User:Matthias Buchmeier/en-ku-a

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# English :: Kurdish dictionary extracted from
# License :: Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License; GNU Free Documentation License
# Version :: 20181201
# Size :: 3289 English glosses; 4534 Kurdish translations
# URL ::
13th {adj} (abbreviation of thirteenth) :: 13em, 13.
1st {adj} (abbreviation of first, see also: first) :: 1em
a {article} (an) SEE: an ::
abandon {v} (to give up control of, surrender) :: dest jê ber dan, dev jê berdan
abdest {n} (Islamic act of washing parts of the body) :: avdest, abdest, awdest
abele {n} (Populus alba) SEE: white poplar ::
abomasum {n} (fourth or digestive stomach of a ruminant) :: şîlavk; Northern Kurdish: şîlavk
about {prep} (on every side of) :: dorî
about {prep} (near, approximately, regarding time, size or quantity) :: dorî, nêzî, teqrîben
about {prep} (on the point or verge of) :: teqrîben
about {prep} (over or upon different parts of) :: dorî
about {prep} (concerned with, engaged in) :: nêzî
about {prep} (in the immediate neighborhood of) :: dorî
about {prep} :: dor, li dor, dor, dorî
about to {prep} (indicating imminence) :: hema hema, hema bêje
above {prep} (in or to a higher place) :: raserî, li hindavî, li ser
above {prep} (superior to, surpassing) :: di ser re
above {prep} (more) :: zêdeyî
Abraham {prop} (prophet in the Old Testament) :: Northern Kurdish: Îbrahîm
accent {n} (distinctive pronunciation associated with a region, social group, etc.) :: devok {f}
accinge {v} (to prepare oneself for action) :: xwe amade kirin
acorn {n} (fruit of the oak tree) :: belot
across {prep} (from the far side) :: di ser ... re
across {prep} (on the opposite side) :: li aliyê din yê
across {prep} (from one side to another) :: di ... re
across {prep} (bridging a gap) :: di ser ... re
across {prep} (perpendicularly) :: di ser hev re
act {n} (deed) :: kar, kiryar, kirin, xebat
act {n} (state of existence) :: hebûn
act {n} (statute) :: qanûn
act {n} (process of doing) :: kirin
act {n} (formal record of something done) :: bîrname
act {n} (division of theatrical performance) :: perde
act {n} (display of behaviour) :: perde
act {v} (to do something) :: kirin
act {v} (to perform a theatrical role) :: lîstin
act {v} (to behave in a certain way) :: kirin
act {v} (to respond to information) :: kirin
act {v} (to have an effect on) :: tesîr kirin
Adam {prop} (first man in Abrahamic religions) :: Adem
Adam {prop} (male given name) :: Adem
ad hoc {adj} (for this particular purpose) :: taybeti
adieu {interj} (farewell, goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
adios {interj} (goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
adjective {adj} (incapable of independent function) :: rengdêr {f}
admiralty law {n} (area of law that deals with ships at sea) :: dadweriya deryayî
admiration {n} (adoration; appreciation) :: heyranî {f}
adultery {n} (sexual intercourse by a married person with someone other than their spouse) :: zina {f}
aeroplane {n} (airplane) SEE: airplane ::
Afar {prop} (language) :: afar
affine {n} (in-law) SEE: in-law ::
Afghanistan {prop} (country) :: Efxanistan
Afrikaans {n} (language) :: afrîkansî, afrîkaansî
after {prep} :: piştî, paşî, dûre, piştre
afterbirth {n} (material expelled after childbirth) :: pizan, pizdan
again {adv} (another time) :: Northern Kurdish: dîsa
against {prep} (in a contrary direction to) :: dijî
against {prep} :: dij, dijî
Ahmed {prop} (male given name) :: Ehmêd
aide {n} (assistant) SEE: assistant ::
AIDS {n} (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) :: AIDS
air {n} (mixture of gases making up the atmosphere of the Earth) :: hewa
airan {n} (a Turkish and Altaic yoghurt drink) :: dew, çeqilmast
airfoil {n} (wing of an aircraft) SEE: wing ::
airplane {n} (powered aircraft) :: balafir
Al-Andalus {prop} (Islamic Spain) :: Endulus
Albania {prop} (country in south-eastern Europe) :: Albanya
albino {adj} (congenitally lacking melanin) :: albîno
albumen {n} (white part of an egg) :: spîk {f}, spîçk {f}
alcohol {n} (organic chemistry sense) :: alkol
Alejandro {prop} (cognates of Alejandro) SEE: Alexander ::
Aleppo {prop} (Syrian city) :: Heleb
Alexander {prop} (male given name) :: Skender {m}
Algeria {prop} (country) :: Cezayir
Ali {prop} (male given name from Arabic) :: Elî
alidade {n} (measuring apparatus) :: alîdade
alive {adj} (having life) :: zindî, jîndar, candar
alkali {n} (class of caustic bases) :: qilê, qela, tift
all {determiner} (every individual of the given class) :: hemî, giş, tev, hemû, gişt
all {determiner} :: , gîh, her, pêkve, tev, têkde, xirr, xirrek
Allah {prop} (God, in Islam) :: Xwedê, Ellah, Xweda, Xuda
all of a sudden {adv} (colloquial: suddenly, see also: suddenly) :: ji nişkê ve
all of the sudden {adv} (all of a sudden) SEE: all of a sudden ::
all there {adj} (positive form, "all there": mentally competent) :: temam, biaqil
all there {adj} (negative form, "not all there": mentally incompetent) :: netemam
all too {adv} (way too) SEE: way too ::
almond {n} (nut) :: bahîv
almond paste {n} (paste made from ground almonds and sugar in equal quantities) :: şekirê behîvan
almost {adv} (very close to) :: teqrîben, nêzîkî, hema-hema
aloha {interj} (hello) SEE: hello ::
aloha {interj} (goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
al-Qaeda {prop} (The global network of militant Islamic extremists.) :: El-Qaîde
al-Quds {prop} (Jerusalem) SEE: Jerusalem ::
altar {n} (flat-topped structure used for religious rites) :: Northern Kurdish: text, mezheb, սեղան
altimeter {n} (an apparatus for measuring altitude) :: bilindayîpîv
aluminium {n} (silvery metal) :: bafûn
aluminum {n} (aluminium) SEE: aluminium ::
always {adv} (at all times) :: hemîşe, daîme
always {adv} :: herdem, hergav, hertim
amazing {adj} (very good) SEE: good ::
ambassador {n} (minister) :: sefîr, ambasador
ambassador {n} (representative) :: balyoz, sefîr, ambasador
ameliorate {v} (to make better) :: baş kirin, qenc kirin, çê kirin, çak kirin, sax kirin
amen {adv} :: amîn
America {prop} (United States of America) SEE: United States of America ::
America {prop} (Americas) SEE: Americas ::
American Dream {n} (determination) :: xewna amerîkayî
American Dream {n} (philosophy) :: xewna amerîkayî
Americas {prop} (North and South America) :: Amerîka {f}
amigo {n} (friend) SEE: friend ::
amino acid {n} (any organic compound containing amino and carboxylic acid) :: asîda amînî {f}
amino acid {n} (any of the twenty α-amino acids) :: asîda amînî {f}
an {article} (indefinite article) :: yek, -ek, -yek
anachronism {n} :: anakronîzm {f}, derdemî {f}
and {conj} (used to connect two similar words, phrases, et cetera) :: û, herwiha, hem
and {conj} (used at the end of a list to indicate the last item) :: û
and {conj} (used to string together sentences or sentence fragments in chronological order) :: û
Andorra {prop} (country) :: Andorra
and so forth {phrase} (indicating a list continues similarly) :: û bi vî hawî û pêve, hwd
and so on {phrase} (indicating a list continues) SEE: and so forth ::
angel {n} (messenger from a deity) :: milyaket
ang moh {n} (white person) SEE: white ::
animal {n} (organism) :: ajal, candar, heywan, lawir
Ankara {prop} (capital of Turkey) :: Enqere
ankle {n} (joint between foot and leg) :: gozek {f}
Şanlıurfa {prop} (city in Turkey) :: Riha
answer {n} (response) :: cewab
ant {n} (insect) :: mûrî, mêrî, gêrik
anthology {n} (collection of literary works) :: antolojî {f}
anthropology {n} (the study of humanity) :: mirovnasî
anthropomorphism {n} (the attribution or ascription of human characteristics to animals, inanimate objects, forces of nature, etc) :: antropomorfîzm
antidemocratic {adj} (opposed to the tenets of democracy) :: dijdemokratîk
aorta {n} (great artery) :: şahxwînber {f} aort {f}
apartment {n} (domicile occupying part of a building) :: apartman, lojman
apeman {n} (prehistoric man resembling an ape) :: mirovê meymûn
apothecary {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy ::
appear {v} (to appear, to seem) SEE: look ::
apple {n} (fruit) :: sêv
apples and oranges {n} (non-comparable items) :: tirr li kû û das li kû
applewood {n} (apple) SEE: apple ::
apricot {n} (fruit) :: mijmij {f}, qeysî {f}, zerdelî {f}, hêrûg {f}
April {prop} (fourth month of the Gregorian calendar) :: avrêl
Araks {prop} (river) :: Aras, Araz
Arbil {prop} (city) :: Hewlêr
archaeology {n} (scientific study of past remains) :: arkeolojî
archeology {n} (archaeology) SEE: archaeology ::
archfiend {n} (Satan) SEE: Satan ::
archipelago {n} (group of islands) :: arxîpel
architecture {n} (art and science of designing buildings and other structures) :: nijyarvanî, bînasazî
are {v} (be) SEE: be ::
Argentina {prop} (Argentine Republic) :: Arjantîn
Argentine {prop} (Argentina) SEE: Argentina ::
argon {n} (a chemical element) :: argon {f}
aria {n} (type of musical piece) :: arya {f}
arm {n} (upper appendage from shoulder to wrist) :: zend {m}
arm {n} (part of object) :: destik {m}, çembil {m}
arm {n} (weapon) :: çek, sîleh
Armageddon {prop} (site) :: Harmegedon
armed police {n} (police) SEE: police ::
Armenia {prop} (ancient kingdom and country in West Asia) :: Ermenistan {f}
Armenian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Armenia, Armenians, the language or alphabet) :: әрмәние
Armenian {n} (person) :: Northern Kurdish: әрмәни, file
Armenian {n} (language) :: зьмане әрмәни, әрмнийи
arm up {v} (arm) SEE: arm ::
arrow {n} (projectile) :: tîr {m}
arrow {n} (symbol) :: tîr {m}
arse {n} (arse) SEE: ass ::
art {n} (human effort) :: hiner
art {n} :: huner {f}
artery {n} (blood vessel from the heart) :: xwînber {f}
arthropod {n} (animal of Arthropoda) :: girêçikpê
as {adv} (to such an extent or degree) :: hindî, bi qasî, temetî
as {conj} :: wek, mîna, nola, fena
as {prep} (Introducing a basis of comparison) :: hindî, qasî, bi qasî, temetî
as {conj} (expressing concession) SEE: though ::
as {adv} (for example) SEE: for example ::
ascetic {adj} (related to ascetics) :: zahîd
ash {n} (solid remains of a fire) :: xwelî {f}
ash {n} (tree) SEE: ash tree ::
ashamed {adj} (feeling shame or guilt) :: şermezar, rûreş
ash tree {n} (Fraxinus tree) :: benav
ashugh {n} (mystic bard, balladeer, or troubadour) :: Northern Kurdish: ашьԛ
Asia {prop} (the continent of Asia) :: Asya
ask {v} (request an answer) :: pirsîn, pirs kirin , pirsiyar kirin
ask {v} (make a request) :: xwestin daxwaz kirin, dawa kirin
asleep {adj} :: nivistî, razayî, raketî, di xew
ass {n} (buttocks) :: qûn
assistant {adj} (having a subordinate or auxiliary position) :: asîstan
assuage {v} :: arimandin, hedirandin, hêwirandin, aram kirin, tebitandin
Astana {prop} (the capital of Kazakhstan) :: Astana
astronomy {n} (study of the physical universe beyond the Earth's atmosphere) :: stêrnasî, ezmannasî; stêrnasî {f}
at {prep} (in or very near a particular place) :: Northern Kurdish: li
at {prep} (indicating time) :: Northern Kurdish: li
at {prep} (in the direction of) :: Northern Kurdish: li
at all costs {prep} (sparing no effort) :: çawa be jî, bi çi awayî be jî
at no time {prep} (never) SEE: never ::
atomic mass {n} (mass of an atom) :: giraniya atomê {f}
attack {n} (attempt to cause damage or injury) :: êrîş
aubergine {n} (eggplant) SEE: eggplant ::
au contraire {adv} (on the contrary, see also: on the contrary) :: berevajî, tersî, dijraberî
auction {n} (public sales event) :: mezad {f}
August {prop} (eighth month of the Gregorian calendar) :: gelawêj meh
aural {adj} :: hewayî
Austria {prop} (country in Central Europe) :: Awistriya
autarky {n} (state of personal self-sufficiency) :: xwebesî {f}
author {n} (originator or creator of a work) :: daner
autumn {n} (season) :: payiz {f}
auxiliary {n} (auxiliary verb) SEE: auxiliary verb ::
auxiliary verb {n} (a helping verb) :: lêkera alîkar
available {adj} :: berdest
avalanche {n} (large sliding mass of snow and ice) :: aşît {f}
avalanche {n} (fall of earth, rocks, etc.) :: aşît {f}
avalanche {n} (sudden descent or influx) :: aşît {f}
Avogadro's number {n} (number of atoms present in 0.012 kilograms of isotopically pure carbon-12) :: zagona Avogardro
Avraham {prop} (given name) SEE: Abraham ::
award {v} (to make an award) :: xelat
awfully {adv} (very) SEE: very ::
axe {n} (tool) :: Northern Kurdish: балт’ә
Aymara {prop} (language of South America) :: aymara
Azerbaijan {prop} (country in the Caucasus) :: Azerbeycan
Azerbaijani {n} (language of Azerbaijan) :: Azırbaicani
Azeri {n} (Azerbaijani) SEE: Azerbaijani ::
Azeri {prop} (Azerbaijani) SEE: Azerbaijani ::
babushka {n} (matryoshka) SEE: Russian doll ::
back {n} (the rear of body) :: pişt
backgammon {n} (board game) :: nerd
bad {adj} (unfavorable; negative) :: bed, xirab, nebaş
badger {v} (fart) SEE: fart ::
badger {n} (mammal) :: kurbeşk
badinage {n} (playful raillery; banter) :: henek, henektinaz, henekqerf
bag {n} :: çewal {m}, tûr {m}, torbe {m}, kîs {m}, telîs {m}, çante {m}
Baghdad {prop} (city) :: Bexda {f}
Bahrain {prop} (country in the Middle East) :: Behreyn
baker's {n} (bakery) SEE: bakery ::
bakery {n} (a shop in which bread and such is baked and sold) :: firrne {f}, patinxane {f}
balance {n} (equilibrium) :: terazû, hevsengî, yeksengî, balans, denge
balance {n} (scales) :: terazî {f}
ball {n} (object, generally spherical, used for playing games) :: gog {f}, hol {f}, top {f}, tepik {f}, تۆپ
ball {n} (testicle) :: gun {m}
balloon {n} (inflatable and buoyant object) :: balon
balloon {n} (child’s toy) :: pifdank {f}, balon {f}, nepox
balls {n} (follow the translations in the entry "ball") SEE: ball ::
Baltic {prop} (Baltic Sea) SEE: Baltic Sea ::
Baltic Sea {prop} (a sea) :: Derya Rojhelat
banana {n} (fruit) :: moz
banana republic {n} (country) :: komara mûzan, کۆمارا مووزان /komara mûzan/
bane {v} (to (kill by) poison) SEE: poison ::
banknote {n} (paper currency) :: banknot {f}
barb {n} (beard or something that resembles a beard) SEE: beard ::
barefoot {adj} (wearing nothing on the feet) :: xwas, lingxwas, nigxwas, pêxwas, pîxwas
barefoot {adv} (wearing nothing on the feet) :: xwas, lingxwas, nigxwas, pêxwas, pîxwas
barefooted {adj} (barefoot) SEE: barefoot ::
barefooted {adv} (barefoot) SEE: barefoot ::
bark {n} (short, loud, explosive utterance) :: reyîn, ewtîn, rewîn
bark {n} (figurative: abrupt utterance) :: reyîn, ewtîn, rewîn
barley {n} (Hordeum vulgare or its grains) :: Northern Kurdish: ceh
barman {n} (bartender) SEE: bartender ::
barn {n} (child) SEE: child ::
bartender {n} (person who works in a bar) :: meygêrr {m} / {f}, badegêrr {m} / {f}, saqî {m} / {f}, meyxanevan {m} / {f}
baseless {adj} (based on something that is not true) SEE: unfounded ::
basement {n} (floor below ground level) :: jêrzemîn, bodrûm
basket {n} (container) :: zembîl, selik, sevî, sepet
bastille {n} (prison) SEE: prison ::
bat {n} (small flying mammal) :: şevrevînk, pelçemok, baçermok, çilîçilî, şevşevok, şevşevik, çekçekûle, şibşibênek, pirçemek, bacemok, baçimêlk, balçimok, çeqçeqole, berçemik, gaperçêvk, dûvmesas, şebşebok, şevekur, şîvînek, perçîmek, balçimk, pêrçêm, pêrçenk, çil
bathroom {n} (room with a toilet) SEE: toilet ::
be {v} :: bûn
be able to {v} (have ability to) :: kanîn, karîn, şiyan, tiwanîn
bear {n} (large mammal of family Ursidae) :: hirç
bear {v} (to carry) :: birên
beard {n} (facial hair) :: rih,
beardless {adj} (without a beard) :: Northern Kurdish: kose
beat around the bush {v} (to treat a topic but omit its main points) :: بڕۆ سەر ئەصلی بابەت
beauty spot {n} (birthmark) SEE: mole ::
because {adv} (on account) :: Northern Kurdish: ji ber ku
because {conj} (by or for the cause that; on this account that; for the reason that) :: çimkî, ji ber ku
bedouin {n} (desert-dweller) :: bedewî
bedstraw {n} (any plant of the herb genus Galium) :: rûnas {f}
bedtime {n} (time when one goes to bed to sleep) :: dema raketinê
bee {n} (insect) :: hing
beef {n} (cow, bull) SEE: cow ::
beer {n} (alcoholic drink made of malt) :: bîre
before {prep} (earlier than) :: berî
behest {n} (promise) SEE: promise ::
beige {n} (colour) :: bej
Beirut {prop} (capital of Lebanon) :: Bêrût
Belarusian {n} (language) :: Belarûsî
belief {n} (mental acceptance of a claim as truth) :: bawer
believe {v} (to accept that someone is telling the truth (object: person)) :: bawer kirin
bellybutton {n} (the navel or umbilicus) SEE: navel ::
belt {n} (band worn around the waist) :: kemer {f}, qayiş {f}
benefit {n} (profit, use) :: fayîde
Berlin {prop} (capital city of Germany) :: Berlîn
Berlin Wall {prop} (wall that parted Berlin) :: hêta Berlînê
beryllium {n} (chemical element) :: berîlyûm
beyond {prep} (beyond) SEE: above ::
biconvex {adj} (Having both sides convex) :: dukoqizî
bicycle {n} (vehicle) :: duçerxe
Big Dipper {prop} (bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky) :: Heftbira
bill {n} (piece of paper money) SEE: banknote ::
billfold {n} (wallet) SEE: wallet ::
billiards {n} (a cue sport) :: bilyar {f}
billion {n} (a thousand million; 1,000,000,000; a milliard) :: milyar
binoculars {n} (hand-held device for looking at a distance) :: dûrbîn
biology {n} (study of living matter) :: jiyannasî, zîndewerzanî
bird {n} (animal) :: firrinde, balinde, çivîk, çûçik, teyr, tilûr, terewîl
birdlime {n} (serving of a prison sentence) SEE: time ::
bitch {n} (female canine) :: dêlegur (wolf)
bitch {n} (complaint) SEE: complaint ::
bitch {n} (playful variation on dog (sense "man")) SEE: dog ::
bitch out {v} (to complain) SEE: bitch ::
black {adj} (absorbing all light) :: reş
black {adj} (absorbing all light) :: reş
black {n} (colour/color) :: reş
blackberry {n} (fruit) :: tûreşk {f}
blackboard {n} (a surface that can be written upon with chalk) :: depreş
black market {n} (trade that is in violation of restrictions, rationing or price controls) :: bazara reş {f}
Black Sea {prop} (an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Asia Minor) :: Derya Reş
blend {n} (in linguistics) SEE: portmanteau word ::
bless you {interj} (said to somebody who has sneezed) :: kher be inshalla
blind {adj} (unable to see) :: kor
blindness {n} (condition of being blind) :: korî {f}, korahî {f}
blog {n} (a personal or corporate website) :: blog {f}
blood {n} (vital liquid flowing in animal bodies) :: xûn, xwîn
blood feud {n} (feud between clans or families) SEE: vendetta ::
bloodless {adj} (lacking blood) :: bêxwîn
blood vessel {n} (component of the circulatory system that carries blood) :: lûleya xwînê
bloom {n} (flower) SEE: flower ::
blow {n} (cocaine) SEE: snow ::
blower {n} (telephone) SEE: telephone ::
blue {n} (sky, literally or figuratively) SEE: sky ::
blue {adj} (blue-colored, see also: dark blue; light blue) :: şîn
bluebottle {n} (cornflower) SEE: cornflower ::
boa constrictor {n} (snake) :: aclafemar
boar {n} (wild boar) SEE: wild boar ::
boat {n} (water craft) :: qeyik
Boche {n} (German) SEE: German ::
bodily {adj} (relating to the body) :: bedenî, leşî, gewdeyî, cismî, cesedî, fizîkî, fizîkal, fiziyolojîk
bodkin {n} (dagger) SEE: dagger ::
body {n} (physical structure of a human or animal) :: beden
bogie {n} (cigarette) SEE: cigarette ::
boiling point {n} (temperature at which a liquid boils) :: xala kelînê {f}
bomb {n} (device filled with explosives) :: bombe {f}
bon appétit {interj} (used to wish someone enjoyment of the meal they are about to eat) :: noşîcan
bondsman {n} (Someone who signs a bond that states that they have taken responsibility for someone else's obligations) :: derhûd
bone {n} (material) :: hestî {m}
bone {n} (component of a skeleton) :: hestî {m}
bone {n} (fishbone) :: dasîk {m}, hestîk
bone {n} (corset part) :: hestî {m}
bone {n} (colour) :: hestî {m}
bonjour {interj} (hello) SEE: hello ::
bon vivant {n} (person who enjoys the good things in life, especially good food and drink) :: xoşxwara
book {n} (collection of sheets of paper bound together containing printed or written material) :: pirtûk {f}, kitêb {f}
book {n} (ebook) SEE: e-book ::
boot {n} (luggage storage compartment of a sedan/saloon style car) SEE: trunk ::
boot loader {n} (A program that initiates the bootstrap process) :: pêşbarker /Latn/
border {n} (the outer edge of something) :: sînor, tixûb
boron {n} (chemical element) :: boron
Bosnia and Herzegovina {prop} (country on the Balkan peninsula) :: Bosna-Hersek
Bosphorus {prop} (a strait that passes through Istanbul) :: Tengava Stenbolê, Bosfor
botany {n} (scientific study of plants) :: giyanasî
bottom {n} (lowest part) :: bin, jêr
bow {n} (weapon used for shooting arrows) :: kevan {m}
bowstring {n} (string of an archer's bow) :: jih
bracelet {n} (a band or chain worn around the wrist as jewelry or an ornament) :: bazin
brain {n} (organ) :: mejî {m}
brazen-faced {adj} (Impudent) :: rûqayim, bêşerm
brazier {n} (An upright standing or hanging metal bowl used for holding burning coal) :: agirdank
bread {n} (baked dough made from cereals) :: nan {m}
breast {n} (milk-producing organ) :: çiçik
breeding {n} (copulation) SEE: sexual intercourse ::
brew {n} (beer) SEE: beer ::
brick {n} (hardened block used for building) :: xişt {f}, kerpîç {f}
bride {n} (woman in the context of her own wedding) :: bûk {f}
bridegroom {n} (bridegroom, groom) :: zava {m}
bridge {n} (construction or natural feature that spans a divide) :: pir
bridle {n} (headgear for horse) :: Northern Kurdish: liẍav
brimstone {n} (sulfur) SEE: sulfur ::
bring {v} :: anîn, înan, hênan
brinjal {n} (an aubergine) SEE: eggplant ::
briny {n} (sea) SEE: sea ::
Britain {prop} (United Kingdom) SEE: United Kingdom ::
bro {n} (a male sibling) SEE: brother ::
broad {adj} (wide) SEE: wide ::
broom {n} (domestic utensil) :: gezik
brother {n} (male sibling) :: bira; Northern Kurdish: бьра
brother {n} (male having parents in common) :: bira
brother-in-law {n} (one's husband's brother) :: {m}
brow {n} (forehead) SEE: forehead ::
brow {n} (eyebrow) SEE: eyebrow ::
brown {n} (colour) :: çakar, qehweyî, qehwerengî
brown {adj} (having a brown colour) :: çakar, qehweyî, qehwerengî
brush {n} (implement) :: firçe {f}, havlêk {f}, rînek {f},
Brussels {prop} (capital of Belgium) :: Bruksel
bubble {n} (Greek) SEE: Greek ::
bubble {n} (spherically contained volume of air or other gas) :: billq
buckshot {n} (lead shot used in shotgun cartridges) :: Northern Kurdish: saçme
budget {n} :: budce {f}
Bulgarian {n} (language) :: Bulgarî, Bilgarî
bull {n} (uncastrated adult male bovine) :: ga; Northern Kurdish: ga
bullet {n} (projectile) :: gulle {f}, fîşek {f}, telqe {f}
burden {n} (heavy load) :: berpirsiyarî {f}, bar {m}
burden {n} (responsibility, onus) :: berpirsiyarî {f}, bar {m}
burden {n} (cause of worry) :: bar {m}
burdock {n} (any of the species of biennial thistles in the genus Arctium) :: girnij
bureau {n} (office (room)) SEE: office ::
Burmese {adj} (Of or relating to Burma) :: burmayî
burn {v} :: sotin, şewitandin; sotin, şewitîn
burn {v} (to cauterize) SEE: cauterize ::
bus {n} (vehicle) :: bas
businessman {n} (a man in business, one who works at a commercial institution) :: bazirgan, ticar, esnaf, tacir
but {conj} (except) :: , ema, feqet, meger
but {conj} (rather) :: , ema, feqet, meger
but {conj} (although) :: gerçi, megerçi
but {conj} :: /Kurmanji/
butcher {n} (a person who prepares and sells meat) :: qesab, serjêker
butterfly {n} (insect) :: pelatînk {f}, sepirek, pirpirok
buy {v} (to obtain something with money) :: kirrîn, standin
buy {v} (to accept as true) :: pejirandin, qebûl kirin
by {prep} (near, or next to) :: li, li rex, li nêzî, li kêleka, li tenişta
by {prep} (not later than) :: ta, heta
by {prep} (indication of passive voice) :: ji alî, ji aliyê ... ve
by {prep} (indicates creator of a work) :: bi destê, ji alî
by {prep} (indicates a means) :: bi
by {prep} (indicates a rule followed) :: li gor, li
by {prep} (indicating amount of progression) :: bi
by {prep} (steady progression) :: bi
by {adv} (along a path) :: tê re, di ber re
by heart {prep} (knowing completely) :: ji ber, ezber
by the time {prep} (when) SEE: when ::
cab {n} (taxi) SEE: taxi ::
cabbage {n} (plant) :: kebic; Northern Kurdish: kelem
cadaver {n} (a dead body) :: ekîb
cage {n} (enclosure) :: rekeh {f}, qefes {f}
Cairo {prop} (capital of Egypt) :: Qahîre
calculator {n} (electronic device that performs mathematical calculations) :: pêjimêrk
calendar {n} (system by which time is divided) :: salname, teqwîm
caliginous {adj} (dark, obscure) SEE: dark ::
caliph {n} (political leader of the Muslim world) :: xelîfe {m}
camel {n} (beast of burden) :: hêştir, deve
camelopard {n} (giraffe) SEE: giraffe ::
camphor {n} (white transparent waxy crystalline isoprenoid ketone) :: Northern Kurdish: kafûr
can {v} :: kanîn, karîn, şên, şiyan, tiwanîn
Canada {prop} (country in North America) :: Keneda
canal {n} (artificial waterway) :: co {m}, cihok {m}, cobar {m}
canal {n} :: cok
candidate {n} (person running in an election) :: berbijar, namzet, berendam, kandîdat
cannabis {n} (plant) :: Northern Kurdish: kinif, kindir
cannon {n} (artillery piece) :: top {f}, moşek {f}, sarox {f}
capacious {adj} (having a lot of space inside) :: fireh
capillary {n} (any of small blood vessels that connect arteries to veins) :: mûlûleya xwînê {f}
capital {n} (capital city) SEE: capital city ::
capital city {n} (city designated as seat of government) :: paytext
car {n} (automobile, a vehicle steered by a driver) :: otomobîl, erebe, maşîn
car {n} :: tirimpêl, erebe, seyare
car {n} (railway car, railroad carriage) SEE: carriage ::
caracal {n} (Caracal caracal) :: [] /gorewîlk/, [] /guhreşk/
caravanserai {n} (an inn having a central courtyard where caravans can rest) :: karwansera {f}, karwanseray {f}
