Appendix:English dialect-independent homophones

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Homophones are words that have the same sound but different meanings (and may or may not have different spellings). This list consists exclusively of homophones that have a different spelling.

This is a general list of sets of words which are homophonous in all or most dialects of English. It is difficult to prepare an accurate list as some traditional dialects, particularly in the British Isles, conserve or conserved until recently features that are long-lost elsewhere. It can be argued that two words are not fully homophonous in all dialects until the last speaker aware in perception of the original distinction dies, whether or not they continue to make the distinction in production throughout their life. For other sets of homophones see the List of dialect-dependent homophones.


Contents

1 General Homophone List
2 Notes on words
3 Notes on inclusion
4 See also
5 External links

General Homophone List[edit]

The following homophones are grouped by the lexical set of the vowel with primary stress and by rhyming sounds.

Section contents
FACE SQUARE FLEECE NEAR PRICE GOAT NORTH
FORCE CHOICE BATH TRAP MOUTH DRESS STRUT
NURSE KIT LOT START THOUGHT FOOT GOOSE

FACE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/eɪ/)
Lexical set: FACE
Note:
Not all of these are homophones in dialects which lack the long mid mergers or distinguish wait from weight.
Sound: (/eɪ/)
flay/fley (/ˈfleɪ/)
hay/hey (/ˈheɪ/)
jay/[J] (/ˈdʒeɪ/)
kay/[K] (/ˈkeɪ/)
lay/lei (/ˈleɪ/)
nay/neigh/née (/ˈneɪ/)
pray/prey (/ˈpreɪ/)
ray/[re] (/ˈreɪ/)
sleigh/slay (/ˈsleɪ/)
tray/trey (/ˈtreɪ/)
way/weigh (/ˈweɪ/)
patience/patients (/ˈpeɪ.ʃɛn(t)s, ˈpeɪ.ʃɛnts/)
toupee/to-pay (/tuː.ˈpeɪ/)
Sound: (/eɪd/)
ade/aid/aide (/ˈeɪd/)
braid/brayed (/ˈbreɪd/)
grade/(grayed/greyed) (/ˈgreɪd/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
lade/laid (/ˈleɪd/)
maid/made (/ˈmeɪd/)
raid/rayed (/ˈreɪd/)
spade/spayed (/ˈspeɪd/)
trade/trayed (/treɪd/)
wade/weighed (/ˈweɪd/)
Sound: (/eɪk/)
brake/break (/ˈbreɪk/)
stake/steak (/ˈsteɪk/)
Sound: (/eɪl/)
ale/ail (/ˈeɪl/)
bale/bail (/ˈbeɪl/)
gale/Gail/Gayle (/ˈgeɪl/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
hale/hail (/ˈheɪl/)
male/mail (/ˈmeɪl/)
pale/pail (/ˈpeɪl/)
sale/sail (/ˈseɪl/)
tale/tail (/ˈteɪl/)
vale/vail/veil (/ˈveɪl/)
wale/wail (/ˈweɪl/)
wails/Wales (/ˈweɪlz/)
Sound: (/eɪn/)
brain/brane (/ˈbreɪn/)
fain/fane/feign (/ˈfeɪn/)
lain/lane (/ˈleɪn/)
main/mane/mein/Maine (/ˈmeɪn/)
pain/pane (/ˈpeɪn/)
plain/plane (/ˈpleɪn/)
rain/reign/rein (/ˈreɪn/)
vain/vane/vein (/ˈveɪn/)
Sound: (/eɪnt/)
faint/feint (/ˈfeɪnt/)
Sound: (/eɪs/)
bass/base (/ˈbeɪs/)
place/plaice (/ˈpleɪs/)
Sound: (/eɪst/)
waste/waist (/ˈweɪst/)
Sound: (/eɪʃ/)
acclimation/acclamation (/æ.klə.ˈmeɪ.ʃən/)
Sound: (/eɪt/)
bait/bate (ˈbAt) (/ˈbeɪt/)
gait/gate (ˈgAt) (/ˈgeɪt/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
great/grate (/ˈgreɪt/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
plate/plait (/ˈpleɪt/)
strait/straight (/ˈstreɪt/)
wait/weight (/ˈweɪt/)
Sound: (/eɪv/)
naval/navel (/ˈneɪ.vəl/)
wave/waive (/ˈweɪv/)
waver/waiver (/ˈweɪ.vər/)
Sound: (/eɪz/)
days/daze (/ˈdeɪz/)
faze/phase (/ˈfeɪz/)
frays/phrase (/ˈfreɪz/)
gaze/gay's (/ˈgeɪz/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
graze/(grays/greys) (/ˈgreɪz/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
haze/(hay's/hays)/hayes/heighs/heys (/ˈheɪz/)
lais/lase/lays/laze/(leas/leys)/leis (/ˈleɪz/)
maize/maze/Mays/May's (/ˈmeɪz/)
praise/prays/preys (/ˈpreɪz/)
raise/raze/rays/Ray's (/ˈreɪz/)
sleighs/slays (/ˈsleɪz/)

