Appendix:Austronesian Swadesh lists

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This is a Swadesh list of Austronesian languages, specifically Ilocano, Indonesian, Tagalog, Cebuano, Kapampangan, Pangasinan, Sasak, Chamorro, Malagasy, Tahitian, Maori, Sundanese, Ibanag, Itawit, Javanese, Bikol Central, Malay, Makasar, Kangean and Buginese, compared with that of English.

  • Ilocano (Northern Luzon of Philippines)
  • Indonesian (Maritime Southeast Asia (mainly Indonesia))
  • Tagalog (Southern Luzon of Philippines)
  • Cebuano (Central Visayan Islands of Philippines)
  • Kapampangan (Central Luzon of Philippines)
  • Pangasinan (Central Luzon of Philippines)
  • Sasak (Lombok of Indonesia)
  • Chamorro (Guam and Northern Mariana Islands)
  • Malagasy (Madagascar)
  • Tahitian (Tahiti)
  • Maori (New Zealand)
  • Sundanese (Western Java of Indonesia)
  • Ibanag (Northeastern Luzon of Philippines)
  • Itawit (Northeastern Luzon of Philippines)
  • Javanese (Central and Eastern Java of Indonesia)
  • Taivoan (Taiwan)
  • Bikol Central (Southern Luzon of Philippines)
  • Malay (Eastern Sumatra and Riau Islands of Indonesia; Singapore; Malaysia; Brunei(?))
  • Makasar (Southern Sulawesi of Indonesia)
  • Kangean (Kangean Archipelago of Indonesia)
  • Bugis (Southern Sulawesi of Indonesia)

List[edit]

English Ilocano
Ilokano
Indonesian
Indonèsia
Tagalog
Tagalog
Cebuano
Sebwano
Kapampangan
Pangpángan
Pangasinan
Pangasinan
Sasak
Sasaq
Chamorro
Chamoru
Malagasy
Malagasi
Tahitian
Mā’ohi
Maori
Māori
Sundanese
Sunda
Ibanag
Ybanag
Itawis
Itawit
Javanese
Jawa
Taivoan
Taiwoan
Central Bikol
Bikol Sentral
Malay
Melayu
Makasar
Mangkasaraʼ
Kangean
Kangayan
Bugis
Ogi/Ugi
1 I siak aku, daku, gue, saya, dalem, ana, kawula, den, kuring ako ako aku ak, siák aku, tiang guåhu, yu', hu aho au, vau ahau, au, awahau, awau, wau abdi, aing, didieu, sim kuring, urang sakan, so' yakan aku, kula, dalem iyaw, kuri, ku ako saye nakke ako, nira, kaula, kaule iya', idi'
2 you
(singular)
sika kamu, lu, lo, engkau, dikau, kau, koe, anda, mika, panjenengan, sampean ikaw, ka ikaw ika siká, ka kamu, side hågu, håo, mu ianao 'oe koe anjeun, manéh, didinya, sia, silaing sikaw ikaw kowe, sampeyan, panjenengan inhu, ko, ho ika, ka awak, awda (in Brunei Malay) ikau kao, nae, panjenengngan iko, ko, mo, mu
3 he isu dia (he/she), ia (it) siya siya iya si, sikato, to ie guiya izy 'oia, 'ōna ia anjeunna, manéhna yayya iggina dheweke, panjenenganipun tene siya die ia rea, reya, riya, direkna aléna, i, wi, mi, na
4 we datayo (incl.), dakami (excl.) kita, katong (incl.), kami (excl.) tayo (incl.), kami (excl.) kita (incl.), kami (excl.) ikata (incl.), ikami (excl.), itamu (si)katá (incl.), (si)kamí (excl.) ite hita (incl.), hami (excl.) isika (incl.), izahay (excl.) tātou (incl.), mātou (excl.) tātau, tātou (incl.); mātau, mātou (excl.) arurang, urang sitta (incl. for two people), sittam (incl. for more than two), sikami (excl.) itta (incl. for two people), ittera (incl. for more than two), ikami (excl.) awake dhewe, kawula sami kita (incl.), kame (excl.) kita (incl.), kami (excl.) kite orang kambe keta (incl.), abekna (excl.) ta', mi', idi', ki', ni', pi'
5 you
(plural)
dakayo kalian kayo kamo ika, ikayu (plural) sikayo, kayo, yo [[]] hamyu ianareo 'outou koutou aranjeun, maranéh sikamu ikayu kowe kabeh kamo kamo biskita (in Brunei Malay), korang ke'nang kao kabbih, kao hakalean mu
6 they isuda mereka, dorang (in Eastern Indonesian) sila sila ila sikara, ra [[]] siha izy ireo rātou rātau, rātou aranjeunna, maranéhna ira ira dheweke kabeh naini sinda die orang, dong (in Ambonese Malay) reng ento na, i
7 this daytoy ini ito kiri, kini ini ya, aya ni ini, esti ity, ito teie tēnei ieu yaw yaw iki, puniki kata ini ni anne ena iyaé
8 that dayta, daydiay itu, tuh iyan, iyon kana, kadto yan, ita man, tan, aman, atan no enao izany terā tērā, tēraka éta yatun (near), yari (far yet visible), yuri (far and not visible) yan (near), nay (far) iku, kuwi, puniku (near), ika, punika (far) kana iyan, idto/ito tu angkana ento iyaro, iyatu
9 here ditoy sini dito diri, dinhi keni, keti dia leq te mågi, guini eto iho nei konei dieu taw kanyaw, tiyaw kene, riki hia digdi kat sini anrinni dina konnyé, kué, kumennyé
10 there dita, sadiay sana, sono, situ doon, diyan diha, didto keta, karin diman, ditan leq to guatu ao iho na korā, konā ditu, dinya tatun (near), tari (far yet visible), turi (far and not visible) kanyan, tiyan (near), kannay (far) kono, riku (near), kana, rika (far) hina duman, diyan kat sane anjo, anjoreng, antureng diye, dito kutu, kuro, kuraddo
11 who asino siapa, sapa sino kinsa ninu siopá, opa sai håyi iza vai ko wai, ko saha sinni sinni sapa, sinten timang si isay sape nai hapa, pasera niga
12 what ania apa ano unsa nanu antó ape håfa inona aha he aha naon anni hanna apa, punapa mang ano ape apa apa aga, maga
13 where ayan mana saan, nasaan asa, hain, diin, dis-a nukarin iner leq mbe manu nai, mångge aiza tei hea kai whea, kai hea, kei hea, kei whea palihmana sitaw betiyaw endi, pundi tumang sain, hain kat mane ri apa dimma téga, kéga
14 when kaano bila, apabila, kapan kailan kanus-a kapilan kapigan, pigan piran ngai'an oviana (past), rahoviana (future) ahea āhea, āwhea iraha kanni kanna kapan mano kasuarin (past), nuarin (future) bile angngapapi pabila uppanna, sianna
15 how kasano bagaimana, ancoa paano unsaon, giunsa makananu pano, panon kembe taimanu manahoana nāhea pēhea kumaha kunnasi kunnasi, manna kepriye, pripun kimang pano cane antekamma mamma maraga, pékkugi, pékku-pékku
16 not saan bukan, tidak hindi dili ali ag, aliwá, andí, aleg ndeq åhe', tis tsy 'eaia ehara, kāhore (kaore), kāre, kīhai, kore, kaua, kauaka enteu, lain, sanés, teu ari mari dudu, ora, guduk asi bako, dai bukan ta', tena, teai beni, endek, tak tennia
17 all amin semua, seluruh, sarwa, antero lahat tanan ngan amín slapuq puru, todu ny ... rehetra anaʻe katoa kabéh, sadaya ngamin ngammin kabeh, sedaya, sedanten imid gabos, anas sume, semue ngaseng kabbih iyamaneng, mammessangeng, maneng, sappu
