic meter) :: pentametr jambiczny
I am blind {phrase} (I'm blind) SEE: I'm blind ::
I am English {phrase} (I am English) :: jestem Anglikiem {m}, jestem Angielką {f}
I am hungry {phrase} (I'm hungry) SEE: I'm hungry ::
I am thirsty {phrase} (I'm thirsty) SEE: I'm thirsty ::
I am tired {phrase} (I'm tired) SEE: I'm tired ::
I am twenty years old {phrase} (I'm twenty years old) SEE: I'm twenty years old ::
I am ... year(s) old {phrase} (I'm ... year(s) old) SEE: I'm ... year(s) old ::
iatrogenesis {n} (any adverse effect resulting from medical treatment) :: jatrogenia {f}
Iberian {adj} (Native to Iberia) :: iberyjski
Iberian Peninsula {prop} (peninsula) :: Półwysep Iberyjski {m}, Półwysep Pirenejski {m}
ibex {n} (type of wild mountain goat) :: koziorożec {m-an}
ibid. {abbr} (abbreviation of ibidem) :: jw.
ibis {n} (Threskiornithid) :: ibis {m}
Ibiza {prop} (island) :: Ibiza {f}
iBook {n} (device) :: iBook {m}
ibuprofen {n} (pharmaceutical drug) :: ibuprofen
I came, I saw, I conquered {phrase} (used to indicate a total swift victory) :: przybyłem, zobaczyłem, zwyciężyłem
I can't find my ... {phrase} (I can't find my ...) :: nie mogę znaleźć mój ... {m}, nie mogę znaleźć moja ... {f}, nie mogę znaleźć moje ... {n}
I can't swim {phrase} (I can't swim) :: nie umiem pływać
Icarus {prop} :: Ikar {m}
ice {n} (water in frozen form) :: lód {m}
ice {n} (frozen dessert) :: lody {m-p}
ice {n} (diamond) SEE: diamond ::
ice age {n} (period of extensive glaciation (glacial period)) :: epoka lodowcowa {f}
ice bear {n} (polar bear) SEE: polar bear ::
iceberg {n} (huge mass of floating ice) :: góra lodowa {f}
icebox {n} (refrigerator) SEE: refrigerator ::
icebreaker {n} (ship designed to break through ice) :: lodołamacz {m}
ice cream {n} (dessert) :: lody {m-p}
ice cream {n} (in a cone) :: lód {m}, lód w rożku {m} [in a cone], lód na patyku {m} [on a stick]
ice cream maker {n} (machine used to make homemade ice cream) :: maszynka do lodów {f}
ice cream parlor {n} (business) :: lodziarnia {f}
ice cube {n} (small piece of ice used for cooling drinks) :: kostka lodu {f}
ice dancing {n} (figure skating) :: pary taneczne {f-p}
ice floe {n} (floe) SEE: floe ::
ice hockey {n} (hockey) :: hokej na lodzie {m}
Iceland {prop} (country in Europe) :: Islandia {f}
Icelandic {prop} (language) :: islandzki
Icelandic {adj} (of or relating to Iceland) :: islandzki
Icelandic Sheepdog {n} (Icelandic Sheepdog) :: pasterski islandzki {m}
Icelandish {prop} (Icelandic) SEE: Icelandic ::
Icelandish {adj} (Icelandic) SEE: Icelandic ::
ice skate {n} (a light boot, fitted with a blade, used for skating on ice) :: łyżwa {f}
ice skating {n} (the act, or the sport, of skating on ice) :: łyżwiarstwo {n}
ichthyol {n} (ammonium salt of bitumen sulfonate) :: ichtiol {m}
ichthyology {n} (branch of zoology devoted to the study of fish) :: ichtiologia {f}
ichthyosaur {n} (extinct reptile) :: ichtiozaur {m}
icicle {n} (a spear-shape of ice) :: sopel {m}
icing {n} (sweet glaze used for baked goods) :: lukier {m}
icing {n} (process of forming a layer of ice) :: obladzanie {n}
icing sugar {n} (powdered sugar) SEE: powdered sugar ::
icon {n} (image) :: ikona {f}
icon {n} (religious painting) :: ikona {f}
icon {n} (exemplar) :: ikona {f}, symbol {m}
icon {n} (small picture, computer icon) :: ikona {f}, ikonka {f}
iconostasis {n} (a wall of icons) :: ikonostas {m}
icosahedron {n} (a polyhedron) :: dwudziestościan foremny {m}
I could eat a horse {phrase} (very hungry) :: [lit.: I would eat a horse, including hoofs] zjadłbym konia z kopytami {m}, [I'm hungry as a wolf] jestem głodny jak wilk
ICU {n} (intensive care unit) :: OIT, OITM, oddział intensywnej terapii
ID {n} (identification or identity documentation) SEE: ID card ::
Ida {prop} (female given name) :: Ida {f}
ID card {n} (card or badge showing the official identity of the wearer) :: dowód osobisty {m-in}
ide {n} (fish) :: jaź {m}
-ide {suffix} (any of a group of related compounds) :: -yd {m}
-ide {suffix} (binary compound of a nonmetal) :: -ek
idea {n} (image formed in the mind) :: idea {f}, pomysł {m}
ideal {adj} (being optimal) :: idealny {m}
ideal {adj} (being perfect) :: idealny {m}
ideal {adj} (conceptual) :: pojęciowy, konceptualny
ideal {n} (a perfect standard of beauty, intellect etc.) :: ideał {m}
ideal {n} ((algebra)) :: ideał {m}
ideal {n} (an unattainable state) :: ideał {m}
ideal gas {n} (hypothetical gas) :: gaz doskonały {m}
ideally {adv} (preferably) :: doskonale, idealnie
identical {adj} (mathematics: exactly equivalent) :: przystający {m}
identifier {n} (formal name used in source code to refer to a variable, function, procedure, package, etc.) :: identyfikator {m}
identify {v} (to establish the identity of someone or something) :: identyfikować
identity {n} (the sameness some individuals share to make up the same kind or universal) :: tożsamość {f}
identity {n} (the difference or character that marks off an individual from the rest) :: tożsamość {f}
identity {n} (name or persona) :: tożsamość {f}
identity card {n} (a card showing one's identity) SEE: ID card ::
identity matrix {n} (diagonal matrix with all diagonal elements equal to 1) :: macierz jednostkowa {f}
ideogram {n} (a symbol) :: ideogram {m}
ideolog {n} (ideologue) SEE: ideologue ::
ideologist {n} (one who theorizes or idealizes; one who advocates the doctrines of ideology) :: ideolog {m}
ideologue {n} (advocate of a particular ideology) :: ideolog
ideology {n} (doctrine, body of ideas) :: ideologia
ides {n} (day in the Roman calendar) :: idy {f-p}
idiolect {n} (variant of a language used by a particular individual) :: idiolekt {m}
idiom {n} (expression peculiar to a given language) :: idiom {m}
idiomatic {adj} (pertaining or conforming to the mode of expression characteristic of a language) :: idiomatyczny
idiomatic {adj} (resembling or characteristic of an idiom) :: idiomatyczny
idiomatical {adj} (idiomatical) SEE: idiomatic ::
idiopathic {adj} (disease or condition having no known cause) :: idiopatyczny {m}, idiopatyczna {f}, idiopatyczne {n}
idiosyncrasy {n} (way of behaving or thinking) :: idiosynkrazja {f}, dziwactwo {n}
idiosyncrasy {n} (language or behaviour particular to an individual or a group) :: idiosynkrazja {f}
idiosyncrasy {n} ((medicine) individual reaction to a generally innocuous substance) :: idiosynkrazja {f}
idiosyncratic {adj} (peculiar to a specific individual) :: specyficzny {m}
idiot {n} (person of low general intelligence) :: idiota {m}, idiotka {f}
idle {adj} (averse to work or labor) :: leniwy {m}
I'd like to know {phrase} (phrase) :: chciałbym wiedzieć {m}, chciałabym wiedzieć {f}
idol {n} (representation of anything revered) :: bożek {m}, bałwan {m}
idol {n} (cultural icon, especially popular person) :: idol {m}
idolater {n} (one who worships idols) :: bałwochwalca {m}
idolator {n} (idolater) SEE: idolater ::
idolatry {n} (worship of idols) :: bałwochwalstwo {n}
idolatry {n} (excessive admiration) :: ubóstwianie {n}
I don't drive {phrase} (I don't drive (a car, a vehicle)) :: nie prowadzę, nie kieruję
I don't eat meat {phrase} (I don't eat meat) :: nie jem mięsa, nie jadam mięsa
I don't know {phrase} (I don’t know) :: nie wiem
I don't speak English {phrase} (I don't speak English (specifically English)) :: nie mówię po angielsku
I don't speak English {phrase} (I don't speak (fill with the name of the current foreign language)) :: nie mówię po polsku
I don't think so {phrase} (I think that what has been said is untrue) :: myślę że nie
I don't understand {phrase} (I don't understand) :: nie rozumiem
I don't want it {phrase} (I don't want it) :: Nie chcę tego
idyll {n} (poem or short written piece) :: idylla {f}
idyll {n} (carefree or lighthearted experience) :: idylla {f}, sielanka {f}
i.e. {abbr} (that is) :: tzn., tj., czyli
IED {n} (improvised explosive device, see also: improvised explosive device) :: ajdik {m}, fugas {m}
if {conj} (supposing that) :: jeśli, jeżeli, [improbable or counterfactual] gdyby, [colloquial] jak
if {conj} (whether) :: czy
if {conj} ((computing)) :: jeżeli, jeśli
if and only if {conj} (implies and is implied by) :: wtedy i tylko wtedy
iff {abbr} (abbreviation of if and only if) :: wtw
if I'm honest {phrase} (to be honest) SEE: to be honest ::
if I were you {phrase} (advice introduction) :: na twoim miejscu
if my aunt had balls, she'd be my uncle {proverb} (proverb) :: gdyby babcia miała wąsy, to by była dziadkiem, gdyby ciocia miała wąsy, toby była wujkiem
if only {phrase} (signifies a wish) :: jeśli by, jeśliby, o ile
if the mountain won't come to Muhammad {proverb} (if one cannot get one's own way) :: nie chce góra przyjść do Mahometa, musi Mahomet przyjść do góry
-ify {suffix} (to produce verbs meaning to make) :: -fikować
igloo {n} (Inuit snow house) :: igloo {n}, iglu {n}
Ignatius {prop} (male given name) :: Ignacy
igneous rock {n} (one of the major groups of rock that makes up the crust of the Earth) :: skały magmowe {p}
ignis fatuus {n} (will o' the wisp) SEE: will o' the wisp ::
ignite {v} (to set fire to, to light) :: zapalić, zapalać
ignition {n} (the act of igniting) :: zapłon {m-in}
ignition {n} (initiation of combustion) :: zapłon {m-in}
ignition {n} (system for activating combustion in an engine) :: zapłon {m-in}
ignition {n} (key receptacle for starting a vehicle) :: stacyjka {f}
ignoble {adj} (not honorable) :: niecny
ignorance {n} (condition of being uninformed or uneducated) :: ignorancja {f}, niewiedza {f}, nieuctwo {n}, nieznajomość {f}, nieświadomość {f}
ignorance is bliss {proverb} (Ignorance is bliss) :: niewiedza to błogosławieństwo
ignorant {adj} (characterized by ignorance) :: ignorancki
ignore {v} (to deliberately pay no attention to) :: ignorować
Igor {prop} (male given name) :: Igor {m}
iguana {n} (any of several members of the lizard family Iguanidae) :: iguana {f}
iguana {n} (any member of the genus Iguana) :: iguana {f}
iguana {n} (a green iguana (Iguana iguana)) :: legwan zielony
I hate you {phrase} (expression of intense dislike) :: nienawidzę cię
I have a cold {phrase} (I have a cold) :: jestem przeziębiony {m}, jestem przeziębiona {f}
I have a headache {phrase} (I have a headache) :: boli mnie głowa
I have a question {phrase} (I have a question) :: mam pytanie
I have high blood pressure {phrase} (I have high blood pressure) :: Mam wysokie ciśnienie.
