User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-pl-r

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rabbi {n} (Jewish scholar or teacher) :: rabin {m}
rabbit {n} (mammal) :: królik {m}
rabble {n} (the mass of common people; the lowest class of people) :: bydło {n}
rabies {n} (viral disease) :: wścieklizna {f}
Rabinowitz {prop} (Rabinowitz) :: Rabinowicz
raccoon {n} (nocturnal omnivore living in North America, Procyon lotor) :: szop {m-an}
race {n} (contest) :: wyścig {m}
race {v} (to take part in a race) :: ścigać się
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of a common heritage) :: rasa {f}
race {n} (a large group of people set apart from others on the basis of common, physical characteristics) :: rasa {f}
race {n} (one of the categories from the many subcategorizations of the human species) :: rasa {f}
race {n} (a population geographically separated from others of its species that develops significantly different characteristics; informal for subspecies) :: rasa {f}
race {n} (a breed or strain of domesticated animal) :: rasa {f}
racemate {n} (racemic mixture) :: mieszanina racemiczna {f}, racemat {m}
Rachel {prop} (younger daughter of Laban) :: Rachela
Racibórz {prop} (city in Poland) :: Racibórz {m}
racism {n} (race discrimination or dislike) :: rasizm {m}
racist {n} (person who believes a particular race is superior to others.) :: rasista {m}, rasistka {f}
racist {adj} (relating to racism) :: rasistowski {m}
rack {n} (cut of meat) :: żeberka {p}
racket {n} (loud noise) :: hałas, wrzawa, harmider
raconteur {n} (storyteller) :: gawędziarz {m}
racoon {n} (raccoon) SEE: raccoon ::
rada {n} (soviet) SEE: soviet ::
rada {n} (a parliamentary body in a number of Slavic countries) :: rada
Rada {prop} (rada) SEE: rada ::
radian {n} (unit) :: radian {m}
radiance {n} (the quality of being radiant, shining, bright or splendid) :: blask {m}
radiance {n} (the flux of radiation emitted per unit solid angle in a given direction by a unit area of a source) :: radiancja {f}
radiator {n} (anything which radiates or emits rays) :: emiter {m}
radiator {n} (device that lowers engine coolant temperature by conducting heat to the air) :: radiator {m}
radiator {n} (finned metal fixture that carries hot water or steam in order to heat a room) :: kaloryfer {m}
radical {adj} (chemistry: involving free radicals) :: rodnik
radical {n} (person with radical opinions) :: radykał {m}
radical {n} (arithmetic: root (of a number or quantity)) :: pierwiastek {m}
radical {n} (linguistics: portion of a character that provides an indication of its meaning) :: pierwiastek {m}, klucz {m}
radical {n} (organic chemistry: free radical) :: rodnik {m}
radicalization {n} (the process or result of radicalizing) :: radykalizacja {f}
radio {n} (technology) :: radio {n}
radio {n} (receiver) :: radio, radioodbiornik
radio {n} (transmitter) :: radio, radionadajnik, radiostacja
radioactive {adj} (exhibiting radioactivity) :: radioaktywny
radioactive fallout {n} (material from a radioactive plume) :: opad promieniotwórczy
radioactivity {n} (emission of ionizing radiation) :: radioaktywność {f}, promieniotwórczość {f}
radio astronomy {n} (branch of astronomy) :: radioastronomia {f}
radio beacon {n} (beacon that emits radiowave) :: radiolatarnia {f}
radiochemistry {n} (chemistry of radioactive substances) :: radiochemia {f}
radio drama {n} (acoustic performance) :: słuchowisko
radioisotope {n} (a radioactive isotope of an element) :: radioizotop {m}
radiolocation {n} (method of detecting and locating distant objects using microwave radiation) :: radiolokacja {f}
radiological {adj} (pertaining to radiation, radioactivity or nuclear weapons) :: radiologiczny
radiologist {n} (practitioner of radiology) :: radiolog {m} {f}
radiology {n} (the use of radiation in diagnosis) :: radiologia {f}
radionuclide {n} (radioactive nuclide) :: radionuklid {m}
radiophonic {adj} (of or pertaining to the radiophone) :: radiofoniczny {m}
radiophonic {adj} (Describing sound effects created to accompany radio broadcasts) :: radiofoniczny {m}
radio telescope {n} (astronomical device) :: radioteleskop {m}
radish {n} (plant) :: rzodkiew {f}
radish {n} (edible root) :: rzodkiewka {f}
radium {n} (chemical element) :: rad {m}
radius {n} (bone (human)) :: kość promieniowa {f-p}
radius {n} (line segment) :: promień {m}
radius {n} (length of this line segment) :: promień {m}
radix {n} (biology: root) SEE: root ::
radix {n} (mathematics: number of distinct symbols used to represent numbers) :: podstawa {f}
radon {n} (chemical element) :: radon {m}
raft {n} (flat, floating structure) :: tratwa {f}
raft {n} (inflatable floating craft) :: tratwa {f}
rafter {n} (one of a series of sloped beams) :: krokiew {f}
rag {n} (piece of cloth) :: ścierka, szmata {f}
rag doll {n} (a doll made from cloth and rags) :: szmaciana lalka {f}
rage {n} (a violent anger) :: wściekłość {f}, szał {m}, amok {m}
Ragusa {prop} (Dubrovnik) SEE: Dubrovnik ::
ragweed {n} (plant of the genus Ambrosia) :: ambrozja {f}
raid {n} (attack for the purpose of making arrests, seizing property, or plundering) :: najście {n}, najazd {m}, nalot {m}
raider {n} (one who engages in a raid) :: łupieżca {m}, grabieżca {m}
rail {n} (means of transportation) SEE: railway ::
rail {n} (metal bar) :: szyna {f}
railcar {n} (self-propelled railroad vehicle) :: drezyna spalinowa {f}
railing {n} (fence or barrier) :: reling {f}
railman {n} (railwayman) SEE: railwayman ::
railroad {n} (permanent road consisting of fixed metal rails) SEE: railway ::
railroad {n} (transportation system) SEE: railway ::
railroad station {n} (place where trains stop for passengers) SEE: railway station ::
railroad tie {n} (piece supporting the rails of a railroad) :: podkład {m}
railway {n} (track, consisting of parallel rails) :: kolej {f}, linia kolejowa {f}
railway {n} (transport system using these rails) :: kolej {f}, kolej żelazna {f}
railwayman {n} (man who works on a railway) :: kolejarz {m}
railway station {n} (place where trains stop) :: dworzec kolejowy {m}, dworzec {m}, stacja kolejowa {f}
rain {n} (condensed water from a cloud) :: deszcz {m}
rain {v} (of rain: to fall from the sky) :: padać
rainbow {n} (multicoloured arch in the sky) :: tęcza {f}
rainbow {n} (assortment, varied multitude) :: wachlarz {m-in}
rainbow {adj} (multicoloured) :: tęczowy
rainbow trout {n} (Oncorhynchus mykiss (countable)) :: pstrąg tęczowy {m}
rain buckets {v} (to rain heavily) SEE: rain cats and dogs ::
rain cats and dogs {v} (to rain very heavily) :: lać jak z cebra
raincoat {n} (waterproof coat) :: płaszcz przeciwdeszczowy {m}
raindrop {n} (droplet of rainwater) :: kropla deszczu
rainforest {n} (forest in a climate with high annual rainfall and no dry season) :: las deszczowy {m}
rain gauge {n} (device to measure rainfall) :: deszczomierz {m}, pluwiometr {m}
rain pitchforks {v} (rain cats and dogs) SEE: rain cats and dogs ::
rainwater {n} (water sourced from rain) :: deszczówka {f}
rainy {adj} (abounding with rain) :: deszczowy {m}, [archaic] dżdżysty
rainy season {n} (portion of the year when rainfall amounts are greatest) :: pora deszczowa {f}
raise {v} (to cause to rise) :: podnieść
raise {v} (to collect) :: zebrać, uzyskać
raise {v} (to exponentiate) :: podnieść
raise {n} (increase in wages) :: podwyżka {f}
raised bog {n} :: torfowisko wysokie
raise the bar {v} (to raise standards) :: podnieść poprzeczkę
raisin {n} (dried grape) :: rodzynka {f}, rodzynek {m}
rajah {n} (Hindu prince) :: radża {m}
rake {n} (garden tool) :: grabie {p}
rake {v} (use a rake on) :: grabić
rake {v} (search thoroughly) :: przeczesywać
rake {v} (spray with gunfire) :: ostrzeliwać
rake up {v} (to collect (leaves etc.) into a pile by using a rake) :: zgrabić, zgarniać
Raków {prop} (Polish town 1569–1869 and village 1869–present, important centre of Socinianism in the 16th–17th CC.) :: Raków {m-in}
Raków {prop} (gmina wiejska in Kielce County, Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship, Poland) :: Raków {m-in}
rally {n} (demonstration) :: wiec {m}
rally {n} (motor racing: event) :: rajd {m}
ram {n} (male sheep) :: tryk {m}, baran {m}
ram {n} (battering ram) SEE: battering ram ::
Ramadan {prop} (holy ninth month of Islamic lunar calendar) :: ramadan {m}
ramble {n} (stroll) SEE: stroll ::
ramble {v} (wander) SEE: wander ::
rambler {n} (recreational walker) SEE: hiker ::
rambling {n} (meandering talk) :: rozwlekły {m}
ramen {n} (soup noodles of wheat, with various ingredients (Japanese style)) :: ramen {m}
Ramesses {prop} (name of pharaohs) :: Ramzes {m}
ramie {n} (Boehmeria nivea) :: szczmiel {m}
rampart {n} (defensive ridge of earth) :: wał obronny {m}, szaniec {m}
rampart {n} (protection against intrusion) :: szaniec {m}
rampart {v} (To defend with a rampart; fortify or surround with a rampart) :: bronić, ochraniać
rampion {n} (Phyteuma) :: zerwa {f}
ramshackle {adj} (in disrepair or disorder) :: rozpadający się {m}, rozklekotany {m}
rancid {adj} (rancid) SEE: offensive ::
rancid {adj} (being rank in taste or smell) :: zjełczały {m}
rancidification {n} (process of becoming rancid) :: jełczenie
random {adj} (all outcomes being unpredictable) :: przypadkowy {m}, losowy {m}
random {adj} (mathematics: of or relating to probability distribution) :: losowy
random {adj} (computing: pseudorandom) :: losowy, pseudolosowy
random {adj} (undistinguished, average) :: przeciętny, statystyczny
random {adj} (apropos of nothing) :: bez związku, od czapy
randomness {n} (property of all possible outcomes being equally likely) :: losowość {f}
random number {n} (number allotted randomly using a suitable generator) :: liczba losowa {f}
Randstad {prop} (a conurbation in the Netherlands) :: Randstad {m}
range {n} (step of a ladder) SEE: rung ::
range {n} (line of mountains, buildings etc.) :: pasmo górskie {n}
range {n} (large stove with many hotplates) :: piec {m}, kuchenka {f}
range {n} (selection, array) :: wybór {m}, gama {f}
range {n} (area for practicing shooting) :: strzelnica {f}
range {n} (maximum reach of capability) :: zasięg {m}
range {n} (area of open, often unfenced, grazing land) :: pastwisko {n}
range {v} (to classify) SEE: classify ::
range {v} (to separate into parts) SEE: sift ::
rangefinder {n} (instrument) :: dalmierz {m}
range hood {n} (kitchen device) SEE: extractor hood ::
ranger {n} (Park ranger) :: strażnik leśny {m}
Rangoon {prop} (Yangon) SEE: Yangon ::
rank {n} (hierarchical level in an organization) :: ranga {f}, stopień {m}
rank {n} (maximal number of linearly independent columns (or rows) of a matrix) :: rząd {m}
rank {n} (chess: one of the horizontal lines of squares) :: rząd {m}
rank {n} :: szeregi {p}
rankle {v} (to cause irritation) :: boleć, dręczyć
rankle {v} (to fester) :: zaognić, jątrzyć
ransom {n} (money paid for the freeing of a hostage) :: okup {m}
ransomware {n} (malware) :: oprogramowanie szantażujące {n}, oprogramowanie wymuszające okup {n}
rant {n} (criticism) :: tyrada {f}
rant {n} (incoherent and emotional articulation) :: żołądkowanie się {n}, pieklenie się {n}, tyrada {f}
rant {v} (to criticise by ranting) :: produkować się {impf}
ranunculus {n} (buttercup) SEE: buttercup ::
rap {v} (to speak lyrics in the style of rap music) :: rapować
rap {n} (rap music) SEE: rap music ::
rapacious {adj} (avaricious) :: pazerny {m}
rape {n} (act of forcing sexual activity) :: gwałt {m-in}
rape {v} (force sexual intercourse) :: gwałcić {impf}, zgwałcić {pf}
rape {v} (cause damage, destruction to a countryside, nature etc) :: naruszyć {pf}
rape {n} (rapeseed) SEE: rapeseed ::
rape culture {n} (rape culture) :: kultura gwałtu {f}
rapeseed {n} (rapeseed plant) :: rzepak {m}
Raphael {prop} (Archangel) :: Rafał {m}
Raphael {prop} (given name) :: Rafał {m}
rapid {adj} (Very swift or quick) :: szybki {m}
rapid {n} (section of river) :: bystrzyna {f}, bystrze {n}, szypot {m}, progi {p}
rapidity {n} (speed, swiftness) :: szybkość {f}
rapidly {adv} (with speed) :: szybko
rapist {n} (someone who rapes someone else) :: gwałciciel {m}, gwałcicielka {f}
rap music {n} (music form) :: rap {m}
rapper {n} (performer of rap music, or one who raps) :: raper {m}
