Appendix:Greater Bai comparative vocabulary list

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The following is a comparative vocabulary list of Greater Bai languages. The Caijia, Longjia, Luren, and Waxiang languages are included.

All glosses were originally only in Chinese. English glosses, which are not given in any of the sources, have been added here for non-Chinese readers.

Caijia, Longjia, Luren, Waxiang[edit]

Sources and locations[edit]

  • Caijia: spoken in Hezhang County, Guizhou, China. Source: Bo Wenze [薄文泽]. 2004. "A sketch of Caijia [蔡家话概况]". In Minzu Yuwen. Data is from 1. Lijiazhai, Xinying Village, Xingfa Township, Hezhang County (赫章县兴发乡新营村李家寨); and 2. Caijiayuan, Yakou Village, Songlinpo Township, Hezhang County (赫章县松林坡乡垭口村蔡家园).
  • Caijia (Yangjiazhai): spoken in Hezhang County, Guizhou, China, in Yangjiazhai 杨家寨, Liangyan Village 亮岩公社, Xingfa District 兴发区. Source: Guizhou provincial ethnic classification commission, linguistic division [贵州省民族识别工作队语言组]. 1982. The language of the Caijia [Caijia de yuyan 蔡家的语言]. m.s.
  • Caijia (Shuicheng): spoken in Shuicheng County, Guizhou, China, in the villages of 1. Chahe 叉河, Jinpen Township 金盆乡; 2. Caijiapo 蔡家坡, Tujiao Township 土角乡, Shuicheng County, Guizhou, China. Source: Liupanshui City Gazetteer: Ethnic Gazetteer [六盘水市志: 民族志] (2003). Guiyang: Guizhou People's Press [贵州人民出版社]. Note: Only Chinese character transcriptions were given in this source. Pinyin transliterations have been provided.
  • Longjia: spoken in Pojiao District 坡脚区, Dafang County, Guizhou, China. Source: Guizhou provincial ethnic classification commission [贵州省民族识别工作队]. 1984. Report on ethnic classification issues of the Nanlong people (Nanjing-Longjia) [南龙人(南京-龙家)族别问题调查报告]. m.s.
  • Longjia (Dafang): spoken in Pojiao District 坡脚区, Dafang County, Guizhou, China. Source: Guizhou provincial ethnic classification commission, linguistic division [贵州省民族识别工作队语言组]. 1982. The language of the Caijia [Caijia de yuyan 蔡家的语言]. m.s.
  • Longjia (Anshun): spoken in Caiguan Town 蔡官镇, Anshun City, Guizhou, China. Source: Caiguan Town Gazetteer [蔡官镇志] (2004). Guiyang: Guizhou People's Press [贵州人民出版社].
  • Luren: spoken in Anluo 安洛, Jinsha County, Guizhou, China. Sources: 1. Guizhou provincial ethnic classification commission [贵州省民族识别工作队]. 1984. Report on ethnic classification issues of the Nanlong people (Nanjing-Longjia) [南龙人(南京-龙家)族别问题调查报告]. m.s.; 2. Guizhou Province Gazetteer: Ethnic Gazetteer [贵州省志. 民族志] (2002), p. 888. Guiyang: Guizhou Ethnic Publishing House [貴州民族出版社].
  • Waxianghua (Guzhang): spoken in Taojin Village 淘金村, Gaofeng Township 高峰乡, Guzhang County, Xiangxi Prefecture, Hunan, China. Source: Wu Yunji, Shen Ruiqing [伍云姬、沈瑞清]. 2010. An Investigative Report of Waxianghua of Guzhang County, Xiangxi Prefecture [湘西古丈瓦乡话调查报告]. Shanghai Educational Press [上海教育出版社].
  • Waxianghua (Yuanling): spoken in Yuanling County, Hunan, China. Source: Yang Wei [杨蔚]. 1999. A study of Yuanling Waxianghua [沅陵乡话研究]. Changsha: Hunan Educational Press [湖南敎育出版社].

List[edit]

