User:Dan Polansky/Roget MICRA/Class II. Words Relating to Space
Class II. Words Relating to Space
- 1 Section I. Space in General
- 1.1 1. Abstract Space
- 1.2 2. Relative Space
- 1.3 3. Existence in Space
- 2 Section II. Dimensions
- 2.1 1. General Dimensions
- 2.2 2. Linear Dimensions
- 2.2.1 200. Length
- 2.2.2 201. Shortness
- 2.2.3 202. Breadth
- 2.2.4 203. Narrowness
- 2.2.5 204. Layer
- 2.2.6 205. Filament
- 2.2.7 206. Height
- 2.2.8 207. Lowness
- 2.2.9 208. Depth
- 2.2.10 209. Shallowness
- 2.2.11 210. Summit
- 2.2.12 211. Base
- 2.2.13 212. Verticality
- 2.2.14 213. Horizontality
- 2.2.15 214. Pendency
- 2.2.16 215. Support
- 2.2.17 216. Parallelism
- 2.2.18 216a. Perpendicularity
- 2.2.19 217. Obliquity
- 2.2.20 218. Inversion
- 2.2.21 219. Crossing
- 2.3 3. Centrical Dimensions
- 2.3.1 4. General.
- 18.104.22.168 220. Exteriority
- 22.214.171.124 221. Interiority
- 126.96.36.199 222. Centrality
- 188.8.131.52 223. Covering
- 184.108.40.206 224. Lining
- 220.127.116.11 225. Clothing
- 18.104.22.168 226. Divestment
- 22.214.171.124 227. Circumjacence
- 126.96.36.199 228. Interposition
- 188.8.131.52 229. Circumscription
- 184.108.40.206 230. Outline
- 220.127.116.11 231. Edge
- 18.104.22.168 232. Inclosure
- 22.214.171.124 233. Limit
- 2.3.2 5. Special
- 2.3.1 4. General.
- 3 Section III. Form
- 3.1 1. General Form
- 3.2 2. Special Form
- 3.3 3. Superficial Form
- 3.3.1 250. Convexity
- 3.3.2 251. Flatness
- 3.3.3 252. Concavity
- 3.3.4 252a Sponge
- 3.3.5 253. Sharpness
- 3.3.6 254. Bluntness
- 3.3.7 255. Smoothness
- 3.3.8 256. Roughness
- 3.3.9 257. Notch
- 3.3.10 258. Fold
- 3.3.11 259. Furrow
- 3.3.12 260. Opening
- 3.3.13 261. Closure
- 3.3.14 262. Perforator
- 3.3.15 263. Stopper
- 4 Section IV. Motion
- 4.1 1. Motion in General
- 4.2 2. Degrees of Motion
- 4.3 3. Motion Conjoined with Force
- 4.4 4. Motion with Reference to Direction
- 4.4.1 278. Direction
- 4.4.2 279. Deviation
- 4.4.3 280. Precession
- 4.4.4 281. Sequence
- 4.4.5 282. Progression
- 4.4.6 283. Regression
- 4.4.7 284. Propulsion
- 4.4.8 285. Traction
- 4.4.9 286. Approach
- 4.4.10 287. Recession
- 4.4.11 288. Attraction
- 4.4.12 289. Repulsion
- 4.4.13 290. Convergence
- 4.4.14 291. Divergence
- 4.4.15 292. Arrival
- 4.4.16 293. Departure
- 4.4.17 294. Ingress
- 4.4.18 295. Egress
- 4.4.19 296. Reception
- 4.4.20 297. Ejection
- 4.4.21 298. Food
- 4.4.22 299. Excretion
- 4.4.23 300. Insertion
- 4.4.24 301. Extraction
- 4.4.25 302. Passage
- 4.4.26 303. Transcursion
- 4.4.27 304. Shortcoming
- 4.4.28 305. Ascent
- 4.4.29 306. Descent
- 4.4.30 307. Elevation
- 4.4.31 308. Depression
- 4.4.32 309. Leap
- 4.4.33 310. Plunge
- 4.4.34 311. Circuition
- 4.4.35 312. Rotation
- 4.4.36 313. Evolution
- 4.4.37 314. Oscillation
- 4.4.38 315. Agitation
Section I. Space in General
1. Abstract Space
Adv. extensively &c. adj.; wherever; everywhere; far and near, far and wide; right and left, all over, all the world over; throughout the world, throughout the length and breadth of the land; under the sun, in every quarter; in all quarters, in all lands; here there and everywhere; from pole to pole, from China to Peru [Johnson], from Indus to the pole [Pope], from Dan to Beersheba, from end to end; on the face of the earth, in the wide world, from all points of the compass; to the four winds, to the uttermost parts of the earth.
[political divisions: see property &c. 780 and Government &c. 737a.].
N. place, lieu, spot, point, dot; niche, nook &c. (corner) 244; hole; pigeonhole &c. (receptacle) 191; compartment; premises, precinct, station; area, courtyard, square; abode &c. 189; locality &c. (situation) 183.
2. Relative Space
plantation, colony, settlement, cantonment; colonization, domestication, situation; habitation &c. (abode) 189; cohabitation; "a local habitation and a name" [Midsummer Night's Dream]; endenization†, naturalization.
V. place, situate, locate, localize, make a place for, put, lay, set, seat, station, lodge, quarter, post, install; house, stow; establish, fix, pin, root; graft; plant &c. (insert) 300; shelve, pitch, camp, lay down, deposit, reposit†; cradle; moor, tether, picket; pack, tuck in; embed, imbed; vest, invest in.
inhabit &c. (be present) 186; domesticate, colonize; take root, strike root; anchor; cast anchor, come to an anchor; sit down, settle down; settle; take up one's abode, take up one's quarters; plant oneself, establish oneself, locate oneself; squat, perch, hive, se nicher[Fr], bivouac, burrow, get a footing; encamp, pitch one's tent; put up at, put up one's horses at; keep house.
3. Existence in Space
bystander &c. (spectator) 444.
V. exist in space, be present &c. adj.; assister†; make one of, make one at; look on, attend, remain; find oneself, present oneself; show one's face; fall in the way of, occur in a place; lie, stand; occupy; be there.
Adv. here, there, where, everywhere, aboard, on board, at home, afield; here there and everywhere &c. (space) 180; in presence of, before; under the eyes of, under the nose of; in the face of; in propria persona[Lat].
Phr. nusquam est qui ubique est [Lat][Seneca].
"absence makes the heart grow fonder" [Bayley]; "absent in body but present in spirit" [1 Corinthians v, 3]; absento nemo ne nocuisse velit [Lat][Propertius]; "Achilles absent was Achilles still" [Homer]; aux absents les os; briller par son absence[Fr]; "conspicuous by his absence" [Russell]; "in the hope to meet shortly again and make our absence sweet" [B. Jonson].
N. inhabitant; resident, residentiary†; dweller, indweller†; addressee; occupier, occupant; householder, lodger, inmate, tenant, incumbent, sojourner, locum tenens, commorant†; settler, squatter, backwoodsman, colonist; islander; denizen, citizen; burgher, oppidan†, cockney, cit, townsman, burgess; villager; cottager, cottier†, cotter; compatriot; backsettler†, boarder; hotel keeper, innkeeper; habitant; paying guest; planter.
Adj. indigenous; native, natal; autochthonal†, autochthonous; British; English; American†; Canadian, Irish, Scotch, Scottish, Welsh; domestic; domiciliated†, domiciled; naturalized, vernacular, domesticated; domiciliary.
[Place of habitation, or resort.]
N. abode, dwelling, lodging, domicile, residence, apartment, place, digs, pad, address, habitation, where one's lot is cast, local habitation, berth, diggings, seat, lap, sojourn, housing, quarters, headquarters, resiance|, tabernacle, throne, ark.
home, fatherland; country; homestead, homestall†; fireside; hearth, hearth stone; chimney corner, inglenook, ingle side; harem, seraglio, zenana†; household gods, lares et penates[Lat], roof, household, housing, dulce domum[Lat], paternal domicile; native soil, native land.
nest, nidus, snuggery†; arbor, bower, &c. 191; lair, den, cave, hole, hiding place, cell, sanctum sanctorum[Lat], aerie, eyrie, eyry†, rookery, hive; covert, resort, retreat, perch, roost; nidification; kala jagah†.
cot, cabin, hut, chalet, croft, shed, booth, stall, hovel, bothy†, shanty, dugout [U.S.], wigwam; pen &c. (inclosure) 232; barn, bawn†; kennel, sty, doghold†, cote, coop, hutch, byre; cow house, cow shed; stable, dovecote, columbary†, columbarium; shippen†; igloo, iglu†, jacal†; lacustrine dwelling†, lacuslake dwelling†, lacuspile dwelling†; log cabin, log house; shack, shebang*, tepee, topek†.
house, mansion, place, villa, cottage, box, lodge, hermitage, rus in urbe[Lat], folly, rotunda, tower, chateau, castle, pavilion, hotel, court, manor-house, capital messuage, hall, palace; kiosk, bungalow; casa[Sp], country seat, apartment house, flat house, frame house, shingle house, tenement house; temple &c. 1000.
assembly room, meetinghouse, pump room, spa, watering place; inn; hostel, hostelry; hotel, tavern, caravansary, dak bungalow†, khan, hospice; public house, pub, pot house, mug house; gin mill, gin palace; bar, bar room; barrel house* [U.S.], cabaret, chophouse; club, clubhouse; cookshop†, dive [U.S.], exchange [euphemism, U.S.]; grill room, saloon [U.S.], shebeen†; coffee house, eating house; canteen, restaurant, buffet, cafe, estaminet†, posada†; almshouse†, poorhouse, townhouse [U.S.].
pocket, pouch, fob, sheath, scabbard, socket, bag, sac, sack, saccule, wallet, cardcase, scrip, poke, knit, knapsack, haversack, sachel, satchel, reticule, budget, net; ditty bag, ditty box; housewife, hussif; saddlebags; portfolio; quiver &c. (magazine) 636.
chest, box, coffer, caddy, case, casket, pyx, pix, caisson, desk, bureau, reliquary; trunk, portmanteau, band-box, valise; grip, grip sack [U.S.]; skippet, vasculum; boot, imperial; vache; cage, manger, rack.
vessel, vase, bushel, barrel; canister, jar; pottle, basket, pannier, buck-basket, hopper, maund|, creel, cran, crate, cradle, bassinet, wisket, whisket, jardiniere, corbeille, hamper, dosser, dorser, tray, hod, scuttle, utensil; brazier; cuspidor, spittoon.
