Appendix:List of Proto-Monic reconstructions

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The following list of reconstructed Proto-Monic, Proto-Mon, Proto-Nyah Kur forms is from Diffloth (1984).

List[edit]

No. Form Language Gloss (1) Gloss (2)
N1 *kniiʔ Proto-Monic rat, mouse rat
N1.B *khni̱iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur rat
N1.A *[k]hnɒ̱i̯ʔ Proto-Mon rat, mouse
N2 *[c/s]naaʔ Proto-Monic a tree-shrew, Tupaia sp; /chənaaʔ nthɔ̤ɔk/ a chipmunk
N2.B *ɕhna̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur a tree-shrew, Tupaia sp; /chənaaʔ nthɔ̤ɔk/ a chipmunk
N3 *klaaʔ Proto-Monic tiger, draughtsman tiger: Panthera tigris corbetti, Mazak
N3.B *khla̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur tiger: Panthera tigris corbetti, Mazak
N3.A *kla̱ʔ Proto-Mon tiger, draughtsman
N4 *klwaaʔ Proto-Monic bat night-jar, Caprimulgus macrurus
N4.B *kəwa̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur night-jar, Caprimulgus macrurus
N4.A *kəwa̱ʔ Proto-Mon bat
N5 *phɛɛʔ Proto-Monic otter: Lutra nair, F. Cuvier otter: Lutra perspicillata, Geoffroy
N5.B *phɛ̱ɛʔ Proto-Nyah Kur otter: Lutra perspicillata, Geoffroy
N5.A *phɛ̱ʔ Proto-Mon otter: Lutra nair, F. Cuvier
N6 *cliik Proto-Monic pig domestic pig
N6.B *khli̱ic Proto-Nyah Kur domestic pig
N6.A *glɤ̱i̯c Proto-Mon pig
N7 *ciiŋ Proto-Monic elephant elephant
N7.B *ci̱iɲ Proto-Nyah Kur elephant
N7.A *cɤ̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon elephant
N8 *kndiiŋ Proto-Monic gaur: Bibos gaurus raedei, Lydekker gaur: Bibos gaurus raedei, Lydekker
N8.B *kənti̤iɲ Proto-Nyah Kur gaur: Bibos gaurus raedei, Lydekker
N8.A *kəlɤ̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon gaur: Bibos gaurus raedei, Lydekker
N9 *tɓuŋ Proto-Monic Sambhar deer: Rusa unicolor equinus, Cuvier Sambhar deer: Rusa unicolor equinus, Cuvier
N9.B *thbu̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur Sambhar deer: Rusa unicolor equinus, Cuvier
N9.A *ɓɒ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon Sambhar deer: Rusa unicolor equinus, Cuvier
N10 *[r]maŋ Proto-Monic Brow-antlered deer: Rucervus thamin Eld's deer: Cervus eldi siamensis, Lydekker
N10.B *ləma̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur Eld's deer: Cervus eldi siamensis, Lydekker
N10.A *mɛ̤a̯ŋ Proto-Mon Brow-antlered deer: Rucervus thamin
N11 *priəŋ Proto-Monic water-buffalo water-buffalo
N11.B *pri̱əŋ Proto-Nyah Kur water-buffalo
N11.A *pri̱ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon water-buffalo
N12 *lmliəŋ Proto-Monic porcupine porcupine: Hystrix hodgsoni, Gray
N12.B *ləmli̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur porcupine: Hystrix hodgsoni, Gray
N12.A *pəli̤ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon porcupine
N13 *srit Proto-Monic rhinoceros rhinoceros
N13.B *ɕrɯ̱t Proto-Nyah Kur rhinoceros
N13.A *si̱t Proto-Mon rhinoceros
N14 *kmu̱m Proto-Monic Himalayan black bear: Selenarctos tibetanus, Cuvier Himalayan black bear: Selenarctos tibetanus, Cuvier
N14.B *khmu̱m Proto-Nyah Kur Himalayan black bear: Selenarctos tibetanus, Cuvier
N14.A *[k]hmi̱m Proto-Mon Himalayan black bear: Selenarctos tibetanus, Cuvier
N15 *ɟ()ləw Proto-Monic ox buffalo
N15.B *khlə̤w Proto-Nyah Kur buffalo
N15.A *klɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon ox
N16 *clur Proto-Monic dog dog
N16.B *[khl/ch]u̱r Proto-Nyah Kur dog
N16.A *klə Proto-Mon dog
N17 *pas Proto-Monic barking deer: Muntiacus muntjak and Muntiacus feae barking deer: Muntiacus muntjak vaginalis, Lydekker
N17.B *pa̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur barking deer: Muntiacus muntjak vaginalis, Lydekker
N17.A *pɔ̱h Proto-Mon barking deer: Muntiacus muntjak and Muntiacus feae
N18 *knuuj Proto-Monic monkey macaque (general term)
N18.B *khnu̱uj Proto-Nyah Kur macaque (general term)
N18.A *[k]hnu̱i̯ Proto-Mon monkey
N19 *ksɛh Proto-Monic horse horse
N19.B *ɕɛ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur horse
N19.A *khjɛ̱h Proto-Mon horse
N20 *(ʔa)daa Proto-Monic duck (domestic) duck (domestic)
N20.B *ta̤a Proto-Nyah Kur duck (domestic)
N20.A *(ʔ/kə)ta̤ɛ̯ Proto-Mon duck (domestic)
N21 *klʔaak Proto-Monic house-crow: Corvus splender, Vieillot crow
N21.B *kəlʔa̱ak Proto-Nyah Kur crow
N21.A *həɗa̱i̯c Proto-Mon house-crow: Corvus splender, Vieillot
N22 *ʔ[m]blak Proto-Monic night-jar night-jar (Caprimulgus macrurus?)
N22.B *bla̱k Proto-Nyah Kur night-jar (Caprimulgus macrurus?)
N22.A *ʔəplɛ̤a̯k Proto-Mon night-jar
N23 *liŋ-liəŋ Proto-Monic kite hawk: Spizaetus sp.
N23.B *liŋ-li̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur hawk: Spizaetus sp.
N23.A *kəni̤ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon kite
N24 *tjaaŋ Proto-Monic domestic fowl: Gallus gallus domestic fowl: Gallus gallus
N24.B *chja̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur domestic fowl: Gallus gallus
N24.A *ca̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon domestic fowl: Gallus gallus
N25 *kreeɲ Proto-Monic a parrot: Psittacula eupatria avensis, Kloss a parrot: Psittacula sp.; P. finschii?
N25.B *krə̱əɲ Proto-Nyah Kur a parrot: Psittacula sp.; P. finschii?
N25.A *krʌ̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon a parrot: Psittacula eupatria avensis, Kloss
N26 *cgɯt Proto-Monic quail: Coturnix sp. quail: Coturnix sp.
N26.B *cəkɯ̤t Proto-Nyah Kur quail: Coturnix sp.
N26.A *hək[i̤/ɯ̤]t Proto-Mon quail: Coturnix sp.
N27 *t-[m]-maat Proto-Monic vulture: (Pseudogyps bengalensis?) vulture: (Pseudogyps bengalensis?)
N27.B *tə(m)ma̱at Proto-Nyah Kur vulture: (Pseudogyps bengalensis?)
N27.A *[k]əma̱t Proto-Mon vulture: (Pseudogyps bengalensis?)
N28 *mit Proto-Monic turmeric plant an oriole (Oriole chinensis?, literally "turmeric (bird)")
N28.B *mɯ̤t Proto-Nyah Kur an oriole (Oriole chinensis?, literally "turmeric (bird)")
N28.A *mi̤t Proto-Mon turmeric plant
N29 *prgum Proto-Monic Burmese green pigeon: Crocopus phoenicopterus viridifrons
N29.B *pərkṳm Proto-Nyah Kur Burmese green pigeon: Crocopus phoenicopterus viridifrons
N29.A *həkə̤m Proto-Mon
N30 *kɲciəm Proto-Monic bird, general term bird, general term
N30.B *kəɲci̱am Proto-Nyah Kur bird, general term
N30.A *həce̱m Proto-Mon bird, general term
N31 *t[]wa(a)w Proto-Monic koel, black cuckoo koel, black cuckoo: Eudynamis scolopacea malayana, Cabanic and Meine
N31.B *t()wa̱w Proto-Nyah Kur koel, black cuckoo: Eudynamis scolopacea malayana, Cabanic and Meine
N31.A *kəwa̱o̯ Proto-Mon koel, black cuckoo
N32 *puur Proto-Monic dove turtle-dove: Streptopelia orientalis, (S. chinensis?)
N32.B *pu̱ur Proto-Nyah Kur turtle-dove: Streptopelia orientalis, (S. chinensis?)
N32.A *pɒ̱u̯ Proto-Mon dove
N33 *tɲɟuuʔ Proto-Monic maggot worm, caterpillar (general germ)
N33.B *kəɲcṳuʔ Proto-Nyah Kur worm, caterpillar (general germ)
N33.A *kəjɒ̱u̯ʔ Proto-Mon maggot
N34 *sdɛɛʔ Proto-Monic cockroach cicada; /chəthɛ̤ɛʔ thṳuŋ/ cockroach, Periplaneta sp.
N34.B *ɕətɛ̤ɛʔ Proto-Nyah Kur cicada; /chəthɛ̤ɛʔ thṳuŋ/ cockroach, Periplaneta sp.
N34.A *həte̤ʔ Proto-Mon cockroach
N35 *huŋ Proto-Monic hornet a wasp which nests in trees, (Vespidae)
N35.B *hu̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur a wasp which nests in trees, (Vespidae)
N35.A *hɒ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon hornet
N36 *smɔɔc Proto-Monic ant (general term) ant (general term)
N36.B *ɕhmu̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur ant (general term)
N36.A *həmo̱t Proto-Mon ant (general term)
N37 *druuɲ Proto-Monic termite (general term) termite (general term)
N37.B *thrṳuɲ Proto-Nyah Kur termite (general term)
N37.A *krṳn Proto-Mon termite (general term)
N38 *cgit Proto-Monic bedbug: Cimex sp. bedbug: Cimex sp.
N38.B *cəkɯ̤t Proto-Nyah Kur bedbug: Cimex sp.
N38.A *həki̤t Proto-Mon bedbug: Cimex sp.
N39 *tmrɔɔt Proto-Monic kind of bee nesting in hollow tree honey-bee: Apis indica
N39.B *təmru̱at Proto-Nyah Kur honey-bee: Apis indica
N39.A *həro̤t Proto-Mon kind of bee nesting in hollow tree
N40 *kntap Proto-Monic grasshopper (Acrididae) grasshopper (Acrididae)
N40.B *kənta̱p Proto-Nyah Kur grasshopper (Acrididae)
N40.A *hətɔ̱p Proto-Mon grasshopper (Acrididae)
N41 *(-)ksaw Proto-Monic red ant red ant
N41.B *ɕa̱w Proto-Nyah Kur red ant
N41.A *[k]əcha̱o̯ Proto-Mon red ant
N42 *plaar Proto-Monic large kind of horsefly horsefly etc.
N42.B *phla̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur horsefly etc.
N42.A *pla̱ Proto-Mon large kind of horsefly
N43 *thɔɔr Proto-Monic kind of hornet small yellow wasps, nest in trees, (Vespidae)
N43.B *thu̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur small yellow wasps, nest in trees, (Vespidae)
N43.A *tho̱ Proto-Mon kind of hornet
N44 *caj Proto-Monic louse parasite (human or animal, head or body); general term
N44.B *ca̱j Proto-Nyah Kur parasite (human or animal, head or body); general term
N44.A *cɒ̱ɛ̯ Proto-Mon louse
N45 *ruuj Proto-Monic housefly housefly
N45.B *rṳuj Proto-Nyah Kur housefly
N45.A *rṳi̯ Proto-Mon housefly
N46 *saaj Proto-Monic bee bee: Apis dorsata
N46.B *ɕa̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur bee: Apis dorsata
N46.A *sa̱i̯ Proto-Mon bee
N47 *kaaʔ Proto-Monic fish (general term) fish (general term)
N47.B *ka̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur fish (general term)
N47.A *ka̱ʔ Proto-Mon fish (general term)
N48 *dwiiʔ Proto-Monic fresh-water turtle freshwater soft-shelled tortoise: Trionyx cartilageneus
N48.B *[c/t]həwi̤iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur freshwater soft-shelled tortoise: Trionyx cartilageneus
N48.A *kwi̤ʔ Proto-Mon fresh-water turtle
N49 *knlooʔ Proto-Monic shellfish, shell snail, shellfish
N49.B *kənlo̱oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur snail, shellfish
N49.A *kənɒ̱u̯ʔ Proto-Mon shellfish, shell
N50 *doŋ-nooŋ Proto-Monic small variety of eel a freshwater eel: Fluta alba, Zuiew
N50.B *kənto̤oŋ ~ *tṳŋ-to̤oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur a freshwater eel: Fluta alba, Zuiew
N50.A *hələ̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon small variety of eel
N51 *knlɔɔn Proto-Monic immature banded snakehead snakehead fish: Ophiocephalus striatus
N51.B *kənlu̱an Proto-Nyah Kur snakehead fish: Ophiocephalus striatus
N51.A *kəno̤n Proto-Mon immature banded snakehead
N52 *kntaam Proto-Monic fresh-water crab fresh-water crab
N52.B *kənta̱am Proto-Nyah Kur fresh-water crab
N52.A *həta̱m Proto-Mon fresh-water crab
N53 *c()jaam Proto-Monic crocodile crocodile
N53.B *khəja̱am Proto-Nyah Kur crocodile
N53.A *cja̱m Proto-Mon crocodile
N54 *ŋgaaw Proto-Monic frog, toad small green frog (general term)
N54.B *ka̤aw Proto-Nyah Kur small green frog (general term)
N54.A *ŋɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon frog, toad
N55 *ŋguj Proto-Monic prawn, crayfish freshwater shrimp
N55.B *kṳj Proto-Nyah Kur freshwater shrimp
N55.A *ŋṳi̯ Proto-Mon prawn, crayfish
N56 *trkɔɔt Proto-Monic Varanus ground monitor: Varanus nebulosus
N56.B *təku̱at Proto-Nyah Kur ground monitor: Varanus nebulosus
N56.A *həko̱t Proto-Mon Varanus
N57 *klan Proto-Monic python python
N57.B *khla̱n Proto-Nyah Kur python
N57.A *klɔ̱n Proto-Mon python
N58 *ɟroom Proto-Monic snake, general term snake, general term
N58.B *chro̤om Proto-Nyah Kur snake, general term
N58.A *sṳm Proto-Mon snake, general term
N59 *klam Proto-Monic land leech land leech
N59.B *khla̱m Proto-Nyah Kur land leech
N59.A *klɔ̱m Proto-Mon land leech
N60 *gir-giir Proto-Monic red centipede red centipede
N60.B *ki̤r-ki̤ir Proto-Nyah Kur red centipede
N60.A *həki̤ Proto-Mon red centipede
N61 *maaʔ Proto-Monic seed, kernel, pill, round object (e.g. letters of the Mon alphabet) seeds kept aside for planting; females of domestic animals kept for reproduction
N61.B *ma̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur seeds kept aside for planting; females of domestic animals kept for reproduction
N61.A *mɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon seed, kernel, pill, round object (e.g. letters of the Mon alphabet)
N62 *ɟrlaaʔ Proto-Monic thorn; (occurs in names of thorny plants) thorn; thorny bamboo: Bambusa arundinacea
N62.B *chəla̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur thorn; thorny bamboo: Bambusa arundinacea
N62.A *həlɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon thorn; (occurs in names of thorny plants)
N63 *slaaʔ Proto-Monic leaf, leaf-like object, object with broad flat surface leaf
N63.B *ɕhla̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur leaf
N63.A *hla̱ʔ Proto-Mon leaf, leaf-like object, object with broad flat surface
N64 *chuuʔ Proto-Monic tree, log, wood, timber wood, i.e. ligneous substance; stick of wood (used e.g. for guiding cattle); in many compounds
N64.B *chu̱uʔ Proto-Nyah Kur wood, i.e. ligneous substance; stick of wood (used e.g. for guiding cattle); in many compounds
N64.A *chu̱ʔ Proto-Mon tree, log, wood, timber
N65 *ɟook Proto-Monic string, cord, rope, lashing; creeper; bundle of twenty-four palm leaves tied together creeper, vine, rope; hundred
N65.B *co̤ok Proto-Nyah Kur creeper, vine, rope; hundred
N65.A *cə̤ɨ̯k Proto-Mon string, cord, rope, lashing; creeper; bundle of twenty-four palm leaves tied together
N66 *ksɔk Proto-Monic straw, especially rice-straw straw; harvested part of a cereal, without the grain, e.g. corncob, rice-stalk
N66.B *ɕɔ̱k Proto-Nyah Kur straw; harvested part of a cereal, without the grain, e.g. corncob, rice-stalk
N66.A *chɔ̱k Proto-Mon straw, especially rice-straw
N67 *[t/c]ŋkɔɔŋ Proto-Monic ear of grain; piece of semi-precious stone, lump of metal, nugget ear (of rice or millet)
N67.B *()ŋkɔ̱ɔŋ Proto-Nyah Kur ear (of rice or millet)
N67.A *həko̱ŋ Proto-Mon ear of grain; piece of semi-precious stone, lump of metal, nugget
N68 *tɓaŋ Proto-Monic bamboo-shoot bamboo-shoot
N68.B *thba̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur bamboo-shoot
N68.A *ɓa̱ŋ Proto-Mon bamboo-shoot
N69 *sac Proto-Monic fruit, nut, berry; areca nut; head, blade of tool fruit, nut, acorn, pod
N69.B *ɕɛ̱c Proto-Nyah Kur fruit, nut, acorn, pod
N69.A *sɔ̱t Proto-Mon fruit, nut, berry; areca nut; head, blade of tool
N70 *duuɲ Proto-Monic bamboo, bamboo plant, length of bamboo; can be followed by species name bamboo; general term, can be followed by species name
N70.B *tṳuɲ Proto-Nyah Kur bamboo; general term, can be followed by species name
N70.A *tṳn Proto-Mon bamboo, bamboo plant, length of bamboo; can be followed by species name
N71 *kmbat Proto-Monic grass, weeds; can be followed by species name to refer to grass-like plants, some edible or medicinal grass; any grass-like plant, including sugar cane, elephant-grass, rice, lemon-grass
N71.B *kəmpa̤t Proto-Nyah Kur grass; any grass-like plant, including sugar cane, elephant-grass, rice, lemon-grass
N71.A *kəmo̱t Proto-Mon grass, weeds; can be followed by species name to refer to grass-like plants, some edible or medicinal
N72 *grəp Proto-Monic forest, jungle; wild (in compounds with names of animals) secondary forest, with dense bushy undergrowth, even a dog cannot go there to deficate (sic); contrasted with 'primary forest', and 'thinned out forest with grass undergrowth'; in compounds with animal names 'wild'
N72.B *khrə̤p Proto-Nyah Kur secondary forest, with dense bushy undergrowth, even a dog cannot go there to deficate (sic); contrasted with 'primary forest', and 'thinned out forest with grass undergrowth'; in compounds with animal names 'wild'
N72.A *krə̤p Proto-Mon forest, jungle; wild (in compounds with names of animals)
N73 *(cŋ)kaam Proto-Monic chaff, bran, husks of paddy husks (of rice, millet) separated from the seed
N73.B *()ŋka̱am Proto-Nyah Kur husks (of rice, millet) separated from the seed
N73.A *ka̱m Proto-Mon chaff, bran, husks of paddy
N74 *tam Proto-Monic foot of tree; beginning; capital, principal on which interest is paid tree-base and trunk; solid part of a hair which is planted in a scalp; base of nail, embedded in flesh; individual tree; prefix used before tree names
N74.B *ta̱m Proto-Nyah Kur tree-base and trunk; solid part of a hair which is planted in a scalp; base of nail, embedded in flesh; individual tree; prefix used before tree names
N74.A *tɔ̱m Proto-Mon foot of tree; beginning; capital, principal on which interest is paid
N75 *t-n-am Proto-Monic prefix used before tree names
N75.A *hnɔ̱m Proto-Mon prefix used before tree names
N76 *pkaaw Proto-Monic flower flower; to flower; /ka̱aw kəma̱t/ sparks of fire
N76.B *ka̱aw Proto-Nyah Kur flower; to flower; /ka̱aw kəma̱t/ sparks of fire
N76.A *ka̱o̯ Proto-Mon flower
N77 *cŋkɔɔr Proto-Monic bark of tree, fibrous outer husk of coconuts exterior envelope of vegetals, e.g. rice-husk (when not removed from grain), outer skin of coconuts (but not the fiber beneath), tree-bark, fruit-peel
N77.B *cəŋku̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur exterior envelope of vegetals, e.g. rice-husk (when not removed from grain), outer skin of coconuts (but not the fiber beneath), tree-bark, fruit-peel
N77.A *həko̱ Proto-Mon bark of tree, fibrous outer husk of coconuts
N78 *lmɓar Proto-Monic young sapling, shoot, emerging leaf main shoot, e.g. of coconut tree, rattans, palms, usually edible
N78.B *()mba̱r Proto-Nyah Kur main shoot, e.g. of coconut tree, rattans, palms, usually edible
N78.A *[k]əmo̱ Proto-Mon young sapling, shoot, emerging leaf
N79 *t[l]gəl Proto-Monic stump (of tree, of tooth) stump (of tree, of branch, of mushroom); stub (of rice-plant, of unshaven beard or monk's hair)
N79.B *təkə̤l Proto-Nyah Kur stump (of tree, of branch, of mushroom); stub (of rice-plant, of unshaven beard or monk's hair)
N79.A *həkə̤ Proto-Mon stump (of tree, of tooth)
N80 *ptis Proto-Monic mushroom, mildew mushroom (all kinds: growing on earth, on trees, on logs); mildew
N80.B *pəti̱h Proto-Nyah Kur mushroom (all kinds: growing on earth, on trees, on logs); mildew
N80.A *pətɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon mushroom, mildew
N81 *ris Proto-Monic root root (including mushroom 'roots', hair-roots; excluding aerial roots of banyan trees)
N81.B *ri̤h Proto-Nyah Kur root (including mushroom 'roots', hair-roots; excluding aerial roots of banyan trees)
N81.A *rə̤h Proto-Mon root
N82 *ksɔɔj Proto-Monic grass, weed, hay useless fiber, e.g. bamboo shavings, fibrous base of palm-fronds, hay, loose pieces of thread, shredded rags, dead hair caught in a comb
N82.B *ɕuaj Proto-Nyah Kur useless fiber, e.g. bamboo shavings, fibrous base of palm-fronds, hay, loose pieces of thread, shredded rags, dead hair caught in a comb
N82.A *chu̱ə̯ Proto-Mon grass, weed, hay
N83 *kɟiiʔ Proto-Monic Upas tree; Antiaris toxicaria, Leschenault; poison; pain arrow-poison, from the sap of a tree called /yaaŋ nɔ̂ɔŋ/ in /thai
N83.B *kəci̤iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur arrow-poison, from the sap of a tree called /yaaŋ nɔ̂ɔŋ/ in /thai
N83.A *kji̤ʔ Proto-Mon Upas tree; Antiaris toxicaria, Leschenault; poison; pain
N84 *cwooʔ Proto-Monic thatching grass thatching grass: Imperata cylindrica, Beauv.
N84.B *chwo̱oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur thatching grass: Imperata cylindrica, Beauv.
N84.A *khwɒ̱ɨ̯ʔ Proto-Mon thatching grass
N85 *ɟnlɛɛʔ Proto-Monic creeper with large disk-shaped seeds: Entada scandens, Bentham; Entada seed, or wooden or bone counter; used in a game in which seeds set upright in a row are knocked down with others variously projected; /mɛ̤ʔ- -ɓɔ̱ŋ/ kneecap etc. Entada bean, St. Thomas's bean: Entada pursathea, DC; seeds of Entada bean; a game played with these seeds; /-kbɔ̱ŋ/ kneecap etc.
N85.B *khənlɛ̤ɛʔ Proto-Nyah Kur Entada bean, St. Thomas's bean: Entada pursathea, DC; seeds of Entada bean; a game played with these seeds; /-kbɔ̱ŋ/ kneecap etc.
N85.A *həne̤ʔ Proto-Mon creeper with large disk-shaped seeds: Entada scandens, Bentham; Entada seed, or wooden or bone counter; used in a game in which seeds set upright in a row are knocked down with others variously projected; /mɛ̤ʔ- -ɓɔ̱ŋ/ kneecap etc.