SQUARE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɛər/)
Lexical set: SQUARE
aerial/areal/Ariel (/ˈɛə.ri.ˌəl/)
heir/air/ere/err/ayre/are/Ayr/eˈer/eyre (/ˈɛər/)
heirs/airs/errs (/ˈɛərz/)
bare/bear (/ˈbɛər/)
fair/fare (/ˈfɛər/)
flair/flare (/ˈflɛər/)
hair/hare (/ˈhɛər/)
pair/pear/pare (/ˈpɛər/)
stair/stare (/ˈstɛər/)
tear/tare (/ˈtɛər/)
there/their/they're (/ˈðɛər/)
theirs/there's (/ˈðɛərz/)
wear/ware/weir (/ˈwɛər/)
See also
Mary-merry-marry merger

FLEECE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/iː/)
Lexical set: FLEECE
Sound: (/iː/)
be/bee/[B] (/ˈbiː/)
(dee/[D]) (/ˈdiː/)
(ee/[E]) (/ˈiː/)
flee/flea (/ˈfliː/)
(gee/[G]) (/ˈdʒiː/)
cay/key/(quay/quai) (/ˈkiː/)
me/[mi] (/ˈmiː/)
[si]/see/sea/cee[C] (/ˈsiː/)
pea/pee/[P] (/ˈpiː/)
tee/tea/[ti]/[T] (/ˈtiː/)
the/thee (/ˈðiː/)
(vee/[V]) (/ˈviː/)
we/wee (/ˈwiː/)
Sound: (/iːtʃ/)
beach/beech (/ˈbiːtʃ/)
breach/breech (/ˈbriːtʃ/)
leach/leech (/ˈliːtʃ/)
Sound: (/iːd/)
accede/exceed (/ɪk.ˈsiːd/)
cede/seed (/ˈsiːd/)
heed/he'd (/ˈhiːd/)
meed/mead (/ˈmiːd/)
knead/kneed/need (/ˈniːd/)
read/reed/rede (/ˈriːd/)
weed/we'd (/ˈwiːd/)
Sound: (/iːk/)
creak/creek (/ˈkriːk/)
leak/leek (/ˈliːk/)
peak/peek/pique (/ˈpiːk/)
sheik/sheikh/chic (/ˈʃiːk/)
weak/week (/ˈwiːk/)
wreak/reek (/ˈriːk/)
Sound: (/iːl/)
heal/heel/he'll (/ˈhiːl/)
peal/peel (/ˈpiːl/)
real/reel (/ˈriːl/)
seal/seel/ceil (/ˈsiːl/)
sealing/ceiling (/ˈsiː.lɪŋ/)
steal/steel (/ˈstiːl/)
weal/we'll (/ˈwiːl, ˈʍiːl/)
wheal/wheel (/ˈwiːl, ˈʍiːl/)
weald/wield (/ˈwiːld, ˈʍiːld/)
Sound: (/iːm/)
cream/creme (/ˈkriːm/)
deem/deme (/ˈdiːm/)
seam/seem (/ˈsiːm/)
semen/seamen (/ˈsiː.mɛn/)
teem/team(/ˈtiːm/)
Sound: (/iːn/)
dean/dene (/ˈdiːn/)
jean/gene/Jean/Gene (/ˈdʒiːn/)
jeans/genes/Jean's/Gene's (/ˈdʒiːnz/)
lien/lean (/ˈliːn/)
mean/mien (/ˈmiːn/)
scene/seen (/ˈsiːn/)
Sound: (/iːp/)
cheap/cheep (/ˈtʃiːp/)
Sound: (/iːs/)
grease/Greece (/ˈgriːs/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
piece/peace (/ˈpiːs/)
Sound: (/iːt/)
beat/beet (/ˈbiːt/)
discrete/discreet (/dɪs.ˈkriːt, dɪ.ˈskriːt/)
feat/feet (/ˈfiːt/)
meat/meet/mete (/ˈmiːt/)
peat/Pete (/ˈpiːt/)
sweet/suite (/ˈswiːt/)
Sound: (/iːz/)
bees/B's (/ˈbiːz/)
ease/E's (/ˈiːz/)
frees/freeze/frieze (/ˈfriːz/)
pleas/please (/ˈpliːz/)
sees/seas/seize/cees/ces/cs/psis/sis/szis/C's (/ˈsiːz/)
teas/tees/tease/[T's] (/ˈtiːz/)
Sound: (/iːv/)
weave/we've (/ˈwiːv/)
eave/eve/Eve (/ˈiːv/)
eaves/eves/Eve's (/ˈiːvz/)