[For liquids] cistern &c. (store) 636; vat, caldron, barrel, cask, drum, puncheon, keg, rundlet, tun, butt, cag, firkin, kilderkin, carboy, amphora, bottle, jar, decanter, ewer, cruse, caraffe, crock, kit, canteen, flagon; demijohn; flask, flasket; stoup, noggin, vial, phial, cruet, caster; urn, epergne, salver, patella, tazza, patera; pig gin, big gin; tyg, nipperkin, pocket pistol; tub, bucket, pail, skeel, pot, tankard, jug, pitcher, mug, pipkin; galipot, gallipot; matrass, receiver, retort, alembic, bolthead, capsule, can, kettle; bowl, basin, jorum, punch bowl, cup, goblet, chalice, tumbler, glass, rummer, horn, saucepan, skillet, posnet|, tureen.
[laboratory vessels for liquids] beaker, flask, Erlenmeyer flask, Florence flask, round-bottom flask, graduated cylinder, test tube, culture tube, pipette, Pasteur pipette, disposable pipette, syringe,
trowel, spoon, spatula, ladle, dipper, tablespoon, watch glass, thimble.closet, commode, cupboard, cellaret, chiffonniere, locker, bin, bunker, buffet, press, clothespress, safe, sideboard, drawer, chest of drawers, chest on chest, highboy, lowboy, till, scrutoire|, secretary, secretaire, davenport, bookcase, cabinet, canterbury; escritoire, etagere, vargueno,
vitrine.chamber, apartment, room, cabin; office, court, hall, atrium; suite of rooms, apartment [U.S.], flat, story; saloon, salon, parlor; by-room, cubicle; presence chamber; sitting room, best room, keeping room, drawing room, reception room, state room; gallery, cabinet, closet; pew, box; boudoir; adytum, sanctum; bedroom, dormitory; refectory, dining room, salle-a-manger; nursery, schoolroom; library, study; studio; billiard room, smoking room; den; stateroom, tablinum, tenement.
men's room, ladies' room, rest room; [fixtures: see 653 (uncleanness)].attic, loft, garret, cockloft, clerestory; cellar, vault, hold, cockpit; cubbyhole; cook house; entre-sol; mezzanine floor; ground floor, rez-de-chaussee; basement, kitchen, pantry, bawarchi-khana, scullery, offices; storeroom &c. (depository) 636;
Section II. Dimensions
1. General Dimensions
giant, Brobdingnagian, Antaeus, Goliath, Gog and Magog, Gargantua, monster, mammoth, Cyclops; cachalot, whale, porpoise, behemoth, leviathan, elephant, hippopotamus; colossus; tun, cord, lump, bulk, block, loaf, mass, swad, clod, nugget, bushel, thumper, whooper, spanker, strapper; "Triton among the minnows" [Coriolanus].
corpulent, stout, fat, obese, plump, squab, full, lusty, strapping, bouncing; portly, burly, well-fed, full-grown; corn fed, gram fed; stalwart, brawny, fleshy; goodly; in good case, in good condition; in condition; chopping, jolly; chub faced, chubby faced.
huge, immense, enormous, mighty; vast, vasty; amplitudinous, stupendous; monster, monstrous, humongous, monumental; elephantine, jumbo, mammoth; gigantic, gigantean, giant, giant like, titanic; prodigious, colossal, Cyclopean, Brobdingnagian, Bunyanesque, Herculean, Gargantuan; infinite &c. 105.
animalcule, monad, mite, insect, emmet†, fly, midge, gnat, shrimp, minnow, worm, maggot, entozoon†; bacteria; infusoria†; microzoa[Microbiol]; phytozoaria†; microbe; grub; tit, tomtit, runt, mouse, small fry; millet seed, mustard seed; barleycorn; pebble, grain of sand; molehill, button, bubble.
Adj. little; small &c. (in quantity) 32; minute, diminutive, microscopic; microzoal; inconsiderable &c. (unimportant) 643; exiguous, puny, tiny, wee, petty, minikin†, miniature, pygmy, pigmy†, elfin; undersized; dwarf, dwarfed, dwarfish; spare, stunted, limited; cramp, cramped; pollard, Liliputian, dapper, pocket; portative†, portable; duodecimo†; dumpy, squat; short &c. 201.
impalpable, intangible, evanescent, imperceptible, invisible, inappreciable, insignificant, inconsiderable, trivial; infinitesimal, homoeopathic†; atomic, subatomic, corpuscular, molecular; rudimentary, rudimental; embryonic, vestigial.
N. expansion; increase &c. 35 of size; enlargement, extension, augmentation; amplification, ampliation†; aggrandizement, spread, increment, growth, development, pullulation, swell, dilation, rarefaction; turgescence†, turgidness, turgidity; dispansion|; obesity &c. (size) 192; hydrocephalus, hydrophthalmus[Med]; dropsy, tumefaction, intumescence, swelling, tumor, diastole, distension; puffing, puffiness; inflation; pandiculation†.
V. become larger &c. (large &c. 192); expand, widen, enlarge, extend, grow, increase, incrassate†, swell, gather; fill out; deploy, take open order, dilate, stretch, distend, spread; mantle, wax; grow up, spring up; bud, bourgeon[Fr], shoot, sprout, germinate, put forth, vegetate, pullulate, open, burst forth; gain flesh, gather flesh; outgrow; spread like wildfire, overrun.
Adj. expanded &c. v.; larger &c. (large &c. 192; swollen; expansive; wide open, wide spread; flabelliform†; overgrown, exaggerated, bloated, fat, turgid, tumid, hypertrophied, dropsical; pot bellied, swag bellied|; edematous, oedematous†, obese, puffy, pursy†, blowzy, bigswoln†, distended; patulous; bulbous &c. (convex) 250; full blown, full grown, full formed; big &c. 192; abdominous†, enchymatous†, rhipidate†; tumefacient†, tumefying†.
N. contraction, reduction, diminution; decrease &c. 36 of size; defalcation, decrement; lessening, shrinking &c. v.; compaction; tabes†, collapse, emaciation, attenuation, tabefaction†, consumption, marasmus†, atrophy; systole, neck, hourglass.
V. become small, become smaller; lessen, decrease &c. 36; grow less, dwindle, shrink, contract, narrow, shrivel, collapse, wither, lose flesh, wizen, fall away, waste, wane, ebb; decay &c. (deteriorate) 659.
render smaller, lessen, diminish, contract, draw in, narrow, coarctate†; boil down; constrict, constringe†; condense, compress, squeeze, corrugate, crimp, crunch, crush, crumple up, warp, purse up, pack, squeeze, stow; pinch, tighten, strangle; cramp; dwarf, bedwarf†; shorten &c. 201; circumscribe &c. 229; restrain &c. 751.
[units of distance] length &c. 200.
Adj. distant; far off, far away; remote, telescopic, distal, wide of; stretching to &c. v.; yon, yonder; ulterior; transmarine†, transpontine†, transatlantic, transalpine; tramontane; ultramontane, ultramundane†; hyperborean, antipodean; inaccessible, out of the way; unapproached†, unapproachable; incontiguous†.
Adv. far off, far away; afar, afar off; off; away; a long way off, a great way off, a good way off; wide away, aloof; wide of, clear of; out of the way, out of reach; abroad, yonder, farther, further, beyond; outre mer[Fr], over the border, far and wide, "over the hills and far away " [Gay]; from pole to pole &c. (over great space) 180; to the uttermost parts, to the ends of the earth; out of hearing, nobody knows where, a perte de vue[Fr], out of the sphere of, wide of the mark; a far cry to.
touch &c. 199
within hearing, within earshot; within an ace of; but a step, not far from, at no great distance; on the verge of, on the brink of, on the skirts of; in the environs &c. n.; at one's door, at one's feet, at one's elbow, at one's finger's end, at one's side; on the tip of one's tongue; under one's nose; within a stone's throw &c. n.; in sight of, in presence of; at close quarters; cheek by jole†, cheek by jowl; beside, alongside, side by side, tete-a-tete; in juxtaposition &c. (touching) 199; yardarm to yardarm, at the heels of; on the confines of, at the threshold, bordering upon, verging to; in the way.
N. interval, interspace†; separation &c. 44; break, gap, opening; hole &c. 260; chasm, hiatus, caesura; interruption, interregnum; interstice, lacuna, cleft, mesh, crevice, chink, rime, creek, cranny, crack, chap, slit, fissure, scissure†, rift, flaw, breach, rent, gash, cut, leak, dike, ha-ha.
gorge, defile, ravine, canon, crevasse, abyss, abysm; gulf; inlet, frith†, strait, gully; pass; furrow &c. 259; abra†; barranca†, barranco†; clove [U.S.], gulch [U.S.], notch [U.S.]; yawning gulf; hiatus maxime[Lat], hiatus valde deflendus[Lat]; parenthesis &c. (interjacence) 228†; void 7c. (absence) 187; incompleteness &c. 53.
V. gape &c. (open) 260.
N. contiguity, contact, proximity, apposition, abuttal†, juxtaposition; abutment, osculation; meeting, appulse†, rencontre†, rencounter†, syzygy[Astron], coincidence, coexistence; adhesion &c. 46; touching &c. v. (see touch 379).
2. Linear Dimensions
distend (expand) 194.
retrench, cut short, obtruncate†; scrimp, cut, chop up, hack, hew; cut down, pare down; clip, dock, lop, prune, shear, shave, mow, reap, crop; snub; truncate, pollard, stunt, nip, check the growth of; foreshorten[in drawing].
Adj. short, brief, curt; compendious, compact; stubby, scrimp; shorn, stubbed; stumpy, thickset, pug; chunky [U.S.], decurtate†; retrousse†; stocky; squab, squabby†; squat, dumpy; little &c. 193; curtailed of its fair proportions; short by; oblate; concise &c. 572; summary.
Adj. narrow, close; slender, thin, fine; thread-like &c. (filament) 205; finespun†, gossamer; paper-thin; taper, slim, slight-made; scant, scanty; spare, delicate, incapacious†; contracted &c. 195; unexpanded &c. (expand &c. 194)†; slender as a thread.
[in reference to people or animals] emaciated, lean, meager, gaunt, macilent†; lank, lanky; weedy, skinny; scrawny slinky[U.S.]; starved, starveling; herring gutted; worn to a shadow, lean as a rake [Chaucer]; thin as a lath, thin as a whipping post, thin as a wafer; hatchet-faced; lantern-jawed.