N86 *srooʔ Proto-Monic paddy, standing crop of paddy, unhusked grain of rice plant rice-plant: Oryza sativa, Linn.
N86.B *ɕro̱oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur rice-plant: Oryza sativa, Linn.
N86.A *sɒ̱ɨ̯ʔ Proto-Mon paddy, standing crop of paddy, unhusked grain of rice plant
N87 *[s]a-bluuʔ Proto-Monic betel leaf; areca nut wrappen in leaf of Piper betle for chewing betel vine: Piper betle, Linn.; betel leaf
N87.B *ʔa-phlṳʔ Proto-Nyah Kur betel vine: Piper betle, Linn.; betel leaf
N87.A *həplṳʔ Proto-Mon betel leaf; areca nut wrappen in leaf of Piper betle for chewing
N88 *mbaak Proto-Monic Job's tears: Coix lacryma-jobi, Linn. Job's tears: Coix lacryma-jobi, Linn.
N88.B *pa̤ak Proto-Nyah Kur Job's tears: Coix lacryma-jobi, Linn.
N88.A *ma̤i̯c Proto-Mon Job's tears: Coix lacryma-jobi, Linn.
N89 *trook Proto-Monic mango: Mangifera indica, Linn. mango: Mangifera indica, Linn.
N89.B *tro̱ok Proto-Nyah Kur mango: Mangifera indica, Linn.
N89.A *krʌ̱ɨ̯k Proto-Mon mango: Mangifera indica, Linn.
N90 *trʔɔɔŋ Proto-Monic egg-plant: Solanum melongena, Linn. egg-plant, general term for Solanum spp.
N90.B *tərʔɔ̱ɔŋ Proto-Nyah Kur egg-plant, general term for Solanum spp.
N90.A *həɗɔ̱ŋ Proto-Mon egg-plant: Solanum melongena, Linn.
N91 *lwaaŋ Proto-Monic mint: Ocimum villosum, Roxburgh Basil, general term used for several aromatic herbs used in cooking and cultivated around the house
N91.B *ləwa̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur Basil, general term used for several aromatic herbs used in cooking and cultivated around the house
N91.A *wa̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon mint: Ocimum villosum, Roxburgh
N92 *kriəŋ Proto-Monic Eugenia tree, general term for E. spp. Eugenia tree: Eugenia cumini, Druce
N92.B *kri̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur Eugenia tree: Eugenia cumini, Druce
N92.A *kri̱ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon Eugenia tree, general term for E. spp.
N93 *g[]jaaŋ Proto-Monic wood-oil tree: Dipterocarpus turbinatus, Gaertner f. wood-oil tree: Dipterocarpus alatus, Roxb. (identified by Smitinand, 1980:126)
N93.B *khəja̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur wood-oil tree: Dipterocarpus alatus, Roxb. (identified by Smitinand, 1980:126)
N93.A *həja̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon wood-oil tree: Dipterocarpus turbinatus, Gaertner f.
N94 *mit Proto-Monic turmeric: Curcuma domestica, Valeton turmeric: Curcuma domestica, Valeton
N94.B *mɯ̤t Proto-Nyah Kur turmeric: Curcuma domestica, Valeton
N94.A *mi̤t Proto-Mon turmeric: Curcuma domestica, Valeton
N95 *braat Proto-Monic banana: Musa spp. banana: Musa spp.
N95.B *phra̤at Proto-Nyah Kur banana: Musa spp.
N95.A *pra̤t Proto-Mon banana: Musa spp.
N96 *sit-siət Proto-Monic large timber tree, Pentace burmanica, Kurz. Burmese mahogany: Pantace burmanica, Kurz.
N96.B *ɕit-ɕi̱at Proto-Nyah Kur Burmese mahogany: Pantace burmanica, Kurz.
N96.A *kəsə̱t Proto-Mon large timber tree, Pentace burmanica, Kurz.
N97 *klwaan Proto-Monic Cinnamon: Cinnamomum sp. a tree: Berrya mollis, Wall. ex. Kurz.
N97.B *kəlwa̱an Proto-Nyah Kur a tree: Berrya mollis, Wall. ex. Kurz.
N97.A *kəwa̱n Proto-Mon Cinnamon: Cinnamomum sp.
N98 *lŋaw Proto-Monic sesame: Sesamum indicum, Linn. sesame: Sesamum indicum, Linn.
N98.B *ləŋa̤w Proto-Nyah Kur sesame: Sesamum indicum, Linn.
N98.A *[]əŋɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon sesame: Sesamum indicum, Linn.
N99 *[t]ɓaw Proto-Monic sugar-cane: Saccharum officinarum, Linn. sugar-cane: Saccharum officinarum, Linn.
N99.B *ba̱w Proto-Nyah Kur sugar-cane: Saccharum officinarum, Linn.
N99.A *ɓa̱o̯ Proto-Mon sugar-cane: Saccharum officinarum, Linn.
N100 *traw Proto-Monic arum; /kra̱o mɔ̱Ɂ/ Colocasia indica etc. taro: Colocasia esculenta, Schott
N100.B *tra̱w Proto-Nyah Kur taro: Colocasia esculenta, Schott
N100.A *kra̱o̯ Proto-Mon arum; /kra̱o mɔ̱Ɂ/ Colocasia indica etc.
N101 *braaw Proto-Monic coconut: Cocos nucifera, Linn. coconut: Cocos nucifera, Linn.
N101.B *m-phra̤aw Proto-Nyah Kur coconut: Cocos nucifera, Linn.
N101.A *prɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon coconut: Cocos nucifera, Linn.
N102 *cmpiir Proto-Monic pumpkin: Cucurbita sp. pumpkin: Cucurbita sp.
N102.B *cəmpi̱ir Proto-Nyah Kur pumpkin: Cucurbita sp.
N102.A *həpi̱ Proto-Mon pumpkin: Cucurbita sp.
N103 *[k]ʔiil Proto-Monic hog-plum: Spondias mangifera, Willdenow etc. hog-plum: Spondias pinnata, Kurz.
N103.B *[kh]əʔi̱il Proto-Nyah Kur hog-plum: Spondias pinnata, Kurz.
N103.A *ʔi̱ Proto-Mon hog-plum: Spondias mangifera, Willdenow etc.
N104 *kʔɯl Proto-Monic cucumber common cucumber: Cucumis sativus, Linn.
N104.B *keʔɯ̱l Proto-Nyah Kur common cucumber: Cucumis sativus, Linn.
N104.A *həʔi̱ Proto-Mon cucumber
N105 *tɔɔl Proto-Monic cotton, cotton plant, cotton thread cotton, cotton plant, cotton thread
N105.B *tu̱al Proto-Nyah Kur cotton, cotton plant, cotton thread
N105.A *to̱ Proto-Mon cotton, cotton plant, cotton thread
N106 *lul Proto-Monic gourd gourd: Lagenaria siceraria, Standl. (= L. vulgaris, Ser.)
N106.B *lṳl Proto-Nyah Kur gourd: Lagenaria siceraria, Standl. (= L. vulgaris, Ser.)
N106.A *lə̤ Proto-Mon gourd
N107 *kwaaj Proto-Monic yam: Dioscorea hispida; in compounds: cassava and other edible tubers sweet potato: Ipomea batatas, Lamk.
N107.B *khwa̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur sweet potato: Ipomea batatas, Lamk.
N107.A *kwa̱i̯ Proto-Mon yam: Dioscorea hispida; in compounds: cassava and other edible tubers
N108 *ɟrəj Proto-Monic pipal, Bo-tree: Ficus religiosa, Linn. banyan tree: Ficus bengalensis, Linn.
N108.B *chrə̤j Proto-Nyah Kur banyan tree: Ficus bengalensis, Linn.
N108.A *sɔ̤e̯ Proto-Mon pipal, Bo-tree: Ficus religiosa, Linn.
N109 *trluuj Proto-Monic emblic myrobolan tree: Phyllanthus emblica, Linn. tamarind: Tamarindus indica, Linn.
N109.B *təlu̱uj Proto-Nyah Kur tamarind: Tamarindus indica, Linn.
N109.A *kəlu̱i̯ Proto-Mon emblic myrobolan tree: Phyllanthus emblica, Linn.
N110 *kɔɔʔ Proto-Monic neck neck; the narrowed part of a long object (e.g. wrist, ankle, neck of a gourd)
N110.B *kɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur neck; the narrowed part of a long object (e.g. wrist, ankle, neck of a gourd)
N110.A *kɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon neck
N111 *prtaaʔ Proto-Monic tail of animal or reptile tail, including fish-tail, tail of birds, snakes ...; end of loin-cloth; /pəta̱aʔ khla̱aŋ/ triangular part of a roof
N111.B *pəta̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur tail, including fish-tail, tail of birds, snakes ...; end of loin-cloth; /pəta̱aʔ khla̱aŋ/ triangular part of a roof
N111.A *həta̱ʔ Proto-Mon tail of animal or reptile
N112 *cɗaaʔ Proto-Monic hand-span, a unit of length hand-span, a unit of length
N112.B *cəda̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur hand-span, a unit of length
N112.A *ɗa̱ʔ Proto-Mon hand-span, a unit of length
N113 *ɟwaaʔ Proto-Monic corpse, human or animal corpse, human or animal
N113.B *chəwa̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur corpse, human or animal
N113.A *khwɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon corpse, human or animal
N114 *ŋiək Proto-Monic tooth, weaver's reed tooth, animal or human; tooth of a saw
N114.B *ŋi̤ak Proto-Nyah Kur tooth, animal or human; tooth of a saw
N114.A *ŋi̤ə̯k Proto-Mon tooth, weaver's reed
N115 *kintaak Proto-Monic tongue tongue (animal, human); reed (of oboe)
N115.B *kənta̱ak Proto-Nyah Kur tongue (animal, human); reed (of oboe)
N115.A *kənta̱i̯c Proto-Mon tongue
N116 *kmak Proto-Monic male (animal, bird, etc.) male, only for animals
N116.B *khma̱k Proto-Nyah Kur male, only for animals
N116.A *[]hma̱k Proto-Mon male (animal, bird, etc.)
N117 *knlak Proto-Monic popliteal space; /pa̱iŋ nɛ̱k/ armpit etc. armpit
N117.B *kənla̱k Proto-Nyah Kur armpit
N117.A *(kə)na̱k Proto-Mon popliteal space; /pa̱iŋ nɛ̱k/ armpit etc.
N118 *sɔɔk Proto-Monic head hair, body hair hair; /ɲchṳuɁ chɔ̱ɔk/ caterpillar etc.
N118.B *ɕɔ̱ɔk Proto-Nyah Kur hair; /ɲchṳuɁ chɔ̱ɔk/ caterpillar etc.
N118.A *so̱k Proto-Mon head hair, body hair
N119 *sɔk-sɔɔk Proto-Monic body hair, hair of animals, fur, porcupine quills, feathers; /Ɂəma̱Ɂ kəso̱k/ caterpillar human body hair, animal fur, porcupine quills, hair of corn or beans
N119.B *ɕɔk-ɕɔ̱ɔk Proto-Nyah Kur human body hair, animal fur, porcupine quills, hair of corn or beans
N119.A *kəso̱k Proto-Mon body hair, hair of animals, fur, porcupine quills, feathers; /Ɂəma̱Ɂ kəso̱k/ caterpillar
N120 *ɟuŋ Proto-Monic lower limb, leg, foot; edge, vicinity foot, not including the leg or the lower leg; foot of mushroom, i.e. the lower part of the stem; foot of a hill, of furniture....
N120.B *cṳŋ Proto-Nyah Kur foot, not including the leg or the lower leg; foot of mushroom, i.e. the lower part of the stem; foot of a hill, of furniture....
N120.A *ca̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon lower limb, leg, foot; edge, vicinity
N121 *s/cniəŋ Proto-Monic wing, feather, fin wing, fin
N121.B *chəni̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur wing, fin
N121.A *hni̱ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon wing, feather, fin
N122 *paaŋ Proto-Monic mouth, mouthful, quantifier for speech mouth (human, animal); opening (of a jar, a basket, a snail-shell...); entrance (to a cave, a dense forest...); doorway
N122.B *pa̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur mouth (human, animal); opening (of a jar, a basket, a snail-shell...); entrance (to a cave, a dense forest...); doorway
N122.A *pa̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon mouth, mouthful, quantifier for speech
N123 *bu[u]ŋ Proto-Monic belly, abdomen, central cavity belly (of humans, animals, jars, baskets, boats...; pouch-shaped internal organ
N123.B *pṳŋ Proto-Nyah Kur belly (of humans, animals, jars, baskets, boats...; pouch-shaped internal organ
N123.A *pə̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon belly, abdomen, central cavity
N124 *kɓɔŋ Proto-Monic knee knee; joint of grasshopper's hind leg
N124.B *khbɔ̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur knee; joint of grasshopper's hind leg
N124.A *ɓɔ̱ŋ Proto-Mon knee
N125 *draŋ Proto-Monic horn, tusk of elephant, summit horn (of mammals, snails, of a certain caterpillar called /ɲchṳuɁ pa̱ẙ/ 'barking deer worm')
N125.B *thra̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur horn (of mammals, snails, of a certain caterpillar called /ɲchṳuɁ pa̱ẙ/ 'barking deer worm')
N125.A *krɛ̤a̯ŋ Proto-Mon horn, tusk of elephant, summit
N126 *ʔic Proto-Monic excrement; rubbish; interest on investment excrement; useless and unpleasant byproduct (e.g. ear-wax, eye-matter, dandruff, smegma, sawdust); /ʔi̱c rṳuy/ freckles
N126.B *ʔi̱c Proto-Nyah Kur excrement; useless and unpleasant byproduct (e.g. ear-wax, eye-matter, dandruff, smegma, sawdust); /ʔi̱c rṳuy/ freckles
N126.A *ʔɤ̱i̯c Proto-Mon excrement; rubbish; interest on investment
N127 *ktɔɔc Proto-Monic wart wart
N127.B *kətu̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur wart
N127.A *kəto̱t Proto-Mon wart
N128 *kruuc Proto-Monic intestine, inner portion, heart, core, heartwood, pith intestine, innards of animals
N128.B *kru̱uc Proto-Nyah Kur intestine, innards of animals
N128.A *kru̱t Proto-Mon intestine, inner portion, heart, core, heartwood, pith
N129 *t[r]mɓaɲ Proto-Monic rim, edge; /həmo̱n pa̱iŋ/ lips lips
N129.B *tərmbɛ̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur lips
N129.A *həmo̱n Proto-Mon rim, edge; /həmo̱n pa̱iŋ/ lips
N130 *mat Proto-Monic eye; precious stone; cutting edge eye; source (of river, of day-light, i.e. the sun, of rain, i.e. dark clouds as a sign of coming rain); head (of abscess); small roundish depression (at bamboo node, on coconuts); cutting edge of tool
N130.B *ma̤t Proto-Nyah Kur eye; source (of river, of day-light, i.e. the sun, of rain, i.e. dark clouds as a sign of coming rain); head (of abscess); small roundish depression (at bamboo node, on coconuts); cutting edge of tool
N130.A *mo̤t Proto-Mon eye; precious stone; cutting edge
N131 *prmat Proto-Monic gall gall bladder
N131.B *pərma̱t Proto-Nyah Kur gall bladder
N131.A *kəmo̱t Proto-Mon gall
N132 *ɟ[l]uut Proto-Monic bone; main stem of plant, spine of palm frond bone (of humans, animals, fishes)
N132.B *chəlṳut Proto-Nyah Kur bone (of humans, animals, fishes)
N132.A *cṳt Proto-Mon bone; main stem of plant, spine of palm frond
N133 *k[r]liən Proto-Monic to form a growth lymph glands (in neck, armpits, groin)
N133.B *kəli̱an Proto-Nyah Kur lymph glands (in neck, armpits, groin)
N133.A *kəle̱n Proto-Mon to form a growth
N134 *kɗəp Proto-Monic head, upper end, summit, forehead head
N134.B *khdə̱p Proto-Nyah Kur head
N134.A *[kə]ɗa̱ə̯p Proto-Mon head, upper end, summit, forehead
N135 *cnaam Proto-Monic skin; (human, animal) fur skin (of animals except pigs, of humans on palms and soles only)
N135.B *ɕhna̱am Proto-Nyah Kur skin (of animals except pigs, of humans on palms and soles only)
N135.A *hna̱m Proto-Mon skin; (human, animal) fur
N136 *[c/s]nliəm Proto-Monic nail, claw; metal binding round handle of tool fingernail, claw
N136.B *khənli̱am Proto-Nyah Kur fingernail, claw
N136.A *hənə̱m Proto-Mon nail, claw; metal binding round handle of tool
N137 *chi̱m Proto-Monic chim blood
N137.B *chi̱m Proto-Nyah Kur blood
N137.A *chi̱m Proto-Mon chim
N138 *kmɓaw Proto-Monic beak, bill, muzzle beak, snout, muzzle, any animal's mouth if elongated: e.g. of most kinds of dogs, rats, shrimps...
N138.B *kəmba̱w Proto-Nyah Kur beak, snout, muzzle, any animal's mouth if elongated: e.g. of most kinds of dogs, rats, shrimps...
N138.A *həma̱o̯ Proto-Mon beak, bill, muzzle
N139 *ktɔɔr Proto-Monic ear ear
N139.B *kətu̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur ear
N139.A *kəto̱ Proto-Mon ear
N140 *kntaal Proto-Monic underpart, bottom (e.g. of a boat) sole, palm (no metaphoric extensions)
N140.B *kənta̱al Proto-Nyah Kur sole, palm (no metaphoric extensions)
N140.A *həta̱ Proto-Mon underpart, bottom (e.g. of a boat)
N141 *dɯl Proto-Monic thigh thigh
N141.B *tɯ̤l Proto-Nyah Kur thigh
N141.A *ti̤ Proto-Mon thigh
N142 *gnis Proto-Monic canine tooth canine tooth (e.g. of man, pig, snake, barking deer, but not sambar deer)
N142.B *khəni̤h Proto-Nyah Kur canine tooth (e.g. of man, pig, snake, barking deer, but not sambar deer)
N142.A *[]ne̤h Proto-Mon canine tooth
N143 *p[r/m]nus Proto-Monic navel
N143.B *pərnɯ̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur navel
N144 *krmpuus Proto-Monic breadth of finger finger, toe
N144.B *kəmpu̱uj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur finger, toe
N144.A *[k]əpu̱h Proto-Mon breadth of finger
N145 *gris Proto-Monic liver, heart, central part liver
N145.B *khri̤h Proto-Nyah Kur liver
N145.A *krə̤h Proto-Mon liver, heart, central part
N146 *crɯs Proto-Monic chest, front part of body front part of chest
N146.B *crɯ̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur front part of chest
N146.A *sɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon chest, front part of body
N147 *phɯɯs Proto-Monic reach of both arms as measure of length, fathom, sometimes reckoned as four cubits arm-span: measure of length of both arms stretched
N147.B *phɯ̱ɯj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur arm-span: measure of length of both arms stretched
N147.A *phi̱h Proto-Mon reach of both arms as measure of length, fathom, sometimes reckoned as four cubits
N148 *təj Proto-Monic hand, upper limb, arm, foreleg, tributary, dependency; railway carriage hand (of humans, apes, monkeys); tendrils (of gourd, cucumber...)
N148.B *tə̱j Proto-Nyah Kur hand (of humans, apes, monkeys); tendrils (of gourd, cucumber...)