Chinese gloss English gloss Language Word Source Page no.
one Caijia ji³³ Bo (2004) 81
one Longjia i⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
seven Caijia tɕhi⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
ten thousand Caijia wan³³ Bo (2004) 81
ten thousand Longjia vaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
丈夫 husband Caijia muo³³ Bo (2004) 79
丈夫 husband Longjia (Dafang) a⁵⁵ʑe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
丈夫 husband Longjia ʑe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
three Caijia sa³³ Bo (2004) 81
three Longjia sa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
up Caijia dza³¹ Bo (2004) 80
上面 above Caijia du⁵⁵mi³¹ Bo (2004) 77
上面 above Longjia a³³tuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
down Caijia die³¹ Bo (2004) 80
下雨 to rain (verb) Waxianghua (Guzhang) tɕiəɯ⁴¹va²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
下雨 to rain (verb) Waxianghua (Yuanling) dzu⁵³ua⁵³ Yang (1999)
下面 below Caijia tie⁵⁵mi³¹ Bo (2004) 77
not Caijia pu³³ Bo (2004) 81
not Longjia a⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
东西 item, thing Caijia ȵa³¹ȵa³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to throw Longjia (Dafang) a³³ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
丢失 lose Caijia pie⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
classifier (general) Longjia ku³³ Guizhou (1984)
中间 middle, in between Caijia ta³³ Bo (2004) 77
中饭 lunch Luren tsho³³ Guizhou (1984) 51
中饭 lunch Waxianghua (Yuanling) soŋ⁵³ Yang (1999)
中饭 lunch Longjia pɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
string (classifier) Longjia lan⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
乌鸦 crow, raven Longjia la³³ɣo³³ Guizhou (1984)
disciplined, well-behaved Longjia nkua³³ Guizhou (1984)
nine Caijia kuo⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
nine Longjia kau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
乞丐 beggar Longjia nuŋ⁵⁵kɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
also Caijia la³³ Bo (2004) 81
book Longjia so⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
buy Caijia man³¹ Bo (2004) 80
disorderly, messy Waxianghua (Guzhang) dzɤŋ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
乳房 breast Caijia mi⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
乳房 breast Waxianghua (Guzhang) ma⁵⁵(pau⁵⁵) Wu & Shen (2010)
乳房 breast Waxianghua (Yuanling) mi⁵⁵paɔ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
affair Longjia ɕa³³ Guizhou (1984)
事情 affair Caijia tɯ³³ Bo (2004) 79
two Caijia ta⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
two Luren ta²¹ Guizhou (1984) 50
two Longjia (Anshun) to³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
two Longjia (Dafang) ta²¹ Guizhou (1982) 26
two Longjia ta²¹ Guizhou (1984)
two Waxianghua (Guzhang) tso²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
two Waxianghua (Yuanling) tso⁵³ Yang (1999)
二十 twenty Caijia ȵin³¹tɕie³³ Bo (2004) 81
二十 twenty Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɤŋ³³tshɪ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
二十 twenty Waxianghua (Yuanling) ŋ̩²²tshɿ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
five Caijia ɣuŋ³³ Bo (2004) 81
five Longjia (Anshun) atseu¹³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
five Longjia ŋo²¹ Guizhou (1984)
五十 fifty Caijia ɣuŋ³³dzɿ³³ Bo (2004) 81
well (water) Longjia (Dafang) ɕi²¹khu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
bright Caijia tsuo³¹ Bo (2004) 81
person, human being Caijia ɣuo³³tshuo³³ Bo (2004) 79
person, human being Longjia (Anshun) tshun⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
person, human being Caijia (Shuicheng) wocuo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
person, human being Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɤŋ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
person, human being Waxianghua (Yuanling) ŋ̩⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
person, human being Longjia tshuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
person, human being Longjia po³³tshaŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
人中 people Caijia mia³¹ku³³ Bo (2004) 78
什么地方 which place, where Waxianghua (Guzhang) o¹³ɳi³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
3s., he/she Caijia je³³ Bo (2004) 81
3s., he/she Waxianghua (Guzhang) zɤ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
他们 3p., they Waxianghua (Guzhang) zaŋ⁴¹; zaŋ⁴¹xaŋ Wu & Shen (2010)
He is a... Caijia (Shuicheng) yeshi yiguo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
休息 rest Longjia sɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
able to, can Caijia ti³³ Bo (2004) 80
to be able Longjia (Dafang) ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
绣花 to assemble (to embroider) Longjia (Dafang) ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
umbrella Longjia sa²¹ Guizhou (1984)
bottom Longjia ti³³ Guizhou (1984)
低头 to lower (head) Caijia kuŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to live Caijia tɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to live Longjia kau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
何时 when Longjia tɯ⁵⁵sɯ²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
2s., you (sg.) Caijia nɯ³³ Bo (2004) 81
2s., you (sg.) Longjia (Anshun) no⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
2s., you (sg.) Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɳi²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
2s., you (sg.) Longjia nɯ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
2s., you (sg.) Longjia ɕi²¹ Guizhou (1984)
你们 2p., you (pl.) Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɳiɛ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to fix Longjia khei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
倒塌 to collapse Caijia ti³³, len⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
borrow Caijia tsa³³ Bo (2004) 80
to do Caijia tɕe⁵⁵, ku³³ Bo (2004) 80
to do Longjia tso⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
做饭 prepare rice/dishes Waxianghua (Guzhang) lau¹³moŋ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to steal Caijia dau³¹ Bo (2004) 80
儿子 son Caijia tsɿ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
儿子 son Longjia ʑen⁵⁵ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
兄弟 brother Longjia ɬɛ³³en³³ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
before, first Caijia dza³¹ Bo (2004) 81
免去 to leave Longjia mian⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
兔子 rabbit Caijia thu²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
eight Caijia pei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
eight Longjia pu³³ Guizhou (1984)
公鸡 cock (male chicken) Longjia (Anshun) pan⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
six Caijia fu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
six Luren fo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984) 51
six Longjia (Dafang) so⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
six Longjia so⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
soldier Longjia piaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
support Caijia tʅ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
兽角 horn Caijia ko⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
写字 to write words Caijia (Shuicheng) xiezi Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
ice Waxianghua (Yuanling) luɛ¹³ka⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
cold Caijia ka³¹ Bo (2004) 81
cold Longjia (Dafang) kau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
天气 cool (weather) Caijia lan³¹ Bo (2004) 81
cold (water) Caijia kuo³³ Bo (2004) 81
to wither Longjia tiau²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
凝固 to congeal, solidify Longjia lie⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to exit Caijia tshei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
凿子 chisel Caijia dzu³³ Bo (2004) 79
knife Caijia ɕi⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
knife Longjia (Anshun) ntsun⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
knife Caijia (Shuicheng) 西 xi Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
刀子 knife Longjia (Dafang) a³³ʈuŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
刀子 knife Longjia a³³ʈuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
分娩 childbirth Caijia tu³³ Bo (2004) 80
to cut (vegetables) Longjia tshuŋ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to cut (vegetables) Caijia so³³ Bo (2004) 80
刚才 a moment ago Longjia sɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
不要 do not (neg. imperative) Caijia piau²⁴ Bo (2004) 81
arrive Caijia duo³³ Bo (2004) 80
chop Caijia tau³³ Bo (2004) 80
before, ahead Luren tsʰɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
前面 front side Longjia zuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
剪刀 scissor Longjia a³³ta³³ Guizhou (1984)
to cut, slash Longjia (Anshun) sa⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
to cut, slash Longjia (Dafang) sa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
to cut, slash Longjia sa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
庄稼 cut (crop) Caijia sei³³ Bo (2004) 80
to split Longjia ɕaŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
to add Longjia tɕa²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to move Longjia ʑo²¹ Guizhou (1984)
勤快 diligent Caijia ga³¹ Bo (2004) 81
spoon, ladle Caijia (Shuicheng) su Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
勺子 spoon, ladle Caijia gan²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
勺子 spoon, ladle Longjia (Dafang) lei⁵⁵kei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
动词 to wrap Longjia (Dafang) kɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
包裹 package (package) Caijia uŋ³³ Bo (2004) 80
包谷 maize, corn Caijia (Shuicheng) bogu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
包谷 maize, corn Longjia tsɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
包谷 maize, corn Longjia ʑi³³mie²¹(tsɿ⁵⁵) Guizhou (1984)
ten Caijia dzan³³ Bo (2004) 81
ten Luren zau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984) 51
ten Longjia zu³³ Guizhou (1984)
十一 eleven Caijia tsɿ³¹ji³³ Bo (2004) 81
十二 twelve Caijia dzɿ³³ȵi³¹ Bo (2004) 81
thousand Caijia tɕhien³³ Bo (2004) 81
thousand Longjia tɕe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to ascend, raise Longjia (Anshun) tɕa⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
升子 Longjia sen⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
午饭 lunch Caijia bei³³ Bo (2004) 79
to sell Caijia man³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to sell Longjia mei³³ Guizhou (1984)
南瓜 pumpkin Caijia ɣuŋ³¹luo³¹ Bo (2004) 78
thick Caijia guo³³ Bo (2004) 81
to go Caijia kue³³ Bo (2004) 80
to go Luren koŋ³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
to go Longjia kho⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to go Longjia ho⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to go Longjia ho²¹ Guizhou (1984)
去玩 to go play Waxianghua (Guzhang) xɑ³³la³³khɤ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
pair (two, double) Longjia ntan³³ Guizhou (1984)
to change Caijia bi³³ Bo (2004) 79
to change Longjia pian²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
口袋 pocket Longjia naŋ⁵⁵ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
to call Longjia (Anshun) khau³¹ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to call Waxianghua (Guzhang) xoŋ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to call (of chickens) Longjia huŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
right (side) Caijia tsɿ³¹ Bo (2004) 77
叶子 leaf Longjia (Dafang) mu³³su³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
叶子 leaf Waxianghua (Guzhang) sɤ⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
叶子 leaf Waxianghua (Yuanling) seɪ⁵³ Yang (1999)
叶子 leaf Longjia mu³³su³³ Guizhou (1984)
to eat Caijia zu³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to eat Luren ʑu³³ Guizhou (1984) 51
to eat Longjia (Anshun) wa³¹ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to eat Longjia (Dafang) ua²¹ Guizhou (1982) 30
to eat Longjia ua²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to eat Longjia ua⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
吃饭 to eat rice Caijia (Shuicheng) yuyu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
吃饭 to eat rice Luren ʑoŋ⁵⁵ʑoŋ⁴⁴ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
吃饭 to eat rice Waxianghua (Yuanling) zəu¹³mõ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
名字 name Caijia mi³¹ Bo (2004) 79
after, behind Caijia ɣuo³³ Bo (2004) 81
after, behind Longjia ɣɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
后边 back side Longjia vu²⁴tau³³ Guizhou (1984)
to spit Longjia tho⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
口水 to spit (saliva) Longjia thu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to swallow Waxianghua (Guzhang) uai⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to hold (in mouth) Caijia gan³³ Bo (2004) 80
to listen Caijia thi⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
to listen Longjia mi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
吮吸 to suck Waxianghua (Guzhang) fu⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to blow Longjia phu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
呕吐 to vomit Caijia lo³³ Bo (2004) 80
life Longjia mie⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to chew Luren pie³³ Guizhou (1984) 51
to chew Longjia mpiaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to bite Caijia tɕhin³³ Bo (2004) 79
to bite Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɳio⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
to bite Longjia ȵe²¹ Guizhou (1984)
salty Caijia tsen³¹ Bo (2004) 81
哥哥 brother, elder Caijia tsuo³³ Bo (2004) 79
which? Caijia lau²⁴ Bo (2004) 81
哪里 where? Caijia la²⁴ Bo (2004) 81
哪里 where? Longjia tɯ⁵⁵a³³mo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to cry, weep Caijia xəu³³ Bo (2004) 80
to cry, weep Caijia (Shuicheng) 吼 hou Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
to cry, weep Longjia (Dafang) ɬei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
to cry, weep Waxianghua (Guzhang) liɛ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to cry, weep Waxianghua (Yuanling) liɛ¹³ Yang (1999)
to cry, weep Longjia ɬei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
唢呐 suona Caijia di²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
to sing Longjia (Anshun) ja⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
to peck Longjia tau³³ Guizhou (1984)
to feed Caijia die³¹, tsu³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to feed Longjia zo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
喉咙 throat Caijia an³¹sɿ⁵⁵kha³³ Bo (2004) 78
喉咙 throat Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɣa¹³sɤŋ²⁵tiau¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
喉咙 throat Waxianghua (Yuanling) ɣa¹³tha⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
to shout, cry Longjia huŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
喜鹊 magpie Waxianghua (Guzhang) o⁵⁵tɕhiau⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to drink Caijia an³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to drink Longjia ʑuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
mouth Caijia pi³¹ Bo (2004) 78
mouth Caijia pi³¹ Bo (2004) 78
mouth Longjia (Anshun) mian³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
mouth Longjia (Dafang) mpiaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
嘴唇 lips Caijia pi³¹puo³¹ Bo (2004) 78
to chew Caijia tsu³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to chew Longjia zɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
four Caijia sɿ³¹ Bo (2004) 81
four Luren sɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984) 50
four Longjia sɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
return Caijia pei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
to return, come back Longjia (Dafang) kho⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
回去 to return, go back Waxianghua (Guzhang) vɤŋ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
回去 to return, go back Waxianghua (Yuanling) voŋ¹³ta¹³ Yang (1999)
回头 to return, go back Caijia tien⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
囤子 bin (for grain) Caijia go³³ Bo (2004) 79
园子 garden Longjia zau³³ Guizhou (1984)
round Waxianghua (Guzhang) lɤŋ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
corral (for cattle) Longjia zau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
ring (classifier) Longjia nan²¹ Guizhou (1984)
earth, soil Longjia tho³³ Guizhou (1984)
土地 land Longjia li³³ Guizhou (1984)
土山洞 cave (earth) Caijia kha³³ Bo (2004) 77
at, in Longjia tau²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
ground Longjia (Anshun) ɬo⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
ground Longjia (Anshun) ɬi⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
ground Caijia (Shuicheng) tu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
ground Longjia (Dafang) tho³³taŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
ground Longjia li³³ Guizhou (1984)
地方 place Caijia luŋ³³ Bo (2004) 79
地点 place Longjia zɿ²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
plot of land, yard Longjia (Anshun) khai⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
bad Caijia dɯ³³ Bo (2004) 81
to sit Caijia ku³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to sit Caijia (Shuicheng) gu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
to sit Longjia kau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
grave Caijia kan³¹ Bo (2004) 79
grave Luren tau⁵⁴ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
grave Longjia tɕuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
坟墓 grave Longjia (Dafang) tɕuŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 29
hill slope Longjia (Anshun) tsen⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
to bury Longjia mo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
city Longjia (Dafang) ntaŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
to plug up Longjia tu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
wall Caijia fu³³ Bo (2004) 79
wall Longjia (Dafang) nʈe⁵⁵tɕhaŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 29
声音 sound Caijia tshɿ³³pəu³³ Bo (2004) 79
bottle, vase Longjia khau³³ Guizhou (1984)
bottle, vase Longjia thuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
外婆 grandmother, maternal Longjia mɛ³³ʑa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
外面 outside Waxianghua (Guzhang) təɯ⁴¹mai Wu & Shen (2010)
many Caijia tie³³ Bo (2004) 81
many Longjia ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
night Caijia sa⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
night Longjia ɕaŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
night Longjia khɛ⁵⁵mia³³ Guizhou (1984)
夜里 at night Longjia khɛ⁵⁵mia³³ Guizhou (1984)
enough Caijia lo³³ Bo (2004) 81
enough Longjia lau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
big Caijia la³¹ Bo (2004) 81
big Longjia la⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
大家 everyone Waxianghua (Guzhang) lu³³sɪ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
大襟 Longjia kui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
大雁 goose, wild Waxianghua (Guzhang) vu¹³ɳiẽ¹³tsa Wu & Shen (2010)
sky Caijia khen³³ Bo (2004) 77
sky Caijia (Shuicheng) kan Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
sky Longjia (Dafang) khɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
天气 weather Longjia a³³ȵi²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
太阳 sun Longjia (Anshun) wu⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
太阳 sun Caijia en³³soŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 77
太阳 sun Longjia (Dafang) khɛ⁵⁵ʈe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
太阳 sun Caijia (Shuicheng) yingsong Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
太阳穴 temple Caijia en³³ȵi³³ Bo (2004) 78
head Caijia to³³to⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
head Longjia (Anshun) tau⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
head Caijia (Shuicheng) duoduo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
head Longjia a³³tau⁵⁵pu³³ Guizhou (1984)
头发 hair Caijia pei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
female Caijia (Shuicheng) nv Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
female Longjia pi²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
女人 woman, female Longjia (Dafang) a⁵⁵phi²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 29
女儿 daughter Caijia ȵuŋ²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
女婿 son-in-law Longjia a⁵⁵ʑe³³ Guizhou (1984)
奶汁 milk Caijia mi⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
good Caijia khua³¹ Bo (2004) 81
好人 good person Caijia (Shuicheng) kuawocuo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
妹妹 sister, younger Caijia ȵuŋ³³he³³ Bo (2004) 79
妹妹 younger sister Longjia (Dafang) nʈu²¹mie⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
wife Longjia pu²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
妻子 wife Caijia suo⁵⁵puo³³ Bo (2004) 79
妻弟 wife's younger brother; brother-in-law Longjia ɬɛ³³mi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
elder sister Longjia (Dafang) a⁵⁵tɕi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
elder sister Longjia tɕi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
姐姐 elder sister Luren ʑi³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
姐姐 sister, elder Caijia tɕi⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
姑娘 young woman, virgin Longjia nuŋ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
surname Caijia sa³¹ Bo (2004) 79
ginger Caijia tɕin³³ Bo (2004) 78
ginger Longjia tɕhen³³ Guizhou (1984)
嫂嫂 sister-in-law Longjia tshau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
word Caijia khɯ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
word, book Longjia so⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
孙子 grandson Caijia sɿ³³ Bo (2004) 79
孝子 yeast Luren ɕu⁴⁵san³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
learn Caijia ko⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
hatch Caijia bəu³¹ Bo (2004) 79
finish Caijia ha⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
完了 finished Longjia ʈhɯ³³ Guizhou (1984)
害羞 shy Caijia dien³³ Bo (2004) 80
home Caijia hai³³ Bo (2004) 79
home Longjia uɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
wide Caijia khua³³ Bo (2004) 81
wide Longjia kuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
close Caijia guo³³ Bo (2004) 81
寻找 to search Caijia guo³³ Bo (2004) 80
寻找 to search Longjia zaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to shoot (arrow) Longjia pu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
射击 to shoot (arrow) Caijia dza³³ Bo (2004) 80
small Caijia ɕie³¹ Bo (2004) 81
small Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɳiaŋ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
small Waxianghua (Yuanling) ȵia¹³ Yang (1999)
小偷 thief Longjia ta⁵⁵ȵi²¹ Guizhou (1984)
小娃 small doll Caijia (Shuicheng) xian'an Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
小孩 child Caijia ŋa⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
小孩 child Longjia (Anshun) dai⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
小的 small (something that is) Longjia en³³ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
小石头 stone (small) Waxianghua (Guzhang) tshɤ⁵⁵so⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
小石头 stone (small) Waxianghua (Yuanling) ȵia¹³ŋa⁵⁵laɔ⁵³ku²² Yang (1999)
小米 millet Caijia suai³³tsɿ²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
小脚 bound feet Longjia (Anshun) ɕi⁵⁵ii³¹pu⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
小锅 small cooking pot Longjia ma⁵⁵phuŋ⁵⁵ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
小麦 wheat Caijia ɕi²²tsuŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 78
few Caijia so⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
few Caijia (Shuicheng) suo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
few Longjia so⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
sharp Caijia ȵan³³ Bo (2004) 81
sharp Longjia tɕuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to taste Longjia (Dafang) saŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 30
to taste Longjia saŋ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
味道 to taste Waxianghua (Guzhang) sɪ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
尿 urine Caijia ȵo³¹ Bo (2004) 79
尿 urine Longjia (Anshun) sa⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
尿 urine Longjia a³³sɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
excrement Caijia i³³ Bo (2004) 79
excrement Longjia (Dafang) sɛ³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
mountain Caijia ti³¹ Bo (2004) 77
mountain Caijia (Shuicheng) dao Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
山羊 goat Caijia tshɿ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
山羊 goat Longjia tshɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
山羊 goat Longjia tshi³³ Guizhou (1984)
山羊 goat Longjia tshɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
age Caijia nen³¹ Bo (2004) 77
left (side) Caijia pa³³ Bo (2004) 77
cloth Caijia pu³¹ Bo (2004) 79
cloth Luren mi²¹mi²¹ Guizhou (1984) 52
cloth Longjia po³³ Guizhou (1984)
mat Longjia ʑa⁵⁵tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
席子 mat Caijia tsho⁵⁵tsa²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
席子 mat Longjia ʑa⁵⁵tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
hat Caijia (Shuicheng) moudou Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
干净 clean Longjia kei³³tɕaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
干枯 dried, shriveled Caijia ɣuŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 79
flat, even Longjia pu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
year Caijia nen³¹ Bo (2004) 77
year Waxianghua (Guzhang) lai⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
year Waxianghua (Yuanling) lɛ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
year Longjia ȵe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
庄稼 crops (on farm) Longjia (Dafang) tsuaŋ³³tɕa³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
bed Caijia tha⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
bed Longjia ntaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
弟弟 brother, younger Caijia he³³ Bo (2004) 79
Longjia (Anshun) kha⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
强盗 robber Longjia nta⁵⁵ȵi²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to record Longjia suŋ⁵⁵kɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
very Longjia tɕe³³ Guizhou (1984)
得到 to get, obtain Caijia tu³³ Bo (2004) 80
heart Caijia san³³ Bo (2004) 78
heart Luren li¹¹ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
heart Longjia ɕuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
忘了 to have forgotten Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɤ⁴¹mɤŋ³³iɛ⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
fast Caijia tɕuo³³ Bo (2004) 81
怎么 how Waxianghua (Guzhang) mi⁴¹tɕi¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to fear Caijia tshɿ³³ Bo (2004) 80
to fear Waxianghua (Guzhang) tɕhyɛ⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
to fear Longjia ɣei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to think Caijia dɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to think Longjia li⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
slow Caijia li²⁴ Bo (2004) 81
understand Caijia tiu³³ Bo (2004) 80
懂了 to have known Waxianghua (Guzhang) mi⁵⁵tɤ tau³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
lazy Caijia tsuŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 81
成长 to grow Caijia tu³³ Bo (2004) 79
1s., I Caijia ŋuo³³ Bo (2004) 81
1s., I Waxianghua (Guzhang) u²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
1s., I Longjia ŋu²¹ Guizhou (1984)
1s., I Longjia ʑa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
我们 1p., we Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɑ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to wear (a hat) Caijia tɯ³³ Bo (2004) 80
to wear (a hat) Longjia tau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
house Caijia (Shuicheng) wo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
house Longjia au³³ Guizhou (1984)
房子 house Caijia o⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
房子 house Luren sɿ³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
房子 house Longjia au³³ Guizhou (1984)
房间 room Longjia faŋ³³tɕhue³³ Guizhou (1984)
hand Caijia suo⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
hand Caijia (Shuicheng) shu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
老虎朴食 catch (tiger catch food) Caijia do³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to hit Caijia na³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to hit Longjia (Anshun) ŋe³¹ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to hit Longjia (Anshun) ne⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to hit Longjia (Dafang) ŋɛ³³ Guizhou (1982) 30
to hit Waxianghua (Guzhang) khuɑ²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to hit Longjia ŋz³³ Guizhou (1984)
to hit Longjia ŋɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
打架 to fight Waxianghua (Guzhang) khuɑ²⁵tsai²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
throw Caijia pie⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
to throw Waxianghua (Guzhang) vu²⁵; toŋ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to sweep Longjia sau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to search, find Waxianghua (Guzhang) lu²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to search, find Longjia ɕa³³ Guizhou (1984)
Longjia na³³ Guizhou (1984)
to throw Longjia a³³ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to rob Caijia ti³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to rob Longjia na³³tau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
抬头 look up Caijia ta⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
to hug; wrap up Longjia mpau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to take out Longjia tshɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
pull Caijia kien⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
拐棍 walking stick Longjia mpu³³ntau³³ Guizhou (1984)
to pull up Longjia tshɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to drag, pull Caijia le³¹ Bo (2004) 80
拳头 fist Longjia a³³la²¹tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
to tie up Longjia kɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to pick up Longjia nku⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to hold (in hand) Caijia ma³¹, a³³ Bo (2004) 80
to hold (in hand) Waxianghua (Guzhang) to⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to hold (in hand) Longjia a⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
挑选 to choose, select Caijia lɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to dig Caijia li⁵⁵, mei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
to dig Longjia ʈu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
挖地 to dig earth Caijia (Shuicheng) 敏束 minshu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
catch Caijia ka⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
to exchange Caijia lɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to exchange Longjia (Dafang) tso⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
to exchange Longjia ɬuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
掀起 set off Caijia ba³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to drop, fall Longjia (Dafang) a³³ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
to fall Caijia ɣa³³ Bo (2004) 79
接生 birth Caijia dzan³³ Bo (2004) 80
push Caijia lu³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to push (a cart) Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɕyɛ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to rub, massage Longjia zu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to lift Longjia ta³³ Guizhou (1984)
to lift Longjia ʑi³³ Guizhou (1984)
to move (objects) Caijia ta³³ Bo (2004) 80
搬迁 to move, relocate Longjia (Dafang) pan⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
摔丢 to throw on ground Longjia tsei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to pick, harvest Longjia ha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
摘果子 to pick, harvest (fruit) Caijia li³¹ Bo (2004) 80
撮箕 dustpan Longjia lu⁵⁵kho⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to collect Longjia tɯ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
收拾 to collect Caijia dzan³³ Bo (2004) 80
to put, place Longjia paŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
放开 to release Caijia pu³³ Bo (2004) 80
放置 to put Longjia khua⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to teach Caijia ko³³ Bo (2004) 80
to fight Longjia tɯ³³ Guizhou (1984)
axe Longjia pau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
斧子 axe Caijia pəu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
斧子 axe Longjia pau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to break Caijia kui⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
to break Longjia nkui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
线 to break (of string) Longjia (Dafang) nkui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
绳子 to break (of rope) Longjia nkui³³ Guizhou (1984)
new Caijia ɕin³³ Bo (2004) 81
new Longjia ɕi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
旁边 side Caijia ba³³min³¹ Bo (2004) 77
旋转 to swirl, rotate Longjia nkuɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
day Caijia koŋ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 77
old (of object) Caijia ku³³ Bo (2004) 81
early Caijia tɕin³¹ Bo (2004) 81
early Longjia ʑi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
早饭 breakfast Caijia tsha³³ Bo (2004) 79
早饭 breakfast Longjia (Dafang) lu²¹ku⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
旱地 dry soil Caijia le³¹ Bo (2004) 77
明年 next year Longjia sɛ⁵⁵vu²¹ȵe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
星星 star Caijia ɕi⁵⁵su³¹ Bo (2004) 77
星星 star Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɕi⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
星星 star Waxianghua (Yuanling) sẽ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
to be (copula) Caijia so³³ Bo (2004) 79
to dry (in sun) Caijia ka⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
to dry (in sun) Longjia kha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
night Caijia na³¹ Bo (2004) 81
晚饭 dinner Caijia pu³³ Bo (2004) 79
晚饭 dinner Luren po³³ Guizhou (1984) 50
晚饭 dinner Longjia (Dafang) po⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
晚饭 dinner Longjia (Dafang) po⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
晚饭 dinner Waxianghua (Yuanling) kheʔ⁵³mõ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
晚饭 dinner Longjia po⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
clear Caijia da³³ Bo (2004) 81
dark Caijia khɯ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
month Caijia ŋun³³ Bo (2004) 77
month Caijia (Shuicheng) yue Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
month Longjia ŋuɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
月亮 moon Caijia ko⁵⁵pei⁵⁵ja³³ Bo (2004) 77
to have (existential) Caijia ɣan³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to have (existential) Longjia (Anshun) en⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to have (existential) Caijia (Shuicheng) hang Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
to have (existential) Longjia ŋuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
有良心的 to have a good heart Caijia (Shuicheng) hangliang rende Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
wood Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɤŋ⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
source, origin Longjia pen⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to kill Caijia ɕi³³ Bo (2004) 80
to kill Longjia su⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
杀人 to kill (person) Caijia ɕi³³ Bo (2004) 80
杉树 cedar tree Caijia dza³³so⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
apricot Caijia hen²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
strip (classifier) Longjia tsei³³ Guizhou (1984)
to come Caijia ɣɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to come Longjia (Anshun) zeu³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
to come Longjia (Dafang) zɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
to come Luren han⁵⁴ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
to come Longjia zɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
pestle Caijia tʅ³³ Bo (2004) 79
loose Caijia nu³¹ Bo (2004) 81
松树 pine tree Caijia tsoŋ³¹so⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
枋子 Longjia faŋ⁵⁵ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
gun Caijia (Shuicheng) qiang Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
柱子 pillar Longjia nʈu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
柳树 willow tree Caijia zu²⁴so⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
firewood Caijia so⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
firewood Longjia (Anshun) ɬu³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
柴刀 wood-chopping axe Longjia nʈɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
tree Caijia so⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
tree Luren təu³³ Guizhou (1984) 51
tree Caijia (Shuicheng) suo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
tree Longjia nʈu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
树杈 branch (tree) Caijia ȵe³¹ Bo (2004) 78
核桃 walnut Longjia ɕi³³mie³³ Guizhou (1984)
root Caijia tsu³³ Bo (2004) 78
stick (classifier) Longjia ntau³³ Guizhou (1984)
栽种 to harvest seeds Longjia phei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
桃子 peach Longjia a³³la⁵⁵pu³³ Guizhou (1984)
桌子 table Caijia tu³¹ Bo (2004) 79
bridge Caijia go³¹ Bo (2004) 79
桥· bridge Longjia kɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
pear Caijia hɯ³³tsɿ³³ Bo (2004) 78
shuttle, loom Longjia piau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
梯子 stairs Longjia (Dafang) nta⁵⁵ʑu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
梯子 stairs Longjia nta⁵⁵ʑu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
palm tree Longjia se³³ Guizhou (1984)
classifier for fruits Longjia ʈau³³ Guizhou (1984)
棺材 coffin Waxianghua (Guzhang) lau²⁵tɕi⁴¹; ɤŋ⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
椑子 and gather them Caijia ten⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
floor, level Caijia vu³³ Bo (2004) 79
house (multiple stories) Longjia (Dafang) mpiaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
house (multiple stories) Longjia mpiaŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
horizontal Waxianghua (Guzhang) du¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to rest Longjia (Dafang) sɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
song Caijia ko³³ Bo (2004) 79
song Longjia (Dafang) khau³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
bent, crooked Longjia kuɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
to die Caijia sɿ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
to die Longjia (Anshun) ɕi⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
mother Caijia (Shuicheng) yi Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
母亲 mother Caijia ji³³ Bo (2004) 79
母亲 mother Longjia (Dafang) a⁵⁵ma³³ Guizhou (1982) 29
母亲 mother Longjia a³³ma³³ Guizhou (1984)
comparative particle ('-er') Longjia pi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
fur, feather, body hair Longjia ma⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
毡子 felt Caijia dza³³ Bo (2004) 79
air, gas Longjia mpiŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
water Caijia sɿ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 77
water Luren ʑi²⁴ Guizhou (1984) 51
water Luren mei²¹ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
water Longjia ɕi²¹ Guizhou (1984)
water Longjia ɕaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
水壶 kettle Caijia an²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
水牛 water buffalo Caijia nai³¹ Bo (2004) 78
水牛 water buffalo Longjia (Dafang) sau⁵⁵ŋau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
水田 paddy, wet field Caijia len³¹ Bo (2004) 77
汉族 Han Chinese Caijia lai³¹lai²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
sweat Longjia ɣan⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
池塘 pond Caijia da³¹ Bo (2004) 77
soup, stew Longjia tsu³³ Guizhou (1984)
有盐 soup, stew Longjia tsu³³ Guizhou (1984)
沙子 sand Caijia sa³³ Bo (2004) 77
没有 do not have Caijia (Shuicheng) buhang Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
river Waxianghua (Guzhang) vu¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
river Waxianghua (Yuanling) uæ¹³ Yang (1999)
沸腾 boiling Caijia biau³³ Bo (2004) 79
oil Caijia tsɿ³³ Bo (2004) 79
oil Longjia (Dafang) tsɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
oil Longjia tsɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
泥土 mud Waxianghua (Guzhang) bi¹³ɳiaŋ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
泥土 mud Waxianghua (Yuanling) bi¹³ȵi⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
泥土 mud Longjia tho³³ Guizhou (1984)
洋芋 yam, potato Longjia (Dafang) ʑaŋ²¹ʑy⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
洋芋 yam, potato Longjia ʑaŋ²¹y⁵⁵pu³³ Guizhou (1984)
to wash Caijia ja³³ Bo (2004) 80
to wash Longjia sɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to wash (face) Longjia (Dafang) sɛ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 30
cave Longjia khei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
alive Longjia ŋuŋ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to flow Longjia (Dafang) a³³lei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
shallow Caijia tɕhin⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
to irrigate, water Longjia zau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to irrigate, water Caijia lan³³ Bo (2004) 80
saliva Longjia a³³tha³³ Guizhou (1984)
mucus Longjia mpɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
astringent Caijia san⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
deep Caijia san³³ Bo (2004) 81
溃烂 to fester (of ulcer) Longjia (Dafang) tsha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
creek Longjia ke³³ Guizhou (1984)
slippery Caijia gui³³ Bo (2004) 81
slippery Longjia ɬa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to roll Caijia lien³³ Bo (2004) 79
full Longjia ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
漂流 to drift Longjia phiau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
leak Caijia wuo³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to leak Waxianghua (Guzhang) za³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
fire Caijia fai⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 77
fire Caijia (Shuicheng) fei Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
fire Waxianghua (Guzhang) fɑ²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
fire Waxianghua (Yuanling) fo⁵³ Yang (1999)
fire Longjia he²¹ Guizhou (1984)
fire Longjia hei²¹ Guizhou (1984)
火塘 fireplace Caijia fai⁵⁵kha³³ Bo (2004) 79
hearth, fireplace Luren tso²¹ Guizhou (1984) 51
hearth, fireplace Longjia tsau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
stir-fry Longjia (Dafang) ŋau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 27
stir-fry Longjia ŋau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to fry Caijia ŋo³³ Bo (2004) 80
charcoal Caijia thu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 77
to light (fire) Longjia ȵi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to light (lamp) Caijia ŋɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
点亮 to light (a fire) Luren ɐn⁵⁵tsau⁴⁵ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
炼铁 refining (iron) Caijia bei³³ Bo (2004) 80
rotten Longjia tsha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
烂熟 rotten, ripe Longjia nau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
smoke Caijia in²⁴ Bo (2004) 77
smoke Longjia ʑen³³ Guizhou (1984)
烟雾 smoke Waxianghua (Guzhang) ləɯ⁴¹ta³³mai¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to burn, roast Longjia tsa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
烤火 to burn (of fire) Waxianghua (Guzhang) tso⁴¹fɑ²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to burn, roast Longjia (Anshun) maii³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to burn, roast Longjia mpɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
烧火 to burn (of fire) Longjia tshei⁵⁵hei²¹ Guizhou (1984)
hot (of surface) Caijia thu³³ Bo (2004) 80
hot (of surface) Waxianghua (Guzhang) po⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
hot Caijia pei³¹ Bo (2004) 81
hot Longjia (Dafang) pɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
burnt, scorched Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɳi⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
coal Longjia (Anshun) tho⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
to cook, boil Caijia tsu³³ Bo (2004) 80
to cook, boil Longjia to⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
put out (light) Caijia mi³³ Bo (2004) 80
bear Caijia bi³³ Bo (2004) 78
bear Luren ʑo¹¹ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
bear Waxianghua (Guzhang) vɤ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
ripe Caijia dzuo³³ Bo (2004) 81
ripe Longjia nʈo³³ Guizhou (1984)
to boil (medicine) Longjia pɯ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
燕子 swallow (bird) Longjia sen³³en³³ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
爪子 claw Caijia tsau³¹ Bo (2004) 78
to climb Longjia (Anshun) en³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to climb Longjia a³³nʈuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to climb (tree) Longjia nʈuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to love Caijia do³¹ Bo (2004) 80
father Caijia (Shuicheng) ba Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
father Longjia a⁵⁵pa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
父亲 father Caijia pa⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
父亲 father Luren pa³³ Guizhou (1984) 50
父亲 father Longjia (Anshun) ka³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
父亲 father Longjia pa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
piece (flat) Longjia ɕe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
tooth Longjia tshɿ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
牙齿 tooth Caijia tshei⁵⁵pei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
cattle Caijia (Shuicheng) gong Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
cattle Luren ʔɐn³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
cattle Waxianghua (Guzhang) ŋəɯ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
cattle Waxianghua (Yuanling) ŋəɯ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