carbon {n} (chemical element) :: karbon
carcass {n} (body of a dead animal) :: mirar
carcass {n} (body of a dead human) SEE: corpse ::
cardinal {n} (number indicating quantity) :: (jimareyên) sade
cardinal {n} (official of the Catholic Church) :: kardînal, metran
care {n} :: ئاگا
care {v} :: گوێ, گوێدان
caricature {n} :: karîkatûr
carpenter {n} (carpentry person) :: necarr, merenqoz, xirat, dulger, dartiraş, dartaş
carriage {n} (wheeled vehicle, generally drawn by horse power) :: erebe
carrot {n} (Daucus carota ssp. sativus) :: gêzer {f}
carry {v} (to carry) SEE: bear ::
cart {n} :: عره‌بانه‌
Carthage {prop} (ancient city in North Africa) :: Kartaca
cash in {v} (to die) SEE: die ::
casket {n} (coffin) SEE: coffin ::
Caspian Sea {prop} (landlocked sea) :: Derya-ye Mazenderan
castle {n} (fortified building) :: kel, keleh
cat {n} (spiteful woman) SEE: bitch ::
cauterize {v} (burn tissue) :: kewandin, dax dan
cave {n} (large, naturally occurring cavity formed underground) :: şkeft {m}
Cayman Islands {prop} (British territory in the Caribbean) :: Giravên Kaymanê
cease-fire {n} (in warfare, an agreed end to hostilities for a specific purpose) :: agirbest {f}
cell {n} (basic unit of a living organism) :: xane {f}
cell nucleus {n} (cytology: large organelle found in cells) SEE: nucleus ::
cell phone {n} (mobile phone) SEE: mobile phone ::
cellular {n} (mobile phone) SEE: mobile phone ::
cellular phone {n} (mobile phone) SEE: mobile phone ::
cemetery {n} (a place where the dead are buried) SEE: graveyard ::
center {n} (point equidistant from all points on the perimeter of a circle) :: nawend navend
Central Kurdish {prop} (Kurdish dialect) :: Northern Kurdish: Kurdiya Navendî
centre {n} (center) SEE: center ::
centre {v} (center) SEE: center ::
cerebral palsy {n} (group of non-contagious conditions) :: falinca mejî
champagne {n} (sparkling white wine produced in Champagne) :: şampanya {f}
Champagne {n} (champagne) SEE: champagne ::
chard {n} (Beta vulgaris subsp. cicla) :: dîw, silka biyanî
Charles' Wain {prop} (bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky) SEE: Big Dipper ::
chart {n} (map) SEE: map ::
chart {n} (table) SEE: table ::
cheap {adj} (low in price) :: erzan
check {n} (bank order) SEE: cheque ::
cheek {n} (part of face) :: gep {f}, alek {f}
cheek {n} (colloquial: buttock) :: qalçe {m}
cheese {n} (dairy product) :: penêr
chemical weapon {n} (noxious substance in a delivery system) :: çeka kîmyewî
chemist {n} (person working in chemistry) :: kîmyanas {n}
chemist {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy ::
chemistry {n} :: کیمیا
chemist's {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy ::
cheque {n} (a note promising to pay money to a named person or entity) :: çek
cherry {n} (fruit) :: gêlaz {f}, alûbalû
chess {n} (two-player board game) :: sedrenc, kişik {f}
chest {n} (coffin) SEE: coffin ::
chew {v} (to crush food with teeth prior to swallowing) :: cûtin
chewing gum {n} (flavoured preparation for chewing) :: benîşt {m}, qaçik {m}, بنێشت
chiaroscuro {n} (artistic technique using exaggerated light contrasts) :: rohn û tarîtî
chicken {n} (bird) :: Kermanshani: مامر /mamir/; mirîşk
child {n} (a female or male child, a daughter or son) :: zarok
child {n} :: zarrok
childless {adj} (not having any children) :: bêzarok
chin {n} (bottom of a face) :: zenî
China {prop} (country in east Asia) :: Çîn
China {prop} (region corresponding to the People's Republic of China and Taiwan) :: Çîn
Chinese {n} (any language spoken in China, see also: Literary Chinese; Mandarin; Cantonese; Wu; Min Nan) :: Çînî, چینی
choke {v} (be unable to breathe because of obstruction of the windpipe) :: fetisîn
choke {v} (prevent someone from breathing by strangling them) :: fetisandin
chooser {n} (one who chooses something) :: hilbijêr, bijêrvan
chopper {n} (axe/ax) SEE: axe ::
Christian {n} (member of the Christian religion) :: xirîstî, file, مه‌سیحی
chromatid {n} (Either of the two strands of a chromosome that separate during mitosis) :: kromatîd {f}
chunk {n} (a part of something) :: perçe, perçe
chur {interj} (voicing of thanks) SEE: thanks ::
church {n} (house of worship) :: dêr
church {n} :: dêr
ciao {interj} (hello) SEE: hello ::
ciao {interj} (goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
cigarette {n} (cigarette) :: cixare {f}
cinnamon {n} (spice) :: darçîn
city {n} (large settlement) :: bajarr /Latn/, şar /Latn/
clandestine {adj} (done or kept in secret) :: nepenî, nehênî, dizîkî
clay {n} (mineral substance) :: к’аг’чин
clean {adj} (empty) SEE: empty ::
click {v} (intransitive: click the left button of a mouse) :: tikandin, klîk kirin, pêlê kirin
client {n} (a customer or receiver of services) :: mişterî
climax {n} (the peak of sexual pleasure) SEE: orgasm ::
cloakroom {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
clock {n} (instrument to measure or keep track of time) :: demjimêr {f}, demjimêrk {f}, seet {f}
clock {n} (odometer) :: pîvank {f}
close {adj} (at a little distance) :: nêzik
closet {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
cloth {n} (woven fabric) :: cil {m}, libas, cilûberg
cloth {n} (piece of cloth) :: cil {m}, libas, cilûberg
cloth {n} :: cil
clothes {n} (apparel) :: cil, kinc, cilûberg, libas, çek, به‌رگ, جل
cloud {n} (visible mass of water droplets suspended in the air) :: hewr, ewr
cloud {n} :: ewr {m}
clove {n} (spice) :: Northern Kurdish: mêxek, qernefîl
club {n} (weapon) :: kaşok {m}
club {n} (association of members) :: yane {f}, kulûb {f}
clubs {n} (plural of club) SEE: club ::
c'mere {contraction} (come) SEE: come ::
coach {n} (wheeled vehicle drawn by horse power) :: erebe {f}, erebane {f}
coach {n} (rail passenger car) :: vagon {f}
coach {n} (trainer) :: rahêner {m} {f}, antrenor {m} {f}
coach {n} (long-distance bus) :: otobûs {f}
coach {v} (sports: train) :: rahênan
coach {v} (instruct) :: rahênan, fêr kirin
coadjutor {n} (assistant) SEE: assistant ::
coagulate {v} (become congealed) :: meyîn
coagulate {v} (cause to congeal) :: meyandin
coal {n} (uncountable: carbon rock) :: komirr {f}, kumirr {f}, rejî {f}
coal {n} :: kumirr {f}
coat of arms {n} (hereditary design depicted on an escutcheon) :: nîşan
cock {n} (any male bird) :: dîk
cock {n} (male chicken; male gallinaceous bird) SEE: rooster ::
cockchafer {n} (beetle of genus Melolontha) :: kirmê spî
codex {n} (early book) :: pirtûk
coeval {adj} (of the same age) :: hevjî
coffee {n} (beverage) :: qawe {f}; qehwe {f}
coffee {n} (plant) :: qehwe {f}, qawe {f}
coffee {n} (colour) :: qehweyî {m}, qaweyî {m}
coffee {adj} (of a pale brown colour) :: قاوه‌یی
coffin {n} (box in which a dead person is buried) :: tabût, darbest
coinage {n} (currency) SEE: currency ::
cold {adj} (having a low temperature) :: sar, sard
cold war {n} (a period of hostile relations) :: şerê sar
Cold War {prop} (a period of history from 1945-1991) :: Şerê Sar
cole {n} (cabbage) SEE: cabbage ::
collective noun {n} (noun referring to a group of similar things) :: hevenav {m}
colony {n} (region or governmental unit) :: mêtingeh {f}, kolonî {f}
color {n} (spectral composition of visible light) :: reng {m}
color {n} :: reng {m}, gon {m}
colorful {adj} (possessing prominent and varied colors) :: rengîn, ئاڵوواڵا, ڕه‌نگاوڕه‌نگ
colossal {adj} (extremely large) :: debdebe, dêwasa
colourless {adj} (having no colour) :: بێڕه‌نگ, bêreng
column {n} (upright supporting member) :: stûn
comatose {adj} (asleep) SEE: asleep ::
comb {n} (toothed implement for grooming the hair) :: şane, şe {m}, şeh {m}
comb {v} (to groom the hair with a toothed implement) :: şe kirin {m}, şeh kirin {m}
comb {v} (to separate choice cotton fibers from worsted cloth fibers) :: şe kirin {m}, şeh kirin {m}
comb {v} (to search thoroughly as if raking over an area with a comb) :: şe kirin {m}, şeh kirin {m}
comb {n} (structure of cells made by bees) SEE: honeycomb ::
combat {n} (a battle; a fight; a struggle for victory) :: کارزان, ceng, şer, şerr
combust {v} (be consumed by fire) SEE: burn ::
come {v} (to move nearer) :: hatin, هاتن
come on {interj} (expression of disbelief) :: mala te
comforter {n} (padded cover) :: lihêf, yurẍan
commentary {n} (A series of comments or annotations) :: şirove {f}, ravek {f}, ravekirin {f}, îzah {f}, şerh {f}, tefsîr {f}, ronkirin {f}, komentar {f}
committee {n} (group of persons convened for the accomplishment of some specific purpose) :: komîte {f}, deste {f}, lijne {f}, kom {f}
committee {n} (guardian) SEE: guardian ::
commit to memory {v} (to learn by heart) :: ji ber kirin, ezber kirin, له‌به‌رکدن
company {n} (in legal context, a corporation) :: şirket {f}, pargîdanî {f}, fîrma {f}, kompanya {f}, şirîke {f}
comparison {n} :: به‌راورد
compass {n} (instrument to determine cardinal directions) :: qîblename
competition {n} (action of competing) :: pêşbazî, pêşbirk, berêkane, misabiqe, hevrikî, hawirkan, riberiz, sîbaq, reqabet
competition {n} (contest for a prize or award) :: pêşbazî, pêşbirk, berêkane, misabiqe, hevrikî, hawirkan, riberiz, sîbaq, reqabet
complaint {n} (grievance, problem, difficulty, or concern; the act of complaining) :: gazin {f}, gilî {f}, rexne {f}, şikayet {f}
complex number {n} (number of the form a + bi) :: hejmara kompleks, jimareya tevlihev
computer {n} (device) :: xêvjimêr, komputer
comrade {n} (mate, companion, or associate) :: Northern Kurdish: heval
confident {adj} (self-confident) SEE: self-confident ::
confidentiality {n} (something told in confidence) SEE: secret ::
confiscate {v} (take possession of by authority) :: dest danîn ser
confrontation {n} (The act of confronting or challenging another, especially face-to-face) :: rûbirûbûn, tûşîbûn
confrontation {n} (A conflict between armed forces) :: şer, pevçûn
congress {n} (sexual intercourse) SEE: sexual intercourse ::
congress {n} (legislative body) :: kongre
congress {n} (conference) :: kongre
congressman {n} (member of congress) :: kongrevan (mêr), kongresman
congresswoman {n} (female member of congress) :: kongrevan (jin)
conjunction {n} (grammar: word used to join words or phrases) :: gihanek
consultant {n} (person or party that is consulted) :: şêwirmend
contest {n} (combat) SEE: combat ::
contract {v} (transitive: enter into a contract with) :: peyman danîn
control {n} :: kontrol {f}
cook {n} (a person who prepares food for a living) :: aşpêj
cook {v} (to prepare (food) for eating) :: pijandin
cool {adj} (having a slightly low temperature) :: hênik, hîn, fênik
coordinate system {n} (method of representing points in a space) :: sîstema koordînatê
cootie {n} (louse) SEE: louse ::
cooze {n} (vagina) SEE: vagina ::
copulate {v} (to engage in sexual intercourse) :: perîn, gunhêlî kirin, cot bûn, gan
copulation {n} (copulation) SEE: sexual intercourse ::
cork {n} (bottle stopper) :: tepedor, tepedorî
cornflower {n} (Centaurea cyanus) :: kanêje {f}
cornflower {adj} (cornflower coloured) :: kanêjeyî
corporal {adj} (bodily) SEE: bodily ::
corporeal {adj} (bodily) SEE: bodily ::
corpse {n} (dead body) :: cenaze, cendek, term, kelex, meyît
corpus {n} (body) SEE: body ::
corridor {n} (narrow hall or passage) :: dehlîz, dolan
Corsica {prop} (island in the Mediterranean) :: Korsîka {f}
Corsican {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Corsica) :: korsîkî, korsîkayî, korsîkayîtî
Corsican {n} (person from Corsica or of Corsican descent) :: korsîkayî {m} {f}, korsîkayîtî {m} {f}
Corsican {prop} (language) :: korsîkayî {f}, korsîkayîtî {f}
cortex {n} (outer layer of an internal organ or body structure) :: tûkil {f}
cos {conj} (because) SEE: because ::
costa {n} (rib) SEE: rib ::
Costa Rica {prop} (country) :: Kosta Rîka
cotton {n} (plant) :: pembû, pembo {m}
couch {n} (couch grass) SEE: couch grass ::
couch grass {n} (species of grass) :: firiz
cough {v} (push air from the lungs) :: kuxîn
cough {n} (expulsion of air from the lungs) :: kuxik {f}
country {n} (region of land) :: Northern Kurdish: welat
country {n} (nation state) :: welat
country {n} (the country, rural area, as opposed to the town or city) :: Northern Kurdish: gundewar
countryside {n} (a rural area, or the rural part of a larger area) :: Northern Kurdish: gundewar
coupling {n} (sexual intercourse) SEE: sexual intercourse ::
courage {n} (quality of a confident character) :: wêrekî {f}, bistehî {f}, cesaret {f}, curet {f}, mêranî {f}
court {n} (hall, chamber, or place, where justice is administered) :: dadgeh
cousinhood {n} (state of being cousins) SEE: cousinship ::
cousinship {n} (state of being cousins) :: pismamîûi
cow {n} (female domesticated ox or other bovine) :: çêl, çêlek, mange, manga
cow {n} :: çêl {f}, çêlek {f}, mange {f}, mang {f}
cowabunga {interj} (expression of joy) SEE: yes ::
coward {n} (a person who lacks courage) :: tirsok, newêrek, bêcesaret, bêkulek, tirsonek, tirsoke
cowardice {n} (the lack of courage) :: newêrekî, tirsokî, tirsonekî, bêcesaretî, bêcuretî
coworker {n} (somebody with whom one works; a companion or workmate) :: hevpîşe {n}, hevkar
crack of dawn {n} (sunrise) SEE: sunrise ::
cradle {n} :: landik {f}, dergûşan {f}, mehdik {f}
crate {n} (box or basket) :: sindoq {f}
crazy {adj} (insane, demented) :: dîn
creator {n} (one who creates) :: afirîner, çêker, دروستکار
creditor {n} (a person to whom a debt is owed) :: deyndêr {m} {f}
crocodile {n} (reptile) :: neheng
crocus {n} (plant of genus Crocus) :: pîvok {f}
cross {n} (geometrical figure) :: xaç
cross {prep} (across) SEE: across ::
crow {n} (any bird of the genus Corvus) :: qirr {f}, qirrereşk {f}
crown {n} (royal headdress) :: tac {f}
cruel {adj} (that intentionally causes pain and suffering) :: zalim, bêrehm
crustacean {n} (arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea) :: qalikdar
crux {n} ((heraldry) cross on a coat of arms) SEE: cross ::
cry one's eyes out {v} (to moan) SEE: moan ::
crystal {n} (array of atoms) :: belûr {f}
Ctesiphon {prop} (ancient ruined city) :: Tîsfûn
cult of personality {n} (situation of being falsely idolized) :: kulta şexsiyetek
culture {n} (arts, customs and habits) :: çande {f}, kultûr {f}, irf {f}, edet {f}
Cumberlandian {adj} (of epoch from 4568 to 4527 million years ago) :: kumberlandî
cunningly {adv} (with cunning, cleverly) :: xapînkî, bincanbazî, biçivîî
cup {n} (drinking vessel) :: fîncan
curiosity {n} (inquisitiveness; the tendency to ask questions, investigate, or explore) :: mereq {f}, hewes {f}, balkêşî {f}, tatêl {f}, tatol {f}, çavzêlkî {f}, etir {f}, xemxwerî {f}
currency {n} (money or other item used to facilitate transactions) :: yekeya diravê
curse {n} (supernatural detriment) :: lanet {f}, nalet {f}, جوێن
curse {n} (vulgar epithet) :: lanet {f}, nalet {f}
curse word {n} (vulgarity) SEE: swear word ::
curtain {n} (piece of cloth covering a window) :: perde {f}
cyan {n} (a colour between blue and green) :: sayan
cybernetics {n} (science of communication and control) :: sîbernetîk
cycle {n} (vehicle) SEE: bicycle ::
Cyprus {prop} (country) :: Qibris
Czech {n} (language) :: Çekî
Czech Republic {prop} (country in Central Europe) :: Komara Çêkiyayê
Daesh {prop} (translations of the term "Daesh" only, see also: ISIS) :: DAÎŞ {m}
dagger {n} :: xencer {f}, qeme, deban, kahûr
dago {n} (person of Italian descent) SEE: wop ::
daily {adj} (that occurs every day) :: rojane
daily {n} (newspaper) :: rojname
damage {n} (abstract measure of something not being intact; harm) :: Northern Kurdish: zîyan
Damascus {prop} (the capital city of Syria) :: Şam
dance {n} (movements to music) :: dans {f}, sema {f}, reqis {f}, dîlan {f}, govend {f}, dawet {f}
dance {v} (move rhythmically to music) :: reqisîn, dans kirin, sema kirin
dancer {n} :: danser {m} {f}, semavan {m} {f}, reqas {m} {f}, dansoz {f}
dandy {adj} (like a dandy) :: tewtew
danger {n} :: [3] xeter {f}, [3] talûke {f}, [3] bive {f}, [3] gef {f}, [3] rîsk {f}
Danish {n} (language) :: Danîmarkî
Darius {prop} (any of several Persian kings) :: Daryûs, Daryûş, Dara
Darius {prop} (male given name) :: Daryûş
dark {adj} (having an absolute or relative lack of light) :: tarîk, tarî
databank {n} (database) SEE: database ::
database {n} :: danegeh
daughter {n} (female offspring) :: keç
David {prop} (king of Israel) :: Dawid
day {n} (period of 24 hours) :: roj
day {n} (part of a day period which one spends at one’s job, school, etc.) :: roj
day after tomorrow {n} (day after tomorrow - translation entry) :: dusibe
deaf {adj} (unable to hear) :: kerr, guhgiran
death {n} (cessation of life) :: mirin {f}, merg {f}, wefat {f}, mewt {f}, emrê Xwedê {m}
death penalty {n} (state punishment of death) :: cezayê mirinê, cezayê îdamê
debt {n} (action, state of mind, or object one has an obligation to perform for another) :: deyn {m}, qer {m}
debt {n} (money that one person or entity owes or is required to pay to another) :: qer {m}
decal {v} (design or picture to be transferred) :: daneder
decare {n} (unit of surface area) :: dekar
deceive {v} (trick or mislead) :: xapandin
declensional {adj} (pertaining to declension) :: xercdar
decollete {adj} (having a low-cut neckline) :: dekolte
decree {n} :: فه‌رمان
deer {n} (animal of the family Cervidae) :: gakûvî
dell {n} (valley) SEE: valley ::
demon {n} (evil spirit) :: Northern Kurdish: dêw
demonize {v} (turn into a demon) :: dêw kirin
Denmark {prop} (country in Western Europe) :: Danîmarka
dervish {n} (a member of Dervish fraternity of Sufism) :: dewrêş
description word {n} (adjective) SEE: adjective ::
descry {v} (see) SEE: see ::
desert {n} (barren area) :: deşit
deserted {adj} :: چۆڵ
desire {v} (desire) SEE: want ::
desk {n} (table for writing and reading) :: doşk {m}, mase {f}, mêze {f}
dessert {n} (sweet confection served as the last course of a meal) :: şêranî
destroy {v} :: ruxandin, hilweşandin, pûç kirin, xirab kirin, xopan kirin, kavil kirin, wêran kirin, îmha kirin, ڕوخاندن, تێکدان
destruct {v} (to cause the destruction of) :: ruxandin, hilweşandin, pûç kirin , xirab kirin , xopan kirin , kavil kirin , wêran kirin , îmha kirin
dette {n} (debt) SEE: debt ::
devshirme {n} (collection of non-Muslim children to be converted to Islam) :: devşîrme
dew {n} (moisture in the air that settles on plants, etc) :: şevnem, şewnem, şebnem
Dexamenian {prop} (Dexamenian period) :: dexamenî {f}
dhikr {n} ((Islam) an Islamic prayer whereby a phrase or expression of praise is repeated continually) :: zikr
diachronic linguistics {n} (historical linguistics) SEE: historical linguistics ::
dice {n} (polyhedron used in games of chance) SEE: die ::
diction {n} (clarity of word choice) :: gotin {f}, derbirîn
dictionary {n} (publication that explains the meanings of an ordered list of words) :: ferheng {f}, peyvname {f}, bêjename {f}, qamûs {f}
die {v} (to stop living) :: mirin
dig {v} :: kêlan
digger {n} (spade (playing card)) SEE: spade ::
dime a dozen {adj} (so common as to be practically worthless) :: ne hêja ye pênc qirûşan
dinar {n} (official currency of several countries) :: dînar
dingle {n} (small, narrow or enclosed, usually wooded valley) :: dol {f}, newal {f}, nihal {f}, gelî {m}
dinner {n} (main meal of the day) :: şîv {f}
dinosaur {n} (extinct reptile) :: dînozor
diplomat {n} :: dîplomat
diplomatist {n} (diplomat) SEE: diplomat ::
direction {n} :: ئاراسته‌
directions {n} (direction) SEE: direction ::
dirty {adj} (covered with or containing dirt) :: pîs, qirêjî, rêvin, herrimî, lewitî
dirty {adj} (that makes one dirty) :: pîs, qirêjî, rêvin, herrimî, lewitî
dirty {adj} (morally unclean, obscene or indecent) :: pîs
dirty {adj} (dishonourable, violating standards or rules) :: pîs, herrimî, lewitî
dirty {adj} (illegal, improper) :: pîs, herrimî, lewitî
dirty {adj} (of color: discolored by impurities) :: pîs, herrimî, lewitî
disappear {v} :: بزربوون, ون بوون, له‌ چاو بزربوون
disappointment {n} (emotion) :: dilsarî
discrepancy {n} (inconsistency) :: nakokî {f}, nelihevî {f}, newekhevî {f}
discrepancy {n} (discrepant state) :: nakokî {f}, nelihevî {f}, newekhevî {f}
disease {n} (an abnormal condition of the body causing discomfort or dysfunction) :: nesaxî
dishware {n} (crockery) :: aman, firaq
distant {adj} (far off) :: dûr
ditch {n} (trench) :: co {m}, cihok {m}, xendek {m}, xendeq
divest {v} (undress) SEE: undress ::
Diyarbakır {prop} (city, see also: Amida) :: Amed, Diyarbekir
dizzy {adj} (having a sensation of turning around) :: gêj kirin
do {v} (in questions) :: gelo, aya, ma
do {v} (for emphasis) :: erê, belê, rast e ku
do {v} (perform, execute) :: kirin, çêkirin
do {v} (work, suffice) :: kar kirin, xebitîn, kirin
do {v} (be reasonable or acceptable) :: bûn, hatin qebûlkirin
do {v} (slang: have sex with) :: gan, niyan
do {v} :: êriş kirin
doable {adj} (possible to do) SEE: feasible ::
do business {v} (urinate) SEE: urinate ::
docile {adj} (yielding to control) :: sernerm
doctor {n} (physician) :: bijîşk, doktor, tixtor, nojdar
dog {n} (animal) :: se, kûç, kûçik
Dog Star {prop} (Sirius) SEE: Sirius ::
dolce far niente {n} (enjoyment of idleness) :: rehaweta şirîn {f}
dolce vita {n} (life of self-indulgence and luxury) :: jiyana xweş {f}
donkey {n} (a domestic animal, see also: ass) :: ker {m}
Don Quixote {prop} (the protagonist of a famous Spanish novel) :: Don Kîşot
don't shoot the messenger {proverb} (the bearer of bad news should not be held accountable for the bad news) :: qasid êrî û bêrî ye
doogh {n} (yogurt drink) :: dew
door {n} (portal of entry into a building, room or vehicle) :: derî {m}, dergeh {m}
dot {n} (small spot or mark) :: leke, teqme
dot {n} (punctuation mark) :: niqte, xal
dot {n} (decimal point) :: niqte, xal
dot {n} (morse code symbol) :: niqte, xal
double-click {n} (action or event of pushing mouse-button twice) :: cot tikandin
double-click {v} (to push a mouse-button twice) :: cot tikandin
doubt {n} (uncertainty) :: guman {f}, şik {f}, şube {f}, gûş {f}, hulhul {f}, şûf {f}, گومان
dough {n} (mix of flour and other ingredients) :: hevîr {m}
down {adv} :: jêr, binî
down {adj} :: depresîf, moralşkestî
down {v} (to drink or swallow) :: [transitive] daqurtandin, daûrandin, dabelandin, [intransitive] daqurtîn, daûrîn, dabelîn
down {v} (to drop) :: daxistin, dahanîn, daketin, dahatin
downhill {adj} (easy) SEE: easy ::
dowry {n} (property or payment given at time of marriage) :: next {m}, qelen {m}
dragon {n} (mythical creature) :: ejdeha
dragonfly {n} (insect of the infraorder Anisoptera) :: zencere
drape {n} (curtain, drapery) SEE: curtain ::
dream {n} (imaginary events seen while sleeping) :: xewn {f}
dream {n} (hope or wish) :: xewn {f}, xeyal {f}, aşop {f}
drink {v} (consume liquid through the mouth) :: vexwarin
driver {n} (one who drives something) :: ajovan {n} {c}
driver {n} (person who drives a motorized vehicle, such as a car or a bus) :: ajovan {m} {f}, ajokar {m} {f}, şofêr {m} {f}, sayêq {m} {f}
driver {n} (person who drives some other vehicle) :: ajovan {m} {f}, ajokar {m} {f}, şofêr {m} {f}, sayêq {m} {f}
driver {n} (program acting as interface between an application and hardware) :: ajok {f}
driver's licence {n} (document) SEE: driver's license ::
driver's license {n} (documenting permitting a person to drive) :: ajoname {f}, ehliyet {f}
driving licence {n} (document) SEE: driver's license ::
drone {n} (male bee) :: nêrehing {m}
drop {n} (small mass of liquid) :: dilop, çip, çipik
drug {n} :: tilyak {f}, narkotîk {f}
drugstore {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy ::
dubiously {adv} (in a dubious manner) :: biguman
duck {n} (aquatic bird of the family Anatidae) :: werdek, miravî
duck {n} :: werdek, ordek
dude {n} (dandy) SEE: dandy ::
dumb {adj} (unable to speak) SEE: mute ::
dumb {adj} (extremely stupid) :: Northern Kurdish: bêmêjî, bêaqil
dung {n} (manure) :: rîx {f}
Dushanbe {prop} (capital of Tajikistan) :: Duşenbe
dust {n} (fine, dry particles) :: toz, xubar
Dutch {adj} (of the Netherlands, people, or language) :: holendî
Dutch {n} (the Dutch language) :: holendî
dye {n} (die) SEE: die ::
dyke {n} (ditch) SEE: ditch ::
dyslexia {n} (learning disability) :: dîsleksiye
each {determiner} (every) :: her, heryek, hertişt, هه‌ریه‌ک
ear {n} (organ of hearing) :: guh, گوێ, گوێچک
ear {n} (fruiting body of a grain plant) :: simbil
ear {v} (plough) SEE: plough ::
earring {n} (piece of jewelry) :: guhar {f}, guhark {f}, گواره
earth {prop} (our planet, third out from the Sun) SEE: Earth ::
Earth {prop} (third planet of the Solar System) :: زه‌ڤی; erd
earthquake {n} (shaking of the surface of a planet) :: erdhej {f}, bûmelerzî {f}, erdlerzî {f}, zelzele {f}
east {n} (compass point) :: rojhilat, ڕۆژهه‌ڵات
East Sea {prop} (Baltic sea) SEE: Baltic Sea ::
East Sea {prop} (Sea of Japan) SEE: Sea of Japan ::
easy {adj} (requiring little skill or effort) :: hêsan
easy {adj} :: ئاسان
eat {v} (to ingest, see also: consume; ingest) :: xwarin
eat {v} (eat a meal) :: xwarin
e-book {n} (electronic book) :: e-pirtûk
economist {n} (expert in economics) :: aborînas {m}
economy {n} :: aborî {f}, ekonomî {f}, îqtisad {f}, ئابووری
ecru {adj} (beige) SEE: beige ::
Edirne {prop} (a city in Eastern Thrace) :: Edirne
educate {v} (to instruct or train) :: taşandin, perwerde kirin , fêr kirin , elimandin, hîn kirin , terbiye dan
education {n} (process or art of imparting knowledge, skill and judgment) :: په‌روه‌رده‌ {f} /perwerde/, زانیاری /zanyari/, perwerde {f}
education {n} :: taşandin {f}, hêvotin {f}, terbiyet {f}, fêrkirin {f}, hînkirin {f}, elimandin {f}
educator {n} (teacher) SEE: teacher ::
eel {n} (any fish of the order Anguilliformes) :: marmasî {m} (snake fish)
effendi {n} (title of respect) :: efendî
e.g. {adv} (abbreviation for “for example”) :: wekî mînak, wekî nimûne, mîsalen, w.n., w.m.
