User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-is-p

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pachyderm {n} (member of the group Pachydermata)  :: þykkskinnungur {m}
pacific {adj} (calm, peaceful)  :: friðsæll {m}, kyrrlátur {m}, kyrr {m}
Pacific Ocean {prop} (the world's largest body of water)  :: Kyrrahaf {n}
pacifier {n} (for a baby)  :: snuð {n}, snudda {f}
pacifist {n}  :: friðarsinni {n}
package {n} (something which is packed)  :: pakki {m}, böggull {m}
package {v} (to pack)  :: pakka
packet {n} (small pack)  :: pakki {m}
paddle {v} (to propel something through water with a paddle, hands or similar instrument)  :: [using a paddle] paddla, [using oars] róa
paddy {n} (wet land where rice grows)  :: hrísgrjónaakur {m}
paddy field {n} (field where rice is grown) SEE: paddy  ::
pagan {n} (person not adhering to any major or recognized religion)  :: heiðingi {m}
paganism {n} (local religions practiced before the introduction of Christianity)  :: heiðni {f}
page {n} (boy child) SEE: boy  ::
page {n} (Internet: web page) SEE: web page  ::
pageant {n} (beauty pageant) SEE: beauty pageant  ::
pahoehoe {n} (form of lava flow)  :: helluhraun {n}
pail {n} (bucket) SEE: bucket  ::
pain {n} (ache or bodily suffering)  :: sársauki {m}, verkur {m}
paint {n} (substance)  :: málning {f}
paint {n} (paints: set of containers or blocks of paints of different colours)  :: málning {f}, litir {m-p}
paint {v} (apply paint to)  :: mála
paint {v} (practise the art of painting pictures)  :: mála
paintbrush {n} (thin brush)  :: pensill {m}
painting {n} (an illustration or artwork using paint)  :: málverk {n}
pair {n} (number of things resembling one another, or belonging together) SEE: set  ::
pair {n} (two similar or identical things)  :: par {n}
pair {n} (poker hand)  :: tvenna {f}, par {n}
pair of compasses {n} (tool used to draw circles)  :: sirkill {m}, hringfari {m}
pair of eyeglasses {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles  ::
pair of glasses {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles  ::
pair of specs {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles  ::
pair of spectacles {n} (spectacles) SEE: spectacles  ::
pajamas {n} (clothes for wearing to bed and sleeping in)  :: náttföt
Pakistan {prop} (country in South Asia)  :: Pakistan
palace {n} (large, lavish residence)  :: palata {f}; höll {f}
Palace of Westminster {prop} (building in London housing the House of Commons and House of Lords)  :: Westminsterhöll {f}
palatal {adj} ((phonetics) articulated at the hard palate)  :: framgómmæltur
pale {adj} (light in color)  :: fölur
palea {n} (zoology: pendulous process of the skin on the throat of a bird) SEE: dewlap  ::
paleness {n} (condition or degree of being pale or of lacking color)  :: fölvi {m}
paleoclimate {n} (the climate of the Earth at a specified point in geologic time)  :: fornveðurfar {n}
paleontologist {n} (one who studies paleontology)  :: steingervingafræðingur {m}
paleontology {n} (study of prehistoric forms of life)  :: steingervingafræði {f}
Palestine {prop} (West Bank and Gaza Strip collectively)  :: Palestína {f}
palimpsest {n} (manuscript scraped clean for reuse)  :: uppskafningur {m}, skafið handrit {n}
palimpsest {n} (astronomy: Circular features believed to be lunar craters obliterated by volcanic activity)  :: skafgígur {m}
palladium {n} (chemical element)  :: palladín
pallidity {n} (state of being) SEE: pallor  ::
pallor {n} (paleness; want of color; pallidity)  :: fölvi {m}
palm {n} (inner, concave part of hand)  :: lófi {m}
palomino {n} (horse)  :: leirljós {n}
palsy {n} (complete or partial muscle paralysis of a body part)  :: lömun {f}
pamphlet {n} (booklet) SEE: booklet  ::
pan {n} (flat vessel used for cooking, see also: frying pan)  :: panna {f}
Pan {prop} (Greek god of nature)  :: Pan
panacea {n} (remedy believed to cure all disease)  :: undralyf {n}, kynjalyf
panacea {n} (something that will solve all problems)  :: allra meina bót {f}, töfraformúla
Panama {prop} (country)  :: Panama
pancake {n} (thin batter cake)  :: pönnukaka {f}
pancreas {n} (gland near the stomach)  :: bris {n}, briskirtill {m}
panda {n} (Ailuropoda melanoleuca)  :: panda {f}, pandabjörn {m}, pandabirna {f}, bambusbjörn {m}
panda {n} (police car) SEE: police car  ::
panda bear {n} (panda) SEE: panda  ::
pandemic {adj} (epidemic)  :: heimsfaraldur {m}
pandemonium {n} (chaos; tumultuous or lawless violence)  :: ringlulreið {f}
pandiculation {n} (stretching and stiffening of the trunk and extremities as when fatigued and drowsy)  :: syfjuteygjur {f-p}, morgunteygjur {f-p}
panegyric {n} (praising speech or opus)  :: lofgerð {f}, [praise in speech] lof í ræðu {n}, [praise in writing] lof í riti {n}, [praise in poetry] lofkvæði {n}
panic {n} (overpowering fright)  :: læti
panic attack {n} (sudden period of intense anxiety)  :: felmtursröskun
pant {n} (a pair of pants) SEE: pants  ::
pantheism {n} (belief that the universe is divine)  :: algyðistrú
pantheist {n} (person who believes in pantheism)  :: algyðistrúarmaður {m}
panther {n} (big cat with black fur)  :: pardusdýr {n}
pantomime {n} (gesturing without speaking)  :: látbragðsleikur {m}
pants {n} (garment covering the body from the waist downwards)  :: buxur {f-p}
paper {n} (sheet material)  :: pappír {m}
paper {adj} (made of paper)  :: pappírs-, pappa-
paper {n} (newspaper) SEE: newspaper  ::
paper {v} (to document) SEE: document  ::
paperback {n} (book)  :: pappírskilja {f}
paperboy {n} (male who delivers newspapers)  :: blaðburðardrengur {m}, blaðadrengur {m}, [more generally] blaðberi {m}
paper clip {n} (paper clip)  :: bréfaklemma
papist {n} (Roman Catholic)  :: pápisti {m}
Papua New Guinea {prop} (country in Oceania)  :: Papúa Nýja-Gínea {f}
parabola {n} (a conic section)  :: fleygbogi
parachute {n} (a device designed to control the fall of an object)  :: fallhlíf
paracusia {n} (hallucination involving sound perception without an auditory stimulus)  :: heyrnarglöp {n-p}, misheyrn {f}
parade {n} (organized procession)  :: skrúðganga {f}
paradigm {n} (example serving as a model or pattern)  :: fyrirmynd {f}, viðmið {n}
paradigm {n} (linguistics: all forms which contain a common element)  :: beygingardæmi {n}
paradigm {n} (way of viewing reality)  :: hugarfar {n}
paradigm shift {n}  :: hugarfarsbreyting {f}
paradise {n} (heaven)  :: himinn {m}
paradise {n}  :: paradís {f}
paraffin {n} (kerosene) SEE: kerosene  ::
Paraguay {prop} (country in South America)  :: Paragvæ
parallax {n}  :: hliðrun {f}, sýndarhliðrun {f}, sýndarfærsla {f}, sjónstöðumunur {m}
parallel {adj} (computing: processing multipe tasks at the same time)  :: samhliða {m}
parallel circuit {n} (electrical circuit)  :: affallsrás {f}, hliðtengd rás {f}
paralysis {n} (loss of muscle control)  :: lömun {f}
parametric equation {n} (equations that define coordinates of dependent variables of a curve or surface)  :: stikajafna {f}, hlaupajafna {f}
paraphilia {n} (sexual deviation)  :: kynlífsafbrigði {f}
paraplegia {n} (paralysed condition)  :: þverlömun {f}, lömun fyrir neðan mitti {f}
paraplegic {adj} (of, related to, or suffering from paraplegia)  :: þverlamaður {m}, lamaður fyrir neðan mitti {m}
paraplegic {n} (person who suffers from paraplegia)  :: maður lamaður fyrir neðan mitti {m}
parasite {n} (useless person who always relies on other people's work and gives nothing back)  :: sníkjudýr {n}, afæta {f}
parasite {n} ((generally undesirable) living organism that exists by stealing resources from another living organism)  :: sníkill {m}, sníkjudýr {n}
parasiticide {n} (substance used to kill parasites)  :: sníkladeyðir {m}
parathyroid gland {n} (any one of four endocrine glands situated in the neck)  :: kalkkirtill {m}
parcel {n} (package wrapped for shipment)  :: pakki {m}
pardon {interj} (interjection, request to repeat)  :: ha?, hvað sagðirðu?
