User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-pl-r

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rabbi {n} (Jewish scholar or teacher)  :: rabin {m}
rabbit {n} (mammal)  :: królik {m}
rabble {n} (the mass of common people; the lowest class of people)  :: bydło {n}
rabies {n} (viral disease)  :: wścieklizna {f}
raccoon {n} (nocturnal omnivore living in North America, Procyon lotor)  :: szop {m-an}
race {n} (contest)  :: wyścig {m}
race {v} (to take part in a race)  :: ścigać się
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of a common heritage)  :: rasa {f}
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of common, physical characteristics)  :: rasa {f}
race {n} (one of the categories from the many subcategorizations of the human species)  :: rasa {f}
race {n} (a population geographically separated from others of its species that develops significantly different characteristics; informal for subspecies)  :: rasa {f}
race {n} (a breed or strain of domesticated animal)  :: rasa {f}
racemate {n} (racemic mixture)  :: mieszanina racemiczna {f}, racemat {m}
Rachel {prop} (younger daughter of Laban)  :: Rachela
Racibórz {prop} (city in Poland)  :: Racibórz {m}
racism {n} (race discrimination or dislike)  :: rasizm {m}
racist {n} (person who believes a particular race is superior to others.)  :: rasista {m}, rasistka {f}
racist {adj} (relating to racism)  :: rasistowski {m}
rack {n} (cut of meat)  :: żeberka {p}
racket {n} (loud noise)  :: hałas, wrzawa, harmider
raconteur {n} (storyteller)  :: gawędziarz {m}
racoon {n} (raccoon) SEE: raccoon  ::
rada {n} (soviet) SEE: soviet  ::
rada {n} (a parliamentary body in a number of Slavic countries)  :: rada
Rada {prop} (rada) SEE: rada  ::
radian {n} (unit)  :: radian {m}
radiance {n} (the quality of being radiant, shining, bright or splendid)  :: blask {m}
radiance {n} (the flux of radiation emitted per unit solid angle in a given direction by a unit area of a source)  :: radiancja {f}
radiator {n} (anything which radiates or emits rays)  :: emiter {m}
radiator {n} (device that lowers engine coolant temperature by conducting heat to the air)  :: radiator {m}
radiator {n} (finned metal fixture that carries hot water or steam in order to heat a room)  :: kaloryfer {m}
radical {adj} (chemistry: involving free radicals)  :: rodnik
radical {n} (person with radical opinions)  :: radykał {m}
radical {n} (arithmetic: root (of a number or quantity))  :: pierwiastek {m}
radical {n} (linguistics: portion of a character that provides an indication of its meaning)  :: pierwiastek {m}, klucz {m}
radical {n} (organic chemistry: free radical)  :: rodnik {m}
radicalization {n} (the process or result of radicalizing)  :: radykalizacja {f}
radio {n} (technology)  :: radio {n}
radio {n} (receiver)  :: radio, radioodbiornik
radio {n} (transmitter)  :: radio, radionadajnik, radiostacja
radioactive {adj} (exhibiting radioactivity)  :: radioaktywny
radioactive fallout {n} (material from a radioactive plume)  :: opad promieniotwórczy
radioactivity {n} (emission of ionizing radiation)  :: radioaktywność {f}, promieniotwórczość {f}
radio astronomy {n} (branch of astronomy)  :: radioastronomia {f}
radio beacon {n} (beacon that emits radiowave)  :: radiolatarnia {f}
radiochemistry {n} (chemistry of radioactive substances)  :: radiochemia {f}
radio drama {n} (acoustic performance)  :: słuchowisko
radioisotope {n} (a radioactive isotope of an element)  :: radioizotop {m}
radiolocation {n} (method of detecting and locating distant objects using microwave radiation)  :: radiolokacja {f}
radiological {adj} (pertaining to radiation, radioactivity or nuclear weapons)  :: radiologiczny
radiologist {n} (practitioner of radiology)  :: radiolog {m} {f}
radiology {n} (the use of radiation in diagnosis)  :: radiologia {f}
radionuclide {n} (radioactive nuclide)  :: radionuklid {m}
radiophonic {adj} (of or pertaining to the radiophone)  :: radiofoniczny {m}
radiophonic {adj} (Describing sound effects created to accompany radio broadcasts)  :: radiofoniczny {m}
radio telescope {n} (astronomical device)  :: radioteleskop {m}
radish {n} (plant)  :: rzodkiew {f}
radish {n} (edible root)  :: rzodkiewka {f}
radium {n} (chemical element)  :: rad {m}
radius {n} (bone (human))  :: kość promieniowa {f-p}
radius {n} (line segment)  :: promień {m}
radius {n} (length of this line segment)  :: promień {m}
radix {n} (biology: root) SEE: root  ::
radix {n} (mathematics: number of distinct symbols used to represent numbers)  :: podstawa {f}
radon {n} (chemical element)  :: radon {m}
raft {n} (flat, floating structure)  :: tratwa {f}
raft {n} (inflatable floating craft)  :: tratwa {f}
rafter {n} (one of a series of sloped beams)  :: krokiew {f}
rag {n} (piece of cloth)  :: ścierka, szmata {f}
rag doll {n} (a doll made from cloth and rags)  :: szmaciana lalka {f}
rage {n} (a violent anger)  :: wściekłość {f}, szał {m}, amok {m}
Ragusa {prop} (Dubrovnik) SEE: Dubrovnik  ::
ragweed {n} (plant of the genus Ambrosia)  :: ambrozja {f}
raid {n} (attack for the purpose of making arrests, seizing property, or plundering)  :: najście {n}, najazd {m}, nalot {m}
raider {n} (one who engages in a raid)  :: łupieżca {m}, grabieżca {m}
rail {n} (means of transportation) SEE: railway  ::
rail {n} (metal bar)  :: szyna {f}
railcar {n} (self-propelled railroad vehicle)  :: drezyna spalinowa {f}
railing {n} (fence or barrier)  :: reling {f}
railman {n} (railwayman) SEE: railwayman  ::
railroad {n} (permanent road consisting of fixed metal rails) SEE: railway  ::
railroad {n} (transportation system) SEE: railway  ::
railroad station {n} (place where trains stop for passengers) SEE: railway station  ::
railroad tie {n} (piece supporting the rails of a railroad)  :: podkład {m}
railway {n} (track, consisting of parallel rails)  :: kolej {f}, linia kolejowa {f}
railway {n} (transport system using these rails)  :: kolej {f}, kolej żelazna {f}
railwayman {n} (man who works on a railway)  :: kolejarz {m}
railway station {n} (place where trains stop)  :: dworzec kolejowy {m}, dworzec {m}, stacja kolejowa {f}
rain {n} (condensed water from a cloud)  :: deszcz {m}
rain {v} (of rain: to fall from the sky)  :: padać
rainbow {n} (multicoloured arch in the sky)  :: tęcza {f}
rainbow {n} (assortment, varied multitude)  :: wachlarz {m-in}
rainbow {adj} (multicoloured)  :: tęczowy
rainbow trout {n} (Oncorhynchus mykiss (countable))  :: pstrąg tęczowy {m}
rain buckets {v} (to rain heavily) SEE: rain cats and dogs  ::
rain cats and dogs {v} (to rain very heavily)  :: lać jak z cebra
raincoat {n} (waterproof coat)  :: płaszcz przeciwdeszczowy {m}
raindrop {n} (droplet of rainwater)  :: kropla deszczu
rainforest {n} (forest in a climate with high annual rainfall and no dry season)  :: las deszczowy {m}
rain gauge {n} (device to measure rainfall)  :: deszczomierz {m}, pluwiometr {m}
rain pitchforks {v} (rain cats and dogs) SEE: rain cats and dogs  ::
rainwater {n} (water sourced from rain)  :: deszczówka {f}
rainy {adj} (abounding with rain)  :: deszczowy {m}, [archaic] dżdżysty
rainy season {n} (portion of the year when rainfall amounts are greatest)  :: pora deszczowa {f}
raise {v} (to cause to rise)  :: podnieść
raise {v} (to collect)  :: zebrać, uzyskać
raise {v} (to exponentiate)  :: podnieść
raise {n} (increase in wages)  :: podwyżka {f}
raised bog {n}  :: torfowisko wysokie
raise the bar {v} (to raise standards)  :: podnieść poprzeczkę
raisin {n} (dried grape)  :: rodzynka {f}, rodzynek {m}
rajah {n} (Hindu prince)  :: radża {m}
rake {n} (garden tool)  :: grabie {p}
rake {v} (use a rake on)  :: grabić
rake {v} (search thoroughly)  :: przeczesywać
rake {v} (spray with gunfire)  :: ostrzeliwać
rake up {v} (to collect (leaves etc.) into a pile by using a rake)  :: zgrabić, zgarniać
Raków {prop} (Polish town 1569–1869 and village 1869–present, important centre of Socinianism in the 16th–17th CC.)  :: Raków {m-in}
Raków {prop} (gmina wiejska in Kielce County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland)  :: Raków {m-in}
rally {n} (demonstration)  :: wiec {m}
rally {n} (motor racing: event)  :: rajd {m}
ram {n} (male sheep)  :: tryk {m}, baran {m}
ram {n} (battering ram) SEE: battering ram  ::
Ramadan {prop} (holy ninth month of Islamic lunar calendar)  :: ramadan {m}
ramble {n} (stroll) SEE: stroll  ::
ramble {v} (wander) SEE: wander  ::
rambler {n} (recreational walker) SEE: hiker  ::
rambling {n} (meandering talk)  :: rozwlekły {m}
ramen {n} (soup noodles of wheat, with various ingredients (Japanese style))  :: ramen {m}
Ramesses {prop} (name of pharaohs)  :: Ramzes {m}
ramie {n} (Boehmeria nivea)  :: szczmiel {m}
rampart {n} (defensive ridge of earth)  :: wał obronny {m}, szaniec {m}
rampart {n} (protection against intrusion)  :: szaniec {m}
rampart {v} (To defend with a rampart; fortify or surround with a rampart)  :: bronić, ochraniać
rampion {n} (Phyteuma)  :: zerwa {f}
ramshackle {adj} (in disrepair or disorder)  :: rozpadający się {m}, rozklekotany {m}
rancid {adj} (rancid) SEE: offensive  ::
rancid {adj} (being rank in taste or smell)  :: zjełczały {m}
rancidification {n} (process of becoming rancid)  :: jełczenie
random {adj} (all outcomes being unpredictable)  :: przypadkowy {m}, losowy {m}
random {adj} (mathematics: of or relating to probability distribution)  :: losowy
random {adj} (computing: pseudorandom)  :: losowy, pseudolosowy
random {adj} (undistinguished, average)  :: przeciętny, statystyczny
random {adj} (apropos of nothing)  :: bez związku, od czapy
randomness {n} (property of all possible outcomes being equally likely)  :: losowość {f}
random number {n} (number allotted randomly using a suitable generator)  :: liczba losowa {f}
Randstad {prop} (a conurbation in the Netherlands)  :: Randstad {m}
range {n} (step of a ladder) SEE: rung  ::
range {n} (line of mountains, buildings etc.)  :: pasmo górskie {n}
range {n} (large stove with many hotplates)  :: piec {m}, kuchenka {f}
range {n} (selection, array)  :: wybór {m}, gama {f}
range {n} (area for practicing shooting)  :: strzelnica {f}
range {n} (area of open, often unfenced, grazing land)  :: pastwisko {n}
range {v} (to classify) SEE: classify  ::
range {v} (to separate into parts) SEE: sift  ::
rangefinder {n} (instrument)  :: dalmierz {m}
range hood {n} (kitchen device) SEE: extractor hood  ::
ranger {n} (Park ranger)  :: strażnik leśny {m}
Rangoon {prop} (Yangon) SEE: Yangon  ::
rank {n} (a level in an organization such as the military)  :: ranga {f}, stopień {m}
rank {n} (The lines or rows of people in an organization)  :: szeregi {p}
rank {n} (maximal number of linearly independent columns (or rows) of a matrix)  :: rząd {m}
rank {n} (chess: one of the horizontal lines of squares)  :: rząd {m}
rankle {v} (to cause irritation)  :: boleć, dręczyć
rankle {v} (to fester)  :: zaognić, jątrzyć
ransom {n} (money paid for the freeing of a hostage)  :: okup {m}
ransomware {n} (malware)  :: oprogramowanie szantażujące {n}, oprogramowanie wymuszające okup {n}
rant {n} (criticism)  :: tyrada {f}
rant {n} (incoherent and emotional articulation)  :: żołądkowanie się {n}, pieklenie się {n}, tyrada {f}
rant {v} (to criticise by ranting)  :: produkować się {impf}
ranunculus {n} (buttercup) SEE: buttercup  ::
rap {v} (to speak lyrics in the style of rap music)  :: rapować
rap {n} (rap music) SEE: rap music  ::
rapacious {adj} (avaricious)  :: pazerny {m}
rape {n} (act of forcing sexual activity)  :: gwałt {m-in}
rape {v} (force sexual intercourse)  :: gwałcić {impf}, zgwałcić {pf}
rape {v} (cause damage, destruction to a countryside, nature etc)  :: naruszyć {pf}
rape {n} (rapeseed) SEE: rapeseed  ::
rape culture {n} (rape culture)  :: kultura gwałtu {f}
rapeseed {n} (rapeseed plant)  :: rzepak {m}
Raphael {prop} (Archangel)  :: Rafał {m}
Raphael {prop} (given name)  :: Rafał {m}
rapid {adj} (Very swift or quick)  :: szybki {m}
rapid {n} (section of river)  :: bystrzyna {f}, bystrze {n}, szypot {m}, progi {p}
rapidity {n} (speed, swiftness)  :: szybkość {f}
rapidly {adv} (with speed)  :: szybko
rapist {n} (someone who rapes someone else)  :: gwałciciel {m}, gwałcicielka {f}