cattle Longjia ŋau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
牲口圈 corral Caijia ɣo³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to plow Caijia ɣuŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to plow Caijia di³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to plow Caijia (Shuicheng) li Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
to plow Longjia ɣuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
犁头 plow Longjia ɣuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
犁牛 to plow (using cattle) Longjia (Anshun) ta⁴²sɿ⁴²nau³¹ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
犁田 to plow (field) Longjia (Dafang) lɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
dog Caijia khui⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
dog Luren khɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984) 51
dog Caijia (Shuicheng) gui Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
dog Longjia (Dafang) khuɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
dog Waxianghua (Guzhang) khuai²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
dog Waxianghua (Yuanling) khuæ⁵³ Yang (1999)
dog Longjia khuɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
wolf Caijia (Shuicheng) yangbo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
pig Caijia li³¹ Bo (2004) 78
pig Luren li²¹ Guizhou (1984) 50
pig Caijia (Shuicheng) li Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
pig Longjia (Dafang) lɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
pig Luren li⁴⁵ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
pig Waxianghua (Guzhang) tiəɯ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
pig Waxianghua (Yuanling) tiəɯ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
pig Longjia lɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
cat Caijia mi²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
猴子 monkey Caijia ku²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
猴子 monkey Waxianghua (Guzhang) vu¹³suai³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
玉米 corn Caijia khen²⁴pa³³mi³³ Bo (2004) 78
玩耍 to play, fool around Longjia tsa⁵⁵lau²¹kau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
现在 now, currently Longjia tsɿ³³tsa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
melon Caijia luo³¹ Bo (2004) 78
melon Longjia (Dafang) kuɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
melon Longjia kuɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
ladle, dipper Longjia pia⁵⁵ka³³ Guizhou (1984)
tile Caijia ŋa³³ Bo (2004) 79
瓶子 bottle Caijia tɕin³¹ Bo (2004) 79
甑子 large pot, cauldron Longjia ŋuɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
sweet Caijia tɕan³¹ Bo (2004) 81
甜味 sweet flavor Longjia na²⁴tuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
生气 angry Caijia noŋ³³ Bo (2004) 80
生疮 to grow a boil Longjia suŋ⁵⁵than³³ Guizhou (1984)
生的 raw Caijia xa³³ Bo (2004) 81
to use Caijia di³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to use Longjia (Dafang) tɕi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
field Luren li⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984) 50
field Waxianghua (Guzhang) lai¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
field Waxianghua (Yuanling) lɛ¹³ Yang (1999)
field Longjia li⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
male Caijia (Shuicheng) nan Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
to remain Waxianghua (Guzhang) tɕiəɯ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
crazy, insane Longjia vu³³ Guizhou (1984)
pain Caijia suŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
疼病 pain, illness Waxianghua (Guzhang) sau³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
disease Caijia suŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 79
sick, ill Longjia (Dafang) suŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
sick, ill Longjia suŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
itch Caijia zu³³ Bo (2004) 81
pain Caijia soŋ³³ Bo (2004) 81
thin Caijia tsɿ³³ Bo (2004) 81
thin (of person) Waxianghua (Guzhang) ua⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
white Caijia bia³³ Bo (2004) 80
white Caijia (Shuicheng) bai Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
white Longjia mpe³³ Guizhou (1984)
白布 white cloth Longjia (Dafang) mpe³³po³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
白菜 Chinese cabbage (Brassica rapa pekinensis) Caijia bia³³ka⁵⁵tshəu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
hundred Caijia pia⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
possessive marker Caijia huŋ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
possessive marker Longjia huŋ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
possessive marker Longjia ku²¹ Guizhou (1984)
skin Longjia pu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
皮肤 skin Caijia pəu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
盆子 bowl Caijia tsɿ²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
salt Caijia san³³ Bo (2004) 79
salt Longjia (Dafang) suŋ⁵⁵kɛ³³ Guizhou (1982) 25
salt Luren san⁵⁴ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
salt Waxianghua (Yuanling) zɛ¹³ Yang (1999)
盐一块 one block of salt Luren san⁵⁴ʑi⁵⁵taŋ⁵⁴ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
盐巴 salt block Longjia (Anshun) ji³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
lid, covering Longjia pɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
eyebrow Longjia ɣei²¹mau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to look Caijia tsan³³ Bo (2004) 80
to look Longjia (Anshun) na⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
to look Longjia na²¹ Guizhou (1984)
看守 to guard, watch Longjia ɬen³³ Guizhou (1984)
看守 to guard, watch Longjia sau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
看见 to see Caijia kien³³ Bo (2004) 80
true, correct Caijia dzai³³ Bo (2004) 81
眼睛 eye Caijia ȵi³³dzɿ³³ Bo (2004) 78
眼睛 eye Luren ŋɑ²¹zɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984) 51
眼睛 eye Waxianghua (Yuanling) ŋæ⁵³tsəɯ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
眼睛 eye Longjia ȵy²¹khu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to sleep Caijia dzɿ³³ Bo (2004) 80
to sleep Longjia (Anshun) nts⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to sleep Waxianghua (Guzhang) khuai³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to sleep Longjia zei⁵⁵pu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
睡着 to sleep Longjia zei⁵⁵pu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
blind Caijia tha³³ Bo (2004) 81
知道 to know Longjia ti²¹ Guizhou (1984)
short Caijia tshuo³³ Bo (2004) 81
short Caijia bi³³ Bo (2004) 81
short (length) Waxianghua (Guzhang) tɕhia⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
stone Caijia (Shuicheng) zadu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
石头 stone Caijia dza³¹ Bo (2004) 77
石头 stone Waxianghua (Guzhang) ŋa⁵⁵; ŋa⁵⁵lau²⁵ku³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
石头 stone Waxianghua (Yuanling) ŋa⁵⁵laɔ⁵³ku²² Yang (1999)
石头 stone Longjia a³³tau²¹kɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
石山洞 stone cave Caijia ŋan³¹ Bo (2004) 77
to cut, hack Caijia tau³³ Bo (2004) 80
to cut, hack (a tree) Longjia (Dafang) ntau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
to cut, hack (a tree) Longjia (Dafang) ntau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
to cut, hack (a tree) Longjia ntau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to cut, hack (a tree) Longjia ʈhuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
broken Longjia (Anshun) mpia³¹ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
broken Longjia (Anshun) mpia⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
broken, ripped (cloth) Longjia tɕhi⁵⁵kɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
hard Caijia ŋa³³ Bo (2004) 81
Longjia ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
硾子 iodide child Caijia tie³¹ Bo (2004) 79
bowl Caijia u³³ Bo (2004) 79
bowl Luren mɑ³³lɑ³³ Guizhou (1984) 51
bowl Longjia (Anshun) jia ɬa⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
bowl Longjia au⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
mortar Caijia ɣuŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to grind (mortar) Longjia phɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
磨子 mortar Longjia (Dafang) la⁵⁵za³³tau²¹ Guizhou (1982) 28
磨子 mortar Longjia za⁵⁵tau³³ Guizhou (1984)
祖母 grandmother Caijia ja³³ Bo (2004) 79
祖母 grandmother Longjia (Dafang) a⁵⁵ʑa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 27
祖母 grandmother Longjia a⁵⁵ʑa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
祖父 grandfather Caijia pa³³ Bo (2004) 79
祖父 grandfather Longjia a⁵⁵mpei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
spirit, god Caijia sɿ³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to offer sacrifice Longjia ɬa²¹ Guizhou (1984)
福气 fortunate, lucky Longjia fu²¹tɕhi²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
to weigh, balance Longjia tɕi³³ Guizhou (1984)
to weigh, balance Longjia tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
seedling Longjia zaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
dilute Caijia nan³¹ Bo (2004) 81
稗子 tares Caijia dzɿ³¹ba³³ Bo (2004) 78
viscuous Caijia ka³³ Bo (2004) 81
steady, balanced Longjia a³³pu³³ Guizhou (1984)
稻子 rice (plant) Caijia kuo²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
稻谷 rice (plant) Longjia mɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
穿 to wear Caijia ɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
穿 to wear (shirt) Longjia ei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
穿衣服 to wear (clothes) Waxianghua (Guzhang) tu⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
穿 to wear (shoes) Longjia zɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
穿山甲 pangolin Waxianghua (Guzhang) sai⁵⁵li ɳiəɯ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
穿青人 Chuanqing (an unclassified ethnic group of Guizhou) Caijia ku³¹lai²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
narrow Caijia ta⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
narrow Waxianghua (Guzhang) o³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
to stand Caijia dan³³ Bo (2004) 80
两端 end (at both ends) Caijia min³³ Bo (2004) 77
竹子 bamboo Caijia tso⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
to laugh Caijia so³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to laugh Caijia (Shuicheng) suo Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
to laugh Longjia sau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
笑状 Longjia khei⁵⁵hei³³ Guizhou (1984)
stupid Waxianghua (Guzhang) gɑ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
stupid Longjia pen²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
to wait Caijia ȵuo³³ Bo (2004) 80
to wait Longjia tau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to answer Caijia an⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
答应 to answer Longjia ɣo³³ Guizhou (1984)
筷子 chopsticks Caijia du³¹ Bo (2004) 79
筷子 chopsticks Longjia ʈo³³ Guizhou (1984)
箩筐 basket, large Caijia pau³³ Bo (2004) 79
箩筐 basket, large Waxianghua (Guzhang) lu⁵⁵su³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
箩筐 basket, large Longjia phɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
arrow Caijia piau²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
篱笆 fence Caijia pu³³ Bo (2004) 79
簸箕 winnower Caijia tie³¹ Bo (2004) 79
簸箕 winnower Longjia (Dafang) tsɿ⁵⁵pie³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
簸箕 winnower Longjia tsɿ⁵⁵pie³³ Guizhou (1984)
rice (grain) Longjia taŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
米桶 rice basket, container Luren kʰai⁴³kən³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
粑粑 rice cake Longjia so²¹kɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
thick (of diameter) Caijia tshu³³ Bo (2004) 81
thick (of diameter) Longjia tsho⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
manure Longjia mpei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
粮食 cereals Longjia mɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
bran, husk Caijia (Shuicheng) tang Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
bran, husk Longjia thaŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
bran, husk Longjia tsha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
bran, husk Caijia tsha³³ Bo (2004) 79
bran, husk Longjia (Dafang) tsha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
bran, husk Longjia (Dafang) tsha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 25
bran, husk Longjia tsha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
tight Caijia tɕin⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
tired Caijia khui³³ Bo (2004) 81
tired Longjia (Dafang) khei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
tired Waxianghua (Guzhang) lau²⁵fɑ²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
red Caijia tshɿ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
red Caijia (Shuicheng) chong Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
red Longjia tsha³³ Guizhou (1984)
线 string Longjia (Dafang) sie⁵⁵tau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
线 string Longjia sie⁵⁵tau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
thin (of diameter) Caijia mo³³ Bo (2004) 81
细小 thin (of diameter) Longjia ma⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to go around Longjia van⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to give Caijia a³³ Bo (2004) 80
绳子 rope Caijia su⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
绳子 rope Waxianghua (Guzhang) su⁴¹tsa Wu & Shen (2010)
绳子 rope Longjia kei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
cotton Longjia mian²¹ Guizhou (1984)
绵羊 sheep Caijia zu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
绸子 silk cloth Longjia luŋ³³po³³ Guizhou (1984)
绿 green Caijia lo³³ Bo (2004) 80
绿 green Caijia (Shuicheng) 绿 lv Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
to weave Longjia (Dafang) ŋɛ³³ Guizhou (1982) 30
动词 to sew Longjia (Dafang) a³³ȵuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
to lack Caijia pia³³ Bo (2004) 79
缻子 pottery Longjia (Dafang) luŋ³³puŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 29
sheep, goat Caijia (Shuicheng) ci Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
sheep, goat Luren kəu⁴⁵ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
sheep, goat Waxianghua (Guzhang) zɤŋ¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
beautiful Waxianghua (Guzhang) tɕiaŋ⁵⁵xu¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
Longjia kui²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to turn over Longjia phɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
old (of person) Longjia (Anshun) tsau⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
old (of person) Longjia lau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
stale, overripe (of vegetables) Waxianghua (Guzhang) a¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
老茧 callus Caijia di³³ Bo (2004) 79
老表 Longjia lau⁵⁵piau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
老鼠 rat, mouse Caijia su⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
耐用 durable Caijia mu³³ Bo (2004) 81
rake Caijia (Shuicheng) ba Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
ear Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɳiaŋ²⁵sɪ²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
ear Waxianghua (Yuanling) ȵia⁵³tuɛ⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
耳朵 ear Caijia ȵi³³kha³³ Bo (2004) 78
deaf Caijia tan³³ Bo (2004) 81
聋子 deaf (person) Waxianghua (Guzhang) tsau⁵⁵ti Wu & Shen (2010)
meat, flesh Caijia tsa³¹ Bo (2004) 79
meat, flesh Luren ȵi²¹ Guizhou (1984) 50
meat, flesh Longjia (Anshun) ntɕi⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
meat, flesh Longjia (Dafang) ȵi²¹ Guizhou (1982) 28
meat, flesh Longjia ȵi²¹ Guizhou (1984)
肋骨 ribs Caijia kha³³ Bo (2004) 79
elbow Caijia kui⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
肚子 belly Caijia məu³¹luo³¹ Bo (2004) 78
肚子 belly Longjia (Dafang) pu³³pu³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
肚脐 navel Caijia zɿ³¹ Bo (2004) 78
liver Caijia san³³ka³³ Bo (2004) 78
肠子 intestine Caijia vu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
肠子 intestines Waxianghua (Guzhang) lin¹³tsa³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
肠子 intestines Waxianghua (Yuanling) lioŋ¹³tsa Yang (1999)
肠子 intestines Longjia laŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
fat Caijia pu³¹ Bo (2004) 81
肩膀 shoulder Caijia ta³³pu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
lung Caijia phəu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
kidney Caijia lu³¹khue⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
to swell, swollen Caijia uŋ³³ Bo (2004) 80
to swell, swollen Longjia aŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
stomach Caijia du³¹ Bo (2004) 78
gallbladder Caijia ta⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
gallbladder Longjia ta⁵⁵ȵi²¹ Guizhou (1984)
back Longjia mpa²¹ Guizhou (1984)
胡子 beard Caijia pi³¹mau²⁴, khu⁵⁵mau²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
胡椒 pepper Caijia so³³ Bo (2004) 78
胳膊 arm Caijia suo⁵⁵ken³³, fu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
胸脯 chest Caijia san³¹təu²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
to kneel Longjia kei²¹ Guizhou (1984)
脊背 back Caijia səu³³kui⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
脊背 back Longjia (Dafang) a⁵⁵zɿ²¹mpi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
脑髓 brain Caijia no³¹ka⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
脖子 neck Caijia suŋ³³kuŋ³³ Bo (2004) 78
脖子 neck Longjia (Dafang) tɕaŋ²¹ken⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
脖子 neck Waxianghua (Guzhang) tsɪ²⁵kai⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
foot Caijia ku⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
foot Caijia (Shuicheng) gu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
face Caijia min³¹kuŋ³³ Bo (2004) 78
face Longjia (Anshun) mie⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
face Waxianghua (Yuanling) mi²²po⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
face Longjia ɕi³³ Guizhou (1984)
腋下 armpit Caijia ja³¹ji³³tie⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
腐烂 rotten Caijia tshɿ³¹ Bo (2004) 79
waist Caijia o³³ Bo (2004) 78
腰带 belt Luren tsai⁴⁵sai⁴⁵ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
腰带 belt Longjia po³³au⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
leg Caijia ku⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
自己 self Waxianghua (Guzhang) tɕhin⁵⁵kaŋ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
自称 autonym Longjia suŋ⁵⁵ȵi⁵⁵mpau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
stinky Longjia tshu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
粑粑 to pound (rice cake) Longjia nʈe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
辣子 to pound (chili) Longjia ntie⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
舂媒 Longjia (Anshun) mun³¹tan⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
舅爷 great-uncle Longjia (Anshun) kou⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
舌头 tongue Caijia dzɿ³³ta³¹ Bo (2004) 78
舌头 tongue Longjia zɿ³³tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
舌头 tongue Longjia zɿ⁵⁵tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
lick Caijia bi³¹ Bo (2004) 80
boat Longjia ntaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
艾草 wormwood Caijia ŋan³¹ Bo (2004) 78
芋叶 taro leaf Longjia he²¹ʑe³³ Guizhou (1984)
芝麻 sesame Caijia ȵan³¹pəu³³ Bo (2004) 78
芥菜 mustard Caijia ka⁵⁵tshəu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
flower Longjia (Dafang) ʔuɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
flower Longjia uɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
flowery (adjective) Longjia kua⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
flowery (color) Longjia kua⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
花椒树 prickly ash Caijia so³³so⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
花椒树 prickly ash Caijia je³¹ Bo (2004) 78
bud Caijia ȵe³¹ Bo (2004) 78
苋菜 amaranth Caijia ku²⁴tshəu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
苗族 Miao, Hmong Caijia jo²⁴ Bo (2004) 79
bitter Caijia khu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
苦蒿 Longjia tɕhaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
茄子 eggplant Caijia ga²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
stem Caijia ka³³ Bo (2004) 78
tea Caijia gu³³ Bo (2004) 79
tea Waxianghua (Guzhang) khu⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
tea Waxianghua (Yuanling) khu⁵⁵, tshuæ⁵³ Yang (1999)
茶叶 tea leaf Luren ti⁵⁵sai⁵⁵ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
grass Caijia tsho⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
grass Longjia ta⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
草药 herb Longjia zɯ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
草鞋 shoes (of grass) Luren pu²¹ku³³ Guizhou (1984) 51
草鞋 shoes (of grass) Longjia tɕhi³³ȵi³³ Guizhou (1984)
荞麦 buckwheat Caijia kuo³³ Bo (2004) 78
荞麦 buckwheat Longjia (Dafang) nko⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
荞麦 buckwheat Longjia nko⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
medicine Caijia tsu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
菌子 mushroom Caijia san³³ Bo (2004) 78
菌子 mushroom Longjia (Dafang) mau³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
vegetable Longjia hu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
菜园 vegetable garden Caijia ja³¹ Bo (2004) 79
菠萝 carrot, beet Caijia bia²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
萝卜 radish Caijia tshəu³³tuo³¹ Bo (2004) 78
to drop, fall Longjia a³³ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
葫芦 gourd, calabash Caijia pia²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
onion Caijia tɕo³³ Bo (2004) 78
Longjia muŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
garlic Caijia la³¹sa³¹ Bo (2004) 78
garlic Longjia so³³ Guizhou (1984)
to steam Caijia dzuo³³ Bo (2004) 80
to steam Longjia (Dafang) tuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
blue Caijia tshɿ³³ Bo (2004) 80
蔬菜 vegetables Caijia tshəu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
fern Caijia kua³³ Bo (2004) 78
thin Caijia bu³³ Bo (2004) 81
薅锄 weeding hoe Longjia tɕo⁵⁵tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
to hide (tr.) Caijia dzu³¹ Bo (2004) 80
rattan Longjia (Dafang) kei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
藤子 rattan Caijia mei³¹ Bo (2004) 78
tiger Caijia khu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
tiger Caijia (Shuicheng) hu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
insect Longjia muŋ³³luŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
虱子 louse Caijia sei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
rainbow Waxianghua (Guzhang) mo²⁵ɤŋ⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
蚂蚁 ant Waxianghua (Guzhang) lo¹³min¹³tsa⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
蚊子 mosquito Caijia tu³¹pi²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
silkworm Caijia tsan²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
蚯蚓 earthworm Caijia jin²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
蚯蚓 earthworm Waxianghua (Guzhang) zuai²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
maggot Caijia so³³ Bo (2004) 78
snake Caijia fei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
snake Caijia (Shuicheng) fei Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
snake Longjia (Dafang) la⁵⁵muŋ³³luŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
snake Waxianghua (Guzhang) fi²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
egg Luren se²⁴ Guizhou (1984) 51
egg Waxianghua (Guzhang) kɤŋ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
egg Longjia ʈhu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
蛋白 egg white Longjia ʈhu⁵⁵tɕhaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
bee Caijia mi³³ Bo (2004) 78
蜗牛 snail Waxianghua (Guzhang) pi⁵⁵kaŋ⁵⁵liau¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
蜘蛛 spider Caijia ta³³tu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
蜜蜂 bee Longjia men³³ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
蜡烛 candle Caijia ɣa³³ Bo (2004) 79
蜻蜓 dragonfly Waxianghua (Guzhang) tɕiau¹³ɳiaŋ²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
蝗虫 locust Waxianghua (Guzhang) tsoŋ²⁵ku³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
蝙蝠 bat Waxianghua (Guzhang) dzɤŋ¹³pi¹³sɪ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
蝴蝶 butterfly Waxianghua (Guzhang) dzau¹³tsa⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
蠕动 squirm Caijia thuŋ³³ Bo (2004) 79
blood Caijia tshɿ³¹tshɿ³¹ Bo (2004) 78
blood Longjia sɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
Longjia ɬau³³ Guizhou (1984)
street Longjia (Dafang) khau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
street Longjia (Dafang) khau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
clothes Caijia (Shuicheng) ou Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
衣服 clothes Caijia ɯ³³ Bo (2004) 79
衣服 clothes Luren ɣɯ³³tɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984) 51
衣服 clothes Longjia (Anshun) su³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
衣服 clothes Longjia su⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to mend, patch up Longjia mpɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
袋子 bag Longjia (Dafang) naŋ³³ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
袋子 bag Longjia (Dafang) naŋ⁵⁵ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
socks Caijia (Shuicheng) wa Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
袜子 socks Luren vu¹¹tsʰɿ³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
被子 socks Longjia pu²¹ Guizhou (1984)
裂开 split, broken Caijia khɯ³³ Bo (2004) 79
attire, costume Longjia ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
裙子 skirt Longjia (Dafang) nkui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
裙子 skirt Longjia nkui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
裤子 skirt Longjia kuɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
裹脚 to bind feet (Qing dynasty practice) Luren laŋ¹¹ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
裹腿 to wrap leg (with cloth) Longjia (Dafang) a³³luŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
裹腿布 leg wrappings Longjia a³³luŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to want, desire Longjia (Anshun) ntsau⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 495
to want, desire Longjia nau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to record, remember Longjia (Dafang) ti²¹ Guizhou (1982) 30
记得 remember Caijia nen³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to tell Longjia (Anshun) kau³¹ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
speech Caijia ŋoŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 79
speech Longjia (Anshun) nkuŋ⁵⁵ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
to say Caijia xa³³ Bo (2004) 80
to say Longjia ɬaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to say Longjia ɕi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
说话 to say something Caijia (Shuicheng) haweng Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
to read Caijia ko³³ Bo (2004) 80
读书 to read a book Caijia (Shuicheng) guoshu Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
who Longjia ti⁵⁵ȵi²¹ Guizhou (1984)
谁,哪个 who, which Waxianghua (Guzhang) o¹³kəɯ³³ Wu & Shen (2010)
谷子 millet Longjia (Anshun) mai⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
bean Luren tei³³ Guizhou (1984) 51
bean Longjia ntau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
豆子 bean Caijia do²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
豆腐 tofu, bean curd Longjia ntau⁵⁵thau²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
leopard Caijia (Shuicheng) bao Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
赔偿 reparation Caijia tsu³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to walk Caijia ɣa³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to walk Luren u³³ Guizhou (1984) 50
to walk Caijia (Shuicheng) ha Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
to walk Longjia ka⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to walk Longjia kho⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to walk Longjia u³³ Guizhou (1984)
to go to the market Luren ɑ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984) 50
to go to the market Longjia (Anshun) phau⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
to go to the market Longjia a⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
赶场 to go to the market Longjia (Anshun) pau⁴²kai⁴² Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 496
to rise Longjia khei²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to run Caijia piau³³ Bo (2004) 80
to run Longjia (Dafang) a³³sau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
to run Waxianghua (Yuanling) thua⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
跟随 to follow Longjia a³³ɕɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
road Caijia ho⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
road Longjia (Dafang) hau²¹ Guizhou (1982) 27
road Luren ho¹¹ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
road Waxianghua (Guzhang) sau²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
road Waxianghua (Yuanling) saɔ⁵³ Yang (1999)
road Longjia zau³³ Guizhou (1984)
road Longjia hau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to jump Caijia dau³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to jump Longjia (Dafang) pɛ³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
to jump Longjia pɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
to tread on Longjia ʈe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to step on Longjia thɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
蹄子 hoof Caijia ku⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
to squat Caijia po³¹ Bo (2004) 80
身体 body Caijia sen³³thuŋ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
身体 body Longjia sei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to hide (intr.) Longjia (Dafang) a³³za⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
to lie down Longjia zei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
躺倒 to lie down Waxianghua (Guzhang) po²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
转回 to turn back Longjia ta⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
soft Caijia ȵu³¹ Bo (2004) 81
soft Waxianghua (Guzhang) bi¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
light (weight) Caijia tshɿ³³ Bo (2004) 81
轿子 sedan Longjia tsɿ⁵⁵ko²¹ Guizhou (1984)
spicy Caijia pei⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
辣椒 chili Caijia pei⁵⁵so³³ Bo (2004) 78
辫子 braid Caijia pei⁵⁵pin²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
side Longjia mu³³ Guizhou (1984)
迎接 to welcome, receive Longjia mpuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to return Caijia dzu³³ Bo (2004) 80
to return Longjia hua²¹ Guizhou (1984)
this Caijia o²⁴ Bo (2004) 81
this Waxianghua (Guzhang) ai⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
这么 like this Waxianghua (Guzhang) bi⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
这里 here Waxianghua (Guzhang) ai⁵⁵lin⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
to enter, come in Caijia li³³ Bo (2004) 80
far Caijia ti⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
far Longjia tɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
to chase Caijia lui⁵⁵, ɣuo³¹ Bo (2004) 80
to send Longjia suŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to choose Waxianghua (Guzhang) lu¹³ Wu & Shen (2010)
that Caijia mo²⁴ Bo (2004) 81
that Waxianghua (Guzhang) oŋ²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
that Longjia pu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
那么 like that Waxianghua (Guzhang) oŋ²⁵pi⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
那里 there Waxianghua (Guzhang) oŋ²⁵lin⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
even, all Longjia tu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
wine, liquor Caijia tsuo⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
wine, liquor Caijia (Shuicheng) mi Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
wine, liquor Longjia (Dafang) naŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
wine, liquor Luren tsɿ⁵⁴ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
wine, liquor Longjia naŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
sour Caijia san³³ Bo (2004) 81
drunk, inebriated Caijia tsɿ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
wake Caijia ko³³ Bo (2004) 80
heavy Caijia doŋ³³ Bo (2004) 81
wild Longjia ʑa²¹ Guizhou (1984)
量米 one measure (e.g., of rice) Caijia ho⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
gold Caijia (Shuicheng) jin Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
gold Caijia (Shuicheng) di Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
金子 gold Longjia tɕuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
needle Caijia tsan³³ Bo (2004) 79
needle Longjia (Dafang) tsuŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
needle Longjia tsuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
钉子 nail Longjia tiŋ³³ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
blunt Waxianghua (Guzhang) ŋu⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
money Caijia tɕin³¹ Bo (2004) 79
money Longjia nta⁵⁵ʑi³³ Guizhou (1984)
iron Caijia (Shuicheng) 西 xi Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
iron Longjia ɬei³³ Guizhou (1984)
bronze Caijia (Shuicheng) tong Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
bronze Longjia tuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
lever-knife Longjia tsɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
铧口 Longjia pie³³ Guizhou (1984)
silver Caijia (Shuicheng) ying Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
silver Longjia ŋui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
银子 silver Longjia ŋui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
hoe Longjia tɕo⁵⁵tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
锄头 hoe Caijia tu³¹ Bo (2004) 79
锄头 hoe Luren tso³³khəu²⁴ Guizhou (1984) 51
锄头 hoe Longjia (Dafang) ʈo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
锄头 hoe Longjia ʈo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
锄头 hoe Longjia tɕo⁵⁵tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
pot (for cooking) Caijia məu³¹ Bo (2004) 79
pot (for cooking) Longjia (Anshun) mau³³ Caiguan Gazetteer (2004) 494
pot (for cooking) Longjia (Dafang) ɬei³³phuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
pot (for cooking) Longjia phuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
锋利 sharp (of knife) Longjia pi³³ Guizhou (1984)
锋利 sharp (of knife) Longjia pi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
锤子 hammer Caijia tʅ³¹ Bo (2004) 79
to saw Longjia tɕy⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
动词 to saw Longjia (Dafang) tɕy⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
镰刀 sickle Longjia lɛ³³ Guizhou (1984)
镰刀 sickle Longjia pie³³lɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
inlay Caijia lɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
long Caijia ko³³ Bo (2004) 81
door Caijia ma³¹kha³³ Bo (2004) 79
door Longjia mɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to ask Caijia pia⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
to ask Longjia (Dafang) mpia⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
to ask Longjia (Dafang) mpia⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
to ask Longjia mpia⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to smell, sniff Caijia khu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
阉割 castrate Caijia ten³¹ Bo (2004) 80
dark Caijia dɯ³³ Bo (2004) 79
steep Caijia tɯ³¹ Bo (2004) 81
steep Longjia ɕuŋ³³ Guizhou (1984)
集市 market Caijia khɯ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
雕刻 to carve Longjia tiau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
rain Caijia zɿ³³ Bo (2004) 77
rain Longjia (Dafang) ɕi³³ Guizhou (1982) 28
rain Waxianghua (Guzhang) va²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
rain Waxianghua (Yuanling) ua⁵³ Yang (1999)
thunder Caijia tʅ³³ Bo (2004) 77
thunder Waxianghua (Guzhang) tyei⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
thunder Waxianghua (Yuanling) ty⁵⁵(kəu⁵⁵) Yang (1999)
雹子 hail Waxianghua (Yuanling) ɕi⁵⁵tsa Yang (1999)
fog Waxianghua (Guzhang) tsau³³tsa Wu & Shen (2010)
青冈树 beech tree Caijia pi³¹so⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
青蛙 frog Caijia mai²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
青蛙 frog Waxianghua (Guzhang) vu¹³mau²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
青蛙 frog Waxianghua (Yuanling) u²²məu⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
shoe Luren ɕi³³ Guizhou (1984) 50
shoe Luren san³³ɕən³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
shoe Longjia ɕi²¹ Guizhou (1984)
鞋子 shoe Caijia ji³¹ Bo (2004) 79
额头 forehead Caijia ŋa³³tuo³¹ Bo (2004) 78
颧骨 cheekbones Caijia khai³³kui⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
wind Caijia pan³³ Bo (2004) 77
wind Longjia mpiaŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
to fly Caijia bu³³ Bo (2004) 79
猪食 food (pig feed) Caijia ma³³ Bo (2004) 79
rice, cooked Caijia zu³³ Bo (2004) 79
rice, cooked Caijia (Shuicheng) you Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 185
rice, cooked Longjia (Dafang) ʑi³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
rice, cooked Longjia (Dafang) ʑi³³ Guizhou (1982) 25
rice, cooked Luren ʑoŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
rice, cooked Longjia ʑi³³ Guizhou (1984)
饭甑 rice cauldron Longjia ŋuɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
full (of stomach) Caijia pəu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
full (of stomach) Waxianghua (Guzhang) iɛ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
full (of stomach) Longjia po²¹ Guizhou (1984)
饱满 full (not hungry) Longjia ɬau²¹ Guizhou (1984)
饿 hungry Caijia kɯ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 81
fragrant Caijia man³³ Bo (2004) 81
fragrant Longjia khan⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
horse Caijia me³³ Bo (2004) 78
horse Caijia (Shuicheng) mai Liupanshui Gazetteer (2003) 184
horse Luren man²¹ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
horse Longjia mɛ²¹ Guizhou (1984)
马匙 a type of large spoon Luren kan⁵⁴tsa³³ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
马蜂 Longjia man³³ntsɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
马铃薯 potato Caijia tshɿ⁵⁵pəu⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
curse Caijia tɕun³³ Bo (2004) 80
to scold Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɕiɛ²⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
to ride (a horse) Longjia (Dafang) nkau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
to ride (a horse) Longjia nkau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
cheat Caijia hɯ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
骨头 bone Caijia kui⁵⁵tuo³¹ Bo (2004) 79
high, tall Caijia ko³³ Bo (2004) 81
high, tall Longjia ka⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
高兴 happy Longjia hau²¹tau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
高粱 sorghum Waxianghua (Guzhang) tsu³³tsa Wu & Shen (2010)
bun (hair) Caijia dzɿ³³kei³³ Bo (2004) 78
ghost Luren phia⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984) 50
ghost Longjia kei³³ Guizhou (1984)
soul Longjia phia³³ Guizhou (1984)
魂魄 soul Caijia phia⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 79
fish Caijia ɣoŋ²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
fish Longjia (Dafang) ʑy²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 28
fish Waxianghua (Guzhang) ɳiəɯ⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
fish Longjia ʑy²⁴ Guizhou (1984)
鱼鳞 scales (of fish) Caijia ɣoŋ²⁴kho⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 78
bird Caijia tsɿ³¹tsɿ²⁴ Bo (2004) 78
bird Waxianghua (Guzhang) tsu⁴¹tsɪ Wu & Shen (2010)
bird Longjia sen³³ Guizhou (1984)
鸟窝 nest (of bird) Waxianghua (Guzhang) khu⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
chicken Caijia kei³³ Bo (2004) 78
chicken Luren kɛ³³ Guizhou (1984) 50
chicken Luren kɛ⁵⁵pɛ²¹ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
chicken Waxianghua (Guzhang) ka⁵⁵ Wu & Shen (2010)
chicken Waxianghua (Yuanling) ka⁵⁵ Yang (1999)
chicken Longjia kɛ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
鸡一对 one pair of chickens Luren kɛ⁵⁵ʑi⁵⁵sau¹¹ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
鸭子 duck Longjia ʑu³³ Guizhou (1984)
goose Caijia ŋu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
鹦鹉 parrot Waxianghua (Guzhang) pɑ¹³pɑ⁴¹ Wu & Shen (2010)
wheat Longjia (Dafang) zuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
麦子 wheat Luren zau³³ Guizhou (1984) 50
麦子 wheat Longjia zuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
麦芽 malt Luren tsɿ⁵⁵tsai⁴⁵ Guizhou Ethnic Gazetteer (2002) 888
hemp Caijia tshɿ³¹ Bo (2004) 78
hemp Longjia (Dafang) tshi³³ Guizhou (1982) 26
hemp Longjia tshɿ³³ Guizhou (1984)
yellow Caijia ɣuŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 80
yellow Longjia ɣuŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1984)
黄牛 cattle Caijia ŋu³¹ Bo (2004) 78
black Caijia khɯ⁵⁵ Bo (2004) 80
black Longjia (Dafang) khei³³ Guizhou (1982) 27
rat, mouse Longjia so²¹ Guizhou (1984)
鼻子 nose Caijia bi³¹kei³³ Bo (2004) 78
鼻涕 nasal mucus Longjia ɬen³³ Guizhou (1984)
齿头 gear head Caijia biau³³ Bo (2004) 79
dragon Caijia ɣoŋ³¹ Bo (2004) 78
动物 (animals) to climb Caijia dza³¹ Bo (2004) 79
(water) overflows Caijia ma³³ Bo (2004) 79
sister-in-law Longjia (Dafang) la⁵⁵tshau⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑi³³ Guizhou (1982) 8
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕʰi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) wan²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 3
丈夫 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) məu³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sa³³ Guizhou (1982) 5
下雨 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) həu²¹zɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 16
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pu³³ Guizhou (1982) 8
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣo²¹ Guizhou (1982) 16
东西 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵa²¹ȵa²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pɪ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 30
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵi²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵi³³ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ku⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) man²¹ Guizhou (1982) 16
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) o²¹ Guizhou (1982) 14
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsen³³ Guizhou (1982) 11
事情 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sɿ⁵⁵tɕʰen²¹ Guizhou (1982) 14
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tin²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣoŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 13
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sɿ⁵⁵kʰa³³ Guizhou (1982) 23
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 18
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsu³³ Guizhou (1982) 18
亮亮的 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsu³³lu²¹lu³³lei³³ Guizhou (1982) 18
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) wu³³tsʰu³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
什么 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lau²⁴tsoŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 18
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰan³³ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑe³³ Guizhou (1982) 8
衣服 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣa²¹ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ti³³ Guizhou (1982) 26
绣花 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ti³³ Guizhou (1982) 23
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) nɯ³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕɪ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tau²¹ Guizhou (1982) 13
傻子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) nan³³kan³³ Guizhou (1982) 8
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pei³³ Guizhou (1982) 16
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) fu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kun³³ Guizhou (1982) 13
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) me³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ka²¹ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pen⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
刺蓬 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) səu³³kəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕen²¹ Guizhou (1982) 16
剪刀 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕen⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰo³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
勺子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kan²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 9
动词 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔoŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 29
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) po³³ Guizhou (1982) 17
医生 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ko³³su³³pa³³ Guizhou (1982) 14
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsan³³ Guizhou (1982) 16
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕʰan³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pa²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta³³ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kuai³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
发辫 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pei⁵⁵pin²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pi³³ Guizhou (1982) 15
叶子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sei⁵⁵ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɕu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑu³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
名字 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) min²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lai³³ Guizhou (1982) 20
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕʰen²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) xəu³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔan²¹ Guizhou (1982) 20
瓜子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pi²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sɿ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 13
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
国家 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kue²¹tɕa³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