N148.A *tɒ̱ɛ̯ Proto-Mon hand, upper limb, arm, foreleg, tributary, dependency; railway carriage
N149 *tɔh Proto-Monic breast, udder breast
N149.B *tɔ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur breast
N149.A *tɔ̱h Proto-Mon breast, udder
N150 *ptuh Proto-Monic fungus, mildew, pus pus
N150.B *pətu̱h Proto-Nyah Kur pus
N150.A *pətɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon fungus, mildew, pus
N151 *pnah Proto-Monic shoulder (human, animal) shoulder (human, animal)
N151.B *phna̱h Proto-Nyah Kur shoulder (human, animal)
N151.A *phna̱h Proto-Mon shoulder (human, animal)
N153 *[cə]-mɔh Proto-Monic nose nose
N153.B *ɕə-mɔ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur nose
N153.A *-mṳh Proto-Mon nose
N154 *kmciiʔ Proto-Monic younger sibling
N154.B *kəmci̱iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur younger sibling
N155 *ɟuuʔ Proto-Monic great-grandmother elder sister of mother; wife of elder brother of parent
N155.B *cṳuʔ Proto-Nyah Kur elder sister of mother; wife of elder brother of parent
N155.A *cṳʔ Proto-Mon great-grandmother
N155a *p-ɟuuʔ Proto-Monic old person old person (appearance is the criterion, not actual age)
N155a.B *pəcṳuʔ Proto-Nyah Kur old person (appearance is the criterion, not actual age)
N155a.A *pjṳʔ Proto-Mon old person
N156 *mbaaʔ Proto-Monic father father
N156.B *pa̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur father
N156.A *mɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon father
N157 *m[ɛɛ/ee]ʔ Proto-Monic mother, especially in formal contexts; Mrs.; first or second person feminine pronoun mother (only human)
N157.B *mɛ̤ɛʔ Proto-Nyah Kur mother (only human)
N157.A *mi̤ʔ Proto-Mon mother, especially in formal contexts; Mrs.; first or second person feminine pronoun
N158 *lwaaʔ Proto-Monic Wa, Lawa, pagan hillman practicing slash-and-burn cultivation Lawa
N158.B *ləwa̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur Lawa
N158.A *wɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon Wa, Lawa, pagan hillman practicing slash-and-burn cultivation
N159 *trlaaʔ Proto-Monic owner, lord owner, lord
N159.B *təla̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur owner, lord
N159.A *təla̱ʔ Proto-Mon owner, lord
N160 *(g-)luuʔ Proto-Monic eldest child elder sister
N160.B *lṳuʔ Proto-Nyah Kur elder sister
N160.A *klṳʔ Proto-Mon eldest child
N161 *kndɔɔk Proto-Monic spirit, demon, nat, especially a nat attached to a family or to a group of families related in the male line, which inhabits the south-east post of the senior member's house dead human body, ghost, spirit
N161.B *kəntɔ̤ɔk Proto-Nyah Kur dead human body, ghost, spirit
N161.A *kəlo̱k Proto-Mon spirit, demon, nat, especially a nat attached to a family or to a group of families related in the male line, which inhabits the south-east post of the senior member's house
N162 *ɗiik Proto-Monic slave, temple servant, debt-slave, unpaid servant slave
N162.B *di̱ik Proto-Nyah Kur slave
N162.A *ɗɤ̱i̯c Proto-Mon slave, temple servant, debt-slave, unpaid servant
N163 *kjaak Proto-Monic sacred being or thing, Buddha, Buddha image rainbow
N163.B *khja̱ak Proto-Nyah Kur rainbow
N163.A *cja̱i̯c Proto-Mon sacred being or thing, Buddha, Buddha image
N164 *maaŋ Proto-Monic husband
N164.B *ma̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur husband
N165 *ceec Proto-Monic great-grandchild great-great-grandchild
N165.B *ce̱ec Proto-Nyah Kur great-great-grandchild
N165.A *cʌ̱i̯c Proto-Mon great-grandchild
N166 *peeɲ Proto-Monic grandfather; term of address to older men
N166.B *pe̱eɲ Proto-Nyah Kur grandfather; term of address to older men
N167 *l[h/w]uut Proto-Monic unmarried girl past age of puberty, spinster, virgin young woman, usually unmarried; a married woman, even with children, will usually be called this so long as she remains young-looking
N167.B *l(əh)u̱ut Proto-Nyah Kur young woman, usually unmarried; a married woman, even with children, will usually be called this so long as she remains young-looking
N167.A *wṳt Proto-Mon unmarried girl past age of puberty, spinster, virgin
N168 *kɔɔn Proto-Monic child, offspring, young person, young of animals; member of social group; minor component of complex system (one's own) child; young of animals
N168.B *ku̱an Proto-Nyah Kur (one's own) child; young of animals
N168.A *ko̱n Proto-Mon child, offspring, young person, young of animals; member of social group; minor component of complex system
N169 *g()maan Proto-Monic son-in-law; /həma̱n te̤Ɂ/ younger sister's husband husband of younger sister, of cousin younger than Ego, of daughter, of niece
N169.B *khəma̤an Proto-Nyah Kur husband of younger sister, of cousin younger than Ego, of daughter, of niece
N169.A *həma̤n Proto-Mon son-in-law; /həma̱n te̤Ɂ/ younger sister's husband
N170 *k()muun Proto-Monic nephew, niece nephew, niece
N170.B *khəmu̱un Proto-Nyah Kur nephew, niece
N170.A *(k)hmi̱n Proto-Mon nephew, niece
N171 *k()ɲoom Proto-Monic young child
N171.B *khəɲo̱om Proto-Nyah Kur young child
N172 *maam Proto-Monic prefix to men's proper names, to laymen's names (by monks) younger brother of father, of husband
N172.B *ma̤am Proto-Nyah Kur younger brother of father, of husband
N172.A *ma̤m Proto-Mon prefix to men's proper names, to laymen's names (by monks)
N173 *caw Proto-Monic grandchild grandchild; spouse of grandchild
N173.B *ca̱w Proto-Nyah Kur grandchild; spouse of grandchild
N173.A *ca̱o̯ Proto-Mon grandchild
N174 *braw Proto-Monic woman, wife wife
N174.B *phra̤w Proto-Nyah Kur wife
N174.A *prɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon woman, wife
N175 *jaw Proto-Monic elder brother of spouse; husband of elder sister elder brother of spouse; husband of elder sister, of cousin older than Ego
N175.B *ja̤w Proto-Nyah Kur elder brother of spouse; husband of elder sister, of cousin older than Ego
N175.A *jɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon elder brother of spouse; husband of elder sister
N176 *kmdar Proto-Monic husband-and-wife
N176.B *kəmta̤r Proto-Nyah Kur husband-and-wife
N177 *kmsiir Proto-Monic parent-in-law parent-in-law; usually with 'mother' or 'father' prefixed
N177.B *kəmɕi̱ir Proto-Nyah Kur parent-in-law; usually with 'mother' or 'father' prefixed
N177.A *k(h)msi̱ Proto-Mon parent-in-law
N178 *knʔ[ɔɔ]s Proto-Monic daughter-in-law; /həʔɔ̱h te̤Ɂ/ younger brother's wife wife of son, of nephew, of cousin younger than Ego
N178.B *ku̱an-ʔu̱aj̊ ~ nʔu̱aj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur wife of son, of nephew, of cousin younger than Ego
N178.A *həʔ[ɔ̱]h Proto-Mon daughter-in-law; /həʔɔ̱h te̤Ɂ/ younger brother's wife
N179 *mnus Proto-Monic human being human being
N179.B *[m/ph]ənɯ̤j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur human being
N179.A *[mə/ɦ]ni̤h Proto-Mon human being
N180 *-truus Proto-Monic boy, man boy, man
N180.B *(tu̱j̊-)tru̱uj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur boy, man
N180.A *krɒ̱u̯h Proto-Mon boy, man
N181 *k()maaj Proto-Monic widow widow
N181.B *khəma̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur widow
N181.A *hma̱i̯ Proto-Mon widow
N182 *blaaj Proto-Monic bachelor, unmarried male past age of puberty marriageable boy
N182.B *phla̤aj Proto-Nyah Kur marriageable boy
N182.A *pla̤i̯ Proto-Mon bachelor, unmarried male past age of puberty
N183 *cah Proto-Monic descendants great-grandchild
N183.B *ca̱h Proto-Nyah Kur great-grandchild
N183.A *ca̱h Proto-Mon descendants
N184 *ɲah Proto-Monic person (who), people, they, others; especially respectful: he, she, they numeral classifier for humans; prefix in ethnonym Nyah Kur
N184.B *ɲa̤h Proto-Nyah Kur numeral classifier for humans; prefix in ethnonym Nyah Kur
N184.A *ɲe̤ə̯h Proto-Mon person (who), people, they, others; especially respectful: he, she, they
N185 *cʔooʔ Proto-Monic rafter small rafter, thatch support
N185.B *chəʔo̱oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur small rafter, thatch support
N185.A *həʔɒ̱ɨ̯ʔ Proto-Mon rafter
N186 *tŋkooʔ Proto-Monic cylindrical container of wood or bamboo bamboo container (usually for water)
N186.B *[]ŋko̱oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur bamboo container (usually for water)
N186.A *həkɒ̱ɨ̯ʔ Proto-Mon cylindrical container of wood or bamboo
N187 *sŋiiʔ Proto-Monic house of wood, bamboo, or thatch house
N187.B *ɕhŋi̱iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur house
N187.A *hɒ̱̃i̯ʔ Proto-Mon house of wood, bamboo, or thatch
N188 *tŋaaʔ Proto-Monic bow, crossbow crossbow
N188.B *thŋa̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur crossbow
N188.A *hŋa̱ʔ Proto-Mon bow, crossbow
N189 *bŋaaʔ Proto-Monic rice-land, rice-field hill-field
N189.B *ŋa̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur hill-field
N189.A *ɦŋɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon rice-land, rice-field
N189a *g()maaʔ Proto-Monic rice-field (irrigated) hill-field
N189a.B *khəma̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur hill-field
N189a.A *həmɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon rice-field (irrigated)
N190 *gnriiʔ Proto-Monic long cylindrical wooden object; /ri̤ʔ ba̱k/ pestle rice-pestle
N190.B *khənri̤iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur rice-pestle
N190.A *ri̤ʔ Proto-Mon long cylindrical wooden object; /ri̤ʔ ba̱k/ pestle
N191 *mraaʔ Proto-Monic machete-like knife used as cutting tool, dah machete
N191.B *mra̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur machete
N191.A *pərɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon machete-like knife used as cutting tool, dah
N192 *knlɔɔʔ Proto-Monic ant-hill ant-hill, termite nest
N192.B *kənlɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur ant-hill, termite nest
N192.A *kənɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon ant-hill
N193 *[k/t][l]nɗək Proto-Monic rice-bran (given to pigs), millet-bran
N193.B *kləndə̱k Proto-Nyah Kur rice-bran (given to pigs), millet-bran
N194 *ɟəŋ-ɟuŋ Proto-Monic pole, pillar house-pole
N194.B *kəncṳŋ Proto-Nyah Kur house-pole
N194.A *həja̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon pole, pillar
N195 *ɗiŋ Proto-Monic cup made from bamboo joint, used for collecting sap of toddy palm and for carrying water or other drink bamboo tube (used as water-container)
N195.B *di̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur bamboo tube (used as water-container)
N195.A *ɗʌ̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon cup made from bamboo joint, used for collecting sap of toddy palm and for carrying water or other drink
N196 *[t/k]iŋ-ɗiŋ Proto-Monic tinkle-bell, large bell small bell, buffalo-bell
N196.B *ti̱ŋ-di̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur small bell, buffalo-bell
N196.A *hənɤ̱i̯ŋ Proto-Mon tinkle-bell, large bell
N197 *ɗooŋ Proto-Monic city, province, country village
N197.B *do̱oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur village
N197.A *ɗʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon city, province, country
N198 *pooŋ Proto-Monic cooked rice; /cɛ̱Ɂ pə̱ŋ/ eat food cooked rice; /ca̱aɁ po̱oŋ/ eat food
N198.B *po̱oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur cooked rice; /ca̱aɁ po̱oŋ/ eat food
N198.A *pʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon cooked rice; /cɛ̱Ɂ pə̱ŋ/ eat food
N199 *snriəŋ Proto-Monic cloth sling suspended from ceiling, used as cradle; hammock slung from pole, litter; howdah child's hammock, suspended cradle
N199.B *ɕhənri̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur child's hammock, suspended cradle
N199.A *həri̱ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon cloth sling suspended from ceiling, used as cradle; hammock slung from pole, litter; howdah
N200 *glɔɔŋ Proto-Monic road, track, way, direction
N200.A *klɔ̤ŋ Proto-Mon road, track, way, direction
N200a *g-n-lɔɔŋ Proto-Monic habitual path (of porcupine); /trɔ̱w ŋlɔ̤ɔŋ/ path
N200a.B *()nlɔ̤ɔŋ Proto-Nyah Kur habitual path (of porcupine); /trɔ̱w ŋlɔ̤ɔŋ/ path
N201 *kliŋ Proto-Monic oil, fat (vegetal or animal) vegetal fat; /chɛ̤c khəya̤aŋ khli̱ɲ/ tree name
N201.B *khli̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur vegetal fat; /chɛ̤c khəya̤aŋ khli̱ɲ/ tree name
N201.A *klʌ̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon oil, fat (vegetal or animal)
N201a *k-[r]-liŋ Proto-Monic vegetal or animal fat
N201a.B *kəli̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur vegetal or animal fat
N202 *jaat Proto-Monic cloth; clothes, (upper) garments clothes; /nə̤əc ya̤at/ cloth
N202.B *ja̤at Proto-Nyah Kur clothes; /nə̤əc ya̤at/ cloth
N202.A *ja̤t Proto-Mon cloth; clothes, (upper) garments
N283 *ɗaan Proto-Monic path elephant track
N283.B *da̱an Proto-Nyah Kur elephant track
N283.A *ɗa̱n Proto-Mon path
N204 *gnuun Proto-Monic woman's waistcloth women's lower garment
N204.B *khənṳun Proto-Nyah Kur women's lower garment
N204.A *[]ɦni̤n Proto-Mon woman's waistcloth
N205 *ɓuun Proto-Monic knife knife
N205.B *bu̱un Proto-Nyah Kur knife
N205.A *ɓu̱n Proto-Mon knife
N206 *pran Proto-Monic bait (usually thrown in the water at fishing place)
N206.B *pra̱n Proto-Nyah Kur bait (usually thrown in the water at fishing place)
N206a *p-[n]-ran Proto-Monic bait
N206a.A *pərɔ̱n Proto-Mon bait
N207 *kam Proto-Monic bullet, cartridge arrow, (porcupine) quill
N207.B *ka̱m Proto-Nyah Kur arrow, (porcupine) quill
N207.A *ka̱m Proto-Mon bullet, cartridge
N208 *k(r)nləm Proto-Monic ridge of roof roof
N208.B *kənlə̱m Proto-Nyah Kur roof
N208.A *kəla̱ə̯m Proto-Mon ridge of roof
N209 *trəw Proto-Monic path, way
N209.B *trə̱w Proto-Nyah Kur path, way
N209a *t-n-rəw Proto-Monic journey, way, route path, way
N209a.B *tərə̱w (~ *ntrə̱w) Proto-Nyah Kur path, way
N209a.A *kəra̱o̯ Proto-Mon journey, way, route
N210 *phəw Proto-Monic raised wooden trough filled with earth or sand on which cooking-fire is lit, furnace; kitchen; (at the) home (of), in company of rock-stove (usually consisting of three roundish rocks)
N210.B *phə̱w Proto-Nyah Kur rock-stove (usually consisting of three roundish rocks)
N210.A *pha̱o̯ Proto-Mon raised wooden trough filled with earth or sand on which cooking-fire is lit, furnace; kitchen; (at the) home (of), in company of
N211 *tar Proto-Monic shaft, handle, pin, pencil, stalk, stem (of leaf) handle (usually of knife)
N211.B *ta̱r Proto-Nyah Kur handle (usually of knife)
N211.A *tɔ̱o̯ Proto-Mon shaft, handle, pin, pencil, stalk, stem (of leaf)
N212 *knʔɯl Proto-Monic rice-mortar small mortar (for spices, areca, ...)
N212.B *kənʔɯ̱l Proto-Nyah Kur small mortar (for spices, areca, ...)
N212.A *həʔĩ̱ Proto-Mon rice-mortar
N213 *khal Proto-Monic small cup in which offerings are placed water-cup, bowl
N213.B *kha̱l Proto-Nyah Kur water-cup, bowl
N213.A *khɔ̱o̯ Proto-Mon small cup in which offerings are placed
N214 *ʔɔɔs Proto-Monic firewood, fuel firewood
N214.B *ʔu̱aj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur firewood
N214.A *ʔo̱h Proto-Mon firewood, fuel
N215 *cmpɔɔj Proto-Monic nest (of birds, snakes, ants ...); metaphorically: house nest (of birds, rats, termites ...)
N215.B *cəmpu̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur nest (of birds, rats, termites ...)
N215.A *həpu̱ə̯ Proto-Mon nest (of birds, snakes, ants ...); metaphorically: house
N216 *t()mɓaaj Proto-Monic cooking-pot, cauldron cooking-pot
N216.B *t()mba̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur cooking-pot
N216.A *həma̱i̯ Proto-Mon cooking-pot, cauldron
N217 *pluuj Proto-Monic wax beeswax
N217.B *phlu̱uj Proto-Nyah Kur beeswax
N217.A *plu̱i̯ Proto-Mon wax
N218 *cɛh Proto-Monic small jar of demijohn shape small water-jar
N218.B *cɛ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur small water-jar
N218.A *cɛ̱h Proto-Mon small jar of demijohn shape
N219 *kcah Proto-Monic charcoal charcoal
N219.B *kəca̱h Proto-Nyah Kur charcoal
N219.A *chja̱h Proto-Mon charcoal
N220 *mɔh Proto-Monic (terminal) point, edge, fringe tip, point of sharp object
N220.B *mɔ̤h Proto-Nyah Kur tip, point of sharp object
N220.A *mṳh Proto-Mon (terminal) point, edge, fringe
N221 *tiiʔ Proto-Monic earth, soil, ground, land soil, ground consisting of earth (not stony ground); /phɛ̱ɛn ti̱iʔ/ country
N221.B *ti̱iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur soil, ground consisting of earth (not stony ground); /phɛ̱ɛn ti̱iʔ/ country
N221.A *tɒ̱i̯ʔ Proto-Mon earth, soil, ground, land
N222 *kntuuʔ Proto-Monic moon, month moon, month
N222.B *kəntu̱uʔ Proto-Nyah Kur moon, month
N222.A *hətɒ̱u̯ʔ Proto-Mon moon, month
N223 *tmɔɔʔ Proto-Monic stone stone
N223.B *thmɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur stone
N223.A *hmɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon stone
N224 *ɗaak Proto-Monic water, liquid water, liquid, body secretion
N224.B *da̱ak Proto-Nyah Kur water, liquid, body secretion
N224.A *ɗa̱i̯c Proto-Mon water, liquid
N225 *jak Proto-Monic smoke smoke of fire
N225.B *ja̤k Proto-Nyah Kur smoke of fire
N225.A *jɛ̤a̯k Proto-Mon smoke
N226 *lhuk Proto-Monic dirt, mud, filth adhering to something mud
N226.B *ləhu̱k Proto-Nyah Kur mud
N226.A *hlɒ̱ɨ̯k Proto-Mon dirt, mud, filth adhering to something
N227 *ptiŋ Proto-Monic ash, ashes ashes, fine dust
N227.B *pəti̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur ashes, fine dust
N227.A *pətʌ̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon ash, ashes
N228 *bnaŋ Proto-Monic bund, ridge between compartments of paddy-field, raised path or standing, hard standing round well, compartment of paddy-field as measure of area low hills
N228.B *phna̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur low hills
N228.A *nɛ̤a̯ŋ Proto-Mon bund, ridge between compartments of paddy-field, raised path or standing, hard standing round well, compartment of paddy-field as measure of area
N229 *krooŋ Proto-Monic stream, creek, small river large river
N229.B *kro̱oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur large river
N229.A *krʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon stream, creek, small river
N230 *sruŋ Proto-Monic hole, cavity hole, cavity
N230.B *ɕru̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur hole, cavity
N230.A *-sɒ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon hole, cavity
N231 *[lm]laaŋ Proto-Monic dew, mist, fog dew, mist, fog
N231.B *-la̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur dew, mist, fog
N231.A *[pə]la̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon dew, mist, fog
N232 *s()maɲ Proto-Monic star
N232.B *ɕhəmɛ̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur star
N233 *[k/p]()mat Proto-Monic fire fire
N233.B *kəma̱t ~ khma̱t Proto-Nyah Kur fire
N233.A *kəmo̱t Proto-Mon fire
N234 *prtam Proto-Monic night, night-time night-time; classifier for counting nights
N234.B *pəta̱m Proto-Nyah Kur night-time; classifier for counting nights
N234.A *hətɔ̱m Proto-Mon night, night-time
N235 *cnaam Proto-Monic year year
N235.B *ɕhna̱am Proto-Nyah Kur year
N235.A *hna̱m Proto-Mon year
N236 *bʔur Proto-Monic salt salt
N236.B *phəʔu̱r Proto-Nyah Kur salt
N236.A *ɓə̱ Proto-Mon salt
N237 *gər-gər Proto-Monic thunder, thunderbolt rumble of thunder
N237.B *khərkə̤r Proto-Nyah Kur rumble of thunder
N237.A *həkə̤ Proto-Mon thunder, thunderbolt
N238 *lŋuur Proto-Monic morning
N238.B *ŋṳur Proto-Nyah Kur morning
N239 *cɔɔr Proto-Monic small inlet from tidal creek stream, creek
N239.B *cu̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur stream, creek
N239.A *co̱ Proto-Mon small inlet from tidal creek
N240 *ɟ(ʌ)r Proto-Monic natural well or pond
N240.B *cə̤r Proto-Nyah Kur natural well or pond
N241 *pliir Proto-Monic hail-stones hail
N241.B *phli̱ir Proto-Nyah Kur hail
N241.A *pli̱ Proto-Mon hail-stones
N242 *thar Proto-Monic gold gold
N242.B *tha̱r Proto-Nyah Kur gold
N242.A *thɔ̱o̯ Proto-Mon gold
N243 *p-m-tɯl Proto-Monic sand sand; usually in compound /ti̱iɁ ntɯ̱l/
N243.B *[pm-/pn-]tɯ̱l Proto-Nyah Kur sand; usually in compound /ti̱iɁ ntɯ̱l/
N243.A *həti̱ Proto-Mon sand
N244 *kjaal Proto-Monic wind (n.) wind (n.)
N244.B *khja̱al Proto-Nyah Kur wind (n.)
N244.A *cja̱ Proto-Mon wind (n.)
N245 *[ʔ]ka̱aj̊ (Indic origin) Proto-Monic sky sky
N245.B *ŋka̱aj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur sky
N245.A *[t/ʔ]əka̱h Proto-Mon sky
N246 *tŋaj Proto-Monic sun; daytime, classifier for days sun
N246.B *thŋa̱j Proto-Nyah Kur sun
N246.A *hŋu̱ə̯ Proto-Mon sun; daytime, classifier for days
N247 *t-r-ŋaj Proto-Monic daily daytime
N247.B *təŋa̱j Proto-Nyah Kur daytime
N247.A *təŋu̱ə̯ Proto-Mon daily
N248 *brəj Proto-Monic rain rain
N248.B *phrə̤j Proto-Nyah Kur rain
N248.A *prɔ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon rain
N249 *prsəj Proto-Monic iron iron
N249.B *pəɕə̱j Proto-Nyah Kur iron
N249.A *pəsɒ̱ɛ̯ Proto-Mon iron
N250 *k-l-mɓuh Proto-Monic large bubbles, foam, froth foam
N250.B *kləmbu̱h Proto-Nyah Kur foam
N250.A *həɓɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon large bubbles, foam, froth
N251 *trɛh Proto-Monic pebble, rock, gravel pebble, rock, gravel
N251.B *trɛ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur pebble, rock, gravel
N251.A *krɛ̱h Proto-Mon pebble, rock, gravel
N252 *ɟrɔh Proto-Monic chasm, gully, deep ravine cavity at the base of a cliff
N252.B *chrɔ̤h Proto-Nyah Kur cavity at the base of a cliff
N252.A *sɔ̤h Proto-Mon chasm, gully, deep ravine
N253 *mwaj Proto-Monic one one
N253.B *mṳaj Proto-Nyah Kur one
N253.A *mṳə̯ Proto-Mon one
N254 *ɓaar Proto-Monic two two
N254.B *ba̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur two
N254.A *ɓa̱ Proto-Mon two
N255 *piiʔ Proto-Monic three three
N255.B *pi̱iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur three
N255.A *pɒ̱i̯ʔ Proto-Mon three
N256 *pan Proto-Monic four four
N256.B *pa̱n Proto-Nyah Kur four
N256.A *pɔ̱n Proto-Mon four
N257 *(m-)suun Proto-Monic five five
N257.B *ɕu̱un Proto-Nyah Kur five
N257.A *pəsu̱n Proto-Mon five
N258 *t(-w-)raw Proto-Monic six six
N258.B *təra̱w Proto-Nyah Kur six
N258.A *kəra̱o̯ Proto-Mon six
N259 *tmpɔh Proto-Monic seven seven
N259.B *təmpɔ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur seven
N259.A *həpɔ̱h Proto-Mon seven
N260 *tɲcaam Proto-Monic eight eight
N260.B *[k]əɲca̱am Proto-Nyah Kur eight
N260.A *həca̱m Proto-Mon eight
N261 *[k/t]ɲciit Proto-Monic nine nine
N261.B *kəɲci̱it Proto-Nyah Kur nine
N261.A *həci̱t Proto-Mon nine
N262 *cas Proto-Monic ten ten
N262.B *ca̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur ten
N262.A *cɔ̱h Proto-Mon ten
N262a *c-w-as Proto-Monic -ty, as in twenty -ty, as in twenty
N262a.B *chu̱aj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur -ty, as in twenty
N262a.A *co̱h Proto-Mon -ty, as in twenty
N263 *ʔəj/*ʔwəj Proto-Monic I I
N263.B *ʔə̱j/*wə̱j Proto-Nyah Kur I
N263.A *ʔu̱ə̯ Proto-Mon I
N264.B *pe̤h Proto-Nyah Kur thou
N264.A *pe̤h Proto-Mon thou (to inferiors or familiars)
N265 *ɗɛh Proto-Monic third person animate third person, animate or inanimate
N265.B *dɛ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur third person, animate or inanimate
N265.A *ɗɛ̱h Proto-Mon third person animate
N266 *ɲin Proto-Monic third person remote, human; someone else
N266.B *ɲi̤n Proto-Nyah Kur third person remote, human; someone else
N267 *pəj/*pw[ə]j Proto-Monic exclusive first person plural we
N267.B *pə̱j Proto-Nyah Kur we
N267.A *po̱ɛ̯ Proto-Mon exclusive first person plural
N268 *[s/c]kɔɔʔ Proto-Monic each other
N268.B *(cə-)kɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur each other
N269 *tɛɛʔ Proto-Monic there, then, that, those that (not far, near addressee)
N269.B *tɛ̱ɛʔ Proto-Nyah Kur that (not far, near addressee)
N269.A *te̱ʔ Proto-Mon there, then, that, those
N270 *-nɔɔʔ Proto-Monic this, here tonight
N270.B *nɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur tonight
N270.A *(ʔə-)nɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon this, here
N271 *(ɟ-)mooʔ Proto-Monic what? what?
N271.B *(chə-)mo̤oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur what?
N271.A *m[ṳ]ʔ Proto-Mon what?
N272 *[b/p]-nəw Proto-Monic among where?, where to?
N272.B *(phə)nə̤w Proto-Nyah Kur where?, where to?
N272.A *pəno̱ Proto-Mon among
N273 *-gɔh Proto-Monic Noun Phrase particle that (recently spoken of)
N273.B *kɔ̤h Proto-Nyah Kur that (recently spoken of)
N273.A *-kɔ̤h Proto-Mon Noun Phrase particle
N274 *ɟwiiʔ Proto-Monic left (side)
N274.B *chəwi̤iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur left (side)
N275 *[k/c/s]-toom Proto-Monic right (side)
N275.B *cəto̱om Proto-Nyah Kur right (side)
N276 *[k]ntuul Proto-Monic on top of on top of
N276.B *kəntu̱ul Proto-Nyah Kur on top of
N276.A *ʔətɒ̱u̯ Proto-Mon on top of
N277 *kntaaʔ Proto-Monic in front of in front of
N277.B *kənta̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur in front of
N277.A *həta̱ʔ Proto-Mon in front of
N278 *(sŋ-)kraw Proto-Monic be subsequent behind, at the back
N278.B *sŋ-kra̱w Proto-Nyah Kur behind, at the back
N278.A *k(ə)ra̱o̯ Proto-Mon be subsequent
N279 *p()ɗəj Proto-Monic interior, private penis
N279.B *pədə̱j Proto-Nyah Kur penis
N279.A *[p/ʔ]-əɗɒ̱ɛ̯ Proto-Mon interior, private
N280 *ku- Proto-Monic to (Benefactive, Directional) to (Benefactive, Directional)
N280.B *ku- Proto-Nyah Kur to (Benefactive, Directional)
N280.A *kɒ- Proto-Mon to (Benefactive, Directional)
V1 *tl-ʔɔɔʔ Proto-Monic to vomit, regurgitate (baby) to regurgitate (rice, milk...) after over-eating
V1.B *təlʔɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (baby) to regurgitate (rice, milk...) after over-eating
V1.A *həʔɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon to vomit, regurgitate
V1a *[p-]ʔɔɔʔ Proto-Monic to feed (baby) with premasticated food
V1a.A *ʔɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon to feed (baby) with premasticated food
V2 *gooʔ Proto-Monic to get, obtain, procure, receive; to comprise to get, possess (Transitive Verb); be allowed to, be incidentally - not inherently - able to (sentence final v.)