I have no money {phrase} (I have no money) :: nie mam pieniędzy
Ijekavian {prop} (Ijekavian dialect(s)) :: jekawski {m}, ijekawski {m}
Ikavian {prop} (dialect or a group of dialects) :: ikawski {m}
IKEA {prop} (international, originally Swedish retailer) :: IKEA {f}
ikebana {n} (Japanese art of flower arrangement) :: ikebana {f}
I know {phrase} (response indicating agreement with prior statement before it was made) :: wiem
ikra {n} (red caviar) :: ikra {f}
Il Duce {prop} (title assumed by Mussolini) :: duce {m}
ileum {n} (last division of small intestine) :: jelito kręte {n}
I like you {phrase} (I like you) :: podobasz mi się [informal]
I live in Melbourne {phrase} (I live in Melbourne (example city)) :: mieszkam w Melbourne
ill {adj} (bad) SEE: bad ::
ill {adj} (in poor health, suffering from a disease) :: chory
ill {adv} (not well) :: źle
ill {n} (a problem) :: problem {m}
ill {n} (something damaging) :: krzywda {f}
illative case {n} (case used to indicate movement into something) :: illativus {m}
illegally {adv} (in a manner contrary to the law) :: nielegalnie
illegible {adj} (not clear enough to be read) :: nieczytelny {m}
illegitimate {adj} (against the law) :: nielegalny
illicit {adj} (lacking licitness) :: niedozwolony
ill-intentioned {adj} (malevolent) SEE: malevolent ::
illiteracy {n} (inability to read and write) :: analfabetyzm {m}
illiterate {adj} (unable to read and write) :: niepiśmienny {m}
illiterate {adj} (having less than an expected standard of familiarity with language and literature) :: analfabeta {m}
illiterate {n} (an illiterate person) :: analfabeta {m}, analfabetka {f}
illness {n} (an instance of a disease or poor health) :: choroba {f}
illogical {adj} (contrary to logic; lacking sense or sound reasoning) :: nielogiczny {m}
illogically {adv} (in an illogical manner) :: nielogicznie
illuminate {v} (to shine light on something) :: iluminować, oświetlać
illusion {n} (anything that seems to be something that it is not) :: złudzenie {n}, iluzja {f}
illusive {adj} (illusory) SEE: illusory ::
illusory {adj} (illusory) :: iluzoryczny {m}
illustration {n} (picture designed to decorate) :: ilustracja {f}, rycina {f}
illustrious {adj} (admired, respected, or well-known) :: znamienity {m}, wspaniały {m}
Illyria {prop} (region in the Balkan Peninsula) :: Iliria {f} {n}
ilmenite {n} (a weakly magnetic dark gray mineral) :: ilmenit
I lost my backpack {phrase} (I lost my backpack) :: zgubiłem plecak {m}, zgubiłam plecak {f}
I lost my bag {phrase} (I lost my backpack) SEE: I lost my backpack ::
I lost my bag {phrase} (I lost my handbag) SEE: I lost my handbag ::
I lost my glasses {phrase} (I lost my glasses) :: zgubiłem okulary {m}, zgubiłam okulary {f}
I lost my handbag {phrase} (I lost my handbag) :: zgubiłam torebkę {f}
I lost my keys {phrase} (I lost my keys) :: zgubiłem klucze {m}, zgubiłam klucze {f}
I lost my wallet {phrase} (I lost my wallet) :: zgubiłem portfel {m}, zgubiłam portfel {f}
I love you {phrase} (affirmation of affection or deep caring) :: kocham cię
I love you {phrase} (affirmation of romantic feeling) :: kocham cię
I'm {contraction} (I am) :: jestem ... [the following noun is in the instrumental, adjective is in the nominative case]
I'm a Christian {phrase} (I'm a Christian) :: jestem chrześcijaninem {m}, jestem chrześcijanką {f}
I'm afraid so {phrase} (unfortunately, yes) :: obawiam się, że tak
image {n} (graphical representation) :: obraz {m}
imagery {n} (imitation work) SEE: imitation ::
imaginary {adj} (existing in imagination) :: zmyślony {m}
imaginary {adj} (non-real part of a complex number) :: urojona {f}
imaginary number {n} (number of the form bi) :: liczba urojona
imagination {n} (image-making power of the mind) :: wyobraźnia {f}
imagination {n} (construction of false images) :: urojenie {n}
imagination {n} (a mental image) :: wyobrażenie {n}
I'm allergic to aspirin {phrase} (I'm allergic to aspirin) :: mam alergię na aspirynę
I'm allergic to nuts {phrase} (I'm allergic to nuts) :: mam uczulenie na orzechy
imam {n} (Muslim leader) :: imam {m}
I'm a Muslim {phrase} (I'm a Muslim) :: jestem muzułmaninem {m}, jestem muzułmanką {f}
I'm a vegetarian {phrase} (I'm vegetarian) :: jestem wegetarianinem, jestem wegetarianką
imbalance {n} (property of not being in balance) :: brak równowagi {m}
I'm blind {phrase} (I'm blind) :: jestem ślepy {m}, jestem ślepa {f}
I'm cold {phrase} (I'm cold) :: mnie jest zimno
I'm deaf {phrase} (I'm deaf) :: Jestem głuchy
I'm divorced {phrase} (I'm divorced) :: jestem rozwiedziony (♂), jestem rozwiedziona (♀)
I'm fine, thank you {phrase} (expected, polite response to How are you?) :: dziękuję, dobrze
I'm gay {phrase} (I'm gay) :: [I'm gay] Jestem gejem, [I'm homosexual (masculine)] Jestem homoseksualistą, [I'm lesbian] Jestem lesbijką, [I'm homosexual (feminine)] Jestem homoseksualistką
I'm hungry {phrase} (I'm hungry) :: [male:] głodny jestem, [female:] głodna jestem, chce mi się jeść
I miss you {phrase} (I miss you) :: tęsknię za tobą
imitate {v} (to follow as a model) :: naśladować
imitation {n} (act of imitating) :: imitacja {f}, naśladowanie {n}
I'm Jewish {phrase} (I'm Jewish (ethnic)) :: jestem Żydem {m}, jestem Żydówką {f}
I'm looking for a job {phrase} (I'm looking for a job) :: szukam pracy
I'm lost {phrase} (I'm lost) :: zgubiłem się {m}, zgubiłam się {f}, zabłądziłem
immaculate {adj} (having no stain or blemish, spotless, undefiled, clear, pure) :: niepokalany
Immaculate Conception {prop} (doctrine) :: Niepokalane Poczęcie {n}
Immaculate Conception {prop} (feast) :: Niepokalane Poczęcie {n}
immaculateness {n} (characteristic of being immaculate) :: niepokalaność {f}
I'm married {phrase} (I'm married) :: jestem żonaty {m}, jestem mężatką {f}
immature {adj} (not fully formed) :: niedojrzały {m}
immeasurable {adj} (impossible to measure) :: niemierzalny {m}
immeasurable {adj} (vast) :: niezmierzony {m}
immediate {adj} (without delay) :: natychmiastowy, bezpośredni, bezzwłoczny, niezwłoczny, doraźny
immediately {adv} (in an immediate manner) :: zaraz, natychmiast, doraźnie, natychmiastowo, bezpośrednio, niezwłocznie, bezzwłocznie
immense {adj} (huge, gigantic, very large) :: ogromny, przeogromny, niezmierny
immensely {adv} (hugely; extremely; vastly) :: niezmiernie
immerse {v} (to put under the surface of a liquid) :: zanurzać {impf}, zanurzyć {pf}
immigrant {n} (person who comes to a country to settle) :: imigrant {m}, imigrantka {f}
immigrate {v} (to move in from another country or area) :: imigrować
immigration {n} (the act of immigrating) :: imigracja {f}
imminent {adj} (about to happen, occur, or take place very soon) :: bliski {m}, nadciągający {m}
immobile {adj} (not mobile) :: nieruchomy
immoral {adj} (not moral) :: niemoralny
immortal {adj} (not susceptible to death) :: nieśmiertelny {m}
immortality {n} (condition of not being susceptible to death) :: nieśmiertelność {f}
immovable property {n} (real estate) SEE: real estate ::
immunity {n} (the quality of being resistant to infection) :: odporność {f}
immunity {n} (exemption from legal prosecution) :: immunitet {m}
immunity {n} (resistance to a specific thing) :: odporność {f}
immunology {n} (branch of medicine) :: immunologia
immunopathology {n} (the branch of immunology that studies the relation of the immune system to disease) :: immunopatologia {f}
I'm not interested {phrase} (I'm not interested) :: nie jestem zainteresowany {m}, nie jestem zainteresowana {f}
IMO {prop} (International Maritime Organization) :: Międzynarodowa Organizacja Morska {f}
imp {n} (demonic creature) :: chochlik {m}, diabełek {m}
impact {n} (the force or energy of a collision of two objects) :: uderzenie {n}
impact {n} (a significant or strong influence) :: wpływ {m}
impact {v} (to compress) :: ściskać
impact {v} (to influence) :: wpływać
impact {v} (to collide or strike) :: uderzać, zderzać
impala {n} (African antelope) :: impala {f}
impart {v} (communicate the knowledge of) :: dzielić się
impasse {n} (deadlock or stalemate situation) :: impas {m}, zastój {m}, matnia {f}, ślepa uliczka
impasse {n} (road with no exit) SEE: dead end ::
impassionate {adj} (dispassionate) SEE: dispassionate ::
impatient {adj} (restless and intolerant of delays) :: niecierpliwy {m}
impatient {adj} (anxious and eager) :: niecierpliwy {m}
impeachment {n} (the act of impeaching a public official) :: impeachment {m}
impeccably {adv} (in a perfect or flawless manner) :: nieskazitelnie
impecunious {adj} (lacking money) :: ubogi {m}
impedance {n} (physics, measure of opposition to flow of current) :: impedancja
impedance coil {n} (a coil of wire designed to provide impedance in an electric circuit) :: cewka indukcyjna {f}, cewka {f}, zwojnica {f}
imperative {n} (imperative mood) SEE: imperative mood ::
imperative mood {n} (imperative mood) :: tryb rozkazujący {m}
imperfective {adj} (related to the imperfective aspect) :: niedokonany
imperfective aspect {n} (grammatical term) :: aspekt niedokonany {m}
imperial {adj} (related to an empire) :: cesarski, imperialny
imperial {adj} (related to the British measurement system) :: imperialny
imperium {n} (sovereignty) SEE: sovereignty ::
imperium {n} (dominion) SEE: dominion ::
impertinent {adj} (insolent, ill-mannered) :: impertynent {m}
impertinent {adj} (irrelevant) :: niestosowny {m}, niemający związku {m}
impetuous {adj} (describing one who makes arbitrary decisions) :: zapalczywy {m}, impulsywny {m}, porywczy {m}
implement {n} (a tool) :: narzędzie {n}
implement {v} (bring about) :: zrealizować, wprowadzić w życie
implementation {n} (result of implementing something) :: implementacja
implicit {adj} (implied indirectly) :: domyślny {m}, domniemany {m}, niejawny {m}
implicit {adj} (unquestioning or unconditional) :: absolutny {m}, bezwarunkowy {m}
implied {adj} (suggested without being stated directly) :: nie wprost, dorozumiany {m}
implosion {n} (action of imploding) :: implozja {f}
imply {v} (to have as a consequence) :: pociągać (za sobą)
imply {v} (to express suggestively rather than as a direct statement) :: sugerować
impolite {adj} (not polite) :: nieuprzejmy, grubiański, chamski
importance {n} (quality or condition of being important or worthy of note) :: ważność {f}, doniosłość {f}
important {adj} (having relevant and crucial value) :: ważny {m}
importantness {n} (importance) SEE: importance ::
impossible {adj} (not able to be done) :: niemożliwy
impossible {adj} (never happening) :: niemożliwy
impotence {n} (powerlessness) :: impotencja {f}
impotence {n} (erectile dysfunction) :: impotencja {f}
impoverish {v} (to make poor) :: zubożyć
impoverished {adj} (with no possessions or money) SEE: poor ::
imprecise {adj} (not precise or exact) :: niedokładny {m}
I'm pregnant {phrase} (I'm pregnant) :: jestem ciężarna
impregnation {n} (act of making pregnant) :: zapłodnienie {n}
impregnation {n} (fact or process of saturating with something) :: impregnacja {f}
impressed {adj} (strongly affected, especially favourably) :: pod wrażeniem
impression {n} (indentation or depression made by pressure) :: odcisk {m}
impression {n} (overall effect of something) :: wrażenie {n}
impressionism {n} (movement in art) :: impresjonizm {m}