Adj. lamellar, lamellated†, lamelliform†, layered; laminated, laminiferous†; micaceous†; schistose, schistous†; scaly, filmy, membranous, pellicular, flaky, squamous[Anat]; foliated, foliaceous†; stratified, stratiform; tabular, discoid; spathic†, spathose†.
Adj. filamentous, filamentiferous†, filaceous†, filiform†; fibrous, fibrillous†; thread-like, wiry, stringy, ropy; capillary, capilliform†; funicular, wire-drawn; anguilliform†; flagelliform†; hairy &c. (rough) 256; taeniate†, taeniform†, taenioid†; venose†, venous.
mount, mountain; hill alto, butte [U.S.], monticle†, fell, knap†; cape; headland, foreland†; promontory; ridge, hog's back, dune; rising ground, vantage ground; down; moor, moorland; Alp; uplands, highlands; heights &c. (summit), 210; knob, loma†, pena †[U.S.], picacho†, tump†; knoll, hummock, hillock, barrow, mound, mole; steeps, bluff, cliff, craig†, tor†, peak, pike, clough†; escarpment, edge, ledge, brae; dizzy height.
ceiling &c. (covering) 223.
V. be high &c. adj.; tower, soar, command; hover, hover over, fly over;orbit, be in orbit; cap, culminate; overhang, hang over, impend, beetle, bestride, ride, mount; perch, surmount; cover &c. 223; overtop &c. (be superior) 33; stand on tiptoe.
Adj. high, elevated, eminent, exalted, lofty, tall; gigantic &c. (big) 192; Patagonian; towering, beetling, soaring, hanging [gardens]; elevated &c. 307; upper; highest &c. (topmost) 210; high reaching, insessorial†, perching.
N. summit, summity|; top, peak, vertex, apex, zenith, pinnacle, acme, culmination, meridian, utmost height, ne plus utra, height, pitch, maximum, climax, culminating point, crowning point, turning point; turn of the tide, fountain head; water shed, water parting; sky, pole.
N. base, basement; plinth, dado, wainscot; baseboard, mopboard†; bedrock, hardpan [U.S.]; foundation &c. (support) 215; substructure, substratum, ground, earth, pavement, floor, paving, flag, carped, ground floor, deck; footing, ground work, basis; hold, bilge.
N. support, ground, foundation, base, basis; terra firma; bearing, fulcrum, bait [U.S.], caudex crib†; point d'appui[Fr], <gr pou="" sto="" gr="">[Grk][Grk], purchase footing, hold, locus standi[Lat]; landing place, landing stage; stage, platform; block; rest, resting place; groundwork, substratum, riprap, sustentation, subvention; floor &c. (basement) 211.
supporter; aid &c. 707; prop, stand, anvil, fulciment|; cue rest, jigger; monkey; stay, shore, skid, rib, truss, bandage; sleeper; stirrup, stilts, shoe, sole, heel, splint, lap, bar, rod, boom, sprit†, outrigger; ratlings†.
post, pillar, shaft, thill†, column, pilaster; pediment, pedicle; pedestal; plinth, shank, leg, socle†, zocle†; buttress, jamb, mullion, abutment; baluster, banister, stanchion; balustrade; headstone; upright; door post, jamb, door jamb.
frame, framework; scaffold, skeleton, beam, rafter, girder, lintel, joist, travis†, trave†, corner stone, summer, transom; rung, round, step, sill; angle rafter, hip rafter; cantilever, modillion†;; crown post, king post; vertebra.
board, ledge, shelf, hob, bracket, trevet†, trivet, arbor, rack; mantel, mantle piece[Fr], mantleshelf†; slab, console; counter, dresser; flange, corbel ; table, trestle; shoulder; perch; horse; easel, desk; clotheshorse, hatrack; retable; teapoy†.
seat, throne, dais; divan, musnud†; chair, bench, form, stool, sofa, settee, stall; arm chair, easy chair, elbow chair, rocking chair; couch, fauteuil[Fr], woolsack†, ottoman, settle, squab, bench; aparejo†, faldstool†, horn; long chair, long sleeve chair, morris chair; lamba chauki†, lamba kursi†; saddle, pannel†, pillion; side saddle, pack saddle; pommel.
bed, berth, pallet, tester, crib, cot, hammock, shakedown, trucklebed†, cradle, litter, stretcher, bedstead; four poster, French bed, bunk, kip, palang†; bedding, bichhona, mattress, paillasse†; pillow, bolster; mat, rug, cushion.
give support, furnish support, afford support, supply support, lend support, give foundations, furnish foundations, afford foundations, supply foundations, lend foundations; bottom, found, base, ground, imbed, embed.
Adv. alongside &c. (laterally) 236.
acclivity, rise, ascent, gradient, khudd†, rising ground, hill, bank, declivity, downhill, dip, fall, devexity|; gentle slope, rapid slope, easy ascent, easy descent; shelving beach; talus; monagne Russe[Fr]; facilis descensus averni[Lat].
pronation and supination[Anat]†.
V. be inverted &c.; turn round, turn about, turn to the right about, go round, go about, go to the right about, wheel round, wheel about, wheel to the right about; turn over, go over, tilt over, topple over; capsize, turn turtle.
net, plexus, web, mesh, twill, skein, sleeve, felt, lace; wicker; mat, matting; plait, trellis, wattle, lattice, grating, grille, gridiron, tracery, fretwork, filigree, reticle; tissue, netting, mokes†; rivulation†.
[web-footed animal] webfoot.
3. Centrical Dimensions
contents &c. 190; substance, pith, marrow; backbone &c. (center) 222; heart, bosom, breast; abdomen; vitals, viscera, entrails, bowels, belly, intestines, guts, chitterings†, womb, lap; penetralia[Lat], recesses, innermost recesses; cave &c. (concavity) 252.
Adj. interior, internal; inner, inside, inward, intraregarding†; inmost, innermost; deep seated, gut; intestine, intestinal; inland; subcutaneous; abdominal, coeliac, endomorphic[Physiol]; interstitial &c. (interjacent) 228†; inwrought &c. (intrinsic) 5; inclosed &c. v.
core, kernel; nucleus, nucleolus; heart, pole axis, bull's eye; nave, navel; umbilicus, backbone, marrow, pith; vertebra, vertebral column; hotbed; concentration &c. (convergence) 290; centralization; symmetry.
coverlet, counterpane, sheet, quilt, tarpaulin, blanket, rug, drugget†; housing; antimacassar, eiderdown, numdah†, pillowcase, pillowslip†; linoleum; saddle cloth, blanket cloth; tidy; tilpah †[U.S.], apishamore †[U.S.].
capsule; sheath, sheathing; pod, cod; casing, case, theca†; elytron†; elytrum†; involucrum[Lat]; wrapping, wrapper; envelope, vesicle; corn husk, corn shuck [U.S.]; dermatology, conchology; testaceology†.
[specific coverings: list] veneer, facing; overlay; plate, silver plate, gold plate, copper plate; engobe†; ormolu; Sheffield plate; pavement; coating, paint; varnish &c. (resin) 356a; plating, barrel plating, anointing &c. v.; enamel; epitaxial deposition[Engin], vapor deposition; ground, whitewash, plaster, spackel, stucco, compo; cerement; ointment &c. (grease) 356.
[of aluminum] anodize.
[of steel] galvanize.
Adj. covering &c. v.; superimposed, overlaid, plated &c. v.; cutaneous, dermal, cortical, cuticular, tegumentary†, skinny, scaly, squamous[Anat]; covered &c. v.; imbricated, loricated†, armor plated, ironclad; under cover; cowled, cucullate†, dermatoid†, encuirassed†, hooded, squamiferous†, tectiform†; vaginate†.
Adj. lined &c. v..
N. clothing, investment; covering &c. 223; dress, raiment, drapery, costume, attire, guise, toilet, toilette, trim; habiliment; vesture, vestment; garment, garb, palliament|, apparel, wardrobe, wearing apparel, clothes, things; underclothes.
outfit, equipment, trousseau; uniform, regimentals; continentals [Am. Hist.]; canonicals &c. 999; livery, gear, harness, turn-out, accouterment, caparison, suit, rigging, trappings, traps, slops, togs, toggery†; day wear, night wear, zoot suit; designer clothes; masquerade.
cloak, pall, mantle, mantlet mantua†, shawl, pelisse, wrapper; veil; cape, tippet, kirtle†, plaid, muffler, comforter, haik†, huke|, chlamys†, mantilla, tabard, housing, horse cloth, burnoose, burnous, roquelaure†; houppelande[Fr]; surcoat, overcoat, great coat; surtout[Fr], spencer†; mackintosh, waterproof, raincoat; ulster, P- coat, dreadnought, wraprascal†, poncho, cardinal, pelerine†; barbe†, chudder†, jubbah†, oilskins, pajamas, pilot jacket, talma
pants, trousers, trowsers†; breeches, pantaloons, inexpressibles|!, overalls, smalls, small clothes; shintiyan|!; shorts, jockey shorts, boxer shorts; tights, drawers, panties, unmentionables; knickers, knickerbockers; philibeg†, fillibeg†; pants suit; culottes; jeans, blue jeans, dungarees, denims.
headdress, headgear; chapeau[Fr], crush hat, opera hat; kaffiyeh; sombrero, jam, tam-o-shanter, tarboosh†, topi, sola topi[Lat], pagri†, puggaree†; cap, hat, beaver hat, coonskin cap; castor, bonnet, tile, wideawake, billycock†, wimple; nightcap, mobcap†, skullcap; hood, coif; capote†, calash; kerchief, snood, babushka; head, coiffure; crown &c. (circle) 247; chignon, pelt, wig, front, peruke, periwig, caftan, turban, fez, shako, csako†, busby; kepi†, forage cap, bearskin; baseball cap; fishing hat; helmet &c. 717; mask, domino.
underclothes[underclothing], underpants, undershirt; slip[for women], brassiere, corset, stays, corsage, corset, corselet, bodice, girdle &c. (circle) 247; stomacher; petticoat, panties; under waistcoat; jock[for men], athletic supporter, jockstrap.
shoe, pump, boot, slipper, sandal, galoche†, galoshes, patten, clog; sneakers, running shoes, hiking boots; high-low; Blucher boot, wellington boot, Hessian boot, jack boot, top boot; Balmoral†; arctics, bootee, bootikin†, brogan, chaparajos†; chavar†, chivarras†, chivarros†; gums [U.S.], larrigan †[N. Am.], rubbers, showshoe, stogy†, veldtschoen[Ger], legging, buskin, greave†, galligaskin†, gamache†, gamashes†, moccasin, gambado, gaiter, spatterdash†, brogue, antigropelos†; stocking, hose, gaskins†, trunk hose, sock; hosiery.
clothier, tailor, milliner, costumier, sempstress†, snip; dressmaker, habitmaker†, breechesmaker†, shoemaker; Crispin; friseur[Fr]; cordwainer†, cobbler, hosier†, hatter; draper, linen draper, haberdasher, mercer.