pardonable {adj} (capable of being pardoned)  :: fyrirgefanlegur {m}
parent {n} (person from whom one is descended)  :: foreldri {n}
parent {n}  :: foreldrar {p}
parenthesis {n} (either of a pair of brackets ( ))  :: svigi {m}
parent-in-law {n} (mother-in-law or father-in-law)  :: tengdaforeldrar {m-p}
parents {n} (one's parents)  :: foreldrar {m-p}
parhelion {n} (bright spot in the sky due to refraction of the sun by ice crystals) SEE: sun dog  ::
Paris {prop} (capital of France)  :: París {f}
park {n} (ground for recreation)  :: lystigarður {m}, skrúðgarður {m}, garður {m}
park {v} (bring to a halt)  :: leggja, parkera
parking garage {n} (building)  :: bílastæðahús {n} [separate building], bílakjallari {m} [underground], bílastæðakjallari {m} [underground]
parking lot {n} (open area, generally paved, where automobiles may be left when not in use)  :: bílastæði
parking space {n} (a space in which to park a car or other vehicle)  :: stæði {n}
Parkinson's disease {n} (Parkinson's disease)  :: Parkinsons veiki {f}
parlance {n} (A certain way of speaking (or using words))  :: talsmáti {m}, málvenja {f}, málfar {n}, mál {n}
parliament {n} (institution with elected or appointed members)  :: þing {n}
parole {n} (law: a release of (a prisoner))  :: reynslulausn {f}
parrot {n} (kind of bird)  :: páfagaukur {m}
parrot {n} (person who repeats what was said)  :: hermikráka {f}, eftirherma {f}
parrot {n} (puffin) SEE: puffin  ::
parse {v} (computing: to split data into pieces)  :: þátta
parser {n} (computer program)  :: þáttari {m}
parsley {n} (herb)  :: steinselja
parsnip {n} (the edible root of Pastinaca sativa)  :: pastínakka {f}
part {n} (fraction of a whole )  :: hluti {m}, partur {m}
part {v} (to leave)  :: fara
Parthenon {prop} (ancient temple to Athena)  :: Meyjarhofið {n}
parthenophobia {n} (fear of virgins)  :: meyjafælni {f}
Parthia {prop} ((historical) region)  :: Parþía
partial fraction {n} (mathematics: any of several fractions to the sum of which a single fraction is equal)  :: stofnbrot {n}
partial function {n} (mathematics: a function whose domain is a subset of some set)  :: hlutskilgreint fall {n}
participant {n} (one who participates)  :: þátttakandi {m}
participial {n} (participle) SEE: participle  ::
participle {n} (verb form)  :: lýsingarháttur {m}
particle {n} (word)  :: smáorð {n}
particle accelerator {n} (a device that accelerates electrically charged particles to extremely high speeds)  :: hraðall {m}, öreindahraðall {m}
particle physics {n} (particle physics)  :: öreindafræði
partisan {n} (member of a body of detached light troops) SEE: guerrilla  ::
partitive {n} (partitive case)  :: deildarfall {n}
partitive case {n} (case used to indicate that an object is affected only partially by the verb) SEE: partitive  ::
part of speech {n} (the function a word or phrase performs)  :: orðflokkur {m}
partridge {n} (any bird of the genera Perdix or Alectoris)  :: akurhæna {f}
partridgeberry {n} (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) SEE: lingonberry  ::
party {n} (social gathering)  :: partí {n}, veisla {f}, teiti {n}
party {n} (political group) SEE: political party  ::
party pooper {n} (one who dampens the fun of a group activity) SEE: spoilsport  ::
parvenu {n} (a person who has risen, climbed up, or has been promoted to a higher social class)  :: stéttskiptingur {m}, uppskafningur {m}
pass {n} (password) SEE: password  ::
passenger {n} (one who rides or travels in a vehicle)  :: farþegi {m}
passenger pigeon {n} (an extinct bird of the species Ectopistes migratorius)  :: flökkudúfa
passion {n} (fervor, determination)  :: ákafi {m}
passion {n} (suffering of Jesus)  :: passía {f}
passion {n}  :: ástríða {f}
passionate {adj} (fired with intense feeling)  :: ástríðufullur
passive {n} (passive voice) SEE: passive voice  ::
passive voice {n} (grammatical term)  :: þolmynd {f}
pass on {v} (To die) SEE: die  ::
passport {n} (official document)  :: vegabréf
password {n} (word used to gain admittance)  :: lykilorð {n}
password {n} (computing: string of characters known only to a user)  :: lykilorð {n}, leyniorð {n}, aðgangsorð {n}
past {adj} (ago) SEE: ago  ::
past {n} (period of time that has already happened)  :: fortíð {f}
pastern {n} (area on a horse's leg)  :: hófhvarf {n} {}
pastor {n} (shepherd) SEE: shepherd  ::
past participle {n} (past participle)  :: lýsingarháttur þátíðar {m}
past perfect {n} (tense)  :: þáliðin tíð {f}
pastry {n} (food group)  :: bakkelsi {n}
past tense {n} (form of language)  :: þátíð {f}
pasture {v} (graze) SEE: graze  ::
pasture {n} (land on which cattle can be kept for feeding)  :: vin {n}
patch {n} (paltry fellow) SEE: fool  ::
patella {n} (kneecap) SEE: kneecap  ::
patellar reflex {n} (a reflex extension of the lower leg)  :: hnéviðbragð {n}, hnékippur {m}
paten {n} (plate for the host during Eucharist)  :: patína {f}
paternal {adj}  :: föðurlegur, föður-
paternal aunt {n} (the sister of one's father)  :: föðursystir {f}
paternal uncle {n} (brother of one's father)  :: föðurbróðir {m}
path {n} (a trail for the use of, or worn by, pedestrians)  :: leið {f}
pathology {n} (the branch of medicine)  :: meinafræði {f}, sjúkdómafræði {f}
pathology {n} (an abnormality)  :: sjúklegt ástand {n}
patience {n} (quality of being patient)  :: þolinmæði {f}, biðlund {f}
patient {adj} (not losing one's temper while waiting)  :: þolinmóður {m}
patient {n} (someone who receives treatment from a doctor)  :: sjúklingur {m}
patriot {n} (person who loves, supports and defends their country)  :: föðurlandsvinur {m}, ættjarðarvinur {m}
patriotism {n} (love of one's own country)  :: ættjarðarást {f}
patron saint {n} (saint from whom a specific group claims special protection or prayer)  :: verndardýrlingur {m}
patronym {n} (name of someone's father)  :: föðurnafn {n}, nafn föðurs {n}
patronym {n} (patronymic surname)  :: föðurnafn {n}, kenninafn dregið af nafni föður {n}
patsy {n} (a person who is taken advantage of)  :: blóraböggull {m}
pattern {n} (motif or decoration)  :: mynstur {n}
pattern matching {n} (computer science: act of checking tokens for patterns)  :: mynsturmátun {f}
Paul {prop} (male given name)  :: Páll
pavement {n} (footpath)  :: gangstétt {f}, fortóv {n}
paw {n} (soft foot of an animal)  :: loppa {f}
pay {v} (to give money in exchange for goods or services)  :: borga, greiða, gjalda
pay-off {n} (a reward)  :: vinningur {m}
payoff function {n} (mathematical function)  :: vinningsfall {n}
pay through the nose {v} (To pay a high price)  :: blæða, punga út, greiða okurverð
pea {n} (plant)  :: baun {f}
pea {n} (edible seed)  :: erta {f}
peace {n} (tranquility, quiet, harmony; absence of violence)  :: friður {m}
peace {n} (state of mind)  :: friður {m}
peace {n} (harmony; lack of conflict in personal relations)  :: friður {m}
peace {n} (state of being free from war)  :: friður {m}, friðartími {m}
peace and quiet {n} (tranquility)  :: kyrrð {f}, {f}
peach {n} (fruit)  :: ferskja {f}
peachtree {n} (peach) SEE: peach  ::
peachy {adj} (like a peach)  :: perulega
peachy {adj} (very good)  :: mjög, vel
peacock {n} (pheasant of one of the genera Pavo and Afropavo)  :: páfugl {m}
peafowl {n} (a pheasant of the genus Pavo or Afropavo)  :: páfugl {m}
peahen {n} (female of peafowl)  :: páhæna {f}
peanut {n} (a legume resembling a nut)  :: jarðhneta {f}
peanut butter {n} (a spread made from ground peanuts)  :: hnetusmjör {n}
pear {n} (fruit)  :: pera {f}
pearl {n} (light-colored tern) SEE: tern  ::
pearl {n} (mother-of-pearl) SEE: mother-of-pearl  ::
pearl {n} (rounded shelly concretion produced by certain mollusks)  :: perla {f}
pearl diver {n} (dishwasher) SEE: dishwasher  ::
pearl of wisdom {n} (succinct, insightful saying, piece of advice, or moral precept)  :: gullkorn {n}
peasant {n} (member of the agriculture low class)  :: bóndi {m}
peat {n} (soil)  :: torf {n}, mór {m}
pebble {n} (stone)  :: steinn
pecker {n} (slang for penis) SEE: dick  ::
pecker {n} (slang for woodpecker) SEE: woodpecker  ::
pecker {n} (slang for courage) SEE: courage  ::
peckerwood {n} (woodpecker) SEE: woodpecker  ::
peckerwood {n} (white, especially ignorant or rustic) SEE: redneck  ::
pecking order {n} (The usually informal hierarchy of authority or command, often partial or approximate)  :: goggunarröð {f}
peckish {adj} (mildly hungry)  :: svangur {m}
pedagogue {n} (a teacher)  :: kennari {m}, barnakennari {m}
pedagogue {n} (a pedant)  :: kreddufullur kennari {m}, smásmigill {m}
pedagogy {n} (profession of teaching)  :: uppeldisfræði {f}
pedagogy {n} (activities of educating, teaching or instructing)  :: uppeldisfræði {f}
pedant {n} (person overly concerned with formal rules and trivial points of learning)  :: uppfullur af lærdómshroka {m}, uppfull af lærdómshroka {f}, smámunasamur maður {m}, smámunasöm kona {f}
pedantry {n} (excessive attention to detail or rules)  :: smámunasemi {f}, smásmygli {f}
pedantry {n} (instance of being pedantic)  :: smámunasemi {f}, smásmygli {f}
pediatrician {n} (physician who specialises in pediatrics)  :: barnalæknir {m}
pediment {n} (architectural element)  :: bjór {m}, gaflbrík {f}, gaflhlað {n}
pedometer {n} (device)  :: skrefamælir {m}, skrefmælir {m}, skrefateljari {m}
pee {n} (name of the letter P, p)  ::
pee {n} (liquid excrement) SEE: urine  ::
peel {n} (skin of a fruit)  :: hýði
pee-pee {n} (childish: urine) SEE: wee-wee  ::
pee-pee {n} (childish: genitalia) SEE: wee-wee  ::
peer pressure {n} (encouragement by one's peers)  :: hópþrýstingur {m}
peg {n} (a protrusion used to hang things on)  :: snagi {m}
Peking {prop} (Beijing) SEE: Beijing  ::
pelican {n} (any of various seabirds of the family Pelecanidae)  :: pelíkani {m}
pelt {n} (skin of a beast with the hair on)  :: feldur {m}, loðskinn {n}
pelt {n} (human skin, see also: skin)  :: húð {f}
pelt {v} (to bombard)  :: láta rigna á, láta dynja á, ausa yfir
pelt {v} (to rain heavily)  :: hellirigna, steypast, steypast niður
pelvis {n} (bone)  :: mjaðmargrind {f}
pen {n} (wing) SEE: wing  ::
pen {n} (enclosed area for animals)  :: kví {f}, tröð {f}, stía {f}, rétt {f}
pen {n} (writing tool)  :: penni {m}
penalty {n} (penalty kick) SEE: penalty kick  ::
penalty area {n} (area on a soccer pitch)  :: vítateigur {m}
penalty box {n} (penalty area) SEE: penalty area  ::
penalty kick {n} ((soccer) a form of direct free kick)  :: vítaspyrna {f}, víti {n}
penalty shootout {n} (a series of penalty kicks)  :: vítakeppni {f}
pencil {n} (graphite writing-instrument)  :: blýantur {m}
pencil sharpener {n} (a device used to sharpen pencils)  :: yddari {m}
pendant {n} (a piece of jewellery hung from a chain worn around the neck)  :: nisti {n}, men {n}, hálsmen {n}