NEAR[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɪər/)
Lexical set: NEAR
eerie/eery/Erie/aerie/aery/eyry/eyrie (/ˈɪə.ri/)
dear/deer (/ˈdɪər/)
hear/here (/ˈhɪər/)
peer/pier (/ˈpɪər/)
sear/seer/sere (/ˈsɪər/)
shear/sheer (/ˈʃɪər/)
tear/tier (/ˈtɪər/)
cereal/serial (/ˈsɪə.riˌəl/)
See also
Mirror-nearer merger

PRICE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/aɪ/)
Lexical set: PRICE
Sound: (/aɪ/)
buy/by/bye (/ˈbaɪ/)
hi/high/hie (/ˈhaɪ/)
die/dye (/ˈdaɪ/)
ay/aye/eye/I (/ˈaɪ/)
lie/lye (/ˈlaɪ/)
pie/[pi] (/ˈpaɪ/)
rye/wry (/ˈraɪ/)
sigh/psi (/ˈsaɪ/)
tie/Thai/tai/taille/tye/Tyigh (/ˈtaɪ/)
wye/Y (/ˈwaɪ/)
Sound: (/aɪd/)
eyed/I'd (/ˈaɪd/)
idyll/idle/idol (/ˈaɪ.dəl/)
pride/pried (/ˈpraɪd/)
side/sighed (/ˈsaɪd/)
tide/tied (/ˈtaɪd/)
Sound: (/aɪl/)
isle/aisle/I'll (/ˈaɪl/)
viol/vial/vile (/ˈvaɪl/)
wild/wiled (/ˈwaɪld/)
Sound: (/aɪm/)
rime/rhyme (/ˈraɪm/)
time/thyme (/ˈtaɪm/)
Sound: (/aɪ(.)n/)
minor/miner (/ˈmaɪ.nər// invalid IPA characters (/))
sign/sine (/ˈsaɪn/)
find/fined (/ˈfaɪnd/)
mind/mined (/ˈmaɪnd/)
wind/wined/wynd (/ˈwaɪnd/)
Sound: (/aɪər, aɪr/)
dire/dyer (/ˈdaɪ(.)ər, daɪr/)
drier/dryer (/ˈdraɪ.ər/)
flier/flyer (/ˈflaɪ.ər/)
hire/higher (/ˈhaɪ(.)ər, haɪr/)
liar/lier/lyre (/ˈlaɪ(.)ər, laɪr/)
sire/sigher (/ˈsaɪ(.)ər, saɪr/)
tire/tier/tyre/Tyre (/ˈtaɪ(.)ər, taɪr/)
Sound: (/aɪz/)
(prize/prise) (/ˈpraɪz/)
ryes/rise (/ˈraɪz/)
sighs/size (/ˈsaɪz/)
Sound: (/aɪt/)
bite/bight/byte (/ˈbaɪt/)
knight/night (/ˈnaɪt/)
might/mite (/ˈmaɪt/)
rite/right/write/wright (/ˈraɪt/)
cite/sight/site (/ˈsaɪt/)
recite/resight/resite (/ri.ˈsaɪt/)
slight/sleight (/ˈslaɪt/)