raptor {n} (bird of prey) SEE: bird of prey ::
rapunzel {n} (corn salad) SEE: corn salad ::
rapunzel {n} (rampion) SEE: rampion ::
Rapunzel {prop} (a German fairy tale) :: Roszpunka {f}
Rapunzel {prop} (The main character of that tale) :: Roszpunka {f}
rara avis {n} (rare or unique person or thing) :: biały kruk {m}
rare {adj} (very uncommon) :: rzadki
rare {adj} (cooked very lightly) :: krwisty
rare bird {n} (unusual or exceptional person or thing) SEE: rara avis ::
rarefied {adj} (less dense than usual) :: rozrzedzony
rarely {adv} (not occurring at a regular interval) :: rzadko
rarity {n} (measure of the scarcity of an object) :: rzadkość {f}
rarity {n} (rare object) :: rarytas {m}, biały kruk {m}
rascal {n} (cheeky person) :: łajdak {m}, łotr {m}, szubrawiec {m}, urwis {m}, łobuz {m}, łobuziak {m}
rascal {adj} (part of the common rabble) :: [collective] hołota {f}
rash {n} (of skin) :: wysypka {f}
rash {n} (surge in problems) :: lawina {f}
rasp {n} (coarse file) :: tarnik {m}
raspberry {n} (plant) :: malina {f}
raspberry {n} (fruit) :: malina {f}
raspberry {adj} (containing or having the flavor/flavour of raspberries) :: malinowy {m}
raspberry {adj} (the colour) :: malinowy {m}
rassolnik {n} (a soup in Russian cuisine) :: zupa ogórkowa {f} [Polish cucumber soup]
raster graphics {n} (structure representing grid of pixels) :: grafika rastrowa {f}, grafika bitmapowa {f}, bitmapa {f}
rat {n} (rodent) :: szczur {m-an}
rat {n} (traitor) :: kapuś {m-pr}, szpicel {m-pr}, donosiciel {m-pr}
rat {v} (to tell on someone) :: kapować, sypać, donosić
rat-arsed {adj} (extremely drunk) SEE: shitfaced ::
rate {n} (speed) SEE: speed ::
rate {n} (proportional relationship between amounts) :: tempo
rate {n} (relative speed of change or progress) :: szybkość {f}
rate {n} (price of individual thing) :: taryfa {f}, cena {f}
rate {n} (set price or fee determined in relation to a particular scale or standard) :: stawka {f}, taryfa {f}, cennik {m}
rate {n} (wage calculated in relation to a unit of time) :: akord {m}
rate {n} (tax levied by a local authority) :: opłata {f}
rate {v} (assign a particular rank or level) :: oceniać {impf}, ocenić {pf}
ratel {n} (Mellivora capensis) SEE: honey badger ::
rather {adv} (preferably) :: raczej
rather {adv} (somewhat, fairly) :: dość, dosyć
ratify {v} (give formal consent to) :: ratyfikować
ratio {n} (number representing comparison) :: współczynnik {m}, stosunek {m}
ratio {n} (arithmetics: relative magnitude of two quantities expressed as quotient) :: stosunek {m}
rational {adj} (reasonable; not absurd) :: racjonalny
rational {adj} (arithmetic: of a number) :: wymierny
rational {n} (rational number) SEE: rational number ::
rationale {n} (justification or rationalization) :: uzasadnienie {n}
rationale {n} (liturgical vestment) :: racjonał {m}
rationalism {n} (philosophical theory) :: racjonalizm {m}
rational number {n} (quotient of integers) :: liczba wymierna {f}
ratline {n} (net like ropework of the shrouds) :: wyblinki {f-p}
rat race {n} (activity which is hectic, tedious, and congested with participants) :: wyścig szczurów {m}
rattle {n} (sound) :: grzechotanie {n}
rattle {n} (baby’s toy) :: grzechotka {f}
rattle {n} (death rattle) SEE: death rattle ::
rattler {n} (rattlesnake) SEE: rattlesnake ::
rattlesnake {n} (poisonous snake) :: grzechotnik {m}
ravelin {n} (fortification outside a castle) :: rawelin {m}
raven {n} (bird) :: kruk {m-an}
Ravenna {prop} (province) :: Rawenna {f}
Ravenna {prop} (city) :: Rawenna {f}
ravenous {adj} (very hungry) :: zachłanny, żarłoczny
ravine {n} (a deep narrow valley) :: wąwóz {m}, jar {m}
ravish {v} (rape) SEE: rape ::
ravishing {adj} (Extremely beautiful) :: zachwycający {m}, czarowny {m}
raw {adj} (uncooked) :: surowy {m}
raw {adj} (crude in quality) :: surowy
raw material {n} (material in its unprocessed, natural state) :: surowiec {m}
ray {n} (beam of light or radiation) :: promień {m}
ray {n} (mathematics: line extending indefinitely in one direction from a point) :: promień {m}
ray {n} (marine fish with a flat body, large wing-like fins, and a whip-like tail) :: płaszczka {f}
raze {v} (to demolish) :: zburzyć
razor {n} (shaving knife) :: brzytwa {f}
razor {n} (tusk of wild boar) :: szabla
razor blade {n} (razor blade) :: żyletka {f}
razor wire {n} (a form of security wire) :: drut ostrzowy {m}
-rd {suffix} (third) :: -ci {m}
reach {v} (to extend, to thrust out) :: sięgać {impf}, sięgnąć {pf}
reach {v} (to obtain by stretching forth, to extend so as to touch) :: dosięgać {impf}, dosięgnąć {pf}
reach {v} (to arrive at by effort) :: docierać {impf}, dotrzeć {pf}
reach {n} (act of stretching or extending; extension) :: sięgnięcie {impf}, rozciągnięcie {pf}
reach {n} (ability to reach or touch) :: zasięg {m}
reach {n} (extent; stretch; expanse) :: rozciągłość {pf}
reactance {n} (opposition to the change in current) :: reaktancja {f}
reaction {n} (action in response to an event) :: reakcja {f}
reactionary {adj} (opposed to change) :: reakcyjny, reakcjonistyczny
reactionary {n} (such a person) :: reakcjonista
reactivation {n} (the activation of something previously inactive or inactivated) :: reaktywacja {f}
reactor {n} (a device which uses atomic energy to produce heat) :: reaktor
reactor {n} (a chemical substance which responds to the presence or contact with another substance) :: reagent {m}
read {v} (look at and interpret letters or other information) :: czytać {impf}, przeczytać {pf}
read {v} (speak aloud words or other information that is written) :: czytać {impf}, odczytywać, odczytać
read {v} (have the ability to read text or other information) :: czytać
read {v} (of text, etc., to be interpreted or read in a particular way) :: czytać się
read {v} (make a study of) :: czytać, studiować
readability {n} (property of being capable of being read; legibility) :: czytelność {f}
readable {adj} (legible) SEE: legible ::
readableness {n} (readability) SEE: readability ::
read between the lines {v} (infer a meaning that is not stated explicitly) :: czytać między wierszami
reader {n} (person who reads a publication) :: czytelnik {m}, czytelniczka {f}
reader {n} (any device that reads something) :: czytnik {m}
readiness {n} (state or degree of being ready) :: gotowość {f}
reading {n} (process of interpreting written language) :: czytanie {n}
read-only memory {n} (memory chip that stores values but doesn't allow updates) :: pamięć tylko do odczytu {f}
read someone's lips {v} (discern what somebody is saying) :: czytać z ust, czytać z ruchu warg
ready {n} (cash) SEE: cash ::
ready {adj} (prepared for immediate action or use) :: gotowy, gotów {m}, gotowi {p}
ready, set, go {phrase} (on your mark, get set, go) SEE: on your mark, get set, go ::
ready, steady, go {phrase} (on your mark, get set, go) SEE: on your mark, get set, go ::
reagent {n} (substance used in chemical reactions) :: reagent {m}
real {adj} (true, genuine, not merely nominal) :: prawdziwy
real {adj} (genuine, unfeigned, sincere) :: prawdziwy
real {adj} (that has physical existence) :: realny
real {adj} (law: relating to immovable tangible property) :: rzeczowy, realny
real {n} (mathematics: a real number) SEE: real number ::
real {adv} (really) SEE: really ::
real estate {n} (property that cannot easily be moved) :: nieruchomość {f}
realist {n} (one who sees things as they are) :: realista {m}
realist {n} (advocate of artistic realism) :: realista {m}
reality {n} (state of being actual or real) :: rzeczywistość {f}
reality {n} (a real entity, event etc.) :: rzeczywistość {f}
reality {n} (entirety of all that is real) :: rzeczywistość {f}
reality show {n} (a reality television program) :: reality show {m}
realization {n} (act of figuring out or becoming aware) :: uświadomienie {n}
realize {v} (to make real) :: realizować, tworzyć {impf}, ziścić {pf}, ziszczać {impf}
realize {v} (to become aware of) :: spostrzec {pf}, uświadomić sobie {pf}, zdać sobie sprawę {pf}
realize {v} (to convert into actual money) :: realizować
realize {v} (to convert any kind of property into money) :: realizować
real life {n} (life outside of a contrived or fantastical environment) :: życie {n}, [literally] prawdziwe życie {n}
really {adv} (actually) :: naprawdę
really {adv} (informally, as an intensifier; very, very much) :: naprawdę
really {interj} (indicating surprise at, or requesting confirmation of, some new information) :: naprawdę?, doprawdy?, czyżby?
really {interj} (indicating affirmation, agreement) :: właśnie, naprawdę
really {interj} (indicating displeasure at another person's behaviour) :: doprawdy
real number {n} (limit of a convergent sequence of rational numbers) :: liczba rzeczywista {f}
real number {n} (floating-point number) SEE: floating-point number ::
realpolitik {n} (pragmatic international government policy) :: Realpolitik {f}
real property {n} (real estate) SEE: real estate ::
real socialism {n} (a pragmatic brand of socialism) :: realny socjalizm {m}
realtime {adj} (computer term) :: w czasie rzeczywistym
real-valued {adj} (function having only real values) :: o wartościach rzeczywistych
ream {v} (to enlarge a hole) :: rozwiercać, poszerzać
ream {n} (bundle of paper) :: ryza {f}
reamer {n} (tool for boring) :: rozwiertak {m}
reap {v} (to cut with a sickle) :: żąć {impf}, kosić {impf}
reaper {n} (one who reaps) :: żniwiarz {m}, żeniec {m}
reaper {n} (the Grim Reaper) SEE: Grim Reaper ::
reap hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle ::
reaping hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle ::
rear admiral {n} (proctologist) SEE: proctologist ::
rearguard {n} (the rearmost part of a force) :: ariergarda {f}, straż tylna {f}
reason {n} (that which causes: a cause) :: przyczyna {f}
reason {n} (motive for an action or determination) :: powód {m}
reason {n} ((the capacity of the human mind for) rational thinking) :: rozum {m}
reason {v} (to deduce by being rational) :: rozumować
reason {v} (to converse; to compare opinions) :: przekonywać
reason {v} (to arrange and present the reasons for or against; to examine, debate, discuss) SEE: debate ::
reason {n} (math: ratio, proportion) SEE: ratio ::
reasonable {adj} (just; fair; agreeable to reason) :: uzasadniony {m}
reasonable {adj} (inexpensive) :: rozsądny {m}
reasonable {adj} (satisfactory) :: satysfakcjonujący {m}
reassure {v} (to assure anew; to restore confidence to; to free from fear or self-doubt) :: upewniać {impf}, upewnić {pf}
reave {v} (to plunder, pillage, rob, pirate, or remove) :: plądrować / splądrować
rebel {n} (person who resists an established authority) :: buntownik {m}; powstaniec {m}
rebel {v} (to resist or become defiant towards) :: buntować się
rebellion {n} (armed resistance) :: rebelia {f}, rewolta {f}, bunt {m}, powstanie {n}
rebellion {n} (defiance) :: bunt {m}
rebirth {n} (revival, reinvigoration) :: odrodzenie {n}
reboot {n} (instance of rebooting) :: ponowny rozruch {m}, ponowne uruchomienie {n}
reboot {v} (to restart a system) :: uruchomić ponownie {pf}
reborn {adj} (reincarnated) :: wskrzeszony {m}
rebuke {n} (harsh criticism) :: zbesztanie {n}
rebuke {v} (to criticise harshly; to reprove) :: rugać {impf}, zrugać {pf}
rebus {n} (puzzle) :: rebus
rebut {v} (deny the truth of something) :: obalać {impf}
rebut {v} (drive back or beat back; to repulse) :: odrzucać {impf}
recall {n} :: przywołanie {n}, odwołanie {n}, pamięć {f}, pokrycie {n}
recapitulation {n} (subsequent enumeration of the major points) :: streszczenie {n}
receipt {n} (written acknowledgement) :: paragon {m}
receive {v} (get) :: dostać {pf}, otrzymać {pf}
receiver {n} (electronic device) :: odbiornik {m}
recency {n} (newness) SEE: newness ::
recent {adj} (having happened a short while ago) :: ostatni, świeży {m}, niedawny
recently {adv} (in the recent past) :: niedawno, ostatnio
reception {n} (act of receiving) :: odbiór {m}
reception {n} (electronics: act or ability to receive signals) :: zasięg {m}
reception {n} (social engagement) :: przyjęcie {n}
reception {n} (front desk) :: recepcja {f}
receptionist {n} (employee who receives visitors and/or calls, typically in an office setting) :: recepcjonista {m}, recepcjonistka {f}