impressionism {n} (music: style) :: impresjonizm {m}
impressionism {n} (poetry: style) :: impresjonizm {m}
impressionist {n} (One who adheres to impressionism) :: impresjonista {m}, impresjonistka {f}
impressive {adj} (making, or tending to make, an impression; having power to impress) :: imponujący {m}
imprint {n} (the name and details of a publisher or printer, as printed in a book etc) :: impressum
imprison {v} (put in prison) :: uwięzić
improbable {adj} (not likely to be true) :: nieprawdopododny
impromptu {adj} (improvised) :: spontaniczny {m}, improwizowany {m}
improper fraction {n} (arithmetic: a vulgar fraction) :: ułamek niewłaściwy {m}
improve {v} (to make something better) :: poprawiać, poprawić, ulepszać, ulepszyć, polepszać, polepszyć
improve {v} (to become better) :: poprawiać się, poprawić się
impudence {n} (quality of being impudent) :: bezczelność {f}, zuchwalstwo {n}
impudence {n} (impudent language, conduct or behavior) :: bezczelność {f}, zuchwalstwo {n}
impudent {adj} (Not showing due respect; impertinent; bold-faced) :: bezczelny, zuchwały
impudently {adv} (shamelessly) SEE: shamelessly ::
impulse {n} (sudden force that impels) :: impuls {m}
impunity {n} (freedom from punishment or retribution; security from any reprisal or injurious consequences of an action, behaviour etc.) :: bezkarność {f}
impure {adj} (impure) :: nieczysty
impurity {n} (the condition of being impure) :: nieczystość {f}
impute {v} (to attribute to a cause or source) :: przypisać
impute {v} (to ascribe sin or righteousness) :: przypisać
impute {v} (to attribute or credit to) :: przypisać
I'm sick {phrase} (I'm sick/ill) :: jestem chory {m}, jestem chora {f}
I'm single {phrase} (I'm single) :: jestem nieżonaty {m}, jestem niezamężna {f}, jestem singiel {m}, jestem singielka {f}
I'm sorry {phrase} (I'm sorry) :: przepraszam
I'm thirsty {phrase} (I need a drink) :: [informal] pić mi się chce
I'm tired {phrase} (I am tired (in need of rest or sleep)) :: jestem zmęczony {m}, jestem zmęczona {f}
I'm twenty years old {phrase} (I am twenty years old) :: mam dwadzieścia lat
I must go {phrase} (I must go) :: muszę iść
I'm ... year(s) old {phrase} (I am ... year(s) old) :: mam ... lata [2-4, 22-24, 32-34, etc.]; mam ... lat [5-21, 25-31, 35-41, etc.]; mam 1 rok [1 year old only]
in {prep} (contained by) :: w
in {prep} (into) :: do
in {prep} (language, script, or tone) :: po [language], w [script]
inability {n} (lack of the ability to do something; incapability) :: niemożność {f}, niezdolność {f}
inactive {adj} (Not active, temporarily or permanently) :: nieaktywny
inactive {adj} (Not functioning or operating; broken down) :: zepsuty {m}
inadmissible {adj} (Not admissible) :: niedopuszczalny
in advance {prep} (in advance) SEE: beforehand ::
in a flash {adv} (very quickly) SEE: quick as a flash ::
inalienable {adj} (incapable of being alienated, surrendered, or transferred to another; not alienable) :: niezbywalny
inane {adj} (lacking sense or meaning) :: bezmyślny, głupi
inanely {adv} (in an inane manner) :: bezmyślnie, głupio
inanimate {adj} (in grammar) :: nieżywotny
in a nutshell {adv} (in summary) :: w pigułce
in any event {prep} (at any rate) :: tak czy owak
in a pinch {prep} (in a difficult situation) :: w opałach
inapplicable {adj} (not applicable) :: nieodpowiedni {m}
inappropriate {adj} (not appropriate or suitable) :: niewłaściwy {m}, nieodpowiedni {m}
in a row {prep} (successively) :: z rzędu
in articulo mortis {adv} (at the moment of death) :: w obliczu śmierci
inasmuch as {conj} (to the extent that) :: o ile
inaudible {adj} (unable to be heard) :: niesłyszalny
inauguration {n} (act of inaugurating) :: inauguracja {f}
in a way {prep} (to a certain degree, or in a certain sense) :: w pewnym sensie
inbalance {n} (imbalance) SEE: imbalance ::
in between {prep} (between) :: pomiędzy
in between {prep} (in the space between) :: pomiędzy
in-box {n} (electronic folder) :: skrzynka odbiorcza {f}
incandescent {n} (incandescent lamp) SEE: light bulb ::
incandescent lamp {n} (a type of lamp) :: lampa żarowa {f}, żarówka {f}
incapacitation {n} (The act of incapacitating or the state of being incapacitated) :: ubezwłasnowolnienie {n}
incarcerate {v} (to lock away in prison) :: uwięzić
incarnate {adj} (flesh-colored) SEE: crimson ::
in case of {prep} (in the event of) :: w razie
incendiary {adj} (capable of causing fire) :: zapalający {m}
incendiary {adj} (intentionally stirring up strife, riot, rebellion) :: wichrzycielski {m}
incendiary {adj} (inflammatory, emotionally charged) :: prowokacyjny {m}
incendiary {n} (something capable of causing fire) :: bomba {f} zapalająca {f}
incense {n} (A perfume often used in the rites of various religions) :: kadzidło {n}
incentive {n} (something that motivates) :: zachęta {f}
incentive {n} (cash bonus) :: bonus {m}, premia {f}
inception {n} (the creation or beginning of something) :: początek {m}, rozpoczęcie {n}
incest {n} (sexual relations between close relatives) :: kazirodztwo {n}
incestuous {adj} (pertaining to or engaging in incest) :: kazirodczy
inch {n} (unit of length) :: cal {m}
inch {n} (unspecified but very short distance) :: włos {m}
incident {n} (event or occurrence) :: wydarzenie {n}
incident {n} ((minor) event incidental to others) :: incydent {m}
incident {n} (event causing interruption or crisis) :: incydent {m}
incident {adj} (arising as the result of an event) :: wynikający, towarzyszący
incident {adj} (physics: falling on a surface) :: padający {m}
incipient {adj} (beginning, starting) :: początkowy
incision {n} (cut) :: cięcie
incisor {n} (tooth) :: siekacz {m}
incite {v} (to rouse, stir up or excite) :: podżegać {impf}
inclination {n} (slant or slope) :: pochyłość {f}
inclination {n} (mental tendency) :: skłonność {f}
inclination {n} (geometry: angle of intersection) :: nachylenie {n}, inklinacja {f}
include {v} (to bring into as a part or member) :: dołączyć {pf}, dołączać {impf}, uwzględniać {impf}, wkluczać {impf} [obsolete]
include {v} (to contain, as part of a whole) :: zawierać {impf}, zawrzeć {pf}
including {prep} (Such as, among which) :: włącznie z, w tym
income {n} (Money one earns by working or by capitalising on the work of others) :: dochód {m}
income statement {n} (financial statement of net income) :: rachunek zysków i strat {m}
income tax {n} (tax levied on income) :: podatek dochodowy {m}
incommensurate {adj} (out of proportion with) :: niewspółmierny {m}, nieproporcjonalny {m}
incompetence {n} (inability to perform) :: inkompetencja {f}
incomprehensible {adj} (impossible or very difficult to understand) :: niezrozumiały
inconceivable {adj} (unable to be conceived, unbelievable) :: niepojęty {m}, niewyobrażalny {m}
inconsistent {adj} (not consistent) :: niekonsekwentny, niespójny
inconspicuous {adj} (not prominent or easily noticeable) :: niepozorny {m}, nierzucający się w oczy
inconspicuously {adv} (not prominent or easily noticeable) :: niepostrzeżenie
inconvenient {adj} (not convenient) :: niewygodny
increase {n} (increased amount) :: wzrost {m}, zwiększenie {n}, przyrost {m}
incriminate {v} (to accuse or bring criminal charges against) :: inkryminować {impf}, obwiniać {impf}, obwinić {pf}, oskarżać {impf}, oskarżyć {pf}
incriminate {v} (to indicate the guilt of) :: obciążać {impf}, obciążyć {pf}
incruental {adj} (bloodless) SEE: bloodless ::
incubus {n} (an evil spirit) :: inkub
incumbrance {n} (burden) SEE: encumbrance ::
incumbrance {n} (interest, right, burden or liability) SEE: encumbrance ::
incunable {n} (very early printed book, specifically one printed before 1501; an incunabulum) :: inkunabuł
incunabulum {n} (book, single sheet, or image that was printed before the year 1501 in Europe) :: inkunabuł {m}
incus {n} (anvil) SEE: anvil ::
indebted {adj} (obligated to someone) :: zobowiązany {m}
indecision {n} (inability to decide on a course of action) :: niezdecydowanie {n}
indecisive {adj} (not decisive) :: niezdecydowany {m}
indecisive {adj} (inconclusive or uncertain) :: nierozstrzygnięty {m}, nierozstrzygający {m}
indecisiveness {n} (condition of being indecisive) SEE: indecision ::
indeclinable {adj} (not declinable) :: nieodmienny {m}
indeed {adv} (modal: truly; in fact; actually) :: naprawdę, w rzeczy samej, zaiste
indeed {adv} (degree: in fact) :: naprawdę, w rzeczy samej
indefensible {adj} (not capable of being defended) :: nie do obrony
indefensible {adj} (incapable of being justified) :: nie do usprawiedliwienia
indefinite {adj} (without limit; forever, or until further notice; not definite) :: nieokreślony {m}, nieograniczony {m}
indefinite {adj} (vague or unclear) :: nieokreślony {m}, niewyraźny {m}
indefinite {adj} (an integral without specified limits) :: nieoznaczona {f}
indefinite integral {n} (antiderivative) :: całka nieoznaczona {f}
indefinite pronoun {n} (Pronoun not specifying the identity of its referent) :: zaimek nieokreślony {m}
indelible {adj} (difficult to delete, remove or wash away) :: [being difficult to delete or remove] nieusuwalny, [being difficult to wash away] niezmywalny
indelible {adj} (incapable of being canceled or forgotten) :: niezatarty
indemnify {v} (To save harmless; to secure against loss or damage; to insure) :: ubezpieczyć, zabezpieczyć
indemnify {v} (To make restitution or compensation for) :: wynagrodzić, wypłacić odszkodowanie
independence {n} (state or quality of being independent) :: niepodległość {f}
independence {n} (state of having sufficient means for a comfortable livelihood) :: niezależność {f}
independent {adj} (not dependent; not contingent or depending on something else; free) :: niezależny, niezawisły, niepodległy
independent {adj} (not aligned with any political party) :: niezrzeszony {m}
independent clause {n} (grammar: clause that can stand alone) SEE: main clause ::
independently {adv} (in an independent manner) :: niezależnie
indestructible {adj} (not destructible) :: niezniszczalny
in detail {adv} (with all particulars) :: szczegółowo
indeterminism {n} :: indeterminizm {m}
index {n} (alphabetical listing) :: spis {m-in}, indeks {m-in}
index {n} (economics: single number calculated from an array of prices or quantities) :: indeks {m}
index {n} (mathematics: raised suffix indicating a power.) :: wykładnik {m}
index {n} (programming: key indicating location of data) :: indeks {m}
index {v} (to arrange an index) :: indeksować
index {n} (index finger) SEE: forefinger ::
index finger {n} (index finger) SEE: forefinger ::
India {prop} (the country) :: Indie {f-p}
Indian {adj} (of or pertaining to India) :: indyjski
Indian {adj} (of, or related to, the aboriginal people of the Americas) :: indiański
Indian {n} (a person from India) :: Hindus {m-pr}, Hinduska {f}
Indian {n} (individual of, or related to, the aboriginal people of the Americas) :: Indianin {m-pr}, Indianka {f}
Indianapolis {prop} (capital of the State of Indiana, USA) :: Indianapolis
Indian English {prop} (Indian dialect of English) :: indyjska odmiana języka angielskiego
Indian myna {n} :: majna brunatna
Indian Ocean {prop} (the ocean separating Africa, southern Asia, Australia and Antarctica) :: Ocean Indyjski {m}
Indian style {adv} (cross-legged) :: siedzieć po turecku