圈子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑa²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) le³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 16
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ka²¹ Guizhou (1982) 17
坛子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔan²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
坟墓 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kan³³ Guizhou (1982) 30
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pəu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) loŋ³³məu³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta²¹ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kan³³ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) fu³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɪ³³ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lo³³ Guizhou (1982) 21
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) la²¹ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰen³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰen⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
太阳 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔen³³soŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) to²¹to⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
头发 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 12
女人 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ku³³ʑa²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 30
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑa³³ Guizhou (1982) 14
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰua³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰua²¹ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) xe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 10
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 10
姑娘 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵo⁵⁵, ȵo²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 4
娃娃 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 19
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) a⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 14
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kua³³ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɕɪ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
小伙子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɬa³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
小孩 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɕɪ²¹ŋa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 19
小碗 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lo²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
尾巴 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) man³³ Guizhou (1982) 10
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ti²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
山羊 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 10
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɯ³³ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
布依族 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ka³³ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pin²¹ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) nen²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
庄家 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑa³³pa²¹ Guizhou (1982) 8
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 13
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰɯ³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) xe⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
彝族 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mia²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tu³³ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) san⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 1
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) san³³ Guizhou (1982) 13
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 19
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsɿ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 16
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋu³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
房屋 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
房间 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) wu³³tsa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
扁担 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta⁵⁵ka³³ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) su⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 5
手镯 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) loŋ³³koŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 8
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) na²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
扫帚 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) so⁵⁵tsʰu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ma³³ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰa³³ Guizhou (1982) 19
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pau²¹ Guizhou (1982) 23
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta³³ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta²¹ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰuai³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta²¹ Guizhou (1982) 7
捎带 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʈʅ³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ləu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 29
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣa³³ Guizhou (1982) 30
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰəu³³ Guizhou (1982) 7
搬迁 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ti²¹ Guizhou (1982) 30
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsɿ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 25
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kan³³ Guizhou (1982) 19
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pu³³ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ku²¹ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kan⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 20
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰau²¹ Guizhou (1982) 11
斗笠 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lo²¹ko²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 5
斧头 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
线 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 26
日子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵi²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 15
星宿 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɕi⁵⁵su²¹ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 18
晚饭 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pu³³ Guizhou (1982) 23
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋun³³ Guizhou (1982) 12
月亮 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ko⁵⁵pəu⁵⁵ʑa³³ Guizhou (1982) 8
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) han²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) so⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 10
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pen⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 17
李子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mei²¹tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 18
杠子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kan²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣɯ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 15
枕头 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ko²¹to⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵan²¹ Guizhou (1982) 11
柜子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tu²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 3
柜子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɕiu³³tsɿ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) so⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
竹竿 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) həu⁵⁵tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 17
梯子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) xe³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
棉花 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑɪ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 10
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) vu³³ Guizhou (1982) 30
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) səu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑi³³ Guizhou (1982) 15
母亲 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑi³³ Guizhou (1982) 30
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mau²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 24
水漂 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pia²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
水牛 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) nai²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
洋芋 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰɿ⁵⁵pəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 28
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑa²¹ Guizhou (1982) 29
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰa³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʈʅ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔan⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 20
溃烂 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰɿ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 26
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) len³³ Guizhou (1982) 20
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) fai⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tan³³ Guizhou (1982) 20
灵魂 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰia⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋo²¹ Guizhou (1982) 27
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔen²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pei²¹ Guizhou (1982) 20
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑan²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 11
父亲 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
犁田 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕi³³ Guizhou (1982) 29
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) li²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mi²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 3
猴子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ku²¹ Guizhou (1982) 5
猴子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ku²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 24
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋa²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋa³³ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsan²¹ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕi²¹ Guizhou (1982) 26
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) len²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
画眉鸟 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) hua³³mi²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) vu³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) vu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 19
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) soŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pia³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
白布 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pia³³pu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pia⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣoŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 18
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pəu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
皮革 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) san³³ Guizhou (1982) 1
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) san⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 25
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsan²¹ Guizhou (1982) 14
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsan³³ Guizhou (1982) 29
眼睛 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵi⁵⁵tsɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 13
知道 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tiu³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰu³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
石头 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsa⁵⁵tu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tau³³ Guizhou (1982) 23
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsuan³³ Guizhou (1982) 7
祖母 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑa³³ Guizhou (1982) 20
祖母 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑa³³ Guizhou (1982) 27
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣɯ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ka⁵⁵ka⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 24
窄狭 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕa²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
窗户 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰuan²⁴kʰa³³ Guizhou (1982) 24
竹子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tso⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 13
竿 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ka²¹ Guizhou (1982) 17
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) so²¹ Guizhou (1982) 14
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pi²¹ Guizhou (1982) 21
笨蛋 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʈʰʅ⁵³³tu³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
筛子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sai²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
簸箕 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɪ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mi³³ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰa³³ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ma³ Guizhou (1982) 10
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰa³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰui²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰoŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 12
纺车 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰai³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
线 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) xu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mo³³ Guizhou (1982) 20
经常 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tu²¹ku⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 16
绒衣 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) zoŋ²¹ʔəu³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
绵羊 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 10
缎子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tuan²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsəu³³ Guizhou (1982) 29
动词 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ti³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 13
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) la²¹to⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 14
老苍苍 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) la²¹to⁵⁵ŋuai²¹ŋuai²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
老鹰 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑi²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʈan²¹ Guizhou (1982) 1
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tan³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ken³³kun³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
肚子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mu²¹lu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 8
肠子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) vu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰəu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔoŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 21
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 12
背篓 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pau³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
脊背 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sui³³kui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) noŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
脖子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) soŋ³³koŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ku⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 8
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) min²¹kʰoŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔo³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsen²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
芦笙 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lo²¹sɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑɪ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
苋菜 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsai²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
苗子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑo²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ha⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
荞麦 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ku³³ Guizhou (1982) 7
菌子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) san⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰəu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
葡萄 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ta⁵⁵pian³³ku⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰoŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 22
薄菲菲 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰu³³ʈʰʅ⁵⁵ʈʰʅ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰo²¹ Guizhou (1982) 26
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mei²¹ Guizhou (1982) 19
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) moŋ²¹ȵoŋ²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
蚂蚁 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pa²¹pəu²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 8
蚂蟥 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ma³³huan²¹ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɬo⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) fei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 24
蛋黄 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣoŋ²¹kɯ³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
蛤蟆 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰɿ⁵⁵pie³³me²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
衣服 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔəu³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
袋子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) li³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑiu²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
被子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
被面 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰei⁵⁵mian²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
裙子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kun²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
裤子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ken³³ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ko⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 21
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) zan³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) nen²¹ Guizhou (1982) 29
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) woŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ha³³ Guizhou (1982) 19
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lau²⁴ȵi³³ Guizhou (1982) 18
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 12
豹子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pəu²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ha²¹ Guizhou (1982) 13
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) piau³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ho⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕau³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
蹄子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) xe³³ Guizhou (1982) 30
身体 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sen³³tʰoŋ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 30
轿 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕʰo³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kua³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔau²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ti⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) soŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) mo²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 18
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sa³³ Guizhou (1982) 9
酸酸的 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sa³³ti³³ti²⁴lei³³ Guizhou (1982) 18
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) toŋ³³ Guizhou (1982) 20
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑa³³ Guizhou (1982) 9
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kan³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsan³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕen²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
钻子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsʰai³³tsuan²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɕi⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
铁丝 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tʰie²¹sɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) toŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ȵen²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) məu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
锤子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʈʅ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
锤子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʈʅ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 6
动词 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sei⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 29
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ma²¹kʰa³³ Guizhou (1982) 16
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pia⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 23
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 18
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) nan²¹ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) zɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʈʅ³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
青蛙 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) me²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɕi²¹ Guizhou (1982) 18
鞍子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋue³³ Guizhou (1982) 6
韭菜 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 11
额头 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ŋa³³tu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 25
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pan³³ Guizhou (1982) 3
飘带 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pʰiau³³tai²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 12
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) sɿ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 10
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ti²¹ Guizhou (1982) 16
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑu³³ Guizhou (1982) 22
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pəu⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 15
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) me³³ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kəu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 23
骨头 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kui⁵⁵tu²¹ Guizhou (1982) 24
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ko³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
高高兴兴的 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tɕʰi⁵⁵kʰa⁵⁵tɕʰi⁵⁵ma²⁴lei³³ Guizhou (1982) 14
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kui⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 25
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣoŋ²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kɪ³³ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʔa⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 4
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ko²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 11
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ʑi²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 5
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) tsoŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 3
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) la²¹tsʰɿ³³ Guizhou (1982) 26
麻疯 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) lai²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 6
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣoŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 4
黄蜡 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣa³³ Guizhou (1982) 4
黄鳝 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) huan²¹san²⁴ Guizhou (1982) 7
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) kʰɯ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 24
鼻子 Caijia (Yangjiazhai) pi²¹kɪ⁵⁵ Guizhou (1982) 13
Caijia (Yangjiazhai) ɣoŋ²¹ Guizhou (1982) 20
太阳 sun Proto-Bai nji⁴ Wang (2006) 179
月亮 moon Proto-Bai mji¹ᵃŋua⁴ Wang (2006) 179
星星 star Proto-Bai sjæn¹ Wang (2006) 179
thunder Proto-Bai sky+cry Wang (2006) 179
wind Proto-Bai pren¹ Wang (2006) 179
rain Proto-Bai rwo⁴ Wang (2006) 179
snow Proto-Bai sʰuɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 179
frost Proto-Bai soŋ¹ Wang (2006) 179
ice Proto-Bai sʰroŋ¹ Wang (2006) 179
fire Proto-Bai xuĩ² Wang (2006) 179
smoke Proto-Bai fire+sjen¹ Wang (2006) 179
air; breath Proto-Bai tɕʰi⁴ Wang (2006) 179
土地 earth Proto-Bai di³ Wang (2006) 180
mountain Proto-Bai sro⁴ (general); sren¹(snow mountain) Wang (2006) 180
山坡 hillside; mountain slope Proto-Bai boŋ² Wang (2006) 180
river Proto-Bai qoŋ¹(ᵃ)droŋ¹(ᵇ) Wang (2006) 180
lake Proto-Bai ɢɔ¹ Wang (2006) 180
sea Proto-Bai ɢɔ¹ Wang (2006) 180
path; road Proto-Bai tʰju² Wang (2006) 180
soil; earth Proto-Bai tʰu²(ᵃ)nɛ¹ᵇ(ᵇ) Wang (2006) 180
水田 paddy fields Proto-Bai water/paddy+field Wang (2006) 180
石头 stone Proto-Bai dro⁴ Wang (2006) 180
沙子 sand Proto-Bai sʰrɔ¹ Wang (2006) 180
泥巴 mud Proto-Bai nɛ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 180
water Proto-Bai ɕui² Wang (2006) 180
森林 forest Proto-Bai tree+group Wang (2006) 180
金子 gold Proto-Bai tɕen¹ Wang (2006) 180
银子 silver Proto-Bai njen¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 180
copper, bronze Proto-Bai qæn²[doŋ¹] Wang (2006) 181
iron Proto-Bai tʰe⁴ Wang (2006) 181
salt Proto-Bai pren¹ Wang (2006) 181
村子 village Proto-Bai jɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 181
bridge Proto-Bai gu¹ Wang (2006) 181
head Proto-Bai djɯ¹ Wang (2006) 181
头发 hair Proto-Bai ɕa⁴ Wang (2006) 181
眼睛 eye Proto-Bai ŋuen² Wang (2006) 181
乳房 breasts Proto-Bai ba⁴ Wang (2006) 181
肚子 belly Proto-Bai pju⁴ Wang (2006) 181
foot Proto-Bai ko⁴ Wang (2006) 181
hand Proto-Bai sʰrɯ² Wang (2006) 181
手指 finger Proto-Bai hand+tsri² Wang (2006) 181
指甲 nail Proto-Bai hand+scale Wang (2006) 181
女生殖器 female genitals Proto-Bai pri⁴ Wang (2006) 181
皮肤 skin Proto-Bai be¹ Wang (2006) 181
scar Proto-Bai tsuŋ¹ Wang (2006) 181
blood Proto-Bai sʰua⁴ Wang (2006) 181
tendon; sinew Proto-Bai tɕen¹ Wang (2006) 181
脑髓 brains Proto-Bai no² Wang (2006) 182
骨头 bone Proto-Bai qua⁴ Wang (2006) 182
舌头 tongue Proto-Bai drɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 182
lung Proto-Bai pʰra⁴ Wang (2006) 182
心脏 heart Proto-Bai sjen¹ Wang (2006) 182
liver Proto-Bai qaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 182
stomach Proto-Bai r-wu⁴ Wang (2006) 182
肠子 intestine; guts Proto-Bai droŋ¹ Wang (2006) 182
膀胱 bladder Proto-Bai pʰɯ¹ Wang (2006) 182
尿 excrement Proto-Bai sri² Wang (2006) 182
fart Proto-Bai pʰjɛ³ Wang (2006) 182
sweat Proto-Bai ʁaŋ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 182
pus Proto-Bai njoŋ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 182
声音 sound Proto-Bai tʰræn¹ Wang (2006) 182
尸体 corpse Proto-Bai tsʰoŋ¹ Wang (2006) 182
Han Chinese Proto-Bai haŋ⁵ Wang (2006) 182
person Proto-Bai ȵjen¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 182
老太太 old lady Proto-Bai jɔ⁵ Wang (2006) 182
男人 man Proto-Bai tsi² Wang (2006) 182
妇女 woman Proto-Bai njo² Wang (2006) 182
士兵 soldier Proto-Bai kroŋ¹ Wang (2006) 182
thief Proto-Bai djɛ⁵ Wang (2006) 183
朋友 friend Proto-Bai dʑa⁴ Wang (2006) 183
客人 guest Proto-Bai qʰæ⁴ Wang (2006) 183
父亲 father Proto-Bai bo²(ᵇ) Wang (2006) 183
母亲 mother Proto-Bai mɔ² Wang (2006) 183
儿子 son Proto-Bai tsi² Wang (2006) 183
女儿 daughter Proto-Bai njo² Wang (2006) 183
孙子 grandson Proto-Bai sʰuaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 183
弟弟 younger brother Proto-Bai tʰje² Wang (2006) 183
妹妹 younger sister Proto-Bai female+brother Wang (2006) 183
侄子 nephew Proto-Bai di⁴ Wang (2006) 183
兄弟 brothers Proto-Bai njoŋ¹+brother Wang (2006) 183
舅父 uncle (mother’s brother) Proto-Bai ɢɯ̃² Wang (2006) 183
继母 stepmother Proto-Bai back+mother Wang (2006) 183
cattle Proto-Bai ŋɯ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 183
horn Proto-Bai qɔ⁴ Wang (2006) 183
hoof Proto-Bai bã¹ Wang (2006) 183
horse Proto-Bai mæ² Wang (2006) 183
母马 mare Proto-Bai horse+mother Wang (2006) 183
马鬃 horse mane Proto-Bai ɕa⁴ Wang (2006) 183
sheep (general) Proto-Bai njo¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 184
pig Proto-Bai dɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 184
dog Proto-Bai qʰuaŋ² Wang (2006) 184
cat Proto-Bai xua¹ Wang (2006) 184
chicken Proto-Bai qɛ¹ Wang (2006) 184
老虎 tiger Proto-Bai lɔ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 184
dragon Proto-Bai loŋ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 184
猴子 monkey Proto-Bai suaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 184
豹子 leopard; panther Proto-Bai baŋ⁴/⁵ Wang (2006) 184
麂子 muntjac; barking deer Proto-Bai bjo⁴ Wang (2006) 184
麝香 musk Proto-Bai ji⁵+fragrant Wang (2006) 184
刺蜻 hedgehog Proto-Bai ɢæ¹ Wang (2006) 184
老鼠 mouse Proto-Bai sro² Wang (2006) 184
bird Proto-Bai tso⁴ Wang (2006) 184
鸟窝 bird’s nest Proto-Bai kʰro³ Wang (2006) 184
野鸡 pheasant Proto-Bai dʑi² Wang (2006) 184
斑鸠 turtledove Proto-Bai tɕɯ¹kɯ¹ Wang (2006) 184
布谷鸟 cuckoo Proto-Bai pu² Wang (2006) 184
snake Proto-Bai kʰro² Wang (2006) 184
青蛙 frog Proto-Bai oŋ¹ Wang (2006) 185
fish Proto-Bai ŋo¹ᵃ Wang (2006) 185
scale Proto-Bai qæ⁴ Wang (2006) 185
worm Proto-Bai dzruŋ¹ Wang (2006) 185
蝨子 louse Proto-Bai ɕi⁴ Wang (2006) 185
maggot Proto-Bai dzro¹ Wang (2006) 185
蚊子 mosquito Proto-Bai mɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 185
蚂蟥 leech Proto-Bai tsji⁴ Wang (2006) 185
蚂蚁 ant Proto-Bai bri¹bɯ¹ Wang (2006) 185
蜜蜂 bee Proto-Bai pʰjuŋ¹ Wang (2006) 185
tree Proto-Bai drɯ³ Wang (2006) 185
root Proto-Bai tɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 185
root Proto-Bai mi¹ᵃ Wang (2006) 185
叶子 leaf Proto-Bai sʰrɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 185
水果 fruit Proto-Bai qʰɔ² Wang (2006) 185
柳树 willow Proto-Bai ɣɯ² Wang (2006) 185
松树 pine Proto-Bai zroŋ¹ Wang (2006) 185
松香 resin, colophony Proto-Bai mɛ¹ᵃ Wang (2006) 185
松明 pine torches Proto-Bai mɛ¹ᵃ Wang (2006) 185
竹子 bamboo Proto-Bai tsro⁴ Wang (2006) 185
藤子 cane, vine Proto-Bai mɛ⁵ Wang (2006) 186
刺儿 thorn; splinter Proto-Bai tsʰje³ Wang (2006) 186
桃子 peach Proto-Bai dɔ¹ Wang (2006) 186
柿子 persimmon Proto-Bai tʰjæ⁴ Wang (2006) 186
板栗 Chinese chestnut Proto-Bai tsʰji¹ Wang (2006) 186
水稻 paddy rice Proto-Bai sɔ⁴ Wang (2006) 186
paddy rice Proto-Bai ɢɔ¹ Wang (2006) 186
糯米 glutinous rice Proto-Bai suŋ² Wang (2006) 186
种子 seed Proto-Bai tsruŋ² Wang (2006) 186
(rice) seedling Proto-Bai dzri¹ Wang (2006) 186
ear; spike Proto-Bai truæn² Wang (2006) 186
稻草 rice straw Proto-Bai ma⁴ Wang (2006) 186
小麦 wheat Proto-Bai mɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 186
大麦 barley Proto-Bai zɔ¹ Wang (2006) 186
蓠麦 buckwheat Proto-Bai go¹ Wang (2006) 186
麦桔 wheat straw Proto-Bai mɯ⁴qua⁴ Wang (2006) 186
hemp Proto-Bai si² Wang (2006) 186
蔬菜 vegetable Proto-Bai tsʰɯ³ Wang (2006) 186
onion; scallion Proto-Bai tsʰuŋ¹ Wang (2006) 186
garlic Proto-Bai sʰuaŋ³ Wang (2006) 186
ginger Proto-Bai koŋ¹ Wang (2006) 187
pea; bean Proto-Bai dɯ⁵ Wang (2006) 187
蘑菇 mushroom Proto-Bai sreŋ² Wang (2006) 187
rice Proto-Bai mɛ² Wang (2006) 187
meat Proto-Bai ɢæ¹ Wang (2006) 187
脂肪 grease, fat Proto-Bai tsri¹ Wang (2006) 187
清油 vegetable oil Proto-Bai jɯ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 187
花椒 seed of Chinese prickly ash Proto-Bai sru¹ Wang (2006) 187
egg Proto-Bai sen⁵ Wang (2006) 187
soup Proto-Bai xæn¹ Wang (2006) 187
alcoholic beverage Proto-Bai tsuŋ² Wang (2006) 187
tea Proto-Bai drɔ¹ Wang (2006) 187
medicine Proto-Bai jɔ⁴ Wang (2006) 187
chaff; bran Proto-Bai tʰroŋ¹ Wang (2006) 187
线 thread Proto-Bai xɯ² Wang (2006) 187
cloth Proto-Bai sʰɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 187
shoe Proto-Bai ʁɛ¹ Wang (2006) 187
梳子 comb Proto-Bai sro¹ Wang (2006) 187
耳环 earrings Proto-Bai ɢoŋ¹ Wang (2006) 187
枕头 pillow Proto-Bai tsren² Wang (2006) 187
蓑衣 straw or palm-bark rain cape Proto-Bai bri³ Wang (2006) 188
房子 house Proto-Bai hɔ³ Wang (2006) 188
tile Proto-Bai ŋuæ⁵ Wang (2006) 188
木头 Proto-Bai ɢua⁴ Wang (2006) 188
木板 plank; board Proto-Bai pæn² Wang (2006) 188
柱子 pillar Proto-Bai drɯ² Wang (2006) 188
door Proto-Bai mɛ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 188
园子 garden (plot) Proto-Bai suaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 188
bed Proto-Bai droŋ¹ Wang (2006) 188
firewood Proto-Bai sjen¹ Wang (2006) 188
cooking stove; kitchen range Proto-Bai tso⁵ Wang (2006) 188
蒸笼 bamboo food steamer Proto-Bai ŋuen¹ Wang (2006) 188
勺子 ladle Proto-Bai dro⁴ Wang (2006) 188
筷子 chopsticks Proto-Bai dzro³ Wang (2006) 188
kettle; pot Proto-Bai bjɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 188
vat; jar Proto-Bai kaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 188
利息 interest Proto-Bai bɯ¹ Wang (2006) 188
needle Proto-Bai tsreŋ¹ Wang (2006) 188
钉子 nail; tack Proto-Bai tɕæŋ¹ Wang (2006) 188
钥匙 key Proto-Bai dro⁴ Wang (2006) 189
棍子 stick Proto-Bai ɢua⁴ Wang (2006) 189
鞭子 whip Proto-Bai prɔ¹ Wang (2006) 189
boat; ship Proto-Bai jen¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 189
斧头 axe Proto-Bai pɯ² Wang (2006) 189
凿子 chisel Proto-Bai dzo⁴ Wang (2006) 189
锯子 saw Proto-Bai pjo⁵ Wang (2006) 189
ploughshare Proto-Bai tɕi¹kuɛ¹ Wang (2006) 189
锄头 hoe (large) Proto-Bai dzruŋ¹ Wang (2006) 189
绳子 rope Proto-Bai sʰo⁴ Wang (2006) 189
肥料 fertilizer; manure Proto-Bai tɕʰi¹ Wang (2006) 189
镰刀 sickle Proto-Bai jen¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 189
(水碓) trip-hammer for hulling rice Proto-Bai duɛ⁵ Wang (2006) 189
筛子 sieve; sifter Proto-Bai lɔ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 189
簸箕 winnowing fan Proto-Bai mo²tɕi¹ Wang (2006) 189
arrow Proto-Bai tsjen⁵ Wang (2006) 189
paper Proto-Bai tsri² Wang (2006) 189
speech; words; language Proto-Bai doŋ¹ Wang (2006) 190
drum Proto-Bai ɢuŋ² Wang (2006) 190
ghost; spirit Proto-Bai kro² Wang (2006) 190
灵魂 (soul); spirit Proto-Bai pʰæn³man³ Wang (2006) 190
名字 name Proto-Bai mjæ¹ Wang (2006) 190
痕迹 trace; track Proto-Bai tsuŋ¹ Wang (2006) 190
影子 shadow Proto-Bai qæn¹ Wang (2006) 190
dream Proto-Bai mɯ⁵ Wang (2006) 190
方向 direction; orientation Proto-Bai pjɛ² Wang (2006) 190
左边 left Proto-Bai pri¹(ᵃ) Wang (2006) 190
后边 back, behind Proto-Bai ɣɯ² Wang (2006) 190
外边 outside Proto-Bai ŋua⁴ Wang (2006) 190
上方(地势;河流) the upper part; up reaches; above Proto-Bai djoŋ² Wang (2006) 190
今天 today Proto-Bai qæn¹ Wang (2006) 190
昨天 yesterday Proto-Bai dʑen¹ Wang (2006) 190
晩上 at night; in the evening Proto-Bai pɛ² Wang (2006) 191
属相 the 12 animals representing the 12 years Proto-Bai dzro⁴ Wang (2006) 191
month Proto-Bai ŋua⁴ Wang (2006) 191
明年 next year Proto-Bai back+year Wang (2006) 191
one Proto-Bai ʔa⁴ Wang (2006) 191
two Proto-Bai koŋ² Wang (2006) 191
three Proto-Bai sʰaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 191
four Proto-Bai sji⁴ Wang (2006) 191
five Proto-Bai ŋu² Wang (2006) 191
six Proto-Bai pjo⁴ Wang (2006) 191
seven Proto-Bai tsʰji⁴ Wang (2006) 191
eight Proto-Bai pra⁴ Wang (2006) 191
nine Proto-Bai tɕɯ² Wang (2006) 191
ten Proto-Bai dzri⁴ Wang (2006) 191
十二 twelve Proto-Bai ten'+ne⁴ Wang (2006) 191
hundred Proto-Bai pæ⁴ Wang (2006) 191
thousand Proto-Bai tsjʰen¹ Wang (2006) 191
一半 a half Proto-Bai pjo² Wang (2006) 191
() classifier Proto-Bai troŋ¹ Wang (2006) 191
() classifier Proto-Bai djɯ¹ Wang (2006) 191
() classifier Proto-Bai qʰɔ² Wang (2006) 192
() classifier Proto-Bai drɯ³ Wang (2006) 192
() classifier Proto-Bai tsʰua⁴ Wang (2006) 192
(衣服) classifier Proto-Bai kʰoŋ¹ Wang (2006) 192
() classifier Proto-Bai bjo² Wang (2006) 192
() classifier Proto-Bai noŋ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 192
() classifier Proto-Bai qæn¹ Wang (2006) 192
classifier Proto-Bai noŋ³ Wang (2006) 192
classifier Proto-Bai zen¹ Wang (2006) 192
day Proto-Bai nji⁴ Wang (2006) 192
a year old Proto-Bai sʰua⁴ Wang (2006) 192
step Proto-Bai pu³ Wang (2006) 192
I Proto-Bai C-ŋɔ³ Wang (2006) 192
you Proto-Bai nɔ³ Wang (2006) 192
he Proto-Bai bɔ³ Wang (2006) 192
big Proto-Bai dɔ⁵ Wang (2006) 192
wide Proto-Bai tsʰru¹ Wang (2006) 192
high Proto-Bai qaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 192
() low; short Proto-Bai bri² Wang (2006) 192
long Proto-Bai droŋ¹ Wang (2006) 192
far Proto-Bai tuen² Wang (2006) 192
near Proto-Bai dʑen² Wang (2006) 192
wide Proto-Bai qʰua⁴ Wang (2006) 192
narrow Proto-Bai træ⁴ Wang (2006) 192
thick Proto-Bai ɢɯ² Wang (2006) 192
deep Proto-Bai sʰreŋ¹ Wang (2006) 193
empty Proto-Bai qʰoŋ¹ Wang (2006) 193
many Proto-Bai tjɯ¹ Wang (2006) 193
round Proto-Bai ʁuen¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 193
smooth Proto-Bai bæŋ¹ Wang (2006) 193
slanting; learning Proto-Bai qʰuæ¹ Wang (2006) 193
vertical, be standing Proto-Bai tuen¹ Wang (2006) 193
straight Proto-Bai tuen¹ Wang (2006) 193
curved; crooked; bent Proto-Bai kʰo⁴ Wang (2006) 193
black Proto-Bai χɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 193
white Proto-Bai bæ⁴ Wang (2006) 193
red Proto-Bai tʰræ⁴ Wang (2006) 193
yellow Proto-Bai ʁoŋ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 193
dark Proto-Bai χɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 193
heavy Proto-Bai dzruŋ² Wang (2006) 193
light Proto-Bai tʰræn¹ Wang (2006) 193
early Proto-Bai tsu² Wang (2006) 193
;晩了 late Proto-Bai mɛ² Wang (2006) 193
;锋利 sharp Proto-Bai ji³ Wang (2006) 193
浑浊 muddy; turbid Proto-Bai dzruŋ⁴ Wang (2006) 193
dry Proto-Bai qaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 193
() watery/thin (porridge) Proto-Bai tsʰjæn¹ Wang (2006) 193
soft Proto-Bai pʰæ¹ Wang (2006) 194
correct; right Proto-Bai hɔ¹ Wang (2006) 194
real Proto-Bai tsreŋ¹ Wang (2006) 194
fraud Proto-Bai tɕa³ Wang (2006) 194
new Proto-Bai sʰjen¹ Wang (2006) 194
used, old Proto-Bai gɯ̃³ Wang (2006) 194
good Proto-Bai dræn¹ Wang (2006) 194
bad (things) Proto-Bai que³(ᵃ) Wang (2006) 194
(植物) tender young (plant) Proto-Bai njeŋ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 194
hot Proto-Bai nje⁴ Wang (2006) 194
cold Proto-Bai kɯ¹(thing); gæ¹(weather, feeling) Wang (2006) 194
() lukewarm Proto-Bai ʔuen¹ Wang (2006) 194
容易 easy Proto-Bai ɣo⁴ Wang (2006) 194
fragrant (smell) Proto-Bai ɕoŋ¹ Wang (2006) 194
stinking; smelly Proto-Bai tʰru³ Wang (2006) 194
sour Proto-Bai sʰuaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 194
bitter Proto-Bai qʰu² Wang (2006) 194
salty Proto-Bai tsʰoŋ³ Wang (2006) 194
astringent; like unripe Proto-Bai sri⁴ Wang (2006) 195
rich Proto-Bai gɔ¹ Wang (2006) 195
dead Proto-Bai sji² Wang (2006) 195
loud Proto-Bai mæ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 195
陡峭 cliffy; precipitous Proto-Bai pʰræ¹ Wang (2006) 195
love; like Proto-Bai gɔ¹ Wang (2006) 195
press (with palm of finger) Proto-Bai ja⁴ Wang (2006) 195
() pull up (weeds) Proto-Bai bræ⁴ Wang (2006) 195
() to rake (the fields) Proto-Bai bæ¹ Wang (2006) 195
bind; tie up Proto-Bai bjo⁴ Wang (2006) 195
have eaten one’s fill Proto-Bai pɯ² Wang (2006) 195
hug Proto-Bai bɯ²/pɯ¹ Wang (2006) 195
carry (a child) one the back Proto-Bai m-pa³ Wang (2006) 195
carry (shoulder) Proto-Bai bjo² Wang (2006) 195
() close (the mouth) Proto-Bai me¹ᵃ Wang (2006) 195
(办子) to plait Proto-Bai pren¹ Wang (2006) 195
变化 change Proto-Bai prcn⁵ Wang (2006) 195
to be ill Proto-Bai bæn³ Wang (2006) 195
(衣服) patch (clothing) Proto-Bai pu² Wang (2006) 196
step on; tread Proto-Bai da⁴ Wang (2006) 196
(东西) hide Proto-Bai dzoŋ¹ Wang (2006) 196
(牌子) to poke; insert Proto-Bai bɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 196
() transplant (rice seedling); insert Proto-Bai pʰjen¹ Wang (2006) 196
(衣服) unseam (clothing) Proto-Bai tʰje⁴ Wang (2006) 196
stir-fry, stir Proto-Bai tʰru² Wang (2006) 196
(粮食) weigh (food) Proto-Bai tsʰuen¹ Wang (2006) 196
() fill (a bowl with rice) Proto-Bai qɯ¹ Wang (2006) 196
eat Proto-Bai jɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 196
穿() put on (the shoes) Proto-Bai tro⁴ Wang (2006) 196
(喇叭) blow (the trumpet) Proto-Bai pʰɯ¹ Wang (2006) 196
() twist (hemp fibers) Proto-Bai tsʰo⁴ Wang (2006) 196
打架 fight Proto-Bai tæŋ⁴ Wang (2006) 196
打赌 to bet Proto-Bai tu² Wang (2006) 196
打雷 to thunder Proto-Bai sky+cry Wang (2006) 196
(帽子) wear (a hat) Proto-Bai tjɯ⁵ Wang (2006) 197
(手镯) wear (a bracelet) Proto-Bai tro⁴ Wang (2006) 197
() to block (the wind) Proto-Bai be² Wang (2006) 197
得到 get; acquire Proto-Bai tɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 197
等待 wait Proto-Bai djɯ² Wang (2006) 197
地震 earthquake Proto-Bai 'earth'+'wag' Wang (2006) 197
燃烧 to burn Proto-Bai ʂu¹(ᵃ) Wang (2006) 197
燃烧 to burn Proto-Bai nji²(ᵇ) Wang (2006) 197
() to drop Proto-Bai dua⁴ Wang (2006) 197
read Proto-Bai ʁɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 197
饿 be hungry Proto-Bai tɕɯ¹ Wang (2006) 197
fly Proto-Bai pje¹ Wang (2006) 197
(东西) divide; share (things) Proto-Bai pjen¹ Wang (2006) 197
() pull (a quilt) over oneself Proto-Bai tʰa⁴ Wang (2006) 197
() cut (meat) Proto-Bai sʰræ⁴ Wang (2006) 197
() be on the other side of (a river) Proto-Bai qæ⁴ Wang (2006) 197
give Proto-Bai zɯ³ Wang (2006) 197
plough; till Proto-Bai tso⁴ Wang (2006) 197
to hook Proto-Bai qɯ¹ Wang (2006) 197
() to pen in (sheep) Proto-Bai noŋ⁵ Wang (2006) 197
kneel Proto-Bai groŋ³ Wang (2006) 198
drink Proto-Bai ɣɯ²/ɯ̃² Wang (2006) 198
to change Proto-Bai mɯ² Wang (2006) 198
挥动 wave; wield Proto-Bai sreŋ¹ Wang (2006) 198
return Proto-Bai ja⁴ Wang (2006) 198
() squeeze (for milk) Proto-Bai tsuɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 198
(腰带) pick up (food with chopstick) Proto-Bai qʰoŋ¹ Wang (2006) 198
() pick up (food with chopstick) Proto-Bai ɢæ⁴ Wang (2006) 198
pick up Proto-Bai dzri⁴ Wang (2006) 198
scissor Proto-Bai ɢæ⁴ Wang (2006) 198
交换 exchange Proto-Bai mɯ² Wang (2006) 198
() to water/sprinkle/irrigate Proto-Bai ɔ⁴ Wang (2006) 198
teach Proto-Bai qaŋ¹ Wang (2006) 198
() to bark Proto-Bai bræ⁴ Wang (2006) 198
(盖子) lift (the lid) Proto-Bai la¹ᵃ Wang (2006) 198
() to borrow (money) Proto-Bai tʰɯ̃⁴ Wang (2006) 198
(工具) to borrow (tools) Proto-Bai tɕæ¹ Wang (2006) 198
浸泡 soak; steep Proto-Bai dzi¹ Wang (2006) 198
居住 live; reside Proto-Bai ko⁵ Wang (2006) 199
to saw Proto-Bai pjo⁵ Wang (2006) 199
() open Proto-Bai qʰɯ̃¹ Wang (2006) 199
() (water) be boiling Proto-Bai hua⁴ Wang (2006) 199
() roast in fire Proto-Bai goŋ³ Wang (2006) 199
咳嗽 to cough Proto-Bai qʰɔ¹ Wang (2006) 199
be thirsty Proto-Bai qʰa⁴ Wang (2006) 199
cry Proto-Bai qʰɔ⁴ Wang (2006) 199
pull; tug Proto-Bai dʑi² Wang (2006) 199
peppery Proto-Bai tsʰjen¹ Wang (2006) 199
老的 old Proto-Bai ku² Wang (2006) 199
流水 (water flow) Proto-Bai gɯ¹ Wang (2006) 199
() to leak Proto-Bai ɣɯ³ Wang (2006) 199
麻木 be numb Proto-Bai bri² Wang (2006) 199
buy Proto-Bai mæ⁵ Wang (2006) 199
sell Proto-Bai ɢɯ¹ Wang (2006) 199
() (birds) cry/chirp Proto-Bai mæ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 199
抿着() close (the mouth) lightly Proto-Bai me¹ᵃ Wang (2006) 199
stroke; touch Proto-Bai mɔ⁴ Wang (2006) 199
() whet (a knife) Proto-Bai mɔ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 199
() grind (flour) Proto-Bai tʰre⁴ Wang (2006) 199
(毛巾) twist (a tower) Proto-Bai tsuɛ⁴ Wang (2006) 199
呕吐 vomit/throw up Proto-Bai kʰuɛ² Wang (2006) 200
() (people) crawl Proto-Bai mæ⁴ Wang (2006) 200
赔偿 compensate Proto-Bai bæ¹ Wang (2006) 200
() chop (firewood) Proto-Bai pʰɔ³ Wang (2006) 200
漂浮 float Proto-Bai bɯ¹ Wang (2006) 200
cut/rip open Proto-Bai pʰæ⁴ Wang (2006) 200
pave; lay Proto-Bai kʰuŋ¹ Wang (2006) 200
ride Proto-Bai gɯ¹ Wang (2006) 200
() pull/lead (a cow) along Proto-Bai qʰen¹ Wang (2006) 200
() to owe (money) Proto-Bai bjɛ² Wang (2006) 200
() cut up (vegetable) Proto-Bai tsʰuaŋ² Wang (2006) 200
痊愈() fully recover (from an illness) Proto-Bai χɯ̃² Wang (2006) 200
() heat up (cold rice) Proto-Bai ʔuen¹ Wang (2006) 200
(尿) piss; pee Proto-Bai srɯ² Wang (2006) 200
() scatter (seeds) Proto-Bai sa⁴ Wang (2006) 200
seep Proto-Bai tʰro⁴ Wang (2006) 200
kill Proto-Bai ɕʰa⁴ Wang (2006) 200
(衣服) dry (clothes) in the sun Proto-Bai hɔ³ Wang (2006) 200
() shoot (an arrow) Proto-Bai droŋ⁴ Wang (2006) 200
stretch out (the arm) Proto-Bai tsʰren² Wang (2006) 200
to comb Proto-Bai sro⁵ Wang (2006) 201
lose (a game) Proto-Bai tsʰreŋ¹ Wang (2006) 201
(果子) (fruit) be ripe Proto-Bai dzro⁴ Wang (2006) 201
fling; toss Proto-Bai sreŋ¹ Wang (2006) 201
() tie (a cow) to Proto-Bai bjo⁴ Wang (2006) 201
suck Proto-Bai tsji⁴ Wang (2006) 201
say Proto-Bai sua⁴ Wang (2006) 201
tear up, rip Proto-Bai pʰe¹ Wang (2006) 201
die Proto-Bai sji² Wang (2006) 201
() lock (the door) Proto-Bai sɔ² Wang (2006) 201
逃跑 escape; run away Proto-Bai mɯ¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 201
(头痛) (head) ache Proto-Bai suŋ³ Wang (2006) 201
() shave (the head) Proto-Bai dʑæn³ Wang (2006) 201
lick, lap Proto-Bai dzri² Wang (2006) 201
listen Proto-Bai tɕʰæn¹ Wang (2006) 201
() spit Proto-Bai tsʰri¹ Wang (2006) 201
() to smell Proto-Bai tʰru¹ Wang (2006) 201
ask; question Proto-Bai præ⁴ Wang (2006) 201
be blind Proto-Bai tæ¹ Wang (2006) 201
() lay (eggs) Proto-Bai sen⁵ Wang (2006) 202
() (rain) fall Proto-Bai ɣu⁴ Wang (2006) 202
think Proto-Bai mi² Wang (2006) 202
pare/peel with a knife Proto-Bai ɕʰo⁴ Wang (2006) 202
laugh Proto-Bai sʰɔ³ Wang (2006) 202
press; push down Proto-Bai ja⁴ Wang (2006) 202
() Proto-Bai mjæn¹ Wang (2006) 202
to itch/tickle Proto-Bai njoŋ² Wang (2006) 202
() scoop up (water); ladle out Proto-Bai qɯ¹ Wang (2006) 202
want; need Proto-Bai njoŋ⁴ Wang (2006) 202
() have (you) Proto-Bai dʑɯ² Wang (2006) 202
(马蜂) (wasps) sting Proto-Bai tʰro⁴ Wang (2006) 202
steam Proto-Bai drɯ̃¹ Wang (2006) 202
weave; knit Proto-Bai trɯ⁴ Wang (2006) 202
swell Proto-Bai tsʰreŋ¹ Wang (2006) 202
use or lean on (a walking stick) Proto-Bai trɯ² Wang (2006) 202
cook; boil Proto-Bai tsrɔ² Wang (2006) 202
() turn around Proto-Bai dʐuen⁵? Wang (2006) 202
catch; capture Proto-Bai kæ⁴ Wang (2006) 202
sit Proto-Bai ko⁵ Wang (2006) 203
泥鳅 Proto-Bai ʔo⁴ Wang (2006) 203
leg Proto-Bai qʰuæ³qɔ⁴ Wang (2006) 203
树皮 bark Proto-Bai tree+skin Wang (2006) 203
甄子 jar Proto-Bai ŋuen¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 203
price Proto-Bai qæ⁵ Wang (2006) 203
牛虱 Proto-Bai pe¹ Wang (2006) 203
酒糟 Proto-Bai pʰa¹ Wang (2006) 203
bamboo piece Proto-Bai mi¹ᵇ Wang (2006) 203
paint Proto-Bai tsʰji⁴ Wang (2006) 203
嗦子 stomach Proto-Bai tsʰu³ Wang (2006) 203
蕨菜 Proto-Bai kua⁴ Wang (2006) 203
() Proto-Bai qʰu¹ Wang (2006) 203
语言 (xx language) Proto-Bai ŋo³ Wang (2006) 203