egg {n} (body housing an embryo) :: hêk {f}
egg {n} :: hêk {f}, هێلکه‌
eggplant {n} (plant) :: bacanê reş
eggplant {n} (edible fruit) :: bacanreş
egg white {n} (albumen) SEE: albumen ::
egg yolk {n} (central part of an egg) SEE: yolk ::
egress {n} :: derketin {f}, dergeh {f}
Egypt {prop} (country in North Africa) :: Misir, میسر
Eid {prop} (Muslim religious festival) :: eyd
Eiffel Tower {prop} (tower in Paris) :: Barûya Eyfelê
eight {num} (cardinal number 8) :: heşt
eighteen {num} (cardinal number) :: hejde
elbow {n} (joint between upper arm and forearm) :: enîşk, aren aren, enîşk
elbow grease {n} (effort or hard work) :: rêncberî
election {n} (process of choosing a new leader or representatives) :: hilbijartin
electrical engineering {n} (branch of engineering) :: endezyariya elektrîkê {f}
electricity {n} (form of energy) :: kareba {f}, elektrîk {f}, ceyran {f}
electron {n} (the negatively charged subatomic particles that orbit atoms) :: kareva
electron hole {n} (lack of an electron) SEE: hole ::
electronic book {n} (e-book) SEE: e-book ::
electronic mail {n} (email) SEE: email ::
elemental {adj} (basic, fundamental, elementary) SEE: elementary ::
elementary {adj} (relating to the basic, essential or fundamental part of something) :: seretayî
elephant {n} (mammal) :: fîl
elevator {n} (permanent construction) SEE: lift ::
eleven {num} (the cardinal number occurring after ten and before twelve) :: yazde
elitism {n} (belief society should be run by elite) :: bijareyîtî
elm {n} (tree of genus Ulmus) :: bizî {f}
e-mail {n} (email) SEE: email ::
e-mail {v} (email) SEE: email ::
email {n} (system) :: e-peyam
embarge {n} (embargo) SEE: embargo ::
embargo {n} (an order by the government prohibiting ships from leaving port) :: ambargo
embargo {n} (a ban on trade with another country) :: ambargo {f}
embargo {n} (a temporary ban on making certain information public) :: ambargo {f}
embassy {n} (organization representing a foreign state) :: sefaret {f}, balyozxane {f}, ambasad {f}, konsolosxane {f}
embroidery {n} (ornamentation) :: nexş
emergency {n} (situation requiring urgent assistance) :: lezgîn
emery {n} (mineral) :: zimpare {f}
emir {n} (Islamic prince or leader) :: emir {m}
emperor {n} (ruler of an empire) :: emperator, qeyser
employee {n} (individual who provides labor to a company or another person) :: karker {m} {f}
empty {adj} (devoid of content) :: vala
empty {v} (to make empty) :: vala kirin
encompass {v} (surround) :: dorpêç kirin
encompass {v} (include) :: hindirrandin, hewandin
encore {n} (brief extra performance after the main performance is complete) :: dubare
end {n} (extreme part) :: dawî {f}, talî {f}, dûmahî {f}, xilasî {f}, kutahî {f}
end {v} (ergative, intransitive: be finished, be terminated) :: qedîn, xilas bûn, temam bûn, kuta bûn, neman, bi dawî hatin
end {v} (transitive: finish, terminate (something)) :: qedandin, xilas kirin, temam kirin, kuta kirin, nehêlan, bi dawî anîn
enemy {n} (someone who is hostile to, feels hatred towards, opposes the interests of, or intends injury to someone else) :: dijmin, دوژمن
engine {n} (locomotive) SEE: locomotive ::
engineer {n} (person qualified or professionally engaged in engineering) :: endazyar
English {adj} (of or pertaining to England) :: ئنگلیزی, inglîzî
English {adj} (of or pertaining to the English language) :: inglîzî
English {adj} (of or pertaining to the avoirdupois system) :: ئنگلیزی, inglîzî
English {n} (people from England) :: inglîz, ئنگلیز
English {n} (the English language) :: inglîzî, ئنگلیزی /îngilîzî/
enjambment {n} (a technique in poetry) :: enjambeman {f}
enjoy your meal {phrase} (bon appétit) SEE: bon appétit ::
enough {determiner} (sufficient) :: besanî
eosinophil {n} (type of white blood cell) :: êzonofîl {f}
equalize {v} (to make the score equal) :: wekhev kirin
Equatorial Guinea {prop} (country in Western Africa) :: Gîneya Rojbendî
-er {suffix} ((used to form agent nouns) person or thing that does...) :: -van, -er
-er {suffix} (person whose occupation is...) :: -kar, -er
ergonomics {n} (science of the design of equipment) :: ergonomî /Latn/
erotic {adj} (tending to arouse sexual desire) :: erotîk, şehwetî, seksî, pornografîk
err {v} (sin) SEE: sin ::
Erythraean Sea {prop} (Red Sea) SEE: Red Sea ::
erythrocyte {n} (red blood cell) SEE: red blood cell ::
Erzurum {prop} (city) :: Erzîrom
escape {v} (to get free) :: revîn, bazdan
escape {v} (to elude) :: filitîn
escape {n} :: rev , bazdan , filitîn
especially {adv} (particularly) :: taybetî
Esperanto {prop} (auxiliary language) :: esperantoyî {f}
Estonia {prop} (country) :: Estonya
estrogen {n} (estrogen) :: ostrojen {f}
eternal {adj} (lasting forever) :: ebedî, herherî, hetahetayî, bêdawî
ethnology {n} (branch of anthropology) :: binyadnasî
etymologist {n} (person who specializes in etymology) :: etîmolog
etymology {n} (study of the historical development of languages, particularly of individual words) :: bêjenasî {f}
Euphrates {prop} (river in the Middle East) :: Firat {m}
European redbud {n} (Judas tree) SEE: Judas tree ::
Euxine Sea {prop} SEE: Black Sea ::
Eve {prop} (given name) :: Hawa {f}
even {n} (even number) SEE: even number ::
evening {n} (time of day between the approximate time of midwinter dusk and midnight) :: êvar {f}
even number {n} (positive integer that can be divided by two) :: hejmara cot
every day {adv} (daily) SEE: daily ::
ewe {n} (female sheep) :: Northern Kurdish: , mîh
exchange {n} :: ئاڵوگۆڕ
execution {n} :: îdam, daliqandin, şenqkirin, sêdarekirin
exiguous {adj} (extremely scanty) :: qaştîk, zeîfok, hestî
expect {v} (to expect) SEE: look ::
expire {v} (die) SEE: die ::
expiry {n} (death) SEE: death ::
explain {v} (report) :: şirove kirin, îzah kirin, fesîh kirin, zelal kirin, ron kirin, şayesandin, şayes kirin, şayes dan, sêwer kirin, bas kirin, qal kirin, vegotin, derbirin, wesf dan, saloxandin, salox kirin, teswîr kirin, tesewir kirin
expletive {n} (profane, vulgar term) SEE: swear word ::
expound {v} :: şirove kirin, îzah kirin, fesîh kirin, zelal kirin, ron kirin, şayesandin, şayes kirin, şayes dan, sêwer kirin, bas kirin, qal kirin, vegotin, derbirin, wesf dan, saloxandin, salox kirin, teswîr kirin, tesewir kirin
expurgate {v} (to cleanse, to purge) :: pak kirin, paqij kirin
extinguish {v} :: temirandin , tefandin , vemirandin , reş kirin , vekuştin
eye {n} (organ) :: Northern Kurdish: çav
eyebrow {n} (hair that grows over the bone ridge above the eye socket) :: birû {p}
eyelash {n} (hair growing on the edge of an eyelid) :: bijang
Eyetie {n} (person of Italian descent) SEE: wop ::
eyot {n} (islet) SEE: islet ::
face {v} (to face) SEE: look ::
face {n} (front part of head) :: {m}, serçav, dêm {m}, ده‌موچاو
fall {n} (season) SEE: autumn ::
fall {n} (act of moving in gas or vacuum under the effect of gravity from a point to a lower point) :: Kurmanci: ketin {f}, keftin {f}
fall {v} (move to a lower position under the effect of gravity) :: ketin, keftin
fallen {adj} (killed in battle) :: şehîd ketin
familiar {adj} (known to one) :: nas, niyas
familiar {adj} (acquainted) :: aşna, şareza, pispor, zana
familiar {adj} (intimate or friendly) :: nêz, nêzîk
family {n} ((used attributively)) :: malbatî
family {n} :: malbat {f}
famine {n} (extreme shortage of food in a region) :: xela {f}
famous {adj} :: مه‌شهوور, به‌ناوبانگ, ناودار
fanny {n} (buttocks) SEE: ass ::
far {adj} (remote in space) :: dûr
farewell {interj} (Goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
Faroe Islands {prop} (group of islands between Scotland and Iceland) :: Giravên Feroe
farrier {n} (person who trims and shoes horses' hooves) :: Northern Kurdish: beytar
Farsi {n} (Persian language) SEE: Persian ::
fart {n} (an emission of flatulent gases) :: fis, kuş, piv, tirr
fast {adj} (firmly or securely fixed in place) :: zeft, sabit
fast {adj} (of sleep: deep or sound) :: (xewa) giran
fast {adj} (capable of moving with great speed) :: lezgîn, , bilez
fast {adj} (ahead of the correct time or schedule) ::
fast {adv} (with great speed) ::
fast {v} (to abstain from food) :: rojî girtin
fast {n} (fasting) SEE: fasting ::
fasting {n} (act or practice of abstaining from or eating very little food) :: rojî {f}
fasting {n} (period of time when one abstains from or eats very little food) :: rojî {f}, ڕۆژوو
fat cat {n} (affluent person who is perceived to have profited from the labour of others) :: kedxwer
father {n} (male parent) :: bab {m}, bav {m}
fatherless {adj} (without a living father) :: bêbav
faucet {n} (tap) SEE: tap ::
fear {n} (uncountable: emotion caused by actual or perceived danger or threat) :: tirs {f}
fear {n} (a phobia; sense of fear induced by something or someone) :: tirs {f}
fear {n} (extreme veneration or awe) :: tirs {f}
fear {v} (feel fear about (something)) :: tirsîn
fear {v} (venerate; to feel awe towards) :: tirsîn
feasible {adj} (that can be done in practice) :: gengaz, mimkin, pêkan
feather {n} (branching, hair-like structure that grows on the bodies of birds) :: perr {m}, pûrt {m}
February {prop} (second month of the Roman, Julian, and Gregorian calendars) :: reşemî
felicity {n} (happiness) SEE: happiness ::
feminine {n} (woman) SEE: woman ::
fenugreek {n} (spice) :: Northern Kurdish: şembelîk, xencelîsk
fertility {n} :: به‌پیتی
fervent {adj} :: گه‌رمی
fescue {n} (stick, etc., used chiefly to point out letters to children) SEE: pointer ::
fever {n} (higher than normal body temperature) :: ta {f}, tasar {f}, tagerm {f}
fierce {adj} (extremely violent, severe, ferocious or savage) :: Northern Kurdish: dirr
fifteen {num} (cardinal number) :: pazde, pazdeh
fifty {num} (cardinal number) :: pêncî, په‌نجا
fig {n} (tree or shrub) :: hejîr {f}, darhejîr {f}
fig {n} (fruit) :: hejîr {f}
fig tree {n} (fig tree) SEE: fig ::
filmography {n} (filmography) :: fîlmografî
finger {n} ((anatomy) extremity of the hand) :: til {f}, په‌نجه‌
finish off {v} (to kill) SEE: kill ::
Finland {prop} (Nordic country) :: Fînland
Finnic {adj} (Finnish) SEE: Finnish ::
Finnish {n} (language) :: Fînlendî
fire {v} (farriery: to cauterize) SEE: cauterize ::
fire {n} (oxidation reaction) :: agir {m}, nar {f}
fire {n} (instance of this chemical reaction) :: kuçk
fire {n} (damaging occurrence of fire) :: agir
fire {n} (alchemy: one of the basic elements) :: agir
fire {n} (heater or stove used in place of real fire) :: agir
fire {n} :: agir
firebreather {n} (performer) SEE: fire-eater ::
fire-eater {n} (performer) :: agirbaz {c}
firefly {n} (Lampyridae) :: gûstêrk {m}
firework {n} (exploding device) :: agirbazî {f}
first language {n} (mother tongue) SEE: mother tongue ::
fish {n} (vertebrate animal) :: masî {m}, ماسی {m} /masî/
fish {n} (flesh of fish as food) :: masî {m}
fish {n} (period of time spent fishing) :: masîgirî {m}
five {num} (five ) :: pênc
flag {n} (piece of cloth or often its representation) :: al, ala {f}
flamethrower {n} (device that projects a flame) :: agiravêj
flange {n} (slang:vulva) SEE: vulva ::
flat {n} (apartment) SEE: apartment ::
flea {n} (parasitic insect) :: kêç
flee {v} (to run away; to escape) :: revîn, bazdan, bezîn
flee {v} :: revîn, bazdan
Flemish {adj} :: flamî, flemanî
Flemish {prop} (the Dutch language as it is spoken in Flanders) :: flamî {f}
flight {n} (act of flying) :: firr
flint {n} (hard fine-grained quartz which generates sparks when struck) :: Northern Kurdish: berheste
flipper {n} (kitchen spatula) SEE: spatula ::
flittermouse {n} (bat) SEE: bat ::
flock {n} (group of birds) :: ref {f}
flock {n} (group of sheep or goats) :: kerî {m}, celeb {m}, birr {m}
flock {n} (people served by a particular pastor) :: civat {f}, cemaet {f}
flock {n} (group of people) :: kom {f}, ref {f}, coq {f}
flog {v} (to sell) SEE: sell ::
flood {n} (overflow of water) :: lehî {f}, lêser {f}, lês {f}, avrabûn {f}, لافاو
floor {n} (storey of a building) SEE: storey ::
flour {n} (ground cereal grains) :: ard, arvan
flow {v} (to flow) SEE: run ::
flower {n} (reproductive structure in angiosperms) :: gul, kulîlk, گوڵ
fluorine {n} (chemical element) :: fluor
flute {n} (woodwind instrument) :: bilûr {f}, ney {f}, fîq {f}, bilûl {f}
fly {n} (insect of the family Muscidae) :: mêş {f}
fly {v} (to travel through air) :: firîn, firrîn
flycatcher {n} :: mêşgir
flying {n} (flying (noun)) SEE: flight ::
foal {n} (young horse) :: Northern Kurdish: canî
foam {n} (substance composed of a large collection of bubbles or their solidified remains) :: kef
foam rubber {n} (foam rubber) SEE: foam ::
foe {n} (enemy) SEE: enemy ::
fold {v} (bend (thin material) over) :: çemandin, tewandin
fold {v} (make the proper arrangement (in a thin material) by bending) :: pêçan, qat kirin
foot {n} (part of human body ) :: , , ling, nig
for {prep} (directed at, intended to belong to) :: bo
forehead {n} (part of face above eyebrows) :: enî {f}, ناوچه‌وان
foreign language {n} (any language other than that spoken by the people of a specific place) :: zimanê biyanî
forest {n} (dense collection of trees) :: daristan
for example {prep} (as an example) :: wekî mînak
forget {v} :: له‌بیربوون
for instance {adv} (as an example) SEE: for example ::
former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia {prop} (provisional designation of the Republic of Macedonia, see also: Republic of Macedonia; Macedonia) :: Komara Yûgoslavî ya Kevnar a Makedonyayê
Formosa {prop} (Taiwan) SEE: Taiwan ::
forty {num} (the cardinal number occurring after thirty-nine) :: çil, چل
forward {adj} (at the front) :: pêşve
forward {adv} (towards the front) :: pêşve
fosse {n} (a ditch or moat) :: co {m}
foster {v} (to nurture or bring up offspring; or to provide similar parental care to an unrelated child) :: xwedî kirin, mezin kirin
foster {v} (to cultivate and grow something) :: xwedî kirin, mezin kirin
foster {v} (to nurse or cherish something) :: xwedî kirin, mezin kirin
found {v} (melt) SEE: melt ::
fountain {n} (spring) SEE: spring ::
fountain {n} (artificial water feature) :: Northern Kurdish: şadrewan
four {num} (the cardinal number 4) :: çar
four by two {n} (Jew) SEE: Jew ::
four-letter word {n} (swear word) SEE: swear word ::
fourteen {num} (cardinal number) :: [Kurmanji]: çarde
fourth {n} (quarter) SEE: quarter ::
fourth {adj} (ordinal form of the number four) :: çarem
fowl {n} (bird) SEE: bird ::
fox {n} (Vulpes) :: rovî
frame {n} (structural elements of a building or other constructed object) :: milbend, çarçev
francium {n} (chemical element) :: fransiyûm
frankenword {n} (portmanteau word) SEE: portmanteau word ::
free {adj} (not imprisoned) :: azad, serbest, rizgar
free {adj} (unconstrained) :: berdayî
free {adj} (unobstructed) :: vekirî, vebûyî
free {adj} (without obligations) :: azad, serbest
free {adj} (software: with very few limitations on distribution or improvement) :: azad, vekirî, serbest
free {adj} (obtainable without payment) SEE: free of charge ::
freedom {n} (not being imprisoned or enslaved) :: serbestî {f}, azadî {f}
freedom {n} (The lack of a specific constraint) :: azadî
freedom {n} :: azadî {f}, serbestî {f}, rizgarî {f}, xweserî {f}, serxwebûn {f}
freedom of assembly {n} (right of citizens to freely congregate or assemble) :: azadiya civînê {f}
free of charge {adj} (not requiring any payment - adjective) :: belaş, bêpare, bedewa, herwe
French {n} (Romance language spoken in France) :: zimanê fransî, frensî, ferensayî
French {adj} (of or relating to the French people) :: frensizî
Friday {n} (day of the week) :: în {f}, înî, eynî {f}, cume {f}
fridge {n} (refrigerator) SEE: refrigerator ::
friend {n} (person whose company one enjoys) :: heval, dost, yar, hevrê
frog {n} (amphibian) :: beq {f}
from {prep} (with the source or provenance of or at) :: ji
frontline {adj} (military: located at a front) :: bere {m}, cephe {m}, enî {f}
frosh {n} (frog) SEE: frog ::
froth {n} (foam) :: kef
fry {v} (to cook (something) in hot fat or oil) :: Northern Kurdish: biraştin, qelandin
fuchsia {n} (colour) :: foşya
fuck {v} (to have sexual intercourse-obscene or vulgar) :: gan
fucking {n} (an act of sexual intercourse) :: mızır
fuck off {v} (go to hell, disappear, screw oneself) :: بە نەفرەت بیت /banafrat beet/
fuel {n} (substance consumed to provide energy) :: mazot
full {adj} (containing the maximum possible amount) :: tijî, tije
full {adj} (complete) :: temam
full {adj} (total, entire) :: tev
full {adj} (satisfied, in relation to eating) :: têr
full {adj} (of a garment: ample, wide) :: fire
full {adj} :: (Kurmancî): tijî, mişt
funambulate {v} (tightrope-walk) :: li ser benan meşîn
funeral director {n} (undertaker) SEE: undertaker ::
furnace {n} (device for heating) SEE: oven ::
furtive {adj} :: dizîkî, nehînî, razberî
furtively {adv} (in a furtive manner) :: bi dizîkî, bi nehînî, bi razberî
fuzz {n} (police) SEE: police ::
galligaskins {n} (shalwar) SEE: shalwar ::
galvanic {adj} (of or pertaining to galvanism; electric) :: gal vanî
gameness {n} (courage) SEE: courage ::
garage {n} :: garaj {f}
garden {n} (piece of land outside with flowers and plants) :: gulistan {f}, baxçe {m}, bax {m}
garden {n} (a vegetable garden) :: Northern Kurdish: bîstan
garden {n} (gardens with public access) :: (bax) {m}, (baxçe) {m}, باخچە, باغ, باخ
garden {n} (grounds at the front or back of a house) :: dermal {f}, baxçe {m}, bax {m}
garlic {n} (plant) :: sîr {f}
gash {n} (vulva) SEE: vulva ::
gata {n} (a kind of pastry) :: kade
Gaza {prop} (city) :: Xeze
Gaza {prop} (Gaza Strip) SEE: Gaza Strip ::
Gaza Strip {prop} (Gaza Strip) :: Şirîta Xazeyê
gazelle {n} (antelope) :: xezal
geek {n} (Australian: look) SEE: look ::
geld {n} (money) SEE: money ::
gender {n} (grammar: voice (of verbs)) SEE: voice ::
gender {n} (biological sex) :: zayend {f}
general {adj} :: giştî, tevayî, amî, umûmî, pirranî
general {n} :: jeneral, ceneral, general
Geneva {prop} (city) :: Cenevre
genre {n} (kind; type; sort) :: janr, şêwe, cûn, şêwaz, çeşît, tewr
gentleman {n} (man of breeding) :: hêja, rêzdar, birêz, mamoste, seyda, efendî
gentleman {n} (polite term for a man) :: hêja, rêzdar, birêz, mamoste, seyda, efendî
gentleman {n} (polite form of address to men) :: hêja, rêzdar, birêz, mamoste, seyda, efendî, ezbenî, ez-xulam
geometry {n} (branch of mathematics) :: hindaze
Georgetown {prop} (capital of Guyana) :: جۆرج تاون, Corctawn
Georgia {prop} (country) :: Гӧрщстан
German {n} (the German language) :: elmanî
German {n} :: elman, elmanî
German {adj} (of or relating to the country of Germany) :: elmanî
germander {n} (mint plant of genus Teucrium) :: qesel {f}
Germany {prop} (country in Central Europe) :: Almanya {f}
gesundheit {interj} (said to someone who has just sneezed) SEE: bless you ::
get away {v} (to avoid capture; to escape (from)) SEE: escape ::
ghost {n} (soul) SEE: soul ::
Gibraltar {prop} (British overseas territory) :: Gibraltar
Gilgamesh {prop} :: Gilgameş
gingerbread {n} (type of cake) :: kiloca zencefîlî
gingersnap {n} (type of biscuit seasoned with ginger) :: kilêçe
giraffe {n} (mammal) :: hêştirga, canhêştir, zirafe
gissard {n} (one who tends to geese) SEE: gosherd ::
give {v} (transfer the possession of something to someone else) :: dan, دان
glass {n} (substance) :: şûşe {f}, cam {f}, glas {f}, belûr {f}, شووشه, جام
glass {n} (drinking vessel) :: perdaq {f}, piyale {f}, şûşe {f}, glas {f}, په‌رداخ, په‌رداغ
glass {n} (mirror) SEE: mirror ::
glasses {n} (plural of "glass") SEE: glass ::
glove {n} (item of clothing) :: lepik {m}
glover {n} (person who makes gloves) :: lepikçêker, destgorkfiroş, desgorkfiroş
glyph {n} (carved relief representing a sound, word or idea) :: glîf
go {v} (die) SEE: die ::
go {v} (to move through space (especially from one place to another) ) :: çûn
go {v} (leave) SEE: leave ::
go {v} (attack) SEE: attack ::
go {v} (urinate, defecate) SEE: urinate ::
goad {n} (pointed stick used to prod animals) :: misas
goat {n} (animal) :: bizin
go away {v} :: لاچوون
god {n} :: xweda, îlah, xwedawend, yezdan, xwedê
God {prop} :: Xweda, Xuda, Elah
God's house {n} (church) SEE: church ::
goer {n} (foot) SEE: foot ::
gold {n} (element) :: zêrr {m}
good {adj} :: baş, qenc, çê, çak, rind
goodbye {interj} (farewell, see also: bye) :: oẍir be [person staying], xatira te [person leaving]
good day {phrase} (greeting between sunrise and sunset) :: rojbaş
good-den {interj} (good evening) SEE: good evening ::
good evening {n} (greeting said in the evening) :: êvarbaş, ئێواره‌ت باش
good morning {interj} (when seeing someone for the first time in the morning) :: به‌یانیت باش, beyanî baş
good news {n} (something positive) :: خه‌به‌ری خۆش, مژده‌
Google {prop} (Google (in other scripts, the trademark may also be written in Roman letters)) :: Gûgil
goombah {n} (person of Italian descent) SEE: wop ::
goose {n} (a grazing waterfowl of the family Anatidae) :: qaz {f}
gooseherd {n} (person who tends to geese) SEE: gosherd ::
gosherd {n} (one who takes care of geese) :: şivanê qazan
Gothenburger {n} (person from, or an inhabitant of, Gothenburg) :: goteborgî
go to work {v} (work) SEE: work ::
government {n} (body with the power to make and/or enforce laws) :: hukumet
grab {v} (to make a sudden grasping or clutching motion (at something)) :: girtin
grammar {n} (rules for speaking and writing a language) :: rêziman
grammary {n} (grammar) SEE: grammar ::
gram molecule {n} (mole) SEE: mole ::
grandchild {n} (child of someone’s child) :: nevî, torin
grandfather {n} (grandfather (from either side)) :: bavpîr {m}
grand piano {n} (type of piano) :: piyanoya mezin {f}
grapevine {n} (the plant on which grapes grow) :: Northern Kurdish: mêw
grass {n} (ground cover plant) :: giya {m}
grater {n} (a tool with which one grates) :: rêşker
gratis {adj} (free of charge) SEE: free of charge ::
grave {n} (excavation for burial) :: gorr {f}, merzel {m}, tirb {f}, qebir {m}, mezar {f} (shrine), ziyaret {f} (shrine)
gravel {n} (small fragments of rock) :: Northern Kurdish: xîz
graveyard {n} (tract of land in which the dead are buried) :: goristan {f}
greaseball {n} (person of Italian descent) SEE: wop ::
Greece {prop} (Country in Southeastern Europe) :: Yewnanistan
greed {n} (selfish desire for more than is needed) :: çavirçîtî {f}
Greek {n} (language of the Greek people) :: Yonanî, Yewnanî
green {adj} (having green as its colour) :: kesk
green {n} (colour) :: kesk, sewz
greenish {adj} (somewhat green) :: kesk, keske
Greenlandic {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Greenland, its people or language) SEE: Greenlandish ::
Greenlandic {n} (language) SEE: Greenlandish ::
Greenlandish {n} (language) :: kalaallisut
greens {n} (leaves of certain edible green plants) :: Northern Kurdish: п’ьнщар’
grenade {n} (pomegranate) SEE: pomegranate ::
grey {adj} (having a color somewhere between white and black, as the ash of an ember) :: gewr, bor
greyhound {n} (lean breed of dog used in hunting and racing) :: Northern Kurdish: tajî
grey wolf {n} (a large grey wolf) :: gur, gurg
groom {n} (bridegroom) SEE: bridegroom ::
grove {n} (orchard) SEE: orchard ::
gruel {n} (thin watery porridge) :: hewdel
guarantee {n} (written declaration) :: temînat, garantî
guarantee {n} (person who gives such a guarantee) :: garantîker, temînatker, garantor
guarantee {v} (to give an assurance that something will be done right) :: temîn kirin, misoger kirin, garantî kirin
guarantee {v} (to assume responsibility for a debt) :: temîn kirin, misoger kirin, garantî kirin
guarantee {v} (to make something certain) :: temîn kirin, misoger kirin, garantî kirin
guardian {n} :: zêrevan, pasevan, parêzvan, nobedar, nêrevan, gard, heres, pasdar
guido {n} (person of Italian descent) SEE: wop ::
guillotine {n} (machine used for capital punishment) :: meşneqe, giyotîn
guinea {n} (person of Italian descent) SEE: wop ::
gum {n} (chewing gum) SEE: chewing gum ::
gundi {n} (rodent of the family Ctenodactylidae) :: qendî
gunpowder {n} (explosive mixture) :: barût
hackberry {n} (plant) :: tehwî, tawî
hadith {n} (collected sayings and actions of Muhammad) :: hedîs {f}
hail {n} (balls of ice) :: terg {f}, gijlok {f}
hair {n} (a pigmented keratinaceous growth on the human head) :: Northern Kurdish: pirç
hajduk {n} (outlaw, highwayman or freedom fighter in the Balkans) :: hejduk
hajj {n} (pilgrimage to Mecca) :: hec
hajji {n} (one who has participated in a hajj) :: hecî
Halabja {prop} (a town) :: Helebce
half {adj} (consisting of a half) :: nîv {m}
hallway {n} (corridor) SEE: corridor ::
Hamadan {prop} (city in Iran) :: Hemedan
hamartia {n} (sin) SEE: sin ::
hammer {n} (tool) :: çekûç {m}, keçûç {m}; çakuç
hand {n} (part of the fore limb) :: dest
handkerchief {n} (cloth for wiping the face, eyes, nose or hands) :: destmal
handle {n} (part of an object held in the hand when used or moved) :: destî
haply {adv} (perhaps) SEE: perhaps ::
happiness {n} :: خۆشی /xoshí/
happy birthday {interj} (good wishes for a birthday) :: rojbûna te pîroz (be)!