Phr. "the soul of this man is his clothes" [All's Well].
V. divest; uncover &c. (cover &c. 223); denude, bare, strip; disfurnish†; undress, disrobe &c. (dress, enrobe &c. 225); uncoif†; dismantle; put off, take off, cast off; doff; peel, pare, decorticate, excoriate, skin, scalp, flay; expose, lay open; exfoliate, molt, mew; cast the skin.
in a state of nature, in nature's garb, in the buff, in native buff, in birthday suit; in puris naturalibus[Lat]; with nothing on, stark naked, stark raving naked [joc.]; bald as a coot, bare as the back of one's hand; out at elbows; barefoot; bareback, barebacked; leafless, napless†, hairless.
V. lie around &c. adv.; surround, beset, compass, encompass, environ, inclose, enclose, encircle, embrace, circumvent, lap, gird; belt; begird, engird†; skirt, twine round; hem in &c. (circumscribe) 229.
put between, introduce, import, throw in, wedge in, edge in, jam in, worm in, foist in, run in, plow in, work in; interpose, interject, intercalate, interpolate, interline, interleave, intersperse, interweave, interlard, interdigitate, sandwich in, fit in, squeeze in; let in, dovetail, splice, mortise; insinuate, smuggle; infiltrate, ingrain.
container (receptacle) 191.
containment (inclusion) 76.
N. outline, circumference; perimeter, periphery, ambit, circuit, lines tournure†, contour, profile, silhouette; bounds; coast line. zone, belt, girth, band, baldric, zodiac, girdle, tyre[Brit], cingle†, clasp, girt; cordon &c. (inclosure) 232; circlet, &c. 247..
Adv. sideways, sidelong; broadside on; on one side, abreast, alongside, beside, aside; by the side of; side by side; cheek by jowl &c. (near) 197; to windward, to leeward; laterally &c. adj.; right and left; on her beam ends.
Phr. "his cheek the may of days outworn" [Shakespeare].
Section III. Form
1. General Form
N. form, figure, shape; conformation, configuration; make, formation, frame, construction, cut, set, build, trim, cut of one's jib; stamp, type, cast, mold; fashion; contour &c. (outline) 230; structure &c. 329; plasmature†.
[Science of form] morphism.
[Similarity of form] isomorphism.
V. form, shape, figure, fashion, efform†, carve, cut, chisel, hew, cast; rough hew, rough cast; sketch; block out, hammer out; trim; lick into shape, put into shape; model, knead, work up into, set, mold, sculpture; cast, stamp; build &c. (construct) 161.
Adj. formed &c. v.
[Giving form] plasmic†.
[Similar in form] isomorphous.
[taking form from surroundings] fluid &c. 333.
[Regularity of form.]
[Irregularity of form.]
N. distortion, detortion†, contortion; twist, crookedness &c. (obliquity) 217; grimace; deformity; malformation, malconformation†; harelip; monstrosity, misproportion†, want of symmetry, anamorphosis†; ugliness &c. 846; talipes†; teratology.
Adj. distorted &c. v.; out of shape, irregular, asymmetric, unsymmetric†, awry, wry, askew, crooked; not true, not straight; on one side, crump†, deformed; harelipped; misshapen, misbegotten; misproportioned†, ill proportioned; ill-made; grotesque, monstrous, crooked as a ram's horn; camel backed, hump backed, hunch backed, bunch backed, crook backed; bandy; bandy legged, bow legged; bow kneed, knock kneed; splay footed, club footed; round shouldered; snub nosed; curtailed of one's fair proportions; stumpy &c. (short) 201; gaunt &c. (thin) 203; bloated &c. 194; scalene; simous†; taliped†, talipedic†.
Adv. all manner of ways.
Phr. crooked as a Virginia fence [U.S.].
2. Special Form
Adj. angular, bent, crooked, aduncous†, uncinated†, aquiline, jagged, serrated; falciform†, falcated†; furcated†, forked, bifurcate, zigzag; furcular†; hooked; dovetailed; knock kneed, crinkled, akimbo, kimbo†, geniculated†; oblique &c. 217.
fusiform[Microb], wedge-shaped, cuneiform; cuneate†, multangular†, oxygonal†; triangular, trigonal†, trilateral; quadrangular, quadrilateral; foursquare; rectangular, square, multilateral; polygonal &c. n.; cubical, rhomboid, rhomboidal, pyramidal.
N. curvature, curvity†, curvation†; incurvature†, incurvity|; incurvation†; bend; flexure, flexion, flection†; conflexure|; crook, hook, bought, bending; deflection, deflexion†; inflection, inflexion†; concameration†; arcuation†, devexity|, turn, deviation, detour, sweep; curl, curling; bough; recurvity†, recurvation†; sinuosity &c. 248.
carve, arc, arch, arcade, vault, bow, crescent, half-moon, lunule†, horseshoe, loop, crane neck; parabola, hyperbola; helix, spiral; catenary†, festoon; conchoid†, cardioid; caustic; tracery; arched ceiling, arched roof; bay window, bow window.
[trans] render curved &c. adj.; flex, bend, curve, incurvate†; inflect; deflect, scatter[Phys]; refract (light) 420; crook; turn, round, arch, arcuate, arch over, concamerate†; bow, curl, recurve, frizzle.
Adj. curved &c. v.; curviform†, curvilineal†, curvilinear; devex|, devious; recurved, recurvous†; crump†; bowed &c. v.; vaulted, hooked; falciform†, falcated†; semicircular, crescentic; sinusoid[Geom], parabolic, paraboloid; luniform†, lunular†; semilunar, conchoidal†; helical, double helical, spiral; kinky; cordiform†, cordated†; cardioid; heart shaped, bell shaped, boat shaped, crescent shaped, lens shaped, moon shaped, oar shaped, shield shaped, sickle shaped, tongue shaped, pear shaped, fig shaped; kidney- shaped, reniform; lentiform†, lenticular; bow-legged &c. (distorted) 243; oblique &c. 217; circular &c. 247.
aduncated†, arclike†, arcuate, arched,beaked; bicorn†, bicornuous†, bicornute†; clypeate†, clypeiform†; cymbiform†, embowed†, galeiform†; hamate†, hamiform†, hamous†; hooked; linguiform†, lingulate†; lobiform†, lunate, navicular†, peltate†, remiform†, rhamphoid†; rostrate†, rostriferous†, rostroid†; scutate†, scaphoid†, uncate†; unguiculate†, unguiform†.
Adj. straight; rectilinear, rectilineal†; direct, even, right, true, in a line; unbent, virgate &c. v†.; undeviating, unturned, undistorted, unswerving; straight as an arrow &c. (direct) 278; inflexible &c. 323.
circle, circlet, ring, areola, hoop, roundlet†, annulus, annulet†, bracelet, armlet; ringlet; eye, loop, wheel; cycle, orb, orbit, rundle, zone, belt, cordon, band; contrate wheel†, crown wheel; hub; nave; sash, girdle, cestus†, cincture, baldric, fillet, fascia, wreath, garland; crown, corona, coronet, chaplet, snood, necklace, collar; noose, lasso, lassoo†.
sphere &c. 249.
Phr. "I watched the little circles die" [Tennyson].
N. winding &c. v.; convolution, involution, circumvolution; wave, undulation, tortuosity, anfractuosity†; sinuosity, sinuation†; meandering, circuit, circumbendibus†, twist, twirl, windings and turnings, ambages†; torsion; inosculation†; reticulation &c. (crossing) 219; rivulation†; roughness &c. 256.
V. be convoluted &c. adj.;wind, twine, turn and twist, twirl; wave, undulate, meander; inosculate†; entwine, intwine†; twist, coil, roll; wrinkle, curl, crisp, twill; frizzle; crimp, crape, indent, scollop†, scallop, wring, intort†; contort; wreathe &c. (cross) 219.
Adj. convoluted; winding, twisted &c. v.; tortile†, tortive|; wavy; undated, undulatory; circling, snaky, snake-like, serpentine; serpent, anguill†, vermiform; vermicular; mazy, tortuous, sinuous, flexuous, anfractuous†, reclivate†, rivulose†, scolecoid†; sigmoid, sigmoidal[Geom]; spiriferous†, spiroid†;
sphere, globe, ball, boulder, bowlder†; spheroid, ellipsoid; oblong spheroid; oblate spheroid, prolate spheroid; drop, spherule, globule, vesicle, bulb, bullet, pellet, pelote†, clew, pill, marble, pea, knob, pommel, horn; knot (convolution) 248.
Adj. rotund; round &c. (circular) 247; cylindric, cylindrical, cylindroid†; columnar, lumbriciform†; conic, conical; spherical, spheroidal; globular, globated†, globous†, globose; egg shaped, bell shaped, pear shaped; ovoid, oviform; gibbous; rixiform†; campaniform†, campanulate†, campaniliform†; fungiform†, bead-like, moniliform†, pyriform†, bulbous; tres atque rotundus[Lat]; round as an orange, round as an apple, round as a ball, round as a billiard ball, round as a cannon ball.
3. Superficial Form
[convex body parts] tooth[U.S.], knob, elbow, process, apophysis†, condyle, bulb, node, nodule, nodosity†, tongue, dorsum, bump, clump; sugar loaf &c. (sharpness) 253; bow; mamelon†; molar; belly, corporation|!, pot belly, gut[coll]; withers, back, shoulder, lip, flange.
[convexities on skin] pimple, zit [slang]; wen, wheel, papula[Med], pustule, pock, proud flesh, growth, sarcoma, caruncle†, corn, wart, pappiloma, furuncle, polypus†, fungus, fungosity†, exostosis†, bleb, blister, blain†; boil &c. (disease) 655; airbubble†, blob, papule, verruca.
V. be prominent &c. adj.; project, bulge, protrude, pout, bouge|[Fr], bunch; jut out, stand out, stick out, poke out; stick up, bristle up, start up, cock up, shoot up; swell over, hang over, bend over; beetle.
[become convex] belly out.
Adj. convex, prominent, protuberant, projecting &c. v.; bossed, embossed, bossy, nodular, bunchy; clavate, clavated†, claviform; hummocky†, moutonne†, mammiliform†; papulous†, papilose†; hemispheric, bulbous; bowed, arched; bold; bellied; tuberous, tuberculous; tumous†; cornute†, odontoid†; lentiform†, lenticular; gibbous; club shaped, hubby †[U.S.], hubbly †[U.S.], knobby, papillose, saddle-shaped, selliform†, subclavate†, torose†, ventricose†, verrucose†.