GOAT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/əʊ/)
Lexical set: GOAT
Note:
Not all of these are homophones in dialects which lack the long mid mergers.
Sound: (/əʊ/)
oh/owe/eau/eaux/haut/o/O (/ˈəʊ/)
bow/beau (/ˈbəʊ/)
doe/dough/do (/ˈdəʊ/)
flow/floe (/ˈfləʊ/)
ho/hoe (/ˈhəʊ/)
lo/low (/ˈləʊ/)
know/no (/ˈnəʊ/)
roe/row/[rho] (/ˈrəʊ/)
sew/so/sow/sol (/ˈsəʊ/)
slow/sloe (/ˈsləʊ/)
throw/throe (/ˈθrəʊ/)
toe/tow (/ˈtəʊ/)
Sound: (/əʊtʃ/)
broach/brooch (/ˈbrəʊtʃ/)
Sound: (/əʊd/)
bode/bowed (/ˈbəʊd/)
load/lode/lowed (/ˈləʊd/)
mode/mowed (/ˈməʊd/)
ode/owed (/ˈəʊd/)
road/rode/rowed (/ˈrəʊd/)
toad/toed/towed (/ˈtəʊd/)
Sound: (/əʊk/)
yolk/yoke (/ˈjəʊk/)
Sound: (/əʊl/)
boll/bole/bowl (/ˈbəʊl/)
cole/coal/kohl (/ˈkəʊl/)
hole/whole (/ˈhəʊl/)
holy/holey/wholly (/ˈhəʊ.li/)
pole/poll (/ˈpəʊl/)
role/roll (/ˈrəʊl/)
sol/sole/soul/Seoul (/ˈsəʊl/)
tole/toll (/ˈtəʊl/)
bold/bowled (/ˈbəʊld/)
hold/holed (/ˈhəʊld/)
sold/souled/soled (/ˈsəʊld/)
told/tolled (/ˈtəʊld/)
Sound: (/əʊm/)
comb/combe (/ˈkəʊm/)
roam/Rome (/ˈrəʊm/)
Sound: (/əʊn/)
groan/grown (/ˈgrəʊn/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
loan/lone (/ˈləʊn/)
moan/mown (/ˈməʊn/)
sone/sewn/sown (/ˈsəʊn/)
throne/thrown (/ˈθrəʊn/)
Sound: (/əʊt/)
mote/moat (/ˈməʊt/)
rote/wrote (/ˈrəʊt/)
Sound: (/əʊz/)
hose/hoes (/ˈhəʊz/)
knows/nose/noes/nos (/ˈnəʊz/)
rows/rose/roes (/ˈrəʊz/)

NORTH[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɔːr/)
Lexical set: NORTH
Sound: (/ɔːrd/)
chord/cord (/ˈkɔːrd/)
ward/warred (/ˈwɔːrd/)
Sound: (/ɔːrn/)
warn/worn (/ˈwɔːrn/)
See also:
Non-rhotic homophones
Horse-hoarse merger

FORCE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɔər/)
Lexical set: FORCE
Sound: (/ɔər/)
boar/bore/Boer (/ˈbɔːr/)
fore/(four/[4])/for (/ˈfɔːr/)
oar/ore/o'er (/ˈɔːr, ˈɔər/)
poor/pore/pour (/ˈpɔːr, ˈpɔər/)
soar/sore (/ˈsɔːr, ˈsɔər/)
your/you're/yore (/ˈjɔːr/)
Sound: (/ɔːrd, ɔərd/)
board/bored (/ˈbɔːrd, ˈbɔərd/)
gourd/gored (/ˈgɔːrd, ˈgɔərd/ invalid IPA characters (gg), replace g with ɡ, g with ɡ)
hoard/horde/whored (/ˈhɔːrd, ˈhɔərd/)
Sound: (/ɔːrs, ɔərs/)
coarse/course (/ˈkɔːrs, ˈkɔərs/)
hoarse/horse (/ˈhɔːrs, ˈhɔərs/)
Sound: (/ɔːrz, ɔərz/)
soars/sores (/ˈsɔːrs, ˈsɔərz/)
pores/pours (/ˈpɔːrz, ˈpɔərz/)
See also:
Non-rhotic homophones
Horse-hoarse merger