V2.B *ko̤oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to get, possess (Transitive Verb); be allowed to, be incidentally - not inherently - able to (sentence final v.)
V2.A *kə̤o̯ʔ Proto-Mon to get, obtain, procure, receive; to comprise
V3 *tr-ŋɔɔʔ Proto-Monic to be assiduous, industrious to be perseverent, diligent (in doing something); to be eager (to do something repeatedly) beyond one's needs (e.g. eating)
V3.B *tə(r)ŋɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to be perseverent, diligent (in doing something); to be eager (to do something repeatedly) beyond one's needs (e.g. eating)
V3.A *təŋɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon to be assiduous, industrious
V3a *p[]-ŋɔɔʔ Proto-Monic to make an effort, proceed directly, rapidly to
V3a.A *pəŋ[ɔ̱]ʔ Proto-Mon to make an effort, proceed directly, rapidly to
V4 *caaʔ Proto-Monic to eat; to live on, by, by the revenues of; to govern; to divide arithmetically; to take (a piece) of chess or other game (humans, animals, insects) eat; to spend (money) in gambling or for daily necessities; to win at card games (Transitive Verb)
V4.B *ca̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (humans, animals, insects) eat; to spend (money) in gambling or for daily necessities; to win at card games (Transitive Verb)
V4.A *ci̱ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon to eat; to live on, by, by the revenues of; to govern; to divide arithmetically; to take (a piece) of chess or other game
V4a *c-rn-aaʔ Proto-Monic food, solid food (when felling a tree) to cut deeper into the core of the trunk; (when digging a hole) to enlarge and deepen it
V4a.B *cərna̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (when felling a tree) to cut deeper into the core of the trunk; (when digging a hole) to enlarge and deepen it
V4a.A *[k/h]əna̱ʔ Proto-Mon food, solid food
V4b *c-w-aaʔ Proto-Monic curry, soup flesh (of fruits, of animals); the meat in curry; rice-accompaniment
V4b.B *chwa̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur flesh (of fruits, of animals); the meat in curry; rice-accompaniment
V4b.A *khwa̱ʔ Proto-Mon curry, soup
V5 *taaʔ Proto-Monic to vomit (humans, not animals) to vomit
V5.B *ta̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (humans, not animals) to vomit
V5.A *ta̱ʔ Proto-Mon to vomit
V6 *[d]ndooʔ Proto-Monic to teach, instruct headman (usually in compound with /-do̱oŋ/)
V6.B *[k]ənto̤oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur headman (usually in compound with /-do̱oŋ/)
V6.A *hələ̤o̯ʔ Proto-Mon to teach, instruct
V7 *paaʔ Proto-Monic to do; to perform; to achieve the status of to perform (an action); to fabricate (an object)
V7.B *pa̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to perform (an action); to fabricate (an object)
V7.A *pa̱ʔ Proto-Mon to do; to perform; to achieve the status of
V8 *([k]m-)pɔɔʔ Proto-Monic to dream to dream (of something; that something happened)
V8.B *([]m-)pɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to dream (of something; that something happened)
V8.A *kəpɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon to dream
V9 *puuʔ Proto-Monic swell, be nearly ripe; to suffer diarrhoea (dead body) to swell in decomposing (Intransitive Verb)
V9.B *pu̱uʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (dead body) to swell in decomposing (Intransitive Verb)
V9.A *pɒ̱u̯ʔ Proto-Mon swell, be nearly ripe; to suffer diarrhoea
V10 *t[]miiʔ Proto-Monic be new (object, wife) to be newly acquired or made (Intransitive Verb); (have done something) recently (adv.)
V10.B *təmi̱iʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (object, wife) to be newly acquired or made (Intransitive Verb); (have done something) recently (adv.)
V10.A *[k/ʔ]əmɒ̱i̯ʔ Proto-Mon be new
V11 *gwaaʔ Proto-Monic to be bashful, shy, ashamed to be ashamed (of something) (in front of somebody) (Intransitive Verb)
V11.B *khwa̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to be ashamed (of something) (in front of somebody) (Intransitive Verb)
V11.A *kwɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon to be bashful, shy, ashamed
V12 *ɟraa Proto-Monic to wither; be withered, wilted
V12.A *sɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon to wither; be withered, wilted
V12a *ɟ[- -]raaʔ Proto-Monic dried residue, sediments in a jar, lees alcohol (meaningless chime word in compound)
V12a.B *chəra̤aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur alcohol (meaningless chime word in compound)
V12a.A *hərɛ̤ə̯ʔ Proto-Mon dried residue, sediments in a jar, lees
V13 *sraaʔ Proto-Monic to have the skin broken, be injured, ulcerate, develop sores (infection) to spread; (wound) to fester (Intransitive Verb); to separate, pull apart (logs or firewood, from the fire-place) (Transitive Verb)
V13.B *ɕra̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (infection) to spread; (wound) to fester (Intransitive Verb); to separate, pull apart (logs or firewood, from the fire-place) (Transitive Verb)
V13.A *sa̱ʔ Proto-Mon to have the skin broken, be injured, ulcerate, develop sores
V13a *s-m-raaʔ Proto-Monic discharging lesion, sore, ulcer, burn, scald a wound, a cut
V13a.B *ɕəmra̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur a wound, a cut
V13a.A *həra̱ʔ Proto-Mon discharging lesion, sore, ulcer, burn, scald
V14 *trɔɔʔ Proto-Monic to be insane, mad to be foolish, nonsensical, feeble-minded (Intransitive Verb)
V14.B *trɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to be foolish, nonsensical, feeble-minded (Intransitive Verb)
V14.A *krɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon to be insane, mad
V14a *t-m-rɔɔʔ Proto-Monic madman, crazy fellow madman
V14a.B *təmrɔ̱ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur madman
V14a.A *pərɔ̱ʔ Proto-Mon madman, crazy fellow
V15 *bruʔ Proto-Monic to make a noise to make a noise (Intransitive Verb); (sound) to be loud (stat.); loudly (adv.)
V15.B *phrṳʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to make a noise (Intransitive Verb); (sound) to be loud (stat.); loudly (adv.)
V15.A *prṳʔ Proto-Mon to make a noise
V16 *ɟlɛɛʔ Proto-Monic to be short (objects, not persons or time) to be short
V16.B *khlɛ̤ɛʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (objects, not persons or time) to be short
V16.A *kle̤ʔ Proto-Mon to be short
V16a *ɟ-m-lɛɛʔ Proto-Monic shortness (Noun); short (Attributive) short (Attributive)
V16a.B *chəmlɛ̤ɛʔ Proto-Nyah Kur short (Attributive)
V16a.A *həle̤ʔ Proto-Mon shortness (Noun); short (Attributive)
V17 *lɔɔʔ Proto-Monic to be a long time to be a long time
V17.B *lɔ̤ɔʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to be a long time
V17.A *lɔ̤ʔ Proto-Mon to be a long time
V18 *c()looʔ Proto-Monic to cross, penetrate thoroughly, go around to cross (a shallow river, on foot) (Transitive Verb)
V18.B *cəlo̱oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to cross (a shallow river, on foot) (Transitive Verb)
V18.A *klɒ̱ɨ̯ʔ Proto-Mon to cross, penetrate thoroughly, go around
V19 *ɟlu[u]ʔ Proto-Monic to be dark (day) be getting dark (Intransitive Verb)
V19.B *khlṳ(u)ʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (day) be getting dark (Intransitive Verb)
V19.A *klṳʔ Proto-Mon to be dark
V19a *ɟ-m-lu[u]ʔ Proto-Monic blind person (day) be dark (Attributive)
V19a.B *chəmlṳuʔ Proto-Nyah Kur (day) be dark (Attributive)
V19a.A *həlṳʔ Proto-Mon blind person
V19b *ɟ-m-lu[u]ʔ Proto-Monic darkness classifier for evenings
V19b.B *chəmlṳuʔ Proto-Nyah Kur classifier for evenings
V19b.A *həlṳʔ Proto-Mon darkness
V20 *kjaaʔ Proto-Monic to be defeated, beaten (by), to lose (to) to lose, be defeated (in fight, play, courtship ...) (Intransitive Verb)
V20.B *khja̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to lose, be defeated (in fight, play, courtship ...) (Intransitive Verb)
V20.A *cja̱ʔ Proto-Mon to be defeated, beaten (by), to lose (to)
V21 *cjooʔ Proto-Monic to sell to sell (something, to someone)
V21.B *chəjo̱oʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to sell (something, to someone)
V21.A *sɒ̱ɨʔ Proto-Mon to sell
V22 *(ŋ)haaʔ Proto-Monic to gape open, to open wide to open one's mouth or beak (Transitive Verb)
V22.B *(ŋ)ha̱aʔ Proto-Nyah Kur to open one's mouth or beak (Transitive Verb)
V22.A *ha̱ ~ *ha̱ʔ Proto-Mon to gape open, to open wide
V23 *[c/s]ŋiək Proto-Monic be scorched, (food) burnt (food, especially rice) to be burnt by overcooking (Intransitive Verb)
V23.B *chŋi̱ak Proto-Nyah Kur (food, especially rice) to be burnt by overcooking (Intransitive Verb)
V23.A *hɲi̱ə̯k Proto-Mon be scorched, (food) burnt
V24 *[]-ŋaak Proto-Monic to look upward to look upward (at something) (Transitive Verb)
V24.B *ŋa̤ak Proto-Nyah Kur to look upward (at something) (Transitive Verb)
V24.A *[ʔ]əŋa̤i̯c Proto-Mon to look upward
V25 *lcɔk Proto-Monic to be black dark green/blue (Stative)
V25.B *ləcɔ̱k Proto-Nyah Kur dark green/blue (Stative)
V25.A *[ʔ/k]əcɔ̱k Proto-Mon to be black
V25a *l-m-cɔk Proto-Monic black (Attributive) to be dark green/blue (Attributive)
V25a.B *ləmcɔ̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to be dark green/blue (Attributive)
V25a.A *pəcɔ̱k Proto-Mon black (Attributive)
V26 *(cɔk-)cɔɔk Proto-Monic scabies (human) to scratch (self or other) in order to relieve itchiness; to scratch (something) off from one's body (Transitive Verb)
V26.B *cək-cɔ̱ɔk Proto-Nyah Kur (human) to scratch (self or other) in order to relieve itchiness; to scratch (something) off from one's body (Transitive Verb)
V26.A *co̱k Proto-Mon scabies
V26a *c-n-ɔɔk Proto-Monic to itch (body-part) to feel itchy (Stative)
V26a.B *chnɔ̱ɔk Proto-Nyah Kur (body-part) to feel itchy (Stative)
V26a.A *hno̱k Proto-Mon to itch
V27 *tak Proto-Monic to strike, hit, beat
V27.A *ta̱k Proto-Mon to strike, hit, beat
V27a *k[r]-tak Proto-Monic to slam (something) down forcefully (Transitive Verb)
V27a.B *kəta̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to slam (something) down forcefully (Transitive Verb)
V28 *p[r]tak Proto-Monic to tumble, turn a somersault; to lie face downward (object) to be standing on its head; to stand (something) on its head (Intransitive/Transitive Verb)
V28.B *pəta̱k Proto-Nyah Kur (object) to be standing on its head; to stand (something) on its head (Intransitive/Transitive Verb)
V28.A *həta̱k Proto-Mon to tumble, turn a somersault; to lie face downward
V29 *took Proto-Monic to scoop up; (pig) to root up a tuber to dip up (liquid, seeds, salt...) (with a ladle, cup...) (Transitive Verb)
V29.B *to̱ok Proto-Nyah Kur to dip up (liquid, seeds, salt...) (with a ladle, cup...) (Transitive Verb)
V29.A *tʌ̱ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to scoop up; (pig) to root up a tuber
V30 *dak Proto-Monic to tie, tether, link to tie a bundle (of firewood, grass, hair) (with a piece of rattan, string...) (Transitive Verb)
V30.B *ta̤k Proto-Nyah Kur to tie a bundle (of firewood, grass, hair) (with a piece of rattan, string...) (Transitive Verb)
V30.A *tɛ̤a̯k Proto-Mon to tie, tether, link
V31 *knkɔk Proto-Monic (ground) to be sunken, low-lying; /həlɔ̱k hənɛ̤ak/ (ground) to be uneven, broken to pound (e.g. earth, to make it flat), to stab (e.g. earth with a stick, thumb forward) (Transitive Verb)
V31.B *kəntɔ̤k Proto-Nyah Kur to pound (e.g. earth, to make it flat), to stab (e.g. earth with a stick, thumb forward) (Transitive Verb)
V31.A *həlɔ̱k Proto-Mon (ground) to be sunken, low-lying; /həlɔ̱k hənɛ̤ak/ (ground) to be uneven, broken
V32 *kɗak Proto-Monic to snap; to make a snapping sound to make a loud palatal click (e.g. to make an infant or pet aware of a command)
V32.B *khəda̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to make a loud palatal click (e.g. to make an infant or pet aware of a command)
V32.A *ɗa̱k Proto-Mon to snap; to make a snapping sound
V33 *k[r]nɗak Proto-Monic to pound vertically in a mortar; to elbow; to strike with the elbow to pound (e.g. chili, areca, salad..., but not rice) (in a mortar) (Transitive Verb)
V33.B *kərnɗa̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to pound (e.g. chili, areca, salad..., but not rice) (in a mortar) (Transitive Verb)
V33.A *həna̱k Proto-Mon to pound vertically in a mortar; to elbow; to strike with the elbow
V34 *sɗak Proto-Monic to cough to cough (sputum) (out) (Transitive Verb)
V34.B *ɕhəda̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to cough (sputum) (out) (Transitive Verb)
V34.A *həɗa̱k Proto-Mon to cough
V35 *ɗɯk Proto-Monic to have completed (day) be almost finished; to be late in the day (Intransitive Verb)
V35.B *dɯ̱k Proto-Nyah Kur (day) be almost finished; to be late in the day (Intransitive Verb)
V35.A *ɗɒ̱ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to have completed
V36 *ɟnɔɔk Proto-Monic great, big great, big
V36.B *[chə]nɔ̤ɔk Proto-Nyah Kur great, big
V36.A *ɦno̤k Proto-Mon great, big
V37 *paak Proto-Monic to split, cleave, halve, divide to be shattered, split in pieces (Intransitive Verb)
V37.B *pa̱ak Proto-Nyah Kur to be shattered, split in pieces (Intransitive Verb)
V37.A *pa̱i̯c Proto-Mon to split, cleave, halve, divide
V38 *pɔk Proto-Monic to open, uncover, expose to open (a door, the lid of a pot...); to expose (a wound, breasts); to lift (a curtain, a skirt, the corner of a mat...) (in order to look underneath) (Transitive Verb)
V38.B *pɔ̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to open (a door, the lid of a pot...); to expose (a wound, breasts); to lift (a curtain, a skirt, the corner of a mat...) (in order to look underneath) (Transitive Verb)
V38.A *pɔ̱k Proto-Mon to open, uncover, expose
V39 *puk Proto-Monic to pull up; to pluck out to uproot (a small plant, grass, rice, hair, teeth...); to pull up and out (a house-pole, a nail, a thorn...) (Transitive Verb)
V39.B *pu̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to uproot (a small plant, grass, rice, hair, teeth...); to pull up and out (a house-pole, a nail, a thorn...) (Transitive Verb)
V39.A *pɒ̱ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to pull up; to pluck out
V40 *bak Proto-Monic to follow to follow (Transitive Verb)
V40.B *pa̤k Proto-Nyah Kur to follow (Transitive Verb)
V40.A *pɛ̤a̯k Proto-Mon to follow
V41 *tbaak Proto-Monic to slash, split wood to slash (flesh, vegetation) (with a sharp blade) (Transitive Verb)
V41.B *təpa̤ak Proto-Nyah Kur to slash (flesh, vegetation) (with a sharp blade) (Transitive Verb)
V41.A *pa̤i̯c Proto-Mon to slash, split wood
V42 *lɓak Proto-Monic to wear around the neck to wear (cloth) across the shoulder (Transitive Verb)
V42.B *ləba̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to wear (cloth) across the shoulder (Transitive Verb)
V42.A *[h]əɓa̱k Proto-Mon to wear around the neck
V43 *ɓɔk Proto-Monic to chop, (dig with) hoe to cut (rice, small plant) at ground level (with a hoe or spade) held at an angle while holding the stems with the left hand (Transitive Verb)
V43.B *bɔ̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to cut (rice, small plant) at ground level (with a hoe or spade) held at an angle while holding the stems with the left hand (Transitive Verb)
V43.A *ɓɔ̱k Proto-Mon to chop, (dig with) hoe
V43a *c[l]-m-ɓɔk Proto-Monic hoe, spade (n.) hoe, spade (n.)
V43a.B *cləmbɔ̱k Proto-Nyah Kur hoe, spade (n.)
V43a.A *həɓɔ̱k Proto-Mon hoe, spade (n.)
V44 *cɓɔk Proto-Monic (bird) to peck (bird) to peck (e.g. fruit), (snake) to strike (prey) (Transitive Verb)
V44.B *chəbɔ̱k Proto-Nyah Kur (bird) to peck (e.g. fruit), (snake) to strike (prey) (Transitive Verb)
V44.A *ɓɔ̱k Proto-Mon (bird) to peck
V45 *wak Proto-Monic to wear in one's ears to hang (something) (to a nail, on a line...), e.g. to hang a gong, oneself... (Transitive Verb)
V45.B *wa̤k Proto-Nyah Kur to hang (something) (to a nail, on a line...), e.g. to hang a gong, oneself... (Transitive Verb)
V45.A *wɛ̤a̯k Proto-Mon to wear in one's ears
V45a *k-wak Proto-Monic to suspend, hang (e.g. a hook on a wall) to hook and pull (e.g. coconuts, a girl's waist with one's arm); to hang (something) by its hook (Transitive Verb)
V45a.B *khwa̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to hook and pull (e.g. coconuts, a girl's waist with one's arm); to hang (something) by its hook (Transitive Verb)
V45a.A *kwa̱k Proto-Mon to suspend, hang (e.g. a hook on a wall)
V46 *traak Proto-Monic (humans) to moan, to complain when in pain (Intransitive Verb)
V46.B *tra̱ak Proto-Nyah Kur (humans) to moan, to complain when in pain (Intransitive Verb)
V47 *rik Proto-Monic to slice, cut with a sawing motion; to peel to slit or slice (something soft), with a single motion towards oneself (Transitive Verb)
V47.B *ri̤c Proto-Nyah Kur to slit or slice (something soft), with a single motion towards oneself (Transitive Verb)
V47.A *rʌ̤i̯c Proto-Mon to slice, cut with a sawing motion; to peel
V48 *g[]rək Proto-Monic to shake (a tree, a bottle, one's head) to shake (a tree, one's body) (Transitive Verb)
V48.B *khərə̤k Proto-Nyah Kur to shake (a tree, one's body) (Transitive Verb)
V48.A *həra̤ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to shake (a tree, a bottle, one's head)
V49 *laak Proto-Monic to split (e.g. bamboo) into fibers to slice (tuber ...) thin, in one precise motion away from oneself (Transitive Verb)
V49.B *la̤ak Proto-Nyah Kur to slice (tuber ...) thin, in one precise motion away from oneself (Transitive Verb)
V49.A *la̤i̯c Proto-Mon to split (e.g. bamboo) into fibers
V50 *lmlaak Proto-Monic to open to open one's eyes
V50.B *ləmla̤ak Proto-Nyah Kur to open one's eyes
V50.A *pəla̤i̯c Proto-Mon to open
V51 *[g]lɔk Proto-Monic to take out with the hand, scoop out, scoop up; to insert one's hand to scoop out with hand from inside (e.g. a jar) (Transitive Verb)
V51.B *khlɔ̤k Proto-Nyah Kur to scoop out with hand from inside (e.g. a jar) (Transitive Verb)
V51.A *klɔ̤k Proto-Mon to take out with the hand, scoop out, scoop up; to insert one's hand
V52 *s-r-luk Proto-Monic to fit in, on, put on to put on (clothes, shoes, headgear..., on self) (Transitive Verb)
V52.B *ɕhəlu̱k Proto-Nyah Kur to put on (clothes, shoes, headgear..., on self) (Transitive Verb)
V52.A *həlɒ̱ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to fit in, on, put on
V53 *klkək Proto-Monic to be dun-coloured, dirty, dusty unclear (e.g. muddy water, cloudy skies...)
V53.B *khlə̱k Proto-Nyah Kur unclear (e.g. muddy water, cloudy skies...)