rap music {n} (music form)  :: rap {m}
rapper {n} (performer of rap music, or one who raps)  :: raper {m}
raptor {n} (bird of prey) SEE: bird of prey  ::
rapunzel {n} (corn salad) SEE: corn salad  ::
rapunzel {n} (rampion) SEE: rampion  ::
Rapunzel {prop} (a German fairy tale)  :: Roszpunka {f}
Rapunzel {prop} (The main character of that tale)  :: Roszpunka {f}
rara avis {n} (rare or unique person or thing)  :: biały kruk {m}
rare {adj} (very uncommon)  :: rzadki
rare {adj} (cooked very lightly)  :: krwisty
rare bird {n} (unusual or exceptional person or thing) SEE: rara avis  ::
rarefied {adj} (less dense than usual)  :: rozrzedzony
rarely {adv} (not occurring at a regular interval)  :: rzadko
rarity {n} (measure of the scarcity of an object)  :: rzadkość {f}
rarity {n} (rare object)  :: rarytas {m}, biały kruk {m}
rascal {n} (cheeky person)  :: łajdak {m}, łotr {m}, szubrawiec {m}, urwis {m}, łobuz {m}, łobuziak {m}
rascal {adj} (part of the common rabble)  :: [collective] hołota {f}
rash {n} (of skin)  :: wysypka {f}
rash {n} (surge in problems)  :: lawina {f}
rasp {n} (coarse file)  :: tarnik {m}
raspberry {n} (plant)  :: malina {f}
raspberry {n} (fruit)  :: malina {f}
raspberry {adj} (containing or having the flavor/flavour of raspberries)  :: malinowy {m}
raspberry {adj} (the colour)  :: malinowy {m}
rassolnik {n} (a soup in Russian cuisine)  :: zupa ogórkowa {f} [Polish cucumber soup]
raster graphics {n} (structure representing grid of pixels)  :: grafika rastrowa {f}, grafika bitmapowa {f}, bitmapa {f}
rat {n} (rodent)  :: szczur {m-an}
rat {n} (traitor)  :: kapuś {m-pr}, szpicel {m-pr}, donosiciel {m-pr}
rat {v} (to tell on someone)  :: kapować, sypać, donosić
rat-arsed {adj} (extremely drunk) SEE: shitfaced  ::
rate {n} (speed) SEE: speed  ::
rate {n} (proportional relationship between amounts)  :: tempo
rate {n} (relative speed of change or progress)  :: szybkość {f}
rate {n} (price of individual thing)  :: taryfa {f}, cena {f}
rate {n} (set price or fee determined in relation to a particular scale or standard)  :: stawka {f}, taryfa {f}, cennik {m}
rate {n} (wage calculated in relation to a unit of time)  :: akord {m}
rate {n} (tax levied by a local authority)  :: opłata {f}
rate {v} (assign a particular rank or level)  :: oceniać {impf}, ocenić {pf}
ratel {n} (Mellivora capensis) SEE: honey badger  ::
rather {adv} (preferably)  :: raczej
rather {adv} (somewhat, fairly)  :: dość, dosyć
ratify {v} (give formal consent to)  :: ratyfikować
ratio {n} (number representing comparison)  :: współczynnik {m}, stosunek {m}
ratio {n} (arithmetics: relative magnitude of two quantities expressed as quotient)  :: stosunek {m}
rational {adj} (reasonable; not absurd)  :: racjonalny
rational {adj} (arithmetic: of a number)  :: wymierny
rational {n} (rational number) SEE: rational number  ::
rationale {n} (justification or rationalization)  :: uzasadnienie {n}
rationale {n} (liturgical vestment)  :: racjonał {m}
rationalism {n} (philosophical theory)  :: racjonalizm {m}
rational number {n} (quotient of integers)  :: liczba wymierna {f}
ratline {n} (net like ropework of the shrouds)  :: wyblinki {f-p}
rat race {n} (activity which is hectic, tedious, and congested with participants)  :: wyścig szczurów {m}
rattle {n} (sound)  :: grzechotanie {n}
rattle {n} (baby’s toy)  :: grzechotka {f}
rattle {n} (death rattle) SEE: death rattle  ::
rattler {n} (rattlesnake) SEE: rattlesnake  ::
rattlesnake {n} (poisonous snake)  :: grzechotnik {m}
ravelin {n} (fortification outside a castle)  :: rawelin {m}
raven {n} (bird)  :: kruk {m-an}
Ravenna {prop} (province)  :: Rawenna {f}
Ravenna {prop} (city)  :: Rawenna {f}
ravenous {adj} (very hungry)  :: zachłanny, żarłoczny
ravine {n} (a deep narrow valley)  :: wąwóz {m}, jar {m}
ravish {v} (rape) SEE: rape  ::
ravishing {adj} (Extremely beautiful)  :: zachwycający {m}, czarowny {m}
raw {adj} (uncooked)  :: surowy {m}
raw {adj} (crude in quality)  :: surowy
raw material {n} (material in its unprocessed, natural state)  :: surowiec {m}
ray {n} (beam of light or radiation)  :: promień {m}
ray {n} (mathematics: line extending indefinitely in one direction from a point)  :: promień {m}
ray {n} (marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail)  :: płaszczka {f}
raze {v} (to demolish)  :: zburzyć
razor {n} (shaving knife)  :: brzytwa {f}
razor {n} (tusk of wild boar)  :: szabla
razor blade {n} (razor blade)  :: żyletka {f}
razor wire {n} (a form of security wire)  :: drut ostrzowy {m}
-rd {suffix} (third)  :: -ci {m}
reach {v} (to extend, to thrust out)  :: sięgać {impf}, sięgnąć {pf}
reach {v} (to obtain by stretching forth, to extend so as to touch)  :: dosięgać {impf}, dosięgnąć {pf}
reach {v} (to arrive at by effort)  :: docierać {impf}, dotrzeć {pf}
reach {n} (act of stretching or extending; extension)  :: sięgnięcie {impf}, rozciągnięcie {pf}
reach {n} (ability to reach or touch)  :: zasięg {m}
reach {n} (extent; stretch; expanse)  :: rozciągłość {pf}
reactance {n} (opposition to the change in current)  :: reaktancja {f}
reaction {n} (action in response to an event)  :: reakcja {f}
reactionary {adj} (opposed to change)  :: reakcyjny, reakcjonistyczny
reactionary {n} (such a person)  :: reakcjonista
reactivation {n} (the activation of something previously inactive or inactivated)  :: reaktywacja {f}
reactor {n} (a device which uses atomic energy to produce heat)  :: reaktor
reactor {n} (a chemical substance which responds to the presence or contact with another substance)  :: reagent {m}
read {v} (look at and interpret letters or other information)  :: czytać {impf}, przeczytać {pf}
read {v} (speak aloud words or other information that is written)  :: czytać {impf}, odczytywać, odczytać
read {v} (have the ability to read text or other information)  :: czytać
read {v} (of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way)  :: czytać się
read {v} (make a study of)  :: czytać, studiować
readability {n} (property of being capable of being read; legibility)  :: czytelność {f}
readable {adj} (legible) SEE: legible  ::
readableness {n} (readability) SEE: readability  ::
read between the lines {v} (to infer a meaning that is not stated explicitly)  :: czytać między wierszami
reader {n} (person who reads a publication)  :: czytelnik {m}, czytelniczka {f}
reader {n} (any device that reads something)  :: czytnik {m}
readiness {n} (state or degree of being ready)  :: gotowość {f}
reading {n} (process of interpreting written language)  :: czytanie {n}
read-only memory {n} (memory chip that stores values but doesn't allow updates)  :: pamięć tylko do odczytu {f}
read someone's lips {v} (discern what somebody is saying)  :: czytać z ust, czytać z ruchu warg
ready {n} (cash) SEE: cash  ::
ready {adj} (prepared for immediate action or use)  :: gotowy, gotów {m}, gotowi {p}
ready, set, go {phrase} (on your mark, get set, go) SEE: on your mark, get set, go  ::
ready, steady, go {phrase} (on your mark, get set, go) SEE: on your mark, get set, go  ::
reagent {n} (substance used in chemical reactions)  :: reagent {m}
real {adj} (true, genuine, not merely nominal)  :: prawdziwy
real {adj} (genuine, unfeigned, sincere)  :: prawdziwy
real {adj} (that has physical existence)  :: realny
real {adj} (law: relating to immovable tangible property)  :: rzeczowy, realny
real {n} (mathematics: a real number) SEE: real number  ::
real {adv} (really) SEE: really  ::
real estate {n} (property that cannot easily be moved)  :: nieruchomość {f}
realist {n} (one who sees things as they are)  :: realista {m}
realist {n} (advocate of artistic realism)  :: realista {m}
reality {n} (state of being actual or real)  :: rzeczywistość {f}
reality {n} (a real entity, event etc.)  :: rzeczywistość {f}
reality {n} (entirety of all that is real)  :: rzeczywistość {f}
reality show {n} (a reality television program)  :: reality show {m}
realization {n} (act of figuring out or becoming aware)  :: uświadomienie {n}
realize {v} (to become aware of)  :: spostrzec {pf}, uświadomić sobie {pf}, zdać sobie sprawę {pf}
realize {v} (to make real)  :: realizować, tworzyć {impf}, ziścić {pf}, ziszczać {impf}
realize {v} (to convert into actual money)  :: realizować
realize {v} (to convert any kind of property into money)  :: realizować
real life {n} (life outside of a contrived or fantastical environment)  :: życie {n}, [literally] prawdziwe życie {n}
really {adv} (actually)  :: naprawdę
really {adv} (informally, as an intensifier; very, very much)  :: naprawdę
really {interj} (indicating surprise at, or requesting confirmation of, some new information)  :: naprawdę?, doprawdy?, czyżby?
really {interj} (indicating affirmation, agreement)  :: właśnie, naprawdę
really {interj} (indicating displeasure at another person's behaviour)  :: doprawdy
real number {n} (limit of a convergent sequence of rational numbers)  :: liczba rzeczywista {f}
real number {n} (floating-point number) SEE: floating-point number  ::
realpolitik {n} (pragmatic international government policy)  :: Realpolitik {f}
real property {n} (real estate) SEE: real estate  ::
real socialism {n} (a pragmatic brand of socialism)  :: realny socjalizm {m}
realtime {adj} (computer term)  :: w czasie rzeczywistym
real-valued {adj} (function having only real values)  :: o wartościach rzeczywistych
ream {v} (to enlarge a hole)  :: rozwiercać, poszerzać
ream {n} (bundle of paper)  :: ryza {f}
reamer {n} (tool for boring)  :: rozwiertak {m}
reap {v} (to cut with a sickle)  :: żąć {impf}, kosić {impf}
reaper {n} (one who reaps)  :: żniwiarz {m}, żeniec {m}
reaper {n} (the Grim Reaper) SEE: Grim Reaper  ::
reap hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle  ::
reaping hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle  ::
rear admiral {n} (proctologist) SEE: proctologist  ::
rearguard {n} (the rearmost part of a force)  :: ariergarda {f}, straż tylna {f}
reason {n} (that which causes: a cause)  :: przyczyna {f}
reason {n} (motive for an action or determination)  :: powód {m}
reason {n} ((the capacity of the human mind for) rational thinking)  :: rozum {m}
reason {v} (to deduce by being rational)  :: rozumować
reason {v} (to converse; to compare opinions)  :: przekonywać
reason {v} (to arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine, debate, discuss) SEE: debate  ::
reason {n} (math: ratio, proportion) SEE: ratio  ::
reasonable {adj} (just; fair; agreeable to reason)  :: uzasadniony {m}
reasonable {adj} (inexpensive)  :: rozsądny {m}
reasonable {adj} (satisfactory)  :: satysfakcjonujący {m}
reassure {v} (to assure anew; to restore confidence to; to free from fear or terror)  :: upewniać {impf}, upewnić {pf}
reave {v} (to plunder, pillage, rob, pirate, or remove)  :: plądrować / splądrować
rebel {n} (person who resists an established authority)  :: buntownik {m}; powstaniec {m}
rebel {v} (to resist or become defiant towards)  :: buntować się
rebellion {n} (armed resistance)  :: rebelia {f}, rewolta {f}, bunt {m}, powstanie {n}
rebellion {n} (defiance)  :: bunt {m}
rebirth {n} (revival, reinvigoration)  :: odrodzenie {n}
reboot {n} (instance of rebooting)  :: ponowny rozruch {m}, ponowne uruchomienie {n}
reboot {v} (to restart a system)  :: uruchomić ponownie {pf}
reborn {adj} (reincarnated)  :: wskrzeszony {m}
rebuke {n} (harsh criticism)  :: zbesztanie {n}
rebuke {v} (to criticise harshly; to reprove)  :: rugać {impf}, zrugać {pf}
rebus {n} (puzzle)  :: rebus
rebut {v} (deny the truth of something)  :: obalać {impf}
rebut {v} (drive back or beat back; to repulse)  :: odrzucać {impf}
recall {n}  :: przywołanie {n}, odwołanie {n}, pamięć {f}, pokrycie {n}
recapitulation {n} (subsequent enumeration of the major points)  :: streszczenie {n}
receipt {n} (written acknowledgement)  :: paragon {m}
receive {v} (get)  :: dostać {pf}, otrzymać {pf}
receiver {n} (electronic device)  :: odbiornik {m}
recent {adj} (having happened a short while ago)  :: ostatni, świeży {m}, niedawny
recently {adv} (in the recent past)  :: niedawno, ostatnio
reception {n} (act of receiving)  :: odbiór {m}
reception {n} (electronics: act or ability to receive signals)  :: zasięg {m}