Bai[edit]

Source and locations[edit]

The following table of Proto-Bai reconstructions and data for 9 Bai dialects is from Wang (2006: 179-204).

Wang's classification of these 9 Bai dialects is as follows.

Bai
  • Western
    • Gongxing (共兴), Lanping County
    • (core branch)
      • Enqi (恩棋), Lanping County; Jinman (金满), Lushui County
      • Tuoluo (妥洛), Weixi County
      • Ega (俄嘎), Lushui County
  • Eastern
    • Mazhelong (马者龙), Qiubei County
    • (core branch)
      • Jinxing (金星), Jianchuan County
      • Dashi (大石), Heqing County
      • Zhoucheng (周城), Dali City

List[edit]

No. Chinese gloss English gloss Proto-Bai Tuoluo (妥洛) Gongxing (共兴) Enqi (恩棋) Ega (俄嘎) Jinman (金满) Jinxing (金星) Dashi (大石) Zhoucheng (周城) Mazhelong (马者龙) Page number
1 sky xen¹ xen⁵⁵ hen⁵⁵ xᴇ²⁴ xɛ̃⁵⁵ xɛ̃⁵⁵ xen⁵⁵ xen⁵⁵ xe⁵⁵ xen⁵⁵ 179
2 太陽 sun nji⁴ jien⁴² ȵi²⁴ ȵi⁵⁵ ȵi⁴⁴ ȵi⁵⁵ jien⁴⁴ jien⁴⁴ mi⁴⁴ ȵiɛ⁴⁴ 179
4 月亮 moon mji¹ᵃŋua⁴ jien⁵⁵uo⁴² ȵi²⁴uaŋ⁵⁵ miᴇ²⁴ua⁵⁵ ȵia⁵⁵ŋua⁴⁴ ȵio⁵⁵ŋõ⁵⁵ mi⁵⁵uɑ̃⁴⁴ mi⁵⁵uã⁴⁴ mi³⁵ua⁴⁴ mien⁵⁵ŋua⁴⁴ 179
5 星星 star sjæn¹ ɕiaŋ⁵⁵ san⁵⁵ ɕiæ²⁴ ɕia⁵⁵ ɕiã⁵⁵ ɕian⁵⁵ ɕjɚ̃⁵⁵ ɕiɛ³⁵ ɕɚ̃⁵⁵ 179
8 thunder sky+cry xen⁵⁵ma³⁵ hen⁵⁵mæ¹² xᴇ²⁴mæ²¹ xɛ̃⁵⁵ma²¹ xẽ⁵⁵ma²¹ xen⁵⁵man²¹ xen⁵⁵mɚ²¹ xe⁵⁵mɛ²¹ xen⁵⁵mɚ²¹ 179
9 wind pren¹ tɕyen⁵⁵ tɕyen⁵⁵ tsuᴇ²⁴ tɕyi⁵⁵ tɕyi⁵⁵ pi⁵⁵ piẽ³⁵ pi³⁵ pien⁵⁵ 179
10 rain rwo⁴ ʐi³³ ʐi²² zɿ²²(u²¹) zɛ²²(u⁴²) ʐɚ²²(uo⁴²) v³³ɕui³³ vo³³ (ou⁴²)v³³ɕi⁴⁴ ju⁵⁵ 179
12 snow sʰuɛ⁴ sue⁴² suɛ²⁴ suᴇ⁵⁵ suɛ⁴⁴ sue⁵⁵ sui⁴⁴ sʰue⁴⁴ sue⁴⁴ ɕyɛ⁴⁴ 179
14 frost soŋ¹ ɕioŋ⁵⁵ soŋ⁵⁵ ɕio²⁴ ɕuoŋ⁵⁵ ɕiõ⁵⁵ sõ⁵⁵ ʂou⁴⁴ sou⁵⁵ soŋ⁵⁵ 179
17 ice sʰroŋ¹ ɕioŋ⁵⁵qa⁴² soŋ⁵⁵ŋɛ²⁴ ɕio²⁴pæ²² ɕioŋ⁵⁵ ɕiõ⁵⁵ sou⁵⁵lou⁴⁴pʰiɛ⁵⁵ ʂʰou⁵⁵lou⁴⁴pʰiɚ⁵⁵ (tv²¹jɯ²¹) ɕyɛ⁴⁴pʰien³³ 179
18 fire xuĩ² xue³³ xuɛ²² xui²² fi²² fi²² xui³³ xui³³ xui³³ fi³³ 179
19 smoke fire+sjen¹ xue³³ɕien⁵⁵ xui²²ɕi⁵⁵ xui²²si²⁴ fi²²sɛ⁵⁵ fi²²se⁵⁵ xui³³ɕien⁵⁵ xui³³ɕien³⁵ xui³³ɕe⁵⁵ fi³³ɕen⁵⁵ 179
20 air; breath tɕʰi⁴ tɕʰi⁴² tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁴⁴ tɕʰi⁴⁴ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁴⁴ 179
22 土地 earth di³ ʑi²¹ dʑi⁴² dʑi⁴³ tɕi⁴² dʑi⁴² tɕi³¹ tɕi³¹ tɕi³¹ ti²¹ 180
23 mountain sro⁴ (general); sren¹(snow mountain) ɕien⁵⁵ sao⁴² ɕio⁴³(general); ɕiɛ²⁴(snow mountain) sɛ⁵⁵ ʂɚ̃⁵⁵ sṽ⁴² ʂo⁴² sv⁵³ sen⁵⁵ 180
24 山坡 hillside; mountain slope boŋ² boŋ³³ bõ²² bo²² bo²² bo²² pao³¹ pau³³ bo³³ pio⁴⁴ 180
30 river qoŋ¹(ᵃ)droŋ¹(ᵇ) qoŋ⁵⁵ qoŋ⁵⁵ qo²⁴/tio²¹ qu⁵⁵/tɕo²¹ qõ⁵⁵/ʈo²¹ kvŋ⁵⁵ kõ³⁵ kv³⁵ koŋ⁵⁵ 180
31 lake ɢɔ¹ ʁɔ³⁵ qao¹² qo²¹ (li²¹bɯ²²) (lu²¹bɯ̃²²) kou²¹ (xu⁴²) (pɛ²¹) (ɕu³³tu³³/pen³³) 180
32 sea ɢɔ¹ ʁɔ³⁵ qao¹² (li²¹bɯ²²) (lu²¹bɯ̃²²) kou²¹ [hai³¹] ko²¹ [xe²¹] 180
38 path; road tʰju² tʰv³³ tʰy²² tʰiu²² tɕʰiu²² ʈʰu²² tʰu³³ tʰu³³ tʰo³³ tʰəɯ³³ 180
40 soil; earth tʰu²(ᵃ)nɛ¹ᵇ(ᵇ) tʰoŋ³³ tʰy²² nᴇ²¹ nɛ²¹⁵ ne²¹ tʰu³³ (pʰɚ⁵⁵le²¹) tʰu³³ ne⁴² 180
42 水田 paddy fields water/paddy+field ɕyi³³ʑi²¹ tsa²¹tɕi³¹ ɕyi³³tɕi²¹ tɕi³¹ ɕu³³ti³¹ 180
43 石頭 stone dro⁴ diu⁴² dzu²¹ tiu²¹ tɕiu⁴² ʈo²¹ tsou⁴² tʂou⁴² tsou⁴² tsʰv⁴² 180
44 沙子 sand sʰrɔ¹ ɕiɔ⁵⁵ sao⁵⁵ ɕio²⁴ ɕio⁵⁵mi²² ɕio⁵⁵ sou⁵⁵ ʂhou⁵⁵ so⁵⁵ sa⁵⁵ 180
46 泥巴 mud nɛ¹ᵇ nɛ³⁵ nɛ²⁴ nᴇ²l nɛ²¹ ne²¹ ni³¹ ne⁴² ne²¹ ne⁴² 180
47 water ɕui² ɕyi³³ ɕy²² ɕyi²² ɕyi²² ɕyi²² ɕyi³³ ɕiui³³ ɕyi³³ ɕyi³³ 180
50 森林 forest tree+group diɯ²¹koŋ²¹ dʐi¹²goŋ⁵⁵ diɯ⁴³kɯ⁴³ dʑi⁴²kɯ⁴² ɖɯ⁴²kɯ̃⁴² tsɯ³¹sũ⁵⁵ tʂɯ²¹jɚ⁵⁵ tsɯ³¹sua³⁵ ɕen⁵⁵koŋ³³ 180
51 金子 gold tɕen¹ tɕien⁵⁵ tɕien⁵⁵ tɕi²⁴ tɕi⁵⁵ tɕĩ⁵⁵ tɕien⁵⁵ tɕien³⁵ tɕie³⁵ tɕen⁵⁵ 180
52 銀子 silver njen¹ᵇ jien³⁵ ȵi¹² ȵi²¹ ȵi²¹ ȵĩ²¹ jen²¹ jien²¹ ȵi²¹ ȵien²¹ 180
53 copper, bronze qæn²[doŋ¹] qaŋ³³ qan²² qæ²² qa²² qã²² [tṽ²¹] [tõ²¹] kɛ³³ kɚ̃³³ 181
54 iron tʰe⁴ tɕʰi⁴² tɕʰi²⁴ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tʰe⁴⁴ tʰe⁴⁴ tʰe³³ tʰɛ⁴⁴ 181
61 salt pren¹ tɕyen⁵⁵ tɕyen⁵⁵ tsuᴇ²⁴ tsuɛ⁵⁵ tsuẽ⁵⁵ pien⁵⁵ piẽ³⁵ pi³⁵ 181
66 村子 village jɯ⁴ ju⁴² ju²⁴ (ɪ²²) (ɣo²²ji²²) (jo²¹ĩ²²) jɯ⁴⁴ jɯ⁴⁴ jɯ⁴⁴ ji⁴² 181
70 bridge gu¹ gv³⁵ gu¹² ku²¹ kv²¹ kv²¹ kuo²¹ ku²¹ ku²¹ kv²¹ 181
74 head djɯ¹ diɯ³⁵ di¹² tiu²¹ tɕu²² ʈo²² tə³¹ ti⁴² tɯ³¹ ta⁴² 181
75 頭髮 hair ɕa⁴ [diɯ³⁵me⁵⁵] [di²⁴miɛ¹²] [tiu²¹miᴇ²⁴] [ti²¹mi⁵⁵] [ʈe²¹me⁵⁵] ɕɔ⁴⁴ ɕa⁴⁴ [tɯ²¹ma³⁵] [tɛ²¹mɛ⁵⁵] 181
79 眼睛 eye ŋuen² uen³³ uen²² ŋui²² ŋui²² mi²² uẽ³³ uẽ³³ ue³³ ŋuɛ³³ 181
94 乳房 breasts ba⁴ bo⁴² ba²¹ pa²¹ pa⁴² pa⁴² pɑ⁴² pa⁴² pa⁴² [noŋ³³] 181
96 肚子 belly pju⁴ fɚ⁴² (ʐi²¹) fo²⁴ xu⁴⁴ (ʐɚ⁴²) fv⁴⁴ fo⁴⁴ fv⁴⁴ pɯ⁴⁴ 181
103 foot ko⁴ ko⁴² ku²⁴ ku⁵⁵ ku⁴⁴ ko⁵⁵ kou⁴⁴ kou⁴⁴ ko⁴⁴ ko⁴⁴ 181
107 hand sʰrɯ² ɕiɯ³³ ʂi²² ɕiɯ²² ɕi²² ɕi²² sui³³ ʂʰɯ³³ sɯ³³ səɯ³³ 181
109 手指 finger hand+tsri² ɕɯ³³tʂɚ³³ ʂi²²tʂi²² ɕiɯ²²tsɿ²² ɕi²²tsɛ²² ɕi²²tʂɚ²² sɯ³³tsi³³ ʂɯ³³ti³¹ sɯ³³tsi³³ səɯ³³tsi⁴⁴ 181
113 指甲 nail hand+scale ɕiɯ³³qa⁴² tʂi²⁴qa²⁴ tiɯ²¹qa²⁴ ɕi²²qa⁴⁴ qa⁴⁴ sɯ³³ka⁴⁴ ʂɯ³³ka⁴⁴ sɯ³³kᴇ⁴⁴ səɯ³³kɚ⁴⁴ 181
118 女生殖器 female genitals pri⁴ tɕyi⁴² tɕy²⁴ pi⁵⁵ tɕyi⁴⁴ tɕyi⁵⁵ pi⁴⁴ pi⁴⁴ phi⁵⁵ 181
120 皮膚 skin be¹ bi³⁵ bi¹² pi²¹ tɕyi²¹qa⁵⁵ tɕyi²¹ pe²¹ pe²¹ pe²¹ pe²¹ 181
125 scar tsuŋ¹ tsvŋ⁵⁵ (qæ²⁴) (tɕia²⁴ma²⁴tæ⁵⁵) tsoŋ⁵⁵ (ʈʰa⁵⁵koŋ²²pe⁵⁵) tsṽ⁵⁵ tsʰoŋ⁵⁵pa⁵⁵ 181
129 blood sʰua⁴ suɔ⁴² sua²⁴ sua⁵⁵ sua⁴⁴ sua⁵⁵ suɑ⁴⁴ sʰua⁴⁴ sua⁴⁴ sua⁴⁴ 181
130 tendon; sinew tɕen¹ tɕen⁵⁵ tɕien²² tɕi²⁴ tɕi⁵⁵ tɕĩ⁵⁵ tɕien⁵⁵ tɕien³⁵ tɕe³⁵ tɕĩ⁵⁵ 181
132 腦髓 brains no² nv³³ noŋ²² no²² nõ²² nõ²² nõ³³ nõ³³ [nao³¹kʰv⁵⁵/nao³¹tsi³³] nɚ̃²²ɕyi²² 182
133 骨頭 bone qua⁴ ku⁴² qua²⁴ qua⁵⁵ qua⁴⁴ qua⁵⁵ kuɑ⁴⁴ kua⁴⁴ kua⁴⁴ kua⁴⁴ 182
139 舌頭 tongue drɛ⁴ de⁴² djɛ²¹ tjᴇ²¹ ti²¹ ʈɚ⁴² tse⁴² tʂe⁴² tse⁴² tsʰɛ⁴² 182
143 lung pʰra⁴ tɕʰuo⁴² tʂʰua²⁴ pʰia⁵⁵ tɕʰya⁴⁴ tɕʰya⁵⁵ pʰio⁴⁴ [fi⁴⁴] pʰia⁴⁴ pʰio⁴⁴ 182
144 心臟 heart sjen¹ ɕien⁵⁵ ɕin⁵⁵ si²⁴ sɛ⁵⁵ sẽ⁵⁵ ɕien⁵⁵ ɕien⁵⁵ ɕi³⁵ ɕen⁵⁵ 182
145 liver qaŋ¹ qɔŋ⁵⁵ qaŋ⁵⁵ qa²⁴ qo⁵⁵ qã⁵⁵ kɑ̃⁵⁵ kã³⁵ ka³⁵ kaŋ⁵⁵ 182
148 stomach r-wu⁴ ʐɚ⁴² ʐi²² zɿ²¹ zɛ²² ʐɚ⁴² v⁴²[/uei⁵⁵] [uei⁵⁵] v⁴² ju⁴² 182
149 腸子 intestine; guts droŋ¹ dv³⁵ tio²¹ tɕiu²¹ ʈõ²¹ tsõ²¹ tʂoŋ²¹ tsou²¹ tsoŋ²¹ 182
150 膀胱 bladder pʰɯ¹ pʰɯ⁵⁵ pʰu⁵⁵ pʰɯ²⁴ pʰɯ⁵⁵ pʰɯ⁵⁵ [kuɑ̃³³] pʰəɯ⁵⁵ 182
151 尿 excrement sri² ʂi³³ ʂi²² sɿ²² sɛ²² ʂɚ²² si³³ si³³ si³³ si³³ 182
153 fart pʰjɛ³ fɚ²¹ pfʰu⁵⁵ fᴇ⁴³ fɛ²² fe⁴² fv³¹ fv³¹ [pʰi²¹] 182
154 sweat ʁaŋ¹ᵇ ŋɔ³⁵ ʁaŋ¹² ʁa²¹ ŋa²¹ ã²¹ ŋɑ̃⁴² ŋa²¹ ŋa²¹ ɣaŋ²¹ 182
159 pus njoŋ¹ᵇ nen³⁵ nõ¹² ȵiu²¹ nu²¹ nu²¹ nṽ²¹ jũ²l nu²¹ nəɯ²¹ 182
161 聲音 sound tʰræn¹ tʰiaŋ⁵⁵ tʰian⁵⁵ tʰiæ²⁴ tɕʰia⁵⁵ ʈã⁵⁵ tsʰan⁵⁵ tʂʰɚ̃⁵⁵ tsʰɛ⁵⁵ tsʰɚ⁵⁵ 182
162 屍體 corpse tsʰoŋ¹ tsʰoŋ⁵⁵ tsʰoŋ⁵⁵ tsʰo²⁴ tsʰo⁵⁵ tsõ⁵⁵ tsʰoŋ⁵⁵ 182
165 Han Chinese haŋ⁵ haŋ²¹ haŋ⁴² χa⁴³ xa⁴² xa⁴² xɑ̃⁴² xã⁴² 182
167 person ȵjen¹ᵇ jen³⁵ ȵi¹² ȵi²¹ ȵi²¹ ȵi²¹ jen²¹ jen²¹ ȵi²¹ ȵien²¹ 182
172 老太太 old lady jɔ⁵ jo²¹ ja⁵⁵ jo⁴³ jou⁴² jou⁴² 182
173 男人 man tsi² (ɕia⁵⁵tjʰo²¹po⁵⁵) tsi²² (da⁴³xo²⁴) tsi²² tsi²² tsi³³ tsi³³ tsi⁴⁴ tsi³³ 182
174 婦女 woman njo² (jen³⁵hoŋ⁵⁵mo³³) ȵyi²² ȵu²² jṽ³³ jũ³³ ȵv³³ ȵõ³³ 182
179 士兵 soldier kroŋ¹ tʂẽ⁵⁵ (ȵæ²⁴tsi²²) tsɛ⁵⁵ tʂɚ̃⁵⁵ kṽ⁵⁵ kõ³⁵ kv³⁵ 182
194 thief djɛ⁵ de²¹(bo⁴²) dɛ⁴² (tsɿ²¹) ti⁴² die⁴² (tsɯ⁴²) (tsẽ⁴²) (tsɯ⁴²) den²¹ 183
201 朋友 friend dʑa⁴ ʐɔ⁴² dʑia²¹ tɕia²¹ tɕio⁴² tɕa⁴² tɕiɑ⁴² tɕia⁴² tɕia⁴² tɕʰa⁴² 183
213 客人 guest qʰæ⁴ qʰa⁴² qʰæ²⁴ qʰæ⁵⁵ qʰa⁴⁴ qʰa⁵⁵ kʰa⁴⁴ kʰɚ⁴⁴ kʰɛ⁴⁴ kʰɚ⁴⁴ 183
218 父親 father bo²(ᵇ) bo³³ po³³ 183
219 母親 mother mɔ² mo³³ mu²² mo²² mo²² mo²² mõ³³ moᵘ³³ mo³³ moŋ³³ 183
220 兒子 son tsi² tsi³³ tsi²² tsi²² tsi²² tsi²² tsi³³ tsi³³ tsi³³ tsi³³ 183
222 女兒 daughter njo² jvŋ³³ ȵiõ²² ȵiu²² ȵiu²² ȵiu²² jṽ³³ jũ³³ ȵiv³³ ȵõ³³ 183
224 孫子 grandson sʰuaŋ¹ suaŋ⁵⁵ suaŋ⁵⁵ ɕyᴇ²⁴ sua⁵⁵ sõ⁵⁵ suɑ̃⁵⁵ sʰuaŋ⁵⁵ sua⁵⁵ suaŋ⁵⁵ 183
228 弟弟 younger brother tʰje² tʰi³³ tʰi²² tʰi²² tʰi²² tʰie²² tʰi³³ tʰe³³ tʰe³³ tʰe³³ 183
229 妹妹 younger sister female+brother jvŋ³³tʰi³³ ȵõ²²tʰi²² [mi²⁴] (a⁵⁵ba⁴²)tʰi²² (a⁵⁵pa⁴²)tʰie²² jṽ³³tʰi³³ jũ³³tʰe³³ ȵiv³³tʰe³³ ȵoŋ³³tʰɛ³³ 183
234 侄子 nephew di⁴ ʑi⁴² dʑi²¹ tɕi²¹ tɕy⁵⁵ tɕĩ⁴² tɕi⁴² tɕi⁴² tɕi⁴² tʰi⁴² 183
235 兄弟 brothers njoŋ¹+brother jvŋ⁵⁵tʰi³³ joŋ⁵⁵tʰi²² ȵio²⁴tʰi²² jõ⁵⁵tʰi³³ joŋ⁵⁵tʰɛ³³ 183
238 舅父 uncle (mother’s brother) ɢɯ̃² qɯ³³ qɯ²² qɯ²² qɯ²² gɯ̃²² [tɕiou⁵⁵tɕou⁵⁵] [a⁵⁵tɕiou⁵⁵] [tɕou⁵⁵] [tɕi⁵⁵]kəɯ³³ 183
249 繼母 stepmother back+mother ɣɯ³³mo³³ ɣe²¹mu³³ ɣɯ²¹mo²² ɣə³³mõ³³ ɣə³³moŋ³³ 183
254 cattle ŋɯ¹ᵇ ŋe³⁵ ŋe¹² ŋɯ²¹ ŋɯ²¹ ɯ̃²¹ ŋə²¹ ŋə²¹ ŋɯ²¹ ŋəɯ²¹ 183
263 horn qɔ⁴ qo⁴² qao²⁴ qo⁵⁵ qo⁴⁴ qo⁵⁵ kv⁴⁴ ko⁴⁴ kv⁴⁴ koŋ⁴⁴ 183
264 hoof bã¹ bo³⁵ bao¹² po²¹ pu²¹ põ²¹ [tʰi⁵⁵tsi³³] ? pa²¹ [tʰi⁵⁵tsi³³] 183
268 horse mæ² ma³³ mæ²² mæ²² ma²² mo²² man³³ mɚ³³ mɛ³³ mɚ³³ 183
271 母馬 mare horse+mother ma³³mo³³ mæ²²mu²² mᴇ²²mo²² mo²²mo²² man³³mõ³³ mɚ³³mõ³³ 183
272 馬鬃 horse mane ɕa⁴ ɕiɔ⁴² ɕia²⁴ ɕia⁵⁵ (mi²¹) (mie²¹) ɕɑ⁴⁴ [mɛ³³tsou³⁵] 183
274 sheep (general) njo¹ᵇ joŋ³⁵ joŋ¹² ȵio²¹ ȵiõ²¹ ȵiõ²¹ jõ²¹ joŋ²¹ jou²¹ joŋ²¹ 184
284 pig dɛ⁴ dɛ⁴² dɛ²¹ tᴇ²¹ tɛ⁴² te⁴² te⁴² te⁴² te⁴² tʰɛ⁴² 184
289 dog qʰuaŋ² qʰuaŋ³³ qʰuaŋ²² qʰua²² qʰua²² qʰõ²² kʰuɑ̃ŋ³³ kʰuaŋ³³ kʰua³³ kʰuaŋ³³ 184
291 cat xua¹ hɔ⁴²lɔ³⁵ xua⁵⁵lao²¹ xuæ⁵⁵lo²¹ xua⁵⁵lo²¹ xua⁵⁵lo²¹ ̃ɑ̃⁵⁵ni⁵⁵ aŋ³⁵ni⁵⁵ a⁵⁵mi⁵⁵ a⁵⁵ni⁵⁵tsi³³ 184
293 chicken qɛ¹ qɛ⁵⁵ qɛ⁵⁵ qᴇ²⁴ qɛ⁵⁵ qẽ⁵⁵ ki⁵⁵ ke³⁵ ke³⁵ ke⁵⁵ 184
304 老虎 tiger lɔ¹ᵇ lɔ³⁵ lao¹² lo²¹ lo²¹ lo²¹ lou²¹ lou²¹ lo²¹ lo²¹ 184
306 dragon loŋ¹ᵇ loŋ³⁵ lõ¹² lu²¹ lu²¹ lu²¹ lṽ²¹ lõ²¹ lv²¹ loŋ²¹ 184
308 猴子 monkey suaŋ¹ (ŋe³⁵)sɔŋ⁵⁵ (ʁaŋ¹²)ɕyen⁵⁵ (u²¹)ɕyᴇ²⁴ (ŋõ²¹)sua⁵⁵ (õ²¹)sõ⁵⁵ (ɣou²¹)suɑ̃⁵⁵ (u³³)suã³⁵ (ou⁴²)sua³⁵ 184
310 豹子 leopard; panther baŋ⁴/⁵ pi⁴² piᴇ⁴³ pie⁴² pɑ̃⁴² pã⁴² pa⁵³ paŋ⁴² 184
314 麂子 muntjac; barking deer bjo⁴ vɚ⁴² bvu²¹ (tʰia⁵⁵)vo²¹ w⁴² uo²¹ v⁴² v⁴² 184
316 麝香 musk ji⁵+fragrant ji²¹ɕioŋ⁵⁵ jen²⁴ɕioŋ⁵⁵ ji²¹ɕio²⁴ ji⁴²ɕio⁵⁵ ji²¹ɕiõ⁵⁵ ji³¹ɕiõ⁵⁵ jɛ²¹ɕiõ³⁵ ji³¹ɕiou³⁵ ji²¹ɕioŋ⁵⁵ 184
319 刺蜻 hedgehog ɢæ¹ ʁɔ³⁵ ɢa¹² qa²¹ qa²¹ ka²¹ ken²¹ 184
320 老鼠 mouse sro² ʂv³³ sao²² ɕu²² ɕy²² ɕu²² sv³³ ʂo³³ sv³³ sou³³ 184
326 bird tso⁴ tsu⁴² tsu²⁴ tsu⁵⁵ tsu⁴⁴ tso⁵⁵ tsou⁴⁴ tsou³³ tsou⁴⁴ tso⁴⁴ 184
327 鳥窩 bird’s nest kʰro³ tʂʰɚ²¹ tʂʰi⁴² (tiɯ²⁴) tsʰɛ⁴⁴ tɕʰɚ⁴² kʰv³¹ kʰo³³ kʰv³¹ tɕʰu²¹ 184
340 野雞 pheasant dʑi² ʑi³³ dʑi²² dʑi²² (qo⁴²)tɕyi²² tɕiɯ³³(ki⁵⁵) tɕi³³ (je²¹ke³⁵) (koŋ⁴²ke⁵⁵/tien³³) 184
342 斑鳩 turtledove tɕɯ¹kɯ¹ tɕɯ⁵⁵kɯ⁵⁵ tɕi²²kɯ¹² tɕi²⁴kɯ²⁴ tɕi⁵⁵kɯ⁵⁵ (ku³¹ku⁵⁵ku³³) tɕi⁵⁵kəɯ⁵⁵ 184
344 布穀鳥 cuckoo pu² (qɔ⁵⁵)pɯ³³ (qe⁵⁵)pu²² (qa²⁴)pɯ²² (ko⁵⁵)pɯ²² (ko⁵⁵)pu²² (ko⁵⁵ku²²) 184
347 snake kʰro² tʂʰɚ̃³³ tʂʰi²² tsʰɿ²² tsʰɛ²² tɕʰiɚ̃²² kʰv³³ kʰo³³ kʰv³³ tɕʰiu³³ 184
349 青蛙 frog oŋ¹ oŋ⁵⁵(ma⁵⁵) õ¹²(mæ¹²) u²¹(mæ²⁴) (dʑia⁴²)õ²¹ õ²¹(mo⁵⁵) õ²¹(man⁵⁵) u³¹(mɚ⁵⁵) ou²¹(mɛ³⁵tsi³³) (lv⁴⁴ɛ³³mɚ⁵⁵tsi³³) 185
351 fish ŋo¹ᵃ ŋv⁵⁵ ŋo⁵⁵ ŋo²⁴ ŋu⁵⁵ ŋu⁵⁵ m̥⁵⁵ võ³⁵ ŋo³⁵ oŋ⁵⁵ 185
352 scale qæ⁴ qa⁴² qæ⁵⁵ qa⁴⁴ qa⁵⁵ ka⁴⁴ kɚ⁴⁴ kɛ⁴⁴ kɚ⁴⁴ 185
353 worm dzruŋ¹ ʐv³⁵ dzao¹² tɕio²¹ tɕiu²¹ tɕiu²¹ tsṽ²¹ tʂo²¹ tsv²¹ dzõ²¹ 185
356 蝨子 louse ɕi⁴ ɕi⁴² ɕi²⁴ ɕi⁵⁵ ɕi⁴⁴ ɕi⁵⁵ ɕi⁴⁴ ɕi³³ ɕie⁴⁴ ɕi⁴⁴ 185
359 maggot dzro¹ ʑy³⁵ dzao¹² tɕio²¹ tɕiu²¹ tɕiu²¹ tsṽ²¹ tʂo²¹ tsv²¹ (zen²¹) 185
360 蚊子 mosquito mɯ⁴ mɯ⁴² moŋ²⁴ mɯ⁵⁵ [xɛ⁴²thoŋ⁵⁵] mo⁵⁵ mə̃⁴⁴ mõ⁴⁴ mɯ⁴⁴ mo⁴⁴ 185
364 螞蟥 leech tsji⁴ tɕi⁴² tɕi²⁴ tsi⁵⁵ tsi⁴⁴ tsi⁵⁵ tɕi⁴⁴ tɕi⁴⁴ tɕi⁴⁴ tɕi⁴⁴ 185
365 螞蟻 ant bri¹bɯ¹ tɕien⁵⁵(ɕaŋ⁵⁵) dzu¹²bu¹² tsu⁴³pɯ²¹ tɕi²¹pɯ²¹ tɕi²¹pɯ²¹ pien²¹põ²¹ pi²¹po²¹ pi²¹pɯ²¹ pi⁵⁵pəɯ²¹ 185
367 蜜蜂 bee pʰjuŋ¹ fɚ̃⁵⁵ pfuŋ⁵⁵ fo²⁴ xõ⁵⁵ xõ⁵⁵ fṽ⁵⁵ fṽ⁵⁵ fv⁵⁵ pʰen⁵⁵ 185
372 tree drɯ³ diɯ²¹ dʐi⁴² diɯ⁴³ dʑi⁴² ɖɯ⁴² tsɯ³¹ tʂɯ²¹ tsɯ³¹ dzəɯ²¹ 185
375 root tɛ⁴ tɛ²⁴ tᴇ⁵⁵ tɛ⁴² te⁴² te⁴⁴ te⁴⁴ (tso³³) 185
375 root mi¹ᵃ mɛ²¹ mᴇ⁴³ mɛ⁴² me⁴² mi⁴⁴ mi⁴⁴ 185
376 葉子 leaf sʰrɛ⁴ ɕi⁴² sɛ²⁴ ɕᴇ⁵⁵ sɛ⁴⁴ ʂɚ⁵⁵ se⁴⁴ ʂʰe⁴⁴ se⁴⁴ sɛ⁴⁴ 185
378 水果 fruit qʰɔ² qʰɔ³³ qʰo⁵⁵ (dʑi⁴²iɛ²¹) kʰou³³ [ɕui³³kuo³³] (ɕyi³³li⁵⁵ta²¹ko³³) kʰo³³ 185
382 柳樹 willow ɣɯ² ɣɯ³³ (ɕi²²ji²¹) (ja⁴³)ɣɯ²² ɣə³³ ɣə³³ ɣɯ³³ 185
385 松樹 pine zroŋ¹ ʐvŋ³⁵ zoŋ¹² ju²¹ ju²¹ v²¹ ɕiõ²¹ jou²¹ jou²¹ zyen²¹ 185
387 松香 resin, colophony mɛ¹ᵃ mɛ⁵⁵(tʂi⁵⁵) (zoŋ²¹tʂi²²) mᴇ²⁴(tsɿ²⁴) mɛ̃⁵⁵(tsɛ⁴⁴) me⁵⁵(tʂi⁵⁵) me⁵⁵(tsi³³tsi³³) me³⁵(tʂi³⁵) (jou²¹tsi⁵⁵) mɛ⁵⁵(tsi³³) 185
388 松明 pine torches mɛ¹ᵃ mɛ⁵⁵(tʂi⁵⁵) men⁵⁵ mᴇ²⁴ (ɕy⁵⁵ɣo²¹) (u²²ne²¹) me⁵⁵ me³⁵ 185
389 竹子 bamboo tsro⁴ tʂv⁴² tsao²⁴ tɕo⁵⁵ tɕu⁴⁴ tɕu⁵⁵ tsv⁴⁴ tʂo³³ tsv⁴⁴ tsu⁴⁴ 185
390 藤子 cane, vine mɛ⁵ mɛ²¹ men⁴² mᴇ⁴³ mɛ⁴² me⁴² me⁴² me⁴² me²¹ me²¹ 186
391 刺兒 thorn; splinter tsʰje³ tɕʰi²¹ tsʰi⁴² tsʰe⁴² tɕʰi³¹ tɕʰi³¹ tɕʰi³¹ tɕʰi²¹ 186
392 桃子 peach dɔ¹ dɔ³⁵ dao¹² to²¹ to²¹ to²¹ tɑ²¹ ta²¹ ta²¹ tɛ²¹ 186
395 柿子 persimmon tʰjæ⁴ tʰa⁴²(ʐɚ³³) tʰæ²⁴ tʰiæ⁵⁵ tɕʰia⁵⁵(tsɛ²¹) ʈʰa⁵⁵(ʐi²²) tʰɑ⁴⁴(tsi³¹) tʰa⁴⁴(tʂi³¹) tʰa⁴⁴(tsi³¹) tʰɛ⁴²(tsi³³) 186
397 板栗 Chinese chestnut tsʰji¹ tɕʰi⁵⁵(ji⁴²) tɕʰi⁵⁵(ʑi²¹) tsʰi⁵⁵(jɯ²¹) (ɕu²²)tsʰi⁵⁵(ji²¹lɛ²¹) (xa⁵⁵ne²¹) tɕʰi⁵⁵(ji³¹) tɕʰi⁵⁵(li⁴⁴) (to²¹ju²¹) 186
403 水稻 paddy rice sɔ⁴ sao²⁴ so⁵⁵ si⁵⁵ sv⁴⁴ 186
403 paddy rice ɢɔ¹ ʁɔ³⁵ qo²¹ qo²¹ qo²¹ kou²¹ ku²¹ kuo²¹ 186
404 糯米 glutinous rice suŋ² sv³³ sao²² su²² sy²² sy²² sv³³ sõ³³ si⁵⁵ sɯ³³sɯ³³mɛ³³ 186
405 種子 seed tsruŋ² tʂvŋ³³ tsoŋ²² tɕo²² tɕu²² tɕõ²² tsṽ³³ tʂoŋ³³ tsv³³ tsoŋ³³ 186
406 (rice) seedling dzri¹ ʐɚ³⁵ dʐi²¹ tsɿ²¹ tsɛ²¹ tɕɚ²¹ tsa²¹ tʂi³¹ tsi²¹ dzi²¹ 186
407 ear; spike truæn² tjuaŋ³³ tsuan²² tyᴇ²² tɕya²² ʈõ²² tsuan³³ tʂuɚ̃³³ tsuɛ³³ tsuɚ³³ 186
408 稻草 rice straw ma⁴ mo⁴² (ɢao²⁴tɕy²²) ma⁵⁵ (qua⁴⁴) (qo⁵⁵qua⁵⁵) mɑ̃⁴⁴ ma⁴⁴ ma⁵⁵ ma⁴⁴ 186
410 小麥 wheat mɯ⁴ mɯ⁴² moŋ²⁴ mɯ⁵⁵ mɯ⁵⁵ mɯ⁵⁵ mə̃⁴⁴ mə̃⁴⁴ mɯ⁴⁴ məɯ̃⁴⁴ 186
411 大麥 barley zɔ¹ zɔ³⁵ zao¹² zo⁴³ zo²¹ zao²¹ sou²¹ zau²¹ zo²¹ zo²¹ 186
413 蓠麥 buckwheat go¹ gv³⁵ gao¹² ku²¹ kv²¹ kv²¹ kv²¹ ko²¹ kv²¹ kv²¹ 186
414 麥桔 wheat straw mɯ⁴qua⁴ mɯn⁴²quo⁴² moŋ²⁴qua²⁴ mɯ⁵⁵qua⁵⁵ mɯ⁵⁵qua⁴⁴ mɯ⁵⁵qua⁵⁵ mə̃⁴⁴kuɑ⁴⁴ mə̃⁴⁴kua⁴⁴ kua⁴⁴ 186
419 hemp si² si³³ si³³ si³³ si³³ si³³ si³³ 186
420 蔬菜 vegetable tsʰɯ³ tsʰi²¹ tsʰe⁴² tsʰɿ⁴³ tsʰi⁴² tsʰɯ⁴² tsʰɯ³¹ tsʰɯ³¹ tsʰɯ³¹ tsʰəɯ²¹ 186
423 onion; scallion tsʰuŋ¹ tsʰv⁵⁵ tsʰu⁵⁵ tsʰo²⁴ tsʰoŋ⁵⁵ tsʰo⁵⁵ tsʰṽ⁵⁵ tsʰõ⁵⁵ tsʰi⁵⁵[/fi³¹tsʰu³¹] tsʰoŋ⁵⁵ 186
424 garlic sʰuaŋ³ soŋ²¹ suaŋ⁴² ɕyᴇ⁴³ sua⁴² suã⁴² suɑ̃³¹ sʰuaŋ³¹ sua³¹j suaŋ²¹j 186
425 ginger koŋ¹ koŋ⁵⁵ koŋ⁵⁵ ko²⁴ ku⁵⁵ koŋ⁵⁵kõ⁵⁵ koŋ⁵⁵ kou³⁵ koŋ⁵⁵ 187
430 pea; bean dɯ⁵ ɖjɯ²¹ di⁴² dɯ⁴³ dɯ⁴² dɯ⁴² tə̃³¹ tɯ³¹ tɯ³¹ dəɯ²¹ 187
437 蘑菇 mushroom sreŋ² ʂɚ̃³³ ʂẽ²² ɕiæ²² sɛ²² ʂɚ̃²² san³³ (tɕʰɚ⁵⁵mu³³) sɛ³³ sen³³ 187
439 rice mɛ² mi³³ mi²² mi²² mi²² mi²² me³³ me³³ me³³ mɛ³³ 187
443 meat ɢæ¹ ʁa³⁵ ɢæ¹² qæ²¹ qa²¹ qa²¹ ka²¹ kɚ²¹ kɛ²¹ kɚ²¹ 187
445 脂肪 grease, fat tsri¹ tʂi⁵⁵ tʂi⁵⁵ tsɿ²⁴ tsɛ⁵⁵ tʂi⁵⁵ tsi⁵⁵ tʂi⁵⁵ tsi³⁵ tsi⁵⁵ 187
446 清油 vegetable oil jɯ¹ᵇ jɯ³⁵ ji¹² jɯ²¹ ji²¹ (tʂɚ⁵⁵) jɯ²¹ jɯ²l jɯ²¹ jou²¹ 187
448 花椒 seed of Chinese prickly ash sru¹ ʂv⁵⁵ ɕy⁵⁵ ɕu²⁴ ɕu⁵⁵ ɕy⁵⁵ su⁵⁵ su³⁵ su³⁵ su⁵⁵ 187
450 egg sen⁵ sen²¹'testicle' sen⁴² sᴇ⁴³ sɛ⁴² sẽ⁴² sen⁴² sen⁴² se⁴² sɛ⁴² 187