recess {n} (botany, zoology: sinus) SEE: sinus ::
recidivist {n} (one who falls back into prior habits, especially criminal habits) :: recydywista {m}, recydywistka {f}
recipe {n} (instructions for making or preparing food dishes) :: przepis {m-in}
reciprocal {adj} (done by each of two people towards the other) :: wzajemny {m}
reciprocal {adj} (done, given, felt, or owed in return) :: odwrotny {m}
reciprocal {n} (in mathematics) :: odwrotność {f}
recitation {n} (act of reciting) :: recytacja {f}, deklamacja {f}
recitation {n} (material recited) :: tekst {m}
recite {v} (to recite) SEE: say ::
recite {v} (to repeat aloud some passage, poem or other text previously memorized, often before an audience) :: recytować
reckless {adj} (careless or heedless; headstrong or rash) :: lekkomyślny {m}, nierozważny {m}
reckless {adj} (indifferent to danger or the consequences) :: lekkomyślny
reckoning {n} (the action of calculating or estimating something) :: rozliczenie {n}
reclaim {v} (to recycle) SEE: recycle ::
reclaim {v} (to tame or domesticate a wild animal) SEE: tame ::
recognisable {adj} (recognisable) :: rozpoznawalny {m}
recognize {v} (to match in memory; to know from a previous encounter) :: rozpoznać, poznać
recognize {v} (to acknowledge the existence or legality of something) :: uznać
recoil {n} (pushback from a fired firearm) :: odrzut {m}
recollection {n} (act of recalling to the memory) :: wspomnienia
recommend {v} (to commend to the favorable notice of another) :: polecać
recommendation {n} (that which is recommended) :: zalecenie {n}, polecenie {n}
reconcile {v} (to restore a friendly relationship) :: pogodzić {pf}, pogodzić się {pf}
reconciliation {n} (reestablishment of friendly relations) :: zgoda {f}, pojednanie {n}, pogodzenie {n}
reconciliation {n} (Roman Catholic sacrament) :: rekoncyliacja {f}
reconnaissance {n} (act of gathering information) :: rekonesans {m}, zwiad {m}
recook {v} (cook again) :: odgrzać
record {n} (most extreme known value of some achievement) :: rekord {m}
record {v} (make an audio or video recording of) :: nagrać
recorder {n} (recording device) :: nagrywarka, rejestrator
recorder {n} (musical instrument) :: flet prosty {m}
recording {n} (reproduction stored in a permanent medium) :: nagranie {n}
record label {n} (brand of a company that produces records) SEE: label ::
rectangle {n} (quadrilateral) :: prostokąt
rectified spirit {n} (purified alcohol) :: spirytus {m}
rectify {v} (to correct or amend something) :: poprawiać {impf}, poprawić {pf}
rectify {v} (to purify or refine, especially by distillation) :: destylować {impf}
rectify {v} (to convert alternating current into direct current) :: prostować {impf}
rectitude {n} (rightness of principle or practice) :: prawość {f}
rector {n} (cleric in charge of a parish) :: proboszcz {m}
rector {n} (headmaster) :: rektor {m}
rectum {n} (terminal part of the large intestine) :: odbytnica {f}
recumbent {n} (special type of bicycle) :: rower poziomy {m}
recurring {adj} (math:having a set of digits that is repeated indefinitely) :: okresowy {m}
recursion {n} (in mathematics) :: rekurencja {f}
recursive {adj} (mathematics: of an expression, in which each term is determined by applying a formula to preceding terms) :: rekurencyjny {m}
recursive {adj} (computing: of a program or function that calls itself) :: rekurencyjny {m}
recursively enumerable {adj} ((computing theory) of a set, such that there exists a deterministic algorithm which will list all the items in the set and no others) :: rekurencyjnie przeliczalny {m}
recycle {v} (to break down and reuse component materials) :: przetwarzać {impf}, przetworzyć {pf}
red {adj} (having red as its colour) :: czerwony
red {adj} (of hair: orange-brown) :: rudy
red {n} (colour) :: czerwień {f}
Red Army man {n} (the lowest military rank of the Red Army) :: czerwonoarmista
red as a beetroot {adj} (being the colour of a beetroot) :: spalić raka
red-backed shrike {n} (medium-sized bird) :: gąsiorek {m}
red bandfish {n} (Cepola macrophthalma) :: wstęgówka
red beet {n} (beetroot) SEE: beetroot ::
red blood cell {n} (haemoglobin-carrying blood cell in vertebrates) :: erytrocyt {m}, czerwona krwinka {f}
red-breasted merganser {n} (Mergus serrator) :: szlachar {m}
redbud {n} (Judas tree) SEE: Judas tree ::
red carpet {n} (a strip of red carpet laid for a VIP) :: czerwony dywan {m}
Red Crescent {prop} (branch of the Red Cross) :: Czerwony Półksiężyc {m}
Red Cross {prop} (Red Cross) :: Czerwony Krzyż {m}
redden {v} (to become red) :: czerwienieć {impf}, poczerwienieć {pf}, sczerwienieć {pf}
redden {v} (to make red) :: czerwienić {impf}, poczerwienić {pf}
redeem {v} (to convert into cash) :: spieniężać
redefine {v} (to give a new or different definition to a word) :: przedefiniować {pf}, przedefiniowywać {impf}
red fox {n} (Vulpes vulpes) :: lis rudy {m-an}
red grouse {n} (Lagopus lagopus scotica) :: pardwa szkocka {f}
redhaired {adj} (having red hair) SEE: redheaded ::
red-handed {adj} (in the act of wrongdoing) :: na gorącym uczynku
redheaded {adj} (having red hair) :: rudy
red hot {n} (hot dog) SEE: hot dog ::
redirect {n} (redirection) SEE: redirection ::
redirection {n} (setting a new direction) :: przekierowanie {n}
red meat {n} (meat) :: czerwone mięso {n}
redneck {n} (uneducated, unsophisticated person) :: burak {m}
redo {v} (to do again) :: przerabiać {impf}, przerobić {pf}
redolence {n} (the quality of being redolent) :: aromat {m}, zapach {m}
redolence {n} (an evocative fragrance) :: przywołujący zapach {m}
redolent {adj} (fragrant or aromatic) :: pachnący {m}
redolent {adj} (having a smell) :: pachnący {m}
redolent {adj} (suggestive or reminiscent) :: przywołujący {m}
red panda {n} (Ailurus fulgens) :: panda mała {f}
red poppy {n} (Papaver rhoeas) SEE: corn poppy ::
Red Sea {prop} (sea between Africa and Arabia) :: Morze Czerwone {n}
redshift {n} (change in wavelength) :: przesunięcie ku czerwieni
Red Square {prop} (Moscow square) :: Plac Czerwony {m}
red tea {n} (black tea) SEE: black tea ::
reduce {v} (to bring down) :: zmniejszać, zmniejszyć, obniżać, obniżyć
reduce {v} (to lose weight) :: stracić na wadzę, schudnąć, zeszczupleć
reduce {v} (to bring to an inferior rank) :: degradować, zdegradować
reduce {v} (metallurgy: to remove non-metals from metal) :: wytopić, wytapiać
reduce {v} (math: to simplify a formula) :: uprościć, upraszczać, skrócić, skracać
reducer {n} (plumbing component) :: złączka redukcyjna {f}
reductio ad absurdum {n} (proof by contradiction) SEE: proof by contradiction ::
redundant {adj} (superfluous) :: nadmiarowy {m}, nadmierny {m}
red valerian {n} (Centranthus ruber) :: ostrogowiec (czerwony) {m}
red wine {n} (red coloured wine) :: czerwone wino {n}
redwood {n} (the species Sequoia sempervirens) :: sekwoja wieczniezielona {f}
reed {n} (grass-like plant) :: trzcina {f}
reed {n} (hollow stem) :: trzcina {f}
reed {n} (music: part of mouthpiece) :: stroik {m}
reed {n} (music: instrument) :: instrument stroikowy dęty {m}
reed bunting {n} (bird) :: potrzos {m}
reed switch {n} (type of electrical switch) :: kontaktron
reef {n} (rocks at or near surface of the water) :: rafa {f}
reef {v} (sailing) :: refować
reefer {n} (marijuana) SEE: marijuana ::
reek {n} (unpleasant smell) :: smród {m}, fetor {m}
reel {v} (to wind on a reel) :: motać {impf}, namotać {pf}, nawijać {impf}, nawinąć {pf}
reel {v} (to spin or revolve repeatedly) :: wirować {impf}, kręcić się {impf}, krążyć {impf}
reel {v} (to walk shakily or unsteadily) :: zataczać się {impf}, chwiać się {impf} [na nogach]
reelection {n} (the act of being elected after already being elected once) :: reelekcja {f}
reel off {v} (list effortlessly and quickly) :: snuć {impf}
refectory {n} (dining-hall) :: refektarz {m}
refer {v} (to direct to a source for help or information) :: skierować {pf}
refer {v} (to submit to an authority figure for consideration) :: skierować {pf}
refer {v} (to allude to (grammar term)) :: odnosić się {impf}
referee {n} (sport: umpire, judge, the supervisor of a game) :: sędzia {m}
reference {v} (to refer to) :: odnosić się do
reference {n} (reference work) SEE: reference work ::
reference work {n} (compendium of information) :: vademecum {n}, informator {m}, poradnik {m}
referendum {n} (direct popular vote) :: referendum {n}
referral {n} (act or process of transferring) :: skierowanie {n}
refinery {n} (building used to produce refined products) :: rafineria {f}
reflect {v} (to bend back from a surface) :: odbijać {impf}, odbić {pf}
reflect {v} (to be bent back from a surface) :: odbijać się {impf}, odbić się {pf}
reflect {v} (to mirror, or show the image of something) :: odbijać {impf}, odbić {pf}
reflect {v} (to be mirrored) :: odbijać się {impf}, odbić się {pf}
reflection {n} (act of reflecting; the state of being reflected) :: odbicie {n}
reflection {n} (property of a propagated wave) :: odbicie {n}
reflection {n} (something that is reflected) :: odbicie {n}
reflexive {adj} (in grammar) :: zwrotny {m}
reflexive {adj} (in mathematics) :: zwrotny {m}
reflexive {n} (reflexive pronoun) SEE: reflexive pronoun ::
reflexive {n} (reflexive verb) SEE: reflexive verb ::
reflexive pronoun {n} (a part of speech) :: zaimek zwrotny {m}
reflexive verb {n} (verb with equivalent subject and direct object) :: czasownik zwrotny {m}
reform {n} (amendment) :: reforma {f}
reformatory {n} (juvenile institution) SEE: reform school ::
reform school {n} (institution for juveniles) :: poprawczak {m}
refract {v} (to refract) SEE: disperse ::
refraction {n} (bending of any wave) :: refrakcja {f}
refractive index {n} (ratio of the speed of light in vacuum to another medium) :: współczynnik załamania {m}
refrain {v} (to keep oneself from action) :: powstrzymywać się / powstrzymać się
refrain {n} (burden of song) :: refren {m}
refresh {v} (to renew or revitalize) :: odświeżyć
refrigerate {v} (freeze) SEE: freeze ::
refrigerate {v} (cool down) SEE: cool down ::
refrigerator {n} (appliance that refrigerates food) :: lodówka {f}
refuge {n} (state of safety, protection or shelter) :: przytułek {m}
refugee {n} (person seeking political asylum) :: uchodźca {m}, uchodźczyni {f}
refugee {n} (person seeking refuge from natural disaster) :: uchodźca {m}
refugee {n} (person granted formal asylum) :: uchodźca {m}
refurbish {v} (rebuild or replenish) :: odświeżać, odnawiać
refuse {n} (items or material that have been discarded) :: odrzuty {p}
refuse {v} ((transitive) decline (request, demand)) :: odrzucać
refuse {v} ((intransitive) decline a request or demand) :: odmówić
regain {v} (to get back, to recover possession of) :: odzyskać
regard {n} (concern for another) :: szacunek {m}, respekt {m}
regarding {prep} (concerning) :: odnośnie [+ genitive case]
regards {n} (greeting to pass to another person) :: pozdrowienia
regards {n} (greeting at the end of a letter) :: pozdrawiam {impf}
regency {n} (system of government) :: regencja {f}
Regensburg {prop} (city in Germany) :: Ratyzbona {f}
regent {n} (one who rules in place of the monarch) :: regent {m}, regentka {f}
regicide {n} (the killing of a king) :: królobójstwo {n}
regicide {n} (one who kills a king) :: królobójca {m}
regidor {n} (alderman) SEE: alderman ::
regime {n} (mode of rule or management) :: reżim {m-in}
regime {n} (form of government) :: reżim {m-in}, reżym {m-in}, ustrój {m-in}
regiment {n} (army unit) :: pułk {m}
region {n} (any considerable and connected part of a space or surface) :: okolica {f}, obszar {m}, region {m}, rejon {m}
region {n} (an administrative subdivision) :: region {m}
register {n} (formal recording) :: dziennik {m}
register {n} (book of such entries) :: rejestr {m}
register {n} (computing: part of the central processing unit used to store and manipulate numbers) :: rejestr {m}
register {n} (cash register) SEE: cash register ::
regolith {n} (layer of loose rock that constitutes the surface of most land) :: regolit {m}
regress {v} (to move backwards to an earlier stage) :: uwsteczniać {impf}, uwsteczniać się {impf}, cofać {impf}
regression {n} (an action of regressing, a return to a previous state) :: regres {m}, uwstecznienie {n}, cofnięcie {n}