V53.A *klɒ̱ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to be dun-coloured, dirty, dusty
V54 *ɟlək̯, *ɟ[]lək Proto-Monic to be overcome by smoke, stifled; to emit smoke to choke (on liquid or smoke, not on solid food) (Transitive Verb)
V54.B *khlə̤k̯, *chələ̤k Proto-Nyah Kur to choke (on liquid or smoke, not on solid food) (Transitive Verb)
V54.A *kla̤ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to be overcome by smoke, stifled; to emit smoke
V55 *jaak Proto-Monic to pound in a mortar, in order to remove inner pellicle to pound (rice) in a large hand- or foot-mortar
V55.B *ja̤ak Proto-Nyah Kur to pound (rice) in a large hand- or foot-mortar
V55.A *ja̤i̯c Proto-Mon to pound in a mortar, in order to remove inner pellicle
V56 *[ʔ]jook Proto-Monic to be in good health rain falls very hard
V56.B *jo̱ok Proto-Nyah Kur rain falls very hard
V56.A *jə̤ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to be in good health
V57 *juk Proto-Monic to lift, support, carry to lift (something) (from somewhere)
V57.B *jṳk Proto-Nyah Kur to lift (something) (from somewhere)
V57.A *ja̤ɨ̯k Proto-Mon to lift, support, carry
V58 *khaak Proto-Monic to hawk, clear one's throat (of mucus) (Transitive Verb) to hawk, clear one's throat (of mucus) (Transitive Verb)
V58.B *kha̱ak Proto-Nyah Kur to hawk, clear one's throat (of mucus) (Transitive Verb)
V58.A *kha̱i̯c Proto-Mon to hawk, clear one's throat (of mucus) (Transitive Verb)
V59 *kʔiəŋ / *kʔeeŋ Proto-Monic to list, be canted over, out of the vertical to lean (something) (toward, not against something), e.g. -one's ear toward someone (Transitive Verb); to be slanted (Intransitive Verb); slantingly, e.g. to sit - (Adverb)
V59.B *khəʔe̱əŋ / *khəʔi̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to lean (something) (toward, not against something), e.g. -one's ear toward someone (Transitive Verb); to be slanted (Intransitive Verb); slantingly, e.g. to sit - (Adverb)
V59.A *həʔi̱ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon to list, be canted over, out of the vertical
V60 *bʔɔŋ Proto-Monic to warm (oneself) (at the fire, in the sun...); be in childbirth to warm (food, hands, self...) (at the fire) (Transitive Verb)
V60.B *phəʔɔ̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to warm (food, hands, self...) (at the fire) (Transitive Verb)
V60.A *ɓɔ̱ŋ Proto-Mon to warm (oneself) (at the fire, in the sun...); be in childbirth
V61 *guŋ Proto-Monic to grasp, keep, take, take away, put away (animal, human) to hold (something) in teeth, beak, lips (e.g. cigarette), but not in pincers (Transitive Verb)
V61.B *kṳŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (animal, human) to hold (something) in teeth, beak, lips (e.g. cigarette), but not in pincers (Transitive Verb)
V61.A *ka̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to grasp, keep, take, take away, put away
V62 *cɔŋ Proto-Monic to set light to, burn, roast, bake to burn (something g, e.g. a corpse)
V62.B *cɔ̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to burn (something g, e.g. a corpse)
V62.A *cɔ̱ŋ Proto-Mon to set light to, burn, roast, bake
V63 *ɟeeŋ Proto-Monic to sew (Transitive Verb) to sew (Transitive Verb)
V63.B *ci̤iŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to sew (Transitive Verb)
V63.A *cɤ̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to sew (Transitive Verb)
V64 *[t/c]iəŋ Proto-Monic to be heavy, weighty, abstruse, profound; to be extreme in degree (object) to be heavy; (body-part, e.g. head) to feel heavy; (person) to look sick (Intransitive Verb)
V64.B *kəcə̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (object) to be heavy; (body-part, e.g. head) to feel heavy; (person) to look sick (Intransitive Verb)
V64.A *sa̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to be heavy, weighty, abstruse, profound; to be extreme in degree
V64a *ɟəŋ-ɟəŋ Proto-Monic weight, responsibility to be heavy (Intransitive Verb); heavy (Attributive)
V64a.B *chəŋcə̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to be heavy (Intransitive Verb); heavy (Attributive)
V64a.A *ʔ/həja̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon weight, responsibility
V65 *ɲ[a/ɔ]ŋ Proto-Monic like, as, according as how; to be similar, like
V65.B *ɲ/ja̤n Proto-Nyah Kur how; to be similar, like
V65.A *ɲɔ̤ŋ Proto-Mon like, as, according as
V66 *taŋ Proto-Monic to place on something; (honorific) to lie down, go to bed, sleep to set (a trap)
V66.B *ta̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to set (a trap)
V66.A *ta̱ŋ Proto-Mon to place on something; (honorific) to lie down, go to bed, sleep
V67 *ktaŋ Proto-Monic to be bitter, to experience a bitter sensation bitter, too sweet (Intransitive Verb)
V67.B *kəta̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur bitter, too sweet (Intransitive Verb)
V67.A *ʔəta̱ŋ Proto-Mon to be bitter, to experience a bitter sensation
V68 *dooŋ Proto-Monic to obtain, to receive, to pay, to accept to ask (for something) to be given, or returned, to the owner
V68.B *to̤oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to ask (for something) to be given, or returned, to the owner
V68.A *tə̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to obtain, to receive, to pay, to accept
V69 *pɗooŋ Proto-Monic to be salty (food) not to be spicy-hot (Intransitive Verb)
V69.B *phədo̱oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (food) not to be spicy-hot (Intransitive Verb)
V69.A *(pə)ɗʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to be salty
V70 *naŋ Proto-Monic to bring, mainly as a Post-verb indicating movement towards the speaker from (Preposition)
V70.B *na̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur from (Preposition)
V70.A *nɛ̤a̯ŋ Proto-Mon to bring, mainly as a Post-verb indicating movement towards the speaker
V71 *piŋ Proto-Monic to be full of, complete (substance) to fill (a container) (Transitive Verb)
V71.B *pi̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur (substance) to fill (a container) (Transitive Verb)
V71.A *pʌ̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to be full of, complete
V72 *ɓiiŋ Proto-Monic to swim (fish, animals, humans) to swim
V72.B *bi̱iɲ Proto-Nyah Kur (fish, animals, humans) to swim
V72.A *ɓɤ̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to swim
V73 *maŋ Proto-Monic to wait (for), remain in one place, watch (for, over) to wait for
V73.B *ma̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to wait for
V73.A *mɛ̤a̯ŋ Proto-Mon to wait (for), remain in one place, watch (for, over)
V74 *dmɔŋ Proto-Monic to remain, be located to set (e.g. a bag, a child...) upright (Transitive Verb)
V74.B *thəmɔ̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to set (e.g. a bag, a child...) upright (Transitive Verb)
V74.A *mɔ̤ŋ Proto-Mon to remain, be located
V74a *d-r-mɔŋ Proto-Monic place, dwelling-place the place for, where, of (Noun); /thəmɔ̤ŋ khəya̱ak/ rainbow
V74a.B *thəmɔ̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur the place for, where, of (Noun); /thəmɔ̤ŋ khəya̱ak/ rainbow
V74a.A *həmɔ̤ŋ Proto-Mon place, dwelling-place
V75 *grmɯŋ Proto-Monic to hear (Transitive Verb) to hear (Transitive Verb)
V75.B *khəmɯ̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to hear (Transitive Verb)
V75.A *mɤ̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to hear (Transitive Verb)
V76 *wiŋ Proto-Monic to play, do for sport, to gamble to play (a game)
V76.B *wi̤ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur to play (a game)
V76.A *wʌ̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to play, do for sport, to gamble
V77 *reeŋ Proto-Monic spicy-hot spicy-hot
V77.B *ri̤iŋ Proto-Nyah Kur spicy-hot
V77.A *rɤ̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon spicy-hot
V78 *traŋ Proto-Monic to close (a door) (Transitive Verb)
V78.B *tra̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to close (a door) (Transitive Verb)
V78a *t-m-raŋ Proto-Monic door door
V78a.B *tə[n/m]ra̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur door
V78a.A *[k/p]əra̱ŋ Proto-Mon door
V79 *praŋ Proto-Monic to send (e.g. a book, instructions); to entrust; to send (someone) (somewhere) to entrust (something or someone) (to somebody); to offer (something) as a present (to someone) as a present (to someone) (Transitive Verb)
V79.B *pra̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to entrust (something or someone) (to somebody); to offer (something) as a present (to someone) as a present (to someone) (Transitive Verb)
V79.A *pra̱ŋ Proto-Mon to send (e.g. a book, instructions); to entrust; to send (someone) (somewhere)
V80 *raaŋ Proto-Monic to open, unfold, expand (flower) to bloom; (nostril) is dilated (Intransitive Verb)
V80.B *-ra̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (flower) to bloom; (nostril) is dilated (Intransitive Verb)
V80.A *ra̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to open, unfold, expand
V80a *-m-raaŋ Proto-Monic to open, splay, e.g. one's legs open (flower) (Attributive)
V80a.B *-mra̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur open (flower) (Attributive)
V80a.A *həra̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to open, splay, e.g. one's legs
V81 *praaŋ Proto-Monic to barbecue (e.g. meat, fish, slices of bananas or tubers) (at the fire) held between wooden stick (Transitive Verb)
V81.B *pra̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to barbecue (e.g. meat, fish, slices of bananas or tubers) (at the fire) held between wooden stick (Transitive Verb)
V81a *p-m-raaŋ Proto-Monic to toast, roast, broil barbecued (meat, fish, vegetable slices) (Attributive)
V81a.B *pəmra̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur barbecued (meat, fish, vegetable slices) (Attributive)
V81a.A *pəra̱i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to toast, roast, broil
V81b *p-n-raaŋ Proto-Monic broiling sticks
V81b.B *pənra̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur broiling sticks
V82 *trɔŋ Proto-Monic to be hard, firm to the touch, reach the second stage of ripeness, in full flavor, dark in colour (person/fruit) to be fully grown but not old/ripe yet; to be dark in color (Intransitive Verb)
V82.B *trɔ̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (person/fruit) to be fully grown but not old/ripe yet; to be dark in color (Intransitive Verb)
V82.A *krɔ̱ŋ Proto-Mon to be hard, firm to the touch, reach the second stage of ripeness, in full flavor, dark in colour
V83 *ɟrooŋ Proto-Monic to cook (something, e.g. rice) by steaming (Transitive Verb) to cook (something, e.g. rice) by steaming (Transitive Verb)
V83.B *chro̤oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to cook (something, e.g. rice) by steaming (Transitive Verb)
V83.A *sə̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to cook (something, e.g. rice) by steaming (Transitive Verb)
V83a *ɟ-n-rooŋ Proto-Monic (rice-) steamer (made of bamboo) (Noun) (rice-) steamer (made of bamboo) (Noun)
V83a.B *chənro̤oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (rice-) steamer (made of bamboo) (Noun)
V83a.A *hərə̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon (rice-) steamer (made of bamboo) (Noun)
V84 *(s-)gruŋ Proto-Monic to laugh (at) to laugh (Intransitive Verb); to laugh at (someone) (Transitive Verb)
V84.B *ɕhəkhrṳŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to laugh (Intransitive Verb); to laugh at (someone) (Transitive Verb)
V84.A *kra̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to laugh (at)
V85 *cruŋ Proto-Monic to set up, to build (especially of perishable materials) to set up (e.g. a pole, a stake) (Transitive Verb)
V85.B *cru̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to set up (e.g. a pole, a stake) (Transitive Verb)
V85.A *sɒ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to set up, to build (especially of perishable materials)
V86 *ɟliiŋ Proto-Monic to be elongated to be elongated
V86.B *khli̤iɲ Proto-Nyah Kur to be elongated
V86.A *klɤ̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon to be elongated
V86a *ɟ-m-liiŋ Proto-Monic length (Noun) long (Attributive)
V86a.B *chəmli̤iɲ Proto-Nyah Kur long (Attributive)
V86a.A *həlɤ̤i̯ɲ Proto-Mon length (Noun)
V87 *dliəŋ Proto-Monic to carry on, in baskets slung from a yoke (one person) to carry (something) in baskets hagging on a yoke (Transitive Verb)
V87.B *khli̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (one person) to carry (something) in baskets hagging on a yoke (Transitive Verb)
V87.A *kli̤ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon to carry on, in baskets slung from a yoke
V87a *d[-r-]liəŋ Proto-Monic a porter's yoke contents of baskets carried on a yoke (Noun)
V87a.B *thəli̤aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur contents of baskets carried on a yoke (Noun)
V87a.A *həli̤ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon a porter's yoke
V88 *(c/t-)looŋ Proto-Monic to come to come, frequently used as directional Post-Verb
V88.B *lo̤oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to come, frequently used as directional Post-Verb
V88.A *klʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to come
V88a *[t/c][]-looŋ Proto-Monic to welcome, to receive formally to bring (something); to guide (someone) (Transitive Verb)
V88a.B *chəlo̱oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to bring (something); to guide (someone) (Transitive Verb)
V88a.A *kəlʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to welcome, to receive formally
V89 *slooŋ Proto-Monic to be high, tall, in a position of social eminence (person, standing object) be tall (Intransitive Verb); (the top part of, e.g. a mountain, clouds, sky) be high up (Intransitive Verb); high (Adverb)
V89.B *ɕhlo̱oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (person, standing object) be tall (Intransitive Verb); (the top part of, e.g. a mountain, clouds, sky) be high up (Intransitive Verb); high (Adverb)
V89.A *hlʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to be high, tall, in a position of social eminence
V89a *s-m-looŋ Proto-Monic high (Attributive) the top (of something); a high place (Noun)
V89a.B *ɕəmlo̱oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur the top (of something); a high place (Noun)
V89a.A *həlʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon high (Attributive)
V90 *gləŋ Proto-Monic to be much, many, numerous to be many, much (Intransitive Verb); in great numbers or quantity (Adverb); many, much (Attributive)
V90.B *khlə̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to be many, much (Intransitive Verb); in great numbers or quantity (Adverb); many, much (Attributive)
V90.A *kla̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to be much, many, numerous
V90a *g-m-ləŋ Proto-Monic many, much (Attributive); denotes a general or class plurality many, much (Attributive)
V90a.B *khəmlə̤ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur many, much (Attributive)
V90a.A *həla̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon many, much (Attributive); denotes a general or class plurality
V91 *siəŋ Proto-Monic (usually in negative) (not) to be the case (usually, but not always in Negative Sentence) (not) to be right; (something/someone) (not) to be (something/someone) (Intransitive Verb)
V91.B *ɕi̱aŋ Proto-Nyah Kur (usually, but not always in Negative Sentence) (not) to be right; (something/someone) (not) to be (something/someone) (Intransitive Verb)
V91.A *si̱ə̯ŋ Proto-Mon (usually in negative) (not) to be the case
V92 *sooŋ Proto-Monic to drink, to inhale the smoke of to drink (liquid, but not e.g. soup); to smell (something, e.g. a flower, a girl's cheek) (Transitive Verb); to inhale smoke
V92.B *ɕo̱oŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to drink (liquid, but not e.g. soup); to smell (something, e.g. a flower, a girl's cheek) (Transitive Verb); to inhale smoke
V92.A *sʌ̱ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to drink, to inhale the smoke of
V93 *[g]juŋ Proto-Monic to live, be alive; to be raw
V93.A *cja̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to live, be alive; to be raw
V93a *[g]-m-juŋ Proto-Monic to live, maintain life to be alive (Intransitive Verb); alive (Attributive)
V93a.B *khəmjṳŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to be alive (Intransitive Verb); alive (Attributive)
V93a.A *həja̤ɨ̯ŋ Proto-Mon to live, maintain life
V94 *thiəŋ Proto-Monic to think, believe, expect to argue, dispute, debate
V94.B *thi̱əŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to argue, dispute, debate
V94.A *thi̱e̯ŋ Proto-Mon to think, believe, expect
V95 *thaŋ Proto-Monic to thirst after (e.g. water, mother's breast...) to thirst for (water) (Transitive Verb)
V95.B *tha̱ŋ Proto-Nyah Kur to thirst for (water) (Transitive Verb)
V95.A *tha̱ŋ Proto-Mon to thirst after (e.g. water, mother's breast...)
V96 *ŋuuc Proto-Monic to swallow (food, liquid) (Transitive Verb) to swallow (food, liquid) (Transitive Verb)
V96.B *ŋṳuc Proto-Nyah Kur to swallow (food, liquid) (Transitive Verb)
V96.A *ŋi̤t Proto-Mon to swallow (food, liquid) (Transitive Verb)
V97 *cac Proto-Monic to prick, sting, stick in, plant upright, to propel with pole to prick (body part) (with thorn...); to pick (teeth) (with tooth-pick...); to tuck in (e.g. edge of mat, in weaving); (thorn...) to prick (body part) (Transitive Verb)
V97.B *cɛ̱c Proto-Nyah Kur to prick (body part) (with thorn...); to pick (teeth) (with tooth-pick...); to tuck in (e.g. edge of mat, in weaving); (thorn...) to prick (body part) (Transitive Verb)
V97.A *cɔ̱t Proto-Mon to prick, sting, stick in, plant upright, to propel with pole
V98 *daac Proto-Monic to strike with the flat of the hand, slap, beat out (iron), stamp to forge, beat (iron) (into a knife, axe...); to forge (a knife, an axe...); to strike (a match) (Transitive Verb)
V98.B *ta̤ac Proto-Nyah Kur to forge, beat (iron) (into a knife, axe...); to forge (a knife, an axe...); to strike (a match) (Transitive Verb)
V98.A *ta̤t Proto-Mon to strike with the flat of the hand, slap, beat out (iron), stamp
V98a *d-m-aac Proto-Monic smith (Noun)
V98a.A *həma̤t Proto-Mon smith (Noun)
V99 *[cr/c]nɗic Proto-Monic to kick to kick forward with the sole (Transitive Verb)
V99.B *chə[r]ndi̱c Proto-Nyah Kur to kick forward with the sole (Transitive Verb)
V99.A *hənɤ̱i̯c Proto-Mon to kick
V100 *[]ɗac Proto-Monic to hatch out (chick, snake, maggot...) to hatch (out) (from egg) (v.mov)
V100.B *dɛ̱c Proto-Nyah Kur (chick, snake, maggot...) to hatch (out) (from egg) (v.mov)
V100.A *ɗɔ̱t Proto-Mon to hatch out
V101 *[t]ɗaac Proto-Monic to be sweet; to be cooked without strong seasoning to be sweet-tasting; (mouth) to be soft-spoken (Intransitive Verb)
V101.B *[t]həda̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur to be sweet-tasting; (mouth) to be soft-spoken (Intransitive Verb)
V101.A *ɗa̱t Proto-Mon to be sweet; to be cooked without strong seasoning
V101a *[t]-m-ɗaaac Proto-Monic sweetness, sweet thing to be sweet (Intransitive Verb); sweet (Attributive)
V101a.B *[təm]da̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur to be sweet (Intransitive Verb); sweet (Attributive)
V101a.A *həna̱t Proto-Mon sweetness, sweet thing
V102 *puuc Proto-Monic to gouge with chisel, mortise (person, insect...) to bore a hole into (something) (Transitive Verb)
V102.B *pu̱uc Proto-Nyah Kur (person, insect...) to bore a hole into (something) (Transitive Verb)
V102.A *pu̱t Proto-Mon to gouge with chisel, mortise
V102a *p-[n/rn]-uuc Proto-Monic a chisel (Noun) a chisel (Noun)
V102a.B *phənu̱uc Proto-Nyah Kur a chisel (Noun)
V102a.A *[pə-/h-]nu̱t Proto-Mon a chisel (Noun)
V103 *gwaac Proto-Monic to scratch, rake, e.g. one's head to scratch with nails forcefully (Transitive Verb)
V103.B *khwa̤ac Proto-Nyah Kur to scratch with nails forcefully (Transitive Verb)
V103.A *kwa̤t Proto-Mon to scratch, rake, e.g. one's head
V104 *rac Proto-Monic to reap, cut (standing crops) to cut (e.g. rice plant) halfway down or near the ground (with a sickle) (Transitive Verb)
V104.B *rɛ̤c Proto-Nyah Kur to cut (e.g. rice plant) halfway down or near the ground (with a sickle) (Transitive Verb)
V104.A *rɔ̤t Proto-Mon to reap, cut (standing crops)
V104a *r-n-ac Proto-Monic sickle
V104a.A *nɔ̤t Proto-Mon sickle
V105 *klac Proto-Monic to steal (Transitive Verb) to steal (Transitive Verb)
V105.B *khlɛ̱c Proto-Nyah Kur to steal (Transitive Verb)
V105.A *klɔ̱t Proto-Mon to steal (Transitive Verb)
V106 *t[r]laac Proto-Monic to be bare, bald, shaven (head, pubis) to be bale; (hill) to be bare of vegetation (Intransitive Verb)
V106.B *təla̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur (head, pubis) to be bale; (hill) to be bare of vegetation (Intransitive Verb)
V106.A *həla̱t Proto-Mon to be bare, bald, shaven
V107 *luuc Proto-Monic to err, do wrong, commit a fault, offence, to sin to be wrong (i.e. not true, not socially acceptable, not materially suitable, not successful) (Intransitive Verb); wrong (Attributive); wrongly (Adverb)
V107.B *lṳuc Proto-Nyah Kur to be wrong (i.e. not true, not socially acceptable, not materially suitable, not successful) (Intransitive Verb); wrong (Attributive); wrongly (Adverb)
V107.A *lṳt Proto-Mon to err, do wrong, commit a fault, offence, to sin
V108 *kluuc Proto-Monic to germinate, to sprout (seed, plant) to germinate, to come out of the ground; (teeth, nail, hair) to grow from the base (Intransitive Verb)
V108.B *khlu̱uc Proto-Nyah Kur (seed, plant) to germinate, to come out of the ground; (teeth, nail, hair) to grow from the base (Intransitive Verb)
V108.A *klu̱t Proto-Mon to germinate, to sprout
V109 *ksac Proto-Monic to put in, to insert
V109.A *chɔ̱t Proto-Mon to put in, to insert
V109a *k[r]sac Proto-Monic (body part, skin) to have an inside lump or growth (Intransitive Verb)
V109a.B *kəɕɛ̱c Proto-Nyah Kur (body part, skin) to have an inside lump or growth (Intransitive Verb)
V110 *saac Proto-Monic to scoop up, draw, bale to bale (water)
V110.B *ɕa̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur to bale (water)
V110.A *sa̱t Proto-Mon to scoop up, draw, bale
V110a *krn-saac Proto-Monic to scatter (seeds) by throwing them upwards, one handful at a time; to throw (water) up; to splash (water) (on someone, on each other) (Transitive Verb); (rain) to spray in (Verb of Motion)
V110a.B *krəɕa̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur to scatter (seeds) by throwing them upwards, one handful at a time; to throw (water) up; to splash (water) (on someone, on each other) (Transitive Verb); (rain) to spray in (Verb of Motion)
V111 *phiic Proto-Monic to fear, be afraid of to be afraid (Intransitive Verb); to fear (someone, something, that something will happen) (Transitive Verb)
V111.B *phi̱ic Proto-Nyah Kur to be afraid (Intransitive Verb); to fear (someone, something, that something will happen) (Transitive Verb)
V111.A *phʌ̱i̯c Proto-Mon to fear, be afraid of
V111a *[p/b]-[r]-hiic Proto-Monic frightening (spirit) (Attributive)
V111a.B *pəhi̱ic Proto-Nyah Kur frightening (spirit) (Attributive)
V112 *theəc Proto-Monic to be good, right, seemly, auspicious, fair; to be right to, ought
V112.A *thʌ̱i̯c Proto-Mon to be good, right, seemly, auspicious, fair; to be right to, ought
V112a *t-m-heəc Proto-Monic (people, typically of women) to be very good-looking, very attractive (Intransitive Verb)
V112a.B *təmhe̱ec Proto-Nyah Kur (people, typically of women) to be very good-looking, very attractive (Intransitive Verb)
V113 *kt[h]aac Proto-Monic to rub between palms of the hands to rub, roll (something) rapidly between palms of the hands; to rub one's (hands) (Transitive Verb)
V113.B *kətha̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur to rub, roll (something) rapidly between palms of the hands; to rub one's (hands) (Transitive Verb)
V113.A *kəta̱t Proto-Mon to rub between palms of the hands
V114 *khɔɔc Proto-Monic to whistle (Intransitive Verb) (not to whistle at)
V114.B *khu̱ac Proto-Nyah Kur to whistle (Intransitive Verb) (not to whistle at)
V114a *k-c-hɔɔc Proto-Monic to whistle
V114a.A *[kə]cho̱t Proto-Mon to whistle
V114b *p-c-hɔɔc Proto-Monic to whistle
V114b.A *[pə]cho̱t Proto-Mon to whistle
V115 *kuɲ Proto-Monic to be hump-backed (humans, animals, typically domestic dogs) to sleep (in foetal position) (Adverb)
V115.B *ku̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur (humans, animals, typically domestic dogs) to sleep (in foetal position) (Adverb)
V115.A *ku̱n Proto-Mon to be hump-backed
V116 *taaɲ Proto-Monic to plait, twill (bamboo, cane, or similar material) to plait (especially rattan mats); to weave (cloth) (Transitive Verb)
V116.B *ta̱aɲ Proto-Nyah Kur to plait (especially rattan mats); to weave (cloth) (Transitive Verb)
V116.A *ta̱n Proto-Mon to plait, twill (bamboo, cane, or similar material)
V117 *[c]ɗaɲ Proto-Monic to catch with hook and line, to angle
V117.A *ɗɔ̱n Proto-Mon to catch with hook and line, to angle
V117a *c-rn-ɗaɲ Proto-Monic fishhook fishhook
V117a.B *cərndɛ̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur fishhook
V117a.A *həno̱n Proto-Mon fishhook
V118 *paɲ Proto-Monic to shoot (e.g. an animal) (with e.g. a bow); to shoot (a gun, a bow...) (Transitive Verb) to shoot (e.g. an animal) (with e.g. a bow); to shoot (a gun, a bow...)
V118.B *pɛ̱ɲ Proto-Nyah Kur to shoot (e.g. an animal) (with e.g. a bow); to shoot (a gun, a bow...)