451 soup xæn¹ xaŋ⁵⁵ han⁵⁵ χæ²⁴ xã⁵⁵ xã⁵⁵ xan⁵⁵ xɚ̃⁵⁵ xɛ⁵⁵ (tsi⁵⁵) 187
452 alcoholic beverage tsuŋ² tsvŋ³³ tsoŋ²² tso²² tsõ²² tsoŋ²² tsṽ³³ tsõ³³ tsi³³ tsoŋ³³ 187
454 tea drɔ¹ djɔ³⁵ dzao¹² tjo²¹ tɕo²¹ ʈo²¹ tsou²¹ tʂou²¹ tso²¹ tso²¹ 187
456 medicine jɔ⁴ jɔ⁴² ju²⁴ ju⁵⁵ ju⁴⁴ jo⁵⁵ jou⁴⁴ jou⁴⁴ jo⁴⁴ jo⁴⁴ 187
457 chaff; bran tʰroŋ¹ tʰioŋ⁵⁵ tsʰoŋ⁵⁵ tʰio²⁴ (qa⁴⁴; tɕyi²¹) ʈʰõ⁵⁵ tsʰõ⁵⁵ tʂʰoŋ⁵⁵ tsʰo⁵⁵ tsʰoŋ⁵⁵ 187
461 thread xɯ² xɯ³³ xɯ²² xɯ²² xɯ²² xɯ²² (sou⁴⁴jen⁴²) (xou³⁵) xɯ³³ xɯ³³ 187
462 cloth sʰɛ⁴ sɛ⁴² sɛ²⁴ sᴇ⁵⁵ sɛ⁴⁴ se⁵⁵ se⁴⁴ sʰe⁴⁴ (pʰio³¹) (pʰio²¹) 187
479 shoe ʁɛ¹ (jen³⁵) ʁɛ¹² (ȵi²¹) ŋa²¹ o²¹tse⁴⁴ ŋe²¹ ŋe²¹ ɣɛ²¹ 187
481 梳子 comb sro¹ ʂv⁵⁵ sao⁵⁵ ɕu²⁴ ɕy⁵⁵ ɕu⁵⁵ sṽ⁵⁵ ʂo³⁵ sv³⁵ su⁵⁵ 187
484 耳環 earrings ɢoŋ¹ qoŋ³⁵ (tɕien²²) ko²² ko²¹ kõ²¹ kõ²¹ koŋ³¹ ku²¹ koŋ²¹ 187
490 枕頭 pillow tsren² tʂɚ̃³³(diɯ³⁵) tʂi²²(di¹²) tsɿ²²(tiə²¹) tsɛ²²(tɕi²¹) tʂɚ²²(ʈɯ²¹) tsi³³(tə³¹) tʂɚ̃³³(ti³¹pou³³) tsi³³(tɯ²¹) tsen³³(təɯ²¹) 187
493 蓑衣 straw or palm-bark rain cape bri³ ʑyi²¹ dʑy⁴² bi⁴³ dʑyi⁴² tɕyẽ⁴² pi³¹ pi³¹ pi²¹? bi²¹ 188
494 房子 house hɔ³ hɔ²¹ ha⁴² xo⁴³ xo⁴² xo⁴² xou³¹ xou³¹ ho³¹ xo²¹ 188
509 tile ŋuæ⁵ ua²¹ uɛ⁴² uæ⁴³ ŋua⁴² uan⁴² uɚ⁴² uɛ⁴² vɚ³¹ 188
511 木頭 ɢua⁴ guo⁴² ɢua²¹ qua²¹ kuɑ⁴² kua⁴² 188
512 木板 plank; board pæn² paŋ³³ pan²² pæ²² pa²²⁵ põ⁴² pan³³ pɚ̃³³ pɛ³³ pɚ̃³³ 188
513 柱子 pillar drɯ² diɯ³³ dʐi³³ diɯ²² dʑi²² tɕõ²² tsɯ³³ tʂɯ³³ tsɯ³³ dzəɯ³³ 188
514 door mɛ¹ᵇ me³⁵ mən¹² mᴇ²¹ mɛ²¹ me²¹ me²¹ me²¹ me²¹ me²¹ 188
522 園子 garden (plot) suaŋ¹ suaŋ⁵⁵ ɕyen⁵⁵ ɕyᴇ²⁴ sua⁵⁵(lu²¹) sõ⁵⁵(lu²¹) suɑ̃⁵⁵ suaŋ³⁵ sua³⁵ suaŋ⁵⁵ 188
526 bed droŋ¹ dioŋ³⁵ dzoŋ¹² tio²¹ (ŋu²²ti²²tɕʰu⁴²qʰa⁴⁴) (u⁴²tĩ²²tɕʰu⁴²) tsõ²¹ (kʰo³³) tso²¹ (tɕʰyi²¹) 188
534 firewood sjen¹ ɕien⁵⁵ ɕien⁵⁵ si²⁴ sɛ⁵⁵ sẽ⁵⁵ ɕien⁵⁵ ɕien⁵⁵ ɕi³⁵ ɕen⁵⁵ 188
544 cooking stove; kitchen range tso⁵ tsu²¹ tsu⁴² tsu⁴³ tsy⁴² tsou⁴² tsu⁴² tso⁴² 188
548 蒸籠 bamboo food steamer ŋuen¹ uen³⁵ uen¹² ŋui²¹ ŋuɛ²¹ uẽ²¹ uen²¹ uɛ²¹ 188
551 勺子 ladle dro⁴ (mɯ³⁵)tiu⁴² (mi⁵⁵)tsu²¹ (mᴇ²⁴)tiu²¹ (mɛ⁵⁵)tɕio²¹ (me⁵⁵)ʈo²¹ (mi⁵⁵)tso⁴² (mi⁵⁵)tʂou⁴² (mi³⁵)tso⁴² (mi⁵⁵)tsʰo⁴² 188
555 筷子 chopsticks dzro³ ʐv²¹ dʐao⁴² dʐo⁴³ tɕiu⁴² tɕiu⁴² tsṽ³¹ tʂo³¹ tsv³¹ tsəɯ²¹ 188
559 kettle; pot bjɛ⁴ vɚ⁴² bvu²¹ (la²⁴)fᴇ²¹ (li⁵⁵ui⁴²qʰo²²) (lo⁵⁵)ue²¹ vu⁴² (xu⁴²) (kua⁴²tsi³³) 188
560 vat; jar kaŋ¹ kaŋ⁵⁵ ka²⁴ kã⁵⁵ kɑ̃⁵⁵ kã³⁵ ka³⁵ kaŋ⁵⁵ 188
576 利息 interest bɯ¹ bɯ³⁵ bu¹² bɯ²¹ pɯ²¹ pɯ²¹ [li⁵⁵ɕie³⁵] [li⁵⁵si³⁵] pɯ²¹ pə²¹ 188
578 needle tsreŋ¹ tʂɚ̃⁵⁵ tʂẽ⁵⁵ tsɿ²⁴ tsẽ⁵⁵ tʂɚ̃⁵⁵ tsan⁵⁵ tʂɚ̃³⁵ tsi³⁵ tsen⁵⁵ 188
580 釘子 nail; tack tɕæŋ¹ tɕaŋ⁵⁵ (tsen²²zaŋ²⁴) tɕæ²⁴ [ti⁵⁵tsi²²] (tɕʰi⁵⁵tsẽ²²) tɕian⁵⁵ tɕiɚ̃³⁵ tɕiɛ³⁵ tɕiɚ⁵⁵ 188
585 鑰匙 key dro⁴ diu⁴² dzu²¹ tio²¹ tsɛ⁴⁴ (so²²pa²²qua⁵⁵) tsou⁴² tʂʰou⁴² tsou⁴² tsʰo⁴² 189
586 棍子 stick ɢua⁴ guɔ⁴² qua²¹ qua²¹ qua⁴² qua⁴² kuɑ⁴² kua⁴² kua⁴² (paŋ²¹mo³³) 189
597 鞭子 whip prɔ¹ tɕiɔ⁵⁵ (pio²⁴) tɕo⁵⁵ (qua⁴²) pio⁵⁵ piou³⁵ pia³⁵ pio⁵⁵ 189
602 boat; ship jen¹ᵇ jen³⁵ jen¹² ȵia²¹ ȵa²¹ ȵɚ²¹ jen²¹ jen²¹ je²¹ jen²¹ 189
605 斧頭 axe pɯ² pɯ³³ pu³³ pɯ²² pɯ²² pɯ²² pɯ³³ pu³³ pɯ³³ pəɯ³³ 189
607 鑿子 chisel dzo⁴ zu⁴² dzu²¹ tsu²¹ tsy⁴² tsv²¹ tsou⁴²(ne³¹) [tsaŋ⁴⁴tsi³³] tsu⁴² tsʰo⁴² 189
608 鋸子 saw pjo⁵ fv²¹ pfu⁴² fo⁴³ fv⁴² fv⁴² fv⁴² fv⁴² fv⁴² fv⁴² 189
615 ploughshare tɕi¹kuɛ¹ tɕi⁵⁵kue⁵⁵ tɕi⁵⁵kuɛ⁵⁵ tɕi²⁴kui²⁴ tɕi⁵⁵kui⁵⁵ tɕĩ⁵⁵kui⁵⁵ tɕi⁵⁵kui⁵⁵ tɕi⁵⁵kuɛ⁵⁵ 189
617 鋤頭 hoe (large) dzruŋ¹ ʐyŋ³⁵ dzao¹² tɕo²¹ tɕu²¹ tɕu²¹ tsṽ²¹ tʂo²¹ tsv²¹ dzu²¹ 189
619 繩子 rope sʰo⁴ su⁴² su²⁴ su⁵⁵ su⁴⁴ so⁵⁵ sou⁴⁴ sʰou⁴⁴ so⁴⁴ so⁴⁴ 189
623 肥料 fertilizer; manure tɕʰi¹ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi²⁴ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ 189
624 鐮刀 sickle jen¹ᵇ jen³⁵ jen¹² ȵia²¹ ȵia²¹ ȵa²¹ jen²¹ jen²¹ je²¹ [li⁵⁵to⁵⁵] 189
626 (水碓) trip-hammer for hulling rice duɛ⁵ due²¹ tyɛ⁴² tyi⁴³ ti⁴² (ɕyi²²kue⁵⁵) tui⁴² tui⁴² (sɯ³³kɯ³³) tɛ⁴² 189
629 篩子 sieve; sifter lɔ¹ᵇ lɔ³⁵ lao¹² lo²¹ lo²¹ lo²¹ lou²¹ lou²¹ lo²¹ lo²¹ 189
630 簸箕 winnowing fan mo²tɕi¹ mo³³tɕi⁵⁵ mu²²tɕi⁵⁵ mo²²tɕi²⁴ mɯ²²tɕi⁵⁵ mo²²tɕi⁵⁵ tɕi⁵⁵ tɕʰi³⁵ mo³³tɕi³⁵ tɕi⁵⁵ 189
637 arrow tsjen⁵ tɕien²¹ tɕin⁴² tsi⁴³ tsɛ⁴² tsẽ⁴² tɕien⁴² tɕien⁴² tɕi⁵³ tɕen⁴² 189
647 paper tsri² tʂɚ̃³³ tʂi²² tsɿ²² tsɛ²² tʂɚ̃²² tsi³³ tʂi³³ tsi³³ tsi³³ 189
651 speech; words; language doŋ¹ doŋ³⁵ doŋ¹² do²¹ (tɕʰa⁵⁵) (la²²kue⁵⁵) tou²¹ (ɣo²¹) 190
659 drum ɢuŋ² qoŋ²² ɢu²² ku³³ ku³³ ku³³ (kəɯ²¹) 190
669 ghost; spirit kro² tʂi²² tsɿ²² tsɛ²² tʂə²² kv³³ ko³³ kv³³ tɕu³³ 190
673 靈魂 (soul); spirit pʰæn³man³ pʰaŋ²¹maŋ²¹ pʰan⁴²man²² pʰæ⁴³ma⁴³ pʰa⁴²ma⁴² pʰã⁴²mã⁴² pʰan³¹man³¹ pʰo³¹miɛ³¹ pʰɚ²¹mɚ̃²¹ 190
687 名字 name mjæ¹ ȵua⁵⁵ ȵiuɛ⁵⁵ miæ²⁴ ȵya⁵⁵ ȵo⁵⁵ mian⁵⁵ miɚ³⁵ miɛ³⁵ miɚ⁵⁵ 190
695 痕跡 trace; track tsuŋ¹ tsvŋ⁵⁵ tsi¹² tɕia⁵⁵ tɕio⁵⁵ tsõ⁵⁵ tsṽ⁵⁵ (tsõ¹³) tsoŋ⁵⁵ 190
698 影子 shadow qæn¹ qaŋ³³ qan²² qæ²² qa²² qã²² kɛ³³ kɚ̃³³ (zi²¹tsʰɛ⁵⁵) kɚ̃³³ 190
699 dream mɯ⁵ mo²¹ moŋ²⁴ mɯ⁴³ mɯ̃⁵⁵ mɯ⁴² mə̃³¹ mə̃⁴² mɯ⁵³ məɯ²¹ 190
703 方向 direction; orientation pjɛ² fɚ³³ (ɢo¹²pʰu⁵⁵) fᴇ²² (pʰu⁵⁵) fe²² fv³³ fv³³ (po³³) [xõ³³] 190
710 左邊 left pri¹(ᵃ) tɕy⁵⁵ tjen⁵⁵ tsuᴇ²⁴ (la⁵⁵tɕo⁴⁴tɕo⁴⁴pʰo⁵⁵) (lo⁵⁵tɕyẽ⁵⁵) pi⁵⁵ piɚ³⁵ pi³⁵ pi⁵⁵ 190
713 後邊 back, behind ɣɯ² ɣɯ³³ ɣe²² ɯ²² xɯ̃²² xẽ⁵⁵ ɣə³³ ɣɯ³³ ɣɯ³³ ɣə³³ 190
714 外邊 outside ŋua⁴ ŋuɔ⁴² uaŋ²⁴ ua⁵⁵ ŋua⁴⁴ (pɯ⁵⁵ʐɚ²¹nõ²²) uɑ̃⁴⁴ uaŋ³³ ua⁴⁴ ŋua⁴⁴ 190
722 上方(地勢;河流) the upper part; up reaches; above djoŋ² doŋ³³ doŋ³³ do²² to²² ɖɯ²² tõ³³ tõ³³ to³³ doŋ³³ 190
738 今天 today qæn¹ qan⁵⁵(jien⁴²) qɛ⁵⁵(ȵi²²) qæ²⁴(ȵi²²) qa⁴⁴(ȵi⁴⁴) qa⁵⁵(ȵi⁴⁴) ki⁵⁵(ɕia⁴⁴) ke⁵⁵(jien⁴⁴) kɛ⁵⁵(ȵe⁴⁴) ki⁵⁵(ni⁴⁴) 190
739 昨天 yesterday dʑen¹ ʑien³⁵(jien⁴²) dʑi²¹(ȵi²²) tsi²¹(ȵi²²) tsi²¹(ȵi⁴⁴) tsi²¹(ȵi⁴⁴) tɕi²¹(ɕia⁴⁴) tɕien²¹(jien⁴⁴) tɕi³¹(ɕe⁴⁴ȵe⁴⁴) tɕi⁴²(ni⁴⁴) 190
752 晩上 at night; in the evening pɛ² pɛ³³ (ja⁵⁵xɯ⁴²) (ɕia²⁴xɯ²²) (ȵi⁴⁴u²²) (ɕia⁵⁵xɯ̃⁴²) pẽ⁵⁵ pe³³ pe³³ (ɕɚ⁵⁵pʰo⁵⁵) 191
767 屬相 the 12 animals representing the 12 years dzro⁴ ʐv⁴² dzao²¹ tɕio²¹ tɕiu⁴² tɕio²¹ tsṽ⁴² tʂõ⁴² tsv⁴² tsʰu²¹ 191
771 month ŋua⁴ ŋuɔ⁴² uaŋ²⁴ ua⁵⁵ ŋua⁴⁴ uã⁵⁵ uɑ̃⁴⁴ uaŋ³³ ua⁴⁴ ŋua⁴⁴ 191
781 明年 next year back+year ɣɯ³³suɔ⁴² ɣe²¹sua²⁴ ɣɯ²¹sua⁵⁵ ɣɯ²¹sua⁴⁴ ɣɯ²¹sua⁴⁴ ɣə³³suɑ⁴⁴ ɣɯ³³sua⁴⁴ ɣɯ³³sua⁴⁴ ɣə³³sua⁴⁴ 191
797 one ʔa⁴ a²¹ a⁵⁵ a⁴³ a⁴² a⁴² a⁴² a³¹ a²¹ 191
798 two koŋ² koŋ³³ koŋ³³ ku²² kv³³ koŋ³³ kõ³³ koŋ³³ kou³³ koŋ³³ 191
799 three sʰaŋ¹ saŋ⁵⁵ saŋ²⁴ sa²⁴ so⁵⁵ sã⁵⁵ sɑ̃⁵⁵ sʰã⁵⁵ sa⁵⁵ saŋ⁵⁵ 191
800 four sji⁴ ɕi⁴² ɕi²⁴ si⁵⁵ si⁴⁴ ɕi⁵⁵ ɕi⁴⁴ ɕi⁴⁴ ɕi⁴⁴ ɕi⁴⁴ 191
801 five ŋu² ŋv³³ ŋo²² ŋu²² ŋu²² ŋu²² ṽ³³ õ³³ mu³³ ŋ³³ 191
802 six pjo⁴ fo⁴² pfu²⁴ fo⁵⁵ xo⁴⁴ xo⁵⁵ fv⁴⁴ fo⁴⁴ fv⁴⁴ fv⁴⁴ 191
803 seven tsʰji⁴ tɕʰi⁴² tɕʰi²⁴ tsʰi⁵⁵ tsʰi⁴⁴ tsʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁴⁴ tɕʰi⁴⁴ tɕʰi⁴⁴ tɕʰi⁴⁴ 191
804 eight pra⁴ tɕo⁴² tɕua²⁴ pia⁵⁵ tɕya⁴⁴ tɕua⁵⁵ pio⁴⁴? pia⁴⁴ pia⁴⁴ pia⁴⁴ 191
805 nine tɕɯ² tɕi³³ tɕi²² tɕiɯ²² tɕi²² tɕi²² tɕiɯ³³ tɕiɯ³³ tɕiɯ³³ tɕəɯ³³ 191
806 ten dzri⁴ ʐɚ⁴² dʐi²¹ tsɿ²¹ tsɛ⁴² tʂɚ⁴² tsa⁴² tʂi⁴² tsi⁴² tsʰi⁴² 191
808 十二 twelve ten'+ne⁴ ʐɚ⁴²ne⁴² dʐi²¹nɛ⁵⁵ tsɿ²¹nᴇ⁵⁵ tsɛ⁴²(kv²²) tsa⁴²ne⁴⁴ tʂi⁴²ne⁴⁴ tsi⁴²ne⁴⁴ tsʰi⁴²ne⁴⁴ 191
824 hundred pæ⁴ pa⁴² pæ²⁴ pæ⁵⁵ pa⁴⁴ pa⁵⁵ pa⁴⁴ pɚ⁴⁴ pɛ⁴⁴ pɚ⁴⁴ 191
826 thousand tsjʰen¹ tɕʰien⁵⁵ tɕʰian⁵⁵ tsʰi²⁴ tsʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰien⁵⁵ tɕʰien⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ 191
832 一半 a half pjo² fv³³ pfw²² po²² fe²² fɚ²² po²¹ po²¹ 191
839 () classifier troŋ¹ tioŋ⁵⁵ tsoŋ¹² tio²⁴ (sy⁵⁵qa⁴²qa⁴²) ʈõ⁵⁵ tsõ⁵⁵ tʂoŋ³⁵ tsou³⁵ tsoŋ⁵⁵ 191
842 () classifier djɯ¹ diɯ³⁵ di¹² diɯ²¹ tsu⁴⁴tɕi²¹ tso⁴⁴a⁴²ʈɯ²¹ tə²¹ tiə²¹ tɯ²¹ təɯ²¹ 191
845 () classifier qʰɔ² qʰɔ³³ qʰo²² qʰo²² qʰo²² qʰo²² kʰou³³ kʰu³³ kʰuo³³ kʰo³³ 192
848 () classifier drɯ³ diɯ²¹ dʐi⁴² diɯ⁴³ dʑi⁴² ɖɯ⁴² tsɯ³¹ tʂɯ³¹ tsɯ³¹ dzəɯ²¹ 192
852 () classifier tsʰua⁴ tsʰuo⁴² (dʑɛ²⁴) (qᴇ²⁴) (qɛ⁵⁵) (qõ⁵⁵) tsʰuɑ⁴⁴ tsʰua³³ (pa⁴²) (kəɯ⁴⁴) 192
864 (衣服) classifier kʰoŋ¹ kʰoŋ⁵⁵ kʰoŋ⁵⁵ kʰo²⁴ kʰo⁵⁵ kʰõ⁵⁵ kʰõ⁵⁵ kʰoŋ⁵⁵ kʰou⁵⁵ 192
876 () classifier bjo² vɚ³³ (ɪæn⁴²) (ɪæ⁴³) v³³ (jɚ⁴²) bi³³ 192
881 () classifier noŋ¹ᵇ noŋ³⁵ nõ¹² no²¹ nõ²¹ nõ²¹ ȵo²¹ noŋ²¹ 192
889 () classifier qæn¹ qaŋ⁵⁵ qan⁵⁵ qæ²⁴ qa⁵⁵ qo⁵⁵ kɛ̃⁵⁵ kɚ̃³⁵ kɛ⁵⁵ kɚ̃⁵⁵ 192
894 classifier noŋ³ liaŋ³³ noŋ⁴² ȵo⁴³ nõ⁴² nõ⁴² nõ⁴² nõ⁴² nou⁵³ loŋ²¹ 192
899 classifier zen¹ zi³⁵ zien¹² zɿ²¹ zɛ²¹ zẽ²¹ (pʰa³¹) (pʰe²¹) (pʰe²¹) jen²¹ 192
910 day nji⁴ ȵi²² ȵi²² ȵi⁵⁵ jen³³ ȵie⁴⁴ ni⁴⁴ 192
914 a year old sʰua⁴ suɔ⁴² sua²⁴ sua⁵⁵ sua⁴⁴ sua⁵⁵ suɑ⁴⁴ sʰua⁴⁴ sua⁴⁴ sua⁴⁴ 192
916 step pu³ (gɔ³³) (gu²²) pɯ⁴³ pɯ⁴² pu⁴² pu³¹ pu³¹ pu⁴² pɯ²¹ 192
928 I C-ŋɔ³ ŋɔ²¹ ŋa⁴² ɴo⁴³ ŋo⁴² õ⁴² uõ³¹ ŋõ³¹ ŋo³¹ ŋo⁴² 192
931 you nɔ³ nɔ²¹ na⁴² no⁴³ no⁴² no⁴² nou³¹ nõ²¹ no³¹ nen⁴² 192
934 he bɔ³ bo²¹ ba⁴² uo⁵⁵ bo⁴² bo⁴² mo⁴² pu³¹ po³¹ (kʰi⁵⁵) 192
964 big dɔ⁵ dɔ²¹ da⁴² da⁴³ do⁴² do⁴² tou⁴² tou⁴² to⁴² do⁴² 192
966 wide tsʰru¹ tʂʰv⁵⁵ tsʰu⁵⁵ tɕʰu²⁴ tɕʰu⁵⁵ tɕʰu⁵⁵ tsʰu⁵⁵ tsʰu⁵⁵ tsʰu⁵⁵ tsʰu⁵⁵ 192
968 high qaŋ¹ qɔŋ⁵⁵ qaŋ⁵⁵ qa²⁴ qo⁵⁵ qã⁵⁵ kɑ̃⁵⁵ kã³⁵ ka³⁵ kaŋ⁵⁵ 192
969 () low; short bri² ʑyi³³ dʑy²² dzyᴇ²² dʑyi²² dʑyẽ²² pi³³ pi³³ pi³³ pi³³ 192
972 long droŋ¹ dv³⁵ dʑou¹² tjo²¹ tɕu²¹ ʈõ²¹ tsõ²¹ tʂoŋ²¹ tsou²¹ tsoŋ²¹ 192
974 far tuen² tue³³ tiuen²² tyᴇ²² ti²² tyi²² tuen³³ tuen³³ tue³³ tsuen³³ 192
975 near dʑen² jen³³ dʑien²² tɕi²² (tsʰo⁵⁵) (tsʰo⁵⁵) tɕien³³ tɕien³³ tɕie³³ tɕen³³ 192
976 wide qʰua⁴ qʰuo⁴² qʰua²⁴ qʰua⁵⁵ qʰua⁴⁴ qʰua⁵⁵ kʰuɑ⁴⁴ kʰua⁴⁴ kʰua⁴⁴ kʰua⁴⁴ 192
977 narrow træ⁴ tia⁴² tsæ²⁴ tia⁵⁵ (so⁵⁵)tɛ⁴⁴ tʂɚ⁵⁵ tsa⁴⁴ tʂɚ³³ tsɛ⁴⁴ tsɚ⁴⁴ 192
980 thick ɢɯ² ʁɚ³³ ɢe²² ɢɯ²² qɯ̃⁴² kẽ³³ kẽ³³ kɯ³³ kəɯ³³ 192
982 deep sʰreŋ¹ ʂɚ̃⁵⁵ ʂi⁵⁵ sɿ²⁴ sɛ⁵⁵ xõ⁵⁵ san⁵⁵ ʂʰɚ⁵⁵ si⁵⁵ sen⁵⁵ 193
985 empty qʰoŋ¹ qʰoŋ⁵⁵ qʰoŋ⁵⁵ qʰo²⁴ qʰõ⁵⁵ qʰõ⁵⁵ kʰṽ⁵⁵ kʰõ⁵⁵ koŋ⁵⁵ 193
987 many tjɯ¹ tɕiɯ⁵⁵ ti⁵⁵ ti²⁴ ti⁵⁵ ti⁵⁵ tɕi⁵⁵ tɕi³⁵ tɕi³⁵ ti⁵⁵ 193
990 round ʁuen¹ᵇ uen³⁵ uen¹² ʁuᴇ²¹ kʰuɛ⁴⁴ ŋue²¹ uẽ²¹ uẽ³¹ ue²¹ ven²¹ 193
994 smooth bæŋ¹ baŋ³⁵ bæ¹² bᴇ²¹ pa²¹ pã²¹ pan²¹ pɚ̃²¹ pɛ²¹ pɚ̃²¹ 193
999 slanting; learning qʰuæ¹ qʰuæ⁵⁵ qʰuæ²⁴ qʰua⁵⁵ qʰue⁵⁵ [pʰiɛ⁵⁵] [pʰiɚ⁵⁵] [uɛ³⁵] kʰuɚ⁵⁵ 193
1002 vertical, be standing tuen¹ ɯe⁵⁵ tyen⁵⁵ tyᴇ²⁴ to⁵⁵tɕi²² tyi⁵⁵ tuen⁵⁵ tuen³⁵ tue³⁵ (tsuen⁵⁵) 193
1003 straight tuen¹ tue⁵⁵ tuen⁵⁵ tyᴇ²⁴ ti⁵⁵ tyi⁵⁵ tuen⁵⁵ tuen³⁵ miou⁴² (tsuen⁵⁵) 193
1004 curved; crooked; bent kʰo⁴ kʰv⁴² kʰao²⁴ kʰo⁵⁵ kʰu⁴⁴ kɯ⁵⁵ kʰv⁴⁴ [uen³⁵] kʰv⁴⁴ kʰu⁵⁵ 193
1005 black χɯ⁴ [xɚ⁴²] χe²⁴ χɯ⁵⁵ xɯ⁴⁴ xɯ⁵⁵ xɯ⁴⁴ xɯ⁴⁴ xɯ⁴⁴ xɯ⁴⁴ 193
1006 white bæ⁴ ba⁴² bæ²¹ pa²¹ pa⁴² pa⁴² pa⁴² pɚ⁴² pɛ⁴² pʰɚ⁴² 193
1007 red tʰræ⁴ tʰa⁴² tʰæ²⁴ tʰiæ⁵⁵ tɕʰa⁴⁴ ʈʰa⁵⁵ tsʰa⁴⁴ tʂʰɚ⁴⁴ tsʰɛ⁴⁴ [xoŋ³³] 193
1008 yellow ʁoŋ¹ᵇ ŋoŋ³⁵ ʁaŋ¹² ʁo²¹ ŋõ²¹ õ²¹ ṽ²¹ võ²¹ ŋv²¹ ɣoŋ²¹ 193
1013 dark χɯ⁴ [xɚ⁴²] χe²⁴ xɯ⁴⁴ a⁴²pa⁴² (mian⁴²) xɯ⁴⁴ (miɛ⁴²) xɯ⁴⁴ 193
1014 heavy dzruŋ² ʐvŋ³³ dzoŋ²² dʐo²² dʑo²² dʑõ²² tsṽ³³ tʂõ³³ tsv³³ tsõ²¹ 193
1015 light tʰræn¹ tʰiaŋ⁵⁵ tsʰan⁵⁵ tʰiæ²⁴ tɕʰa⁵⁵ ʈʰã⁵⁵ tsʰan⁵⁵ tʂʰɚ̃⁵⁵ tsʰɛ⁵⁵ tsʰɚ⁵⁵ 193
1018 early tsu² tɕyi³³ tɕy²² tɕyi²² tɕyi²² tsyi²² tsu³³ tsu³³ tsu³³ tsu³³ 193
1019 遲;晩了 late mɛ² mɛ³³ men²² mᴇ²² mɛ²² me²² me³³ me³³ me³³ mɛ³³ 193
1020 尖;鋒利 sharp ji³ ji²¹ ʑi⁴² ȵi⁴³ ȵi⁴⁴ ji⁴² ji³¹ ji²¹ ji³¹ tɕiəɯ⁴² 193
1023 渾濁 muddy; turbid dzruŋ⁴ ʐv⁴² dzao²¹ tɕio²¹ tɕiu²¹ tɕiu²¹ tsṽ⁴² tso⁴² tsɯ⁴² tsʰv⁴² 193
1028 dry qaŋ¹ qɔŋ⁵⁵ qaŋ⁵⁵ qa²⁴ qo⁵⁵ qã⁵⁵ kɑ̃⁵⁵ kã³⁵ ka³⁵ kaŋ⁵⁵ 193
1031 () watery/thin (porridge) tsʰjæn¹ tɕʰiaŋ⁵⁵ tsʰan⁵⁵ tɕʰiæ²⁴ tɕʰian⁵⁵ tɕʰiɚ̃⁵⁵ tɕʰiɛ⁵⁵ tɕʰɚ̃⁵⁵ 193
1035 soft pʰæ¹ pʰa⁵⁵ pʰæ⁵⁵ pʰæ²⁴ pʰa⁵⁵ pʰa⁵⁵ pʰa⁵⁵ pʰɚ⁵⁵ pʰɛ⁵⁵ pʰɚ⁵⁵ 194
1045 correct; right hɔ¹ hɔ⁵⁵ ho¹² χo²⁴ xo⁵⁵ (kv⁴²) xou⁵⁵ xou³⁵ xo³⁵ xo⁵⁵ 194
1047 real tsreŋ¹ tʂɚ̃⁵⁵ tʂẽ¹² tsɿ²⁴ tsɛ⁵⁵ tʂɚ̃⁵⁵ tsan⁵⁵ tʂɚ̃³⁵ tsi³⁵ tsen⁵⁵ 194
1048 fraud tɕa³ tɕɔ²¹ (tɕia⁵⁵a⁴³tsi²⁴) tɕa⁴² (a⁴²tʂɚ̃⁵⁵) tɕiɑ³¹ tɕia³¹ tɕa³¹ tɕa²¹ 194
1050 new sʰjen¹ ɕien⁵⁵ ɕien⁵⁵ si²⁴ sɛ⁵⁵ sẽ⁵⁵ ɕien⁵⁵ ɕʰien⁵⁵ ɕi³⁵ ɕen⁵⁵ 194
1051 used, old gɯ̃³ geŋ²¹ gɯ⁴² gɯ⁴³ gɯ⁴² gɯ̃⁴² kɯ³¹ kəɯ²¹ 194
1052 good dræn¹ diaŋ³⁵ dzan¹² diæ²¹ xo⁵⁵ xo²² xu³³ xu³³ xu³³ xə³³ 194
1053 bad (things) que³(ᵃ) quɛ²¹ quɛ⁴² quᴇ⁴³ quɛ⁴² que⁴² kua⁴⁴ kue⁴² kuɛ⁴⁴ 194
1057 (植物) tender young (plant) njeŋ¹ᵇ jẽ³⁵ ȵe¹² ȵiə²¹ ȵi²¹ ȵi²¹ jẽ²¹ ʑẽ²¹ (tɕʰiɛ³³) ȵiəɯ²¹ 194
1062 hot nje⁴ jen⁴² ȵi²⁴ ȵi⁵⁵ ȵi⁴⁴ ȵi⁴⁴ jẽ⁴⁴ jen⁴⁴ ȵie⁴⁴ ȵiɛ⁴⁴ 194
1063 cold kɯ¹(thing); gæ¹(weather, feeling) kɯ⁵⁵ ga¹² kɯ²⁴ kɯ⁵⁵ kɯ⁵⁵ kɯ⁵⁵ (thing); kɑ²¹ (weather, feeling) kɯ³⁵ka²¹ kɯ³⁵ kɯ⁵⁵ 194
1064 () lukewarm ʔuen¹ uen⁵⁵ uen²² ʔuᴇ²⁴ ʔuɛ̃⁵⁵ uẽ²² ʔuen⁵⁵ uen³⁵ uɛ³⁵ (men³³tʰen³³) 194
1068 容易 easy ɣo⁴ (tsi⁵⁵o³³) u²¹ u²¹ u⁴² u⁴² ɣou⁴² ɣou⁴² ou⁴² 194
1069 fragrant (smell) ɕoŋ¹ ɕoŋ⁵⁵ ɕioŋ⁵⁵ ɕio²⁴ mɛ⁴⁴ ɕõ⁵⁵ ɕiõ⁵⁵ ɕoŋ³⁵ ɕou³⁵ ɕoŋ⁵⁵ 194
1070 stinking; smelly tʰru³ tʰv²¹ tsʰu⁴² (xæ²⁴)tʰiu⁴³ tɕʰu⁴² ʈʰv⁴² tsʰu³¹ tʂʰu³¹ tsʰu³¹ tsʰu²¹ 194
1072 sour sʰuaŋ¹ soŋ⁵⁵ suaŋ⁵⁵ ɕyᴇ²⁴ sua⁵⁵ tɕã⁵⁵ suɑ̃⁵⁵ sʰuaŋ⁵⁵ sua⁵⁵ suaŋ⁵⁵ 194
1074 bitter qʰu² qʰo³³ qʰu²² qʰu²² qʰu²² qʰu²² kʰu³³ kʰu³¹ kʰu³³ kʰəɯ³³ 194
1076 salty tsʰoŋ³ tsʰoŋ²¹ tsʰoŋ⁴² tsʰo⁴³ tsʰo⁴² kʰu⁴² tsʰõ³¹ tsʰoŋ⁴² tsʰou³¹ kʰəɯ³³ 194
1078 astringent; like unripe sri⁴ ʂi⁴² tsua²⁴ sɿ⁵⁵ (kʰui⁴²/tsʰi⁴²) ʂɚ⁵⁵ sa⁴⁴ ʂi⁴⁴ si⁵⁵ si⁴⁴ 195
1083 rich gɔ¹ gɔ³⁵ gao¹² ko²¹ ko²¹ ko²¹ ko⁴² ko²¹ ko²¹ 195
1089 dead sji² ɕi³³ ɕi²² si²² si²² ɕi²² ɕi³³ ɕi³³ ɕi³³ ɕi³³ 195
1094 loud mæ¹ᵇ ma³⁵ mæ¹² mæ²¹ (do⁴²) ma²¹ man²¹ mɚ²¹ mɚ̃²¹ 195
1124 陡峭 cliffy; precipitous pʰræ¹ tʂʰua⁵⁵ tʂʰuen⁵⁵ pʰiæ²⁴ tɕʰya⁵⁵ tɕʰya⁵⁵ pʰiɛ⁵⁵ pʰiɚ⁵⁵ pʰiɛ⁵⁵ [təɯ²¹] 195
1126 love; like gɔ¹ gɔ³⁵ gao¹² ko²¹ ko²¹ ko²¹ kou²¹ ku²¹ ko²¹ ko²¹ 195
1129 press (with palm of finger) ja⁴ jɔ⁴² ja²⁴ ja⁵⁵ o⁴⁴ (a⁵⁵) jo⁴⁴(/ɑ̃⁴⁴) ja⁴⁴ ja⁴⁴ ja⁴⁴ 195
1131 () pull up (weeds) bræ⁴ ʐo⁴² dʑua²¹ pia²¹ tɕia⁴⁴ tɕiõ⁵⁵ pio⁴²(/mɑ̃²¹) (ma²¹) (ma²¹) [tsʰɛ⁴²] 195
1132 () to rake (the fields) bæ¹ ba³⁵ bæ¹² pæ²¹ (to⁴²ɕyi²²) pɑ⁴⁴ pɚ²¹ pɛ²¹ pɚ²¹ 195
1141 bind; tie up bjo⁴ vɚ⁴² bvu²¹ fo²¹ u⁴² u²¹ fv⁴² fv⁴² v⁴² pʰəɯ⁴² 195
1148 have eaten one’s fill pɯ² pɯ³³ pu³³ pɯ²² pɯ²² pu²² pu³³ pu³³ pu³³ pəɯ³³ 195
1149 hug bɯ²/pɯ¹ bɯ³³ bu²² bɯ²² pɯ²² bu²² pu³³ pu³³ po⁵⁵ bɯ³³ 195
1151 carry (a child) one the back m-pa³ bo²¹ ba⁴² bo⁴³ bo⁴² bo⁴² mɑ̃³¹ pa³⁵ (nɛ²¹) pa²¹[/pi⁴⁴] 195
1151 carry (shoulder) bjo² vɚ³³ vɛ²² ve²² v³³ (jɚ³¹) (jɛ⁴²) 195
1155 () close (the mouth) me¹ᵃ mi⁵⁵ mi⁵⁵ mi²⁴ ȵyi⁵⁵ mi⁵⁵ me⁵⁵ me³⁵ me³⁵ mi⁵⁵ 195
1156 (辦子) to plait pren¹ tɕyen⁵⁵ tɕyen⁵⁵ tsuᴇ²⁴ tɕyi⁵⁵ tɕyẽ⁵⁵ pien⁵⁵ pi³⁵ pi³⁵ pien⁵⁵ 195
1158 變化 change prcn⁵ tɕyen²¹ tɕyen⁴² pᴇ⁴³ (ka⁴²)pɛ⁴² (ka⁴²)pe⁴² pien⁴² pien⁴² pi⁴² piɛ̃⁴² 195
1160 to be ill bæn³ baŋ²¹ ban⁴² bæ⁴³ (su⁴²) (sõ⁴²) pan³¹ pɚ̃³¹ pɛ²¹ pɚ̃²¹ 195