N. concavity, depression, dip; hollow, hollowness; indentation, intaglio, cavity, dent, dint, dimple, follicle, pit, sinus, alveolus†, lacuna; excavation, strip mine; trough &c. (furrow) 259; honeycomb.
valley, vale, dale, dell, dingle, combe†, bottom, slade†, strath†, glade, grove, glen, cave, cavern, cove; grot†, grotto; alcove, cul-de-sac; gully &c. 198; arch &c. (curve) 245; bay &c. (of the sea) 343.
honeycomb (sponge) 252a.
Adj. depressed &c. v.; alveolate†, calathiform†, cup-shaped, dishing; favaginous†, faveolate†, favose†; scyphiform†, scyphose†; concave, hollow, stove in; retiring; retreating; cavernous; porous &c. (with holes) 260; infundibul†, infundibular†, infundibuliform†; funnel shaped, bell shaped; campaniform†, capsular; vaulted, arched.
point, spike, spine, spicule[Biol], spiculum†; needle, hypodermic needle, tack, nail, pin; prick, prickle; spur, rowel, barb; spit, cusp; horn, antler; snag; tag thorn, bristle; Adam's needle†, bear grass [U.S.], tine, yucca.
beard, chevaux de frise[Fr], porcupine, hedgehog, brier, bramble, thistle; comb; awn, beggar's lice, bur, burr, catchweed†, cleavers, clivers†, goose, grass, hairif†, hariff, flax comb, hackle, hatchel†, heckle.
wedge; knife edge, cutting edge; blade, edge tool, cutlery, knife, penknife, whittle, razor, razor blade, safety razor, straight razor, electric razor; scalpel; bistoury†, lancet; plowshare, coulter, colter†; hatchet, ax, pickax, mattock, pick, adze, gill; billhook, cleaver, cutter; scythe, sickle; scissors, shears, pruning shears, cutters, wire cutters, nail clipper, paper cutter; sword &c. (arms) 727; bodkin &c. (perforator) 262; belduque†, bowie knife†, paring knife; bushwhacker [U.S.]; drawing knife, drawing shave; microtome[Microbiol]; chisel, screwdriver blade; flint blade; guillotine.
cut &c. (sunder) 44.
Adj. sharp, keen; acute; acicular, aciform†; aculeated†, acuminated†; pointed; tapering; conical, pyramidal; mucronate†, mucronated†; spindle shaped, needle shaped; spiked, spiky, ensiform†, peaked, salient; cusped, cuspidate, cuspidated†; cornute†, cornuted†, cornicultate†; prickly; spiny, spinous†, spicular; thorny, bristling, muricated†, pectinated†, studded, thistly, briary†; craggy &c. (rough) 256; snaggy, digitated†, two-edged, fusiform[Microb]; dentiform†, denticulated; toothed; odontoid†; starlike; stellated†, stelliform†; sagittate†, sagittiform†; arrowheaded†; arrowy†, barbed, spurred.
acinaciform; apiculate†, apiculated†; aristate†, awned, awny†, bearded, calamiform†, cone-shaped, coniform†, crestate†, echinate†, gladiate†; lanceolate†, lanciform; awl, awl-shaped, lance-shaped, awl-shaped, scimitar-shaped, sword-shaped; setarious†, spinuliferous†, subulate†, tetrahedral, xiphoid†.
N. bluntness &c. adj.
[objects used to smooth other objects] roller, steam roller, lawn roller, rolling pin, rolling mill; sand paper, emery paper, emery cloth, sander; flat iron, sad iron; burnisher, turpentine and beeswax; polish, shoe polish.
[art of cutting and polishing gemstones] lapidary.
Adj. smooth; polished &c. v.; leiodermatous†, slick, velutinous†; even; level &c. 213; plane &c. (flat) 251; sleek, glossy; silken, silky; lanate†, downy, velvety; glabrous, slippery , glassy, lubricous, oily, soft, unwrinkled†; smooth as glass, smooth as ice, smooth as monumental alabaster, smooth as velvet, smooth as oil; slippery as an eel; woolly &c. (feathery) 256.
knot (convolution) 248.
Adj. rough, uneven, scabrous, scaly,knotted; rugged, rugose†, rugous†; knurly†; asperous†, crisp, salebrous|, gnarled, unpolished, unsmooth†, roughhewn†; craggy, cragged; crankling†, scraggy; prickly &c. (sharp) 253; arborescent &c. 242†; leafy, well-wooded; feathery; plumose, plumigerous†; laciniate†, laciniform†, laciniose†; pappose†; pileous†, pilose†; trichogenous†, trichoid[Med]; tufted, fimbriated, hairy, ciliated, filamentous, hirsute; crinose†, crinite†; bushy, hispid, villous, pappous†, bearded, pilous†, shaggy, shagged; fringed, befringed†; setous|, setose†, setaceous; "like quills upon the fretful porcupine" [Hamlet]; rough as a nutmeg grater, rough as a bear.
Adv. against the grain.
Phr. cabello luengo y corto el seso[Sp].
N. fold, plicature†, plait, pleat,ply, crease; tuck, gather; flexion, flexure, joint, elbow, double, doubling, duplicature†, gather, wrinkle, rimple†, crinkle, crankle†, crumple, rumple, rivel†, ruck†, ruffle, dog's ear, corrugation, frounce†, flounce, lapel; pucker, crow's feet; plication†.
V. fold, double, plicate†, plait, crease, wrinkle, crinkle, crankle†, curl, cockle up, cocker, rimple†, rumple, flute,frizzle, frounce†, rivel†, twill, corrugate, ruffle, crimple|, crumple, pucker; turn down, double down, down under; tuck, ruck†, hem, gather.
way, path &c. 627; thoroughfare; channel; passage, passageway; tube, pipe; water pipe &c. 350; air pipe &c. 351; vessel, tubule, canal, gut, fistula; adjutage†, ajutage†; ostium†; smokestack; chimney, flue, tap, funnel, gully, tunnel, main; mine, pit, adit†, shaft; gallery.
perforate, pierce, empierce|, tap, bore, drill; mine &c. (scoop out) 252; tunnel; transpierce†, transfix; enfilade, impale, spike, spear, gore, spit, stab, pink, puncture, lance, stick, prick, riddle, punch; stave in.
Int. open sesame!
N. closure, occlusion, blockade; shutting up &c. v.; obstruction &c. (hindrance) 706; embolus; contraction &c. 195; infarction; constipation, obstipation†; blind alley, blind corner; keddah†; cul-de-sac, caecum; imperforation†, imperviousness &c. adj.; impermeability; stopper &c. 263.
N. perforator, piercer, borer, auger, chisel, gimlet, stylet†, drill, wimble†, awl, bradawl, scoop, terrier, corkscrew, dibble, trocar[Med], trepan, probe, bodkin, needle, stiletto, rimer, warder, lancet; punch, puncheon; spikebit†, gouge; spear &c. (weapon) 727; puncher; punching machine, punching press; punch pliers.
Section IV. Motion
1. Motion in General
V. be in motion &c. adj.; move, go, hie, gang, budge, stir, pass, flit; hover about, hover round, hover about; shift, slide, glide; roll, roll on; flow, stream, run, drift, sweep along; wander &c. (deviate) 279; walk &c. 266; change one's place, shift one's place, change one's quarters, shift one's quarters; dodge; keep going, keep moving;.
remain, stay; stand, lie to, ride at anchor, remain in situ, tarry, mark time; bring to, heave to, lay to; pull up, draw up; hold, halt; stop, stop short; rest, pause, anchor; cast to an anchor, come to an anchor; rest on one's oars; repose on one's laurels, take breath; stop &c. (discontinue) 142.
dwell &c. (be present) 186; settle &c. (be located) 184; alight &c. (arrive) 292 stick, stick fast; stand like a post; not stir a peg, not stir a step; be at a stand &c. n. quell, becalm, hush, stay, lull to sleep, lay an embargo on.
Adj. quiescent, still; motionless, moveless; fixed; stationary; immotile; at rest at a stand, at a standstill, at anchor; stock, still; standing still &c. v.; sedentary, untraveled, stay-at-home; becalmed, stagnant, quiet; unmoved, undisturbed, unruffled; calm, restful; cataleptic; immovable &c. (stable) 150; sleeping &c. (inactive) 683; silent &c. 403; still as a statue, still as a post, still as a mouse, still as death; vegetative, vegetating.
[Locomotion by land.]
journey, excursion, expedition, tour, trip, grand tour, circuit, peregrination, discursion|, ramble, pilgrimage, hajj, trek, course, ambulation†, march, walk, promenade, constitutional, stroll, saunter, tramp, jog trot, turn, stalk, perambulation; noctambulation†, noctambulism; somnambulism; outing, ride, drive, airing, jaunt.
roving, vagrancy, pererration|; marching and countermarching; nomadism; vagabondism, vagabondage; hoboism [U.S.]; gadding; flit, flitting, migration; emigration, immigration, demigration|, intermigration†; wanderlust.
[Organs and instruments of locomotion] vehicle &c. 272; automobile, train, bus, airplane, plane, autobus, omnibus, subway, motorbike, dirt bike, off-road vehicle, van, minivan, motor scooter',trolley, locomotive; legs, feet, pegs, pins, trotters.
traveler &c. 268.
flit, take wing; migrate, emigrate; trek; rove, prowl, roam, range, patrol, pace up and down, traverse; scour the country, traverse the country; peragrate|; circumambulate, perambulate; nomadize†, wander, ramble, stroll, saunter, hover, go one's rounds, straggle; gad, gad about; expatiate.
peg on, jog on, wag on, shuffle on; stir one's stumps; bend one's steps, bend one's course; make one's way, find one's way, wend one's way, pick one's way, pick one's way, thread one's way, plow one's way; slide, glide, coast, skim, skate; march in procession, file on, defile.
Adj. traveling &c. v.; ambulatory, itinerant, peripatetic, roving, rambling, gadding, discursive, vagrant, migratory, monadic; circumforanean†, circumforaneous†; noctivagrant†, mundivagrant; locomotive.
Int. come along!
[Locomotion by water, or air.]
aerostation†, aerostatics†, aeronautics; balloonery†; balloon &c. 273; ballooning, aviation, airmanship; flying, flight, volitation†; wing, pinion; rocketry, space travel, astronautics, orbital mechanics, orbiting.
mariner &c. 269.