18 many adu banyak, bejibun marami daghan, sagad dakal dakél, amayamay [[]] bula betsaka rahi maha loba, seueur aru aru akeh, kathah banabana dakol banyak jai, loe, majai, nipajai manyak maéga, éga, mallompéng
19 some dadduma beberapa ilan ubay-ubay, uban mapilan pigara, piga [[]] [[]] vitsivitsy nau, tau ētahi, tētahi sababaraha karuan karuan sawenèh ruma nagkapira sebahagian pirang ha [[]]
20 few sumagmamano sedikit, dikit kaunti pipila, diyotay ditak, mapilan daiset [[]] [[]] kely maʻa takitahi, ruarua, torutoru saalit, saeutik, sakedik baddi bissang sithik, sekedhik ateten dikit, diit sikit dengke', dengke'-dengke' halik, haling siaré', siaré'-aré'
21 other sabali lain iba lain aliua arom [[]] otru, palu hafa ʻē , atu, ētahi (atu), ērā (atu) séjén, lian duma tanakuan liya, sanes pani, raruma iba beze, lain maraeng aseng, laen laing
22 one maysa (native), uno (Spanish) satu, esa isa (native), uno (Spanish) usa (native), unu (Spanish) metung or isa (native), uno (Spanish) isá or sakey (native), uno (Spanish) sekeq, sai un (Spanish), håcha (native) iray, isa hō'ē tahi hiji tadday isa siji, setunggal caha' saro satu se're hetong, ha séddi, céu', séuwa, si
23 two dua (native), dos (Spanish) dua dalawa (native), dos (Spanish) duha (native), dus (Spanish) adua (native), dos (Spanish) dua or dua'ra (native), dos (Spanish) due dos (Spanish), hugua (native) roa piti rua dua duwa duwa loro, kalih ruha duwa due rua due', due dua
24 three tallo (native), tres (Spanish) tiga, telu tatlo (native), tres (Spanish) tulo (native), tris (Spanish) atlu (native), tres (Spanish) talo or talo'ra (native), tris (Spanish) telu tres (Spanish), tulu (native) telo toru toru tilu tallu tallu telu, tiga toho tulo tige tallu telo', telo tellu
25 four uppat (native), kuatro (Spanish) empat apat (native), kuwatro (Spanish) upat (native), kuwatru (Spanish) apat (native), kuatro (Spanish) apat or apatira (native), kuwatru (Spanish) mpat kuatro (Spanish), fatfat (native) efatra maha whā opat appa' appat papat, sekawan paha' apát empat appa' empa', empa eppa
26 five lima (native), singko (Spanish) lima lima (native), singko (Spanish) lima (native), singku (Spanish) lima (native), singko (Spanish) lima or lima'ra (native), singku (Spanish) lime sinko (Spanish), lima (native) dimy pae rima lima lima lima lima, gangsal, panca hima lima lime lima lema', lema lima
27 big dakkel besar, raya, gede malaki dako maragul báleg beleq dånkulu lehibe rahi nui ageung, gedé dakal dakal gedhe, ageng maiyan dakula besak lompo raje battoa, maraja, loppo, rajă, lonrong
28 long tiddog panjang mahaba taas makaba andokéy [[]] anåkko lava roa roa panjang, paos apiddu anaddu dawa, panjang mahandah halaba panjang labbu, lambere' lanjeng lampé
29 wide lawa lebar, luas malapad lapad lapad, malapad malapar, maawang [[]] fedda' malalaka 'ā'ano whānui, tīrara, pirara lega, rubak alawa alawa amba, jembar mahaway, mahayhay halakbang, mahiwas lapang labba' ambe malebba', lebba', sakkā
30 thick puskol tebal makapal baga kapal, makapal kapal, makapal [[]] potpot matevina meʻumeʻu mātotoru, pōruru, kukū kandel kannak, nakannak kannag, nakannag kandel, tebel makunum mahibog tebal kapala' kandel, tebel maumpe', mompe', ompe'
31 heavy dagsen berat mabigat bug-at bayat, mabayat belat, ambelat [[]] makkat mavesatra teiaha, taimaha taumaha abot, beurat dammo' dammat abot, awrat balau,madaon magabat berat battala' bera' tane'
32 small bassit kecil maliit, munti gamay lati, malati melag, melanting, tingot [[]] dikiki' kely iti iti alit, leutik baddi bissang, bissut cilik, alit bisibisi sadit, saday, sadang kecik cabale dumi', dumik, dumit, cimit biccu', makadinu'
33 short baba pendek, kate maliit, pandak mubo, putot kuyad, makuyad antikey, kulang, abeba [[]] kadada fohy poto poto pondok alinno' alinnat cendhek asi mahandah hababa pendek bokki pandek padde', poddo', pance', ponco'
34 narrow kikid sempit, sesak makitid gip-ot, hiktin, piot kitid, makitid mainget [[]] anggosto tery oaoa whāiti heurin, heureut, seredek atazzi' atazzit ciyut masi'id hayapit himpit seppa' selak, cekak cikke'
35 thin ingpis tipis manipis nipis impis, maiimpis maimpis, mabeng [[]] kanifes manify, mahia rairai rahirahi ipis eppi' empit tipis palipih mahimpis, manipis nipis tipisi' tepes nipi
36 woman babao wanita, perempuan babae babaye babai bií [[]] palao'an vehivavy vahine wahine awéwé, istri, wanoja babay babay wadon, wedok mu' babayi puan baine bibini, bibinian, bebinian makkunrai
37 man
(adult male)
lalaki pria, lelaki lalaki lalaki lalaki laki, bolog [[]] låhi lehilahy tāne tāne lalaki, pameget lalaki lalaki lanang lak lalaki laki-laki bura'ne lalake, lalakean burané
38 man
(human being)
tao orang, manusia, wong tao tawo tau too [[]] taotao olombelona taʻata tangata jalmi, jelema, manusa tolay tolay wong, manungsa pinalang, tau tawo kaum, orang tau, rupa tau reng, to, manongsa tau, rupa tau
39 child
(a youth)
anak anak, kanak, bocah bata, anak bata, anak anak anak, ogaw [[]] påtgon zaza tamariʻi tamaiti (singular); tamariki (plural) budak, murangkalih ana' anak anak, lare, arek, bocah arak aki budak ana' anak, nanak, kanak ana', anana'
40 wife asawa istri, garwa, bini asawa asawa asawa asawa, akolaw, kaamong [[]] asågua vady vahine faʻaipoipo wahine garwa, pamajikan, pibojong atawa atawa bojo, semah, garwa gegat agom bini baine bini béné
41 husband asawa suami asawa bana asawa asawa, masiken, kaamong [[]] asagua, esposu vady tāne faʻaipoipo tāne carogé, salaki atawa atawa bojo, semah, garwa ekega agom pakwe bura' lake, lakean burané, lakkai
42 mother ina ibu, mak, mama, nyak, inang, ina, indung, induk, uai ina, nanay inahan (ina), nanay Ima ina [[]] nåna reny, neny metua vahine whaea biang, ema, indung yena ina ibu ana' ina emak amma' mak, mamak, ebu, ummik indo'