V118.A *pɔ̱n Proto-Mon to shoot (e.g. an animal) (with e.g. a bow); to shoot (a gun, a bow...) (Transitive Verb)
V119 *smaaɲ Proto-Monic to inquire to inquire (about something) (from someone) (Transitive Verb)
V119.B *ɕhma̱aɲ Proto-Nyah Kur to inquire (about something) (from someone) (Transitive Verb)
V119.A *hma̱n Proto-Mon to inquire
V120 *raaɲ Proto-Monic to buy (Transitive Verb) to buy (Transitive Verb)
V120.B *ra̤aɲ Proto-Nyah Kur to buy (Transitive Verb)
V120.A *ra̤n Proto-Mon to buy (Transitive Verb)
V121 *klaaɲ Proto-Monic to lick, taste to lick (usually in order to taste); (fire) to come close to (e.g. a roof) (Transitive Verb)
V121.B *khla̱aɲ Proto-Nyah Kur to lick (usually in order to taste); (fire) to come close to (e.g. a roof) (Transitive Verb)
V121.A *kla̱n Proto-Mon to lick, taste
V122 *t-m-ʔiət Proto-Monic to be stingy to be stingy with (e.g. rice); to feel possessive of (e.g. one's children) (Transitive Verb)
V122.B *təmʔi̱at Proto-Nyah Kur to be stingy with (e.g. rice); to feel possessive of (e.g. one's children) (Transitive Verb)
V122.A *həʔə̱t Proto-Mon to be stingy
V123 *sʔuut Proto-Monic become stale (cooked food) to become stale (Intransitive Verb)
V123.B *ɕhəʔu̱ut Proto-Nyah Kur (cooked food) to become stale (Intransitive Verb)
V123.A *sʔu̱t Proto-Mon become stale
V124 *ʔət Proto-Monic all, exhausted, to be out of (something) to be used up, all gone (Intransitive Verb); (to do something) all over, completely, thoroughly (Adverb)
V124.B *ʔə̱t Proto-Nyah Kur (something) to be used up, all gone (Intransitive Verb); (to do something) all over, completely, thoroughly (Adverb)
V124.A *ʔɒ̱ə̯t Proto-Mon all, exhausted, to be out of
V125 *kiət Proto-Monic to take, fetch, obtain, to wish to have, want to take (Transitive Verb)
V125.B *ci̱at Proto-Nyah Kur to take (Transitive Verb)
V125.A *ke̱t Proto-Mon to take, fetch, obtain, to wish to have, want
V126 *ckat Proto-Monic to pinch (with nails) (Transitive Verb)
V126.B *cəka̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to pinch (with nails) (Transitive Verb)
V127 *tkat Proto-Monic to feel cold, feverish (Intransitive Verb)
V127.B *təka̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to feel cold, feverish (Intransitive Verb)
V127a *t-ŋ-kat Proto-Monic cold season early morning mist (Attributive)
V127a.B *təŋka̱t Proto-Nyah Kur early morning mist (Attributive)
V127a.A *həkɔ̱t Proto-Mon cold season
V128 *kuut Proto-Monic to cut off, amputate
V128.A *ku̱t Proto-Mon to cut off, amputate
V128a *t[r]-kuut Proto-Monic to be severed, to sever
V128a.A *həku̱t Proto-Mon to be severed, to sever
V128b *t-ŋ-kuut Proto-Monic a segment, a portion, a piece a segment
V128b.B *təŋku̱ut Proto-Nyah Kur a segment
V128b.A *həku̱t Proto-Mon a segment, a portion, a piece
V129 *trŋkət Proto-Monic to startle, be startled to be startled (Intransitive Verb)
V129.B *tərŋkə̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to be startled (Intransitive Verb)
V129.A *təkɒ̱ə̯t Proto-Mon to startle, be startled
V130 *kɯt Proto-Monic to bite (people, animals, insects) to bite (Transitive Verb)
V130.B *kɯ̱t Proto-Nyah Kur (people, animals, insects) to bite (Transitive Verb)
V130.A *ki̱t Proto-Mon to bite
V131 *kcət Proto-Monic to die (Intransitive Verb) to die (Intransitive Verb)
V131.B *kəce̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to die (Intransitive Verb)
V131.A *chɒ̱ə̯t Proto-Mon to die (Intransitive Verb)
V131a *k-r-cət Proto-Monic to kill (Transitive Verb) to kill (Transitive Verb)
V131a.B *kərce̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to kill (Transitive Verb)
V131a.A *həcɒ̱ə̯t Proto-Mon to kill (Transitive Verb)
V132 *[]cɯɯt Proto-Monic short time, moment for a while, a while
V132.B *cɯ̱ɯt Proto-Nyah Kur for a while, a while
V132.A *(ʔə-)cu̱t Proto-Mon short time, moment
V133 *ɟ[u]t Proto-Monic to wipe to wipe (e.g. dust) off (from a place); to rub (e.g. body-dirt) off (from e.g. one's arm) (Transitive Verb)
V133.B *cɯ̤t Proto-Nyah Kur to wipe (e.g. dust) off (from a place); to rub (e.g. body-dirt) off (from e.g. one's arm) (Transitive Verb)
V133.A *cə̤t Proto-Mon to wipe
V134 *tɯt Proto-Monic to come out (person) to get out (e.g. of a room); (object) to come out (of a place) (Verb of Motion)
V134.B *tɯ̱t Proto-Nyah Kur (person) to get out (e.g. of a room); (object) to come out (of a place) (Verb of Motion)
V134.A *tɒ̱i̯t Proto-Mon to come out
V135 *t[]nat Proto-Monic upper end (Noun) extremely (Adverb)
V135.B *thana̱t Proto-Nyah Kur extremely (Adverb)
V135.A *kəno̱t Proto-Mon upper end (Noun)
V136 *pat Proto-Monic to squeeze, press, wring to squeeze (something) out (of an object) held in the palm of one hand; to squeeze (an object) in this way (Transitive Verb)
V136.B *pa̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to squeeze (something) out (of an object) held in the palm of one hand; to squeeze (an object) in this way (Transitive Verb)
V136.A *pɔ̱t Proto-Mon to squeeze, press, wring
V137 *smpɔɔt Proto-Monic to stroke, rub, pass hand over to wipe or squeeze (something) out of a long object, in long deliberate strokes, usually with one hand (in order e.g. to squeeze fecal matter out of intestines, or wipe the slime off an eel with a leaf of teh tooth-brush tree, Streblus asper
V137.B *ɕəmpu̱at Proto-Nyah Kur to wipe or squeeze (something) out of a long object, in long deliberate strokes, usually with one hand (in order e.g. to squeeze fecal matter out of intestines, or wipe the slime off an eel with a leaf of teh tooth-brush tree, Streblus asper)
V137.A *po̱t Proto-Mon to stroke, rub, pass hand over
V138 *-put Proto-Monic to be cut off, truncated (elongated object) to be truncated, cut in two (Intransitive Verb)
V138.B *(m)-pu̱t Proto-Nyah Kur (elongated object) to be truncated, cut in two (Intransitive Verb)
V138.A *pɒ̱ə̯t Proto-Mon to be cut off, truncated
V139 *bat Proto-Monic to be firm, fast
V139.A *pɔ̤t Proto-Mon to be firm, fast
V139a *k[-r-]bat Proto-Monic to wear across (chest, shoulder); to wrap (breasts) tightly in garment (Transitive Verb)
V139a.B *kəpha̤t Proto-Nyah Kur to wear across (chest, shoulder); to wrap (breasts) tightly in garment (Transitive Verb)
V140 *buut Proto-Monic to operate a rotary mechanical device, grind in quern; pass through rollers; turn on lathe, make fire by turning pointed stick in hole to wax (a thread) (with wax) (Transitive Verb)
V140.B *pṳut Proto-Nyah Kur to wax (a thread) (with wax) (Transitive Verb)
V140.A *pṳt Proto-Mon to operate a rotary mechanical device, grind in quern; pass through rollers; turn on lathe, make fire by turning pointed stick in hole
V141 *t[l]mɓ[ɛɛ/aa]t Proto-Monic flattened (roundish object) to be flattened by pressure (e.g. a metal pot or a snake crushed by wheels, a louse pinched by nails, breasts compressed in a garment) (Intransitive Verb)
V141.B *tləmɓɛ̱ɛt Proto-Nyah Kur (roundish object) to be flattened by pressure (e.g. a metal pot or a snake crushed by wheels, a louse pinched by nails, breasts compressed in a garment) (Intransitive Verb)
V141.A *həɓa̱t Proto-Mon flattened
V142 *kɓat Proto-Monic to seize, take power over; /cɔ̱m bɔ̱t/ to feel, palpate to press (e.g. a ball of sticky rice, a clump of clay) gently in the palm of one hand, in order to give it a ball-shape (Transitive Verb)
V142.B *khəba̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to press (e.g. a ball of sticky rice, a clump of clay) gently in the palm of one hand, in order to give it a ball-shape (Transitive Verb)
V142.A *ɓɔ̱t Proto-Mon to seize, take power over; /cɔ̱m bɔ̱t/ to feel, palpate
V142a *k-m-ɓat Proto-Monic portion of food a fistful (especially of cooked sticky rice) (Noun)
V142a.B *kəmba̱t Proto-Nyah Kur a fistful (especially of cooked sticky rice) (Noun)
V142a.A *həmo̱t Proto-Mon portion of food
V143 *ɓ[ɔ/ə]t Proto-Monic to stretch, twist one's body to bend (e.g. a branch); to curl (hair); to twist (one's body, finger...) (Transitive Verb)
V143.B *bɔ̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to bend (e.g. a branch); to curl (hair); to twist (one's body, finger...) (Transitive Verb)
V143.A *ɓɒ̱ə̯t Proto-Mon to stretch, twist one's body
V144 *dwət Proto-Monic to forget to forget (something, to do something) (Transitive Verb); to forget (Intransitive Verb)
V144.B *thəwə̤t Proto-Nyah Kur to forget (something, to do something) (Transitive Verb); to forget (Intransitive Verb)
V144.A *wə̤t Proto-Mon to forget
V145 *klaat Proto-Monic to spit out; (animals) to ruminate to spew out (e.g. remnants of betel-quid, fish-bones, fruit-pits...) (Transitive Verb)
V145.B *khla̱at Proto-Nyah Kur to spew out (e.g. remnants of betel-quid, fish-bones, fruit-pits...) (Transitive Verb)
V145.A *kla̱t Proto-Mon to spit out; (animals) to ruminate
V146 *lɔɔt Proto-Monic to fall prone, especially as a result of exhaustion or weakness (animal, person) to fall (from a standing position) (Verb of Motion)
V146.B *lṳat Proto-Nyah Kur (animal, person) to fall (from a standing position) (Verb of Motion)
V146.A *lo̤t Proto-Mon to fall prone, especially as a result of exhaustion or weakness
V147 *plət Proto-Monic to be extinguished, eliminated, to set (fire, light) to be extinguished (v.stative); (fire, light) to go out (by itself) (Intransitive Verb)
V147.B *phlə̱t Proto-Nyah Kur (fire, light) to be extinguished (v.stative); (fire, light) to go out (by itself) (Intransitive Verb)
V147.A *plɒ̱ə̯t Proto-Mon to be extinguished, eliminated, to set
V147a *p[-r-]lət Proto-Monic to extinguish, put out to extinguish, put out (fire, light) (Transitive Verb)
V147a.B *pələ̱t Proto-Nyah Kur to extinguish, put out (fire, light) (Transitive Verb)
V147a.A *pəlɒ̱ə̯t Proto-Mon to extinguish, put out
V148 *t[-r-]lɯt Proto-Monic to be smooth, fluent; to slip (person) to slip (on something) (Verb of Motion); (object) to be slippery (Intransitive Verb)
V148.B *təlɯ̱t Proto-Nyah Kur (person) to slip (on something) (Verb of Motion); (object) to be slippery (Intransitive Verb)
V148.A *kəli̱t Proto-Mon to be smooth, fluent; to slip
V149 *lʔun Proto-Monic to be flexible, soft to touch (object, e.g. body-part, vegetal) to be flexible, soft to touch (Intransitive Verb)
V149.B *ləʔu̱n Proto-Nyah Kur (object, e.g. body-part, vegetal) to be flexible, soft to touch (Intransitive Verb)
V149.A *ɗɒ̱ə̯n Proto-Mon to be flexible, soft to touch
V149a *l[--]ʔun Proto-Monic
V149b *[t]l-m-ʔun Proto-Monic (vegetal) not yet grown, tender
V149b.B *tləmʔu̱n Proto-Nyah Kur (vegetal) not yet grown, tender
V150 *cŋgɯn Proto-Monic to carry (a rigid object) over one's shoulder to carry (a load) on one's shoulder (Transitive Verb)
V150.B *cəŋkɯ̤n Proto-Nyah Kur to carry (a load) on one's shoulder (Transitive Verb)
V150.A *təŋ[ɯ̱/i̱]n Proto-Mon to carry (a rigid object) over one's shoulder
V151 *pcan Proto-Monic to send word, issue an order to give instructions to (someone) (to do something); to say (something) when leaving a place or someone; to bid farewell to (someone) (Transitive Verb)
V151.B *pəca̱n Proto-Nyah Kur to give instructions to (someone) (to do something); to say (something) when leaving a place or someone; to bid farewell to (someone) (Transitive Verb)
V151.A *phjɔ̱n Proto-Mon to send word, issue an order
V152 *ɲan Proto-Monic to be near, close, to be tight, to be crowded being close, being nearby (Adverb); usually reduplicated
V152.B *ɲa̤n Proto-Nyah Kur being close, being nearby (Adverb); usually reduplicated
V152.A *ɲo̤n Proto-Mon to be near, close, to be tight, to be crowded
V153 *tun Proto-Monic to go up, climb (e.g. sun, water level, one's mood) to go up; (someone) to climb (e.g. a ladder, a tree, a hill); (someone) to climb on (e.g. a buffalo); (someone) to get up from (e.g. bed) (Verb of Motion); up (Post-Verb)
V153.B *tu̱n Proto-Nyah Kur (e.g. sun, water level, one's mood) to go up; (someone) to climb (e.g. a ladder, a tree, a hill); (someone) to climb on (e.g. a buffalo); (someone) to get up from (e.g. bed) (Verb of Motion); up (Post-Verb)
V153.A *tɒ̱ə̯n Proto-Mon to go up, climb
V153a *p-tun Proto-Monic to raise, elevate, appoint to a position of eminence; to compose, to remit; to draw (a crossbow) to arm (a spring-trap); to tense (the bow of a cross-bow, in order to tie the string to it)
V153a.B *pətu̱n Proto-Nyah Kur to arm (a spring-trap); to tense (the bow of a cross-bow, in order to tie the string to it)
V153a.A *pətɒ̱ə̯n Proto-Mon to raise, elevate, appoint to a position of eminence; to compose, to remit; to draw (a crossbow)
V153b *t-[r]n-un Proto-Monic ladder, stairs ladder, stairs
V153b.B *tənu̱n Proto-Nyah Kur ladder, stairs
V153b.A *kəni̱n Proto-Mon ladder, stairs
V154 *[p[r]/p]ɗiən Proto-Monic to light, kindle, be lit by to transfer fire to (something) by direct contact with embers (Transitive Verb)
V154.B *pədi̱an Proto-Nyah Kur to transfer fire to (something) by direct contact with embers (Transitive Verb)
V154.A *ɗe̱n Proto-Mon to light, kindle, be lit by
V155 *ɗuun Proto-Monic to cook, simmer, distil to place (e.g. a pot) on the stove (not necessarily for cooking, may be simply to keep it away from ants...); to heat (e.g. rice, curry, alcohol) on the stove (Transitive Verb)
V155.B *du̱un Proto-Nyah Kur to place (e.g. a pot) on the stove (not necessarily for cooking, may be simply to keep it away from ants...); to heat (e.g. rice, curry, alcohol) on the stove (Transitive Verb)
V155.A *ɗu̱n Proto-Mon to cook, simmer, distil
V156 *ban Proto-Monic to embrace, hug, put one's arms around (e.g. a snake, a creeper, hair) to coil itself around (something) (Verb of Motion); to wrap (e.g. a wound with a piece of cloth) (Transitive Verb)
V156.B *pa̤n Proto-Nyah Kur (e.g. a snake, a creeper, hair) to coil itself around (something) (Verb of Motion); to wrap (e.g. a wound with a piece of cloth) (Transitive Verb)
V156.A *pɔ̤n Proto-Mon to embrace, hug, put one's arms around
V156a *k-m-ban Proto-Monic to embrace (someone, each other...); to hold (e.g. one's knees, chest, head...) in one's arms (Transitive Verb)
V156a.B *kəmpa̤n Proto-Nyah Kur to embrace (someone, each other...); to hold (e.g. one's knees, chest, head...) in one's arms (Transitive Verb)
V157 *[ʔ]maan Proto-Monic to win, be able to do (especially physically) to be successful in hunting, gambling (Intransitive Verb)
V157.B *[ʔ]ma̱an Proto-Nyah Kur to be successful in hunting, gambling (Intransitive Verb)
V157.A *ma̤n Proto-Mon to win, be able to do (especially physically)
V158 *wiən Proto-Monic to be crooked, deformed, lame (animal, insect) to be curled upon itself, around a small object (Intransitive Verb)
V158.B *wi̤an Proto-Nyah Kur (animal, insect) to be curled upon itself, around a small object (Intransitive Verb)
V158.A *we̤n Proto-Mon to be crooked, deformed, lame
V158a *[k[r]/k]wiən Proto-Monic (e.g. hair) the be curly (animal, insect) to curl up upon itself (Intransitive Verb); (animal, insect) to curl (around a small object) (Transitive Verb)
V158a.B *khwi̱an Proto-Nyah Kur (animal, insect) to curl up upon itself (Intransitive Verb); (animal, insect) to curl (around a small object) (Transitive Verb)
V158a.A *kəwə̱n Proto-Mon (e.g. hair) the be curly
V159 *lən Proto-Monic to step on to step on (something) (Transitive Verb); to walk in/on (e.g. a road, a hill, a field, a house) (Verb of Motion)
V159.B *lə̤n Proto-Nyah Kur to step on (something) (Transitive Verb); to walk in/on (e.g. a road, a hill, a field, a house) (Verb of Motion)
V159.A *lə̤n Proto-Mon to step on
V160 *chaan Proto-Monic to have compassion for; love, feel affection for
V160.A *cha̱n Proto-Mon to have compassion for; love, feel affection for
V160a *c-[l]-m-haan Proto-Monic (to do something) in common, by sharing (Adverb)
V160a.B *[t]ləmha̱an Proto-Nyah Kur (to do something) in common, by sharing (Adverb)
V161 *sŋʔaap Proto-Monic to yawn (Intransitive Verb) to yawn (Intransitive Verb)
V161.B *ɕəŋʔa̱ap Proto-Nyah Kur to yawn (Intransitive Verb)
V161.A *həʔa̱p Proto-Mon to yawn (Intransitive Verb)
V162 *p[]kap Proto-Monic to turn (something) face down to turn (something) face down (Transitive Verb)
V162.B *pəka̱p Proto-Nyah Kur to turn (something) face down (Transitive Verb)
V162.A *həkɔ̱p Proto-Mon to turn (something) face down
V163 *kəp Proto-Monic to catch fish by covering them with a fish-basket
V163.A *ka̱əp Proto-Mon to catch fish by covering them with a fish-basket
V163a *[s/c]ŋkəp Proto-Monic cover, lid, especially a close-fitting one, monk's shawl folded over one shoulder cover, lid
V163a.B *[c]əŋkəp Proto-Nyah Kur cover, lid
V163a.A *həka̱ə̯p Proto-Mon cover, lid, especially a close-fitting one, monk's shawl folded over one shoulder
V164 *gaap Proto-Monic (free) to be forked; (to sit) astride (something)
V164.A *kap Proto-Mon (free) to be forked; (to sit) astride (something)
V164a *gaap Proto-Monic fork of a tree (Noun) fork in a tree, major tree branch (Noun)
V164a.B *ka̤ap Proto-Nyah Kur fork in a tree, major tree branch (Noun)
V164a.A *ka̤p Proto-Mon fork of a tree (Noun)
V165 *cap Proto-Monic to adhere to, cleave to, be inherently connected, bound up with (bird) to settle on, perch
V165.B *ca̱p Proto-Nyah Kur (bird) to settle on, perch
V165.A *cɔ̱p Proto-Mon to adhere to, cleave to, be inherently connected, bound up with
V166 *tep Proto-Monic to cover with earth, to bury to insert (e.g. bananas, tubers) in embers, a common cooking technique (Transitive Verb)
V166.B *te̱p Proto-Nyah Kur to insert (e.g. bananas, tubers) in embers, a common cooking technique (Transitive Verb)
V166.A *ta̱ə̯p Proto-Mon to cover with earth, to bury
V167 *k[lm]dap Proto-Monic to brood, hatch (hen) sit on (egg) (Transitive Verb)
V167.B *kləmta̤p Proto-Nyah Kur (hen) sit on (egg) (Transitive Verb)
V167.A *kətɔ̤p Proto-Mon to brood, hatch
V168 *[ʔ]mep Proto-Monic to be happy, to enjoy good-tasting
V168.B *ʔme̱p Proto-Nyah Kur good-tasting
V168.A *mi̤p Proto-Mon to be happy, to enjoy
V169 *[d[]/d]riəp Proto-Monic to run to run, run away (Verb of Motion); run after (something) (Transitive Verb)
V169.B *thəri̤ap Proto-Nyah Kur to run, run away (Verb of Motion); run after (something) (Transitive Verb)
V169.A *kre̤p Proto-Mon to run
V170 *rap Proto-Monic to hold, take old of to hold, take, accept (something) in hand (Transitive Verb)
V170.B *ra̤p Proto-Nyah Kur to hold, take, accept (something) in hand (Transitive Verb)
V170.A *rɔ̤p Proto-Mon to hold, take old of
V171 *s-grɔɔp Proto-Monic to cover, be covered; to conceal to cover (especially an opening, e.g. one's mouth, a jar...) (Transitive Verb)
V171.B *che-khrɔ̤ɔp Proto-Nyah Kur to cover (especially an opening, e.g. one's mouth, a jar...) (Transitive Verb)
V171.A *kro̤p Proto-Mon to cover, be covered; to conceal
V172 *liep Proto-Monic to know how to, be skilled in skillfully (Adverb)
V172.B *[]li̤ap Proto-Nyah Kur skillfully (Adverb)
V172.A *le̤p Proto-Mon to know how to, be skilled in
V173 *lɔɔp Proto-Monic to enter to enter (a place) (Verb of Motion)
V173.B *lɔ̤ɔp Proto-Nyah Kur to enter (a place) (Verb of Motion)
V173.A *lṳp Proto-Mon to enter
V174 *ksap Proto-Monic to intend, plan, think
V174.A *chɔ̱p Proto-Mon to intend, plan, think
V174a *k[-r-]sap Proto-Monic to whisper secretly (chiming compound)
V174a.B *keɕa̱p Proto-Nyah Kur to whisper secretly (chiming compound)
V175 *haap Proto-Monic to eat, especially with fingers to eat (chiming compound)
V175.B *ha̱ap Proto-Nyah Kur to eat (chiming compound)
V175.A *ha̱p Proto-Mon to eat, especially with fingers
V176 *k[]ʔɛɛm Proto-Monic to hem, clear the throat to clear one's throat
V176.B *k[]eʔɛ̱ɛm Proto-Nyah Kur to clear one's throat
V176.A *həʔɛ̱m Proto-Mon to hem, clear the throat
V177 *ckiem Proto-Monic to grasp in hand, pick up to grasp in hand, pick up
V177.B *ceki̱am Proto-Nyah Kur to grasp in hand, pick up
V177.A *ke̱m Proto-Mon to grasp in hand, pick up
V177a *c-ŋ-kiəm Proto-Monic fistful, girth of forearm a fistful, a handful (Noun), especially in counting
V177a.B *ceŋki̱am Proto-Nyah Kur a fistful, a handful (Noun), especially in counting
V177a.A *ke̱m Proto-Mon fistful, girth of forearm
V178 *goom Proto-Monic to winnow, to clean (husked rice) by tossing to winnow vertically (Transitive Verb)
V178.B *ko̤om Proto-Nyah Kur to winnow vertically (Transitive Verb)
V178.A *kṳm Proto-Mon to winnow, to clean (husked rice) by tossing
V179 *[t]ŋgem Proto-Monic to thrust at to stab (something, someone) horizontally or from below (with a weapon) (Transitive Verb)
V179.B *[t/c]eŋkə̤m Proto-Nyah Kur to stab (something, someone) horizontally or from below (with a weapon) (Transitive Verb)
V179.A *təŋa̱ə̯m Proto-Mon to thrust at
V181 *[ɲ]cim Proto-Monic to raise (children, animals) (Transitive Verb); to entertain (people) at one's house
V181.B *ci̱m Proto-Nyah Kur to raise (children, animals) (Transitive Verb); to entertain (people) at one's house
V182 *pcum Proto-Monic to feed with premasticated food to feed (food, medicine ...) (to someone) (Transitive Verb)
V182.B *pəcu̱m Proto-Nyah Kur to feed (food, medicine ...) (to someone) (Transitive Verb)
V182.A *phja̱e̯m Proto-Mon to feed with premasticated food
V183 *ʔɲim Proto-Monic yet, still, further (to do something) before (something else happens) (Sentence-final Particle); for a short time (Adverb)
V183.B *ɲi̱m Proto-Nyah Kur (to do something) before (something else happens) (Sentence-final Particle); for a short time (Adverb)
V183.A *ni̱m Proto-Mon yet, still, further
V184 *tɔɔm Proto-Monic to cook, to distil to cook (rice) (Transitive Verb)
V184.B *tɔ̱ɔm Proto-Nyah Kur to cook (rice) (Transitive Verb)
V184.A *to̱m Proto-Mon to cook, to distil
V185 *ctəm Proto-Monic to be thick; fat, dull-witted, stupid (cloth, plank, hair) to be thick (Intransitive Verb)
V185.B *cətə̱m Proto-Nyah Kur (cloth, plank, hair) to be thick (Intransitive Verb)
V185.A *ta̱ə̯m Proto-Mon to be thick; fat, dull-witted, stupid
V185a *c-m-təm Proto-Monic thickness (Noun); thick (Attributive) thick (Attributive)
V185a.B *cəmtə̱m Proto-Nyah Kur thick (Attributive)
V185a.A *həta̱ə̯m Proto-Mon thickness (Noun); thick (Attributive)
V186 *tɯm Proto-Monic to know, be acquainted with to come to feel, realise, come to awareness
V186.B *tɯ̱m Proto-Nyah Kur to come to feel, realise, come to awareness
V186.A *tɒ̱i̯m Proto-Mon to know, be acquainted with
V187 *dəm Proto-Monic to stay overnight to sleep (chiming expression)
V187.B *tə̤m Proto-Nyah Kur to sleep (chiming expression)
V187.A *tə̤m Proto-Mon to stay overnight
V188 *nɔɔm Proto-Monic to be at, exist, have (something) to exist (Intransitive Verb)
V188.B *[ʔ]nɔ̱ɔm Proto-Nyah Kur (something) to exist (Intransitive Verb)
V188.A *nṳm Proto-Mon to be at, exist, have
V189 *ɓum Proto-Monic to be blunt, to be stupid (object, e.g. metal pot, knife blade, tooth...) to be dented (Intransitive Verb)
V189.B *bu̱m Proto-Nyah Kur (object, e.g. metal pot, knife blade, tooth...) to be dented (Intransitive Verb)
V189.A *ɓa̱ə̯m Proto-Mon to be blunt, to be stupid
V190 *k[r]ɓ[a/ə]m Proto-Monic to hold in the mouth to hold (something) in one's mouth (Transitive Verb)
V190.B *kə[r]ɓ[a̱/ə̱]m Proto-Nyah Kur to hold (something) in one's mouth (Transitive Verb)
V190.A *həɓɔ̱m Proto-Mon to hold in the mouth
V191 *draam Proto-Monic to erect (barrier, trellis-work) across, along side of, road to cut (grasses and bushes) from certain area (Transitive Verb); to clear (a field) of grass and bushes (Transitive Verb)
V191.B *thra̤am Proto-Nyah Kur to cut (grasses and bushes) from certain area (Transitive Verb); to clear (a field) of grass and bushes (Transitive Verb)
V191.A *kra̤m Proto-Mon to erect (barrier, trellis-work) across, along side of, road
V192 *krɔɔm Proto-Monic under (Preposition); the underpart of (something) (Noun)
V192.B *krɔ̱ɔm Proto-Nyah Kur under (Preposition); the underpart of (something) (Noun)
V192a *k-n-rɔɔm Proto-Monic under (Preposition); the under-part of (especially the house) (Noun)
V192a.B *kənrɔ̱ɔm Proto-Nyah Kur under (Preposition); the under-part of (especially the house) (Noun)
V193 *grəm Proto-Monic to bind (the edge of a basket)
V193.A *krə̤m Proto-Mon to bind (the edge of a basket)
V193a *g-n-rəm Proto-Monic rim, edge the edge, the rim (e.g. of a boat, of a river, of the mouth...)