Indian summer {n} (stretch of warm days in autumn) :: pogodna jesień {f}
Indian summer {n} (late autumn of life) :: pogodna jesień życia
indicate {v} (to point out; to discover; to direct to a knowledge of; to show; to make known) :: wskazywać
indicate {v} (to show or manifest by symptoms) :: ukazywać {impf}
indicate {v} (to signal in a vehicle the desire to turn right or left) :: sygnalizować
indicative mood {n} (indicative mood) :: tryb oznajmujący {m}
indicator {n} (pointer) :: wskaźnik {m}
indicator {n} (needle or dial on a meter) :: wskazówka {f}
indicator {n} (chemical) :: wskaźnik {m}
indicator {n} (trafficator) :: kierunkowskaz {m}
indictment {n} (accusation) :: oskarżenie
indifference {n} (the state of being indifferent) :: obojętność
indifferent {adj} (not caring) :: obojętny {m}
indifferent {adj} (mediocre, usually used negatively) :: mierny {m}, marny {m}
indigenous {adj} (born or engendered in, native to a land or region) :: miejscowy, macierzysty {m}
indigestion {n} (condition caused by eating too quickly) :: niestrawność {f}
indigo {n} (colour) :: indygo
indigo {n} (dye) :: indygo
indirect {adj} (not direct) :: pośredni
indirect free kick {n} (soccer) :: rzut wolny pośredni {m}
indirectly {adv} (in a indirect manner) :: niebezpośrednio, pośrednio
indirect object {n} (grammatical term) :: dopełnienie dalsze {n}
indirect speech {n} (reported speech) SEE: reported speech ::
indispensable {adj} (not dispensable) :: niezbędny
indisputable {adj} (not disputable) :: bezdyskusyjny {m}
indium {n} (metallic chemical element) :: ind {m}
individual {n} (single human as legal subject) :: osoba fizyczna {f}
individuality {n} (person) SEE: person ::
Indochina {prop} (region in Southeast Asia) :: Indochiny {f-p}
indoctrinate {v} (brainwash) SEE: brainwash ::
indoctrinate {v} (to teach with a biased or one-sided ideology) :: indoktrynować
indoctrination {n} (act of indoctrinating) :: indoktrynacja {f}
Indo-European {n} (member of Proto-Indo-European ethnolinguistic group) :: Indoeuropejczyk {m-pr}
Indo-European {adj} (of or relating to languages originally spoken in Europe and Western Asia) :: indoeuropejski
Indo-European studies {n} (academic discipline) :: indoeuropeistyka {f}
indomitability {n} (The quality of being indomitable) :: niezłomność {f}
indomitable {adj} (incapable of being subdued, overcome, or vanquished) :: nieugięty
Indonesia {prop} (country) :: Indonezja {f}
Indonesian {adj} (referring to Indonesia) :: indonezyjski
indoors {adv} (in or into a building) :: w domu, do domu, w budynku, do budynku
Induan {prop} :: Ind
inductor {n} (passive electrical device) :: cewka {f}, induktor {m}
in due course {prep} (when the time is right) :: we właściwym czasie
Indus {prop} (the river) :: Indus {m}
Indus {prop} (constellation) :: Indianin {m}
industrial {adj} (of or relating to industry) :: przemysłowy
industrial espionage {n} (use of clandestine methods to acquire secret information for commercial advantage) :: wywiad gospodarczy {m}
industrious {adj} (hard-working and persistent) :: pilny {m}
industry {n} (businesses of the same type) :: branża {f}
industry {n} (businesses that produce goods) :: przemysł {m}
indweller {n} (inhabitant) SEE: inhabitant ::
inedible {adj} (not edible; not appropriate, worthy, or safe to eat) :: niejadalny {m}
I need ... {phrase} (I need ... (something)) :: potrzebuję [noun in genitive]
ineffable {adj} (beyond expression) :: nieopisany {m}
ineffable {adj} (forbidden to be uttered) :: ten, którego imienia się nie wymienia
ineffectual {adj} (futile) :: bezskuteczny, nieskuteczny
inept {adj} (not able to do something) :: neptek {m}, nieudolny, niezaradny
inequality {n} (statement that one quantity is less (or greater) than another) :: nierówność {f}
inequation {n} (a statement that two expressions are not the same) SEE: inequality ::
inert {adj} (in chemistry, not readily reacting with other elements or compounds) :: obojętny
inert gas {n} (noble gas) SEE: noble gas ::
inertness {n} (chemically unreactive) :: obojętność {f}
inevitable {adj} (impossible to avoid or prevent) :: nieunikniony {m}
in exchange {prep} (as an exchange) :: w zamian
inexcusable {adj} (not excusable) :: niewybaczalny
inexhaustible {adj} (impossible to exhaust) :: niewyczerpany
inexorable {adj} (Unable to be persuaded: relentless) :: nieugięty
inexorable {adj} (Impossible to stop or prevent: inevitable) :: nieubłagany
inexorably {adv} (in an inexorable manner; relentlessly) :: nieubłaganie, niepowstrzymanie
inexperienced {adj} (not experienced) :: niedoświadczony
in fact {prep} (actually, in truth) :: w istocie
infamous {adj} (having a bad reputation) :: niesławny
infamy {n} (the state of being infamous) :: niesława {f}
infanticide {n} (the murder of an infant) :: dzieciobójstwo {n}
infantile {adj} (pertaining to infants) :: dziecięcy
infantile {adj} (childish; immature) :: infantylny, dziecinny
infantry {n} (soldiers who fight on foot) :: piechota {f}
infantry {n} (the part of an army consisting of infantry soldiers) :: piechota {f}
infantry fighting vehicle {n} (an armoured combat vehicle designed to carry infantry) :: bojowy wóz piechoty {m}
infarction {n} (the process which causes an infarct) :: zawał {m}
infatuation {n} (An unreasoning love or attraction) :: zauroczenie {n}
infection {n} (the process of infecting) :: infekcja {f}
infection {n} (uncontrolled growth of harmful microorganisms in a host) :: zakażenie {n}
infectious {adj} (transmitted between persons as illness) :: zaraźliwy
infectious {adj} (spreading quickly between persons) :: zaraźliwy
infectiousness {n} (state or condition of being infectious) :: zaraźliwość {f}
infelicitous {adj} (unhappy or unfortunate) :: nieszczęsny, niefortunny, nieudany {m}
infer {v} ((transitive) To conclude by reasoning or deduction, as from premises or evidence) :: wnioskować, dedukować
infer {v} ((intransitive) To draw a conclusion (by reasoning)) :: wnioskować
inferior {adj} (of lower quality) :: podrzędny {m}, pośledni {m}
inferiority complex {n} (a sense of inferiority) :: kompleks niższości {m}
infernal {adj} (Of or relating to hell, or the world of the dead; hellish) :: piekielny
infernal {adj} (diabolical or fiendish) :: diabelski
infertility {n} (condition of being infertile - soil, etc) :: [of soil] nieurodzajność {f}
infertility {n} (inability to conceive - people and animals) :: bezpłodność {f}
infidel {n} (non-believer) :: niewierny {m}
infidelity {n} (unfaithfulness in marriage or other moral obligation) :: niewierność {f}
infidelity {n} (lack of religious belief) :: niewiara {f}
infimum {n} (element of a set) :: infimum {n}, kres dolny {m}
infinite {adj} (boundless, endless) :: nieskończony {m}
infinite {adj} (greater than any positive quantity or magnitude) :: nieskończony {m}
infinitely {adv} (endlessly) :: nieskończenie
infinitism {n} (view) :: infinityzm {m}
infinitive {n} (uninflected verb form) :: bezokolicznik {m-in}
inflammation {n} (medical condition) :: zapalenie
inflate {v} (to enlarge the volume occupied by an object) :: dmuchać {impf}, nadmuchiwać {impf}, nadmuchać {pf}
inflation {n} (increase in prices) :: inflacja
inflect {v} (grammar) :: odmieniać {impf}, odmienić {pf}
inflection {n} (change in the form of a word that reflects a change in grammatical function) :: odmiana {f}
inflection {n} (change in pitch or tone of voice) :: modulacja {f}
inflexible {adj} (stiff, rigid) :: sztywny
inflexible {adj} (obstinate, stubborn) :: nieugięty
inflorescence {n} (flower cluster) :: kwiatostan {m}
influence {n} (power to affect, control or manipulate) :: wpływ {m}
influence {n} (action exerted by a person or thing with power to cause change) :: wpływ {m}
influence {n} (electrostatic induction) :: indukcja {f}
influence {v} (transitive: to exert an influence upon) :: wpływać {impf}, wpłynąć {pf}
influence {v} (intransitive: to exert influence) :: wpływać
influential {adj} (having considerable influence) :: wpływowy {m}
influenza {n} (an acute contagious disease of the upper airways and lungs) :: grypa {f}
inform {v} (to communicate knowledge to (an)other(s)) :: powiadamiać {impf}, powiadomić {pf}, informować {impf}, poinformować {pf}
informal {adj} (not formal or ceremonious) :: potoczny
informant {n} (one who relays confidential information) :: informator {m}
informatics {n} (branch of information science) :: informatyka {f}
information {n} (communicable knowledge) :: informacja {f}
information superhighway {n} (The Internet and all other computer networks in the 1990s) :: infostrada {f}
information technology {n} (the practice of creating and/or studying computer systems and applications) :: technologia informacyjna {f}
informer {n} (one who informs) :: informator {m}
infrared {n} (infrared radiation) :: podczerwień {f}
infrared {adj} (having the wavelength in the infrared) :: podczerwony
infringe {v} (to break or violate a treaty, a law, a right etc.) :: naruszać {impf}
in front of {prep} (at or near the front part of) :: przed
in front of {prep} (in the presence of someone) :: przy, w obecności, w obliczu
in front of {prep} (located before (something else)) :: przed
infuse {v} (to steep in a liquid) :: zaparzać {impf}, zaparzyć {pf}
infusion {n} (a product consisting of a liquid which has had other ingredients steeped in it to extract useful qualities) :: napar {m}
infusion {n} (act of steeping or soaking a substance in liquid so as to extract medicinal or herbal qualities) :: zaparzanie {n}
in general {adv} (generally) SEE: generally ::
ingenious {adj} (displaying genius or brilliance; tending to invent) :: pomysłowy {m}
ingenious {adj} (characterized by genius; cleverly done or contrived) :: pomysłowy {m}
ingot {n} (solid block of more or less pure metal) :: sztaba {f}, sztabka {f}
ingrate {n} (an ungrateful person) :: niewdzięcznik {m}, niewdzięcznica {f}
ingrate {adj} (ungrateful) SEE: ungrateful ::
ingredient {n} (substance present in a mixture) :: składnik {m}
Ingushetia {prop} (federal subject of Russia) :: Inguszetia {f}
inhabit {v} (to live or reside in some place) :: zamieszkiwać
inhabit {v} (to be present in some place) :: zajmować, wypełniać
inhabitable {adj} (fit to live in) :: nadający się do zamieszkania
inhabitant {n} (Someone or thing who lives in a place) :: mieszkaniec {m}, mieszkanka {f}
inhabited {adj} (having inhabitants) :: zamieszkany
inhale {v} (to draw air into the lungs) :: wdychać
inhale {v} (to draw something into the nose or lungs) :: inhalować, wziewać, wdychać
in heaven's name {prep} (intensifier) :: na miłość boską
inherent {adj} (natural part or consequence) :: wrodzony {m}, właściwy {m}
inherit {v} (to receive property or a title by legal succession etc.) :: dziedziczyć {impf}, odziedziczyć {pf}
inherit {v} (to receive a characteristic by genetic transmission) :: dziedziczyć {impf}, odziedziczyć {pf}
inheritable {adj} (able to be inherited) :: dziedziczny
inheritance {n} (that which a person is entitled to inherit) :: spadek {m}
inheritance {n} (passing of title) :: dziedziczenie {n}
inheritance {n} (biological attributes passed to offspring) :: dziedziczenie {n}
inheritance {n} (programming: mechanism for making parts of superclass available to subclass) :: dziedziczenie {n}