pendulum {n} (body suspended from a fixed support)  :: pendúll {m}, dingull {m}, hengill {m}, kólfur {m}
penfriend {n} (person with whom one exchanges letters) SEE: pen pal  ::
penguin {n} (flightless sea bird)  :: mörgæs {f}
penicillin {n} (penicillin)  :: penisillín
peninsula {n} (a piece of land projecting into water)  :: skagi {m}
penis {n} (male organ for copulation and urination)  :: typpi {n}, limur {m}, getnaðarlimur {m}
penis {n} (penis) SEE: member  ::
pennant {n} (flag on ship to represent special condition)  :: fáni {m}, veifa {f}
penny {n} (one-cent coin in US and Canada) SEE: cent  ::
pen pal {n} (friend with whom one communicates using letters)  :: pennavinur {m}
pentadactyl {adj} (anatomy: having five digits on a limb)  :: [of fingers] fimmfingraður {m}, fimmtæður {m}
pentagon {n} (A polygon with five sides and five angles)  :: fimmhyrningur {m}
pentagram {n} (shape of five-pointed star)  :: fimmstirningur {m}, reglulegur fimmstirningur {m}
penthouse {n} (an apartment or suite on the top floor of a tall building)  :: þakhýsi {n}, þakíbúð {f}
penultimate {adj} (next-to-last in a sequence)  :: næstsíðastur
people {n} (a body of human beings; a group of two or more persons)  :: fólk {n}
people {n} (a group of persons forming or belonging to a particular nation etc.)  :: þjóð {f}, fólk {n}
people's republic {n} (people's republic)  :: alþýðulýðveldi {n}
People's Republic of Bangladesh {prop} (People's Republic of Bangladesh)  :: Alþýðulýðveldið Bangladess
People's Republic of China {prop} (official name of China)  :: Alþýðulýðveldið Kína
pepper {n} (spice)  :: pipar {m}
pepper {n} (fruit of the capsicum)  :: pipar {m}
pepper {v} (add pepper to)  :: pipra
peppermint {n} (herb)  :: piparminta {f}
peppermint {n} (confection)  :: piparminta {f}
pepper spray {n} (non-lethal riot-control agent)  :: piparúði {m}
pepsin {n} (digestive enzyme)  :: pepsín {n}
perceive {v} (to understand)  :: skynja
percent {n} (a part or other object per hundred)  :: hundraðshluti {m}, prósenta {f}, hundraðstala {f}
percentage point {n} (unit of the difference of two percentages)  :: prósentustig {n}
perch {n} (fish of the genus Perca)  :: aborri {f}
percolate {v} ((transitive) pass a liquid through a porous substance)  :: síla
percussion {n} (collision producing a sound)  :: samsláttur {m}, sláttur {m}, barningur {m}
percussion {n} (music: section of percussion instruments)  :: slagverk {n}
percussion instrument {n} (type of instrument)  :: slagverkshljóðfæri {n}
percutaneous {adj} (taking place through the skin)  :: um húð, gegnum húð
perdition {n} (eternal damnation)  :: glötun {f}
perdition {n} (absolute ruin)  :: glötun {f}
peregrine falcon {n} (Falco peregrinus)  :: förufálki
perennial {adj} (lasting or remaining active throughout the year, or all the time)  :: fjölær {m}
perennial {adj} ((of a plant) Having a life cycle of more than two years)  :: fjölær {m}
perfect fifth {n} (interval between the first and second overtones or of seven semitones)  :: hrein fimmund {f}
perfectionism {n} (a dislike for anything less than perfection)  :: fullkomnunarárátta {f}
perfectionist {n} (person who does not settle for anything that is not perfect)  :: fullkomnunarsinni {m}
perfectionistic {adj} (perfectionist) SEE: perfectionist  ::
perfect number {n} (a number that is the sum of all of its divisors except itself)  :: fullkomin tala {f}
perforator {n} (hole punch) SEE: hole punch  ::
perfume {n} (pleasant smell)  :: ilmur {m}
perfume {n} (substance providing a pleasant smell)  :: ilmvatn {n}
perihelion {n} (point where the planet or comet is nearest to the Sun)  :: sólnánd {f}
perilous {adj} (dangerous, full of peril)  :: hættulegur, háskalegur
perilously {adv} (in a perilous manner)  :: hættulega, háskalega
perimeter {n} (sum of the distance of all the lengths of the sides of an object)  :: ummál {m}
perimeter {n} (outer limits of an area)  :: jaðar
period {n} (menstruation) SEE: menstruation  ::
periodic table {n} (chart)  :: lotukerfi {n}
periodontics {n} (study)  :: tannslíðurssjúkdómafræði {f}
periodontology {n} (periodontics)  :: tannslíðursfræði {f}
perissodactyl {n} (odd-toed ungulate)  :: staktæð hófdýr {n-p}, eiginleg hófdýr {n-p}, hófdýr með staka tölu táa {n-p}
peritoneum {n} (serous membrane in mammals)  :: lífhimna {f}
perjury {n} (deliberate giving of false or misleading testimony under oath)  :: meinsæri {n}
permanent {adj} (lasting for an indefinitely long time)  :: varanlegur
permanent {n} (hair treatment)  :: permanent {n}
permanent wave {n} (series of waves in the hair) SEE: permanent  ::
pernicious anemia {n} (severe form of anemia)  :: blóðhvarf {n}, blóðkornafár {n}, mergruni {m}
perpetrate {v} (to be guilty of, or responsible for; to commit)  :: fremja
per se {adv} (by itself)  :: í sjálfu sér, út af fyrir sig
perseverance {n} (persistent determination to adhere to a course of action; insistence)  :: þrautseigja {f}, þolgæði {n}, harðfylgi {n}
persevere {v} (To persist steadfastly)  :: halda ótrauður áfram, seiglast við, láta ekki deigan síga, láta engan bilbug á sér finna
Persia {prop} (Iran) SEE: Iran  ::
Persia {prop} (region of ancient Iran)  :: Persía {f}
Persian {prop} (Persian language)  :: persneska {f}
Persian Gulf {prop} (gulf between Iran and the Arabian peninsula)  :: Persaflói
persimmon {n} (tree)  :: döðluplóma, persimónía
person {n} (individual)  :: manneskja {f}, persóna {f}
person {n} (linguistic category)  :: persóna {f}
personal computer {n} (small computer for use by one person at a time, see also: PC)  :: einkatölva {f}
personal digital assistant {n} (hand-held electronic organizer)  :: lófatölva {f}
personal identification number {n} (number used to confirm identity) SEE: PIN  ::
personal pronoun {n} (part of speech)  :: persónufornafn {n}
persona non grata {n} (a person who is not welcome)  :: persónu non grata
perspiration {n} (sweat) SEE: sweat  ::
perspire {v} (sweat) SEE: sweat  ::
pertussis {n} (whooping cough) SEE: whooping cough  ::
Peru {prop} (country in South America)  :: Perú {n}
perusal {n} (studying something carefully)  :: lestur {m}
peruse {v} (to read completely)  :: lesa gaumgæfilega, lesa
pervert {n} (sexually perverted person)  :: pervert {m}, perri {m} [colloquial], öfuggi {m} [formal]
pervert {v}  :: spilla, rangfæra, rangsnúa, afbaka, rangnota, misnota
pessimistic {adj} (marked by pessimism and little hopefulness)  :: svartsýnn, bölsýnn
pest {n} (annoying creature)  :: meindýr {n}
pesticide {n} (substance used to kill or repress the activities of pests)  :: skordýraeitur {n}, plágueyðir {m}, eyðingarlyf {n}
pesto {n} (an Italian sauce especially for pasta)  :: pestó {m}
Peter {prop} (male given name)  :: Pétur {m}
pet project {n} (project pursued as a personal favorite)  :: gæluverkefni {n}
petrol {n} (gasoline) SEE: gasoline  ::
petroleum {n} (oil) SEE: oil  ::
petrol station {n} (gas station) SEE: gas station  ::
pet shop {n} (shop)  :: dýrabúð {f}
phalange {n} (phalanx) SEE: phalanx  ::
phalanx {n} (ancient Greek military unit)  :: kjúka {f}
phalanx {n} (finger or toe bone)  :: kjúka {f}
phallus {n} (penis) SEE: penis  ::
phallus {n} (the penis or its representation)  :: reður {m}
pharaoh {n} (supreme ruler of ancient Egypt)  :: faraó
pharmaceutics {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy  ::
pharmacist {n} (professional who dispenses prescription drugs)  :: apótekari {m}, lyfsali {m}
pharmacology {n} (science that studies the effects of chemical compounds on living animals)  :: lyfjafræði
pharmacy {n} (a place where prescription drugs are dispensed)  :: apótek {n}, lyfjabúð {f}
pharynx {n} (part of alimentary canal)  :: kok {n}
phase {n} (haplotype) SEE: haplotype  ::
phase modulation {n} (form of modulation)  :: fasamótun {f}
pheasant {n} (bird of family Phasianidae, often hunted for food)  :: fashani
phenotype {n} (appearance of organism)  :: svipgerð {f}, svipfar {n}
pheromone {n} (chemical)  :: lyktarhormón {m}, ferómón {m}
Philadelphia {prop} (largest city in Pennsylvania)  :: Fíladelfía {f}
philanthropy {n} (charity) SEE: charity  ::
philatelist {n} (a person who studies stamps)  :: frímerkjasafnari {m}
philately {n} (stamp collecting)  :: frímerkjasöfnun {f}
philharmonic {n} (full-sized symphonic orchestra) SEE: symphony orchestra  ::
philharmonic orchestra {n} (symphony orchestra) SEE: symphony orchestra  ::
philia {n} (friendship) SEE: friendship  ::
Philippines {prop} (Republic of the Philippines)  :: Filippseyjar {f-p}
philology {n} (historical linguistics)  :: textafræði {f}
philosopher's stone {n} (philosopher's stone)  :: viskusteinn {m}
philosophy {n}  :: heimspeki
philtrum {n} (shallow groove running down the centre of the outer surface of the upper lip)  :: vinulág {f}, [suggested term] miðsnesisgróf {f}, [suggested term] efrivararrenna {f}
phlegm {n} (mucus secreted in the bronchial passages)  :: öndunarfæraslím {n}, kvefslím {n}
phlegm {n} (calmness, composure)  :: rólyndi {n}, deyfð {f}
phoenix {n} (mythological bird)  :: fönix {m}
phone {v} (to call (someone) on the telephone)  :: hringja
phone {n} (telephone) SEE: telephone  ::
phone book {n} (telephone directory) SEE: telephone directory  ::
phonebook {n} (telephone directory) SEE: telephone directory  ::
phone booth {n} (telephone booth) SEE: telephone booth  ::
phoneme {n} (indivisible unit of sound)  :: hljóðan
phone number {n} (telephone number) SEE: telephone number  ::
phonology {n} (subfield of linguistics concerned with the way sounds function in languages)  :: hljóðkerfisfræði {f}
phonon {n} (quantum of acoustic energy)  :: hljóðeind {f}
phosphorus {n} (element)  :: fosfór {n}
photo {n} (photograph)  :: mynd {f}
photocatalysis {n} (Chemistry: Catalysis by a photocatalyst.)  :: ljóshvötun {f}
photograph {n} (picture)  :: ljósmynd {f}
photographer {n} (one who takes photographs)  :: ljósmyndari {m}
photon {n} (quantum of light)  :: ljóseind {f}, fótóna {f}, [uncommon] ljósögn {f}
photosynthesis {n} (biological process)  :: ljóstillífun {f}
phrase {n} (short written or spoken expression)  :: frasi {m}, málsháttur {m}
phraseology {n}  :: málfar {n}, orðfæri {n},mál {n}
Phrygian {adj} (of or relating to Phrygia, its people or their culture)  :: frýgískur
phycology {n} (study of algae)  :: þörungafræði {f}
phylum {n} ((biology, taxonomy) A rank in the classification of organisms, below kingdom and above class)  :: fylking {f}
physical culture {n} (bodybuilding) SEE: bodybuilding  ::
physical therapy {n} (therapy of exercises and activities to treat injury or dysfunction) SEE: physiotherapy  ::
physicist {n} (person whose occupation specializes in the science of physics)  :: eðlisfræðingur {m}