V. sail; put to sea &c. (depart) 293; take ship, get under way; set sail, spread sail, spread canvas; gather way, have way on; make sail, carry sail; plow the waves, plow the deep, plow the main, plow the ocean; walk the waters.
tourist, excursionist, explorer, adventurer, mountaineer, hiker, backpacker, Alpine Club; peregrinator†, wanderer, rover, straggler, rambler; bird of passage; gadabout, gadling†; vagrant, scatterling†, landloper†, waifs and estrays†, wastrel, foundling; loafer; tramp, tramper; vagabond, nomad, Bohemian, gypsy, Arab†, Wandering Jew, Hadji, pilgrim, palmer; peripatetic; somnambulist, emigrant, fugitive, refugee; beach comber, booly†; globegirdler†, globetrotter; vagrant, hobo [U.S.], night walker, sleep walker; noctambulist, runabout, straphanger, swagman, swagsman †[Aust.]; trecker†, trekker, zingano†, zingaro†.
driver, coachman, whip, Jehu, charioteer, postilion, postboy†, carter, wagoner, drayman†; cabman, cabdriver; voiturier†, vetturino†, condottiere†; engine driver; stoker, fireman, guard; chauffeur, conductor, engineer, gharry-wallah†, gari-wala†, hackman, syce†, truckman†.
Phr. on the road
N. sailor, mariner, navigator; seaman, seafarer, seafaring man; dock walloper*; tar, jack tar, salt, able seaman, A. B.; man-of-war's man, bluejacket, galiongee†, galionji†, marine, jolly, midshipman, middy; skipper; shipman†, boatman, ferryman, waterman†, lighterman†, bargeman, longshoreman; bargee†, gondolier; oar, oarsman; rower; boatswain, cockswain†; coxswain; steersman, pilot; crew. aerial navigator, aeronaut, balloonist, Icarus; aeroplanist†, airman, aviator, birdman, man-bird, wizard of the air, aviatrix, flier, pilot, test pilot, glider pilot, bush pilot, navigator, flight attendant, steward, stewardess, crew; astronaut, cosmonaut; parachutist, paratrooper.
N. transfer, transference; translocation, elocation|; displacement; metastasis, metathesis; removal; remotion†, amotion†; relegation; deportation, asportation†; extradition, conveyance, draft, carrying, carriage; convection, conduction, contagion; transfer &c. (of property) 783.
transit, transition; passage, ferry, gestation; portage, porterage†, carting, cartage; shoveling &c. v.; vection|, vecture|, vectitation|; shipment, freight, wafture†; transmission, transport, transportation, importation, exportation, transumption†, transplantation, translation; shifting, dodging; dispersion &c. 73; transposition &c. (interchange) 148; traction &c. 285.
[Thing transferred] drift.
V. transfer, transmit, transport, transplace†, transplant, translocate; convey, carry, bear, fetch and carry; carry over, ferry over; hand pass, forward; shift; conduct, convoy, bring, fetch, reach; tote [U.S.]; port, import, export.
beast, beast of burden, cattle, horse, nag, palfrey, Arab†, blood horse, thoroughbred, galloway†, charger, courser, racer, hunter, jument†, pony, filly, colt, foal, barb, roan, jade, hack, bidet, pad, cob, tit, punch, roadster, goer†; racehorse, pack horse, draft horse, cart horse, dray horse, post horse; ketch; Shetland pony, shelty, sheltie; garran†, garron†; jennet, genet†, bayard†, mare, stallion, gelding; bronco, broncho†, cayuse [U.S.]; creature, critter [rural U.S.]; cow pony, mustang, Narraganset, waler†; stud.
truck, tram; cariole, carriole†; limber, tumbrel, pontoon; barrow; wheel barrow, hand barrow; perambulator; Bath chair, wheel chair, sedan chair; chaise; palankeen†, palanquin; litter, brancard†, crate, hurdle, stretcher, ambulance; black Maria; conestoga wagon, conestoga wain; jinrikisha, ricksha, brett†, dearborn †[U.S.], dump cart, hack, hackery†, jigger, kittereen†, mailstate†, manomotor†, rig, rockaway†, prairie schooner [U.S.], shay, sloven [Can.], team, tonga†, wheel; hobbyhorse, go-cart; cycle; bicycle, bike, two-wheeler; tricycle, velocipede, quadricycle†.
equipage, turn-out; coach, chariot, phaeton, break, mail phaeton, wagonette, drag, curricle†, tilbury†, whisky, landau, barouche, victoria, brougham, clarence†, calash, caleche[French], britzka†, araba†, kibitka†; berlin; sulky, desobligeant[French], sociable, vis-a-vis, dormeuse[Fr]; jaunting car, outside car; dandi†; doolie†, dooly†; munchil†, palki†; roller skates, skate; runabout; ski; tonjon†; vettura†.
motor car, automobile, limousine, car, auto, jalopy, clunker, lemon, flivver, coupe, sedan, two-door sedan, four-door sedan, luxury sedan; wheels [coll.], sports car, roadster, gran turismo[It], jeep, four-wheel drive vehicle, electric car, steamer; golf cart, electric wagon; taxicab, cab, taxicoach†, checker cab, yellow cab; station wagon, family car; motorcycle, motor bike, side car; van, minivan, bus, minibus, microbus; truck, wagon, pick-up wagon, pick-up, tractor-trailer, road train, articulated vehicle; racing car, racer, hot rod, stock car, souped-up car..
train; accommodation train, passenger train, express trail, special train, corridor train, parliamentary train, luggage train, freight train, goods train; 1st class train, 2nd class train, 3rd class train, 1st class carriage, 2nd class carriage, 3rd class carriage, 1st class compartment, 2nd class compartment, 3rd class compartment; rolling stock; horse box, cattle truck; baggage car, express car, freight car, parlor car, dining car, Pullman car, sleeping car, sleeper, dome car; surface car, tram car, trolley car; box car, box wagon; horse car [U.S.]; bullet train, shinkansen [Jap.], cannonball, the Wabash cannonball, lightning express; luggage van; mail, mail car, mail van.
man of war &c. (combatant) 726; transport, tender, storeship†; merchant ship, merchantman; packet, liner; whaler, slaver, collier, coaster, lighter; fishing boat, pilot boat; trawler, hulk; yacht; baggala†; floating hotel, floating palace; ocean greyhound.
ship, bark, barque, brig, snow, hermaphrodite brig; brigantine, barkantine†; schooner; topsail schooner, for and aft schooner, three masted schooner; chasse-maree[Fr]; sloop, cutter, corvette, clipper, foist, yawl, dandy, ketch, smack, lugger, barge, hoy†, cat, buss; sailer, sailing vessel; windjammer; steamer, steamboat, steamship, liner, ocean liner, cruisp, flap, dab, pat, thump, beat, blow, bang, slam, dash; punch, thwack, whack; hit hard, strike hard; swap, batter, dowse|, baste; pelt, patter, buffet, belabor; fetch one a blow; poke at, pip, ship of the line; destroyer, cruiser, frigate; landing ship, LST[abbr]; aircraft carrier, carrier, flattop[coll.], nuclear powered carrier; submarine, submersible, atomic submarine.
boat, pinnace, launch; life boat, long boat, jolly boat, bum boat, fly boat, cock boat, ferry oat, canal boat; swamp boat, ark, bully [Nfld.], bateau battery[Can.], broadhorn†, dory, droger†, drogher; dugout, durham boat, flatboat, galiot†; shallop†, gig, funny, skiff, dingy, scow, cockleshell, wherry, coble†, punt, cog, kedge, lerret†; eight oar, four oar, pair oar; randan†; outrigger; float, raft, pontoon; prame†; iceboat, ice canoe, ice yacht.
catamaran, hydroplane, hovercraft,coracle, gondola, carvel†, caravel; felucca, caique†, canoe, birch bark canoe, dugout canoe,; galley, galleyfoist†; bilander†, dogger†, hooker, howker†; argosy, carack†; galliass†, galleon; polacca†, polacre†, tartane†, junk, lorcha†, praam†, proa†, prahu†, saick†, sampan, xebec, dhow; dahabeah†; nuggah†; kayak, keel boat [U.S.], log canoe, pirogue; quadrireme†, trireme; stern-wheeler [U.S.]; wanigan†, wangan †[U.S.], wharf boat.
jet plane, rocket plane, jet liner, turbojet, prop-jet, propeller plane; corporate plane, corporate jet, private plane, private aviation; airline, common carrier; fighter, bomber, fighter-bomber, escort plane, spy plane; supersonic aircraft, subsonic aircraft.
2. Degrees of Motion
spurt, rush, dash, race, steeple chase; smart rate, lively rate, swift rate &c. adj.; rattling rate, spanking rate, strapping rate, smart pace, lively pace, swift pace, rattling pace, spanking pace, strapping pace; round pace; flying, flight.
V. move quickly, trip, fisk|; speed, hie, hasten, post, spank, scuttle; scud, scuddle†; scour, scour the plain; scamper; run like mad, beat it; fly, race, run a race, cut away, shot, tear, whisk, zoom, swoosh, sweep, skim, brush; cut along, bowl along, barrel along, barrel; scorch, burn up the track; rush &c. (be violent) 173; dash on, dash off, dash forward; bolt; trot, gallop, amble, troll, bound, flit, spring, dart, boom; march in quick time, march in double time; ride hard, get over the ground.
hurry &c. (hasten) 684; accelerate, put on; quicken; quicken one's pace, mend one's pace; clap spurs to one's horse; make haste, make rapid strides, make forced marches, make the best of one's way; put one's best leg foremost, stir one's stumps, wing one's way, set off at a score; carry sail, crowd sail; go off like a shot, go like a shot, go ahead, gain ground; outstrip the wind, fly on the wings of the wind.
Adj. fast, speedy, swift, rapid, quick, fleet; aliped†; nimble, agile, expeditious; express; active &c. 682; flying, galloping &c. v.; light footed, nimble footed; winged, eagle winged, mercurial, electric, telegraphic; light-legged, light of heel; swift as an arrow &c. n.; quick as lightning &c. n., quick as a thought.
under press of sail, under press of canvas, under press of sail and steam; velis et remis[Lat], on eagle's wing, in double quick time; with rapid strides, with giant strides; a pas de geant[Fr]; in seven league boots; whip and spur; ventre a terre[Fr]; as fast as one's legs will carry one, as fast as one's heels will carry one; as fast as one can lay legs to the ground, at the top of one;s speed; by leaps and bounds; with haste &c. 684.