reception {n} (social engagement)  :: przyjęcie {n}
reception {n} (front desk)  :: recepcja {f}
receptionist {n} (employee who receives visitors and/or calls, typically in an office setting)  :: recepcjonista {m}, recepcjonistka {f}
recess {n} (botany, zoology: sinus) SEE: sinus  ::
recidivist {n} (one who falls back into prior habits, especially criminal habits)  :: recydywista {m}, recydywistka {f}
recipe {n} (instructions for making or preparing food dishes)  :: przepis {m-in}
reciprocal {adj} (done by each of two people towards the other)  :: wzajemny {m}
reciprocal {adj} (Done, given, felt, or owed in return)  :: odwrotny {m}
reciprocal {n} (in mathematics)  :: odwrotność {f}
recitation {n} (act of reciting)  :: recytacja {f}, deklamacja {f}
recitation {n} (material recited)  :: tekst {m}
recite {v} (to recite) SEE: say  ::
recite {v} (to repeat aloud some passage, poem or other text previously memorized, often before an audience)  :: recytować
reckless {adj} (careless or heedless; headstrong or rash)  :: lekkomyślny {m}, nierozważny {m}
reckless {adj} (indifferent to danger or the consequences)  :: lekkomyślny
reckoning {n} (the action of calculating or estimating something)  :: rozliczenie {n}
reclaim {v} (to recycle) SEE: recycle  ::
reclaim {v} (to tame or domesticate a wild animal) SEE: tame  ::
recognisable {adj} (recognisable)  :: rozpoznawalny {m}
recognize {v} (to match in memory; to know from a previous encounter)  :: rozpoznać, poznać
recognize {v} (to acknowledge the existence or legality of something)  :: uznać
recoil {n} (pushback from a fired firearm)  :: odrzut {m}
recollection {n} (act of recalling to the memory)  :: wspomnienia
recommend {v} (to commend to the favorable notice of another)  :: polecać
recommendation {n} (that which is recommended)  :: zalecenie {n}, polecenie {n}
reconcile {v} (to restore a friendly relationship)  :: pogodzić {pf}, pogodzić się {pf}
reconciliation {n} (reestablishment of friendly relations)  :: zgoda {f}, pojednanie {n}
reconciliation {n} (Roman Catholic sacrament)  :: rekoncyliacja {f}
reconnaissance {n} (act of gathering information)  :: rekonesans {m}, zwiad {m}
recook {v} (cook again)  :: odgrzać
record {n} (most extreme known value of some achievement)  :: rekord {m}
record {v} (make an audio or video recording of)  :: nagrać
recorder {n} (recording device)  :: nagrywarka, rejestrator
recorder {n} (musical instrument)  :: flet prosty {m}
recording {n} (reproduction stored in a permanent medium)  :: nagranie {n}
record label {n} (brand of a company that produces records) SEE: label  ::
rectangle {n} (quadrilateral)  :: prostokąt
rectified spirit {n} (purified alcohol)  :: spirytus {m}
rectify {v} (to correct or amend something)  :: poprawiać {impf}, poprawić {pf}
rectify {v} (to purify or refine, especially by distillation)  :: destylować {impf}
rectify {v} (to convert alternating current into direct current)  :: prostować {impf}
rectitude {n} (rightness of principle or practice)  :: prawość {f}
rector {n} (cleric in charge of a parish)  :: proboszcz {m}
rector {n} (headmaster)  :: rektor {m}
rectum {n} (terminal part of the large intestine)  :: odbytnica {f}
recumbent {n} (special type of bicycle)  :: rower poziomy {m}
recurring {adj} (math:having a set of digits that is repeated indefinitely)  :: okresowy {m}
recursion {n} (in mathematics)  :: rekurencja {f}
recursive {adj} (mathematics: of an expression, in which each term is determined by applying a formula to preceding terms)  :: rekurencyjny {m}
recursive {adj} (computing: of a program or function that calls itself)  :: rekurencyjny {m}
recursively enumerable {adj} ((computing theory) of a set, such that there exists a deterministic algorithm which will list all the items in the set and no others)  :: rekurencyjnie przeliczalny {m}
recycle {v} (to break down and reuse component materials)  :: przetwarzać {impf}, przetworzyć {pf}
red {adj} (having red as its colour)  :: czerwony
red {adj} (of hair: orange-brown)  :: rudy
red {n} (colour)  :: czerwień {f}
Red Army man {n} (the lowest military rank of the Red Army)  :: czerwonoarmista
red as a beetroot {adj} (being the colour of a beetroot)  :: spalić raka
red-backed shrike {n} (medium-sized bird)  :: gąsiorek {m}
red bandfish {n} (Cepola macrophthalma)  :: wstęgówka
red beet {n} (beetroot) SEE: beetroot  ::
red blood cell {n} (haemoglobin-carrying blood cell in vertebrates)  :: erytrocyt {m}, czerwona krwinka {f}
red-breasted merganser {n} (Mergus serrator)  :: szlachar {m}
redbud {n} (Judas tree) SEE: Judas tree  ::
red carpet {n} (a strip of red carpet laid for a VIP)  :: czerwony dywan {m}
Red Cross {prop} (Red Cross)  :: Czerwony Krzyż {m}
redden {v} (to become red)  :: czerwienieć {impf}, poczerwienieć {pf}, sczerwienieć {pf}
redden {v} (to make red)  :: czerwienić {impf}, poczerwienić {pf}
redeem {v} (to convert into cash)  :: spieniężać
redefine {v} (to give a new or different definition to a word)  :: przedefiniować {pf}, przedefiniowywać {impf}
red fox {n} (Vulpes vulpes)  :: lis rudy {m-an}
red grouse {n} (Lagopus lagopus scotica)  :: pardwa szkocka {f}
redhaired {adj} (having red hair) SEE: redheaded  ::
red-handed {adj} (in the act of wrongdoing)  :: na gorącym uczynku
redheaded {adj} (having red hair)  :: rudy
red hot {n} (hot dog) SEE: hot dog  ::
red meat {n} (meat)  :: czerwone mięso {n}
redneck {n} (uneducated, unsophisticated person)  :: burak {m}
redo {v} (to do again)  :: przerabiać {impf}, przerobić {pf}
redolence {n} (the quality of being redolent)  :: aromat {m}, zapach {m}
redolence {n} (an evocative fragrance)  :: przywołujący zapach {m}
redolent {adj} (fragrant or aromatic)  :: pachnący {m}
redolent {adj} (having a smell)  :: pachnący {m}
redolent {adj} (suggestive or reminiscent)  :: przywołujący {m}
red panda {n} (Ailurus fulgens)  :: panda mała {f}
red poppy {n} (Papaver rhoeas) SEE: corn poppy  ::
Red Sea {prop} (sea between Africa and Arabia)  :: Morze Czerwone {n}
redshift {n} (change in wavelength)  :: przesunięcie ku czerwieni
Red Square {prop} (Moscow square)  :: Plac Czerwony {m}
red tea {n} (black tea) SEE: black tea  ::
reduce {v} (to bring down)  :: zmniejszać, zmniejszyć, obniżać, obniżyć
reduce {v} (to lose weight)  :: stracić na wadzę, schudnąć, zeszczupleć
reduce {v} (to bring to an inferior rank)  :: degradować, zdegradować
reduce {v} (metallurgy: to remove non-metals from metal)  :: wytopić, wytapiać
reduce {v} (math: to simplify a formula)  :: uprościć, upraszczać, skrócić, skracać
reducer {n} (plumbing component)  :: złączka redukcyjna {f}
reductio ad absurdum {n} (proof by contradiction) SEE: proof by contradiction  ::
redundant {adj} (superfluous)  :: nadmiarowy {m}, nadmierny {m}
red valerian {n} (Centranthus ruber)  :: ostrogowiec (czerwony) {m}
red wine {n} (red coloured wine)  :: czerwone wino {n}
redwood {n} (the species Sequoia sempervirens)  :: sekwoja wieczniezielona {f}
reed {n} (grass-like plant)  :: trzcina {f}
reed {n} (hollow stem)  :: trzcina {f}
reed {n} (music: part of mouthpiece)  :: stroik {m}
reed {n} (music: instrument)  :: instrument stroikowy dęty {m}
reed bunting {n} (bird)  :: potrzos {m}
reed switch {n} (type of electrical switch)  :: kontaktron
reef {n} (rocks at or near surface of the water)  :: rafa {f}
reef {v} (sailing)  :: refować
reefer {n} (marijuana) SEE: marijuana  ::
reek {n} (unpleasant smell)  :: smród {m}, fetor {m}
reel {v} (to wind on a reel)  :: motać {impf}, namotać {pf}, nawijać {impf}, nawinąć {pf}
reel {v} (to spin or revolve repeatedly)  :: wirować {impf}, kręcić się {impf}, krążyć {impf}
reel {v} (to walk shakily or unsteadily)  :: zataczać się {impf}, chwiać się {impf} [na nogach]
reelection {n} (the act of being elected after already being elected once)  :: reelekcja {f}
reel off {v} (list effortlessly and quickly)  :: snuć {impf}
refectory {n} (dining-hall)  :: refektarz {m}
refer {v} (to direct to a source for help or information)  :: skierować {pf}
refer {v} (to submit to an authority figure for consideration)  :: skierować {pf}
refer {v} (to allude to (grammar term))  :: odnosić się {impf}
referee {n} (sport: umpire, judge, the supervisor of a game)  :: sędzia {m}
reference {v} (to refer to)  :: odnosić się do
reference {n} (reference work) SEE: reference work  ::
reference work {n} (compendium of information)  :: vademecum {n}, informator {m}, poradnik {m}
referendum {n} (direct popular vote)  :: referendum {n}
referral {n} (act or process of transferring)  :: skierowanie {n}
refinery {n} (building used to produce refined products)  :: rafineria {f}
reflect {v} (to bend back from a surface)  :: odbijać {impf}, odbić {pf}
reflect {v} (to be bent back from a surface)  :: odbijać się {impf}, odbić się {pf}
reflect {v} (to mirror, or show the image of something)  :: odbijać {impf}, odbić {pf}
reflect {v} (to be mirrored)  :: odbijać się {impf}, odbić się {pf}
reflection {n} (act of reflecting; the state of being reflected)  :: odbicie {n}
reflection {n} (property of a propagated wave)  :: odbicie {n}
reflection {n} (something that is reflected)  :: odbicie {n}
reflexive {adj} (in grammar)  :: zwrotny {m}
reflexive {adj} (in mathematics)  :: zwrotny {m}
reflexive {n} (reflexive pronoun) SEE: reflexive pronoun  ::
reflexive {n} (reflexive verb) SEE: reflexive verb  ::
reflexive pronoun {n} (a part of speech)  :: zaimek zwrotny {m}
reflexive verb {n} (verb with equivalent subject and direct object)  :: czasownik zwrotny {m}
reform {n} (amendment)  :: reforma {f}
reformatory {n} (juvenile institution) SEE: reform school  ::
reform school {n} (institution for juveniles)  :: poprawczak {m}
refract {v} (to refract) SEE: disperse  ::
refraction {n} (bending of any wave)  :: refrakcja {f}
refractive index {n} (ratio of the speed of light in vacuum to another medium)  :: współczynnik załamania {m}
refrain {v} (to keep oneself from action)  :: powstrzymywać się / powstrzymać się
refrain {n} (burden of song)  :: refren {m}
refresh {v} (to renew or revitalize)  :: odświeżyć
refrigerate {v} (freeze) SEE: freeze  ::
refrigerate {v} (cool down) SEE: cool down  ::
refrigerator {n} (appliance that refrigerates food)  :: lodówka {f}
refuge {n} (state of safety, protection or shelter)  :: przytułek {m}
refugee {n} (person seeking political asylum)  :: uchodźca {m}
refugee {n} (person seeking refuge from natural disaster)  :: uchodźca {m}
refugee {n} (person granted formal asylum)  :: uchodźca {m}
refurbish {v} (rebuild or replenish)  :: odświeżać, odnawiać
refuse {n} (items or material that have been discarded)  :: odrzuty {p}
refuse {v} ((transitive) decline (request, demand))  :: odrzucać
refuse {v} ((intransitive) decline a request or demand)  :: odmówić
regain {v} (to get back, to recover possession of)  :: odzyskać
regard {n} (concern for another)  :: szacunek {m}, respekt {m}
regarding {prep} (concerning)  :: odnośnie [+ genitive case]
regards {n} (greeting to pass to another person)  :: pozdrowienia
regards {n} (greeting at the end of a letter)  :: pozdrawiam {impf}
regency {n} (system of government)  :: regencja {f}
Regensburg {prop} (city in Germany)  :: Ratyzbona {f}
regent {n} (one who rules in place of the monarch)  :: regent {m}, regentka {f}
regicide {n} (the killing of a king)  :: królobójstwo {n}
regicide {n} (one who kills a king)  :: królobójca {m}
regidor {n} (alderman) SEE: alderman  ::
regime {n} (mode of rule or management)  :: reżim {m-in}
regime {n} (form of government)  :: reżim {m-in}, reżym {m-in}, ustrój {m-in}
regiment {n} (army unit)  :: pułk {m}
region {n} (any considerable and connected part of a space or surface)  :: okolica {f}, obszar {m}, region {m}, rejon {m}
region {n} (an administrative subdivision)  :: region {m}
register {n} (book of such entries)  :: rejestr {m}
register {n} (computing: part of the central processing unit used to store and manipulate numbers)  :: rejestr {m}
register {n} (cash register) SEE: cash register  ::
regolith {n} (layer of loose rock that constitutes the surface of most land)  :: regolit {m}
regress {v} (to move backwards to an earlier stage)  :: uwsteczniać {impf}, uwsteczniać się {impf}, cofać {impf}