regret {v} (feel sorry about some past thing) :: żałować
regret {n} (instance of such an emotion) :: żal {m}
regular {adj} (having a constant pattern) :: regularny
regular {adj} (happening at constant intervals) :: regularny
regular {adj} (grammar) :: regularny
regular {adj} (crystallography: isometric) SEE: isometric ::
regulate {v} (control) SEE: control ::
regulation {n} (EU: self-effecting legislative act) :: rozporządzenie
regulator {n} (device that controls or limits something) :: regulator {m}
rehearse {v} (repeat what has already been said) :: powtarzać
Reich {n} (a German empire or nation) :: rzesza {f}, imperium {n} [empire]
reign {n} (The exercise of sovereign power) :: rządy
reign {n} (The period during which a monarch rules) :: panowanie {n}
reimbursement {n} (compensating someone for an expense.) :: zwrot {m}
rein {n} (strap or rope) :: wodze {p}, lejce {p}, cugiel {m}
reincarnation {n} (rebirth of a mental capacity in a physical life form) :: odrodzenie {n}, reinkarnacja {f}
reindeer {n} (Rangifer tarandus) :: renifer {m-an}, karibu {n} [North America]
reinforced concrete {n} (building material) :: żelbet {m}
reinforcement {n} (in plural: additional troops or materiel sent to support a military action) :: posiłki {p}
reinvent the wheel {v} (to do work unnecessarily) :: wynajdywać koło na nowo {impf}
reism {n} (form of concretism) :: reizm
reiter {n} (German cavalryman) :: rajtar {m}
reiterate {v} (to say or do for a second time) :: powtórzyć {pf}, powtarzać {impf}
reiterate {v} (to say or do repeatedly) :: stale powtarzać
reject {v} (to throw away, reject) SEE: discard ::
reject {v} (refuse to accept) :: odrzucać {impf}, odrzucić {pf}
reject {n} (something that is rejected) :: odrzut {m}
rejection {n} (the act of rejecting) :: odmowa {f}, odrzucenie {n}
rejoice {v} (make happy) :: radować
rejoice {v} (be happy) :: radować się
rejuvenate {v} (render young again) :: odmładzać {impf}, odmłodzić {pf}
rejuvenation {n} (the process of rendering young again) :: odmłodzenie {n}
relate {v} (to narrate) SEE: narrate ::
relation {n} (mathematics: set of ordered tuples, a Boolean function of two or more arguments) :: relacja {f}
relational {adj} (relative) SEE: relative ::
relationship {n} (connection or association) :: związek {m}, powiązanie {f}, relacja {f}, stosunek {m}
relationship {n} (kinship) :: pokrewieństwo {n}
relationship {n} (romantic or sexual involvement) :: stosunek {m}
relative {adj} (conditional; depending on something else) :: relatywny {m}
relative {n} (someone in the same family; someone connected by blood, marriage, or adoption) :: krewny {m}, krewna {f}
relative clause {n} (type of subordinate clause) :: zdanie podrzędne
relatively {adv} (proportionally) :: stosunkowo, odnośnie
relatively {adv} (somewhat) SEE: somewhat ::
relativity {n} (the state of being relative) :: względność {f}
relativity {n} (physics principle) :: względność {f}
relax {v} (to calm down) :: relaksować się {impf}
relax {v} (to make something loose) :: rozluźnić {pf}, poluzować
relax {v} (to make something less severe or tense) :: rozluźnić {pf}, poluzować {pf}
relax {v} (to become less severe or tense) :: rozluźnić się {pf}
relay {n} (electrical actuator) :: przekaźnik {m}
relay {n} (athletics discipline) :: sztafeta {f}
relay {v} (to pass on or transfer (information)) :: przekazać {pf}, przekazywać {impf}
release {n} (software: distribution of a computer software product) :: wersja {f}, wydanie {n}
release {n} (product made recently available) :: nowość {f}
release {n} (that which is released) :: wyzwolenie {n}, uwolnienie {n}
relevant {adj} (directly related, connected, or pertinent to a topic) :: związany, odpowiedni, stosowny
reliably {adv} (in a reliable manner) :: rzetelnie, wiarygodnie, solidnie, pewnie
reliance {n} (The act of relying on someone or something; trust) :: zaufanie {n}
reliance {n} (The condition of being reliant or dependent) :: poleganie {n}
relic {n} (that which remains) :: relikt {m}
relic {n} (part of a body or an object of religious significance) :: relikwia {f}
relief {n} (removal of stress or discomfort) :: ulga {f}
relief {n} (type of artwork) :: relief {m}
relieve {v} :: ulżyć
religion {n} (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death) :: religia {f}
religionist {n} (religious zealot) :: religiant {m}
religiosity {n} (quality of being religious) :: religijność {f}
religious {adj} (concerning religion) :: religijny
religiousness {n} (religiosity) SEE: religiosity ::
reliquary {n} (container for religious relics) :: relikwiarz {m}
relish {v} (to taste or eat with pleasure; to like the flavor of) :: smakować, delektować się
relive {v} (to experience again) :: przeżyć na nowo
relocation {n} (moving to another place) :: przemieszczenie {n}, przeprowadzka {f}
reluctance {n} (unwillingness to do something) :: niechęć {f}
reluctant {adj} (not wanting to take some action) :: niechętny
rely {v} (rest with confidence) :: polegać na
remain {n} (That which is left; relic; remainder) :: pozostałości {p}
remain {v} (to stay behind while others withdraw) :: pozostawać {impf}, pozostać {pf}
remain {n} (That which is left of a being after its life is gone) SEE: remains ::
remainder {n} (mathematics: amount left over after repeatedly subtracting the divisor) :: reszta {f}
remains {n} (what is left after a person (or any organism) dies; a corpse) :: szczątki {p}, zwłoki {p}
remains {n} (relic of an ancient building or other structure) :: pozostałości {p}
remains {n} (all that is left of the stock of some things; remnants) :: resztki {p}
remake {n} (new version of film) :: remake {m}
remark {n} (expression of something noticed) :: uwaga {f}
remark {v} (to make a remark or remarks; to comment) :: komentować {impf}, skomentować {pf}
remark {v} (to mark in a notable manner; to distinguish clearly) :: zauważyć
remark {v} (to take notice of, or to observe, mentally) :: zauważyć
remark {v} (to express in words or writing, as observed or noticed) :: zauważyć
remedy {n} (medicine, application, or treatment) :: lekarstwo {n}
remember {v} (to recall from one's memory) :: pamiętać {impf}, zapamiętać {pf}
remember {v} ((obsolete) to remind) SEE: remind ::
remind {v} (Cause one to experience a memory; bring to a person's notice) :: przypominać
reminisce {v} (to recall the past) :: wspominać {impf}, wspomnieć {pf}
reminisce {v} (to talk or write about memories) :: wspominać {impf}, wspomnieć {pf}
remit {v} (to postpone) SEE: postpone ::
remonstrance {n} (remonstration) :: protest {m}
remonstrate {v} (intransitive - to object or protest) :: protestować, zaprotestować
remonstrate {v} (transitive - to state as a protest or expression of disapproval) :: protestować, zaprotestować
remonstration {n} (remonstrance) SEE: remonstrance ::
remonstrative {adj} (of, characterized by, or exhibiting remonstration) :: protestacyjny {m}
remonstratively {adv} (with remonstration) :: protestacyjnie
remora {n} (delay, hindrance, obstacle) SEE: hindrance ::
remote {adj} (at a distance) :: zdalny
remote {adj} (distant or otherwise unaccessible) :: daleki, oddalony, odległy
remote {n} (remote control) :: pilot {m}
remote control {n} (device used to operate an appliance or mechanical toy from a short distance away) :: pilot {m}
removal {n} (The process of moving, or the fact of being removed) :: usunięcie
removal {n} (The dismissal of someone from office) :: zwolnienie
remove {v} (to remove) SEE: delete ::
remove {v} (to take away) :: odjąć, usuwać
remuneration {n} (something given in exchange for goods or services rendered) :: zapłata {f}
remuneration {n} (a payment for work done; wages, salary, emolument) :: pensja {f}, płaca {f}
ren {n} (a kidney) SEE: kidney ::
renaissance {n} (Renaissance) SEE: Renaissance ::
Renaissance {prop} (14th century revival) :: Renesans {m}, Odrodzenie {n}
Renaissance {prop} (the period) :: Renesans {m}, Odrodzenie {n}
Renaissance {prop} (any similar revival) :: renesans {m}, odrodzenie {n}
Renaissance {adj} (relating to the Renaissance) :: renesansowy
Renaissance {adj} (relating to the style of the Renaissance) :: renesansowy
rename {v} (to give a new name to) :: przemianować
Renata {prop} (female given name) :: Renata {f}
render {v} (to cause to become) :: uczynić {pf}, czynić {impf}
render {v} (to interpret) :: interpretować {impf}, zinterpretować {pf}
render {v} (to pass down) :: przekazać {pf}, przekazywać {impf}
render {v} (to transform digital information in the form received from a repository into a display on a computer screen, or for other presentation to the user) :: renderować {impf}, zrenderować {pf}, wyrenderować {pf}
rendering {v} (present participle of render) :: renderujący
rendering {v} (process of producing an image from an internal model) :: renderowanie {n}
rendezvous {n} (meeting or date) :: randka {f}
rendezvous {n} (agreement to meet; a location or time agreed upon to meet) :: spotkanie {m}
Renée {prop} (female given name) SEE: Renata ::
renewable {adj} (Sustainable) :: odnawialny
renewable energy {n} (energy that can be replenished at the same rate as it is used) :: energia odnawialna {f}
renewal {n} (act of renewing) :: odnowienie {n}, odnowa {f}
rennet stomach {n} (abomasum) SEE: abomasum ::
renown {n} (Fame or wide recognition) :: renoma {f}
reoffender {n} (repeat offender) SEE: repeat offender ::
repair {n} (act of repairing something) :: naprawa {f}
repair {v} (to restore to good working order) :: naprawiać {impf}
repeat {v} (do or say again) :: powtarzać {impf}, powtórzyć {pf}, ponowić {pf} [action]
repeatedly {adv} (done several times) :: wielokrotnie
repeat offender {n} (repeat offender) :: recydywista {m}, recydywistka {f}
repechage {n} (heat for competitors who have lost in a previous round) :: repasaż {m}
repentant {adj} (feeling sorrow for wrongdoing) :: skruszony
repertoire {n} (list of dramas, operas, pieces, parts, etc., which a company or a person has rehearsed) :: repertuar {m}
replace {v} (to substitute) :: zastąpić
replacement {n} (a person or thing that takes the place of another; a substitute) :: zastępca {m} [person], zamiennik {m} [object]
replete {adj} (abounding) :: pełny {m}
replete {adj} (filled to bursting) :: syty {m}
replica {n} (an exact copy) :: kopia, replika
reply {v} (to give a written or spoken response) :: odpowiadać {impf}, odpowiedzieć {pf}
report {n} (information describing events) :: raport {m}, sprawozdanie {n}
reportage {n} (reporting of news, especially by an eyewitness) :: reportaż {m}
report card {n} (grades) :: świadectwo szkolne {n}
reportedly {adv} (according to reports or rumors) :: rzekomo, podobno, ponoć
reported speech {n} (a form of speech used to express what another has said) :: mowa zależna {f}
repose {n} (rest) :: wypoczynek {n}, spoczynek {n}
repose {v} (to lie at rest) :: wypoczywać {impf}, spoczywać {impf}
repository {n} (a location for storage, often for safety or preservation) :: składnica {f}, magazyn {m}, skład {m}, przechowalnia {f}, repozytorium {n}
repository {n} (a burial vault) :: grobowiec {m}
repository {n} (a person to whom a secret is entrusted) :: powiernik {m}, powierniczka {f}
representation {n} (theatrical performance) :: przedstawienie {n}
representation {n} :: reprezentacja {f}
representative {adj} (typical) :: reprezentatywny
representative {n} (one who speaks for another) :: reprezentant {m}, przedstawiciel {m}, przedstawicielka {f}
representative {n} (one that is taken as typical of its class) :: przedstawiciel {m}, reprezentant {m}
reprimand {n} (a severe, formal or official reproof) :: nagana {f}
reprivatization {n} (returning to private ownership) :: reprywatyzacja {f}
reproach {n} (mild rebuke, or an implied criticism) :: zarzut {m}
reproach {n} (disgrace or shame) :: hańba {f}
reproach {v} (to criticize or rebuke someone) :: zarzucać
reproach {v} (to disgrace, or bring shame upon someone) :: zarzucać
reproduction {n} (the act of reproducing new individuals biologically) :: prokreacja
reproduction {n} (a duplicate) :: reprodukcja
reproductive system {n} (reproductive system) :: układ rozrodczy {m}