43 father ama bapak, ayah, rama ama, tatay amahan (ama), tatay tatang ama [[]] tåta ray metua tane matua abah, bapa, rama yama ama bapa, rama ama' ama ayah mangge, ua', abba, tetta pak, mpak, rama, abah ambo', ua'
44 animal ayup binatang, hewan hayop mananap, hayop animal < from Spanish /animal/ ayep [[]] gå'ga' biby manu kararehe sato ayam ayam sato, kewan ayayam hayop haiwan olo', olo'-olo' keben, eban, keban olokolo'
45 fish ikan, iwak ikan isda isda asan sira [[]] guihan trondro, hazan-drano i'a ika lauk manango' manangat iwak, ulam kahan, icikang sira ikan juku' juko', jukok balé, juku
46 bird billit burung, manuk ibon langgam ayup ayep [[]] paluma vorona manu manu manuk mammanu' mammanuk manuk, peksi ayam gamgam, bayong burung jangang, jangang-jangang manok, jangang manu', dunrung
47 dog aso anjing, asu, kuyuk aso iro asu aso [[]] ga'lågu alika, amboa 'ūrī kurī anjing, guguk kitu atu asu, segawon acu, cau ayam, ido hanjing kongkong patek asu
48 louse kuto kutu kuto kuto kutu kuto [[]] hutu hao ʻutu kutu otét, puntang kutu kutu tuma kutu kuto amu (in Riau Malay), kutu kutu koto, tumo lissa, utu
49 snake uleg ular ahas bitin, halas ubingan oleg [[]] kolepbla bibilava 'ōfī neke (from English) oray iraw zirian ula unut, kulay halas ula ulara' olar ulā
50 worm igges cacing uod, bulate ulod bulati biges [[]] [[]] kankana toʻe, tuʻa noke, toke, ngaio cacing karalang karalang uler ku'ay ulod, halod ula kecik gallang, gallang-gallang caceng, geleng ule', ampeng
51 tree kayo pohon punungkahoy, puno punoan, kahoy tanaman kiew, tanem [[]] tronkon håyu hazo rā'au rākau tangkal kayu kayu wit kayu kahoy, puon (stalk of a tree) pokok poko' pokok, poon pong, aju
52 forest kakayuan rimba, hutan kakahuyan, gubat lasang gubat kakiewan, katakelan [[]] hålomtåno ala aru wao, ngahere leuweung kakayuan kakayuan alas, wana, wono, rimba bukun kadlagan hutan romang rembe, alas ale'
53 stick
(of wood)
kayo, sanga kayu, batang, tongkat, stik patpat pupot tingting bislak, sanga [[]] [[]] kibay, tehina mauhaʻa rākau, tokotoko régang billa' paluk pang hukar sarasa tongkat takkang betang, tongkat tekkeng
54 fruit bunga buah bunga, prutas < from Spanish /frutas/ bunga bunga bunga [[]] inasahan voankazo mā'a hua buah vunga vunga woh vua bunga, prutas < from Spanish /frutas/ buah rappo bua bua
55 seed bin-i benih, biji binhi, buto binhi butul bokel [[]] pipitas, simiya voa huero kākano, purapura binih, siki vullung vukal wiji ahap pisog, tulang biji tunggul lisere' bigi biné, ise'
56 leaf bulong daun dahon dahon bulung bulong [[]] håggon ravina raoʻere rau daun don don godhong, ron lai dahon daun leko' deon daung
57 root ramut akar ugat gamot yamut lamot [[]] hale' faka, fototra aʻa aka akar gamu' gamut oyod pata' gamot baniu (in Riau Malay), akar aka' akar ure'
58 bark
(of tree)
ukis ti kayo kulit pohon balat ng puno upak tangke obak [[]] [[]] hodi-kazo paʻa, ʻiri hīako, peha papagan [[]] [[]] klika [[]] ubak kulit kayu bukkuleng kayu bebegan, kolek kaju [[]]
59 flower sabong kembang, bunga bulaklak bulak sampaga bulaklak [[]] flores voninkazo tiare, pua putiputi, puāwai kembang, kusuma, puspa lappao lappao kembang, sekar hana burak bunga bunga kembeng ungă
60 grass ruot rumput damo balili, sagbut dikut dika [[]] chåguan ahitra, bozaka ʻaihere, matie pātītī jukut kaddo' kaddat suket kubuk duot, awot balui (in Riau Malay), rumpai ruku' rompot serī, wella
61 rope tali tali tali, lubid pisi lubid singer, lubir [[]] tali tady taura taura tali, tambang galu' galut tali ta'ih,sahini pisi, lubid temali tali tale tulū, kaili
62 skin
(of a person)
kudil kulit balat panit balat baog, katat [[]] låssas hoditra ʻiri kiri kulit tabbi' gaddang kulit halap kublit, unit kulit bukkuleng kolek oli, koli
63 meat
(as in flesh)
bagas daging karne, laman unod, karne laman laman, iyan [[]] kåtne hena īnaʻi mīti (from English) daging pattak, karne pattag daging baat laman, unod, karne daging dageng deging juku
64 blood dara darah dugo dugo daya dala [[]] håga' ra toto toto getih daga daha getih, darah amah dugo darah cera' dera dara, céra'
65 bone tulang tulang, balung buto bukog butul pokel [[]] to'lang taolana ivi wheua, kōiwi tulang tulang tulang balung tu'an tulang tulang buku tolang buku
66 fat
(noun)
taba lemak, minyak taba tambok taba taba, mataba [[]] yommok taviny hinu ngako gajih taba taba gajih imah taba lemak janna, bondeng gejih lunra'
67 egg itlog telur itlog itlog ebun iknol [[]] chåda' atody huero hēki, huamanu endog illuk ilug endhog, tigan munusu sugok, bunay telo bayao telor tello
68 horn sara tanduk, sungu sungay sungay sagu saklor [[]] bibek tandroka tara pīhi, tara tanduk tagguk [[]] sungu tungaws sungay tanduk tanru' [[]] salo
69 tail ipus buntut, ekor buntot ikog iki ikol [[]] dadalak rambo ʻaero, hiʻu waero, hiku buntut ifu' ifut buntut ikoh ikog bontot ingkong, kidong buntek, buntot ikko'
70 feather
(rather not down)
dutdut bulu balahibo balhibo bulbul bago [[]] pulu penina, volom-borona hurhuru, hetehete awe, hou, huruhuru, piki bulu duddu' dudut wulu ilin balukag, barahibo bulu bulu bulu bulu
71 hair buok rambut, bulu buhok buhok, balhibo buak buek [[]] gapotulu bolo rouru makawe buuk, rambut vu' ahuk rambut mukup buhok rambut uu' obu, obu' gemme', wélua'
72 head ulo kepala, ulu, hulu ulo ulo buntuk ulo [[]] ulu loha upoʻo māhunga, uru, upoko hulu, mastaka, sirah ulu ulu endhas, sirah, mustaka mokot payo kepale ulu olo ulu
73 ear lapayag kuping, telinga tenga, tainga dalunggan balugbug layag [[]] talanga sofina tariʻa taringa cepil, ceuli talinga talinga, daranggan kuping, talingan tangya talinga telinga toli kopeng, talenga culing, daccoli, daucculing
74 eye mata mata, ain mata mata mata mata [[]] måta, atadok maso mata mata, karu panon, soca mata mata mata, mripat, soca mata mata mate mata mata mata
75 nose agong hidung ilong ilong arung eleng [[]] gui'eng orona ihu ihu irung, pangambung igung ihung irung muhu dungo hidung ka'muru, pangngara' elong inge'