regression {n} (an action of regressing, a return to a previous state)  :: regres {m}, uwstecznienie {n}, cofnięcie {n}
regret {v} (feel sorry about some past thing)  :: żałować
regret {n} (instance of such an emotion)  :: żal {m}
regular {adj} (having a constant pattern)  :: regularny
regular {adj} (happening at constant intervals)  :: regularny
regular {adj} (grammar)  :: regularny
regular {adj} (crystallography: isometric) SEE: isometric  ::
regulate {v} (control) SEE: control  ::
regulation {n} (EU: self-effecting legislative act)  :: rozporządzenie
regulator {n} (device that controls or limits something)  :: regulator {m}
rehearse {v} (repeat what has already been said)  :: powtarzać
Reich {n} (a German empire or nation)  :: rzesza {f}, imperium {n} [empire]
reign {n} (The exercise of sovereign power)  :: rządy
reign {n} (The period during which a monarch rules)  :: panowanie {n}
reimbursement {n} (compensating someone for an expense.)  :: zwrot {m}
rein {n} (strap or rope)  :: wodze {p}, lejce {p}, cugiel {m}
reincarnation {n} (rebirth of a mental capacity in a physical life form)  :: odrodzenie {n}, reinkarnacja {f}
reindeer {n} (Rangifer tarandus)  :: renifer {m-an}, karibu {n} [North America]
reinforced concrete {n} (building material)  :: żelbet {m}
reinforcement {n} (in plural: additional troops or materiel sent to support a military action)  :: posiłki {p}
reinvent the wheel {v} (to do work unnecessarily)  :: wynajdywać koło na nowo {impf}
reism {n} (form of concretism)  :: reizm
reiter {n} (German cavalryman)  :: rajtar {m}
reiterate {v} (to say or do for a second time)  :: powtórzyć {pf}, powtarzać {impf}
reiterate {v} (to say or do repeatedly)  :: stale powtarzać
reject {v} (to throw away, reject) SEE: discard  ::
reject {v} (refuse to accept)  :: odrzucać {impf}, odrzucić {pf}
reject {n} (something that is rejected)  :: odrzut {m}
rejection {n} (the act of rejecting)  :: odmowa {f}, odrzucenie {n}
rejoice {v} (make happy)  :: radować
rejoice {v} (be happy)  :: radować się
rejuvenate {v} (render young again)  :: odmładzać {impf}, odmłodzić {pf}
rejuvenation {n} (the process of rendering young again)  :: odmłodzenie {n}
relate {v} (to narrate) SEE: narrate  ::
relation {n} (mathematics: set of ordered tuples, a Boolean function of two or more arguments)  :: relacja {f}
relational {adj} (relative) SEE: relative  ::
relationship {n} (connection or association)  :: związek {m}, powiązanie {f}, relacja {f}, stosunek {m}
relationship {n} (kinship)  :: pokrewieństwo {n}
relationship {n} (romantic or sexual involvement)  :: stosunek {m}
relative {adj} (conditional; depending on something else)  :: relatywny {m}
relative {n} (someone in the same family; someone connected by blood, marriage, or adoption)  :: krewny {m}, krewna {f}
relative clause {n} (type of subordinate clause)  :: zdanie podrzędne
relatively {adv} (proportionally)  :: stosunkowo, odnośnie
relatively {adv} (somewhat) SEE: somewhat  ::
relativity {n} (the state of being relative)  :: względność {f}
relativity {n} (physics principle)  :: względność {f}
relax {v} (to calm down)  :: relaksować się {impf}
relax {v} (to make something loose)  :: rozluźnić {pf}, poluzować
relax {v} (to make something less severe or tense)  :: rozluźnić {pf}, poluzować {pf}
relax {v} (to become less severe or tense)  :: rozluźnić się {pf}
relay {n} (electrical actuator)  :: przekaźnik {m}
relay {n} (athletics discipline)  :: sztafeta {f}
relay {v} (to pass on or transfer (information))  :: przekazać {pf}, przekazywać {impf}
release {n} (software: distribution of a computer software product)  :: wersja {f}, wydanie {n}
release {n} (product made recently available)  :: nowość {f}
release {n} (that which is released)  :: wyzwolenie {n}, uwolnienie {n}
relevant {adj} (directly related, connected, or pertinent to a topic)  :: związany, odpowiedni, stosowny
reliably {adv} (in a reliable manner)  :: rzetelnie, wiarygodnie, solidnie, pewnie
reliance {n} (The act of relying on someone or something; trust)  :: zaufanie {n}
reliance {n} (The condition of being reliant or dependent)  :: poleganie {n}
relic {n} (that which remains)  :: relikt {m}
relic {n} (part of a body or an object of religious significance)  :: relikwia {f}
relief {n} (removal of stress or discomfort)  :: ulga {f}
relief {n} (type of artwork)  :: relief {m}
relieve {v}  :: ulżyć
religion {n} (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death)  :: religia {f}
religionist {n} (religious zealot)  :: religiant {m}
religiosity {n} (quality of being religious)  :: religijność {f}
religious {adj} (concerning religion)  :: religijny
religiousness {n} (religiosity) SEE: religiosity  ::
reliquary {n} (container for religious relics)  :: relikwiarz {m}
relish {v} (to taste or eat with pleasure; to like the flavor of)  :: smakować, delektować się
relive {v} (to experience again)  :: przeżyć na nowo
relocation {n} (moving to another place)  :: przemieszczenie {n}, przeprowadzka {f}
reluctance {n} (unwillingness to do something)  :: niechęć {f}
reluctant {adj} (not wanting to take some action)  :: niechętny
rely {v} (rest with confidence)  :: polegać na
remain {n} (That which is left; relic; remainder)  :: pozostałości {p}
remain {v} (to stay behind while others withdraw)  :: pozostawać {impf}, pozostać {pf}
remain {n} (That which is left of a being after its life is gone) SEE: remains  ::
remainder {n} (mathematics: amount left over after repeatedly subtracting the divisor)  :: reszta {f}
remains {n} (what is left after a person (or any organism) dies; a corpse)  :: szczątki {p}, zwłoki {p}
remains {n} (relic of an ancient building or other structure)  :: pozostałości {p}
remains {n} (all that is left of the stock of some things; remnants)  :: resztki {p}
remake {n} (new version of film)  :: remake {m}
remark {n} (expression of something noticed)  :: uwaga {f}
remark {v} (to make a remark or remarks; to comment)  :: komentować {impf}, skomentować {pf}
remark {v} (to mark in a notable manner; to distinguish clearly)  :: zauważyć
remark {v} (to take notice of, or to observe, mentally)  :: zauważyć
remark {v} (to express in words or writing, as observed or noticed)  :: zauważyć
remedy {n} (medicine, application, or treatment)  :: lekarstwo {n}
remember {v} (to recall from one's memory)  :: pamiętać {impf}, zapamiętać {pf}
remember {v} ((obsolete) to remind) SEE: remind  ::
remind {v} (Cause one to experience a memory; bring to a person's notice)  :: przypominać
reminisce {v} (to recall the past)  :: wspominać {impf}, wspomnieć {pf}
reminisce {v} (to talk or write about memories)  :: wspominać {impf}, wspomnieć {pf}
remit {v} (to postpone) SEE: postpone  ::
remonstrance {n} (remonstration)  :: protest {m}
remonstrate {v} (intransitive - to object or protest)  :: protestować, zaprotestować
remonstrate {v} (transitive - to state as a protest or expression of disapproval)  :: protestować, zaprotestować
remonstration {n} (remonstrance) SEE: remonstrance  ::
remonstrative {adj} (of, characterized by, or exhibiting remonstration)  :: protestacyjny {m}
remonstratively {adv} (with remonstration)  :: protestacyjnie
remora {n} (delay, hindrance, obstacle) SEE: hindrance  ::
remote {adj} (at a distance)  :: zdalny
remote {adj} (distant or otherwise unaccessible)  :: daleki, oddalony, odległy
remote {n} (remote control)  :: pilot {m}
remote control {n} (device used to operate an appliance or mechanical toy from a short distance away)  :: pilot {m}
removal {n} (The process of moving, or the fact of being removed)  :: usunięcie
removal {n} (The dismissal of someone from office)  :: zwolnienie
remove {v} (to remove) SEE: delete  ::
remove {v} (to take away)  :: odjąć, usuwać
remuneration {n} (something given in exchange for goods or services rendered)  :: zapłata {f}
remuneration {n} (a payment for work done; wages, salary, emolument)  :: pensja {f}, płaca {f}
ren {n} (a kidney) SEE: kidney  ::
renaissance {n} (Renaissance) SEE: Renaissance  ::
Renaissance {prop} (14th century revival)  :: Renesans {m}, Odrodzenie {n}
Renaissance {prop} (the period)  :: Renesans {m}, Odrodzenie {n}
Renaissance {prop} (any similar revival)  :: renesans {m}, odrodzenie {n}
Renaissance {adj} (relating to the Renaissance)  :: renesansowy
Renaissance {adj} (relating to the style of the Renaissance)  :: renesansowy
rename {v} (to give a new name to)  :: przemianować
Renata {prop} (female given name)  :: Renata {f}
render {v} (to cause to become)  :: uczynić {pf}, czynić {impf}
render {v} (to interpret)  :: interpretować {impf}, zinterpretować {pf}
render {v} (to pass down)  :: przekazać {pf}, przekazywać {impf}
render {v} (to transform digital information in the form received from a repository into a display on a computer screen, or for other presentation to the user)  :: renderować {impf}, zrenderować {pf}, wyrenderować {pf}
rendering {v} (present participle of render)  :: renderujący
rendering {v} (process of producing an image from an internal model)  :: renderowanie {n}
rendezvous {n} (meeting or date)  :: randka {f}
rendezvous {n} (agreement to meet; a location or time agreed upon to meet)  :: spotkanie {m}
Renée {prop} (female given name) SEE: Renata  ::
renewable {adj} (Sustainable)  :: odnawialny
renewable energy {n} (energy that can be replenished at the same rate as it is used)  :: energia odnawialna {f}
renewal {n} (act of renewing)  :: odnowienie {n}, odnowa {f}
rennet stomach {n} (abomasum) SEE: abomasum  ::
renown {n} (Fame or wide recognition)  :: renoma {f}
reoffender {n} (repeat offender) SEE: repeat offender  ::
repair {n} (act of repairing something)  :: naprawa {f}
repair {v} (to restore to good working order)  :: naprawiać {impf}
repeat {v} (do or say again)  :: powtarzać {impf}, powtórzyć {pf}, ponowić {pf} [action]
repeatedly {adv} (done several times)  :: wielokrotnie
repeat offender {n} (repeat offender)  :: recydywista {m}, recydywistka {f}
repechage {n} (heat for competitors who have lost in a previous round)  :: repasaż {m}
repentant {adj} (feeling sorrow for wrongdoing)  :: skruszony
repertoire {n} (list of dramas, operas, pieces, parts, etc., which a company or a person has rehearsed)  :: repertuar {m}
replace {v} (to substitute)  :: zastąpić
replacement {n} (a person or thing that takes the place of another; a substitute)  :: zastępca {m} [person], zamiennik {m} [object]
replete {adj} (abounding)  :: pełny {m}
replete {adj} (filled to bursting)  :: syty {m}
replica {n} (an exact copy)  :: kopia, replika
reply {v} (to give a written or spoken response)  :: odpowiadać {impf}, odpowiedzieć {pf}
report {n} (information describing events)  :: raport {m}, sprawozdanie {n}
reportage {n} (reporting of news, especially by an eyewitness)  :: reportaż {m}
report card {n} (grades)  :: świadectwo szkolne {n}
reportedly {adv} (according to reports or rumors)  :: rzekomo, podobno, ponoć
reported speech {n} (a form of speech used to express what another has said)  :: mowa zależna {f}
repose {n} (rest)  :: wypoczynek {n}, spoczynek {n}
repose {v} (to lie at rest)  :: wypoczywać {impf}, spoczywać {impf}
repository {n} (a location for storage, often for safety or preservation)  :: składnica {f}, magazyn {m}, skład {m}, przechowalnia {f}, repozytorium {n}
repository {n} (a burial vault)  :: grobowiec {m}
repository {n} (a person to whom a secret is entrusted)  :: powiernik {m}, powierniczka {f}
representation {n} (theatrical performance)  :: przedstawienie {n}
representation {n}  :: reprezentacja {f}
representative {adj} (typical)  :: reprezentatywny
representative {n} (one who speaks for another)  :: reprezentant {m}, przedstawiciel {m}, przedstawicielka {f}
representative {n} (one that is taken as typical of its class)  :: przedstawiciel {m}, reprezentant {m}
reprivatization {n} (returning to private ownership)  :: reprywatyzacja {f}
reproach {n} (mild rebuke, or an implied criticism)  :: zarzut {m}
reproach {n} (disgrace or shame)  :: hańba {f}
reproach {v} (to criticize or rebuke someone)  :: zarzucać
reproach {v} (to disgrace, or bring shame upon someone)  :: zarzucać
reproduction {n} (the act of reproducing new individuals biologically)  :: prokreacja