physics {n} (branch of science)  :: eðlisfræði {f}
physiology {n} (branch of biology)  :: lífeðlisfræði {f}
physiotherapy {n} (therapy that uses physical techniques such as massage and exercise)  :: sjúkraþjálfun {f}
pi {n} (letter of Greek alphabet)  :: {n}
pi {n} (irrational mathematical constant)  :: {n}
pianist {n} (piano player)  :: píanóleikari {m}, píanisti {m}
piano {n} (a keyboard musical instrument)  :: píanó {n}, slagharpa {f}, fortepíanó {n}
piano {adv} (music: softly)  :: veikur
pianoforte {n} (Piano)  :: slagharpa {f} [rare], píanó {n}, fortepíanó {n} [dated]
picaroon {v} (to behave as a pirate)  :: sjóræningjast
pick {v} (to pick) SEE: choose  ::
pick {v} (to grasp and pull with fingers)  :: lesa
pick {n} (music: plectrum) SEE: plectrum  ::
picket {n} (stake driven into the ground)  :: staur {m}, rimill {m}, pílári í girðingu {m}
picket {n} (soldiers placed forward of position)  :: hervörður {m}
picket {n} (protester outside a workplace during a strike)  :: verkfallsvörður {m}
pick one's nose {v} (insert a finger into one's nostril)  :: bora í nefið
pick-up line {n} (Vocal introduction intended to garner sexual interest from a stranger)  :: veiðilína, pikköpplína, bólbeita
picture {n} (representation of visible reality produced by drawing, etc)  :: mynd {f}
picture {n} (photograph)  :: ljósmynd {f}
picture {n} (informal: cinema)  :: mynd {f}
picture {n} (painting) SEE: painting  ::
picture dictionary {n} (dictionary with pictures)  :: myndaorðabók
pie {n} (type of pastry)  :: baka {f}
pie {n} (pizza) SEE: pizza  ::
piece {n} (part of a larger whole)  :: hluti {m}, stykki {n}
piece {n} (artistic creation)  :: verk {n}, stykki {n}
piece of cake {n} (simple or easy job)  :: ekkert mál, barnaleikur
piece of clothing {n} (garment) SEE: garment  ::
piece of paper {n} (sheet or scrap of paper)  :: seðill {m}
piecewise {adv} (mathematics: throughout separate parts but not necessarily throughout the whole)  :: á köflum
piecewise linear {adj} (mathematics: equal to a sum of finitely many linear functions)  :: línulegur á köflum {m}
pier {n} (raised platform built from the shore out over water)  :: bryggja {f}
pierce {v} (puncture)  :: nísta
pig {n} (mammal of genus Sus)  :: svín {n}
pig {n} (someone who overeats or eats rapidly)  :: svín {n}
pig {n} (nasty or disgusting person)  :: svín {n}
pig {n} (derogatory slang for police officer)  :: löggusvín {n}
pig {n} (piglet) SEE: piglet  ::
pigeon {n} (bird of the pigeon and dove family Columbidae)  :: dúfa {f}
pig in a poke {n} (something whose true value is concealed or unknown)  :: kötturinn í sekknum {m}
piglet {n} (young pig)  :: grís {m}, gríslingur {m}
pigling {n} (piglet) SEE: piglet  ::
pigpen {n} (pigsty) SEE: pigsty  ::
pigsty {n} (enclosure where pigs are kept)  :: svínastía {f}
pigsty {n} (dirty or very untidy place)  :: svínastía {f}
pike {n} (any fish of the genus Esox)  :: gedda {f}
Pilate {prop} (Pontius Pilate)  :: Pílatus {m}
pile {n} (hemorrhoid) SEE: hemorrhoid  ::
piles {n} (haemorrhoids) SEE: haemorrhoids  ::
pillow {n} (soft cushion used to support the head in bed)  :: koddi {m}
pillow case {n} (sheet for covering a pillow)  :: koddaver {n}
pillowcase {n} (cover for pillows) SEE: pillow case  ::
pillow lava {n} (rock type)  :: bólstraberg {n}
pillowslip {n} (pillow case) SEE: pillow case  ::
pilot {n} (controller of aircraft)  :: flugmaður {m}
pilot whale {n} (either of two species of whale)  :: marsvín {n}, grindhvalur {m}, grind {f},
pimiento {n} (a red sweet pepper)  :: allrahanda {n}
pimp {n} (prostitution solicitor)  :: melludólgur {m}, hórumangari {m}
pimple {n} (inflamed spot on the surface of the skin)  :: nabbi {m}, bóla {f}, graftarbóla {f}
pin {n} (needle without an eye, used for fastening)  :: títuprjónn {m}
pin {n} (slender object specially designed for use in bowling)  :: keila {f}
pin {v} (to fasten/attach with a pin)  :: næla
PIN {n} (personal identification number)  :: persónulegt kenninúmer {n}, PIN-númer {n}, persónunúmer {n}
pinch of salt {n} (taken with caution)  :: [with a pinch of salt] með fyrirvara
pine {n} (tree of the genus Pinus)  :: fura {f}, fýri {n}
pineapple {n} (fruit)  :: ananas {m}, [rare] granaldin {n}
pine tree {n} (pine) SEE: pine  ::
ping pong {n} (table tennis) SEE: table tennis  ::
pink {n} (pale red colour)  :: bleikur
pink {adj} (colored/coloured between red and white)  :: bleikur
PIN number {n} (PIN) SEE: PIN  ::
Pinocchio {prop} (protagonist)  :: Gosi {m}
Pinocchio {prop} (fairy tale)  :: Gosi {m}
pinstripe {n} (thin stripe on fabric)  :: teinn {m}
pinstripe {n} (fabric with thin stripes)  :: [pinstriped fabric] teinótt efni {n}
pinstripe {n} (suit made of such fabric)  :: [clothes made of pinstripe] föt gerð úr teinóttu efni {n-p}
pinstriped {adj} (fabric: Having pinstripes)  :: teinóttur {m}
pinstriped {adj} (suit: Made from such a fabric)  :: teinóttur {m}
pinwheel {n} (fake flower for children)  :: rella {f}, vindrella {f}
pipe {n} (hollow tube)  :: rör {n}
pipette {n} (small glass tube used for transferring liquid)  :: pípetta {f}
pirate {n} (one who plunders at sea)  :: sjóræningi {m}
pirate {adj} (illegal imitated or reproduced)  :: sjóræningi
Pisces {prop} (constellation)  :: fiskar {n-p}, fiskarnir {n-p}
Pisces {prop} (astrological sign)  :: fiskarnir {n-p}
pismire {n} (ant) SEE: ant  ::
piss {n} (urine)  :: hland {n}
piss {n} (alcohol)  :: sull {n}
piss {v} ((vulgar) to urinate)  :: pissa, míga
pisser {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet  ::
pistachio {n} (tree)  :: pistasíutré {n}
pistachio {n} (fruit)  :: pistasíuhneta {f}, pistasía {f}
pistol {n} (handgun)  :: skammbyssa {f}
pistol {n}  :: skammbyssa {f}
piston {n} (solid disk or cylinder that fits inside a hollow cylinder)  :: stimpill {m}, bulla {f}
pit {n} (hole in the ground)  :: hola {f}, gryfja {f}
pit {n} (seed or stone inside a fruit)  :: steinn {m}
pit {n} (mine) SEE: mine  ::
pit {n} (armpit) SEE: armpit  ::
pitch {n} (the perceived frequency of a sound or note)  :: tónhæð {f}
pitch-black {adj} (of the blackest black)  :: kolamyrkur {n}, svartamyrkur {n}
pitcher {n} (A wide-mouthed, deep vessel for holding liquids)  :: kanna {f}
pitchfork {n} (farm tool with tines)  :: heygaffall {m}
pith {n} (spinal cord; marrow) SEE: spinal cord  ::
pituitary {adj} (of or pertaining to the pituitary gland)  :: dingul-
pituitary {n} (pituitary gland)  :: dingull {m}, heiladingull {m}
pituitary gland {n} (endocrine gland)  :: heiladingull {m}, dingull {m}
pity {n} (feeling of sympathy)  :: samúð {m}
pixel {n} (one of the tiny dots that make up the representation of an image in a computer's memory)  :: díll {m}, myndeining {f}, punktur {m}
pizza {n} (baked Italian dish)  :: flatbaka {f}, pítsa {f}, pitsa {f} (sometimes spelled pizza)
placate {v} (to calm)  :: róa, sefa, fróa
place {n} (location, position)  :: staður {m}
place {n}  :: staður
placebo {n} (a dummy medicine containing no active ingredients; an inert treatment)  :: lyfleysa {f}, þóknunarhrifslyf {n}
placename {n} (the name of a place)  :: örnefni {n}, staðarheiti {n}
placenta {n} (anatomy: placenta)  :: fylgja {f}, legkaka {f}
plagioclase {n} (group of feldspar minerals)  :: plagíóklas {m} {n}
plague {n} (an epidemic or pandemic caused by any pestilence)  :: plága {f}
plaice {n} (Pleuronectes platessa)  :: koli {m}
plain {n} (an expanse of land with relatively low relief)  :: flatlendi {n}
plain text {n} (unencrypted text) SEE: cleartext  ::
plaintiff {n} (party bringing a suit in civil law against a defendant)  :: stefnandi {m}
plait {v} (to double in narrow folds) SEE: pleat  ::
plan {v} (to intend)  :: ætla
plane {n} (a tool)  :: hefill {m}
plane {v} (to smooth with a plane)  :: hefla
planet {n} (each of the seven major bodies which move relative to the fixed stars in the night sky)  :: reikistjarna {f}
planet {n} (rocky or gaseous spherical bodies orbiting the Sun)  :: reikistjarna {f}, pláneta {f}
planet {n} (similar body in orbit around a star)  :: reikistjarna {f}, pláneta {f}
planetree {n} (plane) SEE: plane  ::
plant {n} (organism capable of photosynthesis)  :: jurt {f}, planta {f}
plant {n} (factory) SEE: factory  ::
plaque {n} (accumulation of bacteria on teeth)  :: tannsýkla {f}
plasma {n} (high energy state of matter)  :: rafgas {n}
plasma {n} (component of blood)  :: blóðvökvi {m}
plastic {n} (synthetic thermoplastic polymer)  :: plast {n}
plastic {n} (colloquial: credit cards or debit cards)  :: plast {n}
plate {n} (Cockney rhyming slang: foot) SEE: foot  ::
plate {n} (flat dish)  :: diskur {m}
platinum {n} (metal)  :: platína
platitude {n} (often-quoted saying)  :: gömul tugga {f}, margþvæld tugga {f}, innantómur frasi {m}
Plato {prop} (Greek philosopher)  :: Platon {m}
platonic {adj} (not sexual in nature)  :: lostalaus {m}, platónskur {m}, andlegur {m}, háleitur {m}, laus við holdlega fýsn {m}
platypus {n} (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)  :: breiðnefur {m}
platyrrhine {adj} (Having a broad, flat nose)  :: flatnefja {m}
play {v} (act in a manner such that one has fun)  :: leika, leika sér
play {v} (produce music using a musical instrument (transitive sense), affecting a noun)  :: spila, spila á
play {v} (produce music using a musical instrument (intransitive sense, not affecting a noun))  :: spila
play {v} (deal with a situation in a diplomatic manner)  :: spila
play {v} (act in a performance)  :: leika
play {v} (participate in (a sport or game))  :: spila, leika
play {v} (use a device to hear (a recording))  :: spila
play {n} (theatrical performance)  :: leikrit {n}
playfield {n} (playing field) SEE: playing field  ::
playground {n} (large open space to play on, usually for children)  :: leiksvæði
play hooky {v} (to stay away from school, work, etc. without suitable permission or excuse)  :: skrópa
play house {n} (toy house for dolls) SEE: doll's house  ::
playhouse {n} (venue for performing plays) SEE: theater  ::
playing card {n} (one of usually 52 rectangular pieces of card)  :: spil {n}
playing field {n} (field on which a game is played)  :: leikvöllur {m}
playlist {n} (record)  :: spilunarlisti {m}
playlist {n} (computing)  :: spilunarlisti {m}
play on words {n} (pun or similar humorous use of language)  :: orðaleikur {m}
play second fiddle {v} (idiomatic)  :: leika aukahlutverk, vera lægra settur, mega sín minna, vinna skítverkin
playwright {n} (writer of plays for the theatre)  :: leikritaskáld {n}
playwriter {n} (playwright) SEE: playwright  ::
plaza {n} (a towns' public square)  :: torg {n}
please say that again {phrase} (please say that again)  :: [could you repeat that] gætirðu sagt þetta aftur?, [can you repeat that] geturðu sagt þetta aftur?