1161 (衣服) patch (clothing) pu² pɯ³³ pu²² pɯ²² pɯ²² pu²² pu³³ pu³³ tse³³ pəɯ³³ 196
1168 step on; tread da⁴ (uen²¹) da²¹ ta²¹(/tsʰuᴇ⁴³) ta⁴² ta⁴² tɑ⁴² ta⁴² ta⁴² tʰa⁴² 196
1169 (東西) hide dzoŋ¹ zoŋ³⁵ dzoŋ¹² tso²¹ tsu²¹ tsõ⁴² tsõ²¹ tsoŋ²¹ tsou²¹ tsoŋ²¹ 196
1171 (牌子) to poke; insert bɛ⁴ (tɕʰia⁴²) (tsʰa²⁴) (tɕio⁴³) pɛ⁴² pe⁴² pe⁴² (tɕʰiɚ⁴⁴) pe⁴² pʰɛ⁴² 196
1172 () transplant (rice seedling); insert pʰjen¹ fɚ⁵⁵ pfu⁵⁵ fᴇ²⁴ (xue⁵⁵) (tɕiõ⁴²) fv⁵⁵ fv⁵⁵ fv⁵⁵ pʰien⁵⁵ 196
1174 (衣服) unseam (clothing) tʰje⁴ tʰi⁴² tʰua²⁴ (lo⁴³) tʰo⁵⁵ ʈʰɚ⁵⁵ tʰe⁴⁴ tʰe³³ tʰe⁴⁴ tʰɛ⁴⁴ 196
1186 stir-fry, stir tʰru² tʰv³³ tɕyi²² tʰiu²² (ŋõ²¹) (õ²¹) tsʰu³³ tʂʰu³³ tsʰu³³ tsʰu³³ 196
1188 (糧食) weigh (food) tsʰuen¹ tɕien⁵⁵ tɕʰyen⁵⁵ tsʰuᴇ²⁴ tsʰuɛ⁵⁵bɛ²² tsʰuẽ⁵⁵ tɕʰyẽ⁵⁵ tɕʰyen⁵⁵ tɕʰiue⁵⁵ tsʰuen⁵⁵ 196
1194 () fill (a bowl with rice) qɯ¹ qɚ⁵⁵ qe⁵⁵ qɯ²⁴ qɯ⁵⁵ qɯ⁵⁵ kɯ⁵⁵ kɯ³⁵ kɯ³⁵ kə⁵⁵ 196
1198 eat jɯ⁴ ju⁴² ju²⁴ jɯ⁵⁵ ji⁴⁴ ji⁵⁵ jɯ⁴⁴ jɯ⁴⁴ jɯ⁴⁴ ji⁴⁴ 196
1212 穿() put on (the shoes) tro⁴ tju⁴² tsu²⁴ tju⁵⁵ tɕu⁴⁴ ʈo⁵⁵ tsou⁴⁴ tʂou³³ tsou⁴⁴ tso⁴⁴ 196
1218 (喇叭) blow (the trumpet) pʰɯ¹ pʰɯ⁵⁵ pu⁵⁵ pʰɯ²⁴ pʰɯ⁵⁵ pʰɯ⁵⁵ pʰɯ⁵⁵ pʰu⁵⁵ pʰəɯ⁵⁵ pʰəɯ⁵⁵ 196
1225 () twist (hemp fibers) tsʰo⁴ tsʰu⁴² tsʰu⁵⁵ tsʰo⁵⁵ tsʰo⁵⁵ tsʰou⁴⁴ tsʰou³³ tsʰo⁴⁴ tsʰo⁴⁴ 196
1234 打架 fight tæŋ⁴ tɔ⁴² taŋ²⁴ (sa²⁴tsa⁵⁵) (so⁵⁵qa²¹) (so⁵⁵qã⁴²) tan⁴⁴ tɚ̃⁴⁴ tɛ⁴⁴ tɚ̃⁴⁴ 196
1240 打賭 to bet tu² tv³³ (ta⁵⁵)tu²² (sa⁵⁵bo²⁴) (so⁵⁵pu⁵⁵) (so⁵⁵pu⁵⁵) (tsʰi⁵⁵pɔ⁵⁵) tu³³ [tɚ⁵⁵tv²¹] 196
1248 打雷 to thunder sky+cry xen⁵⁵ma³⁵ hen⁵⁵mæ¹² xᴇ²⁴mæ²¹ xɛ̃⁵⁵ma²¹ xẽ⁵⁵ma²¹ xen⁵⁵man²¹ xen⁵⁵mɚ²¹ xe⁵⁵mɛ²¹ xen⁵mɚ²¹ 196
1252 (帽子) wear (a hat) tjɯ⁵ tiɯ²¹ di²⁴ tə⁴³ tɯ⁴² tẽ⁴² tə̃⁴² tən⁴² tɯ⁴² tɯ⁴² 197
1254 (手鐲) wear (a bracelet) tro⁴ tiu⁴² tsu²⁴ tju⁵⁵ tɕu⁵⁵ ʈu⁵⁵ tsou⁴⁴ tʂou³³ tso⁴⁴ 197
1256 () to block (the wind) be² bi³³ bi²² (ta²²tsuᴇ²⁴) dʑyi²² dʑyẽ²² (tɑ̃³¹) (tã⁴²) (la⁵⁵) pɛ²² 197
1263 得到 get; acquire tɯ⁴ tɯ⁴² ti²⁴ tə⁵⁵ tɯ⁴⁴ tɯ⁵⁵ tə⁴⁴ tjɯ⁴⁴ tɯ⁴⁴ təɯ⁴⁴ 197
1264 等待 wait djɯ² diɯ³³ di²² dijɯ²² so⁵⁵tɕi²² ʈɯ²² tə³³ tɯ³³ tɯ³³ təɯ³³ 197
1265 地震 earthquake 'earth'+'wag' ʑi²¹ʐu²¹ dʑi²¹ju²⁴ da⁴³dʑi⁴³ju⁴³ do⁴²tɕi²¹ju⁴² da⁴²tɕi²¹u⁴² tɕi³¹ju³¹ tɕi²¹ju³¹ ti³¹ju³¹ 197
1269 燃燒 to burn ʂu¹(ᵃ) ɕy⁵⁵ ʂu⁵⁵ su⁵⁵ sv⁵⁵ 197
1269 燃燒 to burn nji²(ᵇ) jen³³ (xu²⁴) (fi²²pɛ²²) (fv⁵⁵ji⁵⁵) jĩ³³ ȵiɯ³³ 197
1274 () to drop dua⁴ (u⁴²?) tɕɛ²⁴ dua²¹ tua⁴² tua⁴² tuɑ⁴² (nɚ³¹) tua⁴² (dʑiaŋ²¹) 197
1287 read ʁɯ⁴ ɣɯ⁴² ʁe²¹ ʁɯ²¹ ɣɯ⁴² ɣɯ⁴² ɣə⁴² ɣɯ⁴² ɣɯ⁴² [tʰou⁴²] 197
1298 be hungry tɕɯ¹ tɕiɯ⁵⁵qʰɔ⁴² tɕi²²qʰa⁵⁵ tɕiɯ²⁴qʰa⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵qʰo⁴⁴ tɕʰi⁵⁵qʰa⁴⁴ (ŋõ⁴²) tɕi³⁵kʰa⁴⁴ (fu⁴⁴xua⁵⁵) tɕi⁵⁵kʰa⁴⁴ 197
1318 fly pje¹ fɚ⁵⁵ pfu⁵⁵ fᴇ²⁴ xuɛ⁵⁵ fi⁵⁵ fv⁵⁵ fv⁵⁵ fṽ³⁵ pi⁵⁵ 197
1319 (東西) divide; share (things) pjen¹ fɚ⁵⁵ pfũ⁵⁵ fᴇ²⁴ xuɛ⁵⁵ so⁵⁵fi⁵⁵ fṽ⁵⁵ fṽ³⁵ fṽ³⁵ pien⁵⁵ 197
1332 () pull (a quilt) over oneself tʰa⁴ tʰɔ⁴² tʰa²⁴ tʰua⁵⁵ tʰo⁵⁵ tʰa⁵⁵ tʰɑ⁴⁴ tʰa⁴⁴ tʰa⁵⁵ (pɛ⁴²) 197
1339 () cut (meat) sʰræ⁴ ɕa⁴² sæ²⁴ ɕiæ⁵⁵ ɕa⁴⁴ ɕa⁵⁵qa²¹ sa⁴⁴ ʂʰɚ⁴⁴ sɛ⁴⁴ sɚ⁴⁴ 197
1343 () be on the other side of (a river) qæ⁴ qa⁴² qæ²⁴ qæ⁵⁵ qa⁴² qa⁵⁵ ka⁴⁴ kɚ⁴⁴ kɛ⁵⁵ kɚ⁴⁴ 197
1345 give zɯ³ zi²¹ zi⁴² tsɿ⁴³ zi⁴² zi⁴² si³¹ zi²¹ zɯ⁴² zəɯ²¹ 197
1347 plough; till tso⁴ tsu⁴² tsu²⁴ tsu⁵⁵ tso⁵⁵ tsou⁴⁴ tsou³³ tso⁴⁴ 197
1348 to hook qɯ¹ qɚ⁵⁵ qɯ²⁴ qɯ⁵⁵ qɯ⁵⁵ kɯ⁵⁵ kɯ³⁵ [kɯ⁵⁵] kʰv⁵⁵ 197
1357 () to pen in (sheep) noŋ⁵ noŋ²¹ noŋ⁴² no⁴³ nõ⁴² noŋ⁴² nṽ⁴² u³³ no⁴² (kəɯ²¹) 197
1360 kneel groŋ³ ʐɚ̃²¹ tʂi⁴² dzɿ⁴³ (tsɛ⁴⁴kʰo⁴⁴tsu²¹ko⁵⁵) tɕi²¹ kv³¹ ko²¹ kv³¹ tɕu²¹ 198
1370 drink ɣɯ²/ɯ̃² ɯ̃³³ (oŋ²²) ɯ²² ɯ̃²² ɯ̃²² ə̃³³ ə̃³³ ɯ³³ oŋ³³ 198
1383 to change mɯ² mɯ³³ sa⁵⁵mu²² mɯ²² mɯ²² mɯ²² xuan⁴⁴ mɯ³³ məɯ³³ 198
1384 揮動 wave; wield sreŋ¹ ʂɚ̃⁵⁵ ʂi⁵⁵ sɿ²⁴ sɛ⁵⁵ ʂɚ⁵⁵ san⁵⁵ ju³³ 198
1385 return ja⁴ jɔ⁴² ja⁵⁵ ja⁵⁵ jo⁴⁴ ja⁵⁵ jɑ⁴⁴ ja⁴⁴ (jo³¹) (xɚ³¹tiã⁵⁵) 198
1405 () squeeze (for milk) tsuɛ⁴ tsue⁴² tsuɛ²⁴ tsuᴇ⁵⁵ (nɛ⁵⁵) (le⁵⁵) tsui⁴⁴ [tɕi⁴⁴] tsue⁴⁴ [tɕi³¹] 198
1412 (腰帶) pick up (food with chopstick) qʰoŋ¹ kʰo⁵⁵ qʰao⁵⁵ kʰo²⁴ (tɕʰi⁵⁵) (ʈʰɯ⁵⁵) kʰõ⁵⁵ kʰoŋ⁵⁵ (tsʰɯ⁵⁵) kʰo⁵⁵ 198
1413 () pick up (food with chopstick) ɢæ⁴ ʁa⁴² ɢæ²¹ qæ²¹ qa⁴² qa⁵⁵ ka⁴² kɚ⁴² kɛ⁴² kʰɚ⁴² 198
1414 pick up dzri⁴ ʐɚ⁴² dʐi²¹ tsɿ²¹ tsɛ⁴² tʂɚ⁴² tsa⁴² tʂi⁴² tsi⁴² tsʰi⁴² 198
1416 scissor ɢæ⁴ ʁa⁴² ɢæ²¹ qæ²¹ qa⁴² qa⁵⁵ ka⁴² kɚ⁴² kɛ⁴² tsʰɛ⁴² 198
1419 交換 exchange mɯ² mɯ³³ mu²² mɯ²² mɯ³³ 198
1422 () to water/ sprinkle/irrigate ɔ⁴ o⁴² (læ²⁴) u⁵⁵ o⁵⁵(/xuɛ⁵⁵) u⁵⁵ ou⁴⁴ ou⁴⁴ ou⁴⁴ o⁴⁴ 198
1425 teach qaŋ¹ qɔŋ⁵⁵ qaŋ⁵⁵ qa²⁴ qo⁵⁵ qã⁵⁵ kɑ̃⁵⁵ kã³⁵ ka³⁵ kaŋ⁵⁵ 198
1432 () to bark bræ⁴ ʐo⁴² dʑua²¹ pia²¹ tɕya²¹ tɕua⁵³ pio⁴² pia⁴² pia⁴² pʰia⁴² 198
1438 (蓋子) lift (the lid) la¹ᵃ lɔ⁵⁵ lao¹² lo²⁴ lo⁵⁵ lo⁵⁵ lɑ⁵⁵ la³⁵ (kʰə⁵⁵) 198
1442 () to borrow (money) tʰɯ̃⁴ tʰɯ⁴² tʰæ²⁴ tʰɯ⁵⁵ [tɕia⁴⁴] tʰɯ̃⁵⁵ [tɕia⁴⁴] [tɕiɚ⁴⁴] [tɕiɛ⁵⁵] tʰɯ⁴⁴ 198
1443 (工具) to borrow (tools) tɕæ¹ (tʰɯ⁴²) tsæ²⁴ tɕæ⁵⁵ tɕia⁴⁴ tɕia⁴⁴ tɕia⁴⁴ tɕiɚ⁴⁴ tɕiɛ⁵⁵ tɕɚ⁴⁴ 198
1444 浸泡 soak; steep dzi¹ zi³⁵ dzi¹² tsi²¹ (ȵya⁵⁵) (ȵiua⁵⁵) (pʰɑ⁴⁴) tsi²¹ si²¹(ɣɚ⁴⁴) 198
1452 居住 live; reside ko⁵ kv²¹ kao⁴² ku⁴³ kv⁴² kv⁴² kv⁴² ko⁴² kv⁴² kv⁴² 199
1454 to saw pjo⁵ fv²¹ (ɕa⁴⁴)fv⁴² (ɕa⁴⁴)fv⁴² (ʂʰɚ⁴⁴) fv⁴² fv⁴² 199
1461 () open qʰɯ̃¹ qʰɚ̃⁵⁵ qʰe⁵⁵ qʰɯ²⁴ qʰɯ⁵⁵ qʰɯ̃⁵⁵ kʰɯ⁵⁵ kʰɯ⁵⁵ kʰɯ⁵⁵ kʰə⁵⁵ 199
1462 () (water) be boiling hua⁴ huɔ⁴² xua²⁴ χua⁵⁵ xua⁴⁴ xua⁵⁵ xuɑ⁴⁴ xua⁴⁴ xua⁴⁴ 199
1474 () roast in fire goŋ³ gv²¹ go⁴³ kõ³¹ koŋ⁴² kʰoᵘ³¹ kõ²¹ 199
1477 咳嗽 to cough qʰɔ¹ qʰɔ⁵⁵ qʰao⁵⁵ qʰo²⁴ (pa²¹kv⁴²) (pa²¹kv⁴²) kʰou⁵⁵ kʰou⁵⁵ kʰo⁵⁵ kʰə⁵⁵ 199
1478 be thirsty qʰa⁴ qʰɔ⁴² qʰa²⁴ qʰa⁵⁵ qʰo⁴⁴ qʰa⁵⁵ kʰɑ⁴⁴ kʰa⁴⁴ kʰa⁴⁴ kʰɐ⁴⁴ 199
1485 cry qʰɔ⁴ qʰo⁴² qʰu²⁴ qʰu⁵⁵ qʰu⁴⁴ qʰo⁵⁵ kʰou⁴⁴ mɚ³¹ kʰo⁴⁴ kʰo⁴⁴ 199
1487 pull; tug dʑi² ʑi³³ dʑi²² dʑi²² (kʰɛ²²/tɕʰio⁵⁵) tɕi³³ tɕi³³ tɕi³³ (kʰen⁵⁵) 199
1489 peppery tsʰjen¹ tɕʰien⁵⁵ tsʰɛ⁵⁵ tsẽ⁵⁵ tɕʰien⁵⁵ tɕʰien⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ 199
1493 老的 old ku² kv³³ ku²² ku²² kv²² kv²² ku³³ ku³³ ku³³ kv³³ 199
1502 流水 (water flow) gɯ¹ gɯ³⁵ gɯ¹² kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kəɯ²¹ 199
1506 () to leak ɣɯ³ ɣɯ²¹ ɣɯ⁴² ɯ⁴³ ɯ²¹ ɣɯ²¹ ɣə³¹ ɣɯ³¹ ɣɯ³¹ ɣɯ²¹ 199
1513 麻木 be numb bri² (de³³) (dʑyen¹²)ʂi²² (qui²¹) tɕyi²¹ tɕyẽ²¹ piə²¹ pi²¹ pi²¹ pi²¹ 199
1516 buy mæ⁵ ma²¹ mæ⁴² mæ⁴³ ma⁴² ma⁴² ma⁴² mɚ⁴² mɛ⁴² mɚ²¹ 199
1517 sell ɢɯ¹ ʁɚ³⁵ ɢe¹² qɯ²¹ qɯ²¹ qɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kəɯ²¹ 199
1521 () (birds) cry/chirp mæ¹ᵇ ma³⁵ mæ¹² mæ²¹ man²¹ mɚ²¹ mɚ̃²¹ 199
1523 抿著() close (the mouth) lightly me¹ᵃ mi⁵⁵ mi⁵⁵ mi²⁴ me⁵⁵ me³⁵ mi⁵⁵ 199
1525 stroke; touch mɔ⁴ mɔ⁴² moŋ²⁴ mɯ⁵⁵ mu⁵⁵ mo⁵⁵ mõ⁴⁴ mõ⁴⁴ mou⁵⁵ mo⁴⁴ 199
1526 () whet (a knife) mɔ¹ᵇ mɔ³⁵ ma¹² mo²¹ mu²¹ mo²¹ mõ²¹ mau²¹ mo²¹ mo²¹ 199
1527 () grind (flour) tʰre⁴ tʰi⁴² tʰi²⁴ (uᴇ⁴³uᴇ⁴³) (ji⁴²) (ji⁴²) tsʰe⁴⁴ tʂʰe⁴⁴ (ue⁴²) (ɣəɯ²¹) 199
1533 (毛巾) twist (a tower) tsuɛ⁴ (ji⁴²) (ji²¹) tsuᴇ⁵⁵(/ji²¹) (ji⁴²) (ji⁴²) tsui⁴⁴ (ji³¹) tsue⁴⁴ tsuɛ⁴⁴ 199
1535 嘔吐 vomit/throw up kʰuɛ² kʰuɛ³³ qʰuɛ²² qʰuᴇ²² (tɕʰa⁴⁴) (tɕʰa⁴⁴) (tɕʰia⁴⁴) (tã⁴²) kʰui⁴⁴ kʰui³³ 200
1536 () (people) crawl mæ⁴ ma⁴² mæ²⁴ mæ⁵⁵ ma⁴⁴ ma⁵⁵ ma⁴⁴ mɚ⁴⁴ mɛ⁴⁴ mɚ⁴⁴ 200
1546 賠償 compensate bæ¹ ba³⁵ bæ¹² pæ²¹ pa²¹ pɚ²¹ pʰe⁴² (tã⁴²) 200
1552 () chop (firewood) pʰɔ³ pʰɔ²¹ pʰa⁴² pʰo⁴³ pʰo⁴² pʰo⁴² pʰou³¹ pʰou³¹ pʰo⁴² (tʰu⁵⁵) 200
1553 漂浮 float bɯ¹ bɯ³⁵ bu¹² bɯ²¹ pɯ²¹ pɯ²¹ pɯ²¹ pu²¹ pɯ²¹ pəɯ²¹ 200
1561 cut/rip open pʰæ⁴ pʰa⁴² pʰæ²⁴ pʰæ⁵⁵ tɕyi²¹tʰo⁵⁵ ɕa⁵⁵pʰo⁴² pʰa⁴⁴ pʰou³³ pʰɛ⁵⁵ pʰɚ⁴⁴ 200
1562 pave; lay kʰuŋ¹ pʰɯ⁵⁵ kʰoŋ⁵⁵ kʰo²⁴ kʰu⁵⁵ kʰõ⁵⁵ pʰu³³ kʰou⁵⁵ kʰoŋ⁵⁵ 200
1566 ride gɯ¹ gɯ³⁵ gɯ¹² kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kɯ²² kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ kɯ²¹ (ua²¹) 200
1568 () pull/lead (a cow) along qʰen¹ qʰan⁵⁵ qʰen⁵⁵ qʰᴇ²⁴ qʰɛ⁵⁵ qʰe⁵⁵ kʰẽ⁵⁵ kʰen⁵⁵ kʰe⁵⁵ kʰen⁵⁵ 200
1569 () to owe (money) bjɛ² vɚ³³ bvu²² vᴇ²² vɛ²² (tɕĩ²¹) v³³ võ³³ (ɕiou³³) pi³³ 200
1574 () cut up (vegetable) tsʰuaŋ² tsʰoŋ³³ tsʰuaŋ²² tɕʰyᴇ²² (ɕa⁴⁴) (ɕu⁴⁴) tsʰuɑ̃³³ tsʰuã³³ tsʰua³³ tsʰuen³³ 200
1580 痊癒() fully recover (from an illness) χɯ̃² xẽ³³ χen²² χɯ²² xə̃³³ xu³³(xa⁵⁵) xɯ³³ xə³³ 200
1587 () heat up (cold rice) ʔuen¹ uen⁵⁵ uen²² ʔuᴇ²⁴ ʔuɛ̃⁵⁵ uẽ⁵⁵ ʔuen⁵⁵ wen³⁵ uɛ³⁵ ŋuɛ⁵⁵ 200
1596 (尿) piss; pee srɯ² ʂi⁵⁵ ʂi²² ɕɯ²² sɛ²² ʂɚ²² si³³ ɕɚ̃⁵⁵ 200
1597 () scatter (seeds) sa⁴ sɔ⁴² sa²⁴ sa⁵⁵ so⁴² sa⁵⁵ sɑ⁴⁴ sa⁴⁴ (tɕɛ⁴²) sɐ²¹ 200
1601 seep tʰro⁴ tʰiu⁴² tsʰu²⁴ tʰiu⁵⁵ tɕʰio⁴⁴ ʈʰo⁵⁵ tsʰou⁴⁴ tʂʰou⁴⁴ [so³³] [səɯ³³] 200
1602 kill ɕʰa⁴ ɕiɔ⁴² (χa²⁴) xa⁵⁵ ɕio⁴⁴ ɕia⁵⁵ ɕiɑ⁴⁴ ɕʰia⁴⁴ ɕia⁴⁴ ɕa⁴⁴ 200
1604 (衣服) dry (clothes) in the sun hɔ³ hɔ²¹ ha⁴² xo⁴³ xo⁴² xo⁴² xou³¹ xou³¹ ho³¹ xo²¹ 200
1611 () shoot (an arrow) droŋ⁴ diu⁴² dzu²¹ tiu²¹ tɕiu⁴² ʈo⁴² tsõ⁴² tʂoŋ⁴² tsou⁴² tʰɚ⁴⁴ 200
1613 stretch out (the arm) tsʰren² tʂʰɚ̃³³ tʂʰɚ̃²² tsʰɿ²² tsʰɛ²² tɕʰɚ̃²² tʰa⁵⁵ tsʰen³³ 200
1634 to comb sro⁵ ʂv²¹ ɕiu⁴² ɕiu⁴² sṽ³¹ ʂo⁴² sv³¹ [su³¹] 201
1635 lose (a game) tsʰreŋ¹ tʂʰɚ̃⁵⁵[/ʂv⁵⁵] tʂʰi²² tsʰɿ²⁴ (a⁴²ɣo²¹) tʂɚ⁵⁵ tsʰi⁵⁵ [ʂo³⁵] tsʰi⁵⁵ [ɕy⁵⁵] 201
1638 (果子) (fruit) be ripe dzro⁴ ʐv⁴² dzao²¹ tɕio²¹ tɕiu²¹ tɕio²¹ (tsṽ⁴²tʰə³¹) (tʰiɯ⁴²xa⁵⁵) tsʰu⁴² 201
1643 fling; toss sreŋ¹ ʂɚ̃⁵⁵ ʂi⁵⁵ sɿ²⁴ sɛ⁵⁵ ʂɚ⁵⁵ san⁵⁵ (ju³³) [suɛ⁴²] 201
1645 () tie (a cow) to bjo⁴ vɚ⁴² bvw²¹ fo²¹ u²¹ u²¹ pɛ²¹ pʰɯ⁴² 201
1648 suck tsji⁴ tɕi⁴² tɕi¹² tsi⁵⁵ tɕi⁴⁴ tɕi⁴⁴ tɕi⁵⁵ tɕi⁴⁴ 201
1649 say sua⁴ sua⁴² (tso⁴²) suɑ⁴⁴ sua⁴⁴ sua⁴⁴ 201
1650 tear up, rip pʰe¹ (tʰi⁴²pʰo⁵⁵) (tɕien⁵⁵) pʰi²⁴ tɕʰyi⁵⁵ tɕʰyi⁵⁵ pʰe⁵⁵ pʰe⁵⁵ pʰɛ⁵⁵ 201
1651 die sji² ɕi³³ ɕi³³ ɕi³³ si²² ɕi²² ɕi³³ ɕi³³ ɕi³³ ɕi³³ 201
1656 () lock (the door) sɔ² sɔ³³ su²² so²² so²² so²² tsou⁴² su³³ so³³ tsʰo⁵⁵ 201
1663 逃跑 escape; run away mɯ¹ᵇ mɯ³⁵ moŋ¹² mɯ²¹ mɯ²¹ mu²¹ mõ²¹ mə̃²¹ mo²¹ (liɐ⁵⁵lɛ⁵⁵) 201
1666 (頭痛) (head) ache suŋ³ svŋ²¹ saŋ⁴² (tsa⁵⁵) (tso⁵⁵) (tsa⁵⁵) sṽ³¹ sõ³¹ (si³¹) soŋ²¹ 201
1668 () shave (the head) dʑæn³ ʐaŋ²¹ dzan⁴² dzᴇ⁴³ (ɕia⁴⁴) (ɕiu⁴⁴) tɕian³¹ tɕiɚ̃²¹ tɕiɛ³¹ tɕiɚ̃²¹ 201
1674 lick, lap dzri² ʐi³³ dʐi²² dzɿ²² tsɛ²² ʐɚ̃²² tsi³³ tʂi³³ tsi³³ dzi³³ 201
1681 listen tɕʰæn¹ tɕʰiaŋ⁵⁵ tɕʰian⁵⁵ tɕʰiæ²⁴ tɕʰia⁵⁵ tɕʰiã⁵⁵ tɕʰian⁵⁵ tɕʰiɚ̃⁵⁵ tɕʰiɛ⁵⁵ tɕʰɚ̃⁵⁵ 201
1688 () spit tsʰri¹ tɕʰi⁴²(/fɚ⁵⁵tʰɔ²¹) (pfu¹²tʰua⁴²) (fᴇ²⁴tʰo⁴³) (fɛ⁵⁵tʰo⁴²) (fe⁵⁵) tsʰi⁵⁵(tsʰi⁵⁵tʰou³¹) tʂʰi⁵⁵ tsi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ 201
1707 () to smell tʰru¹ tʰv⁵⁵ tʂʰy⁵⁵ tʰiu²⁴ xã⁵⁵ ʈʰu⁵⁵ tsʰu⁵⁵ tʂʰu⁵⁵ tsʰv⁵⁵ tsʰu⁵⁵ 201
1708 ask; question præ⁴ tʂua⁴² tɕuɛ²⁴ piæ⁵⁵ tɕya⁴⁴ tɕua⁵⁵ pia⁴⁴ piɚ⁴⁴ piɛ⁴⁴ piɚ⁴⁴ 201
1715 be blind tæ¹ ta⁵⁵ ten⁵⁵ tæ²⁴ ta⁵⁵ tã⁵⁵ tan⁵⁵ [ɕa¹³] tɛ³⁵ tɚ⁵⁵ 201
1718 () lay (eggs) sen⁵ sen²¹ sen⁴² sᴇ⁴³ sɛ⁴² sẽ⁴² sen⁴² ɕien⁴² se⁴² sen⁴² 202
1719 () (rain) fall ɣu⁴ (ʐi³³)uo⁴² (ʐi²²)w²¹ u²¹ u⁴² u⁴² ɣou⁴² ɣou⁴² ou⁴²(vu³³ɕi⁴⁴) ɣo⁴² 202
1726 think mi² mi³³ mi²²(/suɛ⁴²) mi²² mi³³ mi³³ mi³³ [ɕaŋ²¹] 202
1733 pare/peel with a knife ɕʰo⁴ ɕu⁴² (bi¹²) ɕo⁵⁵ ɕu⁴⁴ (la⁵⁵) ɕou⁴⁴ ɕʰou⁴⁴ (pe²¹) [ɕo⁵⁵] 202
1735 laugh sʰɔ³ sɔ²¹ su⁴² su⁴³ sy⁴² su⁴² sou³¹ (ɕʰi³¹) so³¹ səɯ²¹ 202
1745 press; push down ja⁴ jɔ⁴² ja²⁴ ja⁵⁵ a⁴⁴ a⁵⁵ jɑ⁴⁴ ja⁴⁴ ja⁴⁴ ja⁴⁴ 202
1746 () mjæn¹ juang⁵⁵ ȵyɛ⁵⁵ mia²⁴ ȵia⁴⁴ ȵio⁵⁵ mian⁵⁵ mier³⁵ 202
1749 to itch/tickle njoŋ² jvŋ³³ joŋ²² ȵio²² ȵiõ²² ȵiõ²² jõ³³ joŋ³³ jou⁴⁴ joŋ³³ 202
1754 () scoop up (water); ladle out qɯ¹ qɚ⁵⁵ qe⁵⁵ qɯ²⁴ qɯ⁵⁵ kɯ⁵⁵ kɯ³⁵ kɯ³⁵ kə⁵⁵ 202
1755 want; need njoŋ⁴ jvŋ⁴² (tsao²¹) (tsa²¹) (tso⁴²) ȵu⁴² jõ⁴⁴ joŋ⁴⁴ ȵiou⁴⁴ ȵioŋ⁵⁵ 202
1764 () have (you) dʑɯ² jɯ³³ dzi²² dʑɯ²² dʑi²² dʑi²² tsi³³ tsɯ³³ tsɯ³³ dzəɯ³³ 202
1793 (馬蜂) (wasps) sting tʰro⁴ tʰiu⁴² ŋaŋ²⁴ tʰiu⁵⁵ tɕʰio⁴⁴ ʈʰo⁵⁵ tsʰou⁴⁴ tʂʰou⁴⁴ ŋa⁴⁴ tsʰo⁴⁴ 202
1797 steam drɯ̃¹ di⁵⁵ dzẽ¹² diɯ²⁴ tɕi⁵⁵ ʈɯ̃⁵⁵ tsə̃⁵⁵ tʂẽ³⁵ tsɯ³⁵ [tsen⁵⁵] 202
1799 weave; knit trɯ⁴ tjɯ⁴² tʂi²⁴ tiɯ⁵⁵ tɕi⁴⁴ ʈɯ⁵⁵ tsi⁵⁵ tʂɚ²¹ tsɯ⁴⁴ tsəɯ⁴⁴ 202
1802 swell tsʰreŋ¹ tʂʰɚ̃⁵⁵ tʂʰẽ⁵⁵ tsʰɿ²⁴ tsʰɛ⁵⁵ tʂʰɚ⁵⁵ tsʰan⁵⁵ tʂʰɚ̃⁵⁵ tsʰi⁵⁵ tsʰen⁵⁵ 202
1803 use or lean on (a walking stick) trɯ² tiɯ³³ nɛ¹² tiɯ²² pa²¹ ʈɯ²² tsɯ³³ tsɯ³³ tsəɯ³³ 202
1804 cook; boil tsrɔ² tʂv³³ tsao²² tɕu²² tɕu²² tɕu²² tsv⁵⁵ tʂo³³ tsv³³ tsv³³ 202
1806 () turn around dʐuen⁵? ʐyen²¹ zyen⁴² tɕyᴇ⁴³ zyɛ⁴² zye⁴² tsuen⁴² tʂuen⁴² tsue⁴² tsuan⁴² 202
1813 catch; capture kæ⁴ (tɕia⁴²) kæ²⁴ kæ⁵⁵ ka⁴⁴ ka⁵⁵ ka⁴⁴ kɚ⁴⁴ kɛ⁴⁴ kɚ⁴⁴ 202
1819 sit ko⁵ kv²¹ kao⁴² ku⁴³ kv⁴² kv⁴² kv⁴² ko⁴² kv⁴² kv⁴² 203
1823 泥鰍 ʔo⁴ ao²⁴ ʔo⁵⁵ (ŋu⁵⁵tsi²²) ʔv⁴⁴ o⁵⁵ v⁵⁵ (tɕa²¹oŋ⁵⁵) 203
1829 leg qʰuæ³qɔ⁴ qʰua²¹ qʰuæ⁴² qʰuæ⁴³ qʰua⁴² ko⁴⁴ ['foot'] kou⁴⁴ kou⁴⁴ ko⁴⁴ kʰuɚ²¹/ko⁴⁴ 203
1852 樹皮 bark tree+skin djɯ²¹bi³⁵ dʐi¹²bi²¹ tree+skin tree+skin tree+skin tsɯ³¹pe²¹ tʂɯ²¹pe²¹ tsɯ³¹pe²¹ ɕen⁵⁵pe²¹ 203
1858 甄子 jar ŋuen¹ᵇ uen¹² ŋui²¹ ŋuɛ²¹ uẽ²¹ ue²¹ a⁵⁵ji²¹ven²¹ 203
1863 price qæ⁵ qa²¹ qæ⁴² qæ⁴³ qa⁴² qa⁴² ka⁴² kɚ⁴² kɛ⁴² kɚ⁴² 203
2073 牛虱 pe¹ (ŋɯ²¹ɕi²⁴) pi²⁴ (ŋɯ²¹ɕi⁴⁴) (ɯ̃²¹ɕi⁴⁴) pe³⁵ pɛ⁵⁵ 203
2075 酒糟 pʰa¹ pʰa²⁴ pʰa⁵⁵ pʰa⁴⁴ (tsõ²²qʰo²²) pʰa⁵⁵ pʰɐ⁵⁵ 203
2086 bamboo piece mi¹ᵇ mi¹² mi²¹ ȵyi²¹ (tɕiu⁴⁴pʰe⁴²) mi²¹ (tsu⁴⁴xo⁵⁵) 203
2105 paint tsʰji⁴ tɕʰi²⁴ tsʰi⁵⁵ tsʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁴⁴ 203
2109 嗦子 stomach tsʰu³ tsʰu⁴² tsʰu⁴³ tsʰu⁴² tsʰu⁴² (v⁴²) tsʰu²¹ 203
2118 蕨菜 kua⁴ kua¹² kua⁵⁵ (kui⁵⁵li⁴⁵qɯ²²) kua⁵⁵ kua⁵⁵ kua⁴⁴ 203
2121 () qʰu¹ qʰu⁵⁵ qʰu²⁴ qʰu²⁴ qʰu⁵⁵(/lu²¹) kʰu⁵⁵ kʰo⁵⁵ 203
2124 語言 (xx language) ŋo³ ŋo⁴² ŋo⁴³ oŋ²¹ 203
291 cat hɔ⁴²lɔ³⁵ xua⁵⁵lao²¹ xuæ⁵⁵lo²¹ xua⁵⁵lo²¹ xua⁵⁵lo²¹ ɑ̃⁵⁵ni⁵⁵ aŋ³⁵ni⁵⁵ a⁵⁵mi⁵⁵ a⁵⁵ni⁵⁵ 204
582 梯子 ladder qɛ⁵⁵gv³⁵ qɛ⁵⁵ku¹²ʂi²² tso²⁴ku²¹ qɛ⁵⁵ku²¹ kv²¹ tse²¹tʰi⁵⁵kɑ̃⁵⁵ tʂi²¹tʰe⁵⁵ lɯ²¹tsi³³tʰe⁵⁵ tɕi²¹tʰɛ⁵⁵ 204
1052 good diaŋ³⁵ dzan¹² diæ²¹ xo⁵⁵ xo²² xu³³ xu³³ [tɕʰou⁵⁵] xə³³ 204
1073 sweet ɕioŋ⁵⁵ ɕioŋ⁵⁵ ɕio²⁴ ɕiu⁵⁵ ɕiõ⁵⁵ kɑ̃⁵⁵ŋv³³ kã³⁵ṽ³³ ka³⁵mi⁴⁴ kaŋ⁵⁵ 204
1131 () pull up (weeds) ʐo⁴² dʑiua²¹ pia²¹ tɕia⁴⁴ tɕiõ⁵⁵ pio⁴²/mɑ̃²¹ ma²¹ ma²¹ tsʰɛ⁴²/(tsʰɛ⁴⁴) 204
1139 move (a stool) qʰɛ⁴² qʰɛ²⁴ qʰᴇ⁵⁵ qʰɛ⁵⁵ pie²¹ piã⁴² pẽ³⁵ pa²¹ tʰoŋ²¹ 204
1150 dig ba³⁵ bæ¹² pæ²¹ pa²¹ pã²¹ tʰui⁵⁵ tʰue⁵⁵ tʰue⁵⁵ tʰui⁵⁵ 204
1239 () gather (firewood) hjɔ³³ɕien⁵⁵ xjao²²ɕien⁵⁵ xo²²si²⁴ xo²²sɛ⁵⁵ xo²²sẽ⁵⁵ tsou⁴⁴ɕien⁵⁵ tsou⁴⁴ɕi³⁵ tʰv⁵⁵ɕen⁵⁵ 204
1424 chew ŋaŋ⁴² ŋɐ²⁴ ɴa⁵⁵ ŋo⁴⁴ ŋa⁴⁴ tsou⁴² tsou⁴² tsou⁴² tsʰo⁴² 204
1599 散開 (鞋帶散開了) (shoelace) come loose lɔ²¹ la⁴² lo⁴³ lo⁴² lo⁴² sõ⁵⁵ wei³³ sa⁴² pʰiɚ⁴⁴ 204
1627 try; attempt zɔ³⁵ zao²¹ zo²¹ zo²¹ tso²¹ si³³ ʂi³¹ si³¹ [si⁴²] 204
1688 () spit fɚ̃⁵⁵(tʰɔ²¹)/tɕʰi⁴²(tʰɔ²¹) pfu¹²(tʰua⁴²) fᴇ²⁴(tʰo⁴³) fɛ⁵⁵(tʰo⁴²) fe⁵⁵ tsʰi⁵⁵(tsʰi⁵⁵tʰou³¹) tʂʰi⁵⁵ tsi⁵⁵ tɕʰi⁵⁵ 204
1713 () wash clothes ɕɯ³³ ɕi²²; tsuɛ²⁴ ɕiɯ²² ɕyi²² ɕyi²² se³³ se³³ se³³ se³³ 204