reproduction {n} (a duplicate)  :: reprodukcja
reproductive system {n} (reproductive system)  :: układ rozrodczy {m}
reptile {n} (a cold-blooded vertebrate)  :: gad {m}
republic {n} (a type of state)  :: republika {f}, rzeczpospolita {f} [special cases]
republicanism {n} (republicanism as a form of government)  :: republikanizm {m}
Republic of Albania {prop} (Official name of Albania)  :: Republika Albanii
Republic of Armenia {prop} (official name of Armenia)  :: Republika Armenii
Republic of Estonia {prop} (official name of Estonia)  :: Republika Estońska {f}
Republic of Finland {prop} (official full name of Finland)  :: Republika Finlandii {f}
Republic of Korea {prop} (country)  :: Republika Korei {f}
Republic of Latvia {prop} (Official name of Latvia)  :: Republika Łotewska {f}
Republic of Lithuania {prop} (Official name of Lithuania)  :: Republika Litewska {f}
Republic of Macedonia {prop} (Republic of Macedonia, see also: Macedonia; former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia)  :: Republika Macedonii {f}
Republic of Poland {prop} (official name of Poland)  :: Rzeczpospolita Polska {f}
Republic of Turkey {prop} (official name of the country of Turkey)  :: Republika Turcji
repudiate {v} (to reject the truth of, deny)  :: odrzucić
repudiate {v} (to refuse to have anything to do with)  :: wyrzec się
reputation {n} (what somebody is known for)  :: reputacja {f}, renoma {f}
request {v} (to express the need or desire for)  :: prosić
requiem {n} (mass to honor and remember a dead person)  :: rekwiem, msza za zmarłych
requiem {n} (musical composition composed for such a mass)  :: requiem {n}
require {v} (ask) SEE: ask  ::
reredos {n} (screen or decoration behind the altar in a church) SEE: retable  ::
rescind {v} (repeal, annul, or declare void)  :: anulować, cofnąć
rescue {v} (to save from any danger or violence)  :: ratować
rescue {n} (act of rescuing, saving)  :: ratunek
rescue {n} (liberation) SEE: liberation  ::
rescuer {n} (person who rescues)  :: ratownik {m}
research {n} (inquiry or examination)  :: badania {p}
research {n} (piece of research)  :: badanie {n}
research {v} (to examine with continued care)  :: badać, zbierać informacje
research {v} (to make an investigation into)  :: badać
researcher {n} (one who researches)  :: naukowiec {m}
resell {v} (To sell again)  :: odsprzedać {pf}, odsprzedawać {impf}
resemble {v} (compare) SEE: compare  ::
resemble {v} (to be like or similar to something else)  :: być podobnym {impf}
resentful {adj} (inclined to resent)  :: obrażalski
reserve {v} (to reserve) SEE: hold  ::
reserve {n} (military: body of troops in the rear of an army)  :: rezerwa {f}
reserve {v} (to book in advance)  :: rezerwować {impf}, zarezerwować {pf}
reserved {adj} (slow to reveal emotion or opinions)  :: powściągliwy
reservoir {n} (place where anything is kept in store)  :: rezerwuar {m}, zbiornik {m}
reservoir {n} (a large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply)  :: rezerwuar, zbiornik {m}
reside {v} (to dwell permanently or for a considerable time)  :: mieszkać, mieszkać {impf}
resident {n} (person living at a location or an area)  :: mieszkaniec {m}, mieszkanka {f}, rezydent {m}
residue {n} ((chemistry) substance that remains after evaporation, distillation, filtration)  :: osad {m}
resilience {n} (the mental ability to recover quickly from depression, illness or misfortune)  :: odporność {f}
resilience {n} (the physical property of material that can resume its shape after being stretched or deformed; elasticity)  :: sprężystość {f}
resilient {adj} (able to weather tribulation without cracking)  :: elastyczny
resin {n} (secretion of plants)  :: żywica {f}
resin {n} (viscous liquid of plant origin)  :: żywica {f}
resin {n} (similar synthetic compound)  :: żywica {f}
resinaceous {adj} (resinous) SEE: resinous  ::
resinous {adj} (of or pertaining to resin)  :: żywiczny, żywicowy
resistance {n} (act of resisting)  :: opór {m}, sprzeciw {m}
resistance {n} (force that tends to oppose motion)  :: opór {m}
resistance {n} (shortened form of electrical resistance)  :: opór {m}, rezystancja {f}, oporność {f}
resistance {n} (underground organization struggling for liberation)  :: ruch oporu {m}
resistant {adj} (that which makes resistance)  :: oporny {m}
resistant {adj} (that which is not overcome by a disease or drug)  :: odporny {m}, oporny {m}
resistor {n} (an electric component that transmits current in direct proportion to the voltage across it)  :: opornik {m}, rezystor {m}
resolve {v} (to find a solution to)  :: rozwiązać {pf}, rozwiązywać {impf}
resolve {v} (to make a firm decision)  :: postanowić {pf}, postanawiać {impf}
resolve {v} (to cause a chord to go from dissonance to consonance)  :: rozwiązać {pf}, rozwiązywać {impf}
resonance {n} (condition of being resonant)  :: rezonans {m}
resonance {n} (resonant sound)  :: pogłos {m}
resort {n} (a relaxing environment for people on vacation)  :: kurort {m}, uzdrowisko {n}
resort {v} (to have recourse out of necessity or frustration)  :: uciec się, uciekać się
resort {v} (to repeat a sorting process)  :: posortować ponownie
resource {n} (something that one uses to achieve an objective)  :: środki {f-p}
resourceful {adj} (capable or clever; able to put available resources to efficient or ingenious use)  :: zaradny, pomysłowy
respect {n} (admiration for a person or entity because of perceived merit)  :: respekt {m}, szacunek {m}
respective {adj} (referencing two or more things as individuals)  :: poszczególny
respectively {adv} (in a relative manner)  :: odpowiednio
respirator {n} (device to allow breathing)  :: respirator {m}
respond {v} (to say in reply, to respond) SEE: return  ::
response {n} (an answer or reply)  :: odpowiedź {f}
responsibility {n} (the state of being responsible)  :: odpowiedzialność {f}
responsible {adj} (answerable for an act performed or for its consequences)  :: odpowiedzialny
responsible {adj} (able to answer reasonably for one's conduct)  :: odpowiedzialny
responsive {adj} (answering, replying or responding)  :: odpowiadający {m}
rest {n} (relief afforded by sleeping; sleep)  :: odpoczynek {m}
rest {v} (intransitive: take repose)  :: odpoczywać {impf}
rest {n} (remainder)  :: reszta {f}
rest {v} (to remain) SEE: remain  ::
restart {n} (act of restarting)  :: ponowne uruchomienie {n}
restaurant {n} (an eating establishment in which diners are served food at their tables)  :: restauracja {f}
restharrow {n} (any of various species of small shrubs making up the genius Ononis)  :: wilżyna {f}
rest in peace {v} (blessing or expression of hope)  :: spoczywaj w pokoju
restless {adj} (not allowing or affording rest)  :: bez odpoczynku
restless {adj} (unable to be still or quiet)  :: niespokojny {m}
restless {adj} (not satisfied to be at rest or peace)  :: niezaspokojony {m}
restless {adj} (deprived of rest or sleep)  :: bez odpoczynku
restlessness {n} (state or condition of being restless)  :: niepokój {m}, zniecierpliwienie {n}, wzburzenie {n}
rest on one's laurels {v} (to rely on a past success instead of trying to improve oneself further)  :: spocząć na laurach, spoczywać na laurach
restoration {n} (the process of bringing an object back to its original state)  :: odbudowa {f}
restraint {n} (something that restrains, ties, fastens or secures)  :: ograniczenie {n}
restraint {n} (control or caution; reserve)  :: opanowanie {n}
restricted {adj} (one of the classifications of the secrecy of an official document)  :: zastrzeżony {m}
restrictive {adj} (confining; limiting)  :: ograniczający
result {n} (that which results)  :: rezultat {m}, wynik {m}
resume {n} (curriculum vitae) SEE: curriculum vitae  ::
resume {v} (start something again that has been stopped or paused)  :: wznawiać {impf}, wznowić {pf}
resurface {v} (to come once again to the surface)  :: wypłynąć
resurgence {n} (An instance of something resurging)  :: ożywienie {n}
resurrection {n} (the act of arising from the dead)  :: zmartwychwstanie {n}
resurrection {n} (Christianity: the Resurrection)  :: zmartwychwstanie {n}, rezurekcja {f}
retable {n} (table or shelf behind an altar)  :: nastawa ołtarzowa {f}
retainer {n} (a device that holds teeth in position after orthodontic treatment)  :: aparat ortodontyczny {m}
retarded {adj} (delayed in development)  :: opóźniony
retention {n} (a memory)  :: pamięć {m}
rethink {v} (think again about a problem)  :: przemyśleć {pf}
reticent {adj} (reserved)  :: małomówny, dyskretny
reticulum {n} (the second stomach of a ruminant)  :: czepiec {m}
Reticulum {prop} (small constellation of the southern summer sky)  :: Sieć {f}
retina {n} (thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball)  :: siatkówka {f}
retinue {n} (group of servants)  :: świta {f}
retire {n} (to stop working on a permanent basis)  :: przejść na emeryturę
retired {adj} (that has left employment)  :: emerytowany {m}, emeryt {m}, emerytura {f}
retort {v} (to retort; to throw back) SEE: return  ::
retort {n} (sharp or witty reply)  :: riposta {f}
retort {v} (To say something sharp or witty in answer to a remark or accusation)  :: ripostować
retort {n} (flask used for distillation)  :: retorta {f}
retreat {v} (to withdraw military forces)  :: zarządzać odwrót {impf}, odstąpić {pf}, wycofywać się {impf}
retreat {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet  ::
retreat {v} (retreat) SEE: withdraw  ::
retreat {n} (outhouse) SEE: outhouse  ::
retreat {n} (to turn back, retreat) SEE: return  ::
retrenchment {n} (reduction or curtailment)  :: oszczędność {f}, redukcja {f}
retrenchment {n} (defensive work)  :: oszańcowanie {n}
retrieve {v} (to regain or get back something)  :: odzyskiwać {impf}, odzyskać {pf}
retrieve {v} (to rescue)  :: ratować {impf}, uratować {pf}
retrieve {v} (to salvage something)  :: ratować, uratować
retrieve {v} (to remedy or rectify something)  :: naprawiać, naprawić, zaradzić
retrieve {v} (to remember or recall something)  :: przypominać, przypomnieć, przywoływać (coś) z pamięci
retrieve {v} (to fetch or carry back something)  :: przynosić, przynieść
retroflex {adj} (of pronunciation in which the tongue underside approaches/touches the palate)  :: subapikalno-prepalatalny, subapikalny prepalatalny, subapikalno-palatalny, subapikalny palatalny
retroflex {adj} (of pronunciation in which the tongue tip approaches/touches the back of the alveolar ridge)  :: apikalny zadziąsłowy, apikalny postalweolarny, apikalno-postalweolarny
retroflex {adj} (of pronunciation in which the tongue blade approaches/touches the back of the alveolar ridge)  :: laminalny zadziąsłowy, laminalny postalweolarny, lamino-postalweolarny
retroflex {adj} (of any of the retroflex pronunciations)  :: z retrofleksją, retrofleksyjny
retroflex {n} (consonant pronounced with the tongue underside approaching/touching the palate)  :: spółgłoska subapikalno-prepalatalna {f}, spółgłoska subapikalna prepalatalna {f}, spółgłoska subapikalno-palatalna {f}, spółgłoska subapikalna palatalna {f}
retroflex {n} (consonant pronounced with the tongue tip approaching/touching the back of the alveolar ridge)  :: spółgłoska apikalna zadziąsłowa {f}, spółgłoska apikalna postalweolarna {f}, spółgłoska apikalno-postalweolarna {f}
retroflex {n} (consonant pronounced with the tongue blade approaching/touching the back of the alveolar ridge)  :: spółgłoska laminalna zadziąsłowa {f}, spółgłoska laminalna postalweolarna {f}, spółgłoska lamino-postalweolarna {f}
retroflex {n} (any of the retroflex consonants)  :: spółgłoska z retrofleksją {f}, spółgłoska retrofleksyjna {f}
retromingent {adj} (cowardly) SEE: cowardly  ::
retry {v} (to try or attempt again)  :: próbować ponownie {impf}, ponawiać próbę {impf}
retsina {n} (Greek wine)  :: retsina {f}
return {n} (answer) SEE: answer  ::
return {v} (to come or go back)  :: wracać {impf}, wracać się, wrócić {pf}
return {v} (to give something back to its original holder or owner)  :: wrócić
return {v} (computing: to relinquish control to the calling procedure)  :: powracać {impf}, powrócić {pf}
return {v} (computing: to pass back (data) to the calling procedure)  :: zwracać {impf}, zwrócić {pf}