V193a.B *khənrə̤m Proto-Nyah Kur the edge, the rim (e.g. of a boat, of a river, of the mouth...)
V193a.A *hərə̤m Proto-Mon rim, edge
V194 *grəəm Proto-Monic to cheer (tiger, dog) to growl; (person) make an angry tone of voice before scolding; (angry crowd) make a disapproving murmur
V194.B *khrə̤əm Proto-Nyah Kur (tiger, dog) to growl; (person) make an angry tone of voice before scolding; (angry crowd) make a disapproving murmur
V194.A *krə̤m Proto-Mon to cheer
V195 *[d/g]-r-lum Proto-Monic to cover the face, veil oneself (with) to cover (part or whole) (of self or someone else) (with blanket, cloth...)
V195.B *[k/t]həlṳm Proto-Nyah Kur to cover (part or whole) (of self or someone else) (with blanket, cloth...)
V195.A *hələ̤m Proto-Mon to cover the face, veil oneself (with)
V196 *[]ləm Proto-Monic to immerse oneself to immerse something; to dip a fishhook
V196.B *chələ̤m Proto-Nyah Kur to immerse something; to dip a fishhook
V196.A *kəla̱ə̯m Proto-Mon to immerse oneself
V197 *ksaam Proto-Monic head cold to transmit (a contagious disease) (Transitive Verb)
V197.B *ɕa̱am Proto-Nyah Kur to transmit (a contagious disease) (Transitive Verb)
V197.A *cha̱m Proto-Mon head cold
V198 *jaam Proto-Monic to weep to weep
V198.B *ja̤am Proto-Nyah Kur to weep
V198.A *ja̤m Proto-Mon to weep
V199 *jum Proto-Monic to breathe (humans, animals) to breathe (in or out) (Intransitive Verb)
V199.B *jṳm Proto-Nyah Kur (humans, animals) to breathe (in or out) (Intransitive Verb)
V199.A *jə̤m Proto-Mon to breathe
V199a *jum-jum Proto-Monic life heart
V199a.B *jəmjṳm Proto-Nyah Kur heart
V199a.A *pəjə̤m Proto-Mon life
V200 *hoom Proto-Monic to bathe to bathe
V200.B *ho̱om Proto-Nyah Kur to bathe
V200.A *hu̱m Proto-Mon to bathe
V200a *p-hoom Proto-Monic to bathe, wash (somebody, something) (Transitive Verb)
V200a.A *phu̱m Proto-Mon to bathe, wash (somebody, something) (Transitive Verb)
V201 *giiw Proto-Monic to wrap (something) e.g. in leaves for cooking) (Transitive Verb)
V201.B *ki̤iw Proto-Nyah Kur to wrap (something) e.g. in leaves for cooking) (Transitive Verb)
V202 *s[r]ŋiəw Proto-Monic to glance covertly, to look out of the corner of one's eye (eyes) to be narrowed; (eyebrows) to be frowned (Intransitive Verb)
V202.B *ɕhəŋi̱aw Proto-Nyah Kur (eyes) to be narrowed; (eyebrows) to be frowned (Intransitive Verb)
V202.A *hi̤ Proto-Mon to glance covertly, to look out of the corner of one's eye
V203 *cəw Proto-Monic to return, go back, come back; to proceed to an arranged destination to go back (home, to one's spouse ...); to go out (to someone's house, to visit someone) (Verb of Motion)
V203.B *cɔ̱w Proto-Nyah Kur to go back (home, to one's spouse ...); to go out (to someone's house, to visit someone) (Verb of Motion)
V203.A *cɒ̱o̯ Proto-Mon to return, go back, come back; to proceed to an arranged destination
V204 *ktaw Proto-Monic hot (person) to feel heat from (the sun) (Pseudo-Tanstitive Verb)
V204.B *kəta̱w Proto-Nyah Kur (person) to feel heat from (the sun) (Pseudo-Tanstitive Verb)
V204.A *kəta̱o̯ Proto-Mon hot
V204a *k-m-tww Proto-Monic hot (Attributive) hot (Attributive)
V204a.B *kəmta̱w Proto-Nyah Kur hot (Attributive)
V204a.A *həta̱o̯ Proto-Mon hot (Attributive)
V205 *taaw Proto-Monic to remain, be stationary, stand, stay, dwell, be located in, be steadfast; to endure (person, animal) to be standing (Intransitive Verb)
V205.B *-taaw Proto-Nyah Kur (person, animal) to be standing (Intransitive Verb)
V205.A *ta̱o̯ Proto-Mon to remain, be stationary, stand, stay, dwell, be located in, be steadfast; to endure
V205a *-taaw Proto-Monic to stand, station oneself, be positioned (something) to be standing (Intransitive Verb); (someone) to stand (something) up (Transitive Verb)
V205a.B *pə-ta̱aw Proto-Nyah Kur (something) to be standing (Intransitive Verb); (someone) to stand (something) up (Transitive Verb)
V205a.A *həta̱o̯ Proto-Mon to stand, station oneself, be positioned
V206 *dəw Proto-Monic to run away, to stray to hurry away; to escape (Verb of Motion)
V206.B *tɔ̤w Proto-Nyah Kur to hurry away; to escape (Verb of Motion)
V206.A *tɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon to run away, to stray
V207 *triiw Proto-Monic to be (flat and) thin; to be sparse; to be quick-witted (person) to be slim; (object, e.g. cloth) to be thin (Intransitive Verb)
V207.B *tri̱w Proto-Nyah Kur (person) to be slim; (object, e.g. cloth) to be thin (Intransitive Verb)
V207.A *kri̱ Proto-Mon to be (flat and) thin; to be sparse; to be quick-witted
V208 *graw Proto-Monic to crow (rooster) to crow (Intransitive Verb); only used for roosters
V208.B *khra̤w Proto-Nyah Kur (rooster) to crow (Intransitive Verb); only used for roosters
V208.A *krɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon to crow
V209 *liiw Proto-Monic to wash one's face to splash (water) (on one's face) etc.
V209.B *li̤iw Proto-Nyah Kur to splash (water) (on one's face) etc.
V209.A *li̤ Proto-Mon to wash one's face
V210 *k[r]siəw Proto-Monic to whisper to whisper (something to someone) (Transitive Verb)
V210.B *kəɕi̱aw Proto-Nyah Kur to whisper (something to someone) (Transitive Verb)
V210.A *kəsi̱a̯ Proto-Mon to whisper
V211 *hiiw Proto-Monic to drift, to float (liquid) to flow (from somewhere); (clouds) to drift (in the sky)
V211.B *hi̱iw Proto-Nyah Kur (liquid) to flow (from somewhere); (clouds) to drift (in the sky)
V211.A *hi̱ Proto-Mon to drift, to float
V212 *ʔa(a)r Proto-Monic to go, to walk to go (somewhere) (Verb of Motion); away, (time) to pass (Intransitive Verb)
V212.B *ʔa̱(a)r Proto-Nyah Kur to go (somewhere) (Verb of Motion); away, (time) to pass (Intransitive Verb)
V212.A *ʔa̱ Proto-Mon to go, to walk
V213 *ʔɔɔr Proto-Monic to send (someone) (to do something); to order (someone) (to do something); to let (someone) (to do something) (Transitive Verb); Resultative Particle
V213.B *ʔu̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur to send (someone) (to do something); to order (someone) (to do something); to let (someone) (to do something) (Transitive Verb); Resultative Particle
V214 *snʔur Proto-Monic to snore to snore (Intransitive Verb)
V214.B *ɕənʔu̱r Proto-Nyah Kur to snore (Intransitive Verb)
V214.A *həʔi̱ Proto-Mon to snore
V215 *kiir Proto-Monic to dig (e.g. a hole); to dig (in a material, e.g. earth); to dig (e.g. a tuber, a bamboo rat) out (Transitive Verb)
V215.B *ki̱ir Proto-Nyah Kur to dig (e.g. a hole); to dig (in a material, e.g. earth); to dig (e.g. a tuber, a bamboo rat) out (Transitive Verb)
V216 *cŋkiər Proto-Monic unpleasant to hear (e.g. harsh words) to be unpleasant (to the teeth) e.g. eating an unripe fruit (Intransitive Verb)
V216.B *cəŋki̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur to be unpleasant (to the teeth) e.g. eating an unripe fruit (Intransitive Verb)
V216.A *həkə̱ Proto-Mon unpleasant to hear (e.g. harsh words)
V217 *ŋgiir Proto-Monic to search for among undergrowth or hair to look for (something, someone) (Transitive Verb)
V217.B *ki̤ir Proto-Nyah Kur to look for (something, someone) (Transitive Verb)
V217.A *ŋi̤ Proto-Mon to search for among undergrowth or hair
V218 *gər Proto-Monic to have flames, to blaze up, (fire) to shine (fire) to blaze (Intransitive Verb)
V218.B *kə̤r Proto-Nyah Kur (fire) to blaze (Intransitive Verb)
V218.A *kə̤ Proto-Mon to have flames, to blaze up, (fire) to shine
V219 *k[l]ŋaar Proto-Monic to turn something face up; to be the right way up; to lie on one's back to turn (something e.g. a pot) face up (Transitive Verb); to be facing up (Intransitive Verb) (usually with Post-Verb /-Ɂə̱l/)
V219.B *kəŋa̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur to turn (something e.g. a pot) face up (Transitive Verb); to be facing up (Intransitive Verb) (usually with Post-Verb /-Ɂə̱l/)
V219.A *[]əŋa̤ɛ̯ Proto-Mon to turn something face up; to be the right way up; to lie on one's back
V220 *[r/l]-ŋɔɔr Proto-Monic to prostrate oneself, make obeisance, worship to pay respect to (someone) with joined hands (Transitive Verb)
V220.B *(rə)ŋṳar Proto-Nyah Kur to pay respect to (someone) with joined hands (Transitive Verb)
V220.A *[]əŋo̤ Proto-Mon to prostrate oneself, make obeisance, worship
V221 *tuur Proto-Monic to be alight, be burning (fire) to burn (something, e.g. a forest, some clothes, someone's hand...) (v.tr.); (fire) to be burning (Intransitive Verb)
V221.B *tu̱ur Proto-Nyah Kur (fire) to burn (something, e.g. a forest, some clothes, someone's hand...) (v.tr.); (fire) to be burning (Intransitive Verb)
V221.A *tɒ̱u̯ Proto-Mon to be alight, be burning
V222 *təər Proto-Monic to wake up (by oneself), get up to get up (from sleep) (Verb of Motion)
V222.B *tə̱ər Proto-Nyah Kur to get up (from sleep) (Verb of Motion)
V222.A *tɒ̱ɨ̯ Proto-Mon to wake up (by oneself), get up
V222a *k-təər Proto-Monic to stand up, get up to wake (someone) up (Transitive Verb)
V222a.B *kətə̱ər Proto-Nyah Kur to wake (someone) up (Transitive Verb)
V222a.A *kətɒ̱ɨ̯ Proto-Mon to stand up, get up
V223 *par Proto-Monic to fly expressive describing a long leap (e.g. of certain frogs)
V223.B *pa̱r Proto-Nyah Kur expressive describing a long leap (e.g. of certain frogs)
V223.A *pɔ̱o̯ Proto-Mon to fly
V224 *bur-bur Proto-Monic (ants, flies) to swarm, to cover something (ants, flies, bees...) to swarm on (something) (Verb of Motion)
V224.B *pṳr-pṳr Proto-Nyah Kur (ants, flies, bees...) to swarm on (something) (Verb of Motion)
V224.A *həpə̤ Proto-Mon (ants, flies) to swarm, to cover something
V225 *maar Proto-Monic to crouch, to kneel with bowed head as a mark of respect to crawl (as a baby) (Verb of Motion)
V225.B *ma̤ar Proto-Nyah Kur to crawl (as a baby) (Verb of Motion)
V225.A *ma̤ɛ̯ Proto-Mon to crouch, to kneel with bowed head as a mark of respect
V225a *mar-maar Proto-Monic to crawl (as a baby) (adult, infant) to crawl (Verb of Motion)
V225a.B *marma̤ar Proto-Nyah Kur (adult, infant) to crawl (Verb of Motion)
V225a.A *həmɛ̤ə̯ Proto-Mon to crawl (as a baby)
V226 *k[]mur Proto-Monic to roof a house to roof (a house) (with e.g. thatch) (Transitive Verb)
V226.B *kəmu̱r Proto-Nyah Kur to roof (a house) (with e.g. thatch) (Transitive Verb)
V226.A *kəmi̱ Proto-Mon to roof a house
V227 *c[r]muur Proto-Monic to roll up (e.g. a mat) to roll (e.g. a mat, a cigar...) into a roll (Transitive Verb)
V227.B *chəmu̱ur Proto-Nyah Kur to roll (e.g. a mat, a cigar...) into a roll (Transitive Verb)
V227.A *həmɒ̱u̯ Proto-Mon to roll up (e.g. a mat)
V228 *ɟwɔɔr Proto-Monic (liquid) to flow (tuber) to reach deep inside the ground (Intransitive Verb)
V228.B *chṳar Proto-Nyah Kur (tuber) to reach deep inside the ground (Intransitive Verb)
V228.A *khwo̤ Proto-Mon (liquid) to flow
V228a *ɟ-[]-wɔɔr Proto-Monic to cause to flow, allow to flow to slowly lower down (e.g. a bucket) on a rope (Transitive Verb)
V228a.B *chṳar Proto-Nyah Kur to slowly lower down (e.g. a bucket) on a rope (Transitive Verb)
V228a.A *həwo̤ Proto-Mon to cause to flow, allow to flow
V229 *siər Proto-Monic to grind (e.g. paddy)
V229.A *se̱ Proto-Mon to grind (e.g. paddy)
V229a *s-[]n-iər Proto-Monic green vegetables curry (Noun)
V229a.B *ɕhəni̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur curry (Noun)
V229a.A *həne̱ Proto-Mon green vegetables
V230 *sar Proto-Monic to be low to the ground, short of stature (person, standing object) to be short; (the top of, e.g. mountains, clouds, sky) to be low down (Intransitive Verb); low (Adverb)
V230.B *ɕa̱r Proto-Nyah Kur (person, standing object) to be short; (the top of, e.g. mountains, clouds, sky) to be low down (Intransitive Verb); low (Adverb)
V230.A *sɔ̱o̯ Proto-Mon to be low to the ground, short of stature
V231 *sɔɔr Proto-Monic to blow (mucus) out of one's nose e.g. by closing a nostril with one's thumb (Transitive Verb)
V231.B *ɕu̱ar Proto-Nyah Kur to blow (mucus) out of one's nose e.g. by closing a nostril with one's thumb (Transitive Verb)
V231a *s-n-m-ɔɔr Proto-Monic nasal mucus
V231a.A *həmo̱ Proto-Mon nasal mucus
V232 *ksuur Proto-Monic to sharpen a knife to sharpen (a blade) (on a wet stone); to grind (medicine) by rubbing it on a stone (Transitive Verb)
V232.B *ɕu̱ur Proto-Nyah Kur to sharpen (a blade) (on a wet stone); to grind (medicine) by rubbing it on a stone (Transitive Verb)
V232.A *chu̱ Proto-Mon to sharpen a knife
V232a *k-n-suur Proto-Monic whetstone (Noun)
V232a.B *kəɲɕu̱ur Proto-Nyah Kur whetstone (Noun)
V233 *jɯr Proto-Monic (flesh) to be loose and sagging (Intransitive Verb)
V233.B *jɯ̤r Proto-Nyah Kur (flesh) to be loose and sagging (Intransitive Verb)
V233a *jər-jɯr Proto-Monic (body) to shake, due to fever or old age (Intransitive Verb)
V233a.B *jər-jɯ̤r Proto-Nyah Kur (body) to shake, due to fever or old age (Intransitive Verb)
V233b *[k]-jɯr Proto-Monic to tremble, quiver, be loose in socket
V233b.A *chi̱ Proto-Mon to tremble, quiver, be loose in socket
V234 *ʔəl Proto-Monic to put (something) down or away; to keep (something) on oneself, or away (Transitive Verb); as a Post-Verb indicates that the result of an action is stable or permanent
V234.B *ʔə̱l Proto-Nyah Kur to put (something) down or away; to keep (something) on oneself, or away (Transitive Verb); as a Post-Verb indicates that the result of an action is stable or permanent
V234a *d-ʔəl Proto-Monic
V235 *kal Proto-Monic to snap (Intransitive Verb) (long object) to break by itself; snap in two (Intransitive Verb)
V235.B *ka̱l Proto-Nyah Kur (long object) to break by itself; snap in two (Intransitive Verb)
V235.A *kɔ̱o̯ Proto-Mon to snap (Intransitive Verb)
V236 *kul Proto-Monic to give, to pay, to send (letter) to give (Transitive Verb); for the benefit of (N) (Preposition); to let (S) happen; to do (S) for someone's benefit
V236.B *ku̱l Proto-Nyah Kur to give (Transitive Verb); for the benefit of (N) (Preposition); to let (S) happen; to do (S) for someone's benefit
V236.A *kɒ̱ɨ̯ Proto-Mon to give, to pay, to send (letter)
V237 *ɟəl Proto-Monic to quarrel, to brawl (horned animals, roosters) to fight (with horns, spurs...); (people, cars, heads) to bump into (obstacles, each other...) (Transitive Verb)
V237.B *ɕə̤l Proto-Nyah Kur (horned animals, roosters) to fight (with horns, spurs...); (people, cars, heads) to bump into (obstacles, each other...) (Transitive Verb)
V237.A *cə̤ Proto-Mon to quarrel, to brawl
V238 *təl Proto-Monic to plant to plant (seeds, cuttings...); to set (posts, house poles...); to remember, think about etc.
V238.B *tə̱l Proto-Nyah Kur to plant (seeds, cuttings...); to set (posts, house poles...); to remember, think about etc.