please speak more slowly {phrase} (please speak more slowly)  :: [could you speak more slowly?] gætirðu talað hægar?, [can you speak more slowly?] geturðu talað hægar?, [speak more slowly] talaðu hægar
please turn right {phrase} (please turn right)  :: geturðu beygt til hægri?, gætirðu beygt til hægri?, [turn left] beygðu til hægri
pleat {n} (fold in a fabric of a garment)  :: felling {f}
plebiscite {n} (A referendum, especially one that concerns changes in sovereignty)  :: þjóðaratkvæðagreiðsla {f}, þjóðaratkvæði {n}
plebs {n} (The common people)  :: plebbi {m}
plebvision {n} (television (pejorative)) SEE: idiot box  ::
plectrum {n} (music: small piece for plucking strings)  :: nögl {f}
Pleiades {prop} (astronomy)  :: Sjöstirnið
pleiochasium {n} (inflorescence with several buds)  :: samsettur skúfur {m}
plenipotentiary {n} (person invested with supreme authority)  :: [representative with complete authority] fulltrúi sem hefur fullt umboð {m}
plod {v} (to walk slowly)  :: arka
plosive {n} (consonant)  :: lokhljóð {n}
plot {n} (course of a story)  :: ráðabrugg {n}
plot {n} (area of land used for building on or planting on)  :: reitur {m}, skiki {m}, blettur {m}, lóð {f}
plot {n} (graph or diagram)  :: teikning {f}, graf {n}
plot {n} (secret plan to achieve an end)  :: ráðabrugg {n}
plot {v} (transitive: to conceive)  :: brugga launráð
plot {v} (to trace out a graph or diagram)  :: kortleggja
plough {n} (device pulled through the ground)  :: plógur {m}
plough {v} (to use a plough on to prepare for planting)  :: plægja
plow {n} (plough) SEE: plough  ::
plow {v} (plough) SEE: plough  ::
pluck {n} (nerve, fortitude, persistence)  :: táp {n}
plum {n} (the fruit)  :: plóma {f}
plum {n} (the tree)  :: plómutré {f}
plum {n} (the colour)  :: plómublár {f}
plum {n} (raisin) SEE: raisin  ::
plumber's helper {n} (plunger) SEE: plunger  ::
plum blossom {n} (the blossom of the Prunus mume)  :: plómublóm {n}
plummet {v} (to drop swiftly, in a direct manner; to fall quickly)  :: steypast, stingast
plum tree {n} (tree that bears plums) SEE: plum  ::
plunger {n} (device for removing blockages by suction)  :: drullusokkur {m}
plural {adj} (more than one)  :: fleir-, marg-, fleirtölu-, í fleirtölu
plural {n} (word in plural form)  :: fleirtala {f}
plurale tantum {n} (a noun without a singular form)  :: fleirtöluorð {n}, fleirtölunafnorð {n}
plurilateral {adj} (involving several parties)  :: fjölhliða {m}
plus {conj} (arithmetic: sum)  :: plús
plus {conj} (in addition to)  :: auk, og
plus {n} (positive quantity)  :: plús
plus {n} (useful addition)  :: viðbót {f}, viðauki {m}, kostur
plus {adj} (being positive rather than negative or zero)  :: jákvæður, pósitífur, stærri en núll {m} {f}, stærra en núll {n}
plus {adj} (physics: electrically positive)  :: jákvæður, pósitífur, með jákvæða hleðslu
Plutarch {prop} (Greek historian)  :: Plútarkos {m}
plutonium {n} (chemical element)  :: plúton
pluvial {adj} (pertaining to rain)  :: regn-, rigningar-, úrkomu-
pluviograph {n} (self-registring pluviometer)  :: úrkomuriti {m}
plz {adv} (short for please)  :: plís
p.m. {abbr} (after noon)  :: síðdegis, eftir hádegi, e.h., p.m.
pneumatic {adj} (of or relating to air or other gases)  :: [pertaining to gas] gas-, [pertaining to air] loft-
pneumatic {adj} (of or relating to pneumatics)  :: loftaflfræði-
pneumatic {adj} (powered by, or filled with compressed air)  :: loftknúinn {m}, þrýstilofts-, [filled with air] loftfylltur {m}, [full of compressed air] fullur af þrýstilofti {m}
pneumatic {adj} (zoology: having cavities filled with air)  :: hol-
pochard {n} (duck)  :: skutulönd {f}
pocket {n} (bag stitched to an item of clothing)  :: vasi {m}
pocketknife {n} (small knife whose blades or tools can fold in its handle)  :: vasahnífur {m}
podcast {n} (podcast)  :: hlaðvarp {n}, netvarp {n}
poem {n} (literary piece written in verse)  :: ljóð {n}, kvæði {n}, dikt {n}, vers {n}
poem {n} (piece of writing in the tradition of poetry)  :: ljóð {n}, kvæði {n}, dikt {n}
poet {n} (person who writes poems)  :: skáld {n}, ljóðskáld {n}
poetess {n} (female poet)  :: skáldkona {f}
poetic licence {n} (departure from convention)  :: skáldaleyfi {n}
poetry {n} (class of literature)  :: ljóðlist
poinsettia {n} (plant)  :: jólastjarna {f}
pointer {n} (advice) SEE: advice  ::
pointer {n} (computer programming: variable that stores the address of another variable)  :: bendir {m}
pointer {n} (computing: icon indicating mouse position) SEE: cursor  ::
pointwise {adj} (occurring at each point)  :: í hverjum punkti
poison {n} (substance harmful to a living organism)  :: eitur {n}
Poitiers {prop} (City in France)  :: Peituborg {f}
poker {n} (metal rod for poking)  :: skörungur {m}
poker {n} (one who pokes)  :: potari {m}
poker {n} (card game)  :: póker {m}
Poland {prop} (European country)  :: Pólland
polar bear {n} (Ursus maritimus)  :: ísbjörn, hvítabjörn
polar cap {n} (high-latitude region covered by ice)  :: íshvel
polar fox {n} (arctic fox) SEE: arctic fox  ::
Polaris {prop} (star)  :: Pólstjarnan
pole {n} (extreme of an axis)  :: póll {m}
pole {n} (magnetic point)  :: póll {m}
Pole {n} (person from Poland)  :: Pólverji
polecat {n} (skunk) SEE: skunk  ::
polemic {n} (argument or controversy)  :: [book or pamphlet of polemic] deilurit {n}
pole vault {n} (jumping event where an athlete vaults over a high bar with the aid of a pole)  :: stangarstökk {n}
police {n} (an organisation that enforces the law)  :: lögregla {f}
police car {n} (vehicle used by a police officer)  :: lögreglubíll {m}, löggubíll {m} [colloquial]
policeman {n} (a member of a police force)  :: lögreglumaður {m}, [colloquial] lögga {f}
police officer {n} (an officer in a law enforcement agency)  :: lögreglumaður {m}
police state {n} (nation whose government controls people by police)  :: lögregluríki {n}
police station {n} (building of police force)  :: lögreglustöð {f}
policewoman {n} (a female police officer)  :: lögreglukona {f}
policy {n} (principle of conduct)  :: stefna {f}
policy {n} (law: insurance) SEE: insurance  ::
Polish {adj} (of Poland or its language)  :: pólskur
Polish {prop} (the language of Poland)  :: pólska {f}
polite {adj} (well-mannered)  :: kurteis
political {adj} (concerning or relating to politics)  :: pólitísk {m}, pólitíska {f}
political party {n} (political organization)  :: (stjórnmála) flokk
political prisoner {n} (person)  :: pólitískur fangi
politician {n} (one engaged in politics)  :: stjórnmálamaður {m}
politics {n} (a methodology and activities associated with running a government)  :: stjórnmál
pollen {n} (fine granular substance produced in flowers)  :: frjókorn {n}
polling day {n} (election day)  :: kjördagur {m}, kosningadagur {m}
polonium {n} (chemical element)  :: pólon
polyester {n} (polymer)  :: pólýester
polygamous {adj} (of, relating to, or practicing polygamy)  :: fjölkvænis-, [adhering to polygamy] sem aðhyllist fjölkvæni
polymath {n} (person with extraordinarily broad and comprehensive knowledge)  :: fjölfræðingur
polymer {n} (molecule consisting of many identical monomers)  :: fjölliða {f}
polymeride {n} (polymer) SEE: polymer  ::
polymorphic {adj} (relating to polymorphism)  :: fjölbreytinn {m}, fjölmóta {m}
polymorphism {n} (ability to assume different forms or shapes)  :: fjölbrigðni {f}, fjölbreytni {f}, fjölmótun {f}
polymorphism {n} (biology: coexistence of two or more distinct forms independent of sex)  :: fjölbrigðni {f}, fjölbreytni {f}
polymorphism {n} (computer science: feature of object-oriented programming)  :: fjölbrigðni {f}, fjölbreytni {f}, fjölmótun {f}
polymorphism {n} (crystallography: ability of a material to exist in more than one form)  :: fjölbrigðni {f}, fjölbreytni {f}
polynomial {n} (algebraic expression)  :: margliða {f}
polynya {n} (an area of open water surrounded by sea ice)  :: vök {f}
polyp {n} (growth)  :: sepi {m}
polyp {n} (coelenterate)  :: holsepi {m}
polyphony {n} (musical texture consisting of several independent melodic voices)  :: fjölröddun {f}, pólýfónía {f}
polysemous {adj} (having multiple meanings)  :: [polysemous word] margrætt orð {n}
polystyrene {n} (polymer)  :: pólýstýren {n}
polytheism {n} (belief in the existence of many gods)  :: fjölgyðistrú {f}
polyurethane {n} (any of various polymeric resins containing urethane links)  :: pólýúretan {n}
pomegranate {n} (fruit)  :: granatepli {n}, kjarnepli {n}
pomelo {n} (grapefruit) SEE: grapefruit  ::
Pomerania {prop} (region of Europe on the southern shores of the Baltic Sea)  :: Pommern
ponce {n} (pimp) SEE: pimp  ::
pond {n} (small lake)  :: tjörn {f}
ponder {v} (to think deeply)  :: íhuga
ponder {v} (to consider carefully)  :: íhuga
ponytail {n} (hairstyle)  :: tagl {n}, stertur {m}
poodle {n} (any of various breeds of poodle)  :: púðluhundur {m}, púðli {m}
pool {n} (small body of standing or stagnant water; a puddle)  :: pollur {m}
pool {n} (swimming pool) SEE: swimming pool  ::
poop {n} (stern) SEE: stern  ::
poor {adj} (with no possessions or money)  :: fátækur
poorly {adj} (ill) SEE: ill  ::
pop {v} (to hit) SEE: hit  ::
popcorn {n} (a snack food made from corn kernels popped by dry heating)  :: poppkorn {n}
pope {n} (head of the Roman Catholic Church)  :: páfi {m}
popinjay {n} (Picus viridis) SEE: green woodpecker  ::
popinjay {n} (parrot) SEE: parrot  ::
poplit {n} (fossa at the back of the knee joint)  :: hnésbót {n}
popliteal fossa {n} (shallow depression located at the back of the knee joint) SEE: poplit  ::
poppy {n} (plant)  :: draumsóley {f}, valmúi {m}
pop someone's cherry {v} (deflower) SEE: deflower  ::