return {v}  :: [1,2] oddać, [3,4] wrócić, [3] powrócić
return {n} (act of returning)  :: powrót {m}
return {n} (item that is returned)  :: zwrot {m}
reunification {n} (the unification of something that was previously divided; used especially of a country)  :: zjednoczenia {n}
reunion {n} (a planned event at which members of a dispersed group meet together)  :: zjazd {m}, zlot {m}
reunion {n} (reunification) SEE: reunification  ::
revalue {v} (to value again, give a new value to)  :: przewartościować {pf}
revanche {n} (revenge or retaliation)  :: rewanż {m}, zemsta {f}
revanchism {n} (political policy of endeavouring to regain lost territory)  :: rewanżyzm {m}
revanchist {n} (avenger) SEE: avenger  ::
revanchist {n} (revanchist, vengeful person)  :: rewanżysta {m}, rewanżystka {f}, odwetowiec {m}, odwetówka {f}
revanchist {adj} (advocating a policy of revanche)  :: rewanżystyczny {m}, rewanżystowski {m}, odwetowy
rev counter {n} (rev counter) SEE: tachometer  ::
reveal {v} (to uncover)  :: odkrywać, odsłaniać, ujawniać
revelation {n} (manifestation of divine truth)  :: objawienie {n}
Revelation {prop} (book of Bible)  :: Apokalipsa {f}
reveller {n} (one who revels)  :: hulaka {m} {f}, imprezowicz {m}, imprezowiczka {f}, birbant {m}, bibosz {m}, lekkoduch {m}, kompanion {m}
revenant {n} (supernatural being)  :: upiór {m}, zombie {n}
revenge {n} (retaliatory action)  :: zemsta {f}
revenge {v} (to take revenge for an action)  :: mścić się {impf}
revenge is a dish best served cold {proverb} (emotional detachment is preferable when taking revenge)  :: ten się śmieje, kto się śmieje ostatni
revenue {n} (income from an investment)  :: dochód {m}
revenue {n} (total income from a given source)  :: dochód {m}
revenue {n} (all income for some treasury by taxation e.a.)  :: dochód {m}
reverend {n} (member of the Christian clergy)  :: duchowny {m}
Reverend {n} (an honorary title added to the names of Christian clergy)  :: wielebny {m}
reverse {adj} (having the order of its constituents moved backwards)  :: odwrócony
reverse dowry {n} (bride price) SEE: bride price  ::
reverse engineering {n} (analyzing the construction and operation of a product in order to manufacture a similar one)  :: inżynieria odwrotna {f}
reverse Polish notation {n} (an arithmetic notation)  :: odwrotna notacja polska {f}
revert {v} (to return; to come back)  :: powrócić
review {n} (second or subsequent reading of a text or artifact)  :: powtórzenie {n}
review {n} (account intended as a critical evaluation of a text or a piece of work)  :: recenzja {f}, wydanie krytyczne {n}
review {n} (judicial reassessment of a case or an event)  :: rewizja {f}
review {n} (stage show made up of sketches)  :: przegląd {m}
review {n} (survey of the available items or material)  :: przegląd {m}
review {n} (periodical which makes a survey of the arts or some other field)  :: przegląd {m}
review {n} (military inspection or display for the benefit of superiors or VIPs)  :: przegląd {m}
review {n} (forensic inspection to assess compliance with regulations or some code)  :: kontrola {f}
revival {n}  :: odrodzenie, ożywienie, przebudzenie {n}
revolt {n} (act of revolting)  :: bunt {m}, rewolta {f}
revolution {n} (political upheaval)  :: rewolucja {f}, przewrót {m}
revolution {n} (turning of an object around an axis)  :: obrót {m}
revolution {n} (traversal of one body through an orbit around another body)  :: obrót {m}
revolution {n} (sudden, vast change in a situation or discipline)  :: przewrót {m}, rewolucja {f}
revolutionary {adj} (of or pertaining to a revolution in government)  :: rewolucyjny {m}
revolutionary {n} (A revolutionist; a person who revolts)  :: rewolucjonista {m}, rewolucjonistka {f}
revolve {v} (to orbit a central point)  :: kręcić się (wokół)
revolve {v} (to turn on an axis)  :: wirować, kręcić się (wokół własnej osi)
revolver {n} (a handgun with revolving chambers)  :: rewolwer {m}, bębenkowiec {m}
revolving door {n} (rotating door)  :: drzwi obrotowe {f-p}
reward {n} (something of value given in return for an act)  :: nagroda {f}
reward {v} (give a reward to)  :: nagradzać {impf}, nagrodzić {pf}
Reykjavik {prop} (Capital of Iceland)  :: Rejkiawik {m}, Reykjavik {m}
RFID {n} (Initialism for radio-frequency identification)  :: RFID {n}
Rügen {prop} (Germany’s largest island)  :: Rugia
Rhea {prop} (goddess)  :: Rea {f}, Reja {f}
Rhea {prop} (moon)  :: Rea {f}, Reja {f}
rhenium {n} (chemical element)  :: ren {m}
rhetoric {n} (art of using language for persuasion)  :: retoryka {f}
rhetorical {adj} (part of or similar to rhetoric)  :: retoryczny {m}
rhetorical question {n} (question)  :: pytanie retoryczne {n}, pytania retoryczne {n-p}
rheum {n} (nose discharge)  :: katar {m}
rheumatic {adj} (referring to rheumatism)  :: reumatyczny
rheumatics {n} (rheumatism) SEE: rheumatism  ::
rheumatism {n} (rheumatoid arthritis)  :: reumatyzm {m}
Rhine {prop} (river that flows through Europe)  :: Ren {m}
Rhineland {prop} (land on both sides of the river Rhine)  :: Nadrenia {f}
rhinencephalon {n} (smell-brain) SEE: smell-brain  ::
rhinoceros {n} (herbivorous pachyderm with horn(s))  :: nosorożec {m}
rhizome {n} (horizontal underground stem of some plants)  :: kłącze {n}
rhizosphere {n} (soil region influenced by plant roots)  :: ryzosfera {f}
Rhône {prop} (Rhone) SEE: Rhone  ::
Rhodes {prop} (island)  :: Rodos {f}
rhodium {n} (chemical element)  :: rod {m}
rhododendron {n} (flowering shrub in the genus Rhododendron)  :: różanecznik {m}
rhodonite {n} (A manganese inosilicate mineral)  :: rodonit {m}
Rhodope {prop} (Rhodopes) SEE: Rhodopes  ::
Rhodopes {prop} (mountain range in Southeastern Europe)  :: Rodopy {f-p}
rhombencephalon {n} (hindbrain) SEE: hindbrain  ::
rhombicosidodecahedron {n} (Archimedean solid)  :: dwunasto-dwudziestościan rombowy mały
rhombohedron {n} (prism with six faces, each a rhombus)  :: rombościan {m}, romboedr {m}
rhombus {n} (A parallelogram having all sides of equal length)  :: romb {m}
rhonchus {n} (sound)  :: rzężenie, rzężenia {p}
Rhone {prop} (river)  :: Rodan {m}
rhubarb {n} (any plant of the genus Rheum)  :: rabarbar {m}, rzewień {m}
Rhuddanian {prop} (subdivision of the Silurian period)  :: Rhuddan
rhyme {n} (word that rhymes with another)  :: rym {m}
rhyme {v} (put words together)  :: rymować
rhythm {n} (variation of strong and weak elements of sounds over time)  :: rytm {m}
rhythm {n} (rhythm section) SEE: rhythm section  ::
rhythm section {n} (section of a band maintaining the rhythm)  :: sekcja rytmiczna {f}
rib {n} (curved bone)  :: żebro {n}
ribbit {interj} (the sound made by a frog or toad)  :: kum
ribbon {n} (long, narrow strip of material)  :: wstążka {f}, wstęga {f}, tasiemka {f}, taśma {f}
ribbon {n} (inked ribbon)  :: wstążka {f}
ribbon seal {n} (a species of true seal)  :: foka pręgowana {f}
rib cage {n} (part of skeleton)  :: klatka piersiowa {f}
ribonucleic acid {n} (derivative of DNA, used in the transcription of genetic material)  :: kwas rybonukleinowy {m}
ribose {n} (naturally occurring pentose sugar)  :: ryboza {f}
rice {n} (plants)  :: ryż {m}
rice {n} (seeds used as food)  :: ryż {m}
ricefield {n} (field where rice is grown) SEE: paddy  ::
rice paddy {n} (field immersed in water dedicated for the cultivation of rice) SEE: paddy  ::
rich {adj} (having wealth)  :: bogaty
Richard {prop} (male given name)  :: Ryszard {m}
riches {n} (money, goods, wealth, treasure)  :: bogactwo {n}, bogactwa {p}
richness {n} (state or quality of being rich)  :: bogactwo {n}
Richter scale {prop} (logarithmic scale)  :: skala Richtera {f}
ricin {n} (poison)  :: rycyna {f}
ricksha {n} (rickshaw) SEE: rickshaw  ::
rickshaw {n} (two-wheeled carriage)  :: riksza {f}
ricochet {n} (an instance of ricocheting)  :: rykoszet
ricotta {n} (Italian whey cheese)  :: ricotta {f}
riddle {n} (sieve) SEE: sieve  ::
riddle {n} (verbal puzzle)  :: zagadka {f}
riddle {v} (to put something through a riddle or sieve)  :: przesiać {pf}
ride {v} (to transport oneself by sitting on and directing a horse, bicycle etc.)  :: [concrete] jechać {impf}, pojechać {pf}, [abstract] jeździć {impf}
ride {v} (to be transported in a vehicle as a passenger)  :: [concrete] jechać {impf}, pojechać {pf}, [abstract] jeździć {impf}
ride {v} (to transport someone in a vehicle)  :: [concrete] wieźć {impf}, zawieźć {pf}, [abstract] wozić {impf}
ride {v} (to mount someone to have sex with them)  :: ujeżdżać {impf}
ride {n} (instance of riding)  :: jazda {f}
rider {n} (driver) SEE: driver  ::
rider {n} (one who rides)  :: jeździec {m}
rider {n} (cyclist) SEE: cyclist  ::
ridicule {v} (to make fun of someone)  :: wyśmiewać
ridiculous {adj} (foolish, absurd)  :: absurdalny {m}, niedorzeczny {m}, śmieszny {m}
rifle {n} (firearm with a rifled barrel)  :: karabin {m}, gwintówka {f}
rift {n} (shallow place in a stream) SEE: ford  ::
Riga {prop} (capital of Latvia)  :: Ryga {f}
Rigan {adj} (from Riga)  :: ryski {m}
Rigan {n} (someone from Riga)  :: ryżanin {m}, ryżanka {f}
Rigel {prop} (star)  :: Rigel
right {adj} (complying with justice, correct)  :: poprawny, prawidłowy, prawy, słuszny
right {adj} (of direction)  :: prawy
right {adv} (on the right side)  :: na prawo
right {adv} (towards the right side)  :: w prawo, na prawo
right {interj} (checking agreement)  :: prawda, [colloquial] co nie, [colloquial] nie
right {n} (legal or moral entitlement)  :: prawo {n}
right {n} (right, not left, side)  :: prawa {f}
right {n} (right-wing politicians and parties)  :: prawica {f}
right {adj} (all right, not requiring assistance) SEE: all right  ::
right angle {n} (angle of 90 degrees)  :: kąt prosty {m}
right-angled triangle {n} (right-angled triangle) SEE: right triangle  ::
right as rain {adj} (very good; healthy)  :: zdrów jak ryba
right away {adv} (very soon; immediately)  :: natychmiast
right now {adv} (immediately) SEE: immediately  ::
right triangle {n} (a triangle having a right angle as one of its interior angles)  :: trójkąt prostokątny {m}
right wing {n} (political)  :: prawica {f}
rigid {adj} (stiff)  :: sztywny
Riksmål {n} (a variety of Norwegian)  :: riksmål {m}
rim {n} (wheel rim)  :: felga {f}
Rimini {prop} (province of Italy)  :: Rimini {n} [indecl]
Rimini {prop} (a resort town in Italy)  :: Rimini {n} [indecl]
rind {n} (hard outer layer of fruit, cheese)  :: skóra {f}, skórka {f}
ring {n} (circumscribing object)  :: pierścień {m}
ring {n} (round piece of (precious) metal worn around the finger)  :: pierścień {m}, pierścionek {m}
ring {n} (bird band)  :: obrączka {f}
ring {n} (place where some sports take place)  :: ring {m}
ring {n} (group of people)  :: klika {f}, krąg {m}
ring {n} (geometry: a planar geometrical figure)  :: pierścień {m}
ring {n} (astronomy: a formation of various pieces of material orbiting around a planet)  :: pierścień {m}
ring {v} (to surround or enclose)  :: otaczać
ring {v} (to produce the sound of a bell or a similar sound)  :: dzwonić
ring {v} (to make, produce sound)  :: uderzać (w dzwon)
ring {n} (algebra: an algebraic structure)  :: pierścień {m}
ring {n} (burner) SEE: burner  ::
ring {n} (typography: diacritical mark in the shape of a hollow circle) SEE: kroužek  ::
ring down the curtain {v} (stop) SEE: stop  ::
ring finger {n} (finger between the middle finger and little finger)  :: palec serdeczny {m-in}
ring road {n} (highway)  :: obwodnica {f}
ringtone {n} (sound made by a telephone when ringing)  :: dzwonek {m}
ring up the curtain {v} (start) SEE: start  ::
ringwoodite {n} (cubic form of olivine)  :: ringwoodyt {m}
rink {n} (sheet of ice prepared for playing certain sports)  :: lodowisko {n}
rinse {v} (to wash something quickly using water and no soap)  :: płukać
riot {n} (tumultuous disturbance of public peace)  :: zamieszki {f-p}, zbiegowisko {n} [legal term]
riot {n} (excessive and expensive feasting)  :: hulanka {f}
riot police {n} (a unit of police specifically trained to deal with rioting crowds)  :: oddziały prewencji {m-p}, prewencja {f} [colloquial]
rip {v} (to fart) SEE: fart  ::
rip {v} (to mock) SEE: mock  ::
rip {v} (to copy data from optical disks)  :: zgrywać {impf}, zgrać {pf}
RIP {interj} (abbreviation: rest in peace)  :: śp.