Phr. vires acquirit eundo[Lat]; "I'll put a girdle about the earth in forty minutes" [M.N.D.]; "swifter than arrow from the Tartar's bow" [M.N.D.]; go like a bat out of hell; tempus fugit[Lat].
V. move slowly &c. adv.; creep, crawl, lag, slug, drawl, linger, loiter, saunter; plod, trudge, stump along, lumber; trail, drag; dawdle &c. (be inactive) 683; grovel, worm one's way, steal along; job on, rub on, bundle on; toddle, waddle, wabble†, slug, traipse, slouch, shuffle, halt, hobble, limp, caludicate|, shamble; flag, falter, trotter, stagger; mince, step short; march in slow time, march in funeral procession; take one's time; hang fire &c. (be late) 133.
retard, relax; slacken, check, moderate, rein in, curb; reef; strike sail, shorten sail, take in sail; put on the drag, apply the brake; clip the wings; reduce the speed; slacken speed, slacken one's pace; lose ground.
Adj. slow, slack; tardy; dilatory &c. (inactive) 683; gentle, easy; leisurely; deliberate, gradual; insensible, imperceptible; glacial, languid, sluggish, slow paced, tardigrade|!, snail-like; creeping &c. v.; reptatorial†.
Adv. slowly &c. adj.; leisurely; piano, adagio; largo, larghetto; at half speed, under easy sail; at a foots pace, at a snail's pace, at a funeral pace; in slow time, with mincing steps, with clipped wings; haud passibus aequis [Lat][Vergil].
3. Motion Conjoined with Force
blow, dint, stroke, knock, tap, rap, slap, smack, pat, dab; fillip; slam, bang; hit, whack, thwack; cuff &c. 972; squash, dowse, swap, whap†, punch, thump, pelt, kick, punce|, calcitration†; ruade†; arietation|; cut, thrust, lunge, yerk|; carom, carrom†, clip *, jab, plug*, sidewinder* [U.S.], sidewipe†, sideswipe [U.S.].
V. give an impetus &c. n.; impel, push; start, give a start to, set going; drive, urge, boom; thrust, prod, foin[Fr]; cant; elbow, shoulder, jostle, justle†, hustle, hurtle, shove, jog, jolt, encounter; run against, bump against, butt against; knock one's head against, run one's head against; impinge; boost [U.S.]; bunt, carom, clip y; fan, fan out; jab, plug *.
strike, knock, hit, tap, rap, slap, flap, dab, pat, thump, beat, blow, bang, slam, dash; punch, thwack, whack; hit hard, strike hard; swap, batter, dowse|, baste; pelt, patter, buffet, belabor; fetch one a blow; poke at, pink, lunge, yerk†; kick, calcitrate†; butt, strike at &c. (attack) 716; whip *c. (punish) 972.
throw &c. (propel) 284.
N. recoil; reaction, retroaction; revulsion; bounce, rebound, ricochet; repercussion, recalcitration†; kick, contrecoup[Fr]; springing back &c. v.; elasticity &c. 325; reflection, reflexion[Brit], reflex, reflux; reverberation &c. (resonance) 408; rebuff, repulse; return.
4. Motion with Reference to Direction
steer for, steer towards, make for, make towards; aim at, level at; take aim; keep a course, hold a course; be bound for; bend one's steps towards; direct one's course, steer one's course, bend one's course, shape one's course; align one's march, allign one's march†; to straight, go straight to the point; march on, march on a point.
Adv. towards; on the road, on the high road to; en avant; versus, to; hither, thither, whither; directly; straight as an arrow, forwards as an arrow; point blank; in a bee line to, in a direct line to, as the crow flies, in a straight line to, in a bee line for, in a direct line for, in a straight line for, in a bee line with, in a direct line with, in a straight line with; in a line with; full tilt at, as the crow flies.
stray, straggle; sidle; diverge &c. 291; tralineate|; digress, wander; wind, twist, meander; veer, tack; divagate; sidetrack; turn aside, turn a corner, turn away from; wheel, steer clear of; ramble, rove, drift; go astray, go adrift; yaw, dodge; step aside, ease off, make way for, shy.
fly off at a tangent; glance off; wheel about, face about; turn to the right about, face to the right about; waddle &c. (oscillate) 314; go out of one's way &c. (perform a circuit) 629; lose one's way.
V. go before, go ahead, go in the van, go in advance; precede, forerun; usher in, introduce, herald, head, take the lead; lead the way, lead the dance; get the start, have the start; steal a march; get before, get ahead, get in front of; outstrip &c. 303; take precedence &c. (first in order) 62.
[Motion forward; progressive motion.]
V. advance; proceed, progress; get on, get along, get over the ground; gain ground; forge ahead; jog on, rub on, wag on; go with the stream; keep one;s course, hold on one's course; go on, move on, come one, get on, pass on, push on, press on, go forward, move forward, come forward, get forward, pass forward, push forward, press forward, go forwards, move forwards, come forwards, get forwards, pass forwards, push forwards, press forwards, go ahead, move ahead, come ahead, get ahead, pass ahead, push ahead, press ahead; make one's way, work one's way, carve one's way, push one's way, force one's way, edge one's way, elbow one's way; make progress, make head, make way, make headway, make advances, make strides, make rapid strides &c. (velocity) 274; go ahead, shoot ahead; distance; make up leeway.
N. regress, regression; retrocession†, retrogression, retrograduation†, retroaction; reculade†; retreat, withdrawal, retirement, remigration†; recession &c. (motion from) 287; recess; crab-like motion.
counter motion, retrograde motion, backward movement, motion in reverse, counter movement, counter march; veering, tergiversation, recidivation|, backsliding, fall; deterioration &c. 659; recidivism, recidivity†.
V. recede, regrade, return, revert, retreat, retire; retrograde, retrocede; back out; back down; balk; crawfish* [U.S.], crawl*; withdraw; rebound &c. 277; go back, come back, turn back, hark back, draw back, fall back, get back, put back, run back; lose ground; fall astern, drop astern; backwater, put about; backtrack, take the back track; veer round; double, wheel, countermarch; ebb, regurgitate; jib, shrink, shy.
[Motion given to an object situated in front.]
[Motion given to an object situated behind.]
V. approach, approximate, appropinquate†; near; get near, go near, draw near; come to close quarters, come near; move towards, set in towards; drift; make up to; gain upon; pursue &c. 622; tread on the heels of; bear up; make the land; hug the shore, hug the land.
Adv. on the road.
V. recede, go, move back, move from, retire; withdraw, shrink, back off; come away, move away, back away, go away, get away, drift away; depart &c. 293; retreat &c. 283; move off, stand off, sheer off; fall back, stand aside; run away &c. (avoid) 623.
Adj. receding &c. v.
[Motion towards, actively; force causing to draw closer.]
[Motion from, actively; force driving apart.]
[Motion nearer to.]
[Motion further off.]
[Terminal motion at.]
home, goal, goalpost; landing place, landing stage; bunder†; resting place; destination, harbor, haven, port, airport, spaceport; terminus, halting place, halting ground, landing strip, runway, terminal; journey's end; anchorage &c. (refuge) 666.
completion &c. 729.
light, alight, dismount; land, go ashore; debark, disembark; put in, put into; visit, cast anchor, pitch one's tent; sit down &c. (be located) 184; get to one's journey's end; make the land; be in at the death; come back, get back, come home, get home; return; come in &c. (ingress) 294; make one's appearance &c. (appear) 446; drop in; detrain, deplane; outspan; de-orbit.
Phr. any port in a storm.
[Initial motion from.]
starting point, starting post; point of departure, point of embarkation, place of departure, place of embarkation; port of embarkation; airport, take-off point, taxiing runway, runway, launching pad, spaceport.
V. depart; go away; take one's departure, set out; set off, march off, put off, start off, be off, move off, get off, whip off, pack off, go off, take oneself off; start, issue, march out, debouch; go forth, sally forth; sally, set forward; be gone; hail from.
leave a place, quit, vacate, evacuate, abandon; go off the stage, make one's exit; retire, withdraw, remove; vamoose*, vamose* †[U.S.]; go one's way, go along, go from home; take flight, take wing; spring, fly, flit, wing one's flight; fly away, whip away; embark; go on board, go aboard; set sail' put to sea, go to sea; sail, take ship; hoist blue Peter; get under way, weigh anchor; strike tents, decamp; walk one's chalks, cut one's stick; take leave; say good bye, bid goodbye &c. n.; disappear &c. 449; abscond &c. (avoid) 623; entrain; inspan†.
Int. begone! &c. (ejection) 297; farewell! adieu! goodbye! good day! au revoir[Fr]! fare you well! God bless you! God speed! all aboard! auf wiedersehen[Ger]! au plaisir de vous revoir[Fr]! bon voyage! gluckliche Reise[Ger]! vive valeque[Fr]!
N. ingress; entrance, entry; introgression; influx, intrusion, inroad, incursion, invasion, irruption; ingression; penetration, interpenetration; illapse†, import, infiltration; immigration; admission &c. (reception) 296; insinuation &c. (interjacence) 228†; insertion &c. 300.
V. have the entree; enter; go into, go in, come into, come in, pour into, pour in, flow into, flow in, creep into, creep in, slip into, slip in, pop into, pop in, break into, break in, burst into, burst in; set foot on; ingress; burst in upon, break in upon; invade, intrude; insinuate itself; interpenetrate, penetrate; infiltrate; find one's way into, wriggle into, worm oneself into.
[Motion out of.]
N. egress, exit, issue; emersion, emergence; outbreak, outburst; eruption, proruption†; emanation; egression; evacuation; exudation, transudation; extravasation[Med], perspiration, sweating, leakage, percolation, distillation, oozing; gush &c. (water in motion) 348; outpour, outpouring; effluence, effusion; effluxion†, drain; dribbling &c. v.; defluxion†; drainage; outcome, output; discharge &c. (excretion) 299.
exude, transude; leak, run through, out through; percolate, transcolate|; egurgitate†; strain, distill; perspire, sweat, drain, ooze; filter, filtrate; dribble, gush, spout, flow out; well, well out; pour, trickle, &c. (water in motion) 348; effuse, extravasate[Med], disembogue†, discharge itself, debouch; come forth, break forth; burst out, burst through; find vent; escape &c. 671.
[Motion into, actively.]
N. reception; admission, admittance, entree, importation; introduction, intromission; immission†, ingestion, imbibation†, introception†, absorption, ingurgitation†, inhalation; suction, sucking; eating, drinking &c. (food) 298; insertion &c. 300; interjection &c. 228; introit.