happy New Year {phrase} (Happy New Year) :: sala nû pîroz be, sersala we pîroz be
harmonica {n} (wind instrument) :: harmonîka
harmonization {n} (act of harmonizing) :: ahengsazî {f}
harvest {n} (autumn, fall) SEE: autumn ::
hashish {n} (marijuana generally) SEE: cannabis ::
hate {v} (to dislike intensely) :: Northern Kurdish: hîlet bûn , nefret kirin, hîlet bûn
haunch {n} :: navteng {f}, newq {f}
have {v} (to possess) :: hebûn, heyîn
have one's eye on {v} (watch) SEE: watch ::
have sex {v} (to engage in sexual intercourse) SEE: copulate ::
Hawaiian {n} (Hawaiian language) :: hawaíyane
hawfinch {n} (finch) :: keskankiroj
hay {n} (grass cut and dried for use as animal fodder) :: pûş
he {determiner} (personal pronoun "he") :: [both male and female] ew
head {v} (to be in command of) :: birêvebirin
head {v} (to move in a specified direction) :: berê xwe dan derekê, ber bi derekê ve çûn
head {n} (bow of a vessel) SEE: bow ::
head {n} (part of the body) :: ser
head {n} (end of hammer, axe, golf club etc.) :: ser
head {n} (blunt end of a nail, screw etc.) :: ser
head {n} (leader, chief, mastermind) :: serok
head {n} (headmaster, headmistress) :: serperişt
health {n} (state of being free of physical or psychological disease, illness, or malfunction) :: saxlemî
hear {v} (to perceive with the ear) :: bîstin, guh lê bûn, بیستن
heart {n} (an organ) :: dil {m}, qelb {m}
heart {n} (emotions or kindness) :: dil {m}, qelb {m}
heart {n} (a shape or symbol) :: dil {m}, qelb {m}
heart {n} (a suit of cards) :: dil {m}, qelb {m}
heart {n} (centre or core) :: dil {m}, qelb {m}
heart attack {n} (death) SEE: death ::
heart attack {n} (acute myocardial infarction) :: Mirina masûlkeyên dil, Myokardînfarkt
hearts {n} (plural of "heart") SEE: heart ::
heaven {n} (sky) :: ezman, asîman
heaven {n} (paradise) :: cenet
Heaven {prop} (All meanings) SEE: heaven ::
heavy {adj} (having great weight) :: giran
hedonism {n} (philosophy) :: zewqyarî {f}, hedonîzm {f}
heliocentric {adj} (having the sun at the center) :: rojnavendî, rojmerkezî
helium {n} (chemical element) :: hêlyûm
hell {prop} (abode for the condemned) :: dûjeh, cehnem
hello {interj} (greeting) :: Roman: selam
help {n} (action given to provide assistance) :: alîkarî {f}, destek {f}, yarmetî {f}, komekî {f}, piştevanî {f}, piştgirî {f}, misaede {f}
helper {n} (one who helps) :: alîkar
helping verb {n} (auxiliary verb) SEE: auxiliary verb ::
Helsinki {prop} (the capital city of Finland) :: Helsinkî {f}
hen {n} (female chicken) :: mirîşk
henbane {n} (Hyoscyamus niger) :: beng {m}
her {determiner} (belonging to) ::
herbalism {n} ((obsolete) botany) SEE: botany ::
herd {n} (a number of domestic animals assembled together under the watch or ownership of a keeper) :: Northern Kurdish: naxir
hide {v} ((transitive)) :: veşartin
hide {v} ((intransitive)) :: xwe veşartin
high {adj} (elevated; tall) :: bilind, bala
high-level {adj} (of or pertaining to a person of high rank) SEE: high-ranking ::
high-ranking {adj} (at an important, elevated, or exalted level in a hierarchy or organization; high-level) :: payebilind, payeberz, ritbebilind, payebala
Hijra {n} (Muhammad's departure from Mecca) :: hîcret
him {pron} (he) SEE: he ::
hire {v} :: ڕاگرتن
his {determiner} (attributive: belonging to him) ::
historic {adj} (having significance in history) :: dîrokî
historical linguistics {n} (the scientific study of language change) :: zimannasiya dîrokî {f}
history {n} (aggregate of past events) :: dîrok
history {n} (record or narrative description of past events) :: çîrok
hole {n} (pit) SEE: pit ::
hole {n} (hollow in some surface) :: kun
hole {n} (opening in a solid) :: kun
hole {v} (to destroy) SEE: destroy ::
holiness {n} (state or condition of being holy) :: pîrozî {f}
hollow {n} (hollow in some surface) SEE: hole ::
holy {adj} :: پیرۆز
home {n} (house or structure in which someone lives) :: mal
home {n} (childhood or parental home) :: mal, ماڵ
home {n} (place of refuge or rest) :: mal, ماڵ
home page {n} (main or first page of a website) :: malper
home page {n} (web page set to open in a web browser) :: malper
homograph {n} (word with the same spelling but different meaning) :: hevnivîs
homophone {n} (words with the same pronunciation) :: hevdeng, homofon
homosexuality {n} (sexual orientation) :: homoseksûalîte, hevzayendîtî, homoseksuelî
honey {n} (sweet substance produced by bees) :: hingiv
honeycomb {n} (structure of cells made by bees) :: şan {m}, şane {m}
-hood {suffix} (condition or state) :: -tî
hoof {n} (tip of a toe of ungulates) :: sim {m}
hooter {n} (owl) SEE: owl ::
hope {n} (belief that something wished for can happen) :: hêvî
hopeful {adj} :: hêvîdar, umêdewar, bihêvî, هیوادار
hopeless {adj} (destitute of hope; having no expectation of good; despairing) :: Northern Kurdish: bêhêvî
hopelessness {n} (the lack of hope; despair) :: bêhêvîtî {f}
horn {n} (growth on the heads of certain animals) :: stirî
horror movie {n} (motion picture which horrifies or frightens) :: fîlma tirsê /ku-Latn/
horse {n} (members of the species Equus ferus) :: hesp
horseling {n} (foal) SEE: foal ::
horseshoe {n} (metallic shoe of a horse) :: nal {f}; Northern Kurdish: nal
hospital {n} (large medical facility) :: nexweşxane, xestexane, bîmaristan
hostage {n} (person given as a pledge or security) :: rehîne
hostler {n} (person at an inn who looks after horses) :: seyîs
hot {adj} (having a high temperature) :: germ, kel
hour {n} (time period of sixty minutes) :: seet
house {n} (human abode) :: xanî {m}, خانوو {m}
house husband {n} (husband who remains in the homestead) SEE: househusband ::
househusband {n} (husband who remains in the homestead) :: mêrê malê {m}
housewife {n} (female head of household) :: bermalî
how {adv} (to what degree) :: çend
how {adv} (in what manner) :: çawa, çawan
how {adv} (used as a modifier to indicate surprise, delight, or other strong feelings) :: çawa, çawan
however {adv} (nevertheless) :: her wiha, dîsa jî,
how much {determiner} (what quantity) :: çend
howzit {interj} (what's up) SEE: what's up ::
hubris {n} (excessive pride or arrogance) :: quretî {f}, pozbilindî {f}
human being {n} (person) :: mirov, meriv, ئاده‌میزاد
humanity {n} (human beings as a group) :: mirovatî {f}
humanity {n} (human condition) :: mirovatî {f}
humanity {n} (quality of being benevolent) :: mirovatî {f}
human rights {n} (basic rights and freedoms that all humans should be guaranteed) :: mafên mirovan
Hun {n} (German) SEE: German ::
hundred {num} (cardinal number 100) :: sed, سه‌د
hungry {adj} :: birsî, birçî
husband {n} (male partner in marriage) :: mêr (مێر)
hussy {n} (a cheeky or disrespectful girl; a woman showing inappropriate or improper behaviour) :: qehpik {f}
hut {n} :: کووخ
hyacinth {n} (plant of the genus Hyacinthus) :: sumbul
hydrogen {n} (chemical element) :: hîdrojen
hypernym {n} (superordinate grouping word) :: hîpernîm {f}
hyperonym {n} (hypernym) SEE: hypernym ::
hypochondria {n} (psychological disorder) :: hîpokondriya
hyponym {n} (more specific word) :: hîponîm
I {pron} (personal pronoun) :: ez, min
ibrik {n} (A long-spouted pitcher) :: misîn {m}
ice {n} (water in frozen form) :: cemed {f}, qeşa {f}
icebox {n} (refrigerator) SEE: refrigerator ::
Iceland {prop} (country in Europe) :: Îsland
ID {n} (identification or identity documentation) SEE: ID card ::
ID card {n} (card or badge showing the official identity of the wearer) :: nasname, pênas
identity card {n} (a card showing one's identity) SEE: ID card ::
if {conj} (supposing that) :: heke
if only {phrase} (signifies a wish) :: xwezî
ignite {v} :: داگیرسان
ignorance {n} (condition of being uninformed or uneducated) :: nezanî
ignorant {adj} (characterized by ignorance) :: نه‌زان, nezan
ill {adj} (bad) SEE: bad ::
illegal {adj} (contrary to or forbidden by law) :: neqanûnî, qedexe, memnûh, yasax, qaçax, derqanûn
illegal {adj} (prohibited by established rules) :: qedexe, memnûh
illiterate {adj} (unable to read and write) :: nexwendewar, nexwenda
I love you {phrase} (affirmation of romantic feeling) :: te dievînim, hez ji te dikim, ez ji te hez dikim, evîndarê te me {m}, evîndara te me {f}, min tu divê, aşiqê te me {m}, aşiqa te me, ez ji te hez dikim, ez hez ji te dikim, ez hej te dikim
I'm a Muslim {phrase} (I'm a Muslim) :: ez misilman im
imburse {v} (to save, to store up) SEE: save ::
I miss you {phrase} (I miss you) :: Northern Kurdish: min bêrîya te kiriye
immortal {adj} (not susceptible to death) :: nemir, hersax, herheyî
impeccably {adv} (in a perfect or flawless manner) :: bitekûzbarî, bibêçewtî, tekûzbarkî
implement {n} (a tool) :: amûr, alet, alav, hacet, halet, ئاڵات
implement {v} (bring about) :: bi cih anîn, bi cih kirin
impoverished {adj} (with no possessions or money) SEE: poor ::
imprisoner {n} (one who imprisons) :: zindanker {m}
incite {v} (to rouse, stir up or excite) :: arandin, azirandin, cixirandin, sîqilandin, tehrîk kirin, lê sor kirin, teşwîq kirin, engizandin, belişandin, pîj kirin, ajawe kirin, provoke kirin, han dan, fît kirin, xiroşme kirin, cilixandin
incombustible {adj} (not flammable) :: neşewit, nesoj, agirnegir
incruental {adj} (bloodless) SEE: bloodless ::
independent clause {n} (grammar: clause that can stand alone) SEE: main clause ::
indescribably {adv} (in an indescribable manner) :: neravebarkî
Indianapolis {prop} (capital of the State of Indiana, USA) :: Indianapolis
indign {adj} (unworthy) SEE: unworthy ::
individuality {n} (person) SEE: person ::
infidel {n} (non-believer) :: gawir, kafir
infinity {n} (endlessness, unlimitedness, absence of end or limit) :: bêdawî
infix {n} (morpheme inserted into word) :: navbendik, navgir
information {n} (communicable knowledge) :: agahî {f}
ingredient {n} (substance present in a mixture) :: kerese
injure {v} (to wound or cause physical harm) :: birîndar kirin
in-law {n} (relative by marriage) :: Northern Kurdish: хнами
in-law {n} (mother-in-law) SEE: mother-in-law ::
insane asylum {n} (mental hospital) SEE: mental hospital ::
inside pocket {n} (inside pocket of a garment) :: باخەڵ
insulin {n} (polypeptide hormone) :: însulîn
intel {n} (intelligence) SEE: intelligence ::
intelligence {n} (capacity of mind) :: fehm
interest {n} (finance: price of credit) :: faîz {f}, riba {f}
interest {n} (great attention and concern from someone) :: mereq {f}, balkêşî {f}, entres {f}
interest {n} (attention that is given to or received from someone or something) :: mereq {f}, balkêşî {f}, entres {f}
interest {n} (involvement in or link with financial, business, or other undertaking) :: entres {f}
Internationale {prop} (proletarian song) :: Înternasyonal {f}
International System of Units {prop} (standard set of basic units of measurement) :: Pergala Navneteweyî ya Pîvanê
interpreter {n} (one who interprets speech) :: terciman
in the event {conj} (if) SEE: if ::
in two days {prep} (day after tomorrow) SEE: day after tomorrow ::
invitation {n} :: dawet {f}, daxwazname {f}
invite {v} (ask for the presence or participation of someone) :: vexwendin
Iran {prop} (country in Western Asia) :: Îran
Irani {adj} (Iranian) SEE: Iranian ::
Irani {n} (Iranian) SEE: Iranian ::
Iranian {n} (person from Iran or of Iranian descent) :: îranî
Iranian {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Iran, the people or Iranian languages) :: îranî
Iraq {prop} (country) :: Iraq
Iraqi {adj} (from or pertaining to Iraq) :: Northern Kurdish: Iraqê
Ireland {prop} (island) :: Îrlenda
Irish Sea {prop} (a sea between the islands of Great Britain and Ireland) :: Derya Îrlanda
iron {n} (element) :: ئاسن /asin/, asin, hesin
ISIL {prop} (ISIS) SEE: ISIS ::
ISIS {prop} (Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) :: DAÎŞ {m}
Islam {prop} (religion) :: Îslam
Islamic {adj} (Adjectival form of Islam) :: îslamî
island {n} (area of land completely surrounded by water) :: girav {f}
island {n} :: girav, dûrge
isle {n} (isle) SEE: island ::
islet {n} (small island) :: giravok
Ispir {prop} (town and district in Turkey) :: Espîr
Israel {prop} (the state) :: Îsraêl
isthmus {n} (narrow strip of land) :: berzax
Italian {n} (language) :: Talyanî
Italy {prop} (European country) :: Îtalya
I want to know {phrase} (I want to know) :: ئه‌مه‌وێ بزانم /emewé bizanim/
I wish {phrase} (I would very much like that to be so) :: xwezî
Jah {prop} (God) SEE: God ::
jalopy {n} (old, dilapidated car) :: jalopî {f}
Jamaica {prop} (country in the Caribbean) :: Jamaîka
jam jar {n} (car) SEE: car ::
January {prop} (first month of the Gregorian calendar) :: rêbendan, kanûna duyem
Japan {prop} (a country in East Asia) :: Japon
jawbone {n} (any of the bones in the jaw) :: cêlefek
jellyfish {n} (aquatic animal) :: pişemasî, medûsa
jeopardise {v} (jeopardize) SEE: jeopardize ::
jeopardize {v} (put in jeopardy) :: xistina talûkê, xistina metirsiyê
Jerry {n} (German) SEE: German ::
Jerusalem {prop} (city) :: Orşelîm, Quds
Jesus {prop} (the Christian Messiah) :: Îsa {m}
Jew {n} (person of the Jewish faith) :: cihû
jihad {n} (holy war undertaken by Muslims) :: Roman: cîhad {f}
jingoism {n} (extreme patriotism in the form of aggressive foreign policy) :: neteweperistî {f}
Jordan {prop} (country) :: Erden
Joseph {prop} (12th sura of the Qur'an) :: Yûsuf sûre
Judas tree {n} (Cercis siliquastrum) :: erxewan {f}
judo {n} (Japanese martial art) :: jûdo
June {prop} (sixth month of the Gregorian calendar) :: pûşber {f}, hezîran {f}, xezîran {f}
just {adj} :: دادمه‌ند
justice {n} (state of being just or fair) :: Northern Kurdish: dad
justice {n} (fairness, especially with regard to punishment) :: Northern Kurdish: edalet, dad
Justice of the Peace {n} (judicial officer) :: dadgerê levanînê
juxtapose {v} (to place side by side) :: dan berhev, berhev dan
juxtaposition {n} :: berhevdan , dan berhev
Kaaba {prop} (cubical stone building in Mecca) :: Kabe
Kannada {n} (language) :: kannadayî
Kazakhstan {prop} (country in Central Asia) :: Qazaxîstan
keel over {v} (to die) SEE: die ::
keep company {v} (court) SEE: court ::
Kermanshah {prop} (city) :: Kirmaşan, Kirmanşan, Kirmanşah
key {n} (device designed to open and close a lock) :: kilîl {m}, kilîd {m}, mift {m}, enextar {m}, کلیل
khanjar {n} (Arabian dagger) :: xencer
khutbah {n} (talk or sermon delivered in mosques before the Friday prayer) :: xutbe
kidney {n} (an organ in the body) :: gurçik
kill {v} (put to death) :: kuştin, -kuj-, کوشتن
kilo {n} :: kîlo {f}, kêlo {f}, kîlogram {f}
king {n} (a male of a royal family who is the supreme ruler of his nation) :: paşa {m}, key {m}, qiral {m}, melik {m}, şah {m}, شاه, مه‌لیک
king {n} (a playing piece in chess) :: şah {m}
king {n} (a playing card with the image of a king in it) :: şah {m}
kiss {v} (to touch with the lips) :: maç kirin, ramûsandin
kiss {n} (touch with the lips) :: maç, ramûsan, paç, bûse
knee {n} (joint in the middle of the leg and area around it) :: çok
knee {n} :: چۆک
knight {n} (warrior, especially of the Middle Ages) :: şovalye
knit {v} :: چنین
know {v} (be certain or sure about (something)) :: zanîn, زانین
know {v} (be acquainted or familiar with) :: nasîn, ناسین
know {v} (have knowledge of) :: zanîn, زانین
know {v} (understand (a subject)) :: zanîn, زانین
know {v} (have sexual relations with) :: zanîn
Kobane {prop} :: Kobanê, Kobanî
kohl {n} (makeup) :: kil
Kongo {prop} (Bantu language) :: kîkongoyî {f}
Koran {prop} (the Islamic holy book) SEE: Qur'an ::
Kosovo {prop} (disputed region in the Balkans) :: Kosova
Kraut {n} (German) SEE: German ::
Kurd {n} (a member of the people inhabiting Kurdistan) :: kurd
Kurdish {adj} (of, from, or pertaining to Kurdistan, the Kurdish people or the Kurdish language) :: kurdî
Kurdish {n} (language of Kurdistan) :: kurdî
Kurdistan {prop} (a region in the Middle East inhabited mostly by the Kurds) :: کوردستان {f} /Kurdistan/, Kurdistan {f}
Kurmanji {prop} (North Kurdish) :: kurmancî, kirmancî, کرمانجی
Kuwait {prop} (country in the Middle East) :: Kuweyt
ladder {n} (climbing tool) :: peyje
lake {n} (body of water) :: gol {f}
lamb {n} (young sheep) :: berx, бәрх
lamp {n} :: چرا
lampshade {n} (cover over a lamp) :: abajûr
lance {n} (weapon of war) :: Northern Kurdish: nize, nîze
language {n} (body of words used as a form of communication) :: ziman
language {n} (computer language, see also: computer language) :: ziman
language family {n} (set of languages) :: zimanmalbat {f}
Lapland {prop} (region in Scandinavia) :: Northern Kurdish: Laponya {f}
Lappland {prop} (Lapland) SEE: Lapland ::
lash {n} (eyelash; hair growing from the eyelid) SEE: eyelash ::
late {adv} (proximate in time) :: derneg, gîro, texîr, دره‌نگ
laugh {n} (expression of mirth peculiar to the human species) :: ken
laugh {n} (something that provokes mirth or scorn) :: pêkenîn
laugh {v} (show mirth by peculiar movement of the muscles of the face and emission of sounds) :: kenîn
laugh {v} (be or appear cheerful) :: kenîn
laugh {v} (make an object of laughter or ridicule) :: pê kenîn
laugh {v} (affect or influence by means of laughter) :: kenandin
laugh {v} (express by, or utter with, laughter) :: kenîn
laugh {v} :: kenîn, kenandin
laughter {n} (sound (as) of laughing) :: ken
laughter {n} :: ken {m} , kenîn {f} , پێکه‌نین, قاقاو پێکه‌نین
laundry {n} :: balav {f}
lavatory {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
law {n} (body of rules established in a community by its authorities) :: qanûn {f}, zagon {f}, yasa {f}
law {n} (any rule that must or should be obeyed) :: qanûn {f}, zagon {f}, yasa {f}
Lazio {prop} (Italian region) :: Lazio
leave {v} :: به‌جێی بێڵه‌
leave of absence {n} (absence from work) SEE: leave ::
Lebanon {prop} (Lebanese Republic) :: Libnan
leech {n} (annelid) :: arbijî
left {adj} (the west side of the body when one is facing north) :: çep
leg {n} (lower limb from groin to ankle) :: ling
length {n} (distance from end to end) :: dirêjahî, dirêjî, dirêjatî
-less {suffix} (lacking) :: bê-
less-than-stellar {adj} (not very good) SEE: poor ::
letter {n} (written message) :: name
lettuce {n} :: کاهو
library {n} (institution which holds books etc.) :: pirtûkxane
Libya {prop} (country in Northern Africa) :: Lîbya
lick {v} :: alîstin
lid {n} (top or cover) :: qepax {f}
lie {v} (tell an intentional untruth) :: derew kirin
lie {n} (intentionally false statement) :: virr
life {n} (the state of being alive) :: jiyan {f}
life style {n} (lifestyle) SEE: lifestyle ::
life-style {n} (lifestyle) SEE: lifestyle ::
lifestyle {n} (style of living) :: şêwaza jiyanê
lift {v} (to raise or rise) :: hildan
lift {n} (thief) SEE: thief ::
lifter {n} (spatula) SEE: spatula ::
light {n} (electromagnetic waves) :: ronî {f}, ronahî {f}
light {n} (source of illumination) :: ronî {f}, ronahî {f}
light {n} (spiritual illumination) :: ronî {f}, ronahî {f}
light {n} :: ronahî, ronayî
light {v} (to start (a fire)) :: Northern Kurdish: agir vêxistin
light {v} (to illuminate) :: Northern Kurdish: ron kirin
light {adj} (having light) :: ron, geş
light {adj} (pale in colour) :: Northern Kurdish: geş, (rengê) vebiye
light {adj} (of low weight) :: sivik
lighthouse {n} (building containing a light to warn or guide ships) :: fanûsgeh
lightning {n} (flash of light) :: birûsk
lightning bug {n} (firefly) SEE: firefly ::
light year {n} (astronomical distance) :: saletîrêj
lime {n} (inorganic material containing calcium) :: kisl
limpid {adj} (clear) :: geş, ron, zelal
linguistics {n} (scientific study of language) :: zimannasî
lion {n} (big cat Panthera leo) :: şêr
lip {n} (fleshy protrusion framing the mouth) :: lêv {f}, لێو
lipstick {n} (make-up for the lips) :: [1] sorav {f}
lisp {n} (The habit or an act of lisping.) :: zimanfisî
listen {v} (to pay attention to a sound) :: guhdarî kirin, guh dan
listen {v} (to expect or wait for a sound) :: guhdarî kirin, guh dan
listen {v} (to accept advice or obey instruction) :: guhdarî kirin, guh dan
listen {v} (to hear (something)) :: guh lê bûn
literature {n} (body of all written works) :: edebiyat
lithium {n} (chemical element) :: lîtyûm
live {v} (have permanent residence) :: jîn, jiyan
live {v} (survive, persevere, continue) :: jîn, jiyan
live {adj} (having life) :: jîndar, sax, zindî
live {adj} (capable of causing harm) :: ziyandar
live {adv} (as it happens) :: zindî
liver {n} (organ of the body) :: kezeb
living standard {n} (standard of living) SEE: standard of living ::
lizard {n} (coward) SEE: coward ::
load {n} (burden) :: bar
lockup {n} (prison) SEE: prison ::
locomotive {n} (self-propelled vehicle that runs on rails) :: lokomotîv {f}
lokun {n} (doctor) SEE: doctor ::
lolly {n} (money) SEE: money ::
London {prop} (in the United Kingdom) :: London
loneliness {n} (condition of being lonely) :: tenêtî {f}
long {adj} (having much distance from one point to another) :: dirêj
long {adj} :: dirêj, درێژ
long {v} (to wait, to aspire) :: bêrî kirin, hesret kirin
long {adj} (not short) SEE: tall ::
long live {v} (prosper) :: bijî
loo {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
look {v} :: nerîn, berê xwe danê , seh kirin , fekirin, hêv kirin , mêze kirin , mêzandin, mêzîn
looking glass {n} (mirror) SEE: mirror ::
Lord's Prayer {prop} (the prayer taught by Jesus Christ to his disciples) :: Bavê me
lorry {n} (motor vehicle) SEE: truck ::
lose {v} (cause (something) to cease to be in one's possession or capability) :: ji dest dan, winda kirin
lotus {n} (Nymphaea) SEE: water lily ::
louse {n} (insect) :: spih
love {n} (strong affection) :: hijkirin, evînî, dildarî, evîn
love {v} (have a strong affection for) :: hez kirin, hez kirin
low {adj} (in a position comparatively close to the ground) :: nizm, نزم
low {adj} (small in height) :: nizm, نزم
low {adj} (depressed, sad) :: bêmad
Luna {prop} (Earth's moon) SEE: Moon ::
lunatic asylum {n} (mental hospital) SEE: mental hospital ::
lunch {n} (meal around midday) :: firavîn {f}
luncheon {n} (a formal term for lunch) SEE: lunch ::
lung {n} (organ that extracts oxygen from the air) :: pişik
luster {n} (brilliance, attractiveness or splendor) :: şemedan
lustre {n} (luster) SEE: luster ::
lustre {v} (luster) SEE: luster ::
lymph {n} (the fluid carried by the lymphatic system) :: lîmf
lymphatic {n} (lymph vessel) SEE: lymph vessel ::
lymphatic vessel {n} (lymph vessel) SEE: lymph vessel ::
lymph node {n} (filtrating oval bodies of the lymphatic system) :: lîmfegirê {f}
lymph vessel {n} (vessel that carries lymph) :: lûleya lîmfê {f}
Lyons {prop} (a city in France) :: Liyon