inheritor {n} (heir) SEE: heir ::
inhibition {n} (State of being inhibited) :: zahamowanie {n}
inhibitor {n} (substance slowing a reaction) :: inhibitor {m}
inhumation {n} (The act of burial) :: inhumacja {f}, pochówek {m}
inimical {adj} (harmful) :: szkodliwy {m}
inimical {adj} (hostile) :: nieprzyjazny {m}, wrogi {m}, złowrogi {m}
initialize {v} (to assign initial values to something) :: inicjalizować
initialize {v} (to assign an initial value to a variable) :: inicjalizować
injection {n} (act of injecting, or something injected) :: zastrzyk {m}, wstrzyknięcie {n}
injection {n} (medicine: something injected) :: zastrzyk {m}
injection {n} (set theory: one-to-one mapping) :: iniekcja {f}
injective {adj} (inverse-deterministic) :: różnowartościowa {f}
injunction {n} (the act of enjoining) :: napomnienie
injunction {n} (an official writ) :: nakaz sądowy {m}
injure {v} (to wound or cause physical harm) :: ranić
injury {n} (wound) SEE: wound ::
injury {n} (damage or violation) :: szkoda {f}, uraz {m}, kontuzja {f}
injury time {n} (additional time played straight after each of the two halves) :: doliczony czas {m}
injustice {n} (absence of justice) :: niesprawiedliwość {f}
ink {n} (coloured fluid used for writing) :: atrament {m}, tusz {m}
ink {n} (dark fluid ejected by squid etc) :: atrament {m}
ink bottle {n} (inkwell) SEE: inkwell ::
inkling {n} (suspicion or hint) :: podejrzenie {n}
inkpot {n} (inkwell) SEE: inkwell ::
inkwell {n} (container for ink) :: kałamarz {m}
in-law {n} (father-in-law) SEE: father-in-law ::
in-law {n} (mother-in-law) SEE: mother-in-law ::
in layman's terms {prep} (phrased simply) :: na chłopski rozum, po ludzku, [humorous] z polskiego na nasze
in lieu of {prep} (instead; in place of; as a substitute for) :: zamiast + genitive, w miejsce + genitive
in light of {prep} (given, considering) :: w świetle
in-line engine {n} (engine with all cylinders in one row) :: silnik rzędowy {m-in}
in-line skate {n} (roller skate with all wheels aligned) SEE: rollerblade ::
in love {prep} (of a person or persons: enamored) :: zakochany
in memoriam {adv} (in memory of) :: ku pamięci
in my opinion {prep} (according to me) :: moim zdaniem, w mojej opinii, według mnie, po mojemu, ma mój rozum, w moim przekonaniu, w moim odczuciu, w moim odbiorze, w moich oczach
inn {n} (lodging) :: zajazd {m}, karczma {f}
inn {n} (tavern) SEE: tavern ::
innate {adj} (inborn) :: wrodzony
innate {v} (cause to exist) :: począć
inner {adj} (being or occurring inside) :: wewnętrzny
inner emigration {n} (choice of remaining in a country during dictatorship) :: emigracja wewnętrzna {f}
Inner Mongolia {prop} (an autonomous region in northern China) :: Mongolia Wewnętrzna {f}
inner tube {n} (inflatable rubber tube) :: dętka {f}
innocence {n} (absence of responsibility for a crime) :: niewinność {f}
innocence {n} (lack of understanding about sensitive subjects such as sexuality and crime) :: niewinność {f}
innocence {n} (lack of ability or intention to harm or damage) :: niewinność {f}
innocent {adj} (pure, free from sin, untainted) :: niewinny {m}
innocent {adj} (not legally responsible for a wrongful act) :: niewinny {m}
innocent {adj} (naive, artless) :: niewinny {m}, naiwny {m}
innocently {adv} (in an innocent manner) :: niewinnie
innocuous {adj} (harmless) :: niegroźny, bezpieczny
in no time {prep} (very soon) :: migiem
innuendo {n} (A derogatory hint or reference to a person or thing, an implication or insinuation) :: insynuacja {f}
innumerable {adj} (not capable of being counted) SEE: countless ::
in one's book {prep} (in one's opinion) SEE: in one's opinion ::
in one's opinion {prep} (according to one's thinking) :: w mojej opinii
in order {adv} (for the purpose of) SEE: in order to ::
in order to {phrase} (as a means of achieving the specified aim) :: żeby, aby, by, coby [dialectal]
inorganic {adj} (relating to a compound that does not contain carbon) :: nieorganiczny
in other words {prep} (stated or interpreted another way) :: innymi słowy
in parallel {prep} (at the same time) :: równocześnie
in parallel {prep} (connected side by side, instead of in series) :: równolegle
in person {prep} (actually present) :: osobiście
input {n} (something fed into a process) :: wkład
input {v} (to enter data) :: wprowadzać dane
Inquisition {prop} (tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church) :: inkwizycja {f}
Inquisition {prop} (harsh or rigorous interrogation) :: inkwizycja {f}
inquisitive {adj} (too curious; overly interested; nosy) :: ciekawski, wścibski
in relation to {prep} (concerning; in reference to) :: odnośnie + genitive
in relation to {prep} (by comparison with, compared with) :: w porównaniu z + instrumental
in return {prep} (in exchange, as a means of reciprocating) :: w zamian
insalubrious {adj} (unhealthful) :: niezdrowotny
insane {adj} (exhibiting unsoundness or disorder of mind) :: szalony {m}, obłąkany {m}, porąbany [pejorative], pojebany [vulgar], jebnięty [vulgar], popierdolony [vulgar], pierdolnięty [vulgar], świrnięty [expressive], zdurniały [pejorative]
insane {adj} (used by, or appropriated to, insane persons) :: szaleńczy {m}
insane {adj} (characterized by insanity or the utmost folly) :: szaleńczy {m}
insane asylum {n} (mental hospital) SEE: mental hospital ::
insanity {n} (state of being insane) :: obłęd
insatiable {adj} (not satiable; incapable of being satisfied or appeased) :: nienasycony {m}
in secret {prep} (secretly) SEE: secretly ::
insect {n} (arthropod of class insecta) :: owad {m}, robak {m}
insect {n} (contemptible or powerless person) :: zero {n}
insectivorous {adj} (feeding on insects) :: owadożerny
insecure {adj} (not secure) :: niezabezpieczony
insecure {adj} (not comfortable in certain situations) :: niepewny
inseminate {v} (to disperse or plant seds) SEE: sow ::
insemination {n} (act of sowing seed) :: zasiew {m}, posiew {m}
insemination {n} (act of making pregnant) :: zapłodnienie {n}
insensate {adj} (having no sensation or consciousness) :: bez czucia
insensate {adj} (senseless; foolish; irrational) :: bezmyślny
insert {v} (put in between or into) :: wstawić {pf}
inside {n} (interior or inner part) :: wnętrze {n}, środek {m}
inside {adv} (within the interior) :: wewnątrz, w środku
inside job {n} :: robota wewnętrzna {f}, inside job {m} [chiefly in conspiracy theories]
inside out {adv} (with the inside turned to be on the outside) :: na lewą stronę
inside out {adv} (of knowledge: thoroughly) :: na wylot
insidious {adj} (producing serious harm in a stealthy, often gradual, manner) :: podstępny, zdradliwy, zdradziecki
insidious {adj} (treacherous) SEE: treacherous ::
insidiously {adv} (in an insidious manner) :: podstępnie
insignificant {adj} (not significant; not important) :: nieistotny
insinuate {v} (ingratiate oneself) :: przypochlebiać się
insinuate {v} (hint at (something)) :: insynuować
insinuation {n} (a suggestion or intimation by distant allusion) :: insynuacja {f}
insipid {adj} (unappetizingly flavorless) :: mdły
in situ {adv} (in its original position or place) :: in situ
insofar {adv} (to such a degree or extent) :: o ile
insofar as {conj} (to the extent that) :: o tyle, o ile
insole {n} (inside sole of footwear) :: wkładka {f}
insolent {adj} (insulting in manner or words) :: bezczelny {m}
insolent {adj} (rude) :: niegrzeczny {m}, chamski {m}
insomnia {n} (sleeping disorder) :: bezsenność {f}
inspector {n} (person employed to inspect something) :: inspektor {m}
inspiration {n} (physiology: drawing of air) :: wdech {m}
inspiration {n} (supernatural divine influence) :: natchnienie {n}
inspiration {n} (stimulating influence upon the intellect or emotions) :: natchnienie {n}, inspiracja {f}
inspire {v} (to inhale) SEE: inhale ::
inspire {v} (to infuse into the mind; to communicate to the spirit) :: inspirować {impf}, zainspirować {pf}
in spite of {prep} (despite) :: mimo, pomimo, wbrew
install {v} (set something up for use) :: instalować {impf}, zainstalować {pf}
installation {n} (act of installing) :: instalacja {f}, montaż {m}
installation {n} (something installed) :: instalacja {f}
installer {n} (person who installs) :: instalator {m}
installer {n} (program that installs software and prepares it for use) :: instalator {m}
installment {n} (portion of debt) :: rata {f}
instalment {n} (installment) SEE: installment ::
instance {n} (recurring occasion, case) :: zdarzenie {n}, okazja {f}
instantaneous {adj} (occurring, arising, or functioning without any delay; happening within an imperceptibly brief period of time) :: momentalny, chwilowy
instantly {adv} (at once) :: natychmiast, od razu
instant messenger {n} (application which allows instant text communication) :: komunikator internetowy {m}, komunikator {m}
instead {adv} (in the place of (it)) :: zamiast
instead of {prep} (in lieu of; in place of; rather than) :: zamiast
instep {n} (top of the foot between the toes and the ankle) :: podbicie {n}
instill {v} (to cause a quality to become part of someone's nature) :: wpajać {impf}, wpoić {pf}
instill {v} (to pour in drop by drop) :: wkraplać {impf}, wkroplić {pf}
instinct {n} (natural or inherent impulse or behaviour) :: instynkt {m}
instinctive {adj} (related to or prompted by instinct) :: instynktowny
institute {n} (organization founded to promote a cause) :: instytut {m}
institute {n} (college) :: instytut {m}
institutional {adj} (rudimentary) SEE: rudimentary ::
institutionalize {v} (to establish as a normal practice) :: zinstytucjonalizować
instrument {n} (musical device) :: instrument {m}
instrument {n} (tool) :: instrument {m}, narzędzie {n}
instrumental {adj} (music) :: instrumentalny
instrumental {n} (instrumental case) SEE: instrumental case ::
instrumental case {n} (case to express agency or means) :: narzędnik {m}
insufferable {adj} (not sufferable) :: nieznośny {m}
insufficient {adj} (Not sufficient) :: niewystarczający {m}
insufficiently {adv} (not sufficiently) :: niedostatecznie
insulate {v} (to separate or detach) :: izolować
insulate {v} (to separate so as to prevent a transfer) :: izolować
insulator {n} (substance) :: izolator {m}
insulator {n} (structure) :: izolator {m}
insulin {n} (polypeptide hormone) :: insulina {f}
insult {v} (to be rude) :: obrazić {pf}, obrażać {impf}
insult {n} (action or speech deliberately intended to be rude) :: zniewaga {f}, wyzwisko {n}, obraza {f}
insult {n} (anything that causes offence/offense by being of an unacceptable quality) :: obraza {f}
insulting {adj} (containing insult, or having the intention of insulting) :: obraźliwy
insultive {adj} (insulting) SEE: insulting ::
insurance {n} (indemnity) :: ubezpieczenie {n}
insurance {n} (business) :: zakład ubezpieczeń {m}, towarzystwo ubezpieczeniowe {n}
insurgency {n} (rebellion; revolt; the state of being insurgent) :: insurekcja {f}, powstanie {n}
insurgent {n} (rebel) :: rebeliant {m}, rebeliantka {f}
insurmountable {adj} (incapable of being passed over) :: nieprzezwyciężony, nie do pokonania
insurrection {n} (mutiny or rebellion) :: insurekcja {f}, bunt {m}
integer {n} (a number that is not a fraction) :: liczba całkowita {f}