V238.A *tɒ̱ɨ̯ Proto-Mon to plant
V239 *[k]ɗaal Proto-Monic shallow (river, container) to be shallow (Intransitive Verb); not deeply (e.g. a thorn penetrates -) (Adverb); not seriously (e.g. to think -, to speak -) (Adverb)
V239.B *[khə]da̱al Proto-Nyah Kur (river, container) to be shallow (Intransitive Verb); not deeply (e.g. a thorn penetrates -) (Adverb); not seriously (e.g. to think -, to speak -) (Adverb)
V239.A *ɗa̱ Proto-Mon shallow
V240 *b[jə]l Proto-Monic hungry hungry
V240.B *pi̤il Proto-Nyah Kur hungry
V240.A *pjə̤ Proto-Mon hungry
V241 *ɓuul Proto-Monic to be intoxicated with (e.g. alcohol, ganja, poisonous mushrooms...); to be enamoured (a woman) (Pseudo-Transitive Verb)
V241.B *bu̱ul Proto-Nyah Kur to be intoxicated with (e.g. alcohol, ganja, poisonous mushrooms...); to be enamoured (a woman) (Pseudo-Transitive Verb)
V241b *[bəl]-ɓuul Proto-Monic intoxicated
V241b.A *həɓu̱ Proto-Mon intoxicated
V242 *[]mal Proto-Monic to be fragrant, sweet-smelling good tasting (chiming expression)
V242.B *[ʔ]ma̱l Proto-Nyah Kur good tasting (chiming expression)
V242.A *mo̤ Proto-Mon to be fragrant, sweet-smelling
V242a *[m-r]-mal Proto-Monic fragrance, perfume
V242a.A *həma̱o̯ Proto-Mon fragrance, perfume
V243 *wiil Proto-Monic to go around (something) (Verb of Motion)
V243.B *wi̤il Proto-Nyah Kur to go around (something) (Verb of Motion)
V243a *tr-wiil Proto-Monic to attend on (someone); to cause (someone) to attend on (someone); to take (someone) in one's train to make (something) rotate (Transitive Verb); to turn upon (oneself) (Verb Reflexive)
V243a.B *təwi̱il Proto-Nyah Kur to make (something) rotate (Transitive Verb); to turn upon (oneself) (Verb Reflexive)
V243a.A *[p/k]əwi̱ Proto-Mon to attend on (someone); to cause (someone) to attend on (someone); to take (someone) in one's train
V244 *saal Proto-Monic to lay out, to spread, to lay on (e.g. leaves, mats...); to unroll to make (bamboo, rattan) strips (with a special tool having a shot blade and a long handle) (Transitive Verb); the strips are used for tying or for making mats
V244.B *ɕa̱al Proto-Nyah Kur to make (bamboo, rattan) strips (with a special tool having a shot blade and a long handle) (Transitive Verb); the strips are used for tying or for making mats
V244.A *sa̱ Proto-Mon to lay out, to spread, to lay on (e.g. leaves, mats...); to unroll
V244a *k[]saal Proto-Monic split bamboo fiber used for lashings (Noun)
V244a.A *cha̱ Proto-Mon split bamboo fiber used for lashings (Noun)
V244b *s-n-aal Proto-Monic mat, bamboo mat (used for drying food in the sun)
V244b.A *hna̱ Proto-Mon mat, bamboo mat (used for drying food in the sun)
V245 *[c--]jaal Proto-Monic to be light in weight, moderate in degree, gentle, soft, nimble to be light in weight (Intransitive Verb)
V245.B *[c/k]həja̱al Proto-Nyah Kur to be light in weight (Intransitive Verb)
V245.A *sa̱ Proto-Mon to be light in weight, moderate in degree, gentle, soft, nimble
V245a *[c]-m-jaal Proto-Monic light in weight (Attributive)
V245a.B *[c/k]həmja̱al Proto-Nyah Kur light in weight (Attributive)
V246 *[c]nʔas Proto-Monic to sneeze to sneeze (Intransitive Verb) to sneeze due to (something, e.g. the smell of frying chilli) (Pseudo-transitive Verb)
V246.B *[c]ənʔa̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to sneeze (Intransitive Verb) to sneeze due to (something, e.g. the smell of frying chilli) (Pseudo-transitive Verb)
V246.A *həʔɔ̱h Proto-Mon to sneeze
V247 *lʔuus Proto-Monic ripe (fruit) to be fully ripe (Intransitive Verb)
V247.B *ləʔu̱uj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur (fruit) to be fully ripe (Intransitive Verb)
V247.A *ɗu̱h Proto-Mon ripe
V247a *l-m-ʔuus Proto-Monic
V248 *ckas Proto-Monic (e.g. leaves) to be dry (e.g. cloth, fish, earth, air) to be dry; (river, water) to have dried up (Intransitive Verb)
V248.B *cəka̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur (e.g. cloth, fish, earth, air) to be dry; (river, water) to have dried up (Intransitive Verb)
V248.A *kɔ̱h Proto-Mon (e.g. leaves) to be dry
V248a *c-m-kas Proto-Monic
V249 *gus Proto-Monic to regret the loss of, miss, to go short of to regret the loss or absence of (someone, something) (Transitive Verb)
V249.B *kṳj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to regret the loss or absence of (someone, something) (Transitive Verb)
V249.A *kə̤h Proto-Mon to regret the loss of, miss, to go short of
V250 *guus Proto-Monic (part of the body) to swell (body part, skin) to be swollen due to insect bite, bruise... (Intransitive Verb)
V250.B *kṳuj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur (body part, skin) to be swollen due to insect bite, bruise... (Intransitive Verb)
V250.A *kṳh Proto-Mon (part of the body) to swell
V251 *cis Proto-Monic to go down, descend to go down to (a place), (from somewhere) (Verb of Motion); downwards (Adverb)
V251.B *ci̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to go down to (a place), (from somewhere) (Verb of Motion); downwards (Adverb)
V251.A *cə̱h Proto-Mon to go down, descend
V252 *ɟas Proto-Monic to have a fever to have a fever (Intransitive Verb)
V252.B *ca̤j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to have a fever (Intransitive Verb)
V252.A *cɔ̤h Proto-Mon to have a fever
V253 *das Proto-Monic to be, to become to be identical to (something); to be included in (a category); to perform as (a function); to have (a disease) (Pseudo-transitive Verb)
V253.B *ta̤j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to be identical to (something); to be included in (a category); to perform as (a function); to have (a disease) (Pseudo-transitive Verb)
V253.A *tɔ̤h Proto-Mon to be, to become
V254 *pas Proto-Monic to pick (something) up (from the ground) (Transitive Verb)
V254.B *pa̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to pick (something) up (from the ground) (Transitive Verb)
V254a *()pas Proto-Monic to pick up
V254a.A *[k]əpɔ̱h Proto-Mon to pick up
V255 *ɓas Proto-Monic to pluck, pick up (flowers, fruits) to pluck (flowers, fruits) with the hand by pulling or twisting (Transitive Verb)
V255.B *ba̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to pluck (flowers, fruits) with the hand by pulling or twisting (Transitive Verb)
V255.A *ɓɔ̱h Proto-Mon to pluck, pick up (flowers, fruits)
V256 *twas Proto-Monic to sweep to brush (something) away gently, by hand or with a cloth (not with a broom) (Transitive Verb)
V256.B *thwa̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to brush (something) away gently, by hand or with a cloth (not with a broom) (Transitive Verb)
V256.A *kwɔ̱h Proto-Mon to sweep
V256a *t-n-was Proto-Monic bundle of twigs or rice-stalks used for sweeping broom (Noun)
V256a.B *thənwa̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur broom (Noun)
V256a.A *kəmɔ̱h Proto-Mon bundle of twigs or rice-stalks used for sweeping
V257 *kraas Proto-Monic to sweep (something) (with a broom) (Transitive Verb)
V257.B *kra̱aj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to sweep (something) (with a broom) (Transitive Verb)
V257a *k-n-raas Proto-Monic broom
V257a.B *kənra̱aj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur broom
V257b *graas Proto-Monic to harrow (a field), to comb (hair)
V257b.B *krɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Nyah Kur
V257c *g-n-raas Proto-Monic a rake, a comb
V257c.A *hərɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Mon a rake, a comb
V258 *pruus Proto-Monic to squirt from mouth or trunk (person, snake, elephant...) to squirt (air, a liquid...) (from mouth, trunk) (Transitive Verb)
V258.B *pru̱uj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur (person, snake, elephant...) to squirt (air, a liquid...) (from mouth, trunk) (Transitive Verb)
V258.A *pru̱h Proto-Mon to squirt from mouth or trunk
V259 *laas Proto-Monic to lay out, spread something on the floor to lay open (a mat, a piece of cloth...) open (e.g. on the floor) (Transitive Verb)
V259.B *la̤aj̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to lay open (a mat, a piece of cloth...) open (e.g. on the floor) (Transitive Verb)
V259.A *lɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Mon to lay out, spread something on the floor
V260 *ləs Proto-Monic to come untwisted, undone
V260.A *lə̤h Proto-Mon to come untwisted, undone
V260a *k-ləs Proto-Monic (spring-trap, arrow) to be released (Intransitive Verb)
V260a.B *khlə̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur (spring-trap, arrow) to be released (Intransitive Verb)
V260b *p-ləs Proto-Monic to unwind, unfold, untwist, unloose; to come unwound
V260b.A *plɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon to unwind, unfold, untwist, unloose; to come unwound
V260c *t[r]ləs Proto-Monic to release (trap mechanism, arrow) (Transitive Verb)
V260c.B *tələ̱j̊ Proto-Nyah Kur to release (trap mechanism, arrow) (Transitive Verb)
V261 *sʔuj Proto-Monic to be rotten, putrid to be rotting, decomposing; to stink (Intransitive Verb)
V261.B *ɕəʔu̱j Proto-Nyah Kur to be rotting, decomposing; to stink (Intransitive Verb)
V261.A *sʔu̱i̯ Proto-Mon to be rotten, putrid
V262 *k[--]ʔuuj Proto-Monic
V262a *k-n-ʔuuj Proto-Monic medicine, poison medicine, poison
V262a.B *kənʔu̱uj Proto-Nyah Kur medicine, poison
V262a.A *həʔu̱i̯ Proto-Mon medicine, poison
V263 *cŋkuj Proto-Monic to be asleep to feel sleepy (Intransitive Verb) usually in compounds
V263.B *cəŋku̱j Proto-Nyah Kur to feel sleepy (Intransitive Verb) usually in compounds
V263.A *həku̱i̯ Proto-Mon to be asleep
V264 *sŋuj Proto-Monic (food) to be burnt (food, e.g. curry, rice...) to be overcooked (Transitive Verb)
V264.B *ɕhŋu̱j Proto-Nyah Kur (food, e.g. curry, rice...) to be overcooked (Transitive Verb)
V264.A *hɲu̱i̯ Proto-Mon (food) to be burnt
V265 *ɟŋəj Proto-Monic to be far, distant to be far (from a place) (Transitive Verb); far (Adverb)
V265.B *chəŋə̤j Proto-Nyah Kur to be far (from a place) (Transitive Verb); far (Adverb)
V265.A *ɦɲo̤ɛ̯ Proto-Mon to be far, distant
V265a *ɟ-r-ŋəj Proto-Monic distance (Noun)
V265a.A *[kə]ɦɲo̤ɛ̯ Proto-Mon distance (Noun)
V265b *ɟ-m-ŋəj Proto-Monic distant point (Noun)
V265b.B *[kə]ɦɲo̤ɛ̯ Proto-Nyah Kur
V266 *caj Proto-Monic to spread in the sun to dry to spread (e.g. clothes, meat, fish...) in the sun or in the wind to dry (Transitive Verb)
V266.B *ca̱j Proto-Nyah Kur to spread (e.g. clothes, meat, fish...) in the sun or in the wind to dry (Transitive Verb)
V266.A *cɒ̱ɛ̯ Proto-Mon to spread in the sun to dry
V267 *ɲɟəj Proto-Monic to be sick to be in pain (Intransitive Verb); to have pain in (a part of the body) (Pseudo-Transitive Verb)
V267.B *ɕə̤j Proto-Nyah Kur to be in pain (Intransitive Verb); to have pain in (a part of the body) (Pseudo-Transitive Verb)
V267.A *jɔ̤ɛ̯ Proto-Mon to be sick
V268 *gɲaaj Proto-Monic to chew (Transitive Verb) to chew (Transitive Verb)
V268.B *khəɲa̤aj Proto-Nyah Kur to chew (Transitive Verb)
V268.A *ɦɲa̤i̯ Proto-Mon to chew (Transitive Verb)
V269 *paaj Proto-Monic to reject, set aside, leave vacant, avoid, remove from; left side to climb (a tree, especially a coconut-tree) by using feet and hands only, without embracing the trunk (Transitive Verb) usually with Post-Verb
V269.B *pa̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur to climb (a tree, especially a coconut-tree) by using feet and hands only, without embracing the trunk (Transitive Verb) usually with Post-Verb
V269.A *pa̱i̯ Proto-Mon to reject, set aside, leave vacant, avoid, remove from; left side
V270 *cmbaaj Proto-Monic to carry by a sling from the shoulder to carry (something) on a sling from the shoulder (Transitive Verb)
V270.B *kəmpha̤aj Proto-Nyah Kur to carry (something) on a sling from the shoulder (Transitive Verb)
V270.A *kəma̱i̯ Proto-Mon to carry by a sling from the shoulder
V271 *k[--]buuj Proto-Monic to cause to sway, swing (Transitive Verb); to shake, sway (Intransitive Verb) to swing (e.g. a cot, a bag held in hand, one's hands in walking, a child...) (Transitive Verb); (cot, boat...) to sway, be swinging (Intransitive Verb)
V271.B *kəpṳuj Proto-Nyah Kur to swing (e.g. a cot, a bag held in hand, one's hands in walking, a child...) (Transitive Verb); (cot, boat...) to sway, be swinging (Intransitive Verb)
V271.A *həwṳi̯ Proto-Mon to cause to sway, swing (Transitive Verb); to shake, sway (Intransitive Verb)
V272 *maj Proto-Monic to look at to look at; /kda̱h ma̤y/ look and see
V272.B *ma̤j Proto-Nyah Kur to look at; /kda̱h ma̤y/ look and see
V272.A *mo̤ɛ̯ Proto-Mon to look at
V272a *g[r]-maj Proto-Monic to see (Transitive Verb)
V272a.B *khəma̤j Proto-Nyah Kur to see (Transitive Verb)
V273 *ɟ()raaj Proto-Monic to be lean, thin of body (person, animal) to be skinny (Intransitive Verb)
V273.B *ch(ə)ra̤aj Proto-Nyah Kur (person, animal) to be skinny (Intransitive Verb)
V273.A *sa̤i̯ Proto-Mon to be lean, thin of body
V274 *sraaj Proto-Monic (animal) to be fierce, to be aggressive when wounded (Intransitive Verb)
V274.B *ɕra̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur (animal) to be fierce, to be aggressive when wounded (Intransitive Verb)
V274a *s-m-raaj Proto-Monic wild beast (Noun); class of spirits living in ground and causing disease (Noun) (animal) aggressive when wounded (Attributive)
V274a.B *ɕəmra̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur (animal) aggressive when wounded (Attributive)
V274a.A *həra̱i̯ Proto-Mon wild beast (Noun); class of spirits living in ground and causing disease (Noun)
V275 *luuj Proto-Monic to wade through to wade through (e.g. water, mud, grass...) (Transitive Verb)
V275.B *lṳuj Proto-Nyah Kur to wade through (e.g. water, mud, grass...) (Transitive Verb)
V275.A *lṳi̯ Proto-Mon to wade through
V276 *khaaj Proto-Monic to dig (up, out) to dig (e.g. earth, a hole) by scratching and scooping up (with hands, claws or a small object); to dig (something) out in this manner; to scoop (something, e.g. rice) up and hold it (Transitive Verb)
V276.B *kha̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur to dig (e.g. earth, a hole) by scratching and scooping up (with hands, claws or a small object); to dig (something) out in this manner; to scoop (something, e.g. rice) up and hold it (Transitive Verb)
V276.A *kha̱i̯ Proto-Mon to dig (up, out)
V276a *k-n-haaj Proto-Monic leftovers of digging activity, e.g. the dust left by termites
V276a.B *kənha̱aj Proto-Nyah Kur leftovers of digging activity, e.g. the dust left by termites
V277 *phej Proto-Monic to be satiated to be satiated (Intransitive Verb); up to satiety (Adverb)
V277.B *phə̱j Proto-Nyah Kur to be satiated (Intransitive Verb); up to satiety (Adverb)
V277.A *phɒ̱ɛ̯ Proto-Mon to be satiated
V278 *cʔah Proto-Monic to be pure, clear, clean (a quantity pf grain, e.g. of rice, of peanuts) to be free of impurities, such as stones, broken seeds... (Intransitive Verb)
V278.B *chʔa̱h Proto-Nyah Kur (a quantity pf grain, e.g. of rice, of peanuts) to be free of impurities, such as stones, broken seeds... (Intransitive Verb)
V278.A *ʔa̱h Proto-Mon to be pure, clear, clean
V279 *pguh Proto-Monic to blow a musical instrument; to blow on, through to blow on (fire to kindle it, food to cool it...) (Transitive Verb)
V279.B *pəkṳh Proto-Nyah Kur to blow on (fire to kindle it, food to cool it...) (Transitive Verb)
V279.A *həkə̤h Proto-Mon to blow a musical instrument; to blow on, through
V280 *pcah Proto-Monic sour to taste sour (Intransitive Verb)
V280.B *pəca̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to taste sour (Intransitive Verb)
V280.A *phja̱h Proto-Mon sour
V280a *p-m-cah Proto-Monic sour pickle, sour substance, sourness a fermented sour dish made with powdered pork-meat (Noun)
V280a.B *pəmca̱h Proto-Nyah Kur a fermented sour dish made with powdered pork-meat (Noun)
V280a.A *həca̱h Proto-Mon sour pickle, sour substance, sourness
V281 *kcɔh Proto-Monic to spit to spit (something) (Transitive Verb)
V281.B *kəcɔ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to spit (something) (Transitive Verb)
V281.A *chɔ̱h Proto-Mon to spit
V281a *k-m-cɔh Proto-Monic saliva, spittle spittle (Noun)
V281a.B *kəmcɔ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur spittle (Noun)
V281a.A *kəsɔ̱h Proto-Mon saliva, spittle
V282 *pcuh Proto-Monic pale, faded, discolored, sickly to be pale-colored (e.g. a sick person, young leaves, old clothes) (Intransitive Verb)
V282.B *pəcu̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to be pale-colored (e.g. a sick person, young leaves, old clothes) (Intransitive Verb)
V282.A *phjɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon pale, faded, discolored, sickly
V283 *[k][-l/r-]ɟuh Proto-Monic deep (e.g. container, river, eyes...) to be deep (Intransitive Verb)
V283.B *[k/l]əɕ(r)ṳh Proto-Nyah Kur (e.g. container, river, eyes...) to be deep (Intransitive Verb)
V283.A *sə̤h Proto-Mon deep
V283a *[l/r]-n-ɟuh Proto-Monic depth
V283a.A *hənjə̤h Proto-Mon depth
V284 *ktah Proto-Monic to burst, explode lightning strikes
V284.B *kəta̱h Proto-Nyah Kur lightning strikes
V284.A *(hə)ta̱h Proto-Mon to burst, explode
V285 *dah Proto-Monic to hit (a mark), meet with, reach (goal), be correct, apposite, to fit to hit (something) (with something) (Transitive Verb); to hit with, touch with (something); to undergo (an undesirable action) (Intransitive Verb); to reach (Post-Verb after Verb of Movement); correctly (Adverb)
V285.B *ta̤h Proto-Nyah Kur to hit (something) (with something) (Transitive Verb); to hit with, touch with (something); to undergo (an undesirable action) (Intransitive Verb); to reach (Post-Verb after Verb of Movement); correctly (Adverb)
V285.A *tɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Mon to hit (a mark), meet with, reach (goal), be correct, apposite, to fit
V286 *ɟnah Proto-Monic to be victorious, win; to overcome, conquer to win (over someone) (Transitive Verb); to the point of winning (Adverb)
V286.B *chəna̤h Proto-Nyah Kur to win (over someone) (Transitive Verb); to the point of winning (Adverb)
V286.A *ɦnɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Mon to be victorious, win; to overcome, conquer
V287 *pɔh Proto-Monic to be displaced, blown away to chase (someone, an animal) (from somewhere) (Transitive Verb)
V287.B *pɔ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to chase (someone, an animal) (from somewhere) (Transitive Verb)
V287.A *pɔ̱h Proto-Mon to be displaced, blown away
V288 *ɓuh Proto-Monic boiled in water (e.g. an egg, clothes...) (Transitive Verb) to boil (a liquid, e.g. curry, alcohol...); to melt (e.g. wax from a honeycomb) (Transitive Verb)
V288.B *bu̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to boil (a liquid, e.g. curry, alcohol...); to melt (e.g. wax from a honeycomb) (Transitive Verb)
V288.A *ɓɒ̱ɨh Proto-Mon boiled in water (e.g. an egg, clothes...) (Transitive Verb)
V289 *ɓuh Proto-Monic to be cool, pleasant, calm, quiet (Intransitive Verb)
V289.A *ɓɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon to be cool, pleasant, calm, quiet (Intransitive Verb)
V289a *l-ɓuh Proto-Monic to become cool; to make pleasant (day) to cool off in the evening; (body) to have fever abate (Intransitive Verb)
V289a.B *ləbu̱h Proto-Nyah Kur (day) to cool off in the evening; (body) to have fever abate (Intransitive Verb)
V289a.A *həɓɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon to become cool; to make pleasant
V289b *l-m-ɓuh Proto-Monic to cool, to be cool to be cooled off (food) (Attributive)
V289b.B *ləmbu̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to be cooled off (food) (Attributive)
V289b.A *[k]əmɒ̱u̯h Proto-Mon to cool, to be cool
V290 *k()wɛh Proto-Monic indeed, thoroughly, truly to be real, true (Intransitive Verb); really truly (Adverb)
V290.B *kəwɛ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to be real, true (Intransitive Verb); really truly (Adverb)
V290.A *kwɛ̱h Proto-Mon indeed, thoroughly, truly
V291 *crɔh Proto-Monic to wear (e.g. a flower) (on one's ear), to carry (earrings) (in the ear) (Transitive Verb)
V291.B *crɔh Proto-Nyah Kur to wear (e.g. a flower) (on one's ear), to carry (earrings) (in the ear) (Transitive Verb)
V292 *sruh Proto-Monic to put out (a fire) to pour (e.g. water) (on e.g. fire, plants...) (Transitive Verb)
V292.B *ɕru̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to pour (e.g. water) (on e.g. fire, plants...) (Transitive Verb)
V292.A *sɒ̱ɨh Proto-Mon to put out (a fire)
V293 *ruh Proto-Monic to tear down (an old house) to dear down (a house, a wall...); to undo (cloth, a mat...) (Transitive Verb)
V293.B *rṳh Proto-Nyah Kur to dear down (a house, a wall...); to undo (cloth, a mat...) (Transitive Verb)
V293.A *rə̤h Proto-Mon to tear down (an old house)
V293a *s-m-ruh Proto-Monic to become dilapidated, collapse; to cause to drop, demolish (house, mat...) to fall apart; (hair-bun...) to come undone (Intransitive Verb)
V293a.B *ɕəmru̱h Proto-Nyah Kur (house, mat...) to fall apart; (hair-bun...) to come undone (Intransitive Verb)
V293a.A *hərɒ̱ɨ̯h Proto-Mon to become dilapidated, collapse; to cause to drop, demolish
V294 *(s)-glɛh Proto-Monic to carve up to extract (e.g. meat adhering to bones, coconut-flesh from shell, bone-marrow, ear-wax...) (with a sharp object, e.g. tip of knife, nails...) (Transitive Verb)
V294.B *(ɕə-)khlɛ̤h Proto-Nyah Kur to extract (e.g. meat adhering to bones, coconut-flesh from shell, bone-marrow, ear-wax...) (with a sharp object, e.g. tip of knife, nails...) (Transitive Verb)
V294.A *klɛ̤h Proto-Mon to carve up
V295 *lah Proto-Monic to be level, flat, extensive
V295.A *lɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Mon to be level, flat, extensive
V295a *tn-lah Proto-Monic leaf, especially metal leaf, foil sheet-like fully open object (e.g. the top of an umbrella or mushroom, a page, a gold-leaf, a banana leaf for serving food); any cut leaf used as a sheet
V295a.B *tənla̱h Proto-Nyah Kur sheet-like fully open object (e.g. the top of an umbrella or mushroom, a page, a gold-leaf, a banana leaf for serving food); any cut leaf used as a sheet
V295a.A *kəna̱h Proto-Mon leaf, especially metal leaf, foil
V296 *blah Proto-Monic to escape, be free from, go free, pass off to be released, go free (Intransitive Verb)
V296.B *phla̤h Proto-Nyah Kur to be released, go free (Intransitive Verb)
V296.A *plɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Mon to escape, be free from, go free, pass off
V296a *b[]lah Proto-Monic to let go, to free from, to send for to release
V296a.B *phəla̤h Proto-Nyah Kur to release
V296a.A *həlɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Mon to let go, to free from, to send for
V297 *blah Proto-Monic (illness) to get better (wound) to heal (Intransitive Verb); (person) to recover from (disease) (Pseudo-Transitive Verb)
V297.B *phla̤h Proto-Nyah Kur (wound) to heal (Intransitive Verb); (person) to recover from (disease) (Pseudo-Transitive Verb)
V297.A *plɛ̤ə̯h Proto-Mon (illness) to get better
V298 *nsɔh Proto-Monic to untie (e.g. a knot); to answer, to solve to untie (e.g. a knot, a hair-bun); to open (one's shirt) (Transitive Verb)
V298.B *ɲɕɔ̱h Proto-Nyah Kur to untie (e.g. a knot, a hair-bun); to open (one's shirt) (Transitive Verb)
V298.A *sɔ̱h Proto-Mon to untie (e.g. a knot); to answer, to solve

References[edit]

  • Diffloth, Gérard. 1984 The Dvaravati Old Mon languages and Nyah Kur. Monic Language Studies. Chulalongkorn University Printing House, Bangkok.
Vocabulary lists of Mainland Southeast Asian languages
Sino-Tibetan

p-Tibeto-Burman • p-Southern Min • Greater Bai • p-Naish • p-Ersuic • Guiqiong • p-Lalo • Akha • Kathu • Gong • p-Karenic • p-Luish • p-Bodo-Garo • Kuki-Chin • Mru • p-W. Tibetan • Zakhring • Tshangla • Kho-Bwa • p-Puroik • p-Hrusish • Koro • Greater Siangic • Dhimalish • Baram-Thangmi • Bhujel • p-Kham • Dura • Bunan • (Nepal)

Austroasiatic

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Hmong-Mien

p-Hmong-Mien • Hmong-Mien • p-Hmongic • Pa-Hng • Pana • p-Mienic

Kra-Dai

p-Kra • p-Kam-Sui • Kam-Sui (Hunan) • p-Lakkia • p-Tai • p-Be • Jizhao • p-Hlai • Jiamao

Others

Burushaski • Kusunda • Nihali • Kenaboi • p-Ongan • p-Trans-New Guinea • p-Japanese • p-Ainu • p-Nivkh