mañana {adv} (tomorrow) SEE: tomorrow ::
machine {n} (mechanical or electrical device) :: makîne
machine {n} :: makîne {f}, مه‌کینه‌
madrasa {n} (madrasah) SEE: madrasah ::
madrasah {n} (school for Islamic theology) :: medrese {f}
magazine {n} (periodical) :: kovar
Maghreb {prop} (region in Africa) :: Roman: Mexrib
magnesium {n} (chemical element) :: magnezyûm
mahout {n} (elephant driver and keeper) :: fîlvan
main clause {n} (grammar: clause that can stand alone syntactically) :: hevoka sereke {f}
mainspring {n} (the principal spring of a clockwork mechanism) :: zenbelka serekî
make a mountain out of a molehill {v} (to treat a problem as greater than it is) :: mêş kirin gamêş
malapropism {n} (the blundering use of a similar-sounding expression) :: xeletbêjî, malapropîzm
Malatya {prop} (city in Turkey, see also: Melitene) :: Meledî
male {n} (human of masculine sex or gender) :: mêr
male {n} (animal of masculine sex) :: nêr
male {n} (plant of masculine sex) :: nêr
maledict {v} (curse) SEE: curse ::
malediction {n} (curse) SEE: curse ::
malevolence {n} (hostile feeling and attitude) :: bedniyetî {f}, belakirrî {f}
maliciousness {n} (maliciousness) SEE: malevolence ::
mama {n} (mother) SEE: mother ::
mamma {n} (mother) SEE: mother ::
man {v} (to supply with staff or crew) :: dagirtin, dagir kirin
man {n} (human) :: mirov, insan; mirov
man {n} (adult male human) :: mêr, zelam
man {n} (piece in board games) :: berik
Man {prop} (genus Homo) :: mirov
manna {n} (sugary sap of the manna gum tree) :: Northern Kurdish: gezo {m}
manure {n} (excrement) :: Northern Kurdish: peyîn
manus {n} (hand) SEE: hand ::
many {determiner} (an indefinite large number of) :: gelek, گه‌لێک, زۆر
map {n} (visual representation of an area) :: nexşe {f}
marble {n} (crystalline limestone) :: mermer {m}
marble {n} (spherical ball) :: tebel {f}, xar {f}, هه‌ڵمات
mariner's compass {n} (compass) SEE: compass ::
maritime law {n} (body of law) SEE: admiralty law ::
market {n} (spacious site for trading) :: bazar, بازار
market {n} :: bazar, بازار
market {v} (to sell) SEE: sell ::
marriage {n} (state of being married) :: zewac {f}
marron glacé {n} (chestnut preserved in sugar or syrup and flavoured with vanilla) :: şekirê şambelotan
Marseilles {prop} (city in France) :: Masêy
martyr {n} (one willing to be killed for religion) :: şehîd
martyr {n} :: şehîd
mashallah {interj} (God has willed it (Islam)) :: maşelah
masjid {n} (mosque) SEE: mosque ::
Masr {prop} (Egypt) SEE: Egypt ::
massage {n} (rubbing, kneading, or hitting muscled part of a body) :: gemirandin {f}, perixandin {f}, mistdan {f}, masaj {f}
masticate {v} (chew) SEE: chew ::
masturbation {n} (manual erotic stimulation of the genitals) :: destperkî {f}
mate {v} (to engage in sexual intercourse) SEE: copulate ::
maternal aunt {n} (one's mother's sister) :: xalet
maternal uncle {n} (brother of one's mother) :: xal
mathematics {n} (field of study) :: matematîk {f}, jimarnasî {f}, bîrkarî {f}, jimêryarî {f}, hesab {f}
mathematics {n} (person's ability to use mathematics) :: matematîk {f}, jimarnasî {f}, bîrkarî {f}, jimêryarî {f}, hesab {f}
matryoshka {n} (Russian doll) SEE: Russian doll ::
matter {n} (basic structural component of the universe) :: made
mattress {n} (a pad on which a person can recline and sleep) :: doşek {f}, mitêl {f}, binrax {f}
Mauritania {prop} (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) :: Morîtanya
May {prop} (fifth month of the Gregorian calendar) :: gulan
May bug {n} (cockchafer) SEE: cockchafer ::
Mazandaran {prop} (northern province of Iran) :: Mazenderan
me {pron} (direct object of a verb) :: min
me {pron} :: min
meadow {n} (field or pasture) :: çayr
meaning {n} :: مه‌عنا, مه‌به‌س
meaninglessness {n} (state of lacking meaning) :: bêwatetî {f}
meat {n} (animal flesh used as food) :: goşt
meat {n} :: goşt, گۆشت
Mecca {prop} (city in Saudi Arabia) :: Meke
medal {n} (stamped metal disc) :: medalya
medic {n} (doctor) SEE: doctor ::
medicine {n} (substance which promotes healing) :: derman {m}, îlac {m}
medicine {n} (field of study) :: tib {f}
Mediterranean {prop} (Mediterranean Sea) SEE: Mediterranean Sea ::
Mediterranean Sea {prop} (the sea between Europe and Africa) :: Deryaya Navîn
medulla {n} (the inner substance of various organs and structures, especially the marrow of bones) :: kirok {f}
megalomaniac {n} (one affected with or exhibiting megalomania) :: megaloman
mellifluous {adj} :: herrikbar
melon {n} (fruit) :: gundor {m}, petêx {m}, xerûze {m}, qomî {m}, qire {m}, qawin {m}, کاڵه‌گ
melongene {n} (eggplant) SEE: eggplant ::
melt {v} (intransitive: to change from a solid to a liquid) :: helîn (intransitive), helandin (transitive)
member {n} (one who officially belongs to a group) :: uzv, endam
member {n} (organ, limb) :: uzv
memorize {v} (to commit to memory, to learn by heart) :: ji ber kirin, ezber kirin, له‌به‌رکردن
mental hospital {n} (facility designed to treat persons with mental disorders) :: psîkolojiya klînîkê
mental institution {n} (psychiatric hospital) SEE: mental hospital ::
Mercury {prop} (planet) :: Tîr
Mesopotamia {prop} (region between Euphrates and Tigris) :: Mezrabotan {f}, Mezopotamya {f}
Mesopotamian {n} (person from Mesopotamia) :: mezopotamyayî
Mesopotamian {adj} (of or pertaining to Mesopotamia) :: Mezopotamya
mete {v} (To measure) :: pîvan
mete {v} (To dispense) :: siza dan, ceza kirin
meteorology {n} (science) :: meteorolojî
metric system {n} (International System of Units) SEE: International System of Units ::
metropole {n} (city) SEE: metropolis ::
metropolis {n} (colony’s mother city) :: metropol
metropolis {n} (large, busy city) :: metropol
Mexico {prop} (country) :: Meksîk
microbe {n} (microorganism) :: mikrob, mîkrob {f}
micturate {v} (urinate) SEE: urinate ::
middle {n} (centre, midpoint) :: nav {f}
Middle Earth {prop} (Earth) SEE: Earth ::
Middle East {prop} (region comprising southwest Asia and northeast Africa) :: Rojhilata Navîn
Midgard {prop} (Earth) SEE: Earth ::
midnight {n} (12 am) :: nîvê şevê, nîvşev
migration {n} (seasonal moving of animals, birds or fish) :: Northern Kurdish: koç
milfoil {n} (Achillea) :: pûjang {f}
milk {n} (liquid) :: şîr {m}, شیر
milk {v} (to express milk from mammal) :: doşîn, dotin, دۆشین
milk {v} (to express any liquid) :: doşîn, dotin, دۆشین
milk {n} (semen) SEE: semen ::
mill {n} (grinding apparatus) :: {m}
milliard {num} (10^9) SEE: billion ::
million {num} (cardinal number) :: Northern Kurdish: mîlyon
minaret {n} (mosque tower) :: minare
mind {n} (ability for rational thought) :: hîş
miniskirt {n} (skirt) :: kurtedehmen, kurtedang, kurtedawên, kurtedaw, kurtetenore
minister {n} (person who is trained to perform religious ceremonies at a Protestant church) :: qeşe {m} {f}
minister {n} (politician who heads a ministry) :: wezîr {f}, {m}, şalyar {f}, {m}
mint {n} (plant) :: pûng
minute {n} (unit of time) :: deqqe
minute {n} :: deqe, [1-3] deqîqe
mirror {n} (smooth reflecting surface) :: neynik, awêne
mischievous {adj} (causing mischief) :: ziyander, zererder
mischievous {adj} (naughty) :: şûm, neqet, destmatî, venehewiyayî
mislead {v} (trick or mislead) SEE: deceive ::
missionary {n} (missionary position) SEE: missionary position ::
missionary position {n} (position for sexual intercourse) :: pozîsyona mîsyoneran
mist {n} (Water or other liquid finely suspended in air) :: mij {f}
mistake {n} (an error) :: xeletî, çewtî, şaşî
moan {n} (a low cry of pain) :: axîn {f}, oxîn {f}, ofîn {f}
moan {v} :: nalîn, axîn, oxîn, ofîn
mobile {n} (mobile phone) SEE: mobile phone ::
mobile phone {n} (portable telephone) :: telefona destan {f}, telefona berîkê {f}, telefona bêtêl {f}, telefona mobîl {f}
mobile telephone {n} (mobile phone) SEE: mobile phone ::
mode {n} (means of accomplishing something) :: awa {m}, şêwe {f}
mode {n} (style or fashion) :: mode {f}, trend {f}
Mohammad {prop} (male given name) SEE: Muhammad ::
Mohammad {prop} (prophet) SEE: Muhammad ::
moiety {n} (half) SEE: half ::
molasses {n} (thick brownish syrup refined from raw sugar) :: celaqî
mole {n} (dark spot on the skin) :: Northern Kurdish: xal
mole {n} (burrowing insectivore) :: koremişk {f}
Mona Lisa {prop} (painting by Leonardo da Vinci) :: Mona Lîza
monarchism {n} (advocacy of the monarchistic political system) :: monarşîzm {f}, keyperestî {f}
monastery {n} (building for monks) :: xilwet {f}, peristgeh {f}, pîrozgeh {f}
Monday {n} (day of the week) :: duşem, دووشه‌م, دووشه‌مه‌
money {n} (means of exchange and measure of value) :: pare {m}, dirav, pere
money {n} (currency) :: pare
monkey {n} (primate) :: meymun
monocle {n} (a single lens) :: yeklarî, yeklêjî
monocotyledon {n} (Plant belonging to Monocotyledones or Liliopsida) :: yekqalikan
monologue {n} :: yekbêjî {f}, monolog {f}
month {n} (period into which a year is divided) :: meh, heyv, hîv
moon {n} (largest natural satellite of planet Earth) :: heyv, hîv
moon {n} (any substantially sized natural satellite of a planet) :: heyv, hîv
moon {n} (month) :: meh, heyv, hîv
Moon {prop} (sole natural satellite of the Earth) :: heyv, hîv
moreover {adv} (in addition to what has been said) :: ya baştir
Morocco {prop} (country) :: Maroko
mortar {n} (short large-bore cannon) :: hawin
mortician {n} (undertaker) SEE: undertaker ::
Moscow {prop} (capital city of Russia) :: Mosko, مۆسکۆ /mosko/
Moses {prop} (the biblical patriarch) :: Northern Kurdish: Mûsa
mosque {n} (a place of worship for Muslims) :: mizgeft, camî
Mosul {prop} (city) :: Mûsil, Nînewe
mother {n} (female (human) who parents a child, gives birth to a baby, or is pregnant) :: dayik {f}, دایک
mother {n} (one’s female parent) :: dayik {f}, دایک
mother-in-law {n} (spouse’s mother) :: xesû {f}
mother tongue {n} :: زمانی زکماک, zimanê zikmakî
mouldwarp {n} (mole) SEE: mole ::
mound {n} (vulva) SEE: vulva ::
mount {n} (mountain) SEE: mountain ::
mountain {n} (large mass of earth and rock) :: çiya {m}
mourning {n} (act of expressing sorrow) :: Northern Kurdish: şîn
mourning {n} (expressing sorrow over death) :: Northern Kurdish: şîn
mouse {n} (rodent of the genus Mus) :: mişk, مشک
mouse {n} (computing: input device) :: mişk {m}
moustache {n} (hair on upper lip) :: simbêl
mouth {n} (the opening of a creature through which food is ingested) :: dev {m}
mouth organ {n} (mouth organ) SEE: harmonica ::
Mr {n} (abbreviation of mister) SEE: Mr. ::
Mr. {n} (abbreviation of mister) :: Birêz
much obliged {interj} (thank you) SEE: thank you ::
muezzin {n} (person who issues call to prayer) :: muezin
Muhammad {prop} (the prophet who introduced Islam) :: Roman: Mihemed Pêxember, Mihemed
mulberry {n} (the tree) :: {f}, dartû {f}
mulberry {n} (the fruit) :: {f}
mule {n} (offspring of male donkey and female horse) :: hêstir {?}, qantirr {?}, qantir {m}
mullah {n} (a Muslim religious scholar and teacher) :: mela
Munich {prop} (capital of Bavaria) :: Munih
murrey {n} (mulberry) SEE: mulberry ::
musalla {n} (prayer rug) SEE: prayer rug ::
muscle {n} (contractile tissue) :: masûlke
Mush {prop} (city) :: Mûş
music {n} (sound, organized in time in a melodious way) :: muzîk
musk ox {n} (an arctic mammal) :: gayê miskî, miskga
Muslim {n} (believer of Islam) :: misilman, موسلمان
mustache {n} (moustache) SEE: moustache ::
mustard gas {n} (vesicant gas) :: gaza xerdelî
mute {adj} (not having the power of speech) :: lal
mute {adj} (silent, not making a sound) :: mit, kirr, bêdeng, bêpêjn
mute {n} (person unable to speak) :: lal {m} {f}
Myanmar {prop} (Burmese) SEE: Burmese ::
myocardial infarction {n} (heart attack) SEE: heart attack ::
myocardium {n} (muscles that surround and power the heart) :: masûlkeya dil
myopic {adj} (unable to see distant objects unaided) :: şevkor
naevus {n} (abnormal area on skin) SEE: mole ::
nail {n} (on fingers and toes) :: nînok {f}, neynok {f}
nail {n} (spike-shaped metal fastener used for joining wood or similar materials) :: bizmar {m}, mîx {m}
nail clipper {n} (nail trimmer) :: mûçinkê nînokan, mûçink
nail cutter {n} (nail clipper) SEE: nail clipper ::
nail trimmer {n} (nail clipper) SEE: nail clipper ::
Nakhichevan {prop} (historically an Armenian region, currently a landlocked exclave of Azerbaijan) :: Naxçivan
Nakhichevan {prop} (city) :: Naxçivan
namaz {n} (prayer) SEE: prayer ::
namaz {n} (salat) SEE: salat ::
name {n} (word or phrase indicating a particular person, place, class or thing) :: nav
nameless {adj} (having no name) :: bênav
namelessness {n} (The state or quality of being nameless) :: bênavî {f}
Namibia {prop} (Republic of Namibia) :: Namîbiya
Naples {prop} (city in Italy) :: Napolî
nationalism {n} (idea of supporting one's country and culture) :: neteweperwerî, welatperwerî, niştimanperwerî, welatparêzî, neteweparêzî, nasyonalîzm, neteweperistî, نه‌ته‌وه‌یی, وڵات پارێزی
nationalism {n} (support of one nation's interests to the exclusion of others) SEE: jingoism ::
nationality {n} (nationalism) SEE: nationalism ::
nation-building {n} (unifying the people within a state) :: netewesazî {f}
native language {n} (one's first language learned in childhood) SEE: mother tongue ::
NATO {prop} (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) :: NATO
nature {n} (the natural world) :: sirişt, xweza, xwerist, tebîet, natûr
nature {n} (essential characteristics) :: sirişt, xweza, xwerist, tebîet, natûr
nature {n} (primitive state of being) :: sirişt, xweza, xwerist, tebîet, natûr
nature {n} (everything related to biological and geographical states) :: sirişt, xweza, xwerist, tebîet, natûr
nature's scythe {n} (penis) SEE: penis ::
navel {n} (remnant of umbilical cord) :: navik {f}
navigation {n} (canal) SEE: canal ::
necklace {n} (jewelry) :: gerdenî {f}
needle {n} (implement for sewing etc.) :: derzî
negotiation {n} (process of achieving agreement) :: mizakere {f}, danûstandin {f}, guftûgo {f}, gotûbêj {f}, nîqaş {f}, dêwan {f}
neighbour {n} (a person living on adjacent or nearby land) :: cîran, dirawse, cînar
neon {n} (element) :: neon
nervosity {n} (nervousness) SEE: nervousness ::
nervous {adj} (relating to the nerves) :: agirnok
nervousness {n} (state or quality of being nervous) :: agirnokî
nest {n} (bird-built structure) :: hêlîn
Netherlandic {prop} (Dutch) SEE: Dutch ::
Netherlandish {prop} (Dutch) SEE: Dutch ::
neutrophil {adj} (easily stained by neutral dyes) :: nêtrofîl {f}
never {adv} (at no time) :: qet, ticar, hîç /carekê jî/
nevertheless {adv} (in spite of what preceded) :: Northern Kurdish: tevî jî, dîsan jî
nevus {n} (benign lesion on skin) SEE: mole ::
new {adj} (recently made or created) ::
news {n} (new information of interest) :: nûçe {f}
news {n} (reports of current events) :: nûçe {f}
newspaper {n} (publication) :: rojname {f}, nûçename {f}
New York {prop} (state) :: (wîlayeta / eyaleta) Nû York {f}, New York {f}
New York {prop} (city) SEE: New York City ::
New York City {prop} (large city in the USA) :: Nû York {f}, New York {f}
night {n} (period between sunset and sunrise) :: şev {f}
night {n} (evening or night spent at a particular activity) :: şev {f}
night {n} (night spent at a hotel) :: şev {f}
night {n} (quality of sleep obtained during a night) :: şev {f}
night {n} (nightfall) :: şev {f}
night {n} (darkness) :: şev {f}
nightingale {n} (bird) :: bilbil {m}
nihilism {n} (negation of one or more aspects of life; extreme philosophical scepticism) :: hîçperestî, hîçparêzî, tuneperestî, nînperestî, nîhîlîzm
Nile {prop} (river) :: Nîl {m}
nine {num} (cardinal number) :: neh
nineteen {num} (cardinal number) :: nozde
ninety {num} (90) :: not, nod, nehwed, نه‌وه‌ت
nipple {n} (projection of mammary gland) :: sermemik {m}, serçiçik {m}
Nisibis {prop} (ancient city of Mesopotamia) :: Nisêbîn
nitrogen {n} (chemical element) :: nîtrojen
nitrogenous {adj} (of nitrogen) :: nîtrojenî
no {particle} (used to show disagreement or negation) :: na, ne
Noah {prop} (biblical character) :: Northern Kurdish: Nûh
noblesse oblige {n} (the honourable obligation that is the responsibility of those of high rank) :: xanedanî xwastin
nomad {n} (a member of society or class who wander with their herds) :: Northern Kurdish: koçer, revend
nones {n} (midday meal) SEE: lunch ::
noon {n} (midnight) SEE: midnight ::
north {n} (compass point) :: bakur, باکور
North Atlantic Treaty Organization {prop} (intergovernmental military alliance) :: Rêxistina Peymana Bakurê Atlantîkê
Northern Cyprus {prop} (a de-facto state) :: Komara Tirk a Bakurê Kîprosê
nose {n} (protuberance on the face) :: poz, difin
nose ring {n} (ring affixed to the snout of cattle) :: xizêm
note {n} (banknote) SEE: banknote ::
notebook {n} (book) :: lênûsk; defter
notwithstanding {adv} (never the less) SEE: nevertheless ::
now {adv} (at the present time) :: niha
nowadays {adv} :: له‌م ڕۆژانه‌دا
Nowruz {prop} (Iranian New Year) :: Newroz
nucleolus {n} (part of nucleus of a cell) :: dendikok
nucleus {n} :: navok {f}, navik {f}, kakil {f}
nudism {n} (the belief in or practice of social, non-sexual nudity) :: tazîtî
numerology {n} (study) :: jimarnasî {f}, numerolojî {f}
numinous {adj} (of or relating to a numen (divinity); indicating the presence of a divinity) :: giyanî, pîroz
oak apple {n} (oak gall) SEE: oak gall ::
oak gall {n} (gall produced by an oak by a wasp larva) :: Northern Kurdish: mazî {f}
oath {n} (curse) SEE: curse ::
oath {n} (solemn pledge) :: sond {f}, êqîn {f}, qesem {f}, soz, سوێن
oath {n} (affirmed statement) :: soz {f}, ehd {f}
oath {n} (profanity) :: dijûn {f}, xeber {f}, sixêf {f}
oath {v} (to pledge) :: sond xwarin
obedience {n} (quality of being obedient) :: guhdarî
oblast {n} (region or province) :: oblast
obnubilation {n} (veiling with or concealment in clouds) :: ewrkirin
occupation {n} (activity or task with which one occupies oneself) :: pîşe, meslek, mihne, hokar, kariyer, profesyon
occupation {n} (control of a country or region by a hostile army) :: dagirî {f}, dagirkerî {f}, داگیری
ocean {n} (one of the large bodies of water) :: okyanûs
octopus {n} (mollusc) :: heştpê, axtapot, heştling
odd {n} (odd number) SEE: odd number ::
odd number {n} (whole number that is not divisible by two) :: hejmara kit
odonto- {prefix} (tooth) :: odonto-
offal {n} (dead body) SEE: corpse ::
offend {v} (sin) SEE: sin ::
office {n} (room(s) or building used for non-manual work) :: dayre
old {adj} (of an object, concept, etc: having existed for a relatively long period of time) :: kevn, کۆن
old {adj} (of a living being: having lived for relatively many years) :: پیره‌مێرد /man/, پیره‌ژن /woman/, pîr, پیر
old {adj} (former) :: (ya/yê) berê, پێشو
old man {n} (elderly man) :: pîremêr {m}, پیره‌مێرد
olive {n} (fruit) :: zeytûn {f}
olive {n} (wood) :: darzeytûn {f}, zeytûn {f}
olive {n} (colour) :: zeytûnî, rengzeytûnî
olive {adj} (colour) :: zeytûnî, rengzeytûnî
ominous {adj} :: ziyandar /1/, bêyom /2/, bêxêr /2/, bêoxir /2/
once again {adv} (one more time) :: hê carekê, ji nû ve, dîsan, dîsa, cardin, dubare, ji serî ve
once more {adv} (one more time) SEE: once again ::
once upon a time {adv} (traditional beginning of children’s stories, especially fairy tales) :: hebû tune bû
one {num} (cardinal number 1) :: yek, êk
one million {num} (cardinal number 1000000) SEE: million ::
one thousand {num} (cardinal number 1000) SEE: thousand ::
oofless {adj} (poor) SEE: poor ::
open {v} (to make something accessible) :: vekirin
opening hours {n} (the regular times of day when a shop is open) :: dema vekirî
operating system {n} (software which controls computer) :: sîstema şixulandinê
opium {n} (drug from opium poppy) :: afyon
opposition {n} (political) :: mixalefet, opozisyon
or {conj} (conjunction) :: an, yan
oral {adj} (relating to the mouth) :: devkî
orange {n} (tree) :: pirteqal, دار پرته‌قاڵ
orange {n} (fruit) :: pirteqal, پرته‌قاڵ
orange {n} (colour) :: pirteqalî
orange blossom {n} (white flower of the orange tree) :: kulîlka perteqalê
orb {n} (period of time marked off by the revolution of a heavenly body) SEE: year ::
orchard {n} (land for cultivation of fruit or nut trees) :: bostan
organise {v} (organize) SEE: organize ::
organization {n} (group of people or other legal entities with an explicit purpose and written rules) :: sazûman
organize {v} :: organîze kirin , bi rêk xistin, li dar xistin, dirist kirin, saz kirin , çêkirin, organîzandin, sîstematîzandin
orgasm {n} (the peak of sexual pleasure) :: orgazm
orifice {n} (orifice (see anus etc. for specific body cavities)) SEE: hole ::
orography {n} (the scientific study, or a physical description of mountains) :: çiyazanî
orthography {n} (study of correct spelling) :: imla, vekît
Oshnavieh {prop} (city in West Azerbaijan Province) :: Şino
oud {n} (Arabic plucked string instrument) :: ûd
outside {adj} :: ده‌ره‌وه‌
oven {n} (chamber used for baking or heating) :: firrne {f}, ocax {f}, tenûr {f}, tebax {f}
overheat {v} (overheat) SEE: burn ::
overmorrow {adv} (on the day after tomorrow) SEE: day after tomorrow ::
overmorrow {n} (day after tomorrow) SEE: day after tomorrow ::
owing to {prep} (because of) :: ji ber
owl {n} (a bird) :: kund, bu, , pepûk
ox {n} (any bovine animal used as a beast of burden) :: ga
oxtail {n} (meat from the tail of a cow) :: gadûv
oxygen {n} (chemical element) :: oksîjen
oystercatcher {n} (bird) :: lepkexur
Pacific Ocean {prop} (the world's largest body of water) :: Okyanûsa Mezin
package {n} :: به‌سته‌ک
packsaddle {n} (saddle for carrying goods) :: Northern Kurdish: kurtan
Padishah {n} (Padishah) :: padîşah {m}
pagoda {n} (a tiered tower with multiple eaves) :: pagoda
pain {n} (ache or bodily suffering) :: elem
painful {adj} :: jandar, biêş, êşdar, biazar, biezyet
paint {n} (substance) :: boyax {f}, boya {f}, reng {m}
pair {n} (two similar or identical things) :: cot
pair of binoculars {n} (binoculars) SEE: binoculars ::
pair of scissors {n} (scissors) SEE: scissors ::
Pakistan {prop} (country in South Asia) :: Pakistan
palace {n} (large, lavish residence) :: koşk {f}, sera {f}, seray {f}, qesr {f}
Palestine {prop} (geographic region) :: Filistîn
Palestine {prop} (West Bank and Gaza Strip collectively) :: Filistîn
paletot {n} (A loose outer jacket, overcoat) :: palto
palindrome {n} (a sequence of units that reads the same forwards as backwards) :: palîndrom
pancreas {n} (gland near the stomach) :: pankreas
panjandrum {n} (important, powerful or influential person) :: zirkerdar, giremirov
papakha {n} (type of hat) :: Northern Kurdish: papax
paper {n} (sheet material) :: perr {m}, kaxez {f}