integral {adj} (constituting a whole together with other parts or factors; not omittable or removable) :: jednolity
integral {n} (limit of sums) :: całka {f}, całka oznaczona {f}
integral {n} (antiderivative) SEE: antiderivative ::
integral calculus {n} (calculus of areas and volumes) :: rachunek całkowy {m}
integrand {n} (function that is to be integrated) :: funkcja podcałkowa {f}
integrate {v} (to subject to the operation of integration; to find the integral of) :: integrować {impf}, scalać {impf}
integrated {adj} (composed and coordinated to form a whole) :: zintegrowany {m}
integrated circuit {n} (thin chip) :: układ scalony {m}
integration {n} (act or process of making whole or entire) :: integracja {f}
integration {n} (process of fitting into a community) :: integracja {f}
integration {n} (in mathematics) :: całkowanie {n}
integration by parts {n} (method of integration related to the product rule of differentiation) :: całkowanie przez części {n}
integrity {n} (steadfast adherence to a strict moral or ethical code) :: prawość {f}, uczciwość {f}
intel {n} (intelligence) SEE: intelligence ::
intellectual {adj} (spiritual) SEE: spiritual ::
intelligence {n} (capacity of mind) :: inteligencja {f}
intelligence {n} (information about the enemy) :: wywiad {m}
intelligence {n} (a department, agency or unit designed to gather such information) :: wywiad {m}
intelligent {adj} (of high or especially quick cognitive capacity, bright) :: inteligentny
intelligent design {prop} (intelligent design / Intelligent Design) :: teoria inteligentnego projektu {f}
intelligentsia {n} (intellectual élite) :: inteligencja {f}
intelligible {adj} (capable of being understood) :: zrozumiały {m}
intend {v} (to fix the mind upon a goal) :: zamierzać
intended {n} (fiancé) SEE: fiancé ::
intended {n} (fiancée) SEE: fiancée ::
intensive care unit {n} (intensive care unit) SEE: ICU ::
intention {v} (intend) SEE: intend ::
intention {n} (course intended to follow) :: intencja {f}
intentional {adj} (intended or planned; done deliberately or voluntarily) :: zamierzony, umyślny
interactive {adj} (responding to the user) :: interaktywny {m}
inter alia {adv} (among other things) :: między innymi
intercalary {adj} (of a time period, inserted between others) :: przestępny {m}
intercalation {n} :: interkalacja {f}
intercept {v} (to stop, deflect or divert) :: przechwycić {pf}
intercept {v} (to gain possession of) :: przechwycić {pf}
intercept {n} (coordinate of the point at which a curve intersects an axis) :: przecięcie {n}
intercession {n} (a prayer to God on behalf of another person) :: wstawiennictwo {n}
interchange {n} (highway junction) :: węzel {m}
intercom {n} (an electronic communication system) :: domofon {m} [entryphone]
intercourse {n} (sexual intercourse) :: stosunek płciowy {m}
intercultural {adj} (between different cultures) :: międzykulturowy
interdisciplinary {adj} (of or pertaining to multiple distinct academic disciplines or fields of study) :: interdyscyplinarny
interest {n} (finance: price of credit) :: odsetki {f-p}
interest {n} (great attention and concern from someone) :: zainteresowanie {n}
interest {n} (involvement in or link with financial, business, or other undertaking) :: interesy
interest {v} (to attract attention or concern) :: interesować {impf}, ciekawić {impf}, zajmować {impf}
interested {adj} (having or showing interest) :: zainteresowany
interesting {adj} (arousing or holding the attention) :: ciekawy {m}, interesujący
interest rate {n} (percentage of money charged for its use per some period) :: stopa procentowa {f}
interface {n} (point of interconnection between entities) :: interfejs {m}
interface {n} (chemistry, physics: thin layer or boundary between different substances, or phases of a single substance) :: granica międzyfazowa {f}
interface {n} (computing: point of interconnection between systems or subsystems) :: interfejs {m}
interface {n} (computing: connection between a user and a machine) :: interfejs {m}
interface {n} (computing, object-oriented: piece of code defining a set of operations that other code must implement) :: interfejs {m}
interfere {v} :: przeszkadzać, powstrzymywać
interference {n} (act of interfering with something) :: ingerencja {f}
interference {n} (effect caused by the superposition of two systems of waves) :: interferencja {f}
interferometer {n} (instrument) :: interferometr {m}
interferon {n} (any of a group of glycoproteins, that prevent viral replication in infected cells) :: interferon {m}
interfix {n} (an empty morph inserted between two morphemes) :: śródrostek {m}
interim {adj} (transitional) :: przejściowy
interim {adj} (temporary) :: tymczasowy, tymczasowi {m-p}
interim {n} (a transitional or temporary period between other events) :: w międyczasie {m}, tymczasem
interior {adj} (having to do with the inner part of something) :: wewnętrzny
interior {n} (the inside of an enclosed structure) :: wnętrze {n}
interjection {n} (exclamation or filled pause in grammar) :: wykrzyknik {m-in}
Interlaken {prop} (town) :: Interlaken
interlanguage {n} (pidgin) SEE: pidgin ::
Interlingua {prop} (interlanguage based on Romance languages) :: interlingua {f}
interlocutor {n} (A person who takes part in dialogue or conversation) :: rozmówca, rozmówczyni {f}, interlokutor {m}, interlokutorka {f}
interloper {n} (one who interferes) :: natręt {m}
intermediate frequency {n} :: częstotliwość pośrednia {f}
interment {n} (The act of burying a dead body; burial) :: pochówek {m}
intermittent {adj} (stopping and starting at intervals) :: sporadyczny
intermittently {adv} (Stopping or starting at intervals) :: sporadycznie {m}, nieregularnie {m}
intermolecular {adj} (from one molecule to another) :: międzycząsteczkowy {m}
internal {adj} (inside of something) :: wewnętrzny
internal {adj} (within the body) :: wewnętrzny
internal combustion engine {n} (a piston or a rotary heat engine) :: silnik o spalaniu wewnętrznym {m}
international {adj} (between, concerning, or transcending multiple nations) :: międzynarodowy {m}
International Court of Justice {prop} (UN court) :: Międzynarodowy Trybunał Sprawiedliwości {m}
Internationale {prop} (proletarian song) :: Międzynarodówka {f}
International Phonetic Alphabet {prop} (standardized symbols for speech) :: międzynarodowy alfabet fonetyczny {m}
international relations {n} (study of relationships among countries) :: stosunki międzynarodowe
International Telecommunication Union {prop} (United Nations agency) :: Międzynarodowa Unia Telekomunikacyjna {f}
internaut {n} (internaut) :: internauta {m}, internautka {f}
internet {n} (the Internet, largest global internet) SEE: Internet ::
Internet {prop} (specific internet consisting of the global network of computers) :: Internet {m}, międzysieć
Internet address {n} (Any address used to identify a place or resource on the Internet) :: adres internetowy {m}
Internet cafe {n} (place where one can use a computer with Internet) :: kawiarenka (internetowa) {f}
internist {n} (specialist in internal medicine) :: internista {m}
internship {n} (job taken by a student) :: staż {m}
interpose {v} (to insert something (or oneself) between other things) :: wstawić
interpose {v} (to interrupt a conversation by introducing a different subject or making a comment) :: wtrącić
interpreter {n} (one who interprets speech) :: tłumacz {m}, tłumaczka {f}, tłumacz symultaniczny {m}
interpreter {n} (computer program) :: interpreter {m}
interracial {adj} (between or including two or more races) :: międzyrasowy
interregnum {n} (period of time between the end of a sovereign's reign and the accession of another sovereign) :: bezkrólewie {n}
interrogate {v} (to question or quiz) :: przesłuchiwać, przesłuchać
interrogation {n} (act of interrogating or questioning) :: przesłuchanie {n}, interrogacja {f}
interrogation {n} (question put; an inquiry) :: zapytanie {m}, badanie {m}, interrogacja {f}
interrogation {n} (point, mark, or sign) :: znak zapytania {m}, pytajnik {m}
interrogation mark {n} (question mark) SEE: question mark ::
interrogation point {n} (question mark) SEE: question mark ::
interrupt {n} (An event that causes a computer to temporarily cease) :: przerwanie {n}
interschool {adj} (occurring or taking place between two or more schools) :: międzyszkolny
intersect {v} (to cross each other; to cut each other) :: przecinać, przecinać się, krzyżować, krzyżować się
intersect {v} (in mathematics) :: przecinać, przecinać się
intersection {n} (junction of two or more paths, etc) :: skrzyżowanie {n}
intersection {n} (in geometry) :: punkt przecięcia {m}
intersection {n} (in set theory) :: przekrój {m}, część wspólna {f}, przecięcie {n}, iloczyn zbiorów {m}
Interslavic {adj} (pertaining to contact between (individuals or groups of) different Slavic nations) :: międzysłowiański
Interslavic {prop} (auxiliary Slavic language) :: język międzysłowiański {m}
interstate {adv} (of, or relating to two or more states) :: międzystanowy
interval {n} (distance in space) :: interwał, odstęp {m}
interval {n} (period of time) :: interwał
interval {n} (section of the real line) :: przedział {m}
intervene {v} (to come between, or to be between, persons or things) :: interweniować
intervention {n} (act of intervening) :: interwencja {f}
interview {n} (conversation with journalist etc.) :: wywiad {m}
interview {n} (a formal meeting for the assessment of a candidate or applicant) :: rozmowa kwalifikacyjna {f}
interview {v} (to have an interview) :: przeprowadzać wywiad {impf}
interwar {adj} (Relating to the time between two wars) :: międzywojenny
interweave {v} (to combine through weaving) :: przeplatać {impf}, przepleść {pf}
intestine {n} (alimentary canal) :: jelito {n}, kiszka {f}, trzewo {n} [archaic]
intestine {n} (subdivision of the alimentary canal) :: jelito {n}
in the act {prep} (in the process of doing something) :: na gorącym uczynku
in the blink of an eye {prep} (immediately, instantaneously) :: w mgnieniu oka
in the event {conj} (if) SEE: if ::
in the event of {prep} (in case of) SEE: in case of ::
in the flesh {prep} (with one's own body and presence) :: we własnej osobie
in the land of the blind, the one-eyed man is king {proverb} (In the land of the blind, the one-eyed man is king) :: w kraju ślepców jednooki jest królem {n}
in the least {prep} (at all) SEE: at all ::
in the light of {prep} (in light of) SEE: in light of ::
in the loop {prep} (informed) :: zaznajomiony, w grupie zainteresowanych
in the making {prep} (in the process of being made) :: w trakcie tworzenia
in the meantime {prep} (meanwhile) SEE: meanwhile ::
in the midst of {prep} (in the middle of; amidst; amongst) :: w środku
in the name of {prep} (with appeal to) :: w imieniu
in the twinkling of an eye {prep} (immediately, instantaneously) SEE: in the blink of an eye ::
in the wake of {prep} (following) :: po, w wyniku
in the wake of {prep} (as a result of) :: na skutek
in the wink of an eye {adv} (in the blink of an eye) SEE: in the blink of an eye ::
in three days {adv} (in three days - translation entry) :: popojutrze
inthronization {n} (enthronement) SEE: enthronement ::
intimacy {n} (feeling of closeness and openness towards someone else) :: intymność {f}