reptile {n} (a cold-blooded vertebrate) :: gad {m}
republic {n} (a type of state) :: republika {f}, rzeczpospolita {f} [special cases]
republicanism {n} (republicanism as a form of government) :: republikanizm {m}
Republic of Albania {prop} (Official name of Albania) :: Republika Albanii
Republic of Armenia {prop} (official name of Armenia) :: Republika Armenii
Republic of Estonia {prop} (official name of Estonia) :: Republika Estońska {f}
Republic of Finland {prop} (official full name of Finland) :: Republika Finlandii {f}
Republic of Korea {prop} (country) :: Republika Korei {f}
Republic of Latvia {prop} (Official name of Latvia) :: Republika Łotewska {f}
Republic of Lithuania {prop} (Official name of Lithuania) :: Republika Litewska {f}
Republic of Macedonia {prop} (Republic of Macedonia, see also: Macedonia; former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) :: Republika Macedonii {f}
Republic of Poland {prop} (official name of Poland) :: Rzeczpospolita Polska {f}
Republic of the Congo {prop} (country) :: Republika Konga {f}
Republic of Turkey {prop} (official name of the country of Turkey) :: Republika Turcji
repudiate {v} (to reject the truth of, deny) :: odrzucić
repudiate {v} (to refuse to have anything to do with) :: wyrzec się
reputation {n} (what somebody is known for) :: reputacja {f}, renoma {f}
request {n} (formal message requesting something) :: wniosek {m}
request {v} (to express the need or desire for) :: prosić
requiem {n} (mass to honor and remember a dead person) :: rekwiem, msza za zmarłych
requiem {n} (musical composition composed for such a mass) :: requiem {n}
require {v} (ask) SEE: ask ::
reredos {n} (screen or decoration behind the altar in a church) SEE: retable ::
rescind {v} (repeal, annul, or declare void) :: anulować, cofnąć
rescue {v} (to save from any danger or violence) :: ratować
rescue {n} (act of rescuing, saving) :: ratunek
rescue {n} (liberation) SEE: liberation ::
rescuer {n} (person who rescues) :: ratownik {m}
research {n} (inquiry or examination) :: badania {p}
research {n} (piece of research) :: badanie {n}
research {v} (to examine with continued care) :: badać, zbierać informacje
research {v} (to make an investigation into) :: badać
researcher {n} (one who researches) :: naukowiec {m}
reseda {n} (Reseda odorata) SEE: mignonette ::
reseda {n} (plant of the genus Reseda) :: rezeda wonna {f}
resell {v} (To sell again) :: odsprzedać {pf}, odsprzedawać {impf}
resemble {v} (compare) SEE: compare ::
resemble {v} (to be like or similar to something else) :: być podobnym {impf}
resentful {adj} (inclined to resent) :: obrażalski
reserve {v} (to reserve) SEE: hold ::
reserve {n} (military: body of troops in the rear of an army) :: rezerwa {f}
reserve {v} (to book in advance) :: rezerwować {impf}, zarezerwować {pf}
reserved {adj} (slow to reveal emotion or opinions) :: powściągliwy
reservoir {n} (place where anything is kept in store) :: rezerwuar {m}, zbiornik {m}
reservoir {n} (large natural or artificial lake used as a source of water supply) :: rezerwuar, zbiornik {m}
reside {v} (to dwell permanently or for a considerable time) :: mieszkać, mieszkać {impf}
resident {n} (person living at a location or an area) :: mieszkaniec {m}, mieszkanka {f}, rezydent {m}
residue {n} ((chemistry) substance that remains after evaporation, distillation, filtration) :: osad {m}
resilience {n} (the mental ability to recover quickly from depression, illness or misfortune) :: odporność {f}
resilience {n} (the physical property of material that can resume its shape after being stretched or deformed; elasticity) :: sprężystość {f}
resilient {adj} (able to weather tribulation without cracking) :: elastyczny
resin {n} (secretion of plants) :: żywica {f}
resin {n} (viscous liquid of plant origin) :: żywica {f}
resin {n} (similar synthetic compound) :: żywica {f}
resinaceous {adj} (resinous) SEE: resinous ::
resinous {adj} (of or pertaining to resin) :: żywiczny, żywicowy
resistance {n} (act of resisting) :: opór {m}, sprzeciw {m}
resistance {n} (force that tends to oppose motion) :: opór {m}
resistance {n} (shortened form of electrical resistance) :: opór {m}, rezystancja {f}, oporność {f}
resistance {n} (underground organization struggling for liberation) :: ruch oporu {m}
resistant {adj} (that which makes resistance) :: oporny {m}
resistant {adj} (that which is not overcome by a disease or drug) :: odporny {m}, oporny {m}
resistor {n} (an electric component that transmits current in direct proportion to the voltage across it) :: opornik {m}, rezystor {m}
resolve {v} (to find a solution to) :: rozwiązać {pf}, rozwiązywać {impf}
resolve {v} (to make a firm decision) :: postanowić {pf}, postanawiać {impf}
resolve {v} (to cause a chord to go from dissonance to consonance) :: rozwiązać {pf}, rozwiązywać {impf}
resonance {n} (condition of being resonant) :: rezonans {m}
resonance {n} (resonant sound) :: pogłos {m}
resort {n} (a relaxing environment for people on vacation) :: kurort {m}, uzdrowisko {n}
resort {v} (to have recourse out of necessity or frustration) :: uciec się, uciekać się
resort {v} (to repeat a sorting process) :: posortować ponownie
resource {n} (something that one uses to achieve an objective) :: środki {f-p}
resourceful {adj} (capable or clever; able to put available resources to efficient or ingenious use) :: zaradny, pomysłowy
respect {n} (admiration for a person or entity because of perceived merit) :: respekt {m}, szacunek {m}
respective {adj} (referencing two or more things as individuals) :: poszczególny
respectively {adv} (in a relative manner) :: odpowiednio
respirator {n} (device to allow breathing) :: respirator {m}
respond {v} (to say in reply, to respond) SEE: return ::
response {n} (an answer or reply) :: odpowiedź {f}
responsibility {n} (the state of being responsible) :: odpowiedzialność {f}
responsible {adj} (answerable for an act performed or for its consequences) :: odpowiedzialny
responsible {adj} (able to answer reasonably for one's conduct) :: odpowiedzialny
responsive {adj} (answering, replying or responding) :: odpowiadający {m}
rest {n} (relief afforded by sleeping; sleep) :: odpoczynek {m}
rest {v} (intransitive: take repose) :: odpoczywać {impf}
rest {n} (remainder) :: reszta {f}
rest {v} (to remain) SEE: remain ::
restart {n} (act of restarting) :: ponowne uruchomienie {n}
restaurant {n} (an eating establishment in which diners are served food at their tables) :: restauracja {f}
restharrow {n} (any of various species of small shrubs making up the genius Ononis) :: wilżyna {f}
rest in peace {v} (blessing or expression of hope) :: spoczywaj w pokoju
restless {adj} (not allowing or affording rest) :: bez odpoczynku
restless {adj} (unable to be still or quiet) :: niespokojny {m}
restless {adj} (not satisfied to be at rest or peace) :: niezaspokojony {m}
restless {adj} (deprived of rest or sleep) :: bez odpoczynku
restlessness {n} (state or condition of being restless) :: niepokój {m}, zniecierpliwienie {n}, wzburzenie {n}
rest on one's laurels {v} (to rely on a past success instead of trying to improve oneself further) :: spocząć na laurach, spoczywać na laurach
restoration {n} (the process of bringing an object back to its original state) :: odbudowa {f}
restraint {n} (something that restrains, ties, fastens or secures) :: ograniczenie {n}
restraint {n} (control or caution; reserve) :: opanowanie {n}
restricted {adj} (one of the classifications of the secrecy of an official document) :: zastrzeżony {m}
restrictive {adj} (confining; limiting) :: ograniczający
result {n} (that which results) :: rezultat {m}, wynik {m}
resume {n} (curriculum vitae) SEE: curriculum vitae ::
resume {v} (start something again that has been stopped or paused) :: wznawiać {impf}, wznowić {pf}
resurface {v} (to come once again to the surface) :: wypłynąć
resurgence {n} (An instance of something resurging) :: ożywienie {n}
resurrection {n} (the act of arising from the dead) :: zmartwychwstanie {n}
resurrection {n} (Christianity: the Resurrection) :: zmartwychwstanie {n}, rezurekcja {f}
retable {n} (table or shelf behind an altar) :: nastawa ołtarzowa {f}
retainer {n} (a device that holds teeth in position after orthodontic treatment) :: aparat ortodontyczny {m}
retarded {adj} (delayed in development) :: opóźniony
retention {n} (a memory) :: pamięć {m}
rethink {v} (think again about a problem) :: przemyśleć {pf}
reticent {adj} (reserved) :: małomówny, dyskretny
reticulum {n} (the second stomach of a ruminant) :: czepiec {m}
Reticulum {prop} (small constellation of the southern summer sky) :: Sieć {f}
retina {n} (thin layer of cells at the back of the eyeball) :: siatkówka {f}
retinue {n} (group of servants) :: świta {f}
retire {n} (to stop working on a permanent basis) :: przejść na emeryturę
retired {adj} (that has left employment) :: emerytowany {m}, emeryt {m}, emerytura {f}
retort {v} (to retort; to throw back) SEE: return ::
retort {n} (sharp or witty reply) :: riposta {f}
retort {v} (To say something sharp or witty in answer to a remark or accusation) :: ripostować
retort {n} (flask used for distillation) :: retorta {f}
retreat {n} (act of pulling back or withdrawing) :: odwrót {m}
retreat {v} (to withdraw military forces) :: zarządzać odwrót {impf}, odstąpić {pf}, wycofywać się {impf}
retreat {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
retreat {v} (retreat) SEE: withdraw ::
retreat {n} (outhouse) SEE: outhouse ::
retreat {n} (to turn back, retreat) SEE: return ::
retrenchment {n} (reduction or curtailment) :: oszczędność {f}, redukcja {f}
retrenchment {n} (defensive work) :: oszańcowanie {n}
retrieve {v} (to regain or get back something) :: odzyskiwać {impf}, odzyskać {pf}
retrieve {v} (to rescue) :: ratować {impf}, uratować {pf}
retrieve {v} (to salvage something) :: ratować, uratować
retrieve {v} (to remedy or rectify something) :: naprawiać, naprawić, zaradzić
retrieve {v} (to remember or recall something) :: przypominać, przypomnieć, przywoływać (coś) z pamięci
retrieve {v} (to fetch or carry back something) :: przynosić, przynieść
retrocognition {n} (extrasensory knowledge of past events) :: retrokognicja {f}
retroflex {adj} (of pronunciation in which the tongue underside approaches/touches the palate) :: subapikalno-prepalatalny, subapikalny prepalatalny, subapikalno-palatalny, subapikalny palatalny
retroflex {adj} (of pronunciation in which the tongue tip approaches/touches the back of the alveolar ridge) :: apikalny zadziąsłowy, apikalny postalweolarny, apikalno-postalweolarny
retroflex {adj} (of pronunciation in which the tongue blade approaches/touches the back of the alveolar ridge) :: laminalny zadziąsłowy, laminalny postalweolarny, lamino-postalweolarny
retroflex {adj} (of any of the retroflex pronunciations) :: z retrofleksją, retrofleksyjny
retroflex {n} (consonant pronounced with the tongue underside approaching/touching the palate) :: spółgłoska subapikalno-prepalatalna {f}, spółgłoska subapikalna prepalatalna {f}, spółgłoska subapikalno-palatalna {f}, spółgłoska subapikalna palatalna {f}
retroflex {n} (consonant pronounced with the tongue tip approaching/touching the back of the alveolar ridge) :: spółgłoska apikalna zadziąsłowa {f}, spółgłoska apikalna postalweolarna {f}, spółgłoska apikalno-postalweolarna {f}
retroflex {n} (consonant pronounced with the tongue blade approaching/touching the back of the alveolar ridge) :: spółgłoska laminalna zadziąsłowa {f}, spółgłoska laminalna postalweolarna {f}, spółgłoska lamino-postalweolarna {f}
retroflex {n} (any of the retroflex consonants) :: spółgłoska z retrofleksją {f}, spółgłoska retrofleksyjna {f}
retromingent {adj} (cowardly) SEE: cowardly ::
retry {v} (to try or attempt again) :: próbować ponownie {impf}, ponawiać próbę {impf}
retsina {n} (Greek wine) :: retsina {f}
return {n} (answer) SEE: answer ::
return {v} (to come or go back) :: wracać {impf}, wracać się, wrócić {pf}
return {v} (to give something back to its original holder or owner) :: wrócić
return {v} (computing: to relinquish control to the calling procedure) :: powracać {impf}, powrócić {pf}