populace {n} (inhabitants of a nation) SEE: population  ::
popular {adj} (liked by many people)  :: vinsæll
popularity {n} (the quality or state of being popular)  :: vinsældir {f-p}
population {n} (all people living within a political or geographical boundary)  :: fólksfjöldi {m}, íbúar {m-p}, mannfjöldi {m}
population {n} (statistics: greater group of units from which a sample can be drawn)  :: þýði {n}, hópur {m}, stofn {m}, [uncommon] lýður {m}
porbeagle {n} (Lamna nasus)  :: hámeri {f}, hamar {m}
porcelain {n} (hard, white, translucent ceramic)  :: postulín {n}
porcelain {n} (anything manufactured from this material)  :: postulín
porch {n} (a portico; a covered walk.)  :: verönd {f}
porn {n} (pornography)  :: klám {n}
porn {n} (pornographic work)  :: klám {n}, klámmynd {f}
porn {n} (pornography) SEE: pornography  ::
pornographer {n} (person involved in creation or dissemination of pornography)  :: klámritahöfundur {m} [writer]
pornographic {adj} (containing an explicit depiction of sexual activity)  :: klámfenginn
pornography {n} (depiction of sexual subject matter with prurient intent)  :: klám {n}
porn star {n} (actor or actress famous for appearing in pornographic films)  :: klámstjarna {f}
porpoise {n} (cetacean)  :: hnísa {f}, marsvín {n}
port {n} (dock or harbour)  :: höfn {f}
port {n} (left-hand side of a vessel when facing the front)  :: bakborði {m}
port {n} (opening where a connection is made)  :: tengi {n}
port {n} (fortified wine)  :: púrtvín {n}, portvín {n}
port {n} (port city) SEE: port city  ::
port city {n} (city built around a port)  :: hafnarborg {f}
porthole {n} (circular window)  :: kýrauga {n}
portmanteau {n} (portmanteau word) SEE: portmanteau word  ::
portmanteau word {n} (word which combines the meaning of two words)  :: samrunaorð {n}, frakkaorð {n}
Portugal {prop} (country)  :: Portúgal {n}
Portuguese {adj} (of or relating to the region of Portugal)  :: portúgalskur
Portuguese {n} (person native to Portugal)  :: Portúgali {m}
Portuguese {prop} (the language)  :: portúgalska {f}
Portuguese Water Dog {n} (Portuguese Water Dog)  :: portúgalskur vatnahundur {m}
port wine {n} (A type of fortified wine traditionally made in Portugal)  :: púrtvín {n}
positron {n} (positron)  :: jáeind {f}
POSIX {n} (computing: set of standards providing application portability between UNIX variants)  :: POSIX-staðall {m}
posology {n} (study of the dosages of drugs)  :: lyfjunarfræði {f}, stærð skammta {f}
possessive pronoun {n} (pronoun which expresses possession)  :: eignarfornafn {n}, efn. {n}
possibility {n} (quality of being possible)  :: möguleiki {m}
possible {adj} (able but not certain to happen)  :: hægur, mögulegur
possible {adj} (capable of being done or achieved; feasible)  :: mögulegur
possum {n} (opossum) SEE: opossum  ::
postage stamp {n} (piece of paper indicating postage has been paid)  :: frímerki {n}
postal code {n} (postcode) SEE: postcode  ::
postcard {n} (rectangular piece of thick paper to be mailed without an envelope)  :: póstkort {n}, kort {n}, [rare] bréfspjald {n}
postcode {n} (sequence of letters and/or numbers added to a postal address)  :: póstnúmer {n}
postmodernism {n} (a style of art, literature, etc)  :: póstmódernismi {m}
post office {n} (place)  :: pósthús {n}
post-partum {adj} (pertaining to the period immediately after childbirth)  :: eftir barnsburð, eftirfæðingar-, eftir fæðingu
postpartum depression {n} (parent’s depression after childbirth)  :: fæðingarþunglyndi {n}
postpone {v} (to delay or put off an event)  :: fresta
postposition {n} ((grammar) words that come after the noun)  :: eftirsetning {f}
postscriptum {n} (after the writing)  :: eftirmáli {m}, eftirskrift {f} or e.s., p.s., n.b.
posy {n} (A flower)  :: blómvöndur {m}
pot {n} (crucible) SEE: crucible  ::
potassium {n} (the chemical element)  :: kalín, kalíum {n}
potassium chloride {n} (the salt KCl)  :: kalíumklóríð {n}, kalínklóríð {n}
potassium cyanide {n} (inorganic compound)  :: kalíumsýaníð {n}
potassium hydroxide {n} (potassium hydroxide)  :: kalíumhýdroxíð {n}
potassium nitrate {n} (potassium nitrate)  :: saltpétur {m}, kalínítrat {n}, kalísaltpétur {m}, kalíumnítrat {n}
potato {n} (plant tuber eaten as starchy vegetable)  :: kartafla {f}, [rare] jarðepli {n}
potentate {n} (a powerful leader)  :: valdamaður {m}, burgeis {m}, höfðingi {m}, þjóðhöfðingi {m}
potential {adj} (existing in possibility)  :: mögulegur
potty {n} (bathroom) SEE: bathroom  ::
potty {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet  ::
potty {n} (chamber pot) SEE: chamber pot  ::
pound {v} (to strike hard repeatedly)  :: banga
pound {v} (crush to pieces)  :: banga
pound sterling {n} (currency of the UK)  :: breskt pund, pund
pour {v} (to cause to flow in a stream)  :: hella
pour gasoline on the fire {v} (add fuel to the fire) SEE: add fuel to the fire  ::
pout {v} (push out one’s lips)  :: setja á sig stút, setja upp fýlusvip, setja stút á munninn
pout {v} (sulk, (pretend to) be ill-tempered)  :: setja á sig stút, setja upp fýlusvip, setja stút á munninn
pout {n} (facial expression)  :: stútur {m}, fýlustútur {m}, fýlusvipur {m}
poverty {n} (quality or state of being poor)  :: fátækt {f}
powder {n} (fine particles of any dry substance)  :: duft {n}
powder {n} (gunpowder) SEE: gunpowder  ::
powder keg {n} (barrel of gun powder)  :: púðurtunna {f}
powder keg {n} (volatile situation)  :: púðurtunna {f}
power {n} (set theory: cardinality) SEE: cardinality  ::
powerful {adj} (having or capable of exerting power, potency or influence)  :: öflugur {m}, voldugur {m}, máttugur {m}, kröftugur {m}, kraftmikill {m}, valdamikill {m}
power plant {n} (power station) SEE: power station  ::
power set {n} (set of all subsets of a set)  :: veldismengi {n}
power station {n} (an industrial complex where electricity is produced)  :: rafstöð {f}, kraftverk {n}, orkuver {n}, virkjun {f}
pox {n} (syphilis) SEE: syphilis  ::
practice makes perfect {proverb} (if one practices an activity enough, one will eventually master it)  :: æfingin skapar meistarann
Prague {prop} (capital of the Czech Republic)  :: Prag {f}
praise {n} (commendation; favorable representation in words)  :: lof, hrós {n}
praise {v} (to give praise to)  :: hrósa
praseodymium {n} (chemical element)  :: praseódým
prawn {n} (large shrimp)  :: rækja {f}
pray {v} (to petition a higher being)  :: biðja
pray {v} (to beg humbly for aid)  :: biðja, bæna
pray {v} (to talk to God)  :: biðja
preach {v} (Give a sermon)  :: predika
preach {v} (Advise or recommend earnestly)  :: predika
preamble {n} (short statement or remark, especially an explanatory introduction to a formal document or statute)  :: formáli {m}, inngangur {m}, inngangsorð {n-p}, formálsorð {c-p}
preaspiration {n} (period of voiceless breathing)  :: aðblástur {m}
pre-Christian {adj} (before the arrival of Christianity)  :: forkristinn
precious {adv} (intensifier) SEE: very  ::
precious {adj} (of high value or worth)  :: dýrmætur
precipitation {n} (A hurried headlong fall)  :: það að steypast áfram {n}, það að æða áfram {n}, það að flæða áfram {n}
precipitation {n} (chemistry: chemical reaction forming solid in liquid)  :: felling (efnis úr lausn) {f}, botnfelling (efnis úr lausn) {f}, úrfelling (efnis úr lausn) {f}
precipitation {n} (weather: water falling from the atmosphere)  :: úrkoma {f}
precipitation {n} (unwise or rash rapidity; sudden haste)  :: flýtir {m}, óðagot {n}, bráðræði {n}
predicate {n} (grammar)  :: umsögn {f}, umsagnarliður {m}
predicate {n} (logic)  :: umsagnarökfræði {f}
predicate {v} (to base on, to assert on the grounds of)  :: byggja á, grundvalla á
predicate calculus {n} (a branch of logic)  :: umsagnareikningur {m}
predicate logic {n} (generic term for symbolic formal systems like first-order logic, second-order logic, many-sorted logic)  :: umsagnarökfræði {f}
predictive parser {n} (recursive descent parser that doesn't require backtracking)  :: framsýnn þáttari {m}
pregnancy {n} (condition)  :: meðganga
pregnant {adj} (carrying developing offspring within the body)  :: óléttur, ófrískur, þungaður, barnshafandi, vanfær
prehensile {adj} (able to take hold of objects)  :: grip-
prejudiced {adj} (having prejudices)  :: fordómafullur
premeditated {adj} (planned, considered or estimated in advance; deliberate)  :: yfirlagður, að yfirlögðu ráði
premier {n} (prime minister of a country) SEE: prime minister  ::
premise {n} (either of the first two propositions of a syllogism, from which the conclusion is deduced)  :: forsenda {f}
premolar {n} (tooth)  :: forjaxl {m}, framjaxl {m}
premonition {n} (clairvoyant or clairaudient experience)  :: fyrirboði {m}, [warning] viðvörun
prep {n} (homework) SEE: homework  ::
preposition {n} (grammar: a type of word like "of, from, for, by")  :: forsetning {f}
prepositional phrase {n} (phrase containing both a preposition and its complement)  :: forsetningarliður {m}
preposition of place {n} (preposition indication localisation)  :: staðarforsetning {f}
preposterous {adj} (absurd, or contrary to common sense)  :: fáránlegur
preprocessor {n} (program that processes input data before it is used by another program)  :: forvinnslubúnaður {m}
prepuce {n} (prepuce / foreskin)  :: forhúð {f}
prerogative {n} (right, generally) SEE: right  ::
present {n} (gift) SEE: gift  ::
present {n} (present tense) SEE: present tense  ::
presentation {n} (presenting to an audience)  :: afhending
present participle {n} (verb form that indicates an ongoing action)  :: lýsingarháttur nútíðar {m}
present tense {n} (form of language)  :: nútíð {f}