intimate {adj} (closely acquainted; familiar) :: bliski
intimate {adj} (of or involved in a sexual relationship) :: intymny
intimate {adj} (personal, private) :: osobisty
intimate {v} (To suggest or disclose discreetly) :: sugerować, zasugerować
into {prep} (going inside) :: w
into {prep} (going to a geographic region) :: do
intonation {n} (the rise and fall of the voice in speaking) :: intonacja {f}
in touch {prep} (in contact, or in communication) :: w kontakcie, na bieżąco
intoxicate {v} (To stupefy by doping with chemical substances such as alcohol) :: otępić {pf}, odurzyć {pf}
intramolecular {adj} (between parts of a molecule) :: wewnątrzcząsteczkowy {m}
intransigence {n} (intransigence) :: nieprzejednanie {n}, nieustępliwość {f}
intransigent {adj} (unwilling to compromise or moderate a position) :: nieprzejednany, nieustępliwy
intransitive {adj} (of a verb, not taking a direct object) :: nieprzechodni
intransitive verb {n} (action verb not taking a direct object, see also: neuter) :: czasownik nieprzechodni {m-in}
intrasexual {adj} (intrasexual) :: wewnątrzpłciowy
intravenous {adj} (inside the veins) :: dożylny {m}
intravenously {adv} (in an intravenous manner) :: dożylnie
intrepid {adj} (fearless) :: nieustraszony
intrigue {n} (plot or scheme) :: intryga {f}
intrinsic {adj} (inherent) :: wewnętrzny, rzeczywisty
introduce {v} (to cause someone to be acquainted) :: przedstawiać {impf}, przedstawić {pf}
introduction {n} (act or process of introducing) :: wprowadzenie {n}, wstęp {m}
introduction {n} (initial section of a book or article which introduces subject material) :: wstęp {m}, przedmowa {f}
intruder {n} (someone who intrudes) :: intruz {m}
intrusion {n} (forcible entry) :: wtargnięcie {n}
in two shakes {adv} (very quickly) :: w mgnieniu oka
Inuktitut {prop} (language) :: eskimoski {m}, inuktitut {m}
inundate {v} (to cover with large amounts of water) :: zalać
inundate {v} (to overwhelm) :: przytłoczyć
inure {v} :: przyzwyczaić się
invade {v} (to enter by force in order to conquer) :: napadać {impf}, napaść {pf}, najeżdżać {impf}, najechać {pf}, zajmować {impf}, zająć {pf}
invader {n} (one who invades; an assailant; an encroacher; an intruder) :: najeźdźca {m}, agresor {m}
in vain {adv} (without success) :: daremnie, na darmo, na próżno
in vain {adv} (disrespectful manner) :: nadaremno
invalid {adj} (not valid) :: nieważny {m}
invaluable {adj} (of great value) :: nieoceniony, bezcenny
invaluable {adj} (very useful) :: nieoceniony
invariant {adj} (that does not vary) :: niezmienny, niezmienny
invariant {adj} (that is not affected by a specified operation) :: niezmienniczy
invariant {n} (invariant quantity, function etc.) :: niezmiennik {m}
invent {v} (design a new process or mechanism) :: wynaleźć
invented {adj} (imaginary) SEE: imaginary ::
invention {n} (something invented) :: wynalazek {m}
inventor {n} (inventor) :: wynalazca {m}, wynalazczyni {f}
inverse function {n} (function that does the opposite of another) :: funkcja odwrotna {f}
invert {n} (homosexual) SEE: homosexual ::
invertebrate {adj} (lacking backbone) :: bezkręgowiec
inverter {n} :: falownik {m}, inwerter {m}, przetwornica {f}
investigate {v} (to inquire into, study) :: prowadzić dochodzenie
investigate {v} (to examine) :: badać
investigation {n} (the act of investigating) :: śledztwo {n}, dochodzenie {n}
investigative journalism {n} (journalism in which the reporter deeply investigates a single topic) :: dziennikarstwo śledcze {n}
investment {n} (placement of capital in expectation of deriving income or profit from its use) :: inwestycja {f}
investor {n} (person who invests money in order to make a profit) :: inwestor {m}
inveterate {adj} (malignant) SEE: malignant ::
invigilation {n} (act of invigilating) :: inwigilacja {f}
invincible {adj} (impossible to defeat, destroy or kill) :: niezwyciężony {m}, niezwyciężona {f}
invincible {n} (someone who cannot be defeated, destroyed or killed) :: niezwyciężony {m}, niezwyciężona {f}
in vino veritas {proverb} (in wine, there is truth) SEE: in wine, there is truth ::
invisible {adj} (unable to be seen) :: niewidoczny, niewidzialny
invitation {n} (act of inviting) :: zaproszenie {n}
invitation {n} (document or spoken words conveying the message by which one is invited) :: zaproszenie {n}
invite {v} (ask for the presence or participation of someone) :: zapraszać {impf}, zaprosić {pf}
invite {v} (encourage) SEE: encourage ::
invoice {n} (bill) :: faktura {f}
invoke {v} ((computing) cause to execute) :: wywołać, wywoływać
involuntarily {adv} (in an involuntary manner) :: niechcący
involved {adj} (complicated) SEE: complicated ::
in wine, there is truth {proverb} (one tells the truth under the influence of alcohol) :: w winie prawda
iodide {n} (binary compound) :: jodek {m}
iodine {n} (element) :: jod {m}
iodine {n} (antiseptic) :: jodyna {f}
ion {n} (atom or group of atoms bearing an electrical charge) :: jon {m}
ionization {n} (any process that leads to dissociation) :: jonizacja {f}
ionize {v} (to dissociate atoms or molecules into electrically charged species) :: jonizować
ionosphere {n} (part of Earth's atmosphere) :: jonosfera {f}
iota {n} (Greek letter) :: jota {f}
iota {n} (small amount) :: jota {f}
iotation {n} (process occurring in Slavic languages or elsewhere) :: jotacyzacja {f}
Iowa {prop} (A state in Midwest in US) :: Iowa
IPA {n} (International Phonetic Alphabet) :: IPA {f}, MAF {m}
iPhone {n} (device) :: iPhone {m}
iPod {n} (device) :: iPod {m}
IQ {n} (abbreviation of intelligence quotient) :: IQ {n}
ir- {prefix} (not; negation) :: nie-
Iran {prop} (country in Western Asia) :: Iran
Irani {adj} (Iranian) SEE: Iranian ::
Irani {n} (Iranian) SEE: Iranian ::
Iranian {n} (person from Iran or of Iranian descent) :: Irańczyk {m}, Iranka {f}
Iranian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Iran, the people or Iranian languages) :: irański {m}
Iraq {prop} (country) :: Irak {m-in}
Iraqi {n} (person from Iraq) :: Irakijczyk {m}, Irakijka {f}
Iraqi {adj} (from or pertaining to Iraq) :: iracki {m}
irascible {adj} (prone to anger) :: drażliwy, wybuchowy, gniewny
ire {n} (great anger) :: wściekłość {f}, furia {f}
Ireland {prop} (island) :: Irlandia {f}
Irene {prop} (female given name) :: Irena {f}
iridium {n} (chemical element) :: iryd {m}
iris {n} (plant of the genus Iris) :: irys {m}, kosaciec {m}
iris {n} (part of the eye) :: tęczówka {f}
Irish {prop} (the language) :: język irlandzki {m-in}, iryjski {m}
Irish {n} (the people) :: Irlandczyk {m-pr}, Irlandka {f}
Irish {n} (board game) :: tryktrak irlandzki {m-an}
Irish {adj} (pertaining to or originating from Ireland or the Irish people) :: irlandzki
Irish {adj} (pertaining to the language) :: irlandzki
Irishman {n} (man from Ireland) :: Irlandczyk {m}
Irish Sea {prop} (a sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland) :: Morze Irlandzkie {n}
Irish setter {n} (a breed of gun dog) :: seter irlandzki {m}
Irishwoman {n} (woman from Ireland) :: Irlandka {f}
irk {v} (to irritate; annoy; bother) :: drażnić
Irkutsk {prop} (city in Siberia) :: Irkuck {m}
iron {n} (element) :: żelazo {n}
iron {n} (for pressing clothes) :: żelazko {n}
iron {adj} (made of iron) :: żelazny {m}
iron {adj} (strong, inflexible) :: żelazny {m}
iron {v} (to pass an iron over clothing) :: prasować
Iron Age {prop} (archaeology) :: epoka żelaza {f}
Iron Age {prop} (mythology) :: epoka żelaza {f}
Iron Curtain {prop} (the dividing line between western Europe and the Soviet controlled regions) :: żelazna kurtyna {f}
ironic {adj} (characterized by irony) :: ironiczny
ironing {n} (act of pressing clothes with an iron) :: prasowanie {n}
ironing board {n} (a long board on which one can iron) :: deska do prasowania {f}
iron lung {n} (a pneumonic device for assisted breathing) :: żelazne płuco {n}
iron ore {n} (ore containing iron) :: ruda żelaza {f}
iron out {v} (to remove with an iron) :: rozprasować {pf}, rozprasowywać {impf}
ironsmith {n} (blacksmith) SEE: blacksmith ::
irony {n} (statement that may mean the opposite of what is written literally) :: ironia {f}
irony {n} (condition contrary to expectations) :: ironia {f}
irony {adj} (of or pertaining to iron) :: żelazny {m}
Iroquois {n} (hairdo) SEE: Mohawk ::
Iroquois {n} (a person belonging to an Iroquois tribe) :: Irokez {m}
Iroquois {n} (confederacy of five Native American tribes) :: Irokezi
Iroquois {prop} (any of the Iroquois languages) :: irokeski {m}
irrational {adj} (unfounded or nonsensical) :: nieracjonalny, irracjonalny
irrational {adj} (mathematics: of a number) :: niewymierny
irrational {n} (irrational number) :: liczba niewymierna {f}
irrational number {n} (real number that is not rational) :: liczba niewymierna {f}
Irrawaddy {prop} (river that flows through Burma) :: Irawadi
irredentism {n} (an annexation doctrine) :: irredentyzm {m}
irregular {adj} (non-standard) :: nieregularny
irregular {adj} (in grammar, applied to verbs) :: nieregularny
irrelevant {adj} (not related, not applicable, unimportant, not connected) :: nieistotny, niezwiązany, niepowiązany
irreparable {adj} (that is unable to be repaired) :: nie do naprawienia, nienaprawialny
irreplaceable {adj} (that cannot be replaced) :: niezastąpiony {m}
irrepressible {adj} (Not containable or controllable) :: niepowstrzymany {m}, niepohamowany {m}
irresistible {adj} (not able to be resisted) :: nieodparty {m}
irresponsible {adj} (lacking a sense of responsibility) :: nieodpowiedzialny {m}, lekkomyślny {m}
irresponsibly {adv} (in an irresponsible manner) :: nieodpowiedzialnie
irreverent {adj} (lacking respect or seriousness) :: bez szacunku
irreversible {adj} (incapable of being reversed) :: nieodwracalny
irreversible {adj} (incapable of being reversed, recalled, repealed, or annulled) :: nieodwołalny
irreversibly {adv} (In an irreversible manner) :: bezpowrotnie
irrevocable {adj} (unable to be retracted or reversed) :: nieodwołalny
irrevocably {adv} (in an irrevocable manner) :: nieodwołalnie, bezapelacyjnie
irrigation {n} (The act or process of irrigating) :: irygacja {f}, nawadnianie {n}
irritable bowel syndrome {n} (functional disorder causing the nerves and muscles of the large intestine to be oversensitive) :: zespół jelita drażliwego {m}
irritate {v} (to cause or induce displeasure or irritation) :: drażnić, rozdrażniać
Irtysh {prop} (river in Siberia) :: Irtysz {m}
is {v} :: jest
Isaac {prop} (son of Abraham and Sarah) :: Izaak {m}
Isaac {prop} (male given name) :: Izaak {m}
Isabel {prop} (female given name) :: Izabela {f}, Izabella {f}
Isabella {prop} (female given name) SEE: Isabel ::
Isaiah {prop} (book of the Bible) :: Księga Izajasza {f}, Izajasz {m}
Isaiah {prop} (prophet) :: Izajasz {m}
Isaiah {prop} (male given name) :: Izajasz {m}
isentropic {adj} (having a constant entropy) :: izentropowy {m}
-ish {suffix} (appended to words) :: -iczny, -yczny
-ish {suffix} (appended to adjectives) :: -awy, -wat
-ish {suffix} (appended to roots denoting names of nations or regions) :: -ski {m}
isinglass {n} (gelatine obtained from fish) :: karuk {m}
Isis {prop} (ancient Egyptian goddess of fertility) :: Izyda {f}, Izis {f} [obsolete]
is it going to rain {phrase} (is it going to rain) :: będzie padać?