76 mouth bibig mulut, lambe bunganga, bibig ba-ba asbuk, balungus sangi [[]] påchot vava vaha māngai, waha baham, sungut simu' simuk cangkem, lambe nagut nguso, ngimot mulot bawa colok, congor bawa, tému
77 tooth
(rather not molar)
ngipen gigi ngipin ngipon ipan ngipen [[]] nifen nify niho niho huntu, waos ngipan ngipan untu, waja rahui ngipon gigi gigi onto, gigi isi
78 tongue dila lidah dila dila dila dila [[]] hula' lela arero arero ilat, létah zila zila ilat rarira dila lidah lila ila, ila' lila
79 fingernail kuko kuku kuko kuko kuku kuko [[]] papakes hoho maiʻuʻu maikuku kuku, tanggai kuku kuku kuku talukun kuko kuku kanuku koko kanuku
80 foot saka kaki, suku paa tiil bitis sali [[]] addeng tongotra 'āvae waewae sampéan, suku takki taka sikil, suku, samparan ruma, acipi bitis kaki bangkeng, kaki soko ajé
81 leg gurong tungkai binti paa, bitiis? bitis bikking [[]] addeng ranjo 'āvae waewae suku, tungkai takki taka sikil, suku, samparan hyapan tabay kaki bangkeng bengkang [[]]
82 knee tumeng lutut tuhod tuhod tud pueg [[]] tommo lohalika turi turi teku, tuur atuk [[]] dhengkul kuran tuhod lutot, tuhut (in Brunei Malay) kulantu' toot uttu
83 hand ima tangan kamay kamot gamat lima, gamet [[]] kånnai tanana rima ringa leungeun, panangan lima ima tangan, asta hima kamot tangan lima tanang jari, lima
84 wing payak sayap pakpak pako pakpak pakpak [[]] pappa elatra pererau pākau, paihau, parirau jangjang paya' [[]] swiwi payo pakpak kepak ka'nyi' jangjang, sajep, swiwi panni
85 belly tian perut tiyan tiyan atian eges [[]] tuyan kibo 'ōpū puku, kōpū beuteung, patuangan san, gutu' [[]] weteng, padhaharan fupak tulak perut battang tabu', tabuk bebbua, wettang
86 guts bagis usus bituka tinae bituka pait, bituka [[]] [[]] tsinay 'ā'au puku, piropiro peujit [[]] [[]] [[]] parno bituka usus parru' osos peru
87 neck tengnged leher leeg liog batal beklew [[]] aga'ga' vozona, tenda 'a'ī kakī beuheung, tengek tangngak [[]] gulu rari liog leher kallong gulu, leer, kellong ellong
88 back likod punggung likod likod gulut beneg [[]] tatalo' lamosina toa tuarā pungkur, tonggong likuk [[]] geger atan likod, taludtod belakang badan dongko' geger alekke', pongke'
89 breast suso payudara, dada suso tutoy, suso susu suso, pagew [[]] susu tratra 'ōuma ū, uma pinarep, susu susu [[]] susu cucu suso, dudo, mimi susu susu dada, soso, tetek dada, pangolo
90 heart puso jantung puso kasingkasing pusu puso [[]] korason (Spanish) fo māfatu manawa jajantung futu [[]] jantung timtim puso hati doke' jentong jantung
91 liver dalem lever, hati atay atay ate altey [[]] higado (Spanish) aty 'ūpa'a ate ati, haté agal [[]] ati hupak katoy hati ate ate até
92 to drink inom minum inom - root verb inom minum inom [[]] gimen misotro inu inu leueut, nginum inum [[]] ombe abu', ukan, mima inom - root verb meminum inung, angnginung enom, ngenom énung
93 to eat mangan makan, maem kain - root verb kaon mangan akan, mangan, kamot [[]] kånno', chocho mihinana ʻamu kai, kamu dahar, jajablog, neda, nyatu, tuang kuman [[]] mangan abu', ukan kakan, kaon memakan angnganre kakan, ngakan anré
94 to bite kagat gigit kagat - root verb paak, ingkit, kagat ket, ketan ketket [[]] åkka' manaikitra hōhoni ngau gogot, gégél, nyeureud kaga' [[]] cokot, cakot ka'at kagat menggigit ngokko', ngalatta' keke', ngeke', ngalata' ikking, okko
95 to suck supsop sedot, isap, kulum sipsip, suso - root verbs supsop, tupos sisipan supsup, suso [[]] chopchop mifiaka ʻote momi, ngote kenyot, nyerot, seuseup sussup [[]] sedot uho supsop, surop, sigop, higop hisap musu', mu'musu' esep iso, iro', ennyo'
96 to spit tupra ludah luwa, dura - root verbs luwa luran lutda [[]] to'la' mandrehoka tuha tuha, tuwha ciduh, ludah lusak [[]] idu, dipah lutab, luwa meludah pi'ru, a'pi'ru copa, ngacopa méccu
97 to vomit uta muntah suka - root verb suka manyuka uta [[]] muta' madoa pihaʻe ruaki luga, utah uta uta utah [[]] suka, digwa, sukalkag memuntah langnge ngota tallua, lua, maru'
98 to blow
(as wind)
puyot tiup ihip - root verb huyop labulan sibok [[]] guaife mitsoka farara puhi, pupuhi niup, tiup sup damu vavare [[]] hayop, huyop hembus miri', tui', lulu sebul, nyebul seppung, werung, miri
99 to breathe anges napas hinga - root verb ginhawa mangisnaua ingas, anges, dongap, linawa [[]] hågong miaina, misefo huti i te aho ngā ambekan, rénghap inango' [[]] ambegan mita'uh hangos hirup mai' napas nappase'
100 to laugh katawa tawa, ketawa, tertawa, ngakak tawa - root verb katawa maili elek [[]] chålek hehy, tokelaka ʻata kata gumujeng, seuri galo' [[]] guyu macihaha, makaka ngisi, ngirit, ulok sengeh (in Riau Malay), gelak kakkala' agelak, gelak cawa, macawa
101 to see kita lihat, nampak, perhati tingin, kita - root verbs kita akit, lauen nengneng, mata [[]] li'e' mahita hiʻo kite nempo, ningal, tinggali, neuleu innan ("to see" in itself, no known root) [[]] deleng, sawang ukita hiling menjenawi (in Riau Malay), tengok ancini' abes, ngabes, sabeng ita, makkita
102 to hear dengngeg dengar dinig, kinig - root verbs dungog damdam, makiramdam dengel [[]] ekungok, hungok maeno faʻaroʻo rongo dangu, ngadéngé, kuping ginna [[]] rungu kirara, utangya dangog mendengar allangngere' nenger, anenger, nengeragen éngkalinga
103 to know
(a fact)
ammo tahu alam - root verb kahibalo baluan amta, kabat [[]] tungo' mahafantatra 'ito mōhio, mātau, tau nyaho, terang, uninga ammu [[]] ngerti, mudheng mavangara aram reti asseng tao, ngataoe isseng
104 to think panunot pikir isip - root verb hunahuna isipan isip, nonot [[]] hasso mieritreritra manaʻo whakāro ngamanah, mikir panono' [[]] mikir pukidi purari isip fikir pikkir, mikkir peker, apeker pikkiri'
105 to smell
(sense odour)
angot mencium amoy - root verb simhot bauan angob, amoy [[]] nginge' manambolo hauʻa hongi ambung, ngambeu, ngangseu aguk [[]] ambu marangoh parong, sango menghidu ara' seom, nyeom émmau