return {v} (computing: to pass back (data) to the calling procedure) :: zwracać {impf}, zwrócić {pf}
return {v} :: [1,2] oddać, [3,4] wrócić, [3] powrócić
return {n} (act of returning) :: powrót {m}
return {n} (item that is returned) :: zwrot {m}
reunification {n} (the unification of something that was previously divided; used especially of a country) :: zjednoczenia {n}
reunion {n} (a planned event at which members of a dispersed group meet together) :: zjazd {m}, zlot {m}
reunion {n} (reunification) SEE: reunification ::
revalue {v} (to value again, give a new value to) :: przewartościować {pf}
revanche {n} (revenge or retaliation) :: rewanż {m}, zemsta {f}
revanchism {n} (political policy of endeavouring to regain lost territory) :: rewanżyzm {m}
revanchist {n} (avenger) SEE: avenger ::
revanchist {n} (revanchist, vengeful person) :: rewanżysta {m}, rewanżystka {f}, odwetowiec {m}, odwetówka {f}
revanchist {adj} (advocating a policy of revanche) :: rewanżystyczny {m}, rewanżystowski {m}, odwetowy
rev counter {n} (rev counter) SEE: tachometer ::
reveal {v} (to uncover) :: odkrywać, odsłaniać, ujawniać
revelation {n} (manifestation of divine truth) :: objawienie {n}
Revelation {prop} (book of Bible) :: Apokalipsa {f}
reveller {n} (one who revels) :: hulaka {m} {f}, imprezowicz {m}, imprezowiczka {f}, birbant {m}, bibosz {m}, lekkoduch {m}, kompanion {m}
revenant {n} (supernatural being) :: upiór {m}, zombie {n}
revenge {n} (retaliatory action) :: zemsta {f}
revenge {v} (to take revenge for an action) :: mścić się {impf}
revenge is a dish best served cold {proverb} (emotional detachment is preferable when taking revenge) :: ten się śmieje, kto się śmieje ostatni
revenue {n} (income from an investment) :: dochód {m}
revenue {n} (total income from a given source) :: dochód {m}
revenue {n} (all income for some treasury by taxation e.a.) :: dochód {m}
revenue {n} (turnover, total sales) :: obroty {m-p}
reverend {n} (member of the Christian clergy) :: duchowny {m}
Reverend {n} (an honorary title added to the names of Christian clergy) :: wielebny {m}
reverse {adj} (having the order of its constituents moved backwards) :: odwrócony
reverse dowry {n} (bride price) SEE: bride price ::
reverse engineering {n} (analyzing the construction and operation of a product in order to manufacture a similar one) :: inżynieria odwrotna {f}
reverse Polish notation {n} (an arithmetic notation) :: odwrotna notacja polska {f}
revert {v} (to return; to come back) :: powrócić
review {n} (second or subsequent reading of a text or artifact) :: powtórzenie {n}
review {n} (account intended as a critical evaluation of a text or a piece of work) :: recenzja {f}, wydanie krytyczne {n}
review {n} (judicial reassessment of a case or an event) :: rewizja {f}
review {n} (stage show made up of sketches) :: przegląd {m}
review {n} (survey of the available items or material) :: przegląd {m}
review {n} (periodical which makes a survey of the arts or some other field) :: przegląd {m}
review {n} (military inspection or display for the benefit of superiors or VIPs) :: przegląd {m}
review {n} (forensic inspection to assess compliance with regulations or some code) :: kontrola {f}
revival {n} :: odrodzenie, ożywienie, przebudzenie {n}
revolt {n} (act of revolting) :: bunt {m}, rewolta {f}
revolution {n} (political upheaval) :: rewolucja {f}, przewrót {m}
revolution {n} (turning of an object around an axis) :: obrót {m}
revolution {n} (traversal of one body through an orbit around another body) :: obrót {m}
revolution {n} (sudden, vast change in a situation or discipline) :: przewrót {m}, rewolucja {f}
revolutionary {adj} (of or pertaining to a revolution in government) :: rewolucyjny {m}
revolutionary {n} (A revolutionist; a person who revolts) :: rewolucjonista {m}, rewolucjonistka {f}
revolve {v} (to orbit a central point) :: kręcić się (wokół)
revolve {v} (to turn on an axis) :: wirować, kręcić się (wokół własnej osi)
revolver {n} (a handgun with revolving chambers) :: rewolwer {m}, bębenkowiec {m}
revolving door {n} (rotating door) :: drzwi obrotowe {f-p}
reward {n} (something of value given in return for an act) :: nagroda {f}
reward {v} (give a reward to) :: nagradzać {impf}, nagrodzić {pf}
Reykjavik {prop} (Capital of Iceland) :: Rejkiawik {m}, Reykjavik {m}
RFID {n} (Initialism for radio-frequency identification) :: RFID {n}
Rügen {prop} (Germany’s largest island) :: Rugia
Rhea {prop} (goddess) :: Rea {f}, Reja {f}
Rhea {prop} (moon) :: Rea {f}, Reja {f}
rhenium {n} (chemical element) :: ren {m}
rhetoric {n} (art of using language for persuasion) :: retoryka {f}
rhetorical {adj} (part of or similar to rhetoric) :: retoryczny {m}
rhetorical question {n} (question) :: pytanie retoryczne {n}, pytania retoryczne {n-p}
rheum {n} (nose discharge) :: katar {m}
rheumatic {adj} (referring to rheumatism) :: reumatyczny
rheumatics {n} (rheumatism) SEE: rheumatism ::
rheumatism {n} (rheumatoid arthritis) :: reumatyzm {m}
Rhine {prop} (river that flows through Europe) :: Ren {m}
Rhineland {prop} (land on both sides of the river Rhine) :: Nadrenia {f}
rhinencephalon {n} (smell-brain) SEE: smell-brain ::
rhinoceros {n} (herbivorous pachyderm with horn(s)) :: nosorożec {m}
rhizome {n} (horizontal underground stem of some plants) :: kłącze {n}
rhizosphere {n} (soil region influenced by plant roots) :: ryzosfera {f}
Rhône {prop} (Rhone) SEE: Rhone ::
Rhodes {prop} (island) :: Rodos {f}
rhodium {n} (chemical element) :: rod {m}
rhododendron {n} (flowering shrub in the genus Rhododendron) :: różanecznik {m}
rhodonite {n} (A manganese inosilicate mineral) :: rodonit {m}
Rhodope {prop} (Rhodopes) SEE: Rhodopes ::
Rhodopes {prop} (mountain range in Southeastern Europe) :: Rodopy {f-p}
rhombencephalon {n} (hindbrain) SEE: hindbrain ::
rhombicosidodecahedron {n} (Archimedean solid) :: dwunasto-dwudziestościan rombowy mały
rhombohedron {n} (prism with six faces, each a rhombus) :: rombościan {m}, romboedr {m}
rhombus {n} (A parallelogram having all sides of equal length) :: romb {m}
rhonchus {n} (sound) :: rzężenie, rzężenia {p}
Rhone {prop} (river) :: Rodan {m}
rhubarb {n} (any plant of the genus Rheum) :: rabarbar {m}, rzewień {m}
Rhuddanian {prop} (subdivision of the Silurian period) :: Rhuddan
rhyme {n} (word that rhymes with another) :: rym {m}
rhyme {v} (put words together) :: rymować
rhythm {n} (variation of strong and weak elements of sounds over time) :: rytm {m}
rhythm {n} (rhythm section) SEE: rhythm section ::
rhythm section {n} (section of a band maintaining the rhythm) :: sekcja rytmiczna {f}
rib {n} (curved bone) :: żebro {n}
ribbit {interj} (the sound made by a frog or toad) :: kum
ribbon {n} (long, narrow strip of material) :: wstążka {f}, wstęga {f}, tasiemka {f}, taśma {f}
ribbon {n} (inked ribbon) :: wstążka {f}
ribbon seal {n} (a species of true seal) :: foka pręgowana {f}
rib cage {n} (part of skeleton) :: klatka piersiowa {f}
ribonucleic acid {n} (derivative of DNA, used in the transcription of genetic material) :: kwas rybonukleinowy {m}
ribose {n} (naturally occurring pentose sugar) :: ryboza {f}
rice {n} (plants) :: ryż {m}
rice {n} (seeds used as food) :: ryż {m}
ricefield {n} (field where rice is grown) SEE: paddy ::
rice paddy {n} (field immersed in water dedicated for the cultivation of rice) SEE: paddy ::
rich {adj} (having wealth) :: bogaty
Richard {prop} (male given name) :: Ryszard {m}
riches {n} (money, goods, wealth, treasure) :: bogactwo {n}, bogactwa {p}
richness {n} (state or quality of being rich) :: bogactwo {n}
Richter scale {prop} (logarithmic scale) :: skala Richtera {f}
ricin {n} (poison) :: rycyna {f}
ricksha {n} (rickshaw) SEE: rickshaw ::
rickshaw {n} (two-wheeled carriage) :: riksza {f}
ricochet {n} (an instance of ricocheting) :: rykoszet
ricotta {n} (Italian whey cheese) :: ricotta {f}
riddle {n} (sieve) SEE: sieve ::
riddle {n} (verbal puzzle) :: zagadka {f}
riddle {v} (to put something through a riddle or sieve) :: przesiać {pf}
ride {v} (to transport oneself by sitting on and directing a horse, bicycle etc.) :: [concrete] jechać {impf}, pojechać {pf}, [abstract] jeździć {impf}
ride {v} (to be transported in a vehicle as a passenger) :: [concrete] jechać {impf}, pojechać {pf}, [abstract] jeździć {impf}
ride {v} (to transport someone in a vehicle) :: [concrete] wieźć {impf}, zawieźć {pf}, [abstract] wozić {impf}
ride {v} (to mount someone to have sex with them) :: ujeżdżać {impf}
ride {n} (instance of riding) :: jazda {f}
rider {n} (driver) SEE: driver ::
rider {n} (one who rides) :: jeździec {m}
rider {n} (cyclist) SEE: cyclist ::
ridicule {v} (to make fun of someone) :: wyśmiewać
ridiculous {adj} (foolish, absurd) :: absurdalny {m}, niedorzeczny {m}, śmieszny {m}
rifle {n} (firearm with a rifled barrel) :: karabin {m}, gwintówka {f}
rift {n} (shallow place in a stream) SEE: ford ::
Riga {prop} (capital of Latvia) :: Ryga {f}
Rigan {adj} (from Riga) :: ryski {m}
Rigan {n} (someone from Riga) :: ryżanin {m}, ryżanka {f}
Rigel {prop} (star) :: Rigel
right {adj} (complying with justice, correct) :: poprawny, prawidłowy, prawy, słuszny
right {adj} (of direction) :: prawy
right {adv} (on the right side) :: na prawo
right {adv} (towards the right side) :: w prawo, na prawo
right {interj} (checking agreement) :: prawda, [colloquial] co nie, [colloquial] nie
right {n} (legal or moral entitlement) :: prawo {n}
right {n} (right, not left, side) :: prawa {f}
right {n} (right-wing politicians and parties) :: prawica {f}
right {adj} (all right, not requiring assistance) SEE: all right ::
right angle {n} (angle of 90 degrees) :: kąt prosty {m}
right-angled triangle {n} (right-angled triangle) SEE: right triangle ::
right as rain {adj} (very good; healthy) :: zdrów jak ryba
right away {adv} (very soon; immediately) :: natychmiast
right now {adv} (immediately) SEE: immediately ::
right triangle {n} (a triangle having a right angle as one of its interior angles) :: trójkąt prostokątny {m}
right wing {n} (political) :: prawica {f}
rigid {adj} (stiff) :: sztywny
Riksmål {n} (a variety of Norwegian) :: riksmål {m}
rim {n} (wheel rim) :: felga {f}
Rimini {prop} (province of Italy) :: Rimini {n} [indecl]
Rimini {prop} (a resort town in Italy) :: Rimini {n} [indecl]
rind {n} (hard outer layer of fruit, cheese) :: skóra {f}, skórka {f}
ring {n} (circumscribing object) :: pierścień {m}
ring {n} (round piece of (precious) metal worn around the finger) :: pierścień {m}, pierścionek {m}
ring {n} (bird band) :: obrączka {f}
ring {n} (place where some sports take place) :: ring {m}
ring {n} (group of people) :: klika {f}, krąg {m}
ring {n} (geometry: a planar geometrical figure) :: pierścień {m}
ring {n} (astronomy: a formation of various pieces of material orbiting around a planet) :: pierścień {m}
ring {v} (to surround or enclose) :: otaczać
ring {v} (to produce the sound of a bell or a similar sound) :: dzwonić
ring {v} (to make, produce sound) :: uderzać (w dzwon)
ring {n} (algebra: an algebraic structure) :: pierścień {m}
ring {n} (burner) SEE: burner ::
ring {n} (typography: diacritical mark in the shape of a hollow circle) SEE: kroužek ::
ring down the curtain {v} (stop) SEE: stop ::
ring finger {n} (finger between the middle finger and little finger) :: palec serdeczny {m-in}
ring road {n} (highway) :: obwodnica {f}
ringtone {n} (sound made by a telephone when ringing) :: dzwonek {m}
ring up the curtain {v} (start) SEE: start ::
ringwoodite {n} (cubic form of olivine) :: ringwoodyt {m}
rink {n} (sheet of ice prepared for playing certain sports) :: lodowisko {n}
rinse {v} (to wash something quickly using water and no soap) :: płukać
riot {n} (tumultuous disturbance of public peace) :: zamieszki {f-p}, zbiegowisko {n} [legal term]
riot {n} (excessive and expensive feasting) :: hulanka {f}
riot police {n} (a unit of police specifically trained to deal with rioting crowds) :: oddziały prewencji {m-p}, prewencja {f} [colloquial]
rip {v} (to fart) SEE: fart ::
rip {v} (to mock) SEE: mock ::
rip {v} (to copy data from optical disks) :: zgrywać {impf}, zgrać {pf}
RIP {interj} (abbreviation: rest in peace) :: śp.