CHOICE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɔɪ/)
Lexical set: CHOICE
roil/royal (/ˈrɔɪ.əl/)
boy/buoy (/ˈbɔɪ/)

BATH[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/æ, ɑː/)
Lexical set: BATH
cast/caste (/ˈkæst, kɑːst/)
See also
Trap-bath split

TRAP[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/æ/)
Lexical set: TRAP
Sound: (/æks/)
tacks/tax (/ˈæks/)
Sound: (/ætʃ/)
bach/batch (/ˈbætʃ/)
catch/ketch (/ˈkætʃ/)
Sound: (/æd/)
ad/add (/ˈæd/)
Sound: (/æ(.)k/)
rack/wrack (/ˈræk/)
sac/sack (/ˈsæk/)
Sound: (/æl/)
palette/pallet (/ˈpæl.ɪt/)
Sound: (/æm/)
dam/damn (/ˈdæm/)
jam/jamb (/ˈdʒæm/)
lam/lamb (/ˈlæm/)
Sound: (/æ(.)n/)
cannon/canon (/ˈkæ.nʌn/)
canvas/canvass (/ˈkæn.vəs/)
manner/manor (/ˈmæn.ər/)
band/banned (/ˈbænd/)
Sound: (/æ(.)p/)
capital/capitol (/ˈkæ.pɪ.təl, ˈkæ.pɪ.dəl/)
rap/wrap (/ˈræp/)
rapper/wrapper (/ˈræp.ər/)
rapping/wrapping (/ˈræp.iŋ/)
rapped/wrapped/rapt (/ˈræpt/)
Sound: (/ær/)
barren/baron (/ˈbær.ən/)
carat/karat/caret/carrot (/ˈkær.ət/)
Sound: (/æʃ/)
cache/cash (/ˈkæʃ/)
Sound: (/æt/)
fat/phat (/ˈfæt/
mat/matte/matt/Matt (/ˈmæt/)
See also
Trap-bath split
Mary-merry-marry merger

MOUTH[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/aʊ/)
Lexical set: MOUTH
Sound: (/aʊ/)
bow/bough (/ˈbaʊ/)
chow/ciao (/ˈtʃaʊ/)
plow/plough (/ˈplaʊ/)
sow/sough (/ˈsaʊ/)
Sound: (/aʊd/)
aloud/allowed (/ə.ˈlaʊd/)
Sound: (/aʊl/)
foul/fowl (/ˈfaʊl/)
Sound: (/aʊn/)
council/counsel (/ˈkaʊn.səl/)
councillor/counselor (/ˈkaʊn.sə.lər/)
Sound: (/aʊ(ə)r/)
hour/our (/ˈaʊər, ˈaʊr, ˈɑːr/)
flour/flower (/ˈflaʊər, ˈflaʊ.ər/)

DRESS[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɛ/)
Lexical set: DRESS
Sound: (/ɛtʃ/)
retch/wretch (/ˈrɛtʃ/)
Sound: (/ɛd/)
bread/bred (/ˈbrɛd/)
led/lead (/ˈlɛd/)
medal/meddle (/ˈmɛd.əl/)
pedal/peddle (/ˈpɛd.əl/)
red/read (/ˈrɛd/)
Sound: (/ɛk/)
reck/wreck (/ˈrɛk/)
Sound: (/ɛks/)
ex/X (/ˈɛks/)
Sound: (/ɛl/)
ell/el/L (/ˈɛl/)
cell/sell (/ˈsɛl/)
cellar/seller (/ˈsɛl.ər/)
Sound: (/ɛm/)
em/M (/ˈɛm/)
Sound: (/ɛn/)
concent<archaic>/consent (/kən.ˈsɛnt/)
accept/except (/ɪk.ˈsɛpt/)
ascent/assent (/ə.ˈsɛnt/)
en/N (/ˈɛn/)
cent/sent/scent (/ˈsɛnt/)
cents/scents/sense (/ˈsɛn(t)s/)
censer/censor/sensor (/ˈsɛn.sər/)
centaury/Centaurii (/ˈsɛn.tɑr.ˌi, ˈsɛn.tɔr.ˌi/)
dense/dents (/ˈdɛn(t)s/)
descent/dissent (/dɪ.ˈsɛnt/)
presence/presents (/ˈprɛ.zɛn(t)s/)
residence/residents (/ˈrɛz.ɪ.ˌdɛn(t)s/)
Sound: (/ɛp/)
step/steppe (/ˈstɛp/)
Sound: (/ɛs/)
rest/wrest (/ˈrɛst/)
Sound: (/ɛ.ðər/)
weather/wether (/ˈwɛ.ðər/)
Sound: (/ɛt/)
metal/mettle (/ˈmɛt.əl, ˈmɛd.əl/)
Sound: (/ɛr/)
berry/bury (/ˈbɛr.i/)
heroin/heroine (/ˈhɛr.əʊ.ɪn/)
Sound: (/ɛ(.)z/)
desert/dessert (/dɛ.ˈzɝt/)
See also
Mary-merry-marry merger