V. give entrance to, give admittance to, give the entree; introduce, intromit; usher, admit, receive, import, bring in, open the door to, throw in, ingest, absorb, imbibe, inhale, breathe in; let in, take in, suck in, draw in; readmit, resorb, reabsorb; snuff up, swallow, ingurgitate†; engulf, engorge; gulp; eat, drink &c. (food) 298.
[Motion out of, actively]
bouncer [U.S.], chucker-out*†.
V. give exit, give vent to; let out, give out, pour out, squeeze out, send out; dispatch, despatch; exhale, excern|, excrete; embogue†; secrete, secern†; extravasate[Med], shed, void, evacuation; emit; open the sluices, open the floodgates; turn on the tap; extrude, detrude†; effuse, spend, expend; pour forth; squirt, spirt†, spurt, spill, slop; perspire &c. (exude) 295; breathe, blow &c. (wind) 349.
eject, reject; expel, discard; cut, send to coventry, boycott; chasser[Fr]; banish &c. (punish) 972; bounce * [U.S.]; fire *, fire out *; throw &c. 284 throw out, throw up, throw off, throw away, throw aside; push &c. 276 throw out, throw off, throw away, throw aside; shovel out, shovel away, sweep out, sweep away; brush off, brush away, whisk off, whisk away, turn off, turn away, send off, send away; discharge; send adrift, turn adrift, cast adrift; turn out, bundle out; throw overboard; give the sack to; send packing, send about one's business, send to the right about; strike off the roll &c. (abrogate) 756; turn out neck and heels, turn out head and shoulders, turn out neck and crop; pack off; send away with a flea in the ear; send to Jericho; bow out, show the door to.
Int. begone! get you gone! get away, go away, get along, go along, get along with you, go along with you! go your way! away with! off with you! get the hell out of here![vulg.], go about your business! be off! avaunt†! aroynt†! allez-vous-en[Fr]! jao†! va-t'en[Fr]!
[CAUSEDBY:appetite &c. 865].
food, pabulum; aliment, nourishment, nutriment; sustenance, sustentation, sustention; nurture, subsistence, provender, corn, feed, fodder, provision, ration, keep, commons, board; commissariat &c. (provision) 637; prey, forage, pasture, pasturage; fare, cheer; diet, dietary; regimen; belly timber, staff of life; bread, bread and cheese.
comestibles, eatables, victuals, edibles, ingesta; grub, grubstake, prog†, meat; bread, bread stuffs; cerealia†; cereals; viands, cates†, delicacy, dainty, creature comforts, contents of the larder, fleshpots; festal board; ambrosia; good cheer, good living.
beef, bisquit†, bun; cornstarch [U.S.]; cookie, cooky [U.S.]; cracker, doughnut; fatling†; hardtack, hoecake [U.S.], hominy [U.S.]; mutton, pilot bread; pork; roti†, rusk, ship biscuit; veal; joint, piece de resistance[Fr], roast and boiled; remove, entremet†, ; releve[Fr], hash, rechauffe[Fr], stew, ragout, fricassee, mince; pottage, potage†, broth, soup, consomme, puree, spoonmeat†; pie, pasty, volauvent†; pudding, omelet; pastry; sweets &c. 296; kickshaws†; condiment &c. 393.
alligator pear, apple &c., apple slump; artichoke; ashcake†, griddlecake, pancake, flapjack; atole†, avocado, banana, beche de mer[Fr], barbecue, beefsteak; beet root; blackberry, blancmange, bloater, bouilli†, bouillon, breadfruit, chop suey [U.S.]; chowder, chupatty†, clam, compote, damper, fish, , frumenty†, grapes, hasty pudding, ice cream, lettuce, mango, mangosteen, mince pie, oatmeal, oyster, pineapple, porridge, porterhouse steak, salmis†, sauerkraut, sea slug, sturgeon ("Albany beef"), succotash [U.S.], supawn †[U.S.], trepang†, vanilla, waffle, walnut.
meal, repast, feed, spread; mess; dish, plate, course; regale; regalement†, refreshment, entertainment; refection, collation, picnic, feast, banquet, junket; breakfast; lunch, luncheon; dejeuner[Fr], bever†, tiffin†, dinner, supper, snack, junk food, fast food, whet, bait, dessert; potluck, table d'hote[Fr], dejeuner a la fourchette[Fr]; hearty meal, square meal, substantial meal, full meal; blowout*; light refreshment; bara†, chotahazri†; bara khana†.
wine, spirits, liqueur, beer, ale, malt liquor, Sir John Barleycorn, stingo†, heavy wet; grog, toddy, flip, purl, punch, negus†, cup, bishop, wassail; gin &c. (intoxicating liquor) 959; coffee, chocolate, cocoa, tea, the cup that cheers but not inebriates; bock beer, lager beer, Pilsener beer, schenck beer†; Brazil tea, cider, claret, ice water, mate, mint julep [U.S.]; near beer, 3.2 beer, non-alcoholic beverage.
eating house &c. 189.
V. eat, feed, fare, devour, swallow, take; gulp, bolt, snap; fall to; despatch, dispatch; discuss; take down, get down, gulp down; lay in, tuck in*; lick, pick, peck; gormandize &c. 957; bite, champ, munch, cranch†, craunch†, crunch, chew, masticate, nibble, gnaw, mumble.
drink in, drink up, drink one's fill; quaff, sip, sup; suck, suck up; lap; swig; swill*, chugalug[slang], tipple &c. (be drunken) 959; empty one's glass, drain the cup; toss off, toss one's glass; wash down, crack a bottle, wet one's whistle.
purvey &c. 637.
Phr[Biol]. "across the walnuts and the wine" [Tennyson]; "blessed hour of our dinners!" [O. Meredith]; "now good digestion wait on appetite, and health on both!" [Macbeth]; "who can cloy the hungry edge of appetite?"
N. excretion, discharge, emanation; exhalation, exudation, extrusion, secretion, effusion, extravasation[Med], ecchymosis[Med]; evacuation, dejection, faeces, excrement,shit, stools, crap[vulg.]; bloody flux; cacation†; coeliac-flux, coeliac-passion; dysentery; perspiration, sweat; subation†, exudation; diaphoresis; sewage; eccrinology[Med].
N. insertion, implantation, introduction; insinuation &c. (intervention) 228; planting, &c. v.; injection, inoculation, importation, infusion; forcible ingress &c. 294; immersion; submersion, submergence, dip, plunge; bath &c. (water), 337; interment &c. 363.
bury &c. (inter) 363.
Adj. inserted &c. v.
V. extract, draw; take out, draw out, pull out, tear out, pluck out, pick out, get out; wring from, wrench; extort; root up, weed up, grub up, rake up, root out, weed out, grub out, rake out; eradicate; pull up by the roots, pluck up by the roots; averruncate|; unroot†; uproot, pull up, extirpate, dredge.
Adj. extracted &c. v.
N. passage, transmission; permeation; penetration, interpenetration; transudation, infiltration; endosmose exosmose†; endosmosis[Chem]; intercurrence†; ingress &c. 294; egress &c. 295; path &c. 627; conduit &c. 350; opening &c. 260; journey &c. 266; voyage &c. 267.
V. pass, pass through; perforate &c. (hole) 260; penetrate, permeate, thread, thrid†, enfilade; go through, go across; go over, pass over; cut across; ford, cross; pass and repass, work; make one's way, thread one's way, worm one's way, force one's way; make a passage form a passage; cut one's way through; find its way, find its vent; transmit, make way, clear the course; traverse, go over the ground.
Adv. en passant &c. (transit) 270[Fr].
overstep, overpass, overreach, overgo†, override, overleap, overjump†, overskip†, overlap, overshoot the mark; outstrip, outleap, outjump, outgo, outstep†, outrun, outride, outrival, outdo; beat, beat hollow; distance; leave in the lurch, leave in the rear; throw into the shade; exceed, transcend, surmount; soar &c. (rise) 305.
Adj. surpassing &c. v.
[motion short of]
Phr. the bubble burst.
N. descent, descension†, declension, declination; fall; falling &c. v.: slump; drop, plunge, plummet, cadence; subsidence, collapse, lapse; downfall, tumble, slip, tilt, trip, lurch; cropper, culbute†; titubation†, stumble; fate of Icarus.
[equipment for descending by rappeling] rappel.
Phr. the bottom fell out.
V. heighten, elevate, raise, lift, erect; set up, stick up, perch up, perk up, tilt up; rear, hoist, heave; uplift, upraise, uprear, upbear†, upcast†, uphoist†, upheave; buoy, weigh mount, give a lift; exalt; sublimate; place on a pedestal, set on a pedestal.
[ref] escalate (increase) 35, 102, 194.
overthrow, overturn, overset†; upset, subvert, prostate, level, fell; cast down, take down, throw down, fling down, dash down, pull down, cut down, knock down, hew down; raze, raze to the ground, rase to the ground†; trample in the dust, pull about one's ears.
Phr. facinus quos inquinat aequat [Lat][Lucan].
V. leap; jump up, jump over the moon; hop, spring, bound, vault, ramp, cut capers, trip, skip, dance, caper; buck, buck jump; curvet, caracole; foot it, bob, bounce, flounce, start; frisk &c. (amusement) 840; jump about &c. (agitation) 315; trip it on the light fantastic toe, trip the light fantastic, dance oneself off one's legs, dance off one's shoes.
Phr. di salto in salto[It].
V. turn, bend, wheel; go about, put about; heel; go round to the right about, turn round to the right about; turn on one's heel; make a circle, make a complete circle, describe a circle, describe a complete circle; go through 180x, go through 360x, pass through 180x, pass through 360x.
Adv. round about.
[Motion in a continued circle.]
N. rotation, revolution, spinning, gyration, turning about an axis, turning aound an axis, circulation, roll; circumrotation†, circumvolution, circumgyration†; volutation†, circination|, turbination†, pirouette, convolution.
[rotation of an automobile] spin-out.
[things that go around] carousel, merry-go-round; Ferris wheel; top, dreidel,teetotum†; gyroscope; turntable, lazy suzan; screw, whirligig, rollingstone†, water wheel, windmill; wheel, pulley wheel, roulette wheel, potter's wheel, pinwheel, gear; roller; flywheel; jack; caster; centrifuge, ultracentrifuge, bench centrifuge, refrigerated centrifuge, gas centrifuge, microfuge; drill, augur, oil rig; wagon wheel, wheel, tire, tyre[Brit][Brit].
[Science of rotary motion] trochilics†.
[person who rotates] whirling dervish.
[of an automobile] spin out.
[Motion in the reverse circle.]