rip current {n} (strong water flow) :: prąd odpływowy {m}
ripe {adj} (ready for reaping or gathering, of fruits and seeds) :: dojrzały {m}
ripen {v} (to grow ripe) :: dojrzewać {impf}, dojrzeć {pf}
ripeness {n} (characteristic of being ripe) :: dojrzałość {f}
ripening {n} (process) :: dojrzewanie {n}
ripple {n} (moving disturbance or undulation in the surface of a liquid) :: zmarszczka {f}
riptide {n} (rip current) SEE: rip current ::
rise {v} (to move upwards) :: unieść się, podnieść się
rise {v} (of a celestial body: to appear to move from behind the horizon) :: wschodzić
rise {n} (increase (in a quantity, price, etc)) :: wzrost {m}
risible {adj} (pertaining to laughter) :: śmiechowy
risible {adj} (provoking laughter) :: śmieszny
risible {adj} (prone to laughter) :: wesoły
risk {n} (possible, usually negative, outcome) :: ryzyko {n}, zagrożenie {n}
risk {n} (likelihood of a negative outcome) :: ryzyko {n}
risk {n} (potential (conventionally negative) impact of an event) :: ryzyko {n}
risk {v} (to incur risk to something) :: ryzykować, zaryzykować
risk {v} (to incur risk of something) :: ryzykować, zaryzykować
risk {v} (to incur risk by something) :: ryzykować, zaryzykować
rite {n} (ritual) :: rytuał {m-in}, obrządek {m-in}, obrzęd {m-in}, ryt {m}
ritual {adj} (related to a rite) :: rytualny {m}, obrzędowy {m}
ritual {n} (rite) :: rytuał {m}, obrządek {m}, obrzęd {m}
ritually {adv} (in a ritual manner) :: rytualnie
rival {n} (competitor with the same objective) :: rywal
rivalry {n} (competition) :: rywalizacja {f}
river {n} (large stream which drains a landmass) :: rzeka {f}
river horse {n} (hippopotamus) SEE: hippopotamus ::
rivet {n} (cylindrical mechanical fastener) :: nit {m}
Rivne {prop} (city) :: Równe {n}
Riyadh {prop} (capital of Saudi Arabia) :: Rijad
RNA {n} (abbreviation of ribonucleic acid) :: RNA {n}
röntgen {n} (unit of exposure to ionizing radiation) :: rentgen {m}
roach {n} (US: cockroach) SEE: cockroach ::
roach {n} (Rutilus rutilus) :: płoć {f}
road {n} (a way for travel) :: droga {f}, szosa {f}
Roadian {prop} (subdivision of the Permian period) :: Road
road rage {n} (uncontrollable aggressive behaviour by drivers of a road vehicle) :: agresja na drodze
road roller {n} (heavy engineering vehicle used to compact asphalt) :: walec {m}
roadside bomb {n} (explosive device) :: fugas {m}
roadside hawk {n} (Buteo magnirostris) :: myszołów krzykliwy
roar {v} (to make loud, deep cry of emotion) :: ryczeć, zaryczeć
roar {v} (of animals, to make a loud deep noise) :: ryczeć, zaryczeć
roar {n} (long, loud, deep shout) :: ryk {m}
roar {n} (cry of the lion) :: ryk {m}
roar {n} (loud resounding noise such as sound of a motorbike or a similar engine) :: ryk {m}
roast {v} (to cook food by heating in an oven or fire) :: piec {impf}, upiec {pf}
roast {v} (to cook by surrounding with hot embers, etc.) :: prażyć {impf}
roast {n} (cut of meat) :: pieczeń {f}
roast {n} (comical event) :: roast {m}
roast beef {n} (Beef cooked by roasting) :: rostbef {m}
roastbeef {n} (roast beef) SEE: roast beef ::
rob {v} (to steal from, using violence) :: grabić {impf}, obłupić {pf}, obrabować {pf}, ograbić {pf}
robber {n} (one who robs) :: złodziej {m}, rozbójnik {m}
robbery {n} (act or practice of robbing) :: napad {m}, rabunek {m}, grabież {f}, rozbój {m}
robbery {n} (attempt of taking the property of another by threat) :: rozbój {m}
Robert {prop} (given name) :: Robert
Roberta {prop} (female given name) :: Roberta {f}
robin {n} (Erithacus rubecula) :: rudzik {m}
robin {n} (Turdus migratorius) :: drozd wędrowny
Robin {prop} (Sidekick of Batman) :: Robin
robot {n} (intelligent mechanical being) :: robot {m}
robot {n} (traffic light) SEE: traffic light ::
robust {adj} (evincing strength) :: krzepki, silny, rozrosły, czerstwy, wysportowany
Rocco {prop} (male given name) :: Roch {m}
rock {n} (natural mineral aggregate) :: skała {f}
rock {n} (large stone or boulder) :: skała {f}, głaz {m}
rock {n} (something strong, stable, and dependable) :: opoka {f}, skała {f}
rock {n} (precious stone or gem) :: kamień szlachetny {m}
rock {n} (crystallized lump of crack cocaine) :: gruda {f}
rock {n} (style of music) :: rock {m}
rock {n} (distaff) SEE: distaff ::
rock dove {n} (Columba livia) :: gołąb skalny {m}
rocker {n} (curved piece of wood) :: biegun
rocker {n} (Hence, a rocking chair) :: fotel bujany {m}, krzesło bujane {m}
rocket {n} (a rocket engine) :: rakieta {f}
rocket {n} (non-guided missile) :: rakieta {f}
rocket {n} (a vehicle) :: rakieta {f}
rocket {n} (a projectile firework) :: rakieta {f}
rocket {n} (arugula) SEE: arugula ::
rocket engine {n} (reaction engine) :: silnik rakietowy {m}
rocket launcher {n} (device for launching a missile) :: wyrzutnia rakietowa {f}
rocket science {n} (anything overly complex (idiomatic)) :: czarna magia {f}
rockfowl {n} (passerine bird) :: sępowronka {f}
Rockies {prop} (Rocky Mountains) SEE: Rocky Mountains ::
rocking chair {n} (chair with a curved base which can be gently rocked) :: fatersztul {m}, fotel bujany {m}
rock lobster {n} (spiny lobster) SEE: spiny lobster ::
rockmelon {n} (melon) SEE: melon ::
rock paper scissors {n} (popular child's game) :: papier, kamień, nożyce {m}
rocky {adj} (full of rocks) :: skalisty
Rocky Mountains {prop} (mountain range) :: Góry Skaliste {f-p}
rod {n} (straight round stick, shaft, or bar) :: pręt {m}
rod {n} (fishing rod or pole) :: wędka {f}
rod {n} (stick or bundle used for punishment) :: kij {m}, rózga {f}
rod {n} (stick to measure length) :: pręt {m}
rod {n} (archaic: unit of length) :: pręt {m}
rod {n} (part of the retina of the eye) :: pręcik {m}
rod {n} (microbiology: rod shaped microorganism) :: pałeczka {f}
rod {n} (stirring rod) :: pałeczka {f}, pręcik {f}
rod {n} (slang: penis) :: drążek {m}
rod {n} (slang: pistol) SEE: pistol ::
rodent {n} (mammal of the order Rodentia) :: gryzoń
rodeo {n} (sport) :: rodeo {n}
roe {n} (roe deer) SEE: roe deer ::
roe {n} (eggs of fish) :: ikra {f}
roebuck {n} (male roe deer) :: kozioł {m-an}, rogacz {m-an}
roe deer {n} (small deer species, Capreolus capreolus) :: sarna
roentgenium {n} (chemical element) :: roentgen {m}
roger {interj} (received) :: przyjąłem, zrozumiałem
Roger {prop} (male given name) :: Roger {m}
Rojava {prop} (region in northern and northeastern Syria) :: Rożawa {f}
Roland {prop} (male given name) :: Roland {m}
role model {n} (a person who serves as an example) :: wzór do naśladowania {m}
roll {v} (to cause to revolve) :: toczyć
roller {n} (slang: police) SEE: cop ::
rollerblade {n} (type of roller skate) :: łyżworolki
rollercoaster {n} (amusement ride) :: kolejka górska {f}
roller skate {n} (a boot having small wheels) :: łyżworolka {f}
rolling pin {n} (food preparation utensil) :: wałek do ciasta {m}
rolling stone {n} (womanizer) SEE: womanizer ::
rollmop {n} (fillet of herring) :: rolmops {m}
roly-poly {n} (A toy that rights itself when pushed over) :: wańka-wstańka {m}
Rom {n} (a member of the Romani people) :: Cygan {m}, Cyganka {f}
Rom {prop} (language) SEE: Romani ::
Rom {adj} (Romani) SEE: Romani ::
Roma {prop} (the Romani macrolanguage) SEE: Romani ::
Roma {n} (member of the Roma/Romani people) SEE: Romani ::
Roma {adj} (Romani) SEE: Romani ::
Roma {prop} (the Romani people) :: Romowie
romaji {n} (romanization of Japanese) :: romaji {n}
Roman {adj} (of or from Rome) :: rzymski {m}
Roman {adj} (of or from the Roman Empire) :: rzymski {m}
Roman {n} (a native or resident of Rome) :: rzymianin {m}, rzymianka {f}
Roman {n} (a native or inhabitant of the Roman Empire) :: Rzymianin {m}, Rzymianka {f}
Roman {n} (the Roman script) :: łacinka {f}
Roman {prop} (male given name) :: Roman {m}
Roman alphabet {n} (Latin alphabet) SEE: Latin alphabet ::
Roman Catholic Church {prop} (part of the Christian churches in union with the pope in Rome) :: Kościół katolicki {m}
romance {n} (intimate relationship, love affair) :: romans {m}
Romance {adj} (of or dealing with languages or cultures derived from Roman influence and Latin) :: romański {m}
Roman Empire {prop} (empire) :: Cesarstwo Rzymskie {n}, Imperium Rzymskie {n}
Romanesque {adj} (Applied to the debased style of the later Roman empire) :: romański {m}
Romani {n} (member of the Roma people) SEE: Rom ::
Romani {prop} (language) :: romani {n}, język romski {m}; język cygański {m}
Romani {prop} (nomadic people) SEE: Roma ::
Romania {prop} (South-Eastern European country) :: Rumunia {f}
Romanian {adj} (of or relating to Romania, its people, or language) :: rumuński
Romanian {n} (native of Romania) :: Rumun {m}, Rumunka {f}
Romanian {prop} (official language of Romania) :: rumuński {m}
Romanization {n} (putting text into the Latin (Roman) alphabet) :: latynizacja {f}
Roman nose {n} (aquiline nose) SEE: aquiline nose ::
Roman numeral {n} (numeral represented by letters) :: cyfra rzymska
Romans {prop} (book of the Bible) :: List do Rzymian
Romans {prop} (30th sura of the Qur'an) :: List do Rzymian {f}
romantic {adj} (fantastic, idealistic) :: romantyczny {m}
romantic {adj} (powerfully sentimental, evocative) :: romantyczny {m}
romantic {adj} (concerned with, or conducive to, romance and love) :: romantyczny {m}
romantic {n} (person with romantic character) :: romantyk {m}, romantyczka {f}
romantic {n} (person who is behaving romantically) :: romantyk {m}, romantyczka {f}
Rome {prop} (city) :: Rzym {m}
Romeo {n} (boyfriend) SEE: boyfriend ::
Romeo {prop} (character in Romeo and Juliet) :: Romeo {m}
Romeo {n} (man who is a great lover) :: romeo {m}, casanova {m}, donżuan, żigolak {m}
Rome wasn't built in a day {proverb} (it takes a long time to create something complicated or impressive) :: nie od razu Rzym zbudowano, nie od razu Kraków zbudowano
roof {n} (the cover at the top of a building) :: dach {m}
roof {n} (the upper part of a cavity) :: strop {m}, sklepienie {n}
roofer {n} (craftsman who lays or repairs roofs) :: dekarz {m}
roof rack {n} (rack attached to the top of a car) :: bagażnik dachowy {m}
roof tile {n} (tile covering a roof) :: dachówka {f}
rook {n} (bird) :: gawron {m}
rook {v} (cheat, swindle) :: oszukać
rook {n} (chesspiece) :: wieża {f}
rookie {adj} (amateur) SEE: amateur ::
room {n} (space) :: miejsce, przestrzeń
room {n} (division in a building) :: pokój {m-in}, izba {f}, komnata {f}, pomieszczenie {n}
roommate {n} (a person with whom one shares a room) :: współlokator {m}
roommate {n} (US: with whom one shares an apartment or house) :: współlokator {m}
room temperature {n} (normal temperature) :: temperatura pokojowa {f}
roost {n} (place for sleeping birds) :: grzęda
rooster {n} (flower) SEE: violet ::
rooster {n} (male chicken; male gallinaceous bird) :: kogut {m}; kur {m-an} [archaic]
rooster {n} (powerful person) SEE: big cheese ::
rooster {n} (informant) SEE: informant ::
root {n} (part of a plant) :: korzeń {m}
root {n} (of a tooth) :: korzeń {m}
root {n} (part of a hair under the skin) :: cebulka {f}
root {n} (primary source) :: źródło {n}
root {n} (arithmetic: number or expression which when raised to a power gives the specified number or expression) :: pierwiastek {m}
root {n} (analysis: zero of a function) :: pierwiastek {m}, miejsce zerowe {n}
root {n} (graph theory: node in a tree that has no parent) :: korzeń {m}
root {n} (linguistic morphology: primary lexical unit of a word) :: rdzeń {m}
root {n} (arithmetic: square root) SEE: square root ::
root for {v} (encourage a favored person) :: kibicować {impf}
root hair {n} :: włośniki
root mean square {n} (type of average) :: średnia kwadratowa {f}
roots {n} (ancestors) :: korzenie {m-p}
roots {n} (beginnings) :: korzenie {m-p}, źródła {n-p}
rope {n} (thick, strong string) :: lina {f}, sznur {m}, powróz {m} [archaic]
Rorschach test {n} (method of psychological evaluation that uses subject's interpretations of inkblots) :: test Rorschacha, test plam atramentowych
rory {adj} (dewy) SEE: dewy ::
rosé {n} (wine) :: wino różowe {n}
Rosa {prop} (female given name) SEE: Rose ::
rosary {n} (Catholic prayer beads) :: różaniec {m}
rosary {n} (non-Catholic prayer beads) SEE: prayer beads ::
rose {n} (shrub) :: róża {f}
rose {n} (flower) :: róża {f}
rose {n} (colour) :: różowy
rose {adj} (colour) :: różowy
Rose {prop} (female given name) :: Róża {f}
rosemary {n} (shrub) :: rozmaryn {m}, rozmaryn lekarski {m}
rose quartz {n} (reddish-colored quartz) :: kwarc różowy {m}
Rosetta Stone {prop} (large inscribed stone) :: Kamień z Rosetty {m}
rosewood {n} (fragrant wood of Dalbergia nigra) :: palisander {m}
rosin {n} (liquid resin) SEE: resin ::
roster {n} (schedule) SEE: schedule ::
Rostov {prop} (Rostov Veliky, Yaroslavl oblast, Russia) :: Rostów {m}
Rostov {prop} (Rostov-na-Donu) SEE: Rostov-na-Donu ::
Rostov-na-Donu {prop} (a city in Russia) :: Rostów nad Donem {m}
Rostov-on-Don {prop} (synonym of Rostov-na-Donu) SEE: Rostov-na-Donu ::