STRUT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ʌ/)
Lexical set: STRUT
Sound: (/ʌm/)
come/cum (/ˈkʌm/)
plum/plumb (/ˈplʌm/)
rum/rhumb (/ˈrʌm/)
some/sum (/ˈsʌm/)
dum/dumb /dʌm/
Sound: (/ʌn/)
done/dun (/ˈdʌn/)
ton/tonne/tun (/ˈtʌn/)
son/sun (/ˈsʌn/)
won/one/1 (/ˈwʌn/)
Sound: (/ʌŋ/)
rung/wrung (/ˈrʌŋ/)
Sound: (/ʌr/)
currant/current (/ˈkʌr.ənt/)
Sound: (/ʌ(.)s/)
mustard/mustered (/ˈmʌs.tər/d/ invalid IPA characters (/))
muscle/mussel (/ˈmʌs.əl/)
Sound: (/ʌt/)
but/butt (/ˈbʌt/)

NURSE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɜːr/)
Lexical set: NURSE
Note:
Not all of these are homophones in dialects which lack the fern-fir-fur merger.
berth/birth (/ˈbɜːrθ/)
colonel/kernel (/ˈkɜːr.nəl/)
earn/urn (/ˈɜːrn/)
fir/fur (/ˈfɜːr/)
per/purr (/ˈpɜːr/)
bird/burred (/ˈbɜːrd/)
heard/herd (/ˈhɜːrd/)
whirled/whorled (/ˈʍɜːrld/)
serf/surf (/ˈsɜːrf/)
hurts/hertz (/ˈhɜːrts/)

KIT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɪ/)
Lexical set: KIT
Sound: (/ɪb/)
nibble/nybble (/ˈnɪb.əl/)
Sound: (/ɪg/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ)
rigor/rigger (/ˈrɪg.ər/ invalid IPA characters (g), replace g with ɡ
Sound: (/ɪl/)
chilly/(chili/chilli)/Chile (/ˈtʃɪl.i, ˈtʃi.(ˌ)leɪ/)
build/billed (/ˈbɪld/)
gorilla/guerilla/guerrilla (/ɡəˈɹɪl.ə/)
Sound: (/ɪm/)
cymbal/symbol (/ˈsɪm.bəl/)
him/hymn (/ˈhɪm/)
immanent/imminent (/ˈɪm.ə.nənt, ˈɪm.ɪ.nənt/)
limb/limn (/ˈlɪm/)
Sound: (/ɪn/)
in/inn (/ˈɪn/)
principle/principal (/ˈprɪn(t).sɪ.pl̩, ˈprɪn(t).sɪ.pəl/)
mince/mints (/ˈmɪn(t)s, ˈmɪnts/)
prince/prints (/ˈprɪn(t)s, ˈprɪnts/)
Sound: (/ɪŋ/)
links/lynx (/ˈlɪŋks, ˈlɪŋ(k)s/)
ring/wring (/ˈrɪŋ/)
sink/(sync/synch) (/ˈsɪŋk/)
ringer/wringer (/ˈrɪŋ.ər/)
Sound: (/ɪs/)
scissel/scissile/Sicel/sisal/sisel/sissle/syssal (/ˈsɪs.əl/)
Sound: (/ɪt/)
its/it's (/ˈɪts/)