106 to fear kuteng takut takot - root verb hadlok takut takot [[]] ma'a'ñao mataotra mataʻu mataku gimbir, sebér, sieun anassing [[]] wedi takut takot takut malla' tako', takok tau
107 to sleep turog tidur, bobok tulog - root verb tulog tudtud ogip [[]] maigo' matory taoto moe bobo, héés, kulem, saré katuruk [[]] turu, tilem [[]] turog tidor tinro tedung tinro
108 to live biag hidup, urip, sintas buhay buhi bie, kumabie bilay [[]] lå'la' velona ora ora hirup, jumeneng tolay [[]] urip mabah buhay hidup tallasa' odik tuo
109 to die matay mati, mampus patay - root verb matay mate, mete patey, onpatey [[]] måtai maty mate, pohe mate maot, paéh, pati, pupus matay matay mati kacai, mapatay gadan mati soling mate maté
110 to kill mangpatay bunuh patay, paslang - root verbs buno, patay paten, makamate patey, mamatey [[]] puno' mamono, mahefaty tapataparahi-pohe-roa, haʻapohe patu maéhan, maténi, patos, telas patay [[]] pateni pakacai, pakapatay gadan bunoh muno, ammuno pate, pate'e, makamate uno
111 to fight agapa lawan, tarung, kelahi laban - root verb away, bugno laban laban, kolkol, bakal [[]] mumu miady taputō kakari, kairiri gelut, jogol, tarung dama [[]] gelut, tanding, tarung masit, marangirangi laban memperjuangkan laga, a'laga, batte, sibatte, amba', lotteng kalae, akalae laga, mallaga, pallaga
112 to hunt
(transitive)
anup buru mangaso mangayam man-ayup managnop, anop, manpana, manpaltog [[]] ega'ga', peska mihaza aʻuaʻu puaʻa whaiwhai bujeng, moro [[]] [[]] mburu malu' mangayam memburu luru, alluru buro, aburo, ngaburo rengngeng
113 to hit pangor pukul tama, hampas - root verbs igo, tama turan, paturan tira, nakna, pekpek [[]] galuti, panak mikapoka taparahi patu babuk, teunggeul, tinggang kanna [[]] nuthuk apit tama ketuk tabung, maji, naba antep, ngantep unru, gempo, kandetto', gumpa, barasa'
114 to cut balsig potong putol - root verb putol putut tegteg, putot, batang [[]] chåchak, utot mandidy tāpū teukteuk, tuar kattu [[]] kethok tmata putol memutus natta' ketok, ngetok, aranggek, maranggek, paranggek polo, téppe', goncing
115 to split bisak belah, bagi biyak, hati - root verbs pikas, bugha, batak bika, pitnan puter, pisag [[]] ipe', må'pe mamaki tuha, vāhi wāwāhi beulah, duum bakki [[]] mecah, bagi pasapiah silak, buhang bahagi, sele (in Ambonese Malay) soso belah, melah pué', leppa
116 to stab
(or stick)
dugsol tikam saksak - root verb dunggab, dugmak, duslak akdakan, tandusan saksak, doyok [[]] dulok, si'ok mantsatoka-antsy pātia oka nojos, nyolok, tewek, tubles dudduk [[]] tusuk tmivur saksak cucuk tobo', giri' tojeb, tojes, tosok, sunduk gajang, sule'
117 to scratch
(an itch)
kudkod garuk, cakar, gores kamot - root verb katol, kamras, gadlas gamusan kiki, gugo [[]] kassas mikiki, mikaoka pāra'u rakuraku garo kabbang [[]] garuk [[]] kagaw calar ko'risi', kara'musu', kambu' cakar karebbé, gori, kakkang, seré'
118 to dig kali korek, gali hukay - root verb kalot, kabkab, kalaykay kulkul, kulkulan kotkot [[]] guaddok mihady, mandavaka pao, tūpā, keri kali kokkok [[]] keduk kma'i kalot menggali keke, kere kerok, gele kai, kali, kalué'
119 to swim langoy renang langoy - root verb langoy, salom kaue langoy [[]] ñanguo'mak milomano ʻau kau ngojai tafuk [[]] nglangi lmangoy langoy berenang lange, langei langoy, alangoy nangé
120 to fly tayab terbang lipad - root verb lupad, ligtiw sulapo tekyab [[]] gupu manidina mau'e rere hiber, ngapung kagak [[]] mabur apapayo layog, lupad berkepak ribba' eber, keber, meber, ngeber luttu
121 to walk magna jalan lakad - root verb lakaw lakad, lumakad akar [[]] famokkat, mamokkat mandeha haera haere a waewae badarat, leumpang, papah lakak [[]] mlaku, mlampah unaunang lakaw jalan ma'rung, jappa jelan, ajelanan jokka, joppa
122 to come umay datang dating - root verb ari, anhi ume, datang sabi, gala, onna [[]] maila' avy, tonga ,tamy haere mai haere mai datang, dongkap, sumping umay umang teka, rawuh tomehin abot hadir battu deteng engka, engkang, polé, malluru
123 to lie
(as on one's side)
idda baring higa, hilata - root verbs higda magkera dokol [[]] dagi mivelatra tārava takoto golér, kedeng idda [[]] ngapusi maniku higda lampa (in Riau Malay), berbaring baring gulek, agulekan, gulek-gulek, lotsot, alotsot, alotsotan léwu, matinro-tinro, siléureng
124 to sit tugaw duduk upo - root verb lingkod lukluk yorong [[]] fatå'chong, matå'chong mipetraka pārahi noho calik, diuk, linggih tubang [[]] lungguh, lengah, pinarak mi'u'un tukaw dok, dudok cidong, mamempo tojuk tudang
125 to stand takder diri tayo - root verb barog, tindog tikdo alagey [[]] tohge, kahulo' mifoha, mitsangana ʻotiʻatiʻa tuu adeg, nangtung taddak [[]] ngadek, jumeneng mituko tindog berdiri paentengngang manjeng, mamanjeng tettong
126 to turn
(change direction)
likko belok liko - root verb liko mildis liko, telek [[]] bira mihodina tīoi huri méngkol buelta [[]] enggok dmikur siko, liko pusing kako, lele poter, moter, belok balé', léko, libu
127 to fall
(as in drop)
tinnag jatuh hulog - root verb hulog mitomba, manabu tumba, pelag [[]] poddong, matomba mianjera topa makere labuh, ragrag taga' tanag tiba, dhawah mineno hulog jatuh toro', guru' logur, geger bueng, buang, sempé'
128 to give ited beri, bagi, kasi bigay - root verb hatag ibie, dinan itdan, iter [[]] na'i manome hōro'a hoatu bikeun, méré, pasihan, parin yawa' [[]] weneh, paring, atur panga tao kongsi sare bere' beré, aleng
129 to hold
(in one's hand)
mangiggem pegang, mengawat hawak - root verb hawid, kupot talnan benben [[]] go'ti mitantana mau pupuri cepeng, cekel, muntang tammi' [[]] cekel, cepeng, asta mara kapot tahan taggala' tegik, negik, tegit, ategitan attenning
130 to squeeze pespes peras pisil - root verb pisa paslan, sakmalan pespes, mesmes [[]] fugo' mandray tāmau kotē meureut, rames paggal [[]] peres pakaparupu gumok, piris, pildit, puga, pilsi memerah pacco' peres jemmu, marre'
131 to rub radradan, lidliden gosok, gesek kuskos, kaskas - root verbs banyos kaskasan kuskos, gurgor [[]] palai, hulos manakasoka ʻuiʻui ūkuikui kosok guggu' [[]] gosok smidada gusgos, kuskos sapu keso' kosok, ngosok sappula', goso'