president {n} (the head of state of a republic)  :: forseti {m}
president {n} (the primary leader of a corporation)  :: forstjóri {m}
presidential palace {n} (White House) SEE: White House  ::
press {v} (to press) SEE: bear  ::
press pot {n} (cafetière) SEE: cafetière  ::
presuppose {v} (to assume some truth without proof)  :: ganga út frá
presupposition {n} (assumption, conjecture, speculation or something supposed without proof)  :: forsenda {f}
presuppositional {adj} (of or pertaining to a presupposition)  :: forsendubundinn {m}
preterite-present verb {n} (a type of verb)  :: núþáleg sögn {f}
pretext {n} (false, contrived or assumed purpose)  :: yfirskin {n}
pretzel {v} (toasted bread or cracker in the shape of a knot)  :: kringla {f}
preview {n} (advance showing of a film, exhibition etc.)  :: stikla {f}
previously {adv} (at an earlier time)  :: áður
prey {n} (that which may be seized by animals)  :: bráð {f}
priapism {n} (medical condition)  :: sístaða, ofstöður
price {n} (cost required to gain possession of something)  :: verð {n}
pride {n} (quality or state of being proud; inordinate self-esteem; an unreasonable conceit of one's own superiority in talents, beauty, wealth, rank etc.)  :: stolt {n}
pride comes before a fall {proverb} (Translations)  :: [haughtiness is closest to failure] dramb er falli næst
priest {n} (clergyman)  :: prestur {m}
primarily {adv} (of a primary or central nature)  :: aðallega, fyrst og fremst
primary election {n} (preliminary election to select a candidate)  :: prófkjör {n}
primary school {n} (first formal, obligatory school)  :: grunnskóli {m}, barnaskóli {m}
primate {n} (mammal)  :: prímati {m}, fremdardýr {n}
prime minister {n} (chief member of the cabinet and head of the government)  :: forsætisráðherra {m}
prime number {n} (natural number)  :: frumtala {f}, prímtala {f}
primitive root {n} (A number such that gka (mod n) exists for every a coprime to n)  :: frumstæð rót {f}
primordial {adj} (earliest)  :: frum-, upprunalegur {m}, upphafs-
prince {n} (male ruler or head of a principality)  :: prins {m}, fursti {m}
prince {n} (son or male-line grandson of a reigning monarch)  :: prins {m}
prince {n} ((figuratively) great person)  :: prins {m}, mikilmenni {n}
princess {n} (female member of royal family)  :: prinsessa {f}
princess {n}  :: prinsessa {f}, [obsolete] prinsipissa {f}
principality {n} (region)  :: furstadæmi {n}
principle {n} (moral rule or aspect)  :: prinsipp {n}
print {v} (to produce a copy of a text or image on a surface, especially by machine)  :: prenta
print {n} (fingerprint) SEE: fingerprint  ::
printer {n} (operator of a printing press)  :: prentari {m}
printer {n} (computing: device used to print text or images)  :: prentari {m}
printing house {n} (commercial company)  :: prentsmiðja {f}
printshop {n} (printing house) SEE: printing house  ::
prior {adv} (previously) SEE: previously  ::
prismatic colors {n}  :: regnbogalitir {m-p}
prison {n} (place of long-term confinement for those convicted of serious crimes)  :: fangelsi {n}
prison {v} (imprison) SEE: imprison  ::
prisoner {n} (person incarcerated in a prison)  :: fangi {m}, bandingi {m}
prisoner {n}  :: fangi {m}
prisoner of war {n} (soldier or combatant captured by the enemy)  :: stríðsfangi {m}
pristine {adj} (unspoiled)  :: óspilltur {m}, ósnortinn {m}, óskemmdur {m}
pristine {adj} (pertaining to the earliest state of something)  :: upprunalegur {m}, upphaflegur {m}
private key {n} (unpublished key)  :: einkalykill {m}
privatization {n} (transfer from the government to private ownership)  :: einkavæðing {f}
privet {interj} (hello) SEE: hello  ::
privy {n} (lavatory or toilet) SEE: toilet  ::
probability density {n} (probability density function)  :: líkindaþéttleiki {m}, dreifingarþéttleiki {m}, þéttleiki {m}
probability density function {n} (function)  :: líkindaþéttleikafall {n}, dreifingarþéttleikafall {n}, þéttleikafall {n}
probability distribution {n} (mathematical function)  :: líkindadreifing {f}, dreifing {f}
probability theory {n} (study of probability)  :: líkindafræði {f}
probably {adv} (in all likelihood)  :: líklega, sennilega
problem {n} (difficulty)  :: vandamál {n}
procreate {v} (to procreate) SEE: beget  ::
proctology {n}  :: endaþarms- og raufarfræði {f}
procure {v}  :: útvega
prodigal {adj} (wastefully extravagant)  :: hóflaus {m} {f}, hóflaust {n}
prodigal {n} (prodigal) SEE: spendthrift  ::
produce {v} (to make or manufacture)  :: framleiða, [slang] pródúsa, [dated] pródúsera
produce {v} (to make available to)  :: útvega
produce {v} (to sponsor and present (a motion picture, etc))  :: framleiða
producer {n} (in economics)  :: framleiðandi {m}
producer {n} (in arts)  :: framleiðandi {m}
product {n} (commodity for sale)  :: vara {f}
production {n} (the act of producing)  :: framleiðsla {f}
profession {n} (occupation)  :: atvinna {f}
professor {n} (a higher ranking for a teacher or faculty member at a college or university)  :: prófessor {m}, háskólakennari {m}
proficient {adj} (skilled)  :: fær, snjall
profoundly {adv} (deeply) SEE: deeply  ::
progeny {n} (offspring)  :: afkvæmi {n}, afsprengi {n}, afkomandi {m}
prognosis {n} (forecast of the future course of a disease)  :: horfur {f-p}, spá {f}
prognosis {n} (forecast of the future course, or outcome, of a situation)  :: spá {f}
program {n} (set of structured activities)  :: program
program {n} (software application)  :: forrit {n}, tölvuforrit {n}
program {v} (to enter a program or other instructions into a computer)  :: forrita
programme {n} (programme) SEE: program  ::
programmer {n} (one who writes computer programs)  :: forritari {m}
programming {n} (activity of writing a computer program)  :: forritun {f}
programming language {n} (code of reserved words and symbols)  :: forritunarmál {n}
progress {n} (advance or growth of civilization)  :: framför {f}
progressive {n} (A person who actively favors or strives for progress towards improved conditions, as in society or government)  :: framfarasinni {m}
prohibition {n} (law that prohibits something)  :: bannár
projection {n} (psychology: belief that others have similar thoughts and experiences as oneself)  :: frávarp {n}
projection {n} (geometry: image of an object on a surface of fewer dimensions)  :: ofanvarp {n}
project management {n} (discipline of organizing and managing project resources)  :: verkefnastjórnun {f}, verkefnisstjórnun {f}
prokaryote {n} (organism characterized by absence of nucleus)  :: dreifkjörnungur {m}
prolapse {v} (to move out of place)  :: síga, falla fram
prolapse {n} (a moving out of place)  :: framfall {n}, sig {n}
proletariat {n} (working class or lower class)  :: öreigastétt {f}
proletariat {n} (wage-earners collectively)  :: öreigar {m-p}
Prometheus {prop} (Greek mythological figure)  :: Prómeþeifur {m}
promethium {n} (chemical element)  :: prómetín
promise {n} (vow)  :: loforð {n}
promise {v} (to commit to something or action)  :: lofa, heita, strengja heit
prong {n} (thin, pointed, projecting part)  :: gaddur {m}
pronoun {n} (type of noun)  :: fornafn {n}
pronounce {v} (to pronounce) SEE: say  ::
pronto {adv} (quickly)  :: Tafarlaust, Eins og skot
pronunciation {n} (sound of a word)  :: framburður {m}
pronunciation {n} (way in which words are pronounced)  :: framburður {m}
proof {n} (any effort, process, or operation designed to establish or discover a fact or truth)  :: sönnun {f}
-proof {suffix} (denoting an impervious quality)  :: -heldur {m}
proof by contradiction {n} (proof of a statement adduced by deriving a contradiction from the statement's negation)  :: óbein sönnun {f}
proofread {v} (to check for errors in spelling and grammar)  :: prófarkalesa
proofreader {n} (person who proofreads)  :: prófarkalesari {m}
proofreader {n} (person whose occupation is to proofread)  :: prófarkalesari {m}
proofreading {n} (act or process by which a document is proofread)  :: prófarkalestur {m}
propaganda {n} (concerted set of messages)  :: áróður {m}
propane {n} (aliphatic hydrocarbon: C3H8)  :: própan {n}
propeller {n} (mechanical device used to propel)  :: hreyfill {m}
propenoic {adj} (acrylic) SEE: acrylic  ::
propensity {n} (tendency)  :: tilhneigingu
proper noun {n} (the name of a particular person, place, organization or other individual entity)  :: eiginnafn {n}
proper subset {n} (a set that is a subset of but not equal to another set)  :: eiginlegt hlutmengi {n}
property {n} (something owned)  :: eign {f}
property {n} (piece of real estate)  :: landeign {f}, fasteign {f}
property {n} (computing: an editable parameter associated with an application, or its value)  :: eiginleiki {m}
prophage {n} (latent form of a bacteriophage in which the viral genome is inserted into the host chromosome)  :: forveira {f}, dulveira {f}
prophet {n} (one who speaks by divine inspiration)  :: spámaður {m}
prophet {n} (one who foretells the future)  :: spámaður {m}
proponent {n} (one who supports something)  :: flutningsmaður {m}, talsmaður {m}, málsvari {m}, stuðningsmaður {m}
proposition {n} (an assertion which is provably true, but not important enough to be a theorem)  :: fullyrðing {f}, yrðing {f}; fullyrðing {f}, yrðing {f}
propositional calculus {n} (propositional logic) SEE: propositional logic  ::
propositional logic {n} (formal deductive system)  :: yrðingareikningur {m}, fullyrðingareikningur {m}, yrðingarökfræði {f}, fullyrðingarökfræði {f}
prose {n} (written language not intended as poetry)  :: prósa {f}
prosody {n} (poetry: study of poetic meter etc)  :: bragfræði {f}
prosody {n}  :: bragfræði {f}
prosperity {n} (condition of being prosperous)  :: velmegun {f}, góðæri {n}