paper {n} (newspaper) SEE: newspaper ::
paradise {n} :: biheşt {f}, cenet {f}, îrem {f}
pardon {n} :: به‌خشین, لێبووران
parenthesis {n} (either of a pair of brackets ( )) :: kevan
Paris {prop} (capital of France) :: Parîs
park {n} (ground for recreation) :: park
parliament {n} (institution with elected or appointed members) :: parleman
Parliament {prop} (parliament) SEE: parliament ::
parrot {n} (kind of bird) :: papaxan
parsley {n} (herb) :: bextenîz
Parthia {prop} ((historical) region) :: Pehlewistan
participant {n} (one who participates) :: beşdar, pişkdar, tevlîbûyî
partitive {adj} (grammar: indicating a part) :: parçeyî, parçedar
partitive case {n} (case used to indicate that an object is affected only partially by the verb) SEE: partitive ::
partridge {n} (any bird of the genera Perdix or Alectoris) :: [generic] kew {m}, [♀] mêkew {f}, [♂] nêrekew {m}, [young] çêlekew {m} {f}, که‌و
party {n} (political group) SEE: political party ::
passion fruit {n} (edible fruit) :: berê hindek gul kovanan
pass on {v} (To die) SEE: die ::
pasta {n} (dough) :: meqarne
pastor {n} (shepherd) SEE: shepherd ::
paternal aunt {n} (the sister of one's father) :: met
paternal uncle {n} (brother of one's father) :: mam, ap
patriotic {adj} (inspired by patriotism) :: welatperwer, welatparêz
pavement {n} (footpath) :: peyarê {f}
pay attention {v} (to be attentive) :: bo xwe kirin xem
pea {n} (plant) :: maşo
peace {n} (tranquility, quiet, harmony; absence of violence) :: hastbiyayiş; aştî {f}
peace {n} (state of mind) :: aştî {f}, ئاشتی
peace {n} (harmony; lack of conflict in personal relations) :: aştî {f}
peace {n} (state of being free from war) :: aştî {f}, ئاشتی
peach {n} (tree) :: xox {f}, şeftalî {?}, قۆخ
peach {n} (fruit) :: xox {f}, şeftalî
peachtree {n} (peach) SEE: peach ::
pear {n} (fruit) :: Laki: مەروو; Northern Kurdish: hirmî, karçîn
pearl {n} (rounded shelly concretion produced by certain mollusks) :: morî
pecker {n} (slang for courage) SEE: courage ::
pen {n} (wing) SEE: wing ::
pencil {n} (graphite writing-instrument) :: Northern Kurdish: pênûsê
pendragon {n} (chief war leader, dictator, or king) :: xunkar
penis {n} :: penîs, batî, doqişk, xiyar, pido, pidok, belik, cûcik; kîr {m}, xirr {m}, terrik {m}
penis {n} (penis) SEE: member ::
penitent {adj} (Feeling pain or sorrow on account of sins or offenses; repentant; contrite; sincerely affected by a sense of guilt, and resolved on amendment of life) :: poşman
people {n} (a body of human beings; a group of two or more persons) :: Northern Kurdish: gel
pepper {n} (spice) :: filfil
perestroika {prop} (reform in the Soviet Union in 1980s) :: perestroyka {f}
perfection {n} (being perfect) :: bêkêmasîtî
perfectionism {n} (a dislike for anything less than perfection) :: tekûzîtî
perfectionist {n} (person who does not settle for anything that is not perfect) :: tekûzkar
perfectionistic {adj} (perfectionist) SEE: perfectionist ::
perfectitude {n} (perfection) SEE: perfection ::
perhaps {adv} (indicating a lack of certainty) :: belkî
peri {n} (sprite in Persian mythology) :: perî
Persia {prop} (Iran) SEE: Iran ::
Persian {n} (the Persian language) :: farisî, فارسی
Persian {adj} (of or pertaining to the Persian language) :: farisî, فارسی
Persian Gulf {prop} (gulf between Iran and the Arabian peninsula) :: Kendava Farsê
person {n} (individual) :: kes, şehs
perspiration {n} (sweat) SEE: sweat ::
perspire {v} (sweat) SEE: sweat ::
peshmerga {n} (a term used by Kurds to refer to armed Kurdish fighters) :: pêşmerge, پێشمه‌رگه‌
petalous {adj} (having petals) :: gulperkirî
phallus {n} (penis) SEE: penis ::
pharaoh {n} (supreme ruler of ancient Egypt) :: fîrewn {m}
pharmaceutics {n} (pharmacy) SEE: pharmacy ::
pharmacy {n} (a place where prescription drugs are dispensed) :: dermanxane, eczaxane, îlacxane
phenomenal {adj} (remarkable) :: diyardeyî, fenomenal
phenomenal {adj} (sciences: perceptible) :: diyardeyî, fenomenal
phenomenal {adj} (philosophy: pertaining to the appearance of the world) :: diyardeyî, fenomenal
phone {n} (telephone) SEE: telephone ::
phoneme {n} (indivisible unit of sound) :: vac
photosynthetic {adj} (of or relating to photosynthesis) :: ronahîkî çêkirî
pi {n} (letter of Greek alphabet) :: {f}
pi {n} (irrational mathematical constant) :: {f}
pig {n} (piglet) SEE: piglet ::
piglet {n} (young pig) :: kudik, berazok, xinzîrk
pigling {n} (piglet) SEE: piglet ::
pilaf {n} (dish) :: Northern Kurdish: pilav, pila
pilaff {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
pilau {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
pillow {n} (soft cushion used to support the head in bed) :: balguh, balîf
pilot {n} (controller of aircraft) :: pîlot
pilot {n} (person who helps navigate the harbor or coast) :: rêberê keştîyê
pine {n} (tree of the genus Pinus) :: kac, darûk, çam
pine tree {n} (pine) SEE: pine ::
pink {n} (pale red colour) :: pembeyî, pîvazî
Pinocchio {n} :: pînokyo
pismire {n} (ant) SEE: ant ::
piss {n} (urine) :: mîz
pisser {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
pistachio {n} (tree) :: pisteq, fisteq
pistachio {n} (fruit) :: pisteq, fisteq
pistol {n} :: ده‌مانچه‌
pit {n} (hole in the ground) :: çal
PKK {prop} (Kurdistan Workers Party) :: PKK
place {n} (location, position) :: cih {m}, der {f}
plague {n} :: weba
plan B {n} (alternative solution) :: plana B {f}
plane {n} (deciduous tree) :: çinar {m}
planet {n} (each of the seven major bodies which move relative to the fixed stars in the night sky) :: gerstêrk
planetree {n} (plane) SEE: plane ::
planetree {n} (sycamore) SEE: sycamore ::
plant {n} (organism capable of photosynthesis) :: nebat
plate {n} (Cockney rhyming slang: foot) SEE: foot ::
platelet {n} (particle found in the blood of mammals) :: perika xwînê {f}
play {n} (playful activity) :: yarî {f}, lîstik {f}
play {n} (individual's performance in a sport) :: yarî {f}, lîstik {f}
play {n} (theatrical performance) :: şano {f}, piyes {f}, tiyatro {f}
player {n} (one who plays any game or sport) :: yarîker, lîstikvan
player {n} (dramatic actor) :: lîstikvan
player {n} (one who plays a musical instrument) :: ace; muzîkjen, sazbend
player {n} (gambler, see also: gambler) :: qumarker
plough {n} (device pulled through the ground) :: Northern Kurdish: kotan
Plough {prop} (brightest seven stars of the constellation Ursa Major) SEE: Big Dipper ::
plov {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
plow {n} (plough) SEE: plough ::
plow {v} (plough) SEE: plough ::
pocket {n} (bag stitched to an item of clothing) :: berîk {m}, gîrfan {f}, cêb {f}
pocket {adj} :: گیرفان
pocketknife {n} (small knife whose blades or tools can fold in its handle) :: kêrika berîkê {f}
poem {n} (literary piece written in verse) :: helbest
poet {n} (person who writes poems) :: helbestvan {m} {f}
poetry {n} (class of literature) :: helbest
Pohnpeian {prop} (Micronesian language) :: ponpeyî {m}
pointer {n} (anything that points or is used for pointing) :: nîşanderk {f}
pointer {n} (of a timepiece or measuring device) :: nîşanderk {f}, mîl {m}
pointer {n} (dog) :: poyinter
pointer {n} (computer programming: variable that stores the address of another variable) :: nîşanderk {f}
poison {n} (substance harmful to a living organism) :: jehr {f}, jar {f}, ده‌رمانخوارد, ژه‌هر
poison {v} (to use poison to kill or paralyse) :: jehr kirin, jehr dan
polao {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
police {n} (an organisation that enforces the law) :: polîs
political party {n} (political organization) :: partî {f}, hizb
political science {n} (study of politics) :: siyasetnasî {f}, polîtolojî {f}
politics {v} (a methodology and activities associated with running a government) :: ramyarî
politology {n} (political science) SEE: political science ::
polo {n} (ball game) :: çovgan
polygon {n} (plane figure bounded by straight edges) :: pirgoşe
pomegranate {n} (shrub/tree) :: darhinar {f}, hinar {f}
pomegranate {n} (fruit) :: hinar {f}, nar {f}, هه‌نار
poor {adj} (with little or no possessions or money) :: Kurmajni: feqîr; Northern Kurdish: xizan
popinjay {n} (parrot) SEE: parrot ::
porcupine {n} (large rodent) :: Northern Kurdish: sîxurr
porous {adj} (full of tiny pores) :: kunkunî
portmanteau {n} (portmanteau word) SEE: portmanteau word ::
portmanteau word {n} (word which combines the meaning of two words) :: peyva hevedudanî
Portugal {prop} (country) :: Portekîz
Portuguese {adj} (of or relating to the region of Portugal) :: portugalî
Portuguese {n} (person native to Portugal) :: portugalî {m} {f}
Portuguese {n} (the language) :: portugalî {f}
possible {adj} :: gengaz, mimkin, pêkan
possibly {adv} (adverb indicating that a proposition may be true or false) SEE: perhaps ::
postmodernism {n} (a style of art, literature, etc) :: postmodernîzm
post office {n} (place) :: postxane
potato {n} (plant tuber eaten as starchy vegetable) :: Northern Kurdish: kartol {f}, qompîr {f}
potty {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
pound sterling {n} (currency of the UK) :: sterlîn
powder {n} (gunpowder) SEE: gunpowder ::
power {n} (capability or influence) :: hêz {f}, qewet {f}, zever {f}
power {n} (influential nation, company etc.) :: hêz {f}, zilhêz {f}
power {n} (physical force or strength) :: hêz {f}, qewet {f}, zever {f}
power {n} (electricity, electricity supply) :: hêz {f}, kareba {f}, elektrîk {f}
power {n} (physics: measure of the rate of doing work or transferring energy) :: hêz {f}
power {n} (physics: rate to magnify an optical image) :: hêz {f}
power {n} (maths: product of equal factors) :: jorjimar {f}
power {n} (biblical: level of angels) :: hêz {f}
pox {n} (syphilis) SEE: syphilis ::
pragmatics {n} (study of the use of the language in a social context) :: pragmatîk {f}
praise {n} (commendation; favorable representation in words) :: pesn
praise {v} (to give praise to) :: pesinandin, pesn dan, meth kirin
pray {v} (to petition a higher being) :: diʼa kirin
pray {v} (to talk to God) :: nimêj kirin
prayer {n} (practice of communicating with one's God) :: nivêj {f}
prayer {n} (the specific words or methods used for praying) :: dua {f}
prayer {n} (a meeting held for the express purpose of praying) :: nivêj {f}
prayer {n} :: lava {f}
prayer mat {n} (prayer rug) SEE: prayer rug ::
prayer rug {n} (small rug on which Muslims kneel to pray) :: canemaz, secade, cilnivêj
precious {adv} (intensifier) SEE: very ::
prehistoric {adj} (of relating to the epoch before written record) :: pêşdîrokî
prehistory {n} (history of human culture prior to written records) :: pêşdîrok {f}
premature {adj} :: پێشوه‌خت
preposition {n} (grammar: a type of word like "of, from, for, by") :: daçek {f}
prerogative {n} (right, generally) SEE: right ::
president {n} (the head of state of a republic) :: serok
presidential palace {n} (White House) SEE: White House ::
press {v} (to press) SEE: bear ::
press {v} :: په‌ستن
primary {adj} (first in a group or series) :: یه‌که‌م /yekem/
prince {n} (male ruler or head of a principality) :: şahzade
prince {n} :: mîr {m} , pismîr {m} , prens {m}
princess {n} (female member of royal family) :: dotmîr {f}
princess {n} :: dotmîr {f}
prison {n} (place of long-term confinement for those convicted of serious crimes) :: girtîgeh {f}, zindan
prisoner {n} (person incarcerated in a prison) :: girtî, zindanî, êsîr, dîl, bendî
prisoner {n} :: به‌ندی‌
privet {interj} (hello) SEE: hello ::
privy {n} (lavatory or toilet) SEE: toilet ::
process {n} :: prose, qonax, pêvajo, doman, derax, demajo, vetîre
profession {n} (occupation) :: pîşe, meslek, mihne, hokar, kariyer, profesyon
profit {n} (benefit) :: fayîde
programming language {n} (code of reserved words and symbols) :: zimanê bernamekirinê
prohibition {n} :: قه‌ده‌غه‌
promise {n} (vow) :: soz {f}, ehd {f}, belên {f}, newîn {f}, wad {f}
pronominal verb {n} :: lêkera cînavî {f}
pronounce {v} (to pronounce) SEE: say ::
proper {adj} :: په‌سه‌ند
prophet {n} (one who speaks by divine inspiration) :: resûl, nebî, pêxember
prophet {n} :: peyamber, qasid
prosody {n} (linguistics: study of rhythm and other attributes in speech) :: wezn {f}
prosody {n} (poetry: study of poetic meter etc) :: wezn {f}
protect {v} (to keep safe) :: parastin (-parêz-) / پاراستن
protection {n} (process of keeping safe) :: Northern Kurdish: parastin, sitirandin, sitar {f}, pena {f}
protector {n} (someone who protects or guards) :: parastvan {f}, parastvan {f}
proteome {n} (complete set of proteins) :: proteom
province {n} (a subdivision of government usually one step below the national level) :: parêzgeh {f}, wîlayet {f}, eyalet {f}, mihafize {f}
psychiatry {n} (branch of medicine dealing with mental illness) :: psîkiyatrî
public {adj} :: گشتی
publicly {adv} (in an open and public manner) :: به‌ ئاشکرا /be aškra/
pudding {n} (any dessert) SEE: dessert ::
pulao {n} (pilaf) SEE: pilaf ::
pullet {n} (spineless person) SEE: chicken ::
punch {v} (to herd cattle) SEE: herd ::
punishment {n} (the act of punishing) :: ceza
punishment {n} :: ceza {m}, siza {m}
purslane {n} (Portulaca oleracea) :: pirpar {f}
pus {n} (fluid found in regions of infection) :: nêm
put {v} :: دانان
put away {v} (to kill someone) SEE: kill ::
put up with {v} (to put up with) SEE: bear ::
pyrotechnics {n} (firework) SEE: firework ::
python {n} (constricting snake) :: pîton
Qatar {prop} (a country in the Middle East) :: Qeter
quackgrass {n} (couch grass) SEE: couch grass ::
quake {n} (earthquake) SEE: earthquake ::
quality {n} (level of excellence) :: kalîte, çawanî
quantity {n} :: چهندی
quarter {n} (one of four equal parts) :: çarêk {f}
quarterly {n} (periodical publication) :: kovara sêmehî {f}
queen {n} (female monarch) :: şahbanû
quell {n} (transitive: to take the life of; to kill) SEE: kill ::
quiet {v} :: هێمن کردن, وسکت کردن
quilt {n} (bed covering) :: lihêf, yurẍan
quince {n} (fruit) :: biyok
quitch {n} (couch grass) SEE: couch grass ::
Qur'an {prop} (the Islamic holy book) :: Qur'an
rabbit {n} (mammal) :: kêroşk, xirrnîfk
racism {n} (racial prejudice or discrimination) :: nîjadparêzî
radicalization {n} (the process or result of radicalizing) :: rihdaribûn, rihdarikirin
radio {n} (technology) :: radyo
radish {n} (plant) :: tivir
radix {n} (biology: root) SEE: root ::
rafter {n} (one of a series of sloped beams) :: Northern Kurdish: karîte
rain {n} (condensed water from a cloud) :: baran
rain {n} (an instance of particles falling) :: baran
rainbow {n} (multicoloured arch in the sky) :: keskesor {f}, keskûala {f}, qozeqer {f}, bûka baranê {f}
Ramadan {prop} (holy ninth month of Islamic lunar calendar) :: remezan {f}
rat {n} (rodent) :: cird
raw {adj} (uncooked) :: xav
reactionary {adj} (opposed to change) :: paşverû
read {v} (look at and interpret letters or other information) :: xwendin, xwandin
read {v} (speak aloud words or other information that is written) :: xwendin, xwandin
read {v} (have the ability to read text or other information) :: xwendin, xwandin
read {v} (be able to hear (in a radio communication)) :: bîstin, bihîstin
read {v} (make a study of) :: vekolîn
realpolitik {n} (pragmatic international government policy) :: siyaseta reel
reap hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle ::
reaping hook {n} (sickle) SEE: sickle ::
recite {v} (to recite) SEE: say ::
reclaim {v} (to recycle) SEE: recycle ::
recyclable {adj} (able to be recycled) :: veçerxînbar
recycle {v} (to break down and reuse component materials) :: veçerxandin, veçerxîn
red {adj} (having red as its colour) :: sor
red {n} (colour) :: sor, al, سوور
red blood cell {n} (haemoglobin-carrying blood cell in vertebrates) :: xiroka sor {f}, erîtrosît {f}
redbud {n} (Judas tree) SEE: Judas tree ::
red-handed {adj} (in the act of wrongdoing) :: li ser sûc girtin, di ser de girtin
Red Kurdistan {prop} (colloquial name for the Kurdistan Autonomous Oblast) :: Kurdistana Sor
red line {n} (a boundary or limit which should not be crossed) :: xeta sor {f}
Red Sea {prop} (sea between Africa and Arabia) :: Deryaya Sor
Red Square {prop} (Moscow square) :: Qada Sor
refrigerator {n} (appliance) :: sarinc
refugee {n} (person seeking political asylum) :: penaber
refugee {n} :: penaber, mihacir, miltecî
regime {n} (form of government) :: rejîm
regulate {v} (control) SEE: control ::
relativity {n} :: rêjeyîtî {f}, îzafiyet {f}, realtîvîte {f}, roletîvîzm {f}, dîmanetî {f}, dîmaneyîparêzî {f}
religion {n} (system of beliefs dealing with soul, deity and/or life after death) :: dîn {m}, ol {f}, ayîn {m}
ren {n} (a kidney) SEE: kidney ::
rennet stomach {n} (abomasum) SEE: abomasum ::
rep {n} (representative) SEE: representative ::
repair {n} :: چاککردنه‌وه‌
representative {n} (one who speaks for another) :: mumesil {m}, nûner, nimînende
republic {n} (a type of state) :: cumhurîyet
Republic of Iraq {prop} (official name of Iraq) :: Komara Îraqê
Republic of Turkey {prop} (official name of the country of Turkey) :: Komara Tirkiyeyê
request {n} (act of requesting) :: daxwaz, doz, dawa, rica, tika
require {v} (ask) SEE: ask ::
residence permit {n} (right to legally reside in a country) :: îqame {f}
respiration {n} (breathing) :: hanasa
result {n} :: ئه‌نجام
resultful {adj} (Having results or effects) :: biencam
resultless {adj} (Without results) :: bêencam
retiree {n} (someone who has retired from active working) :: karkenar, emekdar, malnişîn, xanenişîn, gandanket, teqawid
retreat {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
return {n} (answer) SEE: answer ::
rhetorical question {n} (question) :: pirsa retorîk {f}
rhinoceros {n} (herbivorous pachyderm with horn(s)) :: kergeden
rib {n} (curved bone) :: Northern Kurdish: parsû
ribonucleic acid {n} (derivative of DNA, used in the transcription of genetic material) :: asîda rîbonukleî {f} ARN {f}
riddle {n} (sieve) SEE: sieve ::
rider {n} (driver) SEE: driver ::
ridiculously {adv} (in a ridiculous manner) :: qeşmerane
right {adj} (straight, not bent) :: rast, rêk
right {adj} (complying with justice, correct) :: rast, durist
right {adj} (of direction, opposite of left) :: rast, rastê
right {adj} (conservative) :: rastgir, rast
right {n} (legal or moral entitlement) :: maf {m}, heq {f}
right {n} (right, not left, side) :: rast, rastê
right {n} (right-wing politicians and parties) :: rastgir, rast
right {v} (to correct) :: sererast kirin, rast kirin, durist kirin
ring down the curtain {v} (stop) SEE: stop ::
rip {v} (to fart) SEE: fart ::
rip {n} (tear) SEE: tear ::
ripe {adj} :: گه‌ییو /geyíw/
river {n} (large stream which drains a landmass) :: çem {m}, robar
river {n} :: çem, ro, robar, ڕوبار
rivulet {n} (small brook) :: robar {f}, ro {m}
rob {v} :: şelandin
robber {n} (one who robs) :: talanker, şelîner, rêbirr, korsan, eşqiya, heydûd, nijdevan, çete, rêgir
rockmelon {n} (melon) SEE: melon ::
rod {n} (slang: pistol) SEE: pistol ::
roentgenium {n} (chemical element) :: ûnûnûnyûm
role {n} (character or part) :: dewr {f}
role {n} :: rol {f}
romaji {n} (romanization of Japanese) :: romajî
Rome {prop} (city) :: Roma
roof {n} (the cover at the top of a building) :: ban
rooster {n} (male chicken; male gallinaceous bird) :: Kermanshani: کڵەشێر /kiłeşêr/, کەڵەشێر /kełeşêr/; dîk {m}
root {n} (part of a plant) :: reh {m}, rîş {m}, kok {f}, qurm {m}, ڕه‌گ
rope {n} (thick, strong string) :: ben, benik
rosehip {n} (the fruit of a rose plant) :: şîlan {?}
rubab {n} (musical instrument) :: rubab, ribab
run {v} (to move quickly on two feet) :: bezîn, revîn, bazdan
run {n} (the act of running) :: bez
Russia {prop} (country in Asia and Europe) :: رووسیا /Rûsya/, ئوورس /Ûris/, ئوورستان /Ûristan/; Roman: Rûsya, Ûris, Ûristan
Russian {n} (the Russian language) :: Ûrisî
Russian doll {n} (wooden doll) :: matruşka, matryoşka
rut {v} :: telewî, heşerî
rye {n} (the grass Secale cereale or its grains as food) :: açar, şilêl, çewder, tarîgan, baçîk, çexdar
sad {adj} :: xemgîn, دڵ ته‌نگ
saddle {n} (seat on an animal) :: Northern Kurdish: zîn
sadly {adv} (unfortunately) SEE: unfortunately ::
sad to say {adv} (unfortunately) SEE: unfortunately ::
Sahara {prop} (desert) :: Sahara
sakura {n} (cherry) SEE: cherry ::
salaam {interj} (a Muslim greeting) :: Roman: selam
Saladin {prop} (first sultan of Egypt and Syria and the founder of the Ayyubid dynasty) :: Selahedîn
salami {n} (penis) SEE: penis ::
salary {n} (fixed amount of money paid on monthly or annual basis) :: meaş {m}, miz {m}, muçe {m}, mehane {f}, مه‌عاش
salat {n} (Islamic prayer) :: nivêj
sale {n} (exchange of goods or services for currency or credit) :: firotin {f}
sale {n} (sale of goods at reduced prices) :: tenzîlat {f}
sale {n} (act of putting up for auction to the highest bidder) :: mezat {f}
salivate {v} (to produce saliva) :: tif kirin
sally {n} (willow) SEE: willow ::
Salmas {prop} (city in Iran) :: Northern Kurdish: selmas
salt {n} (sodium chloride) :: Northern Kurdish: xwê {f}
salty {adj} (tasting of salt) :: şor
same {adj} (not different as regards self; identical) :: eynî
samovar {n} (metal urn with a spigot, for boiling water for making tea) :: semaver
sanctity {n} (holiness) SEE: holiness ::
sand {n} (finely ground rock) :: xîz {m}, qûm {m}
sans {prep} (without) SEE: without ::
Sardinia {prop} (island of Italy) :: Sardînya {f}
Sardinian {prop} (language) :: sardînî {f}
Satan {prop} (the Devil) :: Şeytan
Satanism {n} (devil worship) :: شەیتانپەرستی
satiated {adj} (pleasantly full) :: Northern Kurdish: têr
Saturday {n} (day of the week) :: şemî; şembî
sauce {n} (liquid condiment) :: çênc, sos
sausage {n} (a food made of minced meat packed into a tubular casing) :: sosîs
save {v} (to keep safe; to safeguard) :: parastin
savior {n} (a person who saves someone, rescues another from harm) :: xelaskarê
saw {n} (tool) :: mişar {f}; Northern Kurdish: mişar {f}, birrek {f}
saw {v} (cut with a saw) :: mişar kirin, bi mişarê birrîn
saw {n} (saying or proverb) :: pend {f}, gotina pêşiyan {f}
sawm {n} (Islamic fasting) :: rojî
say {v} (to communicate verbally or in writing) :: gotin
scale {n} (ladder) SEE: ladder ::
scale {n} (device) SEE: scales ::
scales {n} (device for weighing goods for sale) :: terazî {f}
scarecrow {n} (an effigy made to scare the birds away) :: mamik, reşkê bûstanan
scattered {adj} (Randomly distributed) :: Northern Kurdish: belav
scene {n} ((theater) the stage) SEE: stage ::
schizophrenia {n} (mental disorder) :: şîzofrenî
school {n} (an institution dedicated to teaching and learning) :: dibistan {f}, fêrgeh {f}, xwendingeh {f}, qutabxane {f}, medrese {f}, mekteb {f}, perwerdegeh {f}