132 to wash ugas cuci hugas, laba (for clothing articles and fabrics) < from the Spanish verb /lavar/ - root verbs hugas wasan, manos oras [[]] fa'gåsi manasa horoy horoi kumbah, seuseuh baggao [[]] umbah madinu, padiup, miuh hugas, laba (for clothing articles and fabrics) < from the Spanish verb /lavar/ - root verbs basuh bissa sasa, nyasa, anyasa bissa, sessa'
133 to wipe punas, nasnas lap, hapus punas - root verb pahid pulisan, kuskusan punas [[]] saosao mamafa horoi muru mupus funa' [[]] lap smidada pahid, punas sapu sapu lap lullu'
134 to pull guyod tarik hila, batak - root verb bitad igutan, gulyutan guyor [[]] hålla mitifitra ʻume kume, hutihuti bedol, betot guggun [[]] tarik vihit guyod, gudgod tarik rui', beso' batek, bateg rui, getteng
135 to push duron dorong, sorong tulak - root verb tuklod isubung, itulak tulak [[]] chonnek manosika turaʻi pei sorong, suntrung tubba' [[]] surung, nyurung putuah tulod, tuldang, busol, ugsod tolak sorong, nyorong, buccu' sorong, nyorong sorong
136 to throw ibato, belleng lempar tapon, hagis - root verb labay iugse, iyatsa, baronggan topak, bantak [[]] dåggao manoraka tāora panga alung tabbo' [[]] balang, sawat, bandem, uncal smisit, maring apon, tapok baling, campak buang oncal, sawat genrang, démpe
137 to tie igalot ikat tali - root verb hikot tali, itali singer [[]] goddi mamehy, mamatotra ruru, nati herehere mbungkeut galu' [[]] tali pukakud, kakigin igakod, bugkoson hikat gama eket, nale'e sio
138 to sew dait jahit tahi - root verb tahi tayan dait [[]] laksi manjaitra au, nira tui kaput, kecos dage' [[]] dondom mahoahoa tahi jahit jai' jee' jai, tolo
139 to count bilang hitung bilang - root verb ihap mamilang bilang [[]] tufong, måmfong mamisa nūmera tatau étang, ngitung bilang [[]] petung kutung bilang kire bilang etong, bitong bilang
140 to say kuna ujar sabi - root verb sulti, ingon sabian, iagkas, sambiltan baga, tongtong, balikas [[]] alok, sångan milaza, miteny kōrero carios kagi [[]] omong pura sabi, taram katakan kana ocak, caca pau, makkeda, poada
141 to sing agkanta nyanyi, dendang, berkidung awit - root verb awit tumaila togtog [[]] lålai, kånta mihara, mikalo pehe, hīmene pūoro, pau, hīmene kawih, nembang kansiyon [[]] nembang owaowao kanta, awit bernyanyi kelong nyanyi, nembang, dendeng élong
142 to play agay-ayam main laro - root verb dula mamyalung galaw, manay-ayam [[]] hugando, huega milalau haʻuti waiata ameng, maén, ulin gayam [[]] dolan mananah kawat - root verb main karena maen culé, macculé
143 to float agtapaw mengambang, melampung, mengapung lutang - root verb lutaw gato letaw [[]] gama, må'ya mitsinkafona [[]] kārewa kambang [[]] kambang [[]] lataw, pataw, lutang terapung mawang apong awang, monang
144 to flow ayus alir, arus agos, daloy - root verbs agas magus agos [[]] [[]] mikoriana tahe tere kocor, kucur, ngalir agi' [[]] ngalir [[]] bulos, sulog salir lo'loro', rusu', solong, kosso mili, aler massolo', maccolo'
145 to freeze agyelo beku tigas, yelo - root verbs bagtok [[]] kigtel [[]] mama'ais mandry faʻatoʻetoʻe roa whakatio gibleg, kimpel tagga', yelo [[]] beku [[]] lipot membekukan ninring dinginagen, abeko mattedde', mattékké
146 to swell lumteg bengkak maga - root verb burot mangalbag larag [[]] pokpok mibontsina ʻoru pupuhi, puku bareuh lappak [[]] abuh nunga gatok, hubag subei (in Riau Malay), membengkak kombong kembeng wesso
147 sun init matahari, surya araw adlaw aldo agew, banua, ugto [[]] atdao masaondra mahāna ra panonpoé bilak [[]] srengenge, surya isi, maki saldang, aldaw matehari dalle, mata allo mataare, sorya mata esso
148 moon bulan bulan buwan bulan bulan bulan [[]] pulan volana marama mārama bulan vulan [[]] wulan buan bulan bulan bulang buwan, bulan kéteng
149 star bituen bintang, rasi bituin bituon batuin bitewen, bitoen [[]] puti'on, estreyas kintana fetiʻa whetū béntang bitun [[]] lintang, rasi kakiu, sulan, miun bituon bintang bintoeng lentang wittoéng
150 water danum air, tirta tubig tubig danum danum [[]] hånom rano vai wai cai danum danum banyu, tirtha rarum tubig ayer ere aeng, terta, banyu uwai
151 rain tudo hujan ulan ulan muran uran [[]] uchan, ame' orana ua ua hujan, ijih uran [[]] udan uran uran hujan bosi ojen bosi
152 river karayan sungai, batang ilog suba, sapa ilug ilog [[]] såddok renirano tahora, 'ānāvai awa wahangan, walungan bannag [[]] kali, bengawan akam salog sungai binanga songay, kang salo
153 lake danaw danau lawa lanaw lawa ilog, look [[]] hagoi kamory, farihy roto roto situ, talaga [[]] [[]] tlaga, telaga, telogo pi danaw tasik binanga luara' talage tappareng
154 sea
(as in ocean)
taaw, baybay laut, segara dagat, laot dagat dagat, dayat malat dayat [[]] tåsi riaka, ranomasina miti moana laut, sagara [[]] [[]] segara riyar dagat laot tampatang tasek tasi'
155 salt asin garam asin asin asin asin [[]] asiga sira miti tote uyah asin [[]] uyah vaya asin, hiram masin ce'la buje pejjé
156 stone bato batu bato bato batu bato [[]] åcho' vato 'ōfa'i kōwhatu batu batu [[]] watu bato gapo batu batu beto batu
157 sand darat pasir buhangin balas balas buer [[]] unai fasika one one keusik daga' [[]] pasir li'ih baybay, basud pasir kassi' paser, bedi kessi'
158 dust tapok debu alikabok abog alikabuk dabok [[]] potbos vovoka one puehu kekebul gavu' [[]] awu rapun, vuravur alpog, talbo habuk au, limbubbu' debu awu
159 earth
(as in soil)
daga darat lupa yuta yatu dalin [[]] tåno tany fenua whenua lemah davvun [[]] lemah unai daga tanah liukang, butta, puntana tanah, bome tana
160 cloud ulep awan alapaap, ulap panganod biga, ulap lorem [[]] mapagåhes, nublådu rahona ata kapua méga kunam [[]] mega, awan baun dampog, panganuron awan rammang ondem, ondeman ellung
161 fog angep kabut hamog gabon ulap kelpa, malinaew [[]] afao, åsgon zavona rūpehu kohu halimun, limut [[]] [[]] pedhut baun ambon, dampog, tunog kabus saliu' arbut apung, salawu, saléwu