LOT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɒ/)
Lexical set: LOT
Sound: (/ɒ/)
profit/prophet (/ˈprɒf.ət/)
Sound: (/ɒk/)
bloc/block (/blɒk/)
doc/dock (/dɒk/)
(loch/lough)/lock (/lɒx, lɒk/)
nock/knock (/nɒk/)
roc/rock (/rɒk/)
Sound: (/ɒn/)
don/Don (/dɒn/)
Sound: (/ɒt/)
knot/not (/nɒt/)
See also
Cot caught and father-bother mergers

START[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɑːr/)
Lexical set: START
are/ar[R] (/ɑːr/)
(sergeant/serjeant)/Sargent (/ˈsɑːr.dʒənt/)
bard/barred (/ˈbɑːrd/)
bazaar/bizarre (/bəˈzɑːr/)
(marshal/marshall)/martial (/ˈmɑːr.ʃəl/)
arc/ark (/ˈɑːrk/)
hart/heart (/ˈhɑːrt/)
See also:
Non-rhotic homophones

THOUGHT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ɔː/)
Lexical set: THOUGHT
Sound: (/ɔːl/)
all/awl (/ɔːl/)
altar/alter (/ɔːl.tər/
ball/bawl (/bɔːl/)
call/caul (/kɔːl/)
hall/haul (/hɔːl/)
mall/maul (/mɔːl/)
bald/balled/bawled (/bɔːld/)
pall/Paul (/pɔːl/)
Sound: (/ɔːn/)
fawn/faun (/fɔːn/)
dawn/Dawn (/dɔːn/)
Sound: (/ɑː(r), ɒ(r), ɔː(r)/)
aureole/oriole (/ˈɔːr.i.ˌəʊl, ˈəʊr.i.ˌəʊl, -i.əl/)
story/storey (/ˈstɔːr.i, ˈstəʊr.i/)
Sound: (/ɔːt/)
aught/ought (/ɑːt, ɔːt/)
naught/nought (/nɔːt/)
taught/taut (/tɔːt/)
Sound: (/ɑː(r)z, ɒ(r)z, ɔː(r)z/)
paws/pause (/pɔːz/)
claws/clause (/klɔːz/)
See also
Cot caught and father-bother mergers
Non-rhotic homophones

FOOT[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/ʊ/)
Lexical set: FOOT
Sound: (/ʊd/)
wood/would (/ˈwʊd/)

GOOSE[edit]

Stressed vowel: (/uː/)
Lexical set: GOOSE
Sound: (/uː/)
blew/blue/bleu (/ˈbluː/)
cue/queue/[Q] (/ˈkjuː/)
cues/queues/[Q's] (/ˈkjuːz/)
dew/due (/ˈdjuː/)
flew/flue (/ˈfluː/)
loo/Lou (/ˈluː/)
knew/new (/ˈnjuː/)
gnu/[nu] (/ˈnuː/)
shoo/shoe/choux (/ˈʃuː/)
slue/slew (/sluː/)
sue/Sioux (/suː/)
to/too/(two/[2]) (/ˈtuː/)
who/whoo (/ˈhuː/)
pupil/pupal (/ˈpjuː.pəl/)
yew/you/ewe/U (/ˈjuː/)
Sound: (/uːd/)
crude/crewed (/kruːd/)
mood/mooed (/ˈmuːd/)
rude/rued (/ˈruːd/)
Sound: (/uːl/)
dual/duel (/ˈdjuː.əl/}})
yule/you'll (/ˈjuːl/)
Sound: (/uːm/)
toom/tomb (/ˈtuːm/)
Sound: (/uːp/)
troop/troupe (/ˈtruːp/)
Sound: (/uːz/)
bruise/brews (/ˈbruːz/)
cruise/crews/cruse (/ˈkruːz/)
ruse/rues (/ˈruːz/)
whose/who's (/ˈhuːz/)
use/yews/ewes/U's (/ˈjuːz/)


See also
Yod-dropping and coalescence

Notes on words[edit]

  • Phonemic transcriptions are in IPA symbols.
  • Different spellings of identical words are grouped with parentheses.
  • Symbols, numbers/letters are in brackets.
  • There is some ambiguity over homophones since there are different pronunciations of words.

Notes on inclusion[edit]

  • Contracted words are included.
  • A few double-words are included. (A word can sound like two words in sequence)
  • Plural nouns, and tensed verbs are included.
  • Some well known proper names (first or last) are included, although this allows endless additions.

See also[edit]

Wikipedia

External links[edit]