rostrum {n} (zoology: beak) SEE: beak ::
rostrum {n} (dais, pulpit, or similar platform) :: mównica {f}, pulpit {m}
rot {v} (to decay) :: gnić {impf}
rotate {v} (to spin, turn, or revolve) :: obrócić się {pf}, obracać się {impf}
rotate {v} (to spin, turn, or revolve something) :: obrócić {pf}, obracać {impf}
rotor {n} (a rotating part of a mechanical device) :: wirnik {m}, rotor {m}
rotor {n} (the wing of a helicopter or similar) :: wirnik {m}, śmigło {n}
rotorcraft {n} (aircraft that obtains its lift from rotors) :: wiropłat {m}
Rotterdammer {n} (person from Rotterdam) :: rotterdamczyk {m}, rotterdamka {f}
rotula {n} (kneecap) SEE: kneecap ::
rough {v} (to render rough) SEE: roughen ::
roughen {v} :: chamieć {impf}, schamieć {pf}
roughly {adv} (approximately) SEE: approximately ::
roulette {n} (game of chance) :: ruletka {f}
round {adj} (circular or cylindrical) :: okrągły
round {adj} (spherical) :: okrągły
round {n} (circular object) :: okrąg {m}, krąg {m}, koło {n}, runda {f}
round {n} (circular or repetitious route) :: obchód {m}
round {n} (serving) :: kolejka {f}
round {n} (individual ammunition shell) :: nabój {m}, pocisk {m}
round {n} (segment of a sport event) :: runda {f}
round {n} (stage of a sports competition) :: runda {f}
round {v} (to approximate a number) :: zaokrąglać
round {prep} (around) SEE: around ::
round {adv} (around) SEE: around ::
roundabout {adj} (circuitous) :: okrężny, okólny {m}
roundabout {n} (road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island) :: rondo {n}
roundabout {n} (children's play apparatus which rotates around a central axis when pushed) :: karuzela {f}
round bracket {n} (parenthesis, bracket) :: nawias {m}
roundhouse kick {n} :: kopnięcie okrężne
round table {n} (conference) :: okrągły stół {m}
roundworm {n} (animal of the phylum Nematoida) :: glista {f}
roustabout {n} (an unskilled laborer) :: wyrobnik {m}, portowiec {m}
route {n} (way to do something) :: sposób {m}
route planner {n} (tool for finding optimal routes) :: nawigator {m}, nawigacja {f}
router {n} (any device that directs packets of information using OSI layer 3) :: router {m}, ruter {m}, trasownik {m}
router {n} (a device that connects local area networks to form a larger internet) :: router {m-in}, trasownik {m-in}
rover {n} (one who roves) :: włóczykij {m}, wagabunda
rover {n} (a vehicle for exploring extraterrestrial bodies) :: łazik {m}
Rovno {prop} (Rivne) SEE: Rivne ::
row {n} (line of objects) :: rząd {m}, szereg {m}
row {n} (in a table) :: wiersz {m}
row {v} (transitive:to propel over water using oars) :: wiosłować {impf}
row {v} (intransitive: to propel a boat or other craft over water using oars) :: wiosłować {impf}
rowan {n} (Sorbus aucuparia) :: jarząb pospolity {m}
rowan {n} (tree or shrub of the genus Sorbus) :: jarząb {m}, jarzębina {f}
rowan {n} :: jarzębina {f}
rowboat {n} (small boat that is rowed) :: łódź wiosłowa {f}
rowing {n} (action of the verb "to row") :: wiosłowanie {n}
rowing {n} (the sport) :: wioślarstwo {n}
rowing boat {n} (rowboat) SEE: rowboat ::
Roxana {prop} (female given name) :: Roksana {f}
Roxanne {prop} (female given name) SEE: Roxana ::
royal {adj} (of or relating to a monarch or their family) :: królewski
royal {adj} (majestic) SEE: majestic ::
royal family {n} (family of the ruling sovereign of a country or state) :: rodzina królewska {f}
royal flush {n} (ace-high straight flush) :: poker królewski
royalist {n} (supporter of monarchy) :: rojalista {m}, rojalistka {f}
RPG {n} (role-playing game) :: gra fabularna {f}, RPG {m}, [slang] gra wyobraźni {f}, [slang] erpeg {m}, [slang] rolplej {m}
RPG {n} (rocket-propelled grenade) :: granatnik przeciwpancerny {m}, [slang, gaming] RPG {n}
RPG {n} (basketball: rebounds per game) :: zbiórki na mecz {f-p}
RPN {n} (reverse Polish notation) :: ONP {n}
RSS feed {n} :: kanał RSS {m}
rösti {n} (traditional dish in Germanophone Switzerland made from fried potatoes) :: rösti, roesti
rub {v} (to move one object while maintaining contact with another object over some area) :: trzeć {impf}
rub {v} (to rub something against (a second thing)) :: ocierać {impf}
rub {v} (to spread a substance thinly over; to smear) :: wcierać {impf}
rubber {n} (pliable material derived from the sap of the rubber tree) :: guma {f}
rubber {n} (synthetic materials with the same properties) :: guma {f}
rubber {n} (condom) :: gumka {f}
rubber {n} (eraser) SEE: eraser ::
rubber band {n} (elastic band) SEE: elastic band ::
rubber duck {n} (toy shaped like a duck) :: (gumowa) kaczuszka {f}
rubberneck {n} (tourist) SEE: tourist ::
rubber stamp {n} (piece of rubber to make an imprint) :: pieczątka {f}, stempel {m}
rubber tree {n} (Hevea brasiliensis) :: kauczukowiec {m}
rubbish {n} (garbage) SEE: garbage ::
rubella {n} (disease caused by the Rubella virus infecting the respiratory tract) :: różyczka {f}
rubeola {n} (measles) SEE: measles ::
rubidium {n} (element with atomic number 37) :: rubid {m}
Rubik's cube {n} (cubical mechanical puzzle) :: kostka Rubika {f}
ruble {n} (Russian monetary unit) :: rubel {m}
ruby {n} (type of gem) :: rubin {m}
ruby {n} (colour) :: rubinowy
ruby {adj} (of a deep red colour) :: rubinowy
ruby {n} (5½-point type) SEE: agate ::
ruchnik {n} (traditional East Slavic towel/cloth) SEE: rushnyk ::
rucksack {n} (a bag carried on the back) SEE: backpack ::
ruckus {n} (A noisy disturbance and/or commotion) :: zamieszanie {n}
rudder {n} (underwater vane used to steer a vessel) :: ster {m}
rudder {n} (control surface of an aircraft) :: ster kierunku
rude {adj} (bad-mannered) :: nieuprzejmy, chamski, grubiański
rude {adj} (obscene, pornographic, offensive) :: obsceniczny {m}, nieprzyzwoity {m}
rudimentary {adj} (of or relating to rudiments) :: podstawowy, elementarny
rudimentary {adj} (basic; minimal) :: ograniczony, minimalny
Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer {prop} (the red-nosed reindeer) :: Rudolf Czerwononosy {m}
rue {n} (any of various perennial shrubs) :: ruta zwyczajna {f}
ruff {n} (circular frill or ruffle on a garment) :: kryza
ruff {n} (the bird Philomachus pugnax (syn. Calidris pugnax)) :: batalion
ruff {n} (fish of the genus Gymnocephalus) SEE: ruffe ::
ruffe {n} (fish of the genus Gymnocephalus) :: jazgarz {m}
ruffle {n} (strip of fabric) :: falbanka {f}
rufous-bellied kookaburra {n} (Dacelo gaudichaud) :: kukabura rdzawobrzucha {f}
rufous-capped antshrike {n} (Thamnophilus ruficapillus) :: chronka rdzawoglowa
rufous-winged antshrike {n} (Thamnophilus torquatus) :: chronka brazylijska
rug {n} (wig) SEE: wig ::
rug {n} (partial floor covering) :: dywanik {m}
Ruhr Area {prop} (area in Germany) :: Zagłębie Ruhry {n}
ruin {n} (remains of destroyed construction) :: ruina {f}
rule {n} (regulation) :: reguła {f}
rule {v} (to regulate, be in charge of, make decisions for, reign over) :: rządzić
rule {v} (slang: to excel) :: wymiatać {impf}
rule {n} (straight-edge) SEE: ruler ::
rule out {v} (to make something impossible) :: wykluczać
ruler {n} (measuring or drawing device) :: linijka {f}
ruler {n} (person who rules or governs) :: władca {m}, władczyni {f}
rulership {n} (where one rules over others) :: władza, władztwo
rules are made to be broken {proverb} (it is acceptable to break rules) :: zasady są po to, żeby je łamać
ruling pen {n} (a drawing instrument) :: grafion {m}
rum {n} (distilled spirit) :: rum {m}
rumen {n} (first stomach of ruminants) :: żwacz {m}
ruminant {n} (artiodactyl ungulate mammal which chews cud) :: przeżuwacz {m}
rummy {n} (card game) :: remik {m}, remibrydż {m}, żolik {m}
rumor {n} (statement or claim from no known reliable source) :: pogłoska {f}, plotka {f}
rumple {v} (to make wrinkled) :: marszczyć {impf}, zmarszczyć {pf}, miąć {impf}, zmiąć {pf}, gnieść {impf}, pognieść {pf}
run {v} (to move quickly on two feet) :: biegać {impf} [abstract], biec {impf} [concrete]
run {v} (to flow) :: cieknąć
run {n} (the act of running) :: bieg {m}
run {n} (enclosure for animals) :: wybieg {m}
run {n} (unravelled stitches) :: oczko {n}
run {v} (to smuggle illegal goods) SEE: smuggle ::
run away {v} (to flee by running) :: uciekać
run away with {v} (to overwhelm) SEE: overwhelm ::
rune {n} (letter or character) :: runa {f}
runestone {n} (stone with a runic inscription) :: kamień runiczny {m}
rung {n} (ladder step) :: szczebel {m}
rung {n} (crosspiece between chair legs) :: poprzeczka {f}
run into {v} (intransitive, to collide with) :: najechać {pf}, najeżdżać {impf}
Réunion {prop} (Overseas department of France) :: Reunion
running board {n} (step under the car door) :: stopień {m}
running track {n} (track for running events) :: bieżnia {f}
run-of-the-mill {adj} (ordinary) :: zwyczajny
runs {n} (diarrhea) :: sraczka {f}
runt {n} (undersized or stunted plant, animal or person) :: cherlak {m}
runway {n} (defined section of land for airplanes) :: droga startowa {f}, pas startowy {m}
runway {n} (walkway extending from a stage) :: wybieg {m}
rupee {n} (monetary currency) :: rupia {f}
Rupelian {prop} (subdivision of the Oligocene epoch) :: Rupel
rural {adj} (pertaining to non-urban areas) :: wiejski {m}
Rus {prop} (people) :: Ruś {f}
Rus {prop} (medieval East Slavic state) :: Ruś {f}
Rus {prop} (any of the medieval East Slavic principalities) :: Ruś {f}
rusa deer {n} (Cervus timorensis) :: Sambar sundajski
rusalka {n} (female water spirit that leads handsome men to their deaths) :: rusałka {f}
rush {n} (haste) :: pośpiech {m}
rush hour {n} (times of day when traffic jams are commonplace, principally due to commuting) :: godziny szczytu {p}
rushnik {n} (traditional East Slavic towel/cloth) SEE: rushnyk ::
rushnyk {n} (traditional East Slavic towel/cloth) :: ręcznik {m}
Rusian {adj} (related to the Rus (people)) :: ruski, staroruski
Rusian {adj} (from or related to the medieval state of Kievan Rus) :: ruski
rusk {n} (light, soft bread, often toasted or crisped in an oven) :: suchar {m}
Russia {prop} (country in Asia and Europe) :: Rosja {f}
Russian {n} (a person from Russia) :: Rosjanin {m-pr}, Rosjanka {f}, Rusek {m} [colloquial], Ruski [colloquial]
Russian {n} (ethnic Russian) :: Rosjanin {m-pr}, Rosjanka {f}
Russian {prop} (the Russian language) :: [język] rosyjski {m-in}, ruszczyzna {f}, [colloquial] ruski {m-in}
Russian {adj} (of or pertaining to Russia) :: rosyjski, ruski [pejorative]
Russian {adj} (of or pertaining to Rus) :: ruski, staroruski
Russian Blue {n} (cat breed) :: kot rosyjski niebieski {m}
Russian doll {n} (wooden doll) :: matrioszka {f}
Russian Federation {prop} (Russia) :: Federacja Rosyjska {f}
Russianism {n} (a word or other feature originating in the Russian language) :: rusycyzm {m}
Russianness {n} (quality of being Russian) :: rosyjskość {f}
Russian Orthodox Church {prop} (Russian Orthodox Church) :: Rosyjski Kościół Prawosławny {m}
Russian roulette {prop} (deadly game with revolver and random spinning) :: rosyjska ruletka
Russian studies {n} (academic discipline) :: rusycystyka {f}
russification {n} (Russification) SEE: Russification ::
Russification {n} (cultural Russification) :: rusyfikacja {f}
Russki {n} (alternative term for Russian (derogatory)) :: ruski {m}, Rusek {m}, kacap {m}, kacapka {f}, moskal {m}, moskalka {f}
Russo- {prefix} (relating to Russia or Russian) :: rosyjsko-
Russophone {adj} (Russian-speaking) :: rosyjskojęzyczny
rust {n} (result of oxidation) :: rdza {f}
rust {n} (plant disease) :: rdza {f}
rust {v} (to oxidise) :: rdzewieć
rustler {n} (cattle thief) :: złodziej bydła {m}
rustproof {adj} (resistant to rust, oxidation and corrosion) :: nierdzewny {m}
Rusyn {n} (member of a people) :: karpatorusini
rut {n} (furrow, groove, or track worn in the ground) :: koleina {f}
Ruth {prop} (book of the Bible) :: Księga Rut {f}
Ruth {prop} (female given name) :: Rut {f}
Ruthenia {prop} (alternative name of Rus, see also: Rus) :: Ruś {f}
ruthenium {n} (chemical element) :: ruten {m}
rutherfordium {n} (chemical element) :: rutherford {m}
ruthless {adj} (without pity or compassion) :: bezwzględny {m}
ruthlessly {adv} (in a ruthless manner) :: bezwzględnie, niemiłosiernie, bezpardonowo
rutile {n} (the most frequent of the three polymorphs of titanium dioxide) :: rutyl
Ruy Lopez {n} (a common chess opening) :: partia hiszpańska {f}
Rwanda {prop} (country) :: Rwanda
Ryazan {prop} (city in Russia) :: Riazań {f}
rye {n} (the grass Secale cereale or its grains as food) :: żyto {n}
rye {n} (rye bread) SEE: rye bread ::
rye {n} (ryegrass) SEE: ryegrass ::
rye bread {n} (type of bread) :: chleb żytni {m}
ryegrass {n} :: życica {f}
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Poland) SEE: Poland ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Republic of Poland) SEE: Republic of Poland ::
Rzeczpospolita {prop} (Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth) :: Rzeczpospolita {f}
Rēzekne {prop} (city in Latvia) :: Rzeżyca {f}