is it safe here {phrase} (is it safe here?) :: jest tu bezpieczny?
Islam {prop} (religion) :: islam {m}
Islamic {adj} (Adjectival form of Islam) :: islamski {m}
Islamic Republic of Pakistan {prop} (Islamic Republic of Pakistan) :: Islamska Republika Pakistanu
Islamism {n} (Islamic fundamentalism) :: islamizm {m}
Islamophobia {n} (The fear or hatred of Islam or Muslims) :: islamofobia {f}
island {n} (area of land completely surrounded by water) :: wyspa {f}
island {n} (entity surrounded by other entities that are very different from itself) :: wyspa {f}
islander {n} (person who lives on an island) :: wyspiarz {m}, wyspiarka {f}
isle {n} (isle) SEE: island ::
Isle of Man {prop} (island) :: Wyspa Man
Isle of Wight {prop} (island and county off the south coast of England) :: Wyspa Wight
islet {n} (small island) :: wysepka {f}
-ism {suffix} (a principle, belief or movement) :: -yzm {m}, -izm {m}
isn't it so {phrase} (isn't it so?) :: czyż nie
isocost {n} (curve) :: izokoszta {f}
isogloss {n} (line indicating geographical boundaries of a linguistic feature) :: izoglosa {f}
isolation {n} (state of being isolated) :: izolacja {f}, odosobnienie {n}
isolator {n} :: izolator {m}
isomer {n} (chemistry: compounds) :: izomer {m}
isomer {n} (physics: atomic nuclei) :: izomer {m}
isomerase {n} (enzyme for the conversion of isomeric forms) :: izomeraza
isometric {adj} (exhibiting equality in dimensions) :: izometryczny
isomorphic {adj} ((mathematics) related by an isomorphism) :: izomorficzny
isopentane {n} (aliphatic hydrocarbon: 2-methylbutane) :: izopentan {m}
isoprene {n} (isoprene) :: izopren {m}
isoquant {n} (line of equal or constant economic production) :: izokwanta {f}
isothermic {adj} (during which the temperature remains constant) :: izotermiczny {m}
isothermic {adj} (of equal or constant temperature with respect to space, volume, or pressure) :: izotermiczny {m}
isotonic {adj} (having the same osmotic pressure) :: izotoniczny
isotope {n} (atoms of the same element having a different number of neutrons) :: izotop {m}
isotopic {adj} (relating to isotopes) :: izotopowy
isotropic {adj} (having properties which are equivalent in all directions) :: izotropowy
Israel {prop} (the state) :: Izrael {m-in}
Israel {prop} (Biblical: name given to Jacob) :: Izrael {m}
Israel {prop} (given name) :: Izrael {m}
Israeli {n} (person from Israel or of Israeli descent) :: Izraelczyk {m}, Izraelka {f}
Israeli {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Israel, the Israeli people) :: izraelski {m}
ISS {prop} (International Space Station) :: MSK
issuance {n} (act of issuing) :: wydanie {n}
issue {n} (problem or concern) :: problem {m}
-ist {suffix} (One who follows a particular ideology, doctrine, belief system or theory) :: -ista {m}, -ysta {m}, -istka {f}, -ystka {f}
-ist {suffix} (A person who uses something) :: -ista, -ysta {m}, -istka, -ystka {f}
-ist {suffix} (A person who holds biased views) :: -ista {m}, -ysta {m}, -istka {f}, -ystka {f}
-ista {suffix} (follower) SEE: -ist ::
Istanbul {prop} (largest city of Turkey and last capital of Ottoman Empire) :: Stambuł {m}, Istambuł {m}
Istanbulite {n} (person from Istanbul) :: stambulczyk {m}, stambułka {f}
is that so {phrase} (really) :: doprawdy?
Istro-Romanian {prop} (language) :: istrorumuński {m}
it {pron} (subject — inanimate thing) :: to {n}
IT {initialism} (information technology) SEE: information technology ::
it ain't over 'til the fat lady sings {proverb} (there are more developments yet to come) :: dopóki piłka w grze, wszystko jest możliwe
Italian {adj} (of or pertaining to Italy) :: włoski
Italian {n} (person) :: Włoch {m-pr}, Włoszka {f}
Italian {prop} (language) :: (język) włoski
Italianism {n} :: italianizm {m}
Italianization {prop} (process of forced assimilation into the Italian culture) :: italianizacja {f}
Italianize {v} (transitive) :: italizować
Italianness {n} (quality of being Italian) :: włoskość {f}
Italian Peninsula {prop} (peninsula) :: Półwysep Apeniński {m}
Italian Republic {prop} (official name of Italy) :: Republika Włoska {f}
Italophile {n} :: italofil {m}
italophone {adj} (Italian-speaking) :: włoskojęzyczny
Italy {prop} (European country) :: Włochy {p}, Italia {f} [rare]
itch {n} (a sensation felt on an area of the skin that causes a person or animal to want to scratch) :: świąd {m}, swędzenie {n}, świerzbienie {n}
itch {v} (to feel the need to scratch) :: swędzieć, świerzbić
item {n} (distinct physical object) :: rzecz {f}, przedmiot {m}, sztuka {f}
item of clothing {n} (garment) SEE: garment ::
iterative {adj} (of a procedure that involves repetition) :: iteracyjny
Ithaca {prop} (island) :: Itaka {f}
I think so {phrase} (I think so) :: myślę że tak
I think therefore I am {phrase} (philosophical proof of existence) :: myślę, więc jestem
itinerary {n} (route or proposed route of a journey) :: trasa podróży {f}, plan podróży {m}
it is easy to find a stick to beat a dog {proverb} (The one who wants to blame someone can always find an error in him) :: jak się chce psa uderzyć, kij się znajdzie
it never rains but it pours {proverb} (unfortunate events occur in quantity) :: nieszczęścia chodzą parami (misfortunes walk in pairs)
its {pron} (that which belongs to it) :: jego, jej, swój, ów
it's all Greek to me {phrase} (I don't understand any of this) :: to dla mnie chińszczyzna (it's Chinese to me)
it's a pleasure {phrase} (you're welcome) SEE: you're welcome ::
it's a small world {phrase} (phrase used when meeting an acquaintance or personal connection in an unexpected place or context) :: jaki ten świat mały
itself {pron} ((reflexive) it) :: się
itself {pron} ((emphatic) it) :: ono samo {n}
it's raining {phrase} (it's raining) :: pada deszcz
it's snowing {phrase} (it's snowing) :: pada śnieg
it's too expensive {phrase} (it's too expensive) :: to jest za drogo
it takes two to tango {proverb} (some things need the active cooperation of two parties) :: do tanga trzeba dwojga
-itude {suffix} (suffix) :: -ituda {f}, -ość {f}
Ivalo {prop} (village in Northern Finland) :: Ivalo
Ivan {prop} (male given name) :: Iwan {m}
Ivano-Frankivsk {prop} (city) :: Iwano-Frankiwsk {m}, Iwano-Frankowsk {m}
Ivano-Frankovsk {prop} (Ivano-Frankivsk) SEE: Ivano-Frankivsk ::
Ivanovich {prop} (patronymic) :: Iwanowicz {m}
Ivanovo {prop} (city in Russia) :: Iwanowo {n}
I've {contraction} (I have) :: mam
I've been raped {phrase} (I've been raped) :: zostałem(am) zgwałcony(a)
I've been robbed {phrase} (I've been robbed) :: zostałem obrabowany {m}, zostałam obrabowana {f}, obrabowano mnie
I've lost my keys {phrase} (I lost my keys) SEE: I lost my keys ::
Ivorian {n} (a person from Côte d'Ivoire or of Ivorian descent) :: Iworyjczyk {m}, Iworyjka {f}
Ivorian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Côte d'Ivoire) :: iworyjski {m}
ivory {n} (material) :: kość słoniowa {f}
Ivory Coast {prop} (Côte d'Ivoire) SEE: Côte d'Ivoire ::
ivory tower {n} (overly-academic perspective) :: wieża z kości słoniowej {f}
ivy {n} (plant) :: bluszcz {m}
I want to know {phrase} (I want to know) :: chcę wiedzieć
I was born in ... {phrase} (I was born in ... (year)) :: urodziłem się w ... roku {m}, urodziłam się w ... roku {f}
I was born in ... {phrase} (I was born in ... (place name)) :: urodziłem się w ... {m}, urodziłam się w ... {f} [the place name is in the dative case]
I wish {phrase} (I would very much like that to be so) :: jeśli by, jeśliby, o ile
Iwo Jima {prop} (an island in Japan) :: Iwo Jima {f}
Ixion {prop} (king of Lapiths) :: Ixion {m}
Ixion {prop} (a Kuiper Belt object) :: Ixion {m}
Izhevsk {prop} (capital of Udmurtia) :: Iżewsk {m}