162 sky langit langit langit langit banua tawen, banua [[]] langet lanitra raʻi rangi awang, langit langi' [[]] langit homuhomu, kapoa langit langit langi' lange' langi, bitara
163 wind
(as in breeze)
angin angin, bayu hangin hangin angin dagem, alamag [[]] guaifon, månglo rivotra mataʻi hau angin, maruta paddak [[]] bayu, angin vare duros, paros hangin anging angen anging
164 snow niebe salju niyebe < from Spanish /nieve/ niyebe yelu linew [[]] [[]] ranomandry, lanezy hiona hukarere salju niebe [[]] salju ula nyebe salji [[]] kembeng es, saljo mpunga ése'
165 ice yelo es yelo < from Spanish /hielo/ yelo < from Spanish /hielo/ yelu pakigtel [[]] ais < from English /ice/ ranomandry pape toʻetoʻe kōpaka és yelo [[]] es ula yelo ais ese' es ése'
166 smoke asok asap usok, aso aso asuk asiwek, asewek [[]] asu setroka auauahi auahi haseup, saab atu' [[]] kebul ato aso hasap ambu, romba, rumbu, umbu asep, kebul rumpu, dumpu
167 fire apoy api apoy kalayo api, silab apoy, pool, dalang [[]] guafi afo auahi ahi seuneu afuy, afi [[]] geni apui kalayo hapi pepe' apoy api
168 ash dapo abu abo abo, agiw abu dapol [[]] åpu avenona rehu auahi pungarehu lebu avu [[]] awu apu abo jelebu au abu awu
169 to burn
(intransitive)
uram bakar sunogin sunog silab pool, silab, sinit [[]] songge' may ʻama tahu beuleum, duruk, huru, tunu tuggi [[]] tunu, nunu, obong tmatulu sulo bakar tunu tunu, bekar tunu
170 road dalan jalan daan, kalsada, lansangan dalan dalan dalan, basbas [[]] chålan lalana ea'tia ara jalan dalan [[]] dalan ra'an dalan, agihan, tinampo setapak oloang, rungang jelan tattana
171 mountain bantay gunung bundok bukid bunduk palandey, buntok [[]] ladera tondrombohitra mouʻa maunga gunung vukik [[]] gunung bukin bulod, bukid gunong moncong, bulu' gunong bulu
172 red nalabaga merah pula pula malutu ambalanga [[]] agaga' mena ʻura whero beureum uzzin [[]] abang agaga', ahagang pula merah eja mirah cella'
173 green naata hijau berde, luntian lunhaw, berde aluntian maeta, ampasiseng [[]] betde < from Spanish /verde/ maitso matie kakariki héjo berde [[]] ijo tangya berde < from Spanish /verde/ hijau ijo biru deon kudara'
174 yellow duyaw kuning dilaw dalag dilo duyaw [[]] amariyu < from Spanish /amarillo/ mavo reʻareʻa kowhai konéng ngila [[]] kuning maocen giyaw, amarilyo < from Spanish /amarillo/ kuning kunyi', didi koneng maridi, onnyi, ridi
175 white puraw putih puti puti maputi amputi, puti [[]] å'paka' fotsy ʻuoʻuo bodas furaw [[]] putih mapuri puti puti kebo' poteh puté
176 black nangisit hitam itim itom matuling andeket, deket [[]] åttilong mainty ʻereʻere mangu hideung ngisi [[]] ireng maolum itom itam le'leng celeng bolong, lotong
177 night rabii malam gabi gabii bengi labi, ketket [[]] puengi alina ruʻi, peuting, wengi gabi [[]] bengi, wengi kiyahutau ki maki banggi malam bangngi, lela malem wenni
178 day
(daytime)
aldaw siang araw adlaw aldo agew [[]] ha'åni andro mahana ao beurang, siang aggaw [[]] awan isi, maki aldaw tengah hari allo are esso
179 year tawen tahun taon tuig banua taon [[]] såkkan taona matahiti tau taun, warsih dagun, ragun [[]] taun tawin taon tahun taung taon taung
180 warm
(as in weather)
pudot hangat mainit init mapali ampetang, petang, imeng, sinit [[]] maipe mafana māhanahana mahana haneut patu [[]] anget, suam matak maimbong, mainit panas kammu' anga', angak pella
181 cold
(as in weather)
lamek sejuk, dingin malamig tugnaw, bugnaw marimla ambetel, betel [[]] mañengheng mangatsiaka toʻetoʻe makariri tiis, tiris lammin, lumay [[]] adhem, atis mahangun, magun malipot sejuk dinging celep keccé'
182 full napno penuh puno puno sapak, katmu naksel, napno [[]] håspok (from food), bula feno api puha pinuh pannu [[]] kebak mabuba pano penoh rassi posak penno, buké
183 new baro baru bago bag-o bayu balo [[]] nuebu vaovao 'āpī hōu anyar, kakara, weuteuh bagu [[]] anyar vahu bago baharu beru anyar baru
184 old daan tua luma, matanda daan matua, laun, luma daan [[]] åmko' onta, hantitra tahitro pakeke lawas, lami dana [[]] lawas, tuwa, tuwo, purba, purbo rie daan, luma, gurang lame old toa cua
185 good imbag bagus mabuti maayo mayap maong, duga, abig [[]] maolek tsara maitaʻi pai alus, hadé, saé masippo', mapia [[]] apik, bagus mahanru marhay sanggam (in Riau Malay), helok baji' becek, begus, lebur pace', décéng
186 bad dakes buruk masama dautan marok aliwa, mauges [[]] båba ratsy ʻino kino awon, butut, goréng marakay [[]] elek mausa maraot teruk kodi jube', jubek konja', ja, maja
187 rotten
(as, a log)
nabangles busuk bulok lata buluk abolok, bolok [[]] lamas bobongolo pirau buruk badyu [[]] bosok mat'e mavitih lapa reput jappo' buco', bucok kebbong, amporo
188 dirty narugit kotor, ngeres marumi, madumi hugaw dinat, marinat maringot, dingot, marutak, dutak [[]] applacha' maloto repo paru bagedur, kotor nadaping [[]] reged, cemot mausa maati kotor ca'mara', ra'masa' comot carépa, rota'
189 straight natarus, nalinteg lurus tuwid tarong, matuwid matulid, tulid maptek, petek [[]] tunas mahitsy tiʻa, 'āfaro tautika lempeng derecho [[]] lempeng matiktik tanos terus jurusu', lekka' loros lempu, luru
190 round nagbukel bundar bilog lingin mabilug malimpek, limpek, telek [[]] adamelong boribory menemene [[]] buleud, bunder [[]] [[]] bunder maritong bilog, lidong, matalimon bulat bundala', boddong bungkol, bunder lébu, mallébu
191 sharp
(as a knife)
natadem tajam matulis, matalim, matalas hait mataram matdem, tarem [[]] kadidok maranitra ʻina koi seukeut nataram [[]] landep, tajem marhingat matarom tajam tarang, cura tajem madire', tareng
192 dull
(as a knife)
namudel tumpul mapurol, pudpod habul mapurul epel, mangmang [[]] bulengngo' [[]] mania, tūmū pūhuki kodol, mentud, mintul nangural [[]] kethul, tukul asi marhingat mangurol [[]] tippulu', pokkolo' tompol kunru, punggu, pungkung