rip current {n} (strong water flow)  :: prąd odpływowy {m}
ripe {adj} (ready for reaping or gathering, of fruits and seeds)  :: dojrzały {m}
ripen {v} (to grow ripe)  :: dojrzewać {impf}, dojrzeć {pf}
ripeness {n} (characteristic of being ripe)  :: dojrzałość {f}
ripening {n} (process)  :: dojrzewanie {n}
ripple {n} (moving disturbance or undulation in the surface of a liquid)  :: zmarszczka {f}
riptide {n} (rip current) SEE: rip current  ::
rise {v} (to move upwards)  :: unieść się, podnieść się
rise {v} (of a celestial body: to appear to move from behind the horizon)  :: wschodzić
rise {n} (increase (in a quantity, price, etc))  :: wzrost {m}
risible {adj} (pertaining to laughter)  :: śmiechowy
risible {adj} (provoking laughter)  :: śmieszny
risible {adj} (prone to laughter)  :: wesoły
risk {n} (possible, usually negative, outcome)  :: ryzyko {n}, zagrożenie {n}
risk {n} (likelihood of a negative outcome)  :: ryzyko {n}
risk {n} (potential (conventionally negative) impact of an event)  :: ryzyko {n}
risk {v} (to incur risk to something)  :: ryzykować, zaryzykować
risk {v} (to incur risk of something)  :: ryzykować, zaryzykować
risk {v} (to incur risk by something)  :: ryzykować, zaryzykować
rite {n} (ritual)  :: rytuał {m-in}, obrządek {m-in}, obrzęd {m-in}, ryt {m}
ritual {adj} (related to a rite)  :: rytualny {m}, obrzędowy {m}
ritual {n} (rite)  :: rytuał {m}, obrządek {m}, obrzęd {m}
ritually {adv} (in a ritual manner)  :: rytualnie
rival {n} (competitor with the same objective)  :: rywal
rivalry {n} (competition)  :: rywalizacja {f}
river {n} (large stream which drains a landmass)  :: rzeka {f}
river horse {n} (hippopotamus) SEE: hippopotamus  ::
rivet {n} (cylindrical mechanical fastener)  :: nit {m}
Rivne {prop} (city)  :: Równe {n}
Riyadh {prop} (capital of Saudi Arabia)  :: Rijad
RNA {n} (abbreviation of ribonucleic acid)  :: RNA {n}
röntgen {n} (unit of exposure to ionizing radiation)  :: rentgen {m}
roach {n} (US: cockroach) SEE: cockroach  ::
roach {n} (Rutilus rutilus)  :: płoć {f}
road {n} (a way for travel)  :: droga {f}, szosa {f}
Roadian {prop} (subdivision of the Permian period)  :: Road
road roller {n} (heavy engineering vehicle used to compact asphalt)  :: walec {m}
roadside bomb {n} (explosive device)  :: fugas {m}
roadside hawk {n} (Buteo magnirostris)  :: myszołów krzykliwy
roar {v} (to make loud, deep cry of emotion)  :: ryczeć, zaryczeć
roar {v} (of animals, to make a loud deep noise)  :: ryczeć, zaryczeć
roar {n} (long, loud, deep shout)  :: ryk {m}
roar {n} (cry of the lion)  :: ryk {m}
roar {n} (loud resounding noise such as sound of a motorbike or a similar engine)  :: ryk {m}
roast {v} (to cook food by heating in an oven or fire)  :: piec {impf}, upiec {pf}
roast {v} (to cook by surrounding with hot embers, etc.)  :: prażyć {impf}
roast {n} (cut of meat)  :: pieczeń {f}
roast {n} (comical event)  :: roast {m}
roast beef {n} (Beef cooked by roasting)  :: rostbef {m}
roastbeef {n} (roast beef) SEE: roast beef  ::
rob {v} (to steal from, using violence)  :: grabić {impf}, obłupić {pf}, obrabować {pf}, ograbić {pf}
robber {n} (one who robs)  :: złodziej {m}, rozbójnik {m}
robbery {n} (act or practice of robbing)  :: napad {m}, rabunek {m}, grabież {f}, rozbój {m}
robbery {n} (attempt of taking the property of another by threat)  :: rozbój {m}
Robert {prop} (given name)  :: Robert
Roberta {prop} (female given name)  :: Roberta {f}
robin {n} (Erithacus rubecula)  :: rudzik {m}
robin {n} (Turdus migratorius)  :: drozd wędrowny
Robin {prop} (Sidekick of Batman)  :: Robin
robot {n} (intelligent mechanical being)  :: robot {m}
robot {n} (traffic light) SEE: traffic light  ::
robust {adj} (evincing strength)  :: krzepki, silny, rozrosły, czerstwy, wysportowany
Rocco {prop} (male given name)  :: Roch {m}
rock {n} (natural mineral aggregate)  :: skała {f}
rock {n} (large stone or boulder)  :: skała {f}, głaz {m}
rock {n} (something strong, stable, and dependable)  :: opoka {f}, skała {f}
rock {n} (precious stone or gem)  :: kamień szlachetny {m}
rock {n} (crystallized lump of crack cocaine)  :: gruda {f}
rock {n} (style of music)  :: rock {m}
rock {n} (distaff) SEE: distaff  ::
rock dove {n} (Columba livia)  :: gołąb skalny {m}
rocker {n} (curved piece of wood)  :: biegun
rocket {n} (a rocket engine)  :: rakieta {f}
rocket {n} (non-guided missile)  :: rakieta {f}
rocket {n} (a vehicle)  :: rakieta {f}
rocket {n} (a projectile firework)  :: rakieta {f}
rocket {n} (arugula) SEE: arugula  ::
rocket launcher {n} (device for launching a missile)  :: wyrzutnia rakietowa {f}
rocket science {n} (anything overly complex (idiomatic))  :: czarna magia {f}
rockfowl {n} (passerine bird)  :: sępowronka {f}
Rockies {prop} (Rocky Mountains) SEE: Rocky Mountains  ::
rocking chair {n} (chair with a curved base which can be gently rocked)  :: fatersztul {m}, fotel bujany {m}
rockmelon {n} (melon) SEE: melon  ::
rock paper scissors {n} (popular child's game)  :: papier, kamień, nożyce {m}
rocky {adj} (full of rocks)  :: skalisty
Rocky Mountains {prop} (mountain range)  :: Góry Skaliste {f-p}
rod {n} (straight round stick, shaft, or bar)  :: pręt {m}
rod {n} (fishing rod or pole)  :: wędka {f}
rod {n} (stick or bundle used for punishment)  :: kij {m}, rózga {f}
rod {n} (stick to measure length)  :: pręt {m}
rod {n} (archaic: unit of length)  :: pręt {m}
rod {n} (part of the retina of the eye)  :: pręcik {m}
rod {n} (microbiology: rod shaped microorganism)  :: pałeczka {f}
rod {n} (stirring rod)  :: pałeczka {f}, pręcik {f}
rod {n} (slang: penis)  :: drążek {m}
rod {n} (slang: pistol) SEE: pistol  ::
rodent {n} (mammal of the order Rodentia)  :: gryzoń
rodeo {n} (sport)  :: rodeo {n}
roe {n} (roe deer) SEE: roe deer  ::
roe {n} (eggs of fish)  :: ikra {f}
roebuck {n} (male roe deer)  :: kozioł {m-an}, rogacz {m-an}
roe deer {n} (small deer species, Capreolus capreolus)  :: sarna
roentgenium {n} (chemical element)  :: roentgen {m}
roger {interj} (received)  :: przyjąłem, zrozumiałem
Roger {prop} (male given name)  :: Roger {m}
Rojava {prop} (region in northern and northeastern Syria)  :: Rożawa {f}
Roland {prop} (male given name)  :: Roland {m}
role model {n} (a person who serves as an example)  :: wzór do naśladowania {m}
roll {v} (to cause to revolve)  :: toczyć
roller {n} (slang: police) SEE: cop  ::
rollerblade {n} (type of roller skate)  :: łyżworolki
rollercoaster {n} (amusement ride)  :: kolejka górska {f}
roller skate {n} (a boot having small wheels)  :: łyżworolka {f}
rolling pin {n} (food preparation utensil)  :: wałek do ciasta {m}
rolling stone {n} (womanizer) SEE: womanizer  ::
rollmop {n} (fillet of herring)  :: rolmops {m}
roly-poly {n} (A toy that rights itself when pushed over)  :: wańka-wstańka {m}
Rom {n} (a member of the Romani people)  :: Cygan {m}, Cyganka {f}
Rom {prop} (language) SEE: Romani  ::
Rom {adj} (Romani) SEE: Romani  ::
Roma {prop} (the Romani macrolanguage) SEE: Romani  ::
Roma {n} (member of the Roma/Romani people) SEE: Romani  ::
Roma {adj} (Romani) SEE: Romani  ::
Roma {prop} (the Romani people)  :: Romowie
romaji {n} (romanization of Japanese)  :: romaji {n}
Roman {adj} (of or from Rome)  :: rzymski {m}
Roman {adj} (of or from the Roman Empire)  :: rzymski {m}
Roman {n} (a native or resident of Rome)  :: rzymianin {m}, rzymianka {f}
Roman {n} (a native or inhabitant of the Roman Empire)  :: Rzymianin {m}, Rzymianka {f}
Roman {n} (the Roman script)  :: łacinka {f}
Roman {prop} (male given name)  :: Roman {m}
Roman alphabet {n} (Latin alphabet) SEE: Latin alphabet  ::
Roman Catholic Church {prop} (part of the Christian churches in union with the pope in Rome)  :: Kościół katolicki {m}
romance {n} (intimate relationship, love affair)  :: romans {m}
Romance {adj} (of or dealing with languages or cultures derived from Roman influence and Latin)  :: romański {m}
Roman Empire {prop} (empire)  :: Cesarstwo Rzymskie {n}, Imperium Rzymskie {n}
Romanesque {adj} (Applied to the debased style of the later Roman empire)  :: romański {m}
Romani {n} (member of the Roma people) SEE: Rom  ::
Romani {prop} (language)  :: romani {n}, język romski {m}; język cygański {m}
Romani {prop} (nomadic people) SEE: Roma  ::
Romania {prop} (South-Eastern European country)  :: Rumunia {f}
Romanian {adj} (of or relating to Romania, its people, or language)  :: rumuński
Romanian {n} (native of Romania)  :: Rumun {m}, Rumunka {f}
Romanian {prop} (official language of Romania)  :: rumuński {m}
Romanization {n} (putting text into the Latin (Roman) alphabet)  :: latynizacja {f}
Roman nose {n} (aquiline nose) SEE: aquiline nose  ::
Roman numeral {n} (numeral represented by letters)  :: cyfra rzymska
Romans {prop} (book of the Bible)  :: List do Rzymian
Romans {prop} (30th sura of the Qur'an)  :: List do Rzymian {f}
romantic {adj} (fantastic, idealistic)  :: romantyczny {m}
romantic {adj} (powerfully sentimental, evocative)  :: romantyczny {m}
romantic {adj} (concerned with, or conducive to, romance and love)  :: romantyczny {m}
romantic {n} (person with romantic character)  :: romantyk {m}, romantyczka {f}
romantic {n} (person who is behaving romantically)  :: romantyk {m}, romantyczka {f}
Rome {prop} (city)  :: Rzym {m}
Romeo {n} (boyfriend) SEE: boyfriend  ::
Romeo {prop} (character in Romeo and Juliet)  :: Romeo {m}
Romeo {n} (man who is a great lover)  :: romeo {m}, casanova {m}, donżuan, żigolak {m}
Rome wasn't built in a day {proverb} (it takes a long time to create something complicated or impressive)  :: nie od razu Rzym zbudowano, nie od razu Kraków zbudowano
roof {n} (the cover at the top of a building)  :: dach {m}
roof {n} (the upper part of a cavity)  :: strop {m}, sklepienie {n}
roofer {n} (craftsman who lays or repairs roofs)  :: dekarz {m}
roof rack {n} (rack attached to the top of a car)  :: bagażnik dachowy {m}
roof tile {n} (tile covering a roof)  :: dachówka {f}
rook {n} (bird)  :: gawron {m}
rook {v} (cheat, swindle)  :: oszukać
rook {n} (chesspiece)  :: wieża {f}
rookie {adj} (amateur) SEE: amateur  ::
room {n} (space)  :: miejsce, przestrzeń
room {n} (division in a building)  :: pokój {m-in}, izba {f}, komnata {f}
roommate {n} (a person with whom one shares a room)  :: współlokator {m}
roommate {n} (US: with whom one shares an apartment or house)  :: współlokator {m}
room temperature {n} (normal temperature)  :: temperatura pokojowa {f}
roost {n} (place for sleeping birds)  :: grzęda
rooster {n} (flower) SEE: violet  ::
rooster {n} (male chicken; male gallinaceous bird)  :: kogut {m}; kur {m-an} [archaic]
rooster {n} (powerful person) SEE: big cheese  ::
rooster {n} (informant) SEE: informant  ::
root {n} (part of a plant)  :: korzeń {m}
root {n} (of a tooth)  :: korzeń {m}
root {n} (part of a hair under the skin)  :: cebulka {f}
root {n} (primary source)  :: źródło {n}
root {n} (arithmetic: number or expression which when raised to a power gives the specified number or expression)  :: pierwiastek {m}
root {n} (analysis: zero of a function)  :: pierwiastek {m}, miejsce zerowe {n}
root {n} (graph theory: node in a tree that has no parent)  :: korzeń {m}
root {n} (linguistic morphology: primary lexical unit of a word)  :: rdzeń {m}
root {n} (arithmetic: square root) SEE: square root  ::
root for {v} (encourage a favored person)  :: kibicować {impf}
root hair {n}  :: włośniki
root mean square {n} (type of average)  :: średnia kwadratowa {f}
roots {n} (ancestors)  :: korzenie {m-p}
roots {n} (beginnings)  :: korzenie {m-p}, źródła {n-p}
rope {n} (thick, strong string)  :: lina {f}, sznur {m}, powróz {m} [archaic]
Rorschach test {n} (method of psychological evaluation that uses subject's interpretations of inkblots)  :: test Rorschacha, test plam atramentowych
rory {adj} (dewy) SEE: dewy  ::
rosé {n} (wine)  :: wino różowe {n}
Rosa {prop} (female given name) SEE: Rose  ::
rosary {n} (Catholic prayer beads)  :: różaniec {m}
rosary {n} (non-Catholic prayer beads) SEE: prayer beads  ::
rose {n} (shrub)  :: róża {f}
rose {n} (flower)  :: róża {f}
rose {n} (colour)  :: różowy
rose {adj} (colour)  :: różowy
Rose {prop} (female given name)  :: Róża {f}
rosemary {n} (shrub)  :: rozmaryn {m}, rozmaryn lekarski {m}
rose quartz {n} (reddish-colored quartz)  :: kwarc różowy {m}
Rosetta Stone {prop} (large inscribed stone)  :: Kamień z Rosetty {m}
rosin {n} (liquid resin) SEE: resin  ::
roster {n} (schedule) SEE: schedule  ::
Rostov {prop} (Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl oblast, Russia)  :: Rostów {m}
Rostov {prop} (Rostov-na-Donu) SEE: Rostov-na-Donu  ::
Rostov-na-Donu {prop} (a city in Russia)  :: Rostów nad Donem {m}