schoolie {n} (schoolteacher) SEE: teacher ::
schoolteacher {n} (schoolteacher) SEE: teacher ::
science {n} (collective discipline of learning acquired through the scientific method) :: zanist {f}
science {n} :: zanist {f}, ilim {f}, zanyarî {f}, zanîn {f}
scissors {n} (tool used for cutting) :: meqes
scores {pron} (many) SEE: many ::
scorpion {n} (any of various arachnids of the order Scorpiones) :: dûpişk {f}
scraper {n} (an instrument by which anything is scraped) :: renek
scutch grass {n} (couch grass) SEE: couch grass ::
scythe {n} (farm tool) :: Northern Kurdish: dilûk, kêlendî, kêrendî
sea {n} (body of water) :: dengiz, derya
sea horse {n} (walrus) SEE: walrus ::
Sea of Japan {prop} (the sea between Japan and the rest of Asia) :: Deryaya Japanî, Deryaya Japanê; Derya Japon
search {v} (to search) SEE: look ::
searchable {adj} (capable of being searched) :: lêgerbar
season {n} (quarter of a year) :: werz
second {n} (one-sixtieth of a minute; SI unit of time) :: sanîye
secret {n} (knowledge that is hidden) :: raz {f}, nehînî {f}, surr {f}
secretary {n} (person keeping records and handling clerical work) :: Northern Kurdish: katib, sekreter
secretary {n} (head of a department of government) :: Northern Kurdish: sekreter
secretary {n} (type of desk) :: Northern Kurdish: sekreter
secular {adj} (not specifically religious) :: sekuler
see {v} (perceive with the eyes) :: dîtin
seed {n} (fertilized grain) :: tov
seel {v} (To blind) SEE: blind ::
seem {v} (to appear, to seem) SEE: look ::
select {v} (to choose one or more elements from a set) :: hilbijartin
self {n} (individual person as the object of his own reflective consciousness) :: xwe
self-confident {adj} (confident in one's abilities) :: jixwebawer
sell {v} (to agree to transfer goods or provide services) :: firotin
sell {v} :: firotin, firoştin
semantics {n} (science of the meaning of words) :: watenasî {f}
semen {n} (male reproductory fluid) :: تۆو, تۆماو, تۆم, sperma
senator {n} (member in the house or chamber of a legislature called a senate) :: senator
send {v} (make something go somewhere) :: şandin, hinartin
sentence {n} (grammatically complete series of words consisting of a subject and predicate) :: hevok {f}
Seoul {prop} (capital of South Korea) :: Sêûl
Serbia and Montenegro {prop} (former country on the Balkan Peninsula) :: Sirbîstan û Karadag
Serbian {n} (person from Serbia, see also: Serb) :: serbî, سربی
Serbian {n} (the standardized variety of Serbo-Croatian) :: serbî, سربی
servant {n} :: نۆکه‌ر /noker/
serve {v} (to work for) :: Northern Kurdish: xizmet kirin
Servian {adj} (Serbian) SEE: Serbian ::
Servian {n} (Serbian) SEE: Serbian ::
Servian {prop} (Serbian) SEE: Serbian ::
seven {num} (cardinal number 7) :: heft
sevennight {n} (period of seven consecutive days and nights) SEE: week ::
seventeen {num} (cardinal number) :: hevde
seventy {num} (cardinal number) :: heftê
seventy-five {num} (75) :: heftê û penc
sex {n} (act of sexual intercourse) :: seks, guhnelî, perîn, cotbûn, têkiliyên zayendî, [vulgar] gan
sex {n} (gender (female or male)) :: zayend, cins, cinsiyet
sexual intercourse {n} (sexual interaction) :: guhnelî, perîn, têkiliyên zayendî, gan [vulgar]
shadow {n} (dark image projected onto a surface) :: {f}
shah {n} (king of Persia) :: şah {m}
shaheed {n} (martyr) SEE: martyr ::
shaitan {n} (an evil djinn of Arab mythology, Satan, devil) :: şeytan {m}
shalwar {n} (garment) :: şelwar
shame {n} (uncomfortable or painful feeling) :: şerm, eyb
shamefaced {adj} (bashful or ashamed) :: şermîn
shampoo {n} (product for washing the hair or other fibres) :: şampo {f}, شامپۆ
shari'a {n} (Islamic religious law) :: şerîet {m}
sheep {n} (animal) :: [ewe], mih [ewe], beran [ram], pez [both], berx [little], berindir [young], beyindir [young], مه‌ڕ
sheepherder {n} (shepherd) SEE: shepherd ::
sheik {n} (leader of an Arab village, family or small tribe) :: şêx
sheik {n} (Islamic religious clergy) :: şêx
shepherd {n} (a person who tends sheep) :: şivan
shepherd {n} (someone who watches over or guides) :: şivan
she-wolf {n} (female wolf) :: dêlegur {f}
shh {interj} (requesting silence) :: hiş
shield {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
shit {n} ::
shitty {adj} (high) SEE: high ::
shoal {n} (group of fish) SEE: school ::
shoe {n} (protective covering for the foot) :: پێڵاو, pêlav {f}
shoe {n} :: sol {f}, şekal {f}
shoe {n} (piece of metal designed to be attached to a horse’s foot) SEE: horseshoe ::
shoelace {n} (for fastening a shoe) :: قەیتانی پێڵاو
shore {n} (land adjoining a large body of water) :: berav {f}
short {adj} (having a small distance between ends or edges) :: kurt
short {adj} (constituting an abbreviation (for)) :: kurtî
short {adj} :: kurt, kin, qut, quse, کورت
shorts {n} (plural of short) SEE: short ::
short-sighted {adj} (myopic) SEE: myopic ::
shovel {n} (spade) SEE: spade ::
shovel {n} (tool for moving portions of material) :: bêr {f}, merr {f}
shrewdly {adv} (in a shrewd manner) :: bijîrî, jîrkî
shroud {n} (dress for the dead) :: kefen
shut one's trap {v} (shut up) SEE: shut up ::
shut up {v} :: ده‌مت داخه‌
shvitz {n} (sweat) SEE: sweat ::
shy {adj} :: شه‌رمن
Sicilian {adj} (relating to Sicily or its inhabitants) :: sicîlyayî, sîcîlyayî
Sicilian {prop} (language) :: sicîlyayî, sîcîlyayî, sîcîlyanî
sickle {adj} :: داس
siege {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
sieve {n} (device to separate larger and smaller objects) :: بێژنگ /bêjing/
sign {n} (visible indication) :: nîşan
significant {adj} (signifying something; carrying meaning) :: watedar
significant {adj} (having noticeable effect) :: giring
Siirt {prop} (city) :: Sêrt
silicon {n} (non-metallic element) :: sîlîsyûm
Silvan {prop} (city in the Diyarbakır Province of Turkey) :: Northern Kurdish: Farqîn
silver {n} (metal) :: Northern Kurdish: zîv
silvern {adj} (made from silver) SEE: silver ::
simple past {n} (the simple past tense) :: dema borî {f}
sin {n} (violation of religious law) :: gûneh, guneh
singer {n} :: stranbêj
Sinhala {n} (language) SEE: Sinhalese ::
Sinhalese {n} (the language) :: kîngalî
Sino-Korean {adj} (being both Chinese and Korean) :: Sîno-koreyî
Sino-Korean {adj} (Etymologically from or influenced by Chinese) :: Sîno-koreyî
Sino-Korean {n} (the Chinese-derived elements in the Korean language) :: Sîno-koreyî
Sino-Xenic {adj} (Sino-Korean) SEE: Sino-Korean ::
Sirius {prop} :: Northern Kurdish: Gelavêj
sister {n} (woman or girl having the same parents) :: xwişk
six {num} (cardinal number) :: şeş
sixteen {num} (cardinal number 16) :: şazde
skeleton {n} (system that provides support to an organism) :: kakût
skeleton in the closet {n} (shameful secret) SEE: skeleton in the cupboard ::
skeleton in the cupboard {n} (shameful secret) :: şerrnizariya veşartî
skin {n} (outer protective of the body of a person or animal) :: çerm {m}, pîst {m}
skin {n} (skin and fur of an animal used by humans) :: kevl {m}, pîst {m}
skin {n} (congealed layer on the surface of a liquid) :: tûk
sky {n} (atmosphere above a point) :: Kurmajni: esman
sky {n} (specific view, condition) :: esman
skyrocket {n} (pocket) SEE: pocket ::
skyscraper {n} (tall building) :: balexane {f}
slavery {n} (institution or practice of owning human beings) :: xulamî
Slavic {adj} (of the Slavs, their culture or languages) :: slavî
Slavonic {adj} (Slavic) SEE: Slavic ::
sleep {v} (to rest in state of reduced consciousness) :: nivistin, raketin, razan, veketin, xewtin, di xew çûn, di xew bûn
sleep {n} (state of reduced consciousness) :: xew {f}
sleeping {adj} (asleep) SEE: asleep ::
slide fastener {n} (zip fastener) SEE: zip fastener ::
Slovak {n} (language of Slovakia) :: slovakî
smack {n} ((slang) heroin) SEE: horse ::
smallest room {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
smile {n} (a happy face expression using mouth, but without producing voice) :: bişir {f}, girrnij {f}, bişkurr {f}, kenê bêdeng {m}
smile {v} (to have a smile on one's face) :: bişirîn, girrnijîn, bişkurrîn, bêdeng kenîn
smoke {n} (visible particles and vapour given off by burning material) :: dûkêl {m}, {m}, dûxan {m}, moran {m}
snake {n} (legless reptile) :: mar, مار
snow {n} (precipitation) :: befr {f}; berf; Laki: ڤەڕ
snowstorm {n} (bad weather involving blowing winds and snow) :: pûk {f}
soap {n} (substance) :: sabûn {f}
social media {n} (interactive forms of media) :: medyaya sosyal
society {n} (group of people sharing culture) :: civak {f}
sock {n} (covering for the foot) :: gore
sodium {n} (reactive metal) :: natrîyûm
sofa {n} (upholstered seat) :: qenepe
software engineering {n} (subfield of engineering concerned with the development, operation, and maintenance of software) :: endezyariya nivîsbariyê {f}
soil {n} (mixture of sand and organic material) :: ax {f}, erd {m}
solar system {prop} (Solar System) SEE: Solar System ::
Solar System {prop} (the Sun and all the heavenly bodies that orbit around it) :: pergala rojê {f}, sîstema rojê {f}
solicitude {n} (anxiety) :: inayet
solution {n} (answer to a problem (mathematics)) :: çare {f}, hel {f}, havil {f}, çareserî {f}
some {determiner} :: hin, hinek, hindek, çendek, çend, هه‌نێک
somnolent {adj} (drowsy) :: xewto
somnolent {adj} (soporific) :: xewîner
son {n} (a male person in relation to his parents) :: kurr {m}
song {n} (music with words) :: stiran {f}, گۆرانی
Sorani {prop} (Kurdish dialect) :: Northern Kurdish: soranî
Sorbian {prop} (language) :: sorbî
so to speak {adv} (in a manner of speaking) :: hema bêje, hema hema
soul {n} (the spirit or essence of a person that is believed to live on after the person’s death) :: rih
soup {n} (dish) :: şorbe
source {n} (person, place or thing) :: kanî kanî
south {n} (compass point) :: başûr, باشور
southpaw {n} :: destçep
Soviet Russia {prop} (Russia) SEE: Russia ::
space shuttle {n} (vehicle capable of travelling repeatedly btw Earth and outer space) :: mekok
Space Shuttle {n} (a space transportation system) :: mekok
spade {n} (a garden tool with a handle and a flat blade for digging) :: merr {f}, mer {f}
spades {n} (spade) SEE: spade ::
spaghetti {n} (informally: any type of pasta) SEE: pasta ::
Spanish {n} (Romance language of Spain and the Americas) :: spanî
spar {n} (rafter of a roof) SEE: rafter ::
sparrow {n} :: چۆله‌که‌, پاساری, beytik
Sparta {prop} (ancient city-state in southern Greece) :: Sparta
Spartacus {prop} (Thracian name) :: Spartacus
spatula {n} (kitchen utensil for turning and lifting) :: hevstîv, spatûla
spear {n} (long stick with a sharp tip) :: Northern Kurdish: rim
spelunk {n} (cave, cavern, grotto) SEE: cave ::
sphenoid {n} (sphenoid bone) SEE: sphenoid bone ::
sphenoid bone {n} (sphenoid bone) :: hestiyê cênîkê {m}
sphincter {n} (band of muscle) :: miçînik
spice {n} (Yorkshire dialect: sweets, candy) SEE: sweet ::
spider {n} (arthropod) :: Northern Kurdish: tevnpîrk
spigot {n} (faucet) SEE: tap ::
spinach {n} (a particular edible plant, Spinacia oleracea) :: spînax {f}, siyale
spindle {n} (dragonfly) SEE: dragonfly ::
spindle {n} (rod in spinning and winding thread) :: teşî
spine pig {n} (porcupine) SEE: porcupine ::
sponge {n} (marine invertebrate) :: îsfenc {m}, sunger {f}
sponge {n} (piece of porous material used for washing) :: lûfik {m}, îsfenc {m}, sunger {f}
sport {n} (any athletic activity that uses physical skills) :: sîpor, werziş
spring {n} (first season) :: Hewramni: wehar; bihar
spring {n} (water source) :: kanî
spruce {n} (tree from the genus Picea) :: kaj {f}
spy {n} (person who secretly watches) :: sîxur, casûs, diznêr, xefnêr, şofar, spiyon
spyglass {n} (binoculars) SEE: binoculars ::
stage {n} (phase) :: qonax {f}, merhele {f}, gihanek {f}, gihînek {f}, faz {f}, qedem {f}, gav {f}, قۆناغ
stalk {n} (stem or main axis of a plant) :: bistîk {f}
standard of living {n} (relative measure of quality of life) :: astê jiyanê
star {n} (luminous celestial body) :: stêr {f}
star {n} (celebrity) :: stêr {f}
starring {v} (present participle of "to star") SEE: star ::
statue {n} (three-dimensional work of art) :: peykel {m}, heykel {m}, senem {m}, pût {m}, kelwaş {m}
steadfastly {adv} (in a steadfast manner) :: Northern Kurdish: nebezkî, bi nebezî
stealth {n} :: dizîkî, nehînî
stealthily {adv} (in a stealthy manner) :: bidizîkî, bi nihênî, bi razberî
stealthy {adj} (characterized by or resembling stealth or secrecy) :: dizîkî, nehînî, razberî
steam {n} (water vapor) :: bixar {f}
step {n} :: gav, pêngav
stepchild {n} :: nevis, nevisî
step in {v} (To act) SEE: act ::
steven {n} (voice) SEE: voice ::
steven {n} (a promise) SEE: promise ::
steven {n} (tune) SEE: tune ::
steven {n} (a prayer) SEE: prayer ::
stick {v} :: مانان
stiff {adj} :: قایم, به‌ستوو
stirrup {n} (footrest used by riders) :: Northern Kurdish: rikêb, zengû
stitch {v} (agriculture: to form land into ridges) SEE: plough ::
stocking {n} (garment (for translations of "sock", see sock)) :: gore
stock market {n} (market for the trading of company stock) :: bazara pişkan, sûka pişkan
stone {n} (substance) :: kevir, ber, berd, kuç, بهرد
stone {n} (small piece of stone) :: kevir, ber, berd, kuç
stone {n} (medical: hard, stone-like deposit) :: kevir, ber, berd, kuç
stone {n} (piece of hard material used in board games) :: berik, kabik
stool {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
stop {v} (to cease moving) :: rawestîn, sekinîn
stop {v} (to not continue) :: rawestîn, sekinîn
stop {v} (to cause to cease moving) :: rawestandin, sekinandin
stop {v} (to cause to come to an end) :: rawestandin, sekinandin
storey {n} (floor, level) :: qat {f}, tebeq {f}
storm {n} :: ره‌شه‌با {?}
story {n} (lie) SEE: lie ::
story {n} (storey) SEE: storey ::
Strait of Messina {prop} (narrow section of water between Sicily and mainland Italy) :: Tengava Messina {f}, Tengava Messinayê {f}
Strait of Sicily {prop} (strait between Sicily and Tunisia) :: Tengava Sîcîlya {f}, Tengava Sîcîlyayê {f}
strange {adj} (not normal) :: ecêb, seyr, sosret, mat
strangle {v} (to kill someone by strangulation) :: fetisandin
straw {n} (a dried stalk of a cereal plant) :: ka ka
straw {n} (dried stalks considered collectively) :: pûş
straw {adj} (made of straw) :: ka
streetcleaner {n} (person) SEE: street sweeper ::
street sweeper {n} (person who sweeps streets) :: zibilkêş
stress {n} (on a syllable) SEE: accent ::
struggler {n} (one who struggles) :: têkoşer
study {n} :: باس
sty {n} (ladder) SEE: ladder ::
stylist {n} :: şêwaznas, stîlnas, stîlîst
subscriber {n} (a person who subscribes to a publication or a service) :: abone
subtitle {n} (textual versions of the dialog in films) :: binnivîs
such as {prep} (for example) SEE: for example ::
suck {v} (to use the mouth to pull in (liquid etc)) :: mêjîn, mêtin, مژین
suet {n} (fat) :: Northern Kurdish: bez
Suez Canal {prop} (canal) :: Kanala Sûweyş
sugar {n} (sucrose from sugar cane or sugar beet and used to sweeten food and drink) :: şekir
sugar {n} :: şekir
sugar cube {n} (sugar shaped in cubes) :: şekirê kabikî
suit {n} (set of clothes) :: bedil
sulfur {n} (element) :: kewkurd, kirkût
sulfur mustard {n} (mustard gas) SEE: mustard gas ::
sultan {n} (ruler) :: sultan {m}
sumac {n} :: simaq
summer {n} (hottest season) :: havîn {f}, هاڤین /havîn/, tavistan; Laki: tawsan
sun {prop} (the star around which the Earth revolves, see also: Sun) :: xewer, roj {f}
sun {n} :: roj, tav, هه‌تاو, خۆر, رۆژ
Sunday {n} (day of the week) :: ‌yekşem, ‌yekşeme
sunflower oil {n} (vegetable oil) :: rûnê gulberojê
sunnah {n} (custom, system, way of life) :: sinet
Sunni {adj} (related to the Sunni branch of Islam) :: sinî
Sunni {n} (follower of the Sunni branch of Islam) :: sinî {m} / {f}
Sunni {n} (Sunni Islam, a branch of Islam) :: sinîtî {f}
Sunnite {n} (Sunni) SEE: Sunni ::
sunrise {n} (time of day) :: rojhilatin
sunup {n} (time of day) SEE: sunrise ::
sunup {n} (change in color of sky) SEE: sunrise ::
supercilium {n} (arch of hair) SEE: eyebrow ::
superficially {adv} (in a superficial manner) :: serpilkî
supertanker {n} (extremely large tanker) :: sarincîka
supper {n} (food before going to bed) :: şîv {f}
supper {n} (dinner at night) :: şîv {f}
supper {n} (drinker) :: vexwer
surgeon {n} (doctor who performs surgery) :: emeliyatker, kîrûrg, operator, cerah, birînsaz
surreptitious {adj} (stealthy, furtive, well hidden, covert) :: dizîkî, nehînî, razberî
surreptitiously {adv} (in a surreptitious manner) :: bi dizîkî, bi nehînî, bi razberî
surround {v} :: ده‌وردانه‌وه‌
Suruç {prop} (city in Turkey) :: Northern Kurdish: Pirsûs, Sirûc
swagger {n} :: خۆبادان /xo badan/
swallow {v} (to cause to pass from the mouth into the stomach) :: daqurtandin, daûrandin, dabilandin
swallow {v} (to take in, to consume) :: daqurtandin, daûrandin, dabilandin
swallow {v} (to make muscular contractions of the oesophagus) :: daqurtandin, daûrandin, dabilandin
swallow {v} (to believe or accept) :: pejirandin, daqurtandin, daûrandin, dabilandin
swallow {n} (a chasm or abyss) :: çal {f}, kend {f}
swallow {n} (amount swallowed) :: qurt {f}, qurç {f}, nîç {f}
swallow {n} (bird) :: hacîreşk, dûmeqesk, hechecik
swan {n} (waterfowl of the genus Cygnus) :: , qazquling
swarthy {adj} (dark) SEE: dark ::
swearer {n} (a person who swears) :: sondxwer
swear word {n} (impolite or offensive taboo word) :: sixêf, dijûn, dijmîn, xeber, çêrr, zêf, zêv, mirqî, kufrî
sweat {n} (fluid that exits the body through pores) :: , xuh {f}, xweydan {f}
swede {n} (turnip) SEE: turnip ::
Swede {n} (Swedish person) :: Northern Kurdish: swêdî
Sweden {prop} (Scandinavian country) :: Northern Kurdish: Swêd
Swedish {n} (language) :: swêdî
sweet {adj} (having a pleasant taste) :: şirîn
sweet {adj} (having a taste of sugar) :: şirîn
sweet {adj} (containing a sweetening ingredient) :: şirîn, şirînkirî
sweet {adj} (not having a salty taste) :: şirîn
sweet {adj} (having a pleasant sound) :: şirîn
sweet {n} (food eaten for dessert) SEE: dessert ::
sweet potato {n} (yam) SEE: yam ::
Swiss chard {n} (chard) SEE: chard ::
switch off {v} :: temirandin, vemirandin, reş kirin
sword {n} (weapon) :: şimşûr, şûr
swordsmanship {n} (the skill of using a sword) :: şûrbaz {f}
sycamore {n} (Platanus) :: çinar {f}
symbolic {adj} (Pertaining to a symbol) :: sembolîk, remzî
syphilis {n} (sexual disease caused by Treponema pallidum) :: agire {f}
Syria {prop} (country in the Middle East) :: Sûriya, Sûriye
ta {interj} (thanks) SEE: thanks ::
tab {n} (cigarette) SEE: cigarette ::
table {n} (item of furniture) :: mase {f}, mêze {f}
taffeta {n} (woven fabric) :: tefte
tafsir {n} (interpretation of the Qur'an) :: tefsîr
Tahitian {prop} (language) :: tahitî
tail {n} (appendage of an animal) :: terî; dûv, poç
Taiwan {prop} (East Asian country) :: Taywan
Tajikistan {prop} (Republic of Tajikistan) :: Tacîkistan
tall {adj} :: dirêj, bilind, درێژ, باڵا به‌رز, باڵا هه‌ڵچوو
Talysh {n} (member of an Iranian-speaking people) :: taliş
Talysh {adj} (relating to Talysh people, their culture or language) :: talişî
Talysh {prop} (language) :: talişî
tang {n} (tongue) SEE: tongue ::
Tanzania {prop} (United Republic of Tanzania) :: Tanzanya
tap {n} (device to dispense liquid) :: zembere {f}, henef {f}, mislik {f}, henefî {f}, henîfe {f}
tap {n} :: zembere {f}, henef {f}, mislik {f}, henefî {f}, henîfe {f}
tar {n} (substance) :: qîr {f}, qetran {f}
tar {n} (Persian musical instrument) :: tar
taste {n} (one of the sensations produced by the tongue) :: çêj {f}, tam {f}
tasty {adj} :: به‌تام, به‌له‌زه‌ت
tat {n} (slang: tattoo) SEE: tattoo ::
tatt {n} (tattoo) SEE: tattoo ::
tattoo {n} (an image made in the skin with ink and a needle) :: deq {f}
tax {n} (money paid to government) :: bêş, bac
taxi {n} (vehicle) :: texsî
Tbilisi {prop} (the capital city of Georgia (the country)) :: Tiblîsî
tea {n} (main evening meal) SEE: dinner ::
teach {v} (to pass on knowledge) :: Northern Kurdish: fêr kirin
teacher {n} (person who teaches) :: mamosta, hînker
tea leaf {n} (thief) SEE: thief ::
teapot {n} (vessel for tea) :: çaydank {f}, qûre
tear {n} (drop of clear salty liquid from the eyes) :: hêsir
tear gas {n} (tear gas) :: rondikrêj {f}
tear up {v} (To damage) SEE: damage ::
Teheran {prop} (Tehran) SEE: Tehran ::
Tehran {prop} (capital of Iran) :: Taran
tečka {n} (tečka diacritic) SEE: dot ::
telephone {n} (a device used for two-way talking with other people) :: telefon, dûrbîsk, dûrbîst
television {n} (medium) :: televîzyon
television set {n} (television) SEE: television ::
temblor {n} (earthquake) SEE: earthquake ::
ten {num} (the cardinal number occurring after 9 and before 11) :: deh
tent {n} (portable lodge) :: çadir
terebinth {n} (a Mediterranean tree) :: bêmk {f} [variety with soft seeds]
Terra {prop} (the Planet Earth) SEE: Earth ::
terrorist {n} (person who uses terror as a weapon in a political struggle) :: terorîst
testicle {n} (male sex gland) :: gun {m}, hêlik {m}, گون
testosterone {n} (steroid hormone) :: testosteron
thank {v} (express gratitude or appreciation to someone) :: spas
thanks {interj} (used to express appreciation or gratitude) :: spas, memnûn, teşekur
thank you {interj} (an expression of gratitude) :: spas, سوپاس
that is {adv} (in other words) :: anku, bi gotineka din, yanî
that is to say {adv} (in other words) SEE: that is ::
the die is cast {phrase} (the future is determined) :: tîr ji kevan pekiya
the grass is always greener on the other side {proverb} (the others' circumstances seem more desirable) :: dengê defe ji dûr ve xweş e
then {adv} (at that time) :: hingê, demê, çaxî, wî wextî, wê gavê
then {adv} (soon afterward) :: paşî, dûre, piştre, dûvre, peyre
then {adv} (next in order) :: paşî, dûre, piştre, dûvre, peyre
then {adv} (in that case) :: pa, de, madem
then {adv} (at the same time; on the other hand) :: li milê din, li alî
then {n} :: hingê
theology {n} (study of God, or a god, or gods) :: îlahiyet {f}
there is {phrase} (third-person singular simple present indicative form of there be) :: heye
there's no place like home {proverb} (one feels most comfortable at home) :: Şam şekir e lê welat şirîntir e
thermometer {n} (apparatus used to measure temperature) :: têhnpîv
thermosphere {n} (layer of the Earth's atmosphere) :: germasipêr
they {pron} (third-person singular, of unknown or irrelevant gender) :: ew
thief {n} (one who carries out theft) :: diz, دز
thigh {n} (upper leg) :: hêt
thin {adj} (having little thickness or extent from one surface to its opposite) :: barik