193 smooth nalamuyot, nasimpa halus, mulus makinis hamis, kinis makinis, malinatnat palanas, patad [[]] måhlos, finu malama mānina maheni lemes nadalu' [[]] alus, lunyu kasai ki huping mahalnas, mayumok licin lacu' lecen, lunyu, alus, kinyis lengngi, alusu', lennyu, rennyo
194 wet basa basah basa basa basa, mabasa ambasa, basa [[]] fotgon mando rari mākū baseuh, jibreg nabasa [[]] teles, kebes mahala dumog, basa basah basa, masa', ja'mere' beca rica', jempo'
195 dry
(adjective)
maga kering tuyo uga malangi amaga, maga [[]] ångglo' maina marō maroke garing, saat, tuus namaga [[]] garing markah alang, mara kering kalotoro' kereng rakko
196 right
(correct)
payso benar tama, tumpak tinuod ustu, mausta duga, tua, maong [[]] dinanchi mendrika tiʻa tika bener, estu, leres kuruk, ustu [[]] bener asi maparit tama betul annaba, tojeng bener tuju, tongeng
197 near sideg dekat malapit duol malapit asinger, abay [[]] hihot akaiky fatata tata caket, deukeut aranni [[]] cedhak to tamang harani hampir ambani, siampi', ottong celak, semak, deg seddé
198 far dayu jauh malayo layo marayu arawi, biek taew [[]] chågu lavitra ātea tawhiti jauh, tebih arayyu [[]] adoh itu-tuah harayo jauh bella jeoh mabéla
199 right
(side)
kannawan kanan kanan tuo uanan kawanan [[]] agapa havanana ʻatau katau, matau katuhu, tengen ziwanan ziwanan tengen pasiwan tuo kanan kanang kanan atau
200 left
(side)
kannigid kiri kaliwa wala kaili kawigi [[]] akkague havia ʻaui mauī kénca, kiwa zimigi [[]] kiwa pasigit wala kiri kairi kiri, kere abio
201 at diay di sa sa keta ed [[]] gi izy i i dina ta kan neng to sa kat, dekat i, ri e ku
202 in uneg di, di dalam, dalam sa sa atiu, kilub ed [[]] gi anaty i i roto jero, lebet ta kan jeron to, to rbo ki sa kat, dekat lalang, ilalang delem ilaleng, laleng
203 with
(accompanying)
agraman, ken dengan, bersama, sama, ama kasama uban kambe, kayabe iba, mi- [[]] yan amin'ny ma jeung, kalawan, sareng anna, kavulun, konsu [[]] karo, ambek lam ki kaibahan ngan, same na ben sibawa
204 and ken, ket dan, serta at ug ampong, at tan [[]] ya, yan sy, ary ma me, a, hoki sarta, tur anna [[]] lan ka, ki asin, saka, buda dan gang, agang, siagang ben na
205 if no jika, apabila, jikalau, kalau kung kon nung no [[]] yanggen, akasu, kumu raha 'āhiri me (hemea) lamun, upami nu [[]] yen, lek hiro ka kun kalau punna mon iyaku, narékko, rékkua
206 because ta karena, soalnya dahil, sapagkat kay, tungod kasi, uling ta, lapu ed, kasi [[]] sa', muna'- satria nō te mea kusabab, lantaran, margi nakwa ta, garay [[]] amarga ali ka ta sebab saba' polana, lakaran nasaba', saba'na, saba', apa'
207 name nagan nama, asma pangalan, ngalan ngalan lagyu ngaran [[]] na'an anarana iʻoa ingoa jenengan, nami, ngaran ngagan [[]] jeneng, aran, nami, asma, celukan n'nan ngaran, pangaran name areng nyama, aran, asma aseng

See also[edit]

Swadesh lists
Individual languages

Afrikaans – Albanian – Amharic – Antillean Creole – Arabic:  (Standard Arabic, Cypriot, Egyptian, Moroccan, Palestinian, Tunisian) – Armenian – Aromanian – Assamese – Avar – Bangala – Bashkir – Basque – Belarusian – Bengali – Berber:  (Tashelhit, Central Atlas Tamazight) – Betawi – Bikol Central – Breton – Buginese – Bulgarian – Burmese – Burushaski – Cape Verdean – Catalan – Cebuano – Chavacano – Chechen – Chinese (Mandarin (Sichuanese, Standard, Nanjingnese), Cantonese, Gan, Hakka, Min (Min Nan, Min Dong), Old Chinese, Wu (Shanghainese, Suzhounese), Xiang) – Cornish – Crimean Tatar – Czech – Dalmatian – Danish – Dutch  (Limburgish, Zealandic) – Egyptian – English (Old, Middle) – Elamite – Estonian – Faroese – Fiji Hindi – Fijian – Finnish – Fongbe – French  (Old French) – Frisian – Friulian – Galician – Garo – Gelao – Georgian – German – Gothic – Greek (Ancient Greek) – Guaraní – Guinea-Bissau Creole – Gujarati – Haitian Creole – Hausa – Hawaiian – Hebrew – Hiligaynon – Hindi – Hittite – Hmong – Hungarian – Huron-Wendat – Icelandic – Ilocano – Indonesian – Irish – Italian  (Neapolitan, Sicilian) – Japanese – Javanese – Jeju – Jizhao - Kangean – Kashubian – Khmer – Konkani – Korean  (Middle Korean) – Latin (Vulgar Latin) - Latvian – Lingala – Lithuanian – Low Saxon  (Sallaands) – Macedonian – Makasar – Malagasy – Malay – Malayalam – Maltese – Manx – Māori – Maranao – Marathi  (Old Marathi) – Mauritian Creole – Megleno-Romanian – Mongolian – Musi – Navajo – Norwegian:  (Bokmål, Nynorsk) – Northern Kurdish – Ojibwe – Okinawan – Ossetian – Papiamento – Persian  (Old Persian, Middle Persian) – Polish  (Old Polish) – Portuguese  (Old Portuguese) – Punjabi – Purepecha – Quechua – Romani  (Caló) - Romanian – Russian – Sanskrit – Scottish Gaelic – Serbo-Croatian – Siberian Tatar – Slovak – Slovene – Somali – Spanish – Sranan – Sumerian – Sundanese – Swahili – Swedish – Tagalog – Tahitian – Tajik – Tamil – Tatar – Telugu – Temiar – Thai – Tocharian B – Tok Pisin – Turkish – Tuvaluan – Ukrainian – Vietnamese – Walloon – Welsh – West Coast Bajau – Wutunhua – Yiddish – Zazaki – Zulu

Language families, family branches, and geographic groupings

Afroasiatic – Algonquian and Iroquoian – Arabic – Austroasiatic – Austronesian – Baltic – Bantu – Berber – Celtic – Chumashan and Hokan – Dené–Yeniseian – Dravidian – Finnic – Formosan – Frisian – Germanic – Hmong-Mien – Indo-Aryan:  (Middle, Early New) – Indo-Iranian – Italian – Japonic – Kra–Dai – Mayan – Muskogean – Niger–Congo – Oto-Manguean – Paleosiberian – Pama-Nyungan – Penutian – Romance – Sino-Tibetan:  (Sinitic, Raji-Raute, Tibeto-Burman, Tibeto-Burman (Nepal)) – Kho-BwaKuki-Chin – Slavic – Siouan and Pawnee – South American – Tungusic – Tupian – Turkic – Uralic – Uto-Aztecan

Constructed auxiliary languages

Esperanto – Ido – Interlingua – Interlingue – Láadan – Lingua Franca Nova – Lojban – Toki Pona – Volapük

Reconstructed proto-languages

Proto-Austronesian – Proto-Balto-Slavic – Proto-Bantu – Proto-Basque – Proto-Germanic – Proto-Indo-European – Proto-Indo-Iranian – Proto-Italic – Proto-Japanese – Proto-Mayan – Proto-Slavic – Proto-Turkic