References[edit]

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  • Wu Yunji, Shen Ruiqing [伍云姬、沈瑞清]. 2010. An Investigative Report of Waxianghua of Guzhang County, Xiangxi Prefecture [湘西古丈瓦乡话调查报告]. Shanghai Educational Press [上海教育出版社].
  • Yang Wei [杨蔚]. 1999. A study of Yuanling Waxianghua [沅陵乡话研究]. Changsha: Hunan Educational Press [湖南敎育出版社].
  • Wang Feng. 2006. Comparison of languages in contact: the distillation method and the case of Bai. Language and Linguistics Monograph Series B: Frontiers in Linguistics III. Taipei: Institute of Linguistics, Academia Sinica. ISBN 986-00-5228-X.
Swadesh lists
Individual languages

Afrikaans – Albanian – tib Amharic – Antillean Creole – Arabic: Standard ArabicEgyptian ArabicMoroccan ArabicPalestinian ArabicTunisian ArabicCypriot Arabic – Armenian – Aromanian – Assamese – Bangala – Bashkir – Basque – Belarusian – Bengali – Breton – Bukitan – Bulgarian – Burmese – Burushaski – Catalan – Chechen – Chinese: CantoneseGanMandarinMin Nan (Amoy)Min DongSichuaneseOld Chinese – Czech – Dalmatian – Danish – Dutch – Egyptian – English: OldMiddle – Esperanto – Estonian – Fiji Hindi – Fijian – Finnish – FrenchOld French – Frisian (West) – Friulian – Galician – Georgian – German – Greek: Modern GreekAncient Greek – Guaraní – Gujarati – Haida – Haitian Creole – Hausa – Hawaiian – Hebrew – Hindi – Hittite – Hmong (White) – Hungarian – Hunsrik – Icelandic – Ido – Ilocano – Indonesian – Interlingue – Irish – Italian – Japanese – Kashubian – Khmer – Konkani – Korean – Kurdish – LatinVulgar Latin – Latvian – Lingala – Lingua Franca Nova – Lingwa de Planeta – Lithuanian – Lojban – Luwian – Macedonian – Malagasy – Malay – Maltese – Marathi – Mauritian Creole – Megleno-Romanian – Mongolian – Neapolitan – Nepali – Ojibwe – Ossetian – Pali – Papiamento – Polish – PortugueseOld Portuguese – Punjabi – Purepecha – Quechua – Romani – Romanian – Russian – Sanskrit – Scottish Gaelic – Serbo-Croatian – Sicilian – Sinhalese – Slovak – Slovene – Somali – Spanish – Sranan – Sundanese – Swahili – Swedish – Tagalog – Tahitian – Tajik – Temiar – Thai – Tocharian B – Tok Pisin – Turkish – Tuvaluan – Ukrainian – Vietnamese – Walloon – Welsh – Zazaki – Zulu

Reconstructed languages

Proto-Balto-Slavic – Proto-Indo-European – Proto-Indo-Iranian – Proto-Slavic

Language families, family branches, and geographic groupings

Afro-Asiatic – Algonquian – Altaic – Austro-Asiatic – Australian – Austronesian – Baltic – Bantu – Celtic – Dené–Yeniseian – Dravidian – Finnic – Formosan – Frisian – Germanic – Hmong-Mien – Hokan – Kho-Bwa – Indo-Aryan – Indo-Iranian – Italian – Mayan – Muskogean – Niger–Congo – Oto-Manguean – Paleosiberian – Penutian – Romance – Sino-Tibetan – Slavic – Siouan – South American – Tai–Kadai – Tibeto-Burman – Tupi–Guarani – Turkic – Uralic – Uto-Aztecan