Rostov-on-Don {prop} (synonym of Rostov-na-Donu) SEE: Rostov-na-Donu  ::
rostrum {n} (zoology: beak) SEE: beak  ::
rostrum {n} (dais, pulpit, or similar platform)  :: mównica {f}, pulpit {m}
rot {v} (to decay)  :: gnić {impf}
rotate {v} (to spin, turn, or revolve)  :: obrócić się {pf}, obracać się {impf}
rotate {v} (to spin, turn, or revolve something)  :: obrócić {pf}, obracać {impf}
rotor {n} (a rotating part of a mechanical device)  :: wirnik {m}, rotor {m}
rotor {n} (the wing of a helicopter or similar)  :: wirnik {m}, śmigło {n}
rotorcraft {n} (aircraft that obtains its lift from rotors)  :: wiropłat {m}
Rotterdammer {n} (person from Rotterdam)  :: rotterdamczyk {m}, rotterdamka {f}
rotula {n} (kneecap) SEE: kneecap  ::
rough {v} (to render rough) SEE: roughen  ::
roughen {v}  :: chamieć {impf}, schamieć {pf}
roughly {adv} (approximately) SEE: approximately  ::
roulette {n} (game of chance)  :: ruletka {f}
round {adj} (circular or cylindrical)  :: okrągły
round {adj} (spherical)  :: okrągły
round {n} (circular object)  :: okrąg {m}, krąg {m}, koło {n}, runda {f}
round {n} (circular or repetitious route)  :: obchód {m}
round {n} (serving)  :: kolejka {f}
round {n} (individual ammunition shell)  :: nabój {m}, pocisk {m}
round {n} (segment of a sport event)  :: runda {f}
round {n} (stage of a sports competition)  :: runda {f}
round {v} (to approximate a number)  :: zaokrąglać
round {prep} (around) SEE: around  ::
round {adv} (around) SEE: around  ::
roundabout {adj} (circuitous)  :: okrężny, okólny {m}
roundabout {n} (road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island)  :: rondo {n}
roundabout {n} (children's play apparatus which rotates around a central axis when pushed)  :: karuzela {f}
round bracket {n} (parenthesis, bracket)  :: nawias {m}
roundhouse kick {n}  :: kopnięcie okrężne
round table {n} (conference)  :: okrągły stół {m}
roundworm {n} (animal of the phylum Nematoida)  :: glista {f}
roustabout {n} (an unskilled laborer)  :: wyrobnik {m}, portowiec {m}
route {n} (way to do something)  :: sposób {m}
route planner {n} (tool for finding optimal routes)  :: nawigator {m}, nawigacja {f}
router {n} (any device that directs packets of information using OSI layer 3)  :: router {m}, ruter {m}, trasownik {m}
router {n} (a device that connects local area networks to form a larger internet)  :: router {m-in}, trasownik {m-in}
rover {n} (one who roves)  :: włóczykij {m}, wagabunda
rover {n} (a vehicle for exploring extraterrestrial bodies)  :: łazik {m}
Rovno {prop} (Rivne) SEE: Rivne  ::
row {n} (line of objects)  :: rząd {m}, szereg {m}
row {n} (in a table)  :: wiersz {m}
row {v} (transitive:to propel over water using oars)  :: wiosłować {impf}
row {v} (intransitive: to propel a boat or other craft over water using oars)  :: wiosłować {impf}
rowan {n} (Sorbus aucuparia)  :: jarząb pospolity {m}
rowan {n} (tree or shrub of the genus Sorbus)  :: jarząb {m}, jarzębina {f}
rowan {n}  :: jarzębina {f}
rowboat {n} (small boat that is rowed)  :: łódź wiosłowa {f}
rowing {n} (action of the verb "to row")  :: wiosłowanie {n}
rowing {n} (the sport)  :: wioślarstwo {n}
rowing boat {n} (rowboat) SEE: rowboat  ::
Roxana {prop} (female given name)  :: Roksana {f}
Roxanne {prop} (female given name) SEE: Roxana  ::
royal {adj} (of or relating to a monarch or their family)  :: królewski
royal {adj} (majestic) SEE: majestic  ::
royal family {n} (family of ruling sovereign)  :: rodzina królewska {f}
royal flush {n} (ace-high straight flush)  :: poker królewski
royalist {n} (supporter of monarchy)  :: rojalista {m}, rojalistka {f}
RPG {n} (role-playing game)  :: gra fabularna {f}, RPG {m}, [slang] gra wyobraźni {f}, [slang] erpeg {m}, [slang] rolplej {m}
RPG {n} (rocket-propelled grenade)  :: granatnik przeciwpancerny {m}, [slang, gaming] RPG {n}
RPG {n} (basketball: rebounds per game)  :: zbiórki na mecz {f-p}
RPN {n} (reverse Polish notation)  :: ONP {n}
RSS feed {n}  :: kanał RSS {m}
rösti {n} (traditional dish in Germanophone Switzerland made from fried potatoes)  :: rösti, roesti
résumé {n} (CV) SEE: curriculum vitae  ::
rub {v} (to move one object while maintaining contact with another object over some area)  :: trzeć {impf}
rub {v} (to rub something against (a second thing))  :: ocierać {impf}
rub {v} (to spread a substance thinly over; to smear)  :: wcierać {impf}
rubber {n} (pliable material derived from the sap of the rubber tree)  :: guma {f}
rubber {n} (synthetic materials with the same properties)  :: guma {f}
rubber {n} (condom)  :: gumka {f}
rubber {n} (eraser) SEE: eraser  ::
rubber band {n} (elastic band) SEE: elastic band  ::
rubber duck {n} (toy shaped like a duck)  :: (gumowa) kaczuszka {f}
rubberneck {n} (tourist) SEE: tourist  ::
rubber stamp {n} (piece of rubber to make an imprint)  :: pieczątka {f}, stempel {m}
rubber tree {n} (Hevea brasiliensis)  :: kauczukowiec {m}
rubbish {n} (garbage) SEE: garbage  ::
rubella {n} (disease caused by the Rubella virus infecting the respiratory tract)  :: różyczka {f}
rubeola {n} (measles) SEE: measles  ::
rubidium {n} (element with atomic number 37)  :: rubid {m}
Rubik's cube {n} (cubical mechanical puzzle)  :: kostka Rubika {f}
ruble {n} (Russian monetary unit)  :: rubel {m}
ruby {n} (type of gem)  :: rubin {m}
ruby {n} (colour)  :: rubinowy
ruby {adj} (of a deep red colour)  :: rubinowy
ruby {n} (5½-point type) SEE: agate  ::
rucksack {n} (a bag carried on the back) SEE: backpack  ::
ruckus {n} (A noisy disturbance and/or commotion)  :: zamieszanie {n}
rudder {n} (underwater vane used to steer a vessel)  :: ster {m}
rudder {n} (control surface of an aircraft)  :: ster kierunku
rude {adj} (bad-mannered)  :: nieuprzejmy, chamski, grubiański
rude {adj} (obscene, pornographic, offensive)  :: obsceniczny {m}, nieprzyzwoity {m}
rudimentary {adj} (of or relating to rudiments)  :: podstawowy, elementarny
rudimentary {adj} (basic; minimal)  :: ograniczony, minimalny
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer {prop} (the red-nosed reindeer)  :: Rudolf Czerwononosy {m}
rue {n} (any of various perennial shrubs)  :: ruta zwyczajna {f}
ruff {n} (circular frill or ruffle on a garment)  :: kryza
ruff {n} (the bird Philomachus pugnax (syn. Calidris pugnax))  :: batalion
ruffle {n} (strip of fabric)  :: falbanka {f}
rufous-bellied kookaburra {n} (Dacelo gaudichaud)  :: kukabura rdzawobrzucha {f}
rufous-capped antshrike {n} (Thamnophilus ruficapillus)  :: chronka rdzawoglowa
rufous-winged antshrike {n} (Thamnophilus torquatus)  :: chronka brazylijska
rug {n} (wig) SEE: wig  ::
rug {n} (partial floor covering)  :: dywanik {m}
Ruhr Area {prop} (area in Germany)  :: Zagłębie Ruhry {n}
ruin {n} (remains of destroyed construction)  :: ruina {f}
rule {n} (regulation)  :: reguła {f}
rule {v} (to regulate, be in charge of, make decisions for, reign over)  :: rządzić
rule {v} (slang: to excel)  :: wymiatać {impf}
rule {n} (straight-edge) SEE: ruler  ::
rule out {v} (to make something impossible)  :: wykluczać
ruler {n} (measuring or drawing device)  :: linijka {f}
ruler {n} (person who rules or governs)  :: władca {m}, władczyni {f}
rulership {n} (where one rules over others)  :: władza, władztwo
rules are made to be broken {proverb} (it is acceptable to break rules)  :: zasady są po to, żeby je łamać
ruling pen {n} (a drawing instrument)  :: grafion {m}
rum {n} (distilled spirit)  :: rum {m}
rumen {n} (first stomach of ruminants)  :: żwacz {m}
ruminant {n} (artiodactyl ungulate mammal which chews cud)  :: przeżuwacz {m}
rummy {n} (card game)  :: remik {m}, remibrydż {m}, żolik {m}
rumor {n} (statement or claim from no known reliable source)  :: pogłoska {f}, plotka {f}
rumple {v} (to make wrinkled)  :: marszczyć {impf}, zmarszczyć {pf}, miąć {impf}, zmiąć {pf}, gnieść {impf}, pognieść {pf}
run {v} (to move quickly on two feet)  :: biegać {impf} [abstract], biec {impf} [concrete]
run {v} (to flow)  :: cieknąć
run {n} (the act of running)  :: bieg {m}
run {n} (enclosure for animals)  :: wybieg {m}
run {n} (unravelled stitches)  :: oczko {n}
run {v} (to smuggle illegal goods) SEE: smuggle  ::
run away {v} (to flee by running)  :: uciekać
run away with {v} (to overwhelm) SEE: overwhelm  ::
rune {n} (letter or character)  :: runa {f}
runestone {n} (stone with a runic inscription)  :: kamień runiczny {m}
rung {n} (ladder step)  :: szczebel {m}
rung {n} (crosspiece between chair legs)  :: poprzeczka {f}
run into {v} (intransitive, to collide with)  :: najechać {pf}, najeżdżać {impf}
Réunion {prop} (Overseas department of France)  :: Reunion
running board {n} (step under the car door)  :: stopień {m}
run-of-the-mill {adj} (ordinary)  :: zwyczajny
runs {n} (diarrhea)  :: sraczka {f}
runt {n} (undersized or stunted plant, animal or person)  :: cherlak {m}
runway {n} (section for landing or take-off)  :: droga startowa {f}, pas startowy {m}
runway {n} (platform for fashion shows)  :: wybieg {m}
rupee {n} (monetary currency)  :: rupia {f}
Rupelian {prop} (subdivision of the Oligocene epoch)  :: Rupel
rural {adj} (pertaining to non-urban areas)  :: wiejski {m}
Rus {prop} (people)  :: Ruś {f}
Rus {prop} (medieval East Slavic state)  :: Ruś {f}
Rus {prop} (any of the medieval East Slavic principalities)  :: Ruś {f}
rusa deer {n} (Cervus timorensis)  :: Sambar sundajski
rusalka {n} (female water spirit that leads handsome men to their deaths)  :: rusałka {f}
Ruscism {prop} (ideology)  :: raszyzm {m}
rush {n} (haste)  :: pośpiech {m}
rush hour {n} (times of day when traffic jams are commonplace, principally due to commuting)  :: godziny szczytu {p}
Rusian {adj} (related to the Rus (people))  :: ruski, staroruski
Rusian {adj} (from or related to the medieval state of Kievan Rus)  :: ruski
rusk {n} (light, soft bread, often toasted or crisped in an oven)  :: suchar {m}
Russia {prop} (country in Asia and Europe)  :: Rosja {f}
Russian {n} (a person from Russia)  :: Rosjanin {m-pr}, Rosjanka {f}, Rusek {m} [colloquial], Ruski [colloquial]
Russian {n} (ethnic Russian)  :: Rosjanin {m-pr}, Rosjanka {f}
Russian {prop} (the Russian language)  :: [język] rosyjski {m-in}, ruszczyzna {f}, [colloquial] ruski {m-in}
Russian {adj} (of or pertaining to Russia)  :: rosyjski, ruski [pejorative]
Russian {adj} (of or pertaining to Rus)  :: ruski, staroruski
Russian doll {n} (wooden doll)  :: matrioszka {f}
Russian Federation {prop} (Russia)  :: Federacja Rosyjska {f}
Russianism {n} (a word or other feature originating in the Russian language)  :: rusycyzm {m}
Russianness {n} (quality of being Russian)  :: rosyjskość {f}
Russian Orthodox Church {prop} (Russian Orthodox Church)  :: Rosyjski Kościół Prawosławny {m}
Russian roulette {prop} (deadly game with revolver and random spinning)  :: rosyjska ruletka
Russian studies {n} (academic discipline)  :: rusycystyka {f}
russification {n} (Russification) SEE: Russification  ::
Russification {n} (cultural Russification)  :: rusyfikacja {f}
Russki {n} (alternative term for Russian (derogatory))  :: ruski {m}, Rusek {m}, kacap {m}, kacapka {f}, moskal {m}, moskalka {f}
Russo- {prefix} (relating to Russia or Russian)  :: rosyjsko-
Russophone {adj} (Russian-speaking)  :: rosyjskojęzyczny
rust {n} (result of oxidation)  :: rdza {f}
rust {n} (plant disease)  :: rdza {f}
rust {v} (to oxidise)  :: rdzewieć
rustler {n} (cattle thief)  :: złodziej bydła {m}
rustproof {adj} (resistant to rust, oxidation and corrosion)  :: nierdzewny {m}
rut {n} (furrow, groove, or track worn in the ground)  :: koleina {f}
Ruth {prop} (book of the Bible)  :: Księga Rut {f}
Ruth {prop} (female given name)  :: Rut {f}
Ruthenia {prop} (alternative name of Rus, see also: Rus)  :: Ruś {f}
ruthenium {n} (chemical element)  :: ruten {m}
rutherfordium {n} (chemical element)  :: rutherford {m}
ruthless {adj} (without pity or compassion)  :: bezwzględny {m}
ruthlessly {adv} (in a ruthless manner)  :: bezwzględnie, niemiłosiernie, bezpardonowo
rutile {n} (the most frequent of the three polymorphs of titanium dioxide)  :: rutyl
Ruy Lopez {n} (a common chess opening)  :: partia hiszpańska {f}
Rwanda {prop} (country)  :: Rwanda
Ryazan {prop} (city in Russia)  :: Riazań {f}
rye {n} (the grass Secale cereale or its grains as food)  :: żyto {n}
rye {n} (rye bread) SEE: rye bread  ::
rye {n} (ryegrass) SEE: ryegrass  ::
rye bread {n} (type of bread)  :: chleb żytni {m}
ryegrass {n}  :: życica {f}
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Poland) SEE: Poland  ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Republic of Poland) SEE: Republic of Poland  ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth)  :: Rzeczpospolita {f}
Rēzekne {prop} (city in Latvia)  :: Rzeżyca {f}