User:LokiClock/Basic Japanese checklist

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This is a personal copy of Appendix:1000 Japanese basic words made to help keep track of my vocabulary progress.

Legend:

  • M - Memorized
  • R - Review
  • W - Word (alone - memorized)
  • K - Kanji (alone - memorized)
  • 1 - Heard a few times
  • 2 - Distinctly familiar

Nouns[edit]

People[edit]

Body[edit]

Family[edit]

Life[edit]

Animals[edit]

Crops[edit]

Time & Space[edit]

Directions & Positions[edit]

Materials[edit]

Weights and Measures[edit]

Society[edit]

Man made objects[edit]

Home[edit]

Tools[edit]

Stationery[edit]

Clothes[edit]

Transport[edit]

Language[edit]

Colors[edit]

Others[edit]

Numbers[edit]

Abstract Nouns[edit]

Adjectives[edit]

Forms[edit]

Feelings[edit]

Verbs[edit]

Existence[edit]

Movement[edit]

Actions[edit]

Sensations[edit]

Speech[edit]

Work[edit]

Emotions[edit]

Activities[edit]

Adverbs[edit]

Pre-noun adjectival[edit]

Interjections[edit]

Conjunctions[edit]

Terminations of verbs[edit]

  • よう - Volitional ending (う for u-verbs, よう for ru-verbs): "Let's..." or "I will"
  • せる させる- Causative ending (せる for u-verbs, させる for ru-verbs): to make (someone do something) or to allow.
  • れる られる Passive verb ending (れる for u-verbs, られる for ru-verbs): To be verbed (eg. 食べられる, "to be eaten")
  • そうだ Indicates that it *seems* the verb occurs (It seems he ate, etc.)
  • - informal past-tense
  • たい - Indicates desire to perform verb
  • だろう - Indicates that it *seems* the verb occurs; also used to ask whether the verb occurs
  • ない, - Informal negative (ん is a slurred version and sounds a little masculine)
  • - Archaic informal negative
  • ます - Formal non-past ending

Particles[edit]

Case[edit]

  • M - - subject marker, but
  • から - from
  • - at, by
  • 1 - - and, with
  • - indirect object marker
  • M - - possession marker, of
  • 1 - - to (e)
  • まで - to
  • より - than
  • - direct object marker (o)

Binding[edit]

  • M - - topic marker (wa)
  • 2 - - as well
  • 1 - - and

Conjunctive[edit]

Final[edit]

  • 1 - emphasis and question marker. equivalent to "right?"
  • 2 - question marker
  • 2 - the copula particle used after quasi-adjectives
  • かしら I wonder
  • -ness
  • っけ particle indicating that the speaker is trying to recall some information (what class is next -kke?)

Adverbial[edit]