prostate {n} (prostate gland)  :: hvekkur, blöðruhálskirtill
prostate gland {n} (prostate) SEE: prostate  ::
prostitute {n} (a person having sex for profit)  :: vændiskona {f}, skækja {f}, gleðikona {f}, hóra {f}
prostitute {n} (promiscuous person) SEE: whore  ::
protactinium {n} (chemical element)  :: protaktín
protect {v} (to keep safe)  :: hlífa
protist {n} (eukaryotic unicellular organisms)  :: frumvera {f}
protium {n} (lightest isotope of hydrogen)  :: einvetni {n}, prótín {n}
Proto-Germanic {prop} (hypothetical prehistoric ancestor language) SEE: Ur-Germanic  ::
Proto-Indo-European {prop} (ancestor language of most European and Indian languages)  :: frumindóevrópska {f}, FIE {f}
Proto-Indo-European {adj} (pertaining to the Proto-Indo-European language, or the people who spoke it, see also: Indo-European)  :: frumindóevrópskur {m}
Proto-Indo-Germanic {prop} (Proto-Indo-European) SEE: Proto-Indo-European  ::
proton {n} (positively charged nucleon)  :: róteind {f}
Proto-Norse {prop} (Indo-European language)  :: frumnorræna {f}
protoplasm {n} (entire contents of a cell)  :: frymi {n}
prototype {n} (an original object or form which is a basis for other objects)  :: frumgerð
protractor {n} (a circular or semicircular tool for measuring angles)  :: gráðubogi {m}, mælibogi {m}, hornmál {n}
protrude {v} (to extend from)  :: skaga fram, standa út
provable {adj} (of a statement or hypothesis, that can be proven)  :: sannanlegur
Proverbs {prop} (book of the Bible)  :: Orðskviðirnir
provident {adj} (demonstrating consideration for the future)  :: fyrirhyggjusamur {m}, forsjáll {m}, framsýnn {m}, aðgætinn {m}
provoke {v} (to cause to become angry)  :: ergja, skaprauna
prow {n} (fore part of a vessel; bow)  :: trjóna {f}, skegg {n}
proxy server {n}  :: vefsel {n}
prune {n} (plum) SEE: plum  ::
prune {n} (dried plum)  :: sveskja {f}
Prussia {prop} (German province)  :: Prússland
psalm {n} (sacred song)  :: sálmur
pseudo- {prefix} (not genuine)  :: gervi-
pseudocarp {n} (accessory fruit) SEE: accessory fruit  ::
pseudocrater {n} (volcanic landform)  :: gervigígur {m}
pseudofruit {n} (accessory fruit) SEE: accessory fruit  ::
pseudomembranous {adj} (characterized by the presence of a pseudomembrane)  :: sýndarhimnu-
pseudonym {n} (fictitious name)  :: höfundarnafn {n}, dulnefni {n}, leyninafn {n}
pseudorandom number generator {n} (device or algorithms that deterministically produces a succession of apparently random values)  :: gervislembitalnagjafi {m}
pshaw {interj} (indicating disapproval, scoffery, irritation, impatience or disbelief)  :: svei, iss, uss, fussum svei
psychiatrist {n} (doctor specializing in psychiatry)  :: geðlæknir {m}
psychology {n} (study of the human mind)  :: sálfræði {f}
psychosomatic {adj} (of physical effects with mental causes)  :: geðvefrænn {m}
pâté {n} (finely-ground paste of meat, fish or vegetables)  :: kæfa {f}
ptarmigan {n} (a small grouse, Lagopus)  :: rjúpa {f}
pterygium {n} (an abnormal mass of tissue in the corner of the eye)  :: glæruvængur {m}
pub {n} (public house)  :: krá {f}, bar {m}, knæpa {f}, pöbb {m} [colloquial]
pubic hair {n} (collectively)  :: skapahár {n-p}, kynhár {n-p}
pubic hair {n} (singular)  :: skapahár {n}
pubic louse {n} (crab louse) SEE: crab louse  ::
public {adj} (pertaining to people as a whole)  :: opinber
public house {n} (pub) SEE: pub  ::
public key {n} (the public one of the two keys used in asymmetric cryptography)  :: dreifilykill {m}
public-key cryptography {n} (form of cryptography)  :: dreifilykladulritun {f}
public policy {n} (set of government policies)  :: opinber stefna {f}, allsherjarregla {f}
public relations {n} (profession)  :: almannatengsl {f}
public servant {n} (civil servant) SEE: civil servant  ::
publish {v} (to issue something (usually printed work) for sale and distribution)  :: gefa út
pudding {n} (sausage made primarily from blood)  :: blóðmör {m}, slátur {n}
pudding {n} (dessert similar to custard or mousse, containing a starchy thickening agent)  :: búðingur {m}
pudding {n} (any dessert) SEE: dessert  ::
puddle {n} (a small pool of water)  :: pollur {m}
puffin {n} (seabird with a coloured beak)  :: lundi {m}
pulchritudinous {adj} (having great physical beauty)  :: fagur {m}, fallegur {m}
pullet {n} (spineless person) SEE: chicken  ::
pulley {n} (one of simple machines)  :: trissa {f}
pull oneself up by one's bootstraps {v} (to begin an enterprise or recover from a setback without any outside help)  :: [by one's own bootstraps] hjálparlaust, [by one's own bootstraps] af eigin rammleik
pulmonary {adj} (related to lungs)  :: lunga-, lungna-
pulmonary artery {n} (artery that connects the right ventricle of the heart to the lungs)  :: lungnaslagæð {f}
pulmonary circulation {n} (part of blood circulation)  :: lungnablóðrás {f}
pulmonary embolism {n} (embolism or obstruction of a pulmonary artery)  :: lungnablóðrek {n}
pulmonary tuberculosis {n} (tuberculosis infecting the lungs)  :: lungnaberklar {m-p}
pulmonary vein {n} (pulmonary vein)  :: lungnabláæð {f}
pulse {n} (regular beat caused by the heart)  :: æðasláttur {m}, púls {m}
pulse {n} (beat, throb)  :: sláttur {m}
pulse {n} (in music)  :: taktslag {n}, púls {m}
pumice {n} (pumice)  :: vikur
pump {n} (device for moving liquid or gas)  :: dæla {f}
pumping lemma {n} (lemma stating that a section of a string can be removed or repeated with the resulting string remaining in the language)  :: dælusetning {f}
pumpkin {n} (plant)  :: grasker {n}
pumpkin {n} (fruit of this plant)  :: grasker {n}
punch {v} (to herd cattle) SEE: herd  ::
punch card {n} (card with have holes or notches used for storing data)  :: gataspjald {n}
punch clock {n} (device that records times that employees start and finish work)  :: stimpilklukka {f}
punched card {n} (punch card, especially one that has had holes punched in it)  :: gataspjald {n}
punctuation {n} (set of symbols)  :: greinarmerki
puncture {v} (puncture) SEE: pierce  ::
punishment {n} (the act of punishing)  :: refsing {f}
Punjabi {n}  :: Punjabi
punk {n} (prostitute) SEE: prostitute  ::
punk {n} (the music of the punk movement)  :: pönk {n}
punk {n} (a person of that movement, a punk rocker)  :: pönkari {m}
Puntland {prop} (region)  :: Púntland {n}
pupil {n} (learner)  :: nemandi {m}
puppet {n} (movable model of a person or animal)  :: brúða {f}, leikbrúða {f}
puppet {n} (person or country controlled by another)  :: leikbrúða {f}, strengjabrúða {f}
puppet {n} (doll) SEE: doll  ::
puppy {n} (young dog)  :: hvolpur {m}
pure {adj} (free of flaws or imperfections)  :: hreinn
pure {adj} (free of foreign material or pollutants)  :: hreinn
purebred {adj} (that which has genuine parents of the same breed)  :: hreinræktaður {m}
purely imaginary number {n} (imaginary number) SEE: imaginary number  ::
pure mathematics {n} (area of mathematics)  :: hrein stærðfræði {f}
purgatory {n} (Purgatory) SEE: Purgatory  ::
Purgatory {prop} (place of purging of sins in Christian theology)  :: hreinsunareldur {m}
purloin {v} (To convert the property of another)  :: stela, taka, ræna
purple {n} (colour)  :: fjólublár {m}, purpuralitur {m}
purple {adj} (colour)  :: fjólublár; purpuralitur
purpose {v} (have set as one's purpose; intend)  :: ætla
purposefully {adv} (on purpose) SEE: on purpose  ::
purr {v} (cat to make a vibrating sound in its throat)  :: mala
pus {n} (fluid found in regions of infection)  :: gröftur {m}
push {v} (transitive: apply a force to (an object) so that it moves away)  :: hrinda, ýta
pussy {n} (informal: affectionate term for a cat)  :: kisa {f}, kisi {m}
pussy {n} (slang: female genitalia)  :: píka {f}, kunta {f}, [childish] pjalla {f}, [slang] pussa, [slang] vagína {f}
putative {adj} (commonly believed or deemed to be the case)  :: meintur {m}
put down roots {v} (to do things or acts which show that one wants to stay there)  :: festa rætur
put down roots {v} (to feel that one belongs in a place)  :: festa rætur
put off {v} (to delay)  :: draga á langinn (see langur)
put on {v} (to don clothing)  :: fara í
put on airs {v} (become haughty, assume a haughty manner)  :: gera sig merkilegan, setja upp hátíðarsvip, snúa upp á sig
putrescible {adj} (Decomposable; capable of becoming putrescent; rottable)  :: sem getur rotnað
put the cart before the horse {v} (to put things in the wrong order)  :: byrja á öfugum enda, hafa endaskipti á hlutunum
put to bed {v} (help someone go to bed)  :: svæfa, fá til að sofna
put to sleep {v} (to kill an animal)  :: svæfa, svæfa dýr, lóga, aflífa
put to sleep {v} (to give an anesthetic)  :: svæfa
put to sleep {v} (to help someone to bed) SEE: put to bed  ::
put up with {v} (to put up with) SEE: bear  ::
put words in someone's mouth {v} (say or imply that someone has said a thing)  :: gera einhverjum upp orð, leggja einhverjum orð í munn
puzzle {n} (crossword puzzle) SEE: crossword  ::
puzzle {n} (game for one person)  :: púsl {n}
puzzle {n} (jigsaw puzzle) SEE: jigsaw puzzle  ::
pyometra {n} (pyometra)  :: legbólga {f}
pyramid {n} (ancient construction)  :: pýramídi
pyromania {n} (disorder)  :: íkveikjuæði {n}
pyromaniac {n} (one who is obsessed with fire)  :: brennuvargur {m}
pyrophobia {n} (fear of fires)  :: eldfælni {f}
pyrotechnics {n} (firework) SEE: firework  ::
pyroxene {n} (mineral)  :: pýroxen {n}
Pythagoras {prop} (Ancient Greek mathematician and philosopher)  :: Pýþagóras
Pythagorean theorem {prop} (mathematical theorem)  :: Pýþagórasarregla, regla Pýþagórasar, setning Pýþagórasar
Pythagorean triple {n} (set of three positive integers)  :: pýþagórsk þrennd {f}