think {v} (communicate to oneself in one’s mind) :: fikirîn, hizirîn, ramîn, pûnijîn, بیرکردن
think {v} (be of the opinion that) :: bawer kirin, texmîn kirin, fikirîn, hizirîn, pûnijîn, ramîn
think {v} (consider, judge, regard something as) :: hesibandin, به‌مه‌زه‌نده‌ی
think of {v} (think) SEE: think ::
think tank {n} (group producing research and recommendations) :: ramanxane {f}
thirteen {num} (the cardinal number occurring after twelve and before fourteen) :: sêzde
thorn {n} :: دڕک
though {adv} (however) :: dîsa jî, her wiha
thought {n} (form created in the mind) :: hizir, fikir
thousand {num} (cardinal number 1000) :: hezar, hizar, هه‌زار
thread {n} (long, thin and flexible form of material) :: Northern Kurdish: dezî {m}, dav {f}
threads {n} (clothes) SEE: clothes ::
threads {n} (thread) SEE: thread ::
threat {n} (expression of intent to injure or punish another) :: tehdît, gef
three {num} (cardinal number 3) ::
thrombocyte {n} (platelet) SEE: platelet ::
throne {n} (ornate seat) :: text {m}
throne room {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
throw {v} :: avêtin
thunder {n} (sound caused by lightning) :: birûsk
thunder {n} :: birûsk {f}
Thursday {n} (day of the week) :: pêncşemb, pêncşem {f}
tiger {n} (The mammal Panthera tigris) :: piling {m}
tight {adj} (pushed/pulled together) :: Northern Kurdish: teng
Tigris {prop} (river in Southwest Asia) :: Dîjla, Dîcle
timber {n} (trees considered as a source of wood) :: dar {f}
timber {n} (wood that has been cut ready for construction) :: dar {f}
timber {n} (beam used to support something such as a roof or a ship) :: karîte {m}
time {n} (inevitable passing of events) :: dem {f}, wext, çax
time {n} (time of day, as indicated by a clock, etc) :: dem, wext, zeman
time {n} :: car {f}, kere {f}, defa {f}, neql {f}, dem, wext, zeman
timeless {adj} (eternal) SEE: eternal ::
time of day {n} (time according to the clock) SEE: time ::
tinkle {v} (urinate) SEE: urinate ::
tip {v} :: به‌خشیش
tissue {n} (aggregation of cells) :: şane {f}
Tōkyō {prop} (Tokyo) SEE: Tokyo ::
today {adv} (on the current day) :: kurmanci: îro
together {adv} :: پێکه‌وه‌
toilet {n} (room used for urination and defecation, see also: bathroom; men's room; ladies' room; outhouse; portable toilet; latrine; shitter) :: destavxane {f}, avdestxane {f}, daşir {f}, tiwalet {f}, WC {f}, edeb {f}, rîtinxane {f}, mîstinxane {f}, destavxane, qedemgeh, avrêj; ئاوده‌ست
Tokyo {prop} (capital of Japan) :: Tokyo
tomato {n} (fruit) :: bacanê sor {f}, firingî {f}, tomate {f}, pamîdor {f}
tomb {n} (small building or vault for the remains of the dead) :: mezel
tomorrow {adv} (on the day after the present day) :: sibe
tongs {n} (an instrument) :: kêlbetan
tongue {n} (language) SEE: language ::
tongue {n} (organ) :: ziman
toodeloo {interj} (goodbye) SEE: goodbye ::
toon {n} (town) SEE: town ::
tooth {n} (biological tooth) :: didan {m}, diran {m}
top {n} (uppermost part) :: jor
topic {n} (discussion thread) SEE: thread ::
tornado {n} (column of air) :: bablîsok
total {n} (amount) :: tevayî
total {n} (sum) :: tevayî
total {adj} (entire) :: tev, hemû, giş
total {adj} (complete) :: tev, temam
total {v} (to add up) :: tevandin
total {v} (to equal after calculation) :: tev bûn
total {v} (to demolish) :: ruxandin, hilweşandin
to the max {prep} (very) SEE: very ::
tovarish {n} (comrade) SEE: comrade ::
toward {prep} :: به‌ره‌و
towards {prep} (toward) SEE: toward ::
town {n} (settlement) :: bajarok
toxin {n} (a toxic or poisonous substance) :: toksîn {f}
transitive {adj} (grammar, of a verb: taking an object or objects) :: têper, gerguhêz
translator {n} (someone who translates) :: wergêr, terciman
treasurer {n} :: خه‌زنه‌دار
treat {n} ((obsolete) A parley or discussion of terms; a negotiation) SEE: negotiation ::
tree {proverb} (large woody plant) :: derext
tree trunk {n} (the main structural member of a tree) :: qurm
trespass {n} (sin) SEE: sin ::
tribe {n} (group of people) :: eşîr
triboelectricity {n} (electricity produced by the triboelectric effect) :: kehrebeya lêxuşînê
tribunal {n} (assembly including one or more judges to conduct judicial business) :: dadgeh {f}, mehkeme {f}
trickle {n} (a very thin river) :: robar {m}
trickle {n} (a very thin flow; the act of trickling) :: herik {f}
trip {n} (journey) :: gerr
Tripoli {prop} (capital of Libya) :: Trablûs
triumphal arch {n} (monumental arch that commemorates a victory) :: taqê serketinê
troth {n} (truth) SEE: truth ::
trouble {n} :: چه‌رمه‌سه‌ری
trouser {v} (to pocket) SEE: pocket ::
truck {n} (vehicle designed for carrying cargo) :: qemyon
truffle {n} (tuber) :: kiyarik, دۆمه‌ڵان
trunk {n} (tree trunk) :: qurm
truth {n} (state or quality of being true to someone or something) :: rastî {f}, heqîqet {f}
truth {n} :: ڕاستی
tryst {n} :: jivan {f}
tryst {v} :: [intransitive] jivîn, çûn / hatin jivanê, jivan kirin; [transitive] jivandin
tsunami {n} (large, destructive wave generally caused by a tremendous disturbance in the ocean) :: tsunamî {f}
tuberculosis {n} (infectious disease) :: Northern Kurdish: êşa zirav, jana zirav
Tuesday {n} (day of the week) :: sêşemî
tulip {n} (plant) :: tule
tune {n} :: ئاواز
Tunisia {prop} (Republic of Tunisia) :: Tûnis
tup {v} (fuck) SEE: fuck ::
Turk {n} (Muslim) SEE: Muslim ::
turkey {n} (bird) :: elok {m}
Turkey {prop} (country at intersection of Europe and Asia) :: Tirkiye
Turkish {n} (official language of Turkey and Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus) :: tirkî {f}
Turkish {adj} (of, from or pertaining to Turkey, the Turkish people or the Turkish language) :: tirkî
Turkish delight {n} (confection) :: loqim, lokim
turnip {n} (white root of Brassica rapa) :: Northern Kurdish: şêlim
turnip {n} :: şêlim {f}, silka spî {f}, tar {f}, şelxem {f}
turquoise {n} (gemstone) :: feyroz
turquoise {n} (colour) :: feyrozî
turtle {n} (turtle dove) SEE: turtle dove ::
turtle dove {n} (bird in the genus Streptopelia) :: qumrî {f}
twelve {num} (cardinal number 12) :: Northern Kurdish: dazde
twenty {num} (cardinal number) :: bîst
twenty-six {num} (cardinal number) :: bîst û şeş
twitch {n} (Elymus repens) SEE: couch grass ::
two {num} (one plus one) :: du
two hundred {num} (cardinal number 200) :: du hezar
udder {n} (organ formed of the mammary glands of female quadruped mammals) :: Northern Kurdish: guhan
Uganda {prop} (Republic of Uganda) :: Ûganda
Ukraine {prop} (Eastern European country) :: Ukrayna
ultranationalism {n} (extreme nationalism) :: niştimanperwerîtî, welatperistîtiya serçil
ululate {v} (to howl loudly) :: nalîn
umbilicus {n} (navel) SEE: navel ::
umbra {n} (a shadow) SEE: shadow ::
umbrella {n} (cloth-covered frame used for protection against rain or sun) :: sîwane
'umra {n} (a lesser pilgrimage) :: umre
UN {initialism} (United Nations) :: NY /Neteweyên Yekbûyî/
unbeliever {n} (infidel) SEE: infidel ::
uncle {n} (brother (or brother-in-law) of someone’s parent) :: (paternal) mam, ap, (maternal) xal
unconditional {adj} (without conditions) :: bêqeyd û şert, bêşert û merc
unconditionally {adv} (without condition) :: bê şert û mercî, bê qeyd û şertî
under {prep} :: بن, ژێر
under one's hat {prep} (secret) SEE: secret ::
understanding {n} :: تێگه‌یشتن
undertaker {n} (funeral director) :: gorrker, binaxker, definker
undress {v} ((intransitive) remove one's clothing) :: xwe veşelandin, (cil) ji ber xwe kirin, xwe rûs kirin, xwe tazî kirin
undress {v} ((transitive) remove somebody’s clothing) :: veşelandin, (cil) ji ber kirin, rûs kirin, tazî kirin
unfortunately {adv} (happening through bad luck) :: mixabin
unfounded {adj} (not based on solid reasons or facts) :: bêbingeh
ungrammatical {adj} (in violation of one or more of the rules and conventions of a language) :: nerêzimanî
union {n} (the act of uniting or the state of being united) :: yekîtî {f}
united {adj} (joined into a single entity) :: Northern Kurdish: yekbûyî
United Arab Emirates {prop} (country in the Middle East) :: Mîrnişînên Erebî yên Yekbûyî
United Kingdom {prop} (Kingdom in Europe, see also: Great Britain) :: Keyaniya Yekbûyî
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland {prop} (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) :: Keyaniya Yekbûyî ya Brîtaniya Mezin û Bakurê Îrlendayê
United Nations {prop} (international coalition) :: Neteweyên Yekbûyî
United States {prop} (the United States) :: Northern Kurdish: Ameriqayê Yekbûyî; Roman: mızır amerîkayê
United States of America {prop} (country in North America) :: Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê
university {n} (institution of higher education) :: zanko {f}, zanîngeh {f}
until {prep} :: heta, ta, heya
ununbium {n} (chemical element) :: ûnûnbiyûm
ununhexium {n} (element with atomic number 116) :: ûnûnheksiyûm
ununquadium {n} (chemical element) :: ûnûnkûadyûm
unwillingness {n} (property of being unwilling) :: bêdilî {f}
unworthy {adj} (not worthy) :: ناشایستە /naşayiste /, ناموستەحەق /namusteheq/, ئائل /ail /
uprising {n} (a popular revolt) :: serhildan {f}, tuxyan
upside down {adv} (inverted) :: sernişîv, serberjêr, nixûm
upside down {adv} (in great disorder) :: serûbin, tarûmar
urethra {n} (anatomical tube) :: pêşborî
urgent {adj} (requiring immediate attention) :: lezgîn
urinal {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
urinate {v} :: mîstin, mîz kirin
Urmia {prop} (city in Iran) :: Ûrmiye
US {prop} (abbreviation of United States, see also: USA) :: Northern Kurdish: AY
USA {prop} (United States of America) :: Northern Kurdish: AY, Ameriqayê Yekbûyî
Uzbekistan {prop} (Republic of Uzbekistan) :: Ûzbêkistan
vacate {v} :: چۆڵکردن
vacillate {v} :: hejîn
vagina {n} (anatomical sense) :: quz {m}, vajîna
vagina {n} (vulva) SEE: vulva ::
vagus nerve {n} (cranial nerve) :: demarê pîşî-ûrî
valley {n} (elongated depression between hills or mountains) :: dehl
value added tax {n} (tax levied on added value of an exchange) :: baca nirxê lêzêdekirî /Latn/
valve {n} (device that controls flow of gas or fluid) :: derîçe {n}
vanilla {n} (fruit) :: vanîlya
vapour {n} (steam) SEE: steam ::
varsity {n} (university) SEE: university ::
vase {n} (container used mainly for displaying flowers) :: guldank {f}, gulwaz {f}, vazo {f}
vegetable {n} (any plant) :: sebze sebze
vein {n} (blood vessel) :: xwînhêner {f}
vendetta {n} (bitter, destructive feud in which each injury is revenged) :: xwîndarî {f}, xîndarî {f}, xûndarî {f}, xwêndarî {f}, vendeta {f}
Venus {prop} (planet) :: Gelawêj
very {adv} (to a high degree) :: gelek, pir
vicinity {n} :: ده‌وروبه‌ر, ده‌وروپشت
video conference {n} (conference held by video link) :: vîdeokonferans
Viking {n} (One of the Scandinavian seafaring warriors) :: vîkîng
village {n} (a rural habitation of size between a hamlet and a town) :: gund {m}
vineyard {n} (grape plantation) :: rez {m}; Northern Kurdish: rez
violin {n} (string instrument) :: keman {f}, kemançe {f}, viyolîn {f}
viva {interj} (long live ... !) SEE: long live ::
vixen {n} (attractive woman) SEE: fox ::
voetsek {interj} (go away) SEE: go away ::
voice {n} (sound uttered by the mouth) :: deng {m}
voice {n} (sound made through vibration of the vocal cords) :: deng {m}
voice {n} (tone or sound emitted by anything) :: deng {m}
voice {n} (the faculty or power of utterance) :: deng {m}
voice {n} (language; words; speech; expression; signification of feeling or opinion) :: deng {m}
voice {n} (opinion or choice expressed; judgment; a vote) :: deng {m}, rey
voice {n} (command, precept) :: deng {m}
voice {n} (one who speaks; speaker) :: deng {m}
volcano {n} (mountain containing a magma chamber) :: volkan {m}
vortex {n} (whirlpool) :: bagerr {f}, babelîsk {f}
vowel harmony {n} (phonological process) :: ahenga dengdêran
vulnerability {n} (security vulnerability) SEE: hole ::
vulva {n} (collectively the external female sexual organs) :: quz {m}
waffle {v} (vacillate) SEE: vacillate ::
wage {n} (money paid to a worker) :: meaş {m}, miz {m}, muçe {m}, destheq {f}
waist {n} (part of the body between the pelvis and the stomach) :: navteng {f}, newq {f}, که‌مه‌ر
wall {n} (defensive rampart) :: dîwar {m}
wall {n} (structure built for defense surrounding an area) :: dîwar {m}, sûr
wall {n} (substantial structure acting as side or division in a building) :: dîwar {m}
wallet {n} (case for keeping money) :: cizdan {f}
walnut {n} (nut) :: Northern Kurdish: gûz
walrus {n} (large Arctic marine mammal) :: mors
want {v} (desire) :: xwestin, viyan
war {n} (conflict involving organized use of arms) :: ceng {f}, şerr {m}
wardrobe {n} (lavatory) SEE: toilet ::
warm {adj} (having a temperature slightly higher than usual) :: germ
wartime {n} (period of a war) :: dema şer
wash {v} (to clean with water) :: şûştin (شووشتن)
washroom {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
watch {n} (portable or wearable timepiece) :: demjimêr demjimêr, saet
watchlist {n} (list for special attention) :: lîsteya şopandinê
water {n} (clear liquid H₂O) :: Laki: ئاو /āw/; Northern Kurdish: av {f} /āv/
water {v} (to pour water into the soil surrounding (plants)) :: avdan
water closet {n} (room with a toilet) SEE: toilet ::
water closet {n} (toilet) SEE: toilet ::
watering can {n} (utensil for watering plants) :: avdana dikare
watering pot {n} (watering can) SEE: watering can ::
water lily {n} (Any members of Nymphaeaceae) :: nîlûfer
watermelon {n} (plant) :: zebeş {m}, şûtî {m}
watermelon {n} (fruit) :: zebeş {m}, şûtî {m}
watermill {n} (mill powered by water) :: aşê avê {m}
watery {adj} (wet, soggy or soaked with water) :: avî
waulk {v} (full) SEE: full ::
wave {n} (moving disturbance, undulation) :: pêl, sîpel {f}
way {adv} (very) SEE: very ::
way {adv} (far) SEE: far ::
way too {adv} :: gelek, pir
we {pron} (the speakers, or the speaker(s) and other person(s) not being addressed (exclusive we: he or she or they and I)) :: em, me
weak {adj} :: بێ قووه‌ت, بێ هێز, لاواز
weapon {n} (instrument of attack or defense in combat) :: çek, sîleh
weblog {n} (blog) SEE: blog ::
wedding {n} (marriage ceremony) :: dawet {f}, zemawend {f}
Wednesday {n} (day of the week) :: çarşem
weed {n} (unwanted plant) :: ade
week {n} (period of seven days) :: heftê
welcome {interj} (greeting given upon someone's arrival) :: bi xêr bên {p}, bi xêr bê {s}
welkin {n} (sky) SEE: sky ::
well {n} (hole sunk into the ground) :: bêrim
Wendish {adj} (Sorbian) SEE: Sorbian ::
Wendish {prop} (Sorbian) SEE: Sorbian ::
west {n} (compass point) :: rojava {f}, xerb {f}
west {adj} (towards the west) :: (ber bi) rojava(yê), (ber bi) xerb(ê) {f}
west {adj} (western) :: rojavayî, xerbî
west {adj} (occidental) :: rojavayî, xerbî
what {pron} (what? (interrogative pronoun)) :: çi
what is more {adv} (furthermore) :: ya baştir
what's good {phrase} (what's up) SEE: what's up ::
what's up {phrase} (informal, How are you?) :: çi heye, çi heye çi nîne
what with {prep} (owing to) :: ji ber, seba
wheat {n} (grain) :: genim {m}
wheel {n} (a circular device facilitating movement or transportation) :: çerx
when {adv} (direct question) :: kengî
when {conj} :: kengî, که‌ی
whenever {conj} (when) SEE: when ::
whenever {conj} :: هه‌رچه‌ند
when in Rome {proverb} (adjust to local customs) SEE: when in Rome, do as the Romans do ::
when in Rome, do as the Romans do {proverb} (behave as those around do) :: li gorî derdor û adetên xwecihî tevgeriyan
where {conj} (at or in which place) :: cihê
where {adv} (at what place; to what place; from what place) :: , کوێ
whetstone {n} (stone used to hone tools) :: Northern Kurdish: hesan
which {determiner} ((interrogative) what, of those mentioned or implied) :: kîjan
while {conj} (until) SEE: until ::
whistle {n} (slang: a suit) SEE: suit ::
white {n} (color/colour) :: spî
white {n} (Caucasian person) :: spî, çermspî
white {adj} (bright and colourless) :: spî, vebiye
white blood cell {n} (cytology: a type of blood cell that is involved with an immune response) :: xiroka spî {f} lêkosît {f}
White House {prop} (the official residence of the President of the United States of America) :: Qesra Spî
white poplar {n} (Populus alba) :: Northern Kurdish: spîndar
White Russian {n} (Belarusian person) SEE: Belarusian ::
White Russian {n} (Belarusian language) SEE: Belarusian ::
whitish {adj} (somewhat white) :: gewr
whiz {v} (urinate) SEE: urinate ::
who {pron} (who? (interrogative pronoun)) :: ,
why {adv} (for what reason) :: çima, çira, bo çi, ji ber çi
widdle {v} (urinate) SEE: urinate ::
wide {adj} (having a large physical extent from side to side) :: pan, pehn, fire, berfire, پان
wife {n} (married woman) :: jin, kebanî, xanim, ژن, خێزان
wiki {n} (collaborative website) :: wîkî
Wikipedia {prop} (online encyclopedia) :: Wîkîpediya
Wiktionarian {n} (A person who contributes to Wiktionary) :: wîkîferhengvan, wîksiyonarîst
Wiktionary {prop} (the collaborative project; a particular version of this project written in a certain language) :: ویکیفه‌رهه‌نگ
wild boar {n} (Sus scrofa) :: Northern Kurdish: beraz
willow {n} (tree) :: {f}
wind {n} (movement of air) :: ba {m}
window {n} (opening for light and air) :: pencere {f}
windowsill {n} (the horizontal member protruding from the base of a window frame) :: teqişk {m}
windy {n} (fart) SEE: fart ::
wing {n} (part of an animal) :: bal, bask
wing {v} (to fly) SEE: fly ::
wing {v} (to throw) SEE: throw ::
winter {n} (fourth season, marked by short days and lowest temperatures) :: zivistan
wisdom tooth {n} (rearmost molar in humans) :: didanê aqilî
wit {n} (intelligence) SEE: intelligence ::
witchgrass {n} (couch grass) SEE: couch grass ::
with {prep} (in the company of) :: bi
wither {v} ((intransitive) shrivel, droop, dry up) :: çilmisîn
wither {v} ((transitive) to cause to shrivel or dry up) :: çilmisandin
without {prep} (not having) :: ; Northern Kurdish:
witness {n} :: govan, şahid, gewa
wog {n} (person of Italian descent) SEE: wop ::
wolf {n} (animal) :: gur gur {m}
Wolfgang {prop} (male given name) :: Wolfgang
woman {n} (adult female person) :: jin, pîrek, afret, kilfet, ژن, ئافرەت
woman {n} (wife) SEE: wife ::
wooden {adj} (made of wood) :: darîn
woods {n} (forest) SEE: forest ::
wop {n} (person of Italian descent) :: gefker
word {n} (unit of language) :: peyv {f}, bêje {f}, kelîme {f}
work {n} (labour, employment, occupation, job) :: kar {m}
work {n} :: kar {m}, îş {m}, ked {f}, şol {m}, şuxl {m}, xebat {f}, çalakî {f}, wezîfe {f}, erk {m}, vatinî {f}
workers of the world, unite {phrase} (workers of the world, unite) :: karkerên cîhanê hevgirin!, کرێکارانی دنیا یه‌کگرن /kirêkaranî dinya yekgirin!/
working class {n} (social class doing physical work) :: Çîna karker {f}
workmate {n} (coworker) SEE: coworker ::
world {n} (human collective existence) :: dinya
world {n} (the Earth) :: dinya
world {n} :: cîhan
World Heritage Site {n} (place listed by UNESCO as being of significance) :: kelepora cîhanê {f}
worm {n} (animal) :: kirm, kurm
worry {v} (strangle) SEE: strangle ::
worship {n} (devotion accorded to a deity or to a sacred object) :: peristin {f}
worship {n} :: perestîş {f}
worship {v} (to honor and adore, especially as a deity) :: peristin
wrath {n} (great anger) :: xezeb {f}, gerûşe {f}, hêrs {f}, xişm {f}, kerb {f}, kîn {f}, qîn {f}, xezeb {f}
wrist {n} (wrist) :: zend {m}, meçek {m}, bask {m}
write {v} (to form letters, etc.) :: nivîsandin
wroth {adj} (full of anger) :: xezebî, bikerb, bikîn, binefret
wudu {n} (ritual washing before contact prayer) :: avdest, abdest, awdest
Xerxes {prop} (Xerxes I of Persia) :: Xeşeyerşa I
Xerxes {prop} :: Xeşeyerşa
xylophone {n} (musical instrument) :: darînk
yah {adv} (yes) SEE: yes ::
yam {n} (potato) SEE: potato ::
yam {n} (any Dioscorea vine) :: [] /sevetalka hîndî/, [] /binerdiya hîndî/
Yard {prop} (Jamaica) SEE: Jamaica ::
Yazidi {n} (member of a Kurdish-speaking people of northern Iraq, whose religion is Yazidism) :: Northern Kurdish: эзди
year {n} (time it takes for the Earth to complete one revolution around the Sun) :: sal {f}
yellow {adj} (having yellow as its colour) :: zer, زه‌رد
yellow {n} (colour) :: zer, زه‌رد
Yellow Sea {prop} (Asian sea) :: Derya Zer
Yemen {prop} (Republic of Yemen) :: Yemen
Yerevan {prop} (the capital and largest city of Armenia) :: Êrîvan
yes {particle} :: belê, erê, a, e, ئا, به‌ڵێ
yesterday {n} (day before today) :: duhî
yin-yang {n} (vagina) SEE: vagina ::
yogurt {n} (a milk-based product thickened by a bacterium-aided curdling process) :: mast {m}
yoke {n} (wooden bar) :: nîr {m}
yolk {n} (yellow of egg) :: zerik {f}, zerdik {f}, zere {f}, zerde {f}, zerk {f}
you {pron} (object pronoun: the group being addressed) :: we
you {pron} (object pronoun: the person being addressed) :: te
you {pron} (subject pronoun: the group being addressed) :: hûn
you {pron} (subject pronoun: the person being addressed) :: tu, tu
you {pron} (one) :: mirov, mirovî, تۆ
you {determiner} (used before epithets for emphasis) :: ey, hey, wey
you {determiner} :: tu, Hûn [polite], ئێوه, [familiar] hûn, [polite] Hûn
young {adj} (in the early part of life or growth) :: ciwan, xort
you're right {phrase} (you're right) :: xebera te ye, tu rast dibêjî, tu mafdar î, gotina te rast e
Zagros {prop} (a mountain range) :: Zagros, زاگرۆس
Zazaki {prop} (language) :: zazakî {f}
zero {num} (cardinal number before 1, denoting nothing) :: sifir
zero {n} (numeric symbol of zero) :: sifir
zero {n} (digit zero) :: sifir
zero {n} (nothing, or none) :: sifir
zero {n} (zero value of a magnitude) :: sifir
zero {n} (point of origin on a scale) :: sifir
zero {n} (value of a function’s independent variables when the value of the function is zero) :: sifir
zero {n} (identity element of a monoid) :: sifir
zero {n} (person of little importance) :: sifir
zero {adj} (informal: virtually none) :: sifir
zero {adj} (meteorology: of a cloud ceiling: limiting vision to 50 feet (15 meters) or less) :: sifir
zero {adj} (meteorology: of horizontal visibility: limited to 165 feet (50.3 meters) or less) :: sifir
zero {adj} (linguistics: present at an abstract level but not realized in the data) :: sifir
zero {v} (to set to zero) :: sifir kirin
zikr {n} (dhikr) SEE: dhikr ::
zip {pron} (zip fastener) SEE: zip fastener ::
zip fastener {n} (a fastener used in clothing, bags) :: fermûar
zipper {n} (zip fastener) SEE: zip fastener ::
zither {n} (musical instrument) :: êwareye
zoology {n} (science that studies the animal kingdom) :: ajalnasî {f}
Zoroastrianism {prop} (religion and philosophy ascribed to Zoroaster